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Sultan Qaboos University Department of Mathematics and Statistics

Math2108

Test

I

Time:

Fall

60

2011

minutes

Name:.

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Section:

Number.

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Important Instructions

Write your name, ID # and Section # on the front cover of your answer booklet.

In all questions, you must show your complete, mathematically correct and neatly written solution.

You are NOT allowed to share calculators or any other material during the test.

Cellular phones are NOT allowed to be used for any purpose during the test.

You should NOT ask the invigilator any questions about the exam.

Q1:

(5 points)

Sketch the region bounded by the curves of y = |x| and y = 2 x 2 , then find its area.

Solution:

2 x 2 by solving

First, we find the intersection between the curves y = |x| and y =

x = 2 x 2

and

x = 2 x 2 .

From

the

the

fist

equation,

second

equation,

we

we

obtain

obtain

x = 1, 2. x = 1 is

the

x = 1, 2. x = 1 is

the

valid

solution.

valid

solution.

From

2 . x = − 1 is the valid solution. valid solution. From Now, the area

Now,

the

area

is

given

by

A = 1 (2 x 2 − |x|)dx = 1 (2 x 2 + x)dx + 1 (2 x 2 x)dx =

1

0

0

Remark:

Because |x| and 2 x 2 are even functions, we can say

A = 1 (2 x 2 − |x|)dx = 2 1 (2 x 2 x)dx = 2 7 = 7

1

0

6

3 .

However,

we

cannot

conclude

that

based

on

the

sketch

only.

1

7 7

6 + 6

= 7

3 .

Q2:

Sketch

the

cylindrical

region

= 0, then use

shells to find the volume of the solid generated by revolving the region about

enclosed by the curves of

y

=

x, y

= 6 x and y

the x-axis.

(5 points)

Solution:

First,

we

find

the

intersection

between

the

curves

by

solving

We

obtain

x = 6 x

(x 4)(x 9) = 0

and

the

or

x = 36 12x + x 2 .

valid

solution

is

x = 4.

x = 36 − 12 x + x 2 . valid solution is x = 4

Now,

the

method

of

cylindrical

shells

gives

us

V

= 2π 2 y(6 y y 2 ) dy = 2π 2 (6y y 2 y 3 ) dy = 32π 3

0

0

.

Q3: The region enclosed by the triangle with vertices (0, 0), (0, h), (r, 0), r > 0, h > 0 is rotated

(5 points)

about the y-axis. Use integration to find the volume of the generated solid.

Solution:

First,

we

need

to

find

the

equation

of

the

line

passing

through

the

points (0, h), (r, 0). The

equation

is

given

by

Next,

we

find

Q4: The integral

the

volume

as

y

= h (r x).

r

follows:

V = 2π r x h (r x) dx = 2π h

0

r

r r

0

rx x 2 dx = 1

3

1

0

π

2

x 3 1 + 16 x 4 dx

9

πr 2 h.

(3 points)

represents the surface area of a solid. Answer each of the following:

(i) Find the function that produces the solid.

Solution:

The

function

that

produces

2

the

solid

is

given

by

f (x) =

1

4 x 3 .

(ii) What is the axis of revolution.

Solution:

The

axis

of

revolution

is

the

x-axis.

Q5: Let n 1 and a be fixed constants. Show that

x n e ax dx =

1

a

x n e ax n x n1 e ax dx.

a

Solution:

Using

integration

by

parts,

we

take

 

u = x n ,

dv = e ax dx,

du = nx n1 dx,

v =

So,

1

a

e ax .

x n e ax dx =

1

a

x n e ax

n x n1 e ax dx = 1

a

a

x n e ax n x n1 e ax dx.

a

(3 points)

Q6: Evaluate each of the following integrals:

Solution:

(i)

which

implies

Next,

we

solve

then

we

find

(i) e 2 y 2 ln(y) dy

1

(ii)

4

x 3 + 4x dx.

Using

integration

by

parts,

we

obtain

e 2

1

y 2 ln(y) dy = ln(y) y 3

3

e 2

1

e 2

1

1

y 3

y

3

dy,

e 2

1

2

y 2 ln(y) dy = 3 e 6

1

3 e

1

y 2 dy = 2 3 e 6 9 e 6 +

1

(ii).

We

use

partial

fraction

decomposition

the

4

x 3 + 4x =

constants

A,B

4 + 4) = A

+ Bx + C

+ Bx + C
x x 2 + 4 ,

x x 2 + 4 ,

x(x 2

and

C.

We

have

1

9 .

to

4 = A(x 2 + 4) + (Bx + C)x.

(4+5 points)

write

Combine

the

alike

terms

to

obtain

 

A = 1,

A + B

= 0,

C = 0.

Thus,

A = 1, B = 1, C = 0.

Now,

x 3 + 4x dx =

4

x dx

1

x

x 2 + 4 dx

= ln |x| −

1

2

2x

x 2 + 4 dx

= ln |x| − 1 2 ln(x 2 + 4) + c.

3

Q7: Evaluate each of the following integrals:

(i) π sin 5 (x) cos 4 (x) dx

0

(ii)

9 x 2 dx.

(5+5 points)

Solution:

(i)

π

0

sin 5 (x) cos 4 (x) dx = π sin(x) sin 4 (x) cos 4 (x) dx = π sin(x)(1 cos 2 (x)) 2 cos 4 (x) dx.

0

0

Now,

we

use

substitution.

Let cos(x) = y.

We

obtain

sin(x)dx = dy

and

Since

Next,

the

we

π

0

sin 5 (x) cos 4 (x) dx = 1 (1 y 2 ) 2 y 4 dy = 1 (y 4 2y 6 + y 8 ) dy.

1

1

integrand

is

an

even

function,

we

obtain

1 (y 4 2y 6 + y 8 ) dy = 2 1 (y 4 2y 6 + y 8 ) dy =

1

0

16

315 .

solve

(ii).

We

use

trig

substitution.

Let x = 3 sin(y). We

obtain

dx = 3 cos(y)dy

and

9 x 2 dx = 9 cos(y) 1 sin 2 (y) dy = 9 cos(y)| cos(y)| dy.

We

make | cos(y)| = cos(x),

then,

don’t

we

know

the

limits

obtain

of

integration;

however,

if

we

restrict

the

Finally,

we

9 cos 2 (y) dy = 9 (1 + cos(2y)) dy = 9 (y + 1 2 sin(2y)) + c.

2

2

get

x

back

to

obtain

9 x 2 dx = 9 (y + 2 sin(2y)) + c = 9 sin 1 ( x ) + 2 x 9 x 2 + c.

2

1

2

3

1

angle

to

Good Luck

Total:

40

points