Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 18

PRIMARY SOURCES:

BOOKS:
Goddard, Esther. The Papers of Robert H. Goddard Volume I, 408-409. McGraw Hill. 1970. Print. A collection of Robert Goddard's personal writings edited by Esther C. Goddard and G. Edward Pendray. Many of the original manuscripts and photographs contained in the book are available at the Dr. Robert H. Goddard Collection at Clark University. Goddard, Robert H. edited by Esther Goddard and G. Edward Pendray. Rocket Development: Liquid Fuel Rocket Research 1929-1941: Diary of the Space Age Pioneer. 1948. Print. A follow-up on Robert Goddard's previous 1936 publication "Liquid-Propellant Rocket Development", this chronicled his later research. Lehman, Milton. This High Man. New York, NY.: Farrar, Strauss and Company, 1963. Print. The authorized biography of Robert Goddard with interviews and correspondence from people directly involved in Robert Goddard's life such as his wife, Esther Goddard, and Charles Lindbergh.

DOCUMENTS:
1920 Mistake Corrected; Rockets Really Do Work. New York Times. 17 June 1969. After ridiculing Goddard forty-nine years ago, the New York Times published this article the day after the Apollo 11 launch saying that they regretted the error they had made in 1920 when they had said on how Newton's laws wouldn't work in a vacuum. "A Method of Reaching Extreme Altitudes," Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections, Vol. 71, No. 2, 1919. Dr. Robert H. Goddard Digital Collection. Clark University. Worcester, MA. http://www.clarku.edu/research/archives/pdf/ext_altitudes.pdf Robert Goddard's groundbreaking work was considered one of the pioneering works of the science of rocketry. It describes Goddard's mathematical theories of rocket flight, his experiments with solid-fuel rockets, and the possibilities he saw of exploring the Earth's atmosphere and beyond. Collins Still Ready to be Shot to Mars, Chicago American, March 22nd, 1920. A newspaper article showing an example of the rocket mania after Robert Goddards paper was publicized. There were a fair amount of people volunteering to be the first ones into space. Dr. Robert H. Goddard Collection: Archives and Special Collections. Robert H. Goddard Library. Clark University. Worcester, MA. Digital Collection: http://robertgoddard.clarku.edu/ This primary source consists of Robert Goddard's personal documents including his notebooks, patents, and correspondence. Also included are his wife's papers and the information that was gathered by his first biographer, Milton Lehman. Goddard, Robert. Diary Entry 31 Jan 1898 to 2 Feb 1898. Clark University Robert H. Goddard Collection. Clark University Collection of diaries by Robert Goddard. "Goddard's Proposal to the Smithsonian" Smithsonian Institute Archives. September 27, 1916. http://siarchives.si.edu/history/exhibits/stories/september-27-1916-goddardsproposal-smithsonian This is a copy and transcription of the actual letter Robert Goddard sent to the Smithsonian Institute detailing his proposal for his rocket experiments. He cites his personal accomplishments as well as some of the patents he had already acquired. His Plan Is Not Original. New York Times. 18 Jan 1920. A newspaper article ridiculing Robert Goddard and saying his rockets won't work in vacuum of space.

Infringement Claim - Mrs. Esther C. Goddard. http://heroicrelics.org/info/goddard/abmapatent-dd96.html. JPEG. July 1, 1957 Original document: David Christensen testifying US government did violate patents of Robert Goddard. I used this document in the video "Case Settled in Court" page.

IMAGES:
Charles Lindbergh. <http://fineartamerica.com/featured/charles-lindbergh-1902-1974wearing-everett.html> Used as a background picture on the "Lindbergh and Guggenheim" page. Charles Lindbergh, right, poses with Dr. Robert Goddard, center, and Harry Guggenheim in Roswell. Goddards wife, Esther, took the photograph on Sept. 23, 1935. JPEG.NASA. This image was used on the "Charles Lindbergh and Guggenheim" page. DAMAGE CAUSED BY V2 ROCKET ATTACKS IN BRITAIN, 1945. Imperial War Museums. Ministry of Information Second World War Press Agency Print Collection. #HU 88803. Used under Fair Dealing exception for non-commercial research or private study. JPEG. <http://www.iwm.org.uk/collections/item/object/205022153> This World War II photo of the damage from a V2 rocket attack was used in my background on "World War II" page. Delta II rocket at Cape Canaveral. NASA. Delta II 12 Jan 2005. Public Domain. JPEG. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/94/Delta_II_7925_%282925%29_rocket _with_Deep_Impact.jpg This image of a modern Delta II rocket was used on the "Case Settled in Court" page. Diary entry March 17,1926. JPEG. Clark University Archives. Page from Robert Goddard's diary after the first liquid rocket launch. Dornberger, Walter Robert. JPEG. German federal archives. 1945. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Bundesarchiv_Bild_146-1980-00933,_Walter_Dornberger.jpg> Picture of Walter Robert Dornberger. Goddard, Robert with his crew July 17, 1929. JPEG. Clark University Archives Goddard's crew with the wrecked rocket on the flight of July 17th, 1929 just before police, ambulances, and reporters arrived.
Goddard home and birthplace, Auburn MA. JPEG. NASA Goddard Photo and Video.

This image was used on the "Cherry Tree" page. Goddard and a 1918 version of BAZOOKA: MSFC number: MSFC-75-SA-4105-2C. <http://mix.msfc.nasa.gov/abstracts.php?p=855> This image shows Dr. Goddard loading an early prototype tube launched rocket system that eventually became the bazooka.

Goddard, Robert. Age 10-12. Clary, David. Rocket Man: Robert H. Goddard and the Birth of the Space Age. Hyperion Press. 2003. Photograph. This is a picture of young Robert Goddard on "Early Life and Inspiration" page. Goddard, Robert. At Clark University laboratory. NASA. JPEG Photograph. <http://www.nasa.gov/images/content/150178main_image_feature_591_ys_4.jpg??> This image was used in the video montage on the "Title" page. It shows Goddard in the laboratory at Clark University, late 1920s. Goddard, Robert. First Liquid Fueled Rocket. NASA. JPEG. Robert Goddard posing next to first liquid fueled rocket in Auburn, MA. March 16,1926. Goddard 1941 P-series rocket. Smithsonian Air and Space Museum. Milestones of Flight Exhibition. JPEG. http://airandspace.si.edu/images/collections/media/full/A19850177000CP01.jpg This image of Robert Goddard's P-series rocket was used in "Case Settled in Court" page. Astronaut James A. Lovell Jr., NASA. Nasa images. 1 Dec 1969. Public Domain. JPG. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:James_Lovell.jpg> This was the picture used in the "Legacy" page to go along with the "every boy needs a hero..." quote. James A. Lovell was the commander of the Apollo 13 mission. Liquid Oxygen Tank. Photo by Esther Goddard. JPEG. 1926. <http://history.msfc.nasa.gov/goddard/gallery/1926_LOX_tank1.html>
Close-up view of the 1926 liquid oxygen tank.

Oberth, Hermann. JPEG Photograph. Public Domain. NASA archives. Photo ID: GPN2003-00099.< http://dayton.hq.nasa.gov/IMAGES/LARGE/GPN-2003-00099.jpg> Hermann Oberth (along with Robert Goddard and Tsiolkovsky) is considered one of the fathers of modern rocketry. Patent Drawings and Specification of Letters Patent, 05/15/1914. National Archives. Online Public Access. File Unit:1103503-Rocket Apparatus-R.H.Goddard,07/14/1914. <http://research.archives.gov/description/5661921> National Archives records of Robert Goddards patents in rocketry. Robert H. Goddard at work in laboratory, with rocket. ca. WWII. The Library of Congress.
Reproduction Number: LC-USZ62-127237

This image was used on a "Legacy" page. Robert Goddard: Pioneer. NASA. NASA image gallery. <http://www.nasa.gov/multimedia/imagegallery/image_feature_591.html> This picture of Robert Goddard working on one of his rockets was used in the video introduction on my title page.

Rocket Launch. NASA. 1930's. Roswell, New Mexico. <http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Features/Goddard/goddard_3.php> I used this image as part of my background on "Lindbergh and Guggenheim" page . Image shows a launch in New Mexico. By the mid 1930s, Goddard's rockets had broken the sound barrier at 741 mph and flown to heights of up to 1.7 miles. THE LONDON BLITZ : V2 ROCKET BOMB INCIDENT AT CHINATOWN, LIMEHOUSE, EAST LONDON, MARCH 1945. Imperial War Museums. Ministry of Information Second World War Press Agency Print Collection. #HU 44973. Used under Fair Dealing exception for non-commercial research or private study. JPEG. <http://www.iwm.org.uk/collections/item/object/205019013> This World War II photo of the damage from a V2 explosion was used in my background on "World War II" page. Ultra Deep Space. NASA. Hubble Space Telescope. JPEG. <http://www.californiaindianeducation.org/science_lab/deep_space.html> This starry night view was used as the background for the "Case Settled in Court" page. V2 Rocket in Flight. IEEE Global History Network. JPEG. <http://www.ieeeghn.org/wiki/index.php/File:V2rocket.jpg> This World War II photo of a V2 in flight was used in my background on "World War II" page. V2 Rocket Launch. JPEG. <http://www.circlecity.co.uk/wartime/german/gfx/v2rocket3.jpg> This World War II photo of a V2 rocket launch was used in my background on "World War II" page. V2 Launch Site. JPEG. <http://www.edenbridgetown.com/assets_2006/community/in_the_past/bill_walters/v_2_ro cket.jpg> This World War II photo of a V2 rocket launch site was used in my background on "World War II" page. V2 Rocket on its Trailer. JPEG. AirRecce. <http://airrecce.co.uk/WW2/imagery/Peenemude/V2_rocket.jpg> This World War II photo of a V2 rocket on its trailer was used in my background on "World War II" page. V2 on Launch pad. NASA. White Sands. JPEG. <http://www.earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Features/RemoteSensing/Images/v2_white_sands.j pg> This World War II era photo of a V2 rocket on its launch pad was used on "World War II" page.

Wernher von Braun. <http://www.droopsnoot.co.uk/Photos/VfR.jpg>. JPEG. Image of Von Braun with a rocket society in Germany. It was named Verein fur Raumschiffarht (or the "Society of Space Travel"). Von Braun became active in the society and was heavily influenced by Hermann Oberth.

VIDEOS:
Andromeda Galaxy. YouTube video. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-orm5p9O9pE>. ispacenews. Jan 16, 2012. Hubble Space Telescope image that centers on the 100-million-solar-mass black hole at the core of the galaxy and the young blue stars surrounding the black hole. This is the sharpest visible-light image ever made of the nucleus of an external galaxy.

Esther Goddard Quote. Marshall Space Flight Center. Goddard Rocket Replica Project. Mike Wright owner and historian. history.msfc.nasa.gov/goddard/transcripts.html#esther Mrs. Esther Goddard recollects the first flight of a liquid fueled rocket on March 16, 1926. Mrs. Goddard's remarks, "no one knew that event would one day lead mankind to the moon and stars." I used this quote because Mrs. Goddard comments on the importance of fist liquid rocket launch. Esther Goddard Quotes. The Dream that Wouldn't Down, 1965. NASA. National Archives at College Park. YouTube video. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=JN7Vx86DviI#!> This was a comment by Esther Goddard how the US government didn't pay attention to Goddard's work. It was used on page "No Support" page. Rocket Experiments by Robert Goddard" YouTube April 8 2012. National Archives Identifier: 67881. Airboyd. < http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Pq7WmrTbiQ&playnext=1&list=PL5D5F2905FD7975E1&feature=results_main> This YouTube video is a compilation of the actual footage Esther Goddard shot of Robert Goddard rocket launches. Film back then could only be shot for a few seconds, which is the reason why most of the clips were so short. Wernher von Braun Quote from Father of the Space Age-Dr. Robert Goddard. NASA. YouTube video. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=wVAmBN28_pw>
Wernher von Braun acknowledged that the US government missed opportunity when it refused funding for Goddard's rocket research. This quote was used on "No Support " page.

Wernher von Braun Quote from Rocket Men: Robert Goddard and the Adventure of Space Exploration. Dir. Vincent Kralyevich. United States. Goldhil Home Media and Disney Channel. 1994. VHS. Wernher von Braun comments that Goddard was inspirational to future generations of scientists all over the world. This quote was used on the "Case Settled in Court" page.

WEBSITES
Hiskey, Daven. (March 16, 2012.) This Day in History: Robert H. Goddard Performs the First Flight Test of a Liquid Fueled Rocket. Retrieved from: <http://www.todayifoundout.com/index.php/2012/03/this-day-in-history-robert-h-goddardperforms-the-first-flight-test-of-a-liquid-fueled-rocket/#0kkRTGWmijuUKE9J.99> This article contained quotes from Robert Goddard's personal diary as well as an image of him standing in front of his first successfully launched liquid fueled rocket. Infringement Claim-Mrs. Esther C. Goddard. < http://heroicrelics.org/info/goddard/abmapatent-dd96.html> This website holds scans of the original court documents used by Esther Goddard when she confronted the U.S. Government for patent infringement on her late husband's works. This was the settlement of $1mllion dollars the government paid to Esther Goddard .

SECONDARY SOURCES:
BOOKS:
Burrows, William E. This New Ocean. New York, NY.: Random House, 1998. Print. This book is about the early years of the space age. Robert Goddard influence on the early years of the space age as a pioneer in rocketry is discussed. Clary, David. Rocket Man: Robert H. Goddard and the Birth of the Space Age. Hyperion Press. 2003. Print. This was a detailed biography of Robert Goddard's life and work. It was an important part of my research. Crouch, Tom D. Aiming for the Stars: The Dreamers and Doers of the Space Age. Smithsonian Institution Scholarly Press; 1st Edition (September 17, 1999) Parts of this book that I found useful for my research were about the beginnings of the modern space age, from the science fiction writers of the last century and to how they influenced the early pioneers of space exploration. Dickson, Paul. Sputnik, the Shock of the Century. New York, NY.: Walker and Company, 2001. Print.
A book about the launch of the first man-made satellite into orbit, discussing operation Paperclip, V-2 and Von Braun research.

Nelson, Craig. Rocket Men; The Epic Story of the First Men on the Moon. New York, NY.: Penguin Group, 2009. Print. A book about what led to the Apollo Mission. Goddard, Oberth and Tsiolkovsky: the three fathers of rocketry are discussed. Neufeld, Michael. Von Braun: Dreamer of Space, Engineer of War. New York, NY.: Random House, 2007. Print. A biography of NASA's director of the Marshall Space Flight Center and the chief architect of the Saturn V rocket, von Braun. Von Braun and Korolev realized the founder's vision (Goddard, Oberth and Tsiolkovsky) by the development of rockets and spaceflight. Ross, Walter S. The Last Hero: Charles A. Lindbergh. New York, NY.: Harper & Row, Publishers, 1964. Print. A whole chapter in this book was devoted to Lindbergh's relationship to Robert Goddard and how he advocated for funds from Harry Guggenheim to support Goddard's research. The rocket launches in New Mexico were only possible with Lindbergh and Guggenheim's support. Verne, Jules. From the Earth to the Moon. Bantam Classics. 1993

This was a book that inspired the three fathers of modern rocketry: Robert Goddard, Herman Oberth and Konstantin Tsiolkovsky. Winter, Frank. Rockets Into Space. Cambridge, MA.: Harvard University Press, 1990. Print. This book summarizes the history of rocketry. Robert Goddard's work was inspirational and influential in the development of rockets that led to space exploration. The book discusses in detail why Robert Goddard chose liquid oxygen as the fuel for his rockets and the difficulty of working with it.

INTERVIEWS:
Chick, Brian. Email Interview by Nicole Chiang Brian Chick is an Adjunct Professor in Video Production at the Green Bay Community College and the writer and director of the upcoming documentary about Goddard and the Goddard Rocket Replica Project. One of the pages I used clips from this trailer was on "Goddard's Work Was Known" page. Clary, David. Email Interview by Nicole Chiang, David Clary is the author of Rocket Man. Author of numerous books and other publication s on military and scientific history. He has served as a consultant to several government agencies and teaches history at Eastern New Mexico University at Roswell. Duran, Glenn. Email Interview by Nicole Chiang, Glenn Duran is the Space Science Educator/Camp Programs Manager of the Kansas Cosmosphere and Space Center which is part of the Smithsonian Institution Affiliations Program. Farr, Rebecca. Email Interview by Nicole Chiang, 9 Feb 2013 to 4 Mar 2013. Rebecca Farr is an Aerospace Systems Engineer at the Marshal Space Flight Center and has worked on the Goddard Rocket Replica Project. I contacted her and she was my key source to link Goddard's work to the V-2 and Saturn V rockets. Gruntman, Michael. Email Interview by Nicole Chiang, Michael Gruntman is a Professor of Astronautics at the University of Southern California. I included an excerpt of his interview. His opinion was that the V-2 was an independent invention by the Germans. Neufeld, Michael. Skype Video Interview by Nicole Chiang, 15 Jan 2013. Michael Neufeld is a curator at the Smithsonian Air and Space Museum in Washington D.C. in charge of the Early Rocketry collection as well as their Mercury-Gemini Spacecraft and Components collection. He believes that Robert Goddard's influence on the German V-2 was minimal. Williams, Fordyce. Interview by Nicole Chiang, 7 Jan 2013. Fordyce Williams is the Coordinator of the Dr. Robert H. Goddard Collection at Clark University in Worcester, Massachusetts. This collection includes Robert Goddards original notebooks, patents, and correspondence. Fordyce Williams gave me a great tour of the collection and she contributed a lot to my research for my website.

IMAGES
3D model of liquid fuel rocket: artist: visual motion, <www.turbosquid.com/3d-models/3dmodel-of-rocket-robert-goddard-liquid/718176> This is a 3D model of Goddard's liquid rocket. Andrew Chaikin. <http://www.exploremars.org/about/advisors.JPEG.> Image used on "Reaction by Press Page". Award-winning science journalist and space historian Andrew Chaikin has authored books and articles about space exploration and astronomy for more than 25 years. Chaikin is a frequent commentator on space on radio and television. He has been an advisor to NASA on space policy and public communications. A former editor of Sky & Telescope magazine, Chaikin has also been a contributing editor of Popular Science and has written for Wired, Newsweek, Air & Space/Smithsonian, World Book Encyclopedia, Scientific American, and other publications. From 1999 to 2001 Chaikin served as Executive Editor for Space and Science at SPACE.com, the essential website for all things space. He was also the editor of SPACE.coms print magazine, Space Illustrated.
Hubble Space Telescope. NASA image. Public domain. 2002. JPEG. <http://spacetelescope.org/static/archives/images/screen/opo0524a.jpg> This image of the Hubble Space Telescope used in the "Conclusion" page took pictures of space that has helped us learn more about our universe. International Space Station. NASA photo STS132-E-012208. Space Shuttle Atlantis. STS-132. Public domain 2010. < http://www.nasa.gov/images/content/460043main_s132e012208_hires.jpg> An image of the International Space Station, where astronauts live and work while orbiting Earth.

Mars. Viking Mission Team. NASA/JPL. U.S. Geological Survey. 1998. JPEG. < http://photojournal.jpl.nasa.gov/jpegMod/PIA00407_modest.jpg> This image of Mars was used as a background for my "Early Life and Inspiration" page.
McMurdo' Panorama from Spirit's 'Winter Haven'. NASA JPL image. Mars Exploration Rover. Image PIA01907. Public Domain. 2006. < http://photojournal.jpl.nasa.gov/catalog/PIA01907> An image of the surface Mars used in the "Conclusion" page. Milky Way. http://spacetechnologyandrealscience.wordpress.com. Public blog. <http://spacetechnologyandrealscience.files.wordpress.com/2012/01/milky-way.jpg> JPEG file. An image of our Milky Way galaxy, used in the Conclusion page. Saturn. NASA image. Voyager 2. 1981. Public Domain. <http://voyager.jpl.nasa.gov/image/images/saturn/saturnx.gif> An image of Saturn used in the Conclusion page. Saturn V Rocket. <Exploration.grc.nasa.gov.> JPEG. This was image was used as a background for my "Thesis" page.

Space shuttle Discovery. NASA image. Space Shuttle Discovery STS-31. Public Domain. 1990. JPEG. <http://sci.esa.int/science-e-media/img/97/14115%20screen1.jpg> Space shuttle Endeavor launching. This image shows how far we have come with rocketry. Space Shuttle Endeavor docked to Destiny Laboratory. NASA image ISS015-E-22574. Space Shuttle Endeavor STS-118. Public Domain. 2007. JPEG. <http://spaceflight.nasa.gov/gallery/images/station/crew-15/hires/iss015e22574.jpg> An image of the space shuttle Atlantis getting ready to leave the International Space Station.

Star Ae Aurigae Wallpaper. JPEG image. National Optical Astronomy Observatory/Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy/National Science Foundation. < http://www.noao.edu/image_gallery/html/im0686.html IMAGE OF Ae NEBULA>
This image of the star AE Aurigae and its surrounding nebulosity was taken at the National Science Foundation's 0.9-meter telescope. Located in the constellation of Auriga, the Charioteer, AE Aurigae is the bright blue star at the center of the image. The energy from this hot, massive star is energizing the surrounding gas, causing it to glow dramatically. As a result it is also known as "the flaming star". This false-color image was created by combining emission-line images taken in Hydrogenalpha (yellow), Oxygen [OIII] (violet) and Sulfur [SII] (blue). I used this image as a background for my "Title" page. Verne, Jules. From the Earth to the Moon. 1874. First Edition. I used the images from the book to create a slideshow of the pictures. View of Three-Quarter Illuminated Earth Showing Africa and Europe. NASA. Hasselblad picture. Apollo 10. 1969. Public Domain. <http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/imgcat/html/object_page/a10_h_34_5026.html> Image used in the "Conclusion" page. Launching satellites has given us pictures of what Earth looks like from outer space.

VIDEOS:
Absolute Zero - NOVA. Dir. David Dugan. WGBH Boston. 2008. DVD. I used some images of the liquid gases from this video on the Liquid Fuel page to dramatically show how the temperature of liquid oxygen at -F goes to over 3000F degrees above zero in an instant during combustion. Ask an Expert: Robert Goddard and the "Hoopskirt" Rocket. Dr. Michael Neufeld. YouTube video. October 27, 2010. This clip is from the lecture series at the Space History Division at the National Air and Space Museum. I used an excerpt to show the reaction around the world after publication of Goddard's "Method of Reaching Extreme Altitudes" Robert Goddard: Mr. Rocket Science. The Adventure of Young Indiana Jones Documentaries. Lucasfilm. Producer: Sharon Wood. 2007. DVD. The DVD documentary tied to episode 19, The Winds of Change, David Clary author of Rocket Man, Roger Launius, senior curator division Space History Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum, Mike Massimino, NASA astronaut comment on Goddard's work and legacy.

Rocket Man: Robert H. Goddard and the Birth of the Space Age . David Clary. C-Span Video Library. Book Discussion at the Roswell Rotary Club. September 13, 2003.

I used a clip from this book discussion video on page V-2 was an independent invention to support the claim that V-2 wasn't based on Goddard's work Sputnik and Explorer part 1. Chaikin, Andrew. Lecture at Montana State University. YouTube video. Feb 1, 2010. <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BlWp_SPopYQ>
This video is part of the History of Spaceflight and Space Technology course at Montana State University. Andrew Chaikin , an author, speaker and space historian discusses the science of Newton's second law of motion and how it applies to rockets. I used a clip on the Reaction by Press Page with Chaikin commenting on the editorial published Jan 12, 1920 that ridiculed Goddard's "Method of Reaching Extreme Altitudes".

Goddard. Brian Chick: Writer and Director. Not yet released. <http://roberthgoddard.com/index.html> This is preview of the Goddard Rocket Replica Project that will be released in the future. The comments are made by Mott Linn, Head of Collection Management at Clark University and Konrad Dannenberg suggest that Robert Goddard's work was available to the Germans. The Road to Space. The First Thousand Years. Part 5 of 8. Gruntman, Michael. January 2007 <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R3j1KseE4GU> Excerpt from a lecture by Dr Michael Gruntman, Professor of Astronautics at University of Southern California. I included this to contrast Goddard who worked mostly by himself and

Wernher von Braun who had virtually unlimited resources of the Nazi government.

MUSIC
Blair-Oliphant, Richard, "Heroes". Soundtrack-When We Left the Earth, Discovery Channel 2008. MP3. Uplifting music that was appropriate for how Goddard contributed to the Saturn V launches. This was part of a video clip on "Case Settled in Court" page. Blair-Oliphant, Richard "How the Universe Works". Soundtrack-How the Universe Works. Discovery Channel 2010. MP3. I used this soundtrack on the "Liquid Fuel" page. Hopeful and inspiring, I thought this was appropriate for the first liquid fueled rocket launch video clip. Hooper, Nicholas. "Opening". By Nicholas Hooper. Harry Potter and the Half Blood Prince-Soundtrack. 2009. MP3. This music was suspenseful, sad, and tragic that was appropriate for the WWII pages and the destruction of the V-2 rocket. Ma, Yo Yo. Cello Suite No.1. By Johann Sebastian Bach. 1983. MP3. Reflective, thoughtful, and classical, this cello solo matched perfectly with Robert Goddard's quote on the "Title" page. Halfway House Orchestra, "Maple Leaf Rag". By Scott Joplin. Columbia Records. New Orleans. 25 Sept 1925. MP3 Lighthearted and fun, this music went well with the "Rocket Fever" page.

WEBSITES:
A SALUTE TO LONG NEGLECTED 'FATHER OF AMERICAN ROCKETRY'. John Noble Wilford. NY Times Article. October 5th, 1982. <http://www.nytimes.com/1982/10/05/science/a-salute-to-long-neglected-father-ofamerican-rocketry.html> A New York Times article about a celebration in Auburn, MA commemorating the launch of Robert Goddard's first launch of a liquid fueled rocket. Even after all these years, his legacy still serves as an inspiration to many future rocket scientists. Bazooka Anti-Tank Rocket Launcher. Global Security.org. <http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/systems/ground/bazooka-1.htm> This website provides background and history of the development of the bazooka. It credits Goddard with the development and demonstration of the basic idea of a tube launched rocket. The website also recognizes Goddard as one the three progenitors of the modern space age and the only one of the three who put his theories into practice and experimentation. Kluger, Jeffrey. (March 29, 1999) Rocket Scientist Robert Goddard. Time Magazine digital archives. < http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,990613-3,00.html> This article talked about Goddard's research paper and the fallout from the press. While it gave international fame to Dr. Goddard, the scrutiny and ridicule from the press led to him becoming more private and secretive on his future projects. Marconi, Elaine M., (March 9, 2004) Robert Goddard: A Man and His Rocket. <http://www.nasa.gov/missions/research/f_goddard.html> This is NASA's biographical entry on Robert Goddard. It contains biographical information and pictures of Goddard and one of his rocket launches. Richard Nixon: "Remarks on Presenting the Robert H. Goddard Memorial Trophy to the Apollo 8 Astronauts.," March 5, 1969. Online by Gerhard Peters and John T. Woolley, The American Presidency Project. <http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/?pid=2445.ttp://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.p hp?pid=2445> This is a transcript of Captain Jim Lovell, in the presence of Mrs. Goddard, speaking about how he did a report on Robert Goddards research while he was still in school and how it inspired him in his career path as an Apollo astronaut.

"The Exploration of Space". retrieved from: <http://www.century-offlight.net/Aviation%20history/space/space%20exploration%20introduction.htm> This website has a history of the three pioneers of rocketry. Oberth, Goddard, and Von Braun. A picture of Oberth and Von Braun was also available.