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TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION OF THE SINGLE PHASE DISTRIBUTION

TRANSFORMAERS

1. SCOPE :

This specification covers the electrical, mechanical, and performance requirements for single
phase, mineral-oil filled, overhead type distribution transformers for use on 13.2 Gd. Y/7.62 kv, 60
Hz, EC distribution systems.

2. GENERAL :

Distribution transformers are in conformity in all respects to the requirements of this documents.
The transformers will be in a hot tropical climate with high humidities and high annual rain fall. The
text, tables, figures and references to other standards supplement each other and are considered
part of this document. All transformers shall be outdoor/indoor type application.

3. TRANSFORMER TYPES :

This specification covers the requirements for both CSP (completely self-protected) and
conventional type transformers. CSP transformers include attached primary arrester, primary fuse
and appropriate secondary over-load and short circuit protection. For conventional transformers ,
shall be included.

4. RATINGS :
1. Nominal ratings : 240

a. HV Winding 75 KVA & Over


13.2/7.62 kv

b. LV Winding 240 V 120/240 V 240/480 V


2. Basic insulation level (BIL) :
Depend on the requement of the insulation class
3. Operating frequency = 60 Hz / 50 Hz
4. Transformers are guaranteed to have the following impedances to any impedance requested
can be applied.
Size (KVA) Impedance Tolerance
10 through 75 2.0/4 ± 10 %
100 through 250 3.0/4 ± 10 %
333 through 500 3.5/4,5 ± 10 %

test reports are submitted to show % IR, % IZ and % total impedance for each type and
transformer size.

5. Ambient air temperature is as requested by customers spécification up to 45°. Average winding


temperature rise above ambient does not exceed 65°C when measured by the resistance
method.
The hottest spot temperature rise of the insulating liquid does not exceed 85°C over ambient.
Temperature rise of the insulating liquid does not exceed 65°C above ambient when measured
near the top of the tank.
Temperature limits is not be exceeded when the transformer is operated at rated KVA output
and rated secondary voltage for twenty-four (24) hours.
Our transformer’s losses are fixed following the customer standards and requested.
Design Information :
KVA 15 25 37 50 75 100 167
Load loss ½ load 76 102 134 175 198 280 Watts
¾ load 172 230 301 394 444 630 Watts
Full load 305 408 535 700 790 1120
230 Watts
No load 28 46 59 71 98 126 205 Watts
loss
Excitation 0.06000 1.6000 1.6000 0.06000 0.9000 1.6000
current Amps
Full load 3.94 5.83 7.87 11.81 15.75 26.30
current Amps
Impedance 1.60% 1.80% 1.80% 2.00% 1.50% 1.80%
Resistance 1.22% 1.10% 1.07% 0.93% 0.79% 0.67%
Total 180 220 240 420 485 725 Kg
weight 397 485 529 926 1069 1599 Ibs
Weight of 40 60 72 97 88 158 litres
oil 33 50 72 97 88 158 litres
73 110 132 179 161 291 Ibs
Regulation Unity p.f 1.225% 1.113% 1.080% 0.949% 0.798% 0.685%
0.8 p.f 1.597% 1.737% 1.726% 1.812% 1.399% 1.543%
Efficiency Unity p.f 99.022% 99.130% 99.181% 99.272% 99.353% 99.419%
½ load
¾ load 98.840% 98.960% 99.008% 99.126% 99.240% 99.333%
Full load 98.596% 98.738% 98.788% 98.936% 99.084% 99.207%
0.8 p.f 98.778% 98.912% 98.976% 99.090% 99.191% 99.274%
½ load
¾ load 98.550% 98.700% 98.760% 98.907% 99.049% 99.167%
Ful load 98.245% 98.422% 98.485% 98.670% 98.855% 99.008%
Design Information :

KVA 25 37 50 75 100
Load loss ½ load 52 70 86 106 167 Watts
¾ load 118 158 194 240 376 Watts
Full load 209 281 345 425 668 Watts
No load 59 80 100 122 135 Watts
loss
Excitation 0.0600 0.9000 1.6000 0.0600 0.9000
current Amps
Full load 3.94 5.83 7.87 11.81 15.75
current Amps
Impedance 1.50% 1.60% 1.60% 1.90% 1.90%
Resistance 0.84% 0.76% 0.69% 0.57% 0.67%
Total 264 310 395 525 532 Kg
weight 583 683 871 1157 1174 Ibs
Weight of 69 62 98 105 102 litres
oil 58 51 82 88 85 Kg
127 114 180 194 187 Ibs
Regulation Unity p.f 0.844% 0.769% 0.700% 0.583% 0.684%
0.8 p.f 1.417% 1.455% 1.421% 1.548% 1.607%
Efficiency Unity p.f 99.110% 99.188% 99.255% 99.391% 99.396%
½ load
¾ load 99.058% 99.142% 99.216% 99.358% 99.319%
Full load 98.928% 99.024% 99.110% 99.271% 99.197%
0.8 p.f 98.888% 98.985% 99.69% 99.239% 99.245%
½ load
¾ load 98.823% 98.928% 99.020% 99.198% 99.149%
Ful load 98.660% 98.780% 98.888% 99.088% 98.996%
6. Transformers with ratings of 200 KVA or less have additive polarity and transformers with
ratings of over 200 KVA have subtractive polarity.
7. Audible Sound Level
a. Transformers are designed so that, the average sound level does not exceed the levels listed in
NEMA Std TRI 1974 less 9 dB when tested in accordance with ANSI/IEEE 57.123.90.1987

Power Ratings Average Sound Level (dB)


75 and less 42
100 to 300 46

8. Power ratings are as shown in Table 1.

5. DESIGN :

1. Transformers are designed in accordance with the latest revisions of ANSI standards C57.12.00
(1) - 57.12.20 (2) and CEI76.1.2.3
2. Transformers are class OA (self-cooled), core or shell type. High voltage winding is of high
conductivity copper and the secondary winding may be either high conductivity copper or
aluminium. The core is manufactured from high quality, cold rolled, grain oriented, silicon steel,
properly anealed after cutting, rolled to ensure smooth edges and provided with a heat resistant
insulating coating. The manufacturing process does not stress the core beyond the elastic limit
of the material.
3. Transformer are a high-voltage no-load a tap changer with two, 2-1/2% a taps below rated
voltage and two, 2-1/2 %, a taps above rated voltage. The no-load tap changer is operable by
an external handle or lever and provision is made for fastening or sealing the handle to prevent
unauthorised or inadvertent operation of the mechanism. A small decal is also placed near the
operating handle to warn against operation of the tap-changer while the transformer is under
voltage.
4. HV Bushings :

a. Industry standard, outdoor type porcelain.


b. Connectors is bolted ring type suitable for copper or aluminium conductors. Connectors
accommodate the range of conductor sizes indicated in Table 1.
c. All CSP transformers have one (1) high voltage bushing and two (2) position support lugs. All
conventional type transformers have two (2) high voltage bushings and one (1) position support
lugs.

5. LV Bushings :
a. Industry standard, outdoor type, porcelain.
b. Connectors are in accordance with Table 1 an Figure 3. Where bolted ring type connectors are
used, they are suitable for use with copper or aluminium conductors and accommodate the
range of conductor sizes shown in Table 1.
c. CSP transformers have two (2) low-voltage bushings for 240 V operation. Conventional
transformers have three (3) low voltage bushings. The outside tank ground strap be connected
for 240 V operation.
There is no internal ground or tank connection to any of the low voltage bushings for either type of
transformer.

d. Conventional transformers 75 KVA and over, are factory connected at 240 V operation full
capacity and use the first (left) and center low voltage bushings. The third low voltage bushing
shall serve in the event of reconnection to 480 volts.

Conventional transformers 50 KVA and under, are factory connected at 240 V operation full
capacity and use the first (left) and third low voltage bushings. The center low voltage bushing
serves in the event of reconnection to 120 V operation.

6. TANK

a. Transformer tank is a sealed type design complete with cover and gaskets.
b. Tank is supplied with a tank grounding bolted ring-type connector suitable for use with copper
or aluminium conductors. The connector have a range of # 6 to #2 AWG.
c. There is a low voltage (no internal ground) grounding provision with a removable copper strap.
Grounding provisions is as shown in figures 1 and 2.
d. Tank have permanent lugs for lifting the complete unit.
e. There is facilities for lifting the core and coil assembly.
f. The tank have permanent hanger bracket for installing the unit.
g. Tank is cleaned thoroughly by sandblasting before painting. Internal and external surfaces are
given an acid and phosphate dip treatment to remove rust and scale and to provide an
adherent, moisture resistant coating.
Internal and external surfaces are primed with two coatings of red oxide zinc chromate paint to a
minimum dry film thickness of 0.075 mm. The external surfaces be given a finishing coat of paint to
conform to light gray no. 70, munsell notation 5 BG 7.0/0.4.
h. Rating in KVA shall be painted in three (3) inch letters on front of the tank in the position as
shown in Figures 1 and 2.
i. The letters “NEA” and below (same size) “IFB-77” are painted in three inch letters on the front of
the tank in the position shown in figures 1 and 2.
j. The nameplate is made of stainless steel and has on the following information:

Serial Number
Class
Number of phases
Frequency
Voltage rating
Power ratings
Design Ambient temperature
Temperature rise, degrees C
Polarity
Percent impedance
Total weight (in Kg)
Oil weight (in Kg)
Connection diagram
Name of manufacturer
Date and place manufactured

Installation and operating instructions reference manuals


The word “transformer”
Type of insulating liquid (generic name preferred)
Conductor material of each winding

7. Insulating oil : Insulating oil is a mineral oil and meets the requirements of ASTEM D3487 (5).
8. Lockwashers : All electrical connections, bushing mounting bolts and cover attachment bolts
require lockwashers. Lockwashers shall be fabricated from material that complies with the
requirements of ANSI B18.21.1 (4).

6. TESTS :

All tests are performed as per the latest revision of CEI 76.1.2.3 ; ANSI Standard C57.12.90.
Factory tests includes, but are not limited to, the following :
1. Resistance measurement of all windings.
2. Ratio test
3. Polarity and phase relation test
4. Test to determine no-load losses at rated voltage and frequency
5. Excitation current at rated voltage and frequency
6. Impedance voltage and load loss measurement
7. Induced potential tests of insulating oil in addition to the above, the following tests shall be
made on one transformer of each type and size in a contract :
1. Impulse and temperature rise tests
2. Short circuit test

7. BIBLIOGRAPHY OF REFERENCE STANDARDS :

1. ANSI C57.12.00 : Test code for liquid immersed, Distribution, Power and regulating
Transformers.
2. ANSI C57.12.20 : Requirements for overhead-type Distribution Transformers, 67000 volts and
below, 500 KVA and smaller.
3. ANSI C57.12.90 : general requirements for Dry-type Distribution and power transformers.

4. ANSI B18.21.1 : Lock Washers

5. ASTM D3487 : Standard Specifications for mineral insulating oil used in electric apparatus.
TABLE A
Type HV Bushing LV Bushing Support
NEA & KVA Lug &
Code No Rating No.
Conn. Type Cond Type Cond Positions
Conn. Range Conn. Range
6932 42 11 CSP-10 3a 6sol-2str 3a 6sol-1/Ostr 2-type A
6932 42 13 CSP-15 “ “ “ “ “
6932 42 15 CSP-25 “ “ “ “ “
6936 25 09 Conv-5 “ “ “ “ 1-type A
6932 41 11 Conv-10 “ “ “ “ “
6932 41 13 Conv-15 “ “ “ “ “
6932 41 15 Conv-25 “ “ “ “ “
6932 41 17 Conv-37.5 “ “ “ “ “
6936 41 19 Conv-50 “ “ “ 2sol-4”/0str “
6936 25 21 Conv-75 “ “ “ “ 1-type B
6932 41 21 Conv-100 “ 6sol4/0str “ “ “
6936 41 23 Conv-167 “ “ 3b Spade H “
TUNISIE TRANSFORMATEURS S.A

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TUNISIE TRANSFORMATEURS S.A

Written by : Checked by: Approved by :


M. BOUMALLALA Adel Mll. LAOUINI Radhia M. LARIBI Mohamed Kamel

Business Department : Imm El Habib Bureau N° 18 Bloc B – Les Berges du Lac –2045 Aouina
Tél : + 216 71 760 483 /Fax : +216 71 761 410
Office & Factory :Oued Elil BP N° 3 –2021 OUED ELLIL .Tél : + 216 71 629 664/Fax : + 216 71 629 551

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