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Electrochemistry-Ch.

9 PRACTICE TEST/EXAM QUESTIONS


Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. ____ 1. In the reaction +

Which of the following statements is correct? a. is the reducing agent, and is the oxidizing agent b. is the reducing agent, and is the oxidizing agent c. d. e. ____ is the reducing agent, and is the reducing agent, and is the reducing agent, and is the oxidizing agent is the oxidizing agent is the oxidizing agent ) is

____

____

____

2. The oxidation number of chromium ( ) in the dichromate ion ( a. +2 d. +7 b. +4 e. c. +6 3. The oxidation number of fluorine ( ) in is a. 3 d. 0 b. 2 e. +1 c. 1 4. In the oxidation numbers of and respectively are a. +2, +3, 4 d. +2, +4, 2 b. +3, +6, 2 e. +4, +5, 3 c. +2, +4, 8 5. Which substance in the following reaction has undergone oxidation? + + + + a. b. c. d. e.

____

6. This question consists of an assertion (statement) in the left-hand column and a reason in the right-hand column. Reason Assertion Chlorine will cause iodine to form when chlorine is bubbled through a solution of potassium iodide. Chlorine is a stronger oxidizing agent than iodine.

Select one of the following. a. if both assertion and reason are true statements, and the reason is a correct explanation of the assertion b. if both assertion and reason are true statements, and the reason is not a correct explanation of the assertion c. if the assertion is true but the reason is false d. if the assertion is false but the reason is a true statement e. if both assertion and reason are false statements

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____ 7. Consider the following unbalanced redox reaction: + + + + The coefficients in the balanced equation are, from left to right a. 1, 1, 6, 1, 1, 3 d. 1, 6, 6, 1, 6, 3 b. 1, 2, 6, 1, 2, 3 e. 2, 1, 12, 2, 1, 6 c. 2, 3, 12, 2, 3, 6 8. Consider the following reaction: Which of the following is the oxidizing agent? a. Cu d. b. N in HNO3 e. ____

____

in in

c. H+in HCl 9. Which element is reduced in the following oxidation-reduction reaction? a. b. c. in in in d. e. in in

____ 10. Consider the following unbalanced reaction: will be When the equation is balanced with the smallest whole-number coefficients, the coefficient of a. 1 d. 4 b. 2 e. 5 c. 3 ____ 11. This question consists of an assertion (statement) in the left-hand column and a reason in the right-hand column. Assertion Reason Copper reacts spontaneously with zinc ions and forms copper ions and zinc. Copper ions is a stronger oxidizing agent than zinc ions.

Select one of the following. a. if both assertion and reason are true statements, and the reason is a correct explanation of the assertion b. if both assertion and reason are true statements, and the reason is not a correct explanation of the assertion c. if the assertion is true but the reason is false d. if the assertion is false but the reason is a true statement. e. if both assertion and reason are false statements ____ 12. This question consists of an assertion (statement) in the left-hand column and a reason in the right-hand column. Assertion Reason Hydrogen ions react with metallic zinc and Zinc ions is a stronger oxidizing form hydrogen gas and zinc ions. agent than hydrogen ions. Select one of the following. a. if both assertion and reason are true statements, and the reason is a correct explanation of the assertion b. if both assertion and reason are true statements, and the reason is not a correct explanation of the assertion c. if the assertion is true but the reason is false d. if the assertion is false but the reason is a true statement. e. if both assertion and reason are false statements

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____ 13. An electrochemical cell consists of a left compartment with a zinc electrode in contact with 1.0 mol/L and a right compartment with a silver electrode in contact with 1.0 mol/L . The standard reduction potentials are

When this cell is allowed to operate at 25C, which of the following statements is true? a. electrons will flow from right to left through the wire b. ions will be reduced to metal c. the concentration of ions in right compartment will increase d. the silver electrode will be the cathode e. the standard cell potential for this cell is 0.04 V ____ 14. An electrochemical cell is set up with a copper electrode in contact with 1.0 mol/L electrode in contact with 1.0 mol/L . The standard reduction potentials are

and a lead

At 25 C, the standard cell potential for this galvanic cell in volts is a. 0.13 d. 0.21 b. 0.34 e. 0.94 c. 0.47 ____ 15. This question consists of an assertion (statement) in the left-hand column and a reason in the right-hand column. Assertion Reason At the zinc electrode, zinc atoms are In the electrochemical cell: oxidized to ions and electrons the zinc electrode is the negative terminal of the cell. are released.

Select one of the following. a. if both assertion and reason are true statements, and the reason is a correct explanation of the assertion b. if both assertion and reason are true statements, and the reason is not a correct explanation of the assertion c. if the assertion is true but the reason is false\ d. if the assertion is false but the reason is a true statement e. if both assertion and reason are false statements

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____ 16. This question consists of an assertion (statement) in the left-hand column and a reason in the right-hand column. Assertion Reason At the silver electrode, silver atoms n the electrochemical cell: ions and are oxidized to the silver electrode is the negative terminal of the cell. electrons are released.

Select one of the following. a. if both assertion and reason are true statements, and the reason is a correct explanation of the assertion b. if both assertion and reason are true statements, and the reason is not a correct explanation of the assertion c. if the assertion is true but the reason is false d. if the assertion is false but the reason is a true statement e. if both assertion and reason are false statements ____ 17. Given the following standard reduction potentials:

Which reactions are expected to occur in the beakers below

I. II. III. a. I only b. I and II c. I and III ____ 18. Given d. II and III e. III only

Calculate a. +0.59 V b. +0.92 V

for the reaction d. +1.80 V e. +2.13 V

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c. +1.40 V ____ 19. An electric cell consists of a silver electrode in 1.0 mol/L solution of (silver nitrate), a copper (copper nitrate) and a salt bridge. The spontaneous cell reaction electrode in 1.0 mol/L solution of is When the two electrodes are connected by a wire, which of the following does not take place? a. electrons flow in the wire from the copper electrode to the silver electrode b. the silver electrode increases in mass as the cell operates c. there is a net movement of silver ions through the salt bridge from the silver half-cell to the copper half-cell d. there is a net movement of copper ions through the salt bridge from the copper half-cell to the silver half-cell e. the copper electrode decreases in mass as the cell operates ____ 20. Consider the following:

In an electrochemical cell, the combination of electrodes (and corresponding electrolytes) that would produce the highest voltage is a. d. b. e. c. Short Answer 21. Define oxidation in terms of electron transfer. 22. What is the oxidation number of iodine in ? ?

23. What is the algebraic sum of the oxidation numbers of all the atoms in aluminum sulfate, 24. State whether the change of ion to ion is an oxidation or a reduction.

25. Will a reaction take place if a strip of zinc metal is placed in a solution of lead (II) sulfate? Justify your answer. 26. Calculate for the following equation:

Decide whether the equation represents a spontaneous or a nonspontaneous reaction at standard conditions. 27. Distinguish between a primary cell and a secondary cell and give an example of each. 28. What is a fuel cell? 29. Explain why aluminum metal does not corrode as rapidly as a less active metal such as iron. 30. Explain why many new cars have galvanized body parts?

Electrochemistry-Ch.9 Answer Section


MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. ANS: D ANS: C ANS: C ANS: B ANS: B oxidation number of

in

has changed from +3 to +4.

6. ANS: A 7. ANS: D The balanced equation is: + 6 + 6 8. ANS: B 9. ANS: A 10. ANS: C The balanced equation is 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: D C D C A E D D C C

+ 6

+ 3

SHORT ANSWER 21. ANS: Oxidation is the process in which an atom or ion loses electrons. 22. ANS: +5 23. ANS: zero 24. ANS: The change is reduction. 25. ANS: Oxidation half-reaction: Reduction half-reaction: Overall reaction: for the overall reaction is positive. Thus a zinc strip will react spontaneously with lead (II) sulfate solution.

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26. ANS: Reduction half-reaction: Oxidation half-reaction: Overall reaction: for the reaction is negative, thus the reaction is nonspontaneous as written. 27. ANS: A primary cell cannot be recharged while a secondary cell can be recharged. The 1.5-V dry cell is an example of a primary cell and the nickel-cadmium cell is an example of a secondary cell. 28. ANS: A fuel cell is an electric cell that produces electricity by continually supplied fuel. 29. ANS: Aluminum metal does not corrode as rapidly as iron because the aluminum forms a protective layer of aluminum oxide which adheres tightly to the surface of the metal. This prevents corrosion by effectively sealing any exposed surfaces. Iron oxide is porous and thus allows the passage of and . 30. ANS: One way to protect iron from rusting is to coat it with zinc. iron so treated is called galvanized iron. If the zinc coating is scratched, the zinc will corrode rather than the iron since zinc is a more reactive metal than iron. Galvanized parts of a car are thus protected from excessive corrosion.