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NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STATISTICS

Coordinator of edition: Professor, Ph.D., Vergil VOINEAGU - President Coordinating team: Ph.D., Cristian Nicolae STNIC, Gabriel JIFCU, Ilie DUMITRESCU, Adriana CIUCHEA, Gheorghe VAIDA-MUNTEAN, Doina BADEA.

Authors of the Yearbook chapters: Adriana CIUCHEA, Ion FLORESCU, Daniela TEFNESCU, Ph.D., tefan TRIC, Silvia PISIC, Andreea CAMBIR, Georgeta Marinela ISTRATE, Mihai GHEORGHE, Maria Ioana NICOLA, Constantin MNDRICELU, Nina ALEXEVICI, Virginia BALEA, Lucia Cecilia SINIGAGLIA, Florentina GHEORGHE.

Designing, typing and editing team: Ilie DUMITRESCU, Doina BADEA, Lavinia POPESCU, Vitty-Cristian CHIRAN, Rodica-Elena SOLOVSTRU, Gabriela Melania PODBERECHI, Victorina BOTEA, Minodora RDULESCU, Elena TUDOR, Genia MIHOC, Mihaela Elena TEFAN, Gabriela ZAGALCA, Laura ENACHE, Valentina MUNTEANU, Lenua POPESCU, Daniela BUCUR, Daniela POPESCU. Editor in chief: Doina BADEA Photo: Vitty-Cristian CHIRAN

CD editing: Mihaela Elena TEFAN, Gabriela ZAGALCA Cover: Alexandru POPESCU

NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STATISTICS


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NIS 2010

FOREWORD

A new edition of Romanian Statistical Yearbook is now at your disposal. It is a comprehensive and relevant edition, in line with those issued during last years, the common factor being our concern about meeting the ever increasing exigencies of readers. Their desire is to receive, under a user friendly and accessible format, the synthesis of statistical information regarding the economic and social multi-sectoral evolution of our country, not as an isolated entity, but from the perspective of contemporary world, characterised by the interconnections between all demographic, economic, social and environmental phenomena, with a more and more sharp dynamics at global level. It is a world where statistics role and place became more and more pregnant and recognised as the unique official source of viable data, based on which development policies could be built up, either at Community level, namely the European Union, or at national and regional level. It is not by chance that the Romanian Statistical Yearbook 2010 is issued only two months after the consecration of statistics significance for the world society life by celebrating for the first time, practically in all the world countries, on October 20 th, the World Statistics Day. I think there are several passages in the message of the General Secretary of the United Nations, the most comprehensive international organisation, which could be quoted in the beginning of the publication we are now offering you. Statistics get in touch with all the aspects of modern life. They are substantiating the large number of decisions taken by public authorities, enterprises and collectivities. They inform us about the trends and driving forces influencing our lives. Obtained by means of exhaustive or sample surveys and researches, statistics are indispensable for the economic and social development, provided the data are aggregated and analysed. This desiderate is plenary met by the Yearbook, the pennant publication of any national statistics deserving this position, due to the volume, quality and systematic manner of presenting information. The 2010 edition of Romanian Statistical Yearbook that is now available represents the most persuasive argument.

The decision-makers in the economic or social area, the policy makers, the businessmen, the representatives of academic environment, professors and their disciples, the researchers concerned about understanding the core mechanisms of society evolution, the readers addicted to the thorough knowledge of the country they are living in, all these could find in the Yearbook pages, the statistical data necessary for outlining, clarifying and optimising their projects, for making choices and finding solutions related to key decisions appropriate for their own destiny, for the destiny of the community they belong to and for the countrys destiny. The same with previous editions, the Romanian Statistical Yearbook 2010 integrally meets the international norms and standards, primarily those of the European Union, assimilated by the official statistics in our country from the very moment of accession to the European Union. Characterised by a plus of flexibility, due to the declared willingness of facilitating its reading, the current edition include less pages, as compared to the previous editions, though the volume, the quality and the scale of the message arisen from statistical data are not narrowed. On the contrary, these are even wider, since the lack of massiveness is consistently compensated by a plus of contents structuring. For the same reasons, some information related to statistics at territorial level are to be found exclusively on the CD-ROM publication, thus turning into account the more generous possibilities provided by the electronic support for the storage of a greater volume of information on limited space and, last but not least, at lower costs and with the possibility of taking over information, without transcription efforts, in view to insert them into various studies and analyses. In conclusion, I appreciate that the 2010 edition of the Romanian Statistical Yearbook accounts for an appropriate advocacy for the Romanian statistical literature and for the statistical and economic literature in general, the readers satisfaction being ultimately the statisticians award for the efforts made, with devotion and professionalism, the cornerstone of their whole activity.

Professor Ph.D. Vergil VOINEAGU, President of the National Institute of Statistics

SINTEZA CUPRINSULUI

Pagina Page

CONTENTS

Not metodologic general ......................................... VII Prescurtri folosite pentru unitile de msur ........... XXII Simboluri folosite ........................................................ XXII 1. Geografie, meteorologie i mediu nconjurtor ........ 1 2. Populaie .................................................................. 35 3. Piaa forei de munc .............................................. 81 4. Veniturile, cheltuielile i consumul populaiei ........ 129 5. Locuine i utiliti publice ..................................... 177 6. Securitate i asisten social .............................. 191 7. Sntate ................................................................ 223 8. Educaie ................................................................ 239 9. Cultur i sport ...................................................... 273 10. Preuri .................................................................... 295 11. Conturi naionale ................................................... 311 12. Investiii i imobilizri corporale ............................ 353 13. tiin, tehnologie i inovare ................................. 367 14. Agricultur i silvicultur ....................................... 411 15. Activitatea ntreprinderii ........................................ 449 16. Industrie i construcii ........................................... 489 17. Transporturi, pot i telecomunicaii .................... 507 18. Comer internaional .............................................. 531 19. Comer interior i servicii de pia ........................ 571 20. Turism .................................................................... 579 21. Finane .................................................................. 603 22. Justiie ................................................................... 623 23. Statistic internaional ......................................... 633

General methodological note Abbreviations used for units of measurement Symbols used Geography, meteorology and environment Population Labour market Population income, expenditure and consumption Dwellings and public utilities Social protection and assistance Health Education Culture and sport Prices National accounts Investments and tangible fixed assets Science, technology and innovation Agriculture and forestry Enterprise activity Industry and construction Transport, post and telecommunications International trade Domestic trade and market services Tourism Finances Justice International statistics

NOT METODOLOGIC GENERAL

GENERAL METHODOLOGICAL NOTE

1. Cadrul legal privind activitatea statistic este statuat prin Ordonana Guvernului nr. 9/1992 republicat, cu modificrile i completrile ulterioare. n Ordonan se regsesc contextul i prevederile care definesc elementele constitutive ale procesului statistic, respectiv, culegerea, prelucrarea, analiza i constituirea seriilor de date statistice oficiale, cu caracter demografic, social, economic, financiar i juridic, precum i principiile fundamentale care stau la baza funcionrii statisticii oficiale n Romnia. Statistica oficial n Romnia este organizat i coordonat de Institutul Naional de Statistic, organ de specialitate al Administraiei Publice Centrale, n subordinea Guvernului, finanat de la bugetul de stat. Institutul Naional de Statistic este autorizat s solicite i s obin cu titlu gratuit datele i informaiile statistice de la toate persoanele, fizice sau juridice, care dein capital sub orice form sau desfoar activitate de orice fel pe teritoriul Romniei. Principiile pe care se ntemeiaz activitatea statistic, n deplin concordan cu principiile fundamentale privind funcionarea statisticii ntr-o societate democratic, adoptate pe plan internaional, constau n: autonomie, confidenialitate a datelor individuale, transparen, relevan, proporionalitate, deontologie statistic i raport cost/eficien. Att contextul general, ct i principiile de funcionare a statisticii, precum i producerea de date statistice de calitate, armonizate cu normele i standardele Uniunii Europene, confer rezultatelor activitii statistice garania satisfacerii cerinelor utilizatorilor de date statistice. 2. Sursele de date statistice. Datele prezentate n Anuarul statistic sunt rezultatul a dou categorii de surse: cercetrile statistice exhaustive sau prin sondaj cuprinse n Programul Statistic Anual (PSA); surse administrative . 3. Programul Statistic Naional Anual (PSNA) reprezint instrumentul de baz prin care Institutul Naional de Statistic i ceilali productori de statistici oficiale sunt autorizai s realizeze colectarea, stocarea, procesarea, analiza i diseminarea datelor statistice oficiale, n vederea asigurrii informaiilor necesare utilizatorilor interni, precum i a celor ce decurg din legislaia Uniunii Europene i din recomandrile altor organizaii internaionale.

1. The legal framework concerning the statistical activity is represented by Government Ordinance no. 9/1992, republished with its further amendments and completions. The Ordinance includes the context and the provisions defining the constitutive elements of the statistical process, namely: collection, processing, analysing and compiling official statistical data series, of demographic, social, economic, financial and juridical nature, as well as the fundamental principles on which the functioning of official statistics in Romania is defined. In Romania, the official statistics is organised and coordinated by the National Institute of Statistics, specialised body of central public administration, subordinated to Government and financed from the state budget. The National Institute of Statistics is entrusted to ask for and to obtain, free of charge, statistical data and information from all natural and legal persons, owing any type of capital or developing any kind of activity on Romanias territory. The principles on which statistical activity are based, fully compliant with the fundamental principles related to statistics functioning in a democratic society, adopted al international level, consists in: autonomy, individual data confidentiality, transparency, relevance, proportionality, statistical deontology and cost effectiveness. Both the general context and the principles of statistics functioning, as well as the production of statistical data of high quality, compliant with the European Unions norms and standards confer the statistical activity results the guarantee of meeting the statistical data users requirements. 2. Statistical data sources. The data presented within the Statistical Yearbook result from two data sources categories: exhaustive or sample statistical surveys, included in the Annual Statistical Programme (ASP); administrative sources . 3. The Yearly National Statistical Programme (YNSP) represents the basic tool by means of which the National Institute of Statistics and the other producers of official statistics are authorized to carry out the collection, storage, processing, analysis and dissemination of official statistical data, in order to provide the information necessary to domestic users, as well as those resulting from the legislation of European Union and from the recommendations of other international organizations.

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Programul Statistic Naional Anual cuprinde informaii, responsabiliti, resurse i termene de realizare, cu privire la: cercetri statistice; lucrri de sintez, studii i analize statistice; publicaii statistice. Programul Statistic Naional Anual se avizeaz de Consiliul Statistic Naional i se aprob prin hotrre a Guvernului. 4. Cercetarea statistic reprezint o lucrare complex de culegere, prelucrare, analiz i diseminare a datelor cu privire la starea i evoluia fenomenelor i proceselor economice i sociale. Cercetarea statistic se realizeaz pe baz de proiecte n care sunt definite concepte generale, scopul cercetrii i instrumentarul statistic ce st la baza acesteia (modul de organizare a cercetrii; chestionarul, clasificrile, nomenclatoarele, normele, instruciunile etc.). Potrivit criteriului sferei de cuprindere, datele din Anuarul statistic au fost determinate pe baza a dou tipuri de cercetri statistice: Cercetare statistic exhaustiv (total). n cadrul acestui tip de cercetare datele sunt nregistrate de la toate unitile populaiei statistice, denumit i colectivitate statistic, bine delimitat. Populaia statistic desemneaz totalitatea elementelor supuse observrii statistice, de aceeai natur, asemntoare sau omogene din punctul de vedere al anumitor criterii. Prin astfel de cercetri statistice exhaustive se obin rezultate detaliate n diferite structuri administrative, geografice, grupri pe activiti potrivit Clasificrii Activitilor din Economia Naional (CAEN) etc. Cele mai cunoscute cercetri exhaustive sunt recensmintele populaiei i locuinelor, recensmntul produselor i serviciilor industriale, recensmntul general agricol. Cercetare statistic prin sondaj. n cadrul acestui tip de cercetare, datele sunt nregistrate doar de la o parte a populaiei statistice, numit eantion. Eantionul este determinat pe baza criteriilor de reprezentativitate, prin utilizarea unor metode probabiliste, ale cror rezultate sunt extinse la ntreaga populaie statistic. 5. Sursele administrative reprezint sursele de eviden organizate i deinute de organisme ale administraiei publice sau non-guvernamentale pentru alte scopuri dect cele statistice. Sunt utilizate numai acele surse care au un potenial adecvat cerinelor statistice i corespund rigorilor tiinifice de sfer de cuprindere, calitate i completitudine care le fac utilizabile i n scopuri statistice. Folosirea acestor surse de date i informaii n scopuri statistice se realizeaz fie direct, ca date de baz (asimilate datelor statistice), fie prin prelucrri i adaptri corespunztoare pentru a satisface cerinele de calitate, comparabilitate i

The Yearly National Statistical Programme includes information, responsibilities, resources and deadlines, regarding: statistical surveys, synthesis papers, statistical studies and analyses, statistical publications. The Yearly National Statistical Programme is endorsed by the National Statistical Council and it is approved by Government decision. 4. The statistical survey is a complex activity of collection, processing, analysis and dissemination of data related to the economic and social phenomena situation and dynamics. The statistical survey is carried out based on projects, where the general concepts, the survey purpose and the statistical tools on which it is based are defined (survey organisation: questionnaire, classifications, nomenclatures, norms, guidelines a.s.o.). According to the coverage criterion, the data included in the Statistical Yearbook were determined based on two statistical surveys types: Exhaustive (total) statistical survey. Under this type of survey, data are recorded from all statistical population units, called statistical collectivity, which is well defined. The statistical population represents all the elements subject to statistical observation, of the same nature, similar or homogenous from certain criteria standpoint. Based on such exhaustive statistical surveys, detailed results are obtained in various administrative and geographical structures, by group of activities according to the Classification of Activities of National Economy (CANE) a.s.o. The most well-known exhaustive surveys are population and housing censuses, industrial products and services census, general agricultural census. Sample statistical survey. Under this type of survey, data are recorded only from part of the statistical population, called sample. The sample is determined based on representativeness criteria, by using probabilistic methods, whose results are further extended to the whole statistical population.

5. Administrative sources means the evidence sources organised and managed by public administration or non-governmental bodies, for other purposes than the statistical ones. Only the sources with an appropriate potential for statistical requirements and scientific rigour concerning coverage, quality and completeness making them also usable for statistical purposes are used. The use of these data and information sources for statistical purposes is achieved either directly, as basic data (assimilated to statistical data), or after appropriate processing and adaptation, in view to meet quality, comparability and coherence

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coeren, fie pentru reconciliere i validarea datelor statistice obinute n urma cercetrilor statistice. 6. Sfera de cuprindere a datelor. Datele prezentate n Anuar caracterizeaz ansamblul economiei naionale, cu excepia cazurilor cnd, prin notele specifice care prefaeaz fiecare capitol al Anuarului, se precizeaz altfel. 7. Mrimile statistice folosite: n Anuar sunt prezentate, cu precdere, date absolute i date relative (indici, ponderi, indicatori de intensitate etc.). Indicatorul statistic este expresia numeric a unor fenomene, procese, activiti sau categorii economice sau sociale, manifestate n timp, spaiu i structuri. Indicele este un raport ntre valori ale aceleiai variabile nregistrate n uniti de timp sau teritoriale diferite. Indicii statistici utilizai n Anuar sunt: Indicele Laspeyres este o medie aritmetic ponderat a indicilor individuali ai aceleiai variabile; ponderile utilizate sunt cele din perioada de baz; Indicele Paasche este o medie aritmetic ponderat a indicilor individuali ai aceleiai variabile, ponderile utilizate fiind din perioada curent. Unitatea statistic este un obiect al cercetrii i purttor al caracteristicilor statistice urmrite prin program. Unitatea de observare este acea entitate de la care/pentru care sunt colectate date i informaii primare, pe baza creia se construiesc statistici. Unitatea de raportare este entitatea care furnizeaz datele i informaiile primare n cadrul unei cercetri statistice. Unitatea cu personalitate juridic reprezint entitatea (ntreprinderea, societatea comercial, asociaia, instituia bugetar, organizaia fr scop patrimonial etc.) care desfoar o activitate economic, are contabilitate proprie i ia decizii n exercitarea funciei principale. Unitatea fr personalitate juridic reprezint o persoan, o gospodrie, o familie, o asociaie sau orice alt entitate ce nu dispune de autonomie de decizie n exercitarea funciei principale. 8. Datele n preuri curente se refer la volumul produciei, veniturilor, cheltuielilor sau valoarea produselor, serviciilor etc. exprimate n preurile anului curent. Valorile din diferite perioade n preuri curente nu sunt direct comparabile i, n consecin, nu pot fi utilizate la calculul indicilor fr a fi, n prealabil, deflatate cu indicii de preuri corespunztori.

requirements, or for reconciliation and validation of statistical data obtained from statistical surveys. 6. Coverage. The data presented within the Statistical Yearbook characterise the whole national economy, except cases where specific notes that preface each chapter of the Yearbook stipulates otherwise.

7. Statistical measures used: The Yearbook mainly presents absolute and relative data (indices, weights, propensity indicators a.s.o.). The statistical indicator is the numerical expression of certain phenomena, processes, activities or economic and social categories, manifested over time, area and structures. The index is a ratio between values of the same variables recorded in various time or territorial units. The statistical indices used within the Yearbook are: Laspeyres index - weighted arithmetic mean of individual indices of the same variable; the used weights refer to the base period; Paasche index - weighted arithmetic mean of individual indices of the same variable; the used weights refer to current period. The statistical unit is subject to the survey and bearer of the statistical characteristics observed through the programme. The observation unit is the entity from/for which primary data and information are collected, based on which statistics are compiled. The reporting unit is the entity supplying primary data and information under a statistical survey. The unit with legal status in the entity (enterprise, commercial company, association, budgetary institution, non-profit organisation a.s.o.) carrying out an economic activity, with own bookkeeping and taking decisions when exercising its main function. The unit without legal status is a natural person, a household, a family, an association or any other entity without decisional autonomy when exercising its main function. 8. Data expressed in current prices refer to the volume of production, income or expenses or to the value of products, services a.s.o., expressed in the current year prices. The values expressed in current prices corresponding to various periods are not directly comparable and, as consequence, cannot be used for indices compilation without being previously deflated with the corresponding price indices.

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9. Formele de proprietate sunt: proprietate majoritar de stat - cuprinde capitalul integral de stat, public, de interes naional i local i mixt, unde statul deine 50% i peste din capitalul social; proprietate majoritar privat - cuprinde capitalul integral privat, mixt, n care peste 50% din capitalul social este privat, capital integral strin, cooperatist i obtesc. Tot aici sunt cuprinse i activitile desfurate de ctre persoanele fizice i/sau gospodriile populaiei. 10. Clasificri i nomenclatoare. Sunt principalele instrumente care fac posibil structurarea dup criterii obiective i corecte a unitilor statistice, a proceselor i fenomenelor observate. Clasificrile utilizate n Anuar, potrivit diferitelor scopuri sau diferitelor domenii de activitate, sunt: Clasificarea Activitilor din Economia Naional (CAEN) reprezint un sistem coordonat i coerent de grupare, dup criterii tiinifice de omogenitate, a datelor referitoare la unitile statistice. n Anuar este utilizat versiunea actualizat a CAEN, respectiv CAEN Rev. 2, implementat prin Ordinul nr. 337 / 2007 al Preedintelui Institutului Naional de Statistic, publicat n Monitorul Oficial nr. 293 / 2007 i revizuit n Monitorul Oficial nr. 403/2008. CAEN Rev. 2 respect standardele europene, fiind total armonizat cu Nomenclatorul Activitilor din Comunitatea European NACE Rev. 2. Structura CAEN Rev. 2 este urmtoarea: Seciuni - codificate printr-o liter; Diviziuni - codificate prin dou cifre; Grupe - codificare prin trei cifre; Clase - codificate prin patru cifre. Pentru interpretarea corect a structurii datelor potrivit CAEN Rev. 2, n Anexa nr. 1 a Notei metodologice generale se prezint clasificarea la nivelul seciunilor i diviziunilor. De asemenea, n Anuar este utilizat i versiunea CAEN Rev. 1, implementat prin Ordinul nr. 601/2002 al Preedintelui Institutului Naional de Statistic, n conformitate cu Hotrrea Guvernului Romniei nr. 656/1997. CAEN Rev. 1 este total armonizat cu Nomenclatorul Activitilor din Comunitatea European NACE Rev. 1.1. Structura CAEN Rev. 1 este urmtoarea: Seciuni - codificate printr-o liter; Subseciuni - codificate prin dou litere; Diviziuni - codificate prin dou cifre; Grupe - codificare prin trei cifre; Clase - codificate prin patru cifre.

9. Ownership types: state majority ownership - comprises integral state, public, national and local interest and mixed capital, where the states own 50% or more of the social capital; private majority ownership - comprises integral private or mixed capital, where over 50% of the social capital is private, integral foreign or co-operative and community capital. The activities carried out by natural persons and/or population households are also included here. 10. Classifications and nomenclatures. These are the main tools allowing for the structuring of observed processes and phenomena according to objective and accurate criteria related to statistical units. The classifications used within the Yearbook, according to various purposes or fields of activity are: The Classification of Activities of National Economy (CANE) is a coordinated and coherent system for grouping, according to scientific criteria related to homogeneity, the data referring to statistical units. The updated version of CANE is used in the Yearbook, respectively CANE Rev. 2, implemented through the Order no. 337/2007 of the National Institute of Statistics President, published in the Official Journal no. 293/2007 and revised in the Official Journal no. 403/2008. CANE Rev. 2 observes the European standards, being fully compliant with the Nomenclature of Activities from the European Community NACE Rev. 2. The CANE Rev. 2 structure is the following: Sections - coded at one letter level; Divisions - coded at two digits level; Groups - coded at three digits level; Classes - coded at four digits level. In view to reach an accurate interpretation of data structure according to CANE Rev. 2, the Annex no. 1 to the General methodological note includes the classification at section and division level. At the same time, the updated version is used within the Yearbook CANE Rev. 1, implemented based on Order no. 601/2002 of the President of the National Institute of Statistics, in accordance with Romanias Government Decision no. 656/1997. CANE Rev. 1 fully complies with the Nomenclature of Activities of the European Community NACE Rev. 1.1. The CANE Rev. 1 structure is the following: Sections - coded at one letter level; Sub-sections - coded at two letters level; Divisions - coded at two digits level; Groups - coded at three digits level; Classes - coded at four digits level.

n cuprinsul Anuarului, datele sunt prezentate, de regul, pe seciuni sau pe diviziuni CAEN. Pentru interpretarea corect a structurii datelor potrivit CAEN Rev. 1, n Anexa nr. 2 a Notei metodologice generale se prezint clasificarea la nivelul seciunilor i diviziunilor. Gruparea dup mrime a ntreprinderilor; Clasificarea produselor asociate activitilor utilizat de Uniunea European - CPA; Clasificarea produselor i serviciilor asociate activitilor - CPSA 2002; Clasificarea produselor i serviciilor asociate activitilor - CPSA 2008, aprobat prin Hotrrea de Guvern nr. 53/1999 i revizuit prin Ordinul Preedintelui Institutului Naional de Statistic nr. 605 / 15.X.2008. CPSA 2008 reprezint o detaliere a CAEN Rev. 2, prin ordonarea dup principiul omogenitii a tuturor familiilor de produse i servicii pe niveluri ierarhice succesive. CPSA 2008 asigur informaii pentru: satisfacerea cerinelor de agregare i detaliere a datelor referitoare la producia de bunuri i servicii; identificarea sistematizat a produselor i serviciilor din economia naional; compararea i interpretarea unitar a datelor statistice. CPSA 2008 este total armonizat cu Clasificarea Produselor Asociate Activitilor (CPA 2008) utilizat n cadrul UE. Clasificarea conine explicaii la nivelul diverselor entiti de clasificare n funcie de necesiti. PRODROM - Nomenclatorul de produse i servicii industriale elaborat de Institutul Naional de Statistic (INS) i utilizat pentru cercetri statistice privind producia industrial. Nomenclatorul PRODROM este armonizat cu lista PRODCOM utilizat n cadrul Uniunii Europene. Legtura CAEN Rev. 1 cu PRODROM este asigurat la nivel de patru cifre (clas), ntruct poziiile PRODROM au fost realizate prin detalierea subclaselor elementare CPSA 2002, iar legtura CAEN Rev. 2 cu PRODROM este asigurat la nivel de patru cifre (clas), ntruct poziiile PRODROM au fost realizate prin detalierea subclaselor elementare CPSA 2008. 11. Definirea activitilor. n practic, majoritatea unitilor de producie efectueaz activiti cu caracter mixt, respectiv activitate principal, activiti secundare i activiti auxiliare. Identificarea activitii secundare este necesar pentru a ncadra o unitate ntr-o anumit poziie din CAEN Rev. 1, respectiv CAEN Rev. 2.

Within the Yearbook, as a rule, data are presented by CANE section or division. In view to reach an accurate interpretation of data structure according to CANE Rev. 1, the Annex no. 2 to the General methodological note includes the classification at section and division level. Enterprises grouping by size; Classification of products associated to activities used by the European Union - CPA; Classification of products and services associated to activities - CPSA 2002; Classification of products and services associated to activities - CPSA 2008, adopted by the Government Decision no. 53/1999 and revised by the National Institute of Statistics President Order no. 605 / 15.10.2008) CPSA 2008 represents a detailed version of CANE Rev. 2, whose organisation relies on the principle of homogeneity of all families of products and services by successive hierarchical levels. CPSA 2008 classification provides information in order to: respond to the requirements of aggregation and detailed data regarding the production of goods and services; identify the products and services from our national economy; ensure the comparability of statistical data. CSPA 2008 classification is fully harmonised with Classification of Products Associated to Activities (CPA 2008) used in EU. The classification contains explanatory notes for various classification entities according to the necessities. PRODROM - the Nomenclature of industrial products and services drawn up by the National Institute of Statistics and used for statistical surveys on industrial production. The PRODROM nomenclature complies with the PRODCOM list used within the European Union. CANE Rev. 1 link with PRODROM is ensured at four digits level (class), since PRODROM headings were established by detailing elementary sub-classes of CPSA 2002, and the link of CANE Rev. 2 with PRODROM is ensured at four digits level (class), since PRODROM headings were established by detailing elementary sub-classes of CPSA 2008. 11. Activities definition. In practice, most of the production units carry out activities of mixed nature, namely main activity, secondary and ancillary activities. The identification of secondary activity is needed in view to frame a unit under a certain heading of CANE Rev. 1, respectively CANE Rev. 2.

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Activitatea principal, n sensul clasificrii, este identificat prin metoda ordinii descresctoare (de sus n jos). Ea reprezint acea activitate care contribuie n cea mai mare msur la valoarea adugat total a unitii luate n considerare. Activitatea secundar este orice alt activitate din cadrul unitii productoare de bunuri sau servicii. Activitatea auxiliar este o activitate conex, indispensabil funcionrii unei entiti, precum: contabilitate, transport, depozitare, achiziionare promovare, ntreinere i reparaie etc. 12. mprirea teritorial . Din punct de vedere al structurii teritoriale, datele din Anuar sunt prezentate la nivel naional (pe ntreaga ar), precum i pe diferite uniti teritoriale, n funcie de specificul indicatorilor. Unitile teritoriale, dup statutul lor, sunt administrative (comun, ora, ora-municipiu, jude) i non-administrative (macroregiune i regiune de dezvoltare). Pn n anul 1998, prin lucrrile i publicaiile statistice, s-au prelucrat i diseminat, de regul, doar date la nivel de jude, municipii, orae i comune. ncepnd din anul 1998, n structura teritorial i, ca urmare, n publicaiile statistice, au fost prezentate date i la nivelul regiunilor de dezvoltare. ncepnd cu ediia 2008, potrivit Legii nr. 315/2004 privind dezvoltarea regional n Romnia, n structura teritorial sunt prezentate date i la nivelul macroregiunilor, constituite conform Legii privind stabilirea nomenclatorului unitilor teritoriale statistice din Romnia i cerinelor Regulamentului CE nr. 1059/2003 al Parlamentului i al Consiliului European privind stabilirea unui nomenclator comun al unitilor teritoriale de statistic NUTS, publicat n Jurnalul Oficial al Uniunii Europene nr. L 154/2003. 13. Conform Legii nr. 348/14 iulie 2004 privind denominarea monedei naionale a Romniei (ncepnd cu data de 1 iulie 2005), seriile de date exprimate n valori absolute au fost recalculate n lei (RON). Un leu nou (RON) este egal cu 10000 lei vechi (ROL). Seriile de indici nu sunt afectate de denominare.

The main activity, in the sense of classification, is identified by top-down method. This is the activity contributing to the largest extent to the total value added of the concerned unit. The secondary activity is any other kind of activity carried out within the unit producing goods or services. The ancillary activity is an auxiliary activity, indispensable for the functioning of an entity, such as: bookkeeping, transport, storage, purchase, promotion, maintenance and repair a.s.o. 12.Territorial breakdown. From territorial structure standpoint, the data included in the Yearbook are presented at national level (for the whole country), as well as by various territorial unit, depending on indicators specific. According to their status, territorial units are either administrative (commune, town, townmunicipality, county) or non-administrative (macroregion and development region). Till 1998, within the statistical works and publications, only data at county, municipality, town and commune level were, as a rule, processed and disseminated. Beginning with 1998, according to the territorial structure, the statistical publications also included data at development regions level. Starting with 2008 edition, according to the Law no. 315/2004 on regional development in Romania, territorial structure also presents data at macroregional level, constituted according to the Law on setting up the nomenclature of statistical territorial units in Romania and to requirements of the EC Regulation no. 1059/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council regarding the setting up of a common nomenclature of statistical territorial units NUTS, published in Official Journal of European Union no. L 154/2003. 13. According to the Law no. 348/ July 14, 2004 on the process of national currency of Romania denomination (beginning with July 1, 2005), data series expressed in absolute values were recalculated in lei (RON). One leu (RON) is equivalent with 10000 former lei (ROL). Statistical indices series are not affected by denomination.

XII

GRUPAREA JUDEELOR, PE MACROREGIUNI I REGIUNI DE DEZVOLTARE COUNTIES GROUPING, BY MACROREGION AND DEVELOPMENT REGION

MACROREGIUNEA 1 / MACROREGION 1 MACROREGIUNEA 2 / MACROREGION 2


Satu Mare MARAMURE BOTOANI SUCEAVA Botoani Suceava IAI Iai

MACROREGIUNEA 3 / MACROREGION 3 MACROREGIUNEA 4 / MACROREGION 4

Nord - Vest North - West

SATU MARE

Baia Mare BISTRIA-NSUD

Zalu Oradea BIHOR Cluj-Napoca Cluj-Napoca Trgu Mure HARGHITA Miercurea Ciuc Arad ARAD ALBA Alba Iulia Timioara Deva Sibiu TIMI HUNEDOARA Braov Focani Galai PRAHOVA Reia Trgu Jiu Rmnicu Vlcea SIBIU BRAOV COVASNA Sfntu Gheorghe BACU VASLUI SLAJ CLUJ MURE Bacu Bistria NEAM Piatra-Neam Vaslui

Nord - Est North - East

Centru Center

VRANCEA

GALAI

Vest West

ARGE
Trgovite Ploieti

BUZU
Buzu

Brila BRILA

Tulcea TULCEA

CARA-SEVERIN

Legend / Legend: Orae / Towns Municipii / Municipalities Reedine de jude / County residence Judee / Counties Regiuni de dezvoltare / Development regions

Drobeta Turnu Severin

GORJ

VLCEA

Piteti

DMBOVIA IALOMIA ILFOV Slobozia CLRAI CONSTANA

MEHEDINI
Slatina Craiova DOLJ Alexandria GIURGIU Giurgiu BUCURETI

Clrai Constana

Sud - Est South - East

OLT

TELEORMAN

Sud - Vest Oltenia South - West Oltenia

Sud - Muntenia South - Muntenia

Bucureti - Ilfov Bucharest - Ilfov

GRUPAREA JUDEELOR, PE MACROREGIUNI I REGIUNI DE DEZVOLTARE COUNTIES GROUPING, BY MACROREGION AND DEVELOPMENT REGION
Macroregiunea Macroregion MACROREGIUNEA UNU MACROREGION ONE Regiunea de dezvoltare Development region Nord - Vest North - West Judeul County Bihor Bistria-Nsud Cluj Maramure Satu Mare Slaj Alba Braov Covasna Harghita Mure Sibiu Bacu Botoani Iai Neam Suceava Vaslui Brila Buzu Constana Galai Tulcea Vrancea Arge Clrai Dmbovia Giurgiu Ialomia Prahova Teleorman Ilfov Municipiul Bucureti Bucharest Municipality Dolj Gorj Mehedini Olt Vlcea Arad Cara-Severin Hunedoara Timi

Centru Center

MACROREGIUNEA DOI MACROREGION TWO

Nord - Est North - East

Sud - Est South - East

MACROREGIUNEA TREI MACROREGION THREE

Sud - Muntenia South - Muntenia

Bucureti - Ilfov Bucharest - Ilfov MACROREGIUNEA PATRU MACROREGION FOUR Sud - Vest Oltenia South - West Oltenia

Vest West

Not: Datele statistice n profil teritorial sunt prezentate pe judee, conform Decretului - Lege nr. 2/1968 cu modificrile ulterioare, iar judeele au fost grupate pe regiuni de dezvoltare. Prin rectificarea aprut n Legea nr. 315/28.06.2004 privind dezvoltarea regional n Romnia, au fost redenumite trei regiuni, dup cum urmeaz: - Regiunea de dezvoltare Sud este redenumit Sud - Muntenia, - Regiunea de dezvoltare Sud - Vest este redenumit Sud - Vest Oltenia, - Regiunea de dezvoltare Bucureti este redenumit Bucureti - Ilfov. S-au constituit patru macroregiuni, conform Legii privind stabilirea nomenclatorului unitilor teritoriale statistice din Romnia i cerinelor Regulamentului CE nr. 1059/2003 al Parlamentului i al Consiliului European privind stabilirea unui nomenclator comun al unitilor teritoriale de statistic NUTS, publicat n Jurnalul Oficial al Uniunii Europene nr. L 154/2003.

Denumirile oficiale ale macroregiunilor sunt prezentate n tabele, n mod convenional, n expresie numeric.
Note: Statistical data at territorial level are presented by county, according to the Decree - Law no. 2/1968 further amended, while the counties were grouped by development region. Through the rectification introduced in Law no. 315/28.06.2004 on regional development in Romania, three regions were renamed, as follows: - The development region South is renamed South - Muntenia, - The development region South - West is renamed South - West Oltenia, - The development region Bucharest is renamed Bucharest - Ilfov. Four macroregions were constituted, according to the Law on setting up the nomenclature of statistical territorial units in Romania and to the requirements of the EC Regulation no. 1059/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council regarding the setting up of a common nomenclature of statistical territorial units NUTS, published in Official Journal of European Union no. L 154/2003.

The official names of the macroregions are presented in the tables, conventionaly, by numerical expression.

XIV

Anexa nr. 1 Annex no. 1 CLASIFICAREA ACTIVITILOR DIN ECONOMIA NAIONAL CAEN Rev. 2 (aprobat prin Ordinul nr. 337/20. IV. 2007 privind actualizarea Clasificrii activitilor din economia naional - CAEN, publicat n M.O. nr. 293/03. V.2007 i revizuit n M.O. nr. 403/29. V.2008) THE CLASSIFICATION OF ACTIVITIES IN THE NATIONAL ECONOMY CANE Rev. 2 (approved through Order no. 337/20. IV. 2007 on the classification of activities in the national economy - CANE updating, published in the Official Journal no. 293/03. V. 2007 and revised in the Official Journal no. 403/29. V. 2008)
Seciune Diviziune Denumire Section Division A 01 02 03 B 05 06 07 08 09 C 10 11 12 13 14 15 AGRICULTUR, SILVICULTUR I PESCUIT Agricultur, vntoare i servicii anexe Silvicultur i exploatare forestier Pescuitul i acvacultura INDUSTRIA EXTRACTIV Extracia crbunelui superior i inferior Extracia petrolului brut i a gazelor naturale Extracia minereurilor metalifere Alte activiti extractive Activiti de servicii anexe extraciei INDUSTRIA PRELUCRTOARE Industria alimentar Fabricarea buturilor Fabricarea produselor din tutun Fabricarea produselor textile Fabricarea articolelor de mbrcminte Tbcirea i finisarea pieilor; fabricarea articolelor de voiaj i marochinrie, harnaamentelor i nclmintei; prepararea i vopsirea blnurilor Prelucrarea lemnului, fabricarea produselor din lemn i plut, cu excepia mobilei; fabricarea articolelor din paie i din alte materiale vegetale mpletite Fabricarea hrtiei i a produselor din hrtie Tiprire i reproducerea pe supori a nregistrrilor Fabricarea produselor de cocserie i a produselor obinute din prelucrarea ieiului Fabricarea substanelor i a produselor chimice Fabricarea produselor farmaceutice de baz i a preparatelor farmaceutice Fabricarea produselor din cauciuc i mase plastice Fabricarea altor produse din minerale nemetalice Industria metalurgic Industria construciilor metalice i a produselor din metal, exclusiv maini, utilaje i instalaii Fabricarea calculatoarelor i a produselor electronice i optice Fabricarea echipamentelor electrice Fabricarea de maini, utilaje i echipamente n.c.a. Fabricarea autovehiculelor de transport rutier, a remorcilor i semiremorcilor Fabricarea altor mijloace de transport Fabricarea de mobil Alte activiti industriale n.c.a. Repararea, ntreinerea i instalarea mainilor i echipamentelor Description

AGRICULTURE, FORESTRY AND FISHING Crop and animal production, hunting and related service activities Forestry and logging Fishing and aquaculture MINING AND QUARRYING Mining of coal and lignite Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas Mining of metal ores Other mining and quarrying Mining support service activities MANUFACTURING Manufacture of food products Manufacture of beverages Manufacture of tobacco products Manufacture of textiles Manufacture of wearing apparel Tanning and dressing of leather; manufacture of travel and leather goods, harness and footwear; preparation and dyeing of furs Manufacture of wood and of products of wood and cork, except furniture; manufacture of articles of straw and plaiting materials Manufacture of paper and paper products Printing and reproduction of recorded media Manufacture of coke and refined petroleum products Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products Manufacture of basic pharmaceutical products and pharmaceutical preparations Manufacture of rubber and plastic products Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products Manufacture of basic metals Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment Manufacture of computer, electronic and optical products Manufacture of electrical equipment Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c. Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers Manufacture of other transport equipment Manufacture of furniture Other manufacturing activities n.e.c. Repair, maintenance and installation of machinery and equipment

16

17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33

XV

Seciune Diviziune Denumire Section Division D PRODUCIA I FURNIZAREA DE ENERGIE ELECTRIC I TERMIC, GAZE, AP CALD I AER CONDIIONAT Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat DISTRIBUIA APEI; SALUBRITATE, GESTIONAREA DEEURILOR, ACTIVITI DE DECONTAMINARE Captarea, tratarea i distribuia apei Colectarea i epurarea apelor uzate Colectarea, tratarea i eliminarea deeurilor; activiti de recuperare a materialelor reciclabile Activiti i servicii de decontaminare CONSTRUCII Construcii de cldiri Lucrri de geniu civil Lucrri speciale de construcii COMER CU RIDICATA I CU AMNUNTUL; REPARAREA AUTOVEHICULELOR I MOTOCICLETELOR Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul, ntreinerea i repararea autovehiculelor i a motocicletelor Comer cu ridicata cu excepia comerului cu autovehicule i motociclete Comer cu amnuntul, cu excepia autovehiculelor i motocicletelor TRANSPORT I DEPOZITARE Transporturi terestre i transporturi prin conducte Transporturi pe ap Transporturi aeriene Depozitare i activiti auxiliare pentru transporturi Activiti de pot i de curier HOTELURI I RESTAURANTE Hoteluri i alte faciliti de cazare Restaurante i alte activiti de servicii de alimentaie INFORMAII I COMUNICAII Activiti de editare Activiti de producie cinematografic, video i de programe de televiziune; nregistrri audio i activiti de editare muzical Activiti de difuzare i transmitere de programe Telecomunicaii Activiti de servicii n tehnologia informaiei Activiti de servicii informatice INTERMEDIERI FINANCIARE I ASIGURRI Intermedieri financiare, cu excepia activitilor de asigurri i ale fondurilor de pensii Activiti de asigurri, reasigurri i ale fondurilor de pensii (cu excepia celor din sistemul public de asigurri sociale) Activiti auxiliare intermedierilor financiare, activiti de asigurare i fonduri de pensii

Description

ELECTRICITY, GAS, STEAM AND AIR CONDITIONING PRODUCTION AND SUPPLY Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE, WASTE MANAGEMENT AND DECONTAMINATION ACTIVITIES Water catchment, treatment and distribution Used water collection and purification Waste collection, purification and disposal; activities of recycling materials recovery Activities and services of decontamination CONSTRUCTION Construction of buildings Civil engineering Specialised construction activities WHOLESALE AND RETAIL TRADE; REPAIR OF MOTOR VEHICLES AND MOTORCYCLES Wholesale and retail trade and repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Wholesale trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles Retail trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles TRANSPORTATION AND STORAGE Land transport and transport via pipelines Water transport Air transport Warehousing and support activities for transportation Postal and courier activities HOTELS AND RESTAURANTS Hotels and other accommodation facilities Restaurants and other catering services INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION Publishing activities Motion picture, video and television programme production, sound recording and music publishing activities Programming and broadcasting activities Telecommunications Computer programming, consultancy and related activities Information service activities FINANCIAL AND INSURANCE INTERMEDIATION Financial intermediation, except insurance and pension funding Insurance, reinsurance and pension funding (except compulsory social security) Activities auxiliary to financial intermediation, insurance activities and pension funds

35

36 37 38 39 F 41 42 43 G

45 46 47

H 49 50 51 52 53 I 55 56 J 58 59

60 61 62 63 K 64 65

66

XVI

Seciune Diviziune Denumire Section Division L 68 M 69 70 TRANZACII IMOBILIARE Tranzacii imobiliare ACTIVITI PROFESIONALE, TIINIFICE I TEHNICE Activiti juridice i de contabilitate Activiti ale direciilor (centralelor), birourilor administrative centralizate; activiti de management i de consultan n management Activiti de arhitectur i inginerie; activiti de testri i analiz tehnic Cercetare-dezvoltare Publicitate i activiti de studiere a pieei Alte activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice Activiti veterinare ACTIVITI DE SERVICII ADMINISTRATIVE I ACTIVITI DE SERVICII SUPORT Activiti de nchiriere i leasing Activiti de servicii privind fora de munc Activiti ale ageniilor turistice i a tur-operatorilor; alte servicii de rezervare i asisten turistic Activiti de investigaii i protecie Activiti de peisagistic i servicii pentru cldiri Activiti de secretariat, servicii suport i alte activiti de servicii prestate n principal ntreprinderilor ADMINISTRAIE PUBLIC I APRARE; ASIGURRI SOCIALE DIN SISTEMUL PUBLIC Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public NVMNT nvmnt SNTATE I ASISTEN SOCIAL Activiti referitoare la sntatea uman Servicii combinate de ngrijire medical i asisten social, cu cazare Activiti de asisten social, fr cazare ACTIVITI DE SPECTACOLE, CULTURALE I RECREATIVE Activiti de creaie i interpretare artistic Activiti ale bibliotecilor, arhivelor, muzeelor i alte activiti culturale Activiti de jocuri de noroc i pariuri Activiti sportive, recreative i distractive

Description

REAL ESTATE ACTIVITIES Real estate activities PROFESSIONAL, SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL ACTIVITIES Legal and accounting activities Activities of head offices; management consultancy activities Architectural and engineering activities; technical testing and analysis Scientific research and development Advertising and market research Other professional, scientific and technical activities Veterinary activities ADMINISTRATIVE AND SUPPORT SERVICE ACTIVITIES Rental and leasing activities Employment activities Travel agency, tour operator reservation service and related activities Security and investigation activities Services to buildings and landscape activities Office administrative, office support and other business support activities PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION AND DEFENCE; COMPULSORY SOCIAL SECURITY Public administration and defence; compulsory social security EDUCATION Education HUMAN HEALTH AND SOCIAL WORK ACTIVITIES Human health activities Residential care activities Social work activities without accommodation ARTS, ENTERTAINMENT AND RECREATION Creative, arts and entertainment activities Libraries, archives, museums and other cultural activities Gambling and betting activities Sports activities and amusement and recreation activities OTHER SERVICE ACTIVITIES Activities of membership organisations Repair of computers and personal and household goods Other personal service activities

71 72 73 74 75 N 77 78 79 80 81 82

O 84

P 85 Q 86 87 88 R 90 91 92 93

S 94 95 96

ALTE ACTIVITI DE SERVICII Activiti asociative diverse Reparaii de calculatoare, de articole personale i de uz gospodresc Alte activiti de servicii

XVII

Seciune Diviziune Denumire Section Division T ACTIVITI ALE GOSPODRIILOR PRIVATE N CALITATE DE ANGAJATOR DE PERSONAL CASNIC; ACTIVITI ALE GOSPODRIILOR PRIVATE DE PRODUCERE DE BUNURI I SERVICII DESTINATE CONSUMULUI PROPRIU Activiti ale gospodriilor private n calitate de angajator de personal casnic Activiti ale gospodriilor private de producere de bunuri i servicii destinate consumului propriu ACTIVITI ALE ORGANIZAIILOR I ORGANISMELOR EXTRATERITORIALE Activiti ale organizaiilor i organismelor extrateritoriale

Description

ACTIVITIES OF HOUSEHOLDS AS EMPLOYERS; UNDIFFERENTIATED GOODS AND SERVICESPRODUCING ACTIVITIES OF HOUSEHOLDS FOR OWN USE Activities of households as employers of domestic personnel Undifferentiated goods and services producing activities of private households for own use ACTIVITIES OF EXTRATERRITORIAL ORGANISATIONS AND BODIES Activities of extraterritorial organisations and bodies

97 98

U 99

XVIII

Anexa nr. 2 Annex no. 2 CLASIFICAREA ACTIVITILOR DIN ECONOMIA NAIONAL CAEN Rev. 1 (aprobat prin Ordinul nr. 601/26.XI.2002 aprut n M.O. nr. 908/13.XII.2002 privind actualizarea CAEN, aprobat prin H.G. nr.656/1997) THE CLASSIFICATION OF ACTIVITIES IN THE NATIONAL ECONOMY CANE Rev. 1 (approved through Order no. 601/26.XI.2002 published in the Official Journal no. 908/13.XII.2002 on CANE updating, approved by Government Decision no.656/1997)
Seciune Diviziune Denumire Section Division A 01 02 B 05 AGRICULTUR, VNTOARE, SILVICULTUR Agricultur, vntoare i servicii anexe Silvicultur, exploatare forestier i servicii anexe PESCUITUL I PISCICULTURA Pescuitul, piscicultura i serviciile anexe Description

AGRICULTURE, HUNTING AND FORESTRY Agriculture, hunting and related service activities Forestry, logging and related service activities FISHERY AND PISCICULTURE Fishing, operation of fish hatcheries and fish farms; service activities incidental to fishing MINING AND QUARRYING Mining of coal and lignite; extraction of peat Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas; service activities incidental to oil and gas extraction excluding surveying Mining of uranium and thorium ores Mining of metal ores Other mining and quarrying MANUFACTURING Manufacture of food products and beverages Manufacture of tobacco products Manufacture of textiles Manufacture of wearing apparel; dressing and dyeing of fur Tanning and dressing of leather; manufacture of luggage, handbags, saddlery, harness and footwear Manufacture of wood and of products of wood and cork, except furniture; manufacture of articles of straw and plaiting materials Manufacture of pulp, paper and paper products Publishing, printing and reproduction of recorded media Manufacture of coke, refined petroleum products and nuclear fuel Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products Manufacture of rubber and plastic products Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products Manufacture of basic metals Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c. Manufacture of office machinery and computers Manufacture of electrical machinery and apparatus

C 10 11

INDUSTRIA EXTRACTIV Extracia i prepararea crbunelui Extracia hidrocarburilor i servicii anexe

12 13 14 D 15 16 17 18 19

Extracia i prepararea minereurilor radioactive Extracia i prepararea minereurilor metalifere Alte activiti extractive INDUSTRIA PRELUCRTOARE Industria alimentar i a buturilor Fabricarea produselor din tutun Fabricarea produselor textile Fabricarea articolelor de mbrcminte; aranjarea i vopsirea blnurilor Tbcirea i finisarea pieilor; fabricarea articolelor de voiaj i marochinrie, a harnaamentelor i nclmintei Fabricarea lemnului i a produselor din lemn i plut, cu excepia mobilei; fabricarea articolelor din mpletitur de pai i alte materiale vegetale Fabricarea celulozei, hrtiei i a produselor din hrtie Edituri, poligrafie i reproducerea pe supori a nregistrrilor Industria de prelucrare a ieiului, cocsificarea crbunelui i tratarea combustibililor nucleari Fabricarea substanelor i a produselor chimice Fabricarea produselor din cauciuc i mase plastice Fabricarea altor produse din minerale nemetalice Industria metalurgic Industria construciilor metalice i a produselor din metal, exclusiv maini, utilaje i instalaii Industria de maini i echipamente Industria de mijloace ale tehnicii de calcul i de birou Industria de maini i aparate electrice

20

21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31

XIX

Seciune Diviziune Denumire Section Division

Description

32 33 34 35 36 37

Industria de echipamente pentru radio, televiziune i comunicaii Industria de aparatur i instrumente medicale, de precizie, optice i fotografice, ceasornicrie Industria mijloacelor de transport rutier Industria altor mijloace de transport n.c.a. Producia de mobilier i alte activiti industriale n.c.a. Recuperarea deeurilor i resturilor de materiale reciclabile

Manufacture of radio, television and communication equipment Manufacture of medical, precision and optical instruments, watches and clocks Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers Manufacture of other transport equipment n.e.c. Manufacture of furniture; manufacturing n.e.c. Recycling

E 40 41 F 45 G

ENERGIE ELECTRIC I TERMIC, GAZE I AP Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze i ap cald Captarea, tratarea i distribuia apei CONSTRUCII Construcii COMERUL CU RIDICATA I CU AMNUNTUL, REPARAREA AUTOVEHICULELOR, MOTOCICLETELOR I A BUNURILOR PERSONALE I DE UZ GOSPODRESC Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul, ntreinerea i repararea autovehiculelor i a motocicletelor; comer cu amnuntul al carburanilor pentru autovehicule Comer cu ridicata i servicii de intermediere n comerul cu ridicata (cu excepia comerului cu autovehicule i motociclete) Comer cu amnuntul (cu excepia comerului cu autovehicule i motociclete); repararea bunurilor personale i gospodreti HOTELURI I RESTAURANTE Hoteluri i restaurante TRANSPORT, DEPOZITARE I COMUNICAII Transporturi terestre; transporturi prin conducte Transporturi pe ap Transporturi aeriene Activiti anexe i auxiliare de transport, activiti ale ageniilor de turism Pot i telecomunicaii INTERMEDIERI FINANCIARE Intermedieri financiare (cu excepia activitilor de asigurri i ale caselor de pensii) Activiti de asigurri i ale caselor de pensii (cu excepia celor din sistemul public de asigurri sociale) Activiti auxiliare intermedierilor financiare

ELECTRICITY, GAS AND WATER SUPPLY Electricity, gas, steam and hot water supply Collection, purification and distribution of water CONSTRUCTION Construction WHOLESALE AND RETAIL TRADE; REPAIR OF MOTOR VEHICLES, MOTORCYCLES AND PERSONAL AND HOUSEHOLD GOODS Sale, maintenance and repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles; retail sale of automotive fuel Wholesale trade and commission trade (except of motor vehicles and motorcycles) Retail trade (except of motor vehicles and motorcycles); repair of personal and household goods HOTELS AND RESTAURANTS Hotels and restaurants TRANSPORT, STORAGE AND COMMUNICATION Land transport; transport via pipelines Water transport Air transport Supporting and auxiliary transport activities; activities of travel agencies Post and telecommunications FINANCIAL INTERMEDIATION Financial intermediation (except insurance and pension funding) Insurance and pension funding (except compulsory social security) Activities auxiliary to financial intermediation

50

51

52

H 55 I 60 61 62 63 64 J 65 66 67

XX

Seciune Diviziune Denumire Section Division K TRANZACII IMOBILIARE, NCHIRIERI I ACTIVITI DE SERVICII PRESTATE N PRINCIPAL NTREPRINDERILOR Tranzacii imobiliare nchirierea mainilor i echipamentelor, fr operator i a bunurilor personale i gospodreti Informatic i activiti conexe Cercetare-dezvoltare Alte activiti de servicii prestate n principal ntreprinderilor ADMINISTRAIE PUBLIC I APRARE; ASIGURRI SOCIALE DIN SISTEMUL PUBLIC Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public NVMNT nvmnt SNTATE I ASISTEN SOCIAL Sntate i asisten social ALTE ACTIVITI DE SERVICII COLECTIVE, SOCIALE I PERSONALE Eliminarea deeurilor i a apelor uzate; asanare, salubritate i activiti similare Activiti asociative diverse Activiti recreative, culturale i sportive Alte activiti de servicii personale ACTIVITI ALE PERSONALULUI ANGAJAT N GOSPODRII PARTICULARE Activiti ale personalului angajat n gospodrii personale Activiti desfurate n gospodrii private, de producere a bunurilor destinate consumului propriu Activiti ale gospodriilor private, de servicii pentru scopuri proprii ACTIVITI ALE ORGANIZAIILOR I ORGANISMELOR EXTRATERITORIALE Activiti ale organizaiilor i organismelor extrateritoriale

Description

REAL ESTATE, RENTING AND BUSINESS ACTIVITIES Real estate activities Renting of machinery and equipment without operator and of personal and household goods Computer and related activities Research and development Other business activities

70 71 72 73 74

L 75

PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION AND DEFENCE; COMPULSORY SOCIAL SECURITY Public administration and defence; compulsory social security EDUCATION Education HEALTH AND SOCIAL WORK Health and social work OTHER COMMUNITY, SOCIAL AND PERSONAL SERVICE ACTIVITIES Sewage and refuse disposal, sanitation and similar activities Activities of membership organization n.e.c. Recreational, cultural and sporting activities Other service activities PRIVATE HOUSEHOLDS WITH EMPLOYED PERSONS Private households with employed persons Private households activities producing self-consumption goods Private households services for own purposes EXTRA-TERRITORIAL ORGANIZATIONS AND BODIES Extra-territorial organizations and bodies

M 80 N 85 O 90 91 92 93 P 95 96 97

Q 99

XXI

PRESCURTRI FOLOSITE PENTRU UNITILE DE MSUR ABBREVIATIONS USED FOR UNITS OF MEASUREMENT
U.M. M.U. mm m m2 m3 ha (10000 m2) km km2 microgr. mg g kg t tdw l dal hl W kW kWh = unitate de msur = measurement unit = milimetru = millimetre = metru = metre = metru ptrat = square metre = metru cub = cubic metre = hectar = hectare = kilometru = kilometre = kilometru ptrat = square kilometre = microgram = microgram = miligram = miligram = gram = gram = kilogram = kilogram = ton = tonne = ton deadweight = tonne deadweight = litru = litre = decalitru = decalitre = hectolitru = hectolitre = watt = watt = kilowatt = kilowatt = kilowatt - or = kilowatt - hour kVA MVA CP HP kcal Gcal kO '' ' h 0 nr. no. % mii thou mil. mill. mild. bn echiv. equiv. S.A. A.S. buc. pcs. per. garnit. = kilovoltamper = kilovoltamper = megavoltamper = megavoltamper = cal putere = horse power = kilocalorie = kilocalorie = gigacalorie = gigacalorie = kilooctet = kilooctet = secund = second = minut = minute = or = hour = grad = degree = numr = number = procent = percentage = mii = thousands (thou) = milion = million = miliard = billion = echivalent = equivalent = substan activ = active substance = bucat = pieces = pereche = pair = garnitur = set

SIMBOLURI FOLOSITE SYMBOLS USED - = nu este cazul


= data not applicable G = grafic = graph *) = date mai mici dect 0,5 = magnitude less than 0.5 **) = date mai mici dect 0,05 = magnitude less than 0.05 ***) = date mai mici dect 0,005 = magnitude less than 0.005

... = lips date


= data not available

~ = date nensumabile
= nontotalized data c = date confideniale = confidential data

= tabele ce apar numai pe CD-ROM. = tables included only on the CD-ROM.

XXII

GEOGRAFIE, METEOROLOGIE I MEDIU NCONJURTOR

GEOGRAPHY, METEOROLOGY AND ENVIRONMENT

CUPRINS TABELE

Pagina Page

TABLES CONTENTS

GEOGRAFIE I ORGANIZARE ADMINISTRATIV-TERITORIAL


1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 Poziia geografic a Romniei ......................................10 Lungimea frontierelor Romniei ...................................11 Principalele altitudini muntoase ....................................11 Lungimea principalelor cursuri de ap de pe teritoriul Romniei ........................................................13 Principalele lacuri naturale ...........................................14 Principalele lacuri antropice .........................................15 Altitudinea medie a principalelor orae din Romnia ...16 Organizarea administrativ a teritoriului Romniei, la 31 decembrie 2009 ...................................................17

GEOGRAPHY AND ADMINISTRATIVETERRITORIAL ORGANISATION


Geographical position of Romania Length of Romanias borders Major mountain peaks Length of major rivers on Romanian territory Major natural lakes Major anthropic lakes Average height of major towns in Romania Administrative organisation of Romanian territory, on December 31, 2009

METEOROLOGIE
1.9 1.10 1.11 Temperatura aerului (media lunar i anual) ..............18 Temperatura aerului (maxima absolut i minima absolut lunar i anual) ...............................20 Precipitaii atmosferice (cantitatea lunar i anual) ....28

METEOROLOGY
Air temperature (monthly and yearly average) Air temperature (monthly and yearly absolute maximum and absolute minimum) Precipitations (monthly and yearly quantity)

MEDIU NCONJURTOR
Resurse naturale Ariile protejate, n anul 2009 .........................................30 Rezervaii ale biosferei, n anul 2009 ...........................30 Parcurile naionale i parcurile naturale, n anul 2009 ..................................................................31 Resursele de ap asigurate, potrivit gradului de amenajare, n anul 2009 ............................32 Calitatea factorilor de mediu Calitatea apelor de suprafa, n anul 2009 ..................32 Msuri de protecie a mediului Investiii pentru protecia mediului, n anul 2009 ..........33 Cheltuieli curente interne pentru protecia mediului, n anul 2009 ..................................................................34

ENVIRONMENT
Natural resources Protected areas, in 2009 Biosphere reservations, in 2009 National and natural parks, in 2009 Water resources assured, according to the arrangement level, in 2009 Environment factors quality Superficial water quality, in 2009 Environment protection measures Investments for environment protection, in 2009 Internal current expenditure for environment protection, in 2009

1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15

1.16 1.17 1.18

SURSA DATELOR
Cercetri statistice: Cercetarea statistic privind cheltuielile pentru protecia mediului, completat de operatori economici i unitile administraiei publice.

DATA SOURCE
Statistical surveys: Statistical survey on environment protection expenditure, filled in by economic operators and public administration units.

Surse administrative: Institutul de Geografie Bucureti; Inspectoratul General al Poliiei de Frontier din cadrul Ministerului Administraiei i Internelor; Administraia Naional de Meteorologie; Ministerul Mediului i Pdurilor; Agenia Naional pentru Protecia Mediului; Regia Naional a Pdurilor; Administraia Naional Apele Romne.

Administrative sources: Institute of Geography Bucharest; General Inspectorate of Border Police within the Ministry of Administration and Interior; National Administration of Meteorology; Ministry of Environment and Forests; National Agency for Environment Protection; National Company of Forests; National Administration Romanian Waters.

GEOGRAFIE I ORGANIZARE ADMINISTRATIV-TERITORIAL


Prezentare Romnia este situat n centrul geografic al Europei (sud-estul Europei Centrale), la nord de Peninsula Balcanic, la jumtatea distanei dintre Coasta Atlanticului i Munii Ural, n interiorul i exteriorul arcului Munilor Carpai, pe cursul inferior al Dunrii (1075 km) i cu ieire la Marea Neagr. De altfel, paralela 45N cu meridianul 25E se intersecteaz n apropiere de centrul geometric al rii, la 100 km N-V de capitala rii, Bucureti. Cu o suprafa de 238391 km2, Romnia este a 12-a ar ca mrime a Europei. Ieirea la mare nlesnete legturile cu rile din bazinul Mrii Negre, bazinul Mrii Mediterane i, prin intermediul acesteia, cu restul lumii. Litoralul romnesc al Mrii Negre se desfoar pe 245 km, ntre grla Musura (grania cu Ucraina) i localitatea Vama Veche (grania cu Bulgaria). Relieful Romniei se compune din trei trepte majore: cea nalt a Munilor Carpai (cel mai nalt vrf Moldoveanu 2544 m), cea medie care corespunde Subcarpailor, dealurilor i podiurilor i cea joas, a cmpiilor, luncilor i Deltei Dunrii. Delta Dunrii, cea mai tnr unitate de relief, n continu formare, are altitudinea medie de 0,52 m. Caracteristicile principale ale unitilor de relief sunt proporionalitatea (31% muni, 36% dealuri i podiuri, 33% cmpii i lunci) i dispunerea concentric a treptelor majore ale reliefului. Clima Romniei este temperat-continental de tranziie, cu influene oceanice dinspre vest, mediteraneene dinspre sud-vest i continental-excesive din est. Temperatura medie multianual este difereniat latitudinal, respectiv 8C n nord i peste 11C n sud, i altitudinal, cu valori de -2,5C n etajul montan (Vrfu Omu - masivul Bucegi) i 11,6C n cmpie (oraul Zimnicea - judeul Teleorman). Precipitaiile anuale scad n intensitate de la vest la est, respectiv de la peste 600 mm la mai puin de 500 mm

GEOGRAPHY AND ADMINISTRATIVETERRITORIAL ORGANISATION


Description Romania is situated in the geographical centre of Europe (south-east of Central Europe) at the north of the Balkan Peninsula, at half the distance between Atlantic Coast and The Urals, inside and outside the Carpathians Arch, on the Danube lower course (1075 km) and has exit to the Black Sea. Otherwise, the 45N parallel with the 25E meridian intersects near the geometrical centre of the country, 100 km N-V of the country capital, Bucharest. Romania is the twelfth country of Europe, having an area of 238391 km2. The exit to the sea enables the connections with the countries in the Black Sea basin, in the Mediterranean Sea basin and, by means of this, rest of the world. Romanian seaside of the Black Sea is lying on 245 km, between Musura stream (at the border with Ukraine) and Vama Veche locality (at the border with Bulgaria). Romania's relief consists of three major levels: the highest one in the Carpathians (the highest peak Moldoveanu 2544 m), the middle one which corresponds to the Sub-Carpathians, to the hills and to the plateaus and the lowest one in plains, meadows and Danube Delta. The Danube Delta, the youngest relief unit under permanent formation, has the average height of 0.52 m. Main features of relief units are proportionality (31% mountains, 36% hills and plateaus, 33% plains and meadows) and concentric display of the relief major levels. Romanias climate is temperate-continental of transition, with oceanic influences from the West, Mediterranean ones from South-West and continentalexcessive ones from the East. Multiannual average temperature is latitudinally different, 8C in the North and over 11C in the South, and altitudinally, with values of -2.5C in the mountain floor (Omu peak - Bucegi massif) and 11.6C in the plain (Zimnicea town - Teleorman county). Yearly precipitations decrease in intensity from west to east, from over 600 mm to less 500 mm in the East

n Cmpia Romn de Est, sub 450 mm n Dobrogea i circa 350 mm pe litoral, pentru ca n regiunile muntoase s ajung la 1000-1500 mm. Apele curgtoare ale Romniei sunt dispuse radial, marea majoritate avnd izvoarele n Carpai. Principalul colector al acestora este fluviul Dunrea, care strbate ara n partea sudic pe o lungime de 1075 km i se vars n Marea Neagr. Lacurile sunt reprezentate prin lacuri naturale (numeroase tipuri genetice) rspndite n toate unitile majore de relief, de la cele glaciare n etajul alpin (Lacul Mioarelor - Fgra la 2282 m) la limanele fluvio-maritime (Lacul Techirghiol la 1,5 m) i prin lacuri antropice, de asemenea n toate unitile de relief. Vegetaia este condiionat de relief i de elementele pedo-climatice, ntlnindu-se o dispunere etajat a acesteia. Regiunile montane sunt acoperite de pduri de conifere (ndeosebi molid), pduri de amestec (fag, brad i molid) i pduri de fag. Pe culmile mai nalte se afl pajiti alpine i tufriuri de jneapn, ienupr, afin, merior i altele. n regiunile de deal i de podi se ntlnesc pduri de foioase n care predomin fagul, gorunul sau stejarul; pe dealurile joase i cmpiile nalte, adesea, principalele specii care alctuiesc pdurile sunt cerul i grnia. Vegetaia de step i de silvostep, care ocupa ariile cu deficit de umiditate din Podiul Dobrogei, Cmpia Romn, Podiul Moldovei, Cmpia Banatului i Crianei, a fost, n cea mai mare parte, nlocuit prin culturi agricole. Fauna Romniei este grupat pe areale difereniate n funcie de biotopul fiecrei specii. n etajul alpin apar elemente relicte precum capra neagr i vulturul de munte. n pdurile carpatine triesc diferite mamifere: urs, cerb, rs, lup, mistre, cprior, veveri i un numr mare de specii de psri. n cteva regiuni muntoase se mai pstreaz cocoul de munte i cocoul de mesteacn; n regiunile de deal i cmpie sunt rspndite: iepurele, crtia, ariciul, diferite psri, oprle, batracieni .a.; pentru zonele de step sunt caracteristice roztoarele (popndul i hrciogul). Fauna acvatic este reprezentat ndeosebi prin pstrv n apele de munte (lostria, mai rspndit n trecut, a devenit destul de rar); clean i mrean n regiunile de deal; crap, biban, tiuc, somn, caras n cele de cmpie i Delta Dunrii; n apele marine teritoriale i pe Dunrea inferioar se ntlnesc i specii de sturioni. Resursele minerale utile ale Romniei sunt variate. Printre principalele resurse minerale utile pot fi menionate: petrolul, cu vechi tradiii de exploatare; gazele naturale; crbunii, n special huila cocsificabil, crbunele brun i lignitul; minereuri feroase i neferoase, zcminte de aur, argint i de bauxit; rezerve mari de

Romanian Plain, under 450 mm in Dobrogea and about 350 mm by seaside, in the mountainous areas they reach 1000-1500 mm. Romanian running waters are radially displayed, most of them having the springs in the Carpathians. Their main collector is the Danube river, which crosses the country in the south on 1075 km length and flows into the Black Sea. The lakes are represented by natural lakes (numerous genetic types) spread in all major units of relief, from glacial ones in the alpine floor (Mioarelor Lake - Fgra 2282 m) to river-maritime banks (Techirghiol Lake at 1.5 m) and anthropic lakes, as well in all relief units. The vegetation is determined by the relief and by pedo-climatic elements, being displayed in floors. Mountainous regions are covered by coniferous forests (especially spruce fir), mixture forests (beech, fir-tree, spruce fir) and beech forests. Higher peaks are covered by alpine lawns and bushes of dwarf pine, juniper, bilberry, red bilberry a.s.o. In the hills and plateaus regions there are broadleaved forests, prevailing beech, common oak or durmast oak; the main forest species often met on low hills and high plains are Quercus cerris and Quercus frainetto. The steppe and silvosteppe vegetation, which covered the areas of low humidity in Dobrogea Plateau, Romanian Plain, Moldova Plateau, Banat and Criana Plain has been mostly replaced by agricultural crops. Romania's fauna is grouped by different areals according to each species biotype. Relict elements as black goat (chamois) and mountain vulture live in the alpine area. In the Carpathian forests live various animals: bear, buck, lynx, wolf, wild boar, roebuck, squirrel and several species of birds. In a few mountainous areas both mountain cock and birch cock are still met. In the hill and field areas there are hares, moles, hedgehogs, various birds, lizards, batrachia a.s.o.; rodent animals as gopher and hamster are characteristic for the steppe areas. Water fauna is represented especially by trout in the mountainous waters (huck which was mostly spread in the past has become quite rare); dace and barbel in the hill region; carp, perch, pike, sheat fish, crucian in the field region and Danube Delta; sturgeon species are also met in the marine territorial waters and on the downstream Danube. Romania's useful minerals resources are various. Among the main useful minerals resources we can mention: crude oil, with old exploitation traditions; natural gas; coal, especially coking pitcoal, brown coal and lignite; ferrous and non-ferrous ores, gold, silver and bauxite ore deposits; vast reserves of salt as well as

sare, precum i o serie de resurse nemetalifere. O categorie aparte a bogiilor de subsol o constituie cele peste 2000 de izvoare de ape minerale, cu valene pentru consum i tratamente medicale. Teritoriul Romniei este mprit din punct de vedere administrativ n: sate, comune, orae, municipii i judee. Conform Legii privind stabilirea nomenclatorului unitilor teritoriale statistice din Romnia s-au constituit patru macroregiuni (n concordan cu prevederile Legii nr.315/2004 privind dezvoltarea regional n Romnia i armonizarea cu cerinele Regulamentului CE nr.1059/2003 al Parlamentului i al Consiliului European privind stabilirea unui nomenclator comun al unitilor teritoriale de statistic NUTS, publicat n Jurnalul Oficial al Uniunii Europene nr.L 154/2003. Macroregiunile nu sunt uniti administrativ-teritoriale i nu au personalitate juridic; sunt constituite pentru a asigura colectarea, elaborarea i difuzarea statisticilor regionale amortizate la nivelul Uniunii Europene. Ca uniti teritoriale (non-administrative) au fost create 8 regiuni de dezvoltare, constituite prin reuniunea mai multor judee. Judeul reprezint unitatea administrativ-teritorial tradiional n Romnia, alctuit din orae i comune, n funcie de condiiile geografice, economice, socialpolitice i de legturile culturale i tradiionale ale populaiei. Teritoriul Romniei este organizat n 42 de judee (inclusiv Municipiul Bucureti). Municipiul este un ora cu un rol economic, social, politic i cultural nsemnat avnd, de regul, funcie administrativ. Oraul reprezint o concentrare uman cu o funcie administrativ i un mod de via specific ariilor urbane i o structur profesional a populaiei n care predomin cea ocupat n ramurile neagricole. Comuna este unitatea administrativ-teritorial care cuprinde populaia rural unit prin comunitate de interese i tradiii, fiind alctuit din unul sau mai multe sate (din care unul este reedin de comun). Satul este cea mai mic unitate teritorial, avnd caracteristicile aezrilor de tip rural. Oraele principale: Bucureti, Iai, Timioara, Cluj-Napoca, Constana, Craiova, Galai, Braov, Ploieti, Brila, Oradea, Bacu, Piteti, Arad, Sibiu. Porturile principale: la Marea Neagr: Constana, Mangalia; la Dunre: Moldova Nou, Orova, Drobeta-Turnu Severin, Calafat, Corabia, Turnu Mgurele, Zimnicea, Giurgiu, Oltenia, Clrai, Cernavod, Hrova, Mcin, Brila, Galai, Tulcea, Sulina.

numerous non-metalliferrous resources. A special category of subsoil riches is constituted by over 2000 mineral water springs, with consumption and medical treatments valences. Romanian territory is divided from administrative viewpoint into: villages, communes, towns, municipalities and counties. According to the Law on setting up the nomenclature of statistical territorial units in Romania, four macroregions were constituted (according to the Law no. 315/2004 on regional development in Romania and harmonisation to the requirements of the EC Regulation no. 1059/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council regarding the setting up of a common nomenclature of statistical territorial units NUTS, published in Official Journal of European Union no.L 154/2003. Macroregions are not administrative territorial units and have no legal entity, they are constituted to assure the collection, compilation and transmission of harmonised regional statistics at European Union level. As territorial (non-administrative) units, 8 regions of development were created, gathering several counties. County represents traditional administrativeterritorial unit in Romania, including towns and communes, depending on geographical, economical and social-political conditions and population cultural and traditional relations. Romanian territory is organized into 42 counties (including Bucharest Municipality). Municipality is a town, with an important economic, social, political and cultural role, usually having administrative function. Town represents a human concentration with administrative function and a life specific to urban areas and with a population professional structure where the population employed in non-agricultural branches prevails. Commune is a territorial-administrative unit which comprises rural population united by interest and traditional community, including one or several villages (from which one is commune residence). Village is the smallest territorial unit, having characteristics of rural settlements. Main cities: Bucharest, Iai, Timioara, ClujNapoca, Constana, Craiova, Galai, Braov, Ploieti, Brila, Oradea, Bacu, Piteti, Arad, Sibiu. Main harbours: at the Black Sea: Constana, Mangalia; at the Danube: Moldova Nou, Orova, DrobetaTurnu Severin, Calafat, Corabia, Turnu Mgurele, Zimnicea, Giurgiu, Oltenia, Clrai, Cernavod, Hrova, Mcin, Brila, Galai, Tulcea, Sulina.

Aeroporturile principale: Bucureti (Henri Coand Otopeni i Aurel Vlaicu - Bneasa), Constana (Mihail Koglniceanu), Timioara (Traian Vuia), Cluj-Napoca, Iai, Arad, Oradea, Baia Mare, Trgu Mure, Suceava, Bacu, Deva, Sibiu, Craiova, Tulcea. Capitala: Municipiul Bucureti (1944226 locuitori, la 1 iulie 2009), mprit n ase sectoare administrative. Prima menionare documentar dateaz din 20.IX.1459, ca reedin a lui Vlad epe. Capital a rii Romneti ncepnd din a doua jumtate a secolului al XVII-lea i Capitala Romniei, din anul 1862, municipiul Bucureti este cel mai important centru politic, economic i cultural-tiinific al rii. Limba oficial: limba romn. Drapelul Romniei este tricolor; culorile sunt aezate vertical n ordinea urmtoare, ncepnd de la lance: albastru, galben, rou. Ziua naional a Romniei: 1 Decembrie. Imnul naional al Romniei este Deteapt-te romne. Forma de guvernmnt a Romniei este republica: Republic, conform Constituiei adoptate n 1991 i modificat n 2003; Puterea legislativ este reprezentat de un parlament bicameral (Camera Deputailor i Senatul), iar puterea executiv este exercitat de guvern, condus de un prim-ministru desemnat de preedintele rii; Preedintele rii este ales n baza rezultatelor alegerilor generale prin scrutin universal pentru un mandat de 5 ani. Moneda naional: Leu, cu subdiviziunea ban. Cursul monedei naionale este stabilit zilnic pe piaa valutar interbancar, moneda de referin fiind euro.

Main airports: Bucharest ( Henri Coand Otopeni and Aurel Vlaicu - Bneasa), Constana (Mihail Koglniceanu), Timioara (Traian Vuia), Cluj-Napoca, Iai, Arad, Oradea, Baia Mare, Trgu Mure, Suceava, Bacu, Deva, Sibiu, Craiova, Tulcea. The capital: Bucharest Municipality (1944226 inhabitants on July 1, 2009), organised into six administrative sectors. The first documentary mention was on 20.IX.1459, as residence of Vlad epe. Capital of ara Romneasc since the second half of the XVIIth century and Capital of Romania since 1862, Bucharest Municipality is the most important political, economic and cultural-scientific center of the country. Official language: Romanian. Flag of Romania: is three - coloured; the colours are placed vertically in the following order from the lance: blue, yellow, red. National day of Romania: December, 1. National anthem of Romania is Wake up, Romanian. Government form in Romania is the republic: Republic, according to the Constitution adopted in 1991 and modified in 2003; Legislative power is represented by two chamber Parliament (Chamber of Deputies and Senate), and executive power is carried out by Government led by Prime Minister appointed by the countrys President; President of the country is elected based on general elections results by universal vote for a 5 years mandate. National currency: Leu, with ban as subdivision. The exchange rate is set on the interbank currency market on a daily basis, reference currency being euro.

PRECIZRI METODOLOGICE METEOROLOGIE


Cercetarea proceselor i fenomenelor fizice din atmosfera terestr, care determin starea timpului i clima, are la baz msurtorile i observaiile meteorologice ce se efectueaz permanent sau periodic n diferite puncte de pe suprafaa globului terestru i la diferite nlimi n atmosfera liber. Programul unitar al msurtorilor i observaiilor, precum i alte activiti meteorologice se asigur prin colaborare internaional, n cadrul Administraiei Naionale de Meteorologie, cu Organizaia Meteorologic Mondial. Staia meteorologic reprezint punctul de pe suprafaa terestr unde se efectueaz observaii i msurtori asupra tuturor elementelor i fenomenelor

METHODOLOGICAL NOTES METEOROLOGY


The research on physical processes and phenomena in the terrestrial atmosphere, which determine the weather and the climate, relies on the meteorological measurements and observations, permanently or periodically carried out in different points on the terrestrial globe surface and at various altitudes in the free atmosphere. The unitary programme of measurements and observations, as well as other meteorological activities are assured by international co-operation within National Administration of Meteorology, with the World Meteorology Organisation. The meteorological station represents the point from the terrestrial surface, where measurements and observations on all meteorological elements and

meteorologice, conform programului stabilit. Majoritatea observaiilor, msurtorilor i determinrilor meteorologice de la staii se efectueaz pe platforma meteorologic situat pe un teren deschis, tipic pentru regiunea respectiv, cu dimensionarea standard de 26 m x 26 m. Pentru cercetarea proceselor i fenomenelor atmosferice i pentru calculul diferiilor parametri meteorologici i climatici, este necesar raportarea observaiilor i msurtorilor, care se realizeaz att n spaiu, ct i n timp. Programul climatologic reprezint complexul observaiilor i msurtorilor meteorologice ce se execut la staii, dup timpul solar mediu local, att la termenele fixe, ct i continuu n 24 de ore. Permanent, la termenele climatologice (1, 7, 13, 19 timp solar mediu local) se efectueaz observaii i msurtori asupra: presiunii atmosferice, vntului, temperaturii i umezelii aerului, temperaturii suprafeei solului, nebulozitii, precipitaiilor, vizibilitii orizontale. Continuu, n tot cursul zilei i nopii se determin caracteristicile tuturor fenomenelor meteorologice (hidrometeori, litometeori, electrometeori etc.). Observaiile asupra temperaturii aerului constau n msurarea temperaturii aerului la termenele stabilite i n determinarea valorilor maxime i minime ale acesteia n intervalele de timp dintre aceste termene. Temperatura aerului se msoar cu instrumente cu citire direct, psihrometrul cu ventilaie artificial, termometrul de maxim cu mercur i termometrul de minim cu alcool i cu aparate nregistratoare (termografe). Pentru ca instrumentele cu care se msoar temperatura i umezeala aerului s nu fie influenate direct de radiaia solar, de radiaia terestr, de precipitaii i de rafalele vntului, ele se instaleaz n adpostul meteorologic situat la 2 m nlime deasupra solului. Msurarea cantitilor de ap ce provin din precipitaii atmosferice sau care se depun din ali hidrometeori se efectueaz cu ajutorul pluviometrului, iar nregistrarea continu a precipitaiilor (lichide) se face cu pluviograful. Cantitile de ap se msoar zilnic la termenele climatologice (1, 7, 13, 19) i se exprim prin grosimea stratului de ap czut, n mm (1mm=1l / m2).

phenomena are carried out in keeping with the programme. Most of meteorological observations, measurements and determinations from the stations are performed on the meteorological area situated on an open land, typical for the respective region, with the standard dimension of 26 m x 26 m. In order to observe the atmospheric processes and phenomena and to compute various meteorological and climatic parameters, it is necessary to report observations and measurements, carried out both in space and over time. The climatic programme represents the complex of meteorological observations and measurements performed at stations, according to the local average solar time, both at fixed deadlines and continuously during 24 hours. Permanently, at the climatic deadlines (1, 7, 13, 19 local average solar time), the observations and measurements are done for: atmospheric pressure, wind, air temperature and humidity, ground surface temperature, cloudiness, precipitations, horizontal visibility. Continuously, during all day and night, the characteristics of all meteorological phenomena (hydrometeors, litometeors, electrometeors a.s.o.) are determined. Air temperature observations consist of air temperature measurement at the observation deadlines and of determining its maximum and minimum values, during the intervals between the climatic observation deadlines. Air temperature is measured with direct reading instruments, the psychrometer with artificial ventilation, the thermometer of maximum with mercury and the thermometer of minimum with alcohol and with recording apparatus (thermographs). In view to ensure that the instruments for measuring air temperature and humidity are not directly influenced by the solar, terrestrial radiation, by precipitations and by wind gusts, they should be placed in the meteorological shelter situated at 2 meters high above the ground. The measurement of water quantities coming from atmospheric precipitations or deposited by other hydrometeors is carried out by means of pluviometer and the continuous recording of precipitations (liquids) is performed with the pluviograph. Water quantities are daily measured at climatic deadlines (1, 7, 13, 19) and they are expressed by the thickness of the fallen water layer, in mm (1mm=1l / m 2).

MEDIU NCONJURTOR
Resursele de ap reprezint potenialul hidrologic format din apele de suprafa i subterane n regim natural i amenajat, inventariate la nceputul anului, din care se asigur alimentarea diverselor folosine.

ENVIRONMENT
Water resources represent the hydrological potential consisting of the superficial and underground waters, under natural and arranged conditions, registered at the beginning of the year, of which the utilities are fed.

Ariile naturale protejate, conform O.U.G. nr. 57/2007, reprezint zone terestre, acvatice i/sau subterane, cu perimetrul legal stabilit i avnd un regim special de ocrotire i conservare, n care exist specii de plante i animale slbatice, elemente i formaiuni biogeografice sau de alt natur, cu valoare ecologic, tiinific sau cultural deosebit i cuprind: rezervaii ale biosferei - arii naturale protejate al cror scop este protecia i conservarea unor zone de habitat natural i a diversitii biologice specifice; parcuri naionale - arii naturale protejate al cror scop este protecia i conservarea unor eantioane reprezentative pentru spaiul biogeografic naional; parcuri naturale - arii naturale protejate al cror scop este protecia i conservarea unor ansambluri peisagistice n care interaciunea activitilor umane cu natura de-a lungul timpului a creat o zon distinct, cu valoare semnificativ peisagistic i/sau cultural, deseori cu o mare diversitate biologic; rezervaii tiinifice - arii naturale protejate al cror scop este protecia i conservarea unor habitate naturale terestre i/sau acvatice, cuprinznd elemente reprezentative de interes tiinific; rezervaii naturale - arii naturale protejate al cror scop este protecia i conservarea unor habitate i specii naturale importante sub aspect floristic, faunistic, forestier, hidrologic, geologic, speologic, paleontologic, pedologic; monumente ale naturii - arii naturale protejate al cror scop este protecia i conservarea unor elemente naturale cu valoare i semnificaie ecologic, tiinific, peisagistic deosebite ; zone umede de importan internaional sunt acele arii naturale protejate al cror scop este asigurarea proteciei i conservrii siturilor naturale cu diversitate biologic specific zonelor umede; arii de protecie special avifaunistic sunt acele arii naturale protejate ale cror scopuri sunt conservarea, meninerea, i acolo unde este cazul, readucerea ntro stare de conservare favorabil a speciilor de psri i a habitatelor specifice, desemnate pentru protecia speciilor de psri migratoare slbatice; situri de importan comunitar reprezint acele arii care, n regiunile biogeografice n care exist, contribuie semnificativ la meninerea sau restaurarea la o stare de conservare favorabil a habitatelor naturale. Evaluarea calitii apelor de suprafa const n monitorizarea parametrilor biologici hidromorfologici, fizico-chimici, a poluanilor prioritari sau a altor poluani evacuai n cantiti importante. Potrivit Legii nr. 310/2004, anexa 11, se disting 5 clase de calitate, definite astfel:

Natural protected areas, according to G.P.O. no. 57/2007, represents terrestrial, aquatic and/or underground areas, with legally settled perimeter and with a special protection and preservation regime, where wild plants and animal species, bio - geographic elements and formations or of other nature, with special ecological, scientific or cultural value exist and include: reservations of biosphere - protected natural areas whose purpose is the protection and preservation of a natural habitat areas and of specific biologic diversity; national parks - natural protected areas whose purpose is the protection and preservation of representative samples for the national bio geographic space; natural parks - natural protected areas whose purpose is the protection and preservation of landscape piles in which human activities interactions in time created a distinct area, with landscape and/or cultural significant value, often with a great biological diversity; scientific reservations - natural protected areas whose purpose is the protection and preservation of terrestrial and/or aquatic natural habitats, including representative elements of scientific interest; natural reservations - natural protected areas whose purpose is the protection and preservation of important natural habitats and species from flora, fauna, forestry, hydrological, geological, speological, paleontological, pedological point of view; natural monuments - natural protected areas whose purpose is the protection and preservation of natural elements and of ecological, scientific, landscape special significance ; wetlands of international importance are those protected natural areas whose purpose is to ensure the protection and preservation of the natural sites with a wetland-specific biological diversity; special avifaunistic protection areas are those protected natural areas whose purpose is the preservation, maintenance and where necessary the conservative rehabilitation of the bird species and specific habitats designated for wild migratory bird species protection; sites of community interest reprezent areas located in biogeographical regions, contributing significantly to the maintenance or restoration to a favourable preservation state of the natural habitats. The evaluation of the superficial waters quality is carried out by monitoring the biological hidro - morfological parameters, physico - chemical, the prioritary pollution agents or other pollution agents evacuated in important quantities. According to Law no.310/2004, annex 11, 5 quality classes are distinguished, defined as follows:

clasa de calitate I - stare foarte bun - nu exist alterri (sau sunt foarte mici) ale valorilor elementelor fizico-chimice i hidromorfologice de calitate pentru tipul de corpuri de ap de suprafa fa de cele asociate n mod normal cu acel tip n condiii nemodificate; clasa de calitate II - stare bun - valorile elementelor biologice de calitate pentru tipul de corp de ap de suprafa prezint nivele sczute de schimbare datorit activitilor umane, dar deviaz uor fa de acele valori normale asociate cu tipul de corpuri de ap de suprafa n condiii nemodificate; clasa de calitate III - stare moderat - valorile elementelor biologice de calitate pentru tipul de corp de ap de suprafa deviaz moderat fa de acelea care sunt n mod normal asociate cu tipul de corp de ap de suprafa n condiii nemodificate. Valorile prezint semne moderate de perturbare ca urmare a activitilor umane i sunt esenial perturbate fa de valorile din condiiile de stare bun; clasa de calitate IV - slab - prezint dovezi de alterri majore ale valorilor elementelor biologice de calitate pentru tipul de corpuri de ape de suprafa i n care comunitile biologice importante deviaz semnificativ de la valorile normale asociate cu tipul de corpuri de ap de suprafa n condiii nemodificate; clasa de calitate V - proast - prezint dovezi de alterri majore ale valorilor elementelor biologice de calitate pentru tipul de corpuri de ape de suprafa i n care pri mari din comunitile biologice importante care sunt n mod normal asociate cu tipul de corpuri de apa de suprafa n condiii nemodificate, sunt absente. Cheltuielile pentru protecia mediului includ investiiile i cheltuielile curente interne pentru desfurarea activitilor de supraveghere i protecie a mediului, i care se refer la prevenirea sau repararea pagubelor aduse acestuia. Investiiile pentru protecia mediului includ cheltuielile efectuate pentru lucrri de construcii, de instalaii i de montaj, pentru achiziionarea de utilaje, mijloace de transport, alte cheltuieli destinate crerii de noi mijloace fixe pentru dezvoltarea, modernizarea, reconstrucia celor existente, cu scopul de protecie a mediului. Ele includ, de asemenea, valoarea serviciilor legate de transferul de proprieti al mijloacelor fixe existente i al terenurilor (taxe, materiale, comisioane, cheltuieli de transport de ncrcare - descrcare). Cheltuieli curente interne pentru protecia mediului nsumeaz cheltuielile efectuate pentru operarea, repararea i ntreinerea instalaiilor i utilajelor pentru protecia mediului de ctre personalul ntreprinderii. Ele includ salariile i impozitele aferente i cheltuielile

the first quality class - very good state - no alterations (or very few) of physico-chemical and hydro-morfological quality elements value exist for the type of superficial waters bodies as against those normally associated with specific type in unchanged conditions; the second quality class - good state - biological quality elements values for superficial water body type presents low levels of change because of human activity, but it slightly deviate as against those normal values associated with superficial water bodies type in unchanged conditions; the third quality class - moderate state - biological quality elements values for superficial water body type moderately deviates as against those which are normally associated with superficial water body type in unchanged conditions. These values presents moderate perturbation signs because of human activities and are essentially perturbated as against the good state conditions values; the fourth quality class - poor - presents major alteration proofs of the biological quality elements values for superficial water bodies type in which important biological communities significantly deviates from the normal values associated with superficial water bodies type in unchanged conditions; the fifth quality class - bad - presents major alteration proofs of the biological quality elements values for superficials water bodies type and in which big parts from important biological communities which are normally associated with superficial water bodies type in unchanged conditions are absent. Environment protection expenditure include investment and internal current expenditure for carrying out the activities of environment observation and protection and refer to environment damages prevention or repair. Investments for environment protection include the expenditure made for construction, installations and building works, for equipment, transport means purchasing, other expenditure meant to create new fixed assets for the development, modernization, reconstruction of the already existent ones, having the purpose of environment protection. They also include the value of services related to existent fixed assets and land ownership transfer (taxes, materials, commissions, loading-unloading transport expenditure). Current internal expenditure for environment protection are made of the expenditure for operating, repairs and maintenance of installations and equipment for environment protection by enterprise staff. They include salaries and taxes and material expenditure (raw

materiale (materii prime, materiale, combustibili, energie, ap etc.). Cheltuielile curente interne nu includ cheltuielile pentru achiziionarea de servicii de mediu de la teri. Categoriile de productori de servicii pentru protecia mediului sunt: productorii nespecializai - uniti care execut o activitate de protecia mediului ca activitate secundar sau auxiliar la o activitate principal. Activitatea principal nu este una de protecia mediului. Aceste uniti se regsesc n sectorul producie (CAEN Rev.2, diviziunile: 02; 05-35; 41; 42; 43; 49; 50; 51); productorii specializai - uniti care execut activiti de protecia mediului ca activitate principal, conform CAEN Rev.2, diviziunile: 36; 37; 38; 39 i clasa 4677; administraia public - toate unitile administraiei publice locale i centrale a cror producie de servicii de protecia mediului non-pia este destinat consumului individual i colectiv (CAEN Rev.2, clasa 8411). Activitile specifice de protecia mediului sunt grupate dup domeniile de mediu, astfel: prevenirea i combaterea polurii (protecia aerului, protecia apei, managementul deeurilor, protecia solului i a apelor subterane); protecia resurselor naturale i conservarea biodiversitii (protecia speciilor, arii protejate, remediere i reconstrucie ecologic, refacerea mediului acvatic, prevenirea fenomenelor naturale periculoase); alte domenii (cercetare-dezvoltare, administrare general a mediului, reducerea zgomotului i a vibraiilor, protecia mpotriva radiaiilor, educaie, instruire, informare).

materials, materials, fuels, energy, water a.s.o.). The current internal expenditure do not include environmental services purchased from thirds. Categories of service producers for environment protection are: non-specialised producers - units carrying out an activity of environment protection as their secondary or auxiliary activity. Their main activity is not the environment protection. These units are found in the sector of production (CANE Rev. 2, divisions: 02; 05-35; 41; 42; 43; 49; 50; 51); specialised producers - units carrying out an activity of environment protection as their main activity, according to CANE Rev.2, divisions: 36; 37; 38 ; 39 and 4677 class; public administration - local and central units of public administration whose non-market production of environment protection services is meant for individual and collective consumption (CANE Rev.2, 8411 class). Specific activities of environment protection are grouped by environmental domains, as follows: pollution prevention and reduction (air protection, water protection, wastes management, soil and underground waters protection); natural resources protection and biodiversity preservation (species protection, protected areas, ecological remedy and reconstruction, aquatic environment restoration, prevention of dangerous natural phenomena); other domains (research-development, environment general administration, noise and vibrations reduction, protection against radiation, education, training, looking for information).

1.1
Nord North Sud South Est East Vest West

Poziia geografic a Romniei Geographical position of Romania


Punctul extrem (localitatea) Extreme point (locality) Satul Horoditea Horoditea village Oraul Zimnicea Zimnicea town Oraul Sulina Sulina town Comuna Beba Veche Beba Veche commune Judeul County Botoani Teleorman Tulcea Timi Longitudinea estic Longitude east
1) 1)

Latitudinea nordic Latitude north 48o1506 43o3707 45o0936 46o0727

26o4205 25o2332 29o4124 20o1544

1) Dup Greenwich. / According to Greenwich.

10

1.2

Lungimea frontierelor Romniei Length of Romanias borders


km

Lungimea frontierelor / Border length Total Total Total granie Bulgaria Republica Moldova Serbia Ucraina Ungaria Marea Neagr 3149,9 631,3 681,3 546,4 649,4 448,0 193,5 Terestr Land 1085,6 139,1 256,8 273,8 415,9 Fluvial River 1816,9 470,0 681,3 289,6 343,9 32,1 Maritim Sea 247,4 22,2 31,7 193,5 Total borders Bulgaria Republic of Moldova Serbia Ukraine Hungary Black Sea

Not: Lungimile frontierelor sunt oficializate numai cu Serbia i Ungaria, celelalte frontiere fiind calculate unilateral. Note: Lengths of borders are official only with Serbia and Hungary, the other borders being unilaterally calculated.

1.3

Principalele altitudini muntoase Major mountain peaks


Denumirea masivului muntos Name of massif Fgra Fgra Parng Retezat Bucegi Retezat Iezer Iezer Rodna Godeanu Fgra Rodna Cindrel Lotru Piatra Craiului Godeanu arcu arcu Leaota ureanu Cpna Climan ureanu Maramure Ciuca Maramure Judeul County Altitudinea vrfului (m) Height (m) 2544 2535 2519 2509 2505 2482 2462 2391 2303 2291 2283 2279 2244 2242 2238 2229 2190 2190 2133 2130 2124 2100 2059 1956 1954 1930

Denumirea vrfului muntos Name of peak Moldoveanu Negoiu Parngu Mare Peleaga Omu Retezat Iezerul Mare Ppua Pietrosu Gugu Suru Ineu Cindrel tefleti La Om (Piscul Baciului) Godeanu Cleanu arcu Leaota Vrful lui Ptru Ursu Pietrosu ureanu Farcu Ciuca Toroiaga

Arge Arge, Braov, Sibiu Gorj, Hunedoara Hunedoara Prahova, Braov, Dmbovia Hunedoara Arge Arge Maramure Cara-Severin, Hunedoara Sibiu, Vlcea Bistria-Nsud Sibiu Sibiu, Vlcea Braov Cara-Severin, Gorj Cara-Severin Cara-Severin Dmbovia, Arge Hunedoara Vlcea Suceava, Mure Hunedoara Maramure Braov, Prahova Maramure

11

1.3
Name of peak

Principalele altitudini muntoase - continuare Major mountain peaks - continued


Denumirea masivului muntos Name of massif Ceahlu Ceahlu Vlcan Bistria Raru Bihor ible Vldeasa Muntele Mare Harghita Hma Bistria Vrancea Vrancea Gurghiu Penteleu Munii Cernei Cozia Tarcu Raru Nemira Obcina Mestecni Harghita Stnioara Obcina Feredeu Mehedini Semenic Guti Munii Metaliferi Poiana Rusc Trascu Guti Bodoc Munii Metaliferi Almj Munii Aninei Codru Moma Perani Mese Zarand Mcin Judeul County Neam Neam Gorj, Hunedoara Neam, Suceava Suceava Bihor, Alba Maramure, Bistria-Nsud Cluj Alba, Cluj Harghita Harghita, Neam Suceava Buzu, Vrancea Covasna, Vrancea Mure Buzu Cara-Severin Vlcea Bacu Suceava Bacu Suceava Harghita, Covasna Neam Suceava Mehedini Cara-Severin Maramure Alba Timi, Cara-Severin Alba Maramure Harghita Alba Cara-Severin Cara-Severin Arad, Bihor Braov Slaj Arad Tulcea Altitudinea vrfului (m) Height (m) 1907 1900 1868 1859 1856 1849 1837 1836 1826 1800 1792 1791 1784 1777 1776 1772 1733 1668 1664 1650 1649 1588 1558 1530 1495 1466 1447 1443 1437 1374 1369 1307 1301 1258 1224 1160 1112 1104 996 836 467

Denumirea vrfului muntos

Ocolau Mare Toaca Straja Budacu Giumalu Cucurbta Mare ible Vldeasa Muntele Mare Harghita Mdra Hmau Mare Pietrosu Goru Lcu Saca Penteleu Vlacu Mic Cozia Grindu Raru Nemira Lucina Cucu Bivolu Pacani Vrful lui Stan Piatra Goznei Guti Poienia Pade Dmbu Igni Ciomatu Detunata Svinecea Mare Leordi Pleu Vrful Cetii Mgura Priei Drocea uuiatu

12

1.4
Dunre Mure Prut Olt Siret Ialomia Some Arge Jiu Buzu Dmbovia Bistria Jijia Trnava Mare Timi Criul Alb Vedea Moldova Brlad Trnava Mic Prahova Neajlov Olte Someul Mic Suceava Bega Arie Trotu

Lungimea principalelor cursuri de ap de pe teritoriul Romniei Length of major rivers on Romanian territory
Lungimea cursului de ap (km) Length of the river (km) 1075 761 742 615 559 417 376 350 339 302 286 283 275 246 244 234 224 213 207 196 193 186 185 178 173 170 166 162 Suprafaa bazinului (km2) Basin area (km2) 332501) 27890 10990 24050 42890 10350 15740 12550 10080 5264 2824 7039 5757 6253 5673 4240 5430 4299 7220 2071 3738 3720 2663 3773 2298 2362 3005 4456

Denumirea cursului de ap River name

1) Fr afluenii care formeaz bazine de ordinul 1. / Excluding the tributaries which form the first degree basins.

13

1.5
Bucura Znoaga Mare Blea Clcescu Sfnta Ana Zton Iezerul Ighiu Vintileasca Lacul Rou Bltu

Principalele lacuri naturale Major natural lakes


Judeul County Suprafaa (ha) Area (ha) Volum (mil. m3) Volume (mill. m3)

Denumirea lacului natural Natural lake name

Ianca Movila Miresii Lacul Srat-Brila Oltina Iezerul Mostitei Balta Alb Jirlu Amara-Buzu Snagov Cldruani Hazarlc Amara-Ialomia Taaul Techirghiol Mangalia Tatlageac Razim Sinoie Zmeica Siutghiol Brate Bistre Suhaia Lacul Rotund Dranov Lacul Rou Gorgova Lumina Merhei Furtuna Matia

Lacuri n circuri glaciare / Lakes of glacial circuses 10,5 9,0 4,7 3,0 Lacuri n cratere vulcanice / Lakes of volcanic crater Harghita 22,0 Lacuri n depresiuni carstice / Lakes of karstic depressions Mehedini 20,0 Alba 5,3 Vrancea 4,7 Lacuri de baraj natural / Lakes of natural barrage Harghita 12,6 Bacu 6,0 Lacuri n crovuri (depresiuni de tasare) / Clasto-karstic lakes Brila 322,0 Brila 180,0 Brila 39,0 Limane fluviatile / River banks Constana 2509,0 Clrai 1860,0 Buzu, Brila 1012,0 Brila 890,0 Buzu 600,0 Ilfov 575,0 Ilfov 224,0 Constana 168,0 Ialomia 132,0 Limane fluvio-maritime / River - maritime banks Constana 2335,0 Constana 1161,0 Constana 261,0 Constana 178,0 Lagune marine / Maritime lagoons Tulcea 41500,0 Constana 17150,0 Tulcea 5460,0 Constana 1900,0 Lacuri de lunc / River meadow lakes Galai 2111,0 Dolj 1867,0 Teleorman 1094,0 Tulcea 219,0 Lacuri din Delta Dunrii / Danube Delta lakes Tulcea 2170,0 Tulcea 1445,0 Tulcea 1377,5 Tulcea 1367,5 Tulcea 1057,5 Tulcea 977,5 Tulcea 652,5 Hunedoara Hunedoara Sibiu Gorj

0,5 1,0 0,2 0,1 0,6 1,0 0,2 0,1 0,7 0,1 1,6 4,5 0,2 60,0 160,01) 5,1 5,6 3,6 17,3 4,5 0,8 2,6 57,0 41,8 15,7 14,0 909,0 210,7 45,6 88,7 30,0 28,0 18,0 2,0 21,7 21,7 13,8 20,5 15,9 9,8 9,8

1) Volum rezultat din lucrrile de amenajare pentru irigaii. / Volume resulted from planning works for irrigations.

14

1.6

Principalele lacuri antropice Major anthropic lakes


Suprafaa la nivel normal de retenie (ha) Area at normal level of afflux (ha) 70000,01) 7920,0 5900,0 3100,0 2204,0 1692,0 1280,0 1095,0 1080,0 1013,0 950,0 884,0 870,0 500,0 452,0 447,0 420,0 380,0 360,0 290,0 270,0 256,0 234,0 230,0 230,0 215,0 182,0 Volumul la nivel normal de retenie (mil. m3) Volume at normal level of afflux (mill. m3) 2400,0 800,0 735,0 1130,0 202,7 110,0 96,0 74,0 76,0 76,3 340,0 212,9 469,0 6,1 15,8 131,0 210,0 8,6 126,0 120,0 65,0 14,2 14,1 38,0 8,0 70,3 63,0

Denumirea lacului antropic Anthropic lake name

Judeul County

Categoria de folosin Category of use

Porile de Fier Ostrovu Mare Stnca-Costeti Izvorul Muntelui-Bicaz Strejeti Ipoteti Frunzaru Izbiceni Drgneti Mihileti Vidra Fntnele Vidraru Drcani Soleti Oaa Gura Apelor Clineti Siriu Iovanu Colibia Lacul Morii Vcreti Brdior Pucai Tarnia Pecineagu

Mehedini Mehedini Botoani Neam Olt Olt Olt Olt Olt Ilfov Vlcea Cluj Arge Botoani Vaslui Alba Hunedoara Satu Mare Buzu Gorj Bistria Nsud Municipiul Bucureti Dmbovia Vlcea Vaslui Cluj Dmbovia

energie / energy energie / energy complex / complex energie / energy energie / energy energie / energy energie / energy energie / energy energie / energy complex / complex energie / energy energie / energy complex / complex piscicultur / fish breeding complex / complex energie / energy energie / energy complex / complex complex / complex complex / complex complex / complex complex / complex complex / complex complex / complex complex / complex energie / energy complex / complex

1) ntre confluena Nera-Dunre i baraj (dup datele celor dou hidrocentrale). / Nera-Danube and dam confluence (according to the data

of the two hydro-power stations).

15

1.7
Oraul Town

Altitudinea medie a principalelor orae din Romnia Average height of major towns in Romania
Judeul County Alba Teleorman Arad Bacu Maramure Bistria-Nsud Vaslui Botoani Braov Brila Buzu Clrai Cluj Constana Dolj Cluj Hunedoara Mehedini Braov Vrancea Galai Giurgiu Hunedoara Iai Timi Sibiu Harghita Harghita Bacu Bihor Hunedoara Neam Arge Prahova Cara-Severin Vlcea Neam Satu Mare Covasna Sibiu Maramure Mure Olt Ialomia Suceava Galai Timi Dmbovia Gorj Mure Tulcea Cluj Teleorman Vaslui Slaj Altitudinea medie (m) Average height (m) 235 45 107 165 225 360 90 130 625 20 85 95 13 360 25 100 285 220 65 430 55 35 23 245 95 70 285 665 385 210 150 650 345 287 150 245 250 195 123 555 415 270 375 135 35 325 50 90 280 205 330 30 330 23 110 275

Alba lulia Alexandria Arad Bacu Baia Mare Bistria Brlad Botoani Braov Brila Bucureti / Bucharest Buzu Clrai Cluj - Napoca Constana Craiova Dej Deva Drobeta-Turnu Severin Fgra Focani Galai Giurgiu Hunedoara Iai Lugoj Media Miercurea Ciuc Odorheiu Secuiesc Oneti Oradea Petroani Piatra Neam Piteti Ploieti Reia Rmnicu Vlcea Roman Satu Mare Sfntu Gheorghe Sibiu Sighetu Marmaiei Sighioara Slatina Slobozia Suceava Tecuci Timioara Trgovite Trgu Jiu Trgu Mure Tulcea Turda Turnu Mgurele Vaslui Zalu

Not: Oraul situat la cea mai mare altitudine medie este Predeal (judeul Braov) - 1060 m. Oraul situat la cea mai mic altitudine medie este Sulina (judeul Tulcea) - 4 m. Note: The town situated at the highest average height is Predeal (Braov county) - 1060 m. The town situated at the lowest average height is Sulina (Tulcea county) - 4 m.

16

1.8

Organizarea administrativ a teritoriului Romniei, la 31 decembrie 2009 Administrative organisation of Romanian territory, on December 31, 2009
Numrul oraelor i municipiilor Number of towns and municipalities 320 100 43 10 4 6 13 6 4 57 11 10 5 9 11 11 81 46 8 7 5 5 16 5 35 4 5 12 4 5 5 57 48 7 5 7 3 7 14 5 9 8 1 82 40 7 9 5 8 11 42 10 8 14 10

Macroregiunea Regiunea de dezvoltare Judeul Macroregion Development region County Total MACROREGIUNEA 1 MACROREGION 1 Nord - Vest / North - West Bihor Bistria-Nsud Cluj Maramure Satu Mare Slaj Centru / Center Alba Braov Covasna Harghita Mure Sibiu MACROREGIUNEA 2 MACROREGION 2 Nord - Est / North - East Bacu Botoani Iai Neam Suceava Vaslui Sud - Est / South - East Brila Buzu Constana Galai Tulcea Vrancea MACROREGIUNEA 3 MACROREGION 3 Sud - Muntenia / South - Muntenia Arge Clrai Dmbovia Giurgiu Ialomia Prahova Teleorman Bucureti - Ilfov / Bucharest - Ilfov Ilfov Municipiul Bucureti Bucharest Municipality MACROREGIUNEA 4 MACROREGION 4 Sud - Vest Oltenia South - West Oltenia Dolj Gorj Mehedini Olt Vlcea Vest / West Arad Cara-Severin Hunedoara Timi

Suprafaa total Total area (km2) 238391 68259 34159 7544 5355 6674 6304 4418 3864 34100 6242 5363 3710 6639 6714 5432 72612 36850 6621 4986 5476 5896 8553 5318 35762 4766 6103 7071 4466 8499 4857 36274 34453 6826 5088 4054 3526 4453 4716 5790 1821 1583 238 61246 29212 7414 5602 4933 5498 5765 32034 7754 8520 7063 8697

din care: municipii of which: municipalities 103 35 15 4 1 5 2 2 1 20 4 4 2 4 4 2 28 17 3 2 2 2 5 3 11 1 2 3 2 1 2 17 16 3 2 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 23 11 3 2 2 2 2 12 1 2 7 2

Numrul comunelor Number of communes 2860 759 402 91 58 75 63 58 57 357 67 48 40 58 91 53 861 506 85 71 93 78 98 81 355 40 82 58 61 46 68 551 519 95 50 82 51 59 90 92 32 32 689 408 104 61 61 104 78 281 68 69 55 89

Numrul satelor Number of villages 12956 3588 1800 430 235 420 214 220 281 1788 656 149 122 235 464 162 3861 2414 491 333 418 344 379 449 1447 140 475 188 180 133 331 2110 2019 576 160 353 167 127 405 231 91 91 3397 2070 378 411 344 377 560 1327 270 287 457 313

17

1.9
Staia meteorologic i anii de observaie

Temperatura aerului (media lunar i anual) Air temperature (monthly and yearly average)
grade Celsius / Celsius degrees

Ianuarie January

Februarie February

Martie March

Aprilie April

Mai May

Iunie June

Media lunar Iulie July

Monthly average August Septembrie August September

Octombrie October

Noiembrie November

Decembrie December

Media anual Yearly average 9,7 10,8 7,5 9,1 10,3 11,9 9,5 11,0 8,4 10,0 8,7 10,5 9,1 10,5 10,7 12,3 9,9 10,9 8,7 10,3 -2,6 -1,5 10,5 12,3 10,2 11,8 10,7 12,3 11,5 12,4 11,4 12,4 11,0 11,4 13,2

Amplitudinea anual Yearly amplitude 23,2 24,5 23,4 22,9 22,8 24,2 24,7 24,6 23,3 22,8 23,4 23,3 24,2 24,2 23,0 24,3 22,9 22,6 22,8 23,7 16,5 18,1 25,1 24,5 23,8 23,1 24,5 24,4 24,7 25,1 25,6 26,0 25,1 22,1 22,3

Meteorological station and observation years Satu Mare 1901 - 2000 2009 Suceava 1901 - 2000 2009 Oradea 1901 - 2000 2009 Iai 1901 - 2000 2009 Cluj - Napoca 1901 - 2000 2009 Trgu Mure 1901 - 2000 2009 Bacu 1901 - 2000 2009 Timioara 1901 - 2000 2009 Deva 1901 - 2000 2009 Sibiu 1901 - 2000 2009 Vrfu Omu 1901 - 2000 2009 Galai 1901 - 2000 2009 Trgu Jiu 1901 - 2000 2009 Buzu 1901 - 2000 2009 Calafat 1901 - 2000 2009 Turnu Mgurele 1901 - 2000 2009 Bucharest - Filaret1) 1901 - 2000 2009 Constana 1901 - 2000 2009

Satu Mare 1901 - 2000 2009 Suceava 1901 - 2000 2009 Oradea 1901 - 2000 2009 Iai 1901 - 2000 2009 Cluj - Napoca 1901 - 2000 2009 Trgu Mure 1901 - 2000 2009 Bacu 1901 - 2000 2009 Timioara 1901 - 2000 2009 Deva 1901 - 2000 2009 Sibiu 1901 - 2000 2009 Vrfu Omu 1901 - 2000 2009 Galai 1901 - 2000 2009 Trgu Jiu 1901 - 2000 2009 Buzu 1901 - 2000 2009 Calafat 1901 - 2000 2009 Turnu Mgurele 1901 - 2000 2009 Bucureti - Filaret1) 1901 - 2000 2009 Constana 1901 - 2000 2009

-2,8 -2,1 -4,8 -2,5 -1,9 -1,0 -3,5 -1,5 -4,2 -2,0 -4,0 -2,0 -3,6 -1,9 -1,5 -1,1 -2,5 -1,6 -3,6 -2,8 -10,6 -8,5 -2,6 0,4 -2,4 0,0 -2,2 0,2 -1,4 -1,0 -2,3 -1,3 -2,2 0,1 0,1 2,4

-0,6 -0,4 -3,2 -1,0 0,3 0,3 -1,8 1,3 -2,1 -0,5 -1,8 -0,1 -2,1 0,7 0,6 1,4 0,0 0,6 -1,4 -0,6 -10,8 -10,9 -0,9 2,5 -0,3 1,9 -0,2 2,5 0,6 1,7 0,3 1,5 -0,2 2,9 1,2 4,0

4,5 4,3 1,4 2,3 5,2 5,5 3,1 4,0 3,6 3,6 4,0 3,9 2,9 4,1 5,7 6,6 5,3 5,2 3,9 4,1 -8,5 -8,3 4,0 5,5 4,8 6,1 4,4 5,7 5,7 6,8 5,6 6,4 5,3 6,8 4,5 6,3

10,4 13,4 7,9 10,8 10,8 14,4 10,2 12,0 9,2 12,8 9,7 12,8 9,7 11,5 11,1 14,7 10,7 13,6 9,5 12,5 -4,4 -2,4 10,8 12,3 10,9 13,1 10,9 12,2 11,9 12,7 12,2 12,7 11,6 12,6 9,6 11,2

15,7 16,2 13,4 14,7 15,9 17,3 16,0 16,9 14,4 15,5 14,8 16,1 15,2 16,4 16,3 18,0 15,6 16,4 14,4 16,1 0,3 1,2 16,5 17,6 15,9 17,4 16,6 17,3 17,4 19,2 17,6 18,8 16,9 18,3 15,2 16,8

18,8 19,3 16,9 17,7 19,0 19,8 19,5 21,0 17,4 18,3 17,7 19,3 18,9 20,2 19,6 20,1 18,6 18,8 17,5 18,9 3,5 5,3 20,4 22,1 19,4 20,8 20,3 21,5 21,0 21,9 21,3 22,2 20,7 22,1 19,7 21,5

20,4 22,4 18,6 20,4 20,9 23,2 21,2 23,1 19,1 20,8 19,4 21,3 20,6 22,3 21,5 23,2 20,4 21,0 19,2 20,9 5,5 7,2 22,5 24,9 21,4 23,1 22,3 24,6 23,3 24,1 23,3 24,7 22,9 24,1 22,2 24,7

19,8 21,3 17,8 18,9 20,4 22,2 20,5 21,3 18,4 20,0 18,8 20,7 19,8 20,6 20,9 22,9 19,8 20,7 18,6 19,8 5,7 6,9 21,9 23,3 20,8 22,4 21,9 23,5 22,8 23,5 22,5 24,4 22,4 23,6 22,0 23,1

15,5 16,9 13,6 15,7 16,3 18,7 15,9 17,5 14,2 16,5 14,6 16,9 15,3 16,4 16,8 19,0 15,7 17,5 14,5 16,1 2,8 3,4 17,3 18,6 16,5 17,7 17,4 19,2 18,2 18,8 18,1 18,9 17,7 18,2 19,5

10,1 9,9 7,9 8,7 10,9 11,3 10,0 11,1 8,8 9,4 9,2 10,0 9,5 10,8 11,2 11,6 10,2 10,6 9,2 10,1 -0,8 -0,4 11,3 12,7 10,5 11,3 11,2 12,4 11,9 12,3 11,8 12,4 11,8 13,2 14,7

4,9 7,0 2,7 5,5 5,3 7,7 4,1 6,5 3,3 5,5 3,7 6,4 3,7 6,3 5,7 7,5 4,7 6,3 3,8 6,3 -4,8 -3,6 5,2 7,2 4,8 6,3 5,1 7,4 5,7 7,9 5,7 7,5 5,5 7,9 7,6 9,7

0,1 1,8 -2,2 -2,3 0,8 3,0 -0,8 -1,3 -1,4 0,5 -1,3 0,4 -0,9 -1,4 1,2 3,2 0,3 1,9 -1,1 1,7 -8,4 -7,4 0,1 0,5 0,0 1,2 0,4 0,7 1,0 1,0 0,5 1,1 0,4 1,4 2,8 4,3

1)

La staia meteorologic Bucureti-Filaret, n perioada 08.09.2009 - 05.10.2009 nu s-au efectuat msurtori asupra temperaturii medii a aerului. / During the period 08.09.2009 - 05.10.2009, no measurements of the air average temperature were made ot the Bucharest-Filaret meteorological station. Sursa: Administraia Naional de Meteorologie. Source: National Administration of Meteorology.

18

19

1.10
Staia meteorologic i anii de observaie

Temperatura aerului (maxima absolut i minima absolut lunar i anual) Air temperature (monthly and yearly absolute maximum and absolute minimum)
grade Celsius / Celsius degrees

Ianuarie January

Februarie February

Martie March

Aprilie April

Mai May

Iunie June

Iulie July

August August

Maxima absolut anual i data Septembrie Octombrie Noiembrie Decembrie nregistrrii September October November December Yearly absolute maximum and its date

Minima absolut anual i data nregistrrii Yearly absolute minimum and its date

Meteorological station and observation years

Satu Mare 1901 - 2000 maxima lunar anul minima lunar anul 2009 maxima lunar ziua minima lunar ziua Suceava 1901 - 2000 maxima lunar anul minima lunar anul 2009 maxima lunar ziua minima lunar ziua Oradea 1901 - 2000 maxima lunar anul minima lunar anul 2009 maxima lunar ziua minima lunar ziua Iai 1901 - 2000 maxima lunar anul minima lunar anul 2009 maxima lunar ziua minima lunar ziua Cluj - Napoca 1901 - 2000 maxima lunar anul minima lunar anul 2009 maxima lunar ziua minima lunar ziua

14,7 1990 -29,3 1982 12,9 23 -17,5 9

17,9 1989 -27,6 1940 15,2 7, 8 -18,3 19

26,0 1974 -20,6 1940 20,0 30 -5,5 26

30,7 1950 -6,4 1954 24,6 6, 9 1,3 25

32,4 1937 -2,6 1976 31,0 22 1,1 30

36,3 37,2 2000 1939; 1987 0,6 4,9 1977 1961 31,3 29 6,4 5 34,7 16, 23 8,9 13

39,4 1952 3,5 1980 34,5 4 8,1 21

37,3 1946 -4,7 1970 31,0 11 3,4 26

28,3 1943 -9,3 1971 27,1 8 -3,8 31

24,2 1968 -19,6 1989 15,2 9 -6,0 1

18,0 1989 -30,4 1961 15,2 1 -17,6 21

15,0 1984 -29,6 1954 7,0 23 -15,7 4

20,4 1990 -31,0 1954 14,2 7 -13,0 23

26,6 1952 -21,9 1955 22,0 30 -8,6 3

28,4 1943 -9,2 1963 23,3 29 -1,2 3

34,5 1958 -2,2 1999 30,0 22 3,6 2, 14

34,0 1972 1,5 1958 33,2 7 8,1 6

35,2 1988 5,5 1989 31,5 23, 24 9,3 28

38,6 1952 4,2 1993 30,9 3, 27 8,6 21

32,9 1986 -3,5 1953; 1977 29,9 5 4,7 21

32,0 1952 -8,0 1951; 1979 26,2 8 -3,0 17

24,0 1994 -21,2 1942 17,5 21 -4,7 2

18,0 1989 -29,8 1996 8,5 26 -21,0 21

17,1 1939 -29,2 1942 13,6 22 -14,9 4

19,2 1958 -24,5 1935 15,9 7 -16,6 20

26,4 1974 -18,6 1932 18,1 30 -3,5 20, 26

32,6 1934 -10,0 1944 25,6 30 3,3 26

33,4 1968 -4,0 1943 30,7 22 4,6 30

37,8 2000 1,0 1918 32,7 9 7,7 3

39,5 1936 5,0 1943 34,1 23 11,2 26

40,0 2000 4,2 1942; 1943 35,2 3 9,6 31

37,0 1942 -1,9 1970 31,2 4 7,7 8

32,7 1932 -10,5 1943 28,1 8 -0,7 31

26,0 1997 -16,4 1915 17,0 30 -3,7 2

19,2 1957 -26,2 1902 17,3 1 -15,0 21

16,7 1921 -30,6 1963 9,0 24 -13,6 4, 9

22,5 1990 -36,3 1937 16,2 7 -9,9 23

27,0 1926 -22,7 1952 19,6 30 -6,8 3

31,5 1909 -9,4 1963 25,5 29 0,9 23

36,4 1950 -3,0 1935 30,3 22 5,0 14

38,0 1927 3,5 1934 32,9 11 9,9 15

40,0 1909 6,3 1929 36,9 24 12,7 29

39,7 1905 4,6 1914 34,9 3 10,9 23

38,0 1946 -3,5 1921; 1931 33,1 5 4,7 20

33,9 1952 -9,6 1912 27,6 8 -3,0 31

29,0 1926 -21,1 1993 19,1 7 -2,9 3

19,5 1989 -29,5 1946 16,6 2 -19,8 21

14,0 1903 -34,2 1963 12,7 22 -16,9 4

19,3 1966 -32,5 1929 14,8 7 -12,7 21

26,6 30,2 1975 1926; 1950 -22,0 -8,4 1932 1923 20,3 30 -6,3 26 23,1 6 2,3 27

32,5 1924 -3,5 1935 29,8 22 1,8 30

36,0 1935 0,4 1955 31,4 7 6,5 13

37,0 1936 5,2 1980 33,2 23 10,2 28

38,0 1952 3,5 1933 32,0 4 10,5 20

33,7 1927 -3,0 1939 28,5 4 6,0 21

32,6 1952 -8,8 1997 25,0 10 -2,5 31

26,0 1926 -22,3 1948 19,1 8 -4,7 3

18,7 1982 -27,9 1927 12,9 2 -18,1 21

Satu Mare 1901 - 2000 39,4 monthly maximum 16 august 1952 year -30,4 monthly minimum 24 decembrie/December 1961 year 2009 34,7 monthly maximum 16, 23 iulie/July date -18,3 monthly minimum 19 februarie/February date Suceava 1901 - 2000 38,6 monthly maximum 17 august 1952 year -31,0 monthly minimum 20 februarie/February 1954 year 2009 33,2 monthly maximum 7 iunie/June date -21,0 monthly minimum 21 decembrie/December date Oradea 1901 - 2000 40,0 monthly maximum 21 august 2000 year -29,2 monthly minimum 24 ianuarie/January 1942 year 2009 35,2 monthly maximum 3 august date -16,6 monthly minimum 20 februarie/February date Iai 1901 - 2000 40,0 monthly maximum 27 iulie/July 1909 year -36,3 monthly minimum 1 februarie/February 1937 year 2009 36,9 monthly maximum 24 iulie/July date -19,8 monthly minimum 21 decembrie/December date Cluj - Napoca 1901 - 2000 38,0 monthly maximum 16 august 1952 year -34,2 monthly minimum 23 ianuarie/January 1963 year 2009 33,2 monthly maximum 23 iulie/July date -18,1 monthly minimum 21 decembrie/December date

20

21

1.10
Staia meteorologic i anii de observaie

Temperatura aerului (maxima absolut i minima absolut lunar i anual) - continuare Air temperature (monthly and yearly absolute maximum and absolute minimum) - continued
grade Celsius / Celsius degrees

Ianuarie January

Februarie February

Martie March

Aprilie April

Mai May

Iunie June

Iulie July

August August

Septembrie Octombrie Noiembrie Decembrie September October November December

Maxima absolut anual i data nregistrrii Yearly absolute maximum and its date

Minima absolut anual i data nregistrrii Yearly absolute minimum and its date

Meteorological station and observation years

Trgu Mure 1901 - 2000 maxima lunar anul minima lunar anul 2009 maxima lunar ziua minima lunar ziua Bacu 1901 - 2000 maxima lunar anul minima lunar anul 2009 maxima lunar ziua minima lunar ziua Timioara 1901 - 2000 maxima lunar anul minima lunar anul 2009 maxima lunar ziua minima lunar ziua Deva 1901 - 2000 maxima lunar anul minima lunar anul 2009 maxima lunar ziua minima lunar ziua Sibiu 1901 - 2000 maxima lunar anul minima lunar anul 2009 maxima lunar ziua minima lunar ziua

14,0 1936 -32,8 1942; 1963

19,0 1994 -32,0 1929

27,0 1975 -27,3 1932

32,5 1934 -7,5 1929

34,4 1950 -1,6 1976

35,3 1963 0,3 1928

39,0 1936 4,6 1996

38,5 1946 2,7 1958

38,2 1946 -3,3 1970

31,5 1952 -8,4 1988

26,5 1926 -19,6 1989

18,3 1960 -25,9 1927

14,5 22 -17,5 4

16,4 7 -10,6 24

23,8 30 -5,8 22

24,4 5, 20 -1,8 26

30,2 22 -0,4 8

31,5 7, 9, 10 7,1 14

33,9 18 10,5 21

33,5 4 11,2 10

31,4 4 6,1 22

27,5 8 -3,5 17

20,5 8 -6,1 3

11,4 3 -15,9 21

18,2 1984 -30,8 1963 7,5 19 -19,4 9

22,4 1977 -32,5 1954 16,3 6 -12,0 23

29,6 1952 -21,5 1986 19,1 30 -7,2 3

30,9 1943 -11,3 1963 24,1 29 -0,6 23

35,6 1908 -3,0 1912 30,2 12 4,9 9

36,5 1908 2,7 1939 33,7 7 8,4 15

39,6 1988 6,0 1904; 1954 36,1 24 10,2 27

38,8 1952 3,0 1940 34,5 3 10,0 10

35,8 1946 -4,5 1977 32,3 5 5,3 20

34,6 1952 -10,0 1912 26,9 9 -1,1 22

26,6 1990 -21,4 1993 17,7 19 -1,7 3

19,0 1903 -27,8 1946 11,4 26 -21,2 21

17,4 1979 -35,3 1963 14,4 20 -13,9 10

20,5 1994 -29,2 1935 17,1 5 -12,6 23

28,2 1952 -20,0 1932 24,1 30 -4,0 15, 20

32,0 1950 -5,2 1931 25,9 10 3,5 27

34,5 1950 -5,0 1935 31,8 18, 22 5,1 8, 31

38,4 1938 2,2 1962 32,6 16 8,0 5

39,6 1939 5,9 1962 35,1 16 11,4 13

41,0 1952 5,0 1949 35,2 3 12,5 16

39,7 1946 -1,9 1970 32,7 4 9,3 29

33,8 1935 -6,8 1971 28,9 8 -1,7 17

27,1 1926 -15,4 1922 18,2 17 -2,3 1

20,2 1957 -24,8 1927 17,0 24 -21,4 21

15,3 1939 -31,6 1963 13,5 22 -15,3 4

20,8 1977 -28,1 1929 16,2 7 -10,5 23

28,5 1952 -21,7 1987 23,2 30 -5,0 22

32,3 1956 -6,0 1926 25,3 9 3,2 24

34,6 1950 -2,4 1953 30,3 19 2,2 8

35,6 1952; 1963 2,2 1933 32,6 9 6,8 14

39,4 1931; 1936 3,7 1962 33,5 23, 24 9,8 27

39,7 1952 4,4 1961 33,5 2 12,8 20

38,2 1946 -4,2 1970 30,0 4 7,1 22

32,7 1932 -8,0 1997 28,0 8 -2,2 17

27,4 1926 -16,6 1922 20,3 8 -5,0 2

19,8 1957 -24,1 1927 13,3 25 -17,1 21

15,6 1903 -31,8 1963 14,1 22 -18,8 4

21,3 1966 -31,0 1929 15,6 4 -18,1 24

30,6 1952 -24,5 1932 23,7 30 -5,9 26

30,2 1934 -12,0 1942 22,9 5 -0,6 26

32,1 1973 -3,6 1963 29,6 19 2,8 8

35,4 1963 1,0 1934 31,7 16 8,1 14

37,5 1987 4,2 1996 32,3 24 10,7 28

38,4 1946 1,0 1981 32,8 3 11,5 25

39,5 1946 -3,6 1970; 1977 30,2 4 4,4 21

32,5 1932 -9,4 1997 26,6 8 -3,5 16

27,0 1926 -21,3 1948 20,4 8 -7,4 3

19,3 1957 -29,8 1927 16,3 25 -19,8 21

Trgu Mure 1901 - 2000 39,0 monthly maximum 29 iulie/July 1936 year -32,8 monthly minimum 25 ianuarie/January 1942; year 23 ianuarie/January 1963 2009 33,9 monthly maximum 18 iulie/July date -17,5 monthly minimum 4 ianuarie/January date Bacu 1901 - 2000 39,6 monthly maximum 6 iulie/July 1988 year -32,5 monthly minimum 20 februarie/February 1954 year 2009 36,1 monthly maximum 24 iulie/July date -21,2 monthly minimum 21 decembrie/December date Timioara 1901 - 2000 41,0 monthly maximum 16 august 1952 year -35,3 monthly minimum 24 ianuarie/January 1963 year 2009 35,2 monthly maximum 3 august date -21,4 monthly minimum 21 decembrie/December date Deva 1901 - 2000 39,7 monthly maximum 16 august 1952 year -31,6 monthly minimum 24 ianuarie/January 1963 year 2009 33,5 monthly maximum 23, 24 iulie/July; 2 august date -17,1 monthly minimum 21 decembrie/December date Sibiu 1901 - 2000 39,5 monthly maximum 7 septembrie/September 1946 year -31,8 monthly minimum 23 ianuarie/January 1963 year 2009 32,8 monthly maximum 3 august date -19,8 monthly minimum 21 decembrie/December date

22

23

1.10
Staia meteorologic i anii de observaie

Temperatura aerului (maxima absolut i minima absolut lunar i anual) - continuare Air temperature (monthly and yearly absolute maximum and absolute minimum) - continued
grade Celsius / Celsius degrees

Ianuarie January

Februarie February

Martie March

Aprilie April

Mai May

Iunie June

Iulie July

August August

Septembrie Octombrie Noiembrie Decembrie September October November December

Maxima absolut anual i data nregistrrii Yearly absolute maximum and its date

Minima absolut anual i data nregistrrii Yearly absolute minimum and its date

Meteorological station and observation years

Vrfu Omu 1901 - 2000 maxima lunar anul minima lunar anul 2009 maxima lunar ziua minima lunar ziua Galai 1901 - 2000 maxima lunar anul minima lunar anul 2009 maxima lunar ziua minima lunar ziua Trgu Jiu 1901 - 2000 maxima lunar anul minima lunar anul 2009 maxima lunar ziua minima lunar ziua Buzu 1901 - 2000 maxima lunar anul minima lunar anul 2009 maxima lunar ziua minima lunar ziua Calafat 1901 - 2000 maxima lunar anul minima lunar anul 2009 maxima lunar ziua minima lunar ziua

5,6 1949 -32,3 1964 1,0 14 -22,6 9

6,0 1950 -38,0 1929 -3,2 4 -20,4 17

12,2 1974 -29,6 1987 2,4 31 -16,1 26

12,8 1986 -26,0 1940 7,0 3 -11,8 26

16,6 1986 -16,0 1940 10,4 22 -8,0 8

22,0 1939 -12,0 1939 14,8 16 -4,3 14

22,1 1984 -8,0 1933 18,0 24 0,2 27

20,8 1956; 1957 -7,0 1949 16,0 3 1,2 10

19,2 1993 -15,0 1935 14,6 5 -2,5 21

20,0 1935 -19,0 1946 11,8 9 -14,0 15

13,6 1945 -30,8 1957 4,1 22 -13,7 2

8,2 1972 -32,4 1957 1,5 1 -19,4 21

17,3 1993 -26,5 1929 13,1 24 -11,3 9

22,4 1990 -28,6 1929 15,3 6 -6,2 23

27,8 1952 -17,2 1985 21,0 30 -4,8 3

31,8 1998 -5,2 1904 23,9 29 1,2 23

36,2 1950 -0,1 1935 30,0 12, 22 8,5 8

35,8 1908 3,8 1973 35,5 7 11,1 13

40,2 2000 7,3 1976 38,4 24 15,3 14

39,0 1904 6,2 1980 34,4 4 13,6 10

35,7 1968 -1,5 1977 34,1 5 9,5 20, 21, 22

33,5 1952 -6,8 1973 25,8 8 1,9 31

25,6 1926 -17,4 1933 20,6 7 -3,5 3

20,0 1947 -20,7 1996 17,5 2 -14,4 19

18,3 1983 -31,0 1942 13,0 23 -13,5 5

21,7 1990 -28,3 1954 15,3 6 -6,8 26

26,4 1957 -24,7 1987 22,9 31 -5,0 20

31,8 1926 -4,6 1968 24,7 5, 30 0,7 24

37,5 1950 -1,2 1938 30,7 17 3,9 31

36,6 1947; 1963 2,2 1918; 1990 33,1 16 6,3 14

40,6 2000 5,0 1993 36,5 24 10,6 27

39,0 1922; 1946 1952 2,6 1939 36,3 4 12,6 27, 29

40,6 1946 -4,0 1906 32,8 5 6,7 22

31,5 1935 -9,0 1918 26,6 8 -0,5 16

26,4 1926 -15,1 1904 20,8 20 -1,9 30

20,0 1986 -26,9 1940 14,5 2 -19,2 21

18,4 1936 -29,6 1942 11,0 24 -14,2 9

22,2 1990 -25,0 1929 16,4 6 -6,6 23

27,9 1947 -17,0 1901 21,6 30 -4,1 3

31,5 1909; 1947 -5,3 1944 23,9 8 0,5 23

37,3 1950 -2,0 1915 29,6 17, 22 6,3 8

38,5 1908 4,6 1973 33,6 10, 11 9,6 1

39,8 2000 7,5 1902 36,8 24 15,1 14

39,6 1951 5,4 1939 36,2 4 13,3 10

37,0 1946 -2,0 1977 34,5 5 8,3 29

35,3 1952 -8,0 1988 27,8 9 0,1 15

25,0 1963 -17,6 1975 20,5 20 -2,9 30

21,6 1989 -23,0 1902 14,0 2 -15,6 21

20,5 1993 -29,2 1947 11,3 26 -17,4 6

22,4 1990 -24,6 1950 17,3 5 -12,4 26

27,6 1952; 1994 -15,7 1963 21,2 31 -3,6 26

34,5 1985 -3,0 1912 25,2 16 1,3 23

36,6 1969 1,6 1952 32,0 22 5,2 31

39,5 1908 6,2 1962 36,3 16 10,0 14

43,2 2000 9,0 1913 38,2 24 12,3 28

41,3 1945 7,3 1904 36,6 3 15,2 26

39,8 1946 -1,3 1977 34,9 4 7,7 21

31,6 1991 -6,2 1988 28,8 9 -0,9 17

25,9 1970 -16,2 1988 22,1 20 -1,1 23

21,2 1989 -21,8 1948 12,7 6 -20,2 19

Vrfu Omu 1901 - 2000 22,1 monthly maximum 14 iulie/July 1984 year -38,0 monthly minimum 10 februarie/February 1929 year 2009 18,0 monthly maximum 24 iulie/July date -22,6 monthly minimum 9 ianuarie/January date Galai 1901 - 2000 40,2 monthly maximum 5 iulie/July 2000 year -28,6 monthly minimum 10 februarie/February 1929 year 2009 38,4 monthly maximum 24 iulie/July date -14,4 monthly minimum 19 decembrie/December date Trgu Jiu 1901 - 2000 40,6 monthly maximum 8 septembrie/September 1946 year 4 iulie/July 2000 -31,0 monthly minimum 24 ianuarie/January 1942 year 2009 36,5 monthly maximum 24 iulie/July date -19,2 monthly minimum 21 decembrie/December date Buzu 1901 - 2000 39,8 monthly maximum 5 iulie/July 2000 year -29,6 monthly minimum 24 ianuarie/January 1942 year 2009 36,8 monthly maximum 24 iulie/July date -15,6 monthly minimum 21 decembrie/December date Calafat 1901 - 2000 43,2 monthly maximum 4 iulie/July 2000 year -29,2 monthly minimum 8 ianuarie/January 1947 year 2009 38,2 monthly maximum 24 iulie/July date -20,2 monthly minimum 19 decembrie/December date

24

25

1.10
Staia meteorologic i anii de observaie

Temperatura aerului (maxima absolut i minima absolut lunar i anual) - continuare Air temperature (monthly and yearly absolute maximum and absolute minimum) - continued
grade Celsius / Celsius degrees

Ianuarie January

Februarie February

Martie March

Aprilie April

Mai May

Iunie June

Iulie July

August August

Septembrie Octombrie Noiembrie Decembrie September October November December

Maxima absolut anual i data nregistrrii Yearly absolute maximum and its date

Minima absolut anual i data nregistrrii Yearly absolute minimum and its date

Meteorological station and observation years

Turnu Mgurele 1901 - 2000 maxima lunar anul minima lunar anul 2009 maxima lunar ziua minima lunar ziua Bucureti - Filaret 1901 - 2000 maxima lunar anul minima lunar anul 2009 maxima lunar ziua minima lunar ziua Constana 1901 - 2000 maxima lunar anul minima lunar anul 2009 maxima lunar ziua minima lunar ziua

18,0 1983 -30,0 1942 12,4 20 -16,2 12

24,1 1995 -26,0 1950 17,9 6 -12,0 24

29,6 1951 -22,2 1929 23,2 31 -5,0 26

34,2 1985 -4,6 1923 24,8 9, 18 0,0 5

38,8 1950 0,5 1938 31,0 15 5,0 8, 31

38,2 1957 5,0 1911 36,0 16 8,5 14

43,2 1987 9,0 1974 38,5 25 14,0 27

41,4 1952 6,6 1981 38,5 4 13,5 26

40,0 1946 -2,5 1977 35,6 5 7,5 21

36,4 1952 -5,8 1988 28,0 9 -1,0 15

26,7 1963 -18,2 1993 22,6 8 -1,5 3

22,0 1903 -25,0 1933 10,5 3, 31 -17,6 19

43,2 25 iulie/July 1987

38,5 25 iulie/July; 4 august

16,8 1983 -30,0 1942 13,5 24 -12,8 10

23,0 1995 -24,2 1929 18,4 6 -6,2 17

28,8 1947 -13,6 1929 23,5 30 -2,5 26

34,4 1934 -5,5 1923 26,4 30 0,6 23

36,6 1950 -0,2 1915 31,6 23 6,4 8

40,3 1918 4,2 1918 37,0 7 11,1 1

42,4 2000 8,6 1933 37,8 24 15,5 14

41,1 1945 6,6 1981 36,2 4 14,0 12

39,6 1946 -1,6 1906 35,9 5 10,0 21

35,5 1952 -10,7 1920 28,5 9 1,6 15, 31

29,4 1926 -17,8 1904 20,5 7 -0,8 3

20,8 1903 -26,4 1927 14,0 2 -12,0 21

42,4 5 iulie/July 2000

37,8 24 iulie/July

18,0 1988 -24,7 1942 14,3 24 -10,0 9

24,5 1995 -25,0 1929 16,5 6 -3,5 27

30,8 1952 -12,8 1929 17,8 24 -2,2 3

31,9 1985 -4,5 1923 23,6 30 4,1 24

36,9 1969 1,8 1915 29,6 23 9,2 31

36,9 1982 6,4 1913 29,7 26 12,1 1

38,5 1927 7,6 1944 34,0 17 17,2 14

36,8 1902 8,0 1936; 1949 28,9 1, 6 16,1 12

34,8 1987 1,0 1931 27,5 5 11,0 22

31,0 1928 -12,4 1920 27,3 2 4,2 15

26,5 1990 -11,7 1953 16,8 7, 10 1,5 2

21,0 1903 -18,6 1948 16,5 31 -9,6 19

38,5 10 iulie/July 1927

34,0 17 iulie/July

Turnu Mgurele 1901 - 2000 monthly maximum year -30,0 monthly minimum 25 ianuarie/January 1942 year 2009 monthly maximum date -17,6 monthly minimum 19 decembrie/December date Bucharest - Filaret 1901 - 2000 monthly maximum year -30,0 monthly minimum 25 ianuarie/January 1942 year 2009 monthly maximum date -12,8 monthly minimum 10 ianuarie/January date Constana 1901 - 2000 monthly maximum year -25,0 monthly minimum 10 februarie/February 1929 year 2009 monthly maximum date -10,0 monthly minimum 9 ianuarie/January date

Sursa: Administraia Naional de Meteorologie. Source: National Administration of Meteorology.

26

27

1.11

Precipitaii atmosferice (cantitatea lunar i anual) Precipitations (monthly and yearly quantity)
mm

Staia meteorologic i anii de observaie Satu Mare 1901 - 2000 2009 Suceava 1901 - 2000 2009 Oradea 1901 - 2000 2009 Iai 1901 - 2000 2009 Cluj - Napoca 1901 - 2000 2009 Trgu Mure 1901 - 2000 2009 Bacu 1901 - 2000 2009 Timioara 1901 - 2000 2009 Deva 1901 - 2000 2009 Sibiu 1901 - 2000 2009 Vrfu Omu 1901 - 2000 2009 Galai 1901 - 2000 2009 Trgu Jiu 1901 - 2000 2009 Buzu 1901 - 2000 2009 Calafat 1901 - 2000 2009 Turnu Mgurele 1901 - 2000 2009 Bucureti - Filaret 1901 - 2000 2009 Constana 1901 - 2000 2009

Ianuarie January

Februarie February

Martie March

Aprilie April

Mai May

Iunie June

Iulie July

August Septembrie August September

Octombrie October

Noiembrie November

Decembrie December

Anual Yearly

Meteorological station and observation years Satu Mare 1901 - 2000 2009 Suceava 1901 - 2000 2009 Oradea 1901 - 2000 2009 Iai 1901 - 2000 2009 Cluj - Napoca 1901 - 2000 2009 Trgu Mure 1901 - 2000 2009 Bacu 1901 - 2000 2009 Timioara 1901 - 2000 2009 Deva 1901 - 2000 2009 Sibiu 1901 - 2000 2009 Vrfu Omu 1901 - 2000 2009 Galai 1901 - 2000 2009 Trgu Jiu 1901 - 2000 2009 Buzu 1901 - 2000 2009 Calafat 1901 - 2000 2009 Turnu Mgurele 1901 - 2000 2009 Bucharest - Filaret 1901 - 2000 2009 Constana 1901 - 2000 2009

39,8 33,3 24,2 45,3 36,3 22,2 29,7 54,1 26,3 15,9 28,4 15,8 25,0 56,9 39,1 27,3 32,1 19,0 28,6 25,1 71,6 67,8 30,0 60,3 52,4 76,1 26,5 42,9 39,0 54,6 35,8 29,8 39,5 66,3 28,8 37,8

35,9 28,3 24,4 18,9 32,1 36,1 26,9 57,0 26,4 40,7 28,7 29,0 25,6 43,4 37,5 24,3 29,7 20,2 26,6 51,2 79,5 71,8 26,0 21,8 50,0 41,6 25,6 11,3 36,1 50,1 32,3 71,8 33,3 39,1 26,3 36,6

35,0 59,5 24,4 29,2 35,5 60,2 28,4 30,6 25,4 72,0 26,3 53,6 26,3 13,2 36,5 48,4 28,7 51,0 31,2 34,2 76,6 119,2 24,0 43,4 45,4 22,6 22,9 42,3 37,0 34,5 34,4 30,8 38,1 31,1 24,9 14,4

44,8 17,6 47,5 8,4 48,1 13,3 43,9 1,1 46,4 10,0 49,0 5,3 38,6 12,1 48,2 22,8 47,4 14,6 53,8 4,6 86,0 43,5 38,1 22,2 63,6 34,2 40,1 26,6 47,8 12,3 42,0 17,8 46,0 16,3 28,7 24,7

63,1 50,8 74,7 82,2 65,5 27,1 55,9 30,8 74,4 34,2 73,8 50,5 66,6 61,2 63,4 44,8 64,7 48,0 78,3 38,6 106,9 97,0 50,5 30,2 83,3 52,8 63,9 52,6 60,0 25,6 56,7 24,0 68,1 50,4 36,6 49,1

81,4 80,6 92,0 154,8 83,3 97,6 82,6 57,1 90,0 129,8 90,0 88,6 86,8 162,8 81,0 111,6 78,8 99,0 106,4 113,6 140,1 143,5 66,3 37,2 92,0 98,8 80,3 90,0 63,2 118,2 64,7 76,2 85,5 88,7 42,2 4,4

69,4 20,2 89,9 120,8 64,3 21,9 69,3 30,1 79,0 54,4 80,0 36,9 81,0 53,8 58,3 41,1 69,4 69,4 87,6 154,4 135,5 202,9 47,9 56,2 64,4 76,2 62,1 32,8 46,4 48,2 52,6 35,0 59,2 125,8 33,7 106,6

62,2 53,4 67,6 23,7 56,2 89,4 56,0 36,8 72,7 47,0 69,7 51,6 62,5 42,4 51,5 28,5 58,5 70,8 71,0 65,4 105,7 119,0 40,3 5,8 57,6 70,4 50,1 36,0 36,0 63,3 38,6 15,2 50,0 70,2 29,8 5,8

45,6 9,2 44,6 20,1 47,1 8,4 45,3 7,7 42,7 5,0 43,7 10,0 48,9 26,6 43,9 4,8 44,4 3,6 54,6 7,4 65,8 31,8 39,5 62,0 53,5 28,4 38,7 32,6 39,3 23,8 37,6 39,8 40,6 55,9 29,7 44,6

46,0 108,0 30,3 62,9 44,0 91,5 32,5 86,6 37,5 91,2 41,7 93,2 35,9 60,9 49,7 80,4 41,2 66,6 43,9 87,2 59,6 92,6 34,4 47,2 64,5 105,0 35,2 54,0 47,1 91,0 41,2 62,7 42,9 61,1 33,7 50,2

47,3 91,1 34,1 18,7 48,6 86,3 37,0 3,0 31,6 50,1 36,7 47,8 34,0 25,1 48,7 105,5 36,9 60,8 33,9 19,3 55,5 63,0 34,3 15,2 62,6 90,5 39,2 28,5 52,0 62,6 45,4 19,5 47,8 19,6 39,6 5,6

53,3 76,9 25,2 37,1 52,2 55,6 29,7 49,9 30,6 43,5 32,5 60,0 30,0 44,1 49,4 84,5 38,3 62,9 29,2 42,7 68,5 48,4 32,6 91,4 63,0 106,3 32,8 29,6 48,9 105,7 40,3 63,7 41,4 61,2 34,3 81,9

598,8 628,9 562,9 622,1 588,9 609,6 517,8 444,8 564,7 593,8 583,5 542,3 543,5 602,5 583,9 624,0 551,1 585,9 626,2 643,7 1023,7 1100,5 445,6 492,9 726,3 802,9 501,5 479,2 532,8 689,9 502,7 486,3 567,7 685,7 368,1 461,7

Sursa: Administraia Naional de Meteorologie. Source: National Administration of Meteorology.

28

29

1.12

Ariile protejate, n anul 2009 Protected areas, in 2009


Numr Number 77 13 230 Suprafaa (ha) Area (ha) 3102321) 3162711) 96228 Categories of protected areas Scientific reserves National parks Natural monuments

Categorii de arii protejate Rezervaii tiinifice Parcuri naionale Monumente ale naturii

Rezervaii naturale Parcuri naturale Rezervaii ale biosferei Zone umede de importan internaional Arii de protecie special avifaunistic Situri de importan comunitar

661 14 3 5 108 273

3080311) 7638941) 664446 616571 2988713 3284092

Natural reserves Natural parks Biosphere reserves Wetlands of international importance Special avifaunistic protection areas Sites of community interest

Not: Suprafeele ariilor protejate au fost calculate conform Legii nr. 5/2000 privind Planul de amenajare a teritoriului naional - Seciunea a III-a - zone protejate i H.G.-urilor nr.: 2151/2004, 1581/2005, 1143/2007 privind instituirea regimului de arie natural protejat pentru noi zone; H.G. nr.1284/2007 privind declararea ariilor de protecie special avifaunistic precum i H.G. Nr.1964/2007 privind instituirea regimului de arie natural protejat a siturilor de importan comunitar, ca parte integrant a reelei ecologice europene Natura 2000 n Romnia. Note: Protected areas were calculated according to the Law no.5/2000 on The Plan of natural territory arrangement - Section III protected areas and G.D. no. 2151/2004, 1581/2005, 1143/2007 on the creation of protected natural area regime for new zone. G.D. no.1284/2007 on declaration of avifauna special protection areas and G.D. no.1964/2007 on creation of protected natural area regime of community importance, as integrated part of European ecological networks Nature 2000 in Romania. 1) Suprafee reevaluate prin msurtori realizate cu tehnologii GIS. / Reevaluated areas by means of GIS technologies. Sursa: Agenia Naional pentru Protecia Mediului. / Source: National Agency for Environment Protection.

1.13
Total

Rezervaii ale biosferei, n anul 2009 Biosphere reservations, in 2009


Judeul County Suprafaa1) (ha) Area1) (ha) 664446 Tulcea, Constana Hunedoara Maramure, Bistria-Nsud, Suceava 580000 38047 46399

Denumirea rezervaiei Name of reserve

Delta Dunrii / Danube Delta Retezat Rodna

1) Conform Legii nr. 5/2000 privind Planul de amenajare a teritoriului naional - Seciunea a III-a - zone protejate. / According to the Law no.5/2000

on The Plan of natural territory arrangement - Section III protected areas. Sursa: Agenia Naional pentru Protecia Mediului. / Source: National Agency for Environment Protection.

30

1.14

Parcurile naionale i parcurile naturale, n anul 2009 National and natural parks, in 2009
Suprafaa legislaie (ha) Area legislation (ha) 315857 Suprafaa GIS (ha)1) Area GIS (ha)1) 316271

Denumirea parcului Name of park

Judeul County

Parcuri naionale - total National parks - total Domogled-Valea Cernei Rodna Retezat Cheile Nerei-Beunia Semenic-Cheile Caraului Climani Cozia Piatra Craiului Munii Mcinului Defileul Jiului Ceahlu Cheile Bicazului-Hma Buila-Vnturria Parcuri naturale - total Natural parks - total Munii Maramureului Porile de Fier Geoparcul Platoul Mehedini Geoparcul Dinozaurilor - ara Haegului Munii Apuseni Putna - Vrancea Bucegi Vntori Neam Comana Balta Mica a Brilei Lunca Mureului Grditea Muncelului - Cioclovina Defileul Mureului Superior Lunca Joas a Prutului Inferior Maramure Cara-Severin, Mehedini Mehedini Hunedoara Alba, Bihor, Cluj Vrancea Arge, Braov, Dmbovia, Prahova Neam Giurgiu Brila Arad, Timi Hunedoara Mure Galai Cara-Severin, Mehedini, Gorj Bistria-Nsud, Maramure, Suceava Hunedoara Cara-Severin Cara-Severin Bistria-Nsud, Suceava, Mure Vlcea Arge, Braov Tulcea Gorj, Hunedoara Neam Neam, Harghita Vlcea

60100 46399 38047 37100 36665 24041 17100 14800 11321 11127 8396 6575 4186 737428

61190 47207 38117 36707 36220 23915 16721 14781 11114 11136 7739 6933 4491 763894

148850 115656 106000 102392 75784 38204 32663 30818 24963 17529 17166 10000 9156 8247

133419 128196 106492 100487 76022 38190 32598 30841 24963 20460 17355 38116 9494 7261

Not: Suprafeele ariilor protejate au fost calculate conform Legii nr. 5/2000 privind Planul de amenajare a teritoriului naional - Seciunea a III-a - zone protejate i H.G.-urilor nr. 2151/2004, 1581/2005, 1143/2007 privind instituirea regimului de arie natural protejat pentru noi zone. Note: Protected areas were calculated according to the Law no.5/2000 on The Plan of natural territory arrangement - Section III protected areas and G.D. no. 2151/2004, 1581/2005, 1143/2007 on the setting up of protected natural area regime for new zones. 1) Calculat n GIS conform limitelor publicate pe site-ul Ministerului Mediului i Pdurilor. / Calculated in GIS according to limits issued on the site of Ministry of Environment and Forests. Sursa: Agenia Naional pentru Protecia Mediului. / Source: National Agency for Environment Protection.

31

1.15

Resursele de ap asigurate, potrivit gradului de amenajare, n anul 2009 Water resources assured, according to the arrangement level, in 2009
milioane m3 / an million m3 / year 39364 33953 13953 256 715 395 1059 609 2109 1682 40 1672 430 1956 726 2304 20000 5411

Surse de ap / Water sources Bazine hidrografice / Hydrographic basins Total Ape de suprafa / Superficial waters Ruri interioare / Inland rivers Tisa Some Criuri Mure Spaiul Banat1) / Banat Space1) Jiu Olt Vedea Arge Ialomia Siret Prut Alte bazine2) / Other basins2) Dunrea / The Danube Ape subterane / Underground waters
1) Spaiul Banat / Banat Space = Bega, Cara, Brzava, Timi, Cerna, Nera. 2) Alte bazine / Other basins = Clmui - Olt, Clmui - Buzu.

Sursa: Administraia Naional Apele Romne. / Source: National Administration Romanian Waters.

1.16

Calitatea apelor de suprafa, n anul 2009 Superficial water quality, in 2009


km

Bazine hidrografice Hydrographic basins

Total lungimi pe ruri supravegheate Total length of monitored rivers 26347 548 1818 1910 2690 1861 1588 3465 1103 2681 1460 4209 1608 1075 331

din care: / of which: Clasa I The first class 6784 238 284 993 737 686 949 1146 14 277 1372 88 Clasa II The second class 12341 224 970 638 1361 802 438 1761 623 1708 379 1603 767 1061 6 Clasa III The third class 4715 77 365 198 333 303 125 291 207 641 571 817 545 14 228 Clasa IV The fourth class 1596 122 81 186 70 73 155 157 256 75 134 197 90 Clasa V The fifth class 911 9 77 73 3 112 116 62 158 283 11 7

Total Tisa Some Criuri Mure-Aranca Spaiul Banat1) / Banat Space1) Jiu Olt Vedea Arge Ialomia2) Siret Prut Dunrea / The Danube Litoral / Seaside

1) Spaiul Banat / Banat Space = Bega, Cara, Brzava, Timi, Cerna, Nera. 2) Inclusiv rul Clmui. / Including Clmui river.

Sursa: Administraia Naional Apele Romne. / Source: National Administration Romanian Waters.

32

1.17

Investiii pentru protecia mediului, n anul 2009 Investments for environment protection, in 2009
mii lei preuri curente / lei thou current prices

Sectoare de activitate Activity sectors

Total

Prevenirea i combaterea polurii, pe domenii de mediu: Prevention and control of pollution, by environmental field: sol i ape subterane aer ap deeuri soil and air water wastes underground waters 1271284 686471 282997

Protecia resurselor naturale i conservarea biodiversitii Natural resources protection and biodiversity preservation 61640

Alte domenii Other fields

Total

4338024 1166901

868731

Productori nespecializai / Non-specialised producers Total Silvicultur i exploatare forestier Foresty and logging Industrie extractiv Mining and quarrying Industrie prelucrtoare Manufacturing Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Construcii Construction Transporturi Transport 1773140 22065 303104 717712 927694 111677 368108 218276 3192 39967 123948 176758 8383 79161 225065 1545 63726 48424 47394 15216 7130 24284 177953 2112 72221 73787

655651

419616

37430

86924

85324

674

25683

8268 66340

2149 26144

2576 11163

1584 706

803 25243

29 61

1127 3023

Productori specializai / Specialised producers Total Distribuia apei i salubritate Water supply and sewerage 1046720 715530 94864 90832 543694 536708 342625 50997 16330 9421 5371 43836 27572

Colectarea, tratarea i eliminarea deeurilor; activiti de recuperare a materialelor reciclabile 292442 Waste collection, purification and disposal; activities of recycling materials recovery Activiti i servicii de decontaminare Activities and services of decontamination Comer cu ridicata al deeurilor i resturilor Wholesale of waste and remains 6889

3875

2878

263704

368

5371

16246

157

3214

3463

39

16

31859

894

24461

6502

Administraie public / Public administration Total Administraie public central Central public adminstration Administraie public local Local public adminstration 1518164 583277 934887 144343 93566 50777 509314 1375 507939 167088 12104 154984 41602 1375 40227 8875 8875 646942 474857 172085

33

1.18

Cheltuieli curente interne pentru protecia mediului, n anul 2009 Internal current expenditure for environment protection, in 2009
mii lei preuri curente / lei thou current prices

Sectoare de activitate Activity sectors

Total

Prevenirea i combaterea polurii, pe domenii de mediu: Prevention and control of pollution, by environmental field: sol i ape subterane aer ap deeuri soil and air water wastes underground waters 652059 1065515 4807186 128295

Protecia resurselor naturale i conservarea biodiversitii Natural resources protection and biodiversity preservation 120430

Alte domenii Other fields

Total

7455961

682476

Productori nespecializai / Non-specialised producers Total Silvicultur i exploatare forestier Foresty and logging Industrie extractiv Mining and quarrying Industrie prelucrtoare Manufacturing 1324524 16746 148975 711155 267578 21931 136264 287180 45269 150622 243031 4531 117805 97497 6 7344 32261 52146 16740 579 18693 377092 69321 255510

Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat 175083 Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Construcii Construction Transporturi Transport 210071 62494

76256

46201

17197

12298

601

22530

1505 31622

43077 2011

97972 5526

44353 1235

15529 4

7635 22096

Productori specializai / Specialised producers Total Distribuia apei i salubritate Water supply and sewerage Colectarea, tratarea i eliminarea deeurilor; activiti de recuperarea materialelor reciclabile Waste collection, purification and disposal; activities of recycling materials recovery Activiti i servicii de decontaminare Activities and services of decontamination Comer cu ridicata al deeurilor i resturilor Wholesale of waste and remains 5070253 743415 34878 24158 693247 668021 4140827 43346 26532 7179 58744 134 116025 577

3242038

1245

13598

3042493

11274

58610

114818

27231

1276

8362

13629

3418

546

1057569

8199

3266

1041359

4661

84

Administraie public / Public administration Total Administraie public central Central public adminstration Administraie public local Local public adminstration 1061184 456332 604852 349603 338266 11337 85088 23888 61200 423328 1812 421516 4266 193 4073 9540 8 9532 189359 92165 97194

34

POPULAIE

POPULATION

CUPRINS TABELE

Pagina Page

TABLES CONTENTS

2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 2.14 2.15 2.16 2.17 2.18 2.19 2.20 2.21 2.22 2.23 2.24 2.25 2.26 2.27 2.28 2.29 2.30

Populaia pe sexe i medii ....................................... 44 Populaia pe grupe de vrst i sexe, la 1 iulie ...... 46 Populaia pe vrste, sexe i medii, la 1 iulie 2009 ... 47 Populaia judeelor, municipiilor i oraelor, la 1 iulie 2009 ........................................................... 49 Gruparea judeelor i localitilor dup numrul locuitorilor, la 1 iulie 2009 ........................................ 53 Micarea natural a populaiei ................................ 54 Micarea natural a populaiei, pe medii ................. 56 Nscuii-vii dup grupa de vrst a prinilor .......... 58 Nscuii-vii dup rangul nscutului-viu i grupa de vrst a mamei ................................................... 60 Vrsta medie a mamei la natere, pe medii ............ 62 ntreruperi de sarcin, pe grupe de vrst .............. 62 Ratele de fertilitate, pe grupe de vrst i indicele conjunctural al fertilitii .......................... 63 Decesele, pe grupe de vrst i sexe ..................... 64 Decesele sub 1 an, dup grupa de vrst ............. 65 Decese, pe cauze de deces .................................... 66 Decese sub 1 an, pe cauze de deces ..................... 68 Durata medie a vieii, pe sexe i medii .................... 69 Cstoriile dup grupa de vrst a soilor .............. 70 Cstoriile dup starea civil a soilor nainte de cstorie ................................................. 71 Vrsta medie la cstorie i vrsta medie la prima cstorie, pe medii .......................... 72 Divorurile dup grupa de vrst a soilor ................ 72 Divorurile dup numrul copiilor minori rmai prin desfacerea cstoriei ............................ 76 Migraia intern determinat de schimbarea domiciliului, pe medii i sexe ................................... 76 Migraia intern determinat de schimbarea domiciliului, pe grupe de vrst i medii .................. 77 Structura fluxurilor migraiei interne urbane i rurale, determinate de schimbarea domiciliului ........ 78 Emigranii, pe sexe i grupe de vrst ................... 79 Emigranii, dup naionalitate i ara de destinaie ........................................................... 79 Imigranii, pe sexe i grupe de vrst ...................... 80 Imigranii, dup ara de provenien ........................ 80 Migraia internaional determinat de schimbarea domiciliului, pe sexe ............................ 80

Population by sex and area Population by age group and sex, on July 1 Population by age, sex and area, on July 1, 2009 Population of counties, municipalities and towns, on July 1, 2009 Classification of counties and localities by inhabitants number, on July 1, 2009 Vital statistics Vital statistics, by area Live-births by age group of parents Live-births by live-birth order and age group of mother Average age of mother at birth, by area Abortions, by age group Fertility rates, by age group and total fertility rate Deaths, by age group and sex Infant deaths, by age group Deaths, by death causes Deaths under 1 year of age, by cause of death Life expectancy, by sex and area Marriages by age group of spouses Marriages by previous marital status of spouses Average age at marriage and average age at first marriage, by area Divorces by age group of spouses Divorces by number of under age children remained through marriage dissolution Internal migration determined by permanent residence changing, by area and sex Internal migration determined by permanent residence changing, by age group and area Structure of urban and rural internal migration flows determined by permanent residence changing Emigrants, by sex and age group Emigrants, by nationality and country of destination Immigrants, by sex and age group Immigrants, by origin country International migration determined by change of permanent residence, by sex

36

Teritorial

Territorial

2.31 2.32 2.33 2.34 2.35 2.36 2.37 2.38 2.39

2.40

2.41 2.42 2.43

Populaia i densitatea populaiei, n profil teritorial, la recensminte .......................................................... Populaia, n profil teritorial, pe sexe i medii, la 1 iulie 2009 ............................................................. Populaia, n profil teritorial i pe grupe de vrst, la 1 iulie 2009 ............................................................. Micarea natural a populaiei, n profil teritorial i pe medii, n anul 2009 ................................................ Ratele de fertilitate, n profil teritorial i pe grupe de vrst, n anul 2009 .............................................. Durata medie a vieii, n profil teritorial, pe sexe i medii, n anul 2009 ................................................. Decesele, pe cauze de deces, n profil teritorial, n anul 2009 ............................................................... Vrsta medie a soilor la data ncheierii cstoriei, n profil teritorial i pe medii, n anul 2009 ................. Divorurile, dup numrul copiilor minori rmai prin desfacerea cstoriei, n profil teritorial, n anul 2009 ............................................................... Migraia intern determinat de schimbarea domiciliului, n profil teritorial i pe medii, n anul 2009 ............................................................... Emigranii, n profil teritorial i pe grupe de vrst, n anul 2009 ............................................................... Imigranii, n profil teritorial i pe grupe de vrst, n anul 2009 ............................................................... Migraia internaional, n profil teritorial i pe sexe, n anul 2009 ...............................................................

Population and population density, at territorial level, on censuses Population, at territorial level, by sex and area, on July 1, 2009 Population, at territorial level and by age group, on July 1, 2009 Vital statistics, at territorial level and by area, in 2009 Age - specific fertility rates, at territorial level and by age group, in 2009 Life expectancy, at territorial level, by sex and area, in 2009 Deaths, by death causes, at territorial level, in 2009 Average age of spouses at marriage date, at territorial level and by area, in 2009 Divorces, by number of under age children remained through marriage dissolution,at territorial level, in 2009 Internal migration determined by change of permanent residence, at territorial level and by area, in 2009 Emigrants, at territorial level and by age group, in 2009 Immigrants, at territorial level and by age group, in 2009 International migration, at territorial level and by sex, in 2009

SURSA DATELOR
Cercetri statistice: Recensmintele populaiei; Statistici din evidena curent a populaiei, pentru datele referitoare la numrul i structura demografic a populaiei; nregistrri din evidena strii civile: Buletine statistice demografice completate de oficiile de stare civil cu date referitoare la nateri, decese, cstorii i de judectorii pentru divoruri. Surse administrative: Baza de date a Ministerului Administraiei i Internelor, privind evidena persoanelor, pentru migraia intern i internaional, determinat de schimbarea domiciliului.

DATA SOURCE
Statistical surveys: Population censuses; Statistics from current evidence of population, for data referring to population number and demographic structure; Registrations from civil register evidence: Statistical demographic reports filled in by civil register offices with data on births, deaths, marriages and respectively by the law courts for divorces. Administrative sources: Database of Ministry of Administration and Interior, for persons evidence, for internal and international migration, determined by domicile change.

37

PRECIZRI METODOLOGICE
Numrul populaiei n perioada intercensitar s-a determinat pe baza datelor de la recensminte i a celor din evidena curent referitoare la micarea natural i migratorie. Numrul populaiei s-a calculat pornind de la datele Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor, 18 martie 2002, cu privire la populaia cu domiciliul n Romnia, la care s-a adugat sporul natural al populaiei i soldul migraiei internaionale determinat de schimbrile de domiciliu, pentru populaia la nivel naional; pentru populaia la nivel de localitate s-a adugat soldul migraiei interne determinat de schimbrile de domiciliu i numrul persoanelor cu reedina n localitate. Repartizarea populaiei pe medii s-a realizat astfel: pentru anul 1960, pn n anul 1966, n mediul urban sunt cuprinse municipiile, oraele i cele 183 localiti asimilate mediului urban; pentru anii 1966 i 1967, n mediul urban sunt incluse datele referitoare la municipii, orae i 238 comune asimilate urbanului; ncepnd cu anul 1968, n mediul urban sunt cuprinse numai municipiile i oraele. Vrsta este exprimat n ani mplinii (de exemplu, o persoan care are vrsta de 24 ani i 11 luni la 1 iulie, este cuprins la vrsta de 24 ani). Definiiile evenimentelor demografice sunt n concordan cu principiile i recomandrile Comisiei de Statistic a Organizaiei Naiunilor Unite: nscut-viu este produsul concepiei, expulzat sau extras complet din corpul mamei, independent de durata sarcinii i care, dup aceast separare, prezint un semn de via (respiraie, activitate cardiac, pulsaii ale cordonului ombilical sau contracii musculare dependente de voin); nscut-mort este produsul concepiei, expulzat sau extras complet din corpul mamei dup o durat a sarcinii de cel puin 28 sptmni i care, dup aceast separare, nu prezint nici un semn de via; decedat este persoana creia i-au ncetat definitiv funciile vitale dup trecerea unui timp oarecare de la natere; cstoria reprezint uniunea dintre un brbat i o femeie, ncheiat n concordan cu legislaia rii, n scopul ntemeierii unei familii i din care rezult drepturi i obligaii ntre cei doi soi, precum i ale acestora fa de copii; divorul reprezint desfacerea unei cstorii ncheiate legal, printr-o hotrre definitiv a organelor judectoreti.

METHODOLOGICAL NOTES
For intercensus years, the inhabitants number has been determined based on data from censuses and those from current evidence referring on vital and migration statistics. The inhabitants number was calculated from data of the Population and Housing Census, March 18, 2002, regarding the population with permanent residence in Romania, plus natural increase and balance of internal and international migration determined by permanent residence changes for population at national level; for population at locality level the balance of internal migration determined by permanent residence changes and number of persons with temporary residence in locality was added. Population breakdown by area was as follows: for 1960, until 1966, urban area included municipalities, towns and the 183 localities assimilated to the urban area; for 1966 and 1967, urban area included municipalities, towns and 238 communes assimilated to the urban area; starting with 1968, urban area includes only municipalities and towns. Age is expressed in the years reached during the year (for instance, a person of 24 years old and 11 months at July 1, is considered to be of 24 years old). The definitions of vital events are in compliance with the principles and recommendations of the United Nations Statistical Commission: live-birth is a product of conception completely ejected or extracted from the mother's body, regardless of the pregnancy duration, who after this separation gives a sign of life (respiration, heart activity, beats of umbilical cord or muscular contractions dependent of will); dead-born child is a product of conception completely ejected or extracted from the mother's body after a pregnancy duration of at least 28 weeks who, after this separation, gives no sign of life; deceased is the person whose vital functions definitively ceased after a certain time passed from his birth; marriage represents an union between a man and a woman concluded according to the countrys legislation, in order to set up a family, where husband and wife have rights and obligations against one another as well as against their children; divorce represents the dissolution of a legally concluded marriage, according to a final decision of judicial bodies.

38

Sporul natural reprezint diferena dintre numrul nscuilor-vii i numrul persoanelor decedate, n anul de referin. Durata medie a vieii reprezint numrul mediu de ani pe care i are de trit un nou-nscut, dac ar tri tot restul vieii n condiiile mortalitii pe vrste din perioada de referin. Rata de natalitate reprezint numrul de nscui-vii dintr-un an raportat la populaia medie din anul respectiv i se exprim n numr de nscui-vii la 1000 locuitori. Rata de mortalitate reprezint numrul persoanelor decedate dintr-un an raportat la populaia medie din anul respectiv i se exprim n numr de decese la 1000 locuitori. Rata mortalitii infantile reprezint numrul de decedai n vrst de sub 1 an la 1000 nscui-vii din anul respectiv. Rata de mortinatalitate reprezint numrul anual de nscui-mori dintr-un an, raportat la numrul de nscui-vii i mori din acelai an i se exprim n numrul de nscui-mori la 1000 nscui-vii i mori din anul respectiv. Rata de nupialitate reprezint numrul cstoriilor dintr-un an raportat la populaia medie din anul respectiv i se exprim n numr de cstorii la 1000 locuitori. Rata de divorialitate reprezint numrul divorurilor dintr-un an raportat la populaia medie din anul respectiv i se exprim n numr de divoruri la 1000 locuitori. Repartizarea evenimentelor demografice n profil teritorial (pe macroregiuni, regiuni de dezvoltare i judee) s-a fcut dup urmtoarele criterii: pentru nscui-vii i nscui-mori, dup domiciliul mamei; pentru decese, dup domiciliul persoanei decedate; pentru cstorii, dup locul nregistrrii cstoriei; pentru divoruri, dup ultimul domiciliu comun al soilor. Migraia intern reprezint schimbrile de domiciliu i stabilirile temporare de reedin n alt localitate dect cea de domiciliu n interiorul granielor rii. Schimbarea domiciliului s-a nregistrat n cazul persoanelor pentru care organele de poliie au nscris noul domiciliu n cartea de identitate i n fia de eviden a persoanei. ncepnd cu anul 1992, sunt cuprinse i schimbrile de domiciliu dintr-un sector n altul al Municipiului Bucureti. Nu sunt incluse schimbrile de domiciliu n interiorul aceleiai localiti sau n acelai sector, i nici dintr-un sat n altul, n cadrul aceleiai comune.

Natural increase represents the balance between the number of live-births and the number of deceased persons during the reference year. Life expectancy represents the average number of years an infant would live, if he / she lived all his / her life, under the conditions of mortality by age corresponding to the reference period. Birth rate represents the ratio between the number of live-births in a year and the average population of the respective year and is expressed by the number of livebirths per 1000 inhabitants. Mortality rate represents the ratio between the number of deceased persons in a year and the average population of the respective year and is expressed by the number of deaths per 1000 inhabitants. Infant mortality rate represents the number of deaths for infants under one year of age per 1000 live births in a given year. Late foetal-deaths rate is the ratio between the number of late foetal-deaths in a year and the total number of live births and late foetal deaths in the same year, and is expressed by the number of deaths per 1000 live births and late foetal deaths. Marriages rate represents the ratio between the number of marriages in a year and the average population of the respective year and is expressed by the number of marriages per 1000 inhabitants. Divortiality rate represents the ratio between the number of divorces in a year and the average population of the respective year and is expressed by the number of divorces per 1000 inhabitants. Demographic events breakdown at territorial level (by macroregion, development region and county) was done according to the following criteria: for live-births and dead-born children, by mother's residence; for deaths, by residence of the deceased person; for marriage, by place of marriage registration ; for divorces, by last common residence of the spouses. Internal migration represents changes of permanent residence and temporary settling of residence in another locality, different from that of permanent residence inside the borders of the country. Change of permanent residence was registered in case of persons for whom police wrote down the new permanent residence in the identity card and in persons evidence file. Starting with 1992, data also include changes of permanent residence from one sector to another within Bucharest Municipality. There are not included permanent residence changes inside the same locality or sector, or from one village to another, in the same commune.

39

Migraia internaional reprezint schimbarea domiciliului n alt ar sau, din alt ar n Romnia. Datele cu privire la emigrani se refer la cetenii romni care i-au stabilit domiciliul n strintate. Datele cu privire la imigrani se refer la cetenii din alt ar care i-au stabilit domiciliul n Romnia. Soldul migraiei internaionale reprezint diferena dintre numrul imigranilor i cel al emigranilor, n anul de referin.

International migration represents the change of permanent residence to another country or, from another country to Romania. Data on emigrants refer to Romanian citizens who settled their permanent residence abroad. Data on immigrants refer to citizens from another country who settled their permanent residence in Romania. Net international migration represents the difference between the number of immigrants and the number of emigrants during the reference year.

2.G1

Populaia pe sexe i medii, la 1 iulie 2009 Population by sex and area, on July 1, 2009

51,3%

52,2%

50,2%

48,7%

47,8%

49,8%

Total Masculin / Male

Urban Feminin / Female

Rural

44,9%

46,0%

43,9%

55,1%

54,0%

56,1%

Total Urban

Masculin / Male Rural

Feminin / Female

40

2.G2
100 80 60 40 20 0

Populaia pe medii, la 1 iulie Population by area, on July 1


%

67,9

63,1

54,2

45,7

45,4

45,4

46,7

46,6

45,1

45,1

44,8

44,9

45,0

44,9

32,1

36,9

45,8

54,3

54,6

54,6

53,3

53,4

54,9

54,9

55,2

55,1

55,0

55,1

1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Urban Rural

2.G3

Populaia pe vrste i sexe, la 1 iulie 2009 Population by age and sex, on July 1, 2009
Vrsta Age 100 95 90 85 80 75 70 65 60 55 50 45 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0

Masculin Male

Feminin Female

250

200

150

100

50

50

100

150

200

250 Mii persoane Thou persons

Mii persoane Thou persons

41

2.G4
30 25 20 15 10 5 0

Natalitatea, mortalitatea i sporul natural al populaiei Birth rate, mortality and natural increase
Rate (la 1000 locuitori) / Rates (per 1000 inhabitants)

1960

1965

1970

1975

1980

1985

1990

1995

2000

2005

2009

Natalitate / Birth rate Sporul natural pozitiv Positive natural increase

Mortalitate / Mortality rate Sporul natural negativ Negative natural increase

2.G5
100 80 60

Rate de fertilitate, pe grupe de vrst Fertility rates, by age group


Nscui-vii la 1000 femei / Live-births per 1000 women

77,2

80,7 67,5 46,2

82,7 59,4

40 20 0

33,8 17,6 3,4 2004 15 19 ani / years 20 24 ani / years 25 29 ani / years 30 34 ani / years 0,2

39,3 22,1 4,7 2009 35 39 ani / years 40 44 ani / years 45 49 ani / years 0,2

42

2.G6
2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

Durata medie a vieii, pe sexe (ani) Life expectancy, by sex (years)

67,7 68,2 68,7 69,2 69,5 69,7 0 10 20 Masculin Male 30 40 50 60 Feminin Female 70

75,1 75,5 75,8 76,1 76,7 77,1 80

2.G7
200 150

Evoluia cstoriilor i divorurilor Evolution of marriages and divorces


mii / thou

189,2 143,3 141,8 146,6 149,4

134,3

100

50

35,2

33,2

32,7

36,3

35,7

32,3

0 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

Cstorii Marriages

Divoruri Divorces

43

2.1

Populaia pe sexe i medii Population by sex and area


Numrul locuitorilor Inhabitants number Total Masculin Male 8981804 9069012 9130631 9200997 9261698 9315510 9351075 9371316 9447715 9670757 9820125 9945027 10056431 10156420 10243280 10347995 10460119 10564943 10626055 10677731 10777854 10875027 10953637 11029625 11091465 11128723 11165086 11214313 11261467 11319082 11374681 11422472 11449147 11435286 11213763 11200695 11176390 11156807 11123977 11080933 11041414 11012110 10984529 10968854 10949490 10568741 10642538 10606245 10571606 10543518 10521189 10496720 10477611 10457219 Feminin Female 9421610 9497920 9550090 9612134 9665383 9711857 9752088 9769467 9837099 10050227 10190053 10307514 10413227 10506228 10584245 10680846 10784984 10880755 10933855 10979838 11076768 11173278 11247750 11323010 11386238 11424351 11459419 11510523 11562012 11621348 11678871 11729092 11757573 11749798 11596272 11588274 11578870 11573815 11556974 11526687 11504511 11490693 11473493 11466351 11458903 11112233 11152255 11127311 11101722 11080331 11063176 11040843 11026831 11012740 n procente fa de total As percentage of total Masculin Male 48,8 48,8 48,9 48,9 48,9 49,0 49,0 49,0 49,0 49,0 49,1 49,1 49,1 49,2 49,2 49,2 49,2 49,3 49,3 49,3 49,3 49,3 49,3 49,3 49,3 49,3 49,3 49,3 49,3 49,3 49,3 49,3 49,3 49,3 49,2 49,1 49,1 49,1 49,0 49,0 49,0 48,9 48,9 48,9 48,9 48,7 48,8 48,8 48,8 48,8 48,7 48,7 48,7 48,7 Feminin Female 51,2 51,2 51,1 51,1 51,1 51,0 51,0 51,0 51,0 51,0 50,9 50,9 50,9 50,8 50,8 50,8 50,8 50,7 50,7 50,7 50,7 50,7 50,7 50,7 50,7 50,7 50,7 50,7 50,7 50,7 50,7 50,7 50,7 50,7 50,8 50,9 50,9 50,9 51,0 51,0 51,0 51,1 51,1 51,1 51,1 51,3 51,2 51,2 51,2 51,2 51,3 51,3 51,3 51,3 Urban Numrul locuitorilor Inhabitants number Rural n procente fa de total As percentage of total Urban Rural

1 iulie 1960 1 iulie 1961 1 iulie 1962 1 iulie 1963 1 iulie 1964 1 iulie 1965 15 martie 19661) 1 iulie 1966 1 iulie 1967 1 iulie 1968 1 iulie 1969 1 iulie 1970 1 iulie 1971 1 iulie 1972 1 iulie 1973 1 iulie 1974 1 iulie 1975 1 iulie 1976 5 ianuarie 19771) 1 iulie 1977 1 iulie 1978 1 iulie 1979 1 iulie 1980 1 iulie 1981 1 iulie 1982 1 iulie 1983 1 iulie 1984 1 iulie 1985 1 iulie 1986 1 iulie 1987 1 iulie 1988 1 iulie 1989 1 iulie 1990 1 iulie 1991 7 ianuarie 19921) 1 iulie 1992 1 iulie 1993 1 iulie 1994 1 iulie 1995 1 iulie 1996 1 iulie 1997 1 iulie 1998 1 iulie 1999 1 iulie 2000 1 iulie 2001 18 martie 20021) 1 iulie 2002 1 iulie 2003 1 iulie 2004 1 iulie 2005 1 iulie 2006 1 iulie 2007 1 iulie 2008 1 iulie 2009
1)

18403414 18566932 18680721 18813131 18927081 19027367 19103163 19140783 19284814 19720984 20010178 20252541 20469658 20662648 20827525 21028841 21245103 21445698 21559910 21657569 21854622 22048305 22201387 22352635 22477703 22553074 22624505 22724836 22823479 22940430 23053552 23151564 23206720 23185084 22810035 22788969 22755260 22730622 22680951 22607620 22545925 22502803 22458022 22435205 22408393 21680974 21794793 21733556 21673328 21623849 21584365 21537563 21504442 21469959

5912011 6029978 6109909 6234043 6317027 6417124 7305714 7343917 7467928 7144994 7316065 7464811 7619873 7776868 7938819 8142938 8339229 8555880 9395729 9517811 9778831 9886137 10171618 10484896 10872275 11054179 11141775 11370092 11540494 11770927 11961847 12311803 12608844 12552407 12391819 12367358 12406204 12427612 12457195 12411174 12404690 12347886 12302729 12244598 12243748 11435080 11608735 11600157 11895598 11879897 11913938 11877659 11835328 11823516

12491403 12536954 12570812 12579088 12610054 12610243 11797449 11796866 11816886 12575990 12694113 12787730 12849785 12885780 12888706 12885903 12905874 12889818 12164181 12139758 12075791 12162168 12029769 11867739 11605428 11498895 11482730 11354744 11282985 11169503 11091705 10839761 10597876 10632677 10418216 10421611 10349056 10303010 10223756 10196446 10141235 10154917 10155293 10190607 10164645 10245894 10186058 10133399 9777730 9743952 9670427 9659904 9669114 9646443

32,1 32,5 32,7 33,1 33,4 33,7 38,2 38,4 38,7 36,2 36,6 36,9 37,2 37,6 38,1 38,7 39,3 39,9 43,6 43,9 44,7 44,8 45,8 46,9 48,4 49,0 49,2 50,0 50,6 51,3 51,9 53,2 54,3 54,1 54,3 54,3 54,5 54,7 54,9 54,9 55,0 54,9 54,8 54,6 54,6 52,7 53,3 53,4 54,9 54,9 55,2 55,1 55,0 55,1

67,9 67,5 67,3 66,9 66,6 66,3 61,8 61,6 61,3 63,8 63,4 63,1 62,8 62,4 61,9 61,3 60,7 60,1 56,4 56,1 55,3 55,2 54,2 53,1 51,6 51,0 50,8 50,0 49,4 48,7 48,1 46,8 45,7 45,9 45,7 45,7 45,5 45,3 45,1 45,1 45,0 45,1 45,2 45,4 45,4 47,3 46,7 46,6 45,1 45,1 44,8 44,9 45,0 44,9

July 1, 1960 July 1, 1961 July 1, 1962 July 1, 1963 July 1, 1964 July 1, 1965 March 15, 19661) July 1, 1966 July 1, 1967 July 1, 1968 July 1, 1969 July 1, 1970 July 1, 1971 July 1, 1972 July 1, 1973 July 1, 1974 July 1, 1975 July 1, 1976 January 5, 19771) July 1, 1977 July 1, 1978 July 1, 1979 July 1, 1980 July 1, 1981 July 1, 1982 July 1, 1983 July 1, 1984 July 1, 1985 July 1, 1986 July 1, 1987 July 1, 1988 July 1, 1989 July 1, 1990 July 1, 1991 January 7, 19921) July 1, 1992 July 1, 1993 July 1, 1994 July 1, 1995 July 1, 1996 July 1, 1997 July 1, 1998 July 1, 1999 July 1, 2000 July 1, 2001 March 18, 20021) July 1, 2002 July 1, 2003 July 1, 2004 July 1, 2005 July 1, 2006 July 1, 2007 July 1, 2008 July 1, 2009

Recensmnt. / Census.

44

45

2.2
Total

Populaia pe grupe de vrst i sexe, la 1 iulie Population by age group and sex, on July 1
numr persoane / number of persons

Grupa de vrst (ani) Age group (years)

2004

2005 Total

2006

2007

2008

2009

21673328 1062521 1108807 1328821 1728872 1635934 1790282 1695263 1633651 1286191 1593495 1484984 1149746 1025856 1089714 906889 652770 355820 143712

21623849 1053889 1108895 1209921 1727418 1618002 1786029 1678743 1761497 1238076 1525338 1509522 1241759 973314 1089704 907414 665075 374155 155098

21584365 1057804 1098663 1177605 1653027 1599535 1778735 1689369 1869153 1192648 1463532 1528720 1310266 977303 1041631 913325 675967 391080 166002

21537563 1062537 1090284 1135618 1541828 1640127 1740686 1715518 1929137 1200174 1392744 1544281 1360523 984384 1004068 918177 690768 403440 183269

21504442 1070639 1073733 1121104 1428324 1692108 1679885 1752955 1746994 1455383 1316506 1545262 1416872 1006459 958358 923364 699363 417111 200022

21469959 1079077 1060158 1106540 1325569 1722804 1627924 1775260 1678096 1611779 1258455 1538167 1411490 1070415 923844 929212 704995 428578 217596

0-4 5-9 10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60-64 65-69 70-74 75-79 80-84 85 i peste / and over

Masculin / Male Total 0-4 5-9 10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60-64 65-69 70-74 75-79 80-84 85 i peste / and over 10571606 546323 568150 679386 882851 837079 917061 861905 824917 642513 782603 718116 545514 468540 476943 383083 261325 127532 47765 10543518 541838 568389 619434 881000 827513 915862 855635 890199 618597 750091 730222 589008 445157 475236 381704 266285 135770 51578 10521189 544111 563176 602816 842934 818547 911059 863241 944770 596863 720761 739441 621161 447270 453301 383397 269993 143476 54872 10496720 545866 559856 581356 786763 839745 890529 878737 975816 602225 687380 746431 644226 451848 436752 383369 275630 149339 60852 10477611 550074 551180 574527 728731 865349 859946 898493 886521 731189 650955 746614 669904 462521 417662 383361 278196 155547 66841 10457219 554333 544930 566897 677428 879022 833631 910647 852829 811426 623476 743586 666790 492427 403762 383565 279022 159915 73533

Feminin / Female Total 0-4 5-9 10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60-64 65-69 70-74 75-79 80-84 85 i peste / and over 11101722 516198 540657 649435 846021 798855 873221 833358 808734 643678 810892 766868 604232 557316 612771 523806 391445 228288 95947 11080331 512051 540506 590487 846418 790489 870167 823108 871298 619479 775247 779300 652751 528157 614468 525710 398790 238385 103520 11063176 513693 535487 574789 810093 780988 867676 826128 924383 595785 742771 789279 689105 530033 588330 529928 405974 247604 111130 11040843 516671 530428 554262 755065 800382 850157 836781 953321 597949 705364 797850 716297 532536 567316 534808 415138 254101 122417 11026831 520565 522553 546577 699593 826759 819939 854462 860473 724194 665551 798648 746968 543938 540696 540003 421167 261564 133181 11012740 524744 515228 539643 648141 843782 794293 864613 825267 800353 634979 794581 744700 577988 520082 545647 425973 268663 144063

46

2.3
Vrsta (ani) Age (years)

Populaia pe vrste, sexe i medii, la 1 iulie 2009 Population by age, sex and area, on July 1, 2009
Total Ambele sexe Both sexes 21469959 1079077 218346 215347 212469 218066 214849 1060158 209428 207092 207295 213470 222873 1106540 222593 223293 215145 223331 222178 1325569 236572 237394 256415 255257 339931 1722804 338341 349858 366209 328534 339862 1627924 306742 296977 323705 345287 355213 1775260 356955 356023 357539 349936 354807 1678096 331863 316401 326928 336639 366265 1611779 397297 494408 260938 225242 233894 din care: Feminin of which: Female 11012740 524744 105962 104878 103445 105903 104556 515228 101617 100922 100276 103966 108447 539643 108779 108647 105110 108799 108308 648141 115450 116149 125349 124369 166824 843782 166543 171252 179849 160357 165781 794293 149117 144468 159237 168881 172590 864613 173672 173616 174074 170090 173161 825267 162071 154959 160825 166167 181245 800353 195922 246237 129138 111924 117132 Urban Ambele sexe Both sexes 11823516 583636 119501 117652 115047 118262 113174 506232 105073 100982 98573 99269 102335 513449 101535 102626 100205 104770 104313 694579 114202 117280 131275 137393 194429 1018241 197784 206095 211856 196855 205651 989214 184423 179877 198520 211353 215041 1040432 213778 210961 211136 202143 202414 938473 186723 172903 181090 188679 209078 961505 234106 303832 151799 132335 139433 din care: Feminin of which: Female 6173809 283362 57750 57328 55931 57356 54997 246090 51036 49262 47715 48278 49799 250828 49649 50051 48906 50842 51380 342613 56051 57548 64280 67714 97020 508212 98758 102739 106247 98096 102372 495511 91974 89913 100056 106168 107400 519892 106903 105541 105302 100740 101406 481616 94247 87789 92911 97662 109007 506926 121808 160059 80097 70158 74804 Rural Ambele sexe Both sexes 9646443 495441 98845 97695 97422 99804 101675 553926 104355 106110 108722 114201 120538 593091 121058 120667 114940 118561 117865 630990 122370 120114 125140 117864 145502 704563 140557 143763 154353 131679 134211 638710 122319 117100 125185 133934 140172 734828 143177 145062 146403 147793 152393 739623 145140 143498 145838 147960 157187 650274 163191 190576 109139 92907 94461 din care: Feminin of which: Female 4838931 241382 48212 47550 47514 48547 49559 269138 50581 51660 52561 55688 58648 288815 59130 58596 56204 57957 56928 305528 59399 58601 61069 56655 69804 335570 67785 68513 73602 62261 63409 298782 57143 54555 59181 62713 65190 344721 66769 68075 68772 69350 71755 343651 67824 67170 67914 68505 72238 293427 74114 86178 49041 41766 42328

Total 0-4 0 1 2 3 4 5-9 5 6 7 8 9 10-14 10 11 12 13 14 15-19 15 16 17 18 19 20-24 20 21 22 23 24 25-29 25 26 27 28 29 30-34 30 31 32 33 34 35-39 35 36 37 38 39 40-44 40 41 42 43 44

47

2.3
Vrsta (ani) Age (years)

Populaia pe vrste, sexe i medii, la 1 iulie 2009 - continuare Population by age, sex and area, on July 1, 2009 - continued
Total Ambele sexe Both sexes 1258455 236470 236031 248168 264336 273450 1538167 287308 303638 307978 313308 325935 1411490 281196 288803 277435 278582 285474 1070415 269211 216027 210747 195033 179397 923844 187696 176581 184297 170811 204459 929212 198049 194047 189434 181054 166628 704995 156641 150911 144586 131779 121078 428578 107725 97382 85120 74533 63818 217596 din care: Feminin of which: Female 634979 118356 119018 125173 133681 138751 794581 146829 156321 159177 162495 169759 744700 147222 151536 145960 147729 152253 577988 144149 115578 113360 106141 98760 520082 104012 98079 103837 96704 117450 545647 115187 113380 111445 106671 98964 425973 93671 90527 87089 80542 74144 268663 66540 60423 53592 47099 41009 144063 Urban Ambele sexe Both sexes 775099 143533 144892 152558 163836 170280 976956 179619 192844 197021 200247 207225 849824 177180 178106 167182 163791 163565 564246 150007 117564 109489 98486 88700 436027 90856 85028 87679 79507 92957 408989 90493 87215 83056 77781 70444 295408 66359 63058 59893 55255 50843 178188 44848 40781 35052 30896 26611 93018 din care: Feminin of which: Female 416434 76630 77891 82214 88365 91334 522298 96577 104098 105245 106611 109767 448248 93863 93746 87672 86292 86675 303393 79581 62586 58720 53386 49120 245693 50563 47342 49409 45101 53278 241950 52929 51301 49329 46292 42099 182346 40566 38650 36851 34432 31847 114126 28212 25768 22499 19917 17730 64271 Rural Ambele sexe Both sexes 483356 92937 91139 95610 100500 103170 561211 107689 110794 110957 113061 118710 561666 104016 110697 110253 114791 121909 506169 119204 98463 101258 96547 90697 487817 96840 91553 96618 91304 111502 520223 107556 106832 106378 103273 96184 409587 90282 87853 84693 76524 70235 250390 62877 56601 50068 43637 37207 124578 din care: Feminin of which: Female 218545 41726 41127 42959 45316 47417 272283 50252 52223 53932 55884 59992 296452 53359 57790 58288 61437 65578 274595 64568 52992 54640 52755 49640 274389 53449 50737 54428 51603 64172 303697 62258 62079 62116 60379 56865 243627 53105 51877 50238 46110 42297 154537 38328 34655 31093 27182 23279 79792

45-49 45 46 47 48 49 50-54 50 51 52 53 54 55-59 55 56 57 58 59 60-64 60 61 62 63 64 65-69 65 66 67 68 69 70-74 70 71 72 73 74 75-79 75 76 77 78 79 80-84 80 81 82 83 84 85 i peste / and over

48

2.4

Populaia judeelor, municipiilor i oraelor, la 1 iulie 2009 Population of counties, municipalities and towns, on July 1, 2009
Numrul locuitorilor Inhabitants number 373755 68161 26130 20761 29540 5805 4326 7764 26020 15119 7414 8204 455952 165477 8272 8100 9528 10974 8036 7596 13754 13341 6308 640871 166637 36774 32835 10614 34081 13979 10545 716176 176366 23562 49303 19637 23415 14420 4928 12862 593055 204822 11074 17193 18341 10710 2417 11737 8331 10577 2721 Judee Municipii / Orae Counties Municipalities / Towns BISTRIA-NSUD Bistria1) Beclean Nsud Sngeorz-Bi BOTOANI Botoani1) Dorohoi1) Bucecea Drbani Flmnzi Sveni tefneti BRAOV Braov1) Codlea1) Fgra1) Scele1) Ghimbav Predeal Rnov Rupea Victoria Zrneti BRILA Brila1) Furei Ianca nsurei BUZU Buzu1) Rmnicu Srat1) Nehoiu Ptrlagele Pogoanele CARA-SEVERIN Caransebe1) Anina Bile Herculane Boca Moldova Nou Oravia Oelu Rou Reia1) Numrul locuitorilor Inhabitants number 317205 84477 11574 10906 10914 448423 114506 29869 5153 11641 11957 8010 5670 597439 278003 24618 38050 32604 5449 5200 16332 5651 8784 25743 360191 211884 4032 11163 7090 482684 131905 39430 11429 7864 7631 322941 83115 28483 8802 6003 17093 13198 12664 11785

Judee Municipii / Orae Counties Municipalities / Towns ALBA Alba Iulia1) Aiud1) Blaj1) Sebe1) Abrud Baia de Arie Cmpeni Cugir Ocna Mure Teiu Zlatna ARAD Arad1) Chiineu-Cri Curtici Ineu Lipova Ndlac Pncota Pecica Sntana Sebi ARGE Piteti1) Cmpulung1) Curtea de Arge1) Costeti Mioveni tefneti Topoloveni BACU Bacu1) Moineti1) Oneti1) Buhui Comneti Drmneti Slnic-Moldova Trgu Ocna BIHOR Oradea1) Beiu1) Marghita1) Salonta1) Aled Nucet Scueni tei Valea lui Mihai Vacu

Not: Municipiile subliniate sunt reedin de jude. / Note: Underlined municipalities are county residences. 1) Municipii. / Municipalities.

49

2.4

Populaia judeelor, municipiilor i oraelor, la 1 iulie 2009 - continuare Population of counties, municipalities and towns, on July 1, 2009 - continued
Numrul locuitorilor Inhabitants number 312879 73020 27285 7188 6671 6319 690299 306009 26386 38357 22066 57340 9707 722360 302040 40044 44056 5510 18446 10248 10442 10884 35686 5540 14285 7486 222710 61517 19978 9469 11296 9003 530354 88334 20535 7730 14992 15330 6590 10092 705345 298643 19645 17816 3917 12819 18751 8198 Judee Municipii / Orae Counties Municipalities / Towns GALAI Galai1) Tecuci1) Bereti Trgu Bujor GIURGIU Giurgiu1) Bolintin-Vale Mihileti GORJ Trgu Jiu Motru1) Bumbeti-Jiu Novaci Rovinari Trgu Crbuneti Tismana Turceni icleni HARGHITA Miercurea Ciuc Gheorgheni1) Odorheiu Secuiesc1) Toplia1) Bile Tunad Blan Borsec Cristuru Secuiesc Vlhia HUNEDOARA Brad Hunedoara1) Lupeni1) Ortie1) Petroani1) Vulcan1) Aninoasa Clan Geoagiu Haeg Petrila Simeria Uricani Deva1) 1)
1) 1)

Judee Municipii / Orae Counties Municipalities / Towns CLRAI Clrai1) Oltenia1) Budeti Fundulea Lehliu Gar CLUJ Cluj-Napoca1) Cmpia Turzii1) Dej1) Gherla1) 1)

Numrul locuitorilor Inhabitants number 609480 290733 42319 3282 7568 281204 67823 12384 7401 377718 95892 22338 10473 5991 13390 8999 7784 8197 5260 324638 41232 19649 36234 15496 1618 7564 2772 10309 7074 464739 66471 15934 70222 29187 21385 42970 28413 4725 12802 5668 10904 24961 13517 9495

Turda Huedin

CONSTANA Constana1) Mangalia1) Medgidia1) Bneasa Cernavod Eforie Hrova Murfatlar (Basarabi) Nvodari Negru Vod Ovidiu Techirghiol COVASNA Sfntu Gheorghe1) Trgu Secuiesc1) Baraolt Covasna ntorsura Buzului DMBOVIA Trgovite Moreni1) Fieni Geti Pucioasa Rcari Titu DOLJ Craiova1) Bileti1) Calafat1) Bechet Dbuleni Filiai Segarcea
1)

Not: Municipiile subliniate sunt reedin de jude. / Note: Underlined municipalities are county residences. 1) Municipii. / Municipalities.

50

2.4

Populaia judeelor, municipiilor i oraelor, la 1 iulie 2009 - continuare Population of counties, municipalities and towns, on July 1, 2009 - continued
Numrul locuitorilor Inhabitants number 287780 51810 34263 17192 8006 3510 4673 12885 829973 315649 42109 11762 13343 10357 312317 9813 21202 12949 8442 11219 19972 16169 33438 511311 138722 41186 16582 28276 5180 3159 5091 10238 7969 7425 12997 7459 16437 292917 106061 12759 5735 11612 6315 Judee Municipii / Orae Counties Municipalities / Towns MURE Trgu Mure1) Reghin1) Sighioara1) Trnveni1) Iernut Ludu Miercurea Nirajului Sarmau Sngeorgiu de Pdure Sovata Ungheni NEAM Piatra Neam Roman1) Bicaz Roznov Trgu Neam OLT Slatina1) Caracal1) Bal Corabia Drgneti-Olt Piatra-Olt Potcoava Scorniceti PRAHOVA Ploieti1) Cmpina1) Azuga Bicoi Boldeti-Sceni Breaza Buteni Comarnic Mizil Plopeni Sinaia Slnic Urlai Vlenii de Munte
1)

Judee Municipii / Orae Counties Municipalities / Towns IALOMIA Slobozia1) Feteti1) Urziceni1) Amara Czneti Fierbini - Trg ndrei IAI Iai1) Pacani1) Hrlu Trgu Frumos Podul Iloaiei ILFOV Bragadiru Buftea Chitila Mgurele Otopeni Pantelimon Popeti Leordeni Voluntari MARAMURE Baia Sighetu Marmaiei1) Baia Sprie Bora Cavnic Dragomireti Slitea de Sus Seini Somcua Mare Tuii-Mgheru Trgu Lpu Ulmeni Vieu de Sus MEHEDINI Drobeta-Turnu Severin1) Orova1) Baia de Aram Strehaia Vnju Mare Mare1)

Numrul locuitorilor Inhabitants number 580815 144590 36496 32302 25852 9612 17633 6231 7512 5601 9673 6920 562489 106922 66987 8471 9410 20630 466821 77082 34735 20992 19470 12190 6116 5905 12471 815657 228378 37225 4942 19646 11393 17501 10021 12983 16107 9404 11720 6595 11392 13427

Not: Municipiile subliniate sunt reedin de jude. / Note: Underlined municipalities are county residences. 1) Municipii. / Municipalities.

51

2.4

Populaia judeelor, municipiilor i oraelor, la 1 iulie 2009 - continuare Population of counties, municipalities and towns, on July 1, 2009 - continued
Numrul locuitorilor Inhabitants number 364938 112396 22296 7022 7032 15011 9353 241840 63975 7891 11338 16308 425134 154871 52793 11107 14363 16160 5589 8322 4274 4233 5855 7453 706720 106792 19624 29743 29259 16559 6357 8553 11348 6560 15712 10151 5396 9900 9316 2620 14840 402462 49555 30197 28675 11671 15122 Judee Municipii / Orae Counties Municipalities / Towns TIMI Timioara1) Lugoj1) Buzia Ciacova Deta Fget Gtaia Jimbolia Reca Snnicolau Mare TULCEA Tulcea1) Babadag Isaccea Mcin Sulina VASLUI Vaslui1) Brlad1) Hui1) Murgeni Negreti VLCEA Numrul locuitorilor Inhabitants number 678068 312113 44675 7590 5132 6597 7282 6170 11794 8411 13278 247444 90856 10218 5334 10912 4391 450269 69404 68984 29002 7868 10081 407764 110480 20331 9819 2895 4558 5594 5605 6984 8785 6682 3500 390596 98123 18382 12710 8698 8658 1944226

Judee Municipii / Orae Counties Municipalities / Towns SATU MARE Satu Mare Carei1) Ardud Livada Negreti-Oa Tnad SLAJ Zalu1) Cehu Silvaniei Jibou imleu Silvaniei SIBIU Sibiu1) Media1) Agnita Avrig Cisndie Copa Mic Dumbrveni Miercurea Sibiului Ocna Sibiului Slite Tlmaciu SUCEAVA Suceava1) Cmpulung Moldovenesc1) Flticeni1) Rdui1) Vatra Dornei1) Broteni Cajvana Dolhasca Frasin Gura Humorului Liteni Miliui Salcea Siret Solca Vicovu de Sus TELEORMAN Alexandria Roiori de Vede1) Turnu Mgurele1) Videle Zimnicea
1) 1)

Rmnicu Vlcea1) Drgani1) Bbeni Bile Govora Bile Olneti Blceti Berbeti Brezoi Climneti Horezu Ocnele Mari VRANCEA Focani1) Adjud1) Mreti Odobeti Panciu BUCURETI1) BUCHAREST1)

Not: Municipiile subliniate sunt reedin de jude. / Note: Underlined municipalities are county residences. 1) Municipii. / Municipalities.

52

2.5

Gruparea judeelor i localitilor dup numrul locuitorilor, la 1 iulie 2009 Classification of counties and localities by inhabitants number, on July 1, 2009
Numrul judeelor, municipiilor, oraelor i comunelor Number of counties, municipalities, towns and communes Date absolute Absolute data n procente fa de total Percentage of total

Grupe de judee, municipii, orae i comune, dup numrul locuitorilor Groups of counties, municipalities, towns and communes, by inhabitants number

Numrul locuitorilor Inhabitants number n procente fa de total Percentage of total

Date absolute Absolute data


1)

Judee Total Sub / under 300000 300000 - 399999 400000 - 499999 500000 - 599999 600000 - 699999 700000 - 799999 800000 i peste / and over 42 6 10 9 6 4 4 3 100,0 14,3 23,8 21,5 14,3 9,5 9,5 7,1

/ Counties

1)

21469959 1573895 3457178 4004248 3375463 2618718 2850601 3589856

100,0 7,3 16,1 18,7 15,7 12,2 13,3 16,7

Municipii i orae / Municipalities and towns Total Sub / under 3000 3000 - 4999 5000 - 9999 10000 - 19999 20000 - 49999 50000 - 99999 100000 - 199999 200000 - 999999 1000000 i peste / and over 320 6 15 98 101 56 20 13 10 1
2)

100,0 1,9 4,7 30,6 31,5 17,5 6,3 4,1 3,1 0,3

11823516 15043 62450 719770 1384531 1757111 1456386 1735725 2748274 1944226

100,0 0,1 0,5 6,1 11,7 14,9 12,3 14,7 23,3 16,4

Comune / Communes Total Sub / under 1000 1000 - 1999 2000 - 4999 5000 - 9999 10000 i peste / and over 2860 80 594 1730 430 26
2)

100,0 2,8 20,8 60,5 15,0 0,9

9646443 60512 943906 5592196 2761648 288181

100,0 0,6 9,8 58,0 28,6 3,0

1) Inclusiv Municipiul Bucureti. / Including Bucharest Municipality. 2) Conform organizrii administrative a teritoriului existent la 1 iulie 2009.

According to administrative territorial organization existing July 1, 2009.

53

2.6
Anii

Micarea natural a populaiei Vital statistics


Date absolute (numr) / Absolute data (number) Sporul natural Natural increase Nscui mori Dead-born children Decese la o vrst sub 1 an Infant deaths Rate (la 1000 locuitori) / Rates (per 1000 inhabitants) Nscui- vii Live-births Decese Deaths Sporul natural Natural increase Cstorii Marriages Nscui-mori Decese la o vrst sub 1 an la 1000 nscui-vii Infant deaths per 1000 live-births 74,6 69,4 58,8 55,2 48,6 44,1 46,6 46,6 59,5 54,9 49,4 42,4 40,0 38,1 35,0 34,7 31,4 31,2 30,3 31,6 29,3 28,6 28,0 23,9 23,4 25,6 23,2 28,9 25,4 26,9 26,9 22,7 23,3 23,3 23,9 21,2 22,3 22,0 20,5 18,6 18,6 18,4 17,3 16,7 16,8 15,0 13,9 12,0 11,0 10,1

Nscui-vii Live-births

Decese Deaths

Cstorii Marriages

Divoruri Divorces

la 1000 nscui Divoruri (vii+mori) Divorces Dead-born children per 1000 births (live-births and dead-born) 2,01 1,80 2,04 1,92 1,86 1,94 1,35
*)

Years

1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

352241 324859 301985 294886 287383 278362 273678 527764 526091 465764 427034 400146 389153 378696 427732 418185 417353 423958 416598 410603 398904 381101 344369 321498 350741 358797 376896 383199 380043 369544 314746 275275 260393 249994 246736 236640 231348 236891 237297 234600 234521 220368 210529 212459 216261 221020 219483 214728 221900 222388

160720 161936 172429 155767 152476 163393 157445 179129 188509 201225 193255 194306 189793 203559 191286 197538 204873 208685 211846 217509 231876 224635 224120 233892 233699 246670 242330 254286 253370 247306 247086 251760 263855 263323 266101 271672 286158 279315 269166 265194 255820 259603 269666 266575 258890 262101 258094 251965 253202 257213

191521 162923 129556 139119 134907 114969 116233 348635 337582 264539 233779 205840 199360 175137 236446 220647 212480 215273 204752 193094 167028 156466 120249 87606 117042 112127 134566 128913 126673 122238 67660 23515 -3462 -13329 -19365 -35032 -54810 -42424 -31869 -30594 -21299 -39235 -59137 -54116 -42629 -41081 -38611 -37237 -31302 -34825

197654 180465 184676 174931 169520 164229 171243 154105 146988 140011 145531 150215 157142 170130 175496 188139 195874 199794 201103 198139 182671 182973 174448 163826 164110 161094 167254 168079 172527 177943 192652 183388 174593 161595 154221 153943 150388 147105 145303 140014 135808 129930 129018 133953 143304 141832 146637 189240 149439 134275

36947 33373 38095 36129 35145 36914 25804 481) 4023 6991 7865 9570 11254 14472 17951 34479 35945 25726 33190 35855 34130 33635 33164 34534 32853 32587 34562 34110 36775 36008 32966 37031 29290 31193 39663 34906 35586 34752 39985 34408 30725 31135 31790 33073 35225 33193 32672 36308 35685 32341

5690 5251 4812 4601 4367 4048 4072 9644 8625 6984 5728 4822 4288 4194 4801 4288 4186 4144 3919 3754 3518 3257 2904 2605 2988 2824 3053 3053 2926 2821 2231 1910 1700 1582 1623 1472 1428 1483 1514 1459 1393 1282 1319 1290 1314 1262 1143 1009 993 969

26680 23190 18196 16270 13975 12264 12746 24590 31317 25584 21110 16964 15566 14444 14958 14498 13089 13207 12610 12995 11691 10886 9653 7676 8211 9191 8746 11077 9643 9940 8471 6258 6080 5822 5894 5027 5158 5209 4868 4360 4370 4057 3648 3546 3641 3310 3052 2574 2434 2250

19,1 17,5 16,2 15,7 15,2 14,6 14,3 27,4 26,7 23,3 21,1 19,5 18,8 18,2 20,3 19,7 19,5 19,6 19,1 18,6 18,0 17,0 15,3 14,3 15,5 15,8 16,5 16,7 16,5 16,0 13,6 11,9 11,4 11,0 10,9 10,4 10,2 10,5 10,5 10,4 10,5 9,8 9,7 9,8 10,0 10,2 10,2 10,0 10,3 10,4

8,7 8,7 9,2 8,3 8,1 8,6 8,2 9,3 9,6 10,1 9,5 9,5 9,2 9,8 9,1 9,3 9,6 9,6 9,7 9,9 10,4 10,0 10,0 10,4 10,3 10,9 10,6 11,1 11,0 10,7 10,6 10,9 11,6 11,6 11,7 12,0 12,7 12,4 12,0 11,8 11,4 11,6 12,4 12,3 11,9 12,1 12,0 11,7 11,8 12,0

10,4 8,8 7,0 7,4 7,1 6,0 6,1 18,1 17,1 13,2 11,6 10,0 9,6 8,4 11,2 10,4 9,9 10,0 9,4 8,7 7,6 7,0 5,3 3,9 5,2 4,9 5,9 5,6 5,5 5,3 3,0 1,0 -0,2 -0,6 -0,8 -1,6 -2,5 -1,9 -1,5 -1,4 -0,9 -1,8 -2,7 -2,5 -1,9 -1,9 -1,8 -1,7 -1,5 -1,6

10,7 9,7 9,9 9,3 9,0 8,6 8,9 8,0 7,5 7,0 7,2 7,3 7,6 8,2 8,3 8,9 9,1 9,2 9,2 9,0 8,2 8,2 7,8 7,3 7,3 7,1 7,3 7,3 7,5 7,7 8,3 7,9 7,7 7,1 6,8 6,8 6,7 6,5 6,5 6,2 6,1 5,8 5,9 6,2 6,6 6,6 6,8 8,8 6,9 6,3

0,20 0,35 0,39 0,47 0,54 0,69 0,85 1,62 1,68 1,19 1,52 1,63 1,54 1,50 1,48 1,53 1,45 1,43 1,51 1,49 1,60 1,56 1,42 1,60 1,29 1,37 1,74 1,54 1,57 1,54 1,78 1,53 1,37 1,39 1,46 1,52 1,63 1,54 1,51 1,69 1,66 1,51

15,9 15,9 15,7 15,4 15,0 14,3 14,7 17,9 16,1 14,8 13,2 11,9 10,9 11,0 11,1 10,1 9,9 9,7 9,3 9,1 8,7 8,5 8,4 8,0 8,4 7,8 8,0 7,9 7,6 7,6 7,0 6,9 6,5 6,3 6,5 6,2 6,1 6,2 6,3 6,2 5,9 5,8 6,2 6,0 6,0 5,7 5,2 4,7 4,5 4,3

1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

1) Au fost modificate unele dispoziii legale referitoare la divor (n octombrie 1966).

Some legal acts referring to divorces were modified (in October 1966).

54

55

2.7
Anii

Micarea natural a populaiei, pe medii Vital statistics, by area


Date absolute (numr) / Absolute data (number) Sporul natural Natural increase Nscui mori Dead-born children Decese la o vrst sub 1 an Infant deaths Rate (la 1000 locuitori) / Rates (per 1000 inhabitants) Nscui- vii Live-births Decese Deaths Sporul natural Natural increase Cstorii Marriages Divoruri Divorces Nscui-mori la 1000 nscui (vii+mori) Dead-born children per 1000 births (live-births and dead-born) Decese la o vrst sub 1 an la 1000 nscui-vii Infant deaths per 1000 live-births

Nscui-vii Live-births

Decese Deaths

Cstorii Marriages

Divoruri Divorces

Years

URBAN 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 156950 135417 124016 117298 114422 109722 108226 110009 110186 108542 108254 102432 98190 100915 111348 117780 119477 116367 121518 121864 99331 101460 106784 107482 108771 112205 116450 115997 112733 111159 108436 110063 113225 112283 114316 116809 116384 114562 114352 116168 57619 33957 17232 9816 5651 -2483 -8224 -5988 -2547 -2617 -182 -7631 -15035 -11368 -2968 971 3093 1805 7166 5696 110382 101993 92663 85505 82263 83381 84864 82522 82912 81015 79128 77231 76547 81483 90179 92651 96605 104445 96963 86363 25553 28098 22443 23629 29767 26023 26389 25044 28702 25035 22486 22362 22675 23542 25134 23709 23338 26066 24806 22308 1217 974 830 747 768 693 691 689 714 670 612 567 602 569 633 589 538 498 468 474 3778 2654 2575 2315 2295 1996 2006 2036 1907 1650 1744 1594 1426 1381 1555 1458 1341 1186 1030 982 RURAL 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 157796 139858 136377 132696 132314 126918 123122 126882 127111 126058 126267 117936 112339 111544 104913 103240 100006 98361 100382 100524 147755 150300 157071 155841 157330 159467 169708 163318 156433 154035 147384 149540 156441 154292 144574 145292 141710 137403 138850 141045 10041 -10442 -20694 -23145 -25016 -32549 -46586 -36436 -29322 -27977 -21117 -31604 -44102 -42748 -39661 -42052 -41704 -39042 -38468 -40521 82270 81395 81930 76090 71958 70562 65524 64583 62391 58999 56680 52699 52471 52470 53125 49181 50032 84795 52476 47912 7413 8933 6847 7564 9896 8883 9197 9708 11283 9373 8239 8773 9115 9531 10091 9484 9334 10242 10879 10033 1014 936 870 835 855 779 737 794 800 789 781 715 717 721 681 673 605 511 525 495 4693 3604 3505 3507 3599 3031 3152 3173 2961 2710 2626 2463 2222 2165 2086 1852 1711 1388 1404 1268

URBAN 12,9 11,0 10,2 9,6 9,3 8,9 8,8 8,9 9,0 8,9 8,9 8,4 8,5 8,7 9,4 9,9 10,1 9,8 10,3 10,3 RURAL 14,3 12,9 12,9 12,7 12,7 12,3 12,0 12,4 12,4 12,3 12,3 11,5 11,0 11,0 10,7 10,6 10,3 10,2 10,4 10,4 13,4 13,9 14,8 14,9 15,1 15,4 16,5 15,9 15,3 15,1 14,4 14,6 15,3 15,2 14,7 14,9 14,6 14,2 14,3 14,6 0,9 -1,0 -1,9 -2,2 -2,4 -3,1 -4,5 -3,5 -2,9 -2,8 -2,1 -3,1 -4,3 -4,2 -4,0 -4,3 -4,3 -4,0 -3,9 -4,2 7,5 7,5 7,7 7,3 6,9 6,8 6,4 6,3 6,1 5,8 5,5 5,2 5,1 5,2 5,4 5,0 5,2 8,8 5,4 4,9 0,67 0,82 0,65 0,72 0,95 0,86 0,89 0,95 1,10 0,92 0,80 0,86 0,89 0,94 1,03 0,97 0,96 1,06 1,12 1,04 6,4 6,6 6,3 6,3 6,4 6,1 6,0 6,2 6,3 6,2 6,1 6,0 6,3 6,4 6,4 6,5 6,0 5,2 5,2 4,9 29,7 25,8 25,7 26,4 27,2 23,9 25,6 25,0 23,3 21,5 20,8 20,9 19,8 19,4 19,9 17,9 17,1 14,1 14,0 12,6 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 8,2 8,2 8,7 8,8 8,8 9,1 9,5 9,4 9,2 9,1 8,9 9,0 9,8 9,7 9,6 9,9 9,8 9,7 9,7 9,9 4,7 2,8 1,5 0,8 0,5 -0,2 -0,7 -0,5 -0,2 -0,2 -0,6 -1,3 -1,0 -0,2 0,3 0,1 0,6 0,4 9,1 8,3 7,6 7,0 6,7 6,8 6,9 6,7 6,8 6,6 6,5 6,3 6,6 7,0 7,6 7,8 8,1 8,8 8,2 7,3 2,10 2,27 1,84 1,93 2,42 2,11 2,14 2,04 2,34 2,05 1,84 1,83 1,96 2,04 2,12 2,00 1,96 2,20 2,10 1,89 7,7 7,1 6,6 6,3 6,7 6,3 6,3 6,2 6,4 6,1 5,6 5,5 6,1 5,6 5,7 5,0 4,5 4,3 3,8 3,9 24,1 19,6 20,8 19,7 20,1 18,2 18,5 18,5 17,3 15,2 16,1 15,6 14,5 13,7 14,0 12,4 11,2 10,2 8,5 8,1 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

56

57

2.8
2004 Total Sub 15 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50 i peste 2005 Total Sub 15 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50 i peste 2006 Total Sub 15 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50 i peste 2007 Total Sub 15 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50 i peste 2008 Total Sub 15 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50 i peste 2009 Total Sub 15 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50 i peste

Nscuii-vii dup grupa de vrst a prinilor Live-births by age group of parents


Grupa de vrst a tatlui (ani) Age group of father (years) 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50 i peste anover Nedeclarat Not stated Age group of mother (years) 2004 216261 599 28562 61649 70435 38465 14244 2184 123 221020 527 28356 57908 72990 42606 16298 2205 129 1 219483 551 28329 54533 71721 44580 17537 2104 127 1 214728 562 26607 53250 68851 45512 17473 2345 120 8 221900 707 26949 56121 68119 49067 17600 3204 132 1 222388 758 25456 56985 65684 51371 18262 3746 126 3629 206 2773 571 53 19 7 3850 157 3008 585 82 15 3 4067 181 3173 617 78 13 4 1 4040 192 3088 648 91 16 5 4372 230 3247 796 84 14 1 4242 273 3153 725 76 12 3 27940 144 10245 13641 3407 431 65 6 1 25822 126 9780 12340 3059 436 74 7 24129 109 9652 11169 2705 414 74 6 24154 116 9667 11397 2498 407 61 8 26399 151 10504 12924 2324 420 62 14 27414 185 10336 13839 2478 484 84 8 71419 43 7450 29063 29602 4628 601 32 70308 38 7161 27019 30285 5107 654 41 3 67300 24 6901 25249 29242 5185 664 35 63157 30 6065 23827 27362 5168 646 58 1 62003 45 5779 23912 26016 5548 638 63 2 58839 38 4987 23501 24164 5443 642 63 1 55666 6 1637 9716 25320 16567 2299 118 3 59508 5 1755 9786 26878 18425 2556 101 2 61493 13 1882 9901 27105 19780 2684 120 8 62301 5 1972 10069 27064 20379 2680 127 5 66448 13 1906 11005 27776 22611 2886 244 7 68253 9 1812 11480 27522 24018 3102 303 7 26407 3 331 2116 6792 11428 5476 251 10 30487 343 2154 7561 13087 7016 317 9 32096 1 459 2103 7590 13777 7835 325 6 31946 2 426 2151 7191 14037 7683 448 7 1 31908 2 435 2341 7099 13988 7416 620 7 32299 1 378 2320 6999 14615 7298 679 9 8232 52 382 1269 2509 3308 701 11 8396 64 370 1222 2640 3409 678 13 8224 71 325 1178 2525 3473 641 11 8568 83 366 1177 2623 3609 698 12 10700 85 493 1518 3469 4043 1076 16 12112 1 102 545 1589 3937 4575 1345 18 3376 27 135 429 808 1266 655 56 3365 23 139 393 837 1226 682 65 3359 1 47 100 358 808 1367 619 59 3207 28 98 343 764 1325 595 52 2 3287 2 23 124 360 843 1204 684 47 3115 19 118 311 787 1129 711 40 1180 17 85 195 284 350 213 36 1298 28 92 184 302 452 212 28 1395 24 80 200 362 500 199 30 1426 22 59 187 373 513 241 29 2 1599 23 99 219 410 501 306 41 1573 1 12 96 178 386 503 362 35 18412 197 6030 5940 3368 1791 872 208 6 17986 201 6194 5423 3326 1757 908 167 9 1 17420 222 6120 4989 3265 1716 936 159 12 1 15929 217 5256 4635 2938 1745 951 170 14 3 15184 264 4947 4427 2723 1764 849 197 12 1 14541 250 4657 4361 2367 1689 926 275 16 Total Under 15 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50 and over 2005 Total Under 15 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50 and over 2006 Total Under 15 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50 and over 2007 Total Under 15 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50 and over 2008 Total Under 15 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50 and over 2009 Total Under 15 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50 and over

Grupa de vrst a mamei (ani)

Total

15-19

20-24

25-29

58

59

2.9

Nscuii-vii dup rangul nscutului-viu i grupa de vrst a mamei Live-births by live-birth order and age group of mother
Grupa de vrst a mamei (ani) Age group of father (years) 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50 i peste and over Live-birth order 2004 Total First Second Third Fourth Fifth Sixth Seventh Eighth and over 2005 Total First Second Third Fourth Fifth Sixth Seventh Eighth and over 2006 Total First Second Third Fourth Fifth Sixth Seventh Eighth and over 2007 Total First Second Third Fourth Fifth Sixth Seventh Eighth and over 2008 Total First Second Third Fourth Fifth Sixth Seventh Eighth and over 2009 Total First Second Third Fourth Fifth Sixth Seventh Eighth and over

Rangul nscutului-viu 2004 Total Primul Al doilea Al treilea Al patrulea Al cincilea Al aselea Al aptelea Al optulea i peste 2005 Total Primul Al doilea Al treilea Al patrulea Al cincilea Al aselea Al aptelea Al optulea i peste 2006 Total Primul Al doilea Al treilea Al patrulea Al cincilea Al aselea Al aptelea Al optulea i peste 2007 Total Primul Al doilea Al treilea Al patrulea Al cincilea Al aselea Al aptelea Al optulea i peste 2008 Total Primul Al doilea Al treilea Al patrulea Al cincilea Al aselea Al aptelea Al optulea i peste 2009 Total Primul Al doilea Al treilea Al patrulea Al cincilea Al aselea Al aptelea Al optulea i peste

Nscui-vii Live-births

Sub 15 Under

15-19

20-24

216261 113219 63687 19387 8801 4625 2696 1572 2274 221020 114992 67712 19609 8369 4284 2329 1478 2247 219483 117003 65731 18831 7979 4157 2357 1363 2062 214728 112579 65296 18866 8071 4093 2366 1389 2068 221900 118439 66011 19098 8094 4266 2416 1454 2122 222388 117763 67452 18996 8193 4107 2458 1375 2044

599 589 10 527 519 8 551 530 21 562 543 19 707 688 19 758 735 23 -

28562 23417 4478 620 44 3 28356 23129 4540 626 55 5 1 28329 22901 4774 597 52 4 1 26607 21394 4533 620 56 4 26949 21354 4795 734 63 3 25456 20227 4472 688 65 4 -

61649 38108 16701 4697 1569 443 104 20 7 57908 35882 15778 4384 1410 380 57 16 1 54533 34225 14649 4019 1250 305 77 8 53250 33131 14463 4006 1256 319 62 13 56121 34736 15234 4356 1363 341 72 14 5 56985 35096 15524 4501 1416 350 84 12 -

70435 34572 23328 6731 3090 1548 743 301 122 72990 36559 24510 6560 2854 1381 683 288 155 71721 37636 22827 6218 2693 1342 640 239 126 68851 35885 21763 6122 2753 1291 608 286 143 68119 36600 20609 5832 2679 1413 609 237 140 65684 35554 20058 5405 2496 1209 587 239 136

38465 12664 14554 4940 2476 1555 989 609 678 42606 14437 17004 5275 2408 1393 844 594 651 44580 16539 17332 5029 2296 1364 848 560 612 45512 16569 18079 5059 2369 1380 905 559 592 49067 19279 18625 5148 2431 1438 922 588 636 51371 20141 19940 5227 2567 1416 916 567 597

14244 3568 4300 2059 1331 851 658 500 977 16298 4089 5507 2433 1388 900 563 452 966 17537 4741 5760 2662 1439 931 633 431 940 17473 4582 5965 2694 1382 887 622 406 935 17600 4989 6017 2543 1237 843 611 464 896 18262 5044 6519 2612 1310 880 635 425 837

2184 290 302 325 278 214 188 134 453 2205 357 346 316 246 212 174 121 433 2104 400 356 294 231 200 146 119 358 2345 447 455 349 242 201 161 120 370 3204 769 696 465 305 219 194 139 417 3746 937 904 543 331 237 224 126 444

123 11 14 15 13 11 14 8 37 129 19 19 15 8 13 7 7 41 127 30 12 12 18 11 12 6 26 120 27 17 14 11 11 8 5 27 132 23 16 20 16 9 8 12 28 126 29 12 20 8 11 12 6 28

1 1 1 1 8 1 2 2 2 1 1 -

60

61

2.10
Anii Years 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

Vrsta medie a mamei la natere, pe medii Average age of mother at birth, by area
ani / years

Vrsta medie a mamei la prima natere Average age of mother at first birth Total 23,7 23,9 24,2 24,3 24,6 24,9 25,2 25,3 25,5 25,6 Urban 24,9 25,2 25,5 25,7 26,0 26,3 26,6 26,7 27,0 27,1 Rural 22,3 22,4 22,5 22,5 22,6 22,7 22,9 22,9 23,1 23,1

Vrsta medie a mamei pentru toate naterile Average age of mother at all births Total 25,5 25,8 26,0 26,2 26,4 26,7 26,9 27,0 27,1 27,3 Urban 26,3 26,6 26,9 27,1 27,3 27,6 27,8 28,0 28,1 28,3 Rural 24,9 25,1 25,3 25,4 25,5 25,7 25,8 25,9 25,9 26,0

2.11
Anii Years

ntreruperi de sarcin, pe grupe de vrst Abortions, by age group


Total 15-49 ani / years 15 - 19 20-24 Grupa de vrst (ani) Age group (years) 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45 - 49

Numr / Number 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 189683 162087 149598 136647 127410 115457 18996 17902 16656 15012 13833 11982 41392 34376 30732 28290 27010 25442 48528 40761 37085 33035 28952 25794 42023 35581 32951 30582 28796 26220 28794 26118 25260 22611 21016 18468 8761 6731 6319 6488 7314 7167 1189 618 595 629 489 384

La 1000 femei / Per 1000 women 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 33,8 29,0 27,0 24,8 23,5 21,3 22,5 21,2 20,6 19,9 19,8 18,5 51,8 43,5 39,4 35,3 32,7 30,2 55,6 46,8 42,7 38,9 35,3 32,5 50,4 43,2 39,9 36,5 33,7 30,3 35,6 30,0 27,3 23,7 24,4 22,4 13,6 10,9 10,6 10,9 10,1 9,0 1,5 0,8 0,8 0,9 0,7 0,6

La 1000 nscui-vii / Per 1000 live-births 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 879,5 735,1 683,5 638,1 578,3 520,9 665,1 631,3 587,9 564,2 513,3 470,7 671,4 593,6 563,5 531,3 481,3 446,5 689,0 558,4 517,1 479,8 425,0 392,7 1092,5 835,1 739,1 672,0 586,9 510,4 2021,5 1602,5 1440,4 1294,1 1194,1 1011,3 4011,4 3052,6 3003,3 2766,7 2282,8 1913,2 9666,7 4790,7 4685,0 5241,7 3704,5 3047,6

62

2.12
Anii Years 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

Ratele de fertilitate , pe grupe de vrst i indicele conjunctural al fertlitii 1) 2) Fertility rates , by age group and total fertlity rate
Grupa de vrst (ani) / Age group (years) 15-19 59,1 62,6 58,4 61,5 56,8 52,4 51,7 79,8 82,4 72,6 65,7 62,1 61,3 60,6 69,3 69,2 70,0 71,2 72,8 72,5 72,3 71,1 68,9 57,5 56,1 57,3 62,9 65,3 62,7 59,3 51,5 49,8 47,4 47,0 45,0 42,0 40,0 40,8 40,3 40,0 39,0 35,8 32,7 33,4 33,8 33,5 35,0 35,2 38,5 39,3 20-24 164,1 155,4 147,4 144,0 144,0 140,7 143,0 251,8 241,4 215,7 201,4 190,9 185,9 182,4 202,3 197,8 196,9 200,9 198,5 200,2 200,4 194,3 184,4 178,4 191,9 191,4 191,3 189,7 176,7 169,1 145,2 131,1 127,1 124,6 119,3 109,5 102,2 100,7 96,9 93,3 90,2 82,2 81,5 79,7 77,2 73,3 69,8 66,5 67,9 67,5 25-29 121,2 110,1 105,0 102,9 102,6 99,8 98,2 198,1 193,9 171,7 151,6 138,1 131,6 124,2 142,9 138,5 136,7 138,1 132,7 128,8 126,8 121,6 107,2 99,9 114,7 121,1 126,7 126,4 123,8 118,0 97,8 78,6 77,1 74,2 75,8 73,4 72,4 72,6 77,6 77,6 78,5 73,8 77,6 79,0 80,7 83,9 82,7 81,0 83,1 82,7 30-34 67,6 60,1 54,9 53,1 52,2 53,5 53,4 124,1 126,5 108,0 94,9 82,7 76,9 71,6 78,3 71,4 69,4 67,6 64,4 61,0 58,3 56,4 47,5 42,5 50,5 55,2 63,3 65,7 63,0 58,8 46,4 34,2 31,1 28,3 28,7 29,4 30,1 33,9 36,3 37,3 38,7 37,4 38,3 41,7 46,2 51,8 54,0 54,4 57,4 59,4 35-39 39,0 32,4 29,5 28,2 26,2 25,1 25,1 59,7 63,9 54,7 48,8 44,3 40,7 37,6 40,2 36,7 33,4 32,3 30,3 28,4 25,0 23,4 19,6 17,4 20,1 21,4 26,1 28,7 27,3 25,6 19,4 13,9 12,9 11,4 11,3 11,0 10,9 11,2 11,7 12,4 13,4 13,7 15,0 16,1 17,6 18,7 19,0 18,3 20,5 22,1 40-44 45-49 14,5 13,2 11,4 10,7 9,5 8,9 8,3 16,6 17,3 15,0 13,8 13,1 12,0 10,3 10,7 10,0 9,0 8,6 8,2 7,6 6,5 6,3 5,2 4,5 4,6 5,1 6,4 8,1 7,3 7,1 5,5 4,0 3,7 3,2 3,2 3,1 2,9 2,9 2,8 2,8 3,1 3,0 3,0 3,1 3,4 3,6 3,5 3,9 4,4 4,7 1,4 0,9 0,8 0,7 0,8 0,8 0,9 1,2 1,2 1,0 0,9 0,8 0,8 0,6 0,7 0,7 0,7 0,7 0,7 0,7 0,5 0,6 0,4 0,4 0,3 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,3 0,2 0,3 0,2 0,2 0,2 0,2 0,2 0,2 0,2 0,2 0,2 0,2 0,2 0,2 0,2 0,2 0,2 0,2

1)

2)

ani / years

Rata general de fertilitate General fertility rate 73,9 68,4 63,5 61,9 59,9 57,3 55,7 105,5 102,9 89,6 81,2 75,3 72,7 70,4 79,3 77,5 77,3 78,8 77,7 76,6 74,8 71,9 65,1 59,5 64,2 65,1 68,2 69,1 68,4 66,3 56,2 48,7 46,6 44,3 43,3 41,1 39,9 40,6 40,6 40,2 40,3 37,8 37,5 37,8 38,4 39,4 39,5 38,9 40,6 41,0

Indicele conjunctural al fertilitii Total fertility rate 2,3 2,2 2,0 2,0 2,0 1,9 1,9 3,7 3,6 3,2 2,9 2,7 2,5 2,4 2,7 2,6 2,6 2,6 2,5 2,5 2,4 2,4 2,2 2,0 2,2 2,3 2,4 2,4 2,3 2,2 1,8 1,6 1,5 1,4 1,4 1,3 1,3 1,3 1,3 1,3 1,3 1,2 1,3 1,3 1,3 1,3 1,3 1,3 1,3 1,4

1) Nscui-vii la 1000 femei. / Live-births per 1000 women. 2) Numrul de copii nscui de o femeie n cursul vieii sale fertile. / Number of children born by a woman during her fertile life.

63

2.13

Decesele, pe grupe de vrst i sexe Deaths, by age group and sex

Grupa de vrst (ani) Age group (years)

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Total Total 0-4 5-9 10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60-64 65-69 70-74 75-79 80-84 85-89 90-94 95-99 100 i peste / and over 258890 4261 359 457 1017 1058 1428 2149 3257 4856 9560 13364 14279 18418 29796 37882 44713 40125 17237 12059 2412 203 262101 3869 361 392 1006 973 1409 1979 3273 4296 9099 13024 15271 17432 29265 38043 45218 42795 18981 12522 2627 266 258094 3600 334 365 941 1020 1421 1839 3348 3841 8146 13063 15686 16893 26951 36656 44769 43883 20653 11643 2788 254 251965 3046 327 343 906 1029 1243 1832 3295 3841 7602 12866 15958 16745 25386 35322 43293 42793 22821 10185 2843 289 253202 2865 325 315 888 1162 1201 1901 3055 4294 7136 13280 17144 16953 23538 35243 42702 42821 26597 8432 3068 282 257213 2660 266 301 721 1210 1171 1841 2841 4766 6862 13021 17319 18187 22852 35049 42645 43893 29709 8284 3294 321

Masculin / Male Total 0-4 5-9 10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60-64 65-69 70-74 75-79 80-84 85-89 90-94 95-99 100 i peste / and over 138440 2446 226 287 660 778 1022 1559 2338 3513 6793 9424 9806 12004 18167 20692 21552 16202 6078 4044 786 63 138461 2228 209 233 645 722 1006 1446 2318 3076 6464 9131 10375 11405 17785 20691 21680 17263 6694 4155 841 94 136264 2006 198 231 628 744 1036 1311 2357 2729 5831 9179 10776 11113 16518 19875 21657 18042 7173 3879 902 79 133405 1748 193 214 609 785 915 1319 2363 2769 5395 9163 10971 11030 15475 19387 20839 17886 7951 3353 951 89 135410 1660 193 193 599 895 887 1363 2252 3084 5141 9614 11895 11131 14539 19795 20844 18100 9458 2723 963 81 137550 1517 159 189 501 878 886 1365 2063 3446 4926 9355 12065 12208 14207 19580 21017 18816 10514 2669 1080 109

64

2.13

Decesele, pe grupe de vrst i sexe - continuare Deaths, by age group and sex - continued
2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

Grupa de vrst (ani) Age group (years)

Feminin / Female Total 0-4 5-9 10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60-64 65-69 70-74 75-79 80-84 85-89 90-94 95-99 100 i peste / and over 120450 1815 133 170 357 280 406 590 919 1343 2767 3940 4473 6414 11629 17190 23161 23923 11159 8015 1626 140 123640 1641 152 159 361 251 403 533 955 1220 2635 3893 4896 6027 11480 17352 23538 25532 12287 8367 1786 172 121830 1594 136 134 313 276 385 528 991 1112 2315 3884 4910 5780 10433 16781 23112 25841 13480 7764 1886 175 118560 1298 134 129 297 244 328 513 932 1072 2207 3703 4987 5715 9911 15935 22454 24907 14870 6832 1892 200 117792 1205 132 122 289 267 314 538 803 1210 1995 3666 5249 5822 8999 15448 21858 24721 17139 5709 2105 201 119663 1143 107 112 220 332 285 476 778 1320 1936 3666 5254 5979 8645 15469 21628 25077 19195 5615 2214 212

2.14
Total Neonatale Sub 7 zile 7-13 zile 14-29 zile Postneonatale 1 lun 2 luni 3-4 luni 5-6 luni 7-8 luni 9-11 luni

Decesele sub 1 an, dup grupa de vrst Infant deaths, by age group
2004 3641 2096 1464 312 320 1545 425 290 399 203 116 112 2005 3310 1892 1321 284 287 1418 396 244 349 202 121 106 2006 3052 1723 1190 254 279 1329 367 273 303 177 95 114 2007 2574 1501 1023 241 237 1073 296 201 236 138 91 111 2008 2434 1397 919 234 244 1037 299 183 244 131 90 90 2009 2250 1289 824 224 241 961 264 180 237 130 80 70 Age group Total Neonatal Under 7 days 7-13 days 14-29 days Postneonatal 1 month 2 months 3-4 months 5-6 months 7-8 months 9-11 months

Grupa de vrst

65

2.15
Total

Decese, pe cauze de deces Deaths, by death causes


numr / number

2004 Masculin Male 138440 2174 1717 25799 Feminin Female 120450 726 372 18186

2005 Masculin Male 138461 1925 1454 26292 Feminin Female 123640 664 330 18614

2006 Masculin Male 136264 1902 1398 26597 Feminin Female 121830 610 306 18854

2007 Masculin Feminin Male Female 133405 1746 1331 26753 118560 629 275 18630

2008 Masculin Male 135410 1832 1341 27705 Feminin Female 117792 653 298 18781

2009 Masculin Male 137550 1750 1278 28110 Feminin Female 119663 608 245 19279 Total Infectious and parasitic diseases of which: Tuberculosis Neoplasm Endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases of which: Diabete mellitus Mental and behavioural disorders Diseases of the nervous system Diseases of the circulatory system of which: Ischaemic heart disease Cerebrovascular diseases Diseases of the respiratory system Diseases of the digestive system Diseases of the genitourinary system Pregnancy, childbirth and puerperium Certain diseases originating in the perinatal period Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities Injury, poisoning and other consequences of external causes Other causes

Boli infecioase i parazitare din care: Tuberculoz Tumori Boli endocrine, de nutriie i metabolism din care: Diabet zaharat Tulburri mentale i de comportament Boli ale sistemului nervos Boli ale aparatului circulator din care: Boala ischemic a inimii Boli cerebro-vasculare Boli ale aparatului respirator Boli ale aparatului digestiv Boli ale aparatului genito-urinar Sarcin, natere i luzie Unele afeciuni a cror origine se situeaz n perioada perinatal Malformaii congenitale, deformaii i anomalii cromozomiale Leziuni traumatice, otrviri i alte consecine ale cauzelor externe Alte cauze

1030 988 701 1055 76318 27890 24647 8543 9307 1312 -

1242 1194 210 818 82935 25930 29364 5135 5812 905 52

1018 954 549 1055 77216 28012 25249 8311 9068 1364 -

1230 1169 148 907 85781 26633 30635 5040 5645 1012 37

1020 975 437 977 75982 28030 24585 7840 8658 1343 -

1203 1144 126 882 84344 26587 29956 4833 5547 1023 34

1076 1033 481 1061 73263 27279 22982 7927 8723 1329 -

1306 1256 107 957 81253 25676 28041 4730 5845 965 33

1048 1015 455 1024 72949 27069 22060 7898 9325 1370 -

1230 1191 138 1008 80188 25465 26522 4412 6129 1055 30

1131 1068 457 1083 73559 26687 22273 8223 10112 1343 -

1267 1206 161 990 80982 25588 26534 4669 6345 1122 47

856

569

761

490

671

483

565

393

551

319

466

336

520

412

549

451

456

401

430

327

340

309

382

294

10356 469

3106 342

9818 535

3223 398

9732 649

3037 453

9343 708

2914 471

9908 1005

2892 648

9510 1424

2675 888

Not: Serie actualizat dup Clasificarea Internaional a Maladiilor - Revizia a X-a 1994. Note: Updated series according to the International Classification of Diseases - Revision X, 1994.

66

67

2.16
Total

Decese sub 1 an, pe cauze de deces Deaths under 1 year of age, by cause of death
numr / number

2004 3641 138

2005 3310 101

2006 3052 95

2007 2574 55

2008 2434 61

2009 2250 46

Boli infecioase i parazitare Infectious and parasitic diseases din care: / of which: Diareea i gastroenterita de natur infecioas Diarrhoea and gastro-enteritis of infectious nature Infecia cu meningococi Meningococcus infection Boli ale sistemului nervos Diseases of the nervous system din care: / of which: Meningita Meningitis Encefalita, mielita i encefalomielita Encephalitis, myelitis and encephalo-myelitis Boli ale aparatului respirator Diseases of the respiratory system din care: / of which: Pneumonia Pneumonia Boli ale aparatului digestiv Diseases of the digestive system din care: / of which: Gastrita, enterita i colita neinfecioas Non-infective gastroenteritis and colitis Unele afeciuni a cror origine se situeaz n perioada perinatal Certain diseases originating in the perinatal period din care: / of which: Traumatisme obstetricale Obstetrics traumatisms Hemoragii fetale i neonatale Fetal and neo-natal hemorrhages Malformaii congenitale, deformaii i anomalii cromozomiale Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities din care: / of which: Malformaii congenitale ale aparatului circulator Congenital malformations of the circulatory system Leziuni traumatice, otrviri i alte consecine ale cauzelor externe Injury, poisoning and other consequences of external causes Alte cauze Other causes

81 5 53

59 4 64

52 8 66

22 6 52

34 3 49

20 5 42

15 21 1030 1006 20

25 17 900 878 20

23 15 838 819 35

26 6 733 695 36

15 10 729 708 32

18 6 633 617 37

15

22

22

25

1425

1251

1154

958

870

802

20 655 745

31 465 786

19 464 671

14 375 585

8 296 526

5 265 526

325

379

320

301

280

239

160

127

123

93

105

90

70

61

70

62

62

74

Not: Serie actualizat dup Clasificarea Internaional a Maladiilor - Revizia a X-a 1994. Note: Updated series according to the International Classification of Diseases - Revision X, 1994.

68

2.17
Anii Total 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 67,33 68,00 68,58 68,55 69,08 69,58 69,69 69,76 69,82 69,54 69,21 69,14 69,42 69,60 69,77 69,70 69,74 69,53 69,27 69,42 69,56 69,76 69,78 69,52 69,48 69,40 69,05 68,95 69,24 69,74 70,53 71,19 71,18 71,01 71,32 71,76 72,22 72,61 73,03 73,33

Durata medie a vieii, pe sexe i medii Life expectancy, by sex and area
ani / years

Pe sexe / By sex Masculin Male 65,07 65,70 66,27 66,28 66,83 67,29 67,37 67,45 67,42 67,10 66,68 66,53 66,70 66,83 66,98 66,81 66,78 66,55 66,30 66,51 66,56 66,59 66,56 66,06 65,88 65,70 65,30 65,19 65,46 66,05 67,03 67,69 67,61 67,42 67,74 68,19 68,74 69,17 69,49 69,68 Feminin Female 69,51 70,26 70,85 70,77 71,29 71,82 71,97 72,06 72,18 71,98 71,75 71,78 72,17 72,40 72,61 72,65 72,78 72,59 72,32 72,41 72,65 73,05 73,17 73,17 73,32 73,36 73,09 73,00 73,32 73,67 74,20 74,84 74,90 74,78 75,06 75,47 75,80 76,14 76,68 77,09 Urban / Urban Total Masculin Male 68,27 68,84 69,38 69,50 69,93 70,29 70,72 70,56 70,52 70,14 69,82 69,77 69,94 70,23 70,46 70,37 70,36 70,06 69,84 70,17 70,25 70,39 70,54 70,01 70,02 70,05 69,84 69,82 70,09 70,58 71,31 71,94 72,02 71,81 72,15 72,53 72,98 73,34 73,76 74,16 65,79 66,29 66,79 66,98 67,44 67,84 68,23 68,06 67,96 67,41 67,02 66,88 66,90 67,15 67,40 67,20 67,10 66,88 66,69 67,08 67,06 67,02 67,16 66,45 66,36 66,33 66,12 66,16 66,39 66,92 67,84 68,50 68,55 68,24 68,62 69,04 69,56 69,96 70,29 70,58

Pe medii / By area Rural / Rural Total 66,63 67,41 68,01 67,87 68,46 68,99 68,79 69,03 69,08 68,94 68,59 68,53 68,89 68,94 69,04 68,95 68,99 68,81 68,52 68,55 68,70 68,88 68,75 68,76 68,67 68,46 67,99 67,80 68,11 68,66 69,53 70,20 70,08 70,08 70,34 70,78 71,23 71,64 72,05 72,23 Masculin Male 64,40 65,17 65,78 65,67 65,27 66,74 66,47 66,71 66,62 66,67 66,21 66,05 66,31 66,30 66,34 66,14 66,14 65,89 65,60 65,65 65,70 65,71 65,45 65,32 65,04 64,70 64,13 63,86 64,16 64,85 65,93 66,57 66,35 66,41 66,67 67,12 67,69 68,13 68,42 68,51 Feminin Female 68,83 69,61 70,20 70,02 70,60 71,18 71,04 71,28 71,46 71,24 71,03 71,07 71,53 71,65 71,82 71,85 71,98 71,86 71,58 71,60 71,80 72,25 72,29 72,52 72,68 72,66 72,33 72,26 72,58 72,91 73,49 74,17 74,20 74,14 74,41 74,83 75,13 75,50 76,05 76,36 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Years Feminin Female 70,67 71,32 71,89 71,96 72,36 72,69 73,15 73,00 73,03 72,83 72,59 72,64 72,95 73,28 73,49 73,54 73,61 73,26 73,03 73,28 73,46 73,83 74,02 73,71 73,83 73,95 73,77 73,66 73,97 74,38 74,86 75,42 75,51 75,42 75,70 76,01 76,34 76,64 77,16 77,67

Not: Durata medie a vieii n anul de referin s-a calculat pe baza numrului populaiei i al deceselor pentru o perioad de trei ani. Note: Life expectancy in the reference year was computed based on population number and on number of deaths during a three years period.

69

2.18

Cstoriile dup grupa de vrst a soilor Marriages by age group of spuses


Grupa de vrst a soiei (ani) / Age group of wife (years) Total Sub 20 20-24 25-29 30-34 under 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 i peste and over

Grupa de vrst a soului (ani) Age group of husband (years) 2004 Total Sub / under 20 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 i peste / and over 2005 Total Sub / under 20 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 i peste / and over 2006 Total Sub / under 20 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 i peste / and over 2007 Total Sub / under 20 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 i peste / and over 2008 Total Sub / under 20 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 i peste / and over

143304 1698 33144 56633 24033 11793 5489 4093 2763 1449 2209 141832 1773 29764 56000 25464 12532 5371 4159 2813 1760 2196 146637 2249 28747 58111 27924 13516 5173 4014 2887 1801 2215 189240 3168 36301 69336 38548 18664 7327 5432 4090 2942 3432 149439 1786 28192 55749 32071 13532 6717 3960 3138 2038 2256

20566 51779 39054 15076 1157 431 71 24 10062 17911 4540 495 7656 25285 19816 3133 1352 6035 9648 5207 240 1485 3353 3728 63 360 926 1333 22 146 401 706 8 78 177 280 4 25 77 102 2 23 45 68 19336 48526 40106 15905 1145 476 97 36 9322 15648 4113 518 7047 24293 20470 3364 1463 6160 10370 5590 271 1382 3432 3941 55 329 874 1324 13 128 435 658 13 63 175 278 4 26 83 125 3 21 57 71 19966 47912 42322 17361 1439 583 138 49 9296 14770 3914 577 7083 24234 22156 3766 1690 6493 11116 6427 337 1342 3619 4319 71 283 785 1197 27 112 342 611 14 52 161 252 28 58 108 4 5 15 33 55

7628 10 94 620 1478 2311 1564 926 409 132 84 8538 8 121 684 1545 2782 1683 990 449 164 112 9299 27 129 738 1790 3089 1702 1009 494 195 126

3179 4 24 85 223 472 753 841 471 163 143 3181 5 26 92 238 501 698 830 472 201 118 3309 8 34 86 296 578 709 827 462 202 107 4708 11 75 314 803 1155 1370 672 209 99 4680 1 21 116 374 897 1202 1001 669 261 138

2697 13 28 69 149 368 740 727 327 276 2672 3 11 39 64 173 298 753 711 342 278 2707 3 17 27 76 171 301 751 739 388 234 3692 7 8 71 229 401 1059 1170 526 221 2603 17 75 171 350 646 749 380 215

1674 1 3 9 14 41 105 244 478 368 411 1808 2 3 6 19 38 84 278 498 470 410 1806 2 5 17 23 40 98 251 512 464 394 3051 1 13 68 101 384 927 1019 538 2041 1 5 13 29 107 282 629 566 409

801 1 1 4 10 13 51 99 198 424 895 1 2 3 12 7 19 60 124 260 407 1014 2 2 8 15 25 74 156 269 463 1904 4 6 11 22 92 255 696 818 1161 3 10 19 62 156 375 536

850 1 3 4 4 16 36 53 733 865 2 3 5 7 14 30 85 719 941 3 2 5 6 2 10 45 85 783 1836 1 3 2 2 5 27 56 153 1587 936 1 1 6 4 11 43 92 778

25143 60296 52241 24013 12356 2376 703 72 12 4 12722 18881 4048 521 110 7806 29924 26356 4425 735 1865 8771 15889 9451 2166 314 1608 4535 6698 4396 47 262 866 1800 2668 9 86 284 687 1434 3 38 113 282 574 12 56 91 180 1 11 22 46 89 15671 51201 42153 19749 1162 559 52 7 7930 16378 3302 487 4990 24696 21414 3894 1330 7801 12662 7928 205 1353 3333 4611 36 290 921 1770 6 68 290 612 8 34 125 264 2 17 29 122 2 5 25 54 9244 5 72 617 1884 2917 2018 982 461 194 94

70

2.18

Cstoriile dup grupa de vrst a soilor - continuare Marriages by age group of spuses - continued
Grupa de vrst a soiei (ani) / Age group of wife (years) Total Sub 20 20-24 25-29 30-34 under 13230 48181 37720 17933 988 457 30 7 7008 15824 3050 445 3932 22694 18946 3554 1089 7521 11666 7614 169 1323 2885 4011 35 262 815 1504 4 52 197 476 1 29 76 209 2 9 32 64 2 10 23 49 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 i peste and over 816 1 4 7 16 43 88 657

Grupa de vrst a soului (ani) Age group of husband (years) 2009 Total Sub / under 20 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 i peste / and over

134275 1486 26426 49752 29976 11776 6024 3031 2412 1581 1811

7667 3 85 509 1632 2426 1827 679 307 130 69

4267 1 11 98 384 793 1220 902 537 211 110

1973 3 12 54 130 254 468 577 317 158

1591 6 11 28 87 192 497 421 349

897 1 4 7 13 45 136 307 384

2.19
Starea civil a soului 2004 Total Necstorit Divorat Vduv 2005 Total Necstorit Divorat Vduv 2006 Total Necstorit Divorat Vduv 2007 Total Necstorit Divorat Vduv 2008 Total Necstorit Divorat Vduv 2009 Total Necstorit Divorat Vduv

Cstoriile dup starea civil a soilor nainte de cstorie Marriages by previous marital status of spuses
Starea civil a soiei / Marital status of wife Total Necstorit Unmarried Divorat Divorced Vduv Widow Marital status of husband

143304 121368 19925 2011 141832 119219 20697 1916 146637 123635 21053 1949 189240 167286 20047 1907 149439 127286 20407 1746 134275 116162 16863 1250

122995 113103 9433 459 121038 110893 9737 408 124680 114573 9701 406 168132 158237 9448 447 128578 118600 9616 362 116824 108298 8205 321

17803 7498 9427 878 18389 7615 9934 840 19420 8306 10293 821 18510 8212 9538 760 18395 7917 9728 750 15582 7247 7821 514

2506 767 1065 674 2405 711 1026 668 2537 756 1059 722 2598 837 1061 700 2466 769 1063 634 1869 617 837 415

2004 Total Unmarried Divorced Widower 2005 Total Unmarried Divorced Widower 2006 Total Unmarried Divorced Widower 2007 Total Unmarried Divorced Widower 2008 Total Unmarried Divorced Widower 2009 Total Unmarried Divorced Widower

71

2.20
Anul i mediul Year and area 2004 Total Urban Rural 2005 Total Urban Rural 2006 Total Urban Rural 2007 Total Urban Rural 2008 Total Urban Rural 2009 Total Urban Rural

Vrsta medie la cstorie i vrsta medie la prima cstorie, pe medii Average age at marriage and average age at first marriage, by area
ani / years

Vrsta medie la cstorie Average age at marriage So Husband 30,4 30,9 29,7 30,7 31,3 29,7 30,8 31,2 29,9 31,3 31,2 31,4 31,2 31,5 30,5 30,9 31,2 30,2 Soie Wife 26,7 27,6 25,2 27,1 28,0 25,3 27,2 28,1 25,6 27,7 28,1 27,3 27,7 28,4 26,4 27,5 28,2 26,2

Vrsta medie la prima cstorie Average age at first marriage So Husband 28,3 28,6 28,1 28,5 28,9 27,9 28,6 28,9 28,1 29,8 29,2 30,4 29,1 29,3 28,7 29,1 29,4 28,5 Soie Wife 25,0 25,8 23,6 25,2 26,1 23,5 25,3 26,2 23,7 26,3 26,4 26,2 25,9 26,6 24,5 25,8 26,6 24,4

2.21
(ani) 2004 Total Sub 20 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 i peste 2005 Total Sub 20 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 i peste

Divorurile dup grupa de vrst a soilor Divorces by age group of spouses

Grupa de vrst a soului Total Sub 20 Under 506 4 183 236 60 15 4 3 1 465 10 186 192 59 11 5 1 1 20-24 25-29

Grupa de vrst a soiei (ani) 30-34 35-39

Age group of wife (years) 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 i peste and over 617 1 3 1 1 2 9 38 68 494 590 3 1 2 5 28 61 490

Age group of husband (years) 2004 Total Under 20 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 and over 2005 Total Under 20 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 and over

35225 25 1168 5892 7881 7048 4425 3934 2615 1116 1121 33193 30 1077 5268 7116 7117 3998 3792 2457 1189 1149

3891 12 665 2142 813 191 39 13 10 2 4 3463 8 612 1829 767 183 42 12 6 3 1

7934 6 247 2874 3318 1167 216 67 18 7 14 7297 6 217 2585 3056 1094 212 81 28 10 8

7628 3 45 504 3016 3003 736 232 57 20 12 6943 4 40 538 2591 2922 582 191 51 14 10

5908 19 94 588 2352 1967 703 143 24 18 6078 1 17 96 550 2552 1860 774 159 42 27

3447 4 26 54 227 1147 1479 424 63 23 3259 1 3 18 68 283 1042 1347 393 74 30

2981 3 8 25 68 259 1181 1115 237 85 2660 4 12 54 185 1126 972 241 66

1671 1 4 5 21 47 208 716 468 201 1701 2 6 9 14 62 221 713 458 216

642 1 1 3 8 39 93 227 270 737 1 3 6 35 106 286 300

72

73

2.21
(ani) 2006 Total Sub 20 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 i peste 2007 Total Sub 20 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 i peste 2008 Total Sub 20 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 i peste 2009 Total Sub 20 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 i peste

Divorurile dup grupa de vrst a soilor - continuare Divorces by age group of spouses - continued
Grupa de vrst a soiei (ani) Total Sub 20 Under 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 Age group of wife (years) 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 i peste and over Age group of husband (years) 2006 Total Under 20 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 and over 2007 Total Under 20 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 and over 2008 Total Under 20 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 and over 2009 Total Under 20 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 and over

Grupa de vrst a soului

32672 47 1016 4893 7015 7324 3900 3691 2518 1212 1056

524 20 183 231 67 13 6 1 3 -

3267 16 560 1686 750 186 36 16 9 7 1

6833 4 199 2306 3022 1021 176 63 25 13 4

7003 6 43 538 2558 2957 596 216 63 13 13

6505 1 21 103 508 2803 1971 805 213 53 27

3009 4 10 71 274 902 1261 377 82 28

2617 4 12 24 53 154 1061 1020 219 70

1632 1 4 10 13 43 229 674 487 171

740 2 3 2 14 34 109 294 282

542 1 1 2 2 2 5 25 44 460

36308 41 910 4836 7707 8487 4455 4057 2994 1591 1230

526 16 188 216 76 23 6 1 -

3381 13 481 1725 887 200 50 14 6 4 1

7158 9 173 2265 3201 1180 221 65 22 15 7

7856 3 40 510 2897 3344 709 236 77 29 11

7300 23 91 526 3226 2115 936 263 81 39

3696 17 82 410 1123 1490 476 77 21

2826 3 8 27 74 190 1058 1131 267 68

1967 2 2 8 22 37 214 845 642 195

967 2 3 8 3 33 146 407 365

631 1 10 28 69 523

35685 19 944 4429 7497 7428 5506 3991 2971 1599 1301

442 11 180 164 62 21 2 1 1

3462 4 556 1636 961 227 47 16 8 2 5

6537 2 134 2010 2989 1028 265 63 26 10 10

7572 2 53 499 2848 2956 915 177 73 35 14

6741 13 82 509 2653 2381 786 222 66 29

4571 6 23 97 469 1661 1625 551 108 31

2747 10 18 56 173 1044 1098 278 70

1964 2 5 8 13 43 230 821 646 196

958 5 4 15 43 147 392 352

691 1 4 6 25 62 593

32341 15 873 3829 6820 6342 5594 3444 2738 1521 1165

278 6 119 93 48 10 2 -

3235 9 566 1455 931 200 53 11 4 2 4

5820 126 1741 2669 931 258 61 18 11 5

6860 40 433 2590 2587 908 201 66 25 10

5782 15 69 467 2091 2314 559 190 55 22

4620 3 25 84 434 1807 1543 572 117 35

2411 4 4 22 62 176 840 982 261 60

1807 5 7 17 62 183 751 601 181

923 2 2 6 10 36 129 384 354

605 2 4 4 10 26 65 494

74

75

2.22
Anii Years 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

Divorurile dup numrul copiilor minori rmai prin desfacerea cstoriei Divorces by number of under age children remained through marriage dissolution
Cu 5 copii i peste With 5 children and over 75 81 65 57 65 69

Total

Fr copii Without children 16830 16485 16558 18929 18910 17410

Cu 1 copil With 1 child 13313 12249 11878 12825 12166 10616

Cu 2 copii With 2 children 4191 3725 3544 3851 3881 3653

Cu 3 copii With 3 children 630 517 481 524 539 473

Cu 4 copii With 4 children 186 136 146 122 124 120

35225 33193 32672 36308 35685 32341

2.23
Anii Years

Migraia intern determinat de schimbarea domiciliului, pe medii i sexe Internal migration determined by permanent residence changing, by area and sex
numr persoane / number of persons

Sosii / In-migrants Total n urban In urban area n rural In rural area Total 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 369892 272604 334025 374156 389254 330672 174447 136840 176100 175666 185948 166853 195445 135764 157925 198490 203306 163819 369892 272604 334025 374156 389254 330672 Total

Plecai / Out-migrants Din urban From urban area Din rural From rural area

214001 157377 194749 213668 232105 193120

155891 115227 139276 160488 157149 137552

Masculin / Male 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 167213 120924 149980 171118 179569 147712 76909 59910 77747 80190 84227 73752 90304 61014 72233 90928 95342 73960 167213 120924 149980 171118 179569 147712 101116 72921 90605 102448 111512 90274 66097 48003 59375 68670 68057 57438

Feminin / Female 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 202679 151680 184045 203038 209685 182960 97538 76930 98353 95476 101721 93101 105141 74750 85692 107562 107964 89859 202679 151680 184045 203038 209685 182960 112885 84456 104144 111220 120593 102846 89794 67224 79901 91818 89092 80114

76

2.24

Migraia intern determinat de schimbarea domiciliului, pe grupe de vrst i medii Internal migration determined by permanent residence changing, by age group and area
numr persoane / number of persons

Sosii / In-migrants Grupa de vrst (ani) Age group (years) 2004 Total pn la / under 15 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 i peste / and over 2005 Total pn la / under 15 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 i peste / and over 2006 Total pn la / under 15 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 i peste / and over 2007 Total pn la / under 15 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 i peste / and over Total n urban In urban area 174447 27736 11753 26533 29715 24746 15258 8512 8217 6789 4275 10913 n rural In rural area 195445 38713 15205 25122 22471 21867 15145 12326 13563 12179 7235 11619 Total

Plecai / Out-migrants Din urban From urban area 214001 30829 13606 27066 28120 24305 18649 14189 16750 15217 9136 16134 Din rural From rural area 155891 35620 13352 24589 24066 22308 11754 6649 5030 3751 2374 6398

369892 66449 26958 51655 52186 46613 30403 20838 21780 18968 11510 22532

369892 66449 26958 51655 52186 46613 30403 20838 21780 18968 11510 22532

272604 44573 21593 40152 39879 34071 23553 14846 15087 13829 8584 16437

136840 19542 9562 21338 24073 19537 12775 6811 6043 5335 3432 8392

135764 25031 12031 18814 15806 14534 10778 8035 9044 8494 5152 8045

272604 44573 21593 40152 39879 34071 23553 14846 15087 13829 8584 16437

157377 20894 10583 20701 22293 18198 14462 9868 11243 10866 6693 11576

115227 23679 11010 19451 17586 15873 9091 4978 3844 2963 1891 4861

334025 56037 25075 48966 53245 41300 28956 15761 16673 16182 11401 20429

176100 25461 11643 28060 34533 24524 16127 7455 6898 6398 4486 10515

157925 30576 13432 20906 18712 16776 12829 8306 9775 9784 6915 9914

334025 56037 25075 48966 53245 41300 28956 15761 16673 16182 11401 20429

194749 26494 11628 25341 31535 23165 17614 10269 12169 12659 9089 14786

139276 29543 13447 23625 21710 18135 11342 5492 4504 3523 2312 5643

374156 62465 27147 53799 56207 45282 31334 18033 17325 18508 15105 28951

175666 25787 11179 27965 33648 25175 15946 7857 6237 6019 4699 11154

198490 36678 15968 25834 22559 20107 15388 10176 11088 12489 10406 17797

374156 62465 27147 53799 56207 45282 31334 18033 17325 18508 15105 28951

213668 28329 11861 26608 32613 25258 18378 11569 12416 14357 11956 20323

160488 34136 15286 27191 23594 20024 12956 6464 4909 4151 3149 8628

77

2.24

Migraia intern determinat de schimbarea domiciliului, pe grupe de vrst i medii - continuare Internal migration determined by permanent residence changing, by age group and area - continued
numr persoane / number of persons

Sosii / In-migrants Grupa de vrst (ani) Age group (years) 2008 Total pn la / under 15 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 i peste / and over 2009 Total pn la / under 15 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 i peste / and over Total n urban In urban area 185948 29033 10939 29730 34331 26678 15803 9871 6423 6510 5192 11438 166853 28895 9725 28983 29757 23765 12803 9071 4983 5504 4459 8908 n rural In rural area 203306 38333 14739 25580 22089 21418 15500 11796 10481 13141 11354 18875 163819 37221 12893 23279 17702 17421 11791 9560 6914 8753 7086 11199 Total

Plecai / Out-migrants Din urban From urban area 232105 32902 11656 28588 34637 29480 19232 14369 12177 15241 13087 20736 193120 32586 9700 26749 29535 25554 15141 12359 8478 10903 8865 13250 Din rural From rural area 157149 34464 14022 26722 21783 18616 12071 7298 4727 4410 3459 9577 137552 33530 12918 25513 17924 15632 9453 6272 3419 3354 2680 6857

389254 67366 25678 55310 56420 48096 31303 21667 16904 19651 16546 30313 330672 66116 22618 52262 47459 41186 24594 18631 11897 14257 11545 20107

389254 67366 25678 55310 56420 48096 31303 21667 16904 19651 16546 30313 330672 66116 22618 52262 47459 41186 24594 18631 11897 14257 11545 20107

2.25
Total

Structura fluxurilor migraiei interne urbane i rurale, determinate de schimbarea domiciliului Structure of urban and rural internal migration flows determined by permanent residence changing
2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

Numr persoane / Number of persons 369892 77941 96506 77950 117495 272604 60195 76645 55032 80732 334025 75275 100825 64001 93924 374156 80235 95431 80253 118237 389254 78671 107277 78478 124828 330672 70246 96607 67306 96513

Din rural n urban From rural to urban Din urban n urban From urban to urban Din rural n rural From rural to rural Din urban n rural From urban to rural Total Din rural n urban From rural to urban Din urban n urban From urban to urban Din rural n rural From rural to rural Din urban n rural From urban to rural

Rate la 1000 locuitori / Rates per 1000 inhabitants 17,1 6,6 8,1 7,9 12,0 12,6 5,1 6,5 5,6 8,3 15,5 6,3 8,5 6,6 9,7 17,4 6,8 8,1 8,3 12,2 18,1 6,7 9,1 8,1 12,9 15,4 6,0 8,2 8,3 10,0

78

2.26
Total Masculin Feminin

Emigranii, pe sexe i grupe de vrst (cetenii romni care i-au stabilit domiciliul n strintate) Emigrants, by sex and age group (Romanian citizens who settled their permanent residence abroad)
numr persoane / number of persons

2004 13082 4934 8148

2005 10938 4110 6828

2006 14197 5341 8856

2007 8830 3088 5742

2008 8739 3069 5670

2009 10211 3768 6443 Total Male Female

Pe grupe de vrst / By age group Sub 18 ani 18-25 ani 26-40 ani 41-50 ani 51-60 ani 61 ani i peste 1417 1920 7174 1414 577 580 765 1408 6359 1355 545 506 963 1726 8198 1782 839 689 1003 1062 4979 982 460 344 1214 1107 4722 974 445 277 1316 1270 5351 1393 522 359 Under 18 years 18-25 years 26-40 years 41-50 years 51-60 years 61 years and over

2.27
Total

Emigranii, dup naionalitate i ara de destinaie (cetenii romni care i-au stabilit domiciliul n strintate) Emigrants, by nationality and country of destination (Romanian citizens who settled their permanent residence abroad)
numr persoane / number of persons

2004 13082

2005 10938

2006 14197

2007 8830

2008 8739

2009 10211 Total

Dup naionalitate / By nationality (ethnic group) Romni Germani Maghiari Evrei Alte naionaliti 11890 36 1062 36 58 10301 93 460 48 36 13296 85 693 54 69 8589 12 167 21 41 8485 18 194 27 15 10052 15 103 27 14 Romanians Germans Hungarians Jews Other nationalities

Dup ara de destinaie / By country of destination Australia Austria Canada Frana Germania Grecia Israel Italia Spania S.U.A. Suedia Ucraina Ungaria Alte ri 84 491 1445 436 2707 97 85 2603 162 2049 62 19 1553 1289 78 421 1220 343 2196 114 64 2731 139 1679 29 9 1013 902 125 581 1655 529 3110 134 128 3393 330 1982 37 19 900 1274 83 313 1787 372 1902 72 57 1401 138 1535 2 2 266 900 82 345 1738 431 1788 85 50 1098 238 1591 7 1 354 931 128 421 2045 576 1938 124 111 984 547 1793 15 2 331 1196 Australia Austria Canada France Germany Greece Israel Italy Spain U.S.A. Sweden Ukraine Hungary Other countries

79

2.28
Total Masculin Feminin

Imigranii, pe sexe i grupe de vrst (ceteni strini care i-au stabilit domiciliul n Romnia) Immigrants, by sex and age group (foreign citizens who settled their permanent residence in Romania)
numr persoane / number of persons

2004 2987 1690 1297

2005 3704 2117 1587

2006 7714 4762 2952

2007 9575 5871 3704

2008 10030 6041 3989

2009 8606 5177 3429 Total Male Female

Pe grupe de vrst / By age group Sub 18 ani 18-25 ani 26-40 ani 41-50 ani 51-60 ani 61 ani i peste 404 414 1028 489 348 304 554 426 1410 649 376 289 1083 868 3265 1469 729 300 1434 1002 3755 1880 1004 500 1451 1309 3878 1687 1142 563 1266 1266 3104 1399 977 594 Under 18 years 18-25 years 26-40 years 41-50 years 51-60 years 61 years and over

2.29

Imigranii, dup ara de provenien (ceteni strini care i-au stabilit domiciliul n Romnia) Immigrants, by origin country (foreign citizens who settled their permanent residence in Romania)
numr persoane / number of persons

ara de provenien Total Austria Canada R.P. Chinez Frana Germania Irak Iran-Republica Islamica Israel Italia Liban Republica Moldova Siria S.U.A Turcia Ucraina Ungaria Alte ri

2004 2987 90 175 101 296 185 163 2 1254 14 259 22 19 68 339

2005 3704 76 153 1 117 238 1 7 134 216 11 1917 13 311 33 27 74 375

2006 7714 75 187 362 125 252 121 120 156 313 104 4349 151 292 273 38 103 693

2007 9575 126 271 375 184 423 129 139 239 844 162 4019 228 466 522 75 249 1124

2008 10030 126 334 580 153 526 136 88 204 1290 143 3476 224 581 566 63 368 1172

2009 8606 145 296 462 169 496 111 63 162 1233 94 2847 174 539 402 63 335 1078

Origin country Total Austria Canada China, Peoples Rep. of France Germany Iraq Iran Israel Italy Lebanon Republic of Moldova Syrian Arabian Republic U.S.A. Turkey Ukraine Hungary Other countries

2.30
Anii Years 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

Migraia internaional determinat de schimbarea domiciliului, pe sexe International migration determined by change of permanent residence, by sex
numr persoane / number of persons

Imigrani Immigrants Total 2987 3704 7714 9575 10030 8606 Masculin Male 1690 2117 4762 5871 6041 5177 Feminin Female 1297 1587 2952 3704 3989 3429 Total 13082 10938 14197 8830 8739 10211

Emigrani Emigrants Masculin Male 4934 4110 5341 3088 3069 3768 Feminin Female 8148 6828 8856 5742 5670 6443

Soldul migraiei internaionale Net international migration Total -10095 -7234 -6483 745 1291 -1605 Masculin Male -3244 -1993 -579 2783 2972 1409 Feminin Female -6851 -5241 -5904 -2038 -1681 -3014

80

PIAA FOREI DE MUNC

LABOUR MARKET

CUPRINS TABELE

Pagina Page

TABLES CONTENTS

FORA DE MUNC
3.1 3.2 3.3 Populaia dup participarea la activitatea economic, pe sexe i medii .......................................................... 94 Ratele de activitate, ocupare i omaj BIM, dup nivelul de educaie, pe sexe i medii .................. 95 Structura populaiei ocupate, pe activiti ale economiei naionale i pe grupe de vrst, n anul 2009 ................................................................ 96 Structura populaiei ocupate, pe activiti ale economiei naionale i dup statutul profesional, n anul 2009 ................................................................ 96 Structura populaiei, dup participarea la activitatea economic, pe grupe de vrst, sexe i medii, n anul 2009 ......................................... 98 Structura populaiei ocupate, dup nivelul de educaie, pe grupe de vrst, sexe i medii, n anul 2009 ......................................... 99 Structura populaiei ocupate, pe grupe de ocupaii, grupe de vrst, sexe i medii, n anul 2009 ............ 100 Structura populaiei ocupate, dup statutul profesional, pe grupe de vrst, sexe i medii, n anul 2009 .............................................................. 104 Populaia ocupat civil, pe activiti ale economiei naionale ................................................................... 105 Populaia ocupat civil, pe activiti ale economiei naionale i pe forme de proprietate, n anul 2009 ....... 105 Numrul mediu al salariailor, pe activiti ale economiei naionale i pe sexe ................................ 106 Numrul mediu al salariailor, pe forme de proprietate, clase de mrime ale ntreprinderilor i pe sexe ......................................... 107 Numrul mediu al salariailor, pe activiti ale industriei i pe sexe .................................................. 107 Salariaii, pe activiti ale economiei naionale i pe sexe, la 31 decembrie 2009 ............................. 109 Salariaii, pe activiti ale industriei i pe sexe, la 31 decembrie 2009 ............................................... 110 omerii nregistrai i rata omajului ........................ 112 Persoanele cuprinse n cursuri de formare profesional ................................................. 112 omerii nregistrai, dup nivelul de educaie i pe grupe de vrst, la 31 decembrie 2009 ............................................... 114 omerii nregistrai, beneficiari de indemnizaii de omaj, pe grupe de vrst i dup durata omajului, la 31 decembrie 2009 .............................. 114 omajul BIM de lung durat, pe sexe i medii ....... 116

LABOUR FORCE
Population by participation in economic activity, by sex and area Activity, employment and ILO unemployment rates, by educational level, sex and area Employment structure, by activity of national economy and by age group, in 2009 Employment structure, by activity of national economy and by status in employment, in 2009 Population structure, by participation in economic activity, by age group, sex and area, in 2009 Employment structure, by educational level, by age group, sex and area, in 2009 Employment structure, by occupation group, age group, sex and area, in 2009 Employment structure, by status in employment, by age group, sex and area, in 2009 Civil employment, by activity of national economy Civil employment, by activity of national economy and by type of ownership, in 2009 Average number of employees, by activity of national economy and by sex Average number of employees, by ownership type, enterprises size class and by sex Average number of employees, by activity of industry and by sex Employees, by activity of national economy and by sex, on December 31, 2009 Employees , by activity of industry and by sex, on December 31, 2009 Registered unemployed and unemployment rate Persons who attend vocational training courses Registered unemployed, by educational level and by age group, on December 31, 2009 Registered unemployed, receiving unemployment indemnities, by age group and by unemployment duration, on December 31, 2009 ILO long term unemployed, by sex and area

3.4

3.5

3.6

3.7 3.8

3.9 3.10 3.11 3.12

3.13 3.14 3.15 3.16 3.17 3.18

3.19

3.20

82

Pagina Page
CONDIII DE MUNC 3.21 3.22 3.23 3.24 3.25 3.26 3.27 Numrul accidentailor n munc, pe activiti ale economiei naionale, n anul 2009 ............................ 117 Revendicrile care au declanat conflicte de interese . ............................................................... 121 Conflictele de interese i frecvena lor lunar .......... 122 Greve declanate, cu respectarea procedurii prevzute n Legea nr. 168 / 1999 ............................ 122 Conflictele de interese, pe activiti ale economiei naionale ................................................................... 124 Rata locurilor de munc vacante, pe activiti ale economiei naionale.......................... 128 Rata locurilor de munc vacante, pe grupe majore de ocupaii ...................................... 128 WORKING CONDITIONS Number of injured at work, by activity of national economy, in 2009 Claims which caused conflicts of interest Conflicts of interest and their monthly frequency Strikes initiated by observing the procedure provided by Law no. 168 / 1999 Conflicts of interest, by activity of national economy Rate of vacancies, by activity of national economy Rate of vacancies, by major occupation groups

Teritorial 3.28 3.29 Populaia dup participarea la activitatea economic, n profil teritorial, pe sexe i medii ................ Ratele de activitate, ocupare i omaj BIM, n profil teritorial, dup nivelul de educaie, pe sexe i medii, n anul 2009 ......................................... Structura populaiei, dup participarea la activitatea economic, n profil teritorial, pe grupe de vrst, sexe i medii, n anul 2009 .............................................. Structura populaiei ocupate, n profil teritorial, dup nivelul de educaie, pe grupe de vrst, sexe i medii, n anul 2009 .............................................. Structura populaiei ocupate, n profil teritorial, dup statutul profesional, pe grupe de vrst, sexe i medii, n anul 2009 .............................................. Structura populaiei ocupate, n profil teritorial, pe activiti ale economiei naionale i pe grupe de vrst, n anul 2009 ..................................... Populaia ocupat civil, n profil teritorial i pe activiti ale economiei naionale, n anul 2009 ..................................................................... Numrul mediu al salariailor, n profil teritorial ................ Numrul mediu al salariailor, n profil teritorial i pe sexe ......................................................................... Numrul mediu al salariailor, n profil teritorial i pe activiti ale economiei naionale, n anul 2009 ..................................................................... omerii nregistrai i rata omajului, n profil teritorial, la 31 decembrie 2009 ........................... omerii nregistrai, n profil teritorial, pe categorii de personal i nivel de educaie, la 31 decembrie 2009 ....................................................... omajul BIM de lung durat, n profil teritorial, pe sexe i medii ................................................................

Territorial Population by participation in economic activity, at territorial level, by sex and area Activity, employment and ILO unemployment rates, at territorial level, by educational level, by sex and area, in 2009 Population structure, by participation in economic activity, at territorial level, by age group, sex and area, in 2009 Employment structure, at territorial level, by educational level, by age group, sex and area, in 2009 Employment structure, at territorial level, by status in employment, by age group, sex and area, in 2009 Employment structure, at territorial level, by activity of national economy and by age group, in 2009 Civil employment, at territorial level and by activity of national economy, in 2009 Average number of employees, at territorial level Average number of employees, at territorial level and by sex Average number of employees, at territorial level and by activity of national economy, in 2009 Registered unemployed and unemployment rate, at territorial level, on December 31, 2009 Registered unemployed, at territorial level, by category of personnel and educational level, on December 31, 2009 ILO long term unemployed, at territorial level, by sex and area

3.30

3.31

3.32

3.33

3.34

3.35 3.36 3.37

3.38 3.39

3.40

83

3.41

3.42 3.43 3.44

Rata locurilor de munc vacante, pe activiti ale economiei naionale, n profil teritorial, n anul 2009 ...................................................................... Rata locurilor de munc vacante, pe grupe majore de ocupaii, n profil teritorial, n anul 2009 ..................... Numrul accidentailor n munc, n profil teritorial, n anul 2009 ..................................................................... Conflictele de interese, n profil teritorial, n anul 2009 .....................................................................

Rate of vacancies, by activity of national economy, at territorial level, in 2009 Rate of vacancies, by major occupation groups, at territorial level, in 2009 Number of injured at work, at territorial level, in 2009 Conflicts of interest, at territorial level, in 2009

SURSA DATELOR
Cercetri statistice: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii, pentru datele privind populaia ocupat i omajul BIM (definit conform criteriilor Biroului Internaional al Muncii); Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc n unitile economico-sociale, pentru datele referitoare la numrul salariailor (conform Regulamentului Consiliului i Parlamentului European nr. 530/1999 privind statisticile structurii ctigurilor salariale i costului forei de munc); Cercetarea statistic trimestrial asupra locurilor de munc vacante, pentru datele referitoare la rata locurilor de munc vacante (conform Regulamentului Consiliului i Parlamentului European nr. 453/2008 privind statisticile referitoare la locurile de munc vacante); Balana forei de munc, pentru datele privind populaia ocupat civil pe activiti ale economiei naionale, pe forme de proprietate i pe judee. Surse administrative: Agenia Naional pentru Ocuparea Forei de Munc, pentru datele privind omajul nregistrat i numrul persoanelor cuprinse n cursuri de calificare i recalificare; Ministerul Muncii, Familiei i Proteciei Sociale, pentru datele privind condiiile de munc.

DATA SOURCE Statistical surveys: Household labour force statistical survey, for data on employment and ILO unemployment (defined according to the International Labour Office criteria); Labour cost survey carried out in economic and social units, for data regarding the number of employees (according to the Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council no.530/1999 regarding statistics of earnings and labour cost structures); Quarterly job vacancy survey, for data related to rate of vacancies (according to the Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council no.453/2008 regarding statistics of vacancies); Labour force balance, for data on civil employment by activity of national economy, by type of ownership and by county. Administrative sources: National Agency for Employment, for data on the number of registered unemployment and the number of persons who attend qualification and requalification courses; Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Protection, for data on working conditions.

PRECIZRI METODOLOGICE FORA DE MUNC


Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO) este conceput ca o surs important de informaii intercenzitare asupra forei de munc; ancheta furnizeaz, ntr-o manier coerent, date eseniale asupra principalelor segmente de populaie (activ - ocupat i n omaj - inactiv), cu numeroase posibiliti de corelare i structurare dup caracteristici demo - socio economice diverse, n condiii de comparabilitate internaional. ncepnd cu anul 1996, ancheta forei de munc n gospodrii se realizeaz trimestrial, ca o cercetare

METHODOLOGICAL NOTES LABOUR FORCE


Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) is conceived as an important source of inter-census information about labour force; the survey provides, in a coherent way, essential data about main population segments (economically active - employed and unemployed - non-economically active), with numerous possibilities of correlation and structuring by demo-socioeconomical features, under international comparability conditions. Beginning with 1996, household labour force survey is quarterly carried out, as a continuous survey,

84

continu, permind astfel obinerea de date conjuncturale asupra mrimii i structurii ofertei de for de munc i evidenierea fenomenelor cu caracter sezonier care se manifest pe piaa forei de munc. Din anul 2004, volumul eantionului pe care se realizeaz ancheta este de 28080 locuine/trimestru. Datele anuale se calculeaz ca medii aritmetice ale datelor trimestriale. Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc este o cercetare statistic anual complex care furnizeaz elementele necesare efecturii unor analize privind evoluia diferitelor componente ale costului forei de munc i corelaiile dintre ele, oferind, totodat, elementele necesare calculului mrimii brute i nete, lunare i orare, a ctigului salarial structurat pe activiti ale economiei naionale, forme de proprietate, forme juridice, categorii de salariai, sexe, regiuni de dezvoltare i judee. Se realizeaz pe un eantion de circa 29500 de operatori economici i sociali, aparinnd tuturor claselor de mrime a ntreprinderii, indiferent de numrul de salariai. Sunt excluse forele armate i personalul asimilat (M.Ap.N., M.A.I., S.R.I. etc.). Cercetarea statistic asupra locurilor de munc vacante este o cercetare statistic selectiv trimestrial, avnd ca perioad de referin luna de mijloc a trimestrului, furnizeaz elementele necesare calculrii ratei trimestriale a locurilor de munc vacante. Cercetarea statistic se realizeaz pe un eantion de circa 24000 de ntreprinderi/uniti locale. Sunt excluse forele armate i personalul asimilat (M.Ap.N., M.A.I., S.R.I. etc.). Balana forei de munc este o lucrare care se realizeaz pe baza informaiilor din mai multe surse de date: statistica demografic; cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc; cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO); surse administrative. Populaia ocupat civil cuprinde, potrivit metodologiei balanei forei de munc, toate persoanele care, n anul de referin, au desfurat o activitate economico-social aductoare de venit, cu excepia cadrelor militare i a persoanelor asimilate acestora (personalul din Ministerul Aprrii Naionale, Ministerul Administraiei i Internelor, Serviciul Romn de Informaii), a salariailor organizaiilor politice, obteti i a deinuilor. Populaia activ (persoanele active) - din punct de vedere economic - cuprinde toate persoanele de 15 ani i peste, care furnizeaz fora de munc disponibil pentru producia de bunuri i servicii; include populaia ocupat i omerii BIM. Populaia ocupat cuprinde, conform metodologiei Cercetrii statistice asupra forei de munc n gospodrii, toate persoanele de 15 ani i peste, care au desfurat o activitate economic productoare de 1) bunuri sau servicii de cel puin o or n perioada de referin (o sptmn), n scopul obinerii unor venituri sub form de salarii, plat n natur sau alte beneficii.
1)

resulting in short-term data on the labour force size and structure and pointing out seasonal phenomena taking place on the labour market. Since 2004, the sample volume is of 28080 dwellings/quarter. The yearly data are calculated as quartely data arithmetic means.

Labour cost survey is a complex yearly statistical survey which provides the necessary elements for the analysis on the evolution of various components of labour cost and correlations among them, offering, as well, the necessary elements for the calculation of net and gross size, monthly and hourly, of the earnings structured by national economy activity, ownership type, legal form, employees category, sex, development region and county. It is achieved on a sample of about 29500 economic and social operators, from all enterprise size classes, irrespective of employees number. There are excluded armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of Administration and Interior, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.). Job vacancy survey is a quarterly statistical sample survey, having as reference period the quarter middle month; it provides the necessary elements for the calculation of vacancies quarterly rate. It is carried out on a sample of about 24000 enterprises / local units. There are excluded armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of Administration and Interior, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.) Labour force balance is a paper drawn up based on the information from several data sources: demographic statistics, labour cost survey; household labour force survey (HLFS); administrative sources. Civil employment includes, according to the methodology used for the labour force balance, all persons who, during the reference year, carried out a socio-economic lucrative activity, excepting military staff and similar (Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of Administration and Interior, Romanian Intelligence Service staff), political and community organisations employees and the convicts. Economically active population (active persons) comprises all persons aged 15 years and over, providing available labour force for the production of goods and services; it includes employed population and ILO unemployed. Employment includes, according to the methodology of Household labour force survey all persons aged 15 years and over, who carried out an economic activity producing goods or services of at least 1) one hour during the reference period (one week) in order to get income as salaries, payment in kind or other benefits.

Pentru lucrtorii pe cont propriu i lucrtorii familiali neremunerai care lucreaz n agricultur, durata minim este de 15 ore. For self-employed and contributing family workers who work in agriculture, minimum duration is 15 hours.

85

omerii BIM, conform criteriilor Biroului Internaional al Muncii (BIM), sunt persoanele de 15-74 ani, care n perioada de referin ndeplinesc simultan urmtoarele condiii: nu au loc de munc i nu desfoar o activitate n scopul obinerii unor venituri; sunt n cutarea unui loc de munc, utiliznd n ultimele patru sptmni diferite metode active pentru a-l gsi (nscrierea la agenii de ocupare a forei de munc sau la agenii particulare de plasare, aciuni pentru nceperea unei activiti pe cont propriu, publicarea de anunuri, apel la prieteni, rude, colegi, sindicate etc.); sunt disponibile s nceap lucrul n urmtoarele dou sptmni, dac s-ar gsi imediat un loc de munc. Rata de activitate reprezint raportul dintre populaia activ i populaia total n vrst de 15-64 ani, exprimat procentual. Rata de ocupare reprezint raportul dintre populaia ocupat i populaia total n vrst de 15-64 ani, exprimat procentual. Rata omajului BIM reprezint raportul dintre numrul omerilor BIM i populaia activ, exprimat procentual. Rata omajului BIM de lung durat reprezint ponderea omerilor aflai n omaj de 12 luni i peste n populaia activ. Rata omajului BIM de lung durat pentru tineri (15-24 ani) reprezint ponderea omerilor tineri aflai n omaj de 6 luni i peste n populaia activ tnr. Incidena omajului BIM de lung durat reprezint ponderea omerilor aflai n omaj de 12 luni i peste n total omeri. Incidena omajului BIM de lung durat pentru tineri (15-24 ani) reprezint ponderea omerilor tineri aflai n omaj de 6 luni i peste n total omeri tineri. Statutul profesional reprezint situaia unei persoane ocupate, n funcie de modul de obinere a veniturilor prin exercitarea unei activiti i anume: salariat, persoana care-i exercit activitatea pe baza unui contract de munc ntr-o unitate economic sau social - indiferent de forma ei de proprietate - sau la persoane particulare, n schimbul unei remuneraii sub form de salariu, pltit n bani sau natur, sub form de comision etc.; patron, persoana care-i exercit ocupaia (meseria) n propria sa unitate (ntreprindere, agenie, atelier, magazin, birou, ferm etc.), pentru a crei activitate are angajai unul sau mai muli salariai; lucrtor pe cont propriu, persoana care-i exercit activitatea n unitatea proprie sau ntr-o afacere individual, fr a angaja nici un salariat, fiind ajutat, sau nu, de membrii familiei, neremunerai;

ILO unemployed, according to International Labour Office (ILO) criteria, are persons aged 15-74 years who, during the reference period, simultaneously meet the following conditions: have no job and are not carrying out any activity in order to get income; are looking for a job, undertaking certain actions during the last four weeks (registering at employment agencies, or private agencies for placement, attempts for starting an activity on own account, publishing notices, asking for a job among friends, relatives, mates, trade unions a.s.o.); are available to start work within the next two weeks, if they immediately find a job. Activity rate represents the ratio between active population and total population aged 15-64 years expressed as percentage. Employment rate represents the ratio between employed population and total population aged 15-64 years expressed as percentage. ILO unemployment rate represents the ratio between the number of ILO unemployed and active population expressed as percentage. Long term ILO unemployment rate represents the weight of unemployed for 12 months and over in active population. Long term ILO unemployment rate for young people (aged 15-24 years) represents the weight of young unemployed for 6 months and over in young active population. Incidence of long term ILO unemployment represents the weight of unemployed for 12 months and over in total unemployed. Incidence of long term ILO unemployment for young people (aged 15-24 years) represents the weight of young unemployed for six months and over in total young unemployed. Status in employment represents the situation of an employed person, depending on the way of achieving income from his activity, namely: employee, a person who carries out his activity based on an employment contract into an economic or social unit - no matter of its ownership type - or for private persons, for a remuneration as salary, in cash or in kind, as commission a.s.o.; employer, a person who carries out his occupation (trade) in his own unit (enterprise, agency, workshop, shop, office, farm a.s.o.) for whose activity he has one or several employees; self-employed, a person who carries out his activity in his own unit or in an individual business, without hiring any employee, being helped, or not, by contributing family workers;

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lucrtor familial neremunerat, persoana care-i exercit activitatea ntr-o unitate economic familial condus de un membru al familiei sau o rud, pentru care nu primete remuneraie sub form de salariu sau plat n natur; gospodria rneasc (agricol) este considerat o astfel de unitate; membru al unei societi agricole sau al unei cooperative neagricole, persoana care a lucrat fie ca proprietar de teren agricol ntr-o societate agricol constituit conform legii, fie ca membru al unei cooperative meteugreti, de consum sau de credit. Numrul mediu al salariailor reprezint o medie aritmetic simpl rezultat din suma efectivelor zilnice ale salariailor, inclusiv din zilele de repaus sptmnal, srbtori legale i alte zile nelucrtoare mprit la numrul total al zilelor calendaristice (365 zile). n efectivul zilnic al salariailor luat n calculul numrului mediu, nu se cuprind: salariaii aflai n concedii fr plat, n grev, detaai la lucru n strintate. n zilele de repaus sptmnal, srbtori legale i alte zile nelucrtoare se ia n calcul ca efectiv zilnic numrul salariailor din ziua precedent, mai puin cei al cror contract/raport a ncetat n aceast zi. Salariaii care nu au fost angajai cu norm ntreag s-au inclus n numrul mediu proporional cu timpul de lucru prevzut n contractul de munc. ncepnd cu anul 2003 din efectivele zilnice luate n calculul numrului mediu au fost exclui salariaii al cror contract de munc/raport de serviciu a fost suspendat, conform Legii nr.53/2003 Codul muncii, art. 49-54, privind Suspendarea contractului individual de munc i Legii nr.161/2003 referitor la suspendarea raportului de serviciu (exemple: concediu de maternitate, concediu pentru incapacitate temporar de munc, exercitarea unei funcii n cadrul unei autoriti executive, legislative ori judectoreti pe toat durata mandatului .a.). Numrul salariailor la 31 decembrie (efectivul salariailor) reprezint numrul de salariai angajai cu contract individual de munc pe durat determinat sau nedeterminat, n program complet sau parial (inclusiv cei cu contract de munc/raport de serviciu suspendat) existeni n evidenele ntreprinderii la sfritul anului. Nu sunt cuprini salariaii detaai la lucru n strintate i cei care cumuleaz mai multe funcii i nu au funcia de baz la unitatea raportoare. Repartizarea salariailor pe activiti ale economiei naionale s-a realizat dup activitatea omogen a ntreprinderii, iar pe judee n funcie de localitatea n care acetia i desfoar activitatea. omerii nregistrai reprezint persoanele care ndeplinesc cumulativ condiiile prevzute de Legea nr.76/2002 privind sistemul asigurrilor pentru omaj i stimularea ocuprii forei de munc i care se

contributing family worker, a person who carries out his activity into a family economic unit, run by a member of the family or a relative, for which he gets no remuneration as salary or payment in kind; peasant (agricultural) household is considered such a unit; member of an agricultural holding or of a non-agricultural co-operative, a person who worked either as owner of agricultural land into an agricultural holding set up according to legal provisions, or as a member of a craftsmen, consumption or credit co-operative. Average number of employees represents a simple arithmetic mean resulted from the sum of daily employees number, including from the weekly rest days, legal holidays and other non-working days divided to the total calendar days of the year (365 days). In daily number of employees taken into calculation for average number, there are not included: employees under unpaid leave, on strike, detached to work abroad. In weekends, legal holidays, other days off it is taken into calculation as daily number the number of employees from previous day, less that of those whose labour contract ceased the same day. Employees who were not employed in full time are included in average number of employees, proportionally with the working time from the labour contract. Beginning with 2003 out of the daily total number taken into account when computing the average number excluded the employees whose labour contract/agreement was suspended according to the Law no. 53/2003 - Labour Code, art. 49-54, regarding the Suspension of the individual labour contract and the Law no. 161/2003 regarding suspension of the work agreement (examples: maternity leave, temporarily labour disability leave, exercising a function within an executive, legislative or judiciary authority during duration of the mandate a.s.o.). Number of employees on December 31 (number of employees) represents the number of employees employed with individual labour contract with definite or non-definite duration, with full or part-time (including those with suspended labour contract/agreement) existent in the enterprise records at the end of the year. The employees detached abroad and those who hold more than one position and are not having the main position at the reporting unit are not included. The breakdown of employees by activity of the national economy was carried out according to homogeneous activity of the enterprise and by county according to the locality where they work. Registered unemployed represent persons who fulfill the cumulative conditions stipulated by the Law no.76/2002 regarding the system of unemployment insurance and employment incentives and who register

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nregistreaz la agenia pentru ocuparea forei de munc n a crei raz teritorial i au domiciliul sau, dup caz, reedina, ori alt furnizor de servicii de ocupare, care funcioneaz n condiiile prevzute de lege, n vederea obinerii unui loc de munc. Conform legislaiei n vigoare, calitatea de omer o are persoana care ndeplinete cumulativ urmtoarele condiii: a) este n cutarea unui loc de munc de la vrsta de minimum 16 ani i pn la ndeplinirea condiiilor de pensionare; b) starea de sntate i capacitile fizice i psihice o fac apt pentru prestarea unei munci; c) nu are loc de munc, nu realizeaz venituri sau realizeaz din activiti autorizate potrivit legii, venituri mai mici dect valoarea indicatorului social de referin definit n textul Legii nr.76/2002; d) este disponibil s nceap lucrul n perioada imediat urmtoare dac s-ar gsi un loc de munc; Asimilai omerilor sunt: absolvenii instituiilor de nvmnt i absolvenii colilor speciale pentru persoane cu handicap n vrst de minim 16 ani, care, ntr-o perioad de 60 de zile de la absolvire, nu au reuit s se ncadreze n munc potrivit pregtirii profesionale; persoanele care nainte de efectuarea stagiului militar nu au fost ncadrate n munc i care ntr-o perioad de 30 de zile de la data lsrii lor la vatr nu s-au putut ncadra n munc; Rata omajului nregistrat reprezint raportul dintre numrul omerilor (nregistrai la ageniile pentru ocuparea forei de munc) i populaia activ civil (omeri + populaie ocupat civil, definit conform metodologiei balanei forei de munc). Locuri de munc vacante Rata locurilor de munc vacante reprezint raportul dintre numrul locurilor de munc vacante i numrul total al locurilor de munc (ocupate i vacante, exclusiv cele blocate sau destinate numai promovrii n interiorul ntreprinderii sau instituiei), exprimat procentual. Datele medii anuale privind numrul locurilor de munc vacante i numrul total de locuri de munc se calculeaz ca medii aritmetice simple ale datelor trimestriale corespunztoare fiecruia dintre cei doi indicatori. Numrul locurilor de munc vacante include numrul posturilor pltite, nou create, neocupate, sau care vor deveni vacante, pentru care: angajatorul ntreprinde aciuni concrete spre a gsi un candidat potrivit pentru ocuparea postului respectiv (exemple de aciuni concrete ntreprise de

to the employment agency in the territorial zone they have domicile or, by case, residence, or to another provider of employment services, functioning according to the law, in order to get a job. According to the legislation in force, unemployed position is held by person who fulfills the following cumulative conditions: a) he is looking for a job from 16 years old at least to pension age; b) his health, his physical and psychical capacities make him able to work; c) he has no job, he gets no income or, from legal activities, he gets an income lower than the value of reference social indicator according to the Law no.76/2002; d) he is available to start work in the next period if he finds a job; Assimilated unemployed are: graduates of educational institutions and graduates of special schools for disabled persons aged 16 years at least, who, during a 60 days period since graduation, did not succeed in being employed according to their vocational training; persons who, before carrying out their military service, were not employed and who, during a 30 days period since the end of military service, could not be employed; Registered unemployment rate represents the ratio between the number of unemployed (registered at the agencies for employment) and civil economically active population (unemployed + civil employment, defined according to the methodology of labour force balance). Job vacancies Vacancies rate represents the ratio between the numbers of vacancies and total number of jobs (occupied and vacant, excluding the blocked ones or meant for promotion inside the enterprise or institution), expressed as percentage. Yearly average data on the number of vacancies and total number of jobs are calculated as simple arithmetic means of quarterly data corresponding to each of the two indicators. Number of vacancies includes the number of paid, newly created jobs, unoccupied or becoming vacancies, for which: employer takes concrete actions to find an adequate candidate for that job (examples of concrete actions taken by employer: announce of vacancy existence

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angajator: anunarea existenei locului vacant prin serviciile de ocupare a forei de munc, publicitate prin ziare, media, Internet, contactare direct a posibililor candidai etc.); angajatorul dorete ocuparea imediat sau ntr-o perioad specific de timp. Perioada maxim necesar ocuprii locului de munc vacant poate fi nelimitat. Sunt considerate locuri de munc vacante posturile destinate persoanelor din afara ntreprinderii (dar pe care pot concura i persoane din interiorul ntreprinderii), indiferent dac sunt posturi pe durat determinat sau nedeterminat, n program de lucru normal sau parial. Nu se consider vacante, posturile neocupate: destinate exclusiv promovrii persoanelor din interiorul ntreprinderii sau instituiei; din unitile administraiei publice, blocate printr-un act normativ. Posturile ocupate de persoanele care absenteaz o anumit perioad de timp (concedii de maternitate, pentru ngrijirea copilului, concedii medicale, concedii fr plat, alte absene), se consider vacante, dac angajatorul dorete substituirea pe perioad determinat (temporar) i dac ntreprinde aciuni de gsire a candidailor. Numrul total al locurilor de munc (ocupate i vacante) include efectivul salariailor la sfritul lunii (exclusiv cei cu contract de munc/raport de serviciu suspendat) i numrul locurilor de munc vacante.

through employment services, advertising in the newspapers, mass media, internet, direct contact with possible candidates; employer whishes to occupy at once or in specific period of time. Maximum period needed to occupy the vacancy can be unlimited. There are considered vacancies those jobs for persons outside the enterprise (for which can also compete those from inside the enterprise) no matter if they are jobs for definite or indefinite period, full time or part time. There are not considered vacancies the unoccupied jobs: exclusively meant to promote persons from inside the enterprise; from units of public, local administration blocked by normative documents. Jobs occupied by persons who are absent a certain period of time (maternity leaves, child care, sick leaves, unpaid ones, others) are considered vacancies if the employer wishes substitution during definite or temporary period and if he looks for candidates. Total number of jobs (occupied and vacant) includes the number of employees at the end of the month (except those with suspended labour contract / agreement) and number of vacant jobs.

CONDIII DE MUNC
Accident de munc reprezint vtmarea violent a organismului, precum i intoxicaia acut profesional, care s-au produs n timpul procesului de munc, n ndeplinirea ndatoririlor de serviciu, indiferent de natura juridic a contractului n baza cruia se desfoar activitatea i care provoac incapacitatea temporar de munc de cel puin trei zile, invaliditate sau deces. n raport cu urmrile produse i cu numrul persoanelor accidentate, accidentul de munc se clasific n: accident care produce incapacitate temporar de munc de cel puin 3 zile; accident care produce invaliditate; accident mortal; accident colectiv, respectiv cel n care sunt accidentate n acelai timp i din aceeai cauz cel puin trei persoane. Rata accidentelor de munc reprezint frecvena de accidentare sau numrul accidentailor ce revin la 1000 salariai.

WORKING CONDITIONS
Accident at work represents the violent body injury as well as the acute professional intoxication, taking place during labour process or when accomplishing duties at work, irrespective of the legal nature of contract on which the activity is based and which causes the temporary incapacity of work for at least three days, invalidity or death. According to consequences and to the number of persons injured, accidents at work are classified as follows: accident causing temporary incapacity of work for at least 3 days; accident causing invalidity; fatal accident at work; collective accident, when at least 3 persons are injured at the same time and due to the same cause. Rate of accidents at work represents accidents frequency or number of injured persons per 1000 employees.

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Conflictele de interese se refer la ntreruperile temporare ale lucrului declanate, n general, n scopuri revendicative sau pentru normalizarea raporturilor de munc dintre unitate, pe de o parte, i salariaii acesteia, pe de alt parte conform Legii nr.168/1999 privind soluionarea conflictelor de munc. Greva constituie o ncetare colectiv i voluntar a lucrului ntr-o unitate, conform Legii nr. 168/1999. Conform CAEN Rev.2 Industria include activitile de: industrie extractiv, industrie prelucrtoare, producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat, distribuia apei, salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare. Serviciile comerciale includ activitile de: comer, transport i depozitare, hoteluri i restaurante, informaii i comunicaii, intermedieri financiare i asigurri, tranzacii imobiliare, activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice, activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de servicii suport. Serviciile sociale includ activitile de: administraie public i aprare, asigurri sociale din sistemul public, nvmnt, sntate i asisten social, activiti de spectacole culturale i recreeative i celelalte activiti ale economiei naionale.

Conflicts of interest refer to work temporary interruptions, generally for claiming purposes or in view to normalize the labour relationships between the unit, on the one side, and its employees, on the other side according to the Law no.168/1999. Strike represents a collective and voluntary ceasing of work within a unit, according to the Law no. 168/1999. According to CANE Rev.2 Industry includes: mining and quarrying, manufacturing, electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply, water supply, sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities. Trade services include: trade, transport and storage, hotels and restaurants, information and communication, financial intermediation and insurance, real estate activities, professional, scientific and technical activities, activities of administrative services and of support services. Social services include: public administration and defence, social insurance of public sector, education, health and social assistance, shows, culture and recreation activities, other activities of national economy.

3.G1
42,0%

Populaia ocupat civil, pe principalele activiti ale economiei naionale Civil employment, by main activities of national economy
2008 CAEN Rev. 2 / CANE Rev. 2 2009
28,7% 42,8%

27,5%

7,9%

22,6%

7,4%

21,1%

Agricultur, vntoare i silvicultur Agriculture, hunting and forestry Industrie1) Industry1)

Construcii Construction Servicii Services

1) Inclusiv producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat i distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea

deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare. / Including electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply and water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities.

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3.G2
100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0

Structura populaiei ocupate, dup statutul profesional, pe sexe i medii, n anul 2009 Employment structure, by status in employment, by sex and area, in 2009
%

12,0 19,4 1,4

6,1 24,9 2,0

19,2 12,5 0,8

1,0 5,4 2,0

25,1

36,1 67,2 67,0 67,5 91,6 0,7 38,1

Total
Salariat Employee Patron Employer

Masculin Male

Feminin Female

Urban

Rural

Lucrtor pe cont propriu i membru al unei societi agricole sau al unei cooperative Self employed and member of an agricultural holding or of a co-operative Lucrtor familial neremunerat Contributing family worker

3.G3

Structura populaiei ocupate n activiti neagricole, pe sexe, n anul 2009 Employment structure in non-agricultural activities, by sex, in 2009
CAEN Rev.2 / CANE Rev.2 Total

22,0%

31,3%

Masculin / Male

Feminin / Female

15,3%

32,8%

35,6%

11,1%

30,6%

29,3%

34,0%

17,9%
Industrie Industry Construcii Construction

37,7%
Servicii comerciale Trade services Servicii sociale Social services

2,4%

Not: Industria include activitile de: industrie extractiv, industrie prelucrtoare, producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat, distribuia apei, salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare. Serviciile comerciale includ activitile de: comer, transport i depozitare, hoteluri i restaurante, informaii i comunicaii, intermedieri financiare i asigurri, tranzacii imobiliare, activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice, activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de servicii suport. Serviciile sociale includ activitile de: administraie public i aprare, asigurri sociale din sistemul public, nvmnt, sntate i asisten social, activiti de spectacole culturale i recreeative i celelalte activiti ale economiei naionale. Note: Industry includes: mining and quarrying, manufacturing, electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply, water supply, sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities. Trade services include: trade, transport and storage, hotels and restaurants, information and communication, financial intermediation and insurance, real estate activities, professional, scientific and technical activities, activities of administrative services and of support services. Social services include: public administration and defence, social insurance of public sector, education, health and social assistance, shows, culture and recreation activities, other activities of national economy.

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3.G4
5500 5000 4500 4000 3500 3000 2500 2000 1500 1000 500 0

Evoluia numrului mediu al salariailor Evolution of average number of employees

mii persoane / thou persons

4469

4559

4667

4885

5046

4774

2554

2765

2948

3148

3339

3085

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Numrul mediu al salariailor - total Average number of employees - total Numrul mediu al salariailor din sectorul integral privat1) Average number of employees from integral private sector1)
1) Include: proprietate integral privat, proprietate integral strin. / Including: private integral ownership, foreign integral ownership.

3.G5
800

Numrul omerilor nregistrai i rata omajului nregistrat Number of registered unemployed and unemployment rate
%

mii persoane / thou persons

7,8 6,3 5,6 5,9 5,2 5,2 4,0 3,9 368 191 2006 167 2007 4,4 4,4 403 187 2008 709 302 7,1

600

400

4,6 460 219 2005

200

558 235

523

0 2004 2009

Numrul omerilor nregistrai - total Number of registered unemployed - total Numrul omerilor nregistrai - femei Number of registered unemployed - women

Rata omajului - total Unemployment rate - total Rata omajului - femei Unemployment rate - women

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3.G6
25 20 15 10 5 0

Rata omajului BIM, pe grupe de vrst, sexe i medii, n anul 2009 ILO unemployment rate, by age group, sex and area, in 2009
%

21,2 20,1

8,0 5,6 15-24 25-34

6,0 4,8 35-44

6,1 5,0 45-54 3,0 1,1 55 i peste and over


ani / years

Masculin Male

Feminin Female

% 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 15-24 25-34 15,5 7,4 6,2 27,1

6,0 4,7 35-44

6,7 4,1 3,9 45-54 1,2 55 i peste and over


ani / years

Urban

Rural

Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO) - 2009. Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) - 2009.

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3.1

Populaia dup participarea la activitatea economic, pe sexe i medii Population by participation in economic activity, by sex and area
2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

mii persoane / thou persons Populaia activ Total Pe sexe Masculin Feminin Pe medii Urban Rural Populaia ocupat Total Pe sexe Masculin Feminin Pe medii Urban Rural omeri BIM1) Total Pe sexe Masculin Feminin Pe medii Urban Rural 9957 5471 4486 5423 4534 9158 4980 4178 4906 4252 799 491 308 517 282 9851 5431 4420 5361 4490 9147 5011 4136 4889 4258 704 420 284 472 232 10041 5526 4515 5595 4446 9313 5074 4239 5115 4198 728 452 276 480 248 9994 5515 4479 5494 4500 9353 5116 4237 5072 4281 641 399 242 422 219 9944 5526 4418 5471 4473 9369 5157 4212 5101 4268 575 369 206 370 205 9924 5524 4400 5475 4449 9243 5100 4143 5032 4211 681 424 257 443 238 Economically active population Total By sex Male Female By area Urban Rural Employment Total By sex Male Female By area Urban Rural ILO1) unemployed Total By sex Male Female By area Urban Rural

procente / percentage Rata de activitate2) Total Pe sexe Masculin Feminin Pe medii Urban Rural Rata de ocupare2) Total Pe sexe Masculin Feminin Pe medii Urban Rural Rata omajului BIM1) Total Pe sexe Masculin Feminin Pe medii Urban Rural 63,2 70,2 56,2 61,8 65,1 57,9 63,6 52,1 55,9 60,6 8,0 9,0 6,9 9,5 6,2 62,4 69,5 55,3 60,3 65,3 57,7 63,9 51,5 55,0 61,6 7,2 7,7 6,4 8,8 5,2 63,7 70,8 56,6 62,6 65,2 58,8 64,7 53,0 57,2 61,1 7,3 8,2 6,1 8,6 5,6 63,0 70,1 56,0 61,6 65,1 58,8 64,8 52,8 56,8 61,5 6,4 7,2 5,4 7,7 4,9 62,9 70,6 55,2 61,7 64,5 59,0 65,7 52,5 57,5 61,2 5,8 6,7 4,7 6,8 4,6 63,1 70,9 55,4 62,1 64,6 58,6 65,2 52,0 57,1 60,7 6,9 7,7 5,8 8,1 5,4 Activity rate2) Total By sex Male Female By area Urban Rural Employment rate2) Total By sex Male Female By area Urban Rural ILO1) unemployment rate Total By sex Male Female By area Urban Rural

1) BIM = Biroul Internaional al Muncii. / ILO = International Labour Office. 2) Calculate pentru populaia n vrst de munc (15 - 64 ani). / Calculated for working age population (15 - 64 years).

Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO). Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS).

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3.2

Ratele de activitate, ocupare i omaj BIM1), dup nivelul de educaie, pe sexe i medii Activity, employment and ILO1) unemployment rates, by educational level, sex and area
procente / percentage

2008 Nivelul de educaie Educational level Total Superior Mediu Sczut Tertiary Medium Low

2009 Nivelul de educaie Educational level Total Superior Mediu Sczut Tertiary Medium Low

Rata de activitate2) Total Pe sexe Masculin Feminin Pe medii Urban Rural Rata de ocupare2) Total Pe sexe Masculin Feminin Pe medii Urban Rural Rata omajului BIM1) Total Pe sexe Masculin Feminin Pe medii Urban Rural 5,8 6,7 4,7 6,8 4,6 2,7 2,6 2,9 2,6 3,6 6,0 6,3 5,5 6,9 4,4 7,1 10,0 4,0 17,0 4,9 6,9 7,7 5,8 8,1 5,4 4,3 4,3 4,3 4,2 5,8 7,2 7,6 6,8 8,3 5,6 59,0 65,7 52,5 57,5 61,2 85,7 86,8 84,6 86,2 81,6 63,5 69,6 56,6 60,5 68,7 41,0 47,9 35,5 22,0 51,8 58,6 65,2 52,0 57,1 60,7 84,1 85,2 83,1 84,7 78,6 62,2 68,7 55,0 59,0 68,0 62,9 70,6 55,2 61,7 64,5 88,1 89,1 87,1 88,5 84,8 67,5 74,3 59,9 65,1 71,9 44,8 54,3 37,4 26,7 55,2 63,1 70,9 55,4 62,1 64,6 88,0 89,1 86,9 88,4 83,5 67,1 74,4 59,0 64,4 72,1

Activity rate2) 46,1 Total By sex 55,5 Male 38,6 Female By area 28,7 Urban 55,4 Rural Employment rate2) 42,0 Total By sex 49,1 Male 36,3 Female By area 23,4 Urban 52,0 Rural ILO1) unemployment rate 7,5 Total By sex 9,9 Male 4,8 Female By area 18,0 Urban 5,0 Rural

1) BIM = Biroul Internaional al Muncii. / ILO = International Labour Office. 2) Calculate pentru populaia n vrst de munc (15 - 64 ani). / Calculated for working age population (15 - 64 years).

Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO). Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS).

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3.3

Structura populaiei ocupate, pe activiti ale economiei naionale i pe grupe de vrst, n anul 2009 Employment structure, by activity of national economy and by age group, in 2009
Total populaie ocupat (mii persoane) Total Total 15-64 ani employment years (thou persons)
9243 2689 100 1751 129 68 726 1157 455 165 123 122 16 148 150 490 386 395 45 128 95,3 84,1 100,0 99,9 99,9 99,7 99,7 99,8 99,9 100,0 99,9 100,0 100,0 99,7 100,0 99,9 99,8 99,6 98,3 98,9

Activitatea (seciuni CAEN Rev.2)

din care, n vrst de munc (%): of which, at working age (%): 65 ani i grupe de vrst (ani) peste (%) age groups (years) 65 years and over 15-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55-64 (%)
8,1 9,4 2,1 7,4 2,3 3,5 10,4 11,4 4,9 13,1 10,1 9,0 4,1 5,8 10,1 4,5 3,7 2,7 7,6 8,6 26,8 17,3 17,0 26,7 20,2 23,5 30,6 36,3 26,6 32,3 46,3 42,8 30,8 41,8 30,4 31,5 30,2 28,8 37,0 32,8 27,7 19,7 45,0 31,3 36,3 27,8 29,9 30,2 36,0 28,4 26,4 26,3 38,3 24,7 30,3 35,1 25,4 31,5 21,9 28,1 21,3 17,6 29,2 26,9 28,5 34,7 21,4 17,5 23,7 21,1 12,6 17,3 18,5 17,2 21,5 21,0 26,7 23,8 20,9 21,4 11,4 20,1 6,7 7,6 12,6 10,2 7,4 4,4 8,7 5,1 4,5 4,6 8,3 10,2 7,7 7,8 13,8 12,8 10,9 8,0 4,7 15,9 0,1 0,1 0,3 0,3 0,2 0,1 0,1 0,3 0,1 0,2 0,4 1,7 1,1

Din total femei: (%) Total Of total, 15-64 ani women years (%)
44,8 47,3 13,7 44,6 21,1 28,0 9,3 54,0 20,1 63,7 37,0 66,0 48,3 54,1 32,6 38,1 74,3 78,7 54,2 54,2 42,4 38,9 13,7 44,6 21,1 28,0 9,3 53,9 20,1 63,7 37,0 66,0 48,3 54,0 32,6 38,1 74,3 78,5 54,0 54,2

din care, n vrst de munc (%): of which, at working age (%): grupe de vrst (ani) age groups (years) 15-24
3,3 3,9 3,3 0,5 1,0 0,7 5,8 0,7 7,9 3,9 7,0 2,8 3,5 2,8 1,0 3,0 2,1 2,9 5,2

25-34
12,1 7,9 1,2 12,8 4,5 7,3 2,6 19,3 5,1 18,6 14,4 25,8 11,9 23,5 10,4 10,7 24,1 22,9 21,3 18,2

35-44
12,5 8,7 6,9 15,3 7,5 8,8 3,0 17,4 7,7 18,7 11,1 18,7 19,0 13,6 9,5 13,5 19,6 25,6 11,3 16,6

45-54
9,6 8,1 5,2 11,2 7,2 9,5 2,4 9,6 5,4 15,5 6,5 11,8 10,4 10,3 8,2 9,8 20,1 18,9 13,8 11,5

65 ani i peste (%) 65 years and over 55-64 (%)


4,9 10,3 0,4 2,0 1,4 1,4 0,6 1,8 1,2 3,0 1,1 2,7 4,2 3,1 1,7 3,1 7,5 9,0 4,7 2,7 2,4 8,4 0,1 0,1 0,2 0,2 -

Activity (CANE Rev.2 sections)

Total Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit Industrie extractiv Industrie prelucrtoare Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Construcii Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor Transport i depozitare Hoteluri i restaurante Informaii i comunicaii Intermedieri financiare i asigurri Tranzacii imobiliare Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice Activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de servicii suport Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public nvmnt Sntate i asisten social Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative Alte activiti ale economiei naionale

Total Agriculture, forestry and fishing Mining and quarrying Manufacturing Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Construction Wholesale and retail; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Transport and storage Hotels and restaurants Information and communication Financial intermediation and insurance Real estate activities Professional, scientific and technical activities Activities of administrative services and of support services Public administration and defence; social insurance of public sector Education Health and social assistance Shows, culture and recreation activities Other activities of national economy

Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO) - 2009. / Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) - 2009.

3.4

Structura populaiei ocupate, pe activiti ale economiei naionale i dup statutul profesional, n anul 2009 Employment structure, by activity of national economy and by status in employment, in 2009
Total populaie ocupat (mii persoane) Total employment (thou persons) 9243 2689 100 1751 129 68 726 1157 455 165 123 122 16 148 150 490 386 395 45 128 din care, dup statutul profesional (%): of which, by status in employment (%): Salariat Employee 67,2 5,8 99,8 97,5 99,7 95,7 76,0 87,8 91,0 96,0 95,7 98,5 86,4 86,8 98,1 100,0 99,5 97,4 90,8 69,7 Patron Employer 1,4 0,2 0,1 1,0 0,2 1,5 2,0 5,4 1,7 2,9 2,6 0,2 10,0 3,8 1,1 0,1 0,6 2,3 2,1 Lucrtor pe cont propriu Self-employed 19,3 53,4 1,4 2,7 21,4 5,8 7,2 1,1 1,5 1,3 3,6 9,2 0,8 0,4 1,9 6,9 27,3 Lucrtor familial neremunerat Contributing family worker 12,0 40,5 0,1 0,1 0,6 0,9 0,1 0,2 0,2 0,1 0,8 Din total femei: (%) Of total, women (%) 44,8 47,3 13,7 44,6 21,1 28,0 9,3 54,0 20,1 63,7 37,0 66,0 48,3 54,1 32,6 38,1 74,3 78,7 54,2 54,2 din care, dup statutul profesional (%): of which, by status in employment (%): Salariat Employee 30,3 1,1 13,7 44,2 21,1 27,0 8,9 50,3 19,7 62,3 36,5 65,0 47,1 47,7 31,7 38,1 74,1 76,9 52,5 36,9 Patron Employer 0,3 0,2 0,3 0,2 1,6 0,3 1,0 0,3 0,1 1,2 1,6 0,1 0,1 0,4 0,4 0,7 Lucrtor pe cont propriu Self-employed 5,6 16,9 0,2 0,6 0,2 1,6 0,1 0,4 0,1 0,9 4,7 0,8 0,1 1,3 1,3 16,0 Lucrtor familial neremunerat Contributing family worker 8,6 29,3 0,1 0,5 0,1 0,1 0,1 0,6 Activity (CANE Rev.2 sections)

Activitatea (seciuni CAEN Rev.2)

Total Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit Industrie extractiv Industrie prelucrtoare Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Construcii Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor Transport i depozitare Hoteluri i restaurante Informaii i comunicaii Intermedieri financiare i asigurri Tranzacii imobiliare Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice Activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de servicii suport Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public nvmnt Sntate i asisten social Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative Alte activiti ale economiei naionale

Total Agriculture, forestry and fishing Mining and quarrying Manufacturing Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Construction Wholesale and retail; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Transport and storage Hotels and restaurants Information and communication Financial intermediation and insurance Real estate activities Professional, scientific and technical activities Activities of administrative services and of support services Public administration and defence; social insurance of public sector Education Health and social assistance Shows, culture and recreation activities Other activities of national economy

Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO) - 2009. / Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) - 2009.

96

97

3.5

Structura populaiei, dup participarea la activitatea economic, pe grupe de vrst, sexe i medii, n anul 2009 Population structure, by participation in economic activity, by age group, sex and area, in 2009
procente / percentage

Grupe de vrst

Total populaie Total population

Persoane active Persoane Economically active persons inactive Total Ocupate omeri BIM1) Non-economically Employed ILO1)unemployed active persons Total

Age groups

Total Sub 15 ani 15 - 64 ani din care: 15 - 24 ani 25 - 34 ani 35 - 44 ani 45 - 54 ani 55 - 64 ani 65 ani i peste Total Sub 15 ani 15 - 64 ani din care: 15 - 24 ani 25 - 34 ani 35 - 44 ani 45 - 54 ani 55 - 64 ani 65 ani i peste Total Sub 15 ani 15 - 64 ani din care: 15 - 24 ani 25 - 34 ani 35 - 44 ani 45 - 54 ani 55 - 64 ani 65 ani i peste Total Sub 15 ani 15 - 64 ani din care: 15 - 24 ani 25 - 34 ani 35 - 44 ani 45 - 54 ani 55 - 64 ani 65 ani i peste Total Sub 15 ani 15 - 64 ani din care: 15 - 24 ani 25 - 34 ani 35 - 44 ani 45 - 54 ani 55 - 64 ani 65 ani i peste

100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0

46,2 63,1 30,9 77,8 83,0 74,2 43,9 13,7 52,8 70,9 35,9 84,3 90,4 84,0 54,5 16,3 39,9 55,4 25,8 71,0 75,4 64,8 34,7 12,0 46,4 62,1 25,4 81,6 85,2 73,4 33,0 1,4 45,9 64,6 37,8 72,3 79,9 75,4 58,3 23,4

43,0 58,6 24,5 72,4 78,4 70,0 42,6 13,7 Masculin / Male 48,7 65,2 28,3 77,5 85,0 78,8 52,3 16,3 Feminin / Female 37,6 52,0 20,6 67,0 71,7 61,5 34,1 12,0 Urban 42,7 57,1 18,5 75,6 80,1 68,5 31,6 1,4 Rural 43,5 60,8 32,0 67,8 76,1 72,4 57,1 23,4

3,2 4,5 6,4 5,4 4,6 4,2 1,3 4,1 5,7 7,6 6,8 5,4 5,2 2,2 2,3 3,4 5,2 4,0 3,7 3,3 0,6 3,7 5,0 6,9 6,0 5,1 4,9 1,4 2,4 3,8 5,8 4,5 3,8 3,0 1,2 -

53,8 100,0 36,9 69,1 22,2 17,0 25,8 56,1 86,3 47,2 100,0 29,1 64,1 15,7 9,6 16,0 45,5 83,7 60,1 100,0 44,6 74,2 29,0 24,6 35,2 65,3 88,0 53,6 100,0 37,9 74,6 18,4 14,8 26,6 67,0 98,6 54,1 100,0 35,4 62,2 27,7 20,1 24,6 41,7 76,6

Total Under 15 years 15 - 64 years of which: 15 - 24 years 25 - 34 years 35 - 44 years 45 - 54 years 55 - 64 years 65 years and over Total Under 15 years 15 - 64 years of which: 15 - 24 years 25 - 34 years 35 - 44 years 45 - 54 years 55 - 64 years 65 years and over Total Under 15 years 15 - 64 years of which: 15 - 24 years 25 - 34 years 35 - 44 years 45 - 54 years 55 - 64 years 65 years and over Total Under 15 years 15 - 64 years of which: 15 - 24 years 25 - 34 years 35 - 44 years 45 - 54 years 55 - 64 years 65 years and over Total Under 15 years 15 - 64 years of which: 15 - 24 years 25 - 34 years 35 - 44 years 45 - 54 years 55 - 64 years 65 years and over

1) BIM = Biroul Internaional al Muncii. / ILO = International Labour Office. Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO) - 2009. Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) - 2009.

98

3.6

Structura populaiei ocupate, dup nivelul de educaie, pe grupe de vrst, sexe i medii, n anul 2009 Employment structure, by educational level, by age group, sex and area, in 2009
Total populaie ocupat (mii persoane) Total Total employment 15-64 ani (thou persons) years 9243 1428 5516 398 2941 2177 2299 1763 536 5100 700 3234 201 1497 1536 1166 909 257 4143 728 2282 197 1444 641 1133 854 279 5032 1293 3356 332 1977 1047 383 319 64 4211 135 2160 66 964 1130 1916 1444 472 95,3 99,5 99,3 99,0 99,8 98,8 82,8 90,8 56,7 95,9 99,2 99,1 98,4 99,7 98,6 84,8 90,3 65,2 94,5 99,8 99,6 99,7 99,8 99,3 80,8 91,2 48,7 99,6 99,7 99,9 99,8 100,0 99,8 96,9 98,0 91,0 90,0 97,3 98,5 95,1 99,3 98,0 80,0 89,2 52,0 din care, n vrst de munc (%): of which, at working age (%): grupe de vrst (ani) age groups (years) 15-24 25-34 8,1 4,2 8,0 3,6 8,8 7,9 10,8 11,7 7,9 8,7 3,0 8,2 3,1 9,4 7,8 13,4 13,8 11,7 35-44 45-54 21,3 19,0 23,7 23,6 22,5 25,2 17,1 19,3 9,7 65 ani i peste (%) 65 years Educational level and over 55-64 (%) 11,4 8,3 8,4 15,6 5,3 11,4 20,3 20,5 19,8 11,8 11,3 10,1 21,2 5,7 12,9 17,0 17,4 15,4 10,8 5,5 6,1 9,8 4,9 7,8 23,8 23,8 23,7 8,8 8,0 8,3 14,6 5,4 11,6 16,3 16,7 14,5 14,5 11,7 8,7 20,6 5,0 11,2 21,1 21,4 20,5 4,7 Total 0,5 Tertiary 0,7 Medium Speciality post high school 1,0 or technical foremen education 0,2 High school 1,2 Vocational 17,2 Low 9,2 Secondary school Primary or 43,3 no education 4,1 Total 0,8 Tertiary 0,9 Medium Speciality post high school 1,6 or technical foremen education 0,3 High school 1,4 Vocational 15,2 Low 9,7 Secondary school Primary or 34,8 no education 5,5 Total 0,2 Tertiary 0,4 Medium Speciality post high school 0,3 or technical foremen education 0,2 High school 0,7 Vocational 19,2 Low 8,8 Secondary school Primary or 51,3 no education 0,4 Total 0,3 Tertiary 0,1 Medium Speciality post high school 0,2 or technical foremen education - igh school 0,2 Vocational 3,1 Low 2,0 Secondary school Primary or 9,0 no education 10,0 Total 2,7 Tertiary 1,5 Medium Speciality post high school 4,9 or technical foremen education 0,7 High school 2,0 Vocational 20,0 Low 10,8 Secondary school Primary or 48,0 no education

Nivel de educaie

Total Superior Mediu Postliceal de specialitate sau tehnic de maitri Liceal Profesional Sczut Gimnazial Primar sau fr coal absolvit Total Superior Mediu Postliceal de specialitate sau tehnic de maitri Liceal Profesional Sczut Gimnazial Primar sau fr coal absolvit Total Superior Mediu Postliceal de specialitate sau tehnic de maitri Liceal Profesional Sczut Gimnazial Primar sau fr coal absolvit Total Superior Mediu Postliceal de specialitate sau tehnic de maitri Liceal Profesional Sczut Gimnazial Primar sau fr coal absolvit Total Superior Mediu Postliceal de specialitate sau tehnic de maitri Liceal Profesional Sczut Gimnazial Primar sau fr coal absolvit

Total 26,8 27,7 41,0 27,0 25,8 33,4 30,8 26,3 24,2 20,2 22,5 12,4 25,4 36,9 30,1 14,4 16,8 6,9

Masculin / Male 26,6 27,5 21,3 38,3 26,8 19,8 25,3 32,0 23,5 22,6 27,4 23,6 23,1 24,5 18,1 24,9 35,9 29,1 15,3 17,0 9,6 26,6 21,3 25,2 16,0 17,6 10,4

Feminin / Female 7,5 26,9 27,9 21,4 5,3 43,7 27,1 18,2 7,8 26,5 35,3 23,9 4,2 8,1 8,3 8,1 9,4 4,4 6,3 3,7 6,6 3,0 7,4 6,3 11,6 10,1 18,7 10,3 8,1 10,3 6,5 11,4 9,5 10,6 12,0 6,4 39,3 25,1 25,5 17,1 20,4 7,2 25,8 37,9 32,4 13,6 16,5 4,4 20,6 23,8 25,3 18,2 21,1 9,0 24,1 19,0 25,9 24,7 23,9 30,0 25,6 27,9 13,9 18,0 18,9 20,2 18,4 19,7 20,9 15,4 17,4 9,1

Urban 30,4 30,0 41,2 27,8 26,8 32,3 31,3 28,0 23,1 26,0 25,5 28,7 26,2 35,3 28,8 17,4 17,8 15,2

Rural 22,3 24,9 38,9 19,7 24,3 35,0 28,7 22,9 25,2 19,0 21,9 10,2 20,9 40,3 31,2 13,9 16,5 5,8

Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO) - 2009. / Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) - 2009.

99

3.7

Structura populaiei ocupate, pe grupe de ocupaii, grupe de vrst, sexe i medii, n anul 2009 Employment structure, by occupation group, age group, sex and area, in 2009
Total populaie ocupat (mii persoane) Total employment (thou persons) din care, n vrst of which, grupe de age groups 15-24 25-34 de munc (%): at working age (%): vrst (ani) (years) 35-44 45-54 55-64 Total 9243 95,3 8,1 26,8 27,7 21,3 11,4 4,7 Total Members of legislative body, executive, leaders of public administration, leaders and clerks of socio-economic and political units Specialists with intellectual and scientific occupations Technicians, foremen and assimilated Civil servants Operative workers in services, trade and assimilated Farmers and skilled workers in agriculture, forestry and fishery Artisans and handicraftmen in machinery and installations maintenance and adjustment Other categories of occupations of which: Unskilled workers Male 5100 95,9 8,7 26,6 27,5 21,3 11,8 4,1 Total Members of legislative body, executive, leaders of public administration, leaders and clerks of socio-economic and political units Specialists with intellectual and scientific occupations Technicians, foremen and assimilated Civil servants Operative workers in services, trade and assimilated Farmers and skilled workers in agriculture, forestry and fishery Artisans and handicraftmen in machinery and installations maintenance and adjustment Other categories of occupations of which: Unskilled workers Female 4143 94,5 7,5 26,9 27,9 21,4 10,8 5,5 Total Members of legislative body, executive, leaders of public administration, leaders and clerks of socio-economic and political units Specialists with intellectual and scientific occupations Technicians, foremen and assimilated Civil servants Operative workers in services, trade and assimilated Farmers and skilled workers in agriculture, forestry and fishery Artisans and handicraftmen in machinery and installations maintenance and adjustment Other categories of occupations of which: Unskilled workers

Grupe de ocupaii

Total 15-64 ani years

65 ani i peste (%) 65 years and over (%)

Occupation groups

Total Total Membri ai corpului legislativ, ai executivului, nali conductori ai administraiei publice, conductori i funcionari din unitile economico-sociale i politice Specialiti cu ocupaii intelectuale i tiinifice Tehnicieni, maitri i asimilai Funcionari administrativi Lucrtori operativi n servicii, comer i asimilai Agricultori i lucrtori calificai n agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit Meteugari i lucrtori calificai n meserii de tip artizanal, de reglare i ntreinere ale mainilor i instalaiilor Alte categorii de ocupaii din care: Muncitori necalificai Masculin Total Membri ai corpului legislativ, ai executivului, nali conductori ai administraiei publice, conductori i funcionari din unitile economico-sociale i politice Specialiti cu ocupaii intelectuale i tiinifice Tehnicieni, maitri i asimilai Funcionari administrativi Lucrtori operativi n servicii, comer i asimilai Agricultori i lucrtori calificai n agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit Meteugari i lucrtori calificai n meserii de tip artizanal, de reglare i ntreinere ale mainilor i instalaiilor Alte categorii de ocupaii din care: Muncitori necalificai Feminin Total Membri ai corpului legislativ, ai executivului, nali conductori ai administraiei publice, conductori i funcionari din unitile economico-sociale i politice Specialiti cu ocupaii intelectuale i tiinifice Tehnicieni, maitri i asimilai Funcionari administrativi Lucrtori operativi n servicii, comer i asimilai Agricultori i lucrtori calificai n agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit Meteugari i lucrtori calificai n meserii de tip artizanal, de reglare i ntreinere ale mainilor i instalaiilor Alte categorii de ocupaii din care: Muncitori necalificai

206 954 864 451 1016 2221 1461 2070 990

99,3 99,7 99,8 100,0 99,8 82,9 99,9 97,7 95,2

1,9 2,8 7,1 8,0 10,5 9,4 7,1 9,9 12,6

28,0 40,5 32,7 29,8 31,0 16,7 25,5 26,6 24,0

31,2 27,3 27,3 32,0 33,0 19,2 32,4 30,0 25,1

27,2 20,1 22,3 23,6 20,1 16,8 27,0 21,8 21,9

11,0 9,0 10,4 6,6 5,2 20,8 7,9 9,4 11,6

0,7 0,3 0,2 0,2 17,1 0,1 2,3 4,8

141 459 330 133 365 1119 1142 1411 590

99,1 99,5 99,6 99,9 99,7 84,1 99,9 98,2 95,8

1,1 2,0 8,2 9,0 11,5 10,5 7,1 10,8 16,1

25,5 38,4 34,1 32,5 32,9 17,0 24,9 28,0 26,2

32,8 26,3 24,9 29,1 30,3 20,0 31,6 29,7 23,8

27,9 20,6 20,0 19,7 18,8 16,9 27,4 20,3 19,1

11,8 12,2 12,4 9,6 6,2 19,7 8,9 9,4 10,6

0,9 0,5 0,4 0,1 0,3 15,9 0,1 1,8 4,2

65 495 534 318 651 1102 319 659 400

99,7 99,9 99,9 100,0 99,8 81,6 100,0 96,5 94,2

3,8 3,5 6,3 7,6 9,9 8,4 7,0 7,8 7,5

33,7 42,4 31,9 28,7 30,0 16,4 28,0 23,8 20,8

27,7 28,3 28,8 33,1 34,5 18,3 35,3 30,6 26,9

25,4 19,7 23,8 25,2 20,9 16,5 25,4 24,9 25,9

9,1 6,0 9,1 5,4 4,5 22,0 4,3 9,4 13,1

0,3 0,1 0,1 0,2 18,4 3,5 5,8

Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO) - 2009. Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) - 2009.

100

101

3.7

Structura populaiei ocupate, pe grupe de ocupaii, grupe de vrst, sexe i medii, n anul 2009 - continuare Employment structure, by occupation group, age group, sex and area, in 2009 - continued
Total populaie ocupat (mii persoane) Total employment (thou persons) din care, n vrst of which, grupe de age groups 15-24 25-34 de munc (%): at working age (%): vrst (ani) (years) 35-44 45-54 55-64 Urban 5032 99,6 6,3 30,4 30,0 24,1 8,8 0,4 Total Members of legislative body, executive, leaders of public administration, leaders and clerks of socio-economic and political units Specialists with intellectual and scientific occupations Technicians, foremen and assimilated Civil servants Operative workers in services, trade and assimilated Farmers and skilled workers in agriculture, forestry and fishery Artisans and handicraftmen in machinery and installations maintenance and adjustment Other categories of occupations of which: Unskilled workers Rural 4211 90,0 10,3 22,3 24,9 18,0 14,5 10,0 Total Members of legislative body, executive, leaders of public administration, leaders and clerks of socio-economic and political units Specialists with intellectual and scientific occupations Technicians, foremen and assimilated Civil servants Operative workers in services, trade and assimilated Farmers and skilled workers in agriculture, forestry and fishery Artisans and handicraftmen in machinery and installations maintenance and adjustment Other categories of occupations of which: Unskilled workers

Grupe de ocupaii

Total 15-64 ani years

65 ani i peste (%) 65 years and over (%)

Occupation groups

Urban Total Membri ai corpului legislativ, ai executivului, nali conductori ai administraiei publice, conductori i funcionari din unitile economico-sociale i politice Specialiti cu ocupaii intelectuale i tiinifice Tehnicieni, maitri i asimilai Funcionari administrativi Lucrtori operativi n servicii, comer i asimilai Agricultori i lucrtori calificai n agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit Meteugari i lucrtori calificai n meserii de tip artizanal, de reglare i ntreinere ale mainilor i instalaiilor Alte categorii de ocupaii din care: Muncitori necalificai Rural Total Membri ai corpului legislativ, ai executivului, nali conductori ai administraiei publice, conductori i funcionari din unitile economico-sociale i politice Specialiti cu ocupaii intelectuale i tiinifice Tehnicieni, maitri i asimilai Funcionari administrativi Lucrtori operativi n servicii, comer i asimilai Agricultori i lucrtori calificai n agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit Meteugari i lucrtori calificai n meserii de tip artizanal, de reglare i ntreinere ale mainilor i instalaiilor Alte categorii de ocupaii din care: Muncitori necalificai

168 875 710 371 749 100 965 1094 372

99,2 99,8 99,9 100,0 99,9 88,2 99,9 99,8 99,6

1,7 2,5 6,3 7,9 9,9 5,8 5,7 7,4 11,6

28,1 40,6 34,1 30,9 31,4 14,9 22,9 27,5 25,3

31,2 28,0 27,2 30,9 32,0 23,2 31,6 30,9 25,2

27,2 19,9 22,1 23,9 21,2 20,2 30,5 25,0 27,3

11,0 8,8 10,2 6,4 5,4 24,1 9,2 9,0 10,2

0,8 0,2 0,1 0,1 11,8 0,1 0,2 0,4

38 79 154 80 267 2121 496 976 618

99,6 99,0 99,4 100,0 99,4 82,6 99,9 95,2 92,5

2,9 5,9 10,8 8,6 12,2 9,6 9,8 12,5 13,3

27,5 39,0 26,1 24,7 29,8 16,8 30,7 25,7 23,3

31,5 19,6 27,6 37,0 35,8 18,9 34,0 28,9 24,9

26,7 23,3 23,6 22,0 17,1 16,6 19,9 18,3 18,6

11,0 11,2 11,3 7,7 4,5 20,7 5,5 9,8 12,4

0,4 1,0 0,6 0,6 17,4 0,1 4,8 7,5

Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO) - 2009. Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) - 2009.

102

103

3.8
Statutul profesional

Structura populaiei ocupate, dup statutul profesional, pe grupe de vrst, sexe i medii, n anul 2009 Employment structure, by status in employment, by age group, sex and area, in 2009
Total populaie ocupat (mii persoane) Total Total employment 15-64 ani (thou persons) years din care, n vrst de munc (%): of which, at working age (%): grupe de vrst (ani) age groups (years) 15-24 25-34 Total 35-44 45-54 65 ani i peste (%) 65 years and over 55-64 (%)

Status in employment

Total din care: Salariat Patron Lucrtor pe cont propriu Lucrtor familial neremunerat

9243 6213 133 1787 1110

95,3 99,9 99,7 83,3 88,0

8,1 7,3 1,7 4,5 19,6

26,8 30,5 23,4 17,2 21,5

27,7 31,0 35,4 22,3 16,9

21,3 23,2 30,5 19,0 13,4

11,4 7,9 8,7 20,3 16,6

4,7 0,1 0,3 16,7 12,0

Total of which: Employee Employer Self-employed Contributing family worker

Masculin / Male Total din care: Salariat Patron Lucrtor pe cont propriu Lucrtor familial neremunerat 5100 3415 100 1271 314 95,9 99,8 99,6 84,9 95,6 8,7 7,4 1,2 5,3 38,8 26,6 29,7 22,9 17,5 30,7 27,5 30,0 35,8 22,8 15,8 21,3 23,1 30,9 19,4 6,3 11,8 9,6 8,8 19,9 4,0 4,1 0,2 0,4 15,1 4,4 Total of which: Employee Employer Self-employed Contributing family worker

Feminin / Female Total din care: Salariat Patron Lucrtor pe cont propriu Lucrtor familial neremunerat 4143 2798 33 516 796 94,5 99,9 100,0 79,4 84,9 7,5 7,1 3,2 2,6 12,0 26,9 31,5 25,1 16,3 17,9 Urban Total din care: Salariat Patron Lucrtor pe cont propriu Lucrtor familial neremunerat 5032 4609 100 271 52 99,6 99,9 99,7 96,2 91,3 6,3 6,2 1,3 8,1 17,4 30,4 30,9 23,1 27,0 21,3 Rural Total din care: Salariat Patron Lucrtor pe cont propriu Lucrtor familial neremunerat 4211 1604 33 1516 1058 90,0 99,8 99,7 81,0 87,8 10,3 10,5 3,1 3,9 19,7 22,3 29,3 24,6 15,4 21,5 24,9 33,5 37,9 21,1 16,7 18,0 19,9 26,8 18,9 13,5 14,5 6,6 7,3 21,7 16,4 10,0 0,2 0,3 19,0 12,2 Total of which: Employee Employer Self-employed Contributing family worker 30,0 30,1 34,6 28,6 20,7 24,1 24,3 31,6 19,8 11,4 8,8 8,4 9,1 12,7 20,5 0,4 0,1 0,3 3,8 8,7 Total of which: Employee Employer Self-employed Contributing family worker 27,9 32,1 34,1 20,8 17,3 21,4 23,3 29,2 18,3 16,2 10,8 5,9 8,4 21,4 21,5 5,5 0,1 20,6 15,1 Total of which: Employee Employer Self-employed Contributing family worker

Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO) - 2009. Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) - 2009.

104

3.9

Populaia ocupat civil, pe activiti ale economiei naionale (la sfritul anului) Civil employment, by activity of national economy (end of year)
mii persoane / thou persons

Activitatea (seciuni CAEN Rev.2)


Total Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit Industrie Industrie extractiv Industrie prelucrtoare Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Construcii Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor Transport i depozitare Hoteluri i restaurante Informaii i comunicaii Intermedieri financiare i asigurri Tranzacii imobiliare Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice Activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de servicii suport Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public nvmnt Sntate i asisten social Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative Alte activiti de servicii

2008 8747 2407 1981 81 1691 82 127 692 1168 422 162 132 117 47 166 217 220 432 402 62 120

2009 8411 2411 1774 73 1491 75 135 626 1138 419 125 125 114 49 164 207 230 413 408 67 141

Activity (CANE Rev.2 sections) Total Agriculture, forestry and fishing Industry Mining and quarrying Manufacturing Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Construction Wholesale and retail; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Transport and storage Hotels and restaurants Information and communication Financial intermediation and insurance Real estate activities Professional, scientific and technical activities Activities of administrative services and of support services Public administration and defence; social insurance of public sector Education Health and social assistance Shows, culture and recreation activities Other service activities

Sursa: Balana forei de munc - la sfritul anului. / Source: Labour force balance - end of year.

3.10

Populaia ocupat civil, pe activiti ale economiei naionale i pe forme de proprietate, n anul 2009 (la sfritul anului) Civil employment, by activity of national economy and by type of ownership, in 2009 (end of year)
mii persoane / thou persons

Activitatea (seciuni CAEN Rev.2)

din care: femei Total of which: women

din total, pe forme de proprietate: of total, by type of ownership: Majoritar Majoritar Activity de stat privat (CANE Rev.2 sections) State Private majority majority 1495 864 33 171 33 29 53 56 30 1 149 3 11 10 7 36 24 230 385 366 37 2 6916 3100 2378 1603 40 1462 22 79 596 1137 270 122 114 104 42 128 183 28 42 30 139 Total of which: women Agriculture, forestry and fishing Industry Mining and quarrying Manufacturing Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Construction Wholesale and retail; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Transport and storage Hotels and restaurants Information and communication Financial intermediation and insurance Real estate activities Professional, scientific and technical activities Activities of administrative services and of support services Public administration and defence; social insurance of public sector Education Health and social assistance Shows, culture and recreation activities Other service activities

Total din care: femei Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit Industrie Industrie extractiv Industrie prelucrtoare Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Construcii Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor Transport i depozitare Hoteluri i restaurante Informaii i comunicaii Intermedieri financiare i asigurri Tranzacii imobiliare Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice Activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de servicii suport Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public nvmnt Sntate i asisten social Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative Alte activiti de servicii

8411 2411 1774 73 1491 75 135 626 1138 419 125 125 114 49 164 207 230 413 408 67 141 3964 1294 705 12 644 19 30 98 569 80 77 49 78 22 84 65 126 285 323 32 77

Sursa: Balana forei de munc - la sfritul anului. / Source: Labour force balance - end of year.

105

3.11
Total

Numrul mediu al salariailor, pe activiti ale economiei naionale i pe sexe Average number of employees, by activity of national economy and by sex
mii persoane / thou persons

Activitatea (seciuni CAEN Rev.2)

Total 2008 2009


5046 4774 105 110 1606 1371 81 75 1342 1118

Brbai Men 2008 2009


2723 2542 78 904 69 702 82 786 64 591

Femei Women 2008 2009


2323 2232 27 702 12 640 28 585 11 527

Activity (CANE Rev.2 sections)


Total Agriculture, forestry and fishing Industry Mining and quarrying Manufacturing Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Construction Wholesale and retail; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Transport and storage Hotels and restaurants Information and communication Financial intermediation and insurance Real estate activities Professional, scientific and technical activities Activities of administrative services and of support services Public administration and defence; social insurance of public sector1) Education Health and social assistance Shows, culture and recreation activities Other service activities

Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit Industrie Industrie extractiv Industrie prelucrtoare Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Construcii Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor Transport i depozitare Hoteluri i restaurante Informaii i comunicaii Intermedieri financiare i asigurri Tranzacii imobiliare Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice Activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de servicii suport Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public1) nvmnt Sntate i asisten social Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative Alte activiti de servicii

84

78

62

59

22

19

99 458

100 404

71 401

72 354

28 57

28 50

849 285 118 121 108 31 133

816 282 118 114 107 29 134

433 210 43 74 34 18 71

400 207 43 70 34 17 71

416 75 75 47 74 13 62

416 75 75 44 73 12 63

195

192

135

133

60

59

213 394 350 40 40

225 394 378 56 44

96 121 71 17 17

103 121 77 25 19

117 273 279 23 23

122 273 301 31 25

1) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (M.Ap.N., M.A.I., S.R.I. etc.). / Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National

Defence, Ministry of Administration and Interior, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.). Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc. Source: Labour cost survey.

106

3.12

Numrul mediu al salariailor, pe forme de proprietate, clase de mrime ale ntreprinderilor i pe sexe Average number of emolyees, by ownership type, enterprises size class and by sex
mii persoane / thou persons

Forma de proprietate Ownership type Clase de mrime ale ntreprinderilor Enterprises size class Total Sub 50 salariai Under 50 employees 50 - 249 salariai 50 - 249 employees 250 salariai i peste 250 employees and over Proprietate public1) Public ownership1) Sub 50 salariai Under 50 employees 50 - 249 salariai 50 - 249 employees 250 salariai i peste 250 employees and over Proprietate privat2) Private ownership2) Sub 50 salariai Under 50 employees 50 - 249 salariai 50 - 249 employees 250 salariai i peste 250 employees and over

Total 2008 5046 1531 1088 2427 1454 89 188 1177 3592 1442 900 1250 2009 4774 1481 1061 2232 1463 104 232 1127 3311 1377 829 1105

Brbai / Male 2008 2723 867 637 1219 631 40 92 499 2092 827 545 720 2009 2542 833 607 1102 623 47 107 469 1919 786 500 633

Femei / Female 2008 2323 664 451 1208 823 49 96 678 1500 615 355 530 2009 2232 648 454 1130 840 57 125 658 1392 591 329 472

1) Include: proprietate integral de stat, proprietate majoritar de stat, proprietate public de interes naional i local. / Including:state integral 2) Include: proprietate majoritar privat, proprietate integral privat, proprietate cooperatist, proprietate obteasc, proprietate integral strin.

ownership, state majority ownership, public ownership of national and local interest.

Including: private majority ownership, private integral ownership, cooperative ownership, community ownership, foreign integral ownership. Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc. Source: Labour cost survey.

3.13

Numrul mediu al salariailor, pe activiti ale industriei i pe sexe Average number of employees, by activity of industry and by sex
mii persoane / thou persons

Activitatea (diviziuni CAEN Rev.2) Industrie - total Industrie extractiv Extracia crbunelui superior i inferior Extracia petrolului brut i a gazelor naturale Extracia minereurilor metalifere Alte activiti extractive Activiti de servicii anexe extraciei

Total 2008 2009 1606 1371 81 26 30 3 12 10 75 25 27 3 12 8

Brbai Men 2008 2009 904 69 23 25 2 10 9 702 71 19 2 10 29 786 64 22 22 3 10 7 591 68 17 2 7 26

Femei Women 2008 2009 702 12 3 5 1 2 1 640 85 10 *) 25 182 585 11 3 5 *) 2 1 527 76 8 *) 20 150

Activity (CANE Rev.2 divisions) Industry - total Mining and quarrying Mining of coal and lignite Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas Mining of metal ores Other mining and quarrying Mining support service activities Manufacturing Manufacture of food products Manufacture of beverages Manufacture of tobacco products Manufacture of textiles Manufacture of wearing apparel Tanning and dressing of leather; manufacture of travel and leather goods, harness and footwear; preparation and dyeing of furs

Industrie prelucrtoare 1342 1118 Industria alimentar 156 144 Fabricarea buturilor 29 25 Fabricarea produselor din tutun 2 2 Fabricarea produselor textile 35 27 Fabricarea articolelor de mbrcminte 211 176 Tbcirea i finisarea pieilor; fabricarea articolelor de voiaj i marochinrie, harnaamentelor i nclmintei; prepararea i vopsirea blnurilor 81 62

20

16

61

46

107

3.13

Numrul mediu al salariailor, pe activiti ale industriei i pe sexe - continuare Average number of employees, by activity of industry and by sex - continued
mii persoane / thou persons

Activitatea (diviziuni CAEN Rev.2)

Total 2008 2009

Brbai Men 2008 2009

Femei Women 2008 2009

Activity (CANE Rev.2 divisions)

Prelucrarea lemnului, fabricarea produselor din lemn i plut, cu excepia mobilei; fabricarea articolelor din paie i din alte materiale vegetale mpletite 68 Fabricarea hrtiei i a produselor din hrtie 13 Tiprirea i reproducerea pe supori a nregistrrilor 20 Fabricarea produselor de cocserie i a produselor obinute din prelucrarea ieiului 10 Fabricarea substanelor i a produselor chimice 36 Fabricarea produselor farmaceutice de baz i a preparatelor farmaceutice 9 Fabricarea produselor din cauciuc i mase plastice 48 Fabricarea altor produse din minerale nemetalice 57 Industria metalurgic 50 Industria construciilor metalice i a produselor din metal, exclusiv maini, utilaje i instalaii 103 Fabricarea calculatoarelor i a produselor electronice i optice 26 Fabricarea echipamentelor electrice 39 Fabricarea de maini, utilaje i echipamente n.c.a. 68 Fabricarea autovehiculelor de transport rutier, a remorcilor i semiremorcilor 115 Fabricarea altor mijloace de transport 40 Fabricarea de mobil 80 Alte activiti industriale n.c.a. 13 Repararea, ntreinerea i instalarea mainilor i echipamentelor 33 Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat 84 Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Captarea, tratarea i distribuia apei Colectarea i epurarea apelor uzate Colectarea, tratarea i eliminarea deeurilor; activiti de recuperare a materialelor reciclabile; activiti i servicii de decontaminare

59 10 18

51 7 10

44 5 9

17 6 10

15 5 9

8 30

7 24

6 21

3 12

2 9

8 41 43 38

4 30 40 40

3 27 31 30

5 18 17 10

5 14 12 8

84 21 33 53 100 37 60 10 29

82 12 21 54 54 33 49 5 28

66 9 17 42 47 31 38 4 25

21 14 18 14 61 7 31 8 5

18 12 16 11 53 6 22 6 4

Manufacture of wood and of products of wood and cork, except furniture; manufacture of articles of straw and plaiting materials Manufacture of paper and paper products Printing and reproduction of recorded media Manufacture of coke and refined petroleum products Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products Manufacture of basic pharmaceutical products and pharmaceutical preparations Manufacture of rubber and plastic products Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products Manufacture of basic metals Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment Manufacture of computers, electronic and optical products Manufacture of electrical equipment Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c. Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers Manufacture of other transport equipment Manufacture of furniture Other manufacturing activities n.e.c. Repair, maintenance and installation of machinery and equipment

78

62

59

22

Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning 19 production and supply Water supply; sewerage, waste management and 28 decontamination activities Water catchment, treatment 12 and distribution Used water collection 1 and purification Waste collection, purification and disposal; activities of recycling materials recovery; activities 15 and services of decontamination

99 38 6

100 40 6

71 27 5

72 28 5

28 11 1

55

54

39

39

16

Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc. Source: Labour cost survey.

108

3.14

Salariaii, pe activiti ale economiei naionale i pe sexe, la 31 decembrie 2009 Employees, by activity of national economy and by sex, on December 31, 2009
mii persoane / thou persons

Total salariai Total employees din care: proprietate majoritar Total privat1) of which: private majority ownership1) 3385 73 1211 40 1099 Din total: Of total: Activity (CANE Rev.2 sections) Brbai Femei Men Women

Activitatea (seciuni CAEN Rev.2)

Total 4879 Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit 106 Industrie 1382 Industrie extractiv 73 Industrie prelucrtoare 1129 Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat 75 Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare 105 Construcii 384 Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor 847 Transport i depozitare 290 Hoteluri i restaurante 121 Informaii i comunicaii 121 Intermedieri financiare i asigurri 113 Tranzacii imobiliare 31 Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice 143 Activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de servicii suport 205 Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public2) 230 nvmnt 403 Sntate i asisten social 397 Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative 60 Alte activiti de servicii 46

2556 79 783 61 590

2323 27 599 12 539

23

56

19

49 354 845 141 118 111 103 24 107 181 18 31 24 44

76 331 408 211 45 74 35 18 74 141 104 123 82 28 20

29 53 439 79 76 47 78 13 69 64 126 280 315 32 26

Total Agriculture, forestry and fishing Industry Mining and quarrying Manufacturing Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Construction Wholesales and retail; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Transport and storage Hotels and restaurants Information and communication Financial intermediation and insurance Real estate activities Professional, scientific and technical activities Activities of administrative services and of support services Public administration and defence; social insurance of public sector2) Education Health and social assistance Shows, culture and recreation activities Other service activities

1) Include: proprietate majoritar privat, proprietate integral privat, proprietate cooperatist, proprietate obteasc, proprietate integral 2) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (M.Ap.N., M.A.I., S.R.I. etc.). / Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National

strin. / Including: private majority ownership, private integral ownership, co-operative ownership, foreign integral ownership.

Defence, Ministry of Administration and Interior, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.). Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc - 2009. Source: Labour cost survey - 2009.

109

3.15

Salariaii, pe activiti ale industriei i pe sexe, la 31 decembrie 2009 Employees, by activity of industry and by sex, on December 31, 2009
mii persoane / thou persons

Total salariai Total employees din care: proprietate majoritar privat1) of which: private majority ownership1) 1211 40 1 23 *) 9 7 1099 152 24 2 28 173 Din total: Of total:

Activitatea (diviziuni CAEN Rev.2) Activity (CANE Rev.2 divisions)

Total

Brbai Men

Femei Women

Total Industrie extractiv / Mining and quarrying Extracia crbunelui superior i inferior Mining of coal and lignite Extracia petrolului brut i a gazelor naturale Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas Extracia minereurilor metalifere Mining of metal ores Alte activiti extractive Other mining and quarrying Activiti de servicii anexe extraciei Mining support service activities Industrie prelucrtoare / Manufacturing Industria alimentar / Manufacture of food products Fabricarea buturilor / Manufacture of beverages Fabricarea produselor din tutun Manufacture of tobacco products Fabricarea produselor textile / Manufacture of textiles Fabricarea articolelor de mbrcminte Manufacture of wearing apparel Tbcirea i finisarea pieilor; fabricarea articolelor de voiaj i marochinrie, harnaamentelor i nclmintei; prepararea i vopsirea blnurilor Tanning and dressing of leather; manufacture of travel and leather goods, harness and footwear; preparation and dyeing of furs Prelucrarea lemnului, fabricarea produselor din lemn i plut, cu excepia mobilei; fabricarea articolelor din paie i din alte materiale vegetale mpletite Manufacture of wood and of products of wood and cork, except furniture; manufacture of articles of straw and plaiting materials Fabricarea hrtiei i a produselor din hrtie Manufacture of paper and paper products Tiprirea i reproducerea pe supori a nregistrrilor Printing and reproduction of recorded media Fabricarea produselor de cocserie i a produselor obinute din prelucrarea ieiului Manufacture of coke and refined petroleum products Fabricarea substanelor i a produselor chimice Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products Fabricarea produselor farmaceutice de baz i a preparatelor farmaceutice Manufacture of basic pharmaceutical products and pharmaceutical preparations Fabricarea produselor din cauciuc i mase plastice Manufacture of rubber and plastic products

1382 73 25 27 3 11 7 1129 152 24 2 28 173

783 61 22 22 2 9 6 590 72 16 1 8 26

599 12 3 5 1 2 1 539 80 8 1 20 147

66

66

18

48

55

55

39

16

10 18

10 16

5 9

5 9

31

29

21

10

41

41

27

14

1) Include: proprietate majoritar privat, proprietate integral privat, proprietate cooperatist, proprietate obteasc, proprietate integral

strin. / Including: private majority ownership, private integral ownership, co-operative ownership, foreign integral ownership. Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc - 2009. / Source: Labour cost survey - 2009.

110

3.15

Salariaii, pe activiti ale industriei i pe sexe, la 31 decembrie 2009 - continuare Employees, by activity of industry and by sex, on December 31, 2009 - continued
mii persoane / thou persons

Total salariai Total employees din care: proprietate majoritar privat1) of which: private majority ownership1) 42 36 Din total: Of total:

Activitatea (diviziuni CAEN Rev.2) Activity (CANE Rev.2 divisions)

Total

Brbai Men

Femei Women

Fabricarea altor produse din minerale nemetalice Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products Industria metalurgic Manufacture of basic metals Industria construciilor metalice i a produselor din metal, exclusiv maini, utilaje i instalaii Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment Fabricarea calculatoarelor i a produselor electronice i optice Manufacture of computers, electronic and optical products Fabricarea echipamentelor electrice Manufacture of electrical equipment Fabricarea de maini, utilaje i echipamente n.c.a. Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c. Fabricarea autovehiculelor de transport rutier, a remorcilor i semiremorcilor Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers Fabricarea altor mijloace de transport Manufacture of other transport equipment Fabricarea de mobil Manufacture of furniture Alte activiti industriale n.c.a. Other manufacturing activities n.e.c. Repararea, ntreinerea i instalarea mainilor i echipamentelor Repair, maintenance and installation of machinery and equipment Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Captarea, tratarea i distribuia apei Water catchment, treatment and distribution Colectarea i epurarea apelor uzate Used water collection and purification Colectarea, tratarea i eliminarea deeurilor; activiti de recuperare a materialelor reciclabile; activiti i servicii de decontaminare Waste collection, purification and disposal; activities of recycling materials recovery; activities and services of decontamination

42 37

30 30

12 7

80

74

62

18

22

21

10

12

33 52

33 51

17 42

16 10

111

111

52

59

34 63 11

28 63 10

28 40 5

6 23 6

28

20

24

75

23

56

19

105

49

76

29

41 7

7 1

29 6

12 1

57

41

41

16

1) Include: proprietate majoritar privat, proprietate integral privat, proprietate cooperatist, proprietate obteasc, proprietate integral

strin. / Including: private majority ownership, private integral ownership, co-operative ownership, foreign integral ownership. Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc - 2009. / Source: Labour cost survey - 2009.

111

3.16
Total

omerii nregistrai1) i rata omajului (la sfritul anului) Registered unemployed1) and unemployment rate (end of year)
persoane / persons

Total omeri / Total unemployed 2004 557892 2253812) 143322 65998 16061 31 27 4 1742 1322 366 54 330738 275526 42686 12526 6,3 2005 522967 215147 143800 57779 13568 1 1 163 105 38 20 307656 274505 27022 6129 5,9 2006 460495 166657 106112 49359 11186 176 83 79 14 293662 263613 23759 6290 5,2 2007 367838 121389 74249 37781 9359 121 64 48 9 246328 216027 23884 6417 4,0 2008 403441 143549 86056 44650 12843 259892 225848 26169 7875 4,4 2009 709383 435497 262026 131855 41616 273886 240969 24497 8420 7,8 2004 234592 976422) 51994 36594 9054 23 19 4 656 458 183 15 136271 106555 22397 7319 5,6 2005 219224 95241 54509 32868 7864 56 27 20 9 123927 106678 13788 3461 5,2

Din care: femei / Of which: women 2006 191449 74997 40821 27714 6462 51 17 30 4 116401 100505 12289 3607 4,6 2007 166626 60513 31588 23210 5715 32 8 21 3 106081 89325 12987 3769 3,9 2008 187228 73039 37599 27213 8227 114189 94153 15087 4949 4,4 2009 302124 188457 93100 71697 23660 113667 97407 11282 4978 7,1 Total Recipients of unemployment indemnity Primary, secondary, vocational High school and post high school University Recipients of support allowance Primary, secondary, vocational High school and post high school University Beneficiaries of compensatory payments according to G.P.O. no. 98/1999 Primary, secondary, vocational High school and post high school University Unpaid unemployed Primary, secondary, vocational High school and post high school University Unemployment rate (%)

Beneficiari de indemnizaie de omaj Primar, gimnazial, profesional Liceal i postliceal Universitar Beneficiari de alocaie de sprijin Primar, gimnazial, profesional Liceal i postliceal Universitar Beneficiari de pli compensatorii potrivit O.U.G.nr.98/1999 Primar, gimnazial, profesional Liceal i postliceal Universitar omeri neindemnizai Primar, gimnazial, profesional Liceal i postliceal Universitar Rata omajului (%)

1) La ageniile pentru ocuparea forei de munc. / At the agencies for employment. 2) Inclusiv beneficiarii de ajutor de omaj i de integrare profesional, conform Legii nr. 1/1991 privind protecia social a omerilor i

integrarea lor profesional. / Including recipients of unemployment benefits and of allowance for vocational integration, according to Law no. 1/1991 regarding unemployed social protection and their vocational integration. Sursa: Agenia Naional pentru Ocuparea Forei de Munc. / Source: National Agency for Employment.

3.17
Total

Persoanele cuprinse n cursuri de formare profesional Persons who attend vocational training courses
persoane / persons

Persoane cuprinse n pregtire Persons attending training courses 2004 75209 36440 2005 59780 53077 2006 65031 55931 5452 3648 52800 12349 140 39136 526 649 15863 5989 37859 22534 821 12464 1464 576 15189 3651 54906 33215 1630 3359 13169 3280 253 3508 5150 2007 64093 53651 6007 4435 45731 26601 1432 3531 11942 2016 209 12910 3508 2008 59703 50622 5307 3774 44490 25241 2258 3504 11643 1513 331 9912 3681 2009 44347 41306 1346 1695 36586 24910 911 659 9035 960 111 4533 2301 11567 6688 74 4805 2004

din care: s-au ncadrat n activitate of which: employed in activity 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Total of which: Unemployed Persons who benefit of free vocational training services Persons who do not benefit of free vocational training services 16276 7664 163 8449 24819 10567 277 13975 21891 6387 244 15260 8924 4818 236 3870 5894 3369 74 2451 Accomplished their training in organized courses: Unemployed who attended courses financed from unemployment insurance budget Unemployed who attended courses organized from other funds Persons who benefit of free vocational training services financed from unemployment insurance budget Persons beginning the training in the previous year On the basis of researches and programmes of perspective on the labour market At the request of interested natural persons At the request of the economic operators Under training (on going courses) Interrupted the training1)

din care: omeri Persoane care beneficiaz de servicii gratuite de formare profesional Persoane care nu beneficiaz de servicii gratuite de formare profesional Au ncheiat pregtirea n cursuri organizate: omeri care au urmat cursuri finanate din bugetul asigurrilor pentru omaj omeri care au urmat cursuri organizate din alte fonduri Persoane care beneficiaz de servicii gratuite de formare profesional finanate din bugetul asigurrilor pentru omaj Persoane care au nceput cursurile n anul anterior Pe baza studiilor i programelor de perspectiv, privind piaa muncii La cererea persoanelor fizice interesate La cererea operatorilor economici n pregtire (cursuri n derulare) Au ntrerupt cursurile1)

1) Datele se refer numai la numrul omerilor nregistrai conform Legii nr. 76/2002 privind sistemul asigurrilor pentru omaj i

112

stimularea ocuprii forei de munc cu modificrile i completrile ulterioare. / Data refer only to the number of registered unemployed according to the Law no. 76/2002 with subsequent amendments. Sursa: Agenia Naional pentru Ocuparea Forei de Munc. / Source: National Agency for Employment.

113

3.18

omerii nregistrai, dup nivelul de educaie i pe grupe de vrst, la 31 decembrie, 2009 Registered unemployed, by educational level and by age group, on December 31, 2009
persoane / persons

omeri nregistrai / Registered unemployed Grupe de vrst / Age groups Total sub 25 ani 25 - 29 ani 30 - 39 ani 40 - 49 ani 50 - 55 ani peste 55 ani under 25 years 25 - 29 years 30 - 39 years 40 - 49 years 50 - 55 years over 55 years Total din care: Femei Primar, gimnazial, profesional din care: Femei Liceal i postliceal din care: Femei Universitar din care: Femei 709383 302124 502995 190507 156352 82979 50036 28638 109928 48788 52633 18521 41424 20055 15871 10212 61826 26906 38707 13672 12178 6651 10941 6583 183547 82009 137834 54049 35930 21950 9783 6010 193897 87065 143729 58555 43171 24614 6997 3896 102948 43628 81781 33379 16859 8532 4308 1717 57237 13728 48311 12331 6790 1177 2136 220

din care: beneficiari de indemnizaie de omaj / of which : beneficiaries of unemployment indemnity Grupe de vrst / Age groups Total sub 25 ani 25 - 29 ani 30 - 39 ani 40 - 49 ani 50 - 55 ani peste 55 ani under 25 years 25 - 29 years 30 - 39 years 40 - 49 years 50 - 55 years over 55 years 435497 188457 262026 93100 131855 71697 41616 23660 61794 29285 19410 7183 31010 14794 11374 7308 36455 17903 17195 6615 10189 5788 9071 5500 110380 51803 69747 26628 31792 19718 8841 5457 128312 58660 82958 32380 38919 22670 6435 3610 67103 26233 48480 16820 14666 7814 3957 1599 31453 4573 24236 3474 5279 913 1938 186 Total of which: Women Primary, secondary, vocational of which: Women High school and post high school of which: Women University of which: Women

Sursa: Agenia Naional pentru Ocuparea Forei de Munc. Source: National Agency for Employment.

3.19
Total Brbai Femei Sub 25 ani Brbai Femei 25 - 29 ani Brbai Femei 30 - 39 ani Brbai Femei 40 - 49 ani Brbai Femei 50 - 55 ani Brbai Femei Peste 55 ani Brbai Femei

omerii nregistrai, beneficiari de indemnizaii de omaj, pe grupe de vrst i dup durata omajului, la 31 decembrie 2009 Registered unemployed, receiving unemployment indemnities, by age group and by unemployment duration, on December 31, 2009
persoane / persons

Total

1 zi - 3 luni 1 day 3 months 142054 83375 58679 21668 11917 9751 14060 7367 6693 37438 21262 16176 38984 22151 16833 20255 12544 7711 9649 8134 1515

3 - 6 luni 3 - 6 months 120322 64392 55930 32868 16481 16387 11162 5390 5772 27294 13621 13673 27895 14607 13288 14458 8687 5771 6645 5606 1039

6 - 9 luni 6 - 9 months 87916 48351 39565 6219 3530 2689 7965 4062 3903 25087 12572 12515 28227 14454 13773 14239 8442 5797 6179 5291 888

Durata omajului cuprins ntre: 9 - 12 luni 12 - 15 luni 9 - 12 months 12 - 15 months 82997 49500 33497 1034 580 454 3244 1714 1530 20241 10925 9316 32321 17933 14388 17523 10802 6721 8634 7546 1088 1929 1237 692 5 1 4 24 19 5 301 184 117 772 448 324 546 342 204 281 243 38

Duration of unemployment: 15 - 18 luni 18 - 21 luni 15 - 18 months 18 - 21 months 68 52 16 9 7 2 19 13 6 22 14 8 18 18 1 1 1 1 -

21 - 24 luni 21 - 24 months 210 133 77 10 6 4 93 46 47 60 39 21 47 42 5

24 - 27 luni 24 - 27 months -

peste 27 luni over 27 months Total Men Women Under 25 years Men Women 25 - 29 years Men Women 30 - 39 years Men Women 40 - 49 years Men Women 50 - 55 years Men Women Over 55 years Men Women

435497 247040 188457 61794 32509 29285 36455 18552 17903 110380 58577 51803 128312 69652 58660 67103 40870 26233 31453 26880 4573

Sursa: Agenia Naional pentru Ocuparea Forei de Munc. Source: National Agency for Employment.

114

115

3.20

omajul BIM1) de lung durat, pe sexe i medii ILO1) long term unemployed, by sex and area
procente / percentage

2004
Rata omajului BIM1) de lung durat (12 luni i peste) Total Pe sexe Masculin Feminin Pe medii Urban Rural Rata omajului BIM1) de lung durat pentru tineri (6 luni i peste) Total Pe sexe Masculin Feminin Pe medii Urban Rural Incidena omajului BIM1) de lung durat (12 luni i peste) Total Pe sexe Masculin Feminin Pe medii Urban Rural Incidena omajului BIM1) de lung durat pentru tineri (6 luni i peste) Total Pe sexe Masculin Feminin Pe medii Urban Rural

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009
ILO1) long term unemployment rate (12 months and over) Total By sex Male Female By area Urban Rural ILO1) long term unemployment rate for youth (6 months and over) Total By sex Male Female By area Urban Rural Incidence of ILO1) long term unemployment (12 months and over) Total By sex Male Female By area Urban Rural Incidence of ILO1) long term unemployment for youth (6 months and over) Total By sex Male Female By area Urban Rural

4,7 5,5 3,8 5,4 3,9

4,0 4,6 3,4 5,2 2,7

4,1 4,7 3,3 4,7 3,2

3,2 3,6 2,7 3,9 2,4

2,4 2,9 1,8 2,9 1,7

2,1 2,4 1,7 2,6 1,5

14,3 15,5 12,5 18,0 10,8

13,1 14,0 11,7 18,2 8,7

14,2 14,9 13,1 18,0 10,9

13,3 13,5 13,0 15,9 11,1

10,5 10,5 10,5 12,7 8,6

10,3 10,9 9,3 13,5 7,6

58,9 60,9 55,7 56,5 63,3

56,2 59,0 52,2 58,4 51,7

56,0 57,4 53,8 55,3 57,5

50,0 49,9 50,1 50,3 49,4

41,3 42,9 38,4 43,4 37,5

30,9 31,6 29,8 32,2 28,7

68,0 69,0 66,3 66,9 69,8

66,5 68,4 63,5 69,1 62,4

67,4 69,2 64,7 65,9 69,8

66,1 64,2 69,5 64,3 68,5

56,3 55,6 57,4 54,6 58,6

49,5 51,6 46,3 49,8 49,0

1) BIM = Biroul Internaional al Muncii. / ILO = International Labour Office.

Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO). Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS).

116

3.21

Numrul accidentailor n munc, pe activiti ale economiei naionale, n anul 2009 Number of injured at work, by activity of national economy, in 2009
Numr accidentai Accidente colective Number of injured Collective accidents at work Rata din care: Numr accidentai accidentelor of which: Numr Number of injured de munc Total Incapacitate accidente din care: Rate of Mortal temporar Number Total mortal accidents Fatal de munc of accidents of which: at work Temporary at work fatal () incapacity of work

Activitatea (seciuni/diviziuni CAEN Rev.2) Activity (CANE Rev.2 sections/divisions)

Total

3839

352 29 10 -

3487 123 56 2

28 2 2 -

119 7 7 -

38 1 1 -

0,74 0,51 0,31 0,22

Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit 152 Agriculture, forestry and fishing Agricultur, vntoare i servicii anexe 66 Agriculture, hunting and ancillary services Pescuit i acvacultur Fishing and acvaculture Silvicultur, exploatare forestier i servicii anexe Sylviculture, forestry and ancillary services Industrie extractiv Mining and quarrying Extracia crbunelui Coal mining Extracia petrolului brut si a gazelor naturale Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas Extracia minereurilor metalifere Metalliferrous ores quarrying Activiti de servicii anexe extraciei Mining support service activities Alte activiti extractive Other extractive activities Industrie prelucrtoare Manufacturing Produse alimentare Food products Buturi Beverages Produse din tutun Tobacco products Produse textile Textile products Articole de mbrcminte Clothing articles Articole de nclminte si pielarie Leather goods and footwear Prelucrarea lemnului i a produselor din lemn (exclusiv mobil) Wood and wooden products manufacturing (excluding furniture) Celuloz, hrtie i produse din hrtie Pulp, paper and paper products 2

84

19

65

1,17

353 284

13 3

340 281

3,62 12,10

29

26

0,72

6 18 16 1414 157 32 4 30 51 23

3 4 80 8 1 2 3 2

6 15 12 1334 149 32 3 28 48 21

8 1 1 -

30 4 4 -

8 -

1,15 1,72 0,89 0,95 0,92 0,68 1,52 0,27 0,24 0,44

149

20

129

1,97

17

17

1,29

117

3.21

Numrul accidentailor n munc, pe activiti ale economiei naionale, n anul 2009 - continuare Number of injured at work, by activity of national economy, in 2009 - continued
Numr accidentai Accidente colective Number of injured Collective accidents at work Rata din care: Numr accidentai accidentelor of which: Numr Number of injured de munc Total Incapacitate accidente din care: Rate of Mortal temporar Number Total mortal accidents Fatal de munc of accidents of which: at work Temporary at work fatal () incapacity of work

Activitatea (seciuni/diviziuni CAEN Rev.2) Activity (CANE Rev.2 sections/divisions)

Edituri, poligrafie i reproducerea pe supori a nregistrrilor Publishing houses, poligraphy and recording reproducible registrations Prelucrarea ieiului, cocsificarea crbunelui i tratarea combustibililor nucleari Crude oil processing, coal coking and nuclear fuel treatment Substane i produse chimice Chemical substances and products Produse farmaceutice Pharmaceutical products Produse din cauciuc i mase plastice Rubber and plastic products Fabricarea produselor din minerale nemetalice Manufacturing of products of non metallic minerals Metalurgie / Metallurgy Construcii metalice i produse din metal Metallic structures and metal products Fabricarea calculatoarelor i a produselor electronice i optice Manufacture of computer, electronic and optical products Fabricarea de maini, utilaje i echipamente n.c.a. Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c. Fabricarea echipamentelor electrice Manufacture of electrical equipment Fabricarea mijloacelor de transport rutier, a remorcilor i semiremorcilor Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers Fabricarea altor mijloace de transport Manufacture of other transport equipment Fabricarea de mobil Manufacture of furniture Repararea, ntreinerea i instalarea mainilor i echipamentelor Repair and installation of machinery and equipment Alte activiti industriale n.c.a. Other manufacturing activities n.e.c. Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze i ap Electric and thermal energy, gas and water production and supply

10

10

0,49

0,13

63 13 76

11 1 4

52 12 72

2 1 1

9 3 3

4 1 -

1,32 1,22 1,70

51

49

0,85

83 137

4 6

79 131

1 -

3 -

3 -

1,27 1,39

25

25

1,33

82

77

0,95

47

47

1,03

118

116

2,09

110 104

3 3

107 101

1,82 0,84

22

20

0,83

0,41

94

86

0,99

118

3.21

Numrul accidentailor n munc, pe activiti ale economiei naionale, n anul 2009 - continuare Number of injured at work, by activity of national economy, in 2009 - continued
Numr accidentai Accidente colective Number of injured Collective accidents at work Rata din care: Numr accidentai accidentelor of which: Numr Number of injured de munc Total Incapacitate accidente din care: Rate of Mortal temporar Number Total mortal accidents Fatal de munc of accidents of which: at work Temporary at work fatal () incapacity of work

Activitatea (seciuni/diviziuni CAEN Rev.2) Activity (CANE Rev.2 sections/divisions)

Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Distribuia apei; salubritate; gestionarea deeurilor; activiti de decontaminare Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Captarea, tratarea i distribuia apei Water catchment, treatment and distribution Colectarea i epurarea apelor uzate Used water collection and purification Colectarea, tratarea i eliminarea deeurilor, activiti de recuperare a materialelor reciclabile Waste collection, purification and disposal; activities of recycling materials recovery Construcii Construction Comerul cu ridicata i cu amnuntul, repararea i ntreinerea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor Wholesale and retail, repair and maintenance of motor vehicles and motorcycles Comerul cu ridicata i cu amnuntul ntreinerea i repararea autovehiculelor i a motocicletelor Wholesale and retail trade and repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Comerul cu ridicata - cu excepia autovehiculelor i motocicletelor Wholesale - excepting motor vehicles and motorcycles Comerul cu amnuntul - cu excepia autovehiculelor i motocicletelor Retail - excepting motor vehicles and motorcycles Hoteluri i restaurante Hotels and restaurants Transport i depozitare Transport and storage Transporturi terestre, transporturi prin conducte Land transport, pipe-line transport Transporturi pe ap Water transport

94

86

0,99

108

102

1,21

21

21

0,57

0,19

84

78

2,50

642

102

540

10

37

16

1,33

295

35

260

0,36

32

28

0,36

135

20

115

0,62

128

11

117

0,26

34 269 177 4

2 35 29 2

32 234 148 2

2 2 -

24 24 -

6 6 -

0,14 0,94 0,95 0,48

119

3.21

Numrul accidentailor n munc, pe activiti ale economiei naionale, n anul 2009 - continuare Number of injured at work, by activity of national economy, in 2009 - continued
Numr accidentai Accidente colective Number of injured Collective accidents at work Rata din care: Numr accidentai accidentelor of which: Numr Number of injured de munc Total Incapacitate accidente din care: Rate of Mortal temporar Number Total mortal accidents Fatal de munc of accidents of which: at work Temporary at work fatal () incapacity of work

Activitatea (seciuni/diviziuni CAEN Rev.2) Activity (CANE Rev.2 sections/divisions)

Transporturi aeriene Air transport Depozitare i activiti auxiliare pentru transporturi Warehousing and support activities for transportation Activiti de pot i de curier Postal and courier activities

0,41

45

43

1,24

38

1 1

37 34

0,91 0,40

Intermedieri financiare i asigurri 35 Financial intermediation and insurance Intermedieri financiare, cu excepia activitilor de asigurri i ale fondurilor de pensii 29 Financial service activities, except insuranceand pension funding Activiti de asigurri, reasigurri i ale fondurilor de pensii (cu excepia celor din sistemul public de asigurri sociale) Insurance activities, reinsurance and pension funding (except social insurance public system) Activiti auxiliare pentru intermedieri financiare, activiti de asigurare i fonduri de pensii Activities auxiliary to financial services and insurance activities Tranzacii imobiliare Real estate Informaii i comunicaii Informatics and communications Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice Professional, scientific and technical activities Activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de servicii suport Administrative and support service activities Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public Public administration and defence; public system social insurance nvmnt / Education Sntate i asisten social Health and social assistance Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative Leisure, culture and sport activities Alte activiti de servicii Other services

29

0,64

0,14

0,15

10 54

4 1

6 53

0,66 0,59

44

40

0,45

118

111

1,12

76

13

63

0,54

47 73

5 3

42 70

1 -

5 -

1 -

0,12 0,27

17

16

0,37

0,09

120

3.22
Revendicri Claims Total

Revendicrile care au declanat conflicte de interese Claims which caused conflicts of interest
Pondere n total / Weight in total 2005 2006 2007 2008 100,0 100,0 100,0

2004 100,0

2009

100,0 100,0

Salariale (neacordarea compensrilor, indexrilor, neplata salariilor la termen, neacordarea unor prime de vacan etc.) For salary reasons (non-payment of compensations, of indexations, of wages in time, of holidays bonuses a.s.o.) Utilizarea forei de munc (neasigurarea ncrcrii forei de munc, redistribuirea personalului, disponibilizri i trimiteri n omaj etc.) Labour force use (lack of employment work load, redistribution of staff, redundancies and sending in unemployment a.s.o.) Organizarea muncii (revizuirea normelor de munc, organizarea timpului de lucru, programul de munc, lipsa fiei postului) Labour organisation (revision of labour norms, organisation of working time, schedule, lack of position file) Condiii tehnico-materiale (neasigurarea cu comenzi i contracte, neasigurarea bazei materiale, starea tehnic necorespunztoare a utilajelor etc.) Technico-material conditions (lack of orders and contracts, lack of material base, inadequate technical situation of outfits a.s.o.) Condiii de munc (neasigurarea condiiilor normale de munc i a condiiilor sociale, acordarea grupelor de munc etc.) Working conditions (lack of normal labour and social conditions, promotion in higher wage classes a.s.o.) Timp de munc (neacordarea zilelor libere, orelor suplimentare, concediilor suplimentare, lucrul n schimburi etc.) Working time (lack of days-off, additional hours and leaves, shifts a.s.o.) Drepturi sociale (lipsa unor msuri de protecie social la nivelul agenilor economici, sisteme proprii de asigurri sociale, acordare de locuine, bilete de tratament, fonduri pentru aciuni sociale etc.) Social rights (lack of some social security measures at economic units level, own systems of social insurance, dwellings, treatment tickets, funds for social actions a.s.o.) Viaa sindical (asigurarea condiiilor pentru desfurarea activitii sindicale, amestecul patronatului n activitatea sindical, msuri de sancionare a liderilor, lipsa de transparen, prezena liderilor la negocieri etc.) Trade-union life (conditions for union activity, employers involvement in the union activity, measures of leaders sanction, lack of transparency, presence of leaders at negotiations a.s.o.) Alte revendicri (modificri n structurile organizatorice, negocierea contractelor colective etc.) Other claims (changes in organisational structures, negotiation of collective contracts a.s.o.)
Sursa: Ministerul Muncii, Familiei i Proteciei Sociale. Source: Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Protection.

54,5

60,0

57,7

68,6

78,4

73,9

1,5

5,5

1,6

0,9

5,0

14,2

5,4

2,3

0,9

5,0

5,0

6,3

4,5

0,9

7,0

1,8

17,0

19,2

27,9

29,1

19,8

26,1

121

3.23
Total Ianuarie Februarie Martie Aprilie Mai Iunie Iulie August Septembrie Octombrie Noiembrie Decembrie

Conflictele de interese i frecvena lor lunar Conflicts of interest and their monthly frequency
Numr conflicte Number of conflicts 2004 79 7 13 7 3 6 9 4 7 4 7 7 5 2005 98 6 11 11 11 15 3 7 5 8 9 10 2 2006 95 10 12 9 6 13 7 7 8 4 6 6 7 2007 86 9 11 6 7 15 6 8 5 3 3 7 6 2008 116 14 32 11 10 11 10 8 4 7 2 5 2 2009 92 12 8 7 8 15 11 4 3 7 3 9 5 2004 221369 27095 99891 10700 1795 10386 3396 6762 2433 2326 1594 32849 22142 Numr salariai Total1) 2005 323606 4853 12396 5345 202414 16656 9680 11130 1463 41257 4185 11047 3180 2006 109969 39076 11682 8579 3835 10690 3876 2612 2559 1816 11582 4744 8918 Number of employees Total1) 2007 103552 6477 33595 3947 5893 23975 4077 5676 1292 1769 1696 6880 8275 2008 268732 24484 158556 38841 10506 5911 9057 1915 6083 7775 1695 3202 707 2009 161532 16980 5067 15878 14444 53193 30608 898 1539 4884 1465 14840 1736

din care: participani la conflicte / of which: involved in conflicts 2004 177582 25471 76410 4539 1400 6321 2780 4983 2038 1740 1220 31556 19124 2005 184072 3351 10245 3054 112673 9968 6264 8383 985 15666 3256 9037 1190 2006 79736 31492 10279 6385 2579 8071 2155 1893 1781 1347 7610 1128 5016 2007 72767 5480 27665 3181 4415 11628 3578 4258 908 1285 1285 4835 4249 2008 204798 15047 138006 29903 3092 2776 2330 1428 2890 6086 1230 1389 621 2009 104701 11702 3604 12411 4834 41001 15072 477 892 1715 1096 11455 442 Total January February March April May June July August September October November December

1) Aferent unitilor n care au avut loc conflicte de interese. / For the units where conflicts of interest took place. Sursa: Ministerul Muncii, Familiei i Proteciei Sociale. Source: Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Protection.

3.24
Total

Greve declanate, cu respectarea procedurii prevzute n Legea nr. 168 / 1999 Strikes initiated by observing the procedure provided by Law no. 168 / 1999
Numr greve Number of strikes 2004 11 3 2005 8 4 2006 2 1
2)

Numr salariai Total1) 2007 12 4


2)

Number of employees Total1) 20072) 27725 6251 2008 43677 2405 2009 400 400

din care: participani la greve / of which: involved in strikes 2004 12357 6790 2005 2892 1307 20062) 1254 979 20072) 8081 3340 2008 16730 1350 2009 360 360 Total Warning strike Warning strike followed by proper strike Proper strike

2008 8 3

2009 1 1

2004 17308 7946

2005 4601 2439

2006 1493 1205

2)

Grev de avertisment Grev de avertisment urmat de grev propriu-zis Grev propriu-zis

4 4

4 -

1 1

2 8

3 2

5465 3897

2162 -

1205 288

4306 21474

13822 27450

2944 2623

1585 -

979 275

2140 4741

8980 6400

1) Aferent unitilor n care au avut loc greve. / For the units where strikes took place. 2) Pentru anii 2006 i 2007, datele aferente grevei de avertisment urmate de grev propriu - zis reprezint parte component a datelor

aferente grevei de avertisment. / For 2006 and 2007, the data on the warning strike followed by proper strike represent the component part of data on warning strike. Sursa: Ministerul Muncii, Familiei i Proteciei Sociale. Source: Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Protection.

122

123

3.25

Conflictele de interese, pe activiti ale economiei naionale Conflicts of interest, by activity of national economy
2008 2009 Numr salariai Number of employees din care: participani la conflicte of which: involved in conflicts 104701 10920 10920 20913 2057 250 1630 82

Activitatea (seciuni/diviziuni CAEN Rev.2)

Numr conflicte Number of conflicts 116 2 2 3 1 2 58 5 2 2

Numr salariai Number of employees Total1) din care: participani la conflicte of which: involved in conflicts 268732 5630 5630 1192 750 442 63403 5400 1222 970 204798 2500 2500 1055 630 425 44026 1190 820 640

Numr conflicte Number of conflicts 92 1 1 41 6 1 5 1

Total1)

Activity (CANE Rev.2 sections/divisions)

Total Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit Agricultur, vntoare i servicii anexe Industrie extractiv Extracia crbunelui superior i inferior Extracia petrolului brut i a gazelor naturale Produse ale industriei prelucrtoare Industria alimentar Fabricarea produselor din tutun Fabricarea produselor textile Industria pielriei i a produselor din piele Prelucrarea lemnului, fabricarea produselor din lemn i plut, cu excepia mobilei; fabricarea articolelor din paie i din alte materiale vegetale mpletite Fabricarea hrtiei i a produselor din hrtie Fabricarea substanelor i a produselor chimice Fabricarea articolelor din beton, ciment i ipsos Fabricarea altor maini i utilaje cu destinaie specific Fabricarea produselor din cauciuc i mase plastice Fabricarea altor produse din minerale nemetalice Industria metalurgic Fabricarea echipamentelor electrice Industria de maini i echipamente Fabricarea autovehiculelor de transport rutier, a remorcilor si semiremorcilor Producia de piese i accesorii pentru autovehicule i pentru motoare de autovehicule Fabricarea articolelor pentru sport Repararea i ntreinerea aeronavelor i navelor spaiale Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Construcii Lucrri de geniu civil Tranzacii imobiliare, nchirieri i activiti de servicii prestate n principal ntreprinderilor

161532 10920 10920 42724 5306 501 2524 101

Total Agriculture, forestry and fishing Agriculture, hunting and annex services Mining and quarrying Mining of coal and lignite Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas Manufacturing Manufacture of food products Manufacture of tobacco products Manufacture of textiles Manufacture of leather goods and footwear Manufacture of wood and of products of wood and cork, except furniture; manufacture of articles of straw

2 4 1 2 16 3 11 3 19 1 11 1 2

464 2190 35 342 27827 930 18474 1157 50377 580 105957 148 15428

446 1644 26 216 18888 476 16066 901 35927 575 99202 112 11321

1 1 4 1 1 5 1 5 6 1 1 1 13 13 3 3 -

76 59 2779 132 669 1189 1500 5639 13210 7800 618 1628 66209 66209 1149 1149 -

72 50 2070 78 669 881 350 3866 3160 4000 158 1540 46484 46484 317 317 -

and plaiting materials Manufacture of paper and paper products Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products Manufacture of cement, concrete and gypsum articles Manufacture of other machinery and equipment with specific destination Manufacture of rubber and plastic products Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products Manufacture of basic metals Manufacture of electrical equipment Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c. Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers Production of parts and accessories for motor vehicles and engines of motor vehicles Manufacture of sport articles Repair and maintenance aircrafts and space ships Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Construction Civil engineering Real estate transactions, rentings and services activities mainly rendered to enterprises

1) Aferent unitilor n care au avut loc conflicte de interese. / For the units where conflicts of interest took place. Sursa: Ministerul Muncii, Familiei i Proteciei Sociale. Source: Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Protection.

124

125

3.25

Conflictele de interese, pe activiti ale economiei naionale - continuare Conflicts of interest, by activity of national economy - continued
2008 2009 Numr salariai Number of employees din care: participani la conflicte of which: involved in conflicts

Activitatea (seciuni/diviziuni CAEN Rev.2)

Numr conflicte Number of conflicts

Numr salariai Number of employees Total1) din care: participani la conflicte of which: involved in conflicts

Numr conflicte Number of conflicts

Total1)

Activity (CANE Rev.2 sections/divisions)

Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor Comer cu ridicata cu excepia comerului cu autovehicule i motociclete Transport i depozitare Transporturi terestre i transporturi prin conducte Transporturi pe ap Transporturi aeriene Informaii i comunicare Activiti de editare Intermedieri financiare i asigurri Intermedieri financiare cu excepia activitilor de asigurri i ale fondurilor de pensii Asigurri profesionale tiinifice i tehnice Cercetare dezvoltare Activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de servicii suport Activiti de servicii privind fora de munc Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public nvmnt nvmnt Alte activiti de servicii colective, sociale i personale Reparaii de calculatoare, de articole personale i de uz gospodresc Sntate i asisten social Activiti referitoare la sntatea uman Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative Activiti de creaie i interpretare artistic Alte activiti de servicii Alte activiti de servicii

1 1 7 2 2 3 5 3 3 1 3 2 2 -

5000 5000 7476 1192 1500 4784 9630 2480 449 68 4020 3820 170 -

250 250 1801 828 153 820 7445 945 334 45 850 823 87 -

1 1 9 9 2 2 1 1 2 2 2 2 5 5 2 2 3 3 2 2 5 5

1500 1500 9981 9981 4000 4000 9261 9261 500 500 2000 2000 2150 2150 6618 6618 2450 2450 326 326 1744 1744

620 620 7569 7569 800 800 7600 7600 220 220 80 80 1744 1744 5398 5398 510 510 225 225 1301 1301

Wholesale and retail; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Wholesale except of motor vehicles and motorcycles Transport and storage Land transport and transport via pipelines Water transport Air transport Information and communication Publishing activities Financial intermediation and insurance Financial service activities, except insurance and pension funding Professional, scientific and technical activities Research development Administrative and support service activities Activities of services on labour force Public administration and defence, social insurance of public sector Public administration and defence, social insurance of public sector Education Education Other collective, social and personal services of activities Repair of computers and personal and household goods Health and social assistance Human health activities Shows, culture and recreation activities Activities of art creation and interpretation Other services Other services

1) Aferent unitilor n care au avut loc conflicte de interese. / For the units where conflicts of interest took place. Sursa: Ministerul Muncii, Familiei i Proteciei Sociale. Source: Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Protection.

126

127

3.26

Rata locurilor de munc vacante, pe activiti ale economiei naionale Rate of vacancies, by activity of national economy
procente / percentage

Activitatea (seciuni CAEN Rev.2) Total Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit Industrie - total Industrie extractiv Industrie prelucrtoare Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Construcii Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor Transport i depozitare Hoteluri i restaurante Informaii i comunicaii Intermedieri financiare i asigurri Tranzacii imobiliare Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice Activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de servicii suport Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public1) nvmnt Sntate i asisten social Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative Alte activiti de servicii

2008

2009

Activity (CANE Rev.2 sections) Total Agriculture, forestry and fishing Industry - total Mining and quarrying Manufacturing Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Construction Wholesales and retail; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Transport and storage Hotels and restaurants Information and communication Financial intermediation and insurance Real estate activities Professional, scientific and technical activities Activities of administrative services and of support services Public administration and defence; social insurance of public sector1) Education Health and social assistance Shows, culture and recreation activities Other service activities

1,94 1,78 1,57 0,28 1,78 0,41 0,97 1,45 0,60 0,64 0,71 0,59 2,52 0,60 2,02 1,33 5,97 1,43 6,28 2,25 0,99

0,88 1,42 0,64 0,06 0,72 0,27 0,44 0,60 0,22 0,43 0,40 0,54 0,97 0,20 0,95 0,73 2,14 0,56 3,42 0,94 0,54

1) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (M.Ap.N., M.A.I., S.R.I. etc.). / Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National

Defence, Ministry of Administration and Interior, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.). Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra locurilor de munc vacante. Source: Job vacancy survey.

3.27
Total1)

Rata locurilor de munc vacante, pe grupe majore de ocupaii Rate of vacancies, by major occupation groups
procente / percentage

Grupe majore de ocupaii

2008 1,94 1,17 3,17 2,13 1,68 1,57 1,72 1,64 1,64 1,94

2009 0,88 0,56 1,40 1,04 0,69 0,89 1,00 0,62 0,72 0,77

Major occupation groups Total1) Members of legislative bodies, senior clerks and leaders Specialists with intellectual and scientific occupations Technicians, foremen and assimilated Civil servants Operative workers in services, trade and assimilated Farmers and skilled workers in agriculture, forestry and fishery Artisans and handicraftmen in machinery and installations maintenance and adjustment Operators for installations, machinery and equipment assemblers Unskilled workers

Legislatori, nali funcionari i conductori Specialiti cu ocupaii intelectuale i tiinifice Tehnicieni, maitri i asimilai Funcionari administrativi Lucrtori operativi n servicii, comer i asimilai Agricultori i lucrtori calificai n agricultur,silvicultur i pescuit Meteugari i lucrtori calificai Operatori la instalaii, maini i asamblori de echipamente Muncitori necalificai

1) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (M.Ap.N., M.A.I., S.R.I. etc.). / Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National

Defence, Ministry of Administration and Interior, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.). Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra locurilor de munc vacante. Source: Job vacancy survey.

128

VENITURILE, CHELTUIELILE I CONSUMUL POPULAIEI POPULATION INCOME, EXPENDITURE AND CONSUMPTION

CUPRINS TABELE

Pagina Page

TABLES CONTENTS

VENITURILE POPULAIEI 4.1 Veniturile totale ale gospodriilor ..............................144 4.2 Veniturile totale ale gospodriilor, grupate dup numrul persoanelor din componen, n anul 2009 ............................................................. 144 4.3 Veniturile totale ale gospodriilor, pe decile, n anul 2009 ............................................................. 146 4.4 Distribuia gospodriilor i persoanelor din gospodrii, pe decile, n anul 2009 .....................146 4.5 Salariile medii brute, realizate pe principalele activiti ale economiei naionale, n luna octombrie 2009 .............................................148 4.6 Structura salariailor, pe grupe de salarii brute, realizate n luna octombrie 2009 ...............................149 4.7 Indicii ctigului salarial real .....................................149 4.8 Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut i net lunar, pe activiti ale economiei naionale i pe sexe ...................................................150 4.9 Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut lunar, pe forme de proprietate, clase de mrime ale ntreprinderilor i pe sexe .......................................152 4.10 Ctigul salarial nominal mediu net lunar, pe forme de proprietate, clase de mrime ale ntreprinderilor i pe sexe ............................................152 4.11 Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut i net lunar, pe activiti ale industriei i pe sexe ...........................153 4.12 Indicii trimestriali ai costului forei de munc, pe activiti ale economiei naionale, n anul 2009 ..............................................................157 4.13 Indicatori structurali din statisticile ctigurilor salariale i costului forei de munc ..........................163 4.14 Costul mediu lunar i costul mediu orar al forei de munc, pe activiti ale economiei naionale, n anul 2009 ..............................................................164 4.15 Costul mediu lunar i costul mediu orar al forei de munc, pe activiti ale industriei, n anul 2009 ..............................................................166 CHELTUIELILE I CONSUMUL POPULAIEI 4.16 Cheltuielile totale ale gospodriilor ...........................170 4.17 Cheltuielile totale ale gospodriilor, grupate dup numrul persoanelor din componen, n anul 2009 ..............................................................170 4.18 Cheltuielile totale ale gospodriilor, pe decile, n anul 2009 ..............................................................172 4.19 Structura cheltuielilor totale de consum ale gospodriilor ........................................................172

POPULATION INCOME Total income of households Total income of households, grouped by number of component persons, in 2009 Total income of households, by decile, in 2009 Distribution of households and of persons from households, by decile, in 2009 Average gross salaries, by main activity of national economy, obtained in October 2009 Structure of employees, by gross salary group, obtained in October 2009 Indices of real earnings Average gross and net nominal monthly earnings, by activity of national economy and by sex Average gross nominal monthly earnings, by ownership type, enterprise size class and by sex Average net nominal monthly earnings, by ownership type, enterprise size class and by sex Average gross and net nominal monthly earnings, by activity of industry and by sex Quarterly labour cost indices, by activity of national economy, in 2009 Structural indicators of earnings and labour cost statistics Average monthly labour cost and average hourly labour cost, by activity of national economy, in 2009 Average monthly labour cost and average hourly labour cost, by activity of industry, in 2009 POPULATION EXPENDITURE AND CONSUMPTION Total expenditure of households Total expenditure of households, grouped by number of component persons, in 2009 Total expenditure of households, by decile, in 2009 Structure of total consumption expenditure of households

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Pagina Page
4.20 Structura cheltuielilor bneti de consum ale gospodriilor ........................................................174 4.21 Consumul mediu anual, la principalele produse alimentare i buturi, pe locuitor ...............................175 4.22 Consumul alimentar mediu zilnic, exprimat n calorii i factori nutritivi, pe locuitor ...........................176 4.23 nzestrarea gospodriilor cu bunuri de folosin ndelungat .................................................176 Structure of money expenditure for households consumption Yearly average consumption, for the main food products and beverages, per inhabitant Daily average food consumption, expressed in calories and nutrients, per inhabitant Households endowment with durable goods

Teritorial 4.24 Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut i net lunar, n profil teritorial i pe sexe, n anul 2009 ........................ 4.25 Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut lunar, n profil teritorial i pe activiti ale economiei naionale, n anul 2009 ..................................................... 4.26 Ctigul salarial nominal mediu net lunar, n profil teritorial i pe activiti ale economiei naionale, n anul 2009...................................................................... 4.27 Veniturile totale ale principalelor categorii de gospodrii, n profil teritorial, n anul 2009.................. 4.28 Cheltuielile totale ale principalelor categorii de gospodrii, n profil teritorial, n anul 2009..................

Territorial Average gross and net nominal monthly earnings, at territorial level and by sex, in 2009 Average gross nominal monthly earnings, at territorial level and by activity of national economy, in 2009 Average net nominal monthly earnings, at territorial level and by activity of national economy, in 2009 Total income of main household categories, at territorial level, in 2009 Total expenditure of main household categories, at territorial level, in 2009

SURSA DATELOR
Cercetri statistice:

DATA SOURCE
Statistical surveys:

Cercetarea statistic a bugetelor de familie; Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc,
n unitile economico-sociale (conform Regulamentului Consiliului i Parlamentului European nr. 530/1999 privind statisticile structurii ctigurilor salariale i costului forei de munc); Cercetarea statistic lunar asupra ctigurilor salariale, n unitile economico-sociale (conform Regulamentului Consiliului i Parlamentului European nr. 1165/1998 i nr. 1158/2005 privind statisticile pe termen scurt); Cercetarea statistic a salariilor, n luna octombrie, n unitile economico-sociale; Alte cercetri statistice asupra produciei industriale i agricole; Legislaia n vigoare la 1 iulie a anului pentru care se calculeaz indicatorul.

Family budgets survey; Labour cost survey, in socio- economic units


(according to Regulation (EC) no. 530/1999 of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning structural statistics on earnings and on labour costs); Monthly survey on earnings, in socio-economic units (according to Regulation (EC) no.1165/1998 and no. 1158/2005 of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning short-term statistics);

Survey on salaries, in October, in


socio-economic units;

Other surveys on industrial and agriculture


production;

The national legislation in force on July 1st of the


year for which the structural indicator is computed.

131

Surse administrative:

Administrative sources:

Direcia Poliiei Rutiere din cadrul Inspectoratului


General al Poliiei Romne, pentru datele privind autovehiculele nscrise n circulaie; Statistica vamal; Evidenele societilor de telefonie; Compania Naional Pota Romn.

Road Police Directorate within General


Inspectorate of Romanian Police, for data regarding registered motor vehicles; Customs statistics; Phone companies records; National Company Romanian Post.

PRECIZRI METODOLOGICE
VENITURILE POPULAIEI Cercetarea statistic a bugetelor de familie permite colectarea informaiilor privind componena gospodriilor, veniturile, cheltuielile i consumul acestora i alte aspecte ale nivelului de trai al populaiei. Ancheta este organizat ca o cercetare trimestrial continu pe o perioad de 3 luni consecutive, pe un eantion de 9360 locuine permanente, repartizate n subeantioane lunare independente de cte 3120 locuine permanente. Cercetarea s-a desfurat n 780 centre de cercetare repartizate n toate judeele rii i n sectoarele municipiului Bucureti (427 n mediul urban i 353 n mediul rural). Includerea unei gospodrii ntr-o anumit categorie socio-economic s-a realizat pe baza statutului ocupaional principal al capului gospodriei. n categoria Agricultori s-au inclus gospodriile de lucrtori pe cont propriu n agricultur i membrii asociaiilor agricole. n cadrul gospodriilor de Pensionari s-au inclus i pensionarii agricoli. Gruparea gospodriilor pe decile de venit s-a efectuat pe baza venitului total pe o persoan, deflatat cu indicele preurilor de consum al populaiei cu baz ianuarie 2009. Decilele mpart seria gospodriilor ordonate cresctor dup nivelul venitului mediu lunar pe o persoan n 10 pri egale (grupe decilice). Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc: caracteristicile cercetrii sunt prezentate n capitolul nr. 3 - Piaa forei de munc (pagina 85). Cercetarea statistic lunar asupra ctigurilor salariale asigur producerea informaiilor necesare pentru evaluarea tendinelor pe termen scurt ale ctigurilor salariale medii i ale numrului de salariai la nivel de activiti ale economiei naionale. Cercetarea se realizeaz cu periodicitate lunar, fiind cercetate circa 24000 ntreprinderi i uniti locale. Unitile din sectorul bugetar sunt cuprinse exhaustiv n cercetare, excepie fcnd unitile administraiei publice locale pentru care datele la nivelul consiliilor locale comunale se culeg pe baz de eantion reprezentativ la nivel de jude (cca. 770 de uniti).

METHODOLOGICAL NOTES
POPULATION INCOME Family budgets survey allows to collect information on households composition, income, expenditure and consumption and other aspects of population living standard. The survey is organized as a quarterly continuous survey for a period of 3 successive months, on a sample of 9360 permanent dwellings, distributed in monthly independent sub-samples of 3120 permanent dwellings. The survey has been carried out in 780 survey centers distributed in all counties of the country and in Bucharest Municipality sectors (427 in urban area and 353 in rural area). A household was included in a certain socioeconomic category based on the main occupational status of the household reference person. The category Farmers includes households of self-employed in agriculture and members of agricultural associations. The households of Pensioners also include agricultural pensioners. Households were grouped by income deciles based on total income per person, deflated by population consumer price index with January 2009 as base. The deciles divide the household series structured ascending according to the level of monthly average income per person into 10 equal parts (decile groups). Labour cost survey: the characteristics of the survey are presented in chapter no. 3 - Labour market (page 85). Monthly survey on earnings ensures the necessary information for evaluating the average earnings short-term trends and number of employees at level of activities of the national economy. The survey is monthly carried out by observing approximately 24000 enterprises and local units. The units of the budgetary sector are exhaustively surveyed, excepting the local public administration units for which the data at communal local councils level are collected based on a sample, representative at county level (about 770 units). As for the economic sector, the units with 4 employees and over have been included in the

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Pentru sectorul economic, au fost incluse n cercetare unitile cu 4 salariai i peste, care reprezint 92,73% din numrul total al salariailor din acest sector. Sunt excluse forele armate i personalul asimilat (M.Ap.N., M.A.I., S.R.I. etc.). Rezultatele acestei cercetri sunt utilizate pentru calculul indicilor trimestriali ai costului orar al forei de munc. Cercetarea statistic asupra salariilor n luna octombrie este o cercetare statistic anual care are ca obiectiv asigurarea informaiilor privind numrul de salariai pe grupe de salarii de baz i realizate, pe grupe majore de ocupaii, salariul mediu brut de baz i realizat, pe activiti ale economiei naionale i pe sexe, n luna octombrie. Se realizeaz pe un eantion de circa 23600 de operatori economici i sociali. Sunt excluse forele armate i personalul asimilat (M.Ap.N., M.A.I., S.R.I. etc.). Structura veniturilor pe surse de provenien este determinat de caracterul eterogen al gospodriilor, n funcie de statutul ocupaional al membrilor acestora. n anul 2009, componena gospodriilor pe categorii de gospodrii, dup statutul ocupaional al membrilor gospodriei se prezint astfel:

survey, these accounting for 92,73% of total number of employees in this sector. The military staff, as well as the assimilated staff (Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of Administration and Interior, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.) is excluded. The results of this survey are used when computing the quarterly indices of hourly labour cost. The survey on salaries in October is a yearly statistical survey having as objective to ensure the information about the number of employees by basic and obtained salary group, by major occupation group, basic and obtained average gross salary, by activity of national economy and by sex, in October. It is carried out on a sample of approximately 23600 economic and social operators.The military staff, as well as the assimilated staff (Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of Administration and Interior, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.) is excluded. Income structure by origin source is determined by the heterogeneous character of households, depending on the occupational status of their members. In 2009, the composition of households by household category, by occupational status of household members is presented as follows:

numr mediu de persoane / gospodrie / average number of persons / husehold

Statutul ocupaional al membrilor gospodriei Total persoane Persoane active Salariai Patroni i lucrtori pe cont propriu n activiti neagricole1) Agricultori omeri Persoane inactive Pensionari Elevi i studeni Casnice Alte persoane

Total gospodrii din care, gospodrii de: / of which, households of: Total Salariai Agricultori omeri Pensionari households Employees Farmers Unemployed Pensioners 2,905 1,282 0,847 3,161 1,917 1,738 3,482 1,729 0,210 3,368 1,992 0,590 2,463 0,564 0,326

Occupational status of household members Total persons Economically active persons Employees Employers and self-employed in non-agricultural activities1) Farmers Unemployed Non-economically active persons Pensioners Pupils and students Housewives Other persons

0,114 0,189 0,132 1,623 0,688 0,479 0,156 0,300

0,031 0,050 0,098 1,244 0,120 0,661 0,161 0,302

0,102 1,382 0,035 1,753 0,095 0,718 0,176 0,764

0,112 0,048 1,242 1,376 0,144 0,644 0,221 0,367

0,055 0,103 0,080 1,899 1,405 0,215 0,107 0,172

1)

Inclusiv membrii cooperativelor neagricole. / Including members of non-agricultural holdings.

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Veniturile totale cuprind: veniturile bneti pe surse de provenien (salarii, venituri din activiti pe cont propriu, vnzri, ajutoare de omaj, pensii, alocaii pentru copii, burse i alte prestaii de protecie social, venituri din proprieti etc.); contravaloarea prestaiilor (mrfuri i servicii) gratuite sau cu reducere de pre, evaluat la preul de vnzare al unitii ofertante; contravaloarea consumului de produse alimentare i nealimentare din resurse proprii (producie, stoc etc.), determinat pe baza preurilor medii lunare ale produselor respective. Ctigul salarial nominal brut cuprinde: salariile, respectiv drepturile n bani i n natur cuvenite salariailor pentru munca efectiv prestat (inclusiv pentru timpul lucrat suplimentar), potrivit formei de salarizare aplicat, sporurile i indemnizaiile acordate ca procentaj din salariu sau n sume fixe, alte adaosuri la salarii potrivit legii, sumele pltite pentru timpul nelucrat (indemnizaiile pentru concediile de odihn i de studii, zile de srbtoare i alte zile libere, sumele pltite din fondul de salarii pentru concediile medicale), premiile, primele de vacan i alte sume pltite din fondul de salarii potrivit prevederilor legislaiei n vigoare sau contractelor colective de munc; sumele pltite din profitul net i din alte fonduri (inclusiv contravaloarea tichetelor de mas). Ctigul salarial nominal net se calculeaz scznd din sumele brute aferente ctigului salarial nominal brut urmtoarele elemente: impozitul aferent; contribuia salariailor la bugetul asigurrilor pentru omaj; contribuia individual de asigurri sociale de stat; contribuia salariailor pentru asigurrile sociale de sntate. Indicele ctigului salarial real se calculeaz ca raport ntre indicele ctigului salarial nominal mediu net i indicele general al preurilor de consum al populaiei, exprimat procentual. Costul forei de munc reprezint totalitatea cheltuielilor suportate de angajator pentru fora de munc i anume: sume brute pltite direct salariailor (cheltuieli directe): salarii, sume pltite pentru timpul nelucrat, premii i alte stimulente, drepturi n natur pltite din fondul de salarii sau din alte fonduri, sume pentru protecia social din fondul de salarii i din contribuia de asigurri sociale; alte cheltuieli ale unitii cu fora de munc (cheltuieli indirecte) pentru formarea profesional,

Total income include: money income by origin sources (salaries, income from own account activities, sales, unemployment benefits, pensions, children allowances, scholarships and other allowances of social protection, income from properties a.s.o.); equivalent value of free or lower cost provisions (sales and services), estimated at selling price of offerer; equivalent value of consumption of food and non-food products from own resources (production, stock a.s.o.), determined based on monthly average prices of respective products. The gross nominal earnings includes: salaries, in cash and in kind for employees actually done work (including for supplementary worked time), according to the salary type applied, bonuses and indemnities granted as salary percentage or as fixed amounts, other bonuses according to the law, amounts paid for unworked time (indemnities for holiday and study leaves, holidays and other free days, amounts paid from salary funds for medical leaves), premiums, holiday bonuses and other amounts paid from salary funds according to the legislation provisions in force or to employment collective contracts;

amounts paid from net profit and other funds (including equivalent value of lunch tickets). The net nominal earnings is calculated by subtracting from gross sums related to gross nominal earning the following elements: afferent tax; employees contribution to unemployment insurance budget; individual contribution to state social insurance; employees contribution to health insurance. The real earnings index is calculated as a ratio between the average net nominal earnings index and the population general consumer price index, expressed as percentage. The labour cost represents all the expenditure supported by the employer for the labour force, namely: gross amounts directly paid to employees (direct expenditure): salaries, amounts paid for unworked time, premiums and other incentives, rights in kind paid from salary funds or from other funds, amounts for social protection from salary funds and from social insurance contribution; other expenditure of the unit with labour force (indirect expenditure) for vocational training,

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contribuii pentru ajutorul de omaj i asigurri sociale, servicii pentru protecie social, alte cheltuieli. Costul mediu lunar al forei de munc pe un salariat s-a calculat prin raportarea cheltuielilor unitii pentru fora de munc la numrul mediu al salariailor i numrul de luni ale anului. Costul mediu orar al forei de munc s-a calculat prin raportarea cheltuielilor unitii pentru fora de munc la numrul de ore-om pltite. Indicele trimestrial al costului forei de munc este un indicator pe termen scurt care permite evaluarea tendinelor costurilor orare suportate de angajator cu fora de munc salariat. Metodologia utilizat i seriile de date sunt construite n conformitate cu prevederile Regulamentului Consiliului i Parlamentului European nr. 450/2003 privind indicii costului forei de munc. Indicii trimestriali ai costului forei de munc se calculeaz ca indici de tip Laspeyres, pentru costul total cu fora de munc i cele dou componente ale acestuia: cheltuieli directe (salariale) i cheltuieli indirecte (non-salariale), cu anul de referin 2008 pentru activitile economice definite conform CAEN Rev.2. Indicii trimestriali ai costului forei de munc sunt calculai ca indici provizorii pentru anul (N), urmnd a fi recalculai ca definitivi n anul (N+1), cnd devin disponibile datele (date definitive) din ancheta anual asupra costului forei de munc. Sursa datelor: Calculul indicilor trimestriali ai costului orar al forei de munc se realizeaz pe baza informaiilor obinute din dou surse de date statistice: Cercetarea statistic lunar asupra ctigurilor salariale (conform Regulamentului Consiliului i Parlamentului European nr. 1165/1998 i nr.1158/2005 privind statisticile pe termen scurt); Cercetarea statistic anual asupra costului forei de munc (conform Regulamentului Consiliului i Parlamentului European nr.530/1999 privind statisticile structurii ctigurilor salariale i costului forei de munc). Datele pentru perioada 2000-2008 au fost estimate conform noii Clasificri a Activitilor din Economia Naional (CAEN Rev.2), armonizat cu clasificarea european n domeniu (NACE Rev.2). Metoda de estimare aplicat se bazeaz pe matricea de conversie a activitilor economice definite conform CAEN Rev.1, n activitile economice definite conform CAEN Rev.2. La baza construirii matricei de conversie au stat datele colectate conform ambelor versiuni de CAEN, prin cercetarea statistic lunar asupra ctigurilor salariale, n cursul anului 2008, respectiv prin cercetarea statistic anual asupra costului forei de munc, pentru anul 2007.

contributions to unemployment benefit and social insurance, social protection services, other expenditure. Monthly average labour cost per employee is calculated as the ratio between the units expenditure for labour force and the average number of employees and the number of months during one year. Average hourly labour cost is calculated as the ratio between the units expenditure for labour force and the number of hours - man paid. The quarterly labour cost index is a short-term indicator showing the assessment of hourly labour costs trends incurred by the employers as result of engaging the labour work force. The methodology used and data series built up are in accordance with the Regulation (EC) no. 450/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning the labour cost index. The quarterly labour cost indices are calculated as Laspeyres type indices for total labour cost and its main components: wages and salaries and other labour costs (non-wage costs), with reference year 2008 for economic activities according to CANE Rev.2. The quarterly labour cost indices are calculated as provisional indices for year (N) and recalculated as final during year (N+1), when the data (final data) from the annual survey on labour costs become available. Data source: Quarterly labour cost indices are calculated based on the information obtained from two statistical data sources: Monthly statistical survey on earnings (according to the Regulation of European Council and Parliament no. 1165/1998 and no. 1158/2005 regarding statistics of earnings and labour cost structure); Yearly statistical survey on labour cost (according to the Regulation of European Council and Parliament no. 530/1999 regarding statistics of earnings and labour cost structure). Data for 2000-2008 period were estimated according to the new Classification of Activities in the National Economy (CANE Rev.2), compliant with the European classification in this field (NACE Rev.2). The estimation method applied relies on the conversion matrix of economic activities defined according to CANE Rev. 1 in economic activities defined according to CANE Rev.2. Conversion matrix was built based on data collected according to both CANE versions, by means of monthly statistical survey on earnings, during 2008, respectively by means of yearly statistical survey on labour cost for 2007.

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Costul total cu fora de munc - reprezint totalitatea cheltuielilor directe i indirecte suportate de angajator cu fora de munc salariat. Conform metodologiei europene, se exclud cheltuielile suportate de angajator cu formarea profesional a angajailor, recrutarea personalului i echipamentul de protecie. Cheltuielile directe cu fora de munc - includ sumele brute pltite din fondul de salarii pentru timpul lucrat (inclusiv premii), pentru timpul nelucrat, drepturile n natur ca remunerare a muncii (potrivit prevederilor din contractele colective de munc), sumele brute pltite salariailor (ca stimulente) din profitul net realizat de unitate, sumele brute pltite din alte fonduri (inclusiv drepturi n natur) acordate conform legislaiei n vigoare. Cheltuielile indirecte cu fora de munc - includ contribuiile angajatorului la fondurile de asigurri i protecie social (omaj, sntate etc.), sumele brute pltite salariailor care prsesc unitatea (ieire la pensie, transfer, detaare etc.), sumele brute pltite pentru ntreruperi ale lucrului neimputabile salariailor, alte cheltuieli cu fora de munc. Costul mediu orar al fortei de munc reprezint raportul dintre cheltuielile angajatorului cu fora de munc i timpul efectiv lucrat. Timpul efectiv lucrat cuprinde numrul total de ore lucrate n program normal de lucru i numrul de ore lucrate suplimentar (n zilele lucrtoare, peste programul normal de lucru i n zilele de repaus sptmnal, srbtori legale i alte zile nelucrtoare). Sfera de acoperire: ncepnd cu anul 2008, indicii trimestriali ai costului forei de munc se calculeaz pentru activitile economice definite, conform Clasificrii Activitilor din Economia Naional (CAEN Rev.2), armonizat cu clasificarea european n domeniu (NACE Rev.2). Pe lng seria indicilor trimestriali ai costului forei de munc n form brut (neajustat) se calculeaz i seriile n form: a) ajustat dup efectul zilelor lucrtoare; b) ajustat dup efectul zilelor lucrtoare i sezonier, eliminndu-se efectul variaiei numrului de zile lucrtoare de la un trimestru la altul, precum i efectul variaiei sezoniere. Ajustarea s-a realizat prin metoda regresiv, n conformitate cu recomandrile Regulamentului Consiliului i Parlamentului European nr. 450/2003 privind indicii trimestriali ai costului forei de munc. Pentru ajustare s-a folosit pachetul de programe DEMETRA (metoda TRAMO/SEATS), care realizeaz estimarea efectului numrului de zile lucrtoare diferit de la un trimestru la altul i efectul calendarului (Patele ortodox, an bisect i alte srbtori naionale) precum i identificarea i corectarea valorilor extreme (schimbri ocazionale de nivel, tranzitorii sau permanente).

Total labour cost - represent the total expenditure direct remuneration and other expenditure incurred by the employer as result of engaging the labour work force. According to European methodology, vocational training costs, recruitment costs and expenditure on working clothes are excluded. Wage and salary costs - include gross payments as direct remuneration for hours worked (including bonuses), payment for days not worked, payments in kind (according to collective agreements), gross payment from net profit of the unit, gross payments from other funds (including in kind) according to national legislation in force. Other labour costs (non-wage costs) - include the employers social contributions (for unemployment, health etc.), gross payment for employees leaving the unit (retirement, transfer, detachment etc.), gross payments for work breaks not-imputed to the employees, other labour costs. Average hourly labour cost represents the ratio between the employers costs as result of employing the labour work force and the number of hours actually worked. Number of hours actually worked includes the total number of hours worked during the usual working time and the over time (additional to the normal working hours, during the weekends, holidays etc.). Coverage: Starting with 2008, quarterly labour cost indices are calculated for economic activities defined, according to the Classification of Activities in the National Economy (CANE Rev. 2), harmonized with European classification in the field NACE (Rev.2). Besides quarterly indices series of unadjusted labour cost, the following series are calculated: adjusted by working days effect; adjusted by working days and seasonal effect, being eliminated the effect of working days variation from one quarter to another, as well as effect of seasonal variation. Adjustment was done by regressive method, according to the recommendations of European Parliament and Council Regulation no. 450/2003 regarding quarterly indices of labour cost. For adjustment, the DEMETRA software package was used (TRAMO/SEATS method) estimating the effect of working days number different from one quarter to another and calendar effect (orthodox Easter, leap year and other national holidays) as well as identification and correction of extreme values (level occasional changes, transitory or permanent). a) b)

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Seria ajustat dup numrul de zile lucrtoare s-a obinut prin eliminarea acestor efecte din seria brut, cu ajutorul unor coeficieni de corecie, stabilii n funcie de modelul de regresie utilizat (aditiv sau multiplicativ). Ajustarea s-a realizat prin metoda indirect, respectiv prin aplicarea metodei de ajustare la nivelurile inferioare (asupra componentelor indicilor), indicii ajustai calculndu-se din componentele ajustate. Estimarea componentelor neobservate: trend-ciclu, sezonalitate i componenta neregulat se realizeaz de ctre programul SEATS pe baza modelelor ARIMA. Seriile ajustate sezonier s-au obinut prin eliminarea componentei sezoniere din seria ajustat dup efectul zilelor lucrtoare. Stabilirea modelelor de regresie folosite pentru fiecare serie se face anual i implic recalcularea seriilor ajustate calculate n anul precedent (recalculare datorat modificrii modelelor adoptate, numrului de regresori folosit i numrului de observaii disponibile). Disparitatea salarial de gen - n form neajustat, reprezint ponderea diferenei dintre ctigul salarial mediu brut realizat de brbai i cel realizat de femei n ctigul salarial brut realizat de brbai. Sfera de acoperire: Cercetarea statistic asupra salariilor n luna octombrie. Urmtorii indicatori structurali (sarcina fiscal asupra costului forei de munc, capcana omajului, capcana salariului mic, sarcina fiscal asupra ctigului disponibil) se calculeaz - conform metodologiei Eurostat i OECD pentru o unitate etalon (notat n continuare cu AW) reprezentat de salariatul cu program complet de lucru din activitile de industrie, construcii i servicii comerciale (seciunile C - K, conform CAEN Rev.1, respectiv seciunile B - N, conform CAEN Rev.2 ncepnd cu anul de referin 2008). Sarcina fiscal asupra costului forei de munc reprezint proporia tuturor reinerilor (contribuii sociale i impozit) suportate de angajat i de angajator n totalul costului forei de munc pentru un AW care realizeaz 67% din ctigul mediu brut al activitilor de industrie, construcii i servicii comerciale. Capcana omajului - permite evaluarea consecinelor financiare n cazul transferului din omaj n cmpul muncii ca AW care realizeaz 67% din ctigul mediu brut al activitilor de industrie, construcii i servicii comerciale. Indicatorul msoar proporia sumelor reinute din ctigul brut ca efect al impozitrii i plii contribuiilor de asigurri i protecie social i sistarea indemnizaiei de omaj i a altor beneficii sociale, n condiiile n care o persoan iese din omaj i intr n cmpul muncii.

Adjusted series by working days number was obtained by eliminating these effects from the adjusted series, by means of some correction coefficients, set up according to the regression model used (additive or multiplicative). Adjustment was done by indirect method, respectively applying the adjustment method at lower levels (over indices components), adjusted indices being calculated from adjusted components. Estimation of unobserved components trend-cycle, seasonality and irregular component is carried out by SEATS software based on ARIMA models. Seasonal adjusted series were obtained by eliminating seasonal components from adjusted series by working days effect. Regression models used for each series are yearly set up and involve recalculation of adjusted series calculated in the previous year (recalculation due to the change of adopted models, number of regression used and number of available observations). Gender pay gap - in unadjusted form, express the difference between mens and womens average gross earnings as a percentage of mens average gross earnings. Coverage: The statistical survey on salaries in October. The following structural indicators (tax wedge on labour cost, unemployment trap, low wage trap, tax rate on disposable earnings) are calculated - according to the Eurostat and OECD methodology - for an average worker (noted further on as AW) who is a full-time employee working in activities of industry, construction and commercial services (sections C - K of CANE Rev.1, respectively sections B - N according to CANE Rev.2 since reference year 2008). Tax wedge on labour cost - is defined as share of total tax rates and social security contributions payable by the employee and employer in the gross labour costs for an AW who earns 67% of the average gross earnings of the activities on industry, construction and commercial services. Unemployment trap - measures the financial consequences of an AW, earning 67% of the average gross earnings of the activities on industry, construction and commercial services, who moves from unemployment to employment. Unemployment trap measures what percentage of gross earnings is taxed away by higher tax and social security contributions, and also the withdrawal of unemployment and other social benefits, under the conditions where a person is no longer unemployed and become employed person.

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Indicatorul reprezint ponderea diferenei dintre ctigul brut i creterea venitului net (cnd iese din omaj i intr n cmpul muncii) n ctigul brut. Indicatorul se calculeaz pentru dou cazuri particulare: fr rencadrare n munc pe durata perioadei de omaj - caz n care se evalueaz consecinele financiare n cazul transferului din omaj n cmpul muncii, dar nu n timpul perioadei de omaj, ci la un moment de timp ulterior, nespecificat; cu rencadrare n munc dup 2 luni de omaj - caz n care se evalueaz consecinele financiare n cazul transferului din omaj n cmpul muncii, dup 2 luni de omaj. n acest caz, conform prevederilor legale, persoana beneficiaz din momentul angajrii pn la sfritul perioadei pentru care era ndreptit s primeasc indemnizaia de omaj, de o sum lunar suplimentar. Acest caz este introdus conform metodologiei revizuite a OECD i este relevant pentru politicile de ncurajare a rencadrrii n munc a omerilor. Capcana salariului mic - permite evaluarea consecinelor financiare n cazul n care o persoan salariat i mrete efortul de munc depus i implicit, nivelul salariului ctigat, adic, msoar proporia sumelor reinute din ctigul brut ca efect al impozitrii, plii contribuiilor de asigurri, protecie social i orice alte reduceri sau sistri ale beneficiilor sociale, n condiiile n care are loc o cretere a ctigului brut. Indicatorul reprezint ponderea diferenei dintre creterea ctigului brut i cea a venitului net (creteri determinate de mrirea efortului de munc) n creterea ctigului brut. Indicatorul se calculeaz pentru dou cazuri particulare: persoan necstorit, fr copii, n ipoteza n care, de la un nivel al ctigului de 33% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al unui AW ar atinge un nivel al ctigului de 67% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al unui AW; cuplu cstorit, cu doi copii, din care un singur printe lucreaz, n ipoteza n care, de la un nivel al ctigului de 33% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al unui AW ar atinge un nivel al ctigului de 67% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al unui AW. Sarcina fiscal asupra ctigului disponibil exprim cota corespunztoare tuturor reinerilor (contribuii sociale individuale i impozit) aplicate ctigurilor brute formate din ctiguri salariale i sume transferate de stat sub form de alocaii acordate familiei. n determinarea indicatorului se iau n calcul ctigurile brute i nete pentru 13 cazuri particulare care in cont de starea civil, numrul ctigtorilor de salarii (din familie) i numrul de copii n ntreinere:

Unemployment trap express a report between the gross earnings and the growing of net incomes (when the employee moves from unemployment to employment). The indicator is calculated for two particular cases: without rehiring during unemployment period - when there are evaluated financial consequences in case of unemployment transfer in labour field, but not during unemployment period, at a subsequent time moment not specified. with rehiring after two unemployment months -when there are evaluated financial consequences in case of unemployment transfer in labour field, after two unemployment months. In this case, according to legal stipulations, person benefits from hiring moment till the end of period due to receive unemployment indemnity, of an additional monthly amount. This case is introduced according to OECD revised methodology and it is relevant for policies encouraging the unemployed rehiring.

Low wage trap - measures the financial consequences for a person or a family when the employed person increases his/her work effort and implicitly the achieved earnings, i.e. it measures the share of amounts taken over from the gross earnings for the payment of taxes, insurance contributions, social protection and any other deductions or ceased social allowances, under the conditions of increased gross earnings. The indicator represents the weight of the difference between gross earnings increase and net income increase (entailed by the increased labour effort) in the gross earnings increase. Low wage trap is computed for two particular cases: single person without children moving from 33% to 67% of the average earnings of an AW;

one-earner couple with two children moving from 33% to 67% of the average earnings of an AW.

Tax wedge on disposable earnings - is defined as share of total retentions (tax rates and individual social security contributions) applied to gross earnings that contains the gross earnings and cash transfers from the government as family allowances. For determining the indicator the gross and net earnings are taken into account for 13 different family situations. Differences exist with respect to marital status, number of workers (in the family) and number of dependent children:

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persoan necstorit, fr copii, care realizeaz 67% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW; persoan necstorit, fr copii, care realizeaz 100% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW; persoan necstorit, fr copii, care realizeaz 167% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW; persoan necstorit, fr copii, care realizeaz 50% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW; persoan necstorit, fr copii, care realizeaz 80% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW; persoan necstorit, fr copii, care realizeaz 125% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW; persoan necstorit, cu 2 copii, care realizeaz 67% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW; cuplu cstorit, cu 2 copii, un singur printe lucreaz i realizeaz 100% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW; cuplu cstorit, cu 2 copii, ambii prini lucreaz, unul realizeaz 100%, iar cellalt 33% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW; cuplu cstorit, cu 2 copii, ambii prini lucreaz, fiecare realizeaz 100% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW; cuplu cstorit, cu 2 copii, ambii prini lucreaz, unul realizeaz 100%, iar cellalt 67% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW; cuplu cstorit, fr copii, ambii soi lucreaz, unul realizeaz 100%, iar cellalt 33% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW; cuplu cstorit, fr copii, ambii soi lucreaz, fiecare realizeaz 100% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW. Indicatorul se calculeaz ca diferen ntre 100% i raportul dintre ctigul disponibil i ctigul salarial mediu brut pentru fiecare din cele 13 cazuri particulare. Ctigul disponibil se calculeaz ca sum a ctigului salarial mediu net i sumelor transferate de stat sub form de alocaii acordate familiei (conform legislaiei naionale: alocaia de stat pentru copii, alocaia familial complementar, alocaia de susinere pentru familia monoparental). Sfera de acoperire: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc. Pentru calcularea reinerilor se utilizeaz legislaia n vigoare la 1 iulie - ncepnd cu anul de referin 2008, conform metodologiei OECD. CHELTUIELILE I CONSUMUL POPULAIEI Cheltuielile totale cuprind: cheltuielile bneti, indiferent de destinaie (consum, impozite i pli obligatorii, cumprri de animale i psri, imobile i terenuri, alte cheltuieli

single person without children, earning 67% of the average gross earnings of AW; single person without children, earning 100% of the average gross earnings of AW; single person without children, earning 167% of the average gross earnings of AW; single person without children, earning 50% of the average gross earnings of AW; single person without children, earning 80% of the average gross earnings of AW; single person without children, earning 125% of the average gross earnings of AW; single person with 2 children, earning 67% of the average gross earnings of AW; married couple with 2 children, only one parent is working and earns 100% of the average gross earnings of AW; married couple with 2 children, both parents are working, one earns 100% and the other earns 33% of the average gross earnings of AW; married couple with 2 children, both parents are working and earn100% of the average gross earnings of AW; married couple with 2 children, both parents are working, one earns 100% and the other earns 67% of the average gross earnings of AW; married couple with no children, both persons are working, one earns 100% and the other earns 33% of the average gross earnings of AW; married couple with no children, both persons are working and earn 100% of the average gross earnings of AW. The indicator is calculated as a difference from 100% and the report between the disposable earnings (take-home pay) and gross earnings for each of the 13 family situations. The disposable earnings (take-home pay) is calculated as a sum of the net earnings and cash transfers from the government as family allowances (according to national legislation: state allowance for children, supplementary family allowance, sustaining allowance for single parent family). Coverage: The statistical labour cost survey. In view to calculate the retentions, the legislation in force on July 1st is used - starting with the reference year 2008, according to OECD methodology. POPULATION EXPENDITURE AND CONSUMPTION Total expenditure include: money expenditure, irrespective of their destination (consumption, taxes and compulsory payments, purchases of animals and poultry, real estate and

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de investiii etc.), inclusiv contravaloarea prestaiilor (mrfuri i servicii) gratuite sau cu reducere de pre, evaluat la preul de vnzare al unitii ofertante; contravaloarea consumului de produse alimentare i nealimentare din resurse proprii (producie, stoc etc.) determinat pe baza preurilor medii lunare ale produselor respective. Cheltuielile totale de consum cuprind: cheltuielile bneti pentru cumprarea produselor alimentare consumate, a mrfurilor nealimentare i pentru plata serviciilor, inclusiv contravaloarea prestaiilor (mrfuri i servicii) gratuite sau cu reducere de pre; contravaloarea consumului de produse alimentare i nealimentare din resurse proprii. Consumul mediu anual de produse alimentare pe locuitor, exprimat n uniti fizice, reprezint cantitile de produse alimentare consumate n medie pe locuitor, n anul de referin, indiferent de forma sub care se consum (natural sau prelucrat), de sursa de aprovizionare (magazine alimentare, piaa liber, consumul din resurse proprii etc.), sau de locul unde se consum (gospodrii individuale, restaurante, cantine, gospodrii instituionale etc.). Consumul mediu anual de buturi, pe locuitor reprezint cantitile de buturi alcoolice i buturi nealcoolice, consumate n medie, pe locuitor, n anul de referin, indiferent de sursa de aprovizionare (magazine alimentare, piaa liber i producia proprie a productorilor agricoli numai pentru consumul de vin) i de locul unde se consum (gospodriile individuale ale populaiei, restaurante, cantine etc.). Att consumul de produse alimentare ct i consumul de buturi se calculeaz ca disponibil de consum (producie + import - export - prelucrare industrial - pierderi - variaie de stocuri) raportat la populaia total de la 1 iulie, anul de referin. Consumul alimentar mediu zilnic, exprimat n calorii i factori nutritivi, pe locuitor reprezint coninutul n calorii i factori nutritivi al consumului alimentar mediu zilnic i se determin pe baza datelor privind consumul mediu net zilnic (exclusiv partea necomestibil a unui produs alimentar care se ndeprteaz att n timpul prelucrrii industriale sau culinare ct i n momentul consumului efectiv) i a compoziiei alimentelor, exprimat n calorii i factori nutritivi (proteine, lipide i glucide). nzestrarea gospodriilor cu bunuri de folosin ndelungat, se exprim prin numrul de bunuri de folosin ndelungat n stare de funcionare care revin n medie la 100 de gospodrii (exclusiv bunurile nchiriate sau mprumutate de la alte persoane sau instituii).

lands, other investment expenditure a.s.o.), including equivalent value of free or at lower prices provisions (goods and services), evaluated at selling price of offering unit; equivalent value of consumption of food and non-food products from own resources (production, stock a.s.o.), determined based on monthly average prices of respective products. Total consumption expenditure include: money expenditure for buying consumed food products, non-food goods and for payment of services, including equivalent value of free or at lower prices provisions (goods and services);

equivalent value of food and non-food products consumption from own resources. Yearly average consumption of food products per inhabitant expressed in physical units, represents the quantities of food products consumed in average per capita in the reference year regardless the consumption type (natural or processed), the supply source (food stores, free market, consumption from own resources a.s.o.) or the consumption place (individual households, restaurants, canteens, institutionalised households a.s.o.). Yearly average consumption of beverages, per inhabitant represents quantities alcoholic beverages, nonalcoholic beverages, consumed as average, per inhabitant in the reference year no matter of supply source (food stores, free market and own production of agricultural producers only for wine consumption) and of consumption place (population individual households, restaurants, conteens a.s.o.). Both food products consumption and beverages consumption are calculated as available for consumption (production + import - export - industrial processing - losses - change in stocks) related to total population on July 1st, reference year. Daily average food consumption expressed in calories and nutrients, per inhabitant represents the content in calories and nutrients of daily average food consumption and is determined based on data regarding daily net average consumption (excluding non-edible part of a food product being removed both-during industrial processing or cooking as well as in the moment of effective consumption) and food composition expressed in calories and nutrients (proteins, fats and carbohydrates). Households endowment with durable goods, is expressed by the number of durable goods in function, as average per 100 households (excluding goods rented or borrowed from other persons or institutions).

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4.G1
25,4%

Structura veniturilor bneti Structure of money income


2004

6,2% 28,9%

3,9%

2009

4,2% 5,4% 58,8%

3,3% 3,0% 60,9%

Salarii brute i alte drepturi salariale Gross salaries and other salary rights Venituri din agricultur Income from agriculture

Venituri din activiti neagricole independente Income from non-agricultural independent activities Venituri din prestaii sociale Income from social provisions Alte venituri Other income

4.G2
4500 4000 3500 3000 2500

Ctigul salarial mediu brut, pe activiti ale economiei naionale, n anul 2009 Average gross earnings, by activity of national economy, in 2009
lei/salariat / lei/employee

CAEN Rev.2 (seciuni) CANE Rev.2 (sections) 4304 3360 2947 2569 2068 2206 1810 1701 1166 1104

2000 1845 1500 1000 500 0 Total 1 1350

1745

1441 1418

1623 1066

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

7 - Informaii i comunicaii 1 - Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit Agriculture, forestry and fishing Information and communication 2 - Industrie1) 8 - Intermedieri financiare i asigurri Industry 1) Financial intermediations and 3 - Construcii insurance Construction 9 - Tranzacii imobiliare 4 - Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; Real estate activities repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor 10 - Activiti profesionale, tiinifice Wholesale and retail; repair of motor i tehnice vehicles and motorcycles Professional, scientific and 5 - Transport i depozitare technical activities Transport and storage 11 - Activiti de servicii administrative 6 - Hoteluri i restaurante i activiti de servicii suport Hotels and restaurants Activities of administrative services and of support services
1)

12 - Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public Public administration and defence; social insurance of public sector 13 - nvmnt Education 14 - Sntate i asisten social Health and social assistance 15 - Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative Shows, culture and recreation activities 16 - Alte activiti de servicii Other service activities

Inclusiv producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat i distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare. / Including electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply and water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities.

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4.G3
2000 1600

Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut i net lunar, pe sexe Average gross and net nominal monthly earnings, by sex

lei/salariat / lei/employee

1814 1700 1468 1312 1095 981

1906 1775 1405 1310

1222 1200 1062 1037 922 886 891 803 796 743 800 689 643 549 400 0

1348 1264

BRUT NET GROSS 2004

BRUT NET GROSS 2005 Brbai Men

BRUT NET GROSS 2006

BRUT NET GROSS 2007 Femei Women

BRUT NET GROSS 2008

BRUT NET GROSS 2009

4.G4

Structura cheltuielilor totale de consum, n anul 2009 Structure of total consumption expenditure, in 2009
Total gospodrii / Total households

Salariai / Employees

24,8%
31,0%

44,2%

Agricultori / Farmers

27,8%

13,7% 27,4% 58,9%

40,4%

31,8%

omeri / Unemployed

Pensionari / Pensioners

24,8%

23,3%

48,4%

45,8%

26,8%
Cheltuieli pentru produse alimentare Expenditure for food products Cheltuieli pentru mrfuri nealimentare Expenditure for non-food goods Cheltuieli pentru plata serviciilor Expenditure for payment of services

30,9%

142

4.G5

Structura cheltuielilor totale ale gospodriilor Structure of total households expenditure


2004 2009

3,5% 12,5% 71,6% 16,2%

3,5% 71,7%

11,3%

7,3%

1,1%

1,3%

Cheltuieli de consum Consumption expenditure Cheltuieli pentru investiii Expenditure for investment

Cheltuieli de producie Production expenditure Impozite, contribuii, cotizaii, taxe Taxes, contributions, dues, fees Alte cheltuieli Other expenditure

4.G6
4000 3500 3000 2500 2000 1500 1000 500 0

Evoluia consumului alimentar mediu zilnic, exprimat n calorii, pe locuitor Evolution of daily average food consumption, expressed in calories, per inhabitant
calorii / calories

3350

3385

3455

3290

3300

3273

2007

1992

1999

1905

1874

1854

880

928

985

927

969

978

463 2004

465 2005
Calorii - total Calories - total

471 2006

458 2007

457 2008

441 2009

Lipide (n echiv. calorii) Fats (in equiv. calories) Proteine (n echiv. calorii) Proteins (in equiv. calories)

Glucide (n echiv. calorii) Carbohydrates (in equiv. calories)

Not: Conform nomenclatorului Eurostat i FAO. / Note: According to the Eurostat and FAO nomenclature.

143

4.1

Veniturile totale ale gospodriilor Total income of households


din care, gospodrii de: Salariai / Employees Agricultori 2006 2007 2008 2009 2006 2007 lei, lunar pe o gospodrie of which households of: Farmers omeri / Unemployed 2008 2009 2006 2007 2008 2009 lei, monthly per household 1594,47 1823,04 1053,71 1136,03 1300,62 1609,24 1044,77 1274,07 1704,38 1871,67 percentage 54,0 8,6 22,1 3,1 15,1 0,1 56,6 11,0 23,0 3,2 13,7 **) 79,3 28,8 2,6 2,5 21,8 0,2 79,0 37,1 3,9 3,1 22,1 0,1 80,1 31,1 2,8 3,7 22,6 0,9 82,2 38,7 1,2 3,4 25,9 0,1 74,5 20,6 3,4 1,5 45,5 0,2 75,1 22,3 2,7 1,3 46,0 0,1 78,8 22,2 2,1 1,4 49,5 0,1 79,8 20,8 1,9 1,3 53,6 0,1 Money income of which: Gross salaries and other salary rights Income from agriculture Income from nonagricultural independent activities Income from social provisions Income from ownership Equivalent value of income in kind obtained by employees and receivers of social provisions Equivalent value of consumption of agricultural products from own resources Total income

Total gospodrii / Total households 2006 2007 2008 2009

Pensionari / Pensioners 2006 2007 2008 2009

Venituri totale

1386,32 1686,74 2131,67 2315,99 1916,08 2347,16 2852,99 3105,05 1077,77 1281,90 procente

Venituri bneti din care: Salarii brute i alte drepturi salariale Venituri din agricultur Venituri din activiti neagricole independente Venituri din prestaii sociale Venituri din proprietate Contravaloarea veniturilor n natur obinute de salariai i beneficiari de prestaii sociale Contravaloarea consumului de produse agricole din resurse proprii

80,7 49,3 3,6 3,1 19,9 0,4

81,1 51,3 2,8 2,8 19,8 0,2

83,1 52,1 2,5 2,9 21,6 0,3

83,7 50,9 2,5 2,8 24,2 0,2

88,0 78,4 0,6 0,7 5,8 0,2

88,8 78,8 0,5 0,7 5,5 0,1

89,6 81,3 0,4 0,8 5,3 0,2

90,1 81,8 0,4 0,6 5,6 0,1

56,0 7,2 27,3 2,9 13,6 0,1

51,6 8,1 20,6 2,8 13,9 0,1

3,3

3,1

3,1

2,6

3,7

3,3

3,3

2,7

1,2

1,5

1,5

1,2

3,3

3,6

3,3

3,1

3,6

3,1

3,1

2,8

16,0

15,8

13,8

13,7

8,3

7,9

7,1

7,2

42,8

46,9

44,5

42,2

17,4

17,4

16,6

14,7

21,9

21,8

18,1

17,4

4.2

Veniturile totale ale gospodriilor, grupate dup numrul persoanelor din componen, n anul 2009 Total income of households, grouped by number of component persons, in 2009
Total gospodrii Total households Gospodrii cu: 1 persoan 1 person 2 persoane 2 persons 3 persoane 3 persons Households with: 4 persoane 4 persons 5 persoane 5 persons 6 persoane i mai multe 6 persons and more

lei, lunar pe o persoan Venituri totale 797,26 1002,33 1024,03 926,24 procente Venituri bneti din care: Salarii brute i alte drepturi salariale Venituri din agricultur Venituri din activiti neagricole independente Venituri din prestaii sociale Venituri din proprietate Contravaloarea veniturilor n natur obinute de salariai i beneficiari de prestaii sociale Contravaloarea consumului de produse agricole din resurse proprii 83,7 50,9 2,5 2,8 24,2 0,2 2,6 13,7 80,9 24,2 2,0 2,1 47,6 0,2 2,8 16,3 83,3 38,9 2,2 1,6 37,7 0,2 2,6 14,1 87,8 64,8 1,5 2,4 15,9 0,2 2,5 9,7

lei, monthly per person 726,86 percentage 84,0 61,0 2,8 3,7 13,2 0,3 2,8 13,2 80,2 46,7 3,5 3,4 22,9 0,2 2,4 17,4 75,6 37,5 5,4 4,6 24,4 **) 2,8 21,6 Money income of which: Gross salaries and other salary rights Income from agriculture Income from non-agricultural independent activities Income from social provisions Income from ownership Equivalent value of income in kind obtained by employees and receivers of social provisions Equivalent value of consumption of agricultural products from own resources 581,75 479,47 Total income

144

145

4.3

Veniturile totale ale gospodriilor, pe decile, n anul 2009 (total gospodrii) Total income of households, by decile, in 2009 (total households)
Decila de venit total pe o persoan1) (lei): Decila 1 pn la Decile 1 up to 238 Decila 2 Decile 2 238 - 345 Decila 3 Decile 3 345 - 435 Decila 4 Decile 4 435 - 531 Decila 5 Decile 5 531 - 628 Decile of total income per person1) (lei): Decila 6 Decile 6 628 - 733 Decila 7 Decile 7 733 - 857 Decila 8 Decile 8 857 - 1041 Decila 9 Decile 9 1041 - 1377 Decila 10 peste Decile 10 over 1377

lei, lunar pe o gospodrie Venituri totale 1134,23 1454,86 1561,93 1766,26 1986,32 procente Venituri bneti din care: Salarii brute i alte drepturi salariale Venituri din agricultur Venituri din activiti neagricole independente Venituri din prestaii sociale Venituri din proprietate Contravaloarea veniturilor n natur obinute de salariai i beneficiari de prestaii sociale Contravaloarea consumului de produse agricole din resurse proprii
1)

lei, monthly per household 2130,19 percentage 84,2 45,8 1,7 2,1 31,9 0,2 2,8 13,0 86,9 51,3 1,7 2,0 29,5 0,3 3,1 10,0 88,7 56,4 1,2 1,3 26,9 0,2 3,3 8,0 91,1 67,1 1,2 1,8 18,9 0,3 3,2 5,7 93,7 75,0 1,8 2,0 10,6 0,4 2,3 4,0 Money income of which: Gross salaries and other salary rights Income from agriculture Income from non-agricultural independent activities Income from social provisions Income from ownership Equivalent value of income in kind obtained by employees and receivers of social provisions Equivalent value of consumption of agricultural products from own resources 2336,65 2634,20 3270,77 4884,28 Total income

53,0 5,6 9,7 7,1 26,4 **) 1,7 45,3

66,4 19,8 6,0 6,3 29,1 **) 1,8 31,8

72,0 28,1 3,4 4,9 31,6 **) 2,0 26,0

76,9 35,1 2,9 3,4 32,1 **) 2,4 20,7

81,0 43,5 1,8 2,4 30,4 **) 2,6 16,4

Intervalele de venit sunt exprimate n preurile lunii ianuarie 2009. / Income intervals are expressed in the prices of January 2009.

4.4
Gospodrii de:

Distribuia gospodriilor i persoanelor din gospodrii, pe decile, n anul 2009 Distribution of households and of persons from households, by decile, in 2009
procente / percentage

Decila de venit total pe o persoan1) (lei): Decila 1 pn la Decile 1 up to 238 Decila 2 Decile 2 238 - 345 Decila 3 Decile 3 345 - 435 Decila 4 Decile 4 435 - 531 Decila 5 Decile 5 531 - 628

Decile of total income per person1) (lei): Decila 6 Decile 6 628 - 733 Decila 7 Decile 7 733 - 857 Decila 8 Decile 8 857 - 1041 Decila 9 Decile 9 1041 - 1377 Decila 10 peste Decile 10 over 1377

Households of:

Total Total Gospodrii Persoane Salariai Gospodrii Persoane Agricultori Gospodrii Persoane omeri Gospodrii Persoane Pensionari Gospodrii Persoane

100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0

10,0 14,0 1,8 2,8 48,4 56,0 25,6 29,3 5,7 9,1

10,0 11,7 5,2 7,0 18,8 17,4 18,9 19,7 10,4 12,5

10,0 10,2 6,2 7,7 10,3 8,5 14,0 14,0 12,5 12,7

10,0 10,0 7,6 9,0 7,6 6,3 11,7 10,9 12,5 12,4

10,0 9,9 9,4 10,5 5,1 4,2 9,6 8,9 11,9 11,5

10,0 9,4 9,7 10,5 2,6 1,9 6,5 5,9 12,5 11,3

10,0 9,1 10,8 11,0 2,2 1,7 5,8 5,2 11,8 10,5

10,0 8,8 12,8 12,0 1,7 1,4 3,2 2,5 10,7 9,3

10,0 8,9 16,5 14,4 1,5 1,2 3,5 2,9 7,4 6,7

10,0 8,0 20,0 15,1 1,8 1,4 1,2 0,7 4,6 4,0

Total Households Persons Employees Households Persons Farmers Households Persons Unemployed Households Persons Pensioners Households Persons

1)

Intervalele de venit sunt exprimate n preurile lunii ianuarie 2009. / Income intervals are expressed in the prices of January 2009.

146

147

4.5

Salariile medii brute, realizate pe principalele activiti ale economiei naionale, n luna octombrie 2009 Average gross salaries, by main activity of national economy obtained in October 2009
Numrul salariailor care au lucrat cel puin 22 zile cu program complet (mii persoane) Number of employees who worked at least 22 days in full time (thou persons) Total din care: femei of which: women 1760 18 433 11 384 17 21

Activitatea (seciuni CAEN Rev.2) Activity (CANE Rev.2 sections)

Salariul mediu brut realizat (lei / salariat) Average gross salary obtained (lei / employee) Total Brbai Men 1865 1255 1915 3136 1636 3225 1605 Femei Women 1709 1242 1376 3107 1241 3022 1605

Total salariai / Total employees Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit Agriculture, forestry and fishing Industria / Industry Industria extractiv Mining and quarrying Industria prelucrtoare / Manufacturing Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Construcii / Construction Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor Wholesale and retail; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Transport i depozitare Transport and storage Hoteluri i restaurante Hotels and restaurants Informaii i comunicaii Information and communication Intermedieri financiare i asigurri Financial intermediation and insurance Tranzacii imobiliare Real estate activities Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice Professional, scientific and technical activities Activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de servicii suport Activities of administrative services and of support services Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public1) Public administration and defence; social insurance of public sector1) nvmnt / Education Sntate i asisten social Health and social assistance Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative Shows, culture and recreation activities Alte activiti de servicii Other service activities

3732 73 1039 62 824 77 76

1791 1252 1690 3130 1452 3179 1605

280 601

38 292

1528 1476

1494 1617

1749 1327

226 87 90 88 15 87

62 53 34 61 7 40

1921 999 3224 3955 1773 2730

1939 1066 3351 4877 1862 2765

1872 957 3018 3547 1662 2689

129

38

1135

1075

1279

326

187

1716

1789

1663

360 264 40 27

250 209 23 15

2085 2057 1701 1126

2268 2279 1802 1363

2004 1998 1620 925

1) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (M.Ap.N., M.A.I., S.R.I. etc.) / Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National

Defence, Ministry of Administration and Interior, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.). Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra salariilor, n luna octombrie 2009. / Source: Survey on salaries, in October 2009.

148

4.6
Total Pn la 750 751 - 1000 1001 - 1500 1501 - 2000 2001 - 3000 3001 - 4000 4001 - 5000 5001 - 6000 6001 - 7000 7001 - 8000 Peste 8000

Structura salariailor, pe grupe de salarii brute, realizate n luna octombrie 2009 Structure of employees, by gross salary group, obtained in October 2009
procente / percentage

Grupe de salarii brute realizate - lei -

Total

Brbai Men 100,0 19,2 16,8 21,5 14,9 14,6 6,2 2,8 1,4 0,8 0,5 1,3

Femei Women 100,0 20,2 18,3 22,2 14,6 13,8 5,7 2,3 1,1 0,6 0,4 0,8

Gross salary group obtained - lei Total Up to 750 751 - 1000 1001 - 1500 1501 - 2000 2001 - 3000 3001 - 4000 4001 - 5000 5001 - 6000 6001 - 7000 7001 - 8000 Over 8000

100,0 19,6 17,5 21,8 14,8 14,2 6,0 2,5 1,2 0,8 0,5 1,1

Not: Pentru luna octombrie 2009 s-au luat n calcul numai salariaii care au lucrat cel puin 22 zile lucrtoare (cu program complet). Note: For October 2009, there were taken into account only employees who worked at least 22 working days (full time). Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra salariilor, n luna octombrie 2009. / Source: Survey on salaries, in October 2009.

4.7

Indicii ctigului salarial real Indices of real earnings


procente / percentage

1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 1990 100,0 81,5 70,8 58,9 59,1 66,5 72,7 56,2 58,4 57,0 59,4 62,4 63,9 70,8 78,3 89,5 97,4 111,8 130,3 1991 100,0 86,9 72,3 72,5 81,6 89,3 68,9 71,7 69,9 72,9 76,6 78,4 86,9 96,0 109,8 119,6 137,3 159,9 1992 100,0 83,2 83,4 93,9 102,7 79,3 82,5 80,5 83,9 88,1 90,2 100,0 110,5 126,4 137,7 158,0 184,0 1993 100,0 100,3 112,9 123,5 95,4 99,1 96,7 100,9 105,9 108,5 120,2 132,9 151,9 165,5 189,9 221,2 1994 100,0 112,5 123,1 95,1 98,8 96,4 100,6 105,6 108,1 119,8 132,5 151,4 165,0 189,3 220,5 1995 100,0 109,4 84,5 87,8 85,7 89,4 93,8 96,1 106,4 117,7 134,5 146,5 168,2 195,9 1996 100,0 77,2 80,3 78,3 81,7 85,8 87,8 97,3 107,6 123,0 134,0 153,8 179,1 1997 100,0 104,0 101,4 105,8 111,0 113,7 126,0 139,3 159,3 173,5 199,1 232,0 1998 100,0 97,5 101,8 106,8 109,4 121,2 134,1 153,2 166,9 191,6 223,2 1999 100,0 104,3 109,5 112,2 124,3 137,4 157,1 171,1 196,4 228,7 2000 100,0 105,0 107,5 119,1 131,7 150,5 164,0 188,2 219,2 2001 100,0 102,4 113,4 125,5 143,4 156,2 179,3 208,9 2002 100,0 110,8 122,5 140,0 152,5 175,1 204,0 2003 100,0 110,5 126,3 137,7 158,0 184,1 2004 100,0 114,3 124,6 143,0 166,5 2005 100,0 109,0 125,0 145,7 2006 100,0 114,7 133,7 2007 100,0 116,5 2008 100,0 128,3 157,4 181,2 217,8 217,2 192,9 176,4 228,4 219,7 225,2 215,9 205,6 200,8 181,2 163,9 143,4 131,7 114,7 98,5

149

4.8

Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut i net lunar, pe activiti ale economiei naionale i pe sexe Average gross and net nominal monthly earnings, by activity of national economy and by sex
lei /salariat / lei /employee

Activitatea (seciuni CAEN Rev.2) TOTAL SALARIAI Total economie Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit Industrie Industrie extractiv Industrie prelucrtoare Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Construcii Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor Transport i depozitare Hoteluri i restaurante Informaii i comunicaii Intermedieri financiare i asigurri Tranzacii imobiliare Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice Activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de servicii suport Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public1) nvmnt Sntate i asisten social Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative Alte activiti de servicii BRBAI Total economie Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit Industrie Industrie extractiv Industrie prelucrtoare Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Construcii Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor Transport i depozitare Hoteluri i restaurante

2008 Brut Net Gross Net 1761 1205 1582 3107 1389 1309 914 1189 2287 1050

2009 Brut Net Gross Net 1845 1350 1745 3231 1528 1361 1007 1300 2360 1146

Activity (CANE Rev.2 sections) TOTAL EMPLOYEES Total economy Agriculture, forestry and fishing Industry Mining and quarrying Manufacturing Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Construction Wholesale and retail; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Transport and storage Hotels and restaurants Information and communication Financial intermediation and insurance Real estate activities Professional, scientific and technical activities Activities of administrative services and of support services Public administration and defence; social insurance of 1) public sector Education Health and social assistance Shows, culture and recreation activities Other service activities MEN Total economy Agriculture, forestry and fishing Industry Mining and quarrying Manufacturing Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Construction Wholesale and retail; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles. Transport and storage Hotels and restaurants

3262

2389

3539

2573

1532 1563 1400 1964 1024 2890 4384 1721 2388 1104

1154 1162 1042 1454 773 2119 3205 1270 1749 835

1659 1441 1418 2068 1066 3360 4304 1623 2569 1166

1241 1069 1047 1518 799 2468 3109 1193 1870 873

3269 2106 1702 1611 1040 1814 1210 1799 3098 1563

2411 1538 1266 1195 780 1348 919 1343 2282 1174

2947 2206 1810 1701 1104 1906 1358 1974 3249 1713

2159 1596 1342 1249 818 1405 1014 1463 2372 1276

3322

2429

3609

2621

1547 1530 1519 1967 1063

1166 1139 1128 1454 800

1673 1402 1573 2098 1148

1253 1041 1158 1537 861

1) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (M.Ap.N., M.A.I., S.R.I. etc.) / Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National

Defence, Ministry of Administration and Interior, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.). Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc. / Source: Labour cost survey.

150

4.8

Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut i net lunar, pe activiti ale economiei naionale i pe sexe - continuare Average gross and net nominal monthly earnings, by activity of national economy and by sex - continued
lei / salariat / lei / employee

Activitatea (seciuni CAEN Rev.2)

2008 Brut Net Gross Net 2953 5132 1750 2392 1025 2174 3741 1290 1755 779

2009 Brut Net Gross Net 3397 5096 1613 2624 1093 2499 3675 1184 1910 822

Activity (CANE Rev.2 sections)

Informaii i comunicaii Intermedieri financiare i asigurri Tranzacii imobiliare Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice Activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de servicii suport Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public1) nvmnt Sntate i asisten social Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative Alte activiti de servicii FEMEI Total economie Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit Industrie Industrie extractiv Industrie prelucrtoare Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Construcii Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor Transport i depozitare Hoteluri i restaurante Informaii i comunicaii Intermedieri financiare i asigurri Tranzacii imobiliare Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice Activiti de servicii administrative i activitide servicii suport Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public1) nvmnt Sntate i asisten social Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative Alte activiti de servicii

Information and communication Financial intermediation and insurance Real estate activities Professional, scientific and technical activities Activities of administrative services and of support services Public administration and defence; social insurance of public sector1) Education Health and social assistance Shows, culture and recreation activities Other service activities WOMEN Total economy Agriculture, forestry and fishing Industry Mining and quarrying Manufacturing Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Construction Wholesale and retail; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Transport and storage Hotels and restaurants Information and communication Financial intermediation and insurance Real estate activities Professional, scientific and technical activities Activities of administrative services and of support services Public administration and defence; social insurance of public sector1) Education Health and social assistance Shows, culture and recreation activities Other service activities

3038 2375 1850 1669 1186 1700 1192 1301 3160 1198

2250 1740 1375 1237 887 1264 897 989 2315 915

2791 2417 1994 1751 1308 1775 1324 1436 3135 1320

2059 1754 1486 1285 963 1310 986 1082 2294 1000

3088

2273

3326

2425

1493 1797 1277 1955 1002 2790 4050 1685 2383 1282

1122 1325 952 1453 757 2033 2966 1244 1742 962

1624 1719 1269 1986 1019 3301 3934 1636 2508 1331

1209 1267 941 1468 764 2419 2845 1204 1825 988

3458 1987 1665 1566 929

2542 1448 1238 1163 699

3079 2112 1763 1660 949

2243 1525 1306 1219 709

1) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (M.Ap.N., M.A.I., S.R.I. etc.) / Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National

Defence, Ministry of Administration and Interior, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.). Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc. / Source: Labour cost survey.

151

4.9
Total

Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut lunar, pe forme de proprietate, clase de mrime ale ntreprinderilor i pe sexe Average gross nominal monthly earnings, by ownership type, enterprise size class and by sex
lei / salariat / lei / employee

Forma de proprietate Clase de mrime ale ntreprinderilor

Total 2008 2009 1761 1845 1123 1135 1629 1747 2223 2362 2350 2346 1503 1662 2229 2107 2433 2458 1523 1623 1100 1096 1503 1646 2026 2264

Brbai / Men 2008 2009 1814 1906 1167 1183 1664 1792 2352 2514 2528 2552 1637 1805 2163 2132 2666 2723 1598 1696 1144 1145 1580 1720 2134 2360

Femei / Women 2008 2009 1700 1775 1067 1075 1579 1686 2093 2214 2213 2192 1395 1544 2293 2086 2261 2269 1419 1524 1041 1030 1386 1534 1879 2136

Ownership type Enterprise size class Total Under 50 employees 50 - 249 employees 250 employees and over Public ownership1) Under 50 employees 50 - 249 employees 250 employees and over Private ownership2) Under 50 employees 50 - 249 employees 250 employees and over

Sub 50 salariai 50 - 249 salariai 250 salariai i peste Proprietate public1) Sub 50 salariai 50 - 249 salariai 250 salariai i peste Proprietate privat2) Sub 50 salariai 50 - 249 salariai 250 salariai i peste

1) Include: proprietate integral de stat, proprietate majoritar de stat, proprietate public de interes naional i local. / Includes: entirely 2) Include: proprietate majoritar privat, proprietate integral privat, proprietate cooperatist, proprietate obteasc, proprietate integral

state ownership, state majority ownership, public ownership of national and local interest.

strin. / Includes: private majority ownership, entirely private ownership, co-operative ownership, communal ownership, entirely foreign ownership. Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc. / Source: Labour cost survey.

4.10
Total

Ctigul salarial nominal mediu net lunar, pe forme de proprietate, clase de mrime ale ntreprinderilor i pe sexe Average net nominal monthly earnings, by ownership type, enterprise size class and by sex
lei / salariat / lei / employee

Forma de proprietate Clase de mrime ale ntreprinderilor

Total 2008 2009 1309 1361 843 844 1217 1294 1644 1735 1733 1718 1123 1227 1651 1547 1792 1799 1138 1203 826 815 1126 1223 1505 1671

Brbai / Men 2008 2009 1348 1405 876 879 1242 1326 1739 1847 1867 1872 1225 1331 1604 1568 1966 1996 1191 1254 859 852 1181 1275 1581 1738

Femei / Women 2008 2009 1264 1310 801 800 1182 1251 1549 1626 1631 1604 1042 1142 1695 1529 1664 1658 1062 1132 781 767 1043 1145 1401 1581

Ownership type Enterprise size class Total Under 50 employees 50 - 249 employees 250 employees and over Public ownership1) Under 50 employees 50 - 249 employees 250 employees and over Private ownership2) Under 50 employees 50 - 249 employees 250 employees and over

Sub 50 salariai 50 - 249 salariai 250 salariai i peste Proprietate public1) Sub 50 salariai 50 - 249 salariai 250 salariai i peste Proprietate privat2) Sub 50 salariai 50 - 249 salariai 250 salariai i peste

1) Include: proprietate integral de stat, proprietate majoritar de stat, proprietate public de interes naional i local. / Includes: entirely 2) Include: proprietate majoritar privat, proprietate integral privat, proprietate cooperatist, proprietate obteasc, proprietate integral

state ownership, state majority ownership, public ownership of national and local interest.

strin. / Includes: private majority ownership, entirely private ownership, co-operative ownership, communal ownership, entirely foreign ownership. Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc. / Source: Labour cost survey.

152

4.11

Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut i net lunar, pe activiti ale industriei i pe sexe Average gross and net nominal monthly earnings, by activity of industry and by sex
lei / salariat / lei / employee

Activitatea (diviziuni CAEN Rev.2) TOTAL SALARIAI Total - Industrie Industrie extractiv Extracia crbunelui superior i inferior Extracia petrolului brut i a gazelor naturale Extracia minereurilor metalifere Alte activiti extractive Activiti de servicii anexe extraciei Industrie prelucrtoare Industria alimentar Fabricarea buturilor Fabricarea produselor din tutun Fabricarea produselor textile Fabricarea articolelor de mbrcminte Tbcirea i finisarea pieilor; fabricarea articolelor de voiaj i marochinrie, harnaamentelor i nclmintei; prepararea i vopsirea blnurilor Prelucrarea lemnului, fabricarea produselor din lemn i plut, cu excepia mobilei; fabricarea articolelor din paie i din alte materiale vegetale mpletite Fabricarea hrtiei i a produselor din hrtie Tiprirea i reproducerea pe supori a nregistrrilor Fabricarea produselor de cocserie i a produselor obinute din prelucrarea ieiului Fabricarea substanelor i a produselor chimice Fabricarea produselor farmaceutice de baz i a preparatelor farmaceutice Fabricarea produselor din cauciuc i mase plastice Fabricarea altor produse din minerale nemetalice Industria metalurgic Industria construciilor metalice i a produselor din metal, exclusiv maini, utilaje i instalaii Fabricarea calculatoarelor i a produselor electronice i optice Fabricarea echipamentelor electrice Fabricarea de maini, utilaje i echipamente n.c.a. Fabricarea autovehiculelor de transport rutier, a remorcilor i semiremorcilor Fabricarea altor mijloace de transport Fabricarea de mobil Alte activiti industriale n.c.a. Repararea, ntreinerea i instalarea mainilor i echipamentelor Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat

2008 Brut Net Gross Net

2009 Brut Net Gross Net

Activity (CANE Rev.2 divisions) TOTAL EMPLOYEES

1582 1189 3107 2287 3128 2306 3869 2241 1613 2867 2846 1632 1197 2093

1745 1300 3231 2360 3222 2347 4011 2322 1679 3190 2934 1698 1234 2318

Total - Industry Mining and quarrying Mining of coal and lignite Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas Mining of metal ores Other mining and quarrying Mining support service activities Manufacturing Manufacture of food products Manufacture of beverages Manufacture of tobacco products Manufacture of textiles Manufacture of wearing apparel Tanning and dressing of leather; manufacture of travel and leather goods, harness and footwear preparation and dyeing of furs Manufacture of wood and of products of wood and cork, except furniture; manufacture of articles of straw and plaiting materials Manufacture of paper and paper products Printing and reproduction of recorded media Manufacture of coke and refined petroleum products Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products Manufacture of basic pharmaceutical products and pharmaceutical preparations Manufacture of rubber and plastic products Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products Manufacture of basic metals Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment Manufacture of computers, electronic and optical products Manufacture of electrical equipment Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c. Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers Manufacture of other transport equipment Manufacture of furniture Other manufacturing activities n.e.c. Repair, maintenance and installation of machinery and equipment Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply

1389 1050 1176 890 1775 1328 3641 2623 1110 853 959 750

1528 1146 1265 948 2054 1505 3999 2852 1288 979 999 773

973

750

1113

857

946

726

1009

764

1386 1055 1527 1143 3241 2303 1968 1458 2484 1820 1334 1008 1685 1253 2074 1550 1521 1145 1704 1286 1477 1114 1742 1307 1609 1219 2115 1568 1047 807 1103 845 1678 1257

1619 1201 1537 1152 3482 2553 2283 1680 2839 2067 1529 1139 1891 1397 2169 1613 1556 1162 2009 1507 1688 1263 1853 1381 1865 1405 2287 1689 1180 897 1327 1000 1992 1474

3262 2389

3539 2573

Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc. / Source: Labour cost survey.

153

4.11

Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut i net lunar, pe activiti ale industriei i pe sexe - continuare Average gross and net nominal monthly earnings, by activity of industry and by sex - continued
lei / salariat / lei / employee

Activitatea (diviziuni CAEN Rev.2)

2008 Brut Net Gross Net

2009 Brut Net Gross Net

Activity (CANE Rev.2 divisions)

Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Captarea, tratarea i distribuia apei Colectarea i epurarea apelor uzate Colectarea, tratarea i eliminarea deeurilor; activiti de recuperare a materialelor reciclabile; activiti i servicii de decontaminare BRBAI Total - Industrie Industrie extractiv Extracia crbunelui superior i inferior Extracia petrolului brut i a gazelor naturale Extracia minereurilor metalifere Alte activiti extractive Activiti de servicii anexe extraciei Industrie prelucrtoare Industria alimentar Fabricarea buturilor Fabricarea produselor din tutun Fabricarea produselor textile Fabricarea articolelor de mbrcminte Tbcirea i finisarea pieilor; fabricarea articolelor de voiaj i marochinrie, harnaamentelor i nclmintei; prepararea i vopsirea blnurilor Prelucrarea lemnului, fabricarea produselor din lemn i plut, cu excepia mobilei; fabricarea articolelor din paie i din alte materiale vegetale mpletite Fabricarea hrtiei i a produselor din hrtie Tiprirea i reproducerea pe supori a nregistrrilor Fabricarea produselor de cocserie i a produselor obinute din prelucrarea ieiului Fabricarea substanelor i a produselor chimice Fabricarea produselor farmaceutice de baz i a preparatelor farmaceutice Fabricarea produselor din cauciuc i mase plastice Fabricarea altor produse din minerale nemetalice Industria metalurgic Industria construciilor metalice i a produselor din metal, exclusiv maini, utilaje i instalaii Fabricarea calculatoarelor i a produselor electronice i optice Fabricarea echipamentelor electrice Fabricarea de maini, utilaje i echipamente n.c.a.

1532 1154 1797 1345 1723 1296

1659 1241 1985 1482 1868 1393

Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Water catchment, treatment and distribution Used water collection and purification Waste collection, purification and disposal; activities of recycling materials recovery; activities and services of decontamination MEN Total - Industry Mining and quarrying Mining of coal and lignite Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas Mining of metal ores Other mining and quarrying Mining support service activities Manufacturing Manufacture of food products Manufacture of beverages Manufacture of tobacco products Manufacture of textiles Manufacture of wearing apparel Tanning and dressing of leather; manufacture of travel and leather goods, harness and footwear preparation and dyeing of furs Manufacture of wood and of products of wood and cork, except furniture; manufacture of articles of straw and plaiting materials Manufacture of paper and paper products Printing and reproduction of recorded media Manufacture of coke and refined petroleum products Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products Manufacture of basic pharmaceutical products and pharmaceutical preparations Manufacture of rubber and plastic products Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products Manufacture of basic metals Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment Manufacture of computers, electronic and optical products Manufacture of electrical equipment Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c.

1330 1008 1799 1343 3098 2282 3217 2369 3799 2291 1566 2861 2802 1664 1164 2088

1395 1046 1974 1463 3249 2372 3330 2423 3974 2330 1646 3213 1713 1354 2103 4287 1415 1106 2908 1705 1209 2336 1276 1012 1537 3055 1071 848

1563 1174 1267 956 1868 1395 3883 2788 1193 913 1074 834

1074

827

1197

920

942

724

1007

761

1567 1188 1583 1181 3221 2280 1990 1475 2812 2071 1399 1054 1730 1284 2101 1571 1538 1156 1905 1439 1634 1226 1758 1318

1842 1361 1610 1206 3427 2508 2303 1696 3186 2317 1574 1168 1928 1422 2205 1640 1570 1172 2282 1698 1904 1417 1877 1396

Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc. / Source: Labour cost survey.

154

4.11

Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut i net lunar, pe activiti ale industriei i pe sexe - continuare Average gross and net nominal monthly earnings, by activity of industry and by sex - continued
lei / salariat / lei / employee

Activitatea (diviziuni CAEN Rev.2)

2008 Brut Net Gross Net

2009 Brut Net Gross Net

Activity (CANE Rev.2 divisions)

Fabricarea autovehiculelor de transport rutier, a remorcilor i semiremorcilor Fabricarea altor mijloace de transport Fabricarea de mobil Alte activiti industriale n.c.a. Repararea, ntreinerea i instalarea mainilor i echipamentelor Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Captarea, tratarea i distribuia apei Colectarea i epurarea apelor uzate Colectarea, tratarea i eliminarea deeurilor; activiti de recuperare a materialelor reciclabile; activiti i servicii de decontaminare FEMEI Total - Industrie Industrie extractiv Extracia crbunelui superior i inferior Extracia petrolului brut i a gazelor naturale Extracia minereurilor metalifere Alte activiti extractive Activiti de servicii anexe extraciei Industrie prelucrtoare Industria alimentar Fabricarea buturilor Fabricarea produselor din tutun Fabricarea produselor textile Fabricarea articolelor de mbrcminte Tbcirea i finisarea pieilor; fabricarea articolelor de voiaj i marochinrie, harnaamentelor i nclmintei; prepararea i vopsirea blnurilor Prelucrarea lemnului, fabricarea produselor din lemn i plut, cu excepia mobilei; fabricarea articolelor din paie i din alte materiale vegetale mpletite Fabricarea hrtiei i a produselor din hrtie Tiprirea i reproducerea pe supori a nregistrrilor Fabricarea produselor de cocserie i a produselor obinute din prelucrarea ieiului Fabricarea substanelor i a produselor chimice Fabricarea produselor farmaceutice de baz i a preparatelor farmaceutice Fabricarea produselor din cauciuc i mase plastice

1781 1336 2139 1584 1060 815 1181 902 1676 1255

2099 1571 2307 1700 1197 907 1448 1085 2003 1482

Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers Manufacture of other transport equipment Manufacture of furniture Other manufacturing activities n.e.c. Repair, maintenance and installation of machinery and equipment Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Water catchment, treatment and distribution Used water collection and purification Waste collection, purification and disposal; activities of recycling materials recovery; activities and services of decontamination WOMEN Total - Industry Mining and quarrying Mining of coal and lignite Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas Mining of metal ores Other mining and quarrying Mining support service activities Manufacturing Manufacture of food products Manufacture of beverages Manufacture of tobacco products Manufacture of textiles Manufacture of wearing apparel Tanning and dressing of leather; manufacture of travel and leather goods, harness and footwear preparation and dyeing of furs Manufacture of wood and of products of wood and cork, except furniture; manufacture of articles of straw and plaiting materials Manufacture of paper and paper products Printing and reproduction of recorded media Manufacture of coke and refined petroleum products Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products Manufacture of basic pharmaceutical products and pharmaceutical preparations Manufacture of rubber and plastic products

3322 2429

3609 2621

1547 1166 1784 1336 1737 1308

1673 1253 1984 1486 1886 1410

1361 1031 1301 989

1417 1062 1436 1082 3135 2294 2496 1838 4184 2294 1857 3014 3057 1669 1363 2188

3160 2315 2484 1849 4188 2052 1884 2905 3048 1512 1387 2124

1198 915 1099 834 1609 1209 2893 2114 1076 829 941 737

1320 1000 1186 890 1955 1441 3122 2234 1239 944 981 759

940

726

1084

835

956 1184

734 906

1014

773

1374 1025 1460 1095 3620 2668 2240 1644 2635 1920 1443 1082

1466 1101 3289 2358 1924 1425 2288 1671 1231 934

Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc. / Source: Labour cost survey.

155

4.11

Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut i net lunar, pe activiti ale industriei i pe sexe - continuare Average gross and net nominal monthly earnings, by activity of industry and by sex - continued
lei / salariat / lei / employee

Activitatea (diviziuni CAEN Rev.2)

2008 Brut Net Gross Net

2009 Brut Net Gross Net

Activity (CANE Rev.2 divisions)

Fabricarea altor produse din minerale nemetalice Industria metalurgic Industria construciilor metalice i a produselor din metal, exclusiv maini, utilaje i instalaii Fabricarea calculatoarelor i a produselor electronice i optice Fabricarea echipamentelor electrice Fabricarea de maini, utilaje i echipamente n.c.a. Fabricarea autovehiculelor de transport rutier, a remorcilor i semiremorcilor Fabricarea altor mijloace de transport Fabricarea de mobil Alte activiti industriale n.c.a. Repararea, ntreinerea i instalarea mainilor i echipamentelor Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Captarea, tratarea i distribuia apei Colectarea i epurarea apelor uzate Colectarea, tratarea i eliminarea deeurilor; activiti de recuperare a materialelor reciclabile; activiti i servicii de decontaminare

1575 1177 1960 1463 1454 1101 1536 1159 1301 989 1679 1264 1455 1113 1998 1489 1027 796 1053 809 1690 1269

1798 1336 2020 1500 1501 1126 1773 1341 1451 1094 1761 1320 1664 1261 2191 1635 1152 880 1235 936 1923 1429

Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products Manufacture of basic metals Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment Manufacture of computers, electronic and optical products Manufacture of electrical equipment Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c. Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers Manufacture of other transport equipment Manufacture of furniture Other manufacturing activities n.e.c. Repair, maintenance and installation of machinery and equipment Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Water catchment, treatment and distribution Used water collection and purification Waste collection, purification and disposal; activities of recycling materials recovery; activities and services of decontamination

3088 2273

3326 2425

1493 1122 1831 1367 1656 1243

1624 1209 1989 1473 1793 1320

1254

949

1340 1005

Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc. / Source: Labour cost survey.

156

4.12

Indicii trimestriali ai costului forei de munc, pe activiti ale economiei naionale, n anul 2009 Quarterly labour cost indices, by activity of national economy, in 2009
Serie brut (neajustat) Unadjusted series
%, fa de acelai trimestru din anul precedent % as against the same previous quarter

Activitatea (seciuni CAEN Rev.2)

Trim.I Q.I

Trim.II Q.II

Trim.III Q.III

Trim.IV Q.IV

Activity (CANE Rev.2 sections)

Costul total al forei de munc Total labour cost Total industrie, construcii i servicii Industrie extractiv Industrie prelucrtoare Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Construcii Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor Transport i depozitare Hoteluri i restaurante Informaii i comunicaii Intermedieri financiare i asigurri Tranzacii imobiliare Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice Activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de servicii suport Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public1) nvmnt Sntate i asisten social Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative Alte activiti de servicii 120,507 112,153 109,124 103,158 127,731 113,112 118,137 114,906 121,779 114,781 112,866 108,325 119,659 112,213 119,416 108,740 125,333 113,925 111,605 109,798 121,720 110,975 107,702 105,960 118,661 120,048 112,457 119,382 113,437 109,123 109,478 113,087 109,931 105,276 106,646 99,716 107,849 99,172 107,598 104,681 Total industry, construction and services Mining and quarrying Manufacturing Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Construction Wholesale and retail; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Transport and storage Hotels and restaurants Information and communication Financial intermediation and insurance Real estate activities Professional, scientific and technical activities Activities of administrative services and of support services Public administration and defence; social insurance of public sector1) Education Health and social assistance Shows, culture and recreation activities Other service activities

110,828 109,628 107,659 106,499 109,366 104,983 101,502 96,127 120,066 113,625 107,435 103,787 115,332 110,766 105,704 101,181 111,720 104,415 95,851 124,389 112,691 107,379 131,014 113,923 111,133 91,783 97,969 92,966

128,677 113,512 107,673 100,198 119,121 118,643 111,134 103,512

Cheltuieli directe cu fora de munc (salariale) Labour direct expenditure (salary) Total industrie, construcii i servicii Industrie extractiv Industrie prelucrtoare Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Construcii Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor Transport i depozitare Hoteluri i restaurante Informaii i comunicaii Intermedieri financiare i asigurri Tranzacii imobiliare Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice Activiti de servicii administrative i activitide servicii suport Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public1) 119,160 110,942 107,886 101,984 127,790 113,164 118,192 114,959 120,584 113,655 111,761 107,264 119,139 111,724 118,895 108,265 124,309 112,996 110,693 108,901 120,489 109,856 106,615 104,891 117,735 118,883 111,823 120,881 112,552 108,060 108,864 114,507 109,073 104,455 105,609 98,745 107,242 98,613 108,949 105,995 Total industry, construction and services Mining and quarrying Manufacturing Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Construction Wholesale and retail; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Transport and storage Hotels and restaurants Information and communication Financial intermediation and insurance Real estate activities Professional, scientific and technical activities Activities of administrative services and of support services Public administration and defence; insurance of public sector1)

108,631 107,454 105,524 104,387 110,002 105,593 102,092 96,687 118,559 112,199 106,086 102,485 114,360 109,833 104,812 100,328 109,529 102,367 93,971 89,983

1) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (M.Ap.N., M.A.I., S.R.I. etc.) / Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National

Defence, Ministry of Administration and Interior, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.).

157

4.12

Indicii trimestriali ai costului forei de munc, pe activiti ale economiei naionale, n anul 2009 - continuare Quarterly labour cost indices, by activity of national economy, in 2009 - continued
Serie brut (neajustat) Unadjusted series
%, fa de acelai trimestru din anul precedent % as against the same previous quarter

Activitatea (seciuni CAEN Rev.2)

Trim.I Q.I

Trim.II Q.II

Trim.III Q.III

Trim.IV Q.IV

Activity (CANE Rev.2 sections)

Cheltuieli directe cu fora de munc (salariale) Labour direct expenditure (salary) nvmnt Sntate i asisten social Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative Alte activiti de servicii 122,213 110,720 105,501 128,773 111,974 109,232 96,256 91,376 Education Health and social assistance Shows, culture and recreation activities Other service activities

127,587 112,550 106,760 99,350 118,313 117,835 110,377 102,807

Cheltuieli indirecte cu fora de munc (non-salariale) Labour indirect expenditure (non - salary) Total industrie, construcii i servicii Industrie extractiv Industrie prelucrtoare Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Construcii Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor Transport i depozitare Hoteluri i restaurante Informaii i comunicaii Intermedieri financiare i asigurri Tranzacii imobiliare Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice Activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de servicii suport Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public1) nvmnt Sntate i asisten social Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative Alte activiti de servicii 125,360 116,488 113,551 107,372 127,610 113,007 118,025 114,798 126,063 118,812 116,832 112,132 121,336 113,786 121,089 110,265 129,145 117,384 114,995 113,135 126,163 115,026 111,640 109,832 122,101 124,260 114,781 114,521 116,720 112,947 111,744 108,479 113,115 110,386 110,083 103,214 108,324 103,212 101,225 100,417 Total industry, construction and services Mining and quarrying Manufacturing Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Construction Wholesale and retail; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Transport and storage Hotels and restaurants Information and communication Financial intermediation and insurance Real estate activities Professional, scientific and technical activities Activities of administrative services and of support services Public administration and defence; social insurance of public sector1) Education Health and social assistance Shows, culture and recreation activities Other service activities

118,990 117,700 115,589 114,341 107,106 102,816 99,407 94,144 125,660 118,917 112,441 108,623 119,004 114,283 109,062 104,398 120,667 112,777 103,524 99,133 132,670 120,193 114,526 104,492 139,519 121,317 118,350 98,999 132,748 117,101 111,078 103,365 122,149 121,655 113,943 106,140

1) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (M.Ap.N., M.A.I., S.R.I. etc.) / Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National

Defence, Ministry of Administration and Interior, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.).

158

4.12

Indicii trimestriali ai costului forei de munc, pe activiti ale economiei naionale, n anul 2009 - continuare Quarterly labour cost indices, by activity of national economy, in 2009 - continued
Serie ajustat dup efectul zilelor lucrtoare2) Working days adjusted series2)
%, fa de acelai trimestru din anul precedent % as against the same previous quarter

Activitatea (seciuni CAEN Rev.2)

Trim.I Q.I

Trim.II Q.II

Trim.III Q.III

Trim.IV Q.IV

Activity (CANE Rev.2 sections)

Costul total al forei de munc Total labour cost Total industrie, construcii i servicii Industrie extractiv Industrie prelucrtoare Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Construcii Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor Transport i depozitare Hoteluri i restaurante Informaii i comunicaii Intermedieri financiare i asigurri Tranzacii imobiliare Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice Activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de servicii suport Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public1) nvmnt Sntate i asisten social Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative Alte activiti de servicii 120,144 112,094 109,132 103,213 125,500 113,112 118,199 114,951 119,448 114,779 112,898 108,354 119,483 112,213 119,415 108,741 123,243 113,925 111,604 109,797 121,584 110,976 107,723 105,987 119,291 119,840 112,457 119,187 113,137 109,122 109,478 113,086 109,933 105,555 106,662 99,730 107,849 99,172 107,598 104,681 Total industry, construction and services Mining and quarrying Manufacturing Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Construction Wholesale and retail; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Transport and storage Hotels and restaurants Information and communication Financial intermediation and insurance Real estate activities Professional, scientific and technical activities Activities of administrative services and of support services Public administration and defence; social insurance of public sector1) Education Health and social assistance Shows, culture and recreation activities Other service activities

111,726 109,185 107,659 106,930 109,398 104,982 101,502 96,127 122,423 113,862 107,435 103,571 118,071 110,766 105,704 101,181 111,720 104,415 95,851 124,389 112,691 107,379 131,014 113,923 111,133 91,783 97,969 92,966

128,528 113,578 107,677 100,141 119,121 118,643 111,134 103,512

Cheltuieli directe cu fora de munc (salariale) Labour direct expenditure (salary) Total industrie, construcii i servicii Industrie extractiv Industrie prelucrtoare Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Construcii Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor Transport i depozitare Hoteluri i restaurante Informaii i comunicaii Intermedieri financiare i asigurri Tranzacii imobiliare Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice Activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de servicii suport 118,812 110,883 107,894 102,037 125,559 113,164 118,253 115,004 118,274 113,654 111,792 107,290 118,963 111,724 118,894 108,266 122,236 112,996 110,692 108,902 120,356 109,857 106,637 104,919 118,361 118,673 111,823 120,685 112,254 108,060 108,864 114,506 109,074 104,732 105,623 98,759 107,242 98,613 108,948 105,995 Total industry, construction and services Mining and quarrying Manufacturing Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Construction Wholesale and retail; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Transport and storage Hotels and restaurants Information and communication Financial intermediation and insurance Real estate activities Professional, scientific and technical activities Activities of administrative services and of support services

109,510 107,020 105,524 104,809 110,035 105,593 102,092 96,686 120,886 112,433 106,087 102,271 117,074 109,833 104,811 100,328

1) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (M.Ap.N., M.A.I., S.R.I. etc.) / Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National 2) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.

Defence, Ministry of Administration and Interior, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.).

159

4.12

Indicii trimestriali ai costului forei de munc, pe activiti ale economiei naionale, n anul 2009 - continuare Quarterly labour cost indices, by activity of national economy, in 2009 - continued
Serie ajustat dup efectul zilelor lucrtoare2) Working days adjusted series2)
%, fa de acelai trimestru din anul precedent % as against the same previous quarter

Activitatea (seciuni CAEN Rev.2)

Trim.I Q.I

Trim.II Q.II

Trim.III Q.III

Trim.IV Q.IV

Activity (CANE Rev.2 sections)

Cheltuieli directe cu fora de munc (salariale) Labour direct expenditure (salary) Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public1) nvmnt Sntate i asisten social Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative Alte activiti de servicii 109,529 102,367 93,971 122,213 110,720 105,501 128,773 111,974 109,232 89,983 96,256 91,376 Public administration and defence; social insurance of public sector1) Education Health and social assistance Shows, culture and recreation activities Other service activities

127,439 112,616 106,766 99,293 118,313 117,835 110,377 102,807

Cheltuieli indirecte cu fora de munc (non-salariale) Labour indirect expenditure (non - salary) Total industrie, construcii i servicii Industrie extractiv Industrie prelucrtoare Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Construcii Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor Transport i depozitare Hoteluri i restaurante Informaii i comunicaii Intermedieri financiare i asigurri Tranzacii imobiliare Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice Activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de servicii suport Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public1) nvmnt Sntate i asisten social Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative Alte activiti de servicii 124,941 116,431 113,562 107,429 125,382 113,007 118,088 114,843 123,642 118,813 116,869 112,162 121,159 113,787 121,090 110,266 126,987 117,385 114,988 113,133 126,024 115,026 111,660 109,860 122,739 124,034 114,781 114,330 116,413 112,947 111,744 108,479 113,113 110,404 110,083 103,215 108,611 103,225 101,225 100,416 Total industry, construction and services Mining and quarrying Manufacturing Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Construction Wholesale and retail; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Transport and storage Hotels and restaurants Information and communication Financial intermediation and insurance Real estate activities Professional, scientific and technical activities Activities of administrative services and of support services Public administration and defence; social insurance of public sector1) Education Health and social assistance Shows, culture and recreation activities Other service activities

119,955 117,227 115,587 114,807 107,140 102,820 99,408 94,143 128,124 119,166 112,440 108,396 121,832 114,290 109,072 104,400 120,665 112,777 103,524 99,133 132,670 120,193 114,526 104,492 139,519 121,317 118,350 98,999 132,582 117,164 111,079 103,306 122,149 121,655 113,943 106,140

1) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (M.Ap.N., M.A.I., S.R.I. etc.) / Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National 2) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.

Defence, Ministry of Administration and Interior, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.).

160

4.12

Indicii trimestriali ai costului forei de munc, pe activiti ale economiei naionale, n anul 2009 - continuare Quarterly labour cost indices, by activity of national economy, in 2009 - continued
Serie ajustat dup efectul zilelor lucrtoare i sezonier2) Working days and seasonally adjusted series2)
%, fa de acelai trimestru din anul precedent % as against the same previous quarter

Activitatea (seciuni CAEN Rev.2)

Trim.I Q.I

Trim.II Q.II

Trim.III Q.III

Trim.IV Q.IV

Activity (CANE Rev.2 sections)

Costul total al forei de munc Total labour cost Total industrie, construcii i servicii Industrie extractiv Industrie prelucrtoare Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Construcii Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor Transport i depozitare Hoteluri i restaurante Informaii i comunicaii Intermedieri financiare i asigurri Tranzacii imobiliare Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice Activiti de servicii administrative i activitide servicii suport Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public1) nvmnt Sntate i asisten social Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative Alte activiti de servicii 119,538 112,438 109,095 103,744 124,522 113,184 116,950 115,574 119,844 115,595 112,915 108,151 119,582 114,219 117,477 109,605 121,297 115,006 112,085 110,144 120,110 113,490 109,433 105,987 118,678 119,262 112,451 118,629 112,989 109,203 109,472 113,181 110,190 105,208 106,393 100,113 107,826 99,201 108,068 105,332 Total industry, construction and services Mining and quarrying Manufacturing Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Construction Wholesale and retail; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Transport and storage Hotels and restaurants Information and communication Financial intermediation and insurance Real estate activities Professional, scientific and technical activities Activities of administrative services and of support services Public administration and defence; social insurance of public sector1) Education Health and social assistance Shows, culture and recreation activities Other service activities

111,513 109,881 108,257 106,767 107,583 103,208 100,639 97,522 121,782 114,312 106,991 103,097 117,231 111,408 106,738 102,773 107,823 102,902 95,960 123,881 112,225 106,899 132,062 114,208 110,710 97,989 99,516 91,191

128,434 113,521 107,689 100,238 117,821 117,548 111,900 103,781

Cheltuieli directe cu fora de munc (salariale) Labour direct expenditure (salary) Total industrie, construcii i servicii Industrie extractiv Industrie prelucrtoare Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Construcii Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor Transport i depozitare Hoteluri i restaurante Informaii i comunicaii Intermedieri financiare i asigurri Tranzacii imobiliare Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice Activiti de servicii administrative i activitide servicii suport 118,215 111,208 107,863 102,564 124,579 113,236 117,003 115,628 118,668 114,461 111,808 107,091 119,060 113,722 116,964 109,127 120,307 114,068 111,171 109,246 118,896 112,345 108,330 104,918 117,752 118,103 111,820 120,118 112,107 108,139 108,855 114,602 109,330 104,387 105,358 99,140 107,220 98,645 109,427 106,655 Total industry, construction and services Mining and quarrying Manufacturing Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Construction Wholesale and retail; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Transport and storage Hotels and restaurants Information and communication Financial intermediation and insurance Real estate activities Professional, scientific and technical activities Activities of administrative services and of support services

109,302 107,702 106,111 104,652 108,209 103,809 101,224 98,090 120,254 112,878 105,649 101,802 116,241 110,468 105,838 101,906

1) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (M.Ap.N., M.A.I., S.R.I. etc.) / Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National 2) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.

Defence, Ministry of Administration and Interior, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.).

161

4.12

Indicii trimestriali ai costului forei de munc, pe activiti ale economiei naionale, n anul 2009 - continuare Quarterly labour cost indices, by activity of national economy, in 2009 - continued
Serie ajustat dup efectul zilelor lucrtoare i sezonier2) Working days and seasonally adjusted series2)
%, fa de acelai trimestru din anul precedent % as against the same previous quarter

Activitatea (seciuni CAEN Rev.2)

Trim.I Q.I

Trim.II Q.II

Trim.III Q.III

Trim.IV Q.IV

Activity (CANE Rev.2 sections)

Cheltuieli directe cu fora de munc (salariale) Labour direct expenditure (salary) Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public1) nvmnt Sntate i asisten social Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative Alte activiti de servicii 105,709 100,884 94,077 121,713 110,263 105,028 129,804 112,255 108,815 96,067 97,775 89,631 Public administration and defence; social insurance of public sector1) Education Health and social assistance Shows, culture and recreation activities Other service activities

127,344 112,561 106,776 99,388 117,018 116,746 111,138 103,076

Cheltuieli indirecte cu fora de munc (non-salariale) Labour indirect expenditure (non - salary) Total industrie, construcii i servicii Industrie extractiv Industrie prelucrtoare Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Construcii Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor Transport i depozitare Hoteluri i restaurante Informaii i comunicaii Intermedieri financiare i asigurri Tranzacii imobiliare Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice Activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de servicii suport Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public1) nvmnt Sntate i asisten social Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative Alte activiti de servicii 124,292 116,847 113,513 107,977 124,405 113,077 116,839 115,465 124,060 119,655 116,879 111,953 121,258 115,822 119,125 111,143 124,986 118,501 115,489 113,491 124,495 117,629 113,434 109,860 122,109 123,440 114,780 113,797 116,261 113,031 111,745 108,571 113,381 110,121 110,068 103,666 108,250 103,621 101,258 101,041 Total industry, construction and services Mining and quarrying Manufacturing Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Construction Wholesale and retail; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Transport and storage Hotels and restaurants Information and communication Financial intermediation and insurance Real estate activities Professional, scientific and technical activities Activities of administrative services and of support services Public administration and defence; social insurance of public sector1) Education Health and social assistance Shows, culture and recreation activities Other service activities

119,725 117,972 116,228 114,630 105,362 101,081 98,564 95,510 127,459 119,637 111,977 107,899 120,952 114,954 110,136 106,037 116,458 111,144 103,645 105,837 132,127 119,691 114,014 106,139 140,629 121,620 117,899 97,107 132,490 117,109 111,090 103,405 120,806 120,529 114,741 106,423

1) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (M.Ap.N., M.A.I., S.R.I. etc.) / Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National 2) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.

Defence, Ministry of Administration and Interior, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.).

162

4.13

Indicatori structurali din statisticile ctigurilor salariale i costului forei de munc Structural indicators of earnings and labour cost statistics
procente / percentage

Indicatori structurali Disparitatea salarial de gen 2) Sarcina fiscal asupra costului forei de munc Capcana omajului 3) pentru urmtoarele cazuri: - fr rencadrare n munc pe durata perioadei de omaj 4) - cu rencadrare n munc dup 2 luni de omaj 5) Capcana salariului mic 3) pentru urmtoarele cazuri: - persoan necstorit, fr copii - cuplu cstorit, cu doi copii, din care un singur printe lucreaz Sarcina fiscal asupra ctigului disponibil 3) pentru urmtoarele cazuri: - persoan necstorit, fr copii, care realizeaz 67% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW - persoan necstorit, fr copii, care realizeaz 100% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW - persoan necstorit, fr copii, care realizeaz 167% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW - persoan necstorit, fr copii, care realizeaz 50% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW - persoan necstorit, fr copii, care realizeaz 80% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW - persoan necstorit, fr copii, care realizeaz 125% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW - persoan necstorit, cu 2 copii, care realizeaz 67% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW - cuplu cstorit, cu 2 copii, un singur printe lucreaz i realizeaz 100% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW - cuplu cstorit, cu 2 copii, ambii prini lucreaz, unul realizeaz 100%, iar cellalt 33% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW - cuplu cstorit, cu 2 copii, ambii prini lucreaz, fiecare realizeaz 100% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW - cuplu cstorit, cu 2 copii, ambii prini lucreaz, unul realizeaz 100%, iar cellalt 67% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW - cuplu cstorit, fr copii, ambii soi lucreaz, unul realizeaz 100%, iar cellalt 33% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW - cuplu cstorit, fr copii, ambii soi lucreaz, fiecare realizeaz 100% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW

20081) 2009 7,8 41,0 8,4 43,1

Structural Indicators Gender pay gap 2) Tax wedge on labour cost 3) Unemployment trap 3) for the following cases: - without rehiring during unemployment period 4) - with rehiring after two unemployment months 5) Low wage trap 3) for the following cases: - single person, without children - one-earner couple with two children Tax wedge on disposable earnings (net earnings) 3) for the following cases: - single person without children, earnings 67% of the average gross earnings of AW - single person without children, earnings 100% of the average gross earnings of AW - single person without children, earnings 167% of the average gross earnings of AW - single person without children, earnings 50% of the average gross earnings of AW - single person without children, earnings 80% of the average gross earnings of AW - single person without children, earnings 125% of the average gross earnings of AW - single person with 2 children, earnings 67% of the average gross earnings of AW - married couple with 2 children, only one parent is working and earns 100% of the average gross earnings of AW - married couple with 2 children, both parents are working, one earns 100% and the other earns 33% of the average gross earnings of AW - married couple with 2 children, both parents are working and earn 100% of the average gross earnings of AW - married couple with 2 children, both parents are working, one earns 100% and the other earns 67% of the average gross earnings of AW - married couple with no children, both persons are working, one earns 100% and the other earns 33% of the average gross earnings of AW - married couple with no children, both persons are working and earn 100% of the average gross earnings of AW

3)

67,3 56,8

73,4 61,7

29,3 35,3

30,4 29,5

25,6 27,4 28,8 24,2 26,5 28,1 17,2

26,8 28,4 29,8 25,3 27,6 29,1 10,8

21,7

18,9

21,7

19,7

24,9

25,6

23,3

24,1

26,0

27,1

27,4

28,4

1) Indicatorii structurali, cu excepia disparitii salariale de gen, au fost recalculai conform legislaiei naionale n vigoare la 1 iulie. / Structural indicators except salary disparity who recalculated according to national legislation in force on July 1st. Sursa:2) Cercetarea statistic asupra salariilor n luna octombrie. / Source:2) Survey on wages in October. Sursa:3) Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc i legislaia naional n vigoare la 1 iulie a anului pentru care se calculeaz indicatorul. / Source:3) Labour cost survey and the national legislation in force on July 1st of the year for which the structural indicator 4) Date comparabile cu seria precedent (cu excepia perioadei de referin pentru legislaia naional, care se modific din 1 ianuarie n 1 iulie). / Comparable data with previous series (except reference period for national legislation changed on January 1st to July 1st). 5) Conform metodologiei revizuite OECD. / According to OECD revised methodology.

is computed.

163

4.14

Costul mediu lunar i costul mediu orar al forei de munc, pe activiti ale economiei naionale, n anul 2009 Average monthly labour cost and average hourly labour cost, by activity of national economy, in 2009
Structura (%) Sume brute pltite direct salariailor Gross amounts directly paid to employees Costul mediu lunar al forei de munc, pe un salariat - lei Average monthly labour cost, per employee - lei 2425 1763 2417 5915 2005 Costul mediu orar al forei de munc - lei / or Average hourly labour cost - lei / hour 14,15 10,30 14,18 34,68 11,78 Din fondul de Din profitul net salarii (inclusiv i alte fonduri premii i (inclusiv Din fondul drepturi drepturi de asigurri Total n natur) n natur) sociale Of salary funds Of net profit Of social (including and other funds insurance premiums and (including funds benefits in kind) benefits in kind) 76,9 77,6 73,9 56,1 77,0 73,2 74,8 69,3 51,4 72,3 2,8 2,2 3,5 3,6 3,6 0,9 0,6 1,1 1,1 1,1 Structure (%) Alte cheltuieli ale unitii cu fora de munc Other labour expenses of the unit Contribuia Contribuia pentru protecia pentru asigurri social a i protecie omerilor social Contribution to Contribution to unemployed insurance and social protection social protection

Activitatea (seciuni CAEN Rev.2)

Total

Pentru formarea profesional Vocational training

Alte cheltuieli Other expenditure

Activity (CANE Rev.2 sections)

Total Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit Industrie Industrie extractiv Industrie prelucrtoare Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Construcii

23,1 22,4 26,1 43,9 23,0

0,2 *) 0,3 0,7 0,2

0,4 0,4 0,4 0,3 0,4

20,8 20,9 20,9 21,5 20,7

1,7 1,1 4,5 21,4 1,7

Total Agriculture, forestry and fishing Industy Mining and quarrying Manufacturing Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Construction Wholesale and retail; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Transport and storage Hotels and restaurants Information and communication Financial intermediation and insurance Real estate activities Professional, scientific and technical activities Activities of administrative services and of support services Public administration and defence; social insurance of public sector 1) Education Health and social assistance Shows, culture and recreation activities Other service activities

4903

28,47

74,3

70,2

3,3

0,8

25,7

0,5

0,4

21,3

3,5

2238 1890

13,01 11,10 10,47 15,72 8,05 25,10 32,46 12,41 19,11 8,79 16,66 16,26 15,85 13,15 8,29

77,9 77,2 78,3 77,7 78,1 77,9 77,7 77,4 78,2 78,5 78,8 78,3 79,1 78,5 77,9

74,1 74,8 76,2 74,1 75,6 76,6 74,8 74,4 76,5 74,6 69,1 76,9 74,9 76,4 76,3

2,9 1,6 1,5 2,7 1,8 0,7 1,8 2,4 1,0 3,2 8,8 0,8 2,8 1,5 1,2

0,9 0,8 0,6 0,9 0,7 0,6 1,1 0,6 0,7 0,7 0,9 0,6 1,4 0,6 0,4

22,1 22,8 21,7 22,3 21,9 22,1 22,3 22,6 21,8 21,5 21,2 21,7 20,9 21,5 22,1

0,3 0,1 0,1 0,3 *) 0,2 0,5 0,1 0,1 0,1 0,1 0,1 0,1 0,1 0,1

0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4

20,7 21,4 20,6 20,7 20,7 20,8 19,8 20,0 20,6 20,6 19,2 21,1 20,2 20,5 20,6

0,7 0,9 0,6 0,9 0,8 0,7 1,6 2,1 0,7 0,4 1,5 0,1 0,2 0,5 1,0

Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor 1805 Transport i depozitare Hoteluri i restaurante Informaii i comunicaii Intermedieri financiare i asigurri Tranzacii imobiliare Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice Activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de servicii suport Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public nvmnt Sntate i asisten social Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative Alte activiti de servicii
1)

2688 1373 4355 5619 2126 3248 1495 2826 2840 2732 2228 1424

1) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (M.Ap.N., M.A.I., S.R.I. etc.) / Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National

Defence, Ministry of Administration and Interior, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.). Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc - 2009. / Source: Labour cost survey - 2009.

164

165

4.15

Costul mediu lunar i costul mediu orar al forei de munc, pe activiti ale industriei, n anul 2009 Average monthly labour cost and average hourly labour cost, by activity of industry, in 2009
Structura (%) Sume brute pltite direct salariailor Gross amounts directly paid to employees Costul mediu lunar al forei de munc, pe un salariat - lei Average monthly labour cost, per employee - lei 2417 5915 4449 8736 3212 2192 3938 2005 1660 2873 5653 1609 1289 Costul mediu orar al forei de munc - lei / or Average hourly labour cost - lei / hour 14,18 34,68 29,04 47,68 22,02 12,93 22,89 11,78 9,73 16,72 30,81 9,45 7,61 Din fondul de Din profitul net salarii (inclusiv i alte fonduri premii i (inclusiv Din fondul drepturi drepturi de asigurri Total n natur) n natur) sociale Of salary funds Of net profit Of social (including and other funds insurance premiums and (including funds benefits in kind) benefits in kind) 73,9 56,1 69,1 47,7 73,1 77,0 75,7 77,0 77,8 76,1 73,6 78,2 79,3 69,3 51,4 64,3 42,6 70,0 74,2 73,2 72,3 74,3 73,2 71,6 71,7 72,0 3,5 3,6 2,8 4,2 2,1 2,1 1,2 3,6 2,6 2,1 1,5 5,1 5,4 1,1 1,1 2,0 0,9 1,0 0,7 1,3 1,1 0,9 0,8 0,5 1,4 1,9 Structure (%) Alte cheltuieli ale unitii cu fora de munc Other labour expenses of the unit Contribuia Contribuia pentru protecia pentru asigurri social a i protecie omerilor social Contribution to Contribution to unemployed insurance and social protection social protection

Activitatea (diviziuni CAEN Rev.2)

Total

Pentru formarea profesional Vocational training

Alte cheltuieli Other expenditure

Activity (CANE Rev.2 divisions)

Total - Industrie Industrie extractiv Extracia crbunelui superior i inferior Extracia petrolului brut i a gazelor naturale Extracia minereurilor metalifere Alte activiti extractive Activiti de servicii anexe extraciei Industrie prelucrtoare Industria alimentar Fabricarea buturilor Fabricarea produselor din tutun Fabricarea produselor textile Fabricarea articolelor de mbrcminte Tbcirea i finisarea pieilor; fabricarea articolelor de voiaj i marochinrie, harnaamentelor i nclmintei; prepararea i vopsirea blnurilor Prelucrarea lemnului, fabricarea produselor din lemn i plut, cu excepia mobilei; fabricarea articolelor din paie i din alte materiale vegetale mpletite Fabricarea hrtiei i a produselor din hrtie Tiprirea i reproducerea pe supori a nregistrrilor Fabricarea produselor de cocserie i a produselor obinute din prelucrarea ieiului Fabricarea substanelor i a produselor chimice Fabricarea produselor farmaceutice de baz i a preparatelor farmaceutice Fabricarea produselor din cauciuc i mase plastice Fabricarea altor produse din minerale nemetalice Industria metalurgic Industria construciilor metalice i a produselor din metal, exclusiv maini, utilaje i instalaii Fabricarea calculatoarelor i a produselor electronice i optice

26,1 43,9 30,9 52,3 26,9 23,0 24,3 23,0 22,2 23,9 26,4 21,8 20,7

0,3 0,7 0,1 0,9 0,2 0,1 0,3 0,2 0,1 0,5 1,0 0,1 *)

0,4 0,3 0,3 0,3 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,3 0,4 0,4 0,4

20,9 21,5 25,2 20,5 24,8 21,4 21,3 20,7 20,5 20,4 23,7 20,0 19,6

4,5 21,4 5,3 30,6 1,5 1,1 2,3 1,7 1,2 2,7 1,3 1,3 0,7

Total - Industry Mining and quarrying Mining of coal and lignite Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas Mining of metal ores Other mining and quarrying Mining support service activities Manufacturing Manufacture of food products Manufacture of beverages Manufacture of tobacco products Manufacture of textiles Manufacture of wearing apparel Tanning and dressing of leather; manufacture of travel and leather goods, harness and footwear preparation and dyeing of furs Manufacture of wood and of products of wood and cork, except furniture; manufacture of articles of straw and plaiting materials Manufacture of paper and paper products Printing and reproduction of recorded media Manufacture of coke and refined petroleum products Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products Manufacture of basic pharmaceutical products and pharmaceutical preparations Manufacture of rubber and plastic products Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products Manufacture of basic metals Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment Manufacture of computers, electronic and optical products

1440

8,47

78,4

72,3

4,8

1,3

21,6

*)

0,4

20,3

0,9

1309 2094 1969 4535 3010 3699 2066 2526 2988 1968 2649

7,77 12,26 11,47 26,22 17,63 21,26 12,10 14,91 17,70 11,64 15,56

77,9 78,0 78,8 76,1 77,2 77,1 75,6 75,8 71,9 77,5 78,2

74,8 73,7 73,7 72,0 72,6 73,8 71,7 72,4 67,3 73,7 74,9

2,3 3,3 4,3 3,4 3,7 1,9 3,0 2,4 3,9 2,8 2,3

0,8 1,0 0,8 0,7 0,9 1,4 0,9 1,0 0,7 1,0 1,0

22,1 22,0 21,2 23,9 22,8 22,9 24,4 24,2 28,1 22,5 21,8

0,1 0,2 0,1 0,5 0,2 0,3 0,3 0,4 0,1 0,1 0,2

0,4 0,4 0,4 0,3 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4

21,0 20,9 20,1 21,6 20,8 20,7 21,0 20,6 22,3 20,7 20,6

0,6 0,5 0,6 1,5 1,4 1,5 2,7 2,8 5,3 1,3 0,6

Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc - 2009. / Source: Labour cost survey - 2009.

166

167

4.15

Costul mediu lunar i costul mediu orar al forei de munc, pe activiti ale industriei, n anul 2009 - continuare Average monthly labour cost and average hourly labour cost, by activity of industry, in 2009 - continued
Structura (%) Sume brute pltite direct salariailor Gross amounts directly paid to employees Costul mediu lunar al forei de munc, pe un salariat - lei Average monthly labour cost, per employee - lei 2308 2432 2513 3026 1543 1742 2397 Costul mediu orar al forei de munc - lei / or Average hourly labour cost - lei / hour 13,86 14,18 14,62 17,56 9,01 10,27 14,10 Din fondul de Din profitul net salarii (inclusiv i alte fonduri premii i (inclusiv Din fondul drepturi drepturi de asigurri Total n natur) n natur) sociale Of salary funds Of net profit Of social (including and other funds insurance premiums and (including funds benefits in kind) benefits in kind) 75,7 76,8 76,1 77,2 77,9 77,6 77,2 71,3 72,6 69,8 72,4 72,9 73,8 72,9 3,2 3,0 5,1 3,7 3,9 3,1 3,3 1,2 1,2 1,2 1,1 1,1 0,7 1,0 Structure (%) Alte cheltuieli ale unitii cu fora de munc Other labour expenses of the unit Contribuia Contribuia pentru protecia pentru asigurri social a i protecie omerilor social Contribution to Contribution to unemployed insurance and social protection social protection

Activitatea (diviziuni CAEN Rev.2)

Total

Pentru formarea profesional Vocational training

Alte cheltuieli Other expenditure

Activity (CANE Rev.2 divisions)

Fabricarea echipamentelor electrice Fabricarea de maini, utilaje i echipamente n.c.a. Fabricarea autovehiculelor de transport rutier, a remorcilor i semiremorcilor Fabricarea altor mijloace de transport Fabricarea de mobil Alte activiti industriale n.c.a. Repararea, ntreinerea i instalarea mainilor i echipamentelor Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Captarea, tratarea i distribuia apei Colectarea i epurarea apelor uzate Colectarea, tratarea i eliminarea deeurilor; activiti de recuperare a materialelor reciclabile; activiti i servicii de decontaminare

24,3 23,2 23,9 22,8 22,1 22,4 22,8

0,2 0,2 0,3 0,2 *) 0,1 0,2

0,4 0,4 0,3 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4

20,6 20,4 21,9 20,7 20,6 20,6 20,7

3,1 2,2 1,4 1,5 1,1 1,3 1,5

Manufacture of electrical equipment Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c. Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers Manufacture of other transport equipment Manufacture of furniture Other manufacturing activities n.e.c. Repair, maintenance and installation of machinery and equipment Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Water catchment, treatment and distribution Used water collection and purification Waste collection, purification and disposal; activities of recycling materials recovery; activities and services of decontamination

4903

28,47

74,3

70,2

3,3

0,8

25,7

0,5

0,4

21,3

3,5

2238 2600 2277

13,01 15,05 13,26

77,9 78,1 76,7

74,1 73,7 75,5

2,9 3,5 0,3

0,9 0,9 0,9

22,1 21,9 23,3

0,3 0,4 *)

0,4 0,4 0,4

20,7 20,3 22,2

0,7 0,8 0,7

1901

11,09

77,8

74,7

2,2

0,9

22,2

0,1

0,4

21,1

0,6

Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc - 2009. / Source: Labour cost survey - 2009

168

169

4.16

Cheltuielile totale ale gospodriilor Total expenditure of households


din care, gospodrii de: Salariai / Employees Agricultori 2006 2007 2008 2009 2006 2007 lei, lunar pe o gospodrie of which households of: Farmers omeri / Unemployed 2008 2009 2006 2007 2008 2009 lei, monthly per household 1501,31 1723,39 1008,08 1154,55 1360,36 1556,06 1012,77 1170,31 1504,48 1639,60 percentage 52,7 17,5 15,5 8,3 2,3 4,0 2,5 55,4 17,8 17,4 8,8 1,5 4,0 3,3 81,8 27,6 23,1 19,2 0,9 0,6 7,2 82,8 27,6 21,3 19,9 1,0 0,9 9,1 84,1 28,3 21,5 18,7 4,7 0,7 7,5 84,8 27,8 21,8 20,2 0,7 0,5 10,6 77,4 22,7 22,1 17,7 3,5 2,1 5,8 76,3 23,1 21,7 17,2 1,2 2,2 7,0 79,5 23,5 23,2 17,0 2,0 2,3 7,6 80,1 23,5 23,6 17,8 1,5 1,9 7,7 Money expenditure of which, for: Purchasing consumed food and beverages Purchasing non-food goods Payment of services Expenditure for investment Production expenditure Taxes, contributions, dues, fees Equivalent value of agricultural products consumption from own resources Total expenditure

Total gospodrii / Total households 2006 2007 2008 2009

Pensionari / Pensioners 2006 2007 2008 2009

Cheltuieli totale

1304,66 1541,96 1915,19 2047,33 1763,44 2108,64 2540,00 2707,51 1026,28 1228,89 procente

Cheltuieli bneti din care, pentru: Cumprarea de alimente i buturi consumate Cumprarea de mrfuri nealimentare Plata serviciilor Cheltuieli pentru investiii Cheltuieli de producie Impozite, contribuii, cotizaii, taxe Contravaloarea consumului de produse agricole din resurse proprii

83,0 22,2 21,9 18,4 2,4 1,3 13,5

82,7 22,0 21,7 17,7 1,7 1,3 15,0

84,6 22,2 22,4 17,3 2,1 1,4 15,8

84,5 22,3 22,2 17,8 1,3 1,2 16,2

91,0 21,8 22,1 20,0 1,9 0,4 21,7

91,3 21,2 22,3 19,0 2,1 0,4 23,1

92,0 21,3 22,3 18,3 1,8 0,5 24,5

91,8 21,2 21,6 18,9 0,9 0,4 25,7

55,0 17,9 17,2 8,5 2,0 4,7 2,0

51,0 17,3 15,7 8,3 1,2 3,4 2,3

17,0

17,3

15,4

15,5

9,0

8,7

8,0

8,2

45,0

49,0

47,3

44,6

18,2

17,2

15,9

15,2

22,6

23,7

20,5

19,9

4.17

Cheltuielile totale ale gospodriilor, grupate dup numrul persoanelor din componen, n anul 2009 Total expenditure of households, grouped by number of component persons, in 2009
Total gospodrii Total households Gospodrii cu: 1 persoan 1 person 2 persoane 2 persons 3 persoane 3 persons Households with: 4 persoane 4 persons 5 persoane 5 persons 6 persoane i mai multe 6 persons and more

lei, lunar pe o persoan Cheltuieli totale 704,77 931,46 888,11 813,57 procente Cheltuieli bneti din care, pentru: Cumprarea de alimente i buturi consumate Cumprarea de mrfuri nealimentare Plata serviciilor Cheltuieli pentru investiii Cheltuieli de producie Impozite, contribuii, cotizaii, taxe Contravaloarea consumului de produse agricole din resurse proprii 84,5 22,3 22,2 17,8 1,3 1,2 16,2 15,5 82,4 25,9 21,2 20,4 1,2 1,4 8,1 17,6 83,7 22,0 22,8 18,2 1,2 1,6 13,5 16,3 88,9 21,7 22,4 18,7 1,4 0,7 20,8 11,1

lei, monthly per person 646,41 percentage 85,1 21,6 21,8 17,9 0,9 1,1 18,7 14,9 80,4 22,4 22,2 15,4 2,1 1,4 14,2 19,6 75,6 23,5 22,0 13,0 1,5 1,6 11,4 24,4 Money expenditure of which, for: Purchasing consumed food and beverages Purchasing non-food goods Payment of services Expenditure for investment Production expenditure Taxes, contributions, dues, fees Equivalent value of agricultural products consumption from own resources 516,68 425,25 Total expenditure

170

171

4.18

Cheltuielile totale ale gospodriilor, pe decile, n anul 2009 (total gospodrii) Total expenditure of households, by decile, in 2009 (total households)
Decila de venit total pe o persoan1) (lei): Decila 1 pn la Decile 1 up to 238 Decila 2 Decile 2 238 - 345 Decila 3 Decile 3 345 - 435 Decila 4 Decile 4 435 - 531 Decila 5 Decile 5 531 - 628 Decile of total income per person1) (lei): Decila 6 Decile 6 628 - 733 Decila 7 Decile 7 733 - 857 Decila 8 Decile 8 857 - 1041 Decila 9 Decile 9 1041 - 1377 Decila 10 peste Decile 10 over 1377

lei, lunar pe o gospodrie Cheltuieli totale 1204,76 1410,69 1473,92 1646,89 1806,28 procente Cheltuieli bneti din care, pentru: Cumprarea de alimente i buturi consumate Cumprarea de mrfuri nealimentare Plata serviciilor Cheltuieli pentru investiii Cheltuieli de producie Impozite, contribuii, cotizaii, taxe Contravaloarea consumului de produse agricole din resurse proprii 57,4 25,8 15,7 9,9 0,6 1,8 1,3 42,6 67,2 25,3 19,2 12,7 0,8 1,6 5,0 32,8 72,4 23,8 20,6 15,0 0,5 2,0 7,6 27,6 77,8 24,1 21,9 16,4 0,5 1,7 9,8 22,2 81,9 23,6 21,5 17,6 1,3 1,6 12,7 18,1

lei, monthly per household 1910,69 percentage 85,5 23,8 23,1 18,8 0,7 1,5 13,9 14,5 88,6 23,9 23,3 19,0 1,3 1,2 16,1 11,4 90,7 23,1 22,9 20,3 1,2 0,8 18,5 9,3 93,3 21,0 23,7 20,1 1,2 0,6 22,7 6,7 95,1 16,7 23,9 19,8 2,7 0,7 27,7 4,9 Money expenditure of which, for: Purchasing consumed food and beverages Purchasing non-food goods Payment of services Expenditure for investment Production expenditure Taxes, contributions, dues, fees Equivalent value of agricultural products consumption from own resources 2050,87 2267,21 2784,07 3917,78 Total expenditure

1) Intervalele de venit sunt exprimate n preurile lunii ianuarie 2009. / Income intervals are expressed in the prices of January 2009.

4.19

Structura cheltuielilor totale de consum ale gospodriilor Structure of total consumption expenditure of households
din care, gospodrii de: Salariai / Employees Agricultori 2006 2007 2008 2009 2006 2007 lei, lunar pe o gospodrie of which households of: Farmers omeri / Unemployed 2008 2009 2006 2007 2008 2009 lei, monthly per household 931,25 1103,67 percentage 55,9 9,6 5,4 11,8 3,6 1,9 3,9 2,7 2,5 0,1 1,0 1,6 53,2 9,7 5,8 11,5 3,5 1,9 5,2 3,2 2,4 0,4 1,0 2,2 46,6 7,1 6,1 15,7 3,3 1,7 7,5 4,0 3,4 0,6 1,0 3,0 46,0 7,5 6,1 15,6 3,4 2,4 4,9 5,2 3,7 0,7 1,3 3,2 47,4 8,0 5,7 15,7 3,2 3,7 4,2 4,3 3,2 0,7 0,7 3,2 45,6 8,4 4,3 15,6 3,8 2,2 6,5 5,3 3,5 0,6 1,0 3,2 45,2 5,6 4,6 17,4 3,4 7,6 5,2 4,1 3,6 0,4 0,6 2,3 45,2 6,1 5,2 17,1 4,0 6,9 3,9 4,2 3,8 0,4 0,7 2,5 43,2 5,8 5,2 17,5 4,4 7,3 4,5 4,0 3,7 0,4 1,1 2,9 42,6 6,4 4,9 17,6 4,5 7,8 4,0 4,3 3,7 0,6 0,8 2,8 Agro-food products and non - alcoholic drinks Beverages, tobacco Clothing and footwear Housing, water, electricity, gas and other fuels Furniture, dwelling endowment and maintenance Health Transport Communications Leisure and culture Education Hotels, cafees and restaurants Miscelaneous products and services 842,42 931,84 1097,92 1265,17 777,72 880,99 1135,50 1253,30 Total consumption expenditure

Total gospodrii / Total households 2006 2007 2008 2009 Cheltuieli totale de consum

Pensionari / Pensioners 2006 2007 2008 2009

962,50 1104,70 1365,36 1468,60 1251,38 1456,23 1727,84 1836,94

693,93

779,40 procente

Produse agroalimentare i buturi nealcoolice 42,3 Buturi alcoolice, tutun 6,0 mbrcminte i nclminte 6,2 Locuin, ap, electricitate, gaze i ali combustibili 16,4 Mobilier, dotarea i ntreinerea locuinei 4,0 Sntate 4,1 Transport 6,7 Comunicaii 4,9 Recreere i cultur 4,4 Educaie 0,8 Hoteluri, cafenele i restaurante 1,1 Diverse produse i servicii 3,1

41,7 6,5 6,8 15,5 4,6 3,9 5,9 5,1 4,6 0,8 1,2 3,4

40,9 6,5 6,7 15,6 4,8 4,1 6,1 5,0 4,5 0,8 1,4 3,6

40,9 7,1 6,0 15,8 4,6 4,5 5,8 5,1 4,4 0,9 1,3 3,6

37,9 5,9 7,4 16,4 4,5 2,3 8,0 6,0 5,2 1,2 1,4 3,8

37,1 6,3 7,9 15,1 5,3 2,2 7,6 6,1 5,5 1,1 1,5 4,3

37,2 6,6 7,9 15,0 5,2 2,2 7,4 5,9 5,4 1,2 1,6 4,4

37,4 7,1 7,0 15,1 4,9 2,4 7,2 6,0 5,4 1,3 1,6 4,6

57,1 8,2 5,6 12,2 3,4 2,1 4,0 2,1 2,7 0,1 0,9 1,6

56,5 9,0 5,8 11,5 3,7 1,9 3,7 2,6 2,5 0,1 1,1 1,6

172

173

4.20

Structura cheltuielilor bneti de consum ale gospodriilor Structure of money expenditure for households consumption
Total din care, gospodrii de: / of which, households of: gospodrii Total Salariai Agricultori omeri Pensionari households Employees Farmers Unemployed Pensioners

2004 lei, lunar pe o gospodrie / lei, monthly per household Cheltuieli bneti de consum - total pentru: Produse alimentare Mrfuri nealimentare Plata serviciilor 2005 lei, lunar pe o gospodrie / lei, monthly per household Cheltuieli bneti de consum - total pentru: Produse alimentare Mrfuri nealimentare Plata serviciilor 2006 lei, lunar pe o gospodrie / lei, monthly per household Cheltuieli bneti de consum - total pentru: Produse alimentare Mrfuri nealimentare Plata serviciilor 2007 lei, lunar pe o gospodrie / lei, monthly per household Cheltuieli bneti de consum - total pentru: Produse alimentare Mrfuri nealimentare Plata serviciilor 2008 lei, lunar pe o gospodrie / lei, monthly per household Cheltuieli bneti de consum - total pentru: Produse alimentare Mrfuri nealimentare Plata serviciilor 2009 lei, lunar pe o gospodrie / lei, monthly per household Cheltuieli bneti de consum - total pentru: Produse alimentare Mrfuri nealimentare Plata serviciilor 1275,03 1670,16 758,07 1085,74 1063,67 1185,33 1573,16 619,91 932,03 958,52 946,00 1318,78 507,70 793,85 725,15 815,46 1126,06 447,51 704,61 633,25 720,27 1010,30 416,26 614,01 555,04 615,80 862,76 358,01 513,05 474,83

2004 Money expenditure for consumption- total for: Food products Non-food goods Payment of services 2005 Money expenditure for consumption- total for: Food products Non-food goods Payment of services 2006 Money expenditure for consumption- total for: Food products Non-food goods Payment of services 2007 Money expenditure for consumption- total for: Food products Non-food goods Payment of services 2008 Money expenditure for consumption- total for: Food products Non-food goods Payment of services 2009 Money expenditure for consumption- total for: Food products Non-food goods Payment of services

procente / percentage 38,5 33,6 27,9 36,7 33,8 29,5 42,1 39,5 18,4 44,0 28,7 27,3 40,3 33,0 26,7

procente / percentage 36,7 34,5 28,8 35,0 34,2 30,8 40,8 40,1 19,1 41,5 29,6 28,9 38,2 34,2 27,6

procente / percentage 35,6 35,0 29,4 34,2 34,5 31,3 41,2 39,3 19,5 39,5 33,0 27,5 36,4 35,3 28,3

procente / percentage 35,8 35,4 28,8 33,9 35,7 30,4 41,8 38,0 20,2 40,1 30,9 29,0 37,3 34,9 27,8

procente / percentage 35,9 36,2 27,9 34,4 36,0 29,6 42,3 37,5 20,2 41,4 31,3 27,3 36,8 36,4 26,8

procente / percentage 35,7 35,7 28,6 34,4 35,0 30,6 40,4 39,6 20,0 39,9 31,2 28,9 36,2 36,4 27,4

174

4.21

Consumul1) mediu anual, la principalele produse alimentare i buturi, pe locuitor Yearly average consumption1), for the main food products and beverages, per inhabitant
U.M. M.U. 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

Produse de origine vegetal Crop products Cereale i produse din cereale Cereals and cereal products n echivalent in equivalent n echivalent in equivalent boabe grains fin flour kg kg kg 219,8 166,2 97,9 214,8 162,6 98,0 207,9 157,3 97,4 206,9 156,0 96,1 204,0 154,1 99,5 200,8 151,7 93,1

Cartofi Potatoes Legume i produse din legume (n echivalent legume proaspete), leguminoase boabe i pepeni Vegetables and vegetable products (equivalent fresh vegetables), dried pulses and melons Fructe i produse din fructe (n echivalent fructe proaspete) Fruit and fruit products (equivalent fresh fruit) Zahr i produse din zahr (n echivalent zahr rafinat) Sugar and confectioneries (equivalent refined sugar) Grsimi vegetale (greutate brut) Vegetal fats (gross weight) Produse de origine animal Animal products Lapte i produse din lapte, n echivalent lapte de 3,5% grsime (exclusiv unt) Milk and dairy products in equivalent milk 3.5% fat (butter excluded) Ou Eggs Pete i produse din pete (n echivalent pete proaspt) Fish and fish products (fresh fish equivalent) Carne, produse din carne i organe comestibile (n echivalent carne proaspt) Meat, meat products and edible offals (equivalent fresh meat) Grsimi animale (greutate brut) Animal fats (gross weight) Buturi Beverages Buturi nealcoolice Soft-drinks Bere Beer Vin i produse din vin Wine and wine products Buturi alcoolice distilate (n echivalent alcool 100%) Distilled alcoholic beverages (in equivalent alcohol 100%)

kg

183,3

162,6

181,7

164,1

176,0

168,2

kg

77,4

75,9

83,2

67,8

66,72)

62,3

kg

25,6

27,4

29,0

24,9

23,2

25,8

kg

12,4

14,6

15,4

13,8

14,6

16,0

litri litres buci pieces kg

238,9

239,2

246,6

252,8

254,7

233,2

289

284

277

268

267

243

3,9

4,5

4,6

3,8

4,0

4,8

kg

65,5

68,3

69,9

66,7

66,6

67,5

kg

3,8

3,6

3,8

3,3

3,3

3,9

litri litres litri litres litri litres litri litres

110,2 71,1 30,0

115,7 68,6 16,4

134,1 78,2 21,1

146,6 92,0 23,4

160,13) 155,93) 92,5 24,6 82,9 22,2

2,7

2,7

1,9

1,6

2,4

2,4

1) Disponibilul de consum. / Available for consumption. 2) Date rectificate fa de cele publicate anterior. / Rectified data as against those previously published. 3) Inclusiv consumul de bere nealcoolic. / Including non - alcoholic beer consumption.

175

4.22

Consumul alimentar mediu zilnic, exprimat n calorii i factori nutritivi, pe locuitor Daily average food consumption, expressed in calories and nutrients, per inhabitant
U.M. M.U. 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

Calorii Calories din care: / of which: De origine animal Animal origin Proteine Proteins din care: / of which: De origine animal Animal origin Lipide Fats din care: / of which: De origine animal Animal origin Glucide Carbohydrates

numr number numr number grame grams grame grams grame grams grame grams grame grams

3350 892 112,3 56,1 96,3 57,1 487,2

3385 897 112,2 57,4 101,7 57,2 483,9

3455 925 114,3 58,6 107,5 59,1 485,4

3290 912 111,2 57,6 101,3 57,8 462,4

33001) 920 111,51) 57,7 104,41) 58,6 457,81)

3273 888 107,7 55,8 105,3 57,3 452,7

1)Date rectificate fa de cele publicate anterior. / Rectified data as against those previously published. Not: Conform nomenclatorului Eurostat i FAO. / Note: According to the Eurostat and FAO nomenclature.

4.23
Aparate audio Audio sets Televizoare TV sets

nzestrarea gospodriilor cu bunuri de folosin ndelungat Households endowment with durable goods
numr mediu la 100 gospodrii / average number per 100 households

2004 84,9 98,2 97,8 13,2 91,2 57,5 45,3 23,0

2005 83,0 98,3 94,6 18,8 91,0 61,3 49,3 21,7

2006 85,6 118,5 89,6 24,7 92,2 64,8 52,6 23,4

2007 86,1 124,1 86,0 30,8 93,1 67,1 55,1 23,1

2008 86,1 132,0 83,1 36,8 94,1 70,8 58,7 27,1

2009 85,2 134,2 82,7 38,6 95,0 73,9 61,7 28,6

Frigidere i congelatoare Refrigerators and freezers Combin frigorific Refrigerating box Maini de gtit cu gaze Gas cooking stoves Maini electrice de splat rufe Electric washing machines Aspiratoare de praf Vacuum cleaners Autoturisme Cars

Sursa: Ancheta Bugetelor de Familie. / Source: Family Budgets Survey.

176

LOCUINE I UTILITI PUBLICE

DWELINGS AND PUBLIC UTILITIES

CUPRINS TABELE

Pagina Page

TABLES CONTENTS

5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 5.9 5.10 5.11

Fondul de locuine .................................................... 182 Balana fondului de locuine ..................................... 183 Locuine terminate ................................................... 184 Locuine terminate, dup tipurile de instalaii cu care sunt dotate i fondurile de finanare ............ 186 Locuine terminate, dup numrul camerelor de locuit i sursele de finanare ............................... 188 Strzile oreneti ................................................... 188 Transportul public local de pasageri ........................ 189 Transportul public local de pasageri, pe tipuri de vehicule de transport ................................................ 189 Canalizare public i spaii verzi .............................. 189 Reeaua i volumul gazelor naturale distribuite ....... 190 Reeaua i volumul apei potabile distribuite ............ 190 Teritorial

Dwellings stock Balance of dwellings stock Finished dwellings Finished dwellings, by type of installations they are endowed with and financing funds Finished dwellings, by number of habitation rooms and financing sources Town streets Local public passengers transport Local public passengers transport, by type of vehicles of transport Public sewerage and green spaces Natural gas distribution network and volume Drinking water supply network and volume Territorial Dwellings stock, at territorial level and by type of ownership, on December 31, 2009 Finished dwellings, at territorial level, in 2009 Local public passengers transport, at territorial level, on December 31, 2009 Town streets, at territorial level, on December 31, 2009 Public sewerage and green spaces, at territorial level, on December 31, 2009 Volume of drinking water supplied to consumers, at territorial level, in 2009 Natural gas distribution network and volume, at territorial level, in 2009 Localities provided with thermal energy, at territorial level, on December 31, 2009 Drinking water supply network, at territorial level, in 2009

5.12 5.13 5.14 5.15 5.16 5.17 5.18 5.19 5.20

Fondul de locuine, n profil teritorial i pe forme de proprietate, la 31 decembrie 2009 ............................. Locuine terminate, n profil teritorial, n anul 2009 ........ Transportul public local de pasageri, n profil teritorial, la 31 decembrie 2009 ...................................... Strzile oreneti, n profil teritorial, la 31 decembrie 2009 ..................................................... Canalizare public i spaii verzi, n profil teritorial, la 31 decembrie 2009 ..................................................... Volumul de ap potabil distribuit consumatorilor, n profil teritorial, n anul 2009 ........................................ Reeaua i volumul gazelor naturale distribuite, n profil teritorial, n anul 2009 ........................................ Localiti n care se distribuie energie termic, n profil teritorial, la 31 decembrie 2009 ........................ Reeaua de distribuie a apei potabile, n profil teritorial, n anul 2009 ........................................

SURSA DATELOR
Cercetri statistice: Cercetarea statistic privind modificrile fondului de locuine; Cercetarea statistic privind locuinele terminate; Cercetri statistice privind alimentarea cu ap, canalizare public i spaii verzi, salubritatea i distribuia energiei termice, a gazelor naturale i alte cercetri statistice pentru domeniul edilitar.

DATA SOURCE
Statistical surveys: Statistical survey on the changes in dwellings stock; Statistical survey on finished dwellings; Statistical surveys on water supply, public sewerage and green spaces, sanitation and distribution of electric energy, natural gas and other statistical surveys in urbanistic field.

178

PRECIZRI METODOLOGICE
Fondul de locuine se determin pe baza datelor obinute la recensmintele populaiei i locuinelor i a modificrilor intervenite n cursul fiecrui an, respectiv: intrrile, reprezentnd locuinele date n folosin (locuine noi i spaii cu alt destinaie transformate n locuine); ieirile, reprezentnd demolrile i schimbarea locuinelor n spaii cu alt destinaie. Locuina este construcia, format din una sau mai multe camere de locuit situate la acelai nivel al cldirii sau la niveluri diferite, prevzut, n general, cu dependine (buctrie, baie etc.) sau cu alte spaii de deservire, independent din punct de vedere funcional, avnd intrarea separat din casa scrii, curte sau strad i care a fost construit, transformat sau amenajat n scopul de a fi folosit, n principiu, de o singur gospodrie. Locuina terminat n cursul unui an este acea construcie care nu a existat anterior i ale crei elemente, inclusiv fundaia, s-au construit pentru prima dat, la care s-au realizat toate categoriile de lucrri prevzute n documentaia de execuie i care au fost recepionate de beneficiar. Camera de locuit reprezint o ncpere dintr-o locuin care servete pentru locuit, avnd suprafaa de cel puin 4 m2, nlimea de cel puin 2 m pe cea mai mare parte a suprafeei sale i care primete lumin natural fie direct prin ferestre i / sau ui exterioare, fie indirect, prin verande cu ajutorul ferestrelor i / sau uilor, sau prin alte camere de locuit cu ajutorul glasvandurilor. Astfel, sunt considerate camere de locuit: dormitoarele, camerele de zi, holurile locuibile, ncperile cu dubl utilizare (din a cror suprafa, o parte este folosit pentru locuit) i de asemenea, alte ncperi destinate pentru locuit. Suprafaa (aria) construit desfurat (total) reprezint suma suprafeelor seciunilor orizontale ale tuturor nivelurilor cldirii (subsol, parter, etaje i mansard, exclusiv podurile circulabile sau necirculabile), delimitate de conturul exterior al pereilor exteriori. Nu se cuprind suprafeele aferente treptelor exterioare, teraselor neacoperite, ariile curilor interioare i exterioare de lumin sau de acces, mai mari de 4 m2, subsolurile tehnice. Suprafaa (aria) util desfurat (total) rezult din suprafaa construit desfurat, din care se scade suprafaa ocupat de perei (exclusiv pereii amovibili). Suprafaa (aria) locuibil desfurat (total) reprezint suma suprafeelor destinate pentru locuit a tuturor locuinelor sau spaiilor de locuit din cldire.

METHODOLOGICAL NOTES
Dwellings stock is determined based on data obtained from Population and Housing Censuses and on changes occurred each year, namely: inputs, representing dwellings in use (new dwellings and spaces with another destination changed into dwellings); outputs, representing demolitions and change of dwellings into spaces with another destination. A dwelling is the construction, made up by one or more habitation rooms situated at the same floor of the building or at different floors, generally endowed with outhouses (kitchen, bathroom a.s.o.) or with other service spaces, functionally independent, with separated entrance from the staircase hall, yard or street and which has been built, transformed or arranged with a view to be used, in principle, by a single household. A finished dwelling built during one year, is that building which did not exist before and whose elements, including the foundation, were built for the first time, for which all categories of work foreseen into the execution documentation were performed and which were received by beneficiary. Habitation room represents a room from a dwelling used for habitation, having an area of at least 4 sq.m, a height of at least 2 m on largest part of its area, which gets natural light either directly through windows and / or exterior doors, or indirectly through veranda by means of windows and / or doors, or by other habitation rooms by means of French windows. Thus, the following are considered habitation rooms: bedrooms, dining rooms, habitation halls, rooms with double use (of whose area, one part is used for habitation) and also, other rooms for habitation purpose. The total built up area represents the sum of horizontal section areas of all the building floors (basement, land-floor, floors and attic, excluding passing or non-passing garrets) limited by the outside contour of the external walls. The areas afferent to outside steps, uncovered terraces, inside yards and outside yards for lighting or access purposes exceeding 4 sq.m and technical basements are not included. Useful area (total area) results from unfolded built surface, of which the surface occupied by the walls is subtracted (excluding removable walls). Total unfolded living floor represents the sum of the areas meant for habitation of all dwellings or living spaces in the building.

179

Transportul public local de pasageri reprezint operaiunea de transport de pasageri care se efectueaz cu un vehicul rutier de transport, precum i cu metroul, n interiorul zonei administrativ-teritoriale a unei localiti, fr a depi limitele acesteia. Lungimea total simpl a reelei de distribuie a apei potabile reprezint lungimea tuburilor i conductelor instalate pe teritoriul localitii respective, pentru transportul apei potabile de la conductele de aduciune sau de la staiile de pompare pn la punctele de branare a consumatorilor. Apa potabil distribuit consumatorilor este cantitatea total de ap potabil livrat efectiv tuturor consumatorilor, populaiei i operatorilor economici, pentru nevoi productive i neproductive (casnice, bi publice, cldiri social-culturale i administrative, hoteluri, stropitul strzilor, spaii verzi etc.) prin reele de distribuie sau direct prin conducte de aduciune; se determin cu ajutorul apometrelor instalate la consumatori, iar n lipsa acestora pe baza normelor de consum paual. Lungimea total a conductelor de distribuie a gazelor naturale se refer la totalitatea conductelor (din reea i direct din conductele magistrale de transport) prin care se distribuie gaze la consumatorii dintr-o localitate, ncepnd de la staiile de reglare a presiunii i predare a gazelor de ctre furnizori pn la punctele de branare a consumatorilor. Gazele naturale distribuite efectiv reprezint volumul total de gaze naturale livrate consumatorilor prin reele de distribuie (inclusiv gazele naturale consumate de unitatea distribuitoare).

Local public passengers transport includes passengers transport operations carried out using a road transport vehicle as well as the subway, within the administrative-territorial area of a locality, without exceeding its boundaries. Simple total length of supply network drinking water represents the length of tubes and pipes placed in the respective locality, for drinking water transport from feed pipes or from pumping pipes up to the consumers connection points. Drinking water supplied to the users is the total quantity of drinking water actually delivered to all consumers, to the population and to economic operators, for productive and non-productive needs (domestic, public baths, social-cultural and administrative buildings, hotels, street wash, green spaces a.s.o.) through distribution networks or directly aduction by pipes; it is determined by means of water gauges installed at the consumers and if they are not present by means of common consumption norms. Total length of distribution pipes of natural gas refers to all pipes (from network and directly from main transport pipes) distributing gas to the consumers in one locality, starting from pressure adjustment and gas delivery stations of suppliers up to the consumers connection points. Actually distributed natural gas represents the total volume of natural gas delivered to the consumers by means of distribution networks (including natural gas consumed by distribution unit).

5.G1
47,3%

Locuine terminate, pe medii Finished dwellings, by area


2004 52,7% 49,7% 2009 50,3%

Urban

Rural

180

5.G2
70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0

Locuine terminate, pe surse de finanare Finished dwellings, by financing sources


Numr locuine (mii) Number of dwellings (thou)

67,3

62,5

47,3 39,6 30,1 25,2 32,9 27,7 34,8 43,0 61,2 56,8

4,9 2004

5,1 2005 Fonduri private Private funds

4,8 2006

4,3 2007 Fonduri publice Public funds

6,1 2008

5,7 2009

Total locuine terminate Total of finished dwellings

5.G3

Locuine terminate, dup numrul camerelor de locuit Finished dwellings, by number of habitation rooms
2004 10,7% 2009 8,5%

40,1% 24,2%

42,4%

23,6%

25,0% cu o camer with one room cu dou camere with two rooms

25,5% cu trei camere with three rooms cu patru camere i peste with four rooms and over

181

5.1

Fondul de locuine Dwellings stock


Existent la sfritul anului Existing at end of year Locuine (mii) Dwellings (thou) Camere de locuit (mii) Habitation rooms (thou) Suprafaa locuibil (mii m2) Living floor (thou m2) 2004 Total State majority ownership Private majority ownership 2005 Total State majority ownership Private majority ownership 2006 Total State majority ownership Private majority ownership 2007 Total State majority ownership Private majority ownership 2008 Total State majority ownership Private majority ownership 2009 Total State majority ownership Private majority ownership

2004 Total Proprietate majoritar de stat Proprietate majoritar privat 2005 Total Proprietate majoritar de stat Proprietate majoritar privat 2006 Total Proprietate majoritar de stat Proprietate majoritar privat 2007 Total Proprietate majoritar de stat Proprietate majoritar privat 2008 Total Proprietate majoritar de stat Proprietate majoritar privat 2009 Total Proprietate majoritar de stat Proprietate majoritar privat

8176 199 7977

21054 368 20686

309938 5935 304003

8201 197 8004

21153 361 20792

312020 5803 306217

8231 195 8036

21273 355 20918

314542 5690 308852

8270 191 8079

21428 346 21082

317834 5525 312309

8329 191 8138

21638 344 21294

322205 5521 316684

8385 193 8192

21841 347 21494

326413 5627 320786

182

5.2

Balana fondului de locuine Balance of dwellings stock


Locuine (numr) Dwellings (number) 2008 2009 Camere de locuit (numr) Habitation rooms (number) 2008 2009 Suprafaa locuibil Living floor (m2) 2008 2009

Total Existent la nceputul anului Existent at the beginning of the year Intrri - total / Input - total construcii noi i adugiri la cele existente / new construction and additions to existent ones schimbare din spaii cu alt destinaie change in use Ieiri - total / Output - total schimbarea din locuin n spaiu cu alt destinaie change from dwelling into a space with other destination prin demolare / by demolition Existent la sfritul anului Existent at year end Urban / Urban Existent la nceputul anului Existent at the beginning of the year Intrri - total / Input - total construcii noi i adugiri la cele existente / new construction and additions to existent ones schimbare din spaii cu alt destinaie change in use Ieiri - total / Output - total schimbarea din locuin n spaiu cu alt destinaie change from dwelling into a space with other destination prin demolare / by demolition Existent la sfritul anului Existent at year end Rural / Rural Existent la nceputul anului Existent at the beginning of the year Intrri - total / Input - total construcii noi i adugiri la cele existente / new construction and additions to existent ones schimbare din spaii cu alt destinaie change in use Ieiri - total / Output - total schimbarea din locuin n spaiu cu alt destinaie change from dwelling into a space with other destination prin demolare / by demolition Existent la sfritul anului Existent at year end 3779441 34832 34702 130 4789 80 3809484 31164 31103 61 3382 77 10383668 128850 128433 417 12009 238 10500509 117698 117514 184 9123 253 145064495 2551582 2541732 9850 192246 5555 147423831 2317412 2313715 3697 145816 4880 4491108 32735 32553 182 4664 1344 4519179 32066 31417 649 3539 978 11044713 107612 107230 382 14755 4469 11137570 105232 103938 1294 11012 3511 172769062 2303408 2296288 7120 290806 108009 174781664 2251904 2210693 41211 215681 84460 8270549 67567 67255 312 9453 1424 8328663 63230 62520 710 6921 1055 21428381 236462 235663 799 26764 4707 21638079 222930 221452 1478 20135 3764 317833557 4854990 4838020 16970 483052 113564 322205495 4569316 4524408 44908 361497 89340

8029 8328663

5866 8384972

22057 21638079

16371 21840874

369488 322205495

272157 326413314

3320 4519179

2561 4547706

10286 11137570

7501 11231790

182797 174781664

131221 176817887

4709 3809484

3305 3837266

11771 10500509

8870 10609084

186691 147423831

140936 149595427

183

5.3
Anii

Locuine terminate Finished dwellings


Din acestea, finanate din: Total Locuine (numr) Dwellings (number) Construit Built up Suprafaa (mii m2) Area (thou m 2) Util Useful Locuibil Living floor Locuine (numr) Dwellings (number) Fonduri private Suprafaa Area Construit Built up Total Of which, financed from: Private funds (mii m2) (thou m2) Util Useful Total 3057 3457 4281 5465 7285 6742 Urban 1569 1675 2056 2670 3459 3194 Rural 1488 1782 2225 2795 3826 3548 962 1138 1414 1804 2422 2240 119 1388 1578 705 1869 850 10 89 90 46 125 56 7 68 69 38 97 42 4 46 44 25 65 27 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 937 1008 1235 1565 2046 1914 4784 3738 3278 3594 4215 4906 372 294 251 290 342 369 245 193 165 199 246 254 148 116 100 129 173 191 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 1899 2146 2649 3369 4468 4154 4903 5126 4856 4299 6084 5756 382 383 341 336 467 425 252 261 234 237 343 296 152 162 144 154 238 218 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Locuibil Living floor Locuine (numr) Dwellings (number) Construit Built up Fonduri publice / Public funds Suprafaa (mii m2) Area (thou m2) Util Useful Locuibil Living floor Years

2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

30127 32868 39638 47299 67255 62520

4369 4827 5870 7374 9874 9140

3314 3718 4515 5702 7628 7038

2053 2308 2793 3523 4706 4372

25160 27742 34782 43000 61171 56764

3979 4444 5529 7038 9407 8715 Urban

2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

15874 15484 18810 23799 32553 31417

2452 2468 2934 3766 4836 4525

1819 1868 2221 2869 3705 3448

1087 1124 1335 1694 2219 2105

11027 11746 15532 20205 28338 26511

2072 2174 2683 3476 4494 4156 Rural

2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

14253 17384 20828 23500 34702 31103

1917 2359 2936 3608 5038 4615

1495 1850 2294 2833 3923 3590

966 1184 1458 1829 2487 2267

14133 15996 19250 22795 32833 30253

1907 2270 2846 3562 4913 4559

Not: Pentru anul 2004, n fondurile private au fost cuprinse locuinele construite din fondurile populaiei i ale unitilor cu capital integral privat, iar n fondurile publice doar locuinele construite din subvenii bugetare. Din anul 2005 s-au defalcat pe fonduri de finanare, locuinele construite pentru sinistrai. Note: For 2004, the private funds also included the dwellings built up with population and units with entirely private capital funds, while public funds included only dwellings built up with budgetary subsidies. Since 2005 dwellings built for calamities victims were broken down by financing funds.

184

185

5.4

Locuine terminate, dup tipurile de instalaii cu care sunt dotate i fondurile de finanare Finished dwellings, by type of installations they are endowed with and financing funds
numr / number

Din acestea, finanate din: Tipul instalaiei 2004 Total Electric De alimentare cu ap potabil De canalizare De nclzire, din care: Central termic (inclusiv termoficare) Sobe cu gaze Sobe cu combustibil solid i lichid Urban Electric De alimentare cu ap potabil De canalizare De nclzire, din care: Central termic (inclusiv termoficare) Sobe cu gaze Sobe cu combustibil solid i lichid Rural Electric De alimentare cu ap potabil De canalizare De nclzire, din care: Central termic (inclusiv termoficare) Sobe cu gaze Sobe cu combustibil solid i lichid 2005 Total 2006 39638 39268 25394 21351 2007 47299 46755 34101 27717 2008 67255 66942 53096 43535 2009 62520 62020 49293 39623 2004 25047 24323 14527 11223 Fonduri private 2005 27742 27172 16793 12858 2006 34782 34416 22170 18151

Of which,financed from: Private funds 2007 43000 42459 30432 24121 2008 61171 60858 48534 39150 2009 56764 56266 43738 34378 2004 4903 4903 4895 4895 Fonduri publice / Public funds 2005 5126 5086 4581 4580 2006 4856 4852 3224 3200 2007 4299 4296 3669 3596 2008 6084 6084 4562 4385 2009 5756 5754 5555 5245 Total Electric For supply with drinking water For sewerage For heating, of which: Steam - generating station (including central heating) Gas stoves Stoves with solid and liquid fuel Urban Electric For supply with drinking water For sewerage For heating, of which: Steam - generating station (including central heating) Gas stoves Stoves with solid and liquid fuel Rural Electric For supply with drinking water For sewerage For heating, of which: Steam - generating station (including central heating) Gas stoves Stoves with solid and liquid fuel Type of installation

30127 32868 29403 32258 19599 21374 16275 17438

14005 15100 1558 1522 14412 16065 15874 15484 15522 15429 14094 13501 12804 12486

20259 1486 17709 18810 18793 16377 15470

28150 1442 17328 23799 23745 21252 19189

47076 1014 18523 32553 32495 29946 26782

44480 906 16616 31417 31227 28534 25997

8976 1558 14361 10927 10575 9155 7884

11313 1385 14863 11746 11691 9834 8178

17185 1479 15935 15532 15516 13243 12341

24639 1440 16544 20205 20151 17749 15688

42711 1013 16807 28338 28280 25742 22591

39602 905 15803 26511 26323 23640 21146

4868 35 4784 4784 4776 4776

3787 137 1202 3738 3738 3667 4308

3074 7 1774 3278 3277 3134 3129

3511 2 784 3594 3594 3503 3501

4365 1 1716 4215 4215 4204 4191

4878 1 813 4906 4904 4894 4851

11755 11500 872 821 3189 3116 14253 17384 13881 16829 5505 7873 3471 4952

14691 959 3109 20828 20475 9017 5881

19516 819 3299 23500 23010 12849 8528

29032 545 2801 34702 34447 23150 16753

27708 428 3111 31103 30793 20759 13626

6857 872 3140 14120 13748 5372 3339

7927 684 2043 15996 15481 6959 4680

11631 954 2896 19250 18900 8927 5810

16069 817 3154 22795 22308 12683 8433

24848 545 2770 32833 32578 22792 16559

22982 428 2982 30253 29943 20098 13232

4750 34 119 119 119 119

3573 137 1073 1388 1348 914 272

3060 5 213 1578 1575 90 71

3447 2 145 705 702 166 95

4184 31 1869 1869 358 194

4726 129 850 850 661 394

2250 3600 686 701 11223 12949

5568 527 14600

8634 623 14029

18044 469 15722

16772 478 13505

2119 686 11221

3386 701 12820

5554 525 13039

8570 623 13390

17863 468 14037

16620 477 12821

118 1

214 129

14 2 1561

64 639

181 1 1685

152 1 684

Not: Pentru anul 2004, n fondurile private au fost cuprinse locuinele construite din fondurile populaiei i ale unitilor cu capital integral privat, iar n fondurile publice doar locuinele construite din subvenii bugetare. Din anul 2005 s-au defalcat pe fonduri de finanare, locuinele construite pentru sinistrai. Note: For 2004, the private funds also included the dwellings built up with population and units with entirely private capital funds, while public funds included only dwellings built up with budgetary subsidies. Since 2005 dwellings built for calamities victims were broken down by financing funds.

186

187

5.5
Total Cu Cu Cu Cu

Locuine terminate, dup numrul camerelor de locuit i sursele de finanare Finished dwellings, by number of habitation rooms and financing sources
numr / number

2004

2005

2006

2007 Total

2008

2009

30127 3224 7272 7542 12089

32868 3139 7182 8072 14475

39638 3038 8592 9615 18393

47299 3851 8743 12008 22697

67255 5332 16698 16879 28346

62520 5312 14721 15961 26526

Total With With With With one room two rooms three rooms four rooms and over

o camer dou camere trei camere patru camere i peste

Din acestea, finanate din: Of which, financed from: Fonduri private Private funds Total Cu Cu Cu Cu o camer dou camere trei camere patru camere i peste 25160 1191 4806 7127 12036 27742 1041 4672 7589 14440 34782 1356 5864 9278 18284 43000 2307 6640 11494 22559 61171 3688 13030 16303 28150 56764 3257 11453 15615 26439 Total With With With With one room two rooms three rooms four rooms and over

Fonduri publice Public funds Total Cu Cu Cu Cu o camer dou camere trei camere patru camere i peste 4903 2012 2456 394 41 5126 2098 2510 483 35 4856 1682 2728 337 109 4299 1544 2103 514 138 6084 1644 3668 576 196 5756 2055 3268 346 87 Total With With With With one room two rooms three rooms four rooms and over

Not: Pentru anul 2004, n fondurile private au fost cuprinse locuinele construite din fondurile populaiei i ale unitilor cu capital integral privat, iar n fondurile publice doar locuinele construite din subvenii bugetare. Din anul 2005 s-au defalcat pe fonduri de finanare, locuinele construite pentru sinistrai. Note: For 2004, the private funds also included the dwellings built up with population and units with entirely private capital funds, while public funds included only dwellings built up with budgetary subsidies. Since 2005 dwellings built for calamities victims were broken down by financing funds.

5.6
din care: Modernizate

Strzile oreneti (la sfritul anului) Town streets (end of year)


km

2004 Lungimea strzilor oreneti 25003

2005 25696

2006 26065

2007 26168

2008 26309

2009 26606 Town streets length of which: Modernized

14643

14943

15314

15757

16157

16536

188

5.7

Transportul public local de pasageri Local public passengers transport


2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Length of simple line (km) - at end of year Trams Trolleybuses Underground Number of registered vehicles (at end of year) Trams 1) Buses and minibuses Trolleybuses Underground 1)

Lungimea liniei simple (km) - la sfritul anului Tramvaie Troleibuze Metrou Numrul vehiculelor n inventar (la sfritul anului) Tramvaie1) Autobuze i microbuze Troleibuze Metrou1)
1) Vagoane. / Passenger carriages.

932,5 700,5 153,7

931,8 685,5 153,7

919,7 576,7 153,7

907,4 486,5 153,7

896,7 476,4 162,4

891,3 475,4 162,4

1733 6126 847 610

1673 6189 789 610

1513 6008 698 640

1433 5947 660 704

1481 5886 696 614

1438 6069 641 608

5.8
Total

Transportul public local de pasageri, pe tipuri de vehicule de transport Local public passengers transport, by type of vehicles of transport
mii pasageri / thou passengers

2007 2167133 665777 1136442 200133 164781

2008 2167474 672700 1124933 187824 182017

2009 2089601 635921 1084945 197848 170887 Total Trams Buses and minibuses Trolleybuses Underground

Tramvaie Autobuze i microbuze Troleibuze Metrou

5.9
1)

Canalizare public i spaii verzi (la sfritul anului) Public sewerage and green spaces (end of year)
2004 2005 692 2006 708 2007 735 2008 760 2009 777

Localiti cu instalaii de canalizare public (numr) Localities 1) with public sewerage installations (number) din care: / of which: Municipii i orae Municipalities and towns Lungimea total simpl a conductelor de canalizare (km) Total simple length of sewerage pipes (km) Suprafaa spaiilor verzi n municipii i orae (ha) Green spaces area in municipalities and towns (ha)
1)Municipii, orae, comune. / Municipalities, towns, communes.

675

302

306

308

309

309

308

17514

18149

18602

19356

20364

20953

20122

20098

20269

20724

21124

21232

189

5.10

Reeaua i volumul gazelor naturale distribuite Natural gas distribution network and volume
2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Number of localities 1) provided with natural gas (end of year) Simple length of distribution pipes of natural gas (km) - end of year Natural gas distributed (million m 3) of which: For household use

Numrul localitilor 1) n care se distribuie gaze naturale (la sfritul anului) Lungimea simpl a conductelor de distribuie a gazelor naturale (km) - la sfritul anului Gaze naturale distribuite (milioane m 3) din care: Pentru uz casnic

684

742

774

807

815

835

25879 27496 28960 30738 31927 33338 12734 12963 10332 11902 11049 2745 2828 2687 2535 2731 9773 2677

1)Municipii, orae, comune. / Municipalities, towns, communes.

5.11

Reeaua i volumul apei potabile distribuite Drinking water supply network and volume
2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Number of localities 1) supplied with drinking water installations (end of year) of which: Municipalities and towns Simple total length of drinking water supply network (km) - end of year of which: Municipalities and towns Drinking water supplied to the users (million m 3) of which: For household use

Numrul localitilor 1) cu instalaii de alimentare cu ap potabil (la sfritul anului) din care: Municipii i orae Lungimea total simpl a reelei de distribuie a apei potabile (km) - la sfritul anului din care: Municipii i orae Ap potabil distribuit consumatorilor (milioane m 3) din care: Pentru uz casnic

1860 309

1935 315

1999 317

2070 318

2123 317

2191 317

44987 47778 50821 52578 56809 60456 24647 25171 25953 25636 26396 26857

1161 707

1089 628

1070 652

1065 671

1075 682

1065 681

1)Municipii, orae, comune. / Municipalities, towns, communes.

190

SECURITATE I ASISTEN SOCIAL

SOCIAL PROTECTION AND ASSISTANCE

CUPRINS TABELE

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TABLES CONTENTS

PROTECIA SOCIAL A OMERILOR 6.1 Cheltuielile cu protecia social a omerilor ............200 6.2 Indemnizaii de omaj ............................................201 6.3 Cheltuielile publice pe piaa muncii, pe categorii de cheltuieli i tipuri de intervenii publice ..............................................201 ASIGURRI SOCIALE 6.4 Numrul mediu al pensionarilor ..............................202 6.5 Pensia medie lunar ................................................203 6.6 Pensionarii de asigurri sociale de stat, dup nivelul pensiei, la 31 decembrie 2009 ....................204 6.7 Indicii pensiei medii reale a pensionarilor de asigurri sociale de stat .................................. 206 6.8 Biletele pentru tratament balnear i odihn acordate prin asigurrile sociale ............................206 6.9 Biletele pentru tratament balnear acordate prin asigurrile sociale de stat, pe staiuni balneoclimaterice ....................................................208 ASISTEN SOCIAL 6.10 Alocaii i alte ajutoare acordate populaiei (sume pltite) ..........................................209 6.11 Numrul centrelor de plasament funcionale i al serviciilor alternative (la sfritul anului) ..........210 6.12 Numrul copiilor din centrele de plasament, pe grupe de vrst (la sfritul anului) ....................211 6.13 Unitile din nvmntul special ..........................211 6.14 Copiii i elevii din nvmntul special, dup nivelul de educaie i pe vrste .................... 212 6.15 Minorii cu deficiene din uniti de asisten social (la sfritul anului) ......................212 6.16 Copiii i elevii din nvmntul special, primar i gimnazial, pe tipuri de uniti ..............................214 6.17 Centre pentru asistarea adulilor, la 31 decembrie 2009 ............................................215 6.18 Numrul beneficiarilor din sistemul de protecie a copilului aflat n dificultate ....................................216 6.19 Persoane adulte ngrijite n centre de asisten social ale Autoritii Naionale pentru Persoanele cu Handicap, pe tipuri de deficiene, la 31 decembrie 2009 ............................217 6.20 Cheltuielile pentru protecia social a persoanelor cu handicap, neinstituionalizate ............................218 6.21 Veniturile i cheltuielile de protecie social ............220 6.22 Cheltuielile de protecie social, pe funcii de protecie social i categorii de cheltuieli, n anul 2008 ............................................220

UNEMPLOYED SOCIAL PROTECTION Expenditure for unemployed social protection Unemployment indemnities Public expenditure on labour market, by expenditure category and type of public interventions SOCIAL INSURANCE Average number of pensioners Monthly average pension State social insurance pensioners, by level of pension, on December 31, 2009 Average real pension indices of state social insurance pensioners Tickets for balneary treatment and rest granted by means of social insurance Tickets for balneary treatment granted by means of state social insurance, by spa SOCIAL ASSISTANCE Allowances and other benefits granted to the population (payments) Number of functional placement centers and of alternative services (end of year) Number of children from placement centers by age groups (end of year) Units from special education Children and pupils from special education, by level of education and by age Under age persons with deficiencies from social assistance units (end of year) Children and pupils from special, primary and secondary education, by type of units Centers for adults assistance on December 31, 2009 Number of beneficiaries from the protection system of child under difficulty Adult persons taken care of in social assistance centers of National Authority for Disabled People, by type of deficiency, on December 31, 2009 Expenditure for special protection of noninstitutionalised disabled persons Income and expenditure of social protection Expenditure of social protection, by functions of social protection and category of expenditure, in 2008

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6.23 Ponderea cheltuielilor din cadrul fiecrei funcii de protecie social, n totalul cheltuielilor de protecie social i n Produsul Intern Brut ...... 221 Teritorial 6.24 Cheltuielile cu protecia social a omerilor, n profil teritorial, n anul 2009 ...................................... 6.25 Numrul mediu al pensionarilor i pensia medie lunar de asigurri sociale de stat, n profil teritorial, n anul 2009 ...................................... 6.26 Cantine de ajutor social, n profil teritorial, n anul 2009 .................................................................. Weight of expenditure within each function of social protection, in total expenditure of social protection and in Gross Domestic Product Territorial Expenditure for unemployed social protection, at territorial level, in 2009 Average number of pensioners and monthly average state social insurance pension, at territorial level, in 2009 Social assistance canteens, at territorial level, in 2009

SURSA DATELOR
Cercetri statistice: Cercetarea statistic asupra unitilor colare de nvmnt preuniversitar special. Cercetarea statistic asupra numrului de pensionari i pensiei medii lunare; Colectarea naional de date asupra statisticii proteciei sociale, conform metodologiei europene ESSPROS (European System of Integrated Social Protection Statistics) pentru statisticile privind protecia social; Colectarea naional de date asupra politicilor privind piaa muncii, conform metodologiei europene LMP (Labour Market Policies) pentru statisticile privind politicile care acioneaz pe piaa muncii. Surse administrative: Agenia Naional pentru Ocuparea Forei de Munc, pentru datele privind protecia social a omerilor nregistrai; Casa Naional de Pensii i Alte Drepturi de Asigurri Sociale, pentru datele privind protecia social a pensionarilor de asigurri sociale, precum i datele pentru biletele de tratament i odihn; Ministerul Culturii, Cultelor i Patrimoniului Naional Secretariatul de Stat pentru Culte; Casa de Asigurri a Avocailor; Ministerul Aprrii Naionale; Ministerul Administraiei i Internelor; Serviciul Romn de Informaii; Autoritatea Naional pentru Persoanele cu Handicap, pentru datele privind: cheltuielile pentru protecia special a persoanelor cu handicap

DATA SOURCE
Statistical surveys: Statistical survey on special preuniversity education units. Statistical survey on number of pensioners and monthly average pension; National data collection on social protection statistics, according to ESSPROS European methodology for social protection statistics;

National data collection on labour market policies, according to LMP European methodology for labour market statistics

Administrative sources: National Agency for Employment, for data on registered unemployed social protection; National Pension and Other Social Insurance Rights Office, for data on social protection of social insurance pensioners, as well as the data for balneary treatment and rest tickets; Ministry of Culture, Religions Affairs and National Heritage - State Secretariate for Cults; Lawyers Insurance Office; Ministry of National Defence; Ministry of Administration and Interior; Romanian Intelligence Office; National Authority for Disabled People, for data on expenditure for special protection of noninstitutionalised disabled persons, number of

193

neinstituionalizate, numrul minorilor cu deficiene din unitile proprii specializate, centrele pentru asistarea adulilor, numrul persoanelor asistate n centre, pe tipuri de deficiene; Autoritatea Naional pentru Protecia Familiei i a Drepturilor Copilului i Oficiul Romn pentru Adopii, pentru indicatorii din sistemul de protecie a copilului aflat n dificultate (prentmpinarea situaiilor ce pun n pericol securitatea i dezvoltarea copiilor cuprinde prevenirea prenatal a abandonului copilului sau meninerea copilului n familia natural); Ministerul Muncii, Familiei i Proteciei Sociale, pentru datele privind cminele pentru persoane vrstnice i pentru datele privind alocaiile de stat i suplimentare, alocaia familial complementar i alocaia de susinere pentru familia monoparental i alte ajutoare acordate de la bugetul statului i bugetele locale.

under age persons with deficiencies from own specialized units, centers for assisting adults, number of persons assisted in centers, by type of deficiency; National Authority for Family and Child Rights Protection and Romanian Office for Adoptions, for indicators from the protection system of child under difficulty (preventing the situations jeopardizing the children security and growth, refers to the prenatal prevention of child abandonment or maintaing the child within his natural family); Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Protection, for data on elderly persons hostels and for data on state and additional allowances, complementary family allowance and support allowance for mono-parental family and other benefits granted from state budget and local budgets.

PRECIZRI METODOLOGICE
PROTECIA SOCIAL A OMERILOR Cheltuielile cu protecia social a omerilor : Ajutorul de omaj i ajutorul de integrare profesional reprezint sumele acordate, la cererea persoanelor ndreptite, potrivit Legii nr. 1/1991, republicat n anul 1994 i completat prin Ordonana de Urgen a Guvernului nr. 47/1997, pe o perioad de cel mult 270 de zile calendaristice. Indemnizaia de omaj (conform Legii nr. 76/2002 privind sistemul asigurrilor pentru omaj i stimularea ocuprii forei de munc intrat n vigoare la data de 1 martie 2002) reprezint o compensaie parial a veniturilor care se acord persoanelor aflate n omaj, ca urmare a pierderii locului de munc sau absolvenilor instituiilor de nvmnt i militarilor care au efectuat stagiul militar i care nu s-au putut ncadra n munc i venituri de completare, conform legislaiei n vigoare. Alocaia de sprijin reprezint suma ce s-a acordat persoanelor care au beneficiat de ajutorul de omaj, sau ajutorul de integrare profesional i care nu au putut s se ncadreze n munc. Alocaia de sprijin se acord pe o perioad de cel mult 18 luni (conform Legii nr.1/1991, republicat n anul 1994 i completat prin O.U.G. nr. 47/1997). Cheltuieli pentru formarea profesional reprezint cheltuielile efectuate pentru calificarea, recalificarea, perfecionarea i specializarea persoanelor aflate n cutarea unui loc de munc; formarea profesional se realizeaz prin cursuri, stagii de practic i specializare, organizate pe niveluri de pregtire, pe baza planului naional de formare profesional.

METHODOLOGICAL NOTES
UNEMPLOYED SOCIAL PROTECTION Expenditure for unemployed social protection: Unemployment benefit and vocational integration allowance represent the amounts granted at the request of eligible persons, according to Law no. 1/1991, republished in 1994 and amended by the Government Priority Ordinance no. 47/1997, for 270 calendar days at most. Unemployment indemnity (according to the Law no. 76/2002 on unemployment insurance system and employment stimulation coming into force since March 1, 2002) represents a partial compensation of income granted to the unemployed after losing their jobs or to the graduates of educational institutions and to the military staff who ended their military service and who could not get employed, as well as income in completion, according to the legislation in force. Support allowance represents the amount granted to persons who got unemployment benefit, or vocational integration allowance and who could not find a job. Support allowance is granted for 18 months at most (according to the Law no. 1/1991, republished in 1994 and amended by the G.P.O. no. 47/1997). Expenditure for vocational training represent expenditure for the qualification, re-qualification, training and specialization of persons looking for a job; vocational training is done by means of courses, practice and specialization stages, organized by training levels, based on the national plan of vocational training.

194

Plata absolvenilor reprezint suma acordat angajatorilor care au ncadrat n munc, pe durat nedeterminat, absolveni ai unor instituii de nvmnt. Suma lunar se stabilete conform Legii nr. 76/2002 - art. 80, alin. 1 cu modificrile i completrile ulterioare. Plile pentru stimularea omerilor care se angajeaz nainte de expirarea perioadei de omaj reprezint sumele pltite n completarea veniturilor salariale omerilor (cu experien n munc i absolvenilor instituiilor de nvmnt) conform Legii nr. 76/2002 - art. 72 i art. 73 cu modificrile i completrile ulterioare. Plile pentru stimularea mobilitii forei de munc reprezint sumele acordate ca prime de ncadrare persoanelor (omere) care se ncadreaz n munc nainte de expirarea perioadei n care beneficiaz de indemnizaie de omaj, ntr-o localitate situat la o distan mai mare de 50 km de localitatea n care i au domiciliul stabil i ca prime de instalare persoanelor (omere) care se ncadreaz n munc nainte de expirarea perioadei n care beneficiaz de indemnizaie de omaj, ntr-o alt localitate i, ca urmare a acestui fapt, i schimb domiciliul. Primele de ncadrare i de instalare se stabilesc conform Legii nr. 76/2002 - art. 74, 75, 76 cu modificrile i completrile ulterioare. Plile pentru stimularea angajatorilor care ncadreaz omeri din categoria defavorizai reprezint sumele acordate angajatorilor care au ncadrat n munc, pe durat nederminat, absolveni din rndul persoanelor cu handicap. Suma lunar se stabilete conform Legii nr. 76/2002 - art. 80, alin. 2, cu modificrile i completrile ulterioare. Plile compensatorii efectuate n cadrul programelor de restructurare, privatizare i lichidare reprezint sumele acordate persoanelor crora li s-au desfcut contractele individuale de munc ca urmare a concedierilor colective (O.G. nr. 7/1998 i O.U.G. nr. 98/1999 cu modificrile i completrile ulterioare). Alte cheltuieli cuprind sumele acordate sub form de credite ntreprinderilor mici i mijlocii pentru nfiinarea de noi locuri de munc, precum i cele necesare administrrii fondului pentru plata ajutorului de omaj. Conform metodologiei LMP, intervenia public pe piaa muncii reprezint intervenia public ce are ca scop atingerea unei funcionri eficiente i corectarea dezechilibrelor aprute pe piaa muncii. Interveniile publice se disting de celelalte intervenii ale administraiei publice prin faptul c sunt destinate unor grupuri particulare de persoane considerate ca de interes pentru buna funcionare a pieei muncii.

Graduates remuneration represents the amounts granted to the employers who employed graduates of educational institutions, for indefinite duration. Monthly amount granted is established based on Law no. 76/2002 - art. 80, alin. 1, with subsequent amendments. Incentives for unemployed getting employed before expiring their unemployment period represent the amounts paid to complete salary income for unemployed (with work experience and to graduates of educational units) according to the Law no. 76/2002 art. 72 and art. 73, with subsequent amendments. Incentives for labour force mobility represents the amounts granted as tax free employment bonuses for persons (unemployed) who get employed before expiring their period of receiving unemployment benefit in one locality situated at over 50 km far from their stable domicile locality and as installation bonuses for the persons (unemployed) who get employed before expiring their period of receiving unemployment benefit, into another locality and therefore change their domicile. The employment and installation bonuses are established according to Law no. 76/2002 - art. 74, 75, 76, with subsequent amendments. Incentives for employers who hire unfavoured unemployed represent the amounts granted to employers who employed, for indefinite duration, graduates among disabled persons. The monthly amount is established according to the Law no. 76/2002 - art. 80, alin. 2, with subsequent amendments. The compensations granted within the programmes of restructuring, privatization and liquidation are the amounts granted to those persons for whom individual employment contracts ceased as consequence of collective lay off (G.O. no. 7/1998 and G.P.O. no. 98/1999 with subsequent amendments and completions) Other expenditure include the amounts granted as credits to the small and medium enterprises to create new jobs, as well as those needed for the management of unemployment benefit funds. According to LMP methodology, public intervention on the labour market represents public intervention aiming at efficient functioning and disequilibria correction on the labour market. Public interventions are different from other interventions of general government because they are meant for special groups of persons of interest for the good functioning of labour market.

195

Interveniile publice sunt de urmtoarele tipuri: Servicii privind piaa muncii - se refer la interveniile pe piaa muncii adresate persoanelor (participanilor) aflate n cutarea unui loc de munc, fr modificarea statutului lor pe piaa muncii, ci doar n scopul mijlocirii gsirii unui loc de munc. Msuri privind piaa muncii (msuri active) - se refer la interveniile pe piaa muncii privind participanii a cror principal activitate este cutarea activ a unui loc de munc i care se finalizeaz prin modificarea statutului lor pe piaa muncii. Suporturi financiare privind piaa muncii (msuri pasive) - se refer la interveniile care furnizeaz indivizilor asisten financiar, direct sau indirect, pentru persoanele dezavantajate pe piaa muncii. Transferurile ctre indivizi - reprezint cheltuielile publice transferate direct ctre indivizi i care sunt pltite n bani sau sub forma unei reduceri a impozitelor obligatorii. Transferuri ctre angajatori - se refer la cheltuielile publice transferate direct angajatorilor i care sunt pltite n bani sau sub forma unei reduceri ale impozitelor obligatorii. Transferurile ctre furnizorii de servicii - sunt cheltuielile publice transferate direct productorilor de bunuri i/sau servicii care sunt oferite indivizilor sau angajatorilor ca servicii directe (de exemplu formare profesional sau consiliere) n beneficiul participanilor. Alte cheltuieli - sunt acele cheltuieli care nu pot fi detaliate dup tipul beneficiarului direct.

Public interventions are of various types: Labour market services - refer to interventions on the labour market for persons (participants) seeking for a job, without changing their status on the labour market, only in order to find a job.

Labour market measures (active measures) refer to interventions on the labour market regarding participants whose main activity is to seek for a job actively, and ends by changing their status on the labour market. Labour market financial supports (passive measures) - refer to interventions providing financial assistance, directly or indirectly, for disadvantaged persons on the labour market. Transfer to persons - represent public expenditure directly transferred to persons paid in cash or as discounts of compulsory taxes. Transfer to employers refer to public expenditure directly transferred to employers paid in cash or as discounts of compulsory taxes. Transfer to providers of services are public expenditure directly transferred to providers of goods and /or services for persons or employers as direct services (for instance, vocational training or consulting) for the benefit of participants. Other expenditure are those expenditure which cannot be detailed by type of direct beneficiary.

ASIGURRI SOCIALE Pensia medie lunar s-a calculat prin raportarea sumelor cuvenite (conform deciziilor) pensionarilor existeni n plat n anul de referin, la numrul mediu lunar al acestora nmulit cu 12. De la 1 iulie 2000, sumele cuvenite pentru calculul pensiei medii lunare cuprind i valoarea impozitului aferent sumelor ce depesc plafonul stabilit prin lege (O.U.G. nr. 87/2000). ncepnd cu 1 ianuarie 2003, sumele cuvenite drept pensii nu mai includ contribuia pentru asigurrile sociale de sntate (O.U.G. nr. 147/2002). Indicele pensiei reale s-a calculat, numai pentru pensionarii de asigurri sociale de stat, ca raport procentual ntre indicele pensiei medii nominale i indicele general al preurilor de consum. Pensia medie nominal utilizat n calculul pensiei reale a pensionarilor de asigurri sociale de stat cuprinde i pensia suplimentar.

SOCIAL INSURANCE Monthly average pension has been computed as a ratio between the amounts granted (in accordance with the pension decision) to the pensioners on payment during the reference year, and their monthly average number multiplied by 12. Since July 1, 2000, the amounts for the calculation of monthly average pension also comprise the value of tax for the amounts exceeding the threshold set up by the Law (G.P.O. no. 87/2000). Starting with January 1, 2003, amounts representing pensions do not include anymore health social insurance contribution (G.P.O. no. 147/2002). Real pension index has been calculated, only for state social insurance pensioners, as a percentage ratio between nominal average pension index and general consumer price index. Nominal average pension used for the calculation of real pension of state social insurance pensioners contains supplementary pension as well.

196

Pentru comparabilitatea seriei de date, ncepnd cu 1 iulie 2000, s-a dedus i valoarea impozitului. Conform metodologiei ESSPROS, protecia social reprezint expresia tuturor interveniilor ntreprinse de organismele publice sau private n scopul protejrii gospodriilor i indivizilor de consecinele unui set definit de riscuri sociale sau nevoi, n condiiile n care nu este implicat niciun aranjament simultan de reciprocitate sau unul individual. Funcia de protecie social se definete n termenii scopului final pe care trebuie s l ating protecia social, adic de protejare a indivizilor i familiilor/gospodriilor mpotriva riscului social major identificat. Prestaiile de protecie social se clasific pe opt funcii de protecie social, corespunztoare celor opt riscuri sociale majore identificate de ESSPROS. Funciile de protecie social sunt: boal/ngrijirea sntii; invaliditate; limit de vrst; urma; familie/copii; omaj; locuin; excluziune social (neclasificat n alt parte). Cheltuielile de protecie social cuprind: cheltuieli cu prestaiile sociale; costuri administrative; alte tipuri de cheltuieli (de exemplu: dobnzi bancare n conexiune cu fondurile sociale). Cheltuieli cu prestaiile sociale reprezint valoarea resurselor de protecie social alocate beneficiatilor n numerar sau n natur (bunuri i/sau servicii). Costuri administrative reprezint cheltuielile pe care le implic organizarea i administrarea schemelor de protecie social. Prestaiile dependente de un prag al venitului sunt cele care se acord condiionat, respectiv dac nivelul venitului beneficiarului se situeaz sub un prag prestabilit. Prestaiile independente de un prag al venitului sunt cele care se acord necondiionat de nivelul veniturilor beneficiarului.

For the data series comparability, beginning with July 1, 2000, the value of tax is also deducted. According to ESSPROS methodology, social protection represents the expression of all interventions of public or private bodies in order to protect the households and persons against the consequences of a set of social risks or needs, if no simultaneous mutual or individual arrangement is involved. Social protection function is defined in terms of final purpose for social protection, namely to protect persons and families/ households against major social risk identified. Provisions of social protection are divided into eight functions of social protection, according to those eight major social risks identified by ESSPROS. Social protection functions are: sickness/health care; disability; old age; survivor; family/children; unemployment; housing; social exclusion / non-classified elsewhere). Expenditure of social protection include: expenditure for social protection benefits; administrative costs; other types of expenditure (for instance, bank interests related to social funds); Expenditure for social protection benefits represent the value of social protection resources allocated to the beneficiaries in cash or in kind (goods and/or services). Administrative costs represent the expenditure for the organization and administration of social protection schemes. Means - tested benefits are conditioned provisions, respectively if the level of the beneficiary income is under a preset threshold. Non-means tested benefits are unconditioned provisions by the level of the beneficiary income.

197

6.G1
7000 6000 5000 4000 3000 2000 1000 0

Evoluia numrului mediu al pensionarilor Evolution of average number of pensioners


mii persoane / thou persons

6233

6205

6067 6042

5806

5785

5745

5726

5701 5685

5689 5676

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Pensionari - total Pensioners - total

Pensionari de asigurri sociale Social insurance pensioners

6.G2
5000 4000 3000 2000 1000 0

Evoluia numrului mediu al pensionarilor de asigurri sociale Evolution of average number of social insurance pensioners
mii persoane / thou persons

4731

4597

4750

4611

4780

4633

4794

4643

4819

4664

4877

4718

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Pensionari de asigurri sociale (exclusiv agricultori) Social insurance pensioners (excluding farmers) Pensionari de asigurri sociale de stat State social insurance pensioners

198

6.G3
800 700 600 500 400 300 200 100 0

Evoluia pensiei medii lunare Evolution of monthly average pension


lei / persoan / lei person

711 593 573 399 232 204 74 2004 267 246 88 311 298 117 389 159 253 300 686

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Pensionari de asigurri sociale Social insurance pensioners

Pensionari de asigurri sociale de stat State social insurance pensioners

Pensionari de asigurri sociale - agricultori Social insurance pensioners - farmers

6.G4
150 140 130 120 110 100 0

Evoluia pensiei medii nominale i reale Evolution of nominal and real average pension
% anul precedent = 100 / previous year = 100

144,7

128,7 125,0 117,8 116,4 122,8 134,1 118,3 112,0

111,7

108,1

109,2

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Indicele pensiei nominale Nominal pension index Indicele pensiei reale Real pension index

199

6.1
Total

Cheltuielile cu protecia social a omerilor Expenditure for unemployed social protection


mii lei / lei thou

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

1657951,8

1535107,1

1543664,6 805495,4

1447440,6 724993,2

1386224,7 634347,6

2722523,1 1669818,3

Indemnizaie de omaj (omeri cu experien n munc)1) Unemployment indemnity (unemployed with work experience)1) Indemnizaie de omaj (omeri fr experien n munc)3) Unemployment indemnity (unemployed without work experience) 3) Alocaie de sprijin Support allowance Cheltuieli pentru formarea profesional Expenditure for vocational training Plata absolvenilor Graduates remuneration Pli pentru stimularea omerilor care se angajeaz nainte de expirarea perioadei de omaj 5) Incentives for unemployed who got employed before unemployment period expiry5) Pli pentru stimularea mobilitii forei de munc 5) Incentives for labour force mobility 5) Pli pentru stimularea angajatorilor care ncadreaz omeri din categoria defavorizai5) Incentives for employers who hire unfavoured unemployed 5) Pli compensatorii efectuate n cadrul programelor de restructurare, privatizare i lichidare Compensations granted within the programmes of restructuring, privatization and liquidation Plati pentru stimularea absolvenilor Payments for graduates stimulation Combaterea marginalizrii sociale6) Fight against social marginalization 6) Alte cheltuieli Other expenditure

823802,72) 812529,3

56946,64)

55508,0

36330,0

29247,1

29712,9

64594,5

268,7 10153,6 48948,3

18235,6 68157,1

25330,9 64775,0

24723,2 59724,7

27468,1 56566,0

20460,6 51627,0

34093,7

14166,2

12478,3

13241,5

14402,5

15707,5

6820,6

5384,8

5603,2

5725,0

6481,3

5338,0

62298,9

64054,2

75182,4

90180,7

101500,4

70343,2

156977,3

85911,1

45874,3

44825,1

59300,0

41598,2

457641,4

411160,8

1672,8 7704,8 463217,5

2974,1 11849,2 439956,8

3558,7 15943,9 436943,3

2550,5 13206,8 767278,5

1) Indemnizaia de omaj acordat persoanelor aflate n omaj ca urmare a pierderii locului de munc, conform articolului 39 din

Legea nr. 76/2002, precum i alte sume acordate n completarea veniturilor salariale ale angajailor conform articolului 72 din Legea nr.76/2002 privind sistemul asigurrilor pentru omaj i stimularea ocuprii forei de munc cu modificrile i completrile ulterioare i a veniturilor de completare, conform O.U.G. nr.175/2002, O.U.G. nr.8/2003, O.U.G. nr.115/2003, Legea nr.174/2003, Legea nr.138/2004 i O.U.G. nr.22/2004. / Unemployment indemnity granted to unemployed after losing their jobs, according to the article 39 of Law no.76/2002, as well as other amounts completing salary income of employees according to the article 72 of Law no.76/2002 regarding unemployment insurance system and employment stimulation with subsequent amendments and vocational reintegration, according to G.P.O. no.175/2002, G.P.O. no.8/2003, G.P.O. no.115/2003, Law no.174/2003, Law no.138/2004 and G.P.O. no.22/2004. 2) Inclusiv ajutorul de omaj acordat conform Legii nr.1/1991 privind protecia social a omerilor i reintegrarea lor profesional, precum i alte sume acordate n completarea veniturilor salariale ale angajailor conform Legii nr. 76/2002 privind sistemul asigurrilor pentru omaj i stimularea ocuprii forei de munc (cu modificrile i completrile ulterioare). / Including unemployment benefit according to Law no. 1/1991 regarding unemployed social protectiom and their professional reintegration, as well as other amounts to complete salary income of employees according to Law no. 76/2002 on unemployment insurance system and employment stimulation (with subsequent amendments). 3) Indemnizaia de omaj acordat absolvenilor instituiilor de nvmnt, conform articolului 40 din Legea nr.76/2002,precum i alte sume acordate n completarea veniturilor salariale ale angajailor conform articolelor 72-73 din Legea nr.76/2002 privind sistemul asigurrilor pentru omaj i stimularea ocuprii forei de munc (cu modificrile i completrile ulterioare). / Unemployment indemnity granted to education institutions graduates according to the article 40 of Law no.76/2002 as well as other amounts completing salary income of employees according to the articles 72-73 of Law no.76/2002 regarding unemployment insurance system and employment stimulation (with subsequent amendments). 4) Inclusiv ajutorul de integrare profesional acordat conform Legii nr. 1/1991 privind protecia social a omerilor i reintegrarea lor profesional, precum i alte sume acordate n completarea veniturilor salariale ale angajailor conform articolelor 72-73 din Legea nr. 76/2002 privind sistemul asigurrilor pentru omaj i stimularea ocuprii forei de munc (cu modificrile i completrile ulterioare). / Including professional integration allowance according to Law no. 1/1991 regarding unemployed social protection and their professional reintegration as well as other amounts to complete salary income of employees according to the articles 72-73 of Law no. 76/2002 on unemployment insurance system and employment stimulation (with subsequent amendments). 5) Alte categorii de cheltuieli, conform Legii nr.76/2002, privind sistemul asigurrilor pentru omaj i stimularea ocuprii forei de munc (cu modificrile i completrile ulterioare). / Other category of expenditure according to Law no.76/2002 regarding unemployment insurance system and employment stimulation (with subsequent amendments). 6) Conform Legii nr.116/2002 privind prevenirea i combaterea marginalizrii sociale. / According to Law no.116/2002 regarding preventing and fighting against social marginalization.

200

6.2

Indemnizaii de omaj Unemployment indemnities


2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

Media lunar (lei / persoan) Monthly average (lei / person) Indemnizaie de omaj (omeri cu experien n munc)1) Unemployment indemnity (unemployed with work experience)1) Indemnizaie de omaj (omeri fr experien n munc)3) Unemployment indemnity (unemployed without work experience)3) Alocaie de sprijin Support allowance Indemnizaie de omaj (omeri cu experien n munc)1) Unemployment indemnity (unemployed with work experience)1) Indemnizaie de omaj (omeri fr experien n munc)3) Unemployment indemnity (unemployed without work experience)3) Alocaie de sprijin Support allowance 2052) 236 259 321 401 469

1294)

160

162

180

238

291

27

n procente fa de salariul minim brut pe economie In percentage as against the gross minimum salary in economy 73,1 76,1 78,5 82,3 78,6 78,2

46,2

51,6

49,1

46,2

46,7

48,5

9,6

1) Indemnizaia de omaj acordat persoanelor aflate n omaj ca urmare a pierderii locului de munc, conform articolului 39 din 2) Inclusiv ajutorul de omaj acordat conform Legii nr.1/1991 privind protecia social a omerilor i reintegrarea lor profesional.

Legea nr. 76/2002. / Unemployment indemnity granted to unemployed after losing their jobs, according to the article 39 of Law no.76/2002. Including unemployment benefit according to Law no. 1/1991 regarding unemployed social protection and their professional reintegration. indemnity granted to education institutions, according to the article 40 of Law no.76/2002.

3) Indemnizaia de omaj acordat absolvenilor instituiilor de nvmnt, conform articolului 40 din Legea nr.76/2002. / Unemployment

4) Inclusiv ajutorul de integrare profesional acordat conform Legii nr. 1/1991 privind protecia social a omerilor i reintegrarea lor profesional.

Including professional integration allowance according to Law no. 1/1991 regarding unemployed social protection and their professional reintegration.

6.3

Cheltuielile publice pe piaa muncii1), pe categorii de cheltuieli i tipuri de intervenii publice Public expenditure on labour market1), by expenditure category and type of public interventions
mii lei / lei thou

Categorii de cheltuieli Expenditure category Tipuri de intervenii publice Types of public interventions Total2) Transferuri ctre indivizi Transfer to persons 2008 936658 44249 2009 1973928 67693 Transferuri ctre angajatori Transfer to employers 2008 233365 10 233355 2009 130343 52 130291 Transferuri ctre furnizorii de servicii Transfer to suppliers of services 2008 206395 175965 29755 2009 162040 157006 4968

2008 Total

2009

1376418 2266311 157058 202952

Servicii privind piaa muncii 175976 Services on labour market Msuri privind piaa muncii 307358 Measures on labour market

Suporturi financiare privind piaa muncii 893084 1906301 Financial support on labour market

892409

1906235

675

66

1) Conform metodologiei europene (LMP), pentru statisticile privind politicile care acioneaz pe piaa muncii. 2) Diferenele ntre datele pe total i valorile obinute din nsumarea diverselor structuri utilizate sunt datorate rotunjirilor.

According to (LMP) European methodology for labour market statistics.

The differences between total data and data obtained by cumulating the different structures used are due to rounding up. Sursa: Colectarea naional de date conform metodologiei LMP. / Source: National collections of data according to LMP methodology.

201

6.4
TOTAL

Numrul mediu al pensionarilor Average number of pensioners


mii persoane / thou persons

2004 6233

2005 6067

2006 5806

2007 5745

2008 5701

2009 5689 TOTAL Social insurance pensioners1) - total of which: State Farmers Social insurance pensioners (excluding farmers) of which: For age limit With due complete stage With due incomplete stage Anticipated pension Partial anticipated pension Invalidity I degree II degree III degree Survivor pension Social benefit 2) - pension type War invalids, orphans and widows pensioners Invalidity Survivor pension

Pensionari de asigurri sociale1) - total din care: Stat Agricultori Pensionari de asigurri sociale (exclusiv agricultori) din care: Pentru limit de vrst Cu stagiu complet de cotizare Cu stagiu incomplet de cotizare Pensie anticipat Pensie anticipat parial De invaliditate Gradul I Gradul II Gradul III De urma Beneficiari de ajutor social2) - tip pensie Pensionari I.O.V.R. (invalizi, orfani i vduve de rzboi) Invaliditate De urma

6205 4597 1474

6042 4611 1292

5785 4633 1005

5726 4643 932

5685 4664 866

5676 4718 799

4731 3158 2258 900 12 106 790 32 552 206 665

4750 3146 2223 923 12 113 827 35 552 240 652

4780 3142 2194 948 12 119 866 37 560 269 641

4794 3153 2161 992 12 117 882 39 556 287 630

4819 3186 2099 1087 10 113 892 41 549 302 618

4877 3239 2030 1209 9 112 909 42 545 322 608

24 7 17

21 6 15

18 5 13

16 5 11

14 4 10

11 3 8

1) Cuprind pensionarii de asigurri sociale de stat, pensionarii provenii din Ministerul Aprrii Naionale, Ministerul Administraiei i

Internelor, Serviciul Romn de Informaii, Secretariatul de Stat pentru Culte i Casa de Asigurri a Avocailor. / Comprise state social insurance pensioners, pensioners coming from the Ministry of National Defence, the Ministry of Administration and Interior, the Romanian Intelligence Office, the State Secretariate for Cults and Lawyers Insurance Office. 2) Ajutorul social tip pensie pltit din fondul de asigurri sociale. / Support allowance of pension type paid from social insurance funds.

202

6.5
TOTAL

Pensia medie lunar Monthly average pension


lei/persoan / lei/person

2004 204

2005 246

2006 298

2007 389

2008 573

2009 685 TOTAL Social insurance pensions1) - total of which: State Farmers Social insurance pensions (excluding farmers) of which: For age limit With due complete stage With due incomplete stage Anticipated pension Partial anticipated pension Invalidity pensions I degree II degree III degree Survivor pension Social benefits 2) - pension type War invalids, orphans and widows pensioners Invalidity Survivor pension

Pensionari de asigurri sociale1) - total din care: Stat Agricultori Pensionari de asigurri sociale (exclusiv agricultori) din care: Pentru limit de vrst Cu stagiu complet de cotizare Cu stagiu incomplet de cotizare Pensie anticipat Pensie anticipat parial De invaliditate Gradul I Gradul II Gradul III De urma Beneficiari de ajutor social2) - tip pensie Pensionari I.O.V.R. (invalizi, orfani i vduve de rzboi) Invaliditate De urma

204 232 74

246 267 88

298 311 117

389 399 159

573 593 253

686 711 300

244 285 339 151 365 217 186 207 188 177 123

289 340 404 184 391 244 210 230 213 203 147

336 395 469 223 440 287 251 258 255 242 171

434 511 609 298 557 378 319 322 323 310 221

631 741 879 475 803 560 460 462 466 449 320

750 880 1051 591 953 669 542 544 549 530 381

69

77

87

111

161

188

205 337 152

216 359 158

226 375 167

236 391 174

245 403 181

245 402 181

1) Cuprind pensiile de asigurri sociale de stat, pensiile din sistemul Ministerului Aprrii Naionale, Ministerului Administraiei i Internelor,

Serviciului Romn de Informaii, Secretariatului de Stat pentru Culte i Casei de Asigurri a Avocailor. / Comprise the state social insurance pensions, the pensions of the Ministry of National Defence, the Ministry of Administration and Interior, the Romanian Intelligence Office, the State Secretariate for Cults and Lawyers Insurance Office system. 2) Ajutoare sociale tip pensie, pltite din fondul de asigurri sociale. / Support allowances of pension type, paid from social insurance funds.

203

6.6

Pensionarii de asigurri sociale de stat, dup nivelul pensiei, la 31 decembrie 2009 State social insurance pensioners, by level of pension, on December 31, 2009
Numr pensionari asigurri sociale de stat Number of state social insurance pensioners 4740569 1125 262 297 364 344 492 522 603 534 799 1396 1304 1800 5210 4837 8491 6842 7532 9199 11599 12534 16121 17551 20456 22712 24214 28007 30008 32301 35954 37094 38478 38992 98695 105404 117530 126692 284659 288565 567812 521366 471638 410548 336251 794743 148741 34963 9858 3053 1110 444 208 315 Limit de vrst / Age limit din care: / of which: Cu stagiu complet Cu stagiu incomplet de cotizare de cotizare With due With due complete stage incomplete stage 1893064 143 25 26 35 33 29 34 28 25 44 25 62 105 1326 585 184 141 101 87 90 92 125 138 145 132 110 130 121 140 143 151 145 158 494 561 685 994 9025 13743 84363 186159 255657 275728 253690 639040 126361 29689 8058 2410 842 344 148 215 1243642 504 126 150 190 168 151 165 190 152 197 281 214 231 593 599 1970 1762 2229 3024 4764 4943 7295 7567 9469 10511 10154 11844 11541 11697 12661 11813 12806 13200 34856 38514 42436 45993 107471 104284 180947 140107 110250 80991 55056 123347 18987 4576 1630 578 238 87 49 84 Pensie anticipat parial Partial anticipated pension 116083 8 4 2 1 2 3 1 3 1 5 6 4 13 12 14 17 21 19 14 16 28 27 52 64 78 150 209 689 1170 1893 2717 7981 9682 22838 22133 17424 11408 6664 8981 1290 305 81 27 13 2 5 6 Invaliditate / Invalidity din care: / of which: Total Gradul I I degree Gradul II II degree Gradul III III degree De urma Survivor pension

Nivelul mediu lunar al pensiei (lei / persoan)

Total

Pensie anticipat Anticipated pension

Average montly quantum of the pension (lei / person)

Total Pn la 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 55 56 - 60 61 - 65 66 - 70 71 - 75 76 - 80 81 - 85 86 - 90 91 - 95 96 - 100 101 - 110 111 - 120 121 - 130 131 - 140 141 - 150 151 - 160 161 - 170 171 - 180 181 - 190 191 - 200 201 - 210 211 - 220 221 - 230 231 - 240 241 - 250 251 - 260 261 - 270 271 - 280 281 - 290 291 - 300 301 - 325 326 - 350 351 - 375 376 - 400 401 - 450 451 - 500 501 - 600 601 - 700 701 - 800 801 - 900 901 - 1000 1001 - 1500 1501 - 2000 2001 - 2500 2501 - 3000 3001 - 3500 3501 - 4000 4001 - 4500 4501 - 5000 Peste 5000

3136706 647 151 176 225 201 180 199 218 177 241 306 276 336 1919 1184 2154 1903 2330 3111 4854 5035 7420 7705 9614 10643 10264 11974 11662 11837 12804 11964 12951 13358 35350 39075 43121 46987 116496 118027 265310 326266 365907 356719 308746 762387 145348 34265 9688 2988 1080 431 197 299

9236 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 2 1 1 4 2 4 3 5 18 24 151 461 1367 1917 1791 3115 313 38 5 1 3 1 -

906948 37 10 13 16 11 19 25 14 21 17 33 31 33 67 75 130 147 168 231 306 424 481 623 780 1014 1333 1836 2426 3086 3859 4580 5219 5712 17032 23993 34780 42684 103613 119422 230932 152668 77920 35925 16539 16778 1456 296 70 31 12 5 6 9

42507 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 1 4 8 13 12 13 14 18 18 39 49 33 47 54 63 65 89 117 135 401 604 1283 2067 6575 7179 10912 6189 3157 1555 823 876 71 8 2 2 -

534833 24 8 12 7 8 10 16 9 17 13 19 12 18 37 41 90 88 91 123 167 242 271 327 371 471 561 796 943 1101 1429 1743 1932 2279 7241 12434 20803 25849 62016 70490 139776 92757 47551 21751 9992 9823 829 169 40 19 8 3 3 3

329608 11 2 1 8 3 9 9 5 3 3 13 18 14 27 33 36 51 64 96 126 168 192 278 370 494 739 993 1429 1922 2365 2748 3170 3298 9390 10955 12694 14768 35022 41753 80244 53722 27212 12619 5724 6079 556 119 28 10 4 2 3 6

571596 432 101 104 121 131 293 297 371 334 540 1057 994 1430 3220 3576 6202 4786 5030 5844 6427 7061 8202 9202 10040 11041 12601 14167 15893 17325 19227 20471 20154 19713 45622 41162 37733 34299 56551 41410 48581 19838 9020 4579 2511 3482 334 59 14 6 2 5 1

Total Under 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 55 56 - 60 61 - 65 66 - 70 71 - 75 76 - 80 81 - 85 86 - 90 91 - 95 96 - 100 101 - 110 111 - 120 121 - 130 131 - 140 141 - 150 151 - 160 161 - 170 171 - 180 181 - 190 191 - 200 201 - 210 211 - 220 221 - 230 231 - 240 241 - 250 251 - 260 261 - 270 271 - 280 281 - 290 291 - 300 301 - 325 326 - 350 351 - 375 376 - 400 401 - 450 451 - 500 501 - 600 601 - 700 701 - 800 801 - 900 901 - 1000 1001 - 1500 1501 - 2000 2001 - 2500 2501 - 3000 3001 - 3500 3501 - 4000 4001 - 4500 4501 - 5000 Over 5000

Sursa: Casa Naional de Pensii i Alte Drepturi de Asigurri Sociale. Source: National Pension and Other Social Insurance Rights Office.

204

205

6.7
Anii 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
1)

Indicii pensiei medii reale a pensionarilor de asigurri sociale de stat1) Average real pension indices of state social insurance pensioners1)
procente / percentage

1990 100,0

1991 74,3 100,0

1992 63,1 85,0 100,0

1993 56,3 75,8 89,2 100,0

1994 55,0 74,0 87,1 97,6 100,0

1995 61,4 82,6 97,2 109,0 111,6 100,0

1996 63,1 84,9 99,9 112,0 114,7 102,8 100,0

1997 50,3 67,7 79,7 89,3 91,5 82,0 79,7 100,0

1998 49,2 66,3 78,0 87,5 89,6 80,3 78,1 97,9 100,0

1999 47,2 63,5 74,7 83,8 85,8 76,9 74,8 93,8 95,8 100,0

2000 44,0 59,2 69,7 78,1 80,0 71,6 69,7 87,4 89,3 93,2 100,0

2001 46,6 62,7 73,8 82,7 84,7 75,9 73,9 92,6 94,6 98,7 105,9 100,0

2002 48,2 64,8 76,3 85,5 87,6 78,5 76,4 95,8 97,8 102,1 109,5 103,4 100,0

2003 51,6 69,5 81,8 91,7 93,9 84,1 81,8 102,6 104,8 109,4 117,4 110,8 107,2 100,0

2004 57,7 77,6 91,4 102,4 104,9 94,0 91,4 114,7 117,1 122,3 131,2 123,9 119,7 111,7 100,0

2005 62,3 83,9 98,8 110,7 113,4 101,6 98,8 124,0 126,6 132,2 141,8 133,8 129,4 120,7 108,1 100,0

2006 68,1 91,7 107,9 120,9 123,9 110,9 108,0 135,4 138,3 144,3 154,8 146,2 141,4 131,8 118,0 109,2 100,0

2007 83,6 112,6 132,5 148,5 152,1 136,2 132,6 166,2 169,8 177,2 190,1 179,5 173,6 161,9 145,0 134,1 122,8 100,0

2008 112,1 151,0 177,7 199,2 204,0 182,7 177,8 223,0 227,7 237,7 255,1 240,7 232,8 217,3 194,5 179,8 164,6 134,1 100,0

2009 125,7 169,2 199,1 223,2 228,6 204,8 199,3 249,9 255,2 266,4 285,8 269,8 260,9 243,4 217,9 201,6 184,6 150,3 112,0 100,0

Years 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

Inclusiv pensiile din sistemul Ministerului Aprrii Naionale, Ministerului Administraiei i Internelor i Serviciului Romn de Informaii. Including the pensions of the Ministry of National Defence, the Ministry of Administration and Interior and the Romanian Intelligence Service.

6.8

Biletele pentru tratament balnear i odihn acordate prin asigurrile sociale Tickets for balneary treatment and rest grated by means of social insurance
U.M. / M.U. 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

Asigurri sociale de stat State social insurance Total bilete Total tickets Tratament balnear Balneary treatment Odihn Rest Cheltuielile efectuate pentru tratament i odihn1) Expenditure for treatment and rest1) mii / thou 345,8 321,7 321,2 313,8 325,4 286,4

mii / thou

291,7

276,3

272,7

261,8

250,8

214,9

mii / thou

54,1

45,4

48,5

52,0

74,6

71,5

mii lei lei thou

212860,0

242130,5

265062,3

314729,0 315977,1

345232,3

1) Inclusiv cheltuielile efectuate pentru tratamentul balnear alagricultorilor, conform Ordonanei de Urgen a Guvernului nr. 31/1998.

Including farmers expenses for balneary treatment, according to Government Priority Ordinance no. 31/1998. Sursa: Ministerul Muncii, Familiei i Proteciei Sociale. Source: Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Protection.

206

207

6.9
Localitatea Locality Total

Biletele pentru tratament balnear acordate prin asigurrile sociale de stat1), pe staiuni balneoclimaterice Tickets for balneary treatment granted by means of state social insurance1), by spa
numr bilete / tickets number

Judeul County

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

291699 Ialomia Mehedini Sibiu Neam Slaj Arge Prahova Timi Vlcea Covasna Timi Constana Constana Bihor Hunedoara Vlcea Cara-Severin Brila Bihor Constana Arad Constana Iai Maramure Vlcea Bacu Braov Dmbovia Constana Gorj Buzu Bistria-Nsud Prahova Bacu Prahova Mure Vrancea Bihor Bihor Bacu Constana Cluj Harghita Suceava Vlcea 13062 2261 1188 4328 883 287 365 7885 20901 21406 683 8656 26799 6404 9336 33250 7885 6953 5893 4594 2866 2923 19474 480 1955 5533 11114 2675 8017 3063 6097 4543 7195 813 178 1711 3138 6489 1400 7344 9873 1799

276342 11860 2288 1174 4001 1174 120 374 7250 20429 21820 616 8581 173 25797 5790 9266 26377 7959 6993 7344 4282 297 2855 2324 19665 412 1489 5628 9035 2830 9334 2464 4944 3919 7303 297 295 1439 2375 6844 1480 7534 8493 1418

272653 13246 2662 1083 3769 1211 115 351 7932 19111 20224 719 7535 317 25302 6136 8220 28955 8067 7914 4621 4493 312 2688 2192 19086 743 1435 5619 8570 234 3113 9522 2014 5223 3718 7595 125 184 1254 2007 6225 1410 7357 8922 1122

261786 14869 3132 1062 3687 1383 80 379 7866 18400 19777 799 7187 245 22353 7295 7368 25200 8188 8566 5279 5293 439 2799 2075 15157 558 1470 5794 7307 3290 9198 2066 4526 3726 7090 180 1223 2017 6539 1414 6767 8593 1150

250786 13941 3086 911 3150 1384 49 277 7525 17894 20094 629 7223 21933 7183 6377 23160 8107 8389 5142 5560 412 2832 1839 16395 329 1257 5764 7121 3170 7095 1964 4345 3430 6880 186 1236 1917 6009 1381 5727 8564 919

214901 12187 3221 878 2170 1247 226 6290 16281 18723 547 6452 199 19035 6776 5788 14331 7415 7512 3803 5278 420 2537 1631 13335 930 5256 6223 3420 4905 1629 3316 3016 7110 158 1088 1268 4943 1137 5610 7806 804

Amara Bala Bazna Blteti Bizua Bughea Buteni Buzia Cciulata Covasna Calacea Eforie Nord Eforie Sud Felix Geoagiu Govora Herculane Lacul Srat 1 Mai Mangalia Moneasa Neptun Nicolina Ocna ugatag Olneti Oneti Predeal Pucioasa Saturn Scelu Srata Monteoru Sngeorz-Bi Sinaia Slnic Moldova Slnic Prahova Sovata Soveja Stna de Vale Tinca Trgu Ocna Techirghiol Turda Tunad Vatra Dornei Voineasa

1) Pentru pensionari, salariai bugetari i salariai trimii n vederea recuperrii capacitii de munc. / For pensioners, state employees

and employees sent for recovering the working capacity. Sursa: Ministerul Muncii, Familiei i Proteciei Sociale. / Source: Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Protection.

208

6.10

Alocaii i alte ajutoare acordate populaiei (sume pltite) Allowances and other benefits granted to the population (payments)
mii lei / lei thou

2004 De la bugetul de stat From state budget Alocaii de stat pentru copii State allowances for children Alocaia suplimentar pentru familiile cu copii Suplementary allowances for family with children Alocaia familial complementar Complementary family allowance Alocaia de susinere pentru familia monoparental Support allowance for mono-parental family Indemnizaia pentru creterea copilului Indemnity for child raising Stimulent pentru creterea copilului Incentive for child raising Contribuii pentru asigurrile de sntate aferente indemnizaiei pentru creterea copilului Health insurance contributions coresponding to the indemnity for child raising Alocaia pentru copii nou-nscui Allowance for new born children Trusoul pentru copii nou-nscui Outfits for new born children Sprijin financiar pentru constituirea familiei Financial aids for family set up Alocaii de ncredinare i plasament familial Allowances for family placement Ajutoare pentru soiile de militari n termen Benefits for wives of conscripts Ajutoare de urgen Emergency benefits Ajutoare financiare Financial benefits Ajutorul pentru persoane refugiate Benefits for refugees De la bugetele locale From local budgets Ajutoare sociale Social support Ajutorul pentru acoperirea unei pri din cheltuielile de nmormntare Aid for partial covering of funeral expenses Ajutoare de urgen Emergency benefits 1592584,1 1104899,3

2005 1844773,6 1230647,2

2006 3647371,0 1263822,3

2007

2008

2009 5542953,1 2894505,6

4322980,6 4721902,6 2082807,8 2586442,2

283962,4

335203,8

316730,5

297426,8

288685,5

405027,8

122341,2

161649,4

165108,1

155733,3

145442,8

180735,4

1661174,0 36175,2

1436236,3 1320183,4 23877,4 22211,1

1737806,5 18716,4

86557,6

104262,8

131432,1

94034,1

25873,3 -

34091,7 -

36217,4 -

37877,9 21359,1

39886,5 29709,2

44448,7 30311,0

87812,2

76656,2

78231,9

41967,5 664,9 4649,2 8144,1 82,2 506138,8 491800,0

70707,3 410,6 7216,8 4747,1 99,7 533987,6 524644,6

71314,5 190,0 4228,5 5791,6 61,3 467383,2 449233,0

61790,2 7004,3 6629,1 163,4 422119,8 396615,9

58596,5 12786,8 9494,8 375,5 393058,2 366540,4

57501,3 1304,0 330,4 433181,0 414584,3

917,8 13421,0

797,5 8545,5

1104,2 17046,0

1561,7 23942,2

2069,0 24448,8

2125,9 16470,8

Sursa: Ministerul Muncii, Familiei i Proteciei Sociale. / Source: Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Protection.

209

6.11

Numrul centrelor de plasament funcionale i al serviciilor alternative (la sfritul anului) Number of functional placement centers and of alternative services (end of year)
numr / number

2004 Centre de plasament / Placement centers Publice / Public Private / Private Servicii alternative la instituii de tip rezidenial clasic dezvoltate de serviciile publice specializate pentru protecia copilului Alternative services in classic residential type institutions developed by specialized public services for child protection Centre maternale Maternal centers Centre/servicii de ngrijire de zi Centers/services of day care Servicii de asisten i sprijin a tinerilor de peste 18 ani care urmeaz o form de educaie colar Assistance and support services for youngsters of over 18 years of age who attend a type of school education Centre/servicii de consiliere i sprijin pentru prini Counseling and support centers/services for parents Servicii de prevenire a abandonului copilului n perioada preconceptiv Services for prevention of child abandon in pre-conceptive period Servicii de monitorizare, asisten i sprijin al femeii gravide predispus la abandonul copilului Services for monitoring, assistance and support for the pregnant woman prone to child abandon Centre de pregtire i sprijinire a reintegrrii i integrrii copilului n familie Centers of training and support for re-integration and integration for the child in the family Centre/servicii de ngrijire de zi i recuperare pentru copilul cu handicap/nevoi speciale Centers/services of day care and recuperation for the disabled/ special needs child Centre de asisten i sprijin pentru readaptare psihologic a copilului cu probleme psihosociale Centers for assistance and support for psychological re-adaptation of the child with psycho-social problems Servicii de orientare, supraveghere i sprijinire a reintegrrii sociale a copilului delicvent Services of orientation, surveillance and support for the social re-integration of the delinquent child Servicii de asisten a copilului pentru exercitarea dreptului sau la exprimarea liber a opiniei sale Services of assistance for the child in order to express his right or his opinion Servicii pentru sprijinirea copilului n exercitarea drepturilor sale Services for supporting the child in expressing his rights Centre de consiliere i sprijin pentru copilul maltratat, abuzat, neglijat Centers of counseling and support for the maltreated, abused and neglected child Servicii de orientare, supraveghere i sprijinire a copiilor strzii Services of orientation, surveillance and support for the street children Servicii/centre pentru copiii strzii Services/centers for the street children Centre de prevenire i consiliere antidrog pentru tineri Centers for anti-drug preventing and counseling youngsters Centre pentru mam i copil supui violenei domestice Centers for the mother and child under domestic violence Servicii mobile de terapie i sprijin pentru copii cu handicap din asistena maternal Mobile services of therapy and support for disabled children from the maternal assistance Centre de urgen i sprijin pentru mame cu copii cu nevoi speciale Centers of emergency and support for mothers and children with special needs Centre de prevenire a infracionalitii n rndul elevilor din coli Centers for prevention of crimes among the pupils Alte servicii nespecificate Other non-specified services
under subordination of local councils GDSACP and APO. Sursa: Autoritatea Naional pentru Protecia Familiei i a Drepturilor Copilului. Source: National Authority for Family and Child Rights Protection.

2005 1382 995 387 589 62 100 52 63 21 23 60

2006 1545 1140 405 578 60 99 49 59 20 23 38

2007 1635 1251 384 8601) 61 277 27 71 9 8 13

2008 1595 1209 386 9161) 63 281 21 70 5 7 13

2009 1593 1217 376 9461) 63 317 20 62 3 8 13

1369 983 386 593 57 125 51 70 22 23 47

89

87

90

155

167

170

10

10

16

13

20

14

14

18

9 14 11 3 15 2 6 1 1 2 19

9 12 12 3 14 2 5 1 2 38

8 3 31 14 21 3 13 2 2 2 13

1 1 13 14 20 1 1 5 163

10 12 20 1 1 5 221

8 12 23 7 6 211

1) Sunt incluse serviciile de ngrijire zi aflate n subordinea consiliilor locale DGASPC-urilor i OPA. / There are included day care services

210

6.12

Numrul copiilor din centrele de plasament, pe grupe de vrst (la sfritul anului) Number of children from placement centers by age groups (end of year)
numr / number

Total

2007 Numrul copiilor n centrele de plasament din care, pe grupe de vrst (ani mplinii): sub 1 an 1 - 2 ani 3 - 6 ani 7 - 9 ani 10 - 13 ani 14 - 17 ani peste 18 ani

2008

2009

Centre de plasament Placement centers Publice Private Public Private 2007 2008 2009 2007 2008 2009 Number of children from placement centers of which, by age groups (years): under 1 year 1 - 2 years 3 - 6 years 7 - 9 years 10 - 13 years 14 - 17 years over 18 years

25114 24427 23696 20532 20033 19525

4582

4394

4171

236 369 2159 2772 5437 7815 6326

247 387 2099 2980 5401 7384 5929

234 371 1932 3112 5506 6981 5560

226 316 1492 1949 4325 6570 5654

236 332 1521 2150 4303 6245 5246

232 343 1476 2294 4396 5939 4845

10 53 667 823 1112 1245 672

11 55 578 830 1098 1139 683

2 28 456 818 1110 1042 715

Sursa: Autoritatea Naional pentru Protecia Drepturilor Copilului. / Source: National Authority for Child Rights Protection.

6.13
Total

Unitile din nvmntul special (la nceputul anului colar) Units from special education (at the beginning of the school year)
numr / number

Tipuri de uniti colare Type of school units

2004/ 2005 205 26

2005/ 2006 190 20

2006/ 2007 174 9

2007/ 2008 176 13

2008/ 2009 172 14

2009/ 2010 170 13

Grdinie speciale Special kindergartens coli primare i gimnaziale speciale Special primary and secondary schools Licee speciale Special high schools coli profesionale speciale Special vocational schools

135

126

125

122

113

105

12

11

12

13

14

41

32

33

28

28

31

11

211

6.14
Vrsta

Copiii i elevii din nvmntul special, dup nivelul de educaie i pe vrste (la nceputul anului colar) Children and pupils from special education, by level of education and by age (at the beginning of the school year)
persoane / persons

2006 / 2007

2007 / 2008

2008 / 2009

2009/ 2010

Precolar Pre-school

Primar i gimnazial Primary and secondary 18079 57 448 894 1365 1627 1699 2945 1883 2524 2014 2623 -

Liceal High school 626 7 71 114 172 262

Profesional Vocational

Postliceal Post high school 232 232

Precolar Pre-school

Primar i gimnazial Primary and secondary 16861 51 415 919 1229 1554 1773 2750 1687 2060 1992 2431 -

Liceal Profesional High Vocational school 662 3 94 106 129 330 8990 115 858 1392 1937 4688

Postliceal Post high school 235 235

Primar i Precolar gimnazial Pre-school Primary and secondary 2156 264 366 502 504 520 16048 77 406 860 1244 1446 1722 2888 1655 1931 1590 2229 -

Liceal Profesional High Vocational school 1020 17 149 193 218 443 8206 63 649 1371 1634 4489

Postliceal Post high school 224 224

Primar i Precolar gimnazial Pre-school Primary and secondary 2147 248 360 549 483 507 16308 122 482 924 1266 1508 1607 2780 1845 1856 1580 2338 -

Liceal High school 2063 40 578 557 414 474

Profesional Postliceal Vocational Post high school 5598 9 473 1214 3902 197 197

Age

Total 3 ani 4 ani 5 ani 6 ani 7 ani 8 ani 9 ani 10 ani 11 ani 12 ani 13 ani 14 ani 15 ani 16 ani 17 ani 18 ani i peste

1767 160 296 391 459 461 -

9459 28 685 1582 2514 4650

2080 266 325 442 496 551 -

Total 3 years 4 years 5 years 6 years 7 years 8 years 9 years 10 years 11 years 12 years 13 years 14 years 15 years 16 years 17 years 18 years and over

6.15

Minorii cu deficiene din uniti de asisten social1) (la sfritul anului) Under age persons with deficiencies from social assistance units1) (end of year)
persoane / persons

2004
Uniti de asisten pentru minori cu deficiene Social assitance units1) for under age persons with deficiencies Centre de integrare prin terapie ocupaional Integration centers for occupational therapy Centre de recuperare i reabilitare2) Recovery and rehabilitation centers 2) social1) 464

2005
362

2006
207

2007
144

2008
206

2009
121

464

362

206

144

205

121

1) Uniti ale Autoritii Naionale pentru Persoanele cu Handicap. / The units of the National Authority for Disabled People. 2) Includ: Centre rezideniale: centre de ngrijire i asisten, centre pilot de recuperare i reabilitare pentru persoanele cu handicap,

centre de recuperare i reabilitare pentru persoanele cu handicap, centre de recuperare i reabilitare neuropsihiatric, locuine protejate, centre respiro, centre de criz, centre de pregtire pentru o via independent. Centre nerezideniale (n regim de zi): centre de zi, centre cu profil ocupaional, centre de servicii de recuperare neuromotorie de tip ambulatoriu, echipa mobil, centre de consiliere psihosocial, centre de recuperare i integrare social. Including: Residential centers: Disabled people care and assistance centers, recovery and rehabilitation pilot centers, recovery and rehabilitation centers, neuropsihiatric recovery and rehabilitation centers, protected dwellings, respiro centers, crises centers, independent life training centers. Non-residential centers (day regime): day centers, occupational profile centers, neuromotor recovery centers of ambulatory type, paramedic, psychosocial counseling centers, recovery and social integration centers. Sursa: Autoritatea Naional pentru Persoanele cu Handicap. / Source: National Authority for Disabled People.

212

213

6.16
Total

Copiii i elevii din nvmntul special, primar i gimnazial, pe tipuri de uniti (la nceputul anului colar) Children and pupils from special, primary and secondary education, by type of units (at the beginning of the school year)
persoane / persons

Tipuri de uniti colare Type of school units

2004/ 2005 21417 16390

2005/ 2006 19315 14373

2006/ 2007 18079 12972

2007/ 2008 16861 11385

2008/ 2009 16048 10501

2009/ 2010 16308 10206

coli speciale pentru debili mintal Special schools for mentally defective children coli speciale pentru deficiene de vz Special schools for sight deficiencies coli speciale pentru deficiene de auz Special schools for hearing deficiencies Centre colare speciale Special school type centers Centre de educaie special Special education centers Clase speciale integrate n nvmntul obinuit Special classes integrated into usual education coli pentru alte deficiene fizice i intelectuale1) Schools for other physical and intelectual deficiencies1) Cmine coal pentru debili mintal School-type hostels for mentally defective children

850

794

734

698

645

622

1471

1350

1321

1309

1311

1386

440

442

735

864

857

1137

250

266

414

565

741

960

1157

1126

1118

1079

989

956

765

880

630

816

874

889

94

84

155

145

130

152

1) coli speciale pentru deficiene motorii, coli speciale pentru comportamentali (socio-afectivi), centre de pedagogie curativ i terapie

social, coli speciale de reeducare. / Special schools for motor deficiencies, special schools for socio-affective behaviour, centers of curative pedagogy and social therapy, special schools for rehabilitation.

214

6.17
Tipul unitii Type of units

Centre pentru asistarea adulilor, la 31 decembrie 2009 Centers for adults assistance, on Decembrie 31, 2009
Personal / Staff Medico-sanitar i de recuperare Administrativ Medical-sanitary Administrative and recovering 9186 3594 4498 1923

Uniti Units

Aduli asistai Assisted adults

Total Centre de ngrijire i asisten1) Care and assistance centers 1) Centre de integrare prin terapie ocupaional1) Centers for integration through occupational therapy 1) Centre de recuperare i reabilitare2) Recovery and rehabilitation centers 2) Cmine pentru persoane vrstnice3) Elderly persons hostels3)

481 102

24163 6964

20

1582

529

430

251

10178

5063

2145

108

5439

1) Centre de asisten social ale Autoritii Naionale pentru Persoanele cu Handicap. / Special assistance centers of National Authority 2) Includ: Centre rezideniale: centre de ngrijire i asisten, centre pilot de recuperare i reabilitare pentru persoanele cu handicap,

for Disabled People.

centre de recuperare i reabilitare pentru persoanele cu handicap, centre de recuperare i reabilitare neuropsihiatric, locuine protejate, centre respiro, centre de criz, centre de pregtire pentru o via independent. Centre nerezideniale (n regim de zi): centre de zi, centre cu profil ocupaional, centre de servicii de recuperare neuromotorie de tip ambulatoriu, echipa mobil, centre de consiliere psihosocial, centre de recuperare i integrare social. Including: Residential centers: Disabled people care and assistance centers, recovery and rehabilitation pilot centers, recovery and rehabilitation centers, neuropsihiatric recovery and rehabilitation centers, protected dwellings, respiro centers, crises centers, independent life training centers. Non-residential centers (day regime): day centers, occupational profile centers, neuromotor recovery centers of ambulatory type, paramedic, psychosocial counseling centers, recovery and social integration centers. 3) Finanate de la bugetele locale i de la bugetele organizaiilor neguvernamentale. / Financed from local budgets and non-governmental organisations budgets.

215

6.18

Numrul beneficiarilor din sistemul de protecie a copilului aflat n dificultate Number of beneficiaries from the protection system of child under difficulty
persoane / persons

2004 Numr de copii beneficiari ai activitilor de prevenire (date cumulate pe an) Number of children beneficiaries of preventive activities (data cumulated by year) Numr de copii aflai n ngrijire de tip familial definitiv (date cumulate pe an) Number of children under final care of family type (data cumulated by year) prin integrare n familia natural by integration in natural family prin adopii definitive i irevocabile by final and irrevocable adoptions naionale national internaionale international Numr de copii aflai n ngrijire de tip familial temporar (la sfritul anului) Number of children under temporary care of family type (end of year) la rude pn la gradul IV relatives up to fourth level la alte familii / persoane other families / persons ncredinai n vederea adopiei custody for adoption la asistent maternal maternal assistant al serviciilor publice specializate public specialised services al organizaiilor private autorizate private authorised organisations Numr de copii protejai n centrele de plasament1) (la sfritul anului) Number of children protected in placement centers1) (end of year) n centrele de plasament ale serviciilor publice specializate placement centers of public specialised services n centrele de plasament ale organizaiilor private autorizate placement centers of private authorised organisations Numrul copiilor dezinstituionalizai Number of disinstitutionalised children reintegrai n familia natural reintegrated in their maternal family adopia definitiv i irevocabil internaional international definitive and irevocable adoption mplinirea vrstei de 18/26 ani getting 18/26 years of age declinare de competene, alte cauze competence decline, other causes

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

62374

59682

27986

37657

43201

44008

11530 9857 1673 1422 251

8374 7236 1138 1136 2

4952 3531 1421 1421 -

6153 4859 1294 1294 -

5882 4582 1300 1300 -

5722 4506 1216 1216 -

50239 27036 6059 1310 15834 15446 388

47723 24689 5140 333 17561 17213 348

48065 23847 4215 194 19809 19571 238

46442 21888 3870 282 20402 20216 186

45324 20513 3738 272 20801 20663 138

43816 19067 3783 331 20635 20519 116

32679

28786

26105

25114

24427

23696

27219

23684

21198

20532

20033

19525

5460

5102

4907

4582

4394

4171

7610 3819 45 2242 1504

7091 3105 1 2491 1494

4906 2077 1940 889

6594 2927 2117 1550

6129 2836 1834 1459

6170 2730 1809 1631

1) Inclusiv copiii preluai de Autoritatea Naional pentru Protecia Drepturilor Copilului i Oficiul Romn pentru Adopii (ncepnd cu anul 2000, conform H.G. nr. 261/2000), din unitile colare din sistemul de nvmnt special (M.E.C.I.); din instituiile de protecie special a persoanelor cu handicap (A.N.P.H.); din unitile sau seciile de spital cu profil de recuperare distrofici, recuperare i reabilitare neuropsihomotorie sau pentru copiii bolnavi de HIV/SIDA (M.S.) i reorganizai n cadrul serviciilor publice specializate pentru protecia copilului. / Including children taken over by the National Authority for Child Rights Protection and Romanian Office for Adoptions (starting with 2000, according to the G.D. no. 261/2000), from school units of special educational system (M.E.R.I.); from institutions of special protection of disabled persons (N.A.D.P.); from units of hospital sections with profile of distrophy persons recovery, recoveries and neuropsychomoving rehabilitation or for AIDS sick children (M.H.) and reorganised within public specialised services for child protection. Sursa: Autoritatea Naional pentru Protecia Familiei i a Drepturilor Copilului i Oficiul Romn pentru Adopii. Source: National Authority for Family and Child Rights Protection and Romanian Office for Adoptions.

216

6.19

Persoane adulte ngrijite n centre de asisten social ale Autoritii Naionale pentru Persoanele cu Handicap, pe tipuri de deficiene, la 31 decembrie 2009 Adult persons taken care of in social assistance centers of National Authority for Disabled People, by type of deficiency, on December 31, 2009
Persoane adulte (numr) Adult persons (number) din care, n: of which, in: Centre de ngrijire i asisten Care and assistance centers 6954 630 Centre de integrare prin terapie ocupaional Centers for integration through occupational therapy 1582 21 Centre de recuperare i reabilitare 1) Recovery and rehabilitation centers1) 10178 814

Tipuri de deficiene Type of deficiency Total

n % fa de total In % as against total

Total Fizic Physical Somatic Somatic Auditiv Auditive Vizual Vizual Mintal Mental Neuropsihic Neuropsychic Handicap sever (asociat) Severe disabled (asociated) Boli rare2) Uncommon sickness 2) Surdocecitate Deafness Social Social

18714 1465

100,0 7,8

567

3,0

395

165

85

0,4

54

14

17

506

2,7

341

55

110

8750

46,8

2731

868

5151

4688

25,0

1496

404

2788

1510

8,1

480

202

828

88

0,5

25

60

13

0,1

10

1042

5,6

792

242

1) Includ: Centre rezideniale: centre de ngrijire i asisten, centre pilot de recuperare i reabilitare pentru persoanele cu handicap,

centre de recuperare i reabilitare pentru persoanele cu handicap, centre de recuperare i reabilitare neuropsihiatric, locuine protejate, centre respiro, centre de criz, centre de pregtire pentru o via independent. Centre nerezideniale (n regim de zi): centre de zi, centre cu profil ocupaional, centre de servicii de recuperare neuromotorie de tip ambulatoriu, echipa mobil, centre de consiliere psihosocial, centre de recuperare i integrare social. Including: Residential centers: Disabled people care and assistance centers, recovery and rehabilitation pilot centers, recovery and rehabilitation centers, neuropsihiatric recovery and rehabilitation centers, protected dwellings, respiro centers, crises centers, independent life training centers. Non-residential centers (day regime): day centers, occupational profile centers, neuromotor recovery centers of ambulatory type, paramedic, psychosocial counseling centers, recovery and social integration centers. 2) Bolile rare cuprind: boli rare i HIV/SIDA. / Uncommon sickness comprise uncommon sickness and HIV. Sursa: Autoritatea Naional pentru Persoanele cu Handicap. / Source: National Authority for Disabled People.

217

6.20

Cheltuielile pentru protecia social a persoanelor cu handicap, neinstituionalizate Expenditure for social protection of noninstitutionalised disabled persons
2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

Cheltuieli (mii lei) Expenditure (lei thou) Total Drepturi bneti Money rights Persoane care au n ngrijire, supraveghere i acord ajutor permanent minorului sau adultului handicapat Persons who take care, watch and help permanently the disabled under age person or adult Indemnizaie lunar pentru adulii cu handicap grav sau accentuat Monthly indemnity for adults with severe or accentuated disability Alocaii sociale pentru nevztorii cu handicap grav sau accentuat Social allowances for blind people with severe or accentuated disability Alocaii de stat pentru copii State allowances for children Faciliti financiare Financial facilities Indemnizaia lunar de hran pentru persoanele infectate cu HIV/SIDA1) Monthly food indemnity for AIDS infected persons1) Alocaia lunar de hran pentru copiii bolnavi de HIV/SIDA1) Monthly food allowance for AIDS sick children1) Cheltuieli ocazionate de plata drepturilor Expenditure for payment of rights Indemnizaia nsoitor pentru adultul nevztor Indemnity for visual disabled persons attendants Buget complementar pentru persoanele cu handicap Monthly complementary personal budget for disabled persons 574827,7 492000,6 699716,5 595946,5 876500,6 712623,8 1308827,8 1690059,1 772683,5 943901,5 1978625,3 1103294,9

261740,4

325386,7

396506,0

720369,8

943901,5

1103294,9

204690,6

242492,9

284816,6

25393,2

25569,6 72514,5

28066,9 91344,5

31301,2 151121,5

26920,5 29689,4

42699,0

56030,2

6374,9

7620,1

7069,9

3745,8

27753,0

30751,1

1544,0

934,1

3937,7

4805,4

5685,4

321,0

2977,0

6946,6

154890,5

213292,6

242976,1

347497,6

457892,0

537692,3

1) Conform Legii nr. 10/2003 pentru modificarea O.U.G. nr. 102/1999 privind protecia social i ncadrarea n munc a persoanelor cu

handicap. Din anul 2008 sunt cuprini i adulii. / According to Law no.10/2003 amending G.P.O. no. 102/1999 on social protection and employment of disabled people. Since 2008, adults are also included. Sursa: Autoritatea Naional pentru Persoanele cu Handicap; Ministerul Muncii, Familiei i Proteciei Sociale. Source: National Authority for Disabled People; Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Protection.

218

6.20

Cheltuielile pentru protecia social a persoanelor cu handicap, neinstituionalizate - continuare Expenditure for social protection of noninstitutionalised disabled persons - continued
2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

Numr mediu lunar de beneficiari Monthly average number of beneficiaries Total Drepturi bneti Money rights Persoane care au n ngrijire, supraveghere i acord ajutor permanent minorului sau adultului handicapat Persons who take care, watch and help permanently the disabled under age person or adult Indemnizaie lunar pentru adulii cu handicap grav sau accentuat Monthly indemnity for adults with severe or accentuated disability Alocaii sociale pentru nevztorii cu handicap grav sau accentuat2) Social allowances for blind people with severe or accentuated disability Alocaii de stat pentru copii State allowances for children Faciliti financiare Financial facilities Indemnizaia lunar de hran pentru persoanele infectate cu HIV/SIDA1) Monthly food indemnity for AIDS infected persons1) Alocaia lunar de hran pentru copiii bolnavi de HIV/SIDA1) Monthly food allowance for AIDS sick children1) Cheltuieli ocazionate de plata drepturilor Expenditure for payment of rights Indemnizaia nsoitor pentru adultul nevztor Indemnity for visual disabled persons attendants Buget complementar pentru persoanele cu handicap Monthly complementary personal budget for disabled persons ~ 343377 ~ 424200 ~ 466831 ~ 1228763 ~ 1356994 ~ 1304472

...

181144

248679

285373

427125

493282

526285

110888
2)

118948

122485

129005

51345 ~

53370 ~

56033 ~

55937 65011

220302

89075

3203

2940

1626

6310

6521

380

267

360

1869

1694

42404

44603

45186

507295

590248

635444

1) Conform Legii nr. 10/2003 pentru modificarea O.U.G. nr. 102/1999 privind protecia social i ncadrarea n munc a persoanelor cu 2) Inclusiv numrul mediu lunar al nsoitorilor pentru nevztori. / Including average monthly number of blind people accompanying

handicap. Din anul 2008 sunt cuprini i adulii. / According to Law no.10/2003 amending G.P.O. no. 102/1999 on social protection and employment of disabled people. Since 2008, adults are also included.

persons. Sursa: Autoritatea Naional pentru Persoanele cu Handicap; Ministerul Muncii, Familiei i Proteciei Sociale. Source: National Authority for Disabled People; Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Protection.

219

6.21
Venituri Income Cheltuieli 2) Expenditure 2) Sold (+/-) Balance (+/-)

Veniturile i cheltuielile de protecie social1) Income and expenditure of social protection1)


U.M. / M.U. milioane lei lei million milioane lei lei million milioane lei lei million % % 2004 31614 31718 -104 2005 38019 38831 -812 2006 42642 44184 -1542 2007 54035 56375 -2340 2008 67794 73362 -5568

Ponderea cheltuielilor n Produsul Intern Brut Weight of expenditure in Gross Domestic Product

12,8

13,4

12,8

13,6

14,3

1) Conform metodologiei europene ESSPROS pentru statisticile privind protecia social. / According to ESSPROS European methodology

for social protection statistics. 2) Exclusiv costurile administrative. / Except administrative costs. Sursa: Colectarea naional de date conform metodologiei europene ESSPROS. Source: National data collection, according to ESSPROS European methodology.

6.22

Cheltuielile de protecie social1), pe funcii de protecie social i categorii de cheltuieli, n anul 2008 Expenditure of social protection1), by functions of social protection and category of expenditure, in 2008
milioane lei / lei million

Funcii de protecie social Functions of social protection Categorii de cheltuieli Expenditure category Total Boal/ ngrijirea sntii Sickness/ Health care ~ Limit Familie/ Invaliditate de vrst Urma Copii Disability Old age Survivor Family/ Children ~ ~ ~ ~ omaj Locuin Unemployment Housing Excluziune social Social exclusion ~

Total cheltuieli de protecie social Total expenditure of social protection Cheltuieli cu prestaiile sociale 2) Expenditure for social protection benefits 2) Independente de un prag al venitului, Non-means tested din care: / of which: n numerar In cash n natur In kind Dependente de un prag al venitului, Means-tested din care: / of which: n numerar In cash n natur In kind Costuri administrative Administrative costs Alte cheltuieli Other expenditure

73362

72399

18226

7120

33475

3195

7658

1039

117

1568

68912 48387 20525 3486 3108 378 950 13

18217 1504 16713 9 9 -

7107 6374 733 13 13 -

33435 33253 182 40 40 -

2984 2982 2 211 211 -

7169 4274 2895 489 438 51 -

1039 984 55 -

117 117 -

1568 1475 93 -

1) Conform metodologiei europene ESSPROS, pentru statisticile privind protecia social. / According to ESSPROS European 2) Diferenele ntre datele pe total i valorile obinute din nsumarea diverselor structuri utilizate sunt datorate rotunjirilor. / The differences

methodology for social protection statistics.

between total data and data obtained by cumulating the different structures used are due to rounding up. Sursa: Colectarea naional de date asupra statisticii proteciei sociale, conform metodologiei europene ESSPROS. Source: National data collection on social protection statistics, according to ESSPROS European methodology.

220

6.23

Ponderea cheltuielilor din cadrul fiecrei funcii de protecie social1), n totalul cheltuielilor de protecie social i n Produsul Intern Brut Weight of expenditure within each function of social protection1), in total expenditure of social protection and in Gross Domestic Product
procente / percentage

Funciile de protecie social Function of social protection n procente fa de total cheltuieli de protecie social In % as against total expenditure of social protection Boal/ngrijirea sntii Sickness/Health care Invaliditate Disability Limit de vrst Old age Urma Survivor Familie/Copii Family/Children omaj Unemployment Locuin Housing Excluziune social Social exclusion n procente fa de Produsul Intern Brut In % as against Gross Domestic Product Boal/ngrijirea sntii Sickness/Health care Invaliditate Disability Limit de vrst Old age Urma Survivor Familie/Copii Family/Children omaj Unemployment Locuin Housing Excluziune social Social exclusion

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

26,1 8,4 42,8 4,2 12,5 4,2 1,8

28,4 8,2 39,9 4,1 13,9 3,1 2,3

26,1 8,7 41,5 4,5 14,1 2,6 2,4

26,8 9,6 41,7 3,9 12,7 2,0 3,3

25,2 9,8 46,2 4,4 10,6 1,4 0,2 2,2

3,3 1,1 5,4 0,5 1,6 0,5 0,2

3,8 1,1 5,3 0,5 1,8 0,4 0,3

3,3 1,1 5,2 0,6 1,8 0,3 0,3

3,5 1,3 5,5 0,5 1,7 0,3 0,4

3,5 1,4 6,5 0,6 1,5 0,2 **) 0,3

1) Conform metodologiei europene ESSPROS, pentru statisticile privind protecia social. / According to ESSPROS European

methodology for social protection statistics. Sursa: Colectarea naional de date asupra statisticii proteciei sociale, conform metodologiei europene ESSPROS. Source: National data collection, on social protection statistics, according to ESSPROS European methodology.

221

SNTATE

HEALTH

CUPRINS TABELE

Pagina Page

TABLES CONTENTS

7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.6 7.7

7.8

7.9 7.10 7.11

Unitile sanitare, pe forme de proprietate ...............228 Personalul medico-sanitar .........................................230 Paturile din unitile sanitare .....................................231 Paturile de spital aferente anumitor specialiti medicale ...................................231 Cazuri noi de mbolnvire prin unele boli infecioase i parazitare ............................................232 Cazuri noi de mbolnvire, pe clase de boli, declarate de medicii de familie ................................ 233 Repartizarea cazurilor de SIDA, dup anul nregistrrii,pe grupe de vrst, sexe i cale de transmitere .......................................234 Repartizarea persoanelor admise la tratament, ca urmare a consumului de droguri, pe sexe, grupe de vrst i tipuri de droguri ...........................236 Numrul pacienilor ieii din spital, pe clase de boli .........................................................237 Asistena medical de urgen, n uniti cu proprietate majoritar de stat .................................238 Activitatea de recoltare i conservare a sngelui, n uniti cu proprietate majoritar de stat ..................238

Sanitary units, by type of ownership Medical-sanitary staff Beds from sanitary units Hospital beds related to certain medical specialities New cases of infectious and parasitic diseases New cases of illness, by disease classes, declared by family physicians Breakdown of AIDS cases, by registration year, age group, sex and way of transmission Breakdown of persons admitted for treatment, following drugs consumption, by sex, age group and drug type Number of patients out of hospital, by disease classes Emergency medical assistance, in the units with state majority ownership Blood collecting and preserving, in the units with state majority ownership

Teritorial 7.12 7.13 Unitile sanitare, n profil teritorial, n anul 2009 ............ Paturile din spitale i personalul medico-sanitar, n profil teritorial, n anul 2009 .........................................

Territorial Sanitary units, at territorial level, in 2009 Hospital beds and medical-sanitary staff, at territorial level, in 2009

SURSA DATELOR
Cercetri statistice:

DATA SOURCE
Statistical surveys:

Cercetri statistice realizate n unitile sanitare.


Surse administrative:

Statistical surveys carried out in sanitary units.


Administrative sources:

Ministerul Sntii, pentru datele privind: numrul


cazurilor noi de mbolnvire i al pacienilor ieii din spital; asistena medical de urgen; activitatea de recoltare i conservare a sngelui; numrul cazurilor de SIDA nregistrate.

Ministry of Health, for data on: the number of new


cases of diseases and out of hospital patients, emergency medical assistance; blood collecting and preserving; AIDS number of registered cases.

224

PRECIZRI METODOLOGICE
Reeaua unitilor sanitare este urmrit att pentru sectorul majoritar de stat, ct i pentru cel privat, datele reflectnd situaia nregistrat la sfritul anului. Tabelul privind ,,cazurile noi de mbolnvire pe clase de boli se refer numai la datele raportate de medicii de familie care au contract cu Casa Naional de Asigurri de Sntate. Datele din tabelul privind ,,pacienii ieii din spital se refer numai la unitile din sectorul majoritar de stat (numai reeaua Ministerului Sntii). Numrul laboratoarelor medicale din sectorul majoritar de stat nu s-a urmrit separat pn n anul 2006, acestea fiind integrate n numrul spitalelor, policlinicilor, dispensarelor i altor tipuri de uniti medicale. n numrul medicilor, stomatologilor i personalului sanitar mediu este inclus i personalul corespunztor din alte ministere i instituii cu reea proprie. n numrul personalului sanitar mediu sunt inclui: asisteni medicali; surori medicale; tehnicieni sanitari; oficiani medicali; moae; laborani i alte categorii de personal sanitar cu studii medii asimilate. n numrul personalului sanitar auxiliar sunt inclui: infirmiere, ageni DDD (dezinsecie, dezinfecie, deratizare), brancardieri, biei, gipsari, nmolari, ambulanieri i alte categorii de personal asimilat. n numrul paturilor de spital sunt incluse i cele pentru nou nscui din spitalele sau seciile de obstetricginecologie; nu sunt incluse paturile pentru nsoitori. n numrul paturilor de spital: la specialitatea interne sunt incluse paturile pentru: interne, endocrinologie, boli profesionale, cardiologie, reumatologie, nutriie i diabet, gastroenterologie i hematologie; la specialitatea chirurgie sunt incluse paturile pentru: chirurgie general; chirurgie maxilofacial; chirurgie infantil; chirurgie plastic i reparatorie; chirurgie cardiovascular; neurochirurgie; chirurgie toraco-pulmonar; ortopedie i urologie; _ la specialitatea psihiatrie sunt incluse paturile pentru psihiatrie i paturile pentru recuperare neuro - psiho - motorie; la specialitatea pediatrie sunt incluse paturile pentru pediatrie i distrofici. n numrul paturilor de spital pentru copii sunt cuprinse att paturile din spitalele i seciile de pediatrie, ct i cele pentru copiii din alte spitale.

METHODOLOGICAL NOTES
The network of sanitary units is observed both for the state majority sector and for the private one, the data reflecting the situation registered at the end of the year. The table concerning new cases of illness, by disease classes, refer only to the data raported by family doctors that have contracts with National House of Health Insurance. Data in the table concerning out of hospital patients refer only to the state majority sectors units (only Ministry of Health network). The number of medical labs of state majority sector was not separately observed until 2006, being included in the number of hospitals, polyclinics, dispensaries and other types of medical units. The number of physicians, dentists and ancillary medical staff also includes the corresponding staff from other ministries and institutions with own network. The number of ancillary medical staff includes: medical assistants; medical nurses; sanitary technicians; medical officiants; midwives; laboratory assistants and other categories of medical staff with equivalent secondary school degrees. The number of auxiliary medical staff includes: sick nurses, DDR staff (disinsection, disinfection, raticide), stretcher bearers, washers, gypsum, mud, ambulance staff and other categories of ancillary staff. The number of hospital beds also includes the beds for newborn children in hospitals or obstetrics-gynaecology section; beds for accompanying persons are not included. The number of hospital beds for: internal medicine includes beds for: internal medicine, endocrinology, professional diseases, cardiology, rheumatology, nutrition and diabetes, gastro-enterology and haematology; surgery includes beds for: general surgery; jaw face surgery; infant surgery; plastic surgery; cardiovascular surgery; neurosurgery; thorax - lung surgery; orthopaedics and urology; _ psychiatry includes beds for psychiatry and neuro psycho - motor recovery;

pediatrics includes beds for pediatrics and distrophics. The number of hospital beds for children covers the beds from pediatrics hospitals and departments, as well as those for children from other hospitals.

225

7.G1
12000 10000 8000 6000 4000 2000 0

Evoluia principalelor uniti sanitare Evolution of main sanitary units


numr uniti / number of units

10924 8544

11390 9998

11683

7586 5389

5490

425 236 2004


Spitale Hospitals Policlinici Polyclinics Cabinete medicale de familie Family doctors offices

289

474 268 2009


Cabinete stomatologice Dentist offices

287

Farmacii i puncte farmaceutice Pharmacies and pharmaceutical points Cree Crches

Cabinete medicale de specialitate Health specialized offices

7.G2
150 120 90 60 30

Evoluia principalelor categorii de personal medico-sanitar Evolution of main categories of medical-sanitary staff
mii persoane / thou persons

122

123

127

136

132

130

48

47

47

48

50

50

10 9 0 2004

10 9 2005

11 10 2006

12 11 2007

12 12 2008
Farmaciti Pharmaceutical chemists Personal sanitar mediu Ancillary medical staff

12 12 2009

Medici (exclusiv stomatologi) Physicians (excluding dentists) Stomatologi Dentists

226

7.G3
160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0

Paturile din unitile sanitare Beds from sanitary units


mii paturi / thou beds paturi la 1000 locuitori beds per 1000 inhabitants

6,6

6,6

6,6

6,4

6,4

6,5

7 6 5 4

142,6

143,0

142,0

138,0

138,2

138,9

3 2 1 0

2004

2005
Paturi Beds

2006

2007

2008

2009

Paturi la 1000 locuitori Beds for 1000 inhabitants

7.G4
90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0

Cazuri noi de mbolnvire prin boli infecioase New cases of infectious diseases
mii / thou

83 72 71 69 74 68

25 14 11 2005

22 8 2006

20 7 2007

19 5 2008

19 5 2009

18

2004

Boli diareice acute Acute diarrhoea diseases

Hepatit viral Viral hepatits

Tuberculoz Tuberculosis

227

7.1

Unitile sanitare, pe forme de proprietate Sanitary units, by type of ownership


numr uniti / number of units

Forma de proprietate: Total 2004 Spitale Ambulatorii integrate spitalelor i de specialitate Policlinici Dispensare medicale Centre de sntate
1)

Type of ownership: Public majority 2007 425 394 22 206 45 5 8


2)

Majoritar de stat 2008 458 444 269 213 47 5 82) 4 66 30 158 1033 837 52 11279 106 11025 447 27 156 9038 224 6127 1088 413 280 2555 2130 41 469 2009 474 461 268 211 47 71 5 92) 4 68 28 171 1055 903 55 11390 108 11683 426 31 165 9998 251 6506 1080 368 287 2828 2226 41 437 2004 416 378 32 267 61 9 5 6 54 8 5 771 50 9049 29 3262 17 1177 37 504 25 289 41 343 2005 422 382 30 223 58 7 8 6 57 8 5 73 787 52 8932 30 3335 10 1231 41 495 49 2 291 41 360 2006 419 388 28 210 52 7 9 5 60 7 5 69 791 52 8904 13 3269 415 32 8 1377 23 492 57 1 273 1268 555 41 350

Majoritar privat / Private majority 2009 431 443 15 210 46 71 5 72) 4 68 6 21 57 903 55 8177 10 2853 426 31 2 1587 13 501 39 283 1874 446 41 282 2004 9 204 112 1021 1875 5282 4313 4268 592 469 483 1243 2005 11 4 219 1 1 1 15 131 833 2007 45 5746 128 4577 117 4576 703 428 524 1421 47 2006 17 5 232 1 1 1 19 115 938 2065 41 6679 87 5501 79 4855 805 426 572 1492 75 2007 22 9 241 2 1 1 20 130 992 2524 50 7409 51 6937 64 5416 965 424 749 1663 72 2008 30 10 246 2 1 20 129 956 2713 92 7923 148 7457 195 5645 1035 413 6 812 1759 159 2009 43 18 253 1 1 2 22 150 998 3213 98 8830 163 8411 238 6005 1041 368 4 954 1780 155 Hospitals Integrated ambulatories of the hospitals and specialized ambulatories Polyclinics Dispensaries Health care centers1) Mental health care centers Tuberculosis sanatoria Balneary sanatoria Preventoria Health and social care units Diagnosis and curative centers Health specialized centers General practitioner offices Medical school offices Medical student offices Family doctors offices Medical civil societies Dentist offices Dentist school offices Dentist student offices Medical dentist civil societies Health specialized offices Medical specialized civil societies Pharmacies Pharmaceutical points Pharmaceutical stores Crches Medical laboratories Dentist laboratories Transfusion centers Other health care offices

2005 433 386 249 224 59 7 9 6 57 23 136 906 787 52 10939 75 9081 138 5808 158 5071 752 430 291 5243)

2006 436 393 260 211 53 7 10 5 60 26 120 1007 791 52 10969 54 9948 415 32 95 6878 102 5347 862 427 273 1840

2007 447 403 263 208 46 5 9


2)

2008 428 434 23 211 46 5 82) 4 66 10 29 77 837 52 8566 14 3102 447 27 8 1581 29 482 53 274 1743 371 41 310

425 378 236 267 61 9 5 6 54 8 117 1021 771 50 10924 29 8544 17 5490 37 4772 617 469 289 483
3)

Centre de sntate mintal Sanatorii T.B.C. Sanatorii balneare Preventorii Uniti medico-sociale Centre de diagnostic i tratament Centre medicale de specialitate Cabinete medicale de medicin general Cabinete medicale colare Cabinete medicale studeneti Cabinete medicale de familie Societi medicale civile Cabinete stomatologice Cabinete stomatologice colare Cabinete stomatologice studeneti Societi stomatologice civile medicale Cabinete medicale de specialitate Societi civile medicale de specialitate Farmacii Puncte farmaceutice Depozite farmaceutice Cree Laboratoare medicale Laboratoare de tehnic dentar Centre de transfuzie sanguin Alte tipuri de cabinete medicale

4 66 27 133 1036 804 53 11048 66 10532 443 33 74 8370 156 5897 1009 424 272 2296 2158 41 380

4 66 7 3 44 804 53 8524 16 3123 443 33 23 1433 92 481 44 272 1547 495 41 308

12433) 14213) 2047 41 343 41 407 41 425

1) Inclusiv centre de sntate cu paturi de spital. / Including health care centers with hospital beds. 2) Inclusiv sanatoriile de nevroze sau de neuropsihiatrie. / Including the neurosis or neuropsychiatry sanatoria. 3)

Numai sectorul privat. / Only private sector.

228

229

7.2

Personalul medico-sanitar Medical-sanitary staff


persoane / persons

2004 Medici1) Physicians1) din care: femei1) of which: women1) Locuitori la un medic Population per physician Medici la 10000 locuitori Physicians per 10000 inhabitants Stomatologi Dentists din care: femei of which: women Locuitori la un stomatolog Population per dentist Stomatologi la 10000 locuitori Dentists per 10000 inhabitants Farmaciti Pharmaceutical chemists din care: femei of which: women Locuitori la un farmacist Population per pharmaceutical chemists Farmaciti la 10000 locuitori Pharmaceutical chemists per 10000 inhabitants Personal sanitar mediu Ancillary medical staff din care: femei of which: women Locuitori la un cadru mediu Population per ancillary medical person Personal mediu la 10000 locuitori Ancillary medical staff per 10000 inhabitants Personal mediu la un medic Ancillary medical staff per physician Personal sanitar auxiliar Auxiliary medical staff din care: femei of which: women 48150 32117 450 22,2 9907 6337 2188 4,6 8763 8026 2473 4,0 121683 111680 178 56,1 2,5 58904 50131

2005 47388 32543 456 21,9 10249 6624 2110 4,7 9283 8505 2329 4,3 123455 112920 175 57,1 2,6 59199 50482

2006 46936 31786 460 21,7 10620 6829 2032 4,9 9932 9177 2173 4,6 126613 115555 170 58,7 2,7 59124 50398

2007 48199 33303 447 22,4 11651 7456 1849 5,4 11108 10224 1939 5,2 136353 123608 158 63,3 2,8 62292 52882

2008 50267 34897 428 23,4 11901 7553 1807 5,5 11704 10705 1837 5,4 132464 121175 162 61,6 2,6 66339 56122

2009 50386 34968 426 23,5 12497 7843 1718 5,8 11996 10924 1790 5,6 129673 118205 166 60,4 2,6 64801 54796

1) Exclusiv stomatologi. / Dentists excluded.

230

7.3

Paturile din unitile sanitare Beds from sanitary units


2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

Paturi (numr) / Beds (number) Paturi n spitale - total din care: Pentru obstetric-ginecologie Pentru copii Pentru nou nscui i prematuri Paturi n cree Paturi n preventorii1) Paturi n uniti medico-sociale1) Paturi n sanatorii T.B.C1) 142573 143027 142034 138025 138184 138915 112841) 112241) 11033 172421) 176991) 17582 10171 16313 10149 16455 10205 16878 4924 14161 390 2818 908 Beds in hospitals - total of which: For obstetrics-gynaecology For children For new-born and premature children Beds in crches Beds in preventoria1) Beds in medical social services units1) Beds in Tuberculois sanatoria1)

4922 4872 52951) 52001) 5329 138621) 143101) 132201) 131351) 13729 555 555 495 420 420 2148 1865 2260 1437 2365 1437 2823 909 2726 918

Paturi la 1000 locuitori / Beds per 1000 inhabitants Paturi n spitale - total Pentru obstetric-ginecologie Pentru copii 6,6 0,51) 0,81) 6,6 0,51) 0,81) 6,6 0,5 0,8 6,4 0,5 0,8 6,4 0,5 0,8 6,5 0,5 0,8 Beds in hospitals - total For obstetrics-gynaecology For children

1) Numai unitile din sectorul public. / Only from public sector units.

7.4
Total

Paturile de spital aferente anumitor specialiti medicale Hospital beds related to certain medical specialities
numr paturi / number of beds

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009 Total of which: Internal medicine2) General surgery2) Obstetrics-gynaecology New-born and premature children Pediatrics2) Infectious diseases Tuberculosis and pneumology Psychiatry and neuropsychiatry2) Ophthalmology NTE Neurology Dermatology and venereology

1420291) 1423771) 142034 138025 138184 138915

din care: Interne2) Chirurgie2) Obstetric-ginecologie Nou nscui i prematuri Pediatrie2) Boli infecioase Tuberculoz i pneumologie Psihiatrie i neuropsihiatrie2) Oftalmologie O.R.L. Neurologie Dermato-venerologie

29219 21555 11284 5295 10049 6627 9401 16467 2008 2716 5373 2070

30694 22978 11224 5200 9839 6956 10302 17224 2309 3054 5704 2389

30013 23202 11033 5329 10004 6767 10126 17184 2250 2996 5786 2322

29145 22273 10171 4922 9429 6350 9893 17099 2127 2511 5932 1982

29255 22768 10149 4872 9330 6190 9572 17097 2080 2557 5971 1970

28259 22530 10205 4924 9231 6109 9676 17420 2087 2587 5791 1943

1) Numai unitile din sectorul public. / Only from public sector units. 2) Sfera de cuprindere este prezentat la pagina 225. / The coverage is presented in page 225.

231

7.5

Cazuri noi de mbolnvire prin unele boli infecioase i parazitare New cases of infectious and parasitic diseases
2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

Numr / Number Boli diareice acute Hepatit viral Tuberculoz Rubeol Grip Dizenterie Sifilis Tuse convulsiv Scarlatin Toxiinfecii alimentare Rugeol Erizipel Trichineloz Salmoneloz Leptospiroz 82675 13631 25026 47364 7280 1431 8838 233 3335 3299 116 2526 780 930 257
1)

71851 11171 22348 6801 4431 765 6862 57 2923 2426 5043 2038 574 716 451
1)

70892 7809 203711) 3553 235 599 5661 37 3178 2404 3524 1796 350 645 386

69011 6854 189091) 2958 575 735 4887 35 3577 2348 350 1497 432 620 316

73551 4832 187161) 1746 835 371 4015 51 3106 1781 12 1423 503 624 200

67693 4633 17866 613 7122 337 3236 10 2169 1083 8 1124 366 940 139

Acute diarrhoea diseases Viral hepatitis Tuberculosis Rubella Influenza Dysentery Syphilis Whooping cough Scarlet fever Food poisoning Measles Erysipelas Trichinosis Salmonellosis Leptospirosis

Cazuri noi de mbolnvire la 100000 locuitori New cases of illness per 100000 inhabitants Boli diareice acute Hepatit viral Tuberculoz Rubeol Grip Dizenterie Sifilis Tuse convulsiv Scarlatin Toxiinfecii alimentare Rugeol Erizipel Trichineloz Salmoneloz Leptospiroz 381,5 62,9 115,51) 218,5 33,6 6,6 40,8 1,1 15,4 15,2 0,5 11,7 3,6 4,3 1,2 332,3 51,7 103,3 31,5 20,5 3,5 31,7 0,3 13,5 11,2 23,3 9,4 2,7 3,3 2,1 328,4 36,2 94,41) 16,5 1,1 2,8 26,2 0,2 14,7 11,1 16,3 8,3 1,6 3,0 1,8 320,4 31,8 87,8 13,7 2,7 3,4 22,7 0,2 16,6 10,9 1,6 7,0 2,0 2,9 1,5 342,0 22,5 87,01) 8,1 3,9 1,7 18,7 0,2 14,4 8,3 0,1 6,6 2,3 2,9 0,9 315,3 21,6 83,2 2,9 33,2 1,6 15,1 **) 10,1 5,0 **) 5,2 1,7 4,4 0,6 Acute diarrhoea diseases Viral hepatitis Tuberculosis Rubella Influenza Dysentery Syphilis Whooping cough Scarlet fever Food poisoning Measles Erysipelas Trichinosis Salmonellosis Leptospirosis

1) Date rectificate fa de cele publicate anterior. / Rectified data as against those previously published.

232

7.6
Clase de boli Total

Cazuri noi de mbolnvire, pe clase de boli, declarate de medicii de familie New cases of illness, by disease classes, declared by family physicians
mii / thou

2004 16205

2005 16159

2006 15324

2007 14287

2008 14604

2009 15407

Disease classes Total of which: Infectious and parasitic diseases Neoplasm Endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases Blood and blood generation diseases Mental disorders Diseases of the nervous system and of sense organs Diseases of the circulatory system Diseases of the respiratory system Diseases of the digestive system Diseases of the genitourinary system Complications of pregnancy, childbirth and confinement Skin and hypodermic diseases Diseases of osteogenous and muscular system Congenital malformations Diseases originating in the perinatal period IIlness feelings Injury, poisoning

din care: Boli infecioase i parazitare Tumori Boli endocrine, de nutriie i metabolism Boli de snge i ale organelor hematopoietice Tulburri mentale Boli ale sistemului nervos i organelor de sim Boli ale aparatului circulator Boli ale aparatului respirator Boli ale aparatului digestiv Boli ale organelor genito-urinare Complicaii ale sarcinii, naterii i luziei Boli de piele i esut subcutanat Boli ale sistemului osteo-muscular Anomalii congenitale Boli originale n perioada perinatal Stri ru definite Traumatisme, otrviri

974 49 296 158 177 1026 715 7643 1637 1013 21 819 1066 5 1 153 452

826 47 283 152 169 1024 747 7816 1556 1030 22 793 1098 4 2 146 444

739 51 299 149 170 1009 818 7278 1408 1008 23 757 1078 4 2 118 413

688 52 491 175 210 1021 778 6234 1399 955 36 672 1179 4 2 83 308

657 52 575 185 238 1074 780 6214 1495 988 39 659 1238 4 2 90 314

623 59 494 153 247 1135 831 7081 1460 978 36 668 1257 5 2 83 295

233

7.7

Repartizarea cazurilor de SIDA1), dup anul nregistrrii, pe grupe de vrst, sexe i cale de transmitere Breakdown of AIDS cases1), by registration year, age group, sex and way of transmission
numr / number

Total

2004 Masculin Male

Feminin Female

Total

2005 Masculin Male

Feminin Female

Total

2006 Masculin Male

Feminin Female

2007 Total Masculin Feminin Male Female

2008 Total Masculin Feminin Male Female

2009 Total Masculin Feminin Male Female

Distribuia cazurilor SIDA, pe grupe de vrst (la data diagnosticului) i sexe Total Grupa de vrst 0 - 14 ani 0 - 11 luni 1 - 4 ani 5 - 9 ani 10 - 12 ani 13 - 14 ani Grupa de vrst de 15 ani i peste 15 - 19 ani 20 - 24 ani 25 - 29 ani 30 - 34 ani 35 - 39 ani 40 - 49 ani 50 - 59 ani 60 ani i peste 10317 7769 634 2528 3133 1218 256 2548 553 255 392 414 323 386 166 59 5873 4504 352 1509 1814 689 140 1369 284 88 181 236 180 249 116 35 4444 10654 3265 282 1019 1319 529 116 1179 269 167 211 178 143 137 50 24 7782 637 2530 3134 1223 258 2872 673 273 427 445 350 453 187 64 6065 4511 354 1510 1815 690 142 1554 345 94 202 252 198 294 130 39 4589 3271 283 1020 1319 533 116 1318 328 179 225 193 152 159 57 25 10936 7789 640 2532 3136 1223 258 3147 798 290 456 470 376 480 206 71 6215 4515 356 1511 1816 690 142 1700 401 100 218 269 214 310 143 45 4721 3274 284 1021 1320 533 116 1447 397 190 238 201 162 170 63 26

AIDS cases breakdown, by age group (at the date of diagnosis) and by sex 11210 7793 641 2534 3137 1223 258 3417 883 308 491 500 412 512 235 76 6381 4518 357 1512 1817 690 142 1863 451 112 234 289 239 331 161 46 4829 3275 284 1022 1320 533 116 1554 432 196 257 211 173 181 74 30 11473 7801 643 2536 3140 1224 258 3672 940 351 511 528 439 563 261 79 6529 4522 358 1514 1818 690 142 2007 478 135 242 310 252 366 176 48 4944 3279 285 1022 1322 534 116 1665 462 216 269 218 187 197 85 31 11682 7812 647 2540 3142 1224 259 3870 961 397 535 551 466 593 279 88 6654 4524 360 1514 1818 690 142 2130 486 160 250 326 273 392 189 54 5028 3288 287 1026 1324 534 117 1740 475 237 285 225 193 201 90 34 Total Age group 0 - 14 years 0 - 11 months 1 - 4 years 5 - 9 years 10 -12 years 13-14 years Age group 15 years and over 15-19 years 20-24 years 25-29 years 30-34 years 35-39 years 40-49 years 50-59 years 60 years and over

Distribuia cazurilor SIDA la grupa de vrst 0 - 14 ani, dup calea de transmitere Total Mam-copil Factori de risc mam: Droguri intravenos Heterosexual Altele / necunoscut Hemofilie / coagulopatii Recipient transfuzii Nozocomial Necunoscut 7769 4504 3265 7782 4511 3271 7789 4515 3274

AIDS cases breakdown for age group 0 - 14 years, by way of transmission 7793 4518 3275 7801 4522 3279 7812 4524 3288 Total Mother to child Mother-risk factors: Intravenous drugs Heterosexual Other / unknown Haemophilia / clotting disorders Transfusion recipient Nosocomial Unknown

1 223 130 8 1685 5022 700

136 87 8 993 2906 374

1 87 43 692 2116 326

1 225 133 8 1686 5027 702

138 89 8 994 2908 374

1 87 44 692 2119 328

1 228 135 8 1686 5028 703

139 91 8 994 2908 375

1 89 44 692 2120 328

1 229 138 8 1686 5028 703

140 93 8 994 2908 375

1 89 45 692 2120 328

1 230 143 8 1686 5028 705

141 95 8 994 2908 376

1 89 48 692 2120 329

1 234 148 8 1686 5028 707

142 96 8 994 2908 376

1 92 52 692 2120 331

Distribuia cazurilor SIDA la grupa de vrst de 15 ani i peste, dup calea de transmitere Total Homo / bisexual Droguri intravenos Hemofilie / coagulopatii Recipient transfuzii Heterosexual Altele / necunoscut 2548 83 6 19 252 1568 620 1369 83 4 19 102 840 321 1179 2 150 728 299 2872 87 8 19 279 1762 717 1554 87 5 19 117 950 376 1318 3 162 812 341 3147 96 10 19 301 1917 804 1700 96 7 19 127 1033 418 1447 3 174 884 386

AIDS cases breakdown for age group 15 years and over, by way of transmission 3417 102 12 19 319 2110 855 1863 102 9 19 136 1147 450 1554 3 183 963 405 3672 110 13 19 341 2281 908 2007 110 10 19 147 1237 484 1665 3 194 1044 424 3870 120 16 20 341 2437 936 2130 120 11 20 147 1327 505 1740 5 194 1110 431 Total Homo / bisexual Intravenous drugs Haemophilia / clotting disorders Transfusion recipient Heterosexual Other / unknown

1) Date rectificate fa de cele publicate anterior. / Rectified data as against those previously published.

234

235

7.8

Repartizarea persoanelor admise la tratament, ca urmare a consumului de droguri, pe sexe, grupe de vrst i tipuri de droguri Breakdown of persons admitted for treatment, following drugs consumption, by sex,age group and drug type
numr / number

2004

2005

2006

20071)

20082)

20092)

Repartizarea persoanelor admise la tratament, pe sexe Breakdown of persons admitted for treatment, by sex Total Masculin Feminin din total: cazuri noi nregistrate Masculin Feminin 1502 1043 459 710 555 155 1538 1086 452 653 460 193 1912 1410 502 801 566 235 2420 1949 471 1432 1170 262 36493) 3011 635 19313) 1561 367 53533) 4095 1253 38853) 2867 1013 Total Male Female of total: new registered cases Male Female

Repartizarea persoanelor admise la tratament, pe grupe de vrst Breakdown of persons admitted for treatment, by age group Total Sub 15 ani 15-19 ani 20-24 ani 25-29 ani 30-34 ani 35 ani i peste din total: cazuri noi nregistrate Sub 15 ani 15-19 ani 20-24 ani 25-29 ani 30-34 ani 35 ani i peste 1502 55 209 417 295 110 416 710 40 149 205 128 49 139 1538 42 240 335 273 133 515 653 32 139 168 119 46 149 1912 57 319 398 347 185 606 801 30 157 208 148 68 190 2420 64 291 546 612 252 655 1432 41 184 343 359 146 359 36494) 8 179 611 670 478 1697 1931 7 135 331 320 252 886 53534) 8 198 624 847 765 2904 38854) 8 178 453 556 550 2134 Total Under 15 years 15 - 19 years 20 - 24 years 25 - 29 years 30 - 34 years 35 and over of total: new registered cases Under 15 years 15 - 19 years 20 - 24 years 25 - 29 years 30 - 34 years 35 and over

Repartizarea persoanelor admise la tratament, pe tipuri de droguri Breakdown of persons admitted for treatment, by drug type Total Opiacee Cocain Stimulante Hipnotice i Sedative Halucinogene Inhalani volatili Cannabis Alte substane din total: cazuri noi nregistrate Opiacee Cocain Stimulante Hipnotice i Sedative Halucinogene Inhalani volatili Cannabis Alte substane 1502 831 3 11 336 3 48 33 237 710 382 2 11 119 1 20 23 152 1538 738 5 16 296 20 35 428 653 350 4 12 81 8 28 170 1912 937 2 11 199 24 42 697 801 431 1 5 88 10 34 232 2420 1336 12 25 186 2 23 142 694 1432 768 12 16 107 2 11 130 386 3649 1469 11 23 178 4 14 121 1829 1931 736 10 19 103 2 11 105 945 5353 1303 13 7 94 9 16 104 3807 3885 710 12 5 68 8 11 93 2978 Total Opium based substances Cocaine Stimulative substances Hypnotic and sedative Halluginocenic Essential inhalant Cannabis Other substances of total: new registered cases Opium based substances Cocaine Stimulative substances Hypnotic and sedative Halluginocenic Essential inhalant Cannabis Other substances

1) Include persoane admise la tratament n uniti ale Ministerului Sntii i Centre de Prevenire, Evaluare i Consiliere Antidrog din 2) Include persoane admise la tratament n uniti ale Ministerului Sntii, ambulator n Centre de asisten integrat n adicie ale

cadrul Ageniei Naionale Antidrog. / Include persons admitted for treatment in units belonging to the Ministry of Health and Prevention, Evaluation and Anti-drugs Consulting centres from the National Anti-drugs Agency.

Ageniei Naionale Antidrog i Centre de asisten privat i n cadrul sistemului penitenciar. / Include persons admitted for treatment in units belonging to the Ministry of Health and ambulatory in care centres to integrated addiction from the National Anti-drugs Agency and private care centres and within penitentiary system. 3) Lips date privind sexul: 2008 - pentru trei persoane; 2009 - pentru cinci persoane. / Data not available regarding the sex: 2008 for three persons; 2009 for five persons. 4) Lips date privind vrsta: 2008 - pentru ase persoane; 2009 - apte persoane, respectiv ase persoane. / Data not available regarding the age: 2008 for six persons; 2009 for seven persons, respectively six persons. Sursa: Inspectoratul General al Poliiei Romne din cadrul Ministerului Administraiei i Internelor. Source: General Inspectorate of Romanian Police within the Ministry of Administration and Interior.

236

7.9
Total

Numrul pacienilor ieii din spital, pe clase de boli Number of patients out of hospital, by disease classes
mii persoane / thou persons

2004 4569 238

2005 4201 212

2006 4782 228

2007 4483 228

2008 4765 238

2009 4834 229

Boli infecioase i parazitare Infectious and parasitic diseases din care: / of which: Tuberculoz Tuberculosis Tumori Neoplasm Boli endocrine, de nutriie i metabolism Endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases din care: / of which: Diabet zaharat Diabetes mellitus Tulburri mentale i de comportament Mental and behavioural disorders Boli ale sistemului nervos i organelor de sim Diseases of the nervous system and sense organs Boli ale aparatului circulator Diseases of the circulatory system din care: / of which: Boala ischemic a inimii Ischaemic heart disease Boli cerebro-vasculare Cerebrovascular diseases Boli ale aparatului respirator Diseases of the respiratory system Boli ale aparatului digestiv Diseases of the digestive system Boli ale aparatului genito-urinar Diseases of the genitourinary system Sarcin, natere i luzie Pregnancy, childbirth and confinement Unele afeciuni a cror origine se situeaz n perioada perinatal Certain diseases originating in the perinatal period Malformaii congenitale, deformaii i anomalii cromozomiale Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities Leziuni traumatice, otrviri i alte consecine ale cauzelor externe Injury, poisoning and other consequences of external causes Alte cauze Other causes

59

41

43

46

48

45

327

276

323

325

397

405

154

143

152

152

169

182

86

72

65

61

67

72

265

222

259

253

274

289

253

217

249

238

256

257

625

560

682

609

657

682

141 116

102 113

106 144

121 125

79 125

80 126

683

603

649

616

652

673

517

448

504

464

479

474

353

307

348

317

326

321

255

367

407

384

396

385

104

115

135

126

129

133

33

32

45

38

32

32

303

277

309

274

278

267

459

422

492

459

482

505

237

7.10
Anii Years

Asistena medical de urgen, n uniti cu proprietate majoritar de stat Emergency medical assistance, in the units with state majority ownership
Persoane bolnave Patients Transportate Transported 1536237 1542678 1957238 1778592 1633064 1917620 Asistate Assisted 737197 699207 880011 704170 601319 796279

Autosalvri (numr) Ambulances (number)

2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

3303 3249 3077 3092 2571 2341

7.11
Anii Years

Activitatea de recoltare i conservare a sngelui, n uniti cu proprietate majoritar de stat Blood collecting and preserving, in the units with state majority ownership
Cantitatea de snge i plasm transfuzat (litri) Quantity of transfused blood and plasma (litres)
146889 144235 139671 148421 146846 168881

Centre de transfuzie sanguin (numr) Blood transfusion centers (number)

Snge recoltat (litri) Collected blood (litres)

Bolnavi transfuzai (numr) Transfused patients (number)

2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

41 41 41 41 41 41

147728 180960 144736 157775 156658 193919

216044 200132 193456 195304 214020 199000

238

EDUCAIE

EDUCATION

CUPRINS TABELE

Pagina Page

TABLES CONTENTS

8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.6 8.7 8.8 8.9 8.10

8.11 8.12 8.13 8.14 8.15 8.16 8.17 8.18

nvmntul pe niveluri de educaie ........................245 Populaia colar pe niveluri de educaie i pe sexe .................................................................247 Personalul didactic pe niveluri de educaie i pe sexe .................................................................248 Absolvenii pe niveluri de educaie ...........................248 Populaia colar pe niveluri de educaie i tipuri de coli .........................................................249 Gradul de cuprindere n nvmnt a populaiei de vrst colar ......................................................249 Elevii nscrii n nvmntul preuniversitar, dup studiul limbilor moderne ..................................250 nvmntul preuniversitar, dup limba de predare .............................................252 nvmntul liceal, pe profiluri .................................254 nvmntul profesional, de ucenici, postliceal i de maitri, pe tipuri de coli i profiluri de pregtire .................................................256 nvmntul special .................................................260 nvmntul superior, pe localiti ...........................260 nvmntul superior, pe grupe de specializri .......264 nvmntul superior din instituii private, pe localiti, n anul universitar 2009 / 2010 ...............268 nvmntul superior din instituii private, pe grupe de specializri ...........................................269 nvmntul pe niveluri de educaie din instituiile private .......................................................270 Numrul elevilor care au promovat clasa a VIII-a i examenul de bacalaureat ...............271 Rata abandonului n nvmntul preuniversitar ............................................................271 Teritorial

Education by level of education School aged population by level of education and by sex Teaching staff by level of education and by sex Graduates by level of education School aged population by level of education and type of school Enrolment rate for school aged population Pupils enrolled in pre-university education, by studied foreign language Pre-university education, by teaching language High school education, by profile Vocational, apprenticeship, post high school and foremen education, by type of school and training profile Special education Tertiary education, by locality Tertiary education, by group of specializations Tertiary education from private institutions, by locality, in 2009 / 2010 academic year Tertiary education from private institutions, by group of specializations Education by level of education from private institutions Number of pupils who gratuated the 8 th grade and School Leaving Examination Abandon rate in pre-university education Territorial School aged population at territorial level and level of education, in 2009/2010 school year Pre-school education, at territorial level, in 2009 / 2010 school year Primary and secondary education, at territorial level, in 2009 / 2010 school year High school education, at territorial level, in 2009 / 2010 school year Vocational education, at territorial level, in 2009 / 2010 school year Post high school education, at territorial level, in 2009 / 2010 school year Foremen education, at territorial level, in 2009 / 2010 school year Tertiary education, at territorial level, in 2009 / 2010 academic year

8.19 8.20 8.21 8.22 8.23 8.24 8.25 8.26

Populaia colar, n profil teritorial i niveluri de educaie, n anul colar 2009/ 2010 ............................... nvmntul precolar, n profil teritorial, n anul colar 2009 / 2010 .............................................. nvmntul primar i gimnazial, n profil teritorial, n anul colar 2009 / 2010 ............................... nvmntul liceal, n profil teritorial, n anul colar 2009 / 2010 .............................................. nvmntul profesional, n profil teritorial, n anul colar 2009 / 2010 .............................................. nvmntul postliceal, n profil teritorial, n anul colar 2009 / 2010 ............................................... nvmntul de maitri, n profil teritorial, n anul colar 2009 / 2010 .............................................. nvmntul superior, n profil teritorial, n anul universitar 2009 / 2010 ........................................

240

8.27

8.28 8.29

Numrul elevilor care au promovat examenul de bacalaureat, n profil teritorial, n anul colar 2008/2009 ................................................ Absolvenii n profil teritorial i niveluri de educaie, n anul colar / universitar 2008/2009 ........... Rata abandonului n nvmntul preuniversitar, n profil teritorial, n anul colar 2008/2009 ...................

Number of pupils who gratuated School Leaving Examination, at territorial level, in 2008/2009 school year Graduates at territorial level, and level of education, in 2008/2009 school / academic year Abandon rate in pre-university education, at territorial level, in 2008/2009 school year

SURSA DATELOR
Cercetri statistice: Cercetri statistice realizate la nceputul i sfritul anului colar (universitar) n unitile de nvmnt de toate tipurile, pe forme de proprietate i niveluri de educaie.

DATA SOURCE
Statistical surveys: Statistical surveys carried out at the beginning and at the end of school year (academic year) in educational units of all types, by type of ownership and level of education.

PRECIZRI METODOLOGICE
Datele statistice privind numrul copiilor i elevilor nscrii, absolvenilor i personalului didactic din nvmntul preuniversitar (precolar, primar i gimnazial, liceal, profesional, postliceal) cuprind i pe cele din nvmntul special. Profilurile, calificrile profesionale i specializrile n care se pregtesc elevii i studenii sunt stabilite conform prevederilor legislaiei n vigoare, referitoare la organizarea i funcionarea nvmntului n Romnia i pe baza Nomenclatorului profilurilor, calificrilor profesionale i specializrilor, ntocmit de Institutul Naional de Statistic mpreun cu Ministerul Educaiei,

METHODOLOGICAL NOTES
Data on the number of enrolled children and pupils, graduates and teaching staff of preuniversity education (pre-school, primary and secondary, high school, post high school) also refer to special education. Profiles, vocational qualifications and specializations for pupils and students are set up according to the stipulations of the in force legislation, referring to education organisation and functioning in Romania and based on Nomenclature of profiles, vocational qualifications and specialisations, drawn up by the National Institute of Statistics together with the Ministry of Education, Research, Youth and Sport. Statistical data on tertiary education (number of faculties, enrolled students, graduates and teaching staff) also include short term higher education (colleges), as well as foreign students who study in Romania; Romanian students who study in other countries are not included. Teaching staff is registered only once at the unit where there is the work record. Foremen trainers who carry out training-educational activity within the educational system are also included in the same category. Enrollment rate for school aged population represents the ratio between number of pupils from a certain age group, no matter of education level and total population of the same age group.

Cercetrii, Tineretului i Sportului.


Datele statistice privind nvmntul universitar (numrul facultilor, studenii nscrii, absolvenii i personalul didactic) includ i nvmntul superior de scurt durat (colegii), precum i studenii strini care studiaz n Romnia; nu sunt inclui studenii romni care studiaz n alte ri. Cadrele didactice sunt nregistrate o singur dat la unitatea unde au cartea de munc. n aceeai categorie sunt inclui i maitrii instructori, care desfoar activitate instructiv-educativ n sistemul de nvmnt. Gradul de cuprindere n nvmnt a populaiei de vrst colar reprezint raportul dintre numrul elevilor dintr-o anumit grup de vrst, indiferent de nivelul de educaie i totalul populaiei de aceeai grup de vrst.

241

8.G1
0,4% 2,2%

Personalul didactic, pe niveluri de educaie Teaching staff, by level of education


2004 / 2005 10,8% 2009 / 2010 12,3% 0,4% 1,0% 22,4% 11,6% 14,3%

21,8%

52,5%
nvmnt precolar Pre-school education nvmnt primar i gimnazial Primary and secondary education nvmnt liceal High school education

50,3%
nvmnt profesional i de ucenici Vocational and apprenticeship education nvmnt postliceal i de maitri Post high school and foremen education nvmnt superior Tertiary education

8.G2
100 80 60 40 20 0

Populaia colar, pe niveluri de educaie (exclusiv postuniversitare) School aged population, by level of education (excluding post-university education)
%

14,8 1,1

16,4 1,0 46,2

18,1 0,8 45,0

20,6 1,0 44,0

20,6 1,2 43,2

18,6 1,5 43,7

47,5

22,0 14,6 2004/2005

21,5 14,9 2005/2006

21,2 14,9 2006/2007

19,6 14,8 2007/2008

19,9 15,1 2008/2009


Secundar Secondary

20,2 16,0 2009/2010

Preprimar (precolar) Pre-primary (pre-school) Primar (clasele I-IV) Primary (forms I-IV) Teriar (superior) Tertiary (higher)

Post secundar Post secondary

242

8.G3

Ponderea elevilor care studiaz o limb strin (prima limb modern), n total elevi din nvmntul preuniversitar Weight of pupils learning a foreign language (first foreign language), in total number of pupils from pre-university education
2004 / 2005 1,7% 9,0% 21,5% 4,7% 2009 / 2010 2,1% 21,5%

29,4%

35,3%

38,4%
nvmnt primar Primary education nvmnt gimnazial Secondary education

36,4%
nvmnt liceal High school education nvmnt profesional i de ucenici Vocational and apprenticeship education

nvmnt postliceal i de maitri Post high school and foremen education

8.G4

Absolvenii, pe niveluri de educaie Graduates, by level of education


2004 / 2005 15,0% 36,7% 29,1% 2008 / 2009 27,6%

2,6%

21,1%

2,4%

13,6% 24,6%
nvmnt gimnazial Secondary education nvmnt liceal High school education nvmnt superior Tertiary education

27,3%
nvmnt profesional i de ucenici Vocational and apprenticeship education nvmnt postliceal i de maitri Post high school and foremen education

243

8.G5

Ponderea absolvenilor din nvmntul liceal, pe profiluri Weight of high-school graduates, by profile
2004 / 2005 11,5% 14,1% 8,0% 2008 / 2009

11,6%

49,3%

44,1%

27,6%

33,8%

Licee i colegii teoretice (inclusiv liceele de informatic) Theorethical high schools and colleges (including the informatics high schools) Licee industriale (inclusiv liceele de metrologie) Industrial high schools (including the metrology high schools) Licee economice i administrative Economic and administrative high schools Alte licee Other high schools

8.G6

Structura studenilor, pe grupe de specializri, din nvmntul superior Students in higher education institutes, by specialization groups
Anul universitar / Academic year 2004 / 2005 1,5% 24,9% 1,2% 21,8% 27,1% 2009 / 2010

30,0%

5,4%

6,5%

9,2% 29,0%
Tehnice Technical Medico-farmaceutice Medicine and pharmacy tiine economice Economics

14,5% 28,9%
tiine juridice Law science Universitar-pedagogice University-pedagogy Artistice Artistic

244

8.1

nvmntul pe niveluri de educaie (nvmnt de zi, seral, cu frecven redus i deschis la distan) Education by level of education (day, evening, part-time education and learning at distance)
2004/2005 2005/2006 2006/2007 Total 2007/2008 2008/2009 2009/2010

Uniti Units Populaia colar Enrolled population Copii n grdinie Children in kindergartens Elevi - total Pupils - total nvmnt de zi Day education nvmnt seral Evening education nvmnt cu frecven redus Part-time education Studeni Students nvmnt de zi Day education nvmnt seral Evening education nvmnt cu frecven redus Part-time education nvmnt deschis la distan Learning at distance Personal didactic Teaching staff

14396 4403880 644911 3108634 3007204 55276 46154 650335 499329 1229 61272 88505 285861

11865 4360831 648338 2996029 2880157 60588 55284 716464 518997 2602 60874 133991 281034

8484 4345581 648862 2911213 2784827 57324 69062 785506 539174 1115 68013 177204 277318

8230 4404581 650324 2846904 2700780 59681 86443 907353 555975 1132 89335 260911 276849

8221 4324992 652855 2781039 2612331 63559 105149 891098 516468 1616 93842 279172 275426

8244 4176866 666123 2735424 2558900 78694 97830 775319 562105 1626 132654 78934 268679

nvmnt precolar / Pre-school education Grdinie de copii Kindergartens Copii nscrii Children enrolled Personal didactic Teaching staff 5687 644911 35288 3769 648338 35755 1720 648862 36555 1731 650324 37348 1718 652855 38253 1697 666123 38322

nvmnt primar i gimnazial / Primary and secondary education coli Schools Elevi nscrii (n clase l-VIII) Pupils enrolled (in forms l-VIII) din care: / of which: n nvmntul gimnazial Secondary education Personal didactic Teaching staff din care:/ of which: n nvmntul gimnazial Secondary education Din nvmntul primar i gimnazial: Of primary and secondary education: nvmnt special: Special education: coli Schools Elevi nscrii (n clase l-VIII) Pupils enrolled (in forms l-VIII) Personal didactic Teaching staff 7023 1996604 6411 1900561 5045 1842208 4737 1789693 4727 1752335 4623 1719676

1026309 150168

961231 144489

922769 141601

924518 138972

893166 138560

873997 135231

93069

88668

86114

84422

84491

82959

135 21417 6117

126 19315 6038

125 18079 6225

122 16861 6151

113 16048 6183

105 16308 6355

245

8.1

nvmntul pe niveluri de educaie (nvmnt de zi, seral, cu frecven redus i deschis la distan) - continuare Education by level of education (day, evening, part-time education and learning at distance) - continued
2004/2005 2005/2006 2006/2007 2007/2008 2008/2009 2009/2010

nvmnt liceal / High school education Licee High schools Elevi nscrii Pupils enrolled Personal didactic Teaching staff 1413 773843 62192 1410 767439 61914 1421 780925 62048 1426 791348 61620 1444 784361 60647 1638 837728 60255

nvmnt profesional i de ucenici / Vocational and apprenticeship education coli Schools Elevi nscrii Pupils enrolled din care: / of which: n nvmntul de ucenici In apprenticeship education Personal didactic Teaching staff din care: / of which: n nvmntul de ucenici In apprenticeship education 77 289494 387 6290 90 284412 6234 115 250383 5643 147 220335 5939 147 189254 5129 98 115445 2803 -

nvmnt postliceal i de maitri / Post high school and foremen education coli Schools Elevi nscrii Pupils enrolled Personal didactic Teaching staff din care: / of which: nvmnt de maitri Foremen education Elevi nscrii Pupils enrolled Personal didactic Teaching staff 79 48693 1066 78 43617 1099 79 37697 888 83 45528 1006 79 55089 864 80 62575 965

3825 14

2821 26

2693 18

4534 10

6319 29

6315 12

nvmnt superior / Tertiary education Instituii de nvmnt superior Tertiary education institutions Faculti Faculties Studeni nscrii - total Students enrolled - total din care: / of which: nvmnt de scurt durat (colegii) Short-term education (colleges) Din total: studeni strini care studiaz n Romnia Of total: foreign students studying in Romania Personal didactic Teaching staff 117 742 650335 43192 8935 30857 107 770 716464 27872 9944 31543 104 755 785506 12937 10396 30583 106 631 907353 1485 11095 31964 106 617 891098 573 11887 31973 108 624 775319 570 13778 31103

Rate la 10000 locuitori / Per 10000 inhabitants Elevi Pupils Studeni Students 1434 300 1386 331 1349 364 1322 421 1293 414 1274 361

246

8.2

Populaia colar pe niveluri de educaie i pe sexe (nvmnt de zi, seral, cu frecven redus i deschis la distan) School aged population by level of education and by sex (day, evening, part-time education and learning at distance)

Total = T / Total = T Masculin = M / Male = M Feminin = F / Female = F Populaia colar Enrolled population T M F T M F T M F T M F

2004/2005 2005/2006 2006/2007 2007/2008 2008/2009 2009/2010

4403880 2201448 2202432 644911 328093 316818 1996604 1030373 966231 1026309 529425 496884

4360831 2176098 2184733 648338 330802 317536 1900561 980972 919589 961231 496477 464754

4345581 2164302 2181279 648862 331126 317736 1842208 950183 892025 922769 476353 446416

4404581 2185299 2219282 650324 332715 317609 1789693 923812 865881 924518 476600 447918

4324992 2151452 2173540 652855 333666 319189 1752335 904733 847602 893166 460685 432481

4176866 2084733 2092133 666123 340949 325174 1719676 888518 831158 873997 451168 422829

nvmnt precolar Pre-school education

nvmnt primar i gimnazial Primary and secondary education din care: / of which: nvmnt gimnazial Secondary education Din nvmntul primar i gimnazial: Of primary and secondary education: nvmnt special Special education

T M F T M F T M F

21417 13209 8208 773843 351822 422021 289494 179619 109875

19315 11937 7378 767439 354634 412805 284412 174948 109464

18079 11099 6980 780925 370577 410348 250383 155309 95074

16861 10428 6433 791348 382158 409190 220335 136798 83537

16048 9971 6077 784361 380190 404171 189254 118881 70373

16308 10219 6089 837728 418249 419479 115445 72949 42496

nvmnt liceal High school education

nvmnt profesional i de ucenici Vocational and apprenticeship education din care: / of which: nvmnt de ucenici Apprenticeship education

T M F T M F

387 214 173 48693 17947 30746

43617 15071 28546

37697 10390 27307

45528 12046 33482

55089 15696 39393

62575 17336 45239

nvmnt postliceal i de maitri Post high school and foremen education din care: / of which: nvmnt de maitri Foremen education

T M F T M F T M F

3825 3579 246 650335 293594 356741 43192 19018 24174

2821 2671 150 716464 319671 396793 27872 11800 16072

2693 2496 197 785506 346717 438789 12937 5685 7252

4534 4189 345 907353 397770 509583 1485 558 927

6319 5806 513 891098 398286 492812 573 147 426

6315 5903 412 775319 346732 428587 570 103 467

nvmnt superior Tertiary education din care: / of which: nvmnt de scurt durat (colegii) Short-term education (colleges)

247

8.3

Personalul didactic pe niveluri de educaie i pe sexe Teaching staff by level of education and by sex

Total = T / Total = T Masculin = M / Male = M Feminin = F / Female = F Personal didactic Teaching staff nvmnt precolar Pre-school education nvmnt primar i gimnazial Primary and secondary education education din care: / of which: nvmnt special Special education nvmnt liceal High school education nvmnt profesional i de ucenici Vocational and apprenticeship education nvmnt postliceal i de maitri Post high school and foremen education din care: / of which: nvmnt de maistri Foremen education nvmnt superior Tertiary education T M F T M F T M F T M F T M F T M F T M F T M F T M F

2004/2005 2005/2006 2006/2007 2007/2008 2008/2009 2009/2010 285861 80133 205728 35288 69 35219 150168 37350 112818 6117 1102 5015 62192 21812 40380 6290 2987 3303 1066 308 758 14 6 8 30857 17607 13250 281034 78238 202796 35755 85 35670 144489 35710 108779 6038 1082 4956 61914 21319 40595 6234 2769 3465 1099 307 792 26 10 16 31543 18048 13495 277318 75850 201468 36555 93 36462 141601 34812 106789 6225 1066 5159 62048 21035 41013 5643 2537 3106 888 224 664 18 11 7 30583 17149 13434 276849 75876 200973 37348 108 37240 138972 34283 104689 6151 1113 5038 61620 20513 41107 5939 2521 3418 1006 326 680 10 3 7 31964 18125 13839 275426 74696 200730 38253 98 38155 138560 34472 104088 6183 1017 5166 60647 19820 40827 5129 2191 2938 864 260 604 29 15 14 31973 17855 14118 268679 71393 197286 38322 112 38210 135231 33561 101670 6355 1030 5325 60255 19407 40848 2803 1169 1634 965 305 660 12 8 4 31103 16839 14264

8.4

Absolvenii pe niveluri de educaie (nvmnt de zi, seral i cu frecven redus) Graduates by level of education (day, evening and part-time education)
2004/2005 265179 131785 177576 97990 152875 57453 18530 11854 1868 149 108475 62952 2005/2006 231842 114111 185255 100122 150187 57322 15899 10462 1251 47 112244 65578 2006/2007 219507 108294 187576 100541 133829 50623 12660 8322 1172 96 125499 74459 2007/2008 207798 102485 218205 112982 113084 43175 12986 9660 1339 100 232885 151092 2008/2009 204018 100346 202113 103574 100901 38303 17574 11406 2909 223 214826 128010

Anul colar / School year nvmnt gimnazial Secondary education din care: feminin / of which: female nvmnt liceal High school education din care: feminin / of which: female nvmnt profesional i de ucenici Vocational and apprenticeship education din care: feminin / of which: female nvmnt postliceal i de maitri Post high school and foremen education din care: feminin / of which: female din care: /of which: nvmnt de maitri foremen education din care: feminin / of which: female nvmnt superior Tertiary education din care: feminin / of which: female

248

8.5
Total

Populaia colar pe niveluri de educaie i tipuri de coli1) School aged population by level of education and type of school1)
procente / percentage

2004/ 2005 100,0 14,3 21,6 46,5 22,8 23,7 8,3 15,4 9,0 6,4 1,1 1,0 0,1 16,5 13,5 1,0 2,0

2005/ 2006 100,0 14,5 21,0 44,9 21,5 23,4 8,2 15,2 8,9 6,3 1,0 0,9 0,1 18,6 15,4 0,6 2,6

2006/ 2007 100,0 14,5 20,5 43,5 20,5 23,0 8,1 14,9 9,3 5,6 0,8 0,7 0,1 20,7 17,2 0,3 3,2

2007/ 2008 100,0 14,2 19,0 42,4 20,3 22,1 7,8 14,3 9,5 4,8 1,0 0,9 0,1 23,4 19,8 0,1 3,5

2008/ 2009 100,0 14,4 19,0 41,2 19,7 21,5 7,8 13,7 9,5 4,2 1,2 1,1 0,1 24,2 19,6 **) 4,6

2009/ 2010 100,0 15,1 19,3 41,5 19,9 21,6 7,8 13,8 11,2 2,6 1,4 1,3 0,1 22,7 17,6 **) 5,1 Total Pre-primary (pre-school) Primary (forms I-IV) Secondary Lower (forms V-VIII) Upper General (theoretical high school) Technical / vocational high school vocational Post secondary post high school foremen Tertiary (higher) long-term short-term (colleges) postuniversity

Preprimar (precolar) Primar (clase I-IV) Secundar Inferior (clase V-VIII) Superior General (liceu teoretic) Tehnic / vocaional liceu profesional Post secundar postliceal de maitri Teriar (superior) de lung durat de scurt durat (colegii) postuniversitar
1)

Conform Clasificrii Internaionale Standard a Educaiei (CISE) - 1997. / According to International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) - 1997.

8.6
Total

Gradul de cuprindere n nvmnt a populaiei de vrst colar Enrolment rate for school aged population
procente / percentage

2004/ 2005 74,9 81,6 98,0 93,6 74,9 45,7 73,2 80,8 98,3 93,6 72,8 41,6 76,6 82,5 97,7 93,6 77,1 50,0

2005/ 2006 76,0 80,4 98,0 96,2 73,5 51,2 74,1 79,6 98,1 96,2 71,5 46,5 78,0 81,2 97,8 96,2 75,6 56,1

2006/ 2007 77,3 80,9 97,0 95,0 75,7 55,9 75,3 80,0 97,2 95,1 73,9 50,5 79,5 81,9 96,9 94,9 77,7 61,5

2007/ 2008 79,7 81,8 96,0 94,4 77,4 63,8 77,2 81,1 96,2 94,6 75,4 57,3 82,3 82,6 95,7 94,2 79,5 70,5

2008/ 2009 79,6 81,7 95,0 94,4 79,2 63,3 77,4 80,9 95,2 94,5 77,4 57,5 82,0 82,6 94,8 94,3 81,1 69,2

2009/ 2010 78,7 81,9 94,9 94,5 81,3 59,3 76,8 81,2 95,2 94,7 80,2 54,0 80,7 82,6 94,7 94,4 82,5 64,8 Total 3 - 6 years 7 - 10 years 11 - 14 years 15 - 18 years 19 - 23 years and over Male 3 - 6 years 7 - 10 years 11 - 14 years 15 - 18 years 19 - 23 years and over Female 3 - 6 years 7 - 10 years 11 - 14 years 15 - 18 years 19 - 23 years and over

3 - 6 ani 7 - 10 ani 11 - 14 ani 15 - 18 ani 19 - 23 ani i peste Masculin 3 - 6 ani 7 - 10 ani 11 - 14 ani 15 - 18 ani 19 - 23 ani i peste Feminin 3 - 6 ani 7 - 10 ani 11 - 14 ani 15 - 18 ani 19 - 23 ani i peste

249

8.7

Elevii nscrii n nvmntul preuniversitar, dup studiul limbilor moderne Pupils enrolled in pre-university education, by studied foreign language
numr / number

Prima limb modern First foreign language 2004/ 2005 Total Limba Limba Limba Limba Limba Limba Limba Limba Limba Limba Limba 2633365 1425090 1120224 71942 7506 4776 3271 203 120 233 564936 338914 208162 15612 905 1027 316 1012404 519791 451680 33585 4446 1714 1188 773843 419300 332922 17024 1471 1395 1175 203 120 233 2005/ 2006 2619377 1483773 1056792 64936 5113 5062 3223 108 135 235 583029 358312 207012 15189 872 1110 534 948881 513834 401718 28147 2729 1587 866 767439 442453 305887 15041 862 1433 1285 108 135 235 2006/ 2007 2541738 1513882 956428 59031 3737 5048 3163 74 132 230 13 568073 368319 183797 13984 475 1155 327 16 911756 516732 365339 25116 1941 1601 1027 780925 473634 289878 13457 909 1599 1015 58 132 230 13 2007/ 2008 2480878 1538900 877073 54405 2426 4427 3253 26 134 215 19 517694 353121 150486 12558 355 951 223 914039 538883 346930 24560 990 1513 1163 791348 497245 277786 12528 882 1568 945 26 134 215 19 2008/ 2009 2413768 1562729 792784 48981 1748 4784 2385 26 127 204 516223 361865 141506 11567 220 857 208 882938 545879 311931 21819 799 1586 924 784361 517163 252001 11530 599 1803 908 26 127 204 2009/ 2010 2372518 1610931 707378 44250 2632 4891 2101 26 115 194 509443 367974 129042 10883 304 1097 143 863036 559737 279413 20457 864 1608 957 837665 579417 243144 10700 1353 1824 892 26 115 194 2004/ 2005 1538118 666808 704594 123779 28533 5711 8561 49 83 7201 3041 2745 1236 86 93 974597 435146 432146 77532 23279 3255 3149 49 41 527169 218365 255086 42062 5085 2354 4175 42 2005/ 2006 1516772 621616 738556 119213 23070 6048 8039 84 146 7353 2688 3373 1068 143 19 62 913263 388004 429565 72017 18156 3079 2420 22 564023 219183 290161 43315 4459 2832 3865 62 146

A doua limb modern Second foreign language 2006/ 2007 1550570 609992 789549 121681 15080 5438 8595 22 62 151 9516 4215 4096 905 149 129 22 877855 361845 430764 68393 11748 2736 2355 14 629281 231799 337000 49986 3093 2399 4805 48 151 2007/ 2008 1632878 619765 863217 126400 9831 5680 7889 96 7678 2987 3630 935 32 94 878373 349596 447875 68152 7452 3039 2250 9 708341 251932 391705 55217 2226 2338 4836 87 2008/ 2009 1631885 577506 909998 123160 6931 6268 7641 47 131 203 8134 3176 4018 641 39 81 132 47 848445 316713 457196 64998 4686 2837 2000 15 737825 243489 429356 54902 2134 3068 4557 116 203 2009/ 2010 1673000 541896 988818 122627 5889 6152 7290 24 87 217 8023 2756 4147 984 25 71 16 24 827324 285721 470829 62836 3443 2719 1776 813978 245913 500113 57052 2372 3099 5125 87 217 Total English language French language German language Russian language Spanish language Italian language Greek language Japanese language Portuguese language Norwegian language Turkish language Primary education English language French language German language Russian language Spanish language Italian language Greek language Japanese language Secondary education English language French language German language Russian language Spanish language Italian language Japanese language Portuguese language High school education English language French language German language Russian language Spanish language Italian language Greek language Japanese language Portuguese language Norwegian language Turkish language Vocational and apprenticeship education English language French language German language Russian language Spanish language Italian language Post high school and foremen education English language French language German language Russian language Spanish language Italian language

englez francez german rus spaniol italian greac japonez portughez norvegian turc

nvmnt primar Limba englez Limba francez Limba german Limba rus Limba spaniol Limba italian Limba greac Limba japonez nvmnt gimnazial Limba englez Limba francez Limba german Limba rus Limba spaniol Limba italian Limba japonez Limba portughez nvmnt liceal Limba englez Limba francez Limba german Limba rus Limba spaniol Limba italian Limba greac Limba japonez Limba portughez Limba norvegian Limba turc nvmnt profesional i de ucenici Limba englez Limba francez Limba german Limba rus Limba spaniol Limba italian nvmnt postliceal i de maitri Limba englez Limba francez Limba german Limba rus Limba spaniol Limba italian

237087 109701 120670 5192 684 617 223 45095 37384 6790 529 23 369

278278 134893 136003 5667 650 918 147 41750 34281 6172 892 14 391

245526 125540 112912 5847 412 693 122 35458 29657 4502 627 672

215919 115395 95810 4066 199 395 54 41878 34256 6061 693 868

185745 101726 79976 3331 130 538 44 44501 36096 7370 734 301

112524 64170 46354 1541 72 362 25 49850 39633 9425 669 39 84

23656 9858 11235 2042 83 438 5495 398 3382 907 102 706

27710 11549 12761 2488 312 28 572 4423 192 2696 325 90 1120

30909 11930 16168 2204 88 132 387 3009 203 1521 193 2 42 1048

35881 15009 18356 1936 121 160 299 2605 241 1651 160 143 410

35270 13813 18043 2468 72 282 592 2211 315 1385 151 360

21501 7377 12020 1608 49 263 184 2174 129 1709 147 189

250

251

8.8

nvmntul preuniversitar, dup limba de predare1) (nvmnt de zi, seral i cu frecven redus) Pre-university education, by teaching language1) (day, evening and part-time education)
2004/ 2005 2005/ 2006 2006/ 2007 2007/ 2008 2008/ 2009 2009/ 2010

COPII I ELEVI NSCRII CHILDREN AND PUPILS ENROLLED nvmnt precolar Limba romn Limba maghiar Limba german Limba srb Limba ucrainean Limba slovac Limba ceh Limba bulgar Limba croat Limba romanes nvmnt primar i gimnazial Limba romn Limba maghiar Limba german Limba srb Limba ucrainean Limba slovac Limba ceh Limba croat Limba romanes Limba turc nvmnt liceal Limba romn Limba maghiar Limba german Limba srb Limba ucrainean Limba slovac Limba croat Limba bulgar nvmnt profesional i de ucenici Limba romn Limba maghiar nvmnt postliceal i de maitri Limba romn Limba maghiar din care: nvmnt de maitri Limba romn Limba maghiar 644911 597316 41207 5542 249 258 227 36 22 32 22 648338 600920 41104 5408 276 236 227 16 20 97 34 648862 601137 41280 5417 272 280 219 28 81 94 54 650324 603025 41054 5122 235 320 259 29 78 127 75 652855 605635 41184 4975 252 309 253 22 60 87 78 666123 617934 41857 5356 224 309 226 22 47 73 75 Pre-school education Romanian language Hungarian language German language Serbian language Ukrainian language Slovakian language Czech language Bulgarian language Croatian language Romanes language Primary and secondary education Romanian language Hungarian language German language Serbian language Ukrainian language Slovakian language Czech language Croatian language Romanes language Turkish language High school education Romanian language Hungarian language German language Serbian language Ukrainian language Slovakian language Croatian language Bulgarian language Vocational and apprenticeship education Romanian language Hungarian language Post high school and foremen education Romanian language Hungarian language of which: Foremen education Romanian language Hungarian language

1996604 1885950 99428 9916 296 95 696 49 56 118 773843 737999 31013 4112 154 205 186 75 99

1900561 1793992 96266 8977 287 159 661 50 42 48 79 767439 731769 30876 4101 131 208 164 57 133

1842208 1737450 93944 9551 353 138 626 53 40 53 780925 745414 30968 3776 122 201 183 50 211

1789693 1685749 92816 9981 247 115 587 55 52 91 791348 755562 31559 3528 114 198 220 80 87

1752335 1649578 91732 9803 238 123 549 46 57 209 784361 748540 31616 3417 107 269 236 83 93

1719676 1617465 90930 10147 198 115 529 38 69 185 837728 799905 33563 3373 112 307 292 78 98

289494 280057 9437

284412 274273 10139

250383 240507 9876

220335 211565 8770

189254 181945 7309

115445 111224 4221

48693 47236 1457 3825 3795 30

43617 42105 1512 2821 2792 29

37697 36545 1152 2693 2664 29

45528 44426 1102 4534 4534 -

55089 53821 1268 6319 6319 -

62575 61390 1185 6315 6315 -

1) Limba romn i limba minoritilor naionale. / Romanian language and language of national minorities.

252

8.8

nvmntul preuniversitar, dup limba de predare1) (nvmnt de zi, seral i cu frecven redus) - continuare Pre-university education, by teaching language1) (day, evening and part-time education) - continued
2004/ 2005 2005/ 2006 2006/ 2007 2007/ 2008 2008/ 2009 2009/ 2010

PERSONAL DIDACTIC TEACHING STAFF nvmnt precolar Limba romn Limba maghiar Limba german Limba srb Limba ucrainean Limba slovac Limba ceh Limba bulgar Limba croat nvmnt primar i gimnazial Limba romn Limba maghiar Limba german Limba srb Limba ucrainean Limba slovac Limba ceh Limba croat Limba romanes Limba turc nvmnt liceal Limba romn Limba maghiar Limba german Limba srb Limba ucrainean Limba slovac Limba croat Limba bulgar nvmnt profesional apprenticeship i de ucenici Limba romn Limba maghiar nvmnt postliceal i de maitri Limba romn Limba maghiar din care: nvmnt de maitri Limba romn 35288 33130 2029 102 5 5 13 2 1 1 35755 33552 2085 93 4 5 13 1 1 1 36555 34350 2073 91 10 6 13 2 6 4 37348 35083 2138 80 10 7 14 2 7 7 38253 35969 2146 89 13 9 15 2 5 5 38322 36004 2185 92 9 9 13 2 3 5 Pre-school education Romanian language Hungarian language German language Serbian language Ukrainian language Slovakian language Czech language Bulgarian language Croatian language Primary and secondary education Romanian language Hungarian language German language Serbian language Ukrainian language Slovakian language Czech language Croatian language Romanes language Turkish language High school education Romanian language Hungarian language German language Serbian language Ukrainian language Slovakian language Croatian language Bulgarian language Vocational and 6290 6205 85 6234 6182 52 5643 5563 80 5939 5865 74 5129 5098 31 2803 2790 13 education Romanian language Hungarian language Post high school and foremen education Romanian language Hungarian language of which: Foremen education Romanian language

150168 142793 6999 295 27 4 50 62192 59489 2406 188 22 16 31 21 19

144489 137449 6699 248 29 3 50 11 61914 59210 2399 196 16 14 29 30 20

141601 134503 6727 286 27 4 53 1 62048 59474 2292 181 16 13 29 23 20

138972 132202 6424 273 10 3 59 1 61620 58974 2401 167 21 14 31 12 -

138560 131455 6685 309 16 2 55 1 37 60647 57893 2479 177 21 17 35 25 -

135231 128411 6451 295 10 2 47 1 14 60255 57519 2473 186 19 16 35 7 -

1066 1058 8 14 14

1099 1083 16 26 26

888 863 25 18 18

1006 994 12 10 10

864 850 14 29 29

965 959 6 12 12

1) Limba romn i limba minoritilor naionale. / Romanian language and language of national minorities.

253

8.9

nvmntul liceal, pe profiluri (nvmnt de zi, seral i cu frecven redus) High school education, by profile (day, evening and part-time education)
2004/2005 2005/2006 1410 554 455 44 17 3 17 125 30 45 32 4 73 11 2006/2007 1421 557 469 35 15 3 14 130 30 45 33 4 74 12 2007/2008 1426 558 483 23 12 15 136 28 45 34 4 75 13 2008/2009 1444 560 487 22 10 18 150 27 45 34 4 73 14 2009/2010 1638 554 605 53 10 4 20 171 25 45 33 3 74 41

Licee / High schools Licee i colegii teoretice Theoretical high schools and colleges1) Licee industriale2) Industrial high schools2) Licee agricole Agricultural high schools Licee silvice Sylvicultural high schools Licee agromontane Agromountain high schools Licee veterinare Veterinary high schools Licee economice i administrative Economic and administrative high schools coli normale Pedagogical schools Licee de art Art high schools Licee cu program de educaie fizic Sports high schools Licee militare Military high schools Seminarii teologice Theological seminaries Licee speciale Special high schools Elevi nscrii / Pupils enrolled Licee i colegii teoretice1) Theoretical high schools and colleges1) Licee industriale2) Industrial high schools2) Licee agricole Agricultural high schools Licee silvice Sylvicultural high schools Licee agromontane Agromountain high schools Licee veterinare Veterinary high schools Licee economice i administrative Economic and administrative high schools coli normale Pedagogical schools Licee de art Art high schools Licee cu program de educaie fizic Sports high schools Licee militare Military high schools Seminarii teologice Theological seminaries Licee speciale Special high schools
1)

1413 555 456 49 17 4 17 117 31 45 32 4 74 12

773843 369497 229240 11698 8874 3802 5988 88436 10550 14296 15313 1762 13616 771

767439 368821 228091 9550 7551 3707 4544 90468 10540 14111 14828 1629 12869 730

780925 361917 250510 7531 6276 2996 3625 96661 8812 13931 14418 1434 12188 626

791348 355586 265127 6583 5186 2672 3616 104674 6947 13522 13863 1358 11552 662

784361 352739 258273 7680 3913 1989 4508 109797 5463 13588 13947 1202 10242 1020

837728 344449 297941 11368 4156 2248 5016 126220 4748 13778 14324 1227 10190 2063

1) Inclusiv liceele de informatic. / Including the informatics high schools. 2) Inclusiv liceele de metrologie. / Including the metrology high schools.

254

8.9

nvmntul liceal, pe profiluri (nvmnt de zi, seral i cu frecven redus) - continuare High school education, by profile (day, evening and part-time education) - continued
2004/2005 2005/2006 185255 90250 52297 2511 2239 955 1911 21716 2665 3435 3621 461 3014 180 61914 22156 25361 1809 747 94 531 4866 1414 2297 1293 110 973 263 2006/2007 187576 90311 54520 2235 2044 1128 1772 22019 2636 3561 3771 360 3071 148 62048 22290 25719 1452 652 73 441 5177 1362 2424 1253 107 897 201 2007/2008 218205 91252 79916 1978 1710 995 728 27734 2518 3472 3747 435 3530 190 61620 22012 26019 802 485 511 5679 1246 2407 1260 99 931 169 2008/2009 2009/2010 202113 89138 68289 1883 1098 614 742 28535 2326 3224 3283 318 2427 236 60647 21987 25017 820 364 623 5872 1161 2347 1175 94 959 228 3) 60255 20988 24587 923 322 62 677 6167 1057 2578 1150 88 1036 620

Absolveni / Graduates Licee i colegii teoretice1) Theoretical high schools and colleges1) Licee industriale2) Industrial high schools2) Licee agricole Agricultural high schools Licee silvice Sylvicultural high schools Licee agromontane Agromountain high schools Licee veterinare Veterinary high schools Licee economice i administrative Economic and administrative high schools coli normale Pedagogical schools Licee de art Art high schools Licee cu program de educaie fizic Sports high schools Licee militare Military high schools Seminarii teologice Theological seminaries Licee speciale Special high schools Personal didactic / Teaching staff Licee i colegii teoretice1) Theoretical high schools and colleges1) Licee industriale2) Industrial high schools2) Licee agricole Agricultural high schools Licee silvice Sylvicultural high schools Licee agromontane Agromountain high schools Licee veterinare Veterinary high schools Licee economice i administrative Economic and administrative high schools coli normale Pedagogical schools Licee de art Art high schools Licee cu program de educaie fizic Sports high schools Licee militare Military high schools Seminarii teologice Theological seminaries Licee speciale Special high schools

177576 87621 48956 2398 2236 873 1956 20593 2395 3284 3735 414 2923 192 62192 21924 25713 2034 761 76 557 4596 1445 2484 1241 133 948 280

1) Inclusiv liceele de informatic. / Including the informatics high schools. 2) Inclusiv liceele de metrologie. / Including the metrology high schools. 3) Anul colar 2009/2010 se ncheie dup examenul de corigen din toamn. / 2009/2010 school year ends after the autumn second

examination.

255

8.10

nvmntul profesional, de ucenici, postliceal i de maitri, pe tipuri de coli i profiluri de pregtire Vocational, apprenticeship, post high school and foremen education, by type of school and training profile
Elevi nscrii / Pupils enrolled 2004/ 2005 2005/ 2006 2006/ 2007 2007/ 2008 2008/ 2009 2009/ 2010 2004/ 2005 Absolveni / Graduated 2005/ 2006 2006/ 2007 2007/ 2008 2008/ 2009

coli profesionale 277838 Vocational schools Construcii de maini 67680 Engineering Electrotehnic i electronic 32729 Electrotechnics and electronics Mine 331 Mines Petrol 1760 Oil Metalurgie 325 Metallurgy Energetic 1397 Energy Chimie industrial 3545 Industrial chemistry Materiale de construcii 1238 Construction materials Construcii-montaj 18168 Assembly-construction Exploatarea i industrializarea lemnului 16420 Wood exploitation and processing Transporturi 19176 Transport Pot i telecomunicaii 395 Post and telecommunications Industrie alimentar 11535 Food industry Industrie uoar 37175 Light industry Poligrafie 674 Poligraphy Gospodrirea apelor 88 Water management Agricultur 23709 Agriculture Silvicultur 2911 Forestry Teologie 769 Theology Turism 1627 Tourism Comer 9217 Trade Alimentaie public 21490 Public catering Industrie mic i prestri servicii 5479 Small-sized industry and rendering services Industrie Industry

274041 240924 211345 181048 109847 148928 146429 130863 110597 98529 66068 55392 46740 41022 22642 32262 32631 27719 21885 19224 30650 26995 23595 19174 9986 16645 15360 13618 11450 10143

137 1471 148 1744 2957 1455

16 991 59 1413 2569 1202

762 54 983 2313 878

813 39 674 1890 629

696 63 297 1072 452 8884

300 1197 291 663 2065 667 9655

126 896 84 1147 1531 676 9655

14 578 33 844 1361 590 8909

440 43 674 1265 454 8063

456 31 489 1203 352 7795

19039 17270 16703 14728

15383 13431 11280

9113

5148

8579

7896

7286

5781

4736

15299 13730 12235 10174 484 274 321 172 9808

9886 16455 12445 10822 110 6074 407 6535 459 6793 262 6396

9534 290 5938

7885 158 5504 8187 262 7392 1434 200 1204 5909

12525 11908 10960

34738 26768 21087 15751 664 124 626 554 416 -

8938 19422 18212 14421 10892 243 363 88 425 109 389 288 9280 1646 253 981 5735

25083 22203 18457 14710 3251 592 1773 3394 543 1569 3083 399 2083 2245 317 2331

8364 10663 11545 11416 1272 154 1352 6750 1428 460 741 4688 1759 381 899 5407 1779 300 896 5960

10600 11415 11064 11001

23693 22640 21654 20092 13178 11713 14015 13077 11976 12151

6163

6516

6140

5949

4265

3641

3978

4193

3729

3814

21

256

8.10

nvmntul profesional, de ucenici, postliceal i de maitri, pe tipuri de coli i profiluri de pregtire - continuare Vocational, apprenticeship, post high school and foremen education, by type of school and training profile - continued
Elevi nscrii / Pupils enrolled 2004/ 2005 2005/ 2006 2006/ 2007 2007/ 2008 2008/ 2009 2009/ 2010 2004/ 2005 Absolveni / Graduated 2005/ 2006 2006/ 2007 2007/ 2008 2008/ 2009

coli profesionale speciale 11269 10371 9459 8990 8206 5598 3591 3758 2966 2487 2372 Special vocational schools Construcii de maini 1348 1277 1458 1173 1098 807 388 335 387 240 262 Engineering Electrotehnic i electronic 40 40 7 18 6 Electrotechnics and electronics Chimie industrial 7 5 8 7 5 5 7 Industrial chemistry Materiale de construcii 55 21 16 12 10 10 13 12 Construction materials Construcii-montaj 2092 2123 1774 1677 1420 908 684 823 520 452 431 Assembly-construction Exploatarea i industrializarea lemnului 1372 1050 1099 1179 1103 800 352 325 336 334 262 Wood exploitation and processing Transporturi 364 263 115 66 45 18 209 144 77 48 33 Transport Industrie alimentar 302 271 250 334 315 216 61 72 74 85 86 Food industry Industrie uoar 3504 3300 2872 2691 2382 1600 1048 1174 918 796 720 Light industry Agricultur 340 359 312 305 265 173 148 134 88 90 111 Agriculture Comer 58 59 72 132 150 117 11 28 25 14 27 Trade Alimentaie public 1112 1140 1010 950 1016 734 366 492 420 312 292 Public catering Industrie mic i prestri servicii 660 434 401 354 225 173 306 191 95 65 50 Small-sized industry and rendering services Poligrafie 15 29 37 29 17 3 5 8 10 17 Poligraphy nvmnt general 36 88 152 32 12 41 74 General education coli de ucenici 387 356 Apprenticeship schools Industrie 155 139 Industry Industrie mic 232 217 Small sized industry Prestaii pentru servirea populaiei Services for population Activiti n agricultur Activities in agriculture coli postliceale 44641 40578 34772 40759 48546 56063 16590 14579 11398 11567 14565 Post high schools Construcii de maini 337 309 215 363 584 507 183 97 124 44 258 Engineering Electrotehnic i electronic 109 78 65 160 281 258 40 27 23 134 Electrotechnics and electronics Mine 28 21 18 Mines

257

8.10
Petrol Oil Geologie Geology Metalurgie Metallurgy Energetic Energy

nvmntul profesional, de ucenici, postliceal i de maitri, pe tipuri de coli i profiluri de pregtire - continuare Vocational, apprenticeship, post high school and foremen education, by type of school and training profile - continued
Elevi nscrii / Pupils enrolled 2004/ 2005 64 88 18 78 19 2005/ 2006 41 86 54 2006/ 2007 89 15 2007/ 2008 122 15 2008/ 2009 161 36 55 15 2009/ 2010 147 93 101 15 2004/ 2005 23 38 20 16 Absolveni / Graduated 2005/ 2006 40 31 27 2006/ 2007 32 2007/ 2008 33 15 2008/ 2009 63 -

Chimie industrial Industrial chemistry Materiale de construcii Construction materials Arhitectur, sistematizare i construcii-montaj Architecture, arrangement and assembly-construction Exploatarea i industrializarea lemnului Wood exploitation and processing Transporturi Transport Pot i telecomunicaii Post and telecommunications Industrie alimentar Food industry Industrie uoar Light industry Poligrafie Polygraphy Agricultur Agriculture Silvicultur Forestry Gospodrirea apelor Water management Comer Trade Finane, contabilitate, administrativ Finances, accountancy, administrative Turism Tourism Servicii Services Informatic Informatics Metrologie Metrology Sanitar Sanitary Cultur Culture

256

301

331

786

1086

1082

115

87

152

106

434

221

200

147

171

269

235

64

116

59

12

111

636 522 1098 320 28 34 1476 16 2533

619 401 771 227 27 41 1236 1913

364 243 359 118 502 1041

731 467 665 164 337 357 1191

1291 510 881 239 442 533 1408

1450 455 959 242 415 927 1283

249 229 454 161 7 12 620 7 961

208 141 313 105 26 15 590 769

169 121 173 77 443 539

106 98 134 10 178 253

537 300 400 97 206 164 564

4031

2969

1337

564

519

415

1512

1240

689

123

233

583 1455 2399 17

633 1328 1616 -

289 1036 759 -

646 1437 668 -

1231 1636 1053 -

1142 1335 1204 -

142 770 804 6 9460 37

266 635 684 8664 19

156 450 363 7358 54

89 532 141 9252 46

544 716 374 9102 46

26928 26677 26982 31183 35554 43044 74 127 111 57 124 138

258

8.10
nvmnt Pedagogy

nvmntul profesional, de ucenici, postliceal i de maitri, pe tipuri de coli i profiluri de pregtire - continuare Vocational, apprenticeship, post high school and foremen education, by type of school and training profile - continued
Elevi nscrii / Pupils enrolled 2004/ 2005 206 640 427 227 188 9 80 3825 842 2005/ 2006 228 487 188 218 167 19 10 22 2821 542 260 14 97 132 477 101 32 348 2006/ 2007 305 117 347 232 177 21 10 24 2693 454 277 121 93 445 111 30 411 2007/ 2008 229 18 428 235 181 15 39 4534 908 470 175 193 622 112 1090 2008/ 2009 207 39 392 224 163 30 31 6319 1466 641 229 200 821 143 1590 2009/ 2010 260 11 345 197 156 14 27 6315 1593 677 61 203 99 867 104 1387 2004/ 2005 77 221 362 72 63 9 1868 483 99 48 201 36 378 59 18 77 Absolveni / Graduated 2005/ 2006 91 279 91 69 51 6 12 1251 261 147 13 48 87 230 27 118 2006/ 2007 181 124 111 90 59 9 10 12 1172 172 97 62 25 217 66 29 145 2007/ 2008 144 251 80 68 12 1339 252 168 52 60 225 37 237 2008/ 2009 90 14 178 100 69 14 17 2909 631 276 116 140 380 45 811

Asisten social Social assistance Altele Others coli postliceale speciale Special post high schools Sanitar Sanitary Cultur Culture nvmnt Education Servicii Services coli de maitri Foremen schools Construcii de maini Engineering

Electronic i electrotehnic 274 Electronics and electrotechnics Mine Mines Petrol Oil Metalurgie Metallurgy Energetic Energy Chimie industrial Industrial chemistry Materiale de construcii Construction materials Construcii-montaj Assembly-construction Exploatarea i industrializarea lemnului Wood exploitation and processing Transporturi Transport Industria alimentar Food industry Industria uoar Light industry Poligrafie Poligraphy Agricultur Agriculture 66 275 126 701 87 51 327

118

135

134

236

202

128

26

53

63

70

132

882 47 29 -

654 29 -

588 29 -

611 36 54 27

747 72 136 72

894 48 131 123

369 45 29 -

267 -

267 29 -

238 -

276 28 47 27

259

8.11
Anii colari 2004/2005

nvmntul special Special education


Din care: n nvmntul Total coli Elevi nscrii din care: feminin Personal didactic din care: feminin coli Elevi nscrii din care: feminin Personal didactic din care: feminin coli Elevi nscrii din care: feminin Personal didactic din care: feminin coli Elevi nscrii din care: feminin Personal didactic din care: feminin coli Elevi nscrii din care: feminin Personal didactic din care: feminin coli Elevi nscrii din care: feminin Personal didactic din care: feminin 205 35510 14048 8068 6370 190 32531 12770 7988 6354 174 30163 11851 8157 6539 176 28828 11216 8068 6447 172 27654 10702 8150 6612 170 26313 9974 8059 6619 Precolar Pre-school 26 1826 830 416 409 20 1897 847 393 388 9 1767 779 453 443 13 2080 912 523 508 14 2156 881 583 567 13 2147 798 591 572 Primar i gimnazial Primary and secondary 135 21417 8208 6117 5015 126 19315 7378 6038 4956 125 18079 6980 6225 5159 122 16861 6433 6151 5038 113 16048 6077 6183 5166 105 16308 6089 6355 5325 Of which: in education Liceal High school 12 771 390 280 181 11 730 371 263 175 12 626 301 201 133 13 662 320 169 114 14 1020 527 228 157 41 2063 874 620 407 Profesional i de ucenici Vocational and apprenticeship 32 11269 4513 1253 764 33 10371 4067 1292 834 28 9459 3688 1278 804 28 8990 3444 1225 787 31 8206 3109 1147 717 11 5598 2115 493 315 Postliceal i de maitri Post high school and foremen 227 107 2 1 218 107 2 1 232 103 235 107 224 108 9 5 197 98 Schools Pupils enrolled of which: female Teaching staff of which: female Schools Pupils enrolled of which: female Teaching staff of which: female Schools Pupils enrolled of which: female Teaching staff of which: female Schools Pupils enrolled of which: female Teaching staff of which: female Schools Pupils enrolled of which: female Teaching staff of which: female Schools Pupils enrolled of which: female Teaching staff of which: female School years 2004/2005

2005/2006

2005/2006

2006/2007

2006/2007

2007/2008

2007/2008

2008/2009

2008/2009

2009/2010

2009/2010

8.12
Localiti

nvmntul superior, pe localiti (nvmnt de zi, seral, cu frecven redus i deschis la distan) Tertiary education, by locality (day, evening, part-time education and learning at distance)
Instituii de nvmnt superior Tertiary education institutions 2004/ 2005 117 37 12 10 9 4 6 2 1 3 1 4 2 2005/ 2006 107 34 11 10 8 3 3 2 1 4 1 4 2 2006/ 2007 104 34 10 10 8 3 3 3 1 4 1 4 2 2007/ 2008 106 35 10 10 8 3 3 2 1 4 1 4 2 2008/ 2009 106 35 10 10 8 3 3 2 1 4 1 4 2 2009/ 2010 108 33 11 10 8 3 3 2 1 4 1 4 2 2004/ 2005 742 191 66 56 52 27 31 19 5 16 4 27 15 2005/ 2006 770 184 65 56 50 26 28 24 6 16 4 27 16 Faculti Faculties 2006/ 2007 755 184 59 58 50 26 26 24 6 18 4 29 16 2007/ 2008 631 169 51 52 47 24 25 19 5 16 3 21 14 2008/ 2009 617 167 51 51 46 23 23 20 5 15 3 19 14 2009/ 2010 624 165 51 50 45 23 23 19 5 15 3 21 14 2004/ 2005 2005/ 2006 Studeni nscrii Students enrolled 2006/ 2007 2007/ 2008 2008/ 2009 2009/ 2010 2004/ 2005 Personal didactic Teacing staff 2005/ 2006 2006/ 2007 2007/ 2008 2008/ 2009 2009/ 2010 Localities Total Bucharest Iai Cluj-Napoca Timioara Craiova Braov Galai Ploieti Trgu Mure Petroani Sibiu Piteti

Total Bucureti Iai Cluj-Napoca Timioara Craiova Braov Galai Ploieti Trgu Mure Petroani Sibiu Piteti

650335 716464 785506 907353 891098 775319 30857 31543 30583 31964 31973 31103 210139 60272 61134 43511 29418 26372 16379 9337 11452 5574 21954 17276 253247 60686 65691 45750 30700 32109 18303 10450 11641 5187 22569 17377 302248 60102 66033 48541 33431 37538 19757 10100 11313 4950 26816 16590 389517 62875 67982 50587 37634 49869 21006 9607 11757 5547 25884 17579 388161 60226 61487 47487 37650 60519 20363 8262 11425 5395 25221 15515 285720 10475 11045 10393 11280 11164 10707 58418 3529 3548 3394 3345 3302 3316 60371 3483 3525 3469 3561 3749 3932 42259 2848 2875 2848 3036 3072 2306 35667 1342 1409 1378 1381 1421 1462 58976 1107 1091 1100 1091 1072 1018 20117 762 737 695 689 664 677 8569 376 364 367 364 358 366 11654 623 634 657 659 685 784 4812 217 207 207 213 209 211 24211 824 806 785 801 853 883 13845 511 532 552 570 585 555

260

261

8.12
Localiti

nvmntul superior, pe localiti (nvmnt de zi, seral, cu frecven redus i deschis la distan) - continuare Tertiary education, by locality (day, evening, part-time education and learning at distance) - continued
Instituii de nvmnt superior Tertiary education institutions 2004/ 2005 1 1 6 1 4 2 2 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 2005/ 2006 2 1 5 1 4 2 2 2 1 2 1 1 2006/ 2007 2 1 4 1 4 2 2 2 1 1 1 2007/ 2008 2 1 5 1 4 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 2008/ 2009 2 1 5 1 4 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 2009/ 2010 2 1 5 1 4 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2004/ 2005 8 2 3 33 10 27 8 22 4 6 9 5 6 2 12 11 5 2 4 2 3 1 3 1 3 1 2 1 1 2 2 2 3 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 5 1 5 1 2 2005/ 2006 11 2 3 32 12 27 8 25 4 7 9 8 8 3 12 13 7 2 4 3 3 1 2 1 3 2 3 2 2 5 3 4 5 3 1 2 2 2 3 1 2 1 2 5 3 1 3 1 Faculti Faculties 2006/ 2007 11 2 3 32 12 27 9 24 4 6 7 7 7 3 12 10 7 1 4 2 3 1 1 3 2 2 2 2 4 3 4 5 2 1 1 1 2 2 3 1 2 1 2 4 5 2 3 1 2007/ 2008 11 2 2 30 9 24 8 23 3 3 7 4 2 1 9 7 6 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 4 1 1 1 2008/ 2009 11 2 2 28 9 23 9 23 3 3 7 5 2 1 9 7 5 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 2 1 1 1 2009/ 2010 10 2 1 29 9 25 9 24 3 5 7 6 2 1 9 7 5 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 1 1 1 2 2 1 2 3 1 1 1 2 2004/ 2005 2005/ 2006 Studeni nscrii Students enrolled 2006/ 2007 2007/ 2008 2008/ 2009 2009/ 2010 2004/ 2005 213 81 60 996 333 1362 284 537 47 42 193 345 149 80 8 23 7 Personal didactic Teacing staff 2005/ 2006 204 93 60 1002 318 1487 270 565 40 35 173 337 144 7 23 12 2006/ 2007 195 101 61 990 324 1461 278 569 44 40 164 337 141 4 7 22 2007/ 2008 213 109 56 1021 327 1418 317 723 39 39 171 329 146 19 5 22 20 2008/ 2009 215 110 56 1023 355 1421 304 565 35 50 176 320 150 8 5 26 20 2009/ 2010 219 121 59 985 364 1446 297 565 32 40 181 19 327 151 9 5 30 19 17 Localities Baia Mare Reia Hunedoara Constana Suceava Oradea Bacu Arad Brila Rmnicu Vlcea Alba Iulia Satu Mare Bistria Buzu Trgovite Trgu Jiu Drobeta-Turnu Severin Botoani Blaj Deva Lugoj Marghita Bile Herculane Caransebe Sfntu Gheorghe Gheorghieni Focani Beiu Nsud Clrai Sighetu Marmaiei Piatra Neam Zalu Cmpulung Vatra Dornei Brlad Aiud Trgu Secuiesc Odorheiu Secuiesc Miercurea Ciuc Toplia Fget town Slobozia Amara Giurgiu Crevedia Slatina Geoagiu Reghin Alexandria Sebi Sighioara Media Cmpina Cernica Roman

Baia Mare Reia Hunedoara Constana Suceava Oradea Bacu Arad Brila Rmnicu Vlcea Alba Iulia Satu Mare Bistria Buzu Trgovite Trgu Jiu Drobeta-Turnu Severin Botoani Blaj Deva Lugoj Marghita Bile Herculane Caransebe Sfntu Gheorghe Gheorghieni Focani Beiu Nsud Clrai Sighetu Marmaiei Piatra Neam Zalu Cmpulung Vatra Dornei Brlad Aiud Trgu Secuiesc Odorheiu Secuiesc Miercurea Ciuc Toplia Ora Fget Slobozia Amara Giurgiu Crevedia Slatina Geoagiu Reghin Alexandria Sebi Sighioara Media Cmpina Cernica Roman

5506 6214 6299 6385 5783 5383 3234 3745 3892 4195 3845 3415 1137 1089 1082 1168 1157 944 28048 29928 32701 38915 40093 36860 9047 9909 10373 11039 9947 9796 22126 22929 23100 22075 21013 19182 7576 7872 8235 8464 7512 7468 16605 15851 21082 21997 20076 19224 2274 2142 2310 2412 2021 1830 3675 3007 3191 3176 2709 6060 6286 6383 5857 5189 4780 4898 561 762 788 1084 1348 1939 794 839 787 1041 1282 1355 528 401 291 206 222 224 9030 8887 8557 8102 7834 7998 6322 6909 6431 7106 6307 5749 3805 4000 3891 3879 3176 2960 59 92 199 218 361 293 422 447 466 691 599 2361 463 1831 262 257 145 151 1018 998 985 1007 946 1006 73 72 25 560 210 211 130 47 573 840 895 1174 962 804 318 324 305 255 315 224 278 327 133 200 164 141 105 260 105 93 196 183 311 191 296 732 634 397 391 499 467 274 337 396 516 499 500 185 332 613 760 845 867 253 316 347 394 425 428 705 788 124 276 151 4137 206 162 143 121 127 79 34 10 34 39 39 16 63 72 128 189 253 66 70 81 156 292 456 193 1104 1195 1159 1212 1025 971 12 11 10 315 619 346 150 66 488 269 109 166 189 199 259 203 216 599 522 577 655 730 557 20 1166 540 503 952 686 607 107 210 365 510 401 313 90 76 52 38 31 28 129 51 252 236 251 102

262

263

8.13
nvmnt nvmnt nvmnt nvmnt

nvmntul superior, pe grupe de specializri (nvmnt de zi, seral, cu frecven redus i deschis la distan) Tertiary education, by group of specializations (day, evening, part-time education and learning at distance)
2004/2005 650335 499329 1229 61272 88505 161850 147943 103045 97835 611 611 1598 1286 59655 57926 20036 19241 5467 5421 1206 1206 4585 4082 9887 8062 3988 3840 22062 21140 21404 15395 17164 11212 4240 4183 3777 3042 7574 6691 35039 35006 30538 30505 4501 4501 188505 122598 59621 32360 195190 152193 45991 34413 27497 23429 13585 11421 2005/2006 716464 518997 2602 60874 133991 164736 149431 101343 96151 541 541 1728 1411 59387 57241 19041 18536 5339 5234 975 975 3805 3644 10527 8569 5674 5150 23651 22445 21235 14690 16966 10449 4269 4241 4233 3625 8600 7370 36422 36422 31433 31433 4989 4989 221619 129204 63586 32538 218860 161440 49751 35782 27889 23594 15900 12950 2006/2007 785506 539174 1115 68013 177204 170921 150814 102151 93674 452 452 1490 1257 58927 56525 18193 17401 4740 4623 946 946 2691 2641 10459 7793 5423 4690 26398 25030 22737 15568 18551 11395 3869 3856 4541 3793 9671 8059 40028 40028 34104 34104 5924 5924 242330 139547 82696 33876 238711 165211 48722 37682 25775 21747 19443 13793 2007/2008 907353 555975 1132 89335 260911 178258 153970 122100 105671 397 397 1837 1518 41502 39839 18497 17471 4008 3952 836 836 959 959 11964 9202 42100 31497 5376 4317 28187 26227 14474 11661 10525 7712 3949 3949 4614 3741 3507 2353 41398 41398 34769 34769 6629 6629 294417 146792 116538 35694 265624 168394 53630 37280 25029 20561 18313 13501 2008/2009 891098 516468 1616 93842 279172 188660 159901 128328 108239 513 513 2579 1986 42719 40478 19209 17836 4109 4109 727 727 659 659 13199 9429 44614 32502 6361 4835 32250 29620 13385 10740 9547 6902 3838 3838 4691 3799 3645 2668 47758 47758 39970 39970 7788 7788 281421 121694 127399 38123 235923 140358 40321 29066 22484 18194 15897 10836 2009/2010 775319 562105 1626 132654 78934 168863 141027 111756 92006 401 401 2259 1930 36897 34545 16040 14767 3046 3046 514 514 432 432 12370 7943 39797 28428 5778 4198 30093 27486 11692 9477 7760 5545 3932 3932 3674 2921 5870 4939 50059 50059 41330 41330 8729 8729 223961 144388 112621 47291 210126 170463 40038 32983 16249 14868 11701 10351 Group of specializations STUDENTS ENROLLED - total Day education Evening education Part-time education Learning at distance Technical of which: day education Industry of which: day education Mining of which: day education Petroleum-Geology of which: day education Electric power and electrotechnics of which: day education Metallurgy and engineering of which: day education Chemical technology of which: day education Wood and building materials industry of which: day education Light industry of which: day education Food industry of which: day education Engineering1) of which: day education Transport and telecommunications of which: day education Architecture and construction of which: day education Agriculture (veterinary medicine included) of which: day education Agriculture of which: day education Veterinary medicine of which: day education Forestry of which: day education Other specialities of which: day education Medicine and pharmacy of which: day education Human medicine2) of which: day education Pharmacy of which: day education Economics of which: day education Law science of which: day education University-pedagogy of which: day education Philology3) of which: day education History-Philosophy4) of which: day education Geography of which: day education

Grupe de specializri STUDENI NSCRII - total de zi seral cu frecven redus deschis la distan

Tehnice din care: nvmnt de zi Industrie din care: nvmnt de zi Mine din care: nvmnt de zi Petrol-Geologie din care: nvmnt de zi Energie electric i electrotehnic din care: nvmnt de zi Metalurgie i construcii de maini din care: nvmnt de zi Tehnologie chimic din care: nvmnt de zi Industria lemnului i materialelor de construcii din care: nvmnt de zi Industria uoar din care: nvmnt de zi Industria alimentar din care: nvmnt de zi Inginerie1) din care: nvmnt de zi Transporturi i telecomunicaii din care: nvmnt de zi Arhitectur i construcii din care: nvmnt de zi Agricultur (inclusiv Medicin veterinar) din care: nvmnt de zi Agricultur din care: nvmnt de zi Medicin veterinar din care: nvmnt de zi Silvicultur din care: nvmnt de zi Alte specializri din care: nvmnt de zi Medico-farmaceutice din care: nvmnt de zi Medicin uman2) din care: nvmnt de zi Farmacie din care: nvmnt de zi tiine economice din care: nvmnt de zi tiine juridice din care: nvmnt de zi Universitar-pedagogice din care: nvmnt de zi Filologie3) din care: nvmnt de zi Istorie-Filosofie4) din care: nvmnt de zi Geografie din care: nvmnt de zi

1) Include: ingineria economic, ingineria mediului, tiine inginereti i ingineria industrial. / Economics engineering, environment 2) Inclusiv Stomatologie. / Stomatology included. 3) Inclusiv Jurnalistic. / Journalism included. 4)

engineering, science engineering, industrial engineering included.

Inclusiv Teologie. / Theology included.

264

265

8.13

nvmntul superior, pe grupe de specializri (nvmnt de zi, seral, cu frecven redus i deschis la distan) - continuare Tertiary education, by group of specializations (day, evening, part-time education and learning at distance) - continued
2004/2005 6290 5734 2901 2847 17273 15284 38223 28525 14533 10936 28897 19604 10130 9229 3826 3826 1833 1800 4471 3603 108475 24054 16170 111 216 9131 3102 824 230 904 1652 574 2765 2698 2048 650 532 1315 6417 5535 882 30370 10898 35153 8112 5838 1967 1106 553 3244 7151 2823 4359 1583 642 271 670 2005/2006 5743 5368 2594 2541 21627 15744 47821 31916 15344 11838 32191 21707 11241 9962 4124 4124 2136 2079 4981 3759 112244 24605 16073 135 354 9158 3230 837 120 741 1498 654 2825 3200 2491 709 576 1277 6292 5562 730 32098 10175 36503 9350 5339 2030 992 590 3308 7159 3111 4624 2571 800 429 1342 2006/2007 6300 6105 2330 2284 19003 14853 59627 33028 15640 12084 41139 22961 393 335 339 339 10820 9698 4314 4314 2213 2169 4293 3215 125499 24758 15242 112 297 8880 2571 876 213 524 1312 457 587 2892 3750 3089 661 849 1438 6633 5810 823 37211 12568 42093 10172 5616 2555 1071 471 3316 9938 2911 6043 2236 832 429 975 2007/2008 6231 5983 2264 2204 20327 14849 74108 36347 16346 12503 48861 24651 44 44 471 471 11118 9727 4273 4273 2363 2286 4482 3168 232885 23949 17581 56 237 5884 2355 673 134 255 1395 6592 354 2373 2087 1550 537 598 956 6596 5754 842 91884 14458 92118 17900 9028 6024 2114 853 6561 28150 5615 15752 121 3880 1700 770 1410 2008/2009 5139 4971 1325 1325 17243 11847 69449 31094 14952 10397 48384 21899 292 292 437 437 9937 8634 3729 3729 2265 2179 3943 2726 214826 49342 36411 119 581 12029 5498 1080 240 343 3706 12815 1370 5385 3336 2803 533 1478 1362 8122 7103 1019 67420 21418 66140 11978 4664 3875 1204 359 3762 22659 3471 13942 78 148 2384 951 471 962 2009/2010 4964 4698 1414 1414 12968 11442 62248 55497 13841 11908 44833 25527 1324 1229 546 546 9689 8877 3776 3776 2313 2313 3600 2788 7) Group of specializations Biology of which: day education Chemistry of which: day education Mathematics-Physics of which: day education Pedagogy 5) of which: day education Physical education of which: day education Political and administrative sciences of wich: day education Science of environment of wich: day education Culture related sciences of wich: day education Artistic of which: day education Plastic and decorative arts of which: day education Drama and cinematography 6) of which: day education Music of which: day education GRADUATES Technical Industry Mining Petroleum-Geology Electric power, electrotechnics Metallurgy and engineering Chemical technology Wood and building materials industry Light industry Food industry Engineering 1) Transport and telecommunications Architecture and construction Agriculture Agriculture Veterinary medicine Forestry Other specializations Medicine and pharmacy Human medicine 2) Pharmacy Economics Law science University-pedagogy Philology 3) History-Philosophy 4) Geography Biology Chemistry Mathematics-Physics Pedagogy 5) Physical education Political and administrative studies Culture related sciences Environment related sciences Artistic Plastic and decorative arts Drama and cinematography 6) Music

Grupe de specializri Biologie din care: nvmnt de zi Chimie din care: nvmnt de zi Matematic-Fizic din care: nvmnt de zi Pedagogie5) din care: nvmnt de zi Educaie fizic din care: nvmnt de zi tiine politice i administrative din care: nvmnt de zi tiina mediului din care: nvmnt de zi tiine culturale din care: nvmnt de zi Artistice din care: nvmnt de zi Art plastic i decorativ din care: nvmnt de zi Art teatral i cinematografic6) din care: nvmnt de zi Muzic din care: nvmnt de zi ABSOLVENI Tehnice Industrie Mine Petrol-Geologie Energie electric i electrotehnic Metalurgie i construcii de maini Tehnologie chimic Industria lemnului i materialelor de construcii Industria uoar Industria alimentar Inginerie1) Transporturi i telecomunicaii Arhitectur i construcii Agricultur Agricultur Medicin veterinar Silvicultur Alte specializri Medico-farmaceutice Medicin uman2) Farmacie tiine economice tiine juridice Universitar-pedagogice Filologie3) Istorie-Filosofie4) Geografie Biologie Chimie Matematic-Fizic Pedagogie5) Educaie fizic tiine politice i administrative tiine culturale tiina mediului Artistice Art plastic i decorativ Art teatral i cinematografic6) Muzic
1)

266

Include: ingineria economic, ingineria mediului, tiine inginereti i ingineria industrial. / Economics engineering, environment engineering, science engineering, industrial engineering included. 2) Inclusiv Stomatologie. / Stomatology included. 3) Inclusiv Jurnalistic. / Journalism included. 4) Inclusiv Teologie. / Theology included. 5) Inclusiv Socio-psiho-pedagogie. / Socio-psycho-pedagogy included. 6) Inclusiv Coregrafie. / Coregraphy included. 7) Anul universitar 2009/2010 se ncheie dup restanele din toamn. / 2009/2010 university year ends after autumn second examinations.

267

8.14
Localiti Localities

nvmntul superior din instituii private, pe localiti, n anul universitar 2009/2010 Tertiary education from private institutions, by locality, in 2009/2010 academic year
Instituii de nvmnt superior Tertiary education institutions 52 17 1 1 1 1 1 1 4 2 1 1 1 6 1 3 1 1 1 2 1 4 Studeni nscrii Students enrolled Total din care: feminin of which: female 322337 185992 39 398 9812 1993 974 2305 39941 1391 251 4022 3419 14348 13287 151 7526 6846 1006 915 2279 2008 5778 102 1190 313 4763 315 1370 2776 6827 186571 106681 210 6035 1194 497 1759 24018 885 128 3208 1813 8498 7014 85 4009 4162 508 562 1300 1063 3667 616 148 2655 172 661 1367 3656 Personal didactic Teaching staff Total din care: feminin of which: female 4346 2512 4 321 42 9 83 32 19 328 53 4 5 78 239 30 124 55 40 17 19 128 59 145 2032 1185 95 13 4 38 21 8 135 32 1 3 44 135 17 58 39 28 7 55 34 80

Faculti Faculties

Total Bucureti / Bucharest Alba Iulia Alexandria Arad Bacu Baia Mare Blaj Braov Brila Cernica Campulung Cluj-Napoca Constana Craiova Deva Galai Iai Lugoj Miercurea Ciuc Oradea Piteti Rmnicu Vlcea Roman Satu Mare Sebi Sibiu Slobozia Trgu Jiu Trgu Mure Timioara

207 78 1 2 15 3 6 1 6 2 1 1 8 8 4 1 5 14 2 1 6 3 3 2 4 1 6 2 2 5 14

268

8.15

nvmntul superior din instituii private, pe grupe de specializri Tertiary education from private institutions, by group of specializations
Studeni nscrii n anul universitar 2009/2010 Students enrolled in 2009/2010 academic year Total din care: feminin of which: female
186571 110593 64282 11696 6170 2759 5154 1745 171 171 1 1 3025 772 1957 801 824 824 181 181 47 47 134 134 11 9 3809 3809 77563 46560 43169 14421 54625 42209 8224 5775 1079 517 1082 942 598 598 462 421 27400 27022 1102 1102 14665 5819 13 13 1235 835 158 158 565 565 512 112

Grupe de specializri

Absolveni n anul universitar 2008/2009 Graduates in 2008/2009 academic year Group of specializations Total din care: feminin of which: female
91803 30572 17391 43840 3194 1608 2860 1274 360 360 39 39 1082 310 1379 565 10 10 68 68 43 43 32 32 11 11 213 213 933 933 39979 13374 17621 5273 29540 9080 4150 1803 680 366 991 305 196 196 1181 254 13570 3596 1108 691 7664 1869 536 304 68 68 175 175 293 61 57602 18389 10759 28454 1396 540 1315 459 32 32 2 2 644 168 637 257 1 1 44 44 25 25 20 20 5 5 11 11 626 626 25495 8234 8871 2688 20851 6123 3285 1294 271 130 590 162 105 105 94 33 11158 2986 393 269 4955 1144 363 178 34 34 118 118 211 26 STUDENTS ENROLLED - total Day education Evening education Part-time education Learning at distance Technical of which: day education Industry of which: day education Electric energy and electrotechnics of which: day education Metallurgy and machine buildings of which: day education Food industry of which: day education Engineering 1) of which: day education Transport and telecommunications of which: day education Architecture and construction of which: day education Agriculture - total of which: day education - total of total: Agriculture of which: day education - total Veterinary medicine of which: day education Forestry of which: day education Medicine and pharmacy 2) of which: day education Economics of which: day education Law science of which: day education University-pedagogy of which: day education Philology3) of which: day education History-Philosophy 4) of which: day education Geography of which: day education Biology of which: day education Mathematics-Physics of which: day education Pedagogy 5) of which: day education Physical education of which: day education Political and administrative sciences of which: day education

322337 nvmnt de zi 188636 nvmnt seral nvmnt cu frecven redus 113537 nvmnt deschis la distan 20164 Tehnice 13435 din care: nvmnt de zi 7031 Industrie 10957 din care: nvmnt de zi 4619 Energie electric i electrotehnic 1344 din care: nvmnt de zi 1344 Metalurgie i construcii de maini 101 din care: nvmnt de zi 101 Industria alimentar 5261 din care: nvmnt de zi 1451 Inginerie1) 4251 din care: nvmnt de zi 1723 Transporturi i telecomunicaii din care: nvmnt de zi Arhitectur i construcii 1810 din care: nvmnt de zi 1810 Agricultur - total 400 din care: nvmnt de zi - total 400 din total: Agricultur 108 din care: nvmnt de zi 108 Medicin veterinar 292 din care: nvmnt de zi 292 Silvicultur 268 din care: nvmnt de zi 202 Medico-farmaceutice2) 5894 din care: nvmnt de zi 5894 tiine economice 130456 din care: nvmnt de zi 81682 tiine juridice 89768 din care: nvmnt de zi 30778 Universitar-pedagogice 80828 din care: nvmnt de zi 61795 3) 11006 Filologie din care: nvmnt de zi 7979 4) Istorie-Filosofie 2334 din care: nvmnt de zi 1495 Geografie 1943 din care: nvmnt de zi 1695 Biologie 931 din care: nvmnt de zi 931 Matematic-Fizic 2541 din care: nvmnt de zi 1936 Pedagogie5) 35040 din care: nvmnt de zi 34520 Educaie fizic 3490 din care: nvmnt de zi 3490 tiine politice i administrative 23507 din care: nvmnt de zi 9713 tiina mediului 36 din care: nvmnt de zi 36 Artistice 1956 din care: nvmnt de zi 1456 Art plastic i decorativ 295 din care: nvmnt de zi 295 Art teatral i cinematografic6) 913 din care: nvmnt de zi 913 Muzic 748 din care: nvmnt de zi 248

STUDENI NSCRII - total

Environment related sciences


of which: day education Artistic of which: day education Plastic and decorative arts of which: day education Drama and cinematography 6) of which: day education Music of which: day education

1) Include inginerie economic / Including economic engineering. 2) Inclusiv Stomatologie. / Stomatology included. 3) Inclusiv Jurnalistic. / Journalism included. 4) Inclusiv Teologie. / Teology included. 5) Inclusiv Socio-psiho-pedagogie. / Socio-psycho-pedagogy included. 6) Inclusiv coregrafie. / Coregraphy included.

269

8.16

nvmntul pe niveluri de educaie din instituiile private Education by level of education from private institutions
2004/ 2005 2005/ 2006 2006/ 2007 2007/ 2008 2008/ 2009 2009/ 2010

Uniti colare Education units nvmnt precolar nvmnt primar i gimnazial nvmnt liceal nvmnt profesional i de ucenici nvmnt postliceal i de maitri nvmnt superior 173 29 48 9 53 62 171 31 46 6 53 52 194 39 45 5 54 48 206 32 41 8 58 50 212 33 50 7 50 50 218 36 59 3 56 52 Pre-school education Primary and secondary education High school education Vocational and apprenticeship education Post high school and foremen education Tertiary education

Populaia colar - nscrii Enrolled population nvmnt precolar din care: feminin nvmnt primar i gimnazial din care: feminin nvmnt liceal din care: feminin nvmnt profesional i de ucenici din care: feminin nvmnt postliceal i de maitri din care: feminin din care: nvmnt de maitri din care: feminin nvmnt superior din care: feminin 8977 4520 2718 1343 9681 4798 3730 2161 9334 4717 3154 1540 10124 4599 3199 2006 10598 5283 4596 2228 15095 6501 2818 1729 11086 5483 4525 2198 19186 8753 2646 1460 12245 6043 4201 1992 26255 11807 1996 1053 12150 5956 4397 2096 30370 13989 1503 775 Pre-school education of which: female Primary and secondary education of which: female High school education of which: female Vocational and apprenticeship education of which: female Post high school and foremen education of which: female of which: Foremen education of which: female Tertiary education of which: female

24804 22310 19824 20587 23256 27679 18903 17152 16204 18006 20643 24448 218 235 200 227 260 204 17 23 10 4 2 2 155301 202786 265243 380509 410859 322337 87589 115512 150623 217378 236301 186571 Absolveni Graduates

nvmnt gimnazial din care: feminin nvmnt liceal din care: feminin nvmnt profesional i de ucenici din care: feminin nvmnt postliceal i de maitri din care: feminin din care: nvmnt de maitri din care: feminin nvmnt superior din care: feminin

178 92 2613 1294 2457 1393 9549 7501 70 25736 14988

202 92 2781 1259 1958 1253 8250 6584 113 10 26336 15372

260 117 3173 1412 1866 1174 6464 5122 58 6 33839 19629

321 159 3562 1459 1627 948 6626 5685 91 3 88028 55281

337 146 5122 2208 1528 793 6393 5609 112 91803 57602

...1) ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...

Secondary education of which: female High school education of which: female Vocational and apprenticeship education of which: female Post high school and foremen education of which: female of which: Foremen education of which: female Tertiary education of which: female

1) Anul colar 2009/2010 se ncheie dup examenul de corigen din toamn. / 2009/2010 school year ends after the autumn second examination.

270

8.17

Numrul elevilor care au promovat clasa a VIII-a i examenul de bacalaureat (nvmnt de zi, seral i cu frecven redus) Number of pupils who gratuated the 8th grade and School Leaving Examination (day, evening and part-time education)
numr / number

2004/ 2005 Testul naional din care: feminin Examenul de bacalaureat din care: feminin 164687 91037 168058 94011

2005/ 2006 155731 84354 171015 94597

2006/ 2007 153067 81942 181589 97681

2007/ 2008 199972 105674

2008/ 2009 199006 102964 National Test of which: female School Leaving Examination of which: female

8.18

Rata abandonului n nvmntul preuniversitar Abandon rate in pre-university education


procente / percentage

2004/ 2005 nvmnt primar i gimnazial din care: nvmnt primar nvmnt gimnazial nvmnt liceal nvmnt profesional i de ucenici nvmnt postliceal i de maitri 1,7 1,3 2,0 2,3 5,5 9,2

2005/ 2006 1,8 1,5 2,1 2,7 7,4 8,6

2006/ 2007 2,0 1,7 2,3 3,3 8,2 7,5

2007/ 2008 2,0 1,8 2,2 2,9 8,5 4,8

2008/ 2009 1,7 1,4 1,9 2,4 8,3 5,9 Primary and secondary education of which: Primary education Secondary education High school education Vocational and apprenticeship education Post high school and foremen education

271

CULTUR I SPORT

CULTURE AND SPORT

CUPRINS TABELE

Pagina Page

TABLES CONTENTS

CULTUR 9.1 9.2 9.3 9.4 9.5 9.6 9.7 9.8 9.9 9.10 Crile i brourile tiprite, intrate n Depozitul Legal al Bibliotecii Naionale .............. 280 Manuale colare i cursuri universitare tiprite, dup limba de predare ............................................ 282 Biblioteci .................................................................. 284 Ziare, reviste i alte publicaii periodice .................. 285 Muzee ...................................................................... 285 Cinematografe ........................................................ 286 Producia de filme .................................................. 286 Instituii de spectacol .............................................. 287 Emisiuni la radio i televiziune (proprietate majoritar de stat) .................................. 288 Structura programelor difuzate de posturile de radio i televiziune (proprietate majoritar privat) ............ 289 SPORT 9.11 9.12 9.13 Federaiile sportive, n anul 2009 ............................ 290 Clasamentul general la competiiile internaionale oficiale pe federaii, n anul 2009 ...... 292 Medaliile obinute de sportivii romni la Jocurile Olimpice, Campionatele Mondiale i Europene ................................................................ 293 Medaliile obinute de sportivii romni, pe ramuri de sport, la Jocurile Olimpice, n perioada 1896-2008 ............................................ 294 Participarea sportivilor romni la Jocurile Olimpice ................................................ 294

CULTURE Printed books and booklets, which entered the Legal Book Stock of the National Library Printed school books and university courses, by teaching language Libraries Newspapers, magazines and other periodicals Museums Cinemas Film production Entertainment institutions Radio and television broadcasts (state majority ownership) Structure of radio and TV stations broadcasts (private majority ownership) SPORT Sport federations, in 2009 General hierarchy on official international contests by federations, in 2009 Medals obtained by Romanian sportsmen, in the Olympic Games, World and European Championships Medals obtained by Romanian sportsmen, by sport branches, in the Olympic Games 1896-2008 Participation of Romanian sportsmen in the Olympic Games

9.14

9.15

Teritorial 9.16 9.17 9.18 Biblioteci, n profil teritorial, n anul 2009 ...................... Cinematografe, n profil teritorial, n anul 2009 ............ Activitatea sportiv, n profil teritorial, n anul 2009 ......

Territorial Libraries, at territorial level, in 2009 Cinemas, at territorial level, in 2009 Sport activity, at territorial level, in 2009

SURSA DATELOR
Cercetri statistice: Cercetri statistice privind activitatea bibliotecilor, muzeelor i instituiilor de spectacol. Surse administrative: Biblioteca Naional a Romniei, pentru datele privind intrrile n Depozitul Legal al crilor i brourilor, ziarelor i revistelor, manualelor i cursurilor universitare tiprite n anul de referin;

DATA SOURCE
Statistical surveys: Statistical surveys on libraries, museums and entertainment institutions activity. Administrative sources: The National Library of Romania, for data on inputs in Legal Stock of books and booklets, newspapers and magazines, school books and university courses printed in the reference year;

274

Societatea Romn de Televiziune, Centrul Naional al Cinematografiei (R.A.D.E.F. ROMNIAFILM, Sahiafilm, Castelfilm, Animafilm, Atlantisfilm etc.), pentru numrul i activitatea cinematografelor, producia, distribuia i proiecia filmelor; Consiliul Naional al Audiovizualului, Societatea Romn de Televiziune, Societatea Romn de Radiodifuziune, pentru emisiunile de radio i televiziune; Ministerul Culturii i Patrimoniului Naional, pentru activitatea instituiilor publice de cultur i culte. Autoritatea Naional pentru Sport i Tineret.

Romanian Television Company, Cinema National Center (R.A.D.E.F. ROMNIAFILM, Sahiafilm, Castelfilm, Animafilm, Atlantisfilm a.s.o.), for cinemas number and activity, film output, distribution and projection; Audio-visual National Council, Romanian Television Company, Romanian Broadcasting Company, for radio and television broadcasts; Ministry of Culture and National Heritage, for public institutions of culture and cults activity. National Authority of Sports and Youth.

PRECIZRI METODOLOGICE
CULTUR
Producia de cri i brouri cuprinde toate publicaiile neperiodice imprimate i editate n ar, oferite publicului, i care ar trebui s figureze n bibliografia naional a rii, cu excepia publicaiilor editate n scopuri publicitare, cataloage, prospecte de reclam comercial, industrial i turistic, publicaii care atrag atenia asupra unor produse i servicii furnizate de editor, publicaii cu caracter efemer: orare, tarife, anuare telefonice, programe de spectacole, expoziii, trguri, statute i bilanuri, calendare, opere muzicale, producie cartografic (cu excepia atlasurilor i hrilor). n producia de cri se mai cuprind: publicaiile oficiale ale administraiei publice (cu excepia celor confideniale), manualele colare, cursurile i tezele universitare, cri i brouri reeditate, lucrri ilustrate, culegeri de gravuri i reproduceri de art, desene, albume de cri i brouri ilustrate, albume de benzi desenate. O publicaie este considerat c a fost oferit publicului atunci cnd s-a putut cumpra din comer, contra cost sau a fost oferit gratuit. n Numrul crilor i brourilor tiprite, intrate n Depozitul Legal al Bibliotecii Naionale s-au cuprins lucrrile aprute pe ntreg teritoriul rii realizate de editurile publice i particulare, atelierele instituiilor de nvmnt superior, oficiile de informare i documentare cu activitate editorial. Titlul publicaiei este utilizat ca unitate de msur a numrului de lucrri ce se editeaz sau se public prezentat sub forma unui volum de sine stttor din punct de vedere tipografic. n cazul ziarelor i revistelor se consider ca titlu denumirea separat a fiecrui ziar sau revist. Tirajul este numrul exemplarelor n care s-a tiprit o carte, o brour, un ziar sau revist, sau orice alt tipritur.

METHODOLOGICAL NOTES
CULTURE
Output of books and booklets comprises all occasional publications printed and issued in the country for the public and which should be included in the national bibliography, excepting publications issued for advertising purposes, catalogues, prospects of commercial, industrial and tourism advertisment, those which draw attention over some products and services supplied by the publisher, transient publications: time-tables, tariffs, telephone yearbooks, shows, exhibitions and fairs programs, statutes and balance-sheets, calendars, musical operas, cartography output (excepting atlases and maps). Books output also includes: official publications of public administration (excepting confidential ones), school books, university courses and theses, republished books and booklets, illustrated papers, collections of engravings and art reproductions, designs, albums of illustrated books and booklets, albums of cartoons. A publication is considered as released when it could be bought on the market or when is offered free of charge. "Number of printed books and booklets which entered the Legal Book Stock of the National Library" comprises papers issued on the whole country territory printed by public and private publishing-houses, workshops of tertiary education institutions, information and documentation offices. Title of the publication is used as measurement unit of papers number, printed or issued as independent volume from printing viewpoint. In case of newspapers and magazines, "title" is considered every separate name of newspaper or magazine. Number of printed copies represents the number of copies printed for a book, a booklet, a newspaper or magazine or any other publication.

275

Noiunile utilizate au urmtoarele semnificaii: Cartea reprezint publicaia neperiodic avnd cel puin 49 pagini; Broura reprezint publicaia neperiodic care conine ntre 5 i 48 pagini. Biblioteca este instituia, compartimentul sau structura specializat al crei scop principal este de a constitui, a organiza, a prelucra, a dezvolta i a conserva colecii de cri, publicaii, alte documente specifice i baze de date pentru a facilita utilizarea acestora n scop de informare, cercetare, educaie sau recreere. Biblioteca Naional a Romniei este instituia autorizat prin lege s exercite funcia de agenie naional, de depozit legal i este responsabil de culegerea i conservarea tuturor publicaiilor editate n ar (indiferent dac sunt destinate difuzrii comerciale sau gratuite) de ctre persoane fizice sau juridice romne, ori executate de acestea peste hotare, ntocmete statistica oficial a ediiilor naionale, are rolul de centru naional de informare bibliografic, stabilete cataloagele colective etc. Noiunile utilizate pentru caracterizarea activitii bibliotecilor au urmtoarele semnificaii: Volume de bibliotec sunt considerate crile, brourile, coleciile de ziare i reviste cu minimum 5 pagini, precum i materialele audiovizuale (casete cu benzi magnetice, diafilme, CD-uri, DVD-uri etc.) pentru toate tipurile de biblioteci: naionale, judeene, municipale, oreneti i comunale, ale instituiilor de nvmnt superior, ale operatorilor economici i ale unitilor colare; Utilizator, persoan care consult n sediul bibliotecii sau mprumut pentru acas cel puin o dat ntr-un an calendaristic o carte, brour sau o alt publicaie aparinnd bibliotecii respective. Producia ziarelor i revistelor cuprinde toate publicaiile periodice editate i imprimate n ar, oferite publicului i care, n general, ar trebui s figureze n bibliografia naional a rii; sunt exceptate publicaiile editate n scopuri publicitare: reclam comercial, industrial i turistic, publicaiile produselor i serviciilor furnizate de editori, publicaiile cu caracter ocazional: orare, tarife, anuare telefonice, programe de spectacole, expoziii, trguri, statute i bilanuri ale societilor, directive i circulare, calendare i opere muzicale, producia cartografic (cu excepia atlasurilor i hrilor). Mai sunt cuprinse n producia de ziare i reviste: coleciile de legi i regulamente ale administraiei publice (cu excepia celor confideniale sau rezervate unor distribuii interne), periodicele academice i tiinifice, universitare i ale instituiilor de cercetri sau culturale, periodice ale organizaiilor profesionale, sindicale, politice, sportive, buletine parohiale i colare, programele de radio i televiziune dac sunt publicate sub form de reviste.

The terms used have the following meaning: Book represents an occasional publication of at least 49 pages; Booklet represents an occasional publication of 5 - 48 pages. Library is the institution, compartment or specialized structure whose main purpose is to constitute, organize, process, develop and preserve collections of books, publications, other specific documents and databases in order to facilitate their use for information, research, education or recreation. The National Library of Romania is the institution authorized by law to exercise the position of a national agency, of legal deposit and it is responsible to deal with the collection and preservation of all publications issued in the country (irrespective of being meant to commercial or free of charge dissemination) by Romanian natural or legal persons or issued abroad; it builds up the official statistics of national publications; it plays the role of a national center of bibliographical information; it sets up collective catalogues a.s.o. The terms used for characterizing the libraries activity have the following meaning: Volumes of library comprise books, booklets, collections of newspapers and magazines of minimum 5 pages, as well as audio-visual materials (magnetic tape cassettes, film-strips, CD, DVD, a.s.o.) for all types of libraries: national, county, municipality, town and communal, higher education institutions, economic and school operators; User, natural person who lends for home (or consults inside the library) at least once a year a book, a booklet or another publication belonging to a library. Output of newspapers and magazines includes all periodicals printed and issued in the country for the public and which, generally, should be comprised in the national bibliography, excepting publications printed for advertising purposes: commercial, industrial and tourism advertisment, publications on products and services supplied by publishers, occasional publications: timetables, tariffs, telephone yearbooks, shows, exhibitions and fairs programs, statutes and balance sheets of companies, directives and circulars, calendars and musical operas, cartography output (excepting atlases and maps). Output of newspapers and magazines also includes: collections of laws and regulations of public administration (excepting confidential ones or those for internal use), academic and scientific, university periodicals of research or cultural institutions, periodicals of vocational, trade-union, political, sport organizations, parish and school bulletins, radio and TV programs if are issued as magazines.

276

Noiunile utilizate au urmtoarele semnificaii: Ziarul reprezint publicaia cotidian sau cu o periodicitate mai mare n care se public tiri, informaii, comentarii asupra celor mai recente evenimente interne i internaionale: politice, sociale, culturale, profesionale, sportive etc.; Revista reprezint publicaia periodic prin care se trateaz fie subiecte de interes general fie unele de specialitate (studii i informaii documentare referitoare la unele probleme din diverse domenii: legislaie, politic, economie, cultur, filozofie, tehnic, medicin, mod, sport etc.). Producia naional de filme este format din totalitatea filmelor cu band normal i ngust destinate proieciei cinematografice comerciale (nu sunt cuprinse filmele realizate pentru televiziune); un film este considerat produs n cursul unui an de referin dac, n anul respectiv a fost ncheiat producia i a fost proiectat n public pentru prima oar. Distribuia filmelor reprezint activitatea ntreprinderilor specializate care au distribuit reelei cinematografice naionale filme integral naionale, filme n coproducii i filme strine. Exploatarea filmelor este activitatea de difuzare ctre public a totalitii filmelor (integral naionale, n coproducie i strine) prin reeaua comercial fix (sli) sau n aer liber i prin grupurile mobile de proiecie dotate cu echipamente tehnice de specialitate. Emisiunile la radio i televiziune reprezint programele staiilor de radioemisiune i de televiziune transmise, avnd ca tematic activitile sociale, economice, politice, artistice etc. Unitatea de msur a emisiunilor este ora-program.

The terms used have the following meaning: Newspaper represents a daily publication or with higher periodicity, issuing news, information, comments on the most recent internal and international events of political, social, cultural, vocational, sport a.s.o.; Magazine represents a periodical on a subject of general interest or specialised (documentary studies and information referring to topics from various fields: legislation, policy, economy, culture, philosophy, technique, medicine, fashion, sport a.s.o.). National output of films represents all films of normal and narrow strip for commercial cinema projection (TV films are not included); a film is considered as released during the reference year, when the production was finished and it was projected in public for the first time. Distribution of films represents the activity of specialized enterprises which distributed to the national cinemas network entirely national films, coproduction and foreign films. Exploitation of films represents all films (national, in coproduction and foreign) broadcasted for the public by fixed commercial network (own halls) or in the open air and by mobile groups of projection endowed with specialized technical equipment. Radio and TV broadcasts represent programs broadcasted by radio and TV stations having as topics social, economic, political, artistic a.s.o. activities. The measurement unit of broadcasts is "hour-program".

SPORT
n numrul seciilor sportive afiliate pe ramuri de sport aparinnd cluburilor publice i private, precum i asociaiilor sportive sunt cuprinse cele care s-au afiliat la federaiile naionale sportive. Sportivii legitimai sunt acei sportivi aflai n evidena federaiilor naionale i care particip la sistemul competiional organizat de ctre acestea. n rndul acestora nu sunt cuprini sportivii aflai n evidena comisiilor judeene constituite pe ramuri de sport sau cei care practic activiti sportive necompetiionale. n numrul antrenorilor cu norm ntreag sau arbitrilor sunt cuprinse persoanele care au o calificare recunoscut de federaiile naionale i au desfurat activitate n anul 2009.

SPORT
The number of affiliated sport sections by sport branches, belonging to the public and private clubs and associations, includes those affiliated to national sport federations. The legitimated sportsmen are those sportsmen in the evidence of national federations and taking part in the competitions system organized by them. Sportsmen in the evidence of the county commissions by sport branches or practising non-competitivity sport activities are not included among them. The number of full time coaches or referees includes those having a qualification recognized by the national federations and who carried out an activity in 2009.

277

9.G1
18000 16000 14000 12000 10000 8000 6000 4000 2000 0

Numrul i tirajul crilor i brourilor tiprite, intrate n Depozitul Legal al Bibliotecii Naionale Number and copies of printed books and booklets, which entered the Legal Book Stock of the National Library

13288 9288

14115 11746

14373

15566 13700 9720 11028 10210 8548 6132

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Titluri / Titles

Tiraj - mii / Copies - thou

9.G2
200 180 160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0

Volume existente i eliberate din biblioteci Existing and lent volumes of libraries
milioane volume / million volumes

173,4

174,4

171,2

172,0

175,2

176,9

72,7

70,7

69,6

65,8

65,6

62,5

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Volume existente Existing volumes

Volume eliberate Lent volumes

278

9.G3
3000 2500 2000 1500 1000 500

Ziare, reviste i alte publicaii periodice Newspapers, magazines and other periodicals
numr / number

2690 2120 2036 2124 2044 2261 2180 2400 2615 2320

2708 2657

84 0 2004

80 2005

81 2006

80 2007

75 2008

51 2009

Titluri - total / Titles- total Cotidiene / Daily newspapers Alte periodiciti / Other periodicities

9.G4

Structura emisiunilor la radio n limbile minoritilor naionale Structure of radio broadcasts in national minorities languages
2004 2009

6,5% 6,1% 12,1% 16,4% 10,2%

5,7%

75,3%

67,7%

Maghiar / Hungarian German / German

Srb / Serbian Alte limbi / Other languages

279

9.1

Crile i brourile tiprite, intrate n Depozitul Legal al Bibliotecii Naionale1) Printed books and booklets, which entered the Legal Book Stock of the National Library 1)
2004 Titluri Tiraj (mii) Titles Copies (thou) 2005 Titluri Tiraj (mii) Titles Copies (thou) 14115 1055 456 601 11746 771 690 635 2006 Titluri Tiraj (mii) Titles Copies (thou) 14373 735 487 575 9720 441 408 553 2007 Titluri Tiraj (mii) Titles Copies (thou) 15566 878 514 616 11028 753 408 670 2008 Titluri Tiraj (mii) Titles Copies (thou) 13700 432 425 633 10210 522 343 1349 2009 Titluri Tiraj (mii) Titles Copies (thou) 8548 534 300 469 6132 472 245 887 Total Generalities Philosophy, psychology, logic, morality and ethics Religion, theology Social sciences Sociology, statistics Political and economic sciences Law, public administration, social assistance, social insurances Military sciences Education, instruction, training, leisure Trade, communications, transport, tourism Ethnography, anthropology, folklore Exact sciences Mathematics Natural sciences Applied sciences Medical sciences, public health Engineering, technology, industry, trades Agriculture, forestry, horticulture, fishery Managerial sciences Leadership, organisation, management Art and entertainment Territorial systematisation, urbanism, architecture Plastic arts, photos Music, performance art, theatre, film, cinema Games, sport Literature Literary texts Geography, history Geography History, archaeology, biography

Total Generaliti Filozofie, psihologie, logic, moral i etic Religie, teologie tiine sociale Sociologie, statistic tiine politice i economice Drept, administraie public, asisten social, asigurri sociale tiine militare Educaie, nvmnt, instruire, timp liber Comer, comunicaii, transport, turism Etnografie, antropologie, folclor tiine exacte Matematic tiine naturale tiine aplicate tiine medicale, sntate public Inginerie, tehnologie, industrie, meserii Agricultur, silvicultur, horticultur, pescuit tiine manageriale Conducere, organizare, management Art i divertisment Sistematizare teritorial, urbanism, arhitectur Arte plastice, fotografie Muzic, arta spectacolului, teatru, film, cinema Jocuri, sport Literatur Texte literare Geografie, istorie Geografie Istorie, arheologie, biografie

13288 983 394 522

9288 766 245 558

190 792 636 99 583 1 112

83 395 344 36 440 1 75

200 833 785 168 637 2 99

98 375 417 58 502 1 67

212 937 825 201 727 134

123 398 356 46 446 70

231 884 907 187 863 3 102

116 410 391 49 477 1 54

183 698 846 87 782 123

81 280 408 28 478 130

117 524 516 54 636 96

42 205 254 23 281 60

539 730

382 373

531 725

331 340

535 627

325 264

538 733

653 294

445 643

280 257

305 372

131 92

673 1219 271 44 616

331 510 114 40 542

804 1308 249 72 589

909 619 85 110 346

775 1163 269 66 668

356 519 100 96 457

829 1408 223 53 620

450 401 79 254 352

740 1132 240 50 531

400 304 137 79 231

525 474 161 17 404

316 106 43 40 160

72 113 175 157

45 86 67 455

72 99 212 139

35 46 107 60

100 134 243 165

52 63 155 66

82 157 256 207

62 73 253 57

97 159 243 136

53 197 81 39

69 99 136 112

37 45 63 21

3685

2961

3842

4728

4150

3984

4527

4351

4292

3896

2250

2344

239 443

176 263

217 420

165 251

177 468

142 300

333 415

180 240

318 465

299 338

105 273

65 200

1)

Clasificare ONU - UNESCO. / UN - UNESCO Classification.

280

281

9.2

Manuale colare i cursuri universitare tiprite, dup limba de predare1) Printed school books and university courses, by teaching language 1)

2004 Titluri Tiraj (mii) Titles Copies (thou)

2005 Titluri Tiraj (mii) Titles Copies (thou)

2006 Titluri Tiraj (mii) Titles Copies (thou) Manuale colare

2007 Titluri Tiraj (mii) Titles Copies (thou) School books 174 131 19 11 4 9 212 171 11 11 3 16 113 84 9 11 5 3 1

2008 Titluri Tiraj (mii) Titles Copies (thou)

2009 Titluri Tiraj (mii) Titles Copies (thou)

Total din care, tiprite n: Limba romn Limba maghiar Limba german Limba srb, croat, slovac Limba englez Limba francez Alte limbi

255 202 23 8 3 6 3 10

528 432 34 16 8 6 2 30

187 136 32 11 1 7

419 372 24 12 5 6

226 145 27 17 4 4 29

446 307 20 20 4 18 77

175 105 6 6 57 1 *)

169 136 7 8 10 8 -

169 145 7 2 14 1 -

Total of which, printed in: Romanian Hungarian German Serbian, Croatian, Slovakian English French Other languages

Cursuri universitare Total din care, tiprite n: Limba romn Limba maghiar Limba german Limba srb, croat, slovac Limba englez Limba francez Alte limbi 1007 894 6 8 52 31 16 322 284 2 2 20 8 6 973 844 8 2 41 22 56 322 285 1 12 6 18 825 716 4 5 49 11 40 468 235 1 3 217 7 5

Universitary courses 990 876 9 2 44 17 42 293 256 2 *) 15 4 16 710 655 4 24 20 7 220 203 2 6 7 2 261 248 1 1 9 1 1 63 61 *) *) 2 *) *) Total of which, printed in: Romanian Hungarian German Serbian, Croatian, Slovakian English French Other languages

1)

Intrate n Depozitul Legal al Bibliotecii Naionale a Romniei. / Which entered the Legal Book Stock of the National Library of Romania.

282

283

9.3

Biblioteci Libraries
Volume Biblioteci existente (mii) Libraries Existing volumes (thou) (la sfritul anului) (end of year) 12573 12455 12081 12366 12359 12229 4 4 4 4 4 4 110 106 106 102 105 104 890 846 789 715 787 684 8661 8585 8257 8602 8533 8518 2908 2914 2925 2943 2930 2919 173363 174380 171232 171990 175230 176888 20494 20601 20751 20840 20888 20990 24532 24582 25278 23995 25067 24903 12985 16313 12594 11835 12448 12875 62368 63174 62582 64919 66243 67673 52984 49710 50027 50401 50584 50447

Anii Years

Cititori nscrii (mii) Registered readers (thou)

Volume eliberate (mii) Lent volumes (thou)

Biblioteci - total Libraries - total

2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

5673 4977 4897 4697 4644 4580 44 43 40 39 33 32 641 614 673 634 597 592 158 163 124 102 150 99 2876 2276 2208 2186 2148 2157 1954 1881 1852 1736 1716 1700

72664 70725 69611 65795 65611 62543 803 867 913 611 617 536 13083 12418 12354 10790 11011 9335 1423 1403 1047 964 2066 910 23934 23628 23597 23345 23103 23667 33421 32409 31700 30085 28814 28095

Biblioteci naionale1) National libraries 1)

Biblioteci ale instituiilor de nvmnt superior Libraries of tertiary education institutions

Biblioteci specializate Specialized libraries

Biblioteci colare School libraries

Biblioteci publice Public libraries

1) Sunt incluse: Biblioteca Naional a Romniei, Biblioteca Academiei Romne, Biblioteca Pedagogic Naional i Biblioteca Militar

Naional. / Are included: Romanian National Library, Romanian Academy Library, National Pedagogic Library and National Military Library.

284

9.4
Periodicitatea Titluri-total Cotidiene Alte periodiciti

Ziare, reviste i alte publicaii periodice Newspapers, magazines and other periodicals
2004 2120 84 2036 2005 2124 80 2044 2006 2261 81 2180 2007 2400 80 2320 2008 2690 75 2615 2009 2708 51 2657 Periodicity Titles-total Daily newspapers Other periodicities

Din total: n limbile minoritilor naionale1) Of total: in the languages of the national minorities 1) Titluri-total Cotidiene Alte periodiciti 115 5 110 131 7 124 119 7 112 130 11 119 118 10 108 122 7 115 Titles-total Daily newspapers Other periodicities

1) i n alte limbi de circulaie internaional. / And in other international languages.

9.5

Muzee Museums
2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Units - total (end of year) Visitors (thou)

Uniti - total (la sfritul anului) Vizitatori (mii)

557 10446

667 10488

666 10135

679 12255

688 10687

694 10169

Din total, uniti: / Of total, units: tiinele naturii Istoria tehnicii i tiinei Istorie Etnografie Istoria culturii Art Mixte 37 15 100 74 128 134 69 44 21 112 115 151 148 76 44 21 117 113 152 149 70 44 21 118 116 149 155 76 43 21 125 115 151 161 72 43 22 126 114 153 160 76 Natural sciences Technics and science history History Ethnography Culture history Art Mixed

285

9.6

Cinematografe Cinemas
2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

Cinematografe i instalaii cinematografice - total (la sfritul anului) Cinemas and film installations - total (end of year) din care: / of which: Cinematografe i instalaii cinematografice cu band normal Cinemas and film installations for normal films Caravane cinematografice Mobile cinemas Locuri n slile cinematografelor i instalaiilor cinematografice cu band normal Seats in cinemas and film installations for normal films Spectacole cinematografice - total (mii) Film performances - total (thou) din care la: / of which at: Cinematografe i instalaii cinematografice cu band normal Cinemas and film installations for normal films Caravane cinematografice Mobile cinemas Spectatori - total (mii) Audience - total (thou) din care: / of which: Cinematografe i instalaii cinematografice cu band normal Cinemas and film installations for normal films Caravane cinematografice Mobile cinemas

151

85

73

72

75

74

148 3

84 1

73 -

71 1

74 1

73 1

70496

50220

44643

43057

46782

49871

125

105

96

100

128

185

125 *)

105 *)

96 -

100 *)

128 *)

185 *)

4002

2830

2777

2928

3798

5280

4001 1

2819 11

2777 -

2911 17

3788 10

5258 22

Sursa: Centrul Naional al Cinematografiei. / Source: National Cinema Centre.

9.7

Producia de filme1) Film production 1)


2004 2005 22 54 1 81 2006 18 8 2 33 2007 14 15 5 35 2008 9 6 15 2009 11 12 19 Movies (titles) Long and medium films Short films Documentary and scientific films (titles) TV serial films (episodes)

Filme artistice (titluri) De lung metraj i mediu De scurt metraj Filme documentare i tiinifice (titluri) Filme seriale pentru televiziune (episoade)

22 13 32 78

1) Inclusiv producia societilor private. / Including the production of private companies.

286

9.8

Instituii de spectacol1) Entertainment institutions1)


2004 2005 146 59 24 7 7 18 6 24 1 2006 2007 155 61 24 9 7 18 9 26 1 156 62 25 8 8 17 7 28 1 2008 156 63 25 8 8 18 6 27 1 2009 161 62 25 8 8 17 6 344) 1 Units - total (end of year) Drama theatres 2) Puppet theatres 2) Opera houses Musical comedy and variety theatres Philharmonics and symphonic orchestras 3) Folk music bands Song and dance ensembles Circus Performances and concerts total Drama theatres 2) Puppet theatres 2) Opera houses Musical comedy and variety theatres Philharmonics and symphonic orchestras 3) Folk music bands Song and dance ensembles Circus Audience - total (thou) Drama theatres 2) Puppet theatres 2) Opera houses Musical comedy and variety theatres Philharmonics and symphonic orchestras 3) Folk music bands Song and dance ensembles Circus

Uniti - total (la sfritul anului) Teatre dramatice 2) Teatre de ppui i marionete 2) Opere Teatre muzicale de estrad sau de operet Filarmonic i orchestre simfonice 3) Orchestre populare Ansambluri artistice Circ Spectacole i concerte - total Teatre dramatice 2) Teatre de ppui i marionete 2) Opere Teatre muzicale de estrad sau de operet Filarmonic i orchestre 3) simfonice Orchestre populare Ansambluri artistice Circ Spectatori i auditori - total (mii) Teatre dramatice Teatre de ppui i marionete 2) Opere Teatre muzicale de estrad sau de operet Filarmonic i orchestre simfonice 3) Orchestre populare Ansambluri artistice Circ
2)

145 57 24 7 8 17 7 24 1

17907 17348 18758 19982 19689 19739 7320 4634 892 887 1351 433 2251 139 4413 1249 572 331 187 281 281 1399 113 7206 4171 833 748 1601 285 1923 581 4199 1121 536 319 153 301 135 1358 276 7753 8022 4210 4302 1065 955 756 729 8550 4109 899 868 1837 410 2806 210 5389 1955 594 345 242 499 232 1373 149 8561 4129 942 870 1632 389 29304) 286 6489 1623 616 410 228 561 210 26714) 170

1460 2539 518 440 2829 2791 167 204 4281 4386 1684 1177 619 503 331 332 166 199

271 414 193 231 874 1386 143 144

1) Inclusiv teatrele i instituiile muzicale proprietate majoritar privat. / Including theatres and musical institutions under private majority 2) Inclusiv seciile de teatru. / Including theatre sections. 3) Este cuprins ntreaga activitate a orchestrelor simfonice (concerte simfonice, de camer, corale a capella, concerte-lecii, recitaluri i 4) Inclusiv centrele culturale. / Including cultural centres.

ownership.

altele). / Covers the entire activity of symphonic orchestras (symphonic concerts, chamber concerts, a capella chorales, concert-lessons, recitals a.s.o.).

287

9.9
I. RADIO - total

Emisiuni la radio i televiziune (proprietate majoritar de stat) Radio and television broadcasts (state majority ownership)
ore-program / hours-program

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009 I. RADIO - total Internal broadcasts News Sport Social Publicist Economic Literature and art Children and youth Science, education Theatre Entertainment shows Musical Advertising Miscellaneous External broadcasts Spoken Musical Miscellaneous Of total: broadcasts in national minorities languages Hungarian German Serbian Other languages

106214 118619 121001 122321 130512 143892 86529 10169 1822 1312 88 641 2669 6007 3314 1313 11675 31982 1009 14528 19685 16850 2103 732 5962 4487 724 361 390 99094 102128 102515 111393 124515 13634 15208 15485 36024 54274 1010 1884 1459 1415 1405 3265 4596 4460 4690 4145 204 535 583 439 388 2067 2260 2129 2509 2496 2270 2633 2703 3349 3311 509 1197 1833 1202 1030 5385 5777 5832 7135 6756 1189 1278 1223 1403 1375 4930 5921 5602 2976 3096 56110 54500 53290 48517 45079 740 927 940 286 216 7781 5412 6976 1448 944 19525 11721 7804 6336 4841 729 365 401 18873 19806 19119 19377 9752 9315 10112 10379 7253 7314 8391 8177 1868 3177 616 821 6725 5102 825 369 429 9110 6252 1252 1105 501 9781 6693 1474 1109 505 8827 5971 1450 903 503

Emisiuni interne Actualiti Sportive Sociale Publicistice Economice Literare i de art Copii i tineret Educaie, tiin, nvmnt Teatru Varieti Muzicale Publicitate Diverse Emisiuni externe Vorbite Muzicale Diverse Din total: n limbile minoritilor naionale Maghiar German Srb Alte limbi

II. TELEVIZIUNE - total Emisiuni n limba romn tiri Actualiti de interes general Educaie, cultur, tiin, via spiritual Sport Filme artistice, seriale, desene animate Emisiuni pentru copii Jocuri i concursuri Divertisment Publicitate Diverse (altele) din total: Emisiuni n limbile minoritilor naionale

35136 34402 2612 4824 6158 2128 9656 256 165 4154 3134 13151)

35040 34380 3390 4324 7789 1476 8923 275 195 3863 3805 3401)

35040 35040 36182 52560 34511 34412 35892 51035 3680 4000 3935 8301 6188 7521 7270 7207 5759 1677 7776 341 4533 1505 3052 5023 1164 6850 359 4502 1948 3045 4971 10215 1121 2277 7171 232 5388 4493 1311 9097 376 64 6355 5941 1202

II. TELEVISION - total Broadcasts in Romanian language News General interest news Education, culture, science spiritual life Sport Movies, serials, cartoons Children shows Games and competitions Shows Advertising Miscellaneous (others) of total: Broadcasts in national minorities languages

734

660

529

628

290

1525

1) Exclusiv orele-program ale studiourilor teritoriale. / Excluding the hours-program of territorial studios.

288

9.10
Total

Structura programelor difuzate la posturile de radio i televiziune (proprietate majoritar privat) Structure of radio and TV stations broadcasts (private majority ownership)
procente / percentage

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Radio / Radio 100,0 17,8 8,8 62,8 10,6 100,0 20,3 10,0 59,2 10,5 100,0 26,0 8,9 58,4 6,7 100,0 34,1 7,0 58,9 100,0 35,0 6,6 58,4 100,0 46,0 5,9 48,1 Total Informative programs Educative, cultural, religious programs Entertainment programs and other types Advertisments (advertisments and radioshopping a.s.o.)

Programe de informare Programe educative, culturale, religioase Programe de divertisment i alte tipuri de programe Alte programe (publicitate, spoturi radioshopping etc.)

Televiziune / Television Total Programe de informare Programe educative, culturale, religioase Filme (de ficiune, animaie, documentare, seriale) Programe de divertisment i alte tipuri de programe Alte programe (publicitate, spoturi teleshopping etc.) 100,0 37,5 11,5 9,3 31,3 10,4 100,0 50,0 12,0 2,9 25,8 9,3 100,0 55,4 12,1 2,7 23,8 6,0 100,0 58,2 10,8 2,6 28,4 100,0 60,9 9,6 2,6 26,9 100,0 61,7 8,7 2,6 27,0 Total Informative programs Educative, cultural, religious programs Films (motion, animation, documentaries, serials) Entertainment programs and other types Advertisments (advertisments and teleshopping a.s.o.)

Sursa: Consiliul Naional al Audiovizualului. / Source: Audiovisual National Council.

289

9.11

Federaiile sportive, n anul 2009 Sport federations, in 2009


numr / number

Secii Antrenori sportive Sportivi cu norm afiliate legitimai ntreag Instructori Arbitri Affiliated Sportsmen Full time Instructors Referees sport sections legitimated coaches Total Federaia Romn de Aeronautic Federaia Romn de Aikido Federaia Romn de Alpinism i Escalad Federaia Romn de Arte Mariale Federaia Romn de Arte Mariale de Contact Federaia Romn de Atletism Federaia Romn de Automobilism Federaia Romn de Badminton Federaia Romn de Baschet Federaia Romn de Baseball i Softball Federaia Romn de Bob i Sanie Federaia Romn de Box Federaia Romn de Bridge Federaia Romn de Canotaj Federaia Romn de Ciclism Comitetul Naional Paralimpic Federaia Romn de Culturism Federaia Romn de Dans Sportiv Federaia Ecvestr Romn Federaia Romn de Fotbal Federaia Romn de Fotbal Tenis Federaia Romn de Gimnastic Artistic Federaia Romn de Gimnastic Ritmic Federaia Romn de Go Federaia Romn de Haltere Federaia Romn de Handbal Federaia Romn de Hochei pe Ghea Federaia Romn de Hochei pe Iarb Federaia Romn de Judo Federaia Romn de Kaiac-Canoe 7275 16 32 16 176 82 237 83 19 193 24 19 152 25 39 37 22 91 145 58 2923 20 64 31 25 30 270 42 15 164 42 245590 250 1756 313 4418 1142 5047 314 527 11456 908 212 1461 669 619 199 442 370 6650 569 127015 256 914 478 324 730 7440 708 340 3614 939 6982 58 13 10 94 46 601 23 533 27 26 136 24 52 21 22 61 105 36 2093 181 31 9 48 414 51 10 165 73 7870 251 51 3 138 32 19 9 3 3 26 27 1 3 27 106 169 34 4541 4 4 42 8 6 23 5 8013 84 12 10 155 43 336 287 18 131 28 19 69 35 42 33 66 32 75 36 3171 83 23 15 37 433 36 17 119 13 Total Romanian Aeronautical Federation Romanian Aikido Federation Romanian Mountaineering and Climbing Federation Romanian Federation of Martial Arts Romanian Contact Martial Art Federation Romanian Athletic Federation Romanian Automobilism Federation Romanian Badminton Federation Romanian Basketball Federation Romanian Baseball and Softball Federation Romanian Bobsleigh Federation Romanian Boxing Federation Romanian Bridge Federation Romanian Rowing Federation Romanian Cycling Federation National Paralympic Committee Romanian Bodybuilding Federation Romanian Sport Dance Federation Romanian Equestrian Federation Romanian Football Federation Romanian Football Tennis Federation Romanian Artistic Gymnastics Federation Romanian Rhytmic Gymnastics Federation Romanian Go Federation Romanian Weightlifting Federation Romanian Handball Federation Romanian Ice Hockey Federation Romanian Grass Hockey Federation Romanian Judo Federation Romanian Kayak-Canoe Federation

290

9.11

Federaiile sportive, n anul 2009 - continuare Sport federations, in 2009 - continued


numr / number

Secii Antrenori sportive Sportivi cu norm afiliate legitimai ntreag Instructori Arbitri Affiliated Sportsmen Full time Instructors Referees sport sections legitimated coaches Federaia Romn de Karate Kyokushin Federaia Romn de Karate Modern Federaia Romn de Karate WKC Federaia Romn de Kempo Federaia Romn de Karate Tradiional Federaia Romn de Lupte Greco-romane Federaia Romn de Modelism Federaia Romn de Motociclism Federaia Romn de Nataie i Pentatlon Modern Federaia Romn de Oin Federaia Romn de Orientare Federaia Romn de Patinaj Federaia Romn de Polo Federaia Romn de Popice i Bowling Federaia Romn de Powerlifting Federaia Romn de Radioamatorism Federaia Romn de Rugby Federaia Romn de Schi-Biatlon Federaia Romn de Scrabble Federaia Romn de Scrim Federaia Romn de Snooker Federaia Romn Sportul pentru toi Federaia Romn de ah Federaia Romn de Tenis Federaia Romn de Tenis de Mas Federaia Romn de Taekwondo ITF Federaia Romn de Taekwondo WTF Federaia Romn de Tir Federaia Romn de Tir cu Arcul Federaia Romn de Volei Federaia Romn de Yachting 26 114 49 27 72 130 57 56 87 25 46 28 26 43 10 68 84 50 13 39 12 295 194 223 96 22 64 33 28 149 17 634 4346 2108 1501 2470 4229 525 462 2793 657 463 232 672 836 127 3009 4230 1280 147 1205 247 647 7635 16528 915 1338 1851 420 339 3260 404 10 104 37 34 77 214 44 5 160 16 28 32 59 21 20 11 113 85 1 170 114 259 71 14 46 39 21 200 14 12 60 77 26 37 8 19 3 54 18 17 6 26 27 12 3 1 8 26 8 1341 125 233 33 22 85 5 23 11 9 15 41 29 35 95 58 216 39 431 25 131 74 29 48 24 1 57 201 5 64 20 83 92 217 49 105 34 321 16 Romanian Kyokushin Karate Federation Romanian Modern Karate Federation Romanian WKC Karate Federation Romanian Kempo Federation Romanian Traditional Karate Federation Romanian Graeco-Roman Wrestling Federation Romanian Modelism Federation Romanian Motocycling Federation Romanian Swimming and Modern Penthatlon Federation Romanian Oina Federation Romanian Orientation Federation Romanian Skating Federation Romanian Water Polo Federation Romanian Bowling Federation Romanian Powerlifting Federation Romanian Radioamateurism Federation Romanian Rugby Federation Romanian Ski-Biathlon Federation Romanian Scrabble Federation Romanian Fencing Federation Romanian Snooker Federation Romanian Sport for all Federation Romanian Chess Federation Romanian Tennis Federation Romanian Table Tennis Federation Romanian ITF Taekwondo Federation Romanian WTF Taekwondo Federation Romanian Shooting Federation Romanian Archery Federation Romanian Voleyball Federation Romanian Yachting Federation

291

9.12
Federaia

Clasamentul general la competiiile internaionale oficiale pe federaii, n anul 2009 General hierarchy on official international contests by federations, in 2009
Locul / Place I II III IV V VI Total clasament Total hierarchy 1347 63 39 38 84 157 85 188 31 47 16 72 8 15 33 6 2 14 110 11 26 16 30 79 6 21 42 6 93 9 Total medalii Total medals 1158 63 22 32 84 118 60 165 23 47 5 70 2 11 33 2 6 97 11 26 16 24 70 6 21 42 6 93 9

Federation

Total Atletism Modelism Gimnastic Karate Tradiional Canotaj Kaiac-Canoe Arte Mariale Scrim Nataie i Pentatlon Modern Judo Tenis de Mas Tir Schi-Biatlon Karate Modern ah Tenis Go Karate WKC Ecvestr Motociclism Radioamatorism Fotbal Tenis Taekwondo ITF Yachting Orientare Hochei pe iarb Volei Kempo Comitetul Naional Paralimpic

467 17 6 22 59 66 22 71 11 13 2 31 4 8 4 56 8 7 4 8 6 4 38 -

292 17 7 7 15 25 16 55 4 18 8 11 2 33 19 6 6 8 2 12 18 3

399 29 9 3 10 27 22 39 8 16 3 31 2 7 14 2 8 3 10 14 54 4 3 42 2 37 -

69 9 6 9 12 6 4 3 4 4 6 6

63 8 10 9 7 7 2 4 2 4 4 6 -

57 20 4 10 4 4 3 9 3 -

Total Athletics Modelism Gymnastics Traditional Karate Rowing Kayak-Canoe Martial Arts Fencing Swimming and Modern Penthatlon Judo Table Tennis Shooting Ski-Biathlon Modern Karate Chess Tennis Go WKC Karate Ecvestrian Motocycling Radioamateurism Football Tennis ITF Taekwondo Yachting Orientation Grass Hokey Voleyball Kempo National Paralympic Committee

292

9.13
TOTAL I II III

Medaliile obinute de sportivii romni la Jocurile Olimpice, Campionatele Mondiale i Europene Medals obtained by Romanian sportsmen in the Olympic Games, World and European Championships
2004 599 224 174 201 2005 718 249 228 241 2006 578 179 175 224 2007 681 206 195 280 2008 847 259 255 333 2009 914 285 267 362 TOTAL I II III Olympic Games Total I II III World senior championships Total I II III European senior championships Total I II III World youth-junior-cadet championships Total I II III European youth-junior-cadet championships Total I II III

Jocurile olimpice Total I II III Campionatele mondiale de seniori Total I II III Campionatele europene de seniori Total I II III Campionatele mondiale de tineret-juniori-cadei Total I II III Campionatele europene de tineret-juniori-cadei Total I II III

19 8 5 6

9 4 2 3

86 23 24 39

205 70 73 62

93 21 30 42

224 67 74 83

240 75 67 98

285 84 88 113

215 87 64 64

207 66 57 84

246 89 75 82

154 48 39 67

225 73 63 89

189 66 44 79

79 25 23 31

122 45 35 42

85 21 26 38

146 44 39 63

123 38 46 39

149 36 49 64

200 81 58 61

184 68 63 53

154 48 44 62

157 47 43 67

250 69 77 104

291 99 86 106

293

9.14
Total

Medaliile obinute de sportivii romni, pe ramuri de sport, la Jocurile Olimpice, n perioada 1896 - 2008 Medals obtained by Romanian sportsmen, by sport branches, in the Olympic Games 1896 - 2008
Total medalii Medalii aur Total medals Gold medals 294 69 37 34 35 32 14 11 25 14 4 9 2 4 1 1 1 1 86 24 19 10 11 7 5 2 1 3 3 1 Medalii argint Medalii bronz Silver medals Bronze medals 90 20 10 10 14 8 4 6 9 4 1 2 1 1 118 25 8 14 10 17 5 3 15 7 3 4 1 3 1 1 1 Total Gymnastics Rowing Kayak-Canoe Athletics Wrestling Shooting Weightlifting Boxing Fencing Handball Swimming Equitation Judo Rugby Voleyball Bob Cyclism (paralympic games)

Gimnastic Canotaj Kaiac-Canoe Atletism Lupte Tir Haltere Box Scrim Handbal Nataie Clrie Judo Rugby Volei Bob Ciclism (jocuri paralimpice)

9.15
Anul Year

Participarea sportivilor romni la Jocurile Olimpice Participation of Romanian sportsmen in the Olympic Games
Numrul de medalii obinute Number of medals obtained Aur Gold Argint Silver Bronz Bronze Numrul de locuri obinute Number of positions obtained locuri places IV 96 1 3 1 4 6 4 10 16 10 5 17 1 5 6 7 locuri places V 104 2 3 5 9 10 3 9 7 11 4 7 8 5 6 7 8 locuri places VI 90 1 5 4 8 5 2 8 6 13 3 7 8 3 10 4 3

Numrul de puncte obinute Number of points obtained 1988,33 4,00 4,00 9,00 27,75 92,00 77,00 94,50 107,50 117,00 177,50 203,00 325,50 162,50 162,75 113,50 112,50 123,33 75,00

Total

Total

Total 1924 1928 1932 1936 1952 1956 1960 1964 1968 1972 1976 1980 1984 1988 1992 1996 2000 2004 2008

294 1 1 4 13 10 12 16 16 27 25 53 24 18 20 26 19 9

86 1 5 3 2 4 3 4 6 20 7 4 4 11 8 4

90 1 1 3 1 4 6 6 9 6 16 11 6 7 6 5 2

118 1 2 5 6 6 6 7 14 13 17 6 8 9 9 6 3

290 2 2 8 12 18 19 11 21 23 40 17 19 33 9 21 17 18

294

PREURI

PRICES

10

CUPRINS TABELE

Pagina Page

TABLES CONTENTS

10.1 10.2 10.3

10.4 10.5 10.6 10.7 10.8

Indicii preurilor de consum .......................................300 Indicii preurilor de consum, pentru principalele grupe de mrfuri i servicii ........................................301 Indicii armonizai ai preurilor de consum, pentru grupele de mrfuri i servicii constituite conform clasificrii COICOP ......................................303 Indicii preurilor produciei industriale .......................304 Preurile medii de achiziie la principalele produse agricole ........................................................307 Indicii preurilor principalelor produse agricole .........308 Indicii preurilor principalelor produse care reprezint consum intermediar n agricultur ............................308 Preurile medii ale principalelor produse vndute n pieele agroalimentare, n anul 2009 .........................309

Consumer price indices Consumer price indices, for the main groups of goods and services Harmonized consumer price indices, for groups of goods and services according to the COICOP classification Industrial production price indices Average purchasing prices for main agricultural products Price indices for the main agricultural products Price indices for the main products that represent intermediate consumption in agriculture Average prices for the main products sold on the agro-food markets, in 2009

SURSA DATELOR
Cercetri statistice: Cercetarea statistic a bugetelor de familie i cercetarea statistic structural n ntreprinderi, pentru elaborarea sistemelor de ponderare folosite la calculul indicelui de preuri; Cercetarea statistic privind preurile i tarifele mrfurilor i serviciilor care intr n consumul populaiei, realizat pe eantioane reprezentative de sortimente, precum i uniti de observare (magazine, piee i uniti prestatoare de servicii), pentru calculul indicilor preurilor de consum; Cercetarea statistic privind preurile de producie ale produselor i serviciilor industriale, realizat pe eantioane reprezentative de produse, sortimente, precum i uniti de observare (operatori economici), pentru calculul indicilor preurilor produciei industriale; Cercetarea statistic privind preurile de achiziie/vnzare ale produselor agricole, realizat la circa 200 operatori economici (procesatori, comerciani, societi comerciale agricole) i n 50 oboare, pe un nomenclator de 180 produse/varieti; Cercetarea statistic asupra preurilor principalelor produse vndute de ctre productorii particulari n pieele agroalimentare, pe un eantion de 138 produse/varieti, n 100 de piee din 95 localiti urbane; Cercetarea statistic privind preurile principalelor produse care reprezint consum intermediar n agricultur, realizat la circa 120 operatori economici (procesatori, comerciani, societi comerciale agricole), pe un eantion de 1260 produse/sortimente.

DATA SOURCE
Statistical surveys: Family budgets statistical survey and structural business statistical survey, to carry out the weighting systems used in the calculation of the price index; Statistical survey on prices and tariffs of goods and services included in population consumption, carried out based on representative samples of assortments, as well as observation units (shops, markets and units rendering services), for the calculation of consumer price indices; Statistical survey on production prices of industrial products and services, carried out on representative samples of products, assortments, as well as observation units (economic operators), for the calculation of industrial production price indices; Statistical survey on purchase/ selling prices of agricultural products, carried out for about 200 economic units (processers, tradesmen, trade agricultural companies) and 50 markets, on a nomenclature of 180 products/items; Statistical survey on prices for main agricultural products, sold by private producers in agro-food markets on a sample of 138 products (varieties) in 100 markets and 95 urban localities; Statistical survey on prices of main products which represent intermediate consumption in agriculture, carried out for about 120 economic units (processers, tradesmen, trade agricultural companies), on a sample of 1260 products/items.

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PRECIZRI METODOLOGICE
INDICELE PREURILOR DE CONSUM (IPC) msoar evoluia de ansamblu a preurilor mrfurilor cumprate i a tarifelor serviciilor utilizate de ctre populaie ntr-o anumit perioad (denumit perioad curent), fa de o perioad anterioar (denumit perioad de baz sau de referin). Indicele preurilor de consum se calculeaz numai pentru elementele care intr n consumul direct al populaiei, fiind excluse: consumul din resurse proprii, cheltuielile cu caracter de investiii i acumulare, dobnzile pltite la credite, ratele de asigurare, amenzile, impozitele etc., precum i cheltuielile aferente plii muncii pentru producia agricol a gospodriilor individuale. Preurile sunt colectate din circa 7000 de uniti aflate n 68 de centre de colectare selectate din 42 localiti urbane, n funcie de volumul vnzrilor i de numrul populaiei. Perioadele de referin pentru colectarea preurilor sunt 1-7, 10-17, 21-27 ale fiecrei luni, astfel ca pentru cele aproximativ 1700 de sortimente selectate n eantionul de bunuri i servicii se nregistreaz periodic circa 94000 de preuri. Indicele se calculeaz prin agregarea indicilor individuali la nivel de post de cheltuieli, grup (alimentar, nealimentar i servicii) i total. Ponderile utilizate pentru agregarea indicilor de pre de consum sunt obinute din cercetarea statistic a bugetelor de familie i rezult din structura cheltuielilor medii lunare efectuate de o gospodrie pentru cumprarea bunurilor i plata serviciilor necesare satisfacerii nevoilor de trai. Ponderile se actualizeaz anual, lundu-se n considerare cea mai recent estimare a cheltuielilor populaiei. Indicii armonizai ai preurilor de consum (IAPC) au luat fiin n Uniunea European ca rspuns la necesitatea de a stabili indici comparabili ai preurilor de consum la nivelul statelor membre ale Uniunii Europene, care s permit msurarea stabilitii preurilor la nivelul zonei euro dar i msurarea gradului de convergen a preurilor, criteriu de aderare la Uniunea Monetar European. Diferenele dintre cei doi indici de pre de consum sunt nesemnificative n cazul Romniei i constau n: clasificarea utilizat pentru agregarea i prezentarea indicilor armonizai este cea convenit de CEE/Eurostat/OECD; IAPC reflect evoluia preurilor i tarifelor achiziionate i consumate pe teritoriul Romniei att de persoanele fizice rezidente ct i de cele nerezidente (acestea din urm nu sunt incluse n IPC naional); ponderile aferente anului de baz stabilit n calcul IPC sunt rescalate la luna decembrie a anului precendent n cazul IAPC; perioada de referin utilizat pentru prezentarea IAPC este anul 2005.

METHODOLOGICAL NOTES
CONSUMER PRICE INDEX (CPI) measures the overall evolution of prices for purchased goods and tariffs of services used by the population during a certain period (called current period), as against a previous period (called base or reference period). The Consumer Price Index is calculated only for the elements that form part of the population's direct consumption, excluding the following: consumption from one's own resources, investment and accumulation expenses, interest paid on credits, insurance rates, fines, taxes, etc., as well as expenses for the payment of the work done for the agricultural production of individual households. Prices are collected from circa 7000 units located in 68 collection centres selected from 42 urban localities, depending on the volume of sales and the population number. The reference periods for price collection are 1-7, 10-17, 21-27 each month; thus, for the approximately 1700 assortments selected in the sample of goods and services, circa 94000 prices are recorded periodically. The index is calculated by aggregating the individual indices at the level of expenditure items, groups (food, non-food and services) and overall. The weights used to aggregate the Consumer Price Indices are obtained from the Family Budget Survey and result from the structure of the monthly average expenditure incurred by a household for the purchase of goods and the payment of services necessary for meeting living needs. The weights are updated annually, taking into account the most recent estimation of the population's expenditure. The Harmonised Indices of Consumer Prices (HICP) were created within the European Union in response to the need to establish comparable Consumer Price Indices at the level of EU Member Stat