Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 9

## First Term Examination

5054

PHYSICS
Paper 2 Theory

May 2009

Class

Index
number

Register
number

Name: .

TIME 1 hours

INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES
Write your name, class, index number and register number in the spaces provided.
Write in blue or black pen
You may use a soft pencil for any diagrams, graphs.

Section A
Write your answers in the space provided on the question paper

Section B
Answer any two questions
Write your answers in the space provided on the question paper
The number of marks is given in brackets at the end of each question or part questions

## This question paper consists of 9 printed pages.

First Term Examination 2009

[Turn over]

2
Part A
1.



a. Force:
b. Mass:
c. Weight:
2.

## Name the instrument that can be used to measure;



a. Length; .........
b. Force /weight;
c. Time; .
3.

## Define the following quantities



a. Volume

b. Uniform acceleration

4.

Describe the differences between the motion of the molecules of ice water, and steam. 

..
..

5.

Cars rely on friction for their forward motion. The diagram shows one of the forces that act
when a car is travelling at a steady speed.
a. What is the correct name of the force X shown?


Direction of motion

..

## b. Give two advantage of force X

..
..

M.A/FTT/Gr.8 Phy

3
6.

An empty beaker has a mass of 80g. When it is partly filled with oil its mass is 224g. A
student used measuring cylinders which can measure a maximum

to empty the

beaker.
The student gets two completely full cylinders and a half cylinder of oil while emptying the
beaker.
a. Find the mass of the oil in the beaker?





i.



ii.





M.A/FTT/Gr.8 Phy

4
7.

## a. How is velocity different from speed



..
b. A motorcycle starts from rest and accelerates steadily until it is travelling at 18km/h
i.

## Find the speed in m/s



ii.
If it takes 10 seconds to attain this speed, what is its acceleration?


..
..

8.

A space craft travels from earth to Mars, where the gravitational field strength near the
surface is 3.7N/kg. The space craft is carrying a probe which has a mass of 150kg when
measured on Earth.
a. What is the probes weight on Earth?







## d. What is the probes weight on Mars?



M.A/FTT/Gr.8 Phy

5
e. When the probe is falling, near the surface of Mars, What is its acceleration?



..

9.

## a. Define force and mention two types of forces



.
b. A concrete block measuring 0.1m by 0.4m by 1.5m has a mass of 30kg.
i.

## Calculate the weight of the block



...
ii.

Draw a diagram to show how the block must rest to exert the maximum pressure
on the ground. Calculate this pressure



## 10. The following reading is the result of spring stretching experiment.

Stretching force /N
0

Extension /mm
0

10

30

40

58





M.A/FTT/Gr.8 Phy

## ii. Mark the elastic limit on the graph.

iii. What stretching force is needed to produce an extension of 25 mm?




..

iv.

What would have been the effect on the length of the spring on unloading it when a
force of 2.5N had been reached



....
..

M.A/FTT/Gr.8 Phy

7
Part B

## Answer any two questions

1.

An object falls down on to a friction free horizontal surface in the way shown in the figure.
The ball took 0.5 s to roll from one position to the next.
For example it rolled from A to B in 0.5 s and from B to C in 0.5 s and so on
A
0

C
D
E
5m

10m
a. Write down
i. The distance traveled by the ball from A to E.


## ii. The time taken by the ball to reach E.



b i. Write down in words the equation connecting speed ,distance and time.




## c i. Explain the motion of the ball while rolling on the slop



d. A bus driver takes a total of three hours to make a journey of 90 km. He has a tea break
of half an hour and spends a quarter of an hour in a traffic jam.
At what average speed must she travel during the rest of the time if she wants to complete
the journey in the three hours? Give your answer in km/h


M.A/FTT/Gr.8 Phy

8
2.

## The figure shows a tyre used on a large vehicle.

a. When the vehicle is loaded, the area of contact with the ground is a rectangle of sides
1.0 m and 0.5 m.
i. Calculate the area of contact of one tyre with the ground in m2



ii. The vehicle has four such tyres. Calculate the total area of contact with the ground in
m2 .



b.
i. Write down in words the equation connecting pressure, force and area.



ii. When the vehicle is loaded, it weighs 100 000 N. Calculate the pressure in N/m2
exerted on the ground by the tyres.



.
iii. What will be the pressure exerted in N/m2 by the tyres if 5000 N weight is unloaded
from the vehicle?



M.A/FTT/Gr.8 Phy

9
3.
a. Define density and state the SI unit in which it is measured.


..
b. Describe, in detail, an experiment to measure the density of a liquid


.
c. A block of stone measures 8cm by 5cm by 2cm and has a density of
i.
What is the volume of the stone


## ii. What is the mass of the stone?



**************************
GOOD LUCK

M.A/FTT/Gr.8 Phy