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The Unha Launch Vehicle: The New Space Transportation System in the 21th Century

Park Sowol Launch Vehicle Development Center Department of Space Transportation Korean Committee of Space Technology

The East Asia Society for Space Technology Space Conference Beijing, China, March 28, 2013

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Unha Launch Vehicle : the 21th century space transportation system


On Dec, 12,2012, DPRK successfully launch Unha-3(2nd Unit) and became the 10th country of Space Club This presentation shows technical properties of Unha Launch Vehicle System including vehicle itself and support system

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Technical Summary Unha SLV


Payload fairing 3rd stage
3 stage, all liquid, small class expendable launch vehicle developed by DPRK indigenously Vehicle type: ULV-2A (Unha-N means mission number like Delta-258 V248 ) Length/Diameter :31.0m Gross Mass: 83.4t Payload Capacity :480kg to 500km SSO Launch from Sohae (to SSO) and Tonghe (LEO,GTO etc.) satellite launch center
1st stage Length[m] Diameter[m] 15.7 2.4 61500 66800 CJ-113 4 AK-27I TM-185 1245 246 119 2nd stage 8.4 1.5 12000 13350 CJ-131 AK-27I TM-185 157 260 195 3rd stage 4.9 1.25 2800 3100 CJ-201 NTO UDMH 31.4 282 247

2nd stage interstage

1st stage

Propellant Mass[kg] Gross Mass[kg] Engine Oxidizer Fuel Thrust (vac) [kN] Isp (vac) [s] Burn time[s]

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First stage (L62)


Separation plane Propulsion: 4 CJ-113 rocket engine (each has 28tf class main turust chamber and 3.8tf class vernier thrust chamber fed by common 33tf class turbopump ) Control: 1 plane gimbaling of 4 vernier TC Staging sequence
Propellant depletion sensor start to shut down sequence of engines. After an 1sec of cut-off, retro motors and separation pyrotechnics are fired
1st stage Length[m] Diameter[m] 15.7 2.4 61500 66800 CJ-113 4 AK-27I TM-185 1245 246 119

Oxidizer Tank Retro motors Intertank section Fuel tank

Propellant Mass[kg] Gross Mass[kg] Engine Oxidizer

Engine Bay CJ-113 engines


Vernier engine in action captured by onboard cam
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Fuel Thrust (vac) [kN] Isp (vac) [s] Burn time[s]

Vernier Chambers

Second stage (L12)


Propulsion: CJ-131 rocket engine (with 4tf class four TC :same as 1st stage verniers with larger nozzles) fed by common 15tf class TP ) Control: 1 plane gimbaling of 4 TC Dual plane separation:
At stage sep, ullage motors are fired for settling acceleration Interstage skirt CJ-131 GN2 engine pressure vessels Fuel tank Oxidizer tank After engine starts, ullage motors are jettisond with interstage skirt
2nd stage Length[m] Diameter[m] Propellant Mass[kg] Gross Mass[kg] Engine Oxidizer Fuel Thrust (vac) [kN] Isp (vac) [s] Burn time[s] 2nd stage testing at ground
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Ullage motors

Separation Plane Retro motors

8.4 1.5 12000 13350 CJ-131 AK-27I TM-185 157 260 195

Third stage (L3)


Ullage motors

Avionics bay

CJ-201 engine

Fuel tank Oxidizer tank

GN2 COPV

Propulsion: CJ-201 rocket engine (with 1.6tf class two TC fed by common 3tf class TP ) Using high performance propellants (UDMH) Control: 2 plane gimbaling of 2 TC and 8 10N GN2 thrusters for initial orientation and payload separation Restart capability and high performance RCS, extended mission kit are now under development
3rd stage Length[m] Diameter[m] Propellant Mass[kg] Gross Mass[kg] Engine Oxidizer Fuel Thrust (vac) [kN] Isp (vac) [s] 4.9 1.25 2800 3100 CJ-201 NTO UDMH 31.4 282 247

3nd stage engine bay prototype

Burn time[s]
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Payload Fairing and Paylad Attach Fitting Payload Fairing


Cram shell type two piece payload fairing Diameter: 1.25m Mass:100kg Payload usable dimensions: 1.00mL1.25m

Payload Attach Fitting


Four legged structure with mating ring Marmon Clamp Band with two separation nuts Adapter Ring Diameter: 380mm (15inch) and 610mm(24inch) available, if you interested in 970mm(38inch) interface ,please contact us Soft Ride system is under development
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PLF test model

Unha Performances (Low Earth Orbit)

Low Earth Orbit performances (ULV-2A configuration, without extend mission kit)

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Unha Performances (GTO and high energy orbit)

GTO and sub-super sync, transfer orbit performances (ULV-2A configuration with extend mission kit (under development))

GTO : Trans Lunar Orbit: C3=0kms2/s2 :

120kg 19kg 5kg

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Sohae Satellite Launch Center


Gate

Sohae Station Horizontal Checkout Building Optical Tracking Station Rader Tracking Site

Sohae Satellite Launch Center for high inclination launch site This site has modern and advanced launch facility

Launch Control Center

Launch Pad-1 (LP1) / Assembly and Umbilical Tower (AUT) Propulsion Testing Facility

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Launch Pad and AUT


Blast deflector Assembly and Umbilical Tower

Vertical Assembly Building (under construction)

Assembly and Unbilical Tower (AUT) provide assembly, checkout and propellant and electrical connection to vehicle We can assemble vehicle with only AUT, but Vertical Assembly Building will provide more comfortable assembly environment with the future pad upgrade.
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Tonghae Satellite Launch Center


Tonghae Satellite Launch Center for LEO and GTO, high-energy orbit launch site The first satellite launch attempt from this site in 1998 Now modernizing upgrade in action
Launch Control Center Optical Tracking Station Horizontal Checkout Building Launch Pad-2 (LP2) / (under construction)

Paetusan-1 launch in 1998 with original AUT

Launch Pad-1 (LP1) / Assembly and Umbilical Tower (AUT) Propulsion Testing Facility

Gate

Unha-2 launch in 2009 with modified AUT


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Launch Pad and AUT

Assembly and Umbilical Tower Blast deflector

Old testing rocket launch site

Assembly and Unbilical Tower (AUT) provide assembly, checkout and propellant and electrical connection to vehicle Tonghae AUT can provide launch service to ULV-2A configuration, but we need modification to modernize New Launch Pad (NLP) has VAB and ML
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