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Andhra Pradesh State Highways Project

AMENDMENTS/MODIFICATIONS/ADDITIONS TO EXISTING CLAUSES OF THE GENERAL TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS SECTION 100 - GENERAL
Clause 102 DEFINITIONS

The following abbreviation shall be added to this Clause. MOST - Ministry of Surface Transport CRRI - Central Road Research Institute Clause 103 MATERIALS AND TEST STANDARDS

Add after first paragraph: For compaction of materials the densities specified are characteristic values as assessed in accordance with section 903.2.2 of the specification. All maximum dry densities referred to in the specification are for modified (heavy) compaction. Clause 108 SITE INFORMATION

Replace Sub-Clause 108.1 with the following: Test pit logs taken along the road are available at the Employers offices in Hyderabad for the Contractors information but the Contractor shall satisfy himself regarding all aspects of site conditions. Replace Sub-Clause 108.3 with the following: The site of the works provided by the Engineer to the Contractor shall, where possible, extend for the full width of the Right of Way. However, where directed by the Engineer, the site of the Works may be less than the width of the Right of Way but in any case shall extend a minimum of 1 metre beyond the limits of the permanent Works shown on the drawings. The Contractor shall make his own arrangements for land required by him for site offices, labour camps, stores, etc. Replace Sub-Clause 108.4 with the following: Sourcing of materials for inclusion in the works is the responsibility of the Contractor. It is the Contractors responsibility to supply materials which fully comply with the Specification. Clause 109 SETTING OUT

Replace Sub-Clause 109.1 with the following: The works shall be set out from the Reference Bench Marks (RBM) shown on the drawings. Coordinates and levels for Reference Bench Marks are based on assumed datum and shall be as shown on the drawings. Location diagrams for Reference Bench Marks shall be provided by the Engineer within 7 days of receipt of a written request from the Contractor. Before the commencement of construction the Contractor shall confirm that the Reference of Bench Marks have not been disturbed and are true in regard to position and level. If RBMs have

Andhra Pradesh State Highways Project

been destroyed, disturbed or damaged before the Site is handed over to the Contractor, the Engineer will arrange to have new RBMs installed. Where a Reference Bench Mark will be affected by the execution of the works, the Contractor shall relocate the mark clear of the work before it is affected. No RBM will be moved by the Contractor without written approval of the Engineer. The relocated mark shall be of the same construction as the original work. The Contractor shall survey and note the co-ordinates and level of the relocated mark and submit in writing full details of the new mark including a location diagram to the Engineer for approval. The Contractor will ensure the maintenance and safety of the Reference Bench Marks. Destruction of any Reference Bench Mark will be immediately reported to the Engineer and the Contractor will be responsible for the replacement to the original standard at his cost. The Contractor shall establish Working Bench Marks tied to the Reference Bench Marks in an area before commencing work in that area. The Working Bench Marks shall be at a rate of 4 per kilometre and also at or near all drainage structures, overbridges and underpasses. Location and level values for Working Bench Marks shall be subject to the approval of the Engineer. All levelling for these Working Bench Marks will be undertaken using accepted survey practise of double run levelling conforming with to an accuracy of +-12 mm K where the difference between forward and return runs will not exceed this tolerance. The Contractor will maintain field observation level records of these runs in a systematic manner and transmit these records to the Engineer when seeking approval for acceptance of his working reference. The existing traverse pins in the road surface at approximately 250m intervals shown on the drawings may be used by the Contractor in establishing Working Bench marks. Where a discrepancy exists between the traverse pins and the Reference Bench Marks, the Reference Bench Marks shall take precedence. Checks on Working and Reference Bench Marks shall be carried out by the Contractor once every month and adjustments, if any, shall be agreed with the Engineer. Full details of the checks carried out shall be submitted to the Engineer for approval, immediately after the check is completed. A Bench Mark register recording Working and Reference Bench Mark values and any adjustments shall be maintained by the Contractor. An updated copy of the Bench Mark register shall be supplied to the Engineer each time an adjustment is made to a Working or Reference Bench Mark. The costs of complying with the requirements of this Sub-Clause are deemed to be included in the rates for the items of work included in the Bill of Quantities. Sub-Clause 109.7 Delete the second and third sentences of this Sub-Clause.
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Sub-Clause 109.9 Delete the second and third sentences of this Sub-Clause and add: Setting out of the road alignment and measurement of angles and distances shall be done using a total station electronic theodolite and traversing targets. The theodolite shall have an accuracy of one second. Sub-Clause 109.10 Add new sub-clause. Before carrying out any survey work the Contractor shall submit to the Engineer for approval a programme and methodology for the calibration of all optical and electronic survey measurement equipment to be used on site during construction of the works. The Contractor will maintain calibration records for all such equipment in his site office, available at all times for inspection by the Engineer.

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Clause 110

PUBLIC UTILITIES

Sub-Clause 110.1 Delete this Sub-Clause and replace with : Data on the locations of above ground services and approximate locations of underground services was collected during the road survey. This information is available at the Employers office in Hyderabad. A number of these services have been relocated since the survey was carried out. The information available on the location of existing utilities is therefore approximate only and in some cases may be inaccurate or incomplete. The Employer accepts no responsibility for and does not guarantee or make any representation as to the accuracy of the information. The Contractor shall make such further enquiries and investigations as are required for his own information. Attention is directed to the possible existence of utilities not shown in the Bidding Documents, or at locations or elevations different from those shown in the Documents. The Contractor shall ascertain the exact location of each utility prior to doing any work that may damage such utility. Sub-Clause 110.2 Delete this sub-Clause and replace with: If any existing or proposed utility conflicts with the location or elevation of any item of construction shown on the Drawings, the Contractor shall notify the Engineer of such conflict. Any variation to the work required shall be determined in accordance with the General Conditions of Contract. Where relocations of utilities are noted in the documents as being required to be undertaken during the course of the works, the Contractor shall allow in its programme for the period of notice and the duration of the relocations and will allow for any effects of alterations to these services upon the works. The Contractor shall have no objection if the public utility bodies vary their decision in the execution of their proposals in terms of programs and construction, provided that in the opinion of the Engineer, the Contractor has received reasonable notice thereof. All service utilities requiring relocation will be moved clear of the Works prior to possession of site being issued to the Contractor. Where, during the course of the Works, additional service relocations are found to be necessary, the relocations will be carried out by the relevant authority. In such cases, the Contractor shall, after obtaining the approval of the Engineer arrange with the relevant authority to carry out the relocation work. In these instances the Contractor may be required to provide the various public utility authorities with the opportunity to remove, relocate, or work on their utilities before the Contractor proceeds with succeeding construction operations. Should the Contractor suffer any delay due to the moving of any such utilities, or the operations of any authority controlling such utilities, the Contractor may apply to the Engineer for an extension of time in accordance with the General Conditions of Contract.

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Where the Contractors method of working results in additional adjustments being deemed necessary by any utility authority, the Contractor shall arrange for and bear all costs and delays in relation to those additional adjustments, notwithstanding that the Engineer may have approved the method of working. Any pipe, cable, conduit or other known service of any nature whatsoever which has been damaged as a result of the Contractors operation shall be repaired and reinstated forthwith by the Contractor or the authority concerned at the expense of the Contractor and to the satisfaction of the Engineer. The Contractor shall conduct its operations so as to interfere as little as possible with the operations of public utility authorities or their contractors on or near the site. The Employer reserves the right to permit public utility authorities and others to work on or near the site. The Contractor shall arrange regular meetings with the relevant authorities throughout the period of the works to maintain the required co-operation. The costs of all co-ordination with utility authorities shall be deemed to be included in the rates for the items of work included in the Bills of Quantities except as specifically covered in Cl.110.8. Sub-Clause 110.8 Measurement for Payment

Andhra Pradesh State Highways Project

Add new Sub-Clause 110.8: Payment to service authorities for relocation of services shall be made by the Contractor after approval by the Engineer and reimbursed from the Provisional Sum included in the Bill of Quantities. The Contractor shall be paid the percentage of the cost of the relocation quoted in the Bill of Quantities. Payment of sums expended against the provisional sum for relocation of utilities by service authorities along with the percentage additions in respect of the Contractors attendance quoted in the Bill of Quantities will only be made when adequate and sufficient documentary evidence is produced to the Engineer showing that the sums claimed were in fact properly expended and actually paid by the Contractor.

Sub-Clause 110.9

Rate

Add new Sub-Clause 110.9 The percentage quoted in the Bill of Quantities for the Contractors attendance during the relocation of utility services shall be full compensation for all costs associated with the co-ordination of the relocations with the relevant authority including rescheduling of the works as necessary to allow utilities relocation to be undertaken.
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Clause 111

PRECAUTIONS FOR SAFEGUARDING THE ENVIRONMENT General

Sub-Clause 111.1

Add the following after the first paragraph: All costs associated with environmental protection shall be deemed to be included in the rates for the items of work included in the Bill of Quantities. The Contractor shall preserve existing trees, plants, and other vegetation that are to remain within or adjacent to the works and shall use every precaution necessary to prevent damage or injury thereto. The Contractor Shall ensure that no sparl material, road embankment pavement material stockpiled around the lease of existing trees. On completion of the Works, all areas disturbed by the Contractors construction activities (such as areas for compounds, material storage, access and haul roads) shall be restored to their original condition, or as may be acceptable to the Engineer. Restoration shall include ripping, topsoiling of the area and seeding and planting. The cost of this work shall be deemed to be included in the rates generally. If so requested by the Engineer, the Contractor shall on two weeks notice, make available site staff of foreman level and above for training in the environmental aspects of road construction. The staff to be included in the training shall be chosen by the Engineer. The training shall be of a maximum of two working days duration and shall be held on the site. Training will be arranged by the Engineer. The costs of providing personnel for environmental training is deemed to be included in the rates generally. Sub-Clause 111.2 Borrow pits for Embankment Construction

Add the following after the first paragraph: Where borrow material (including subgrade and sub-base) is required to complete the works, details of the location and extraction methods of borrow sites shall be submitted for the approval of the Engineer. Borrow areas in forest or sanctuary areas or other locations deemed environmentally sensitive by the Engineer shall not be approved. The edges of borrow sites shall be no closer than 3 metres from any fence line or boundary. Adequate clearance shall be provided for the construction of catch drains. Borrow sites shall have adequate drainage outlets unless the relevant landowner has agreed that the borrow area is to create a permanent tank or dam. Cut batter slopes shall not be steeper than 3 to 1 and shall be left by the Contractor in a tidy and safe condition to the satisfaction of the Engineer. Written clearance from the land owner/village head shall be obtained before leaving a site from which borrow material has been extracted. Copies of such clearances shall be provided to the Engineer. Site preparation for borrow areas shall be in accordance with Section 201 of this specification. Topsoil is to be stripped and stockpiled in accordance with Sub-Clause 301.3.2 and replaced and seeded in accordance with Sub-Clause 308.3. Borrow areas shall be top soiled and seeded immediately after the area is no longer required for borrow as directed by the Engineer.
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Approach roads/tracks to borrow areas shall be maintained during use and left in good condition after closing down the borrow areas. The costs of treatment of borrow sites in accordance with the requirements of this Clause shall be deemed to be included in the rates for the borrow material. Sub-Clause 111.5 Pollution from Hot Mix Plants and Batching Plants

Add the following after the first paragraph: Locations for Hot Mix and Batching plants shall be subject to the approval of the Engineer. Batching and Hot Mix operations shall be undertaken in accordance with all current rules and regulations protecting the environment. Sub-Clause 111.6 Substances Hazardous to Health

Add the following after the first paragraph: The use of any herbicide or other toxic chemical shall be strictly in accordance with the manufacturers instructions. The Engineer shall be given at least 6 working days notice of the proposed use of any herbicide or toxic chemical. A register of all herbicides and other toxic chemicals delivered to the site, shall be kept and maintained up to date by the Contractor. The register shall include the trade name, physical properties and characteristics, chemical ingredients, health and safety hazard information, safe handling and storage procedures, and emergency and first aid procedures for the product.

Sub-Clause 111.8 Add the following after the first sentence: At the direction of the Engineer, the Contractor shall provide for the laying of dust palliative on, or the watering of, the works and of roads, and other areas immediately adjacent to the works. The materials and methods used for dust control shall be subject to the approval of the Engineer. Sub-Clause 111.12
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After the last sentence add the following: The costs of compliance with Clause 111 shall be deemed to be included in the rates for items included in the Bill of Quantities. Sub-Clause 111.13 Add new Sub-Clause: The Contractors attention is drawn to the Discharge Standards promulgated under the Environment Protection Act, 1986, and the Contractors responsibility to adhere to these limits. All waste arising from the project is to be disposed of in a manner which is acceptable to the State Pollution Control Board and the Engineer. Sub-Clause 111.14 Add new Sub-Clause: The Contractor shall plan and execute the work so as to minimise the possibility of pollution of areas adjoining the construction area, from contaminants such as petroleum products, trade waste, garbage and other noxious substances. Impervious bunds shall be constructed around all fuel, oil and liquid materials storage areas large enough to contain at least 120% of the storage volume. Drainage of the ponded areas shall be provided with lockable gate valves. The gate valves shall remain closed and locked at all times except during the controlled removal of stormwater from the ponded area. The valves shall be manned at all times while they are unlocked and/or open.

Clause 112

ARRANGEMENT FOR TRAFFIC DURING CONSTRUCTION General

Sub-Clause 112.1

Delete the last sentence and add the following : Four weeks before undertaking work which would involve any obstruction whatsoever to traffic the Contractor shall submit, for the Engineers approval, a Traffic Control Plan. The plan shall include: i. Typical drawings for temporary diversions in accordance with Sub-Clause 112.3

ii. Typical details of arrangements for construction under traffic including details of traffic arrangements proposed to be in place after the cessation of work each day.
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Special consideration shall be given in the preparation of the Traffic Control Plan to the safety of pedestrians and workers and delineation of the roadway at night. The minimum requirements for traffic control are shown in the Drawings. Alternative arrangements may be used subject to the approval of the Engineer. Temporary diversions will be constructed only with the approval of the Engineer and will generally only be constructed at bridge sites where new bridges are to be located on the existing road alignment. Road works shall generally be constructed under traffic. Sub-Clause 112.2 Passage of Traffic along a part of the Existing Carriageway Under Improvement

Delete this Sub-Clause and replace with: In general the work will be constructed under traffic with the following being the minimum requirements to be provided by the Contractor. At least one 3.7m lane to remain open to traffic at all times. Flag men in contact with each other by radio shall control the flow of traffic at each end of a section being constructed under traffic. The surface used by the through traffic shall at all times be a firm all weather compacted surface free of pot holes and other defects. The maximum continuous length over which construction under traffic may take place shall be limited to 1.0km unless otherwise approved by the Engineer. Passing bays at least 20m long with additional width of 2.5m shall be provided at 0.5 km intervals. At any time, the number of sections on the project being constructed under traffic shall be minimised and shall be subject to the approval of the Engineer. During periods when the works are not attended by flagmen, the carriageway shall be restored to a minimum width of 7 metres (or two separate 3.5 metre wide lanes) to allow passage of two way traffic.

Full details of proposed traffic control measures are to be submitted to the Engineer for approval 5 working days prior to undertaking any work which would involve disruption to traffic. The use of the completed Works or part of the Works in providing for traffic shall not be considered as full opening to traffic and shall not be a reason for issuing of a Certificate of Practical Completion for the section so used. Sub-Clause 112.3 Passage of Traffic along a Temporary Diversion.

Delete this Sub-Clause and replace with: Where approved by the Engineer, a temporary diversion shall be constructed with a 7m carriageway and 2.5m wide earth shoulders on each side (total width of roadway 12m). The
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Contractor shall be responsible for the design of the pavement which shall have a bituminous surface. The Contractor shall submit full details of his proposal to the Engineer for approval, 14 days prior to undertaking the construction of the diversion. Design details submitted for approval shall show: i. ii. iii. iv. Pavement construction and surface type. Roadside furniture Drainage culverts and pits. Alignment and grading at a horizontal scale of 1:2000 for rural roads and 1:500 for urban roads. A sight distance diagram if opposing traffic is to use a single carriageway. Sufficient cross-sections to indicate the feasibility of making connections between various parts of the work. Intersections, and any other locations where traffic may be required to make turning, merging or diverging movement, at a scale of 1:500.

v. vi.

vii.

viii.

Pavement marking details.

The geometry of the diversion shall be designed for vehicle speeds of 60 km/hr in accordance with IRC guidelines. Drainage structures shall be provided to prevent ponding if necessary. The drainage structures shall be sized to prevent water flowing over the road in storms with an average recurrence interval (ARI) of one year unless otherwise approved by the Engineer. The diversion embankment and pavement shall be designed to resist damage during periods of overtopping in storms with ARI greater than 1 year. The wearing surface of diversions shall be bituminous and shall be firm, even and skid resistant under all weather conditions and shall be designed to remain sound during use. The wearing surface width shall extend across the full width of the traffic lanes. The wearing surface shall be carried onto any existing connecting roadway so as to finish square to the existing roadway centerline. Diversions shall be constructed in accordance with the technical requirements of the Specification Parts for:
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Site Clearance Earthwork, Erosion Control and Drainage Sub-bases, Bases (Non-Bituminous) and Shoulders Bases and Surface Courses (Bituminous) The Contractor shall be responsible for the maintenance of diversions and shall ensure that the road surface is kept safe for traffic. Potholes and other failures shall be repaired without delay. Damage caused by storm water, including overtopping of the diversion, shall be repaired by the Contractor. The cost of all or any work which, in the opinion of the Engineer, is to be carried out by the Contractor to maintain the diversions in a trafficable condition is deemed to be included in the rates in the Bill of Quantities. All signposting, pavement marking and other traffic control devices shall be completed before the opening of diversions to traffic. Diversions shall not be opened to traffic until they have been inspected and approved by the Engineer. Unless otherwise approved by the Engineer, traffic shall be switched to diversions only where the Contractors usual workforce will be on site for a minimum of two days thereafter. Unless otherwise approved by the Engineer, sections of existing roadway or bridges being replaced shall not be disturbed for at least two days after opening a diversion in case failure of the diversion occurs and there is a need to redirect traffic back onto the existing roadway. The need to redirect traffic shall be determined by the Engineer. The costs associated with the redirection of traffic back onto the existing roadway shall be borne by the Contractor. Upon completion of the Work the diversion arrangements shall be removed and the area restored to a condition equivalent to that which existed prior to the commencement of the work. Sub-Clause 112.6 Measurements for Payment and Rate

Delete this Sub-Clause and replace with i. Construction Under Traffic

Payment for traffic arrangements for construction under traffic is deemed to be included in the rates generally. If the Contractor fails to provide traffic arrangements to the satisfaction of the Engineer on sections of road being constructed under traffic, liquidated damages shall be applied at the rate of Rs 200,000 per month per section of road being constructed under traffic. Liquidated damages shall be applied pro-rata in the case where traffic arrangements are not to the satisfaction of the Engineer for part of a month.

ii.

Temporary Diversions

The Construction of temporary diversions, including temporary cross drainage structures and flood protection as described in Sub-Clause 112.3 shall be measured on a linear metre basis for each diversion required. The length of the diversion shall be taken as the length along the diversion centre line from where the centre line of the diversion leaves the edge of the bitumen surface of the existing road to the point where it returns to the edge of the bitumen surface of the existing road. The rate shall be full compensation for construction (including supply of material, labour, tools etc.) maintenance, final dismantling and disposal. If the
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Contractor fails to carry out maintenance of a diversion to the satisfaction of the Engineer, liquidated damages shall be applied at the rate of Rs 200,000 per month per diversion. Liquidated damages shall be applied pro-rata in the case where maintenance is not to the satisfaction of the Engineer for part of a month. Upon completion of construction of each diversion to the Engineers satisfaction, the Contractor shall be paid 60% of the rate per metre for the length of the diversion shown in the Bill of Quantities. The remaining 40% shall be paid upon removal and disposal of the diversion and reinstatement of the area to its original condition to the satisfaction of the Engineer. Sub-Clause 112.7 Add new Sub-Clause: At all times, the Contractor shall provide safe and convenient passage for vehicles pedestrians and stock to and from side roads and property accesses connecting to the roadway. Work which affects the use of side roads and existing accesses shall not be undertaken without providing adequate provisions to the prior satisfaction of the Engineer. Sub-Clause 112.8 Plant and Equipment Add new Sub-Clause: During the day, plant and equipment working in a position adjacent to traffic and having a projection beyond the normal width of the item, for example, a grader blade, shall have a fluorescent red flag attached to the outer end of the projection. During poor light conditions or at night, an additional traffic controller with an illuminated red wand shall direct traffic around such plant and equipment. At night, all plant items and similar obstructions shall be removed from the normal path of vehicles, to provide a lateral clearance of at least 6 m where practicable, with a minimum clearance of 1.2 m. Plant and equipment, within 6 m of the normal path of vehicles, shall be lit by not less than two yellow steady lamps suspended vertically from the point of the obstruction nearest to a traffic lane, and one yellow steady lamp at each end of the obstruction on the side furthest away from the traffic lane. Clause 113 GENERAL RULES FOR THE MEASUREMENT OF WORKS FOR PAYMENT Measurements of Lead for Materials Side Roads and Property Accesses

Sub-Clause 113.2

Delete this Sub-Clause and replace with: Payment shall not be paid for haulage of materials required under the contract except as specifically stated in this specification. The rates in the Bill of Quantities are deemed to include the costs of haulage from source of supply to the site for all materials required for the Works and the cost of haulage from the site to locations for disposal for materials not required for the Works.

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Sub-Clause 113.5 Basis

Measurements of Bituminous Courses for Payment on Weight

Delete this Sub-Clause and add the following : All bituminous surfacing shall be paid on an area or volume basis in accordance with Sub-Clauses 113.3 and 113.4. Clause 116 CRUSHED STONE AGGREGATES

Delete this clause and replace with: Where the terms crushed gravel/shingle, crushed stone, broken stone or stone aggregate appear in any part of the Tender Documents or Drawings issued for work, they refer to crushed gravel/crushed shingle/crushed stone/crushed rock aggregate obtained from an integrated crushing plant having appropriate primary crusher, secondary crusher, vibratory screen and pugmill. Clause 119 USE OF SURFACES BY CONSTRUCTION TRAFFIC

Add the following Sub-Clause: Sub-Clause 119.4 Granular base course shall be kept clean and uncontaminated as long as it remains uncovered by surface treatment. The Contractor may, at his own risk, allow traffic to travel on the crushed rock base prior to application of the primer seal. Should the base course become contaminated with materials unacceptable to the Engineer, the contractor shall make good by cleaning it to the satisfaction of the Engineer or by removing the layer and replacing it in accordance with the specification at no additional cost. The asphalt wearing course shall be placed between 3 and 8 months of allowing traffic to pass over that section of primer sealed base course and not before the approval of the Engineer is given. Add the following Sub-Clause: Sub-Clause 119.5 Any damage to existing pavements, which, in the opinion of the Engineer, is caused by the Contractors construction traffic shall be repaired at the Contractors expense as directed by the Engineer in accordance with Clause 3000.

Clause 120

SITE OFFICE FOR ENGINEER & OTHER SUPERVISORY STAFF Description

Sub-Clause 120.2

Delete this Sub-Clause and replace with:


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The Contractor shall arrange to provide fully furnished office accommodation constructed as shown in the drawings or as directed by the Engineer. The Contractor shall provide working drawings and Specifications based on the information provided in this specification for the approval of the Engineer prior to commencement of construction. The office shall have a net floor area and consist of rooms and offices as detailed in Appendix A. The siting and orientation of the office shall be decided upon in consultation with the Engineer and shall be confirmed in writing before erection. Buildings for the office shall be constructed of concrete and/or masonry or other materials approved by the Engineer. Office shall have concrete floors with approved floor tiles. The walls, up to the level of the basement shall be constructed of coarse rubble stone masonry and above this level, up to the roof level, shall be constructed of brick masonry. The roof shall be of reinforced cement concrete of M20 grade. The walls shall be plastered with cement mortar. A potable water supply shall be provided to the toilets, which shall contain a wash hand basin and shower, and to the tearoom which shall contain a sink with suitable built in cupboards and working surfaces. An electric geyser shall be provided in the tearoom to supply hot water to both the tearoom and toilets. The store shall be fitted with suitable shelving. Ceilings shall be provided in the office. The clear height of the office between floor and ceiling shall be 2.4m minimum. All windows shall be of the type that can open over the full window area and shall have steel frames. All windows shall be mosquito proofed. After construction, the office building shall be painted with an approved paint and the paintwork shall be maintained during the contract period. Each door shall be provided with a lock and two keys. The office shall be provided with a telephone with switchboard and extensions to five rooms and shall include a connection from the Department of Telecommunications. Parking areas and roads around the office shall be treated to make them dust free, either by using crushed stone, suitable dust-laying oils or bituminous surfacing, or by other approved means. They shall be well-drained and kept trafficable and free from mud at all times. Footpaths shall be similarly treated to provide convenient access to all buildings. The work shall include the provision of 220V electricity, all electrical items such as lights, wiring etc. The work shall include the provision of an uninterrupted source of fresh clean potable water including all pipes, fittings, tanks, tube wells pumps, valves etc. and sewerage, including septic tanks if necessary. All of the preceding will be considered part and parcel of the accommodation provided and will not be paid for separately. The Contractor shall provide the office accommodation within 4 months from the date of the commencement of the work or 3 months from the date of providing the land for the construction of office accommodation, whichever is later.
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The furniture to be provided and maintained for the Engineers site office shall be as in Table 100-2. Delete Table 100-2 and replace with Table 100-2 Sl No. Item 01 Executive table (for the Engineer) Executive chair (For the Engineer) Table (for Site Engineer, Accountant and Head Clerk) Ordinary chair Type I (For the Engineer, Accountant and Head Clerk and visitors) Table (for all other staff) Specification Make - Godrej Model No.T-108 or equivalent Make - Godrej Model No.PCH-701 or equivalent Make - Godrej Model No.T-104 or equivalent Make - Godrej Model No.CHR-6 or equivalent Nos. Required 2

02

03*

04*

05

Make - Godrej Model No.T-101 or equivalent Make - Godrej Model No.CHR-6 or equivalent Make - Godrej Model No.ST-2 or equivalent

06

Ordinary chair-Type II (For all other staff and visitors) Stool

10

07*

10

08*

Steel Almirah Make - Godrej Model 1980mm X 915 mm X 485mm No.1 Storewel plain or equivalent Steel Almirah 1270mm X 765mm X 440mm Racks - 5 Tier 1800mm X 900mm X 375mm Hot Water Geyser Steel Cash Chest of size Make - Godrej Model Minor plain or equivalent Made of slotted angles and M.S. Sheets of Godrej make 10 litre capacity Make - Godrej Storewel or

09*

10*

11 12

1 1

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450mm X 450mm (approx.) 13* Air Coolers

equivalent The coolers shall have 24" (60cm) Size fan with suitable pump and shall be of either GEC, Khaitan or Coll Home make or equivalent 2.7 kw Carrier or equivalent 4.0 kw Carrier or equivalent Ceiling fans shall be of approved make and colour 6

14*

Air Conditioners

3 1 12

15*

Ceiling Fans 1400mm size

16*

Computers

233 Mhz Pentium II computer 4 with hard disc capacity 3.2GB, 32Mb RAM, one disk drive of 3.5" 14" size Colour VGA monitor, 36Kbps Modem HP LaserJet 6P A4 printer Canon BJ230 A3 printer HP DeskJet 690CA4 printer Modi Xerox Model 5216 1 1 1 1

17

Printers

18

Photocopier

* These items include provision for furniture for laboratory and associated office.

Sub-Clause 120.3

Ownership

Delete the last sentence and replace with: The land for the site office shall be provided by the Engineer at a location within a town to nominated by the Engineer and this will be advised to Contractor within 28 days after the date of commencement of the works.

Sub-Clause 120.5

Measurement for Payment

Add including the verandah after office accommodation in the first sentence of the first paragraph.
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In the second paragraph, replace Rs 15,000" with Rs 30,000". In the fourth paragraph, replace Rs 5,000" with Rs 10,000". In the fifth paragraph, replace Rs 15,000" with Rs 30,000". Sub-Clause 120.6 Rate

Include at the end of the first paragraph: The contract rate for construction of the site office shall include the preparation of working drawings and Specifications for submission to the Engineer for approval and the supply of all furniture and equipment listed in Table 100-2. Clause 121 FIELD LABORATORY Scope

Sub-Clause 121.1

Delete this sub-clause and replace with: The work under this Clause covers the provision and maintenance of a fully equipped laboratory for the exclusive use of the Engineer.

Sub-Clause 121.2

Description

Delete this Sub-Clause and replace with: The Contractor shall arrange to provide a fully furnished field laboratory constructed as shown in the drawings or as directed by the Engineer. The laboratory will be located at a site in the town determined by the Engineer and this will be advised to Contractor within 28 days after the date of commencement of the works. The Contractor shall provide working drawings based on the information provided in this specification for the approval of the Engineer prior to commencement of construction. The laboratory shall have a net floor area and consist of rooms and offices as detailed in Appendix A. The siting and orientation of the laboratory shall be decided upon in consultation with the Engineer and confirmed in writing before erection. The laboratory shall be constructed of concrete and/or masonry or other materials approved by the Engineer. The office part shall have concrete floors with approved floor tiles. The laboratory shall have a concrete floor. The walls, up to the level of the basement shall be
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constructed of coarse rubble stone masonry and above this level, up to the roof level, shall be constructed of brick masonry. The roof shall be of reinforced cement concrete of M20 grade. The walls shall be plastered with cement mortar. A potable water supply shall be provided to the toilets, which shall contain a wash hand basin. The store shall be fitted with suitable shelving. Benches and shelving as noted on the drawings shall be constructed in the laboratory. Ceilings shall be provided in the offices and laboratory. The clear height of between floor and ceiling shall be 2.4m minimum. All windows shall be of the type that can open over the full window area and shall have steel frames. All windows shall be mosquito proofed. After erection, the building shall be painted with an approved paint and the paintwork shall be maintained during the contract period. Each door shall be provided with a lock and two keys. The laboratory shall be provided with a telephone connected to the public telephone system of the Department of Telecommunications. Parking areas and roads around the laboratory shall be treated to make them dust free, either by using crushed stone, suitable dust-laying oils or bituminous surfacing, or by other approved means. They shall be well-drained and kept trafficable and free from mud at all times. Footpaths shall be similarly treated to provide convenient access to all buildings. The work shall include the provision of 220V electricity, all electrical items such as lights, wiring etc. The work shall include the provision of an uninterrupted source of fresh clean potable water including all pipes, fittings, tanks, tube wells pumps, valves etc. and sewerage, including septic tanks if necessary. All of the preceding will be considered part and parcel of the accommodation provided and will not be paid for separately. The Contractor shall provide the laboratory accommodation within 3 months from the date of the commencement of the work or 2 months from the date of providing the land for the construction of laboratory accommodation, whichever is later. The furniture to be provided and maintained for the laboratory is included in Table 100-2. Sub-Clause 121.3 Laboratory Equipment

Delete this sub-clause and replace with: The following items of laboratory equipment shall be supplied to the Engineers field laboratory. A. General (i) Balance

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(a) 7 kg to 10 kg capacity semi-self indication Type-Accuracy 1 gm. Electronic Nos. (b) 500 gm capacity-semi-self indicating Electronic Type-Accuracy 0.01 gm. Nos. (c) Chemical balance 100gm capacity Accuracy 0.0001 (d) Pan balance 5 kg capacity Accuracy 0.5 gm (e) Platform scale - 300 kg capacity (ii) Ovens-electrically operated, thermostatically controlled (a) No. (iii) Sieves : as per I.S. 460-1962 (a) I.S. Sieve sets 450 mm internal dia as per IS of required sieve sizes complete with lid and pan. (b) I.S Sieve sets 200mm internal dia (brass frame and steel or brass wire cloth mesh) of required sieve sizes complete with lid and pan (iv) Sieve shaker capable of taking 200 mm and 450 mm dia sieves-electrically operated with time switch assembly. (As per IS). 200 tonnes compression testing machine Stop watches 1/5 sec. accuracy. From 100C to 220C Sensitivity 1C

2 1 No. 3 Nos. 1 No.

2 Sets

2 Sets

1 No. 1 No. 2 Nos.

(v) (vi) (vii)

Glassware comprising beakers, pipettes, dishes, measuring cylinders (100 to 1000 cc capacity) glass rods and funnels, wire gauzes, steel scales, measuring tape, casseroles, karahis, pestle-mortar, porcelain dishes, gunny bags, plastic bags, chemicals, digging tools like pickaxes, shovels etc., glass thermometers range 0C to 100C and metallic thermometers range up to 300C. As required Hot plates 200 mm dia (1500 watt.) Enamel trays 2 Nos.

(viii) (ix)

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(a) (b) (c)

600 mm x 450 mm x 50 mm 450 mm x 300 mm x 40 mm 300 mm x 250 mm x 40 mm

6 Nos. 6 Nos. 6 Nos. 6 Nos. 1 Set 1 Set

(d) Circular plates of 250 mm dia (x) (xi) B. Water testing kit First aid box (replaceable)

For Soils (i) (ii) Water still Liquid limit device with Casagrande and A.S.T.M grooving tools and as per IS:2720 Sampling pipettes fitted with pressure and suction inlets, 10 ml. capacity Compaction apparatus (Proctor) as per IS:2720 (part 7) complete with collar, base plate and hammer 1 No.

2 Nos.

(iii)

1 Set

(iv)

2 Nos.

(v)

Modified AASHTO compaction apparatus as per IS:2720 (part 8) 1983 or Heavy Compaction Apparatus as per IS complete with collar, base plate and hammer 2 Nos. Sand pouring cylinder with conical funnel and tap and complete as per IS:2720 (part 28) 1983 including modified equipment. Sampling tins with lids 100 mm dia x 75 mm ht. kg capacity and miscellaneous items like moisture, tins with lid (50 grams) etc. Lab C.B.R. testing equipment for conducting CBR testing, load frame with 5 Tonne capacity, electrically operated with speed control as per IS:2720 (Part 16), and consisting of following : (a) (b) CBR moulds 150 mm dia - 175 mm ht. complete with collar, base plate, etc. Tripod stands for holding dial gauge holder.

(vi)

6 Nos.

(vii)

24 Nos.

(viii)

1 Set

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(c) (d) (e) (f) (g) (h) (i) (ix) (x) (xi) (xii)

CBR plunger with settlement dial gauge holder. Surcharge weight 147 mm dia 2.5 kg wt. with central hole Spacer disc 148 mm dia. 47.7 mm ht. with handle Perforated plate (Brass) Soaking tank for accommodating 6 CBR moulds Proving rings of 1000 kg, 2500 kg and 5000 kg capacity 1 No. Dial gauges, 25 mm travel - 0.01 mm/division 2 Nos. 2 Nos. 2 Nos. 2 Nos. 1 Set 1 Set 1 Set

Standard Penetration test equipment Nuclear gauge for density testing Speedy moisture meter complete with chemicals Core cutter apparatus 10 cm dia 10/15 dcm height, complete with dolly, rammer etc.

(xiii) Standard measures of 30, 15 and 3 litres capacity along with standard tamping rod (xiv) C. Unconfined compression test apparatus For Bitumen and Bituminous Mixes (i) Constant temperature bath for accommodating bitumen test specimen, electrically operated, and thermostatically controlled with adjustable shelves, sensitivity 1C Penetrometer automatic type, adjustable weight arrangement, and needles as per IS:1203-1958 Soxhlet extraction or centrifuge type apparatus complete with extraction thimbles, with solvent & filter paper Laboratory mixer including required accessories about .02 cum. capacity electrically operated fitted with heating jacket. Marshall compaction apparatus automatically operated as per ASTM 1559-62T and complete with electrically operated loading unit, compaction pedestal heating head assembly, dial micrometre and bracket for flow measurement, load transfer bar, specimen mould 100 mm dia. (4 in.) with base plate, collars, specimen extractor, compaction hammer 4.53 kg (10 lb) x 457 mm (18 in.) fall. Distant reading thermometer Field density bottle along with cutting tray, chisel,

1 Set 1 Set

(ii) (iii)

1 Set

(iv)

1 No.

(v)

(vi) (vii)

1 Set 1 No.

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hammer and standard sand (viii) D. Vacuum pump and 3 specific gravity bottles

2 Nos. 1 Set

For Cement, Cement Concrete and Materials (i) (ii) (iii) Water still Vicat needle apparatus for setting time with plungers, as per I.S. 269-1967 Moulds (a) 150 mm x 300 mm ht.cylinder with capping As required As 1 No. 1 No. 1 No. 4 Nos. 6 Nos. 6 Nos. 1 No. 4 Nos. 4 Nos. 1 No. 1 Set

component (b) Cubicals 150 mm, 100 mm (each size) required (iv) (v) (vi) (vii) (viii) (ix) (x) Concrete permeability apparatus High frequency mortar cube vibrator for cement testing Concrete mixer power driven, 1 cu.ft. capacity Variable frequency and amplitude vibrating table size 1 metre x 1 metre, as per the relevant British Standard. Flakiness index and elongation index test apparatus Aggregate impact test apparatus as per IS: 2386 (Part 4) 1963 Los-Angeles abrasion apparatus as per IS: 2386 (Part 4) 1963 Flow table as per IS: 712-1973 Equipment for slump test.

(xi) (xii)

(xiii) Equipment for determination of specific gravity for fine and coarse aggregate as per IS: 2386 (Part 3) 1963 (xiv)

4 Nos.

Compression and flexural strength testing machine of 200 tonne capacity with additional dial for flexural testing 1 Nos. Core cutting machine with 10 cm dia diamond cutting edge. Needle vibrator

(xv)

1 No. 1 No.

(xvi)

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(xvii) Vibrating hammer as per B.S. specification (xviii) Air entrainment meter (xix) 0.5 Cft, 1 Cft cylinder for checking bulk density of aggregate with tamping rod Soundness testing apparatus for cement 4m x 2m x 1m curing tank 1 No.

1 No.

As required 1 Set 1 No

(xx) (xxi) E.

For Control of Profile and Surface Evenness (i) (ii) Precision automatic level with micrometer attachment Total Station Theodolite - Electronically operated data logger and 6 traversing targets. Precision staff 3 metre straight edge and measuring wedge Camber templates 2 lane (a) Crown type cross section (b) Straight run cross section (vi) Steel tape (a) (b) 10 m long 20 m long 2 Sets 2 Sets 2 Sets 2 Sets 2 Sets

1 Set. 3 Sets 3 Sets

(iii) (iv) (v)

All equipment shall be new when supplied.

Sub-Clause 121.6

Measurement for Payment

Add after the second paragraph: The laboratory shall be provided to the Engineer within 4 months from the date of issue of the Engineers notice to commence or 3 months from the date of providing the land for the construction of the laboratory whichever is later. Unless otherwise approved by the Engineer, no work on the permanent works which requires laboratory testing to determine compliance shall be undertaken by the Contractor until the laboratory, including all furniture and equipment, is handed over to the Engineer.
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If the Contractor fails to handover the furnished laboratory within the period stipulated above, an amount of Rs 100,000 per month or part thereof shall be debited to the Contractors account for the period of delay. The measurement for maintenance of the Engineers field laboratory shall be on maintenance months and shall be made on completion of satisfactory maintenance every month. If at any stage, the Contractor fails to carry out the required maintenance satisfactorily, an amount of Rs 10,000 per month or part thereof shall be debited to the Contractors account. In addition, the month/months during which the Contractor fails to carry out the required maintenance satisfactorily shall not be measured for payment. If the Contract works are not completed within the stipulated period or within the granted extended time of completion, maintenance of the laboratory accommodation in accordance with Clause 121.5 shall be carried out by the Contractor at his own cost and as such no payment shall be made for the same. In case of any failure by the Contractor to do so, an amount of Rs 30,000 per month or part thereof shall be debited to the Contractors account.

Sub-Clause 121.7

Rate

Add at the end of the first paragraph:

The contract rate for construction of the laboratory shall include the preparation of working drawings for submission to the Engineer for approval. Clause 122 SITE RESIDENTIAL ACCOMMODATION FOR ENGINEER AND OTHER SUPERVISORY STAFF

Delete this Clause and replace with: Clause 122 SITE CABINS FOR ENGINEER AND OTHER SUPERVISORY STAFF Sub-Clause 122.1 General

The work covers the construction and provision of furnished mobile site cabins for the sole use supervisory staff of the Engineer. The site cabin shall be placed within the road reserve in locations approved by the Engineer. Mobile cabins shall be constructed of timber, asbestos or other approved materials. They shall have double walls filled with insulating material and be lined on the inside with timber or other approved material.
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Site cabins shall be painted in an approved paint and the paint work shall be maintained during the contract period. Site cabins shall be constructed in accordance with the drawing in Appendix A. The clear height between the floor and ceiling shall be 2.4m minimum. All windows shall be of the type that can open over the full window area. All windows are to be mosquito proofed. Mobile site cabins shall have a floor area of not less than 12 m2 and shall be fitted with a bench type working top as shown in the drawings with suitable shelves and cupboards provided beneath. The structure shall be strong, durable and weather proof, shall be adequately insulated against heat & cold and shall have provision for through ventilation. Each door shall be fitted with a lock having two keys. Site cabins shall be constructed such that they are easily transported from place to place within the site. The Contractor shall submit proposed design for the site cabins to the Engineer for approval before commencement of construction. Sub-Clause 122.2 Add new Sub-Clause. The provision of site cabins shall be measured as the number of site cabins supplied to the site. The rate shall include for the provision of accommodation as specified including roof, walls, floor, windows and glazing, furniture, doors with locks and fittings, painting, maintenance, servicing, relocation when requested by the Engineer and removal when no longer required. The site cabins shall remain the property of the Contractor at the completion of the work. Upon provision of each site cabin on the site in a location satisfactory to the Engineer, the Contractor shall be paid 60% of the rate tendered. The remaining 40% shall be paid upon removal from the site of the site cabin. The costs of relocating the cabins within the site during the construction of the works as required by the Engineer are deemed to be included in the rate for provision of site cabins. Site cabins shall be provided to the Engineer within 4 months of the date of issue of the Engineers notice to commence. If the Contractor fails to hand over the site cabins within the time stipulated above, an amount of Rs 15,000 per month or part thereof for each site cabin not provided shall be debited to the Contractors account for the period of delay. Clause 123 PROVIDING AND MAINTAINING WIRELESS COMMUNICATION Supply Measurements for payment

SYS

Sub-Clause 123.2

In line 3 delete 65km and replace with 100km.


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Delete the second paragraph and replace with The Contractor shall provide the complete wireless system within 3 months from the date of commencement of work and apply within one month of the date signing of contract for obtaining the frequency allotment to him by the Govt. Department. He shall submit a guarantee for replacement of any defective trans-receiver(s) during the currency of the contract. Sub-Clause 123.5 Measurements for Payment

In the second paragraph delete Rs 10,000" and replace with Rs 50,000"

Clause 124

PROVIDING AND MAINTAINING VEHICLES FOR THE ENGINEER

The heading of this clause, shall read PROVIDING AND MAINTAINING VEHICLES FOR THE ENGINEER AND EMPLOYER Sub-Clause 124.1 Scope Delete this Sub-Clause and replace with: The work covers providing and maintaining of hard top passenger cars, hard top jeeps and motorcycles for use by the Engineer and the Employer as described under the Bill of Quantities. The term vehicles as used in this Clause 124 shall include hard top passenger cars, hard top jeeps and motorcycles. Sub-Clause 124.2 Description

Delete the first paragraph and replace with: The passenger cars shall be petrol/diesel driven, Ambassador cars having cylinder capacity of minimum 1400 cc for senior personnel of the Engineer and Project Director of the Employer. The hard top jeeps shall be 4 Wheel drive Maruti Gypsy model NG 410 for other personnel of the Engineer and other staff of the Employer. The motorcycles shall be Yamaha 100 cc. The number of vehicles to be provided by the contractor shall be decided by the Engineer/Employer at various times, out of the total provision in the bill of quantities and indicated in writing. Sub-Clause 124.4 Withdrawal of Vehicles

Delete this sub-clause and replace with: The Contractor shall withdraw particular vehicle/vehicles if so directed by the Engineer. In such cases the requirement for withdrawal of a vehicle shall be given in writing 15 days in advance and the withdrawal of vehicles shall not be for a period of less than 15 days continuously at a time.
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Sub-Clause 124.5

Measurement for Payment

Add after the last sentence: Items for payment shall be a) cars and jeeps and b) motorcycles.

Sub-Clause 124.6

Rates

Add the words and Employer after the word Engineer in the second line.

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SECTION 200 - SITE CLEARANCE


Clause 201 CLEARING AND GRUBBING Scope

Sub-Clause 201.1

Delete the last sentence and replace with : Clearing and grubbing shall be performed less than one month in advance of earthwork operations and in accordance with the requirements of these specifications. Areas requiring clearing and grubbing shall be determined by the Engineer. Sub-Clause 201.3 Methods Tools and Equipments

Add after the forth sentence of the first paragraph: Notwithstanding the above provisions, the Contractor shall obtain the Engineers express approval before removing any trees with diameter greater than 100mm. Sub-Clause 201.4 Disposal of Materials

Replace 1000m with 2000m in the second paragraph, last sentence. Sub-Clause 201.5 Measurements for Payment

Delete the last sentence in first paragraph and replace with: Removal of stumps of over 300 mm girth left over from trees which have been cut by any other agency shall also be measured in accordance with the following paragraph. Sub-Clause 201.6 Sub-Clause 201.6.1 Delete as well as stumps left over after cutting of trees carried out by another agency from the second sentence. Replace 1000m with 2000m in the last sentence. Add the following paragraph: The removal from site and disposal of all materials obtained from clearing and grubbing operations, which, in the opinion of the Engineer cannot be used or auctioned, shall be included in the Contract unit rate.
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Sub-Clause 201.6.2 Replace 1000m with 2000m in the last sentence. Sub-Clause 202.3 Dismantling Pavements and Other Structures

Add the word concrete before the word pavements in the first line of the first sentence. Add a third paragraph: Except for asphalt surfacing on bridge decks, removal of flexible pavements shall be paid for as excavation in ordinary soil. Sub-Clause 202.4 Back-filling

After operations add and wells encountered in the alignment. Add after last sentence The wells may be capped thereafter if directed by the Engineer. Sub-Clause 202.5 Disposal of Materials

Delete this sub clause and replace with: Materials determined by the Engineer as having salvage value shall be placed in neat stacks of like materials within the Right of Way as directed by the Engineer with all lifts and up to a lead of 2000m. All materials obtained from dismantling operations , which, in the opinion of the Engineer cannot be used or auctioned, shall be removed from the site by the Contractor and disposed of at the nearest tip or other approved location in accordance with all statutory requirements. The Engineer may permit the disposal of boulders, concrete fragments and other incombustible materials by burial within the road reserve, outside paved areas. When buried, the tops of these materials shall not be less than 300mm below finished surface level. Sub-Clause 202.6 Measurements for payment

Delete this sub-clause and replace with: (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) (vi) (vii) (viii) Dismantling brick/stone masonry/concrete (plain and reinforced) cu.m. Dismantling steel structures tonne Dismantling timber structures cu.m. Dismantling pipes, guard rails, kerbs, gutters and fencing Linear m. Utility services Nos. Filling of wells cu.m. Removing asphalt concrete surfacing from bridge decks m2 Reinforced Cement Concrete/Plain Cement

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Concrete well capping(per Clause 1717 and/or 1608) In situations where existing bridges are to be totally dismantled, the work shall be measured as a single item. Where existing bridges are to be partially dismantled, the work shall be measured in the component items listed above. Sub-Clause 202.7 Rates

Delete the last sentence of the first paragraph and replace with: These will also include excavation and backfilling where necessary to the required compaction and for handling, salvaging, piling and disposal of the dismantled materials with all lifts and leads as specified in Sub-Clause 202.5. The cost of cartage of materials with no salvage value to disposal sites is deemed to be included in the rates for dismantling.

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SECTION 300 - EARTHWORK, EROSION CONTROL AND DRAINAGE


Clause 301 EXCAVATION FOR ROADWAY AND DRAINS

Sub-Clause 301.2.1 Classification Delete paragraph (c) and replace with: (c) Hard rock (requiring blasting) For the purposes of this contract hard rock shall describe all material, to be excavated to achieve the road design cross section including drains, which cannot be ripped and excavated with a track dozer in good condition with matching hydraulic single shank ripper of combined mass not less than 52 tonnes (this refers to a Caterpillar D9L or its equivalent) at a rate in excess of 90m3 (solid) per hour. Isolated boulders greater than 1.0 cubic metres in volume may be included in this definition. Sub-Clause 301.3.3 Excavation - General Delete the last two sentences of last paragraph. Sub-Clause 301.3.11 Disposal of excavated materials Delete this sub-clause and replace with: All the excavated materials shall be the property of the Employer. Suitable material obtained from the excavation of the roadway, shoulders, verges, drains, cross drainage works, etc. shall be used for: i. ii. iii. filling for roadway embankments. filling existing pits in the right of way as directed by the Engineer, including levelling and spreading, with all lifts and lead up to 2000m. for landscaping of the road as directed by the Engineer, including levelling and spreading, with all lifts and lead up to 2000m.

Unsuitable and surplus material, which, in the opinion of the Engineer cannot be used in the Works, shall be removed from site by the Contractor and disposed of at the nearest tip or other approved location in accordance with all statutory requirements.

Sub-Clause 301.3.12 Backfilling After the last sentence add the following:
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Density requirements for backfilling shall be in accordance with Table 300-2." Sub-Clause 301.6 Preparation of Cut Formation

At the end of the second last paragraph add the following: A geotextile will be placed at the base of the excavation where directed by the Engineer. The geotextile shall be approved by the Engineer and shall comply with the requirements of Sub-Clause 706. Sub-Clause 301.8 Measurements for Payment

Delete the second and third sentences of the third paragraph and replace with: Excavation in soil and ordinary rock shall be paid under the same item in all cases except the excavation of bridge foundations. Delete items (iv) & (v) and replace with: iv. v. vi. vii. Stripping including storing or disposal of top soil.....................cu.m. Reapplication of top soil............................................................cu.m. Haulage of suitable material beyond initial 2000m lead............cu.m.. Geotextile...................................................................................sq.m.

Items iv and v above shall also include topsoil quantities relating to embankments. Refer to Clause 305. Sub-Clause 301.9 Sub-Clause 301.9.1 In item (ii) replace 1000m with 2000m. Add extra item after item (vi): (vii) The removal from site and disposal of all surplus or unsuitable materials obtained from excavation operations, which, in the opinion of the Engineer cannot be used in the Works, shall be included in the Contract rate. Rates

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Sub-Clause 301.9.2 This Sub-Clause shall read as : The Contract unit rate for loosening and re-compacting at subgrade level shall include full compensation for loosening to the specified depth, removing the loosened soil outside the roadway excavation, rolling the surface below, breaking the clods, spreading the excavated soil in layers, watering where necessary and compacting to the requirements. Sub-Clause 301.9.5 Replace 1000m with 2000m in the first sentence. Sub-Clause 301.9.6 Replace 1000m with 2000m in the first sentence. Sub-Clause 301.9.7 Payment for geotextile Add new Sub-Clause. The unit rate for placing geotextile after removal of unsuitable material shall include, cutting and lapping and all labour, materials, tools, equipment and incidental required to compete the work in accordance with Sub-Clause 706. Clause 304 EXCAVATION FOR STRUCTURES

Sub-Clause 304.3.4 Preparation of Foundation In Paragraph 2 and 3 of Sub-Clause 304.3.3, substitute concrete M10" in place of 1.3.6 nominal mix. Sub-Clause 304.4 Measurement for Payment

After the second sentence of the first paragraph add: Excavation in soil shall be measured relative to the depth below existing surface level as follows: (i) (ii) (iii) up to 3m 3m to 6m more than 6m m3 m3 m3

Sub-Clause 304.5.1 Delete item (v) and replace with:

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backfilling, clearing up the site and disposal of all surplus or unsuitable material, which, in the opinion of the Engineer cannot be used in the Works, at the nearest tip or other approved location in accordance with all statutory requirements.

Sub-Clause 304.5.3 Delete this sub-clause. Clause 305 Sub-Clause 305.2.1.1 Delete the subsection (e) in the second paragraph and replace with the following: (e) Soils having a liquid limit exceeding 35 and a plasticity index exceeding 18; and EMBANKMENT CONSTRUCTION

Sub-Clause 305.2.1.2 This Sub-Clause shall read as under: Highly expansive soils such as CH, MH or OH exhibiting marked swell and shrinkage properties (free swelling index exceeding 50 per cent when tested as per IS: 2720-Part 40) shall not be used in construction of subgrade and embankment. Sub-Clause 305.2.1.4 Delete second sentence of Sub-Clause 305.2.1.4 Sub-Clause 305.2.1.6 Add new Sub-Clause. Material used as subgrade in embankments (depth of 500mm immediately below the pavement) shall have a 4 day soaked CBR value at least equivalent to the CBR assumed in the design and shown on the drawings.

Sub-Clause 305.2.1.7 Add new Sub-Clause: Geotextile placed at the direction of the Engineer after removal of unsuitable material shall be approved by the Engineer and shall comply with the requirements of Sub-Clause 706.

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Sub-Clause 305.2.2.2 Borrow materials Delete paragraphs 1 and 2 and replace with the following: Borrow areas have not been designated by the Employer. The arrangement for locating the source of supply of the material for embankment as well as compliance to the different environmental requirements in respect of excavation and borrow areas as stipulated, from time to time, by the Ministry of Environment and Forest, Government of India and the local bodies, as applicable shall be the sole responsibility of the Contractor. Borrow pits along the road shall not be permitted within the right of way or immediately adjacent to the right of way. Paragraph 8 of this Sub-Clause given below Table 300-2 shall read as under: The Contractor shall, at least 7 working days before commencement of compaction, submit the following to the Engineer for approval. (i) The values of maximum dry density and optimum moisture content obtained in accordance with IS: 2720 (Part 8) for each fill material intended for use. The graphs showing values of density against moisture content from which the maximum dry density and optimum moisture content in (i) above were determined. The dry density-moisture content - CBR relationships for each of the fill materials

(ii)

(iii)

intended for

Where material suitable for use as subgrade is available within 2 km of the work site, the Contractor shall not source the subgrade material from borrow areas. Sub-Clause 305.3 Construction Operations

Sub-Clause 305.3.4 Compacting ground supporting embankment/subgrade After the third paragraph add the following: A geotextile shall be placed at the base of the excavation after removal of unsuitable material if so directed by the Engineer.

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Sub-Clause 305.3.5 Spreading material in layers and bringing to appropriate moisture content Sub-Clause 305.3.5.2 In para 3, substitute IS:2720 (Part 8) for IS:2720 (Part 7) or IS:2720 (Part 8) as the case may be. Sub-Clause 305.3.9 Finishing Operations Add after the fourth paragraph: Work shall be completed within the following time frames: i. Vegetation of Areas with Slopes 3 to 1 or Flatter: Where earthworks requiring revegetation have been completed over an area exceeding one hectare, vegetation shall be carried out within fourteen days. Vegetation of Areas with Slopes Steeper than 3 to 1: Where earthworks requiring revegetation have been completed over an area exceeding one hectare, vegetation shall be carried out within seven days. Open drains shall be vegetated within seven days of excavation.

ii.

iii.

Sub-Clause 305.4.3 Earthwork over existing road surface Replace item (i) with: If the existing road surface is of a bituminous type and lies more than 500mm below formation level, the same shall be scarified to a depth of 50mmbelow the underside of the bitumen, or more if specified, so as to provide an ample bond between the old and the new material. Where the existing road surface is less than 500mm below formation level, the existing surface shall be prepared for overlay in accordance with Clause 401.4.1 Delete item (iii) Sub-Clause 305.4.7 Earthwork for high embankment Delete the first paragraph and replace with: Material used in high embankments, including subgrade material constituting the 500 mm of embankment immediately below the pavement, shall have a minimum effective angle of internal friction () of not less than 200 and minimum effective soil cohesion (c) of not less than 1.0 t/m2. High embankment shall be constructed from borrow material in accordance with Sub-Clause 305.2.2.2 unless otherwise approved by the Engineer.
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Sub-Clause 305.8

Measurements for Payment

Delete the fifth paragraph and replace with: Stripping including storing and reapplication of topsoil for embankments shall be measured in cubic metres. Payment shall be made under the relevant items of Sub-Clause 301.8 Delete the last sentence and replace with: Filter medium behind abutments, wingwalls and other retaining structures and compacted sand backfill to foundations shall be measured as finished work in position in cubic metres. Geotextile placed after removal of unsuitable material shall be measured in square metres of geotextile placed. Sub-Clause 305.9.1 Add the following at the end: Except where filter medium or compacted sand backfill to foundations is specified on the drawings or by the Engineer, no additional payment shall be made for backfill to abutments, wingwalls and other retaining structures. Backfill to retaining structures shall be measured as normal embankment. Sub-Clause 305.9.2 Delete this Sub-Clause and replace with: The unit rate for embankment from borrow shall include the costs of all leads from borrow areas. The unit rates for subgrade, and high embankment shall include the costs of all leads from borrow areas where these items are constructed from borrow material.

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Sub-Clause 305.9.3 Delete this Sub-Clause Sub-Clause 305.9.8 Delete this Sub-Clause and replace with: The Contract unit rate for providing and laying filter material behind abutments and compacted sand backfill to foundations shall be payment in full for carrying out the required operations including all materials, labour, tools, equipment and incidentals to complete the work to Specification. Sub-Clause 305.9.11 Add new Sub-Clause: The unit rate for placing geotextile after removal of unsuitable material shall include, cutting and lapping and all labour, materials, tools, equipment and incidental required to compete the work in accordance with Sub-Clause 706. Clause 306 Sub-Clause 306.4 SOIL EROSION AND SEDIMENTATION CONTROL Measurements for Payment

Delete this Sub-Clause and replace with the following: All temporary sedimentation and pollution control works shall be deemed as incidental to the earthworks and other items of work and no separate payment shall be made for these items. Sub-Clause 306.5 Rates

Delete this Sub-Clause. Clause 308 Sub-Clause 308.2 A. Seeds SEEDING AND MULCHING Materials

Delete the first and second sentences and replace with: The seeds shall be of approved quality and of the type shown on the drawings and shall have acceptable parity and germination to requirements set down by the Engineer.
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The Contractors attention is drawn to the lead time that may be required to procure some native seed species. The Contractor shall submit to the Engineer the name(s) of the proposed seed supplier(s) within two weeks of the acceptance of the tender. The native seed shall be delivered to the site in separate lots for each species and variety, clearly labelled to show species, variety and weight. Grass seed shall be pre-packed commercially with an accompanying certificate of germination. The Contractor shall advise the Engineer of the unavailability of any of the specified seed species at least six weeks in advance of sowing. The Contractor shall notify the Engineer in writing at least five days prior to commencing vegetation of an area. Fertiliser used shall be an organic type having an N:P:K analysis (stated in elemental form) within the following range: N: P: K: 5.0% to 9.0% 1.0% to 4.0% 2.0% to 4.0%

Fertilizer shall be delivered to the site in unopened standard bags or containers bearing the manufacturers description, analysis of constituents and quantity. The Contractor shall advise the Engineer at least two days before applying fertiliser to allow the Engineer to inspect the unopened bags or containers. Straw to be used in mulching operations shall be derived from cereal crops comprising wheat, oats or rice. Meadow hay or weeds shall not be used. Water used shall be potable. B. Top soil

After the third sentence add: The Contractor shall use topsoil stockpiled on site from material previously identified by the Engineer for stripping and re-use as topsoil. Before use for vegetation work topsoil shall be screened or sorted to remove stumps, roots, stones greater than 50mm in size. C. Bituminous Emulsion

Delete the first sentence and replace with: The binder used in straw mulching shall be the a slow setting anionic bitumen emulsion.

Sub-Clause 308.3.1 Seed-bed preparation Replace 150mm with 100mm


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Replace 100mm with 150mm Add after the first paragraph: Where shown on the Drawings areas of old road formation shall be ripped through the full thickness of the pavement. Areas outside the earthworks directed by the Engineer to be seeded with native mix shall also be prepared in accordance with this Sub-Clause. Sub-Clause 308.3.2 Fertilizer Application Add after the first sentence: Fertilizer shall be applied only to areas to be seeded with native seed. Fertilizer shall not be applied to areas to be seeded with native grass. Where specified, fertilizer shall be applied at a rate of 1000 kg per hectare. Sub-Clause 308.3.3 Planting of seeds Add after the first paragraph: The Contractor shall maintain records of measurements and calculations to determine actual distribution rates for each lot. Add after the second paragraph: Seeding should not be carried out in unfavourable weather conditions when the wind exceeds 15 km/hr or during rain periods. Native seeding should take place just prior to the onset of the wet season. Sub-Clause 308.3.4 Soil moisture and watering requirements Delete this Sub-Clause and replace with: If necessary, the Contractor shall water areas to be seeded such that soil moisture shall exist throughout the zone from 25mm to at least 125mm below the surface at the time of planting. Sub-Clause 308.5 Maintenance

Add after the first paragraph: Watering is to be carried out over the whole of the area to be seeded over a 12 month period such that strong growth is achieved, but shall not be less frequent than: every three weeks between the beginning of February to mid April every ten days from mid April until mid June, and every month thereafter except that watering is not required during the wet season (commencement and completion of the wet season to be determined by the Engineer). Watering shall be carried out such that soil moisture shall exist to a depth of 125mm below the surface. Watering shall be carried out early in the morning and as late in the evening as possible. Seed areas which do not exhibit strong growth shall be reseeded as directed by the Engineer.
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During the maintenance period the Contractor shall be responsible for keeping seeded areas secure from damage by animals or other sources. Sub-Clause 308.7 Rate

Add after the first paragraph: The rate for seeding and mulching shall include fertilizer where specified, mulching material including organic manure, bituminous emulsion, watering and maintenance. Payment for native grass and native seeding shall be made as follows: 50% of payment due for the relevant items after completion of seeding and mulching to the satisfaction of the Engineer. remaining 50% to be paid 12 months after seeding. This part of the payment is to be made in proportion to the area over which a strong grass cover as determined by the Engineer, has been established. Other areas disturbed by the Contractor

Sub-Clause 308.8 Add new Sub-Clause:

Other areas disturbed by the Contractors construction activities (such as areas for compounds, material storage, access and haul roads) shall be restored by vegetation in accordance with Section 308. This work shall be at the Contractors cost. Clause 309 Sub-Clause 309.2 SURFACE/SUB-SURFACE DRAINS Surface Drains

Add at the end of the third paragraph: The concrete lining of the concrete lined drains shown on the drawings shall be constructed in accordance with the requirements of Clause 408. Metal grates for sumps on concrete lined surface drains shall be heavy duty (trafficable by commercial vehicles) proprietary products with gaps between bars no greater than 25mm. The Contractor shall submit proposals for grating to the Engineer for approval before commencing construction of the sumps.
Add at the end of the fourth paragraph: Surface drains shall be constructed as soon as possible after or during construction of the embankment and prior to construction of the Base.

Sub-Clause 309.3.1 Scope Delete the last sentence in the first paragraph and replace with: Subsoil/subsurface drains shall be placed in a trench lined with geotextile. The geotextile shall be approved by the Engineer and shall comply with the requirements of Sub-Clause
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702. Granular filter material for subsoil drains shall meet the grading requirements of Class II material as shown in Table 300-3. Sub-Clause 309.4 Measurements for Payment

Delete this Sub-Clause and replace with: Surface drains not lined with concrete running adjacent to the road formation (side drains) shall be included in the items for excavation for the roadway in accordance with Sub-Clause 301.8. Surface drains that are not adjacent to the roadway and that therefore cannot be constructed as part of the roadway excavation shall be measured in cubic metres of excavation. Measurement for sub-surface drains shall be per running metre length of drain. Concrete lined surface drains shall be measured per running metre length of drain. Measurement of inlet sumps and metal grates associated with surface drains shall be by number. Sub-Clause 309.5 Rates

In the first sentence delete except for removal of unsuitable material for which the lead shall be 1000m and replace with including removal from site and disposal of all surplus or unsuitable materials, which, in the opinion of the Engineer cannot be used in the Works. In the second sentence delete gratings, sumps,. Delete the third sentence and replace with: The rate for subsoil drain shall also include geotextile, granular backfill, perforated pipe, connection to pipes or sumps and construction of outlets as detailed. The rate for concrete lined drain shall also include bedding concrete and jointing. Clause 310 PREPARATION AND SURFACE TREATMENT OF FORMATION

Delete item (b) and replace with: The surface shall be rolled to achieve the required compaction in accordance with Table 300-2.

Add new Clause: Clause 314 TREE PLANTING

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Sub-Clause 314.1

Scope

This Sub-Clause covers the planting (including mulching and fertilising), watering and maintenance of trees as shown on the Drawings, listed in the Specification, or as directed by the Engineer. Sub-Clause 314.2 Timing

Unless otherwise directed by the Superintendent, planting shall be carried out within seven (7) days of seeding operations, to avoid unnecessary disturbance of areas of existing vegetation and of areas of the works previously topsoiled and seeded, or straw mulched. Sub-Clause 314.3 Procedures

All work specified shall be carried out under the supervision of an experienced landscape tradesman satisfactory to the Engineer. Planting work includes: (a) Planting of tree species on roadside margins as shown on the Drawings, or as directed by the Engineer. All planting copses are to be kept clear of all drainage lines, overhead wires and all other public utilities. Allowance shall be made in the rates quoted for the supply of any water or watering facilities necessary for the planting and maintenance of the trees. Water shall be free from oils, salts, acids, alkalis, organic matter and any other matter which would affect the growth of plants. Plant root systems shall be maintained moist at all times with particular attention prior to and immediately after planting. Preservation of Existing Vegetation Existing vegetation shall be preserved and protected except where otherwise specified or directed. Protective measures for existing vegetation shall include : (i) Machinery movement over and disturbance to surfaces adjacent to existing trees shall be kept to a minimum. Deleterious material including oil, petrol, cement, bitumen, spillage from washing operations and similar contaminants shall be kept clear of trees, shrubs and grass including their root systems. Materials shall not be stockpiled over root systems.

(b)

(c)

(ii)

(iii)

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(iv)

Damage to overhead tree canopies by machine or truck operations shall be avoided.

(d)

Method of Work The Contractor shall organise his planting work and methods so as to minimise damage to surface vegetative work already done under this Contract, by topsoiling and seeding, or by other methods. Damage to the existing vegetation caused by the Contractors tree planting operation shall be rectified at the Contractors expense.

(e)

Transportation and Storage of Plants The loading, transporting and unloading of plants from holding areas to planting sites shall be undertaken in a manner that causes minimal disturbance to the rootball, and the overall stability of the plants. The Contractor shall ensure that all care is taken in the transportation of plants to and from the work site. Plants deemed by the Superintendent to have been damaged by the Contractor, through the Contractors neglect and/or mishandling, shall be rejected and replaced at the Contractors expense. The storage of plants shall be at a site approved by the Engineer. It shall be located in an area protected from wind, dust, vermin and be accessible to an adequate water supply. During transportation and storage, plant containers shall be kept moist at all times. Plants deemed by the Superintendent be suffering from stress, due to the Contractors neglect in providing adequate water or for any other reason, shall be rejected and replaced by the Contractor at his expense.

(f)

Setting Out The positions of all plantings shall be set out in accordance with the Drawings, or as directed by the Engineer. An inspection shall be undertaken by the Engineer prior to the commencement of planting operations.

Sub-Clause 314.4

Materials for Landscaping

Sub-Clause 314.4.1 Topsoil The quality and source of topsoil to be used shall be as specified in Section 308. In addition, planting holes shall be filled with topsoil with a pH adjusted to 5.5 if it is below 4.5. Sub-Clause 314.4.2 Fertilizer Fertilizer shall be a slow-release type in pellet form with an 8-9 months release period and an N.P.K ratio approximately equal to 20-4-8. Fertiliser shall be delivered to the site not less than two weeks prior to use in unopened standard bags or containers bearing the manufacturers description, analysis of constituents and quantity. The Contractor shall test the fertiliser for conformance of constituent elements prior to using the fertiliser in the work.
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Sub-Clause 314.4.3 Mulch Only that material that is free of soil, weeds, stones, vermin, insects or other foreign material shall be used as mulch. Mulch used in landscape planting shall be one of the following or a suitable alternative approved by the Engineer. (i) (ii) (iii) A layer of stone 100mm thick. Organic waste such as vegetable matter in a layer 75mm thick. A layer of newspaper 75mm thick.

The mulch shall be free of soil, weeds, stones, vermin, insects nor other foreign material. The Contractor shall submit proposals for mulch to the Engineer for approval, 21 days before planting. Sub-Clause 314.4.4 Plant Material The plants are to be supplied by the Contractor. All plants are to be supplied in the containers as specified below and shall have grown to the approved heights as specified below : CONTAINER SIZE Super Advanced 45 Litres Sub-Clause 314.5 APPROVED PLANT HEIGHT

1.5m Trunk Height Planting Operations

Sub-Clause 314.5.1 General Unless otherwise directed by the Engineer planting shall not be carried out into dry soil in extreme summer weather conditions. Planting shall take place prior to the onset of the wet season. Plant root systems shall be maintained moist at all times with particular attention paid during the on-site period prior to and during planting. Sub-Clause 314.5.2 Individually Mulched Planting Super Advanced Size Stock Planting shall be in accordance with the landscape procedures as detailed on the Drawings and the following requirements. Planting shall be at locations indicated on the Drawings and as directed by the Engineer. The Contractor shall mark proposed planting locations for the approval of the Engineer, a minimum of 7 days before planting is to commence.

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In areas where close spaced planting is to take place a Glyphosate-based herbicide approved by the Engineer shall be applied at the rate recommended by the manufacturer over the grass and weed within the area. A minimum of two applications at fourteen day intervals shall be required. No sooner than fourteen (14) days after the second application of the herbicide, the area for planting shall be evenly machine ripped and broken up to a depth of 400mm by tynes set at 300mm centres with a minimum of two passes. Each subsequent pass shall be in the opposite direction to the preceding pass. Planting holes shall be excavated to the dimensions as shown on the Drawings. The use of an auger or similar implement to excavate planting holes is not acceptable. During planting and backfilling with site topsoil, Super Advanced sized plants shall have ten (10) fertilizer pellets placed beside the root ball. The backfilling of each hole shall then be completed and lightly compacted by tamping down so that on completion the backfilled area is flush with the natural surface level of the soil. Immediately after back filling, mulch shall be spread to a depth as required by the Drawings and this specification. The mulch material is not to be mixed with the underlying soil during excavation and backfilling. Mulch material shall be kept just clear of the stems of plants. Trees shall be protected by steel cages in accordance with the detail on the Drawings and this Specification. Super-Advanced size plant shall receive 50 litres of water per plant, in a manner which causes minimum disturbance to the mulch, immediately after the planting operation is complete. Sub-Clause 314.6 Maintenance

The Contractor shall water, control weeds, control insects and disease, apply fertilizer and generally maintain the works in good condition regardless of weather conditions in accordance with Clauses in this specification. (a) Maintenance Period The maintenance period for planting shall end at the completion of the defects liability period for the relevant road section or 12 months from the completion of planting, whichever occurs later. The Contractor shall be responsible for all maintenance requirements from the time of seeding and planting to the end of the maintenance period. During this period the Contractor shall make good all defects and leave the site in a clean and tidy condition to the satisfaction of the Engineer. During the maintenance period the Contractor shall be responsible for keeping all plants and materials secure from damage by animals or theft. (b) Maintenance Inspections Routine maintenance shall be carried out at minimum monthly intervals in accordance with site requirements and prevailing weather conditions. In addition to routine
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maintenance visits, the Contractor shall visit the site during periods of adverse climatic conditions or as directed by the Engineer to determine status and effectiveness of maintenance previously carried out and in progress and the need for future maintenance activities. (c) Records The Contractor shall submit a written report to the Superintendent within four (4) days of each maintenance inspection. The report shall include date of visit, maintenance works completed, maintenance works in progress and maintenance works required. The report shall also give details of damaged or missing plants together with a location diagram. Observations and/or recommendations for additional work considered necessary for ongoing maintenance shall also be included in the report. Maintenance work required shall be approved by the Engineer or his representative before work can commence and with exception to those specifically required in the Contract. (d) Watering From commencement of the maintenance period plants shall be watered by minimum monthly applications. Each watering shall comprise the application of twenty (20) litres of water per plant to ensure that a distinct level of moisture is maintained. The frequency of watering the works may be reduced during periods of adequate rainfall or increased during dry periods and in accordance with the Engineers direction. (e) Mulch The Contractor shall maintain mulch areas in a weed free condition and where deemed necessary, at the absolute discretion of the Engineer, reinstate the mulch until completion of the maintenance period. (f) Disease and Insect Control During the maintenance period, plants shall be sprayed to control disease and insect infestation. The Contractor shall obtain the Engineers written approval to the type of chemical proposed for spraying before spraying is carried out. Spraying shall only be carried out in accordance with the manufacturers recommendations and only on windless days. The Superintendent shall be advised 24 hours prior to an intended spraying operation. Additional spraying may be directed by the Engineer as required. In no circumstances are pesticides to be used without the written consent of the Engineer. Where required to be used, pesticides and their application shall comply with requirements of the relevant laws and regulations. Plant Replacement Missing or dead plants, plants in poor condition or plants nominated by the Engineer as unsatisfactory shall be removed and replaced by the Contractor, at his own cost, within 14 days of notification by the Engineer. Plant Material shall conform to Sub-Clause 314.4. Replacement plants shall be of similar size and quality and of identical species and variety to the plant being replaced unless otherwise directed by the Engineer. Replacement plants shall be planted and watered in accordance with requirements in this Specification.
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Sub-Clause 314.7

Measurements and Payment

The unit of measurement for tree planting shall be per each plant. The unit of measurement for protection of trees (steel cages) shall be per each plant protected in accordance with the details on the drawings. Sub-Clause 314.8 Rates

The rate for the planting is to include supply from storage site, site preparation, excavation (in all types of material), backfilling, mulching, fertilizing, watering and maintenance of trees of the specified size. Payment of 25% of the scheduled rate will be paid at the satisfactory completion of planting. A second payment of 25% will be paid at 3 months for those trees which are in a healthy state after this period. For trees which have been replaced, the second payment will only be made 3 months after the trees are replanted. The final payment of 50% will be made at the end of the maintenance period for those trees which are healthy at that time. Final payment will be made for trees planted less than 6 months before the end of the maintenance period, at the discretion of the Engineer. Payment for tree protection shall be payment in full for carrying out all operations including fill compensation for all materials labour, equipment and incidentals required to complete the works in accordance with the specifications and drawings. Payment for tree protection works will be made in the same proportions and at the same times as the payment for planting of super advanced trees. The final payment for tree protection will only be made for trees which are healthy at the end of the maintenance period. Final payment for protection of trees planted less than 6 months before the end of the maintenance period will be made at the discretion of the Engineer.

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SECTION 400 - SUB-BASES, BASES (NON-BITUMINOUS) AND SHOULDERS


Clause 401 Sub-Clause 401.2 GRANULAR SUB-BASE Materials

Replace Sub-Clauses 401.2.1 and 401.2.2 with: Granular sub-base material shall be natural sand, moorum, gravel, crushed stone, or combination thereof. Materials like crushed slag, crushed concrete, crushed brick and kankar may be allowed with the approval of the Engineer. The material shall be free from organic or other deleterious constituents and conform with the requirements in Table 400-1. TABLE 400-1 SPECIFICATION FOR GRANULAR SUB-BASE MATERIAL
Grading Sieve Size (mm) 53 37.5 19.0 9.5 4.75 2.36 0.425 0.075 Liquid Limit (%) Plasticity Index (%) Soaked CBR (%)* * Percent by weight passing 100 95 - 100 70 - 100 50 - 90 35 - 85 25 - 65 10 -40 4 -25 25 6 30

At a depth greater than 480mm below top of base course the strength requirement can be relaxed to a soaked CBR of 15 %. This material shall be termed a lower sub-base material.

Sub-Clause 401.4.1 Preparation of subgrade Add after the first paragraph: The existing pavement, where it is to be overlayed by a granular base and embankment of less than 500mm total thickness shall be scarified in accordance with Sub-Clause 501.3.2. Where the existing pavement contains multiple bituminous layers the scarification shall be to the underside of the lowest bituminous layer. General areas within the Works where
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multiple bituminous layers exist will be advised by the Engineer. The Contractor will verify that all bituminous layers have been removed using appropriate methods approved by the Engineer. The bituminous surfacing material removed from the existing pavement may be used in other parts of the works provided it complies with the relevant specification clauses. After scarification and removal to the satisfaction of the Engineer of the bitumen surface from the existing pavement to be overlayed, the existing pavement shall be lightly sprinkled with water if necessary and rolled with three passes of an 80-100kN smooth wheeled roller. The existing pavement shall then be proof rolled with a 18 tonne single drum vibrating roller in the presence of the Engineer who shall determine the suitability of the existing pavement for overlay. After proof rolling, the surface of the existing pavement shall be lightly tyned as directed by the Engineer where the overlay includes a sub-base layer but the compacted depth of the sub-base layer is less than 75mm. In other cases tyning is not necessary. Sub-Clause 401.4.2 Spreading and Compacting Add before first paragraph: Where a lower sub-base material is used the minimum compacted layer thickness shall be 75mm. Sub-Clause 401.7 Measurements for payment

Delete the first sentence and replace with: Granular sub-base shall be measured as finished work in position in cubic metres under the following items: i. ii. Upper sub-base Lower sub-base (greater than 480mm below top of base course)

After the second paragraph add the following: Preparation of the surface of the existing pavement to be overlayed shall be measured in sq.m.

Sub-Clause 401.8 Rate Delete (i) and replace with:


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i.

making arrangements for traffic to Clause 112 except for construction of diversions.

After the last paragraph, add the following: The rate for preparation of existing pavement in areas of overlay shall include all items necessary to prepare the surface for overlay including scarifying and removal of bituminous surfacing, watering and re-compaction of the surface, proof rolling and re-scarifying before placement of sub-base where necessary. Payment for preparation of existing pavement in areas of overlay shall be made only for areas of existing pavement retained for overlay and treated in the specified manner. Sub-Clause 408.5.3 Delete this Sub-Clause and replace with: Shrinkage control joints shall be 3mm wide, clean cut and made vertically through the concrete kerbs or concrete lined drain at right angles to the direction of the work. Normally they shall be spaced at 3m intervals with minor adjustments to avoid short closing lengths. Shrinkage control joints shall extend for the full width of the section and shall be cut to a minimum of 50% of the overall section depth. The resultant slot in the section shall be tooled to produce a neat groove with rounded arrises. Expansion joints shall be formed adjacent to drainage structures, at tangent points of curves less than 25m radius and at 30m intervals elsewhere. Expansion joints shall consist of a template of the same cross section as the kerb or lined drain 20mm thick cast into the structure so as to provide a discontinuity across the entire section. The template shall be of cork or some other similar material approval by the Engineer. Sub-Clause 409.5 Rates

Add after the first sentence: The rate shall include the cost of excavation, backfilling, trimming of finished slopes and supply, compaction and preparation of subgrade as shown on the drawings.

Clause 410 Sub-Clause 410.2 Replace with:

CRUSHER-RUN MACADAM BASE Materials

The source material for the production of crusher-run macadam base shall be hard, durable, igneous rock, free from organic material or any other foreign material deleterious to its
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performance in the pavement. Quarry overburden may be added in small proportions to meet plasticity requirements. The material shall comply with the following requirements. Grading : Sieve size (mm) 26.50 19.00 9.50 4.75 2.36 1.18 0.60 0.425 0.30 0.15 0.075 Consistency Limits: The portion of the sample passing the 0.425mm sieve shall conform to the following : Liquid Limit Plasticity Index and < < > 25% 6% 0% Modulus CBR > > 500 MPa 100 Percent passing by weight 100 95 - 100 60 - 80 40 - 60 30 - 45 20 - 35 13 - 27 11 - 23 8 - 20 5 - 14 5 - 11

The combined Flakiness and Elongation indices (total), tested in accordance with IS2386 (Part 1) shall be a maximum of 30. Water Absorption, tested in accordance with IS2386 (Part 3) shall be a maximum of 2 percent. Aggregate Impact Value: The Aggregate Impact Value shall not be greater than 30%. Dust Ratio: The Dust Ratio shall be defined as the ratio : % passing 0.075mm sieve
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% passing 0.425mm sieve In addition to the grading above the dust ratio shall be within the range 0.35 to 0.60. Strength Soaked CBR > 100%. Sub-Clause 410.3.1 Preparation of Subgrade Replace with: Sub-Clause 410.3.1 Production The Crusher Run Macadam shall be produced using a crushing plant and pugmill of adequate capacity and shall have the capability of yielding a mix of proper and uniform quality. Sub-Clause 410.3.2 Spreading, Watering, Mixing and Compaction Replace with: Sub-Clause 410.3.2 Placement The material shall be uniformly deposited in one layer on the approved sub-base by a paving machine with pavement surface level controlled by a string line or other method approved by the Engineer. The compacted thickness of a single layer shall not exceed 200 mm. Add new Sub-Clause: Sub-Clause 410.3.3 Moisture Content for Compaction The moisture content at compaction checked vide IS : 2720 (Part 2) shall be within +/- 1% of the optimum moisture content of the crushed rock base material in accordance with IS : 2720 (part 8). Add new Sub-Clause: Sub-Clause 410.3.4 Rolling Compaction shall commence immediately after to placement of the base. If the thickness of single compacted layer does not exceed 100 mm, a smooth wheel roller of 80 to 100 kN weight may be used. For a compacted single layer up to 200 mm the compaction shall be done with the help of vibratory roller of minimum static weight of 80 to 100 kN or equivalent capacity roller. The speed of the roller shall not exceed 5 km/h. Each layer of material shall be compacted to not less than 98 per cent of the maximum density as determined by IS: 2720 (Part - 8).

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SECTION 500 - BASE AND SURFACE COURSES (BITUMINOUS)


Sub-Clause 501.2.2 For patching potholes and sealing cracks Rename this sub-clause 501.2.2. For patching potholes and failed pavement: Replace potholes with potholes and failed pavement. Delete the second sentence. Sub-Clause 501.3.2. Scarifying existing bituminous surface In the last sentence replace 1000m with 2000m. Add: Unsuitable and surplus material, which, in the opinion of the Engineer cannot be used in the Works, shall be removed from site by the Contractor and disposed of at the nearest tip or other approved location in accordance with all statutory requirements. Sub-Clause 501.3.3. Patching of potholes and sealing of cracks Rename this sub-clause 501.3.3 Patching of potholes and failed pavement Delete the second paragraph and replace with: Before placing the profile corrective course, areas of failed pavement shall be identified by the Engineer. Areas of failed pavement shall be defined as potholing and/or spalling or wide cracks associated with deformation or depression of the pavement. The failed pavement shall be excavated to the depth indicated by the Engineer. Where the resulting excavation extends to the bottom of the base course, the sub-base shall be prepared to meet the density requirements of Sub-Clause 401.4.2. Where the affected area extends to the subgrade, the subgrade shall be prepared in accordance with Sub-Clause 401.4.1. The sides and bottom of the excavation shall be treated with a thin layer of hot straight-run bitumen /emulsion using a method acceptable to the Engineer. The excavation shall be filled with material specified in Sub-Clause 501.2.2 in layers not exceeding 75 mm thick. Each layer shall be compacted using a method acceptable to the Engineer and the top layer shall be finished flush with the existing bituminous surface. All loose and/or surplus material remaining on the surface after patching the failed pavement shall be removed prior to placing the profile corrective course. Unsuitable and surplus material resulting from cutting of potholes or excavation of failed pavement, which, in the opinion of the Engineer cannot be used in the Works, shall be removed from site by the Contractor and disposed of at the nearest tip or other approved location in accordance with all statutory requirements. Sub-Clause 501.6.1
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Delete the second sentence and replace with: Patching of failed pavement shall be measured in volume compacted in position in cubic metres. Sub-Clause 501.7.1 Replace 1000m with 2000m. Sub-Clause 501.7.2 Delete and application of tack coat from item (iii). Sub-Clause 501.7.3 Delete this sub-clause and replace with: The contract unit rate for patching of failed pavement shall be inclusive of disposal of excavated material and provision of all materials, tools and plant to carry out the work as outlined in Sub-Clause 501.3.3. Sub-Clause 504.3.4 Preparation and transport of mix Delete the second sentence and replace with: The hot mix plant shall be a batch mix plant of suitable capacity. Delete section C - For Continuous Type Plant, Items (i) through (iii). Delete D - For Drum Mix Plant, Items (i) through (iii). Sub-Clause 503.2 Materials

Delete this sub-clause and replace with: The binder used for tack coat shall be cutback bitumen. Clause 507 Sub-Clause 507.1 DENSE BITUMINOUS MACADAM Scope

Replace with: This work shall consist of constructing dense bituminous macadam in multiple layers not exceeding 100 mm thick, on a previously prepared base to the requirements of these Specifications. Sub-Clause 507.2.1 Bitumen Delete this sub-clause and replace with:
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The bitumen shall be paving bitumen of Penetration Grade S 90 (80/100) as per Indian Standard Specifications for Paving Bitumen IS: 73. Sub-Clause 507.2.2 Coarse Aggregates Delete the first two sentences and replace with: The coarse aggregates shall consist of crushed rock. They shall be clean, strong, durable, angular fragments, free from disintegrated pieces and organic or other deleterious matter. Sub-Clause 507.2.4 Filler:

Andhra Pradesh State Highways Project

Delete the first two sentences and replace with: Mineral filler shall consist of rock dust, hydrated lime or portland cement, or after inert mineral matter approved by the Engineer. It shall be dry and free from lumps. Sub-Clause 507.4.1 Weather and Seasonal Limitations Replace with: Sub-Clause 507.4.1 Weather Conditions Asphalt shall be placed only upon a surface which is clean and dry and only when the air temperature is greater than 10o C and rain is not imminent. If the weather or surface conditions are considered to be unsuitable, the Engineer may instruct the Contractor to cease laying operation. Any materials laid after this instruction is given will not be paid for and are to be removed at the Contractors expense. Sub-Clause 507.4.3 Tack Coat Delete this Sub-Clause and replace with: A tack coat complying with Clause 503 shall be applied over the prepared surface of the base. The Engineer may direct the pavement area ahead of the spreader to be resprayed and he may specify the time to be allowed between the spraying of tack coat and the placing of asphalt. However, this area shall not exceed the requirements for half a days placing of asphalt. The tack coat shall be applied with care to reduce the possibility of concrete kerbs and adjoining structures being stained by tack coat operation. Where directed by the Engineer, stains on adjoining structures shall be removed by the Contractor at his expense. Sub-Clause 507.4.4 Preparation of mix Add after the first sentence: The particle size distribution and the percentage of bitumen shall ensure compliance with Table 500.9 and Table 500.10. The job mixture shall be designed by the Marshall method.
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In the batch mixer the volume of material shall be limited to an amount allowing the paddle tips to be seen when passing through the top vertical position during mixing. For the verification of weights or proportions and character of materials and determination of temperatures used in the preparation of the mixture, the Engineer shall have access at any time to all parts of the plant subject to safety considerations. Sub-Clause 507.4.5 Spreading Add after first sentence: If a delay occurs of more than 30 minutes between successive truck deliveries to the paver, the machine is to be moved clear of the laid material and a proper transverse joint formed. Prior to commencing each days operations, and also after any delay exceeding half an hour during the day, the screed shall be preheated for at least 15 minutes in order to eliminate drag marks and imperfections in the finished mat. All kerbs, and other structures shall be protected at all times from damage or defacement by asphalt placement works and the site shall be left in a clean and tidy condition. In particular the Contractor is to ensure that drainage structures are left clean and free from asphalt. Sub-Clause 507.4.6 Rolling Add after the last paragraph: Where the percent Marshall Density is less than 98% the work shall be assessed based on the difference between the percent Marshall Density and the specified density. An assessment of the work shall be made in accordance with Table 500.11A. Where the asphalt work is deemed non-conforming the work shall be removed and replaced with fresh asphalt and retested. Removal shall be carried out so as not to damage the underlying layers or any road furniture. Any such damage shall be repaired at the Contractors expense.

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TABLE 500.11A DENSITY REQUIREMENTS Percent Marshall Density (Rc%) 98% or greater Assessment Conformance - Accept

Less than 98.0 and greater or equal Conditional Conformance - Rectify work or accept to 95.0 payment calculated by: 0.1 Rc - 8.8 Less than 95.0 Non-Conformance - Reject Sub-Clause 507.8 Measurement for Payment

Delete this Sub-Clause and replace with: Dense Bituminous Macadam shall be measured as finished work in cubic metres. Sub-Clause 507.9 Rate

Delete the second sentence and replace with: The Contract unit rate shall cover the provision of adequate bitumen in the mix to provide the characteristics listed in Table 500-10. CLAUSE 508 SURFACE DRESSING

Sub-Clause 508.1.2.2 Stone Chippings Replace Table 500.12 with: Table 500.12 Size Requirements of Stone Chippings for Surface Dressing using Bitumen Sieve Size (mm) 9.50 6.70 4.75 2.36 1.18 Sub-Clause 508.4 Add new Sub-Clause:
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Percent passing by weight (%) 100 80 - 100 0 - 20 0-2 0 - 0.5

Primer sealing

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Sub-Clause 508.4.1 Scope This section covers the requirements for primer sealing. The requirements relate to preliminary work, cleaning of the surface to be treated and supply, delivery and application of bitumen materials and stone chippings. Sub-Clause 508.4.2 Definitions Primer sealing: The application of primer binder to a pavement and the covering of the primer binder with stone chippings. The addition of cutter to bitumen. The addition of flux oil to bitumen. Bitumen, bitumen emulsion or bitumen fluxed and/or cutback. Binder which includes bitumen proprietary grades of modified bitumen and flux oil but not cutter or other additives. One sized crushed rock particles used to cover the hot film of primer binder.

Cutting back: Fluxing: Binder:

Residual binder:

Stone Chippings:

Sub-Clause 508.4.3 Materials a. The primer binder to be used shall be either: i. field produced cut back bitumen manufactured by blending Pen 80/100 bitumen with cutter in accordance with Table 500.15A Table 500.15A Field Produced Primer binder (Parts by Volume at 15C) Pen 80/100 Bitumen 100 Cutter 20 2.1 - 3.1 Approximate Viscosity Range Pa.s @ 60C

Primer binder Classification

Medium ii.

Proprietary grades of special cutback bitumen provided that the proprietary product is approved by the Engineer. The viscosity and residue shall be in accordance with Table 500.15B.

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Table 500.15B Primer binder Classification Medium b. Viscosity at 60C (Pa.s)


1.5 - 3.0

Residue from Distillation to 360C % (by volume/min)


80

Bitumen: Bitumen shall be Pen 80/100 complying with the requirements of Indian Standard IS:73. Flux Oil: Flux oil shall be diesel fuel oil, automotive distillate or other similar produce approved by the Engineer. Cutter: The cutter shall be lighting kerosene complying with the requirements of IS:1459 and approved by the Engineer. Stone Chipping Precoating Material: The precoating agent shall be a slow curing cutting oil complying with the following requirements. Distillation Initial Boiling Point Final Boiling Point Flash point 170 - 195C Relative Density 360 - 400C Viscosity at 5C 250 - 290C 75C min. 0.78 - 0.82 10.0 x 10-3 pa.s 1.6 x 10-3

c.

d.

e.

max Temp. at 50% Recovery pa.s min at 50C

Sub-Clause 508.4.4 Stone Chippings Stone chipping for primer sealing shall be in accordance with Clause 508.1.2.2. Sub-Clause 508.4.5 Preparation of bituminous materials a. Temperature and heating Except as otherwise provided below, the temperatures of bituminous materials shall not exceed the upper limits specified in Table 500.15C and, at the time of spraying, shall be within the range specified in that table. Higher temperatures will be permitted for freshly blended field produced cutback bitumen primer binders provided that the temperature of bitumen prior to blending does not exceed 185C and that primer binder is not reheated to a temperature higher than that specified in Table 500.15C. Materials shall be heated at a rate not exceeding 40C per hour and mixing shall continue until the load of material is at a uniform temperature.

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Bituminous material containing adhesion agent which has been reheated or stored for more than 6 hours shall not be used without the addition of fresh adhesion agent. Table 500.15C Material Medium cutback bitumen primer binder Temperature C Minimum Maximum 110 135

b.

Blending of primer binder Where primer binder is blended in a sprayer, road tanker or storage tanker, the mixture shall be circulated until homogenous.

Sub-Clause 508.4.6 Precoating of aggregates Stone chippings shall be precoated. The application rate of precoating agent shall be 8 L/m3 (loose). The aggregate shall be precoated at least 24 hours but not more than one week before its intended use. The precoating method shall be capable of applying a uniform film of precoating agent to the aggregate particles.

Sub-Clause 508.4.7 Rates of Application The normal rates of application for bituminous material and aggregate are given in Table 500.15D. The Engineer will advise the Contractor of the design application rates prior to the commencement of the surfacing work. Table 500.15D Class
Medium Cutback Bitumen

Binder Application Rate l/m2


1.10

Aggregate Size (mm)

Aggregate Application Rate m2

/m3
180

Sub-Clause 508.4.8 Sequence of work

The Contractor shall submit details of the proposed sequence of bituminous surfacing work to the Engineer for review, prior to the commencement of work.

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Work shall not commence until the Contractor and the Engineer have agreed that the road surface is ready and fit for surfacing. Sub-Clause 508.4.9 Preparation of base The base shall be prepared in accordance with Sub-Clause 508.1.3.2. Add at end of first paragraph: Surface dressing shall be applied until the base course layer has dried back to a characteristic moisture ratio of 80% of optimum moisture content (cement treated crusher run macadam) or 60% of optimum moisture content (crusher run macadam). Sub-Clause 508.4.10 Conditions for spraying a. Pavement The surface on which primer binder is to be applied shall be damp but not wet. Ambient Temperature Unless otherwise approved by the Engineer, spraying shall not be carried out when the air temperature is less than 15C.

b.

Sub-Clause 508.4.11 Spraying and covering a. General Work shall not proceed until there is sufficient material, suitable plant and personnel on site to carry out the works as specified. Bitumen spraying Bituminous material shall be sprayed uniformly to the specified areas using a sprayer certified and calibrated by an authority acceptable to the Engineer. The spray shall have been certified and calibrated within the 6 month period before spraying. Bitumen spraying will produce a film of material of consistent application over the road surface at the design rate of application. The work shall be so planned as to minimise spraying by hand and hand spraying in the wheel paths shall be avoided. Each sprayer run shall overlap any adjacent run by 50mm to 100mm. Spraying of any load of primer binder shall not commence unless sufficient stone chippings to cover the area to be sprayed is at the work site in trucks. The work shall be carried out in such a manner as to minimise the number of cold joints in the work. Unless otherwise specified, all joints shall be located at the traffic lane lines or the centre of a traffic lane. Traffic shall be stopped while spraying is in progress. Unless otherwise specified, traffic shall not be stopped for more than 15 minutes while material is being sprayed and covered. The spraying of the binder for each run shall start and finish on bitumen laminated paper (or equivalent as approved by the Engineer). The distributor shall start each run at least 10m before the bitumen laminated paper at its correct spraying speed. The distributor shall maintain its correct spraying speed over the full length of each run and shall cross the finish paper at this speed.

b.

c.

Papering and Other Protection The Contractor shall lay bitumen laminated paper (or other paper approved by the Engineer) at the start and finish of each sprayer run to ensure a clean cut-on and cut-off. Edgings, adjoining structures and drainage pit covers and sections of roadway not requiring to be treatment shall be protected from splash and all necessary precautions shall be taken to protect traffic and parked vehicles from airborne bituminous material.

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For primer sealing and sealing, paper used for cut-ons, cut-offs and protection of edgings and structures shall be held in place by weighting down with small quantities of aggregate from the same stockpile as used for the work. At the cessation of work each day, the Contractor shall remove from the site all paper and other protective materials.

d.

Loading of aggregates Stone chippings shall be precoated in accordance with Sub-Clause 508.4.6.

e.

Application of stone chipping The stone chippings shall be dry at the time of application and shall be uniformly spread over the sprayed area by means of an approved type of mechanical spreader. The mechanical spreader shall be fitted with removable cut-off attachments to allow the cover material spread width to match the required width on the pavement. The time lag between spraying and spreading shall be kept to a minimum and all sprayed areas, with the exception of approved lapping strips, shall be covered with cover material within ten (10) minutes of spraying the binder. The length of spray runs shall be limited to ensure compliance with this requirement.

Sufficient loaded trucks shall be at the site to provide the full cover for the area sprayed at that time. Prior to the spreading of the stone chippings the load in each truck shall be levelled in the body for measurement purposes.

The rate of application of the cover material shall be as indicated in Table 500.15D. The stone chippings shall be placed to form a mosaic of single particle thickness generally oriented with their least dimension vertical. In order to meet this requirement it may be necessary to apply the cover material initially at a rate slightly less than that specified in Table 500.15D.

Additional stone chippings may be applied by hand spreading to any bare or insufficiently covered areas as necessary to provide a uniform and complete cover. Where the area to be covered with additional stone chippings is not of uniform width, the additional stone shall be spread by hand. Sufficient stone chippings shall be spread to fully absorb the binder applied and to ensure that there is no picking-up under traffic. The Contractor shall provide a separate vehicle for this purpose at the time of this operation.

Additional stone chippings shall be applied before the completion of the steel wheel rolling where possible but not before the sealed area has had at least one pass of the steel wheel roller.

If there are surplus loose particles on any portion of the surface dressed area such portion shall be swept lightly so as to move the loose particles but not disturb the cover material embedded in the binder.

f.

Rolling Rolling shall be carried out with self propelled pneumatic tyred multi-wheeled rollers weighing not less than 6.5 tonnes with the rear wheels offset relative to the front wheels to give overlapping tyre paths. Tyre Pressure shall be at least 0.7MPa.

Rolling shall commence immediately after the aggregates have been spread and shall continue uniformly over the whole area until at least 95% of aggregate particles are bedded down into the primer binder to the satisfaction of the Engineer. Any primer binder not adequately covered after initial spreading shall be covered during the rolling process by additional spreading or drag brooming as specified in (g) to the satisfaction of the Engineer. Rolling shall be carried out such that every 4000 m2

of seal/primer seal receives a minimum continuous rolling of four roller hours within two hours of the binder being sprayed.
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g.

Drag Brooming When size 10 or smaller aggregates are used, drag brooming shall be done in conjunction with rolling to ensure that a uniform distribution of stone chippings is achieved.

Sub-Clause 508.4.12 Removal of excess stone chippings Where directed by the Engineer the Contractor shall remove the excess stone chippings from the pavement, pits, kerb and channel and concrete paving by brooming it off on to the unsealed shoulder. Excess stone chippings shall not be removed until the aggregate has properly bedded down into the binder by either trafficking or additional rolling, and shall be removed from 6 hours to 48 hours of being sealed or primer sealed unless otherwise directed by the Engineer. Any damage done to the seal due to the removal of excess aggregate shall be repaired by the Contractor at no cost to the Employer. Two additional roller passes shall be given to the primer seal within two hours after sweeping. The traffic shall be allowed to pass for a period of between 3 and 8 months over the primer sealed base course before taking up the work of laying the asphaltic wearing course. Sub-Clause 508.4.13 Supervision The Contractor shall afford the Engineer every facility to check rates of application, temperature and quantities and to take samples. Sub-Clause 508.4.14 Testing and acceptance a. Samples When requested by the Engineer at any time during the Contract, the Contractor shall provide up to three one litre samples of each bituminous material required under the Contractor. Tests The Contractor shall provide certification of specification compliance for each delivery of primer binder supplied to the work site. All tests shall be conducted in accordance with Indian Standard test methods and Codes of Practice. Acceptance of work Work shall be assured in accordance with Tables 508.15D and 508.15E.

b.

c.

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Table 508.15D

Application of Bituminous Material Assessment Accept

Variation from the design rates of application* Not more than 0.05 1/m2 below or 0.1 l/m2 above Between 0.05 1/m2 and 0.1 l/m2 below or between 0.1 1/m2 and 0.15 1/m2 above.

Rectify work or accept at 90% payment.

Rectify work or accept at a maximum 70% Between 0.1 1/m2 and 0.2 /m2 below payment. 2 2 or between 0.15 1/m and 0.25 1/m above. * For modified binders, variation from specified rates of application may be increased or decreased by an additional 0.05 1/m2 from these shown in Table 508.15D. Table 508.15E Application of Aggregate Variation from the design rates of application Not more than 10% above or 5% below. Sub-Clause 508.4.15 Measurements for payment Primer binder for primer sealing shall be measured in square metres of area covered with stone chippings. Sub-Clause 508.4.16 Rates The rate for primer binder shall be payment in full for carrying out the required operations including full compensation for all components listed in Sub-Clause 504.8(i) to (vi) and Sub-Clause 508.4. Assessment Accept

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Clause 512 Sub-Clause 512.1 Replace with:

BITUMINOUS CONCRETE Scope

This work shall consist of constructing, in a single layer, bituminous concrete (asphaltic concrete) of a thickness 25 - 100 mm on a previously prepared granular, modified granular or bituminous base to the requirements of these Specifications. The Contractor shall comply with the provisions of Sub-Clause 119.4 with regard to the placement of asphalt wearing course. Sub-Clause 512.2.5 Aggregates Gradation Delete Table 500-23 and replace with: Table 500-23 Aggregates Gradation for Bituminous Concrete (Asphalt Wearing Course) IS Sieve Designation (mm) Percent passing by weight Mix A Mix B 19.00 13.2 9.50 6.70 4.75 2.36 1.18 0.600 0.300 0.075 100 90 - 100 70 - 90 58 - 76 40 - 58 27 - 48 17 - 38 11 - 26 4-7 100 85 - 100 70 - 85 60 - 75 50 - 70 35 - 52 24 - 40 15 - 30 10 - 24 4-7

Mix A shall be used for wearing courses nominally 30 mm thick. Mix B shall be used for wearing courses nominally 40 mm thick.

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Sub-Clause 512.4.1 Weather and Seasonal Limitations Replace with: Sub-Clause 512.4.1 Weather Conditions Sub-Clause 507.4.1 shall apply. Sub-Clause 512.4.3 Tack Coat Sub-Clause 507.4.3 shall apply. Substitute Bituminous Concrete for Dense Bituminous Macadam in Sub-Clause 507.4.3. Sub-Clause 512.4.4 Preparation of mix Add after the first sentence: In the first sentence of Sub-Clause 507.4.4, substitute Table 500.23 and Table 500.24 for Table 500.9 and Table 500.10 respectively. Sub-Clause 512.4.6 Rolling Add at the end of this clause: In the last paragraph of sub-clause 507.4.6 replace Table 500.10" with Table 500.24". Sub-Clause 512.8 Measurement for Payment

Delete this Sub-Clause and replace with: Bituminous concrete shall be measured as finished work in cubic metres. Sub-Clause 512.9 Rate

Delete the second sentence and replace with: The Contract unit rate shall include the volume of bitumen required to achieve the mix design characteristics in Table 500.24.

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SECTION 600 - CONCRETE PAVEMENT


Clause 601 Sub-Clause 601.7 DRY LEAN CEMENT CONCRETE SUB-BASE Trial Length

Delete this Sub-Clause. Clause 602 Sub-Clause 602.1 CEMENT CONCRETE PAVEMENT Scope

Replace first sentence with: The work shall consist of construction of cement concrete pavement in accordance with the requirements of the Specifications and in conformity with the lines, grades and cross sections shown on the drawings. Sub-Clause 602.2.6 Mild Steel for dowels and tie bars Replace with: Sub-Clause 602.2.6 Reinforcement, Tie Bars and Dowels Reinforcing steel for concrete pavements shall comply with the requirements of IS : 432, IS : 1139 and IS : 1786 as appropriate. All steel shall be clean and free from mill scale, loose rust and oil. Tie bars shall be Grade S 415 and dowels shall be Grade S 240 in accordance with IS. Dowels shall be straight, one-piece and cut accurately to length. Ends of dowels shall be square and free from burrs. Sub-Clause 602.5 Replace with: A separation membrane shall be used between the concrete slab and the sub-base. The separation membrane shall be a primer seal produced and placed in accordance with
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Separation Membrane

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Sub-Clause 508.4. Sub-Clause 602.6.5.5 Replace with: The free portion of dowels shall be painted with two coats of bituminous emulsion. The unpainted portion of the dowels shall be located in the initially placed concrete slab. Sub-Clause 602.9.10 Add additional Sub-Clause: Reinforcement shall be in accordance with Sub-Clause 602.2.6. Reinforcement shall be placed prior to pouring of the concrete using wiring and bar chairs, in the arrangement indicated in the drawings. The wiring and bar chairs shall be sufficient to prevent distortion of the reinforcement during placement of the concrete. Sub-Clause 602.10 Trial Length Reinforcement

Delete this Sub-clause. Sub-Clause 602.15 Sub-Clause 602.15.1 Delete dowel bar and tie rod from the end of the second paragraph. Sub-Clause 602.16 Rate Measurement for Payment

Add after the first paragraph: The separation membrane shall be measured and payed in accordance with Sub-Clause 508.4.14, 508.4.15 and 508.4.16. Reinforcement, dowel bars and tie rods shall be measured in tonnes. The Contract unit rate for reinforcement shall include dowel bars, tie rods and all items included in Clause 1609.

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SECTION 700 - GEOSYNTHETICS


Sub-Clause 701.2.1 Geotextile Delete the second and third sentences. Sub-Clause 702.2 Materials

702.2.1 Delete this sub-clause and replace with: The geotextile fabric shall be a permeable, non-woven fabric manufactured from polypropylene or similar polymer. 702.2.2 Delete this sub-clause. 702.2.3 The geotextile shall: Delete this sub-clause and replace with: 702.2.3 Material Properties The geotextile used in sub-surface drains shall be AMOCO 4545 or Mirafi 140N or similar approved by the Engineer which meets the minimum requirements set out in Table 702.1. Table 702.1 - Geotextile Minimum Requirements Property Grab Tensile Strength Mullen Burst Strength Trapezoidal Tear Strength Puncture Strength Apparent Opening Size Flow Rate Mass (in roll) UV Resistance 702.2.4 Delete this sub-clause. 702.5 Measurement for Payment Delete this sub-clause. 0.4 kN 1550 kPa 0.2 kN 0.29 kN 0.21 mm (retains particles down to size 0.25 mm) 5490 L/min/m2 160 g/m2 70 % of grab tensile strength at 500 hrs Minimum Value

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702.6 Rates Payment for geotextile in sub-soil/sub-surface drains shall be included in the unit rate for sub-soil drains in accordance with Clause 309. Add a new Clause: Clause 706 GEOTEXTILES IN AREAS OF UNSUITABLE MATERIAL 706.1 Scope This work covers the use of geotextiles in areas of unsuitable material encountered during excavation or embankment construction in accordance with Clauses 301 and 305 respectively. 706.2 Materials The geotextile fabric shall be a permeable, non-woven fabric manufactured from polypropylene or similar polymer. The geotextile used in areas of unsuitable material shall be AMOCO 4553 or Mirafi 180N or similar approved by the Engineer which meets the minimum requirements set out in Table 706.1. Table 706.1 - Geotextile Minimum Requirements Property Grab Tensile Strength Mullen Burst Strength Trapezoidal Tear Strength Puncture Strength Apparent Opening Size Flow Rate Mass (in roll) UV Resistance 706.3 Installation Geotextile in areas of unsuitable material shall be placed on the prepared surface as directed by the Engineer. The prepared surface shall be free from rock and other hard protrusions. The overlap between adjacent sheets of geotextile shall be not less than 150 mm. Care shall be taken not to damage the geotextile during placement of the subsequent layers of material. Any geotextile so damaged shall be repaired or replaced by the Contractor. 706.4 Measurement for Payment
Bidder Engineer in Chief (R&B) (Admin and EAP)

Minimum Value 0.9 kN 2760 kPa 0.36 kN 0.58 kN 0.21 mm (retains particles down to size 0.25 mm) 3260 L/min/m2 290 g/m2 70 % of grab tensile strength at 500 hrs

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Measurement for payment of geotextile shall be in square metres. 706.5 Rates The unit rate for placing geotextile after removal of unsuitable material shall include, cutting and lapping and all labour, materials, tools, equipment and incidental required to compete the work in accordance with this Clause 706.

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SECTION 800 - TRAFFIC SIGNS, MARKINGS & OTHER ROAD APPURTENANCES


Clause 804 Sub-Clause 804.1 HECTOMETRE/KILOMETRE STONES General

Add after the first paragraph the following: The work shall also include the removal, repainting, lettering and relocation of distance measurement stones and shall include: i. ii. iii. Hectometre stones Kilometre stones 5th Kilometre stones

Sub-Clause 804.3 Add the following after the first paragraph: Where directed by the Engineer, the existing distance measurement stones shall be relocated by the Contractor. Repainting of the existing stones in accordance with the above paragraph shall be carried out as directed by the Engineer. Sub-Clause 804.4 Add the following after the first sentence: Measurement of existing distance measurement stones to be relocated shall be in numbers of 200 metre, kilometre and 5th kilometre stones fixed at site. Sub-Clause 804.5 Rate

Add the following after the first paragraph: The rate for relocation of existing distance measurement stones shall be payment for furnishing labour, materials, tools, equipment, removal of the stones, cleaning and where directed by the Engineer painting, and lettering and relocation and fixing at site and all other incidental cost necessary to complete the work to these specifications.

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Clause 805

ROAD DELINEATORS

Sub-Clause 805.2 Add the following after the first paragraph: Roadway indicators shall be constructed of Grade M25 reinforced cement concrete as shown on the drawings. All roadway indicators shall have reflectors attached to both sides as shown on the drawings. Reflection shall be in accordance with IRC 79-1981 and shall be firmly fixed to the roadway indicators by a method which discourages theft and is approved by the Engineer. Stone posts shall be constructed in accordance with IRC 25 Type Designs of Boundary Stones and the details shown on the drawings. Clause 809 CONCRETE CRASH BARRIER

Sub-Clause 809.1.2 Delete this sub-clause and replace with: Concrete barrier shall generally be located on bridge structures and on approaches to bridge structures. Sub-Clause 809.2.2 Replace M20" with M25" in the first sentence. Sub-Clause 809.4 Tolerance

Delete the words of rails from the first sentence. Sub-Clause 809.5 Measurement for Payment

Delete this clause and replace with: Payment for solid concrete crash barrier (New Jersey style) shall be made for the following items : Concrete M 25 m3 Reinforcement tonne PCC Blinding m3 All other barriers shall be measured in linear metres of completed and accepted length in place.
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Sub-Clause 809.6

Rate

Delete this clause and replace with: The rates shall include full compensation for furnishing all labour materials, tools, equipment and incidental costs for completing the work. The rate for concrete shall include all necessary excavation and backfill. Clause 812 SPEED HUMPS

Add new Clause: Sub-Clause 812.1 General

This work shall consist of the supply of materials and installation of speed humps on the road as indicated on the drawings. Sub-Clause 812.2 Materials

All materials shall comply with section 1000 Materials for Structures, and section 1600 Steel Reinforcement. Sub-Clause 812.3 Measurements for Payment

Payment shall be made for the numbers of speed humps constructed to the satisfaction of the Engineer. Sub-Clause 812.4 Rate

The contract unit rate shall include full compensation for furnishing all labour, materials, tools, equipment and incidental cost for completing the work. The rate shall include all necessary excavation, backfill, blinding concrete, reinforcement and concrete kerbs.

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Add new Clause: Clause 813 CONCRETE RETAINING WALL Sub-Clause 813.1 General

The work shall consist of the supply of materials and installation of concrete retaining walls as indicated on the drawings. Sub-Clause 813.2 Materials

All materials shall comply with Section 1000, Materials for Structures, Section 1600 Reinforcement and any other relevant section of the specification. Sub-Clause 813.3 Measurement for Payment

Payment shall be made for the following items : Concrete M 20 Sub-Clause 813.4 Rate m3

The rate shall include full compensation for furnishing all labour materials, tools, equipment and incidental costs for completing the work. The rate for concrete shall include all necessary excavation, backfill, foundation preparation, and compaction where required, and reinforcement and blinding concrete where specified on the drawings. Add new Clause: Clause 814 STREET LIGHTING Sub-Clause 814.1 General

The work shall consist of the supply materials and installation of street lighting as indicated on the drawings. Street lighting shall be erected at locations determined by the Engineer. Sub-Clause 814.2 Working Drawings

The Contractor shall prepare and submit to the Engineer for approval working drawings based on this Specification and the Contract drawings, detailing foundations, poles, bracket
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arms, luminaires, igniters, fuses, switches, cabling, etc proposed for the works. The Engineer shall communicate, to the Contractor, the acceptance or otherwise of the working drawings within 30 days of receipt of their formal submission by the Contractor. The working drawings shall be prepared with reference to the relevant Indian Standards and those used by the Andhra Pradesh State Electricity Board. Unless otherwise approved by the Engineer, no work is to commence on street lighting until the working drawings are approved.

Sub-Clause 814.3

Materials

Where applicable materials shall comply with the requirements of this Specification. Other materials shall comply with the relevant Indian Standards. Brackets and other fittings shall be constructed of galvanised steel or shall have alternative protective systems approved by the Engineer. Poles shall be timber, concrete or other non-conducting material approved by the Engineer. Sub-Clause 814.4 Measurement for Payment

Payment shall be made for the numbers of lamps and posts provided and the length (metres) of cabling placed. Sub-Clause 814.5 Rate

The Contract unit rate for lamps (luminaries) shall include full compensation for furnishing all labour, materials tools equipment and incidental costs for completing the work as specified. The rate for lamps shall include the cost of igniters, fuses, all wiring, switches and fastening to support. The rate for lamp posts shall include excavation, backfilling, foundations, fabrication and erection of steel support posts. The rate for cabling shall include connection to power source and to lamps as well as additional cable supports to maintain 6 metres cable clearance over roads and other areas nominated by the Engineer. The preparation of Working drawings is deemed to be included in the rates generally.

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SECTION 900 - QUALITY CONTROL FOR ROAD WORKS


Clause 902 CONTROL OF ALIGNMENT LEVEL & SURFACE REGULARITY Surface Regularity of Pavement Courses

Sub-Clause 902.4

Add after the last paragraph: In addition to the above requirements, the surfaces of both the base course and wearing course shall have smooth longitudinal profiles which provide a high standard of ride quality. Roughness testing shall be carried out upon completion of the base course and again upon completion of the bituminous concrete wearing course. The ride quality of the base course surface and the BC surface course shall have Bump Integrator (BI) values of not greater than 2000 and 1800 respectively. The ride quality of the base course shall be determined from testing after the application of the primer seal. Roughness testing shall be carried out for each lane length constructed. For the purpose of determining rideability: each lane shall be divided into sections 500m long any remaining length less than 500m shall be included with the section immediately preceding it and an average roughness determined for the total section.

The roughness count shall be determined by the average of three replicate test runs. Roughness testing shall be carried out using a Bump Integrator trailer towed at 32 km / hour in accordance with IRC and CRRI guidelines. The Bump Integrator trailer shall be calibrated with the proposed towing vehicle against a MERLIN as outlined in IRC and CRRI guidelines. If the towing vehicle is changed the Bump Integrator trailer shall be re-calibrated with the new towing vehicle. A lower riding quality than that specified above may be accepted at the discretion of the Engineer subject to deductions to the schedule rate applied to the quantity of base course and/or wearing course represented by the test section.

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Deductions shall be in accordance with the following tables: a. For Base course Roughness (BI, mm/km) 2200 - 2400 2400 - 2600 2600 - 2800 2800 - 3000 Greater than 3000 Deduction (%) for the value of the section 2 4 8 16 Material to be removed

b. For BC Wearing Course Roughness (BI, mm/km) 2000 - 2200 2200 - 2400 2400 - 2600 2600 - 2800 Greater than 2800 Deduction (%) for the value of the section 2 4 8 16 Material to be removed

Deductions may be applied to both the basecourse and wearing course on a given test section in accordance with the above tables.

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SECTION 1400 - STONE MASONRY


Clause 1408 MEASUREMENTS FOR PAYMENT Delete the third paragraph. Clause 1409 RATE At the end of the first paragraph add: The rate for stone masonry shall also include the costs of pointing as directed by the Engineer.

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SECTION 1700 - STRUCTURAL CONCRETE


Clause 1703 Sub-Clause 1703.1 Add the following to Table 1700-1. Grade Designation M10 Sub-Clause 1703.2 Add the following to Table (B). (B) MINIMUM STRENGTH OF CONCRETE Member Moderate c) Filling material Sub-Clause 1704.2.1 Target Mean Strength Add the following to Table 1700-5. Table 1700-5 Concrete Grade M10 Sub-Clause 1704.3 Current Margin (M Pa) 7 Request of Nominal Mix Concrete Target Mean Strength 17 M10 Conditions of Exposure Severe M15 Specified characteristic compressive strength of 150mm cubes at 28 days, in MPA. 10 GRADES OF CONCRETE

Add the following to Table 1700-6.

Table 1700-6 Concrete Grade Total Quantity Proportion

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M10

480

1:2

Clause 1706

SIZE OF COARSE AGGREGATE

Add in second column next to Item (iv) 20. Clause 1707 EQUIPMENT

Delete Item a) and replace with: a) For production of concrete: (i) For overall bridge length of less than 60 m - batch type concrete mixer diesel or electric operated, with minimum size of 1 cubic metre with automatic water measuring and integral weigher (hydraulic/pneumatic type) shall be used. For overall bridge length of 60 m or more, a fully automatic concrete batching and mixing plant with a minimum capacity of 16 cubic metres per hour shall be used.

(ii)

Move the second and third paragraphs to after Item c).

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SECTION 2000 - BEARINGS


Clause 2009 MEASUREMENTS FOR PAYMENT

Add the following after the last sentence: The cost of tar paper bearings, where specified on the drawings, are deemed to be included in the rate for abutment and pier concrete.

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SECTION 2100 - OPEN FOUNDATIONS


Clause 2104 WORKMANSHIP

Add the following after the last sentence of the first paragraph: Where concrete 1:3:6 is shown on the drawings, M10 concrete shall be provided. Where concrete 1:2:4 is shown on the drawings M15 concrete shall be provided.

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SECTION 2300 - CONCRETE SUPERSTRUCTURE


Clause 2308 MEASUREMENT FOR PAYMENT Add after the third paragraph: The measurement for payment of structural concrete in RCC crash barrier in Section 11 of the Bill of Quantities (bridges) shall include that part of the barrier on the bridge deck and approach slab only. Structural concrete in crash barriers on bridge approaches is included in Section 8 of the Bill of Quantities.

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SECTION 2500 - RIVER TRAINING WORK AND PROTECTION WORK


Clause 2504 Sub-Clause 2504.1 PITCHING/REVETMENT ON SLOPES Description

Add after the first paragraph: This section shall also cover the requirements for grouted stone pitching at culvert inlets and outlets and other locations shown on the drawings or directed by the Engineer. Sub-Clause 2504.2.1 Pitching Add after the fourth paragraph: At culvert inlets and outlets and other locations directed by the Engineer, the gaps in the stone pitching shall be filled with mortar not leaner than 1:3 by volume of cement and sand. Joints and pointing in grouted stone pitching shall be in accordance with Clause 1405 of this Specification. Clause 2505 RUBBLE STONE/CEMENT CONCRETE BLOCK FLOORING OVER CEMENT CONCRETE BEDDING Construction Operation

Sub-Clause 2505.2

Before the second last paragraph add: The base of the excavation shall be lined with a 80 mm thick layer of blinding concrete (M10 in accordance with IS:456:1978). Sub-Clause 2507.2 Flexible Apron

Replace 1m with 600mm. Flexible apron is also shown as boulder apron and boulder stone pitching on the drawings.

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Clause 2509

MEASUREMENT FOR PAYMENT

Delete the fifth paragraph and replace with: Rubble stone/cement concrete blocks, flooring and cement concrete bedding shall be measured in square metres. Delete the last paragraph and replace with the following: The item for laying flexible apron shall include all excavation and bed preparation including disposal of spoil material. Add at the end of the Clause: The grouted stone pitching shall be measured in cubic metres. The PCC toe wall to pitching/revetment shall be measured in cubic metres. Clause 2510 RATE

Add at the end of the third paragraph: In addition the contract rate for grouted stone pitching shall include supply, placement and finishing of cement mortar in joints. Delete the forth paragraph and replace with: The unit rate for rubble stone/cement concrete block flooring shall include the costs of excavation, disposal of surplus material, blinding, M15 concrete, and, flat stone on mortar bed. The rate shall include the cost of all materials, labour, tools and plant for completing the work in accordance with the specification. Add after the last paragraph: The rate for PCC toe wall to pitching/revetment shall include all excavation, backfill, disposal of excess material and all labour, materials, tools and plant for completing the work in accordance with the Specification.

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SECTION 2700 - WEARING COAT AND APPURTENANCES


Add new Sub-Clause: Sub-Clause 2702.4 Dense Bituminous Macadam Profile Corrector Course Specification for Dense Bituminous Macadam profile corrector course on bridge decks shall be in accordance with Clause 507. Sub-Clause 2708 Add item: vi) Dense Bituminous Macadam profile corrector course shall be measured in cubic metres. RATE MEASUREMENT FOR PAYMENT

Clause 2709

Add after the first sentence: The contract rate for bituminous wearing coat shall include 6mm thick mastic asphalt, prime coat and asphalt surfacing. The contract rate for Dense Bituminous Macadam profile corrector course shall be as per Sub-Clause 507.9.

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SECTION 2800 - REPAIR OF STRUCTURES


Clause 2800 Sub-Clause 2801 REPAIR OF STRUCTURES Description

Andhra Pradesh State Highways Project

Add after the second paragraph: Repairs to bridges are will be confirmed by the Engineer before commencement of the work. Clause 2812 MEASUREMENT FOR PAYMENT

Delete the second sentence of a). Add the following: i) Repairs/replacement of concrete railings/crash barriers shall be measured per running metre of the barrier repaired. Repairs and replacement shall be carried out in accordance with Clause 809 of this Specification and the repaired/replaced barriers shall be in accordance with MOST Standard Drawing No SD 304. RATE

Clause 2813

Add the following after the first paragraph: The rate for crack sealing using epoxy grout shall include the cost of nipples required for injection at the rate of one nipple per kg of epoxy. If additional nipples are required, they shall be paid for separately. The rate for repairs/replacement of barriers shall include all costs to complete the work including removal and disposal of existing barrier and supply and fixing of reinforcement. Clause 2814 STONE FOR SCOUR HOLES

Add the following new Sub-Clauses: Sub-Clause 2814.1 General The work shall consist of the supply of materials and placement of rock in scour holes. Sub-Clause 2814.2 Materials

The rock shall have a least dimension of 300mm and a maximum dimension of 600mm. The stone shall conform to the requirements of Clause 2504 of this Specification. Sub-Clause 2814.3 Measurement for Payment Payment shall be made for the volume (m3) of material placed to the lines and levels shown on the drawings or as directed by the Engineer.
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Sub-Clause 2814.4

Rate

The contract rate shall include full compensation for furnishing all labour, materials, tools, equipment and incidental costs for completing the work.

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SECTION 2900 - PIPE CULVERTS


Clause 2901 SCOPE

Add after the first paragraph: The work shall include pipe culverts and concrete pipes used as electrical conduit. Clause 2902 MATERIALS

Add after the second paragraph: In the case of pipe culverts to be extended, the Contractor shall confirm, on site, the diameter of the existing pipes, before ordering the extension pipes. Any discrepancy between the pipe diameter indicated in the culvert schedule and that found on the site shall be reported to the Engineer immediately. Clause 2902a Add new Clause: All electrical conduit shall consist of Grade NP4, 150mm diameter concrete pipe or approved equivalent. Installation shall comply with the requirements for pipe culverts. Pipes are to be placed at a minimum grade of 0.5% with a minimum cover of 600mm below underside of base course. Conduit shall project a minimum of 500mm beyond the kerb or outside edge of the berm. All conduits are to have a 2.5mm diameter high tensile draw wire and are to be sealed both ends to the satisfaction of the Engineer. Draw wires shall be at least 1.0m longer than the conduit in which they are installed. Conduit locations shall be as shown on the drawings or as directed by the Engineer. Clause 2903 EXCAVATION FOR PIPE ELECTRICAL CONDUIT

Delete the first sentence in the second paragraph and replace with: Where trenching is involved its width on either side of the pipe shall be a minimum of 300mm.

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Clause 2904

BEDDING FOR PIPE

Delete this paragraph and replace with: The bedding surface shall provide a firm foundation of uniform density throughout the length of the culvert, shall conform to the specified levels and grades and shall be as specified on the drawings. Clause 2907 BACK FILLING Delete the second sentence and replace with: The back fill shall comply with the material and compaction requirements of embankment as defined in Section 300. Clause 2910 MEASUREMENT FOR PAYMENT

After the first sentence add the following: Concrete pipes for conduits shall be measured along their centre between end locations as directed, in linear metres. Delete the first sentence of the second paragraph and replace with: Cement concrete for pipe bedding shall be measured in cubic metres. Clause 2911 RATE

Add after the first sentence: The rate for pipe culverts shall also include the cost of supplying, placing, shaping and compacting of select granular bedding for pipes as well as excavation and back filling to natural surface level. The rate shall also include clearing out of the existing culvert where the culvert is to be extended. Backfilling above natural surface level (including behind head walls) shall be paid as embankment under Clause 305. The rate for concrete conduit pipes shall include all of the above as well as the costs of draw wires and sealing the conduct ends. Delete the second paragraph and replace with the following:
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Ancillary works such as concrete and masonry in head walls shall be paid for separately under the relevant clauses. Add new section:

SECTION 3100 - DAY WORKS


Clause 3101 SCOPE This section covers the hire of the Contractors equipment, labour and materials for use as directed by the Engineer for carrying out Dayworks. Clause 3102 MEASUREMENT FOR PAYMENT Payment for labour used for Dayworks shall be made on the basis of the approved number of man days at the rate quoted in the Bill of Quantities. For periods less than one day payment shall be made pro-rata on the time actually worked assuming a standard 8 hour working day. Similarly, when more than 8 hours are worked in a day payment will be made pro-rata for the additional hours. Payment for equipment used for Dayworks shall be made on the basis of the approved number of hours at the rate quoted in the Bill of Quantities. Payment of sums expended against the provisional sum for materials for Dayworks along with the percentage additions in respect of the Contractors attendance quoted in the Bill of Quantities will only be made when adequate and sufficient documentary evidence is produced to the Engineer showing that the sums claimed were in fact properly expended and actually paid by the Contractor. Clause 3103 RATES The rates quoted for labour and equipment shall include full compensation for provision of the item requested by the Engineer , including all overheads and profit. The rates for equipment shall include the cost of driver, fuel, supervision by foreman and all other costs incidental to the supply and operation of the equipment. The rate for labour include transportation to the location on the site requested by the Engineer, supervision by foreman and all other costs incidental to the supply of the labour. The percentage quoted in respect of the Contractors attendance in the Bill of Quantities for supply of materials shall include full compensation for procurement, transportation and storage by the Contractor of the materials requested by the Engineer.
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Add new section:

SECTION 3200 - BOX AND SLAB CULVERTS AND HEADWALLS


Clause 3201 GENERAL The work shall consist of the supply of materials and installation of new or extension of existing slab and box culverts and headwalls for box pipe and slab culverts. Clause 3202 MATERIALS All materials shall comply to the relevant sections of this specification. Granular fill beneath concrete in Culvert flooring shall be Class II filter material in accordance with Table 300-3. Clause 3203 MEASUREMENT FOR PAYMENT Payment shall be made for the following items : Cement concrete m3 HYSD Reinforcement tonnes PCC beneath masonry foundations m3 Masonry foundations m3 Flooring to slab culverts m2 Clause 3204 RATE The contract unit rates shall include full compensation for furnishing all labour materials, tools, equipment and incidental costs for completing the work. The rates shall include for all excavation, backfill, levelling and compaction of foundations, blinding and dewatering. Where existing culverts are to be extended the rates shall include the clearing out of the existing culvert to the satisfaction of the Engineer and breaking back the existing structure to effect a bond with the new work as shown on the drawings or as directed by the Engineer. The items for culvert headwalls and wingwalls will include painting the structure number in black letters 100 mm high on a yellow background, on the headwall in a location approved by the Engineer. The rate shall also include construction of all joints as shown on the Drawings. The item for flooring to slab culverts shall include full compensation for excavation back filling, compaction of subgrade to 95% MDD (IS 2720 Part 8), 150 mm thick selected granular fill and 150 mm thick concrete flooring as detailed on the drawings.
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APPENDIX A

PLAN OF SITE OFFICE FOR THE ENGINEER PLAN OF FIELD LABORATORY FOR THE ENGINEER PLAN OF SITE CABINS FOR THE ENGINEER

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