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Isaac Ra CEO of Eco Plus Int’l Workshop Energy Storage Technologies and Application, ADB April
Isaac Ra
CEO of Eco Plus
Int’l Workshop Energy Storage
Technologies and Application, ADB
April 3,
2013,
Isaac Ra CEO of Eco Plus Int’l Workshop Energy Storage Technologies and Application, ADB April 3,
Isaac Ra CEO of Eco Plus Int’l Workshop Energy Storage Technologies and Application, ADB April 3,

Market Megatrends of Rechargeable Battery

Power storage

Transportation

Locomotive

Rechargeable Battery Power storage Transportation Locomotive Wind farm Hybrid F/Lift EV UPS F/R Home Mobile IT
Rechargeable Battery Power storage Transportation Locomotive Wind farm Hybrid F/Lift EV UPS F/R Home Mobile IT

Wind farm

Battery Power storage Transportation Locomotive Wind farm Hybrid F/Lift EV UPS F/R Home Mobile IT devices

Hybrid F/Lift

storage Transportation Locomotive Wind farm Hybrid F/Lift EV UPS F/R Home Mobile IT devices Wireless cleaner

EV

storage Transportation Locomotive Wind farm Hybrid F/Lift EV UPS F/R Home Mobile IT devices Wireless cleaner

UPS

F/R

Transportation Locomotive Wind farm Hybrid F/Lift EV UPS F/R Home Mobile IT devices Wireless cleaner HEV

Home

Mobile IT devices

Wireless cleaner

F/Lift EV UPS F/R Home Mobile IT devices Wireless cleaner HEV Flexible PHEV e-scooter P/T Tablet

HEV

EV UPS F/R Home Mobile IT devices Wireless cleaner HEV Flexible PHEV e-scooter P/T Tablet PC
EV UPS F/R Home Mobile IT devices Wireless cleaner HEV Flexible PHEV e-scooter P/T Tablet PC

FlexibleEV UPS F/R Home Mobile IT devices Wireless cleaner HEV PHEV e-scooter P/T Tablet PC Smart

UPS F/R Home Mobile IT devices Wireless cleaner HEV Flexible PHEV e-scooter P/T Tablet PC Smart
UPS F/R Home Mobile IT devices Wireless cleaner HEV Flexible PHEV e-scooter P/T Tablet PC Smart

PHEV

Home Mobile IT devices Wireless cleaner HEV Flexible PHEV e-scooter P/T Tablet PC Smart phone CES

e-scooter

IT devices Wireless cleaner HEV Flexible PHEV e-scooter P/T Tablet PC Smart phone CES [Wh] ※
IT devices Wireless cleaner HEV Flexible PHEV e-scooter P/T Tablet PC Smart phone CES [Wh] ※

P/T

IT devices Wireless cleaner HEV Flexible PHEV e-scooter P/T Tablet PC Smart phone CES [Wh] ※

Tablet PC

Wireless cleaner HEV Flexible PHEV e-scooter P/T Tablet PC Smart phone CES [Wh] ※ UPS :

Smart phone

HEV Flexible PHEV e-scooter P/T Tablet PC Smart phone CES [Wh] ※ UPS : Uninterruptible Power

CES

[Wh]

UPS : Uninterruptible Power Supply

F/R

CES : Community Energy Storage

: Frequency Regulation

[kWh]

[MWh]

Energy
Energy
※ UPS : Uninterruptible Power Supply F/R CES : Community Energy Storage : Frequency Regulation [kWh]

Life Change by Rechargeable Li-ion battery

Life Change by Rechargeable Li-ion battery
Life Change by Rechargeable Li-ion battery
Life Change by Rechargeable Li-ion battery
Life Change by Rechargeable Li-ion battery
Life Change by Rechargeable Li-ion battery
Life Change by Rechargeable Li-ion battery
Life Change by Rechargeable Li-ion battery
Life Change by Rechargeable Li-ion battery
Life Change by Rechargeable Li-ion battery
Life Change by Rechargeable Li-ion battery
Life Change by Rechargeable Li-ion battery

History of Rechargeable battery

Power source for automobile

Portable power source in WAR

Power tool,

1800

1859

Volta

Lead-acid

1888

Alkaline

1970

Ni-Cd

Walkman battery battery battery battery 1991 Commercialization of lithium-ion battery (Sony)
Walkman
battery
battery
battery
battery
1991
Commercialization
of lithium-ion battery (Sony)

Evolution

History

Turning

Point

2009

Mass production of LIB for HEV (Hyundai Motor, LG Chem)

2000

Mass production of LIB in Korea (LG Chem, Samsung SDI)

1997

HEV with Ni-MH battery (Toyota, Honda)

Mobile IT

devices

Mass production of LIB in Korea (LG Chem, Samsung SDI) 1997 HEV with Ni-MH battery (Toyota,

Types of Electric Vehicles

Hybrid Electric Vehicle(HEV)

Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle

(PHEV)

Engine + Motor Engine + Motor
Engine + Motor
Engine + Motor
Electric Vehicle (PHEV) Engine + Motor Engine + Motor Toyota Prius GM Volt Motor Nissan Leaf

Toyota Prius

Vehicle (PHEV) Engine + Motor Engine + Motor Toyota Prius GM Volt Motor Nissan Leaf CO

GM Volt

Motor Nissan Leaf CO 2 emission
Motor
Nissan Leaf
CO 2 emission

Pure Electric Vehicle (FCEV, BEV)

Engine + Motor Engine + Motor Toyota Prius GM Volt Motor Nissan Leaf CO 2 emission

Why EV ?

1. Global warming by GHG(Green House Gas)

Why EV ? 1. Global warming by GHG(Green House Gas) 2. Oil crisis ※ Source: IE
Why EV ? 1. Global warming by GHG(Green House Gas) 2. Oil crisis ※ Source: IE
Why EV ? 1. Global warming by GHG(Green House Gas) 2. Oil crisis ※ Source: IE
Why EV ? 1. Global warming by GHG(Green House Gas) 2. Oil crisis ※ Source: IE
Why EV ? 1. Global warming by GHG(Green House Gas) 2. Oil crisis ※ Source: IE

2. Oil crisis

Why EV ? 1. Global warming by GHG(Green House Gas) 2. Oil crisis ※ Source: IE
Why EV ? 1. Global warming by GHG(Green House Gas) 2. Oil crisis ※ Source: IE

Source: IEA (Int’l Energy Agency)

Battery and EV

EV

Current(Ampere) * Voltage = Power(Watt) Power(Watt) * time(Hour) = Energy(Wh)

2.0Ah * 3.7V = 6.4WhVoltage = Power(Watt) Power(Watt) * time(Hour) = Energy(Wh) HEV 2kWh 123g/km [16km/l] # of batteries 310

Power(Watt) * time(Hour) = Energy(Wh) 2.0Ah * 3.7V = 6.4Wh HEV 2kWh 123g/km [16km/l] # of

HEV

2kWh 123g/km
2kWh
123g/km

[16km/l]

# of batteries

310

PHEV20

= 6.4Wh HEV 2kWh 123g/km [16km/l] # of batteries 310 PHEV20 8kWh 32 km [25km/l] 16kWh
= 6.4Wh HEV 2kWh 123g/km [16km/l] # of batteries 310 PHEV20 8kWh 32 km [25km/l] 16kWh

8kWh

32 km
32
km

[25km/l]

[16km/l] # of batteries 310 PHEV20 8kWh 32 km [25km/l] 16kWh 60g/km 64km [32km/l] PHEV40 30kWh
[16km/l] # of batteries 310 PHEV20 8kWh 32 km [25km/l] 16kWh 60g/km 64km [32km/l] PHEV40 30kWh

16kWh

60g/km

64km
64km

[32km/l]

PHEV40

8kWh 32 km [25km/l] 16kWh 60g/km 64km [32km/l] PHEV40 30kWh > 250km (30kWh) 49g/km > 500km

30kWh

8kWh 32 km [25km/l] 16kWh 60g/km 64km [32km/l] PHEV40 30kWh > 250km (30kWh) 49g/km > 500km

> 250km (30kWh)

16kWh 60g/km 64km [32km/l] PHEV40 30kWh > 250km (30kWh) 49g/km > 500km (60kWh) [> 70km/l] E-driving

49g/km

> 500km (60kWh)

[> 70km/l] E-driving range [Fuel economy]
[> 70km/l]
E-driving range
[Fuel economy]

60kWh

CO 2 emission
CO 2 emission

1,250

2,500

4,680

9,370

range [Fuel economy] 60kWh CO 2 emission 1,250 2,500 4,680 9,370 Toyota Prius Toyota Prius PHEV

Toyota Prius

range [Fuel economy] 60kWh CO 2 emission 1,250 2,500 4,680 9,370 Toyota Prius Toyota Prius PHEV

Toyota Prius PHEV

range [Fuel economy] 60kWh CO 2 emission 1,250 2,500 4,680 9,370 Toyota Prius Toyota Prius PHEV

GM Volt

range [Fuel economy] 60kWh CO 2 emission 1,250 2,500 4,680 9,370 Toyota Prius Toyota Prius PHEV

Nissan Leaf

range [Fuel economy] 60kWh CO 2 emission 1,250 2,500 4,680 9,370 Toyota Prius Toyota Prius PHEV

EV Battery Market

EV Battery Market Ref. 2012 Hiedge Report, IIT Report

Ref. 2012 Hiedge Report, IIT Report

EV Battery Market Ref. 2012 Hiedge Report, IIT Report

Why LIB ?

Why LIB ? from http://berc.lbl.gov/venkat/Ragone-construction.pps

from http://berc.lbl.gov/venkat/Ragone-construction.pps

Why LIB ? from http://berc.lbl.gov/venkat/Ragone-construction.pps

Why Lithium ?

Why Lithium ? 1. Most light metal 2. Most active metal  highest voltage & energy
Why Lithium ? 1. Most light metal 2. Most active metal  highest voltage & energy

1. Most light metal

2. Most active metal

highest voltage & energy

Why Lithium ? 1. Most light metal 2. Most active metal  highest voltage & energy
Why Lithium ? 1. Most light metal 2. Most active metal  highest voltage & energy
1.2 V
1.2 V

3.7 V

Why Lithium ? 1. Most light metal 2. Most active metal  highest voltage & energy

Cylindrical LIB Capacity-up history

Map of energy density for cylindrical LIB
Map of energy density for cylindrical LIB
2008 2007 190 2005 2003 Typ.3600mAh Typ.3000mAh 2002 Typ.2800mAh Under development 2001 Typ.2600mAh
2008
2007
190
2005
2003
Typ.3600mAh
Typ.3000mAh
2002
Typ.2800mAh
Under development
2001
Typ.2600mAh
Typ.2400mAh
170
2000
Typ.2200mAh
Typ.2000mAh
1998
Typ.1900mAh
150
Typ.1700mAh
1996
130
1995
1994
Typ.1420mAh
Typ.1370mAh
110
Typ.1250mAh
Typ.860mAh (1st LIB by SONY)
9 0
Gravimetric Energy Density (Wh/kg)

200

300

400

500

600

700

800

900

Volumetric Energy Density(Wh/l)

(1st LIB by SONY) 9 0 Gravimetric Energy Density (Wh/kg) 200 300 400 500 600 700

Electrode materials and voltage

Electrode materials and voltage 4.8V 4.0V 3.8V 3.4V Electrolyte Stable window 1.6V 0.3V LiNi 0 .
4.8V 4.0V 3.8V 3.4V Electrolyte Stable window 1.6V 0.3V
4.8V
4.0V
3.8V
3.4V
Electrolyte
Stable
window
1.6V
0.3V

LiNi 0.5 Mn 1.5 O 4 (110mAh/g)

0.3V LiNi 0 . 5 Mn 1 . 5 O 4 (110mAh/g) ~90% of cathode materials

~90% of cathode materials

LiCoO 2 (145mAh/g) Li[NiCoMn]O 2 (145~170mAh/g) LiMn 2 O 4 (100mAh/g)

LiNiO 2 (200mAh/g) LiFePO 4 (160mAh/g) Li 4 Ti 5 O 12 (160mAh/g) 3.7V 3.2V
LiNiO 2 (200mAh/g)
LiFePO 4
(160mAh/g)
Li 4 Ti 5 O 12
(160mAh/g)
3.7V
3.2V

Graphite(360mAh/g)

O 4 (100mAh/g) LiNiO 2 (200mAh/g) LiFePO 4 (160mAh/g) Li 4 Ti 5 O 12 (160mAh/g)

Cathode materials for LIB’s

• Power High V(>4.3V) Metal-doped LCO [Mg, Ti, Al] OLO(over-lithiated oxide) • Cycle life High
Power
High V(>4.3V)
Metal-doped LCO
[Mg, Ti, Al]
OLO(over-lithiated oxide)
Cycle life
High capacity
[xLi 2 MnO 3 (1-x)LiMeO 2 ]
Safety
NCA
[LiNi 0.8 Co 0.15 Al 0.05 O 2 ]
Safety
Low cost
NCM
[LiNi 1/3 Co 1/3 Mn 1/3 O 2 ]
[LiNi 0.5 Co 0.2 Mn 0.3 O 2 ,
LiNi 0.6 Co 0.2 Mn 0.2 O 2 ]
[LiNi 0.5 Mn
O 2 ]
0.5
Power
4V-spinel
5V-spinel
Low cost
Electrolyte
[LiMn 2 O 4 ]
[LiNi 0.5 Mn 1.5
O 4 ]
LCO
[LiCoO 2 ]
safety
Mn dissolution
Safety
Electrolyte
Low cost
LFP olivine
[LiFePO 4 ]
LMP olivine
[LiMnPO 4 ]

Anode materials for LIB’s

Anode materials for LIB’s Volume expansion when lithiated (~300% vs. 10% graphite) Mechanical degradation 

Volume expansion when lithiated (~300% vs. 10% graphite)Mechanical degradation  electrical isolation Cell expansion & capacity loss during charge/discharge cycle-life

Mechanical degradation  electrical isolation electrical isolation

Cell expansion & capacity loss during charge/discharge cycle-lifeVolume expansion when lithiated (~300% vs. 10% graphite) Mechanical degradation  electrical isolation

High safety but extremely low energy density

Currently used
Currently used
High safety but extremely low energy density Currently used After cycle “Cracking & electrical isolation”
High safety but extremely low energy density Currently used After cycle “Cracking & electrical isolation”
After cycle “Cracking & electrical isolation” Li-insertion “Electrode and cell expansion”
After
cycle
“Cracking & electrical isolation”
Li-insertion
“Electrode and cell expansion”

14

Technical Trend for EV

500 - Lithium-sulfur Lithium-air battery 400 - Next generation Battery Si-carbon composite /Li 2 MnO
500
-
Lithium-sulfur
Lithium-air battery
400
-
Next generation
Battery
Si-carbon composite
/Li 2 MnO 3 -NCM
300 -
All Solid State Battery
Advanced
Carbon/
LIB
200
-
[NCM+LiMn 2 O 4 ]
Current
Carbon/LiMnPO 4
LIB
100
-
Carbon/LiFePO 4
Gravimetric energy density(Wh/kg)

Present

Near future

Future

4 ] Current Carbon/LiMnPO 4 LIB 100 - Carbon/LiFePO 4 Gravimetric energy density(Wh/kg) Present Near future

Advanced LIB

Advanced LIB
Advanced LIB
- E-mail : hjna0805@ecoplus9.com - Mobile Phone : ++82-10-8966-5407

- E-mail : hjna0805@ecoplus9.com

- Mobile Phone : ++82-10-8966-5407

- E-mail : hjna0805@ecoplus9.com - Mobile Phone : ++82-10-8966-5407