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Torsion

UNIVERSITY OF MALAYA MECHANICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT STRENGTH OF MATERIALS LAB Title: Objective To conduct a torsion test for a specified specimen to determine: a. Modulus of Rigidity b. Shear stress at the limit of proportionality c. General characteristics of the torque, angle of twist relationship Equipment TecQuipment Torsion Testing Machine and Torsiometer, steel ruler and micrometer. Procedure 1. Measure the overall length and diameter of the test section of the specimen. 2. Draw a line down the length of the test section of the specimen with a pencil; this serves as a visual aid to the degree of twist being put on the specimen during load. 3. Mount the specimen firmly in the Torsion Testing Machine. For each increment of strain, record the following:a) Angle of twist of the specimen in degrees. b) Applied torque. c) Angle of twist over the 50 mm gauge length in radians, as recorded by the dial gauge indicator. d) When the elastic limit has been passed continue to test to destruction with ever increasing increments of strain, recording for each strain increment:i. Angle of twist in degrees. ii. Applied torque. NOTE: In some tests it may be found unnecessary to use the Torsiometer after the elastic limit has been reached. If this is the case, the torsiometer can be removed from the specimen and readings of twist can be taken directly from the machine scales. To remove the Torsiometer, unclamp the two caps screws securing it to the specimen and slip each end clamp off the specimen. The end clamps has been slotted for this purpose. It is not possible to remove the centre cylindrical spacer of the Torsiometer as this would involve disturbing the end fixing of the specimen, i.e. releasing it from the chunk. THIS SHOULD NOT BE DONE UNDER ANY CIRCUMSTANCES DURING TEST. Torsion

Torsion

Results Initial diameter of specimen .. Final diameter of specimen Gauge length of specimen .. Final gauge length of specimen .. Initial overall length of specimen ... Final overall length of specimen . Dimensional drawing for specimen should be included in the report. Plot graph for applied torque versus twist angle. Use gradient of graph to determine the modulus of rigidity. Also, determine torque from graph and calculate shear stress at the limit of proportionality. Plot graph for applied torque versus twist angle of specimen (twist angle specimen as the basis) for full experiment. Experiment should be done until failure occur. Discussion 1. 2. 3. 4. Comments on the data obtain from experiment. Comments on the results obtain from experiment. Comments on the equipment and experiment procedures. Discuss on the error occur in determining modulus of rigidity by using twist angle from dial machine and compares the results with the results from Torsiometer.