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## First Term Examination

5054

PHYSICS
Paper 2 Theory

May 2009

Class

Index
number

Register
number

Name: .

TIME 1 hours

INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES
Write your name, class, index number and register number in the spaces provided.
Write in blue or black pen
You may use a soft pencil for any diagrams, graphs.

Section A

Section B
The number of marks is given in brackets at the end of each question or part questions

## This question paper consists of 9 printed pages.

First Term Examination 2009

[Turn over]

2
Part A
1.

[3]

a. Force:
b. Mass:
c. Weight:
2.

## Name the instrument that can be used to measure;

[3]

a. Length; .........
b. Force /weight;
c. Time; .
3.

## Define the following quantities

[4]

a. Volume

b. Uniform acceleration

4.

Describe the differences between the motion of the molecules of ice water, and steam. [3]

..
..

5.

Cars rely on friction for their forward motion. The diagram shows one of the forces that act
when a car is travelling at a steady speed.
a. What is the correct name of the force X shown?

[3]
Direction of motion

..

## b. Give two advantage of force X

..
..

M.A/FTT/Gr.8 Phy

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6.

An empty beaker has a mass of 80g. When it is partly filled with oil its mass is 224g. A
student used measuring cylinders which can measure a maximum

to empty the

beaker.
The student gets two completely full cylinders and a half cylinder of oil while emptying the
beaker.
a. Find the mass of the oil in the beaker?

[2]

[2]

i.

[2]

ii.

[2]

[2]

M.A/FTT/Gr.8 Phy

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7.

## a. How is velocity different from speed

[2]

..
b. A motorcycle starts from rest and accelerates steadily until it is travelling at 18km/h
i.

## Find the speed in m/s

[3]

ii.
If it takes 10 seconds to attain this speed, what is its acceleration?
[3]

..
..

8.

A space craft travels from earth to Mars, where the gravitational field strength near the
surface is 3.7N/kg. The space craft is carrying a probe which has a mass of 150kg when
measured on Earth.
a. What is the probes weight on Earth?

[1]

[1]

[2]

## d. What is the probes weight on Mars?

[2]

M.A/FTT/Gr.8 Phy

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e. When the probe is falling, near the surface of Mars, What is its acceleration?

[2]

..

9.

## a. Define force and mention two types of forces

[3]

.
b. A concrete block measuring 0.1m by 0.4m by 1.5m has a mass of 30kg.
i.

## Calculate the weight of the block

[2]

...
ii.

Draw a diagram to show how the block must rest to exert the maximum pressure
on the ground. Calculate this pressure

[4]

## 10. The following reading is the result of spring stretching experiment.

Stretching force /N
0

Extension /mm
0

10

30

40

58

[2]

[4]

M.A/FTT/Gr.8 Phy

## ii. Mark the elastic limit on the graph.

iii. What stretching force is needed to produce an extension of 25 mm?

[1]
[1]

..

iv.

What would have been the effect on the length of the spring on unloading it when a
force of 2.5N had been reached

[1]

....
..

M.A/FTT/Gr.8 Phy

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Part B

1.

An object falls down on to a friction free horizontal surface in the way shown in the figure.
The ball took 0.5 s to roll from one position to the next.
For example it rolled from A to B in 0.5 s and from B to C in 0.5 s and so on
A
0

C
D
E
5m

10m
a. Write down
i. The distance traveled by the ball from A to E.
[1]

## ii. The time taken by the ball to reach E.

[1]

b i. Write down in words the equation connecting speed ,distance and time.
[1]

[2]

## c i. Explain the motion of the ball while rolling on the slop

[2]

d. A bus driver takes a total of three hours to make a journey of 90 km. He has a tea break
of half an hour and spends a quarter of an hour in a traffic jam.
At what average speed must she travel during the rest of the time if she wants to complete
[3]

M.A/FTT/Gr.8 Phy

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2.

## The figure shows a tyre used on a large vehicle.

a. When the vehicle is loaded, the area of contact with the ground is a rectangle of sides
1.0 m and 0.5 m.
i. Calculate the area of contact of one tyre with the ground in m2

[2]

ii. The vehicle has four such tyres. Calculate the total area of contact with the ground in
m2 .

[2]

b.
i. Write down in words the equation connecting pressure, force and area.

[1]

ii. When the vehicle is loaded, it weighs 100 000 N. Calculate the pressure in N/m2
exerted on the ground by the tyres.

[3]

.
iii. What will be the pressure exerted in N/m2 by the tyres if 5000 N weight is unloaded
from the vehicle?

[2]

M.A/FTT/Gr.8 Phy

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3.
a. Define density and state the SI unit in which it is measured.
[2]

..
b. Describe, in detail, an experiment to measure the density of a liquid
[5]

.
c. A block of stone measures 8cm by 5cm by 2cm and has a density of
i.
What is the volume of the stone
[1]

## ii. What is the mass of the stone?

[2]

**************************
GOOD LUCK

M.A/FTT/Gr.8 Phy