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PSYCHROMETRIC CHART Is a graph that shows the behavior of mixtures of air and water vapour.

. The coordinates shows the lines of wet bulb temperature, dry bulb temperature, moisture content, relative humidity, specific enthalpy and specific volume of air. By sensible heating or cooling of air the relative humidity may either be too low or too high respectively.

DRY BULB TEMPERATURE DBT The dry-bulb temperature is the temperature of air measured by a thermometer freely exposed to the air but shielded from radiation and moisture. Dry bulb temperature is the temperature that we usually think of as air temperature. It is the temperature measured by a regular thermometer exposed to the airstream. Unlike wet bulb temperature, dry bulb temperature does not indicate the amount of moisture in the air. In construction, it is an important consideration when designing a building for a certain climate. RELATIVE HUMIDITY Relative humidity is a term used to describe the amount of water vapour that exists in a gaseous mixture of air and water vapour.

WET BULB TEMPERATURE Air temperature measured by normal thermometer whereby the end of bulb is wrapped with net muslin cloth, measuring air temperature not less than 3m/s. The wet-bulb temperature is a type of temperature measurement that reflects the physical properties of a system with a mixture of a gas and a vapour, usually air and water vapour. Wet bulb temperature is the lowest temperature that can be reached by the evaporation of water only. It is the temperature you feel when your skin is wet and is exposed to moving air. Unlike dry bulb temperature, wet bulb temperature is an indication of the amount of moisture in the air.
EDITED BY AZUAN AHMAD FAUZI 2011803188 UITM PULAU PINANG MAC 2013

Treatment of air is based on heating, cooling, humidification and dehumidification. These processes can be represented by lines drawn on the psychrometric chart. Heating (sensible) is depicted by a horizontal line drawn left to right. Dry bulb temperature increases with no change in moisture content, but there is a reduction in percentage saturation. Heating (latent) is the effect of steam humidification and is represented by a rising vertical line. Dry bulb temperature remains the same, moisture content and percentage saturation increase. Cooling (sensible) is depicted by a horizontal line drawn right to left. Dry bulb temperature decreases with no change in moisture content. Cooling by water spray humidifier is represented by an incline following the wet bulb temperature line. This is known as adiabatic humidification. Both cooling processes show an increase in percentage saturation. Dehumidification is shown with a descending vertical line. Moisture content and percentage saturation decrease. Sensible heating of air may reduce its percentage saturation or relative humidity to an unacceptable level, i.e. 30%. Conversely, sensible cooling may increase the percentage saturation or humidity to an unacceptable level, i.e. 70%. Applications: Air enters the air handling unit at 5C db with an RH of 60%. Conditioned air is required at 20C db with an RH of 50%. The air is pre-heated to 18.5C db, cooled to 9C dew point temperature (dry and wet bulb temperatures identical) and reheated to 20C db (see lower diagram, centre). Air enters the a.h.u. at 30C db with an RH of 70%. Conditioned air is required at 20C db with an RH of 50%. The air is cooled to 9C dew point temperature and reheated to 20C db (see lower diagram, right).

EDITED BY AZUAN AHMAD FAUZI 2011803188 UITM PULAU PINANG MAC 2013

HUMAN COMFORT LEVEL

EDITED BY AZUAN AHMAD FAUZI 2011803188 UITM PULAU PINANG MAC 2013