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Tariff and Non Tariff Barriers


by B2Bwhiteboard on Jun 10, 2011

International trade is distorted by countries applying tariff and non tariff trade barriers.

23,606views

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1 comment Notes on Slide 13

11 of 1 comment

Tazrin Akterass1 month ago

Heeralal Chauhan

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thisisdilesh4 months ago

Tariff and Non Tariff BarriersPresentation Transcript

1. Tariff and Non Tariff Barriers Overview 2. Trade Barriers Used to encourage and protect existing domestic industry Trade barriers are Tariffs that Increase Trade Weaken Trade Restrict Trade Quotas Boycotts and Embargoes

3. Impact of Tariff (Tax) Barriers Tariff Barriers tend to Increase : Inflationary pressures Special interests privileges Government control and political considerations in economic matters The number of tariffs they beget via reciprocity Tariff Barriers tend to Weaken : Balance-of-payments positions Supply-and-demand patterns International relations (they can start trade wars)

4. Non Tariff - Trade Barriers Non Tariff barriers - are another way for an country to control the amount of trade that it conducts with another country, either for selfish or altruistic purposes. Any barrier to trade creates an economic loss, which means it does not allow the markets to function properly.

5. Six Types of Non-Tariff Barriers 2) Customs and Administrative Entry Procedures: Valuation systems Antidumping practices Tariff classifications Documentation requirements Fees 1 ) Specific Limitations on Trade Quotas Import Licensing requirements Proportion restrictions of foreign to domestic goods (local content requirements) Minimum import price limits Embargoes

6. Six Types of Non-Tariff Barriers (cont'd.) (3) Standards: Standard disparities Intergovernmental acceptances of testing methods and standards Packaging, labeling, and marking ( 4) Government Participation in Trade: Government procurement policies Export subsidies Countervailing duties Domestic assistance programs

7. Six Types of Non-Tariff Barriers (cont'd.) 5) Charges on imports: Prior import deposit subsidies Administrative fees Special supplementary duties

Import credit discriminations Variable levies Border taxes 6) Others: Voluntary export restraints Orderly marketing agreements 8. New Zealand's apples account for a third of its agricultural exports but have been banned from Australia since 1921 due to fears about the spread of fire blight, a crop pest. Apples Banned - Non Tariff Barrier By Doug Latimer in Sydney Published: 1:00AM BST 13 Apr 2010 9. Mangoes Philippines Restrictions It is a common practice in many countries to use non-tariff barriers to control the entry of imports. For instance, Philippine mangoes and bananas have to meet strict phytosanitary requirements from the US and Australia. 10. McDonald France Big Beef McDonalds France in 1998, ran a print ad campaign featuring overweight cowboys complaining about the fact that McDonald's France refuses to buy American beef but uses only French, to "guarantee maximum hygienic conditions" an unsubtle effort to identify the Global Arches with European efforts to block the import of hormone-laced American beef. (Karon, 2002) 11. General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade Paved the way for the first effective worldwide tariff agreement. Basic Elements of the GATT : Trade shall be conducted on a non-discriminatory basis. Protection shall be afforded domestic industries through customs tariffs, not through such commercial measures as import quotas. Consultation shall be the primary method used to solve global trade problems. Eliminating barriers to international trade (Uruguay Round): The General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) Trade-Related Investment Measures (TRIMs) TradeRelated Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPs) 12. Summary Although tariffs have significantly reduced over the last twenty years in global trade. Bigger concern is the dismantling of non-tariff barriers that restrict trade from less developed countries. The agricultural sector has had its high share of discriminatory trade practices to protect inefficient producers. Tariffs distort trade flows

13. You are welcome to contact Nigel Bairstow at B2B Whiteboard your source of B2B Asia / Pacific marketing advice http://www.linkedin.com/pub/nigel-bairstow/6/41b/726 http://twitter.com/#!/b2bwhiteboard
Search

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LEARN ABOUT US About Careers Our Blog Press Contact us Help & Support USING SLIDESHARE SlideShare 101 Terms of Use Privacy Policy Copyright & DMCA Community Guidelines SlideShare on mobile PRO & MORE Go PRO new Business Solutions DEVELOPERS & API Developers Section Developers Group Engineering Blog Blog Widgets 2013 SlideShare Inc. All rights reserved. RSS Feed

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/13

More

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Twitter why the hell do Australian's use it ?1792 viewsLike

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Mood Mapping1548 viewsLike

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Nostalgia in Marketing3414 viewsLike

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Channel Design and Gap Analysis1714 viewsLike

Marketing Channel Structure and Functions4689 viewsLike

Mobile Marketing838 viewsLike

4S's of Marketing5576 viewsLike

Social Selling616 viewsLike

Strategic Alliances4433 viewsLike

Currency Exchange Risk1118 viewsLike

Transfer Pricing4260 viewsLike

Understanding Business Markets848 viewsLike

Mahjong and Negotiation486 viewsLike

Gross Margin Product Template1265 viewsLike

Strategic Planning Template1170 viewsLike

Pin It Wordpress

3
inShare

+ Follow

Tariff and Non Tariff Barriers


by B2Bwhiteboard on Jun 10, 2011

International trade is distorted by countries applying tariff and non tariff trade barriers.

23,606views

More

1 comment Notes on Slide 13

11 of 1 comment

Tazrin Akterass1 month ago

Heeralal Chauhan

Subscribe to comments

Post Comment

1 Like

thisisdilesh4 months ago

Tariff and Non Tariff BarriersPresentation Transcript

1. Tariff and Non Tariff Barriers Overview 2. Trade Barriers Used to encourage and protect existing domestic industry Trade barriers are Tariffs that Increase Trade Weaken Trade Restrict Trade Quotas Boycotts and Embargoes

3. Impact of Tariff (Tax) Barriers Tariff Barriers tend to Increase : Inflationary pressures Special interests privileges Government control and political considerations in economic matters The number of tariffs they beget via reciprocity Tariff Barriers tend to Weaken : Balance-of-payments positions Supply-and-demand patterns International relations (they can start trade wars)

4. Non Tariff - Trade Barriers Non Tariff barriers - are another way for an country to control the amount of trade that it conducts with another country, either for selfish or altruistic purposes. Any barrier to trade creates an economic loss, which means it does not allow the markets to function properly.

5. Six Types of Non-Tariff Barriers 2) Customs and Administrative Entry Procedures: Valuation systems Antidumping practices Tariff classifications Documentation requirements Fees 1 ) Specific Limitations on Trade Quotas Import Licensing requirements Proportion restrictions of foreign to domestic goods (local content requirements) Minimum import price limits Embargoes

6. Six Types of Non-Tariff Barriers (cont'd.) (3) Standards: Standard disparities Intergovernmental acceptances of testing methods and standards Packaging, labeling, and marking ( 4) Government Participation in Trade: Government procurement policies Export subsidies Countervailing duties Domestic assistance programs

7. Six Types of Non-Tariff Barriers (cont'd.) 5) Charges on imports: Prior import deposit subsidies Administrative fees Special supplementary duties

Import credit discriminations Variable levies Border taxes 6) Others: Voluntary export restraints Orderly marketing agreements 8. New Zealand's apples account for a third of its agricultural exports but have been banned from Australia since 1921 due to fears about the spread of fire blight, a crop pest. Apples Banned - Non Tariff Barrier By Doug Latimer in Sydney Published: 1:00AM BST 13 Apr 2010 9. Mangoes Philippines Restrictions It is a common practice in many countries to use non-tariff barriers to control the entry of imports. For instance, Philippine mangoes and bananas have to meet strict phytosanitary requirements from the US and Australia. 10. McDonald France Big Beef McDonalds France in 1998, ran a print ad campaign featuring overweight cowboys complaining about the fact that McDonald's France refuses to buy American beef but uses only French, to "guarantee maximum hygienic conditions" an unsubtle effort to identify the Global Arches with European efforts to block the import of hormone-laced American beef. (Karon, 2002) 11. General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade Paved the way for the first effective worldwide tariff agreement. Basic Elements of the GATT : Trade shall be conducted on a non-discriminatory basis. Protection shall be afforded domestic industries through customs tariffs, not through such commercial measures as import quotas. Consultation shall be the primary method used to solve global trade problems. Eliminating barriers to international trade (Uruguay Round): The General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) Trade-Related Investment Measures (TRIMs) TradeRelated Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPs) 12. Summary Although tariffs have significantly reduced over the last twenty years in global trade. Bigger concern is the dismantling of non-tariff barriers that restrict trade from less developed countries. The agricultural sector has had its high share of discriminatory trade practices to protect inefficient producers. Tariffs distort trade flows

13. You are welcome to contact Nigel Bairstow at B2B Whiteboard your source of B2B Asia / Pacific marketing advice http://www.linkedin.com/pub/nigel-bairstow/6/41b/726 http://twitter.com/#!/b2bwhiteboard
Search

Follow us on LinkedIn Follow us on Twitter Find us on Facebook Find us on Google+


LEARN ABOUT US About Careers Our Blog Press Contact us Help & Support USING SLIDESHARE SlideShare 101 Terms of Use Privacy Policy Copyright & DMCA Community Guidelines SlideShare on mobile PRO & MORE Go PRO new Business Solutions DEVELOPERS & API Developers Section Developers Group Engineering Blog Blog Widgets 2013 SlideShare Inc. All rights reserved. RSS Feed

ENGLISH