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Literature Survey

3.1 Existing System


Touch Screen - An electronic visual display screen that responds to the touch of human finger interaction or any other objects within the display area. Touch screen provides you with the freedom to touch the display screen and the screen itself will react to your touch and particular action will be performed, which earlier was done using some indirect system such as mouse. ATM machines, shopping malls, business ventures or your interactive presentations, each one is using this magical technology. In general, a touch screen system needs 3 major subsystems. One is the sensor, which senses the touch event by recognizing the voltage changes, second one is the controller, which converts the voltage changes into signals understandable by operating system and third one is the software program which perform the necessary action according to the touch event. The touch panel is always placed on top of the display panel. History of touch in last 5 decades: 1960s: 1965-1967: First ever touch screen, a capacitive one, invented by E.A.Johnson at the Royal Radar Establishment, UK. 1968: E.A.Johnson published a full description of touch screen technology in an article published for air traffic control. 1970s: 1971: A Touch sensor called the Elograph was developed by Doctor Sam Hurst and was patented by the University of Kentucky Research Foundation. It was non transparent. 1973: The Elograph was selected as one of the 100 most Significant New Technical Products of the year 1973 by Industrial Research. 1974: First true transparent touch screen was developed by Sam Hurst and Elographics now known as Elo TouchSystems. 1977: Elographics developed and patented a resistive touch screen technology. Also Siemens Corporation financed Elographics for development of first curved glass touch sensor interface, which became the first device to have a touch screen in its name. 1980s:

1983: The computer manufacturing company, Hewlett-Packard introduced HP-150, a home computer with touch screen technology. 1990s: 1993: Apple released a device equipped with handwriting recognition, called Newton PDA. Also IBM released the first smartphone, Simon with touch interface. 1996: Palm entered the PDA market and introduced advanced touch screen technologies with its Pilot Series. 2000s: 2002: Microsoft came with Windows XP Tablet edition to introduce itself in touch screen technology. 2007: Apple introduced the smartest of all, the iPhone with touch screen technology.

Comparison Although it may look like both tablets run the same operating system, theyre actually running distinct versions of Windows 8. Surface RT tablets run a limited, tablet version of Windows 8 that only supports apps available through the new Windows Store. Users will not be able to run third-party apps until developers create a Surface RT-compatible version of said app. However, since Surface Pro tablets are built around Intel CPUs, theyre able to run the full Windows 8 operating system, meaning these tablets will support any new Windows Store apps in addition to any legacy apps or Windows 7 programs. Its also worth noting that Surface RT tablets come with a mobile version of Microsofts Office suite, which gives users the basic (but not all) functionality of the desktop version. Surface Pro tablets dont come with Office pre-installed, but they have the brawn to run the full program and not just the basic version. ltimately, the major difference between Surface RT and Surface Pro is power. The Surface Pro was designed to provide the best of the tablet and laptop worlds with little to no compromises, whereas Surface RT was designed more for the casual tablet user. In the end, your purchasing decision should be based on how you plan to use your Surface device and how much youre willing to spend. Either way, Microsoft is fully committed to both platforms, and both devices will only improve as more apps are built for them. DT

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