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TomTom European Congestion Index

TomTom Congestion Index

Disclaimer
All copyrights, commercial rights, design rights, trademarks and other elements considered intellectual property that are published in this report are reserved by TomTom International B.V.. You are permitted to use the contents of this report in online, offline and social media and other publication channels for non-commercial purposes with clear reference to TomTom International B.V. as its main source. You are not permitted to modify, compile, adapt or use any part of this report in any way for commercial purposes without a written agreement from TomTom International B.V.. For more information please contact congestionindex@tomtom.com.

2013 TomTom International BV. All rights reserved. 1

TomTom Congestion Index

TomTom Congestion Index


It is our mission to get drivers to their destinations faster, safer and greener. Over the years we have invested in new ideas and technologies with the aim of bringing significant benefits to drivers, businesses and society as a whole. In 2007 we started a groundbreaking initiative that helped us to understand how we could guide drivers in a better way. We set out to build a more precise view of traffic flow over the entire road network to enable us to give drivers more exact route information and arrival times. With the support of millions of TomTom customers we have captured anonymous travel time information in all the territories where we are active. Rather than relying on theoretical models, we are now able to understand real-life driving patterns by time of day, day of week, time of year and around special events. This initiative is unique in that we are able to capture, evaluate and redistribute vehicle-centric travel information on a global scale. Over the years we have built the world's largest database of historic travel times and the most detailed and accurate realtime traffic information available. Based on the insights we gained we have developed advanced routing technologies that help millions of drivers get to their destinations faster, safer and with lower emissions of greenhouse gases. Contrary to popular belief, there are often multiple ways to reach a destination and avoid traffic congestion. Finding the fastest route is a complex task. Now, thanks to advanced routing technologies, motorists can drive with dynamic navigation systems which quickly react and adjust routes to the ever changing traffic situations. By helping drivers to find a faster route we can also demonstrate that the total available capacity on the road network increases. If a small percentage of drivers uses different (and faster) routes, congestion can be alleviated across the entire road network, thereby benefitting all drivers. By offering a more accurate analysis of traffic flows, we help identify and pinpoint congestion trouble spots more effectively. And by routing traffic away from congested areas we can play a key role in easing congestion in cities and urban areas. Our historical archive of real travel times has paved the way for the creation of the TomTom Congestion Index the most accurate and comprehensive barometer of traffic congestion in major cities all over the world.

2013 TomTom International BV. All rights reserved. 2

TomTom Congestion Index

About the TomTom Congestion Index


With the publication of the TomTom Congestion Index we are aiming to provide the general public, industry and policy makers with unique and unbiased information about congestion levels in urban areas*. The methodology that is used in this report compares travel times* during non-congested periods (free flow*) with travel times* in peak hours*. The difference is expressed as a percentage increase in travel time *. We take into account local roads, arterials and highways. All data is based on actual GPS based measurements and for each city* the sample size is expressed in total number of measured miles for the period. As well as assigning and ranking the overall congestion levels of over 120 cities* on different continents, the report evaluates the congestion levels* in cities at different times of the day and on different days of the week. Individual city reports include more detailed information such as the most congested day*, time delay per year for commuters* and congestion levels on highways* and local roads. To download a copy of the report go to: www.tomtom.com/congestionindex. If you would like to know more about TomTom's trafflc solutions, please contact your local TomTom office or sales@tomtom.com. For questions or comments about this report, please contact us at congestionindex@tomtom.com. Note: words with a * are explained on the keywords page at the end of the report.

2013 TomTom International BV. All rights reserved. 3

TomTom Congestion Index

Europe
Europe congestion level

24%
1
Moscow

3
W arsaw

4
Marseille

2 5
Palermo Istanbul

Top 3 - Increasing congestion


Leeds-Bradford Istanbul 49% Moscow 62%
Prev ious Increase in congestion C ongestion 0 4 8 18% 6 4 8 12 16 C urrent 26% 55% 66%

Top 3 - Decreasing congestion


Bern Mlaga W arsaw
Prev ious Decrease in congestion C ongestion 0 4 9 21% 8 12 16 C urrent 12% 9% 42% 6 5

15% 47%

Top 10 cities
Rank 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 CI change City Moscow Istanbul Warsaw Marseille Palermo Stuttgart Paris Rome Hamburg Brussels Country Russia Turkey Poland France Italy Germany France Italy Germany Belgium Congestion 66% 55% 42% 40% 39% 33% 33% 33% 32% 32% Morning peak 106% 80% 84% 77% 64% 59% 70% 76% 49% 75% Evening peak 138% 125% 88% 77% 64% 67% 65% 63% 55% 81% Highways 62% 58% 39% 24% 27% 32% 32% 25% 27% 26% Non-Highways 68% 51% 46% 50% 49% 34% 34% 37% 36% 37%

---

Comparison per quarter

2013 TomTom International BV. All rights reserved. 4

TomTom Congestion Index

Europe
Rank 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 CI change City Moscow Istanbul Warsaw Marseille Palermo Stuttgart --Paris Rome Hamburg Brussels Dublin Stockholm --Berlin London --Nice Cologne --Lyon Leeds-Bradford Vienna Milan Toulouse Naples Luxembourg Nottingham Budapest Manchester Munich Prague Oslo Strasbourg Frankfurt am Main Birmingham Liverpool Lille Newcastle-Sunderland Lisbon Nantes Genoa Turin The Hague Rotterdam Barcelona Gothenburg Glasgow Ruhr region west Helsinki Porto Copenhagen Amsterdam --Ruhr region east Palma de Mallorca Madrid Bern Seville Murcia Valencia Malm Mlaga Zaragoza Country Russia Turkey Poland France Italy Germany France Italy Germany Belgium Ireland Sweden Germany United Kingdom France Germany France United Kingdom Austria Italy France Italy Luxembourg United Kingdom Hungary United Kingdom Germany Czech Republic Norway France Germany United Kingdom United Kingdom France United Kingdom Portugal France Italy Italy Netherlands Netherlands Spain Sweden United Kingdom Germany Finland Portugal Denmark Netherlands Germany Spain Spain Switzerland Spain Spain Spain Sweden Spain Spain Congestion 66% 55% 42% 40% 39% 33% 33% 33% 32% 32% 29% 28% 28% 27% 27% 26% 26% 26% 25% 25% 25% 25% 25% 24% 24% 24% 24% 23% 23% 23% 22% 22% 21% 21% 21% 20% 20% 20% 20% 20% 19% 19% 19% 18% 18% 18% 18% 17% 17% 16% 16% 14% 13% 13% 12% 11% 10% 10% 9% Morning peak 106% 80% 84% 77% 64% 59% 70% 76% 49% 75% 62% 62% 42% 56% 41% 49% 58% 54% 43% 70% 76% 40% 52% 59% 46% 62% 49% 52% 61% 41% 48% 46% 38% 53% 41% 45% 52% 37% 44% 46% 38% 46% 33% 38% 32% 35% 31% 42% 35% 29% 25% 39% 24% 24% 18% 18% 14% 16% 13% Evening peak 138% 125% 88% 77% 64% 67% 65% 63% 55% 81% 62% 70% 50% 55% 54% 54% 56% 59% 50% 55% 56% 45% 59% 52% 45% 59% 42% 40% 75% 64% 41% 45% 39% 48% 43% 51% 49% 38% 39% 45% 55% 38% 52% 42% 35% 40% 39% 34% 39% 30% 22% 29% 38% 20% 15% 19% 18% 12% 13% Highways 62% 58% 39% 24% 27% 32% 32% 25% 27% 26% 22% 25% 24% 14% 15% 24% 21% 22% 17% 20% 20% 13% 16% 6% 6% 16% 18% 18% 19% 18% 17% 16% 4% 16% 15% 10% 15% 11% 10% 11% 13% 15% 17% 10% 14% 13% 9% 8% 10% 12% 7% 8% 1% 9% 5% 5% 6% 5% 0% Non-Highways 68% 51% 46% 50% 49% 34% 34% 37% 36% 37% 39% 32% 32% 36% 34% 32% 34% 31% 32% 29% 32% 37% 37% 32% 33% 33% 33% 29% 30% 30% 30% 31% 27% 27% 26% 21% 27% 32% 25% 27% 29% 22% 21% 25% 29% 23% 25% 26% 29% 25% 20% 20% 31% 17% 22% 19% 22% 12% 18%

2013 TomTom International BV. All rights reserved. 5

TomTom Congestion Index

Amsterdam
Congestion level

17%
Ranking

Ranking of city compared to continent Congestion level on highways Congestion level on non-highways Delay per hour driven in peak period Delay per year with a 30 min commute

49/59 10% 29% 22 min 61 h

The weekly congestion pattern:


Best and worst peak periods of the week

Most congested specific day Total network length Total network length highways Total network length non-highways Total vehicle miles

Fri 3 Feb 2012 579 mi 129 mi 451 mi 39 947 817 mi

Delay per hour driven in peak period

Delay per hour

Comparison per quarter

2013 TomTom International BV. All rights reserved. 6

TomTom Congestion Index

Barcelona
Congestion level

19%
Ranking

Ranking of city compared to continent Congestion level on highways Congestion level on non-highways Delay per hour driven in peak period Delay per year with a 30 min commute

42/59 15% 22% 25 min 67 h

The weekly congestion pattern:


Best and worst peak periods of the week

Most congested specific day Total network length Total network length highways Total network length non-highways Total vehicle miles

Wed 31 Oct 2012 392 mi 105 mi 287 mi 14 512 014 mi

Delay per hour driven in peak period

Delay per hour

Comparison per quarter

2013 TomTom International BV. All rights reserved. 7

TomTom Congestion Index

Berlin
Congestion level

28%
Ranking

Ranking of city compared to continent Congestion level on highways Congestion level on non-highways Delay per hour driven in peak period Delay per year with a 30 min commute

13/59 24% 32% 27 min 71 h

The weekly congestion pattern:


Best and worst peak periods of the week

Most congested specific day Total network length Total network length highways Total network length non-highways Total vehicle miles

Thu 6 Dec 2012 1 786 mi 428 mi 1 358 mi 26 474 317 mi

Delay per hour driven in peak period

Delay per hour

Comparison per quarter

2013 TomTom International BV. All rights reserved. 8

TomTom Congestion Index

Bern
Congestion level

13%
Ranking

Ranking of city compared to continent Congestion level on highways Congestion level on non-highways Delay per hour driven in peak period Delay per year with a 30 min commute

53/59 1% 31% 18 min 53 h

The weekly congestion pattern:


Best and worst peak periods of the week

Most congested specific day Total network length Total network length highways Total network length non-highways Total vehicle miles

Mon 3 Dec 2012 127 mi 21 mi 105 mi 1 887 319 mi

Delay per hour driven in peak period

Delay per hour

Comparison per quarter

2013 TomTom International BV. All rights reserved. 9

TomTom Congestion Index

Birmingham
Congestion level

22%
Ranking

Ranking of city compared to continent Congestion level on highways Congestion level on non-highways Delay per hour driven in peak period Delay per year with a 30 min commute

32/59 16% 31% 27 min 71 h

The weekly congestion pattern:


Best and worst peak periods of the week

Most congested specific day Total network length Total network length highways Total network length non-highways Total vehicle miles

Fri 6 Jul 2012 1 643 mi 255 mi 1 388 mi 67 960 959 mi

Delay per hour driven in peak period

Delay per hour

Comparison per quarter

2013 TomTom International BV. All rights reserved. 10

TomTom Congestion Index

Brussels
Congestion level

32%
Ranking

Ranking of city compared to continent Congestion level on highways Congestion level on non-highways Delay per hour driven in peak period Delay per year with a 30 min commute

10/59 26% 37% 47 min 101 h

The weekly congestion pattern:


Best and worst peak periods of the week

Most congested specific day Total network length Total network length highways Total network length non-highways Total vehicle miles

Fri 3 Feb 2012 808 mi 122 mi 686 mi 22 968 318 mi

Delay per hour driven in peak period

Delay per hour

Comparison per quarter

2013 TomTom International BV. All rights reserved. 11

TomTom Congestion Index

Budapest
Congestion level

24%
Ranking

Ranking of city compared to continent Congestion level on highways Congestion level on non-highways Delay per hour driven in peak period Delay per year with a 30 min commute

25/59 6% 33% 27 min 71 h

The weekly congestion pattern:


Best and worst peak periods of the week

Most congested specific day Total network length Total network length highways Total network length non-highways Total vehicle miles

Thu 6 Dec 2012 1 312 mi 220 mi 1 092 mi 2 696 707 mi

Delay per hour driven in peak period

Delay per hour

Comparison per quarter

2013 TomTom International BV. All rights reserved. 12

TomTom Congestion Index

Cologne
Congestion level

26%
Ranking

Ranking of city compared to continent Congestion level on highways Congestion level on non-highways Delay per hour driven in peak period Delay per year with a 30 min commute

16/59 24% 32% 30 min 76 h

The weekly congestion pattern:


Best and worst peak periods of the week

Most congested specific day Total network length Total network length highways Total network length non-highways Total vehicle miles

Wed 31 Oct 2012 1 208 mi 350 mi 859 mi 25 278 683 mi

Delay per hour driven in peak period

Delay per hour

Comparison per quarter

2013 TomTom International BV. All rights reserved. 13

TomTom Congestion Index

Copenhagen
Congestion level

17%
Ranking

Ranking of city compared to continent Congestion level on highways Congestion level on non-highways Delay per hour driven in peak period Delay per year with a 30 min commute

48/59 8% 26% 22 min 61 h

The weekly congestion pattern:


Best and worst peak periods of the week

Most congested specific day Total network length Total network length highways Total network length non-highways Total vehicle miles

Mon 10 Dec 2012 813 mi 160 mi 652 mi 13 447 098 mi

Delay per hour driven in peak period

Delay per hour

Comparison per quarter

2013 TomTom International BV. All rights reserved. 14

TomTom Congestion Index

Dublin
Congestion level

29%
Ranking

Ranking of city compared to continent Congestion level on highways Congestion level on non-highways Delay per hour driven in peak period Delay per year with a 30 min commute

11/59 22% 39% 37 min 87 h

The weekly congestion pattern:


Best and worst peak periods of the week

Most congested specific day Total network length Total network length highways Total network length non-highways Total vehicle miles

Thu 6 Dec 2012 400 mi 135 mi 265 mi 2 714 751 mi

Delay per hour driven in peak period

Delay per hour

Comparison per quarter

2013 TomTom International BV. All rights reserved. 15

TomTom Congestion Index

Frankfurt am Main
Congestion level

22%
Ranking

Ranking of city compared to continent Congestion level on highways Congestion level on non-highways Delay per hour driven in peak period Delay per year with a 30 min commute

31/59 17% 30% 26 min 69 h

The weekly congestion pattern:


Best and worst peak periods of the week

Most congested specific day Total network length Total network length highways Total network length non-highways Total vehicle miles

Mon 3 Dec 2012 358 mi 103 mi 255 mi 6 140 015 mi

Delay per hour driven in peak period

Delay per hour

Comparison per quarter

2013 TomTom International BV. All rights reserved. 16

TomTom Congestion Index

Genoa
Congestion level

20%
Ranking

Ranking of city compared to continent Congestion level on highways Congestion level on non-highways Delay per hour driven in peak period Delay per year with a 30 min commute

38/59 11% 32% 22 min 61 h

The weekly congestion pattern:


Best and worst peak periods of the week

Most congested specific day Total network length Total network length highways Total network length non-highways Total vehicle miles

Mon 30 Apr 2012 207 mi 40 mi 167 mi 2 114 267 mi

Delay per hour driven in peak period

Delay per hour

Comparison per quarter

2013 TomTom International BV. All rights reserved. 17

TomTom Congestion Index

Glasgow
Congestion level

18%
Ranking

Ranking of city compared to continent Congestion level on highways Congestion level on non-highways Delay per hour driven in peak period Delay per year with a 30 min commute

44/59 10% 25% 24 min 65 h

The weekly congestion pattern:


Best and worst peak periods of the week

Most congested specific day Total network length Total network length highways Total network length non-highways Total vehicle miles

Thu 20 Dec 2012 645 mi 96 mi 549 mi 8 526 798 mi

Delay per hour driven in peak period

Delay per hour

Comparison per quarter

2013 TomTom International BV. All rights reserved. 18

TomTom Congestion Index

Gothenburg
Congestion level

19%
Ranking

Ranking of city compared to continent Congestion level on highways Congestion level on non-highways Delay per hour driven in peak period Delay per year with a 30 min commute

43/59 17% 21% 25 min 67 h

The weekly congestion pattern:


Best and worst peak periods of the week

Most congested specific day Total network length Total network length highways Total network length non-highways Total vehicle miles

Tue 4 Dec 2012 509 mi 66 mi 442 mi 2 440 932 mi

Delay per hour driven in peak period

Delay per hour

Comparison per quarter

2013 TomTom International BV. All rights reserved. 19

TomTom Congestion Index

Hamburg
Congestion level

32%
Ranking

Ranking of city compared to continent Congestion level on highways Congestion level on non-highways Delay per hour driven in peak period Delay per year with a 30 min commute

9/59 27% 36% 31 min 78 h

The weekly congestion pattern:


Best and worst peak periods of the week

Most congested specific day Total network length Total network length highways Total network length non-highways Total vehicle miles

Thu 4 Oct 2012 1 339 mi 266 mi 1 073 mi 21 885 431 mi

Delay per hour driven in peak period

Delay per hour

Comparison per quarter

2013 TomTom International BV. All rights reserved. 20

TomTom Congestion Index

Helsinki
Congestion level

18%
Ranking

Ranking of city compared to continent Congestion level on highways Congestion level on non-highways Delay per hour driven in peak period Delay per year with a 30 min commute

46/59 13% 23% 22 min 61 h

The weekly congestion pattern:


Best and worst peak periods of the week

Most congested specific day Total network length Total network length highways Total network length non-highways Total vehicle miles

Fri 3 Feb 2012 684 mi 193 mi 492 mi 12 190 825 mi

Delay per hour driven in peak period

Delay per hour

Comparison per quarter

2013 TomTom International BV. All rights reserved. 21

TomTom Congestion Index

Istanbul
Congestion level

55%
Ranking

Ranking of city compared to continent Congestion level on highways Congestion level on non-highways Delay per hour driven in peak period Delay per year with a 30 min commute

2/59 58% 51% 64 min 118 h

The weekly congestion pattern:


Best and worst peak periods of the week

Most congested specific day Total network length Total network length highways Total network length non-highways Total vehicle miles

Thu 20 Dec 2012 1 254 mi 249 mi 1 005 mi 3 162 487 mi

Delay per hour driven in peak period

Delay per hour

Comparison per quarter

2013 TomTom International BV. All rights reserved. 22

TomTom Congestion Index

Leeds-Bradford
Congestion level

26%
Ranking

Ranking of city compared to continent Congestion level on highways Congestion level on non-highways Delay per hour driven in peak period Delay per year with a 30 min commute

18/59 22% 31% 33 min 81 h

The weekly congestion pattern:


Best and worst peak periods of the week

Most congested specific day Total network length Total network length highways Total network length non-highways Total vehicle miles

Wed 21 Nov 2012 760 mi 98 mi 662 mi 22 733 164 mi

Delay per hour driven in peak period

Delay per hour

Comparison per quarter

2013 TomTom International BV. All rights reserved. 23

TomTom Congestion Index

Lille
Congestion level

21%
Ranking

Ranking of city compared to continent Congestion level on highways Congestion level on non-highways Delay per hour driven in peak period Delay per year with a 30 min commute

34/59 16% 27% 30 min 76 h

The weekly congestion pattern:


Best and worst peak periods of the week

Most congested specific day Total network length Total network length highways Total network length non-highways Total vehicle miles

Fri 3 Feb 2012 824 mi 101 mi 723 mi 15 327 918 mi

Delay per hour driven in peak period

Delay per hour

Comparison per quarter

2013 TomTom International BV. All rights reserved. 24

TomTom Congestion Index

Lisbon
Congestion level

20%
Ranking

Ranking of city compared to continent Congestion level on highways Congestion level on non-highways Delay per hour driven in peak period Delay per year with a 30 min commute

36/59 10% 21% 28 min 73 h

The weekly congestion pattern:


Best and worst peak periods of the week

Most congested specific day Total network length Total network length highways Total network length non-highways Total vehicle miles

Fri 14 Dec 2012 329 mi 16 mi 314 mi 5 136 977 mi

Delay per hour driven in peak period

Delay per hour

Comparison per quarter

2013 TomTom International BV. All rights reserved. 25

TomTom Congestion Index

Liverpool
Congestion level

21%
Ranking

Ranking of city compared to continent Congestion level on highways Congestion level on non-highways Delay per hour driven in peak period Delay per year with a 30 min commute

33/59 4% 27% 23 min 63 h

The weekly congestion pattern:


Best and worst peak periods of the week

Most congested specific day Total network length Total network length highways Total network length non-highways Total vehicle miles

Wed 25 Jan 2012 637 mi 68 mi 569 mi 8 608 822 mi

Delay per hour driven in peak period

Delay per hour

Comparison per quarter

2013 TomTom International BV. All rights reserved. 26

TomTom Congestion Index

London
Congestion level

27%
Ranking

Ranking of city compared to continent Congestion level on highways Congestion level on non-highways Delay per hour driven in peak period Delay per year with a 30 min commute

14/59 14% 36% 33 min 81 h

The weekly congestion pattern:


Best and worst peak periods of the week

Most congested specific day Total network length Total network length highways Total network length non-highways Total vehicle miles

Fri 19 Oct 2012 4 529 mi 438 mi 4 091 mi 234 340 725 mi

Delay per hour driven in peak period

Delay per hour

Comparison per quarter

2013 TomTom International BV. All rights reserved. 27

TomTom Congestion Index

Luxembourg
Congestion level

25%
Ranking

Ranking of city compared to continent Congestion level on highways Congestion level on non-highways Delay per hour driven in peak period Delay per year with a 30 min commute

23/59 16% 37% 33 min 81 h

The weekly congestion pattern:


Best and worst peak periods of the week

Most congested specific day Total network length Total network length highways Total network length non-highways Total vehicle miles

Fri 13 Jul 2012 201 mi 43 mi 157 mi 2 440 145 mi

Delay per hour driven in peak period

Delay per hour

Comparison per quarter

2013 TomTom International BV. All rights reserved. 28

TomTom Congestion Index

Lyon
Congestion level

26%
Ranking

Ranking of city compared to continent Congestion level on highways Congestion level on non-highways Delay per hour driven in peak period Delay per year with a 30 min commute

17/59 21% 34% 34 min 83 h

The weekly congestion pattern:


Best and worst peak periods of the week

Most congested specific day Total network length Total network length highways Total network length non-highways Total vehicle miles

Fri 29 Jun 2012 1 094 mi 219 mi 876 mi 24 731 792 mi

Delay per hour driven in peak period

Delay per hour

Comparison per quarter

2013 TomTom International BV. All rights reserved. 29

TomTom Congestion Index

Mlaga
Congestion level

10%
Ranking

Ranking of city compared to continent Congestion level on highways Congestion level on non-highways Delay per hour driven in peak period Delay per year with a 30 min commute

58/59 5% 12% 8 min 27 h

The weekly congestion pattern:


Best and worst peak periods of the week

Most congested specific day Total network length Total network length highways Total network length non-highways Total vehicle miles

Sat 17 Nov 2012 155 mi 35 mi 120 mi 2 068 067 mi

Delay per hour driven in peak period

Delay per hour

Comparison per quarter

2013 TomTom International BV. All rights reserved. 30

TomTom Congestion Index

Madrid
Congestion level

14%
Ranking

Ranking of city compared to continent Congestion level on highways Congestion level on non-highways Delay per hour driven in peak period Delay per year with a 30 min commute

52/59 8% 20% 20 min 57 h

The weekly congestion pattern:


Best and worst peak periods of the week

Most congested specific day Total network length Total network length highways Total network length non-highways Total vehicle miles

Fri 28 Sep 2012 2 198 mi 758 mi 1 439 mi 60 261 299 mi

Delay per hour driven in peak period

Delay per hour

Comparison per quarter

2013 TomTom International BV. All rights reserved. 31

TomTom Congestion Index

Malm
Congestion level

10%
Ranking

Ranking of city compared to continent Congestion level on highways Congestion level on non-highways Delay per hour driven in peak period Delay per year with a 30 min commute

57/59 6% 22% 9 min 30 h

The weekly congestion pattern:


Best and worst peak periods of the week

Most congested specific day Total network length Total network length highways Total network length non-highways Total vehicle miles

Sun 2 Dec 2012 255 mi 99 mi 155 mi 1 623 719 mi

Delay per hour driven in peak period

Delay per hour

Comparison per quarter

2013 TomTom International BV. All rights reserved. 32

TomTom Congestion Index

Manchester
Congestion level

24%
Ranking

Ranking of city compared to continent Congestion level on highways Congestion level on non-highways Delay per hour driven in peak period Delay per year with a 30 min commute

26/59 16% 33% 36 min 86 h

The weekly congestion pattern:


Best and worst peak periods of the week

Most congested specific day Total network length Total network length highways Total network length non-highways Total vehicle miles

Fri 14 Dec 2012 977 mi 153 mi 824 mi 28 511 575 mi

Delay per hour driven in peak period

Delay per hour

Comparison per quarter

2013 TomTom International BV. All rights reserved. 33

TomTom Congestion Index

Marseille
Congestion level

40%
Ranking

Ranking of city compared to continent Congestion level on highways Congestion level on non-highways Delay per hour driven in peak period Delay per year with a 30 min commute

4/59 24% 50% 46 min 99 h

The weekly congestion pattern:


Best and worst peak periods of the week

Most congested specific day Total network length Total network length highways Total network length non-highways Total vehicle miles

Tue 10 Jul 2012 305 mi 48 mi 257 mi 3 264 799 mi

Delay per hour driven in peak period

Delay per hour

Comparison per quarter

2013 TomTom International BV. All rights reserved. 34

TomTom Congestion Index

Milan
Congestion level

25%
Ranking

Ranking of city compared to continent Congestion level on highways Congestion level on non-highways Delay per hour driven in peak period Delay per year with a 30 min commute

20/59 20% 29% 37 min 87 h

The weekly congestion pattern:


Best and worst peak periods of the week

Most congested specific day Total network length Total network length highways Total network length non-highways Total vehicle miles

Thu 20 Dec 2012 1 465 mi 165 mi 1 300 mi 34 519 258 mi

Delay per hour driven in peak period

Delay per hour

Comparison per quarter

2013 TomTom International BV. All rights reserved. 35

TomTom Congestion Index

Moscow
Congestion level

66%
Ranking

Ranking of city compared to continent Congestion level on highways Congestion level on non-highways Delay per hour driven in peak period Delay per year with a 30 min commute

1/59 62% 68% 74 min 127 h

The weekly congestion pattern:


Best and worst peak periods of the week

Most congested specific day Total network length Total network length highways Total network length non-highways Total vehicle miles

Thu 29 Nov 2012 1 281 mi 231 mi 1 051 mi 1 253 022 mi

Delay per hour driven in peak period

Delay per hour

Comparison per quarter

2013 TomTom International BV. All rights reserved. 36

TomTom Congestion Index

Munich
Congestion level

24%
Ranking

Ranking of city compared to continent Congestion level on highways Congestion level on non-highways Delay per hour driven in peak period Delay per year with a 30 min commute

27/59 18% 33% 27 min 71 h

The weekly congestion pattern:


Best and worst peak periods of the week

Most congested specific day Total network length Total network length highways Total network length non-highways Total vehicle miles

Tue 7 Feb 2012 1 165 mi 329 mi 836 mi 19 356 201 mi

Delay per hour driven in peak period

Delay per hour

Comparison per quarter

2013 TomTom International BV. All rights reserved. 37

TomTom Congestion Index

Murcia
Congestion level

12%
Ranking

Ranking of city compared to continent Congestion level on highways Congestion level on non-highways Delay per hour driven in peak period Delay per year with a 30 min commute

55/59 5% 22% 9 min 30 h

The weekly congestion pattern:


Best and worst peak periods of the week

Most congested specific day Total network length Total network length highways Total network length non-highways Total vehicle miles

Wed 2 May 2012 201 mi 22 mi 180 mi 1 041 819 mi

Delay per hour driven in peak period

Delay per hour

Comparison per quarter

2013 TomTom International BV. All rights reserved. 38

TomTom Congestion Index

Nantes
Congestion level

20%
Ranking

Ranking of city compared to continent Congestion level on highways Congestion level on non-highways Delay per hour driven in peak period Delay per year with a 30 min commute

37/59 15% 27% 30 min 76 h

The weekly congestion pattern:


Best and worst peak periods of the week

Most congested specific day Total network length Total network length highways Total network length non-highways Total vehicle miles

Sat 11 Aug 2012 687 mi 119 mi 569 mi 10 486 164 mi

Delay per hour driven in peak period

Delay per hour

Comparison per quarter

2013 TomTom International BV. All rights reserved. 39

TomTom Congestion Index

Naples
Congestion level

25%
Ranking

Ranking of city compared to continent Congestion level on highways Congestion level on non-highways Delay per hour driven in peak period Delay per year with a 30 min commute

22/59 13% 37% 25 min 67 h

The weekly congestion pattern:


Best and worst peak periods of the week

Most congested specific day Total network length Total network length highways Total network length non-highways Total vehicle miles

Tue 4 Dec 2012 1 028 mi 154 mi 874 mi 6 674 113 mi

Delay per hour driven in peak period

Delay per hour

Comparison per quarter

2013 TomTom International BV. All rights reserved. 40

TomTom Congestion Index

Newcastle-Sunderland
Congestion level

21%
Ranking

Ranking of city compared to continent Congestion level on highways Congestion level on non-highways Delay per hour driven in peak period Delay per year with a 30 min commute

35/59 15% 26% 25 min 67 h

The weekly congestion pattern:


Best and worst peak periods of the week

Most congested specific day Total network length Total network length highways Total network length non-highways Total vehicle miles

Wed 5 Dec 2012 825 mi 109 mi 715 mi 10 211 266 mi

Delay per hour driven in peak period

Delay per hour

Comparison per quarter

2013 TomTom International BV. All rights reserved. 41

TomTom Congestion Index

Nice
Congestion level

27%
Ranking

Ranking of city compared to continent Congestion level on highways Congestion level on non-highways Delay per hour driven in peak period Delay per year with a 30 min commute

15/59 15% 34% 29 min 74 h

The weekly congestion pattern:


Best and worst peak periods of the week

Most congested specific day Total network length Total network length highways Total network length non-highways Total vehicle miles

Wed 22 Feb 2012 190 mi 27 mi 162 mi 1 398 188 mi

Delay per hour driven in peak period

Delay per hour

Comparison per quarter

2013 TomTom International BV. All rights reserved. 42

TomTom Congestion Index

Nottingham
Congestion level

24%
Ranking

Ranking of city compared to continent Congestion level on highways Congestion level on non-highways Delay per hour driven in peak period Delay per year with a 30 min commute

24/59 6% 32% 33 min 81 h

The weekly congestion pattern:


Best and worst peak periods of the week

Most congested specific day Total network length Total network length highways Total network length non-highways Total vehicle miles

Wed 11 Apr 2012 263 mi 12 mi 251 mi 8 926 692 mi

Delay per hour driven in peak period

Delay per hour

Comparison per quarter

2013 TomTom International BV. All rights reserved. 43

TomTom Congestion Index

Oslo
Congestion level

23%
Ranking

Ranking of city compared to continent Congestion level on highways Congestion level on non-highways Delay per hour driven in peak period Delay per year with a 30 min commute

29/59 19% 30% 41 min 93 h

The weekly congestion pattern:


Best and worst peak periods of the week

Most congested specific day Total network length Total network length highways Total network length non-highways Total vehicle miles

Mon 9 Jan 2012 331 mi 78 mi 254 mi 3 605 887 mi

Delay per hour driven in peak period

Delay per hour

Comparison per quarter

2013 TomTom International BV. All rights reserved. 44

TomTom Congestion Index

Palermo
Congestion level

39%
Ranking

Ranking of city compared to continent Congestion level on highways Congestion level on non-highways Delay per hour driven in peak period Delay per year with a 30 min commute

5/59 27% 49% 38 min 89 h

The weekly congestion pattern:


Best and worst peak periods of the week

Most congested specific day Total network length Total network length highways Total network length non-highways Total vehicle miles

Thu 6 Dec 2012 203 mi 31 mi 171 mi 1 004 862 mi

Delay per hour driven in peak period

Delay per hour

Comparison per quarter

2013 TomTom International BV. All rights reserved. 45

TomTom Congestion Index

Palma de Mallorca
Congestion level

16%
Ranking

Ranking of city compared to continent Congestion level on highways Congestion level on non-highways Delay per hour driven in peak period Delay per year with a 30 min commute

51/59 7% 20% 14 min 43 h

The weekly congestion pattern:


Best and worst peak periods of the week

Most congested specific day Total network length Total network length highways Total network length non-highways Total vehicle miles

Mon 15 Oct 2012 181 mi 27 mi 153 mi 1 115 553 mi

Delay per hour driven in peak period

Delay per hour

Comparison per quarter

2013 TomTom International BV. All rights reserved. 46

TomTom Congestion Index

Paris
Congestion level

33%
Ranking

Ranking of city compared to continent Congestion level on highways Congestion level on non-highways Delay per hour driven in peak period Delay per year with a 30 min commute

7/59 32% 34% 40 min 92 h

The weekly congestion pattern:


Best and worst peak periods of the week

Most congested specific day Total network length Total network length highways Total network length non-highways Total vehicle miles

Thu 20 Dec 2012 4 870 mi 891 mi 3 979 mi 192 596 535 mi

Delay per hour driven in peak period

Delay per hour

Comparison per quarter

2013 TomTom International BV. All rights reserved. 47

TomTom Congestion Index

Porto
Congestion level

18%
Ranking

Ranking of city compared to continent Congestion level on highways Congestion level on non-highways Delay per hour driven in peak period Delay per year with a 30 min commute

47/59 9% 25% 21 min 59 h

The weekly congestion pattern:


Best and worst peak periods of the week

Most congested specific day Total network length Total network length highways Total network length non-highways Total vehicle miles

Tue 25 Sep 2012 600 mi 103 mi 496 mi 4 977 589 mi

Delay per hour driven in peak period

Delay per hour

Comparison per quarter

2013 TomTom International BV. All rights reserved. 48

TomTom Congestion Index

Prague
Congestion level

23%
Ranking

Ranking of city compared to continent Congestion level on highways Congestion level on non-highways Delay per hour driven in peak period Delay per year with a 30 min commute

28/59 18% 29% 27 min 71 h

The weekly congestion pattern:


Best and worst peak periods of the week

Most congested specific day Total network length Total network length highways Total network length non-highways Total vehicle miles

Mon 16 Jul 2012 655 mi 145 mi 510 mi 8 535 237 mi

Delay per hour driven in peak period

Delay per hour

Comparison per quarter

2013 TomTom International BV. All rights reserved. 49

TomTom Congestion Index

Rome
Congestion level

33%
Ranking

Ranking of city compared to continent Congestion level on highways Congestion level on non-highways Delay per hour driven in peak period Delay per year with a 30 min commute

8/59 25% 37% 41 min 93 h

The weekly congestion pattern:


Best and worst peak periods of the week

Most congested specific day Total network length Total network length highways Total network length non-highways Total vehicle miles

Fri 3 Feb 2012 802 mi 135 mi 667 mi 19 840 544 mi

Delay per hour driven in peak period

Delay per hour

Comparison per quarter

2013 TomTom International BV. All rights reserved. 50

TomTom Congestion Index

Rotterdam
Congestion level

19%
Ranking

Ranking of city compared to continent Congestion level on highways Congestion level on non-highways Delay per hour driven in peak period Delay per year with a 30 min commute

41/59 13% 29% 28 min 73 h

The weekly congestion pattern:


Best and worst peak periods of the week

Most congested specific day Total network length Total network length highways Total network length non-highways Total vehicle miles

Fri 3 Feb 2012 772 mi 129 mi 644 mi 38 785 588 mi

Delay per hour driven in peak period

Delay per hour

Comparison per quarter

2013 TomTom International BV. All rights reserved. 51

TomTom Congestion Index

Ruhr region east


Congestion level

16%
Ranking

Ranking of city compared to continent Congestion level on highways Congestion level on non-highways Delay per hour driven in peak period Delay per year with a 30 min commute

50/59 12% 25% 17 min 50 h

The weekly congestion pattern:


Best and worst peak periods of the week

Most congested specific day Total network length Total network length highways Total network length non-highways Total vehicle miles

Wed 12 Dec 2012 1 877 mi 388 mi 1 489 mi 23 367 598 mi

Delay per hour driven in peak period

Delay per hour

Comparison per quarter

2013 TomTom International BV. All rights reserved. 52

TomTom Congestion Index

Ruhr region west


Congestion level

18%
Ranking

Ranking of city compared to continent Congestion level on highways Congestion level on non-highways Delay per hour driven in peak period Delay per year with a 30 min commute

45/59 14% 29% 20 min 57 h

The weekly congestion pattern:


Best and worst peak periods of the week

Most congested specific day Total network length Total network length highways Total network length non-highways Total vehicle miles

Sat 30 Jun 2012 1 862 mi 425 mi 1 437 mi 32 290 729 mi

Delay per hour driven in peak period

Delay per hour

Comparison per quarter

2013 TomTom International BV. All rights reserved. 53

TomTom Congestion Index

Seville
Congestion level

13%
Ranking

Ranking of city compared to continent Congestion level on highways Congestion level on non-highways Delay per hour driven in peak period Delay per year with a 30 min commute

54/59 9% 17% 12 min 38 h

The weekly congestion pattern:


Best and worst peak periods of the week

Most congested specific day Total network length Total network length highways Total network length non-highways Total vehicle miles

Thu 27 Sep 2012 323 mi 70 mi 253 mi 4 076 508 mi

Delay per hour driven in peak period

Delay per hour

Comparison per quarter

2013 TomTom International BV. All rights reserved. 54

TomTom Congestion Index

Stockholm
Congestion level

28%
Ranking

Ranking of city compared to continent Congestion level on highways Congestion level on non-highways Delay per hour driven in peak period Delay per year with a 30 min commute

12/59 25% 32% 39 min 90 h

The weekly congestion pattern:


Best and worst peak periods of the week

Most congested specific day Total network length Total network length highways Total network length non-highways Total vehicle miles

Wed 5 Dec 2012 693 mi 142 mi 551 mi 4 787 882 mi

Delay per hour driven in peak period

Delay per hour

Comparison per quarter

2013 TomTom International BV. All rights reserved. 55

TomTom Congestion Index

Strasbourg
Congestion level

23%
Ranking

Ranking of city compared to continent Congestion level on highways Congestion level on non-highways Delay per hour driven in peak period Delay per year with a 30 min commute

30/59 18% 30% 31 min 78 h

The weekly congestion pattern:


Best and worst peak periods of the week

Most congested specific day Total network length Total network length highways Total network length non-highways Total vehicle miles

Tue 13 Nov 2012 321 mi 73 mi 249 mi 4 429 380 mi

Delay per hour driven in peak period

Delay per hour

Comparison per quarter

2013 TomTom International BV. All rights reserved. 56

TomTom Congestion Index

Stuttgart
Congestion level

33%
Ranking

Ranking of city compared to continent Congestion level on highways Congestion level on non-highways Delay per hour driven in peak period Delay per year with a 30 min commute

6/59 32% 34% 38 min 89 h

The weekly congestion pattern:


Best and worst peak periods of the week

Most congested specific day Total network length Total network length highways Total network length non-highways Total vehicle miles

Fri 20 Jul 2012 471 mi 94 mi 378 mi 5 090 577 mi

Delay per hour driven in peak period

Delay per hour

Comparison per quarter

2013 TomTom International BV. All rights reserved. 57

TomTom Congestion Index

The Hague
Congestion level

20%
Ranking

Ranking of city compared to continent Congestion level on highways Congestion level on non-highways Delay per hour driven in peak period Delay per year with a 30 min commute

40/59 11% 27% 27 min 71 h

The weekly congestion pattern:


Best and worst peak periods of the week

Most congested specific day Total network length Total network length highways Total network length non-highways Total vehicle miles

Fri 3 Feb 2012 290 mi 43 mi 246 mi 15 830 176 mi

Delay per hour driven in peak period

Delay per hour

Comparison per quarter

2013 TomTom International BV. All rights reserved. 58

TomTom Congestion Index

Toulouse
Congestion level

25%
Ranking

Ranking of city compared to continent Congestion level on highways Congestion level on non-highways Delay per hour driven in peak period Delay per year with a 30 min commute

21/59 20% 32% 39 min 90 h

The weekly congestion pattern:


Best and worst peak periods of the week

Most congested specific day Total network length Total network length highways Total network length non-highways Total vehicle miles

Mon 21 May 2012 736 mi 121 mi 616 mi 12 862 943 mi

Delay per hour driven in peak period

Delay per hour

Comparison per quarter

2013 TomTom International BV. All rights reserved. 59

TomTom Congestion Index

Turin
Congestion level

20%
Ranking

Ranking of city compared to continent Congestion level on highways Congestion level on non-highways Delay per hour driven in peak period Delay per year with a 30 min commute

39/59 10% 25% 24 min 65 h

The weekly congestion pattern:


Best and worst peak periods of the week

Most congested specific day Total network length Total network length highways Total network length non-highways Total vehicle miles

Wed 1 Feb 2012 899 mi 89 mi 810 mi 9 493 948 mi

Delay per hour driven in peak period

Delay per hour

Comparison per quarter

2013 TomTom International BV. All rights reserved. 60

TomTom Congestion Index

Valencia
Congestion level

11%
Ranking

Ranking of city compared to continent Congestion level on highways Congestion level on non-highways Delay per hour driven in peak period Delay per year with a 30 min commute

56/59 5% 19% 11 min 35 h

The weekly congestion pattern:


Best and worst peak periods of the week

Most congested specific day Total network length Total network length highways Total network length non-highways Total vehicle miles

Wed 5 Dec 2012 516 mi 148 mi 368 mi 5 640 509 mi

Delay per hour driven in peak period

Delay per hour

Comparison per quarter

2013 TomTom International BV. All rights reserved. 61

TomTom Congestion Index

Vienna
Congestion level

25%
Ranking

Ranking of city compared to continent Congestion level on highways Congestion level on non-highways Delay per hour driven in peak period Delay per year with a 30 min commute

19/59 17% 32% 27 min 71 h

The weekly congestion pattern:


Best and worst peak periods of the week

Most congested specific day Total network length Total network length highways Total network length non-highways Total vehicle miles

Thu 25 Oct 2012 816 mi 142 mi 674 mi 13 385 031 mi

Delay per hour driven in peak period

Delay per hour

Comparison per quarter

2013 TomTom International BV. All rights reserved. 62

TomTom Congestion Index

Warsaw
Congestion level

42%
Ranking

Ranking of city compared to continent Congestion level on highways Congestion level on non-highways Delay per hour driven in peak period Delay per year with a 30 min commute

3/59 39% 46% 51 min 105 h

The weekly congestion pattern:


Best and worst peak periods of the week

Most congested specific day Total network length Total network length highways Total network length non-highways Total vehicle miles

Tue 18 Dec 2012 624 mi 222 mi 403 mi 4 142 251 mi

Delay per hour driven in peak period

Delay per hour

Comparison per quarter

2013 TomTom International BV. All rights reserved. 63

TomTom Congestion Index

Zaragoza
Congestion level

9%
Ranking

Ranking of city compared to continent Congestion level on highways Congestion level on non-highways Delay per hour driven in peak period Delay per year with a 30 min commute

59/59 0% 18% 8 min 27 h

The weekly congestion pattern:


Best and worst peak periods of the week

Most congested specific day Total network length Total network length highways Total network length non-highways Total vehicle miles

Thu 16 Feb 2012 250 mi 77 mi 173 mi 3 022 636 mi

Delay per hour driven in peak period

Delay per hour

Comparison per quarter

2013 TomTom International BV. All rights reserved. 64

TomTom Congestion Index

Evaluated cities
Europe
Rank 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 City Moscow Istanbul Warsaw Marseille Palermo Stuttgart Paris Rome Hamburg Brussels Dublin Stockholm Berlin London Nice Cologne Lyon Leeds-Bradford Vienna Milan Toulouse Naples Luxembourg Nottingham Budapest Manchester Munich Prague Oslo Strasbourg Frankfurt am Main Birmingham Liverpool Lille Newcastle-Sunderland Lisbon Nantes Genoa Turin The Hague Rotterdam Barcelona Gothenburg Glasgow Ruhr region west Helsinki Porto Copenhagen Amsterdam Ruhr region east Palma de Mallorca Madrid Bern Seville Murcia Valencia Malm Mlaga Zaragoza Country Russia Turkey Poland France Italy Germany France Italy Germany Belgium Ireland Sweden Germany United Kingdom France Germany France United Kingdom Austria Italy France Italy Luxembourg United Kingdom Hungary United Kingdom Germany Czech Republic Norway France Germany United States United Kingdom France United Kingdom Portugal France Italy Italy Netherlands Netherlands Spain Sweden United Kingdom Germany Finland Portugal Denmark Netherlands Germany Spain Spain Switzerland Spain Spain Spain Sweden Spain Spain 24/7 66 55 42 40 39 33 33 33 32 32 29 28 28 27 27 26 26 26 25 25 25 25 25 24 24 24 24 23 23 23 22 22 21 21 21 20 20 20 20 20 19 19 19 18 18 18 18 17 17 16 16 14 13 13 12 11 10 10 9 Morning peak 106 80 84 77 64 59 70 76 49 75 62 62 42 56 41 49 58 54 43 70 76 40 52 59 46 62 49 52 61 41 48 46 38 53 41 45 52 37 44 46 38 46 33 38 32 35 31 42 35 29 25 39 24 24 18 18 14 16 13 Congestion Level (%) Evening peak Weekdays 138 81 125 59 88 50 77 45 64 44 67 39 65 38 63 39 55 35 81 39 62 34 70 33 50 31 55 31 54 30 54 32 56 30 59 30 50 29 55 31 56 29 45 28 59 30 52 28 45 28 59 28 42 27 40 28 75 27 64 27 41 26 45 25 39 24 48 25 43 23 51 24 49 24 38 23 39 23 45 23 55 23 38 23 52 22 42 21 35 21 40 20 39 20 34 20 39 20 30 19 22 18 29 17 38 16 20 15 15 14 19 13 18 11 12 11 13 11 Weekend 34 45 19 22 25 15 19 15 22 12 17 14 15 18 17 11 16 14 12 10 11 15 9 12 13 11 13 8 8 9 9 10 14 9 12 9 10 12 10 12 8 8 9 11 8 9 10 8 8 7 8 4 3 6 5 6 7 5 4

2013 TomTom International BV. All rights reserved. 65

TomTom Congestion Index

Keywords
Keywords Average Free Flow Speed Average observed speeds Cities City Congestion level Delay per hour driven in peak period Delay per year for commuters FRC Free flow Free flow condition Free flow situation Free Flow Speed Highways Most congested day Most congested specific day Non-highways Peak hours Peak period Road network Time delay per year for commuters TomTom Congestion Level Total network length Total network length highways Total network length non-highways Total vehicle miles Travel time Urban area Urban network Definition Measured average road speed during a free flow situation (usually at night). Average observed speeds within specific time periods. TomTom evaluated capital cities as well as cities with a population of over 800 000. Next to the cities that meet these criteria, additional key cities are chosen and added in some countries. See Cities. See TomTom Congestion Level. Delay in minutes per hour driven during morning and evening peak times compared to free flow situations. For example, 22 minutes delay per hour at peak times indicates that a one hour journey driven at free flow times will take an additional 22 minutes at peak times. See Time delay per year for commuters. Functional Road Class, an industry standard that defines different road categories. FRC0 = highways, FRC1 = international roads/slip roads, FRC2 = major roads, FRC3 = secondary roads, FRC4 = connecting roads. See Free flow situation. See Free flow situation. A journey made without any delay caused by traffic congestion. This most typically occurs during the night. See Average Free Flow Speed. See FRC. See most congested specific day. The day with the highest Congestion Level. See FRC See Peak period. Based on real traffic measurements, the busiest one-hour-long period in the morning and in the evening period were determined for every evaluated city. In this report all speed measurements on roads classified as FRC0 through FRC4 within the urban areas contribute to the statistics. Delay per year with a 30 minute commute. Based on 230 work days per year and two peak periods per day. Increase in overall travel times when compared to a free flow situation. For example, a Congestion Level of 12% corresponds to 12% longer travel times compared to a free flow situation. Total length of the evaluated network in miles. Total length of the evaluated network in miles for FRC0 and FRC1 only. Total length of the evaluated network in miles for FRC2, FRC3 and FRC4 only. Total distance covered by all TomTom user measurements, used for this specific report. TomToms historic traffic database contains over six trillion anonymous speed measurements. Theses speed measurements are used to calculate the travel times on individual road segments and entire networks. Geographical area that takes population size and network layout into account. Speed measurements within the defined urban area contribute to the statistics. The road network in an urban area.

2013 TomTom International BV. All rights reserved. 66

TomTom Congestion Index

Explanation of tables and figures


Pages for continents
Section Congestion Level Map of the continent Top 3 - increasing congestion Top 3 - decreasing congestion Top 10 cities / evaluated cities Rank CI change Congestion Morning peak Evening peak Highways Non-highways Comparison per quarter Congestion Worst average morning peak Worst average evening peak Description Average Congestion Level across all cities evaluated on the continent. Image of the continent showing the most congested cities. Top 3 cities with largest increase in the Congestion Level compared to the previous year. Top 3 cities with largest decrease in the Congestion Level compared to the previous year. Ranking of cities according to Congestion Levels. Rank according to Congestion Levels. Change in the Congestion Level compared to one year earlier. Congestion Level. Average Congestion Level during morning peak periods on work days. Average Congestion Level during evening peak periods on work days. Average Congestion Level for highways only. Average Congestion Level for non-highways only. Change in Congestion Level over the past quarters. Average Congestion Level for all the cities evaluated. Highest Congestion Level during the 5 morning peak periods (work days) in all cities evaluated. Highest Congestion Level during the 5 evening peak periods (work days) in all cities evaluated.

Pages for cities


Section Congestion Level Ranking of city compared to continent Congestion Level on highways Congestion Level on non-highways Delay per hour driven in peak period Delay per year with a 30 minute commute The weekly congestion pattern Comparison per quarter Congestion Worst average morning peak Worst average evening peak Description Average Congestion Level across all roads in the city. Rank of the city according to Congestion Level compared to other evaluated cities on the continent. Congestion Level for highways only. Congestion Level for non-highways only. Average delay in minutes for a one hour journey driven in the peak periods. The total accumulated delay over one year for a 30 minute commute driven in the peak periods on work days. Average Congestion Levels for the 10 peak periods in a week (morning and evening peak hours on 5 working days). Change in Congestion Level over the past quarters. Average Congestion Level across the city. Highest Congestion Level during the 5 morning peak periods (work days). Available in Quarterly reports, not available in Annual reports. Highest Congestion Level during the 5 evening peak periods (work days). Available in Quarterly reports, not available in Annual reports.

2013 TomTom International BV. All rights reserved. 67