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2013

The World in

I am pleased to present the latest ICT Facts and Figures which show continued and almost universal growth in ICT uptake. Every day we are moving closer to having almost as many mobile- cellular subscriptions as people on earth. This is exciting news. The mobile revolution is m-powering people in developing countries by delivering ICT applications in education, health, government, banking, environment and business. Let us all celebrate this mobile miracle that I have no doubt will hasten our pace towards sustainable development. Brahima Sanou, Director of the ITU Telecommunication Development Bureau

ICT
Mobile-cellular subscriptions

Facts and Figures

6.8 billion mobile-cellular subscriptions


As the number of subscriptions approaches global population figures mobile-cellular growth slows
8 7 6 Billions 5 4 3 2 1 0 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012* 2013* Source: ITU World Telecommunication /ICT Indicators database Note: * Estimate Population 6.8 7.1

In 2013, there are almost as many mobile-cellular subscriptions as people in the world, with more than half in the Asia-Pacific region (3.5billion out of 6.8 billion total subscriptions). As global mobile-cellular penetration approaches 100% and market saturation is reached, growth rates have fallen to their lowest levels in both developed and developing countries. Mobile-cellular penetration rates stand at 96% globally; 128% in developed countries; and 89% in developing countries.

Mobile-cellular penetration, 2013*, and mobile-cellular subscription growth rates, 2005-2013*


180 160 140 Per 100 inhabitants 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 Source: ITU World Telecommunication /ICT Indicators database Note: * Estimate 63 89 Asia & Pacific 89 96 105 109 Per cent 35 126 128 30 25 20 15 10 CIS 5 0 6.1 5.4 3.7 2005/06 06/07 07/08 08/09 09/10 10/11 11/12* 12/13* 170

__ Developing __ World

__

Developed

Developing

The Americas

Arab States

Europe

Africa

Developed

World

2.7 billion people almost 40% of the worlds population are online
In developing countries, 16% fewer women than men use the Internet
Internet users by development level, 2003-2013*, and by region, 2013*
80 70 Per 100 inhabitants 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 2003 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12* 13* Source: ITU World Telecommunication /ICT Indicators database Note: * Estimate 31 39

Per 100 inhabitants

__ __ __

Developed World Developing

77

80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Africa Asia Arab CIS & Pacific States 16 32 38 52 61

75

The Europe Americas

In 2013, over 2.7 billion people are using the Internet, which corresponds to 39% of the worlds population. In the developing world, 31% of the population is online, compared with 77% in the developed world.

Europe is the region with the highest Internet penetration rate in the world (75%), followed by the Americas (61%). In Africa, 16% of people are using the Internet only half the penetration rate of Asia and the Pacific.

The gender gap: men and women online, totals and penetration rates, 2013*
41% 37%

1.4 Billions of people 1.2 1.0 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0.0

Internet users % all of men/women 33% 29%

74%

80%

Women Men Women Men Women Men Developing World

Developed

Source: ITU World Telecommunication /ICT Indicators database Note: * Estimate

More men than women use the Internet: globally, 37% of all women are online, compared with 41% of all men. This corresponds to 1.3billion women and 1.5billion men. The developing world is home to about 826 million female Internet users and 980million male Internet users. The developed world is home to about 475 million female Internet users and 483 million male Internet users. The gender gap is more pronounced in the developing world, where 16% fewer women than men use the Internet, compared with only 2% fewer women than men in the developed world.

750 million households 41% globally connected to the Internet


Households with Internet access, 2013*
Households without Internet 108 million 376 million 960 million 373 million Households with Internet Developing countries Developed countries

Note: * Estimate MAIN COLOURS

Source: ITU World Telecommunication /ICT Indicators database

In 2013, 41% of the worlds households are connected to the Internet. Half of them are in the developing world, where household Internet penetration has reached 28%.

C 10 Y 100 M 75 K 15

C 74 Y 45 M 0 K 27

In the developed world, 78% of all households are connected to the Internet. 90% of the 1.1 billion households not connected to the Internet are in the developing world. SECONDARY COLOURS

Households with Internet access, by region


C 70 Y 15 M 0 K 12

C 50 Y 10 M 100 K 0

C 0 Y 50 M 100 K 0

90 Percentage of households with Internet access 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012* 2013* Source: ITU World Telecommunication /ICT Indicators database Note: * Estimate 7 61 77

46 34 33

__ __ __ __ __ __

Europe The Americas CIS Arab States Asia & Pacific Africa

Europe and Africa are the regions with the highest and the lowest levels of household Internet penetration respectively: 77% in Europe, compared with 7% in Africa. The majority of households in the Americas are online (61%), compared with around one third of households in the Arab States and Asia and the Pacific. Between 2009 and 2013, Internet penetration in households has grown fastest in Africa, with annual growth of 27%, followed by 15% annual growth in Asia and the Pacific, the Arab States and the CIS.

Fixed-broadband prices drop by 82% between 2008 and 2012


As fixed-broadband services become more affordable, penetration increases
120 Fixed-broadband sub-basket as % of GNI p.c. 100 80 60 40 20 0 2.5 2.0 1.7 59.7 41.8 28.5 1.7 115.1 164.6

Fixed-broadband penetration

85.1 59.4

__ __ __
40.3

Developing World Developed

30 25 20 15 10 5 0 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012* 2013* 27

__ __ __

Developed World Developing 10 6

30.1 21.5 1.7

2008 2009 2010

2011 2012

Source: ITU World Telecommunication /ICT Indicators database Note: Simple averages. Preliminary result. * Estimate

By 2012, the majority of countries have reached the Broadband Commission target of offering basic fixed-broadband services at below 5% of monthly GNI p.c.
60 Number of countries 50 40 30 20 10 0 0-2 2-5 22 26 36 11 1 19 6 19

Developed Developing

18

7 4 4 5-8 8-10 10-20 20-30 30-40 40-50 >50 Fixed-broadband sub-basket value 2012

Source: ITU World Telecommunication /ICT Indicators database Note: Preliminary result, based on 173 countries

Over the past five years, fixed-broadband prices as a share of GNI per capita dropped by 82%. By 2012, fixedbroadband prices represented 1.7% of monthly GNI p.c. in developed countries. In developing countries, fixedbroadband services remain expensive, accounting for 30.1% of average monthly incomes. In 95 countries including 48 developing countries the price of a monthly fixed-broadband subscription represented 5% or less of monthly GNI p.c. in 2012. As services are becoming more affordable, fixed-broadband uptake has shown strong growth and by 2013, there are almost 700million fixed-broadband subscriptions, corresponding to a global penetration rate of 9.8%. In 2013, the total number of fixed-broadband subscriptions in developing countries surpasses those in developed countries. But there is still a wide gap when it comes to fixed-broadband penetration rates, with 6.1% in developing countries (and less than 1% in Sub-Saharan Africa), compared with 27.2% in developed countries.

High-speed access to the internet


Differences in broadband speed persist
Uptake of high-speed broadband (at least 10 Mbit/s) is highest in some Asian economies, including the Republic of Korea, Hong Kong (China) and Japan, and in several European countries, such as Bulgaria, Iceland and Portugal. In Africa, less than 10% of fixed (wired) broadband subscriptions offer speeds of at least 2 Mbit/s. This is also the case of several countries in Asia and the Pacific, the Americas and some Arab States.

Fixed-broadband subscriptions, by speed, early 2012


Korea (Rep.) Hong Kong, China Japan Singapore Macao, China Bangladesh Iran (I.R.) Bhutan Bulgaria Iceland** Portugal United Kingdom Belgium Andorra Denmark Romania Netherlands France Greece Spain Hungary Switzerland Czech Republic Norway* Israel Finland Slovenia Slovak Republic Ireland Germany Austria Malta Poland** Estonia Croatia Cyprus Italy Turkey Bosnia and Herzegovina United States* Canada* Brazil Trinidad & Tobago Chile Colombia Ecuador Belize Venezuela Guyana Georgia Russia Azerbaijan Armenia United Arab Emirates Saudi Arabia* Oman Morocco Jordan Tunisia Qatar Egypt Uganda Senegal Namibia Cte dIvoire Mauritius Kenya Benin
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

Asia & Pacific

Europe

Americas

CIS

Arab States

Africa

10 Mbit/s

2 to <10 Mbit/s

256 kbit/s to <2 Mbit/s

Source: ITU World Telecommunication/ICT Indicators database Note: Refers to advertised speeds. * Data correspond to speed intervals slightly different from the ones defined by ITU. ** Breakdown by speed available only for a part of the total fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions. Data include fixed wireless broadband subscriptions

Continuous high growth of mobile broadband


More than 2 billion subscriptions worldwide by end 2013*
Americas
460 million subscriptions 48% penetration 28% CAGR (2010-2013)

Europe
422 million subscriptions 68% penetration 33% CAGR (2010-2013)

CIS
129 million subscriptions 46% penetration 27% CAGR (2010-2013)

Arab States
71 million subscriptions 19% penetration 55% CAGR (2010-2013)
Denom

Africa
93 million subscriptions 11% penetration 82% CAGR (2010-2013)

Asia-Pacific
895 million subscriptions 22% penetration 45% CAGR (2010-2013)

and classifications employed in these maps do not imply any opinion on the part of the ITU concerning the legal or other status of any territory or any endorsement or acceptance of any boundary.

Source: ITU World Telecommunication /ICT Indicators database Note: * Estimate

Active mobile-broadband subscriptions, 2007-2013*


Mobile-broadband subscriptions have climbed from 268 million in 2007 to 2.1billion in 2013. This reflects an average annual growth rate of 40%, making mobile broadband the most dynamic ICT market. In developing countries, the number of mobilebroadband subscriptions more than doubled from 2011 to 2013 (from 472 million to 1.16billion) and surpassed those in developed countries in 2013. Africa is the region with the highest growth rates over the past three years and mobile-broadband penetration has increased from 2% in 2010 to 11% in 2013.

80 70 Per 100 inhabitants 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 2007

__ __ __

75 Developed World Developing

30 20

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012*

2013*

Source: ITU World Telecommunication /ICT Indicators database Note: * Estimate

Mobile broadband much more expensive in developing countries


But considerably cheaper than fixed-broadband services
By early 2013, the price of an entry-level mobile-broadband plan represents between 1.2-2.2% of monthly GNI p.c. in developed countries and between 11.324.7% in developing countries, depending on the type of service. However, in developing countries, mobilebroadband services cost considerably less than fixed-broadband services: 18.8% of monthly GNI p.c. for a 1 GB postpaid computer-based mobile-broadband plan compared to 30.1% of monthly GNI p.c. for a postpaid fixed-broadband plan with 1 GB of data volume. Among the four typical mobile-broadband plans offered in the market, postpaid handset-based services are the cheapest and prepaid computer-based services are the most expensive, across all regions.

Price of mobile-broadband services, early 2013


Postpaid handset-based (500 MB) 1.2 7.5 11.3 1.3 11.4 15.7 1.4 12.7 18.8 Developed World Developing

Prepaid handset-based (500 MB) Postpaid computer-based (1 GB)

Prepaid computer-based (1 GB)

2.2 17.7 24.7 0 5 10 15 20 25 Price of service as a % of GNI per capita Source: ITU World Telecommunication /ICT Indicators database Note: Simple averages. Preliminary result

Price of mobile-broadband services by region, early 2013


% of GNI per capita Europe Prepaid handset-based (500 MB) Postpaid handset-based (500 MB) Prepaid computer-based (1 GB) Postpaid computer-based (1 GB) Source: ITU World Telecommunication /ICT Indicators database Note: Simple averages. Preliminary result 1.1 1.1 1.9 1.2 Arab States 5.7 2.2 7.4 2.5 CIS 5.7 5.6 7.6 7.4 The Americas 5.9 5.0 11.1 8.0 Asia & the Pacific 5.9 3.5 12.6 10.6 Africa 38.8 36.2 58.3 54.6

A regional comparison highlights that mobile-broadband services remain largely unaffordable in Africa, where the price of a computer-based plan with 1GB of data volume represents on average more than 50% of GNI p.c. Services are most affordable in Europe, where they represent on average less than 2% of GNI p.c. In the Arab States and Asia and the Pacific region, postpaid handset-based services are relatively affordable, accounting for 2.2% and 3.5% of monthly GNI per capita, respectively; prices in the Americas and CIS remain relatively high (5% or above of monthly GNI p.c.) for all mobile-broadband services.

For more information:


ICT Data and Statistics Division Telecommunication Development Bureau International Telecommunication Union Place des Nations 1211 Geneva 20 - Switzerland indicators@itu.int www.itu.int/ict

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