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Materials: Viton, Nitrile, Silicone, Polyurethane, EPDM, Fluorosilico

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EPDM, Fluorosilico http://www.dkirubber.com/materials.asp Tel: +86 20 36013581 +86 20 36013445 Fax: +86 20 36013583
EPDM, Fluorosilico http://www.dkirubber.com/materials.asp Tel: +86 20 36013581 +86 20 36013445 Fax: +86 20 36013583

Tel:

+86 20 36013581 +86 20 36013445 Fax: +86 20 36013583 Email: sales@dkirubber.com

+86 20 36013580

+86 20 36013583 Email: sales@dkirubber.com +86 20 36013580 O – Rings & Basic Seals O-Ring X-Rings

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Materials

The proper material is critical for maximum performance. DKI utilizes a wide range of superior performance materials for every conceivable application.

 

Material class and type details

 

NITRILE

HYDROGENATED

FLUOROCARBON

ETHYLENE-

NITRILE

PROPYLENE

POLYURETHANE

SILICONE

FLUOROSILICONE

NATURAL RUBBER

NEOPRENE

STYRENE BUTADIENE

POLYACRYLATE

ETHYLENE ACRYLIC

Virgin PTFE

PTFE Filled

ACETAL

NYLON

PEEK

PSU

PPSU

PEI

PET

PVDF

E-CTFE

PPE

PE-UHMW

PVC

   

NITRILE Rubber (NBR, Buna-N, Nitrile)

 
 

Temperature Range (dry heat)

 

low

high

Nitrile is the most widely used elastomer in the seal industry. The popularity of nitrile is due to its excellent resistance to petroleum products. It has good physical properties and is superior to most rubbers in regards to compression set, tear and abrasion resistance. It offers high resistance to mineral oil based hydraulic fluids, silicone greases, petroleum-based oils, water and alcohols. The major limiting properties of nitrile are its poor ozone and weather resistance and moderate heat resistance, but in many applications these are not limiting factors.

-22 °F

212

°F

-30 °C

100

°C

Application Advantages

>excellent compression set >good tear resistance >good abrasion resistance >good petroleum-based oils resistance >good mineral oil based hydraulic fluids resistance >good solvent, water and alcohols resistance

Primary Uses

Application Disadvantages

 

Pneumatic seals, O-Rings, Oil seal lips, Gaskets, Washer and low pressure hydraulic seals. It can be used with a back-up ring in higher pressure applications. This is the most popular o-ring material and custom molded rubber components for:

poor weather resistance moderate heat resistance not suited for using in brake fluids Not suited for using in highly polar solvents

Oil resistant applications

Materials: Viton, Nitrile, Silicone, Polyurethane, EPDM, Fluorosilico

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Low temperature applications Fuel systems, automotive, marine, and aircraft General Industrial Use

Low temperature applications Fuel systems, automotive, marine, and aircraft General Industrial Use

HYDROGENATED NITRILE (HNBR)

 
 

Temperature Range (dry heat)

 

low

high

HNBR is achieved by hydrogenated NBR. Greatly improved wear and extrusion resistance over standard NBR. Good chemical compatibility and it is excellent heat and oil resistant including exposure to such oil additives as detergents, anti-oxidants and anti-wear agents. It also shows a up to five times higher resistance to sour gas and ozone resistance. Has an extended high temperature range.

-22 °F

300

°F

-30 °C

149

°C

Application Advantages

> excellent heat and oil resistance >improved fuel and ozone resistance (approximately 5X over Nitrile) >excellent abrasion, compression set, tensiles, and tear properties >exhibit better wear resistance than standard nitrile

Primary Uses

Application Disadvantages

 

Seal and gasket application requiring additional resistance to chemicals and slightly higher temperatures than can be handled with NBR. O-Rings, washers, rod and piston seals, back-up rings, gaskets.

increased cold flow with hydrogenation decreased elasticity at low temperatures with Hydrogenation over standard nitrile Not use for exposure to ketone, esters, aromatic fluids

FLUOROCARBON (FKMViton)

An excellent elastomer for use in high temperature applications. Also exhibits excellent chemical resistance, commonly referred as VITON or FKM. Fluorocarbon exhibits resistance to a broader range of chemicals combined with very good high temperature properties more so than any of the other elastomers. It is the closest available approach to a universal elastomer for sealing in the use of o-rings and other custom seals over other types of elastomers. Fluorocarbons are highly resistant to swelling when exposed to gasoline as well as resistant to degradation due to expose to UV light and ozone. In addition to standard FKM materials, a number of special materials are available with differing monomer compositions and fluorine content (65% to 71%) for improved low temperature, high temperature, or chemical resistance performance. Fluorocarbons exhibit low gas permeability making them well suited for hard vacuum service and many formulations are self-extinguishing. FKM materials are not generally recommended for exposure to hot water, steam, polar solvents, low molecular weight esters and ethers, glycol

Temperature Range (dry heat)

low

high

-4 °F

-20 °C

392

200

°F

°C

Application Advantages

>excellent chemical resistance >excellent heat resistance >good mechanical properties >good compression set resistance >Resistance to wide range of oils and solvents; specially all aliphatic, aromatic and halogenated hydrocarbons, acids, animal and vegetable oils

Materials: Viton, Nitrile, Silicone, Polyurethane, EPDM, Fluorosilico

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based brake fluids, or hot hydrofluoric or chlorosulfonic acids.

 

Primary Uses

Application Disadvantages

O-rings, rubber seals and custom molded rubber components for:

poor low temperature flexibility poor resistance to hot water and steam not recommended for exposure to hot water, steam, polar solvents, low molecular weight esters and ethers, glycol based brake fluids, or hot hydrofluoric or chlorosulfonic acids.

Automotive fuel handling Aircraft engine seals High temperature applications requiring good compression set performance Tough sealing applications requiring extreme chemical resistance General industrial seals and gaskets

ETHYLENE-PROPYLENE (EPDM)

 
 

Temperature Range (dry heat)

 

Ethylene-propylene compounds are used frequently to seal in brake systems, and for sealing hot water and steam. Ethylene propylene compounds have good resistance to mild acids, detergents, alkalis, silicone oils and greases, ketones, and alcohols. They are not recommended for applications with petroleum oils, mineral oil, di-ester lubricants, or fuel exposure. Ethylene Propylene has gained wide seal industry acceptance for its excellent ozone and chemical resistance properties and is compatible with many polar fluids that adversely affect other elastomers. EPDM compounds are typically developed with a sulfur or peroxide cure system. Peroxide-cured compounds are suitable for higher temperature exposure and typically have improved compression set performance.

low

high

-40 °F

302

°F

-40 °C

150

°C

Application Advantages

>exceptionally good weather aging and ozone >resistance >excellent water and chemical resistance >excellent resistance to gas permeability and >aging due to exposure to steam >good in ketones and Alcohols >good heat resistance >good low temperature flexibility

Primary Uses

Application Disadvantages

 

standard and special sealing applications as hydraulic or rotary seal, O-rings, flange seals and gaskets Water system seals, faucets, etc. Brake systems Ozone exposure applications Automotive cooling systems General Industrial Use

poor petroleum oil and solvent resistance not recommended for food applications not recommended for exposure to aromatic hydrocarbons

POLYURETHANE (AU) (EU)

Millable polyurethane exhibits excellent abrasion resistance and tensile strength as compared to other elastomers providing superior performance in hydraulic applications

Temperature Range (dry heat)

low

high

Materials: Viton, Nitrile, Silicone, Polyurethane, EPDM, Fluorosilico

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with high pressures, abrasive contamination and shock loads. Its outstanding features are high resistance to abrasion, low compression set, high rigidity and high tear strength. Polyurethane is used in industrial hydraulic systems (lip seals, chevron packings, wipers, rod seals, piston seals, O-rings and special seals), where improved performance and service life is important. It is resistant to petroleum oils, hydrocarbon fuels, ozone and weathering is good.

 

-22 °F

 

230

°F

-30 °C

110

°C

Application Advantages

 

>

excellent abrasion resistance

 

>excellent tensile strength and high rigidity

 

>low compression set >good resistance to petroleum oils and hydrocarbon fuels >good weather and ozone resistance

 

Primary Uses

Application Disadvantages

 

Static and dynamic seals (standard and special), wiper, O-rings, back-up rings, flange seals, rotary seals:

poor resistance to water poor high temperature capabilities

 

seals for high hydraulic pressure highly stressed parts subject to wear

SILICONE (VMQ)

 
 

Temperature Range (dry heat)

 

Silicone is a semi-organic elastomer with outstanding resistance to extremes of temperature with corresponding resistance to compression set and retention of flexibility. Silicone elastomers also have excellent weathering, ozone and aging properties. Silicone rubbers have poor mechanical properties and abrasion resistance and are therefore mainly used for static sealing applications and are not recommended for dynamic applications. Silicones are highly permeable to gases, and are generally not recommended for exposure to ketones, concentrated acids, or steam.

 

low

high

 

-78 °F

392

°F

-60 °C

200

°C

Application Advantages

 

>

excellent extreme temperature properties

 

>excellent compression set resistance and good resilience >moderate solvent resistance >highly resistance to oxidation and ozone attack very clean, low odor and taste

Primary Uses

Application Disadvantages

 

O-rings, rubber seals and custom molded rubber components for:

typically not good for dynamic seals due to friction properties and poor abrasion resistance not recommended for most concentrated solvents, oils, concentrated acids and dilute sodium hydroxide

seals (static) for extreme temperature applications food applications medical devices FDA applications

FLUOROSILICONE (FVMQ)

Fluorosilicone rubber which combines the good high and low

Temperature Range (dry heat)

Materials: Viton, Nitrile, Silicone, Polyurethane, EPDM, Fluorosilico

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temperature stability of Silicone with the fuel oil and solvent resistance of Fluorocarbons. It is most often used in aerospace applications for systems requiring fuel and/or diester-based lubricant resistance up to a dry heat limit of 400° F. Its features good compression set and resilience properties. It is suitable for exposure to air, ozone, chlorinated and aromatic hydrocarbons.

low

high

-78 °F

347

°F

-60 °C

175

°C

Fluorosilicone is designed for static sealing use. Because of its limited physical strength, poor abrasion resistance and high friction characteristics. Fluorosilicone is not recommended for dynamic sealing applications. It is also not recommended for exposure to brake fluides, hydrazine, or ketones

Application Advantages

>excellent extreme temperature properties >excellent compression set resistance and good >resilience >good fuel oil resistance >very clean, low odor and taste

Primary Uses

Application Disadvantages

 

O-rings, rubber seals and custom molded rubber components for:

typically not good for dynamic seals due to friction properties and poor abrasion resistance not recommended for exposure to brake fluides, hydrazine, or ketones

seals (static) for extreme temperature applications aircraft fuel systems

NATURAL RUBBER (NR)

 
 

Temperature Range (dry heat)

 

low

high

-60 °F

220

°F

Natural rubber is a product coagulated from the latex of the rubber tree, hevea brasiliensis. Natural rubber features low compression set, high tensile strength, resilience, abrasion and tear resistance, good friction characteristics, excellent bonding capabilities to metal substrate, and good vibration dampening characteristics

-51 °C

104

°C

Application Advantages

> excellence compression set >good resilience and abrasion >good surface friction properties >high tear strength >low crack growth >good low temperature properties

 

Primary Uses

Application Disadvantages

 

O-rings, rubber seals and custom molded rubber components for:

 

rubber to metal bonded vibration isolators and mounts automotive diaphragms FDA applications for food and beverage seals

poor resistance to attack by petroleum oils poor ozone, UV resistance

Materials: Viton, Nitrile, Silicone, Polyurethane, EPDM, Fluorosilico

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NEOPRENE / CHLOROPRENE (CR)

 
 

Temperature Range (dry heat)

 

Neoprene homopolymer of chlorobutadiene and is unusual in that it is moderately resistant to both petroleum oils and weather (ozone, UV, oxygen). This qualifies neoprene uniquely for certain sealing applications where many other materials would not be satisfactory. Neoprene is classified as a general purpose elastomer which has relatively low compression set, good resilience and abrasion, and is flex cracking resistant. Neoprene has excellent adhesion qualities to metals for rubber to metal bonding applications. It is used extensively for sealing refrigeration fluids due to its excellence resistance to Freon and ammonia.

low

high

-40 °F

250

°F

-40 °C

121

°C

Application Advantages

>high resilience with low compression set >moderate resistance to petroleum oils >good resistance to ozone, UV, oxygen >excellence resistance to Freon and ammonia

Primary Uses

Application Disadvantages

 

O-rings, rubber seals and custom molded rubber components for:

moderate water resistance not effective in solvents environments

 

refrigeration industry applications general purpose seals, hose and wire

Materials: Viton, Nitrile, Silicone, Polyurethane, EPDM, Fluorosilico

http://www.dkirubber.com/materials.asp

Materials: Viton, Nitrile, Silicone, Polyurethane, EPDM, Fluorosilico

http://www.dkirubber.com/materials.asp

Materials: Viton, Nitrile, Silicone, Polyurethane, EPDM, Fluorosilico

http://www.dkirubber.com/materials.asp

Materials: Viton, Nitrile, Silicone, Polyurethane, EPDM, Fluorosilico

http://www.dkirubber.com/materials.asp

Materials: Viton, Nitrile, Silicone, Polyurethane, EPDM, Fluorosilico

http://www.dkirubber.com/materials.asp

Materials: Viton, Nitrile, Silicone, Polyurethane, EPDM, Fluorosilico

http://www.dkirubber.com/materials.asp

Materials: Viton, Nitrile, Silicone, Polyurethane, EPDM, Fluorosilico

Viton, Nitrile, Silicone, Polyurethane, EPDM, Fluorosilico DKI Rubber & Plastic Ltd No9, Helong Road, Jiahe, BaiYun

DKI Rubber & Plastic Ltd No9, Helong Road, Jiahe, BaiYun District, Guangzhou, 510440 CHINA

Tel:+86 20 36013580

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+86 20 36013581 Fax:+86 20 36013583 Email: sales@dkirubber.com

http://www.dkirubber.com/materials.asp