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1ZVN460100-C

Operation manual

1ZVN460100-C

2/3

Table of contents
1 Bushings ...................................................................................................................... 2 Tapchanger .................................................................................................................. 3 Cooling Equiptment..................................................................................................... 3.1 Cooling Fans ....................................................................................................... 3.2 Radiators ............................................................................................................... 4 Current Transformer.................................................................................................... 5 Other Accessories .......................................................................................................

1ZVN460100-C

Bushing
1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 Bushing CEDASPE Bushing GOB Bushing GOE Bushing GOH Bushing GSA-AAA Bushing WEBSTER WIKINSON

LV Bushing ED
by CEDASPE Cedaspe is happy to present a new family of LV bushings for distribution transformers with an innovative design (patent pending) These new bushings are in accordance with the new European specifications EN 50386, recently approved by all the European National Committees, but already included in the old Cenelec document HD596 The design ED bushing is an evolution of the old DIN design and takes in consideration the new technologies and the specific requirements of the major customers.

ED 02 Voltage rating

drg 1390,

1 kV

Current rating 250 A

Nominal creepage distance 60 mm

Brass rod Two design of the oil side connection: - ED-N/02, Threaded for traditional connection with brass nuts - ED-S/02, With bottom spade for rivet connection

Nome file : New LV Bushing ED

Mar 2004

Cat 0403 UNCONTROLLED COPY

Pagina 1 di 6

ED 06 -

drg 1391,

Voltage rating 1 kV Current rating 630 A Brass rod (Copper rod upon request)

Nominal creepage distance 75 mm

Two design of the oil side connection: - ED-N/06, Threaded for traditional connection with brass nuts - ED-S/06, With bottom spade for rivet connection

Note:

Important to say regarding 630 A bushings that the new specification EN50386 state that the conductor can be in brass, instead of copper (as it was before). Rising temperature test and long experience in this kind of execution made by the major European manufacturers, confirm that with oil at a temperature of 60C above ambient temperature the bushing ED06-Ms satisfy in full the requirements of IEC 137, with the following results:
Brass rod overtemperature of the oil side connection at 630 A above oil < 8C Brass rod overtemperature of the air side connection at 630 A above air < 60C

A real current of 630A is a not frequent case, occurring on a 250kVA transformer with 230V rated voltage (threephase) Considering the most common use of this bushing on a 400 kVA transformer, 400 V, the real current is only 580 A, and in this condition the performance of the bushings ED06-Ms is even better:
Brass rod overtemperature of the oil side connection at 580 A above oil < 6C Brass rod overtemperature of the air side connection at 580 A above air < 55C

Nome file : New LV Bushing ED

Mar 2004

Cat 0403 UNCONTROLLED COPY

Pagina 2 di 6

The most important characteristics of the ED Bushings are: - Full interchangeability of ED/02 with the old 1/250 DIN and of ED/06 with the old 1/630 DIN The use of the new bushing doesnt require any change in the design of the transformer as the bushings ED have the same fixing hole on the tank and are protruding under the cover with the same distance. - Special gaskets design, special top cap and special flange gaskets seats in order to avoid gasket protruding externally, as it happens with the DIN 1/250 and 1/630, when the gasket are compressed at the right tightening torque. This reduce a lot the risk of gaskets cracks due to UV radiation. - Minor number of components to make the bushings; it means higher reliability (less pieces less possibilities of failure!!!!), but more important less pieces, less time required for the bushing assembly on the transformer cover.

- Reinforced nylon support on the oil side, instead of the B bottom porcelain, which doesnt require any internal spacer gasket (in fibre or presspan) - Only two tightening gaskets on the air side instead of the three pieces required by the DIN models: 33 % lower risk of oil leakage - Special profile of the flange NBR gaskets, with lips to enable an easier centering of the gasket on the porcelain stem
Nome file : New LV Bushing ED Mar 2004 Cat 0403 UNCONTROLLED COPY Pagina 3 di 6

The picture below shows the two special tightening gasket protected form UV radiation, by the cap and by the flange seat

The direct economic advantages are : - Lower price of ED/02 and ED/06 than the corresponding DIN 1/250 and 1/630 - Price reduction is amplified in case of ED/06-Ms, due toi the possibility of using a brass rod, as said above There is an important indirect economic advantage: - Saving of 25% of the total working time necessary for the assembly of the bushing on the transformer (total working time considering picking of the components, assembly, tightening)

Nome file : New LV Bushing ED

Mar 2004

Cat 0403 UNCONTROLLED COPY

Pagina 4 di 6

LOGISTIC: Highly standardized product means short delivery time Easy storage and easy use of the bushings, partially assembled, inside a dedicated package: ED 02: 16 pcs in board boxes size cm 26x26 h22 ED 06: 12 pcs in board boxes size cm 30x22 h27 The result is a reduction of the total mounting time of the bushing on the transformer cover Standard delivery lots, with board boxes (12/16 pcs) in strong pressboard cases with 4ways wooden pallet suitable for truck and container transport, and for warehousing in racks: ED 02: 576 pcs, case size cm 110x80 h 90, gross weight ~kg 340 (volume ~m 0,80) ED 06: 240 pcs, case size cm 110x80 h 70, gross weight ~kg 390 (volume ~m ~0,65)

Nome file : New LV Bushing ED

Mar 2004

Cat 0403 UNCONTROLLED COPY

Pagina 5 di 6

LV Bushing ED-SA

The bushings style ED-SA have a top porcelain with a special profile for polluted environment with an increased creepage distance of 120 mm . With this solution it is possible to avoid to use a 3 kV class bushing, just only for the major creepage distance, on transformers with LV voltage rating below 1 kV, with big savings in terms of cost. All the characteristics of the bushings remain the same of the normal execution ED, with only one difference: the porcelain has a flat flange without groove and the flange gasket is flat in rubber impregnated cork.

Nome file : New LV Bushing ED

Mar 2004

Cat 0403 UNCONTROLLED COPY

Pagina 6 di 6

Transformer bushings, type GOB


Technical guide

This Technical Guide has been produced to allow transformer manufacturers, and their designers and engineers, access to all the technical information required to assist them in their selection of the appropriate Transformer Bushing. The Guide should be used in conjunction with the Selection Guide to allow the optimum selection to be made. The technical information pertaining to bushings manufactured by ABB Components has been divided into separate documents, with one document for each type. The information provided in this document is intended to be general and does not cover all possible applications. Any specific application not covered should be referred directly to ABB Components AB, or its authorized representative. ABB Components AB makes no warranty or representation and assumes no liability for the accuracy of the information in this document or for the use of such information. All information in this document is subject to change without notice. ABB Components also manufactures the following products: Wall bushings GIS bushings On-load tap-changers Motor-drive mechanisms

Table of Contents
Design _______________________
4 Shed form ___________________________ 4 Test tap _____________________________ 5 5 Test tap adapter ______________________ 5 5

Testing _______________________ Common specifications __________

Dimensions ___________________ Electrical data _________________ Dimensions ___________________ Electrical data _________________ Connection details _____________

6 Bushings without oil level gauge _________ 6 7

8 Bushings with oil level gauge ____________ 8 9 10 10 10 10 11 11

Inner terminal ________________________ Solid rod conductor ____________________ Outer terminal assembly _______________ Separate terminal plate with bolts ________ Arcing horns _________________________

Conductor loading ______________

11 Overloading of bushings ________________ 11 Short-time current _____________________ 11 12 Bushings without oil level gauge _________ 12 Bushings with oil level gauge ____________ 14 16

Ordering particulars ____________

Recommendations for positioning _

Design
The bushing is built up around a centre tube on which the condenser body is wound. The upper insulator, lower insulator and mounting flange are held between the end plates by the centre tube. Sealing is accomplished by oil-resistant rubber gaskets in grooves. The annular space between the condenser body and the porcelain is filled with transformer oil. A gas-filled expansion space is left at the top. For GOB bushings without oil level gauge the oil level can be checked by means of a dipstick in the oil filling hole. The lower end is shielded by an epoxy resin insulated aluminium shield. The inner terminal is attached to the centre tube by means of a through-going resilient pin which becomes locked when the outer terminal is screwed on. The design with this special resilient pin has been patented by ABB, and the pin ensures effective electrical contact between the inner and outer terminals. The inner terminal can be chosen for connection to leads either by brazing or crimping. The outer terminal is available in aluminium or copper alloy and can be supplemented by terminal plates of corresponding material. The upper insulator is made in one piece of high quality electrical porcelain. The mounting flange is manufactured of corrosion-resistant aluminium alloy. The mounting flange, the top housing and the top washer are protected by painting with a two-component primer and a grey-blue finishing coat of paint. The standard colour is Munsell 5.5B 55/1.25, environmental class C3. The bushings are delivered oil-filled and ready for use. If the bushing is mounted with an inclination of more than 45 from the vertical, special measures may have to be taken to ensure sufficient filling of oil in the bushing. Further information can be obtained on request.
Test tap Mounting flange

Outer terminal stud Oil filling holes with sealing plug Expansion space Oil Top washer Top housing

Porcelain insulator air side

Flange extension Top housing Prism glass Oil filling holes with sealing plug

Porcelain insulator oil side Condenser body Insulated shield

Fig. 1. Transformer bushing type GOB

According to IEC 815 the creepage factor C.F. is <3.2 and the profile factor P.F. is >1.1. For special customer demands regarding creepage distance, other shed forms may be used.

Shed form
The shed form for all GOB bushings is of the anti-fog type with alternating long and short sheds. For each pair of sheds the ratio between nominal creepage distance and the axial length is 3.43 and the ratio between protected and nominal creepage distance is 0.40.

Fig. 2. Shed form


4

Test tap
The outer conducting layer of the condenser body is connected to an insulated test tap on the flange. During operation the test tap cover must be screwed on, in order to earth the outer layer to the flange. The max. test voltage of the tap is 2 kV, 50 Hz for 1 minute. Max. service voltage is 600 V.
goh_0010

Fig. 3. Test tap

Testing
During the manufacture and on its completion the bushing is subjected to a number of routine tests. A tightness test is carried out on the assembled bushing after the final drying and impregnation. The test is made with an oil overpressure of 180 kPa (1.8 bar) for 12 hours at ambient temperature. No sign of leakage is allowed. Each bushing is subjected to a final electrical routine test. The test is made at room temperature with the bushing submerged in oil. Capacitance and tan d are measured in steps up to the power frequency withstand voltage, which is maintained for one minute. Capacitance and tan d are also measured at decreasing voltage at the same voltage levels as before the one minute test. Measurements for detection of internal partial discharge (PD measurements) are also made. These measurements are carried out at the same time as the power frequency withstand test. PD measurements are made in steps up to the full test voltage and down. It is always demonstrated that the PD value is max. 5 pC at test voltage equal to the rated system voltage. Type tests have been carried out according to IEC 137 and IEEE. Type test reports are available on request.

Test tap adapter


For testing, a special test adapter is required for permanent connection of the test tap to the measuring circuits.

goh_0011

Fig. 4. Test tap adapter, 2769 531-D.

Common specifications
Application: Classification: Ambient temperature: Altitude of site: Level of rain and humidity: Pollution level: Type of immersion medium: Oil level below bushing flange: Max. pressure of medium: Markings: Transformers Oil impregnated paper, capacitance graded, outdoor-immersed bushing +40 to -40 C, minimum value as per temperature class 2 of IEC 137 < 1 000 m 1-2 mm rain/min horizontally and vertically, as per IEC 60-1 According to specified creepage distance and IEC 815 1 Transformer oil. Maximum daily mean oil temperature 90 C. Maximum temporary oil temperature 115 C Maximum 30 mm 100 kPa overpressure Conforming to IEC/ IEEE

1) IEC 815 "Guide for selection of insulators with respect to polluted conditions."

Dimensions
Bushings without oil level gauge
Draw lead length =

Fig. 5.2. Top design

Fig. 5.3 Top design

Fig. 5.1. GOB design


1)

Fig. 5.4
The bushings can be provided with a longer shield L9 + 50 mm, in which case dimensions L, L1 and L5 also increase by 50 mm.

n1 Holes D = 16

Rated Type current GOB A 250 800

Cat. No. LF 123 013 015 083 LF 123 017 019 085 LF 123 025 027 089 LF 123 037 039 095 LF 123 041 043 097 LF 123 049 051 053 LF 123 061 063 107 LF 123 065 067 109 LF 123 073 075 113 LF 123 077 078 079

Space for current transformer mm 300 500 300 500 300 500 300 500 300 500 300 500 100 300 500 100 300 500 150 300 500 200 300 500

Net mass kg 23 25 27 26 29 31 27 31 35 33 37 39 37 39 43 42 45 48 70 73 77 105 109 115 116 122 126 180 190 200

Top design Dimensions in mm acc. to Fig. 5. L1) L1 1) L2 2 2 3 2 2 3 2 2 3 2 2 3 2 2 3 2 2 3 2 3 3 2 3 3 2 3 3 2 3 3 998 1258 1558 1063 1323 1623 1198 1458 1758 1303 1543 1843 1368 1608 1908 1473 1713 2013 1823 2108 2308 1868 2153 2353 2153 2413 2613 2468 2683 2883 240 500 700 255 515 715 295 555 755 345 585 785 360 600 800 345 585 785 495 680 880 495 680 880 580 740 940 685 800 1000 590 590 690 605 605 705 735 735 835 790 790 890 805 805 905 960 960 1060 1160 1260 1260 1170 1270 1270 1370 1470 1470 1580 1680 1680

L3 65

L4 555 555 655 580 580 680 700 700 800 755 755 855 780 780 880 925 925 1025 1125 1225 1225 1145 1245 1245 1345 1445 1445 1555 1655 1655

L5 1) 60

L6 260 460 260 460 260 460 240 440 240 440 240 440 95 280 480 95 280 480 120 280 480 165 280 480

L7 480

L8 70

L9 1) 15

250

1250

65

75

480

70

25

325

800

93

60

625

70

15

380

800

98

60

680

70

15

380

1250

98

75

680

70

25

450

800

98

60

850

70

15

550

800

60

90

1050

60

25

550

1250

68

100

1050

60

30

650

1250

60

100

1250

60

30

750

1250

70

100

1460

60

30

Electrical data
Rating Rated voltage UR kV, RMS 52 52 72.5 100 100 123 170 170 170 170 Phase-toearth voltage UY kV, RMS 52 52 72.5 72.5 72.5 90 123 123 145 170 Dry lightning impulse kV, peak 250 250 350 380 380 450 550 550 650 750 Wet power frequency AC kV, RMS 105 105 140 150 150 185 230 230 275 325 Routine test Design data Dry switching impulse kV, peak 230 230 300 330 330 410 470 470 580 670 Type GOB 250-800 250-1250 325-800 380-800 380-1250 450-800 550-800 550-1250 650-1250 750-1250 1 min. dry 50 Hz kV, RMS 120 120 160 162 162 195 260 260 300 365 Nominal capacitances between conductor and test tap C1 10 % [pF] Space for current transformer 125 165 135 145 185 145 150 175 190 205 100 150 200 300 205 270 200 200 265 200 170 195 235 235 500 275 375 260 245 320 245 210 240 280 275

Wet power frequency values apply to both IEC and ANSI requirements.

Dimensions are subject to modification without notice. Cantilever load Creeepage distance D1 86 D2 22 D3 86 D4 115 D5 88 D6 185 D7 225 D8 230 D10 46 n1 6 R1 8 R2 6 T 16 total mm 150050 protected mm 580 Max. permitted loading perpendicular 60 s to the terminal Test N N 1800 2340

101

34

112

120

101

250

290

245

70

12

10

16

150050

580

3000

4000

95

22

86

115

96

185

225

230

46

16

198050

775

1500

1950

95

22

86

115

96

185

225

240

46

16

221070

870

1400

1800

112

34

112

120

112

250

290

245

70

12

10

16

221070

870

2900

3750

95

22

86

115

96

185

225

245

46

16

272080

1060

1150

1500

126

22

118

145

150

250

290

280

50

12

12

18

3430100 1350

1300

1800

160

34

140

175

200

290

335

300

70

12

15

15

20

3430100 1350

2400

3100

160

34

140

175

200

290

335

305

70

12

15

15

20

4080110 1620

2600

3380

184

34

140

230

184

290

335

350

70

12

15

15

20

4800150 1700

2600

3350

Dimensions
Bushings with oil level gauge
Draw lead length =

Fig. 6.2. Top design

Fig. 6.3 Top design

Fig. 6.1. GOB design.


n1 Holes D = 16
1)

Fig. 6.4
The bushings can be provided with a longer shield L9 + 50 mm, in which case dimensions L, L1 and L5 also increase by 50 mm.

Rated Type current GOB A 250 800

Cat. No. LF 123 171 173 175 LF 123 167 168 169 LF 123 177 179 181 LF 123 183 185 187 LF 123 101 102 103 LF 123 145 147 149 LF 123 189 190 191 LF 123 142 143 144 LF 123 192 193 194 LF 123 104 105 106

Space for current transformer mm 300 500 300 500 300 500 300 500 300 500 300 500 100 300 500 100 300 500 150 300 500 200 300 500

Net mass kg 24 26 28 28 30 33 28 32 36 34 38 40 38 41 44 43 46 49 71 74 78 106 110 116 118 124 128 187 197 207

Top design Dimensions in mm acc. to Fig. 6. L 1) L1 1) L2 2 1138 1398 1598 1203 1463 1663 1338 1598 1798 1443 1683 1883 1508 1748 1948 1613 1853 2053 1963 2148 2348 2008 2193 2393 2293 2453 2653 2718 2833 3033 240 500 700 255 515 715 295 555 755 345 585 785 360 600 800 345 585 785 495 680 880 495 680 880 580 740 940 685 800 1000 730

L3 65

L4 695

L5 1) 60

L6 260 460 260 460 260 460 240 440 240 440 240 440 95 280 480 95 280 480 120 280 480 165 280 480

L7 480

L8 70

L9 1) 15

250

1250

745

65

720

75

480

70

25

325

800

875

93

840

60

625

70

15

380

800

930

98

895

60

680

70

15

380

1250

945

98

920

75

680

70

25

450

800

1100

98

1065

60

850

70

15

550

800

1300

60

1265

90

1050

60

25

550

1250

1310

68

1285

100

1050

60

30

650

1250

1510

60

1485

100

1250

60

30

750

1250

1830

70

1805

100

1460

60

30

Electrical data
Rating Rated voltage UR kV, RMS 52 52 72.5 100 100 123 170 170 170 170 Phase-toearth voltage UY kV, RMS 52 52 72.5 72.5 72.5 90 123 123 145 170 Dry lightning impulse kV, peak 250 250 350 380 380 450 550 550 650 750 Wet power frequency AC kV, RMS 105 105 140 150 150 185 230 230 275 325 Routine test Design data Dry switching impulse kV, peak 230 230 300 330 330 410 470 470 580 670 Type GOB 250-800 250-1250 325-800 380-800 380-1250 450-800 550-800 550-1250 650-1250 750-1250 1 min. dry 50 Hz kV, RMS 120 120 160 162 162 195 260 260 300 365 Nominal capacitances between conductor and test tap C1 10 % [pF] Space for current transformer 125 165 135 145 185 145 150 170 205 205 100 150 200 300 205 270 200 200 265 200 170 195 235 235 500 275 375 260 245 320 245 210 240 280 275

Wet power frequency values apply to both IEC and ANSI requirements.

Dimensions are subject to modification without notice. Cantilever load Creepage distance D1 86 D2 22 D3 86 D4 140 D5 88 D6 185 D7 225 D8 230 D10 46 n1 6 R1 8 R2 6 T 16 total mm 150050 protected mm 580 Max. permitted loading perpendicular 60 s to the terminal Test N N 1800 2340

101

34

112

140

101

250

290

245

70

12

10

16

150050

580

3000

4000

95

22

86

140

96

185

225

230

46

16

198050

775

1500

1950

95

22

86

140

96

185

225

240

46

16

221070

870

1400

1800

112

34

112

140

112

250

290

245

70

12

10

16

221070

870

2900

3750

95

22

86

140

96

185

225

245

46

16

272080

1060

1150

1500

126

22

118

200

150

250

290

280

50

12

12

18

3430100 1350

1300

1800

160

34

140

265

200

290

335

300

70

12

15

15

20

3430100 1350

2400

3100

160

34

140

265

200

290

335

305

70

12

15

15

20

4080110 1620

2600

3380

184

34

140

265

184

290

335

350

70

12

15

15

20

4800150 1700

2600

3350

Connection details
Inner terminal
Stud made of copper for connection of draw lead. The inner terminal must be provided with an outer terminal. For crimping, hexagonal or other symmetrical dies shall be used. Pressure 200 kN.
Material and Conductor design area mm Cat. No. Copper for crimping or brazing Copper for brazing only 50 70 95 < 150 undrilled < 285 undrilled LF 170 010-M -N -L LF 170 011-S -U -T -V Dimensions (mm) D1 D2 L 11 13 15 18 5 29 5 14,5 35 17 35 20 35 20 20 32 32 35 35 20 20 Mass kg 0,3 0,3 0,3 0,3 0,3 0,6 0,6

Fig. 7. Inner terminal.

Solid rod conductor


The rod is produced from electrolytic copper and is divided into two parts. For the 800 A conductor the two parts are held together by a centre bolt with a resilient locking pin. For the 1250 A conductor the two parts are connected by counter-sunk screws. The lower part of the solid rod is designed to enable connection by brazing. The solid rod conductor can be divided either: Alt. 1: 20 mm below the bushing flange, or Alt. 2: 20 mm below the upper end of the bottom porcelain. The solid rod conductor must be provided with an outer terminal.

Rated current 800 A LF 170 019-

Rated current 1250 A LF 170 052-

Fig. 8. Solid rod conductor.

Outer terminal assembly


Stud made of copper or aluminium with O-ring and locking pin. Other types can be provided on request.
Material Cat. No. For bushings with D2 mm 22 34 22 34 Width across flats N

Dimensions (mm) D L N 30 30 30 30 170 205 170 205 55 66 55 66

Mass kg 0.5 0.8 1.2 2.3

Aluminium LF 170 001-A -B Copper alloy LF 170 002-A -B

Fig. 9. Outer terminal assembly.

10

Separate terminal plate with bolts


The separate terminal plate is used for connecting the bushing to the line conductor.
Material Aluminium Copper alloy Cat. No. LF 170 014-A LF 170 021-A

Fig. 10. Separate terminal plate with bolts.

Arcing horns
Arcing horns of galvanised steel can be mounted on the bushing. The lower rod is fastened onto the flange with one of the fixing screws and the upper rod by means of a bracket on the outer terminal. The gap distances for standard arcing horns are shown in the table. Other gap distances on request.
Bushing type GOB GOB GOB GOB GOB GOB GOB 250 325 380 450 550 650 750 K mm 230440 320580 400620 400780 620960 7001080 8201290 C mm 315 315 315 315 315 380 380 H mm 112 112 112 112 114 224 224

Fig. 11. Gap distances.

Conductor loading
The rated currents listed in this catalogue are the standardised values according to IEC 137 (1995) which, with the largest possible conductor, fulfil the temperature rise test. The GOB bushings fulfil the temperature rise test requirements according to IEC 137 (1995) and IEEE C57.19.00-1991:
Rated current of bushing A Conductor 800 1250 800, 1250 800, 1250 800, 1250 800, 1250 1250 1250 Solid rod LF 170 019 Solid rod LF 170 052 Stranded cable 50 mm2 Stranded cable 70 mm2 Stranded cable 95 mm2 Stranded cable 150 mm2 Stranded cable 185 mm2 Stranded cable 285 mm2 Permissible current IEC IEEE A A 800 1250 165 225 300 475 530 665 730 1200 150 210 285 415 460 570

Overloading of bushings
If the conductor for the bushing is selected with 120 % of the rated current of the transformer, the bushing is considered to be able to withstand the overload conditions stated in IEC 354 without further clarifications or tests, according to IEC 137.

Short-time current
The rated thermal short-time current (Ith) is calculated according to IEC 137 (1995). For draw-lead of stranded copper values are given for 100mm2. For other areas the short-time current is directly proportional to the area.
Rated current A 800 1250 Short-time current (Ith) 1s 2s kA, RMS kA, RMS 30 70 21 50 Dynamic current (Id) kA, peak 52 125

Conductor Solid rod Solid rod Stranded draw-lead

Area mm2 -

365

100

9.6

6.8

17

11

Ordering particulars
Bushings without oil level gauge
When ordering, please state: Type and Catalogue number for bushings. Catalogue number for inner and outer terminal assembly. Additional accessories or modifications. Test required, in addition to the normal routine tests. Test tap adapter, if required. Note: The Cat. No. should have one of the following letters added to it, to indicate the type of insulator and oil end shield: K Normal oil end shield, brown porcelain L Normal oil end shield, light grey porcelain M Longer oil end shield, brown porcelain N Longer oil end shield, light grey porcelain
Oil end shield

Bushings
Space for current transformer mm 300 500 300 500 300 500 300 500 300 500 300 500 100 300 500 100 300 500 150 300 500 200 300 500 Bushing tube (See fig.) D2, mm 22

Connection details
Inner terminal stud: Cat. No. LF 170

Type GOB 250

Rated current A 800

Cat. No. LF 123 013 015 083 LF 123 017 019 085 LF 123 025 027 089 LF 123 037 039 095 LF 123 041 043 097 LF 123 049 051 053 LF 123 061 063 107 LF 123 065 067 109 LF 123 073 075 113 LF 123 077 078 079

For crimping or brazing For brazing Conductor area Conductor area Undrilled with 2 2 2 50 mm 70 mm 95 mm <150 mm2 <285 mm2 pilot hole 010-M 010-N 010-L 011-S 011-U

250

1250

34

011-T

011-V

325

800

22

010-M

010-N

010-L

011-S

011-U

380

800

22

010-M

010-N

010-L

011-S

011-U

380

1250

34

011-T

011-V

450

800

22

010-M

010-N

010-L

011-S

011-U

550

800

22

010-M

010-N

010-L

011-S

011-U

550

1250

34

011-T

011-V

650

1250

34

011-T

011-V

750

1250

34

011-T

011-V

12

LF 170 019800 A

LF 170 0521250 A

Outer terminal assembly: Cat. No. LF 170 Stud with O-ring and locking pin Aluminium 001-A Copper alloy 002-A Separate terminal plate with bolts Aluminium 014-A Copper alloy 021-A Solid rod conductor Cat. No. LF 170 Alt. 1 019 -A -D -E 052 -A -D -E 019 -F -K -L 019 -M -R -S 052 -V -Z -AA 019 -BL -BM -BP 019 -T -X -Y 052 -AM -AN -AR 052 -F -K -L 052 -M -R -S Alt. 2 019 -B -C 052 -B -C 019 -G -H 019 -N -P 052 -X -Y 019 -BN -BR 019 -U -V 052 -AP -AS 052 -G -H 052 -N -P Mass kg 2.6 3.3 4.2 6.8 8.4 10.6 3.1 3.9 4.7 3.5 4.2 5.0 8.6 10.4 12.7 4.0 4.7 5.5 4.9 5.7 6.3 12.0 14.1 15.5 14.0 15.9 17.5 16.3 18.0 19.5 Arcing horns Cat. No. LF 170 004 -A -A -B 004 -A -A -B 004 -A -A -B 004 -A -A -B 004 -B -B -B 004 -B -B -C 004 -B -C -C 004 -B -C -C 005 -A -B -B 005 -B -E -E

001-B

002-B

014-A

021-A

001-A

002-A

014-A

021-A

001-A

002-A

014-A

021-A

001-B

002-B

014-A

021-A

001-A

002-A

014-A

021-A

001-A

002-A

014-A

021-A

001-B

002-B

014-A

021-A

001-B

002-B

014-A

021-A

001-B

002-B

014-A

021-A

13

Ordering particulars
Bushings with oil level gauge
When ordering, please state: Type and Catalogue number for bushings. Catalogue number for inner and outer terminal assembly. Additional accessories or modifications. Test required, in addition to the normal routine tests. Test tap adapter, if required. Note: The Cat. No. should have one of the following letters added to it, to indicate the type of insulator and oil end shield: K Normal oil end shield, brown porcelain L Normal oil end shield, light grey porcelain M Longer oil end shield, brown porcelain N Longer oil end shield, light grey porcelain
Oil end shield

Bushings
Space for current transformer mm 300 500 300 500 300 500 300 500 300 500 300 500 100 300 500 100 300 500 150 300 500 200 300 500 Bushing tube (See fig.) D2, mm 22

Connection details
Inner terminal stud: Cat. No. LF 170

Type GOB 250

Rated current A 800

Cat. No. LF 123 171 173 175 LF 123 167 168 169 LF 123 177 179 181 LF 123 183 185 187 LF 123 101 102 103 LF 123 145 147 149 LF 123 189 190 191 LF 123 142 143 144 LF 123 192 193 194 LF 123 104 105 106

For crimping or brazing Conductor area 50 mm2 70 mm2 95 mm2 010-M 010-N 010-L

For brazing Conductor area Undrilled with <150 mm2 <285 mm2 pilot hole 011-S 011-U

250

1250

34

011-T

011-V

325

800

22

010-M

010-N

010-L

011-S

011-U

380

800

22

010-M

010-N

010-L

011-S

011-U

380

1250

34

011-T

011-V

450

800

22

010-M

010-N

010-L

011-S

011-U

550

800

22

010-M

010-N

010-L

011-S

011-U

550

1250

34

011-T

011-V

650

1250

34

011-T

011-V

750

1250

34

011-T

011-V

14

LF 170 019800 A

LF 170 0521250 A

Outer terminal assembly: Cat. No. LF 170 Stud with O-ring and locking pin Aluminium 001-A Copper alloy 002-A Separate terminal plate with bolts Aluminium 014-A Copper alloy 021-A Solid rod conductor Cat. No. LF 170 Alt. 1 019 -AM -AS -BB 052 -BC -BF -BG 019 -AN -AU -BD 019 -AP -AX -BF 052 -BK -BN -BP 019 -BS -BT -BV 019 -AR -AZ -BH 052 -AT -AU -AV 052 -AD -AE -AG 052 -AZ -BA -AK Alt. 2 019 -AT -BC 052 -BD -BE 019 -AV -BE 019 -AY -BG 052 -BL -BM 019 -BU -BX 019 -BA -BK 052 -AX -AY 052 -AF -AH 052 -BB -AL Mass kg 3.0 3.7 4.3 7.7 9.3 10.8 3.5 4.3 4.8 3.9 4.6 5.1 9.6 11.4 12.6 4.4 5.1 5.6 5.3 5.8 6.4 13.0 14.4 15.8 14.9 16.1 17.7 18.0 19.0 20.5 Arcing horns Cat. No. LF 170 004-B -B -B 004-B -B -B 004-B -B -B 004-B -B -B 004-B -B -B 004-C -C -C 004-C -C -C 004-C -C -C 005-B -B -B 005-F -F -F

001-B

002-B

014-A

021-A

001-A

002-A

014-A

021-A

001-A

002-A

014-A

021-A

001-B

002-B

014-A

021-A

001-A

002-A

014-A

021-A

001-A

002-A

014-A

021-A

001-B

002-B

014-A

021-A

001-B

002-B

014-A

021-A

001-B

002-B

014-A

021-A

15

Recommendations for positioning


The maximum stresses in the oil at the surface of the shield insulation must be limited to those values normal for insulated conductors and similar components in the same transformer. The adjacent recommendations are intended as guide lines when complete calculations are not carried out.
Type GOB Internal insulation level of transformer (kV) 170-70 250-95 170-70 250-95 250-95 325-140 325-140 380-150 325-140 380-150 380-150 450-185 450-185 550-230 450-185 550-230 550-230 650-275 650-275 750-325 R (mm)

250/800 250/1250 325/800 380/800 380/1250 450/800 65 75 75 85 75 100 100 105 105 110 105 125 130 155 140 160 160 185 185 210

Earthed layer Distance to uninsulated detail

550/800 Distance to flat surface e.g. tank or core clamp 550/1250 650/1250 750/1250

ABB Components
GOB 250

Ludvika, Sweden
LF 123 013-K

No. 257 007 Ur/Uy 52/52 kV Ir 800 A 50/60 Hz LI / AC 250/120 kV M 23 kg L 240 mm 0-90 C1 128 pF Tan d 0.33 % C2 80 pF Tan d 0.45 %

Nameplate with marking example.

16

Transformer bushings, type GOE


Technical guide

This Technical Guide has been produced to allow transformer manufacturers, and their designers and engineers, access to all the technical information required to assist them in their selection of the appropriate Transformer Bushing. The Guide should be used in conjunction with the Selection Guide to allow the optimum selection to be made. The technical information pertaining to bushings manufactured by ABB Components has been divided into separate documents, with one document for each type. The information provided in this document is intended to be general and does not cover all possible applications. Any specific application not covered should be referred directly to ABB Components AB, or its authorized representative. ABB Components AB makes no warranty or representation and assumes no liability for the accuracy of the information in this document or for the use of such information. All information in this document is subject to change without notice. ABB Components also manufactures the following products: Wall bushings On-load tap-changers Motor-drive mechanisms

Table of Contents
Design _______________________ 4
Shed form ___________________________ 5

Testing _______________________ 5
Test tap _____________________________ 5 Test tap adapter______________________ 5

GOE 250-210 to 450-400 ________ 6 GOE 650-500 to 900-650 ________ 7 GOE 1050-750 to 1300-1150 _____ 8 GOE 1550-1050 to 1800-1300 ____ 9 GOE 2100-1425 to 2550-1600 ____ 10 Common specifications __________ 11 Connection details _____________ 11
Draw rod system ______________________ 11 Draw lead system _____________________ 12 Outer terminal ________________________ 12

End-shields ___________________ 13 Current capacity _______________ 14


Short-time current _____________________ 14 Overload capacity of bushings ___________ 14

Ordering particulars ____________ 15

Design
The bushing is built up around a centre tube on which the condenser body is wound. The condenser body is wound from insulating paper of the same type as is used for highvoltage cables. For bushings up to 550 kV paper of full width is employed. Bushings for higher voltages are wound from paper strips in a manner similar to that used for cables. The foils are located so that the best possible combination of external flashover and internal puncture strength is achieved. The upper insulator, which is made in one piece without gaskets, the lower insulator and the mounting flange are held between the end plates by the centre tube and sealing is accomplished by oil-resistant rubber gaskets in grooves. A set of concentric tubes are prestressed and serve as springs which hold the main bushing components together and provide adequate pressure on the gaskets in all expected temperature and load conditions. The annular space formed between the tubes makes an efficient cooling duct for dissipation of the heat, thus improving the current-carrying capacity and thermal stability of the bushing. The bushing is designed to be mounted at an angle not exceeding 60 from the vertical. A higher inclination can be obtained on request. The top housing is made of aluminium and has expansion space for the oil, sufficient for temperature variations in the bushing between -40 and +80 C. Variations in the length of the centre tube and the housing are compensated by a flexible connection inside the top housing. For GOE 250 to 900 the top housing is equipped with two oil level gauges of prisma type. For GOE 1175 and larger, the top housing is equipped with a magnetic oil level indicator. The mounting flange is an aluminium alloy casting. The gasket surface is machined flat. On the flange there is a test tap. This tap is automatically earthed by a protective cap when the tap is not connected to external test or measuring circuits. The mounting flange and the top housing are protected by a two-component grey-blue paint. For GOE 1175 and larger, the upper insulator is fastened with an additional clamping ring to the mounting flange. The mounting flange can be equipped with extensions on the oil side, providing space for current transformers. Extension lengths 300 and 600 mm are available as standard, but other lengths can be quoted on request. The rated current is defined according to IEC 137. It is valid only when the centre tube is used as conductor. For draw lead applications the permissible current will be lower.
Clamping ring Top end nut Flexible connection Top housing Oil level gauge Porcelain insulator, air side Pre-stressed tubes Transformer oil Sealing plug

Condenser body

Mounting flange

Extension for current transformers Porcelain insulator, oil side

Bottom end nut

Fig. 1. Transformer bushing type GOE

Bushings GOE 450 and larger require a shield at the oil end. The purpose of this shield is to avoid excessive electrical stresses in the oil at the lower end plate and at the connection between the insulated lead from the transformer winding and the draw lead or other conductors in the bushing. The maximum stresses in the oil at the surface of the shield insulation must be limited to those values normal for insulated conductors and similar components in the same transformer.

ABB Components manufactures shields of this type, which are quoted for and delivered separately. The shields are made of aluminium and are insulated with epoxy or a lining of pressboard. The shield may be mounted on the lower end plate of the bushing, or on the bottom contact of the draw rod. Dimensions and recommendations, see page 13. If a special shield is used, it is of great importance that it is placed in the right position in order to protect the bottom end of the bushing. Guidelines for positioning of the shield are given in Fig. 14. ABB Components will also provide assistance with field calculations to confirm the performance of other shielding systems. Quotations for modifications in design and additional parts such as special terminal studs, shields, rod gaps, etc., as well as special tests, are given on request.

Shed form
The shed form for all GOE bushings is of the anti-fog type with alternating long and short sheds. For each pair of sheds the ratio between nominal creepage distance and the axial length is 3.43 and the ratio between protected and nominal creepage distance is 0.40.
65 36 R10 R8 R10 10 R8 10 18 R5.5 70

27.5

18 R5.5

Testing
During manufacture and on completion the bushing is subjected to a number of routine tests, according to IEC 137 and IEEE bushing standards. A tightness test is carried out on the assembled bushing after the final drying and impregnation. The test is made at an oil overpressure of 180 kPa (1.8 bar) for 12 hours at ambient temperature. No sign of leakage is allowed. Each bushing is subjected to a final electrical routine test. The test is made at room temperature with the lower end of the bushing submerged in oil. Capacitance and tan are measured in steps up to the power frequency withstand voltage, which is maintained for one minute. Capacitance and tan are also measured with decreasing voltage at the same voltage levels as before the one minute test. Measurements for detection of internal partial discharge (PD measurements) are also made. These measurements are carried out at the same time, and at the same levels, as the tan test. It is always demonstrated that the PD value is below 5 pC at rated voltage (=3 times bushing service voltage).

Fig. 2. Shed form

Bushings with rated voltage UR equal to or higher than 300 kV are routine tested with a dry lightning impulse voltage withstand test, when tested according to IEC 137. Type tests have been carried out according to IEC 137 and IEEE. Type test reports are available on request.

Test tap
The GOE bushings are equipped with a test tap connected to the outer layer of the condenser body. The max. test voltage of the tap is 20 kV, 50 Hz for one minute. The routine test voltage is 20 kV. Max. service voltage is 6 kV. In connection with an external capacitance the test tap can be used as a voltage tap. The test tap has dimensions according to IEEE Potential tap type A.

Test tap adapter


For permanent connection of the test tap to measuring circuits, a test tap adapter is required. Catalogue number 2769 522-C.
(Pg 16 acc. to DIN 40430) Pr 22.5 Turnable in optional direction

goe_0019

Fig. 3. Test tap


5

Fig. 4. Test tap adapter.

GOE 250-210 to GOE 450-400


Nominal voltages 52 kV to 170 kV Lightning impulse 250 kV to 550 kV
Type GOE 250-210 Catalogue Number LF 121 051 Insulator colour Brown/Light grey -A/-AA -B/-AB -C/-AC -D/-AD -A/-AA -B/-AB -C/-AC -D/-AD -A/-AA -B/-AB -C/-AC -D/-AD Rated current A 3150 3150 5000 5000 3150 3150 5000 5000 3150 3150 5000 5000 Flange extension 0.6 0.3 0.6 0.3 0.6 0.3 0.6 0.3 0.6 0.3 0.6 0.3 Creepage distance mm 142540 ---238065 ---335590 ---D1 mm 48 48 38 38 48 48 38 38 48 48 38 38 L120 L225 L3 mm mm mm 550 ---825 ---1120 ---1060 ---1335 ---1630 ---605 305 605 305 605 305 605 305 605 305 605 305 L4 mm 725 430 725 430 670 375 670 375 630 320 630 320 L55 mm 985 685 985 685 985 685 985 685 985 685 985 685 Mass kg 200 190 245 225 240 230 290 270 275 265 330 315

380-300

LF 121 052

450-400

LF 121 053

Table 1. Dimensions GOE 250 - GOE 450

Rating plate data Type GOE Rated voltage UR kV, RMS Phaseto-earth voltage UY kV, RMS 52 84 123 Dry lightning impulse LI kV, Peak 250 450 550 Wet switching impulse SI kV, Peak 210 300 400 Routine test 1 min dry 50 Hz kV, RMS 120 185 260

250-210 52 380-300 123 450-400 170

Table 2. Electrical data GOE 250 - GOE 450


Other data for information Type GOE Flange extension Wet power frequency AC kV, RMS Dry switching impulse kV, Peak Nom. cap. between conductor and test tap (C1) C110% (pF) 810 / 594 594 / 448 543 / 423

250-210 380-300 450-400

0.6 / 0.3 0.6 / 0.3 0.6 / 0.3

120 170 240

450 550 650

Table 3. Electrical data GOE 250 - GOE 450

Type GOE 250-210 380-300 450-400

Max test load 1 min acc. to IEC 137 (N) 5700 5700 5000

Max. perm. load (N) in operation at mounting angle 0 -30 -60 2800 2800 2500 2300 2300 2000 1700 1700 1500

Table 4. Mechanical loading GOE 250 - GOE 450 Fig. 5.


6

GOE 650-500 to GOE 900-650


Nominal voltage 245 kV Lightning impulse 650 kV to 950 kV
Type GOE 650-500 Catalogue Number LF 121 054 Insulator colour Brown/Light grey -A/-AA -B/-AB -C/-AC -D/-AD -A/-AA -B/-AB -C/-AC -D/-AD Rated current A 3150 3150 5000 5000 3150 3150 5000 5000 Flange extension 0.6 0.3 0.6 0.3 0.6 0.3 0.6 0.3 Creepage distance mm 4045105 ---5735150 ---D1 mm 48 48 38 38 48 48 38 38 L1 mm 130027 ---180037 ---L2 mm 181033 ---231042 ---L3 mm 605 305 605 305 605 305 605 305 L4 mm 700 400 700 400 615 315 615 315 L55 mm 1135 835 1135 835 1135 835 1135 835 Mass kg 340 320 400 380 405 390 480 455

900-650

LF 121 055

Table 5. Dimensions GOE 650 - GOE 900. (See also Technical Guide, GOM, 1ZSE 2750-108.)

Rating plate data Type GOE Rated voltage UR kV, RMS Phaseto-earth voltage UY kV, RMS 155 170 Dry lightning impulse LI kV, Peak 650 950 Wet switching impulse SI kV, Peak 500 650 Routine test 1 min dry 50 Hz kV, RMS 325 395

650-500 245 900-650 245

Table 6. Electrical data GOE 650 - GOE 900

Other data for information Type GOE Flange extension Wet power frequency AC kV, RMS 315 395 Dry switching impulse kV, Peak 650 750 Nom. cap. between conductor and test tap (C1) C110% (pF) 498 / 392 448 / 365

650-500 900-650

0.6 / 0.3 0.6 / 0.3

Table 7. Electrical data GOE 650 - GOE 900

Type GOE 650-500 900-650

Max test load 1 min acc. to IEC 137 (N) 5700 5000

Max. perm. load (N) in operation at mounting angle 0 -30 -60 2800 2500 2300 2000 1700 1500

Table 8. Mechanical loading GOE 650 - GOE 900

Fig. 6.
7

GOE 1050-750 to GOE 1300-1150


Nominal voltages 3621) kV to 420 kV Lightning impulse 1050 kV to 1425 kV
Type GOE 1050-750 Catalogue Number LF 121 063 Insulator Rated colour current Brown/Light grey A -A/-AA -B/-AB -C/-AC -A/-AA -B/-AB -C/-AC -D/-AD -E/-AE -F/-AF -A/-AA -B/-AB -C/-AC -D/-AD 2500 2500 2500 2500 2500 2500 5000 5000 5000 2500 2500 2500 2500 Flange extension 0.6 0.3 0 0.6 0.3 0 0.6 0.3 0 0.6 0.3 0.6 0.3 Creepage distance mm 7205185 --7955205 -----10290265 -11600300 -D1 mm 48 48 48 48 48 48 38 38 38 48 48 48 48 L1 mm L2 mm L3 mm L4 mm 655 390 90 610 335 35 610 335 35 620 320 620 320 L55 mm 1335 1035 735 1335 1035 735 1335 1035 735 1335 1035 1335 1035 Mass kg 775 755 730 830 810 785 935 910 875 1005 985 1055 1035

223055 307060 605 --305 --5 247055 -----331060 -----605 305 5 605 305 5

1175-850

LF 121 061

1300-1050 LF 121 071 1300-1150 LF 121 071

322554 406559 605 --305 362056 446061 605 --305

Table 9. Dimensions GOE 1050 - GOE 1300


Rating plate data 8 mounting holes 20 Type GOE Rated voltage UR kV, RMS 362 1) 362 1) 420 420 PhaseDry to-earth lightning voltage impulse UY LI kV, RMS kV, Peak 220 220 245 245 1050 1175 1425 1425 Wet switching impulse SI kV, Peak 750 850 1050 1175 Routine test 1 min dry kV, RMS 505 530 630 680

1050-750 1175-850 1300-1050 1300-1150

Table 10. Electrical data GOE 1050 - GOE 1300


Other data for information Type GOE Flange extension Wet power frequency AC kV, RMS 480 540 650 650 Dry switching impulse kV, Peak 960 950 1050 1175 Nom. cap. between conductor and test tap (C1) C110% (pF) 430/383/308 420/366/305 575/560 575/545

1050-750 1175-850 1300-1050 1300-1150

0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6

/ 0.3 / 0 / 0.3 / 0 / 0.3 / 0.3

Table 11. Electrical data GOE 1050 - GOE 1300


Type GOE Max test load 1 min acc. to IEC 137 (N) Max. perm. load (N) in operation at mounting angle 0 -30 -60 6500 6000 5000 4500 4300 4300 3000 2500 3100 3100 1500 -

1050-750 1175-850 1300-1050 1300-1150

13000 12000 10000 9000

Table 12. Mechanical loading GOE 1050 - GOE 1300


1)

Fig. 7.
8

If the bushing is intended to be used at system voltage lower than 300kV, dry L1 will not be included in the routine test. Please indicate that in the order.

GOE 1550-1050 to GOE 1800-1300


Nominal voltage 550 kV Lightning impulse 1550 kV to 1800 kV
Type GOE 1550-1050 Catalogue Number LF 121 072 Insulator colour Brown/Light grey -A/-AA -B/-AB -C/-AC -A/-AA -B/-AB -C/-AC -D/-AD -E/-AE -F/-AF -A/-AA -B/-AB -C/-AC Rated current A 2500 2500 2500 2500 2500 2500 2500 2500 2500 2500 2500 2500 Flange extension 0.6 0.3 0 0.6 0.3 0 0.6 0.3 0 0.6 0.3 0 Creepage distance mm 10130260 --11700300 --13380330 --13380330 --L1 mm L2 mm L3 mm 605 305 5 605 305 5 605 305 5 605 305 5 L4 mm 655 355 55 630 330 30 610 310 10 610 310 10 L55 mm 1585 1285 985 1585 1285 985 1585 1285 985 1585 1285 985 Mass kg 1455 1420 1385 1635 1600 1565 1785 1750 1715 1785 1750 1715

322554 396559 ----372050 446055 ----422050 526055 ----422050 526055 -----

1675-1175

LF 121 073

1675-1300

LF 121 073

1800-1300

LF 121 074

Table 13. Dimensions GOE 1550 - GOE 1800


Rating plate data Type GOE Rated voltage UR kV, RMS PhaseDry to-earth lightning voltage impulse UY LI kV, RMS kV, Peak 318 318 318 318 1550 1675 1675 1800 Wet switching impulse SI kV, Peak 1050 1300 1300 1300 Routine test 1 min dry 50 Hz kV, RMS 750 750 750 800

1550-1050 1675-1175 1675-1300 1800-1300

550 550 550 550

Table 14. Electrical data GOE 1550 - GOE 1800


Other data for information Type GOE Flange extension Wet power frequency AC kV, RMS 0 0 0 0 660 730 790 800 Dry switching impulse kV, Peak 1050 1300 1300 1300 Nom. cap. between conductor and test tap (C1) C110% (pF) 457 512 500 490 / / / / 390 440 490 490 / / / / 342 380 380 373

1550-1050 1675-1175 1675-1300 1800-1300

0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6

/ / / /

0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

/ / / /

Table 15. Electrical data GOE 1550 - GOE 1800

Type GOE 1550-1050 1675-1175 1675-1300 1800-1300

Max test load 1 min acc. to IEC 137 (N) 16000 13000

Max. perm. load (N) in operation at mounting angle 0 -30 -60 8000 6500 4700 4300 2500 1500

Fig. 8.
9

Table 16. Mechanical loading GOE 1550 - GOE 1800

GOE 2100-1425 to GOE 2550-1600


Nominal voltage 800 kV Lightning impulse 2100 kV to 2550 kV
Type GOE Catalogue Number Insulator colour Brown/Light grey -A/-AA -B/-AB -A/-AA -B/-AB -C/-AC -A/-AA -B/-AB -C/-AC Rated current A 2500 2500 2500 2500 2500 2500 2500 2500 Flange extension mm 0.6 0.3 0.6 0.3 0 0.6 0.3 0 Creepage distance mm 16630420 -18320460 --20000500 --L1 mm L2 mm L3 mm 605 305 605 305 5 605 305 5 L4 mm 710 410 640 340 40 640 340 40 L55 mm 1955 1655 1955 1655 1355 1955 1655 1355 Mass kg 2605 2555 2760 2710 2650 2915 2865 2805

2100-1425 LF 121 081 2550-1550 LF 121 082

522052 626557 --572052 706557 ----621058 755563 -----

2550-1600 LF 121 083

Table 17. Dimensions GOE 2100 - GOE 2550

Rating plate data Type GOE Rated voltage UR kV, RMS 800 800 800 Phaseto-earth voltage UY kV, RMS 485 485 485 Dry lightning impulse LI kV, Peak 2100 2550 2550 Wet switching impulse SI kV, Peak 1425 1550 1620 Routine test 1 min dry 50 Hz kV, RMS 970 1000 1000

2100-1425 2550-1550 2550-1600

Table 18. Electrical data GOE 2100 - GOE 2550

Other data for information Type GOE Flange extension Wet power frequency AC kV, RMS Dry switching impulse kV, Peak 1550 1675 1760 Nom. cap. between conductor and test tap (C1) C110% (pF) 552 / 500 574 / 522 / 476 600 / 550 / 506

2100-1425 2550-1550 2550-1600

0.6 / 0.3 900 0.6 / 0.3 / 0 950 0.6 / 0.3 / 0 1000

Table 19. Electrical data GOE 2100 - GOE 2550

Type GOE 2100-1425 2550-1550 2550-1600

Max test load 1 min acc. to IEC 137 (N) 14000 12000

Max. perm. load (N) in operation at mounting angle 0 -30 -60 7000 6000 4000 4700 1500 1100

Table 20. Mechanical loading GOE 2100 - GOE 2550 Fig. 9.


10

Common specifications
Application: Classification: Ambient temperature: Altitude of site: Level of rain and humidity: Pollution level: Immersion medium: Oil level below bushing flange: Max. pressure of medium: Markings: Transformers Oil impregnated paper, capacitance graded, outdoor immersed bushing +40 C to -40 C, minimum value acc. to temperature class 2 of IEC 137. < 1 000 m 1-2 mm rain/min. horizontally and vertically, as per IEC 60-1. According to specified creepage distance and IEC 815 1). Transformer oil. Maximum daily mean temperature 90 C. Maximum temporary oil temperature 115 C. Max. 30 mm 100 kPa over pressure. Conforming to IEC/ IEEE

For conditions exceeding the standard specification above, please consult ABB Components. 1) IEC 815 "Guide for the selection of insulators in respect of polluted conditions."

Connection details
The oil side connection can be made with either a draw-rod system or a draw-lead system. For the air side connection the same terminal studs are provided for both systems. When ordering, please specify the items stated below.
Outer terminal

150 D2

H2

Draw rod system


The centre tube of the bushing is used as current conductor. The transformer leads are fitted with cable lugs, which are bolted to a bottom contact. This contact is drawn against the lower end of the bushing tube by a thin steel draw rod. The upper end of this rod is bolted to a spring device, which consists of two concentric tubes of different materials and is so designed that it gives the required contact load at all temperatures. Bottom contacts with 4 or 6 threaded holes for cable lugs are available. The bottom contacts are made of copper in one piece and have rounded edges, so that they may be used without any shield for low insulation levels. At the level of the flange the draw rod is split into two parts. If required to meet the transport conditions, we can position a joint at any desired level below the flange. This must be stated in the order. The lower part with contact end shield can then be secured to the cover during transport and storage of the transformer. This system has the following advantages compared to other methods used for high currents: No hand holes required in the transformer tank. The bushing tube is used as conductor. No special supports required in the transformer as is the case with plug contacts. Perfect guiding of the bushing into the transformer. The lower end shield may be fixed to the contact and will thus be correctly positioned with respect to the lower end plate of the bushing (for contact with N1=6). No mechanical forces exerted on the leads from the transformer windings at any time.
Threaded hole M8 for pulling wire L2

Mounting flange M16 25 60

Additional joint on request H1 240

L5

58 39

65 50 125

N1 = 4

N1 = 6

N1 = Number of holes M12, equipped with thread insert with screw lock, depth 20, for cable lugs.

Fig. 10. Draw rod system. For all currents up to rated current of the bushing. Selection as per Table 21.
Type of draw rod Lower draw rod Upper draw rod
1) 2)

GOE type 250-2550 250-2550

Cat. No. LF 170 059 LF 170 057

Table 21. Ordering particulars for draw rod system.


1) 2)

Lower draw rod includes bottom contact, guiding cone and draw rod up to bushing flange level. Upper draw rod includes the complete draw rod above mounting flange level and the temperature compensation device.

11

Draw lead system


Suitable copper terminals for flexible draw leads are available for currents up to 1600 A. The terminal system consists of a two-part cable connector with a hole for brazing of the cable or cables. The two parts are screwed together in such a manner that normal tolerances in the cable and bushing lengths can be compensated. The connector is fastened by a hexagon nut to a copper plate placed at the top of the bushing. The standard GOE outer terminal stud is placed on top of this plate.
Min. inner diam. D1 D3 D9 of bushing mm mm mm 01) 15 30 35 35 35 38 38 38 Outer terminal

150 D2

H2

Threaded hole M8 for pulling wire

L2 350

Cond. Current, A area mm2 IEC IEEE 50 95 150 285 450 600 205 390 615 1000 1300 1600 500 370 540 830 1100 1360 -

Complete inner terminal Cat. No. LF 170 056 -A -B -C

Mass kg 3.2 3.2 3.2 D9 D3 End of cable

Fig. 11. Draw lead system, LF 170 056. For currents up to 1000 A and 1600 A. Selection as per Table 22.

40 01)
1)

45 45

48 48

-D -E

4.4 4.4

With pilot hole D=5

Table 22. 24. Inner terminal.

Outer terminal
The outer terminal consists of a cylindrical stud. The mounting arrangements are the same for all GOE bushings, regardless of size, current rating and internal connection system. All GOE terminal studs will thus fit any GOE bushing. Copper and aluminium studs are available. The terminal stud assembly consists of a stud, a tightening ring, a gasket, bolts and washers. The electrical contact function and the sealing function are completely separated. The stud is first fastened to the bushing top with 6 bolts, M10, which give the proper electrical contact. The contact surface is located inside the gasket and is thus well protected from corrosion. Finally, the tightening ring with the gasket is pressed against the stud by means of 6 additional bolts, M8. The same type of terminal stud can also be mounted at the bottom of the bushing but then the insulating shield cannot be mounted in the normal manner.
Material D2 mm 60 60 H2 mm 125 125 Max. rated current, A 2500 4000 Cat. No. Mass kg 3 8

Al Cu

LF 170 073 -A -B

Table 23. Outer terminal. Special outer terminals available on request.

12

End-shields
The maximum stresses in the oil at the surface of the shield insulation and the parts surrounding the bushing must be limited to those values normal for insulated conductors and other similar components in the same transformer. The withstand voltages in a specific case depend upon many factors beyond the control of the bushing manufacturer. Therefore the configurations and distances given below are only intended as guidelines. ABB Components will also provide assistance with field calculations to confirm the compatibility between the transformer and our bushings.

A mm Rmin 5 Edges within this area should be rounded to Rmin=5 mm Earthed layer 500 A Shield -X/-XP Shield -V/-VP 45 60 1000

H6 H4 H5 D5 D4

R1 0 0 0 No shield 500

Shield -U/-UP

R3

500 1000 1500

2000

1000 2500

(kV) U (kV) LI

R2

U = Power frequency LI = Lightning impulse

A = Distance to flat surface e.g. tank or core clamp

Fig. 13. Recommended minimum distance A for different shields and test voltages.

60 102 125 20 60

Shield mounted on the bushing Bottom contact N1= 6 13 Shield mounted on the draw rod bottom contact. (Not possible for draw rod bottom contact with N1 = 4. See page 11.)

18

Fig. 12. Recommendations for positioning.


To be used with GOE 250-1300 1550-1800 2100-2550 Dimensions according to Fig. 12 (mm) D4 D5 H4 H5 H6 R1 262 352 420 174 207 230 265 365 420 170 240 290 90 120 125 492 351 533

Fig. 14. Mounting alternatives.


Mass kg 2.1 2.5 3.2 Epoxy insulated Pressboard insulated (1 -UP -VP -XP

Shield U V X

R2 30 24 44

R3 8 10 25

Cat. No.

LF 170 046 -U LF 170 046 -V LF 170 046 -X

Table 24. Insulated shield.


1) All dimensions refer to the epoxy insulated shield, which is used as a base. The thickness of the pressboard is 3 mm for -UP and -VP, and 5 mm for -XP.

13

Current capacity
The rated currents specified in this catalogue are based on thermal tests and are in accordance with IEC 137 and apply to the built-in conductors of the bushings. The GOE bushings conform to the requirements of IEC 137 and IEEE for currents given in Table 25.

Overload capacity of bushings


If the conductor for the bushing is selected with 120 % of the rated current of the transformer, the bushing is considered to be able to withstand overload conditions according to IEC 354 without further clarification or tests. This recommendation complies with IEC 137.
Rated current IEC A 2500 3150 5000 Current IEEE A Short-time Ith 1s kA 100 100 100 current Ith 2s kA 100 100 100 Dynamic current Id peak kA 250 250 250

Short-time current
The rated thermal short-time current (Ith), as defined in IEC 137 clause 5, is listed in Table 25 for draw rod and fixed bottom end terminal. For draw lead of stranded copper with the area 100 mm2 the short-time current (Ith) is 9.6 kA for 1 second and 6.8 kA for 2 seconds. For other areas the short-time current is directly proportional to the area. The rated dynamic current (Id) is 2.5 times the 1 second short-time current.

2100 2700 4250

Table 25. Rated current, short-time current and dynamic current as defined in IEC 137, for draw rod and fixed bottom end terminal.

14

Ordering particulars
When ordering please fill in the specification table below, or alternatively state the following: Type and catalogue number for bushing. Catalogue number for the outer terminal, or if a nonstandard terminal is requested: material, diameter D2 and height H2. Specify draw rod or draw lead system. If a draw rod system is chosen, the number of threaded M12 holes in the bottom contact has to be specified (N1=4 or N1=6). If a draw lead system is chosen, the full catalogue number must be given. Catalogue number for insulated shield. (A shield is recommended for BIL 450 kV and higher.) Other special requirements. See the ordering examples: Example 1: Bushing: GOE 650-500-3150-0.3-B, LF 121 054-B Outer terminal: LF 170 073-A or -B Inner connections: Draw lead, LF 170 056-A Insulated shield: Epoxy insulated, LF 170 046-U Example 2: Bushing: GOE 1550-1050-2500-0.6-B, LF 121 072-A Outer terminal: LF 170 073-A or -B Inner connections: Draw rod, upper part LF 170 057, lower part LF 170 059, N1=4 (On request the lower part of the draw rod can be sent separately at an earlier delivery date.) Insulated shield: Pressboard coated, LF 170 046-VP Example 3: Bushing: GOE 1300-1050-2500-0.3-B, LF 121 071-B Outer terminal: Silver plated, D2=50, H2=100 Inner connections: Draw rod, upper part LF 170 057, lower part LF 170 059, N1=4 (On request the lower part of the draw rod can be sent separately at an earlier delivery date.) Insulated shield: Pressboard coated, LF 170 046-VP Other requirements: Test voltage 690 kV Tan over C2<1.0 %

Complete Designation
Type Wet switching impulse, kV Rated current, A Length of flange extension, m Code for colour of air side insulator B = brown G = light grey

Example: GOE 1300-1050-2500-0.3-B

1999

Nameplate with marking example.

15

Transformer bushings, type GOH


Technical guide

This Technical guide has been produced to allow transformer manufacturers, and their designers and engineers, access to all the technical information required to assist them in their selection of the appropriate transformer bushing. The guide should be used in conjunction with the Selection guide to allow the optimum selection to be made. The technical information pertaining to bushings manufactured by ABB Components has been divided into separate documents, with one document for each type. The information provided in this document is intended to be general and does not cover all possible applications. Any specific application not covered should be referred directly to ABB Components AB, or its authorized representative. ABB Components AB makes no warranty or representation and assumes no liability for the accuracy of the information in this document or for the use of such information. All information in this document is subject to change without notice. ABB Components also manufactures the following products: Wall bushings GIS bushings On-load tap-changers Motor-drive mechanisms

Table of Contents
Design _______________________
4 Shed form ___________________________ 4 Terminals ___________________________ 5 Test tap _____________________________ 5 5 Test tap adapter ______________________ 5 6

Testing _______________________ Dimensions ___________________ Electrical data _________________

7 Common specifications ________________ 7 8 9 9 9

Conductor loading ______________ Connection ___________________ Ordering particulars _____________ Recommendations for positioning _

Design
The bushing is built up around a solid aluminium bolt which serves as a conductor for both the current and for the heat losses. Cooling flanges are milled directly in the conductor. The upper insulator, lower insulator and mounting flange are held between the end plates by spring pressures. Sealing is accomplished by oil-resistant rubber gaskets. The radial seal at the bottom end consists of an O-ring made in a special fluorocarbon rubber. This material is very resistant to high-temperature transformer oil, and has good flexibility in the lower temperature range. The annular space between the condenser body and the porcelain is filled with transformer oil. A gas-filled expansion space is left at the top. The oil level can be checked by means of a dipstick in the oil filling hole. Both insulators are made in one piece of high quality electrical porcelain. The mounting flange is manufactured of corrosion-resistant aluminium alloy. The mounting flange is protected by painting with twocomponent primer and a grey-blue finishing coat of paint. The bushings are delivered oil-filled and ready for use. The bushing can be vertically or horizontally mounted. If the bushing is horizontally mounted, special measures have to be taken to ensure sufficient oil filling in the bushing and communication with an expansion space. Further information can be obtained on request.
Outer terminal plates Lifting eye Porcelain insulator air side

Oil filling and venting hole with sealing plug M8 Air side oil plug for separate expansion tank Mounting flange Oil side oil plug for connection to transformer Porcelain insulator oil side Spring device Oil side terminal with cooling flanges

goh_0013

Fig. 1. Transformer bushing type GOH.

Shed form
The shed form for all GOH bushings is of the anti-fog type with alternating long and short sheds. For each pair of sheds the ratio between nominal creepage distance and the axial length is 3.35 and the ratio between protected and nominal creepage distance is 0.40. According to IEC 815 the creepage factor C.F. is <3.0 and the profile factor P.F. is >1.1. For special customer demands regarding creepage distance, other shed forms may be used.
goh_0002

Fig. 2. Shed form.

Terminals
The contact surfaces are plated with a tin/zinc alloy. The oil end is provided with threaded holes. The threads are provided with self locking thread inserts. The oil end has two contact surfaces milled directly in the conductor. The air end is equipped with four drilled flat terminals, welded to the conductor.

Test tap
The outer conducting layer of the condenser body is connected to an insulated test tap on the flange. During operation the test tap cover must be screwed on in order to earth the outer layer to the flange. The max. test voltage of the tap is 2 kV, 50 Hz for 1 minute. Max. service voltage is 600 V.

Testing
During the manufacture and on its completion the bushing is subjected to a number of routine tests. A tightness test is carried out on the assembled bushing after the final drying and impregnation. The test is made with an oil overpressure of 180 kPa (1.8 bar) for 12 hours at ambient temperature. No sign of leakage is allowed. Each bushing is subjected to a final electrical routine test. The test is made at room temperature with the bushing submerged in oil. Capacitance and tan d are measured in steps up to the power frequency withstand voltage, which is maintained for one minute.

Fig. 3. Oil end.

goh_0003 (780643)

goh_0010

Capacitance and tan d are also measured at decreasing voltage at the same voltage levels as before the one minute test. Measurements for detection of internal partial discharge (PD measurements) are also made. These measurements are carried out at the same time as the power frequency withstand test. PD measurements are made in steps up to the full test voltage and down. It is always demonstrated that the PD value is max. 5 pC at test voltage equal to the rated system voltage. Type tests have been carried out according to IEC 137 and IEEE. Type test reports are available on request.

Fig. 4. Test tap.

Test tap adapter


For testing, a special test adapter is required for permanent connection of the test tap to the measuring circuits.

goh_0011

Fig. 5. Test tap adapter, 2769 531-A.


5

Dimensions
The dimensions in axial direction are the same for standard GOH 170/10, 170/16 and 170/25.

goh_0004

Fig. 6. Dimensions.

Type GOH 170/10 170/16 170/25

Min. creepage distance (mm) Total Protected 760 760 760 300 300 300

Cantilever withstand load (N) Operation 1 min. test 1500 1500 1500 10000 10000 10000

Electrical data
The table below states the values according to IEC 137. Type tests, however, have shown that ANSI insulation class 34.5 kV is fulfilled.
Rating Nominal voltage Ur kV, RMS 36 36 36 Routine test Phase-toDry lightning earth voltage impulse 1.2/50 kV, RMS kV 36 36 36 200 200 200 Wet power frequency 1 min dry AC 50 Hz kV, RMS kV, RMS 75 75 75 80 80 80 Reference current1) kA 10 16 25 Short time current Ith 1s kA 1002) 1002) 1002) Ith 2s kA 1002) 1002) 1002) Nominal Dynamic current capacitance between Id conductor Peak and test tap kA C1 10 % (pF) 2502) 2502) 2502) 400 570 765

Type GOH 170/10 170/16 170/25 1) 2)

See Conductor loading Highest value according to IEC 137.

Common specifications
Application: Classification: Ambient temperature: Altitude of site: Level of rain and humidity: Pollution level: Immersion medium: Oil level below bushing flange: Max. pressure of medium: Mounting angle: Markings: Transformers Oil impregnated paper, capacitance graded, outdoor immersed bushing. +40 C to -40 C, minimum value acc. to temperature class 2 of IEC 137.1) < 1 000 m 1-2 mm rain/min. horizontally and vertically as per IEC 60-1. According to specified creepage distance and IEC 815.2) Transformer oil.1) Max. 25 mm 100 kPa over pressure. Vertical or horizontal Conforming to IEC/ IEEE

For conditions exceeding the standard specification above, please consult ABB Components. 1) See Conductor loading 2) IEC 815 "Guide for the selection of insulators in respect of polluted conditions."

Conductor loading
The name plate value of current, also given in the designation of the GOH bushing, is a reference current and not the permissible current for the bushing. The permissible current is very much dependent upon the temperature conditions around the bushing. Knowing the temperature of the surrounding transformer oil and the ambient temperature of the air side of the bushing, one can calculate the permissible current by using the diagram in Fig. 7. This diagram is verified by thermal tests which are in accordance with IEC 137. t1 Highest temperature (hot spot) allowed on the bushing. In normal service this should not exceed 105 C. Ambient temperature on air side of the bushing. This depends greatly on whether the bushing is enclosed or not, and if enclosed, on how the enclosure is designed. Temperature of the oil around the bushing. With forced cooling t0 is often relatively low compared to the maximum allowed temperature given in transformer standards. Mean daily ambient temperature around the transformer. Top oil temperature rise for the transformer.

t1 = Hot spot temperature of the bushing lead

tA1 = Air temperature

t0 = Surrounding oil temperature tA2 = Mean daily ambient air temperature

tA1

Current, kA

t0

tA2 Dt

Example:

I = 11 kA tA2 = 30 C Dt = 55 K t0 = tA2 + Dt t0 = 30 + 55 = 85 C tA1 = 45 C t1 = 105 C t1 - t0 = 105 - 85 = 20 K t1 - tA1 = 105 - 45 = 60 K


The permissible current is obtained from the diagram. For GOH 170/10 For GOH 170/16 For GOH 170/25 9.3 kA 15.2 kA 23.0 kA
goh_0005

GOH 170/16 will in this case be chosen.

Fig. 7. Current capacity


8

Connection
The connection to the aluminium terminals of the bushing shall be made by means of flexible connectors. No special treatment is needed for the tin/zinc plated contact surfaces. In order to maintain a sufficient contact pressure, the screws should be furnished with strong spring washers. Large flat washers must also be used in order to limit the specific load. For M12 and 1/2" UNC, a flat washer with a minimum thickness of 3 mm and a minimum outer diameter of 32 mm is recommended. Detailed instructions and recommendations for connecting are available in the installation and maintenance guide 2750 515-85.

Ordering particulars
When ordering, please state: Type and catalogue number for bushings. Additional accessories or modifications. Test required, in addition to the normal routine tests. Test tap adapter, if required.
Designation GOH 170/10 GOH 170/16 GOH 170/25 Catalogue No. LF 126 007-A LF 126 007-B LF 126 008-A LF 126 008-B LF 126 009-A LF 126 009-B Insulator colour on air side Brown Light grey Brown Light grey Brown Light grey

Recommendations for positioning


The maximum stresses in the oil at the surface of the shield insulation must be limited to those values normal for insulated conductors and similar components in the same transformer. The adjacent recommendations are intended as guide lines when complete calculations are not carried out.
Max D (See Fig. 6)

3) Area for uninsulated earthed details

Nameplate with marking example.

goh_0006

Fig. 8. Recommendations for positioning.

goh_0014

Wall bushings, type GSA-AA


Technical guide

This Technical Guide has been produced to allow designers and engineers access to all the technical information required to assist them in their selection of the appropriate Wall Bushing. The Guide should be used in conjunction with the Selection Guide to allow the optimum selection to be made. The technical information pertaining to bushings manufactured by ABB Components has been divided into separate documents, with one document for each type. The information provided in this document is intended to be general and does not cover all possible applications. Any specific application not covered should be referred directly to ABB Components AB, or its authorised representative. ABB Components AB makes no warranty or representation and assumes no liability for the accuracy of the information in this document or for the use of such information. All information in this document is subject to change without notice. ABB Components also manufactures the following products: Transformer bushings GIS bushings On-load tap-changers Motor-drive mechanisms

Table of Contents
Standards ___________________ Design ______________________
Features and benefits _________________ Test tap ____________________________ Test tap adapter _____________________ 4 4 4 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 6 7 7 8 8 8 9 9

Testing ______________________
Routine testing ______________________ Type tests __________________________ Special tests ________________________

Transportation and storage ______ Dimensions __________________ Ratings _____________________


Common specifications ________________

Connection details _____________


Outer terminal _______________________ Solid rod conductor ___________________ Separate terminal plate with bolts ________ Arcing horns ________________________

Conductor loading _____________ Recommendations for positioning _

10 Short-time current ____________________ 10 10 11

Ordering particulars ____________

Standards
The GSA bushing is specified and tested according to IEC 137 and IEEE C57.19.00/01 in applicable parts.

Design
GSA-AA is a Resin Impregnated Paper (RIP) bushing with Silicone Rubber (SiR) insulator. The condenser body is directly covered with silicone rubber to give a compact and lightweight bushing that contains no oil or other liquids or gases. The GSA bushings are produced by winding a crped paper web onto a mandrel, with aluminium foil inserts for electrical field control. The body is vacuum impregnated and cured giving a partial discharge free bushing with low tan (dissipation factor). After curing, the body is machined and the flange is attached. The insulator is perfectly bonded to the RIP body in a patent applied for process, giving protection from the environment. The conductor is fixed to the top piece with a divided ring (patented by ABB). A solid rod of copper or aluminium is used as conductor. The outer terminal is available in a number of standard configurations in aluminium and copper, but can also be modified to suit any connection need. The flange and the top piece are protected from corrosion. The standard colour of the mounting flange and of the insulator is RAL 7035, light grey.

Outer terminal

Silicone rubber insulator

Test tap

Mounting flange

RIP body

Solid conductor

gsa_0002

Fig. 1. Wall bushing type GSA-AA.

Features
Solid Non-brittle materials Light weight, compact Silicone rubber insulator

Benefits
Reduced risk for fire, any mounting angle possible, oil leakage from the bushing eliminated, no monitoring of pressure and oil level. Protection of people and equipment, easy handling, safe transport, and high earthquake withstand. Easy handling, and low life cycle environmental impact. Superior electrical performance, washing normally not needed.

Test tap (re-designed)


The outer conducting layer of the condenser body is connected to an insulated test tap on the flange. During operation the protective cap must be screwed on to earth the outer layer to the flange. The maximum test voltage is 2 kV, 50 Hz for 1 minute. The maximum service voltage is 600 V.

gsa_0042

Fig. 2. Test tap.

Testing
Routine testing
The bushing is routine tested according to above standards. The tests include measurement of partial discharge quantity, tan , capacitance, dry power frequency voltage withstand test. A visual inspection is performed. An individual routine test protocol is delivered with each bushing from ABB Components.

Type tests
Type tests have been performed according to above standards and summaries are available on request.

Special tests
Tests not specified by the above standards have also been performed and summaries are available on request.

Transportation and storage


The bushing shall be surrounded by a sealed moistureproof wrapping material together with a drying agent during transportation and storage. The supplied protective wrapping shall not be opened if the bushings are intended to be stored. The protective wrapping can be re-sealed, or a similar sealed moisture-proof wrapping can be used, together with a drying agent.

Dimensions
D8 D9

L5

L2 L7 7 R5 L8 D1 D2 L1 7 R5

R8 R8 R2

R2

24

18 60 18
gsa_0009

33 15 x n1 2 T 90 M12 D5 D6 D7
gsa_0040

60

Fig. 3. Dimensions.

Dimensions are subject to modification without notice. Dimensions in mm Rated Type current GSA A 73 123 4000 2000 Net mass (kg) 33 62 Indoor side L1 910 1320 Outdoor Top side part L2 L5 769 1189 56 56 Arcing distance outdoor L7 647 1067 Flange height L8 101 101 Condenser body Centre outer hole D1 D2 136 136 89 51 Top piece diameter D9 160 160

Cat. No. LF 130 073-CD LF 130 123-BD

Total L 1679 2509

Ratings
Ratings GSA-AA Rated voltage IEC (kV) Rated phase-to-earth voltage IEC (kV) Insulation class IEEE (kV) Rated line-to-ground voltage IEEE (kV) Basic Insulation Level (kV) 1) Rated current (A) Rated frequency (Hz) Temporary over voltage (kV) Wet power frequency (kV) Routine test 1 minute dry (kV) Nominal capacitance between conductor and test tap C1 10 % (pF)
1) Equal to dry lightning impulse withstand voltage.

73 72.5 42 69 44 350 4000 50/60 73 140 140 756

123 170 98 115 88 550 2000 50/60 170 230 230 426

Common specifications
Application: Classification: Ambient temperature: Altitude of site: Level of rain and humidity: Pollution level: Angle of mounting: Test tap: Capacitance C2 of test tap: Length of earthed sleeve: Arcing horns: Conductor: Markings: Walls Resin impregnated paper, capacitance graded, outdoor-indoor / indoor bushing +40 C to -40 C, minimum value acc. to temperature class 2 of IEC 137 < 1 000 m 1-2 mm rain/min. horizontally and vertically, acc. to IEC 60-1, and 5 mm/min as per IEEE. According to specific creepage distance and IEC 815 1) Horizontal - vertical Test tap with 4 mm male contact pin < 5 000 pF According to table. Other dimensions upon request. Optional equipment Solid conductor Conforming to IEC/IEEE

For conditions exceeding the standard specification above, please consult ABB Components. 1) IEC 815 "Guide for selection of insulators with respect to polluted conditions".

Min. gasket surface inner diam. D5 150 150

Hole circle D6 250 250

Flange D7 290 290

Insulator sheds D8 270 270

Number of holes n1 8 8

Flange thickness T 15 15

Creepage distance total protected (mm) (mm) 2323 3913 1000 1700

Cantilever load Max. permitted loading perpendicular to the terminal (N) Test (N) 2000 2500 4000 5000

Connection details
The outer terminal needs to be specified in each case. The outer terminal is then used together with a solid rod.

Outer terminal
D

The outer terminal is available in a number of standard configurations. Any other configuration can be quoted upon request.
125 Outer terminal for GSA73-AA Material Aluminium Copper Stud diameter (mm) 60 30 60 30 Cat. No. LF 170 079 -BA *) -BB *) -BC *) -BD *) *) Standard Outer terminal for GSA123-AA Material Aluminium Copper Plating Tin Tin Silver Silver Stud diameter (mm) 60 30 60 30 60 30 60 30 Cat. No. LF 170 079 -A *) -B *) -C *) -D *) -E -F -G -H *) Standard Mass (kg) 2.3 1.6 6.2 3.6 6.2 3.6 6.2 3.6 Mass (kg) 3.0 2.2 7.6 5.0

Terminal stud

O-ring Divided ring Tightening ring

gsa_0005

Fig. 4. Outer terminal.

Solid rod conductor


The conductors are produced from copper or aluminium solid rods ending in an outer terminal for the indoor side.
Solid copper conductor Catalogue Number LF 170 081 -ABCD -BBCD -CBCD -ADBD -BDBD Bushing GSA73-AA -"-"GSA123-AA -"Mass (kg) 92.5 91.0 90.0 44.0 43.0 Stud diameter (mm) 60 40 30 40 30 D1 D2

Solid aluminium conductor Catalogue Number LF 170 081 -DBCD -EBCD -FBCD -CDBD -DDBD Bushing GSA73-AA -"-"GSA123-AA -"Mass (kg) 28.6 28 27.8 13.4 13.2 Stud diam. (mm) 60 40 30 40 30
gsa_0016

140 125

Fig. 5. Solid rod conductor.


8

Separate terminal plate with bolts


The separate terminal plate is available for stud with 30 mm, and used for connecting the bushing to the line conductor.
Material Aluminium Copper alloy Cat. No. LF 170 014-A LF 170 021-A

Fig. 6. Separate terminal plate with bolts.

Arcing horns
Arcing horns of galvanised steel can be mounted on the bushing. The arcing horns are available for stud with 30 mm. The lower rod is fastened onto the flange with one of the fixing screws and the upper rod by means of a bracket on the outer terminal. The gap distances for standard arcing horns are shown in the table. Other gap distances on request.
gsa_0011

Bushing type GSA 73 GSA 123

K mm 400620 620960

C mm 315 315

H mm 112 114 K H C

Fig. 7. Gap distances.

Conductor loading
The GSA bushings fulfil the temperature rise test requirements according to IEC and IEEE for the currents below:
Rated current of bushing (A) 1300 AC/DC 2000 AC/DC 3150 AC/DC 4000 AC/DC Rated voltage (kV) 123 123 73 73 Conductor Solid rod, Al 49 mm Solid rod, Cu 49 mm Solid rod, Al 87 mm Solid rod, Cu 87 mm Permissible current, IEC (A) 1300 2000 3150 4000

Short-time current
The rated thermal short-time current (Ith) is calculated according to IEC 137.
Rated current A 2000 1300 4000 3150 Area mm2 1886 1886 5944 5944 Short-time current(Ith) kA, rms 1s 2s 100 100 100 100 96 71 100 100 Dynamic current(Id) kA, peak 240 177 250 250

Conductor Solid rod 49 mm Cu Solid rod 49 mm Al Solid rod 87 mm Cu Solid rod 87 mm Al

Recommendations for positioning


The bushing is intended for any mounting angle.
Max. 230 mm without reducing the rating

gsa_0015

Fig. 8. Recommendations for positioning

Ordering particulars
When ordering, please state: Type and catalogue number for bushing. Catalogue number for conductor. Catalogue number for outer terminal. Additional accessories or modifications. Test required, in addition to the normal routine tests.
ABB Components
GSA73-AA/4000

Ludvika, Sweden
LF130073-CD

No. Ur/Uy 73/69 kV Ir 4000 A 50/60 Hz LI / SI / AC 350 / - / 160 kV M 33 kg L 910 mm 0-90 C1 pF Tan % C2 pF Tan %

Nameplate with marking example.

10

1ZVN460100-C

Tapchanger

1ZSE 5492-104 Language en Rev. 4, 1997-03-30

On-Load Tap-Changers Type UZ


Technical Guide

L37034

ABB Components

Manufacturers declaration
The manufacturer ABB Components AB SE-771 80 LUDVIKA Sweden

Hereby declares that The products On-load tap-changers types UZE and UZF with motor-drive mechanism type BUF 3 comply with the following requirements: By design, the machine, considered as component on a mineral oil filled power transformer, complies with the requirements of Machinery Directive 89/392/EEC (amended 91/368/EEC and 93/44/EEC) and 93/68/EEC (marking) provided that the installation and the electrical connection be correctly realized by the manufacturer of the transformer (e.g. in compliance with our Installation Instructions) and EMC Directive 89/336/EEC regarding the intrinsic characteristics to emission and immunity levels and Low Voltage Directive 73/23/EEC (modified by Directive 93/68/EEC) concerning the built-in motor and apparatus in the control circuits.

Certificate of Incorporation: The machines above must not be put into service until the machinery into which they have been incorporated have been declared in conformity with the Machinery Directive. Date Signed by Title 1997-02-10 ......................................................................... Olof Heyman Manager of Division for Tap-Changers

This Technical Guide has been produced to allow transformer manufacturers, and their designers and engineers, access to all the technical information required to assist them in their selection of the appropriate on-load tap-changer and motor-drive mechanism. The guide should be used in conjunction with the Selection Guide and the Design Guides, to allow the optimum selection to be made. The technical information pertaining to on-load tap-changers and motor-drive mechanisms manufactured by ABB Components has been divided and is contained in separate documents, with one document for each type. The information provided in this document is intended to be general and does not cover all possible applications. Any specific application not covered should be referred directly to ABB Components AB, or its authorized representative. ABB Components AB makes no warranty or representation and assumes no liability for the accuracy of the information in this document or for the use of such information. All information in this document is subject to change without notice. ABB Components also manufactures the following products: De-energized tap-changers Transformer bushings Wall bushings GIS bushings Transformer cooling equipment

Table of Contents
General Information ___________ Design Principles _____________
On-Load Tap-Changer _____________________ Epoxy-Resin Moulding __________________ Selector Switch ________________________ Transition Resistors ____________________ Change-over Selector __________________ Geneva Gear _________________________ Tap-Changer Tank _____________________ Oil Conservator _______________________ Accessories for the Tap-Changer __________ Special Applications ____________________ Motor-Drive Mechanism ____________________ Accessories for the Motor-Drive Mechanism _ Motor-Drive Mechanism Cubicle __________ Degree of Protection ___________________ 4 6 6 6 6 7 7 7 8 8 9 9 9 9 9 9 10 10 10 10 11 11 11 12 12 14 14 14 14 14 14 Short-circuit Current Strength _____________ Highest Phase Service Voltage Across the Regulating Winding _________________ Rated Through-Current _________________ Maximum Rated Through-Current _________ Occasional Overloading _________________ Oil Temperature _______________________ Motor-Drive Ambient Air Temperature ______ Tie-in Resistors _______________________ Conductors from the Windings ____________ Cable Lugs ___________________________ Standard Version of Motor-Drive Mechanism ___ Control ______________________________ Wiring Connection _____________________ Protection ____________________________ Indication ____________________________ Optional Accessories ______________________ Anti-Condensation Coverage _____________ Outlet _______________________________ Extra Heater __________________________ Hygrostat ____________________________ Tropical Version _______________________ Extra Multi-Position Switches _______________ 17 17 17 17 17 17 18 18 18 18 19 19 19 19 19 20 20 20 20 20 20 20

Principles of Operation _________


On-Load Tap-Changer _____________________ Switching Sequence ____________________ Selector Switch ________________________ Change-over Selector for Plus/Minus Switching ___________________ Change-over Selector for Coarse/Fine Switching __________________ Through Positions _____________________ Motor-Drive Mechanism ____________________ Operational Description _________________ Local Control _________________________ Remote Control _______________________ Through Positions _____________________ Step-by-Step-Operation _________________ Protection against Running-Through _______ Contact Timing ________________________

Design, Installation and Maintenance______________


On-Load Tap-Changer with Motor-Drive Mechanism _____________________________ Design Differences between the UZE and UZF On-Load Tap-Changers _____________ Schematic Diagrams ___________________ Drying _______________________________ Painting _____________________________ Weights _____________________________ Oil Filling _____________________________ Installation ___________________________ Maintenance __________________________ Pressure Relay ________________________ General Description _________________ Design ____________________________ Operation _________________________ Function Pressure ___________________ Testing ___________________________ Dimensions, On-Load Tap-Changer Type UZE ____________________________ Dimensions, On-Load Tap-Changer Type UZF ____________________________ On-Load Tap-Changers Types UZE and UZF with Accessories _______________________ Oil Conservator for UZF _________________

21 21 21 22 26 26 26 26 26 26 27 27 27 27 27 27 28 29 30 31

Characteristics and Technical Data ________________


On-Load Tap-Changer _____________________ Type Designation ______________________ Rated Phase Step Voltage _______________ Standards and Testing __________________ Rating Plate __________________________ Mechanical Life _______________________ Insulation Levels _______________________ Sound Level __________________________ Contact Life __________________________

15 15 15 15 15 15 16 16 16 16

General Information
The UZ types of on-load tap-changers operates according to the selector switch principle, that is, the tap selector and diverter switch functions are combined in one. The UZ types of on-load tap-changers are mounted on the outside of the transformer tank. All of the equipment necessary to operate the tap-changer is contained in a single compartment, with the motor-drive mechanism attached to the outside. Because the UZ types are designed for mounting on the outside of the transformer tank installation procedures are simplified and the overall size of the transformer tank can be reduced. Standard tanks are designed for the UZ types. The standard tanks have a number of standard flanges to get great flexibility for accessories. Standard accessories are pressure relay and oil valve. See Figs. 1a and 1b. A great number of extra accessories can be ordered. See Figs. 2a and 2b. As a design option, the UZ types can be supplied without the tank. This gives the transformer manufacturer the flexibility to design the tap-changer tank as an integral part of the transformer tank.

Fig. 1a. On-load tap-changer type UZE with standard accessories.

L37037

Fig. 1b. On-load tap-changer type UZF with standard accessories.

L37023

Fig. 2a. On-load tap-changer type UZE with extra accessories.

L37036

Fig. 2b. On-load tap-changer type UZF with extra accessories.


4

L37024

Connection to oil conservator

Cover for access to conductors

Lifting eye

Motor-drive mechanism

Attachment flange to transformer tank

Connection for oil filter unit

Gasket Terminal

Front cover

Geneva gear

Selector switch unit

Insulating shaft Change-over selector

Pressure relay Fixed contact Moving contact system

Test valve

Test connection Shielding-ring Oil valve On-load tap-changer tank Transition resistor

Fig. 3. Design principle of on-load tap-changer type UZF


5

Design Principles
On-Load Tap-Changer
The tap-changer is built-up by using single-phase units, each identical, mounted in the openings on the rear of the compartment. Each single-phase unit consists of an epoxy-resin moulding, a selector switch, transition resistors and, in most cases, a change-over selector.

Selector Switch
The selector switch consists of fixed contacts and a moving contact system. The fixed contacts are mounted onto a bracket which is screwed onto the terminals previously moulded into the epoxy-resin moulding. Each fixed contact has two contact paths, one for the main moving contact and one for the moving switching contacts. The moving contact system consists of the main contact, the main switching contact and two transition contacts. The system is built as a rigid unit rotated by a common drive-shaft. In the service position the load current is carried by the moving main contact, which consists of two contact fingers, pressed onto the fixed contact by springs. The moving switching contacts and the transition contacts are made as rollers, see Fig. 5, which move over the knife-like fixed contacts. The making and breaking takes place between the fixed and moving switching contacts. The switching contacts are made of copper/tungsten, or in the case of tap-changers for lower currents, the contacts are made of copper.

Epoxy-Resin Moulding
The one-piece moulding provides a bushing between the transformer and the tap-changer. The conductors are moulded into position to connect the fixed contacts to the terminals for connection to the transformer windings. Also moulded into the unit are bearings for the selector switch and the change-over selector. The terminals on the moulding are numbered according to the schematic diagrams, see the section Design, Installation, and Maintenance contained in this Guide.

Fig. 4. One phase of an on-load tap-changer type UZ

L036257

Fig. 5. Moving contact system

Transition Resistors
The resistors are made from spirally wound wire mounted on insulating bobbins. They are connected between the moving main contact and the transition contacts.

Change-over Selector
The change-over selector is used for reversing the regulating winding or for changing connection in the coarse/fine regulation. The selector consists of a moving contact and two fixed contacts. The moving contact is fixed to a shaft and is supported by a bearing in the moulding. The current is carried by the four contact fingers of the moving arm, and transferred to the fixed contacts. The change-over selector does not make or break the current during operation.

Fig. 6. Selector switch

Geneva Gear
The Geneva gear principle is used to change a rotary motion into a stepping motion. Drive is transmitted directly from the motor-drive mechanism to the Geneva gear. The Geneva gear operates the selector switch and the change-over selector. The Geneva gear is also used to lock the moving contact system when it is in position.

Fig. 7.
7

Tap-Changer Tank
A standard tank is designed for each size of UZE and UZF. The standard tanks have a number of standard flanges intended for a great variety of accessories. Flanges that are not used are mounted with greyblue covers. Adapter flanges can be bolted on if the sizes of the standard flanges not are suitable. Standard accessories are pressure relay and oil valve. A great number of extra accessories can be ordered. Dimensions and accessories for the tap-changer tanks are shown on pages 28 to 31. The tap-changer tank can be bolted (standard) or welded to the transformer tank. A non-standard tank can also be ordered, but to a higher price and a longer delivery time than the standard tank. When the on-load tap-changer operates, arcing occurs in the tap-changer. To avoid contamination of the transformer oil, the tap-changer is housed in its own tank separated from the transformer oil. All components that make and break the current during the operation of the tap-changer are located in the tap-changer tank. The tap-changer tank is separated from the transformer tank by a vacuum-proof barrier, designed to withstand a maximum test pressure of 100 kPa, at a maximum of 60 oC. The barrier and the gasket are oil-tight, which means that they are designed and routinely tested for a permissible air leak at each leak location of 0.0001 cm3/s, at a pressure difference of 100 kPa and a temperature of 20 oC. This safely guarantees the contaminated tapchanger oil to remain separated from the transformer oil. It should be noted that the barrier has not been designed to allow for a simultaneous over-pressure on one side, and vacuum on the other. All models are supplied with an oil valve, for filling and draining.

Fig. 8a. UZE standard tank

TC_00267

Fig. 8b. UZF standard tank

TC_00267

Oil Conservator
Normally the oil compartment of the tap-changer shall be connected to a conservator, separated from the oil of the transformer. If the transformer oil is to be supervised by gas-in-oil analyses, the conservator for the tap-changer oil should have no connection to the conservator of the transformer on either the oil or the air side. For use on a sealed tank transformer a special version can be supplied, in which UZE includes the volume needed for oil expansion, an oil level indicator and a breather. UZF needs an own conservator, which can be supplied mounted on the top of the tap-changer tank. The oil pressure difference between the transformer and the tap-changer should not exceed 10 kPa or 1.2 metres oil column. If the pressure difference is between 10 and 70 kPa a reinforced barrier should be ordered. For the version for sealed tank transformers the pressure difference is allowed to be up to 70 kPa (10 Psi) and for that version the reinforced barrier is delivered. The set point for the pressure relay connected to the UZ tank is 50 kPa (7 Psi). For further information, see page 27 or pamphlet 1ZSE 5492-151.

Accessories for the Tap-Changer


Accessories for the tap-changer are shown on dimension prints on pages 30 and 31. For a list of accessories see the Selection Guide or consult ABB Components.

Special Applications
ABB Components should be consulted for all special application tap-changers, such as sealed tank transformers or transformers for use with arc-furnaces and converters.

Fig. 9. Motor-drive mechanism

Motor-Drive Mechanism
The motor-drive mechanism provides the drive to allow the tap-changer to operate. As the name implies, drive is provided from a motor through a series of gears and on to a spring energy storage device, which when fully charged, operates the tap-changer via a drive shaft. Several features are incorporated within the mechanism to promote long service intervals and reliability. For a detailed operating description, see the section Principles of Operation contained in this guide.

Motor-Drive Mechanism Cubicle


The cubicle is manufactured from steel and is welded to the outside of the tap-changer tank. The door, which can be padlocked, forms a cap around the mechanism to allow easy access to all the working parts. Vents, with filters, and a heater are fitted to ensure that the mechanism remains operative in varied climates.

Degree of Protection
The motor-drive mechanism has passed a test for IP 54 according to IEC 529.

Accessories for the Motor-Drive Mechanism


Accessories for the motor-drive mechanism are described on page 20. For a list of accessories see the Selection Guide or consult ABB Components. 9

Principles of Operation
On-Load Tap-Changer
Switching Sequence
The switching sequence is designated the symmetrical flag cycle. This means that the main switching contact of the selector switch breaks before the transition resistors are connected across the regulating step. This ensures maximum reliability when the switch operates with overloads. At rated load the breaking takes place at the first current zero after contact separation, which means an average arcing time of approximately 6 milliseconds at 50 Hz. The total time for a complete sequence is approximately 50 milliseconds. The tap change operation time of the motor-drive mechanism is approximately 3 seconds per step.

Fig. 10c.
The transition contact M1 has made on the fixed contact 2. The load current is divided between the transition contacts M1 and M2. The circulating current is limited by the resistors.

Selector Switch
The switching sequence when switching from position 1 to position 2 is shown in the diagrams of Figs. 10a-e below. The moving contact H is shown as one contact but consists in fact of two, the main contact and the main switching contact. The main contact opens before and closes after the main switching contact.

Fig. 10d.
The transition contact M2 has broken at the fixed contact 1. The transition resistor and the transition contact M1 carry the load current.

Fig. 10a.
Position 1. The main contact H is carrying the load current. The transition contacts M1 and M2 are open, resting in the spaces between the fixed contacts.

Fig. 10e. Fig. 10b.


The transition contact M2 has made on the fixed contact 1, and the main switching contact H has broken. The transition resistor and the transition contact M2 carry the load current. Position 2. The main switching contact H has made on the fixed contact 2. The transition contact M1 has opened at the fixed contact 2. The main contact H is carrying the load current. For plus/minus and coarse/fine switching, the changeover selector is used.

10

Change-over Selector for Plus/Minus Switching


The switching sequence, when the change-over selector R changes over for plus/minus switching, is shown in the diagrams of Figs. 11a and 11b. The contact arm of the selector switch has reached the fixed contact 12 after switching from the fixed contact 11. The fixed contact 12 is wide enough to cover the whole distance between two positions of the selector switch. It is connected to the end of the main winding. The contact arm of the selector switch has travelled on to the contact 12, and the change-over selector R is in offload condition. The load current goes directly from the main winding through the contact 12 and out through the current collector at the centre of the contact arm. The upper end of the regulating winding is still connected to the main winding. This is the service position. The contact arm of the selector switch has travelled further on the contact 12 without any breaking or making of the current. At the same time the contact arm of the change-over selector R, has travelled from contact B to contact C, through which the lower end of the regulating winding has been connected to the main winding. This is called a through position, see Through Positions.

Fig. 11a. Service position

Fig. 11b. Through position

Change-over Selector for Coarse/Fine Switching


The mechanical switching is exactly the same as for the plus/minus switching, the electrical switching is different however. The change-over selector connects or disconnects the coarse winding.

Through Positions
A so called Through Position is a position the tapchanger has to pass without changing the ratio of the transformer. Figs. 11a-b shows how the change-over selector is operated, while the selector moves over the double fixed contact. The extra position has the same number on the scale of the position indicator, together with a letter, e.g. 12A. There might be need for more through positions over the operating range if the number of taps of the winding is less than the number of mechanical positions of the selector. The motor-drive will automatically pass the through positions.

11

Motor-Drive Mechanism

Indicating device Outgoing drive shaft

Spring energy storage device

Driving disc

Mechanical limit stop

Disc brake

Flywheel Cam wheel Drive pin Spur gears Motor

V-belt

Limit switch

Maintaining contact

Fig. 12.

Operational Description
Drive is via a V-belt from the motor transmitted through a system of spur gears to the drive pin of the cam wheel. The spring energy storage device is charged by this pin. During the rotation the cam wheel drive pin tensions the springs. When the drive pin reaches its lowest position on the cam wheel the springs are released, and with the assistance of the flywheel, the drive is transmitted to the outgoing drive shaft and the driving disc. The driving disc operates the Geneva gear within the tap-changer. The flywheel is stopped by a disc brake, which also operates the starting contact. The outgoing drive shaft, via a chain, drives the Geneva gear of the indicating device. The indicating device consists of the mechanical position indicator, the mechanism for operating the electrical and mechanical limit stop, and the position transmitter. The maintaining contact is operated by the cam wheel. 12

Fig. 13. Circuit diagram


The following is a detail list for the circuit diagram in Fig. 13 and the contact timing diagram in Fig. 14. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Control selector switch, local/remote Control switch, raise/lower Contactor, raise Contactor, lower Starting contact Maintaining, interlocking and auxiliary contact Motor Limit switch: 8.1 Lower tap position 8.2 Upper tap position Interlocking switch, open when hand crank is fitted Anti-condensation heater Position transmitter, potentiometer Continuation contact Protective motor switch Contactor, step-by-step operation Cabinet light Switch, door operated Time relay, running-through protection Emergency stop push button

Remote control Local control Protective earth Raise operation Lower operation Crank

11 12 14 15 19 21 36 37 43 51

13

Contact

Tap pos

Raise operation

Tap pos

Tap pos

Lower operation

Tap pos

Upper limit pos

Lower limit pos

T1 T2 T3 T4 T5

Starting range Spring charging starts Spring release Selector switch operates Stopping range

Fig. 14. Contact timing diagram


Note: The numbered references under the following sections are to the circuit diagram in Fig. 13 and the contact timing diagram in Fig. 14.

Through Positions
A so called Through position, is a position the tapchanger has to pass without changing the ratio of the transformer. These positions are passed automatically. The continuation contact (15) bridges the maintaining contacts (6:3-4 and 6:1-2) via auxiliary contacts on raise contactor (3) at through positions. In this way the contactor (3) raise, or (4) lower, is kept energized and the motor will automatically make another operation.

Local Control
Control selector switch (1) in position LOCAL. Raise impulse is given by control switch (2). Contactor (3) is thereby energized and will remain so by starting contact (5:1-2) and its own holding contact. The motor (7) starts running and soon the maintaining contact (6:3-4) closes and takes over control of the motor contactor (3). The brake is released and the starting contact (5:1-2) opens. The springs are set and will be released when fully charged, and operate the tap-changer. Maintaining contact (6:3-4) opens and the contactor disconnects the motor. The brake is applied, the starting contact (5:1-2) closes and the tap change operation is completed. The lowering operation is carried out in a similar manner.

Step-by-Step-Operation
Step-by-step relay (21) connected so that only one tap change operation is obtained each time the raise/lower switch is operated.

Protection against Running-Through


A relay (43) stopping the motor-drive mechanism in case of a a failure of the step-by-step control circuit which would cause a running-through of the motor-drive mechanism. The relay energizes the trip coil in the protective motor switch (19).

Remote Control
Control selector switch (1) in position REMOTE. The signal for the operation is then received from the control circuits for raise and lower impulses connected to terminals as shown in Fig. 13. Local operation is not possible when switch (1) is in position REMOTE, and remote operation is not possible in position LOCAL.

Contact Timing
The contact timing diagram, Fig. 14, shows the contact sequences for one change of tap position for raise and lower directions. 14

Characteristics and Technical Data


On-Load Tap-Changer
Type Designation
UZ . . . Type E Insert upright F Insert inclined Type of switching L Linear R Plus/Minus D Coarse/Fine Type of connection N Three-phase star point T Three-phase fully insulated E Single-phase (option) Impulse withstand voltage 200 kV, 250 kV, 380 kV, 550 kV, 650 kV Maximum rated through-current 150 A, 300 A, 600 A Number of positions Linear switching: Plus/Minus switching: Coarse/Fine switching: max 17 positions max 33 positions max 29 positions XXX/YYY

Standards and Testing


The UZ types of on-load tap-changers fulfill the requirements according to IEC standard, publication 214. The type tests include: The routine tests include: Contact temp. rise test Check of assembly Switching tests Mechanical test Short-circuit current test Sequence test Transition impedance Auxiliary circuits test insulation test Mechanical tests Vaccum test Dielectric test Final inspection

Rating Plate

Rated Phase Step Voltage


The maximum allowable step voltage is limited by the electrical strength and the switching capacity of the selector switch. It is therefore a function of the rated through-current as shown in Figs. 16 and 17 below.

Fig. 15. Example of rating plate

fm_00214

Step voltage 2000 Step voltage 1500 1500

1000

1000

500

500

0 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 A Rated through-current

0 0 100 200 400 500 600 A Rated through-current 1317 positions, linear 2533 positions, plus/minus 2529 positions, coarse/fine 300

Tap-changer with:

max 11 positions, linear max 23 positions, plus/minus max 23 positions, coarse/fine

Tap-changer with:

Fig. 16.
15

Fig. 17.

Mechanical Life
The mechanical life of the tap-changer is based on an endurance test. The test showed that the mechanical wear was negligible, and that the tap-changer was still mechanically sound after one million operations.

Contact Life
The predicted contact life of the fixed and moving contacts of the selector switch, is shown as a function of the rated through-current in Fig. 18. The values are calculated from the results of the service duty tests. For step voltages equal to or below 40 V at 50 Hz and equal to or below 50 V at 60 Hz the predicted contact life is always 500 000 operations.
Number of Operations 500 000 150 A 300 A600 A

Insulation Levels
Dielectric tests are carried out according to IEC 214, Clause 8.6. The test object was immersed in clean transformer oil with a withstand value of at least 160 kV/cm. In table 1, withstand levels are indicated as lightning impulse power frequency withstand voltages.

50 Hz 60 Hz

400 000 300 000 200 000 100 000 0 0 100 200 300 400 500 600A Rated through-current

Sound Level
During tap-changing the equivalent continuous sound pressure level is about 65 dB (A) measured one metre from the tap-changer.

Fig. 18. Predicted contact life


UZE/F On-load tap-changer type Insulation levels kV to earth between phases fully insulated 1) 20070 25095 380150 550230 650275 25095 25095 440165 600230 650275 Permissible service voltage between phases for fully insulated design UZE.T and UZF.T 1) kV 38 52 80 123 145

200/... 250/... 380/... 550/... 650/...


1)

Class II according to IEC 214. Clause 8.6.2 Between electrically adjacent contacts, a1 (Fig. 19) 11030 11030 11030 11030 11030 11030 Between the first and the last contacts, a2 (Figs. 1921) 22060 22060 22060 22060 22060 22060 Between any electrically nonadjacent contacts, a3 (Fig. 19) 22060 20060 22060 20060 22060 20060 22060 22060 22060 22060 Across change-over selector, c1 (Figs. 20 and 21)

Type of switching Linear Plus/minus Coarse/fine

Number of positions 711 1317 1123 2533 1323 2529

Table 1. Insulating levels

Fig. 19. Linear switching

Fig. 20. Plus/minus switching


16

Fig. 21. Coarse/fine switching

Short-circuit Current Strength


The short-circuit current strength is verified with three applications of 2 seconds duration, without moving the contacts between the three applications. Each application has an initial value of 2.5 times the rms value.
Max rated through current A rms 150 300 600 600 1)
1)

Maximum Rated Through-Current


The UZ models are designed for maximum rated through-currents of 150 A, 300 A or 600 A.

Occasional Overloading
If the rated through-current of the tap-changer is not less than the highest value of tapping current of the tapped winding of the transformer, the tap-changer will not restrict the occasional overloading of the transformer, according to IEC 354 (1991), ANSI/IEEE C57.92 and CAN/CSA-C88-M90. To meet these requirements, the UZ models have been designed so that the contact temperature rise over the surrounding oil, never exceeds 20 K at a current of 1.2 times the maximum rated through-current of the tapchanger. The contact life stated on the rating plate, and given in this guide, is given considering that overload currents of maximum 1.5 times the rated through-current occur during a maximum of 3% of the tap-changer operations. Overloading in excess of the above results in increased contact wear and shorter contact life.

Three applications of 2 seconds duration A rms 7000 7000 8000 12000

Reinforced performance

Table 2

Highest Phase Service Voltage Across the Regulating Winding


The table below, Table 3, shows the highest permissible phase service voltage for different types of switching and different number of positions.
Highest service voltage kV 22 22 15 17.5 17.5 35 1)

Type of switching Linear Plus/minus Coarse/fine

Number of positions Insulation across 17 29 3133 29 29 29 Regulating winding Regulating winding Regulating winding Fine regulating winding Coarse regulating winding Fine and coarse regulating winding

Oil Temperature
The temperature of the oil in the on-load tap-changer shall be between -25 and +80 oC for normal operation, as illustrated below.
o

C
1) 2) 1) No operations allowed 2) Emergency overloading. The on-load tap-changer will not restrict the occasional overloading of the transformer according to the standards in section Occasional Overloading above. 3) Normal operating range 4) For operation within this range, the viscosity shall be between 2-800 m2/s (=cst) 4) 5) Operation with de-energized transformer only

+90 +80

1)

For 3-phase star point design BIL 200 22 kV BIL 250 30 kV

Table 3

3)

Rated Through-Current
The rated through-current of the tap-changer is the current which the tap-changer is capable of transferring from one tapping to the other at the relevant rated step voltage, and which can be carried continuously whilst meeting the technical data in this document. The rated through-current determines the dimensioning of the transition resistors and the contact life. The rated through-current is stated on the rating plate, Fig. 15.
0

-25 -40
5)

Fig. 22. On-load tap-changer oil temperature

fm_00215

17

Motor-Drive Ambient Air Temperature


The ambient air temperature requirements for the motordrive mechanism are shown in Fig. 23. The normal ope-rating range is between -40 and +60 oC.
o

C
1) 1) The motor-drive mechanism must be shaded from sun radiation by screens. It must be specially equipped if the ambient temperature exceeds +70 oC. 2) Normal operating range. (Normal heater shall operate.) The temperature inside the cabinet must not exceed +75 oC. 3) Extra 250 W heater should be used.

Tie-in Resistors
If the service voltage and the winding capacitances are such that the recovery voltage of the change-over selector exceeds 40 kV, it must be limited to this value or lower, by means of a tie-in resistor. The tie-in resistors can be placed in the tap-changer tank for UZE and UZF models BIL 200, 250 and 380 kV. For UZE and UZF models BIL 550 and 650 kV the tie-in resistors are placed in the transformer tank. There is usually a need for tie-in resistors for UZ models, BIL 550 and 650 kV, when delta-connected and placed in the line ends of the windings. Design information on tie-in resistors is provided in a separate document, On-Load Tap-Changer Tie-in Resistors, 5492 0030E-28.
+60

2)

0 -40 -45 -50


3) 4) 5)
fm_00216

4) Extra 250 W heater and anticondensation coverage should be used. 5) ABB Components should be consulted.

Fig. 23. Motor-drive mechanism ambient air temperature

Conductors from the Windings


The temperature of the conductors connected to the terminals on the back of the on-load tap-changer must not exceed 30 K over the surrounding oil.
Hole diam. mm 11 13 15 17 19 21 For cable area mm2 50 70 95 120 150 185 Cat. No. LL114 003-A -B -C -D -E -F Mass kg 0.10 0.11 0.13 0.14 0.15 0.16

Cable Lugs
The Cat. No. and required quantity should be ordered separately according to the tables below.

Required quantity of cable lugs per tap-changer Linear Number of positions 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 29 31 33 3-phase star point 22 28 34 40 46 52 3-phase fully insulated 24 30 36 42 48 54 Plus/minus 3-phase star point 22 25 28 31 37 37 43 43 46 52 52 58 3-phase fully insulated 24 27 30 33 39 39 45 45 48 54 54 60 Coarse/fine 3-phase star point 28 31 34 37 40 43 46 49 52 3-phase fully insulated 30 33 36 39 42 45 48 51 54

18

Standard Version of MotorDrive Mechanism


Control
Control selector switch, local/remote Control switch, raise/lower Handcrank for manual operation

Protection
Protective switch for the motor with thermal overload release and magnetic overcurrent release. Limit switches in both control and motor circuits. Mechanical end stops. Interlocking contact in the control circuit to prevent electrical operation during manual operation. Interlocking contacts in raise and lower control circuits to prevent operation in wrong direction of rotation (with wrong phase sequence). Motor contactors are electrically interlocked. Protection against running-through in case of a failure of the step-by step control circuit. Emergency stop push button.

Wiring Connection
The wiring is of grey polyvinylchloride-insulated, stranded wire. Type and data see table below. Every wire is marked with figures corresponding to terminal numbers. All external connections are made to disconnectible terminals of thermosetting resin. Type and data see table below. Short circuit protection (fuses) for motor, control and heater supplies, if required, should be installed in the control cabinet or other separate compartment.

Indication
Mechanical position indicator Drag hands for max. and min. position indication Tap change in progress indicating red flag Operation counter Position transmitter (potentiometer) for remote position indication, 10 or 50 ohms per step.

Subject Motor voltage Current Rated output Speed Voltage for control circuit Voltage for heater Mechanical position indicator Terminal blocks Number of terminals supplied Max. number that can be accomodated

Standard version 220-240/380-420 V, 3-phase, 50 Hz 1.2/0.7 0.18 kW 1370 rev/min 220-230 V, 50 Hz 220-240 V, 60 Hz 220-240 V lowest position marked 1

Alternative version 208/360 V, 3-phase, 60 Hz 220-240/380-420 V, 3-phase, 60 Hz 440-480 V, 3-phase, 60 Hz

Special version at an additional price 120 V, 240 V, 1-phase, 60 Hz 110 V, 220 V d.c. Optional

110 V, 120 V, 240 V, 50 Hz 110 V, 120 V, 208 V, 60 Hz 110-127 V, 260 V middle position marked N (Normal position)

110 V, 220 V, d.c. Optional Optional Optional

33-Phnix URTK/S Ben 61 A, 500 V, A.C.acc. to VDE Cross sectional area: 0.5-6 sqmm 130 - Phnix UK 4 120 - Weidmller SAK 4 100 - Phnix URTK/S Ben 48 - General Electric EB-25 48 - Critchley S 300 (OBA) Type H07V2-K, 1.5 sq mm, 750 V 90 oC 2 kV (50 Hz, 1 min) Optional

Cabling Test voltage on control circuits Anti-condensation heater (Functions without extra heater down to -40 oC) Operating time Number of turns per operation of the handcrank Degree of protection of cabinet

50 W approx. 3 seconds 20 IEC 529, IP 54

Additional 250 W

19

Optional Accessories
Anti-Condensation Coverage
The motor-drive cabinet inside can be supplied with an anti-condensation coverage.

Extra Heater
Extra heater, 250 W, with thermostat and switch for e.g. use in arctic climate.

Outlet
Socket outlet according to DIN or ANSI. Prepared for socket outlet, i.e. holes are cut out in the panel and cables are wired to the panel for the outlet.

Hygrostat
For tropical climate the heater can be controlled by a hygrostat.

Tropical Version
The motor-drive mechanism can be equipped to meet the requirements for humid tropical climate and desert conditions.

Extra Multi-Position Switches


Type Symbol Number of contact rows

1 Extra position transmitter

2 Break before make

3 Make before break

4 Voltage transformer switch (Furnace)

5 Step switch for parallel control

6 Follower switch for parallel control

Note: Master switch for parallel control is a break before make multi-position switch. Maximum 10 extra contact rows can be accomodated. If more than 4 extra contact rows are ordered a special drive system for the switches is required (extra price). 20

Design, Installation and Maintenance


On-Load Tap-Changer with Motor-Drive Mechanism
Design differences between the UZE and UZF On-Load Tap-Changers
The basic design difference between the UZE model and the UZF model is the inclining of the active part within the UZF tank to allow easier access to the terminals. Access to the terminals is via a connection cover on the top of the tank. Both UZE and UZF are completely filled with oil and have no gas/air cushion.

Fig. 24. UZFRT 650/600 seen from the connection side

L037022

Fig. 25. The UZF-design makes the connection of the transformer leads to the TapChanger easy

L034275

Intermediate flange Connection cover

Connection cover

Transformer winding

Transformer leads Transformer tank

UZE

UZF

Fig. 26.
21

Schematic Diagrams
Table 4 shows all the basic connection diagrams for the UZE and UZF series of on-load tap-changers. The basic connection diagrams illustrate the different types of switching and the appropriate connections to the transformer windings. The diagrams illustrate the connections with the maximum number of turns in the transformer winding connected in position 1. The tapchanger can be connected in such a way that position1 gives a minimum effective number of turns in the transformer winding with the tap-changer in position 1.

Linear Max Regulating Steps Max Voltage Positions 6 Regulating Steps 16 17

Plus/Minus 32 33

Coarse/Fine 28 29

Number of Loops Tap Positions (Electrical) 8 Regulating Steps

6 7

Number of Loops Tap Positions (Electrical) 10 Regulating Steps

8 9

Number of Loops Tap Positions (Electrical)

10 11

5 11

22

Linear 12 Regulating Steps

Plus/Minus

Coarse/Fine

Number of Loops Tap Positions (Electrical) 14 Regulating Steps

12 13

6 13

6 13

Number of Loops Tap Positions (Electrical) 16 Regulating Steps

14 15

7 15

7 15

Number of Loops Tap Positions (Electrical) 18 Regulating Steps

16 17

8 17

8 17

Number of Loops Tap Positions (Electrical)

10 19

9 19

23

Plus/Minus 20 Regulating Steps

Coarse/Fine

Number of Loops Tap Positions (Electrical) 22 Regulating Steps

10 21

10 21

Number of Loops Tap Positions (Electrical) 24 Regulating Steps

12 23

11 23

Number of Loops Tap Positions (Electrical) 26 Regulating Steps

12 25

12 25

Number of Loops Tap Positions (Electrical)

13 27

13 27

24

Plus/Minus 28 Regulating Steps

Coarse/Fine

Number of Loops Tap Positions (Electrical) 30 Regulating Steps

15 29

14 29

Number of Loops Tap Positions (Electrical) 32 Regulating Steps

15 31

Number of Loops Tap Positions (Electrical)

17 33

Table 4. Basic connection diagrams for the UZE and UZF series of on-load tap-changers

25

Drying
Drying of the tap-changer is not normally necessary. If the tap-changer is to be subjected to a drying process, ABB Components should be consulted. As an option, the tap-changer may also be delivered ready with a finishing coat outside. Special painting will be quoted for on request.

Painting
The tap-changer tank and the motor-drive mechanism cabinet can be supplied with various types of painting. The standard painting consists of a rust protective primer both inside and outside, and a finishing coat inside the tap-changer tank and the motor-drive mechanism cabinet.
On-load tap-changer Type designation UZELN, UZELT, UZEDN, UZEDT, UZERN, UZERT UZFLN, UZFLT, UZFDN, UZFDT, UZFRN, UZFRT

Weights
Table 5 contains the weights of all the models in the UZ range of on-load tap-changers. The motor-drive mechanism and the oil volume is included in the overall weight.

Approx. weight in kg Tap-changer without oil 300, 300, 300, 300, 300, 600 600 600 600 600 725 700 930 1100 1100 750 720 900 1100 1100 Required oil 500 500 950 1250 1250 400 400 750 1050 1050 Total 1225 1200 1880 2350 2350 1150 1120 1650 2150 2150

} }

200/150, 250/150, 380/150, 550/150, 650/150,

200/150, 300, 600 250/150, 300, 600 380/150, 300, 600 550/150, 300, 600 650/150, 300, 600

Example underlined in the table above: UZFRT 550/300

Table 5

Oil Filling
For the correct oil filling procedure, consult the appropriate Installation and Commissioning Guide. Maintenance is easy to carry out since the design provides for quick and easy access and inspection. The front-cover is just removed after the oil has been drained, providing access to the entire selector switch mechanism. An annual inspection should be carried out to read the counting device. These readings are used to determine when overhaul is due. Overhaul shall normally be carried out every seven years, and consists of checking the dielectric strength of the oil, filtering the oil, and checking contact wear according to the Maintenance Guide. The motor-drive mechanism should also be checked and lubricated, and the pressure relay checked. The Maintenance Guide should be consulted if you need further information.

Installation
For installation instructions, consult the appropriate Installation and Commissioning Guide.

Maintenance
The UZ range of on-load tap-changers have been developed over many years to provide a maximum of reliability. The simple and rugged design gives a service life that equals the service life of the transformer. A minimum of maintenance is required for absolutely trouble-free operation. The only parts that require maintenance during the service life are the contacts that may need to be replaced, and the motor-drive mechanism.

26

Pressure Relay
General Description

30

54

67 Two single-pole switching contacts One single-pole switching contact

ABB Components

Cable gland ~35 ~200


NO NC C NO NC C 64 66 65 61 63 62 NO NC C 61 63 62

110

, ,

15

32

11

~155

Connection for test equipment

Fig. 27.
General Description Protection for the on-load tap-changer is provided by a pressure relay which is mounted on the tap-changer tank. In the event of an over-pressure in the tank, the relay will trip the transformers main circuit breakers. After a pressure relay trip, the tap-changer must be opened and carefully investigated according to the Repair Guide. Faults, if any are located, should be repaired before the tap-changer is energized. Design The pressure relay is mounted on a three-way valve. On the other two outlets of the valve there is a connection flange on one side, and a connection for test equipment on the other, see Fig. 27. The pressure relay housing is made of copper-free aluminium alloy and is externally coated with an enamel. A stainless steel model can be provided on request.

fm_00213

The pressure relay has been pre-set by the manufacturer. The pressure relay is sealed to avoid unauthorized entrance. The electrical connection shall be made to the terminal block inside the pressure relay housing. These measures are done to ensure a safe function. The pressure relay is designed for one or two switching elements. Operation When the pressure acting on the face of the piston exceeds the spring load of the piston, the piston will move and activate the switching element. The operation time is less than 10 ms. The operation time is the time it takes from the pressure in the tapchanger tank exceeds the function pressure, until the pressure relay gives a stable signal for operation of the transformer main circuit breakers. Function Pressure

Voltage

Breaking capacity Resistive Inductive load load 0.8 A 0.6 A 0.4 A 5A 2.5 A 0.2 A 0.15 A 0.1 A L < 40 ms R

Withstand voltage between open contacts

110 V DC 125 V DC 220 V DC 125 V AC 250 V AC

The function pressure (trip pressure) is 50 kPa (7 Psi) if the oil level is less than 4 metres above the level of the pressure relay. Pressure relay with higher function pressure can be delivered on request. Testing At commissioning of the transformer and for testing the pressure relay, the instructions in the Installation and Commissioning Guide should be consulted.

L < 40 ms R L < 40 ms 2 kV, 50 Hz, 1 min R

5 A cos > 0.4 2.5 A cos > 0.4

Table 6.

27

Dimensions, On-Load Tap-Changer, type UZE


All dimensions are in millimetres unless otherwise stated. It should be noted that the dimensions may change with specific models.

A1

B1

H1

P1

B2

Max 135o

Opening 300 x 100

Fig. 28. Dimensions, on-load tap-changer, type UZE standard tank with standard accessories.

TC_00179

Type UZE Three-phase

BIL kV 200 250 380 550, 650

Dimensions (mm) A A1 130 115 100 90 75 75 90 60

B 1200 1200 1560 1850

B1 1500 1500 1885 2140

B2 700 700 730 695

H 1000 1000 1100 1300

H1 1060 1060 1255 1430

P 770 770 840 810

P1 775 775 855 885

R 1140 1140 1530 1750

Table 6. Dimensions, on-load tap-changer, type UZE


28

Dimensions, On-Load Tap-Changer, type UZF


All dimensions are in millimetres unless otherwise stated. It should be noted that the dimensions may change with specific models.

A1

B1

H H1

H2

P2 B B2

P1

Max 135o

Opening 300 x 100

Fig. 29. Dimensions, on-load tap-changer, type UZF standard tank with standard accessories.

TC_00180

Type UZF

BIL kV

Dimensions (mm) A A1 75 75 70 40

B1 1500 1500 1905 2160

B2 700 700 710 665

H1 1050 1050 1145 1295

H2 160 160 155 105

P1 835 835 860 925

P2 60 60 120 140

Three-phase

200 130 250 120 380 140 550, 650 95

1200 1200 1600 1900

1000 1000 1100 1300

825 825 850 855

1140 1140 1530 1750

Table 7. Dimensions, on-load tap-changer, type UZF


29

On-Load Tap-Changer, type UZE with Accessories (standard and options)


Pressure relief valve Valve for oil filtration

Oil level indicator (with or without alarm) Cable box for alarmed oil level indicator Dehydrating or one way breather Pressure relay

Flange for oil conservator, or breather

Thermoswitch housing Valve for oil filling, draining and filtration

Fig. 30. On-load tap-changer, type UZE with accessories.

TC_00181

On-Load Tap-Changer, type UZF with Accessories (standard and options)


Pressure relief valve Flange for oil conservator

Valve for oil filtration

Pressure relay

Thermoswitch housing Valve for oil filling, draining and filtration

Fig. 31. On-load tap-changer, type UZF with accessories.


30

TC_00181

Oil Conservator for UZF


L Oil level indicator (with or without alarm) Oil conservator for UZF (only when ordered) Cable box for alarmed oil level indicator 645 Dehydrating breather 515

Fig. 32. Dimensions, oil conservator for on-load tap-changer, type UZF

TC_00182

UZF Conservator

BIL kV 200, 250 380 550, 650

Dim L 625 1090 1500

Table 8. Dimensions, oil conservator for on-load tapchanger, type UZF

31

1ZVN460100-C

Cooling Equipment
3.1 Fans

DB-TR-007 - GB

Transformer Cooling Fans FE063

Transformer Cooling Fans

Ziehl-Abegg Transformer Cooling Fans with in the impeller hub integrated external rotor motor are constructed in a way to form an integral unit. Motor Protection IP54 in conformity with DIN VDE 0470 part 1 (EN 60 529) categorie 2 Balancing Quality G 6.3 acc. to ISO 1940 part 1 Installation position The fans are suitable for all installation positions. Condensation drain holes The lower of the condensation drain holes K must be open depending on whether mounting position Vo (rotor above) is used. With mounting position H, the condensate can escape via the gap between stator and rotor. If a fan is stationary for long periods in a humid atmosphere, it should be switched ON for minimum of two hours every month to remove any moisture that may have condensed within the motor.

Bearings Ball bearings closed on both sides with special grease temperature range -40 to +180 C Contact Protection Wire screen on the suction side according to the safety regulations (DIN EN 294) Corrosion Protection External rotor motor, terminal box and blades made of die cast aluminium.

Fan housing made of hot galvanized sheet steel (DIN EN 10 142). Additional KTL-coated. Wire screen is galvanized, yellow chromated and electrostatic powder coated in RAL 9006. Mounting components made of stainless steel. The fan is double coated (RAL 9006). Upon request all components completely triple coated is available also.

L-KL-2323/1

L-KL-2323

Mounting position Vo (shaft vertical / rotor above)

Mounting position H (shaft horizontal)

Dimension sheet
direction of air flow

terminal box

guard grille L-KL-2322

2 DB-TR-007 Transformer Cooling Fans FE063

Transformer Cooling Fans

3~ two-speed 400 V 10 % D/Y, 50 Hz 3~ two-speed 460 V 10 % D/Y, 60 Hz

Voltage / Frequency

Connection diagrams 108 XB


3~ motor with two speeds by changing D/Y and thermal contacts D = high speed Y = low speed

Noise level data


The suction side A-weighted sound power levels L WA are indicated throughout in the catalog. Simple relations can be used to derive the pressure side or the overall sound power level in addition from the values indicated. The sound measurements are based on the enveloping measurement surface procedure as described in DIN 45 635 and/or ISO 3744, Part 1 (Precision Class 2). In addition to this, the sound pressure level Lp of the individual third octave bands are measured at 8 points on the surface of the enveloping measurement (Fig. Ia - Fig. Ib). First the sound power levels of the third octave bands, and then the suction-side sound power level L W is calculated from the measured sound pressure levels of the third octave bands. The fans are installed to the acoustic chamber in a free inlet / free outlet situation. The measurements take place without any additional accessories such as guard grilles. The measurement devices that are used comply with DIN 60 651 Class 1. The A-weighting generally takes the frequency dependent sensitivity of the human ear into account by applying different weighting factors to the individual sound power third octave bands. The A-weighted sound power level is the common property for evaluating the noise behavior of technical devices. Calculating the pressure-side sound power level and the overall sound power level The pressure side sound power level is approximatly the same as the suction side level for axial fans. Thus the overall sound power level (superposition of suction and pressure side, see DIN 45 635 Part 1 Appendix F) is obtained by adding 3dB to the suction side sound power level.

Insulation class

F acc. to DIN EN 60 034-1 (IEC34-1)

Motor protection
The motors are equipped with thermal contacts. This provides reliable protection for motors 1. that are speed-controlled, 2. that are intermittently or continously exposed to increased ambient temperatures, 3. that have a high switching rate, 4. that have become jammed or 5. whose cooling has been changed Motor protection commonly used with a bimetal tripping devices offers only over current protection. The measurement of the temperature in a motor using a bimetall device current sensor is not adequate or accurate. Thermal contacts are temperature sensing, switching elements built directly into the windings of our external rotor motors. They interrupt an electrical contact as soon as the maximum admissible sustained temperature has been reached.
Breaking capacity: 6 A with cos phi Rated Voltage: Dielectric strength: 0,6 250 V 2000 V eff.

D-connection

Take note of name plate data!

Y-connection

108XB

Colours U1 U2 V1 V2 W1 W2 brown red blue grey black orange

Terminal box

The terminal box K07 is made of die cast aluminium and is fitted onto the stator flange. Cable entry for connecting line: diameter 7 - 14 mm. PG16 cable gland possible.

Thermal contacts have to be integrated into the control circuit in a way as to avoid any automatic switching on in emergencies after cooling down. Common protection of several motors is possible via a protection device.In order to do this, the thermal contacts of the individual motors have to be connected in series. Please pay attention to the fact that all motors are disconnected at the same time in case of a temperature failure at one single motor. In practice, however, motors are grouped in order to be able to run with reduced power in the emergency operation in case the motor fails.
DB-TR-007 Transformer Cooling Fans FE063

FE063
3

Transformer Cooling Fans

Noise level data


Determining the overall sound power level when several sources of sound are at work simultaneously Just as the overall sound power level was calculated as a result of the pressure and suction side sound power levels (illustrated), the overall sound power level of several individual sound sources super-imposed is determined by adding the individual sound power levels as defined by DIN 45635 Part 1 Appendix F. This relationship forms the basis for the diagrams in Figures II and III. To add several sound sources of the same level, the overall level can be taken directly from the diagram in Fig. II. The combined effect of 6 identical sound sources, for example, results in an overall sound level that is about 8 dB higher. The overall sound power level of two sound sources with different levels can be taken from the diagram in Fig. III. Two sound sources whose sound power levels differ by 4 dB, for example, result in an overall sound power level that is about 1.5 dB higher than the larger one of the two sound sources.

15 dB
Addition to sound level

10

0 1 2 5 10

15 20 25

L-KL-1668/1

Fig.Ia: Position of microphones to Axial fan

Number of sound sources of the same level L-KL-1060/2

Fig. II: Addition of several sound sources

dB 2

Addition to sound level

0 0 4 8 12 16 20 dB 24

Difference in level of two sound sources L-KL-1060/3

L-KL-1863/2

Fig.Ib: Position of microphones

Reduction of sound pressure level

Determining the sound pressure level Based on rooms with an average sound absorption capability, the A-weighted sound pressure level LpA at a distance of 1 m from the axis of the fan is calculated by subtracting 7 dB from the A sound power level LWA. This assumption is applicable in most situations will sufficient accuracy. The noise behavior can, however, be sharply influenced by individual installation situations. The decline in the sound pressure level as a function of distance in a partially reflecting environment is illustrated in Figure IV.

Fig. III: Sound sources of different level

0 dB -10 -20 -30 -40

10

20

50 m 100

Distance L-KL-1060/1

Fig IV: Reduction of sound pressure level with distance

4 DB-TR-007 Transformer Cooling Fans FE063

Transformer Cooling Fans

FE063-SDL
Article no. 128900 128901

Type FE063-SDL.4I.3 FE063-SDL.4I.3

Frequency 50 / 60 Hz 50 / 60 Hz

Performance data
Freq.Voltage Poles Fan speed freeblowing rpm 6 920 6 750 6 750 6 920 6 750 6 750 6 1070 6 820 6 820 6 1050 6 790 6 790 Airvolume freeblowing m3/s 3 2,4 2,4 3 2,4 2,4 3,6 2,7 2,7 3,5 2,6 2,6 Fan Nominal Suction side Starting Type speed input sound power Current nominal power level rpm 870 640 640 870 640 640 970 640 640 940 620 620 KW 0.66 0,4 0,4 0,66 0,4 0,4 1,05 0,86 0,86 1 0,5 0,5 dB(A) 77 69 69 77 69 69 80 69 69 80 69 69 A 4,3 1,4 2,4 3,6 1,2 2,1 4,3 1,4 2,4 3,6 1,2 2,1 FE063-SDL.4I.3 FE063-SDL.4I.3 FE063-SDL.4I.3 FE063-SDL.4I.3 FE063-SDL.4I.3 FE063-SDL.4I.3 FE063-SDL.4I.3 FE063-SDL.4I.3 FE063-SDL.4I.3 FE063-SDL.4I.3 FE063-SDL.4I.3 FE063-SDL.4I.3 Article number

Hz 50

60

V 3~400V 10% D 3~400V 10% Y 3~230 V 10% D 3~415V 10% D 3~415V 10% Y 3~230V 10% D 3~460 V 10% D 3~460 V 10% Y 3~265 V 10% D 3~460 V 10 % D 3~460 V 10 % Y 3~265 V 10 % D

128900 128900 128900 128901 128901 128901 128900 128900 128900 128901 128901 128901

1)

Fans with asynchronous external rotor motor can be operated at any altitude above the sea level within the rated voltage and frequency range. Performance data refer to free discharge conditions (zero back pressure), with guard grille on suction side, installation type A according to DIN 24 163 part 2 (ISO 5801). Performance reduction due to a second guard grille at pressure side is approx. 4% to 7%.

DB-TR-007 Transformer Cooling Fans FE063

Accessories

Fixing devices Horizontal air flow Vertical air flow

1130-001

Fig. 2

-003 8710

-004 8710

Fig. 4a

Fig. 4b

L-KL-2246

Fig. 3

Fig. 5

L-KL-2247

Fig. 6

Air flow Horizontal Vertical Vertical Vertical Vertical

Fixing device Fig. 2 Fig. 4a Fig. 4a Fig. 4b Fig. 4b

Mounting of fan Fig. 3 Fig. 5 Fig. 5 Fig. 6 Fig. 6

Radiators 1 2 2 3 3

Dimension c 45 600 570 600 570

Order no.

00285378 00285380

Fixing devices for mounting the fan to the radiator. Made of stainless steel

Guard Grille
Guard grille on pressure side 1) Article no. 00286126 galvanized according to DIN 50 961 and additional plastic coated RAL 9006

L-KL-2258/4

1)

see notes on Performance data page 5

Ziehl-Abegg AG Heinz-Ziehl-Strae D-74653 Knzelsau Telefon ++49 (0) 7940 / 16-0 Telefax ++49 (0) 7940 / 16-300 E-mail info@ziehl-abegg.de http://www.ziehl-abegg.de

DB-TR-007- Transformer Cooling Fans FE063 - 01/02

1ZVN460100-C

Cooling Equipment
3.2 Radiators

ABB TRANSFORMERS LTD.


Km 9, National High Way 1A, Thanh tri, Hanoi, Vietnam

Telephone : + 84 - 4 - 8611010 Fax : + 84 - 4 - 8611009

Page 1 of 5

ABB TRANSFORMERS LTD.


Km 9, National High Way 1A, Thanh tri, Hanoi, Vietnam

Telephone : + 84 - 4 - 8611010 Fax : + 84 - 4 - 8611009

Page 2 of 5

ABB TRANSFORMERS LTD.


Km 9, National High Way 1A, Thanh tri, Hanoi, Vietnam

Telephone : + 84 - 4 - 8611010 Fax : + 84 - 4 - 8611009

Page 3 of 5

ABB TRANSFORMERS LTD.


Km 9, National High Way 1A, Thanh tri, Hanoi, Vietnam

Telephone : + 84 - 4 - 8611010 Fax : + 84 - 4 - 8611009

Page 4 of 5

ABB TRANSFORMERS LTD.


Km 9, National High Way 1A, Thanh tri, Hanoi, Vietnam

Telephone : + 84 - 4 - 8611010 Fax : + 84 - 4 - 8611009

Page 5 of 5

1ZVN460100-C

Current Transformer

1ZVN460100-C

Other Accessories
5.1 Pressure Relay 5.2 Pressure relief valve 5.3 Winding temperature indicator 5.4 Oil temperature indicator 5.5 Oil level indicator 5.6 Bucholz Relay 5.7 Dehydrating breather 5.8 Rapid Pressure Rise Relay

Pressure relay for on-load tap-changers


Technical information

30

54

67

Switching contact - micro switch

ABB Components

Pr 22.5 ~35 ~200 Adjusting nut Spring Piston 110

;; ;;
Connection for test equipment

Two single-pole switching contacts

One single-pole switching contact

15

32

11

~155

NO NC C NO NC C 64 66 65 61 63 62

NO NC C 61 63 62

General description
Protection for the on-load tap-changer is provided by a pressure relay which is mounted on the tap-changer oil compartment. In the event of an overpressure in the tap-changer oil compartment, the pressure relay will trip the transformer main circuit breakers.

Operation
When the pressure acting on the face of the piston exceeds the spring load of the piston, the piston will move and activate the switching element. See fig. The function time is less than 15 ms in the temperature range of -40 C to +80 C, with a pressure increase of 20-40 MPa/sec. The function time is the time from the pressure in the on-load tapchanger oil compartment exceeds the adjusted set point of the pressure relay until the pressure relay gives a stable signal for operating the main circuit breakers.

Design
The pressure relay is mounted on a three-way valve. On the other two outlets of the valve there is a connection flange on one side, and a connection for test equipment on the other, see fig. The relay is made of copper-free aluminium alloy and is externally coated with an enamel. A stainless steel model can be provided on request. Degree of protection IP66. The function pressure (set point) has been set by the manufacturer in accordance to the requirements for each application. The electrical connection shall be made to the terminal block mounted onto the pressure relay. The pressure relay is designed for one or two switching elements (micro-switches). The micro-switch is hermetically sealed and filled with nitrogen with over-pressure, and separated from the connection space with a sealed cap.
Breaking capacity Resistive Inductive load load 0.8 A 0.6 A 0.4 A 5A 2.5 A 0.2 A L < 40 ms R Withstand voltage between open contacts

Function pressure
The value of the adjusted function pressure (set point) depends on the distance (H) between the pressure relay and the oil level in the oil conservator. Further information in the Technical, Installation & Commissioning, Maintenance and Repair Guides for each type of on-load tapchanger.

Mounting details
The following parts are supplied together with the pressure relay: studs M10x40 (4x), nuts M10 (4x), washers 10x22x2 (4x) and O-ring 44.2x55.6 (1x).

Voltage

110 V DC 125 V DC 220 V DC 125 V AC 250 V AC

0.15 A L < 40 ms R 0.1 A L < 40 ms R 5 A cos 0.4 2.5 A cos 0.4

Distance H in metres H<4 2 kV, 50 Hz, 1 min 4H<7 H<7 7 H < 10 10 H < 14

Type of OLTC UZ UZ UB, UC UZ, UB, UC UB, UC

Function pressure (set point) 50 kPa (7 psi) 100 kPa (14 psi) 100 kPa (14 psi) 150 kPa (21 psi) 200 kPa (28 psi)
1ZSE 5492-151 en, Rev. 3, 2000-11-15

Table 1. Technical data - Micro-switch

Table 2. Function pressure

ABB Components AB SE-771 80 Ludvika, SWEDEN Tel.+46 240 78 20 00, Fax +46 240 121 57 E-mail: sales@se.abb.com www.abb.com/transmission

Manufacturer: BETA B.V., Rijswijk, The Netherlands

Printed in Sweden by Globe, Ludvika, 2000

ABB LTD.
Km 9, National High Way 1A, Hoang Mai, Hanoi, Vietnam

Telephone : + 84 - 4 - 8611010 Fax : + 84 - 4 - 8611009

PRESSURE RELIEF DEVICE


Dimension Drawings

Page 1 of 4

ABB LTD.
Km 9, National High Way 1A, Hoang Mai, Hanoi, Vietnam

Telephone : + 84 - 4 - 8611010 Fax : + 84 - 4 - 8611009

Page 2 of 4

ABB LTD.
Km 9, National High Way 1A, Hoang Mai, Hanoi, Vietnam

Telephone : + 84 - 4 - 8611010 Fax : + 84 - 4 - 8611009

Page 3 of 4

ABB LTD.
Km 9, National High Way 1A, Hoang Mai, Hanoi, Vietnam

Telephone : + 84 - 4 - 8611010 Fax : + 84 - 4 - 8611009

Page 4 of 4

206 Series Medium Pressure Relief Device

The 206 Series Medium Pressure Relief Device

Relief you can count on Proven protection for distribution and small power transformers

Completely corrosion-resistant Standard Nitrile or optional Viton sealing gaskets Optional diverter cover and alarm switch 100% tested for certified performance

The 206 also offers a better seal, both internally and between the device and the transformer. Internally, the top and side

T h e

S o l u t i o n s

When internal tank pressure rises, the valve within the PRD begins to lift off the top seal. The exposed area of the valve increases to the side seal, causing a proportionate and sudden increase in pressure. The valve then opens with a burst to rapidly release pressure. Once pressure is relieved the valve returns quickly to its sealed position.

The 206 Series Medium Pressure Relief Device offers:


The largest diameter opening Superior reliability with a mechanically fastened multiseal gasket

E n g i n e e r s

When transformer pressure rises beyond its predetermined limit, you need a pressure relief device you can count on to protect your valuable equipment. Designed to quickly relieve large volumes of gas or fluid inside distribution and small power transformers, the Qualitrol 206 Series Medium Pressure Relief Device (PRD) delivers unprecedented reliability and performance. Though it offers the standard 125 mm bolt circle mounting typically found on transformers with up to 3000 liter tanks, the 50+ mm diameter opening is the largest available.

seals are molded as one part, combining to create an extremely effective multiseal gasket, which is securely fastened to the flange. This superior design eliminates the potential of seal blowout and provides more reliable resealing after pressure relief you can rest assured that dirt and moisture will not find their way into the tank. Externally, the mounting gaskets flat, rectangular shape provides better sealing on the potentially irregular exterior surfaces of transformers.

The 206 Series Medium Pressure Relief Device


With alarm switch

With optional diverter cover

206 Series Medium Pressure Relief Device Features and Options

A 50+ mm flow diameter Multiseal gasket securely locked to the flange Corrosion-resistant stainless steel and chromate coated aluminum materials

Standard bleed system for removal of gas on solid liquid filled systems Adjustable operating pressure Optional plate, diverter cover and alarm switch

Customized Relief The Qualitrol 206 Medium Pressure Relief Device offers several features and options:

The ability to adjust the operating pressure of the 206 allows you to customize your PRD to meet your needs. Operating pressure is adjustable in three ranges (2.9 to 5.7 PSI, 5.8 to 8.6 PSI and 8.7 to 11.6 PSI) based upon model ordered. Pressure is adjusted with a locknut and adjustment nut on the valve stem. A spring pin fastened to the end of the valve stem prevents the locking hardware from dropping into the tank. Choose between Nitrile or Viton gasket materials for both the valve gasket and mounting gasket depending upon your requirements. Up to two alarm switches and an operations indicator can be provided, mounted on a stainless steel plate. The alarm switches are made of durable thermoplastic. For further protection of equipment and personnel, a stainless steel diverter cover redirects the flow of hot oil and gas should the PRD operate. Mounted to the top of the device, it redirects effluent away from personnel or critical parts on the transformer. The cover accommodates up to two alarm switches and an indicator.

Corrosion Resistance The 206 is designed to survive the toughest environments.

The flange, ring and valve are made from aluminum with a chromate conversion coating. The exposed aluminum components are additionally coated with two part epoxy paint. The optional switch plate and diverter cover boast the strength and longevity of stainless steel.

100% Tested for Reliability Each and every Pressure Relief Device is tested prior to shipping to ensure proper operation.

When the pressure rises, the unit will exhaust rapidly with a percussive bang. The device positively reseals at approximately half its normal operating pressure. Optional alarms or the indicator will trip as the mechanism actuates.

Technical Specifications
Flange Diameter: Mounting Diameter:

156.6 mm (6.17 inches) 125 mm (4.92 inches) bolt circle mounting 47.5 mm (1.87 inches) 50.8 mm (2.00 inches) 75 mm (2.95 inches) 162.9 mm (6.41 inches) 98.9 mm (3.89 inches); 122.4 mm (4.82 inches) with switch IP 66, PG-13.5 cable entry, max. 2.5 mm2 stranded wire (14 AWG) Operating Temperature: Rated Impulse Withstand: Ratings: -25C to +85C (-13F to +185F) 2500 VDC 6 A @ 120 VAC, 3 A @ 240 VAC 0.55 A @ 125 VDC non-inductive, 0.27 A @ 250 VDC non-inductive

Dimensions

External Height: Flow Diameter: Recommended Tank Opening: Cover/Plate Diameter: Cover/Plate Height: Alarm Switch:

Optional Features

Flange:

Aluminum with iron phosphate coating and ASA 70 light gray thermosetting powder coat Aluminum with chromate conversion coating Aluminum with chromate conversion coating and ASA 70 light gray epoxy paint - Sealing areas coated with silicone-based lubricant Brass Stainless steel ASTM A229 oil tempered spring wire with zinc plate and chromate Aluminum Carbon steel with zinc plate and chromate Nitrile (standard) or Viton (optional) Stainless steel Stainless steel Stainless steel Thermoplastic enclosure -40C to +80C (-40F to +176F) -20C to +100C (-4F to +212F)

Ring: Valve:

Indicator: Bushing: Spring:

Materials
Spring Seat: Valve Stem: Gaskets: PRD External Hardware: Plate/Cover: Studs: Alarm Switch: Ambient Operating Temperature: Oil Operating Temperature:

Environmental Resistance

206 Series Medium Pressure Relief Device

Sealed Alarm Switch (optional) 4 equally spaced 18.0 [.71] mounting holes on 125 [4.921] B.C.

193.4 [7.62]

71.0 [2.79]

PG - 13.5 Cable Entry 156.6 [6.17] Cover Vents (optional) Indicator normally flush (extends as shown dashed after device has operated) -pushdown to resetBleed Screw Mounting Gasket supplied for 98.4 [3.875] O.D. X 79.4 [3.125] I.D. X 3.2 [.13] DP. Gasket Groove 47.5 [1.87] Cover (optional) 98.9 [3.89] 95.0 [3.74] 60.5 [2.38]

162.9 [6.41]

2nd Alarm Switch (optional)

How to Order
Operating Pressure Gasket Material Cover Option

Series

Switch (includes indicator Option unless noted)

2 0 6 -

0 1 N V
No Cover (standard) Cover

Notes: (unless specified otherwise) 1. Dimensions are in mm [inches]. 2. Materials: flange/valve are aluminum, conversion coated and gray epoxy painted; cover/plate are stainless steel.

2 3 4 5 6 7 8

0 0 0 0 0 0 0

kPa (2.9 PSI) 1 kPa (4.3 PSI) 1 kPa (5.8 PSI) 2 kPa (7.2 PSI) 2 kPa (8.7 PSI) 3 kPa (10.1 PSI) 3 kPa (11.6 PSI) 3

Nitrile (standard) Viton

0 1 2 9

No indicator, no switch Switch (qty 1) 3 amp at 240 VAC Switches (qty 2) 3 amp at 240 VAC Indicator, no switch

21

13

Switch Wiring
Notes: 1. 21 and 22 are closed, 13 and 14 are open when alarm switch is mounted and armed as shown. 2. When device operates: 21 and 22 open, 13 and 14 close. 3. When the indicator is reset: 21 and 22 will close and 13 and 14 will open. 4. Rated impulse withstand: 2500 VDC.

22

14

1 - Adjustable 20-39 kPa (2.9 - 5.7 PSI) 2 - Adjustable 40-59 kPa (5.8 - 8.6 PSI) 3 - Adjustable 60-80 kPa (8.7 - 11.6 PSI)

Qualitrol Corporation 1385 Fairport Road Fairport, New York 14450 USA AB Qualitrol AKM Flygfltsgatan 6C SE - 128 30 Skarpnck Sweden

Phone: 716-586-1515 Fax Orders: 716-377-0220 Fax Quotes: 716-377-9613

E-mail: info@qualitrolcorp.com www.qualitrolcorp.com

Phone: +46 8 447 54 50 Fax: +46 8 604 68 10

E-mail: info@akmsweden.com www.akmsweden.com

Qualitrol 2000 Qualitrol and Qualitrol AKM are ISO 9001 system certified companies QSB 206, 8/00. Information subject to change without notice.

ABB TRANSFORMERS LTD.


Km 9, National High Way 1A, Thanh tri, Hanoi, Vietnam

Telephone : + 84 - 4 - 8611010 Fax : + 84 - 4 - 8611009

OIL AND WINDING TEMPERATURE INDICATOR SERIES 34 & 35


1. METHOD FOR MEASURING

Page 1 of 15

ABB TRANSFORMERS LTD.


Km 9, National High Way 1A, Thanh tri, Hanoi, Vietnam

Telephone : + 84 - 4 - 8611010 Fax : + 84 - 4 - 8611009

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ABB TRANSFORMERS LTD.


Km 9, National High Way 1A, Thanh tri, Hanoi, Vietnam

Telephone : + 84 - 4 - 8611010 Fax : + 84 - 4 - 8611009

Page 3 of 15

ABB TRANSFORMERS LTD.


Km 9, National High Way 1A, Thanh tri, Hanoi, Vietnam

Telephone : + 84 - 4 - 8611010 Fax : + 84 - 4 - 8611009

2. MATCHING RESISTANCE

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Km 9, National High Way 1A, Thanh tri, Hanoi, Vietnam

Telephone : + 84 - 4 - 8611010 Fax : + 84 - 4 - 8611009

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ABB TRANSFORMERS LTD.


Km 9, National High Way 1A, Thanh tri, Hanoi, Vietnam

Telephone : + 84 - 4 - 8611010 Fax : + 84 - 4 - 8611009

3. INSTRUCTION

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ABB TRANSFORMERS LTD.


Km 9, National High Way 1A, Thanh tri, Hanoi, Vietnam

Telephone : + 84 - 4 - 8611010 Fax : + 84 - 4 - 8611009

4. ELECTRICAL CIRCUIT
4.1. ELECTRICAL CIRCUIT FOR OIL TEMPERATURE INDICATOR

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ABB TRANSFORMERS LTD.


Km 9, National High Way 1A, Thanh tri, Hanoi, Vietnam

Telephone : + 84 - 4 - 8611010 Fax : + 84 - 4 - 8611009

4.2. ELECTRICAL CIRCUIT FOR WINDING TEMPERATURE INDICATOR

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ABB TRANSFORMERS LTD.


Km 9, National High Way 1A, Thanh tri, Hanoi, Vietnam

Telephone : + 84 - 4 - 8611010 Fax : + 84 - 4 - 8611009

4.3 ELECTRICAL CIRCUIT LAST VERSION OVERVIEW

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ABB TRANSFORMERS LTD.


Km 9, National High Way 1A, Thanh tri, Hanoi, Vietnam

Telephone : + 84 - 4 - 8611010 Fax : + 84 - 4 - 8611009

5. MEASURING RANGES AND BULB TYPES

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ABB TRANSFORMERS LTD.


Km 9, National High Way 1A, Thanh tri, Hanoi, Vietnam

Telephone : + 84 - 4 - 8611010 Fax : + 84 - 4 - 8611009

6. DIMENSION DRAWINGS AND CONTACT RATING


6.1. DIMENSION DRAWINGS

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Km 9, National High Way 1A, Thanh tri, Hanoi, Vietnam

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6.2. TECHNICAL DATA FOR SWITCHES

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Km 9, National High Way 1A, Thanh tri, Hanoi, Vietnam

Telephone : + 84 - 4 - 8611010 Fax : + 84 - 4 - 8611009

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ABB TRANSFORMERS LTD.


Km 9, National High Way 1A, Thanh tri, Hanoi, Vietnam

Telephone : + 84 - 4 - 8611010 Fax : + 84 - 4 - 8611009

Page 14 of 15

ABB TRANSFORMERS LTD.


Km 9, National High Way 1A, Thanh tri, Hanoi, Vietnam

Telephone : + 84 - 4 - 8611010 Fax : + 84 - 4 - 8611009

Page 15 of 15

ABB TRANSFORMERS LTD.


Km 9, National High Way 1A, Thanh tri, Hanoi, Vietnam

Telephone : + 84 - 4 - 8611010 Fax : + 84 - 4 - 8611009

OIL AND WINDING TEMPERATURE INDICATOR SERIES 34 & 35


1. METHOD FOR MEASURING

Page 1 of 15

ABB TRANSFORMERS LTD.


Km 9, National High Way 1A, Thanh tri, Hanoi, Vietnam

Telephone : + 84 - 4 - 8611010 Fax : + 84 - 4 - 8611009

Page 2 of 15

ABB TRANSFORMERS LTD.


Km 9, National High Way 1A, Thanh tri, Hanoi, Vietnam

Telephone : + 84 - 4 - 8611010 Fax : + 84 - 4 - 8611009

Page 3 of 15

ABB TRANSFORMERS LTD.


Km 9, National High Way 1A, Thanh tri, Hanoi, Vietnam

Telephone : + 84 - 4 - 8611010 Fax : + 84 - 4 - 8611009

2. MATCHING RESISTANCE

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Km 9, National High Way 1A, Thanh tri, Hanoi, Vietnam

Telephone : + 84 - 4 - 8611010 Fax : + 84 - 4 - 8611009

Page 5 of 15

ABB TRANSFORMERS LTD.


Km 9, National High Way 1A, Thanh tri, Hanoi, Vietnam

Telephone : + 84 - 4 - 8611010 Fax : + 84 - 4 - 8611009

3. INSTRUCTION

Page 6 of 15

ABB TRANSFORMERS LTD.


Km 9, National High Way 1A, Thanh tri, Hanoi, Vietnam

Telephone : + 84 - 4 - 8611010 Fax : + 84 - 4 - 8611009

4. ELECTRICAL CIRCUIT
4.1. ELECTRICAL CIRCUIT FOR OIL TEMPERATURE INDICATOR

Page 7 of 15

ABB TRANSFORMERS LTD.


Km 9, National High Way 1A, Thanh tri, Hanoi, Vietnam

Telephone : + 84 - 4 - 8611010 Fax : + 84 - 4 - 8611009

4.2. ELECTRICAL CIRCUIT FOR WINDING TEMPERATURE INDICATOR

Page 8 of 15

ABB TRANSFORMERS LTD.


Km 9, National High Way 1A, Thanh tri, Hanoi, Vietnam

Telephone : + 84 - 4 - 8611010 Fax : + 84 - 4 - 8611009

4.3 ELECTRICAL CIRCUIT LAST VERSION OVERVIEW

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ABB TRANSFORMERS LTD.


Km 9, National High Way 1A, Thanh tri, Hanoi, Vietnam

Telephone : + 84 - 4 - 8611010 Fax : + 84 - 4 - 8611009

5. MEASURING RANGES AND BULB TYPES

Page 10 of 15

ABB TRANSFORMERS LTD.


Km 9, National High Way 1A, Thanh tri, Hanoi, Vietnam

Telephone : + 84 - 4 - 8611010 Fax : + 84 - 4 - 8611009

6. DIMENSION DRAWINGS AND CONTACT RATING


6.1. DIMENSION DRAWINGS

Page 11 of 15

ABB TRANSFORMERS LTD.


Km 9, National High Way 1A, Thanh tri, Hanoi, Vietnam

Telephone : + 84 - 4 - 8611010 Fax : + 84 - 4 - 8611009

6.2. TECHNICAL DATA FOR SWITCHES

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Km 9, National High Way 1A, Thanh tri, Hanoi, Vietnam

Telephone : + 84 - 4 - 8611010 Fax : + 84 - 4 - 8611009

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ABB TRANSFORMERS LTD.


Km 9, National High Way 1A, Thanh tri, Hanoi, Vietnam

Telephone : + 84 - 4 - 8611010 Fax : + 84 - 4 - 8611009

Page 14 of 15

ABB TRANSFORMERS LTD.


Km 9, National High Way 1A, Thanh tri, Hanoi, Vietnam

Telephone : + 84 - 4 - 8611010 Fax : + 84 - 4 - 8611009

Page 15 of 15

ABB LTD.
Km 9, National High Way 1A, Hoang Mai, Hanoi, Vietnam

Telephone : + 84 - 4 8611010 Fax : + 84 - 4 - 8611009

BUCHHOLZ GAS-ACTUATED RELAY


DIMENSION DRAWINGS

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Telephone : + 84 - 4 8611010 Fax : + 84 - 4 - 8611009

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ABB LTD.
Km 9, National High Way 1A, Hoang Mai, Hanoi, Vietnam

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ABB LTD.
Km 9, National High Way 1A, Hoang Mai, Hanoi, Vietnam

Telephone : + 84 - 4 8611010 Fax : + 84 - 4 - 8611009

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ABB LTD.
Km 9, National High Way 1A, Hoang Mai, Hanoi, Vietnam

Telephone : + 84 - 4 8611010 Fax : + 84 - 4 - 8611009

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ABB LTD.
Km 9, National High Way 1A, Hoang Mai, Hanoi, Vietnam

Telephone : + 84 - 4 8611010 Fax : + 84 - 4 - 8611009

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ABB LTD.
Km 9, National High Way 1A, Hoang Mai, Hanoi, Vietnam

Telephone : + 84 - 4 8611010 Fax : + 84 - 4 - 8611009

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ABB LTD.
Km 9, National High Way 1A, Hoang Mai, Hanoi, Vietnam

Telephone : + 84 - 4 8611010 Fax : + 84 - 4 - 8611009

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ABB LTD.
Km 9, National High Way 1A, Hoang Mai, Hanoi, Vietnam

Telephone : + 84 - 4 - 8611010 Fax : + 84 - 4 - 8611009

DEHYDRATING AIR BREATHER


Dimension Drawings

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Telephone : + 84 - 4 - 8611010 Fax : + 84 - 4 - 8611009

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Km 9, National High Way 1A, Hoang Mai, Hanoi, Vietnam

Telephone : + 84 - 4 - 8611010 Fax : + 84 - 4 - 8611009

FIG. 1

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Km 9, National High Way 1A, Hoang Mai, Hanoi, Vietnam

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ABB LTD.
Km 9, National High Way 1A, Hoang Mai, Hanoi, Vietnam

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Km 9, National High Way 1A, Hoang Mai, Hanoi, Vietnam

Telephone : + 84 - 4 - 8611010 Fax : + 84 - 4 - 8611009

FIG. 2

Page 6 of 6

Copyright 2007 ABB, All rights reserved Document Title

Operation Manual
Document No. Date & Rev. Ind. No. of Pages Page

1ZVN460100-C

206

206