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Progression (SPM 2003 2007, Paper 2)


1. 2004 P2 Q6 Diagram shows the arrangement of the first three of an infinite series of similar triangles. The first triangle has a base of x cm and a height of y cm. The measurements of the base and height of each subsequent triangle are half of the measurements of its previous one. a) Show that the areas of the triangles form a geometric progression and state the common ratio. b) Given that x = 80 cm and y = 40 cm, 1 i) determine which triangle has an area of 6 cm2. 4 ii) Find the sum to infinity of the areas, in cm2, of the triangles.

2. 2005 P2 Q3

Diagram shows part of an arrangement of bricks of equal size. The number of bricks in the lowest row is 100. For each of the other rows, the number of bricks is 2 less than in the row below. The height of each brick is 6 cm. Ali builds a wall by arranging bricks in this way. The number of bricks in the highest row is 4. Calculate a) the height, in cm, of the wall, b) the total price of the bricks used if the price of one bricks is 40 sen.

3. 2006 P2 Q3

Two companies, Delta and Omega, start to sell cars at the same time. a) Delta sells k cars in the first month and its sales increase constantly by m cars every subsequent month. It sells 240 cars in the 8th month and the total sales for first 10 month are 1900 cars. Find the value of k and of m. b) Omega sells 80 cars in the first month and its sales increase constantly by 22 cars every subsequent month. If both companies sell the same number of cars in the nth month, find the value of n.

4. 2007 P2 Q6

Diagram shows the side elevation of part of stairs built of cement blocks. The thickness of each block is 15 cm. The length of the first block is 985 cm, the length of each subsequent block is 30 cm less than the preceding block as shown in diagram. a) If the height of the stairs to be built is 3m, calculate i) the length of the top most block, ii) the total length of the blocks. b) Calculate the maximum height of the stairs. Answers: 1 a) r = 1 4 b) (i) The fifth triangle (ii) 2133 1 3

2 3

(a) 294, (b) 1019.20 a) k = 100, m = 20 b) n = 11

a) (i) 415, (ii) 14000 b) 495

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Progression (SPM 2003 2007, Paper 1)


1. 2003 The first three terms of an arithmetic progression are k 3, k + 3, 2k + 2. Find P1 a) the value of k, Q7 b) the sum of first 9 terms of the progression. 2003 In a geometric progression, the first term is 64 and the fourth term is 27. Calculate P1 a) the common ratio, Q8 b) the sum to infinity of the geometric progression. 2004 P1 Q9 2004 P1 Q10 2004 P1 Q11 2004 P1 Q12 2005 P1 Q10 2005 P1 Q11 2005 P1 Q12 Given a geometric progression y, 2, K = 7, 252

2.

3 4

, 256

3.

4 , p, , express p in terms of y. y

p=

8 y2

4.

Given an arithmetic progression 7, 3, 1, , state three consecutive terms in this progression which sum up to 75. The volume of water in a tank is 450 litres on the first day. Subsequently, 10 litres of water is added to the tank everyday. Calculate the volume, in litres, of water in the tank at the end of the 7th day. Express the recurring decimal 0.969696 as a fraction in its simplest form.

29, 25, 21

5.

510

6.

32 33

7.

The first three terms of a sequence are 2, x, 8. Find the positive value of x so that the sequence is (a) an arithmetic progression, (b) a geometric progression. The first three terms of an arithmetic progression are 5, 9, 13. Find a) the common difference of the progression, b) the sum of the first 20 terms after the 3rd term. The sum of the first n terms of the geometric progression 8, 24, 72, is 8744. Find a) the common ratio of the progression, b) the value of n. The 9th term of an arithmetic progression is 4 + 5p and the sum of the first four terms of the progression is 7p 10, where p is a constant. Given that the common difference of the progression is 5, find the value of p. The third term of a geometric progression is 16. The sum of the third term and the fourth term is 8. Find the first term and the common ratio of the progression, the sum to infinity of the progression. a) Determine whether the following sequence is an arithmetic progression or a geometric progression. 16x, 8x, 4x, b) Given a reason for the answer in (a). Three consecutive terms of an arithmetic progression are 5 x, 8, 2x. Find the common difference of the progression. The first three terms of a geometric progression are 27, 18, 12. Find the sum to infinity of the geometric progression.

5, 4

8.

4, 1100

9.

3, n = 7

10.

2006 P1 Q9 2006 P1 Q10

11.

64, 1 , 2

42 2 3
GP, has common ratio of 1 2

12.

2007 P1 Q9 2007 P1 Q10 2007 P1 Q11

13.

14

14.

81

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Linear Law (Paper2, SPM 2003 - 2007)


1. 2003 P2 Q7 Table below shows the values of two variables, x and y, obtained from an experiment. It is known that x and y are related by the equation where p and k are constants. x 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 y 1.59 1.86 2.40 3.17 (a) Plot log10 y against x2. Hence, draw the line of best fit. (b) Use the graph in (a) to find the value of (i) p, (ii) k. p = 1.259 k = 1.115

y = pk

x2

3.5 4.36

4.0 6.76

2.

2004 P2 Q7

Table below shows the values of two variables, x and y, obtained from an experiment. It is known that x and y are related by the equation y = pk x , where p and k are constants. x 2 4 6 8 10 12 y 3.16 5.50 9.12 16.22 28.84 46.77 (a) Plot log10 y against x by using a scale of 2 cm to 2 units on the x-axis and 2 cm to 0.2 unit on the log10 y-axis. Hence, draw the line of best fit. (b) Use the graph in (a) to find the value of (i) p, (ii) k. Table below shows the values of two variables, x and y, obtained from an

p = 1.820 k = 1.309

3.

2005 P2 Q7

r experiment. It is known that x and y are related by the equation y = px + , px


where p and r are constants. x 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 5.5 y 5.5 4.7 5.0 6.5 7.7 8.4 (a) Plot xy against x2 by using a scale of 2 cm to 5 units on both axes. Hence, draw the line of best fit. (b) Use the graph in (a) to find the value of i) p, (ii)r.

p = 1.375 r = 5.5

4.

2006 P2 Q7

Table below shows the values of two variables, x and y, obtained from an experiment. Variables x and y are related by the equation y = pk x +1 , where p and k are constants. x 1 2 3 4 5 6 y 4.0 5.7 8.7 13.2 20.0 28.8 (a) Plot log10 y against (x + 1) by using a scale of 2 cm to 1 units on the (x + 1)axis and 2 cm to 0.2 unit on the log y-axis. Hence, draw the line of best fit. (b) Use the graph in (a) to find the value of (i) p, (ii) k. Table below shows the values of two variables, x and y, obtained from an

p = 1.778 k = 1.486

5.

2007 P2 Q7

p experiment. Variables x and y are related by the equation y = 2kx + x , k


2

p = 0.75 k = 0.25 y = 4.32

where p and k are constants. x 2 3 4 5 6 7 y 8 13.2 20 27.5 36.6 45.5 y (a) Plot against x, using a scale of 2 cm to 1 units on both axes. Hence, draw x the line of best fit. (b) Use your in (a) to find the value of (i) p, (ii) k. (iii) y when x = 12.

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Linear Law (Paper1, SPM 2003 - 2007)


1. 2003 P1 Q10 x and y are related by the equation y = px 2 + qx , where p and q are constants. A straight line is obtained by plotting p = 2 q = 13

y against x, as shown in the x y against x. x


k=4 h=3

diagram. Calculate the values of p and q. 2. 2004 P1 Q13 Diagram shows a straight line graph of

Given that y = 6x x2, calculate the value of k and of h.

3.

2005 P1 Q13

The variables x and y are related equation y = kx 4 , where k is constants.

by

the

(b) (i) 3 (ii) 11

(a) Convert the equation y = kx 4 to linear form. (b) Diagram shows the straight line obtained by plotting log10 y against log10 x. Find the value of (i) log10 k, (ii) h.

log10 y = 4 log10 x + log10 k


4. 2006 P1 Q11 Diagram (a) shows the curve y = 3x2 + 5. Diagram (b) shows the straight line graph obtained when y = 3x2 + 5 is expressed in the linear form is expressed in the linear form Y = mX + c. Express X and Y in terms of x and/or y. (a) (b)

X = Y=

1 x2 y x2

5.

2007 P1 Q12

The variables x and y are related by the equation y 2 = 2x(10 x) . A straight line graph is obtained by plotting

q = 14 h = 10

y2 against x, as shown in the diagram. x

Calculate the value of p and of q.

Integration (Paper 1, SPM 2003 - 2007)


1. 2003 P1 Q17 2003 P1 Q18 Given that

(1 + x)

dx = k(1 + x)n + c , find the values of k and n.

k=

5 , 3

n=3 Diagram shows the curve y = 3x2 and the straight line x = k. If the area of the shaded region is 64 unit2, find the value of k. k=4

2.

5 3.

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2004 P1 Q22 2005 P1 Q21 2006 P1 Q20

Given that

(2x 3)dx = 6 , where k > 1, find the value of k.

k=5

4.

Given that

f(x) dx = 7 and

(2f(x) kx) dx = 10 , find the value of k.

k=

1 4

5.

Diagram shows the curve y=f(x) cutting the xaxis at x = a and x = b. Given that the area of the shaded region is 5 unit2, find the value of

10

6. 2006 P1 Q21

2f(x) dx .
(a) 8 (b) k =

Given that

g(x) dx = 8 , find

(a) the value of

g(x) dx ,

3 2

(b) the value of k if

[kx g(x)]dx = 10 .
(a) 3 (b) 22

7.

2007 P1 Q21

Given that (a) (b)

h(x) dx = 3 , find

7 7

h(x) dx , [5 h(x)] dx .

Integration (Paper 2, SPM 2003 - 2007)


1. 2003 P2 Q3

dy = 2x + 2 and y = 6 when x = 1, find y in terms of x. dx d2 y dy (b) Hence, find the value of x if x 2 2 + (x 1) + y = 8. dx dx


(a) Given that (a) Diagram shows a conical container of diameter 0.6 m and height 0.5 m. Water is poured into the container at a rate of 0.2 m3s1. Calculate the rate of change of the height of the water level at the instant when the height of the water level is 0.4 m. (use = 3.142; volume of 1 a cone = r 2h ) 3 (b) Diagram shows a curve x=y2 1 which intersects the straight line 3y = 2x at point A. Calculate the volume generated when the shaded region is revolved 360 about the y-axis.

a) y = x 2 + 2 x + 7 b) x =

3 , 1 5
1.105

2.

2003 P2 Q9

52 15

3.

2004 P2 Q5

The gradient function of a curve which passes through A(1, 12) is 3x2 6x. Find (a) the equation of the curve, (b) the coordinate of the turning points of the curve and determine whether each of the turning points is a maximum or a minimum.

a) y = x3 3 x 2 10 b) (0, 10) maximum, (2, 10) minimum

6 4.

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2004 P2 Q10

Diagram shows part of the curve y =

3 (2x 1)2

a) y= 12x+15 b) i)

which passes through A(1, 3). (a) Find the equation of the tangent to the curve t the point A. (b) A region is bounded by the curve, the xaxis and the straight line x = 2 and x = 3. (i) Find the area of the region. (ii) The region is revolved through 360 about the x-axis. Find the volume generated, in terms of . A curve has a gradient function px2 4x, where p is a constant. The tangent to the curve at the point (1, 3) is parallel to the straight line y + x 5 = 0. Find (a) the value of p, (a) the equation of the curve. In the diagram, the straight line PQ is normal to x2 the curve y = + 1 at A(2, 3). The straight line 2 AR is parallel to the y-axis. Find (a) the value of k, (b) the area of the shaded region, (c) the volume generated, in terms of , when the region bounded by the curve, the y-axis and the straight line y = 3 is revolved through 360 about the y-axis. Diagram shows the straight line y = x + 4 intersecting the curve y = (x 2)2 at the points A and B. Find (a) the value of k, (b) the area of the shaded region P, (c) the volume generated, in terms of , when the shaded region Q is revolved 360 about the x-axis. A curve with gradient function 2x

1 5 49 ii) 1125

5.

2005 P2 Q2

a) p = 3 b) f(x) = x3 2x2 + 4

6.

2005 P2 Q8

a) k = 8 b) 12 c) 4

1 3

7.

2006 P2 Q8

a) k = 5 b) 20

5 6

c) 6

2 5

8.

2007 P2 Q4

2 has a turning point at (k, 8). x2

a) k = 1 b) Minimum c) y = x 2 +

(a) Find the value of k, (b) Determine whether the turning point is a maximum or minimum point. (c) Find the equation of the curve. Diagram shows part of the curve y = k(x 1)3, where k is a constant. The curve intersects the straight line x = 3 at point A. dy At point A, = 24 . dx (a) Find the value of k. (b) Hence, calculate (i) the area of the shaded region P, (ii) the volume generated, in terms of , when the region R which is bounded by the curve, the x-axis and the y-axis, is revolved through 360 about the x-aixs.

2 +5 x

9.

2007 P2 Q10

a) k = 2 b) i) 8 ii)

4 7

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Vector (Paper 1)
1. 2003 P1 Q12 Diagram shows two vectors, OP and QO . Express x (a) OP in the form . y (b) OQ in the form x i + yj .

2.

2003 P1 Q13

Use the above information to find the values of h and k when r = 3p 2q 3. 2003 P1 Q14 Diagram shows a parallelogram ABCD with BED as a straight line. Given that AB = 6p , AD = 4q and DE = 2EB, express in terms of p and q : (a) BD (b) EC
Given that O(0, 0), A(3, 4) and B(2, 16), find in terms of the unit vectors, i and j , (a) AB , (b) the unit vector in the direction of AB . Given that A(2, 6), B(4, 2) and C(m, p), find the value of m and of p such that AB + 2BC = 10 i 12 j . Diagram shows vector OA drawn on a Cartesian plane. x (a) Express OA in the form . y (b) Find the unit vector in the direction of OA .

4.

2004 P1 Q16 2004 P1 Q17 2005 P1 Q15

5.

6.

7.

2005 P1 Q16

Diagram shows a parallelogram, OPQR, Drawn on a Cartesian plane. It is given that OP = 6 i + 4 j and PQ = 4 i + 5 j . Find PR .

8.

2006 P1 Q13

Diagram shows two vectors, OA and AB . Express x (a) OA in the form , y (b) AB in the form x i + yj .

8 9.

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2006 P1 Q14

The points P, Q and R are collinear. It is given that PQ = 4a 2b and QR = 3a + (1 + k)b , where k is a constant. Find (a) the value of k, (b) the ratio of PQ : QR. Diagram shows a rectangle OABC and the point D lies on the straight line OB. It is given that OD = 3DB. Express OD in terms of x and y .

10.

2007 P1 Q15

11.

2007 P1 Q15

The following information refers to vectors a and b 2 1 a = ,b = 8 4 Find (a) the vector 2a b , (b) the unit vector in the direction of 2a b

Answers:

1.

5 (a) 3

(b) 8i + 4 j

5. 6.

m = 6, p = 2 10.
12 1 12 (a) (b) 13 5 5
11.
3 4

(9x + 5 y )

2.
3.

h = 2, k = 13
(a) 6 p + 4q (b) 2 p + 8 q 3

7. 8. 9.

10i + j k =5 , 4:3 2
4 (a) 5

5 15 (a) (b) 13 12 12

4.

5 15 (a) (b) 13 12 12

(b) 4i 8 j

Vector (Paper 2)
1. 2003 P2 Q6

5 2 k Given that AB = , OB = and CD = , find 7 3 5 (a) the coordinates of A, (b) the unit vector in the direction of OA ,
(c) the value of k, if CD is parallel to AB .

2.

2004 P2 Q8

Diagram shows triangle OAB. The straight line AP intersects the straight line OQ at R. It is given 1 1 that OP = OB , AQ = AB , OP = 6x and OA = 2y . 4 3 (a) Express in terms of x and/or y : (i) AP (ii) OQ (b) (i) Given that AR = h AP , state AR in terms of h, x and (ii) Given that RQ = k OQ , state RQ in terms of k, x and (c) Using AR and RQ from (b), find the value of h and of k.

y. y.

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3.

2005 P2 Q6

ABCD is a quadrilateral. AED and EFC are straight lines. It is given that AB = 20x , AE = 8y , DC = 25x 24y , 1 3 AE = AD and EF = EC . 4 5 (a) Express in terms of x and/or and y . (ii) EC (i) BD (b) Show that the points B, F and D are collinear.
(c) If x = 2 and y = 3 , find BD

4.

2006 P2 Q5

Diagram shows a trapezium ABCD. It is given that AB = 2y , 2 5 AD = 6x , AE = AD and BC = AD . 3 6 (a) Express AC , in terms of x and y. (b) Point F lies inside the trapezium ABCD such that 2EF = mAB , and m is a constant. (i) Express AF , in terms of m, x and y . (ii) Hence, if the points A, F and C are collinear, find the value of m.

5.

2007 P2 Q8

Diagram shows triangle OAB. The point P lies on OA and the point Q lies on AB. The straight line BP intersects the straight line OQ at the point S. It is given that OA : OP = 4 : 1, AB : AQ = 2 : 1, OA = 8x, OB = 6y (a) Express in terms of x and y . (i) BP . (ii) OQ . (b) Using OS = hOQ and BS = kBP , where h and k are constants, find the value of h and of k. (c) Given that x = 2 unit, y = 3 unit and AOB = 90 , find AB .

Answers: 1. a) ( 3, 4) c) k = 25 7 2. a)

3 b) 5 4 5

c) 3. a

h= 1 , k=1 2 3

i) 32 y 20 x ii ) 25 x
104 unit

5.

a)

i) 6 x + 2 y ii ) 4 x + 3 y h= 2 , k= 5
24.08 unit
4 5

c) 4. a) b)

b) c)

i) 6 x 2 y ii )
9 2 3 y x+ 2

AC = 5 x + 2 y AF = 4 x + m y m=8 5

b)

i) 6hx 2h y ii )
9 kx + 3 k y 2 2

10

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Trigonometric Functions (Paper 1)


1. 2003 P1 Q20 Given that tan = t, 0 < < 90, express, in terms of t: (a) cot , (b) sin (90 ) Solve the equation 6 sec2 A 13 tan A = 0, 0 A 360. Solve the equation cos2 x sin2 x = sin x for 0 x 360. Solve the equation 3 cos 2x = 8 sin x 5 for 0 x 360. Solve the equation 15 sin2 x = sin x + 4 sin 30 for 0 x 360. Solve the equation cot x + 2 cos x = 0 for 0 x 360. (a)

1 t

(b)

1 t2 +1

2.

2003 P1 Q21

33.69, 56.31, 213.69, 236.31 30, 150, 270 41.81, 138.19 2335, 15625, 19928, 34032 90, 210, 270, 330

3. 4. 5.

2004 P1 Q18 2005 P1 Q17 2006 P1 Q15

6.

2007 P1 Q17

Trigonometric Functions (Paper 2)


1. 2003 P2 Q8 (a) Prove that tan + cot = 2 cosec 2. 3 (b) (i) Sketch the graph of y = 2 cos x for 0 x 2. 2 (ii) Find the equation of a straight line for solving the equation 3 3 cos x = x 1 . Hence, using the same axes, sketch the straight line 2 4 3 3 and state the number of solutions to the equation cos x = x 1 for 2 4 0 x 2. (a) Sketch the graph of y = cos 2x for 0 x 180. (b) Hence, by drawing a suitable straight line on the same axes, find the number x of solutions satisfying the equation 2 sin2 x = 2 for 0 x 180. 180 (a) Prove that cosec2 x sin2 x cot2 x = cos 2x. (b) (i) Sketch the graph of y = cos 2x for 0 x 2. (ii) Hence, using the same axes, draw a suitable straight line to find the number of solutions to the equation 3(cos ec 2 x 2 sin2 x cot 2 x) = for 0 x 2. State the number of solutions. 4. 2006 P2 Q4 (a) Sketch the graph of y = 2 cos x for 0 x 2. (b) Hence, using the same axes, sketch a suitable graph to find the number of solutions to the equation + 2 cos x = 0 for 0 x 2. State the number of x solutions. (a) Sketch the graph of y = 3 cos 2x for 0 x 2. (b) Hence, using the same axes, sketch a suitable straight line to find the number x of solutions for the equation 2 3 cos 2x = for 0 x 2. State the 2 number of solutions.

3x 2, 2 3 solutions y=

2.

2004 P2 Q3

x 1, 180 2 solutions y=

3.

2005 P2 Q5

x 1

x 1 , 3 3 4 solutions y=

, x 2 solutions y=

5.

2007 P2 Q3

x , 2 8 solutions y =2

11

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Permutations and combinations


1. 2003 P1 Q22 360 Diagram shows 5 letters and 3 digits. A code is to be formed using those letters and digits. The code consists of 3 letters followed by 2 digits. How many codes can be formed if no letters or digit is repeated in each code? A badminton team consists of 7 students. The team will be chosen from a group of 8 boys and 5 girls. Find the number of teams that can be formed such that each team consists of (a) 4 boys, (b) not more than 2 girls. a) 700 b) 708

2.

2003 P1 Q23

3.

2004 P1 Q23

a) 120 b) 48 Diagram shows five cards of different letters. (a) Find the number of possible arrangements, in a row, of all the cards. (b) Find the number of these arrangements in which the letters E and A are side by side. A debating team consists of 5 students. These 5 students are chosen from 4 monitors, 2 assistant monitors and 6 prefects. Calculate the number of different ways the team can be formed if (a) there is no restriction, (b) the team contains only 1 monitor and exactly 3 prefects. a) 792 b) 160

4.

2005 P1 Q22

5.

2006 P1 Q22

a) 840 b) 480 Diagram shows seven letter cards. A four-letter code is to be formed using four of these cards. Find (a) the number of different four-letter codes that can be formed. (b) the number of different four-letter codes which end with a consonant. A coach wants to choose 5 players consisting of 2 boys and 3 girls to form a badminton team. These 5 players are chosen from a group of 4 boys and 5 girls. Find (a) the number of ways the team can be formed, (b) the number of ways the team can be arranged in a row for a group photograph, if the three girls sit next to each other. a) 60 b) 18

6.

2007 P1 Q23

Probability
1. 2004 P1 Q24 2005 P1 Q24 A box contains 6 marbles and k black marbles. If a marbles is picked randomly from the box, the probability of getting a black marbles is 3 . Find the value of k. 5 Colour Black Blue Yellow Number of Cards 5 4 3 Table 1 shows the number of coloured cards in a box. Two cards are at random from the box. Find the probability that both cards are of the same colour.
19 66

k=9

2.

3.

2006 P1 Q23

The probability that hamid qualifies for the final of a track event is 2 while the
5

2 (a) 15 7 (b) 15

probability that Mohan qualifies is

1 . Find the probability that 3

(a) both of them qualify for the final, (b) only one of them qualifies for the final.

12

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Probability Distribution (Paper 1)


1. 2003 P1 Q24 Diagram shows a standard normal distribution graph. If P(0 < z < k) = 0.3128, find P(z > k). 0.1872

2.

2003 P1 Q25 2004 P1 Q25 2005 P1 Q25

In an examination, 70% of the students passed. If a sample of 8 students is randomly selected, find the probability that 6 students from the sample passed the examination. X is a random variable of a normal distribution with a mean of 52 and a variance of 144. Find (a) the Z score if X = 67, (b) P(52 X 67). Diagram shows a standard normal distribution graph. The probability represented by the area of the shaded region is 03485. (a) Find the value of k. (b) X is a continuous random variable which is normally distributed with a mean of 79 and a standard deviation of 3. Find the value of X when the z-score is k. The mass of students in a school has a normal distribution with a mean of 54 kg and a standard deviation of 12 kg. Find (a) the mass of the students which gives a standard score of 05. (b) The percentage of students with mass greater than 48 kg. The probability that each shot fired by Ramli hits a targets is
1 . 3 1 243

0.2965

3.

a) 1.25 b) 0.3944

4.

a) 1.03 b) 82.09

5.

2006 P1 Q25

a) 60 b) 69.146

6.

2007 P1 Q24

a) 0.1951 b) 5 .

(a) If Ramli fires 10 shots, find the probability that exactly 2 shots hit the target. (b) If Ramli fires n shots, the probability that all the n shots hit the target is Find the value of n.

7.

2007 P1 Q25

X is a continuous random variable of a normal distribution with a mean of 52 and a standard deviation of 10. Find (a) the z-score when X = 67.2, (b) the value of k when p(z < k) = 0.8849.

a) 1.52 b) 1.2

Probability Distribution (Paper 2)


1. 2003 P2 Q10 (a) Senior citizens make up 20 % of the population of a settlement. (i) If 7 people are randomly selected from the settlement, find the probability that at least two of them are senior citizens. (ii) If the variance of the senior citizens is 128, what is the population of the settlement? The mass of the workers in a factory is normally distributed with a mean of 67.86 kg and a variance of 4225 kg2. 200 of the workers in the factory weigh between 50 kg and 70 kg. Find the total number of workers in the factory.

(b)

13 2.

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2004 P2 Q11

(a)

A club organizes a practice session for trainees on scoring goals from penalty kicks. Each trainee takes 8 penalty kicks. The probability that a trainee scores a goal from a penalty kick is p. After the session, it is found that the mean number of goals for a trainee is 48. (i) Find the value of p, (ii) If a trainee is chosen at random, find the probability that he scores at least one goals A survey on body-mass is done on a group of students. The mass of a student has a normal distribution with a mean of 50 kg and a standard deviation of 15 kg. (i) If a student is chosen at random, calculate the probability that his mass is less that 41 kg. (ii) Given that 12% of the students have a mass of more than m kg, find the value of m. The result of a study shows that 20% of the pupils in a city cycle to school. If 8 pupils from the city are chosen at random, calculate the probability that (i) exactly 2 of them cycle to school, (ii) less than 3 of them cycle to school, The mass of water-melons produced from an orchard follows a normal distribution with a mean of 3.2 kg and a standard deviation of 05 kg. Find (i) the probability that a water-melon chosen randomly from the orchard has a mass of not more than 40 kg. (ii) the value of m if 60% of the water-melons from the orchard have a mass of more than m kg.

(b)

3.

2005 P2 Q11

(a)

(b)

4.

2006 P2 Q11

An orchard produces lemons. Only lemons with diameter, x greater than k cm are graded and marketed. Table below shows the grades of the lemons based on their diameters. Grade A B C Diameter, x (cm) x>7 7x>5 5x>k It is given that the diameter of the lemons has a normal distribution with a mean of 5.8 cm and a standard deviation of 15 cm. (a) If one lemon is picked at random, calculate the probability that it is of grade A. (b) In a basket of 500 lemons, estimated the number of grade B lemons. (c) If 857% of the lemons is marketed, find the value of k. a) In a survey carried out in a school, it is found that 2 out of 5 students have handphones. If 8 students from that school are chosen at random, calculate the probability that (i) exactly 2 students have handphones. (ii) more than 2 students have handphones. A group of workers are given medical check up. The blood pressure of a worker has a normal distribution with a mean of 130 mmHg and a standard deviation of 16 mmHg. Blood pressure that is more than 150 mmHg is classified as high blood pressure. (i) A worker is chosen at random from the group. Find the probability that the worker has a blood pressure between 114 mmHg and 150 mmHg. (ii) It is found that 132 workers have high blood pressure. Find the total number of workers in the group.

5.

2007 P2 Q11

b)

Answers (Paper 2): 1. a) i) 0.4233 ii) 800 b) 319 2. a) b) i) 0.6 ii) 0.9993446 i) 0.2743 ii) 67.625

3.

a) b)

i) 0.2936 ii) 0.79691 i) 0.9452 ii) 3.0735 0.2119 0.4912 4.1965

5.

a) b)

i) 0.2090 ii) 0.8936 i) 0.73569 ii) 1250

4.

a) b) c)

14

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Motion along a straight line


1. 2003 A particle moves in a straight line and passes through a fixed point O, with a P2 velocity of 24 ms1. Its acceleration, a ms2, t s after passing through O is given by Q12 a = 10 2t. The particle stops after k s. (a) Find (i) the maximum velocity of the particle, (ii) the value of k. (b) Sketch a velocity-time graph for 0 t k. Hence, or otherwise, calculate the total distance traveled during that period. 2004 P2 Q15 A particle moves along a straight line from a fixed point P, Its velocity, V ms1, is given by V = 2t(6 t) , where t is the time, in seconds, after leaving the point P. (Assume motion to the right is positive.) Find (a) the maximum velocity of the particle, (b) the distance traveled during the third second, (c) the value of t when the particle passes the point P again. (d) the time between leaving P and when the particle reverses its direction of motion. Diagram shows the positions and directions of motion of two objects, P and Q, moving in a straight line passing two fixed points, A and B, respectively. Object P passes the fixed point A and object Q passes the fixed point B simultaneously. The distance AB is 28 m. a) i) 49 ii) 12 b) 432

2.

a) 18 b) 17 1 3 c) 9 d) 6

3.

2005 P2 Q15

a) 8 b) 18 c) 4

The velocity of P, vp ms1, is given by v p = 6 + 4t 2t 2 , where t is the time, in seconds, after it passes A while Q travels with a constant velocity of 2 ms1. Object P stops instantaneously at the point C. (Assume that the positive direction of motion is towards the right.) Find (a) the maximum velocity, in ms1, of P, (b) the distance, in m, of C from A, (c) the distance, in m, between P and Q when P is at the point C. 4. 2006 P2 Q12 A particle moves in a straight line and passes through a fixed point O. Its velocity, v ms1, is given by v = t 2 6t + 5 , where t is the time, in seconds, after leaving O. (Assume motion to the right is positive.) (a) Find (i) the initial velocity of the particle, (ii) the time interval during which the particle moves towards the left, (iii) the time interval during which the acceleration of the particle is positive. (b) Sketch the velocity-time graph of the motion of the particle for 0 t 5. (c) Calculate the total distance traveled during the first 5 seconds after leaving O. a) i) 5 ii) 1 < t < 5 iii) t > 3 b)

c) 13 5. 2007 P2 Q12 A particle moves in a straight line and passes through a fixed point O. Its velocity, v ms1, is given by v = t 2 6t + 8 , where t is the time, in seconds, after passing through O. (Assume motion to the right is positive.) Find (a) the initial velocity, in ms 1, (b) the minimum velocity, in ms 1, (b) the range of values of t during which the particle moves to the left. (c) the total distance, in m, traveled by the particle in the first 4 seconds. a) 8 b) 1 c) 2 < t < 4 d) 8

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15

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Linear Programming
1. 2003 P2 Q14 Yahya has an allocation of RM225 to buy x kg of prawns and y kg of fish. The total mass of the commodities is not less than 15 kg. The mass of prawns is at most three times that of fish. The price of 1 kg of prawns is RM9 and the price of 1 kg of fish is RM5. (a) Write down three inequalities, other than x 0 and y 0, that satisfy all of the above conditions. (b) Hence, using a scale of 2 cm to 5 kg for both axes, construct and shade the region R that satisfies all the above conditions. (c) If Yahya buys 10 kg of fish, what is the maximum amount of money that could remain from his allocation?

2.

2004 P2 Q14

A district education office intends to organize a course on the teaching of Mathematics and Science in English. The course will be attended by x Mathematics participants and y Science participants. The selection of participants is based on the following constraints: I : The total number of participants is at least 40. II : The number of Science participants is at most twice that of Mathematics. III : The maximum allocation for the course is RM7200. The expenditure for a Mathematics participant is RM120 and for a Science participant is RM80. Write down three inequalities, , other than x 0 and y 0, which satisfy the above constraints. Hence, by using a scale of 2 cm to 10 participants for both axes, construct and shade the region R which satisfies all the above constraints Using your graph from (b), find (i) the maximum and minimum number of Mathematics participants when the number of Science participants is 10, (ii) the minimum cost to run the course.

3.

2005 P2 Q14

An institution offers two computer courses, P and Q. The number of participants for course P is x and for course Q is y. The enrolment of participants is based on the following constraints: I : The total number of participants is not more that 100. II : The number of participants for course Q is not more than 4 times the number of participants for course P. III : The number of participant for course Q must exceed the number of participants for course P by at least 5. (a) Write down three inequalities, , other than x 0 and y 0, which satisfy the above constraints. (b) Hence, by using a scale of 2 cm to 10 participants for both axes, construct and shade the region R that satisfies all the above constraints (c) Using your graph from (b), find (i) the range of the number of participants for course Q if the number of participants for course P is 30, (ii) the maximum total fees per month that can be collected if the fees per month for courses P and Q are RM50 and RM60 respectively.

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16 4. 2006 P2 Q14

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A workshop produces two types of rack, P and Q. The production of each type of rack involves two processes, making and painting. Table below shows the time taken to make and paint a rack of type P and a rack of type Q. Time taken (minutes) Rack Making Painting P 60 30 Q 20 40 The workshop produces x racks of type P and y racks of type Q per day. The production of racks per day is based on the following constraints: I : The maximum total time for making both racks is 720 minutes. II : The total time for painting both racks is at least 360 minutes. III : The ratio of the number of racks of type P to the number of racks of type Q is at least 1 : 3. (a) Write down three inequalities, other than x 0 and y 0, which satisfy the above constraints. (b) Hence, by using a scale of 2 cm to 2 racks for both axes, construct and shade the region R that satisfies all the above constraints (c) Using your graph from (b), find (i) the maximum number of racks of type Q if 7 racks of type P are produced per day, (ii) the maximum total profit per day if the profit from one rack of type P is RM 24 and from one rack of type Q is RM 32.

5.

2007 P2 Q14

A factory produces two components, P and Q. In a particular day, the factory produced x pieces of component P and y pieces of component Q. The profit from the sales of a piece of component P is R 15 and a piece of component Q is R 12. The production of the components per day is based on the following constraints: I : The total number of component is at most 500. II : The number of component P is not more than three times the number of component Q. III : The minimum total profit for both components is R 4200. (a) Write three inequalities, other than x 0 and y 0, which satisfy all the above constraints. (b) Hence, by using a scale of 2 cm to 50 components for both axes, construct and shade the region R that satisfies all the above constraints (d) Use your graph in (b), to find (i) the minimum number of pieces of component Q if the number of pieces of component P produced on a particular day is 100, (ii) the maximum total profit per day.

Answers: 1. a) I II III c) RM 2. a) I II III i) ii)

x + y 15 x 3y 9x + 5y 225 130 x + y 40 y 2x 3x + 2y 180 30, 53 RM 3760

3. a)

c)

I II III i) ii) I II III i)

x + y 100 y 4x yx+5 35 y 70 RM 5800 3x + y 36 3x + 4y 36 y 3x 4 RM ii)720

5. a)

4. a)

c)

c)

I II III i) ii)

x + y 500 3y x 5x + 4y 1400 225 RM 7125

c)

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