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Physics Assignment Help | Relation Between Linear And Angular

Variables|www.expertsmind.com
R Re el la at ti io on n B Be et tw we ee en n L Li in ne ea ar r A An nd d A An ng gu ul la ar r V Va ar ri ia ab bl le es s
Consider an object A of a rigid body undergoing rotation about a fixed axis-
n , the
particle A defining an arc ABA' of a circle with its centre O on the axis of motion.
Taking the origin at O, the position vector of A,
r

OA

.
OA = OA' = constant (radius of the circle)
ZA'OA = u (t) (say)
The arc length, ABA', S = ru
O
A
A
B
2
1
n
The tangential velocity, v
A
=
dS d
r
dt dt
u
= = re
The position of the angular velocity vector

e be taken along the axis of rotation:

e = e
n ,
n is the unit vector along the axis of rotation.
Then, v

, instantaneous velocity of A with respect to the axis of motion, can be written as , v r



= e
The acceleration of the point A related to the axis of rotation is
a

=
dv d dr
r
dt dt dt

e
= + e
a r v

= o + e
If

e is constant, then

o = 0 and a v

=e =

e , r

e = e
2 r