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How To Register an NGO in Pakistan

Although there are many legal acts for registration of NGOs in Pakistan, two of them are most commonly used and will be discussed in detail here.

Types of NGOs/NPOs by Law


Before an NGO can start work, it must be registered with Governement of Pakistan. There are two types of NGOs and both have different registration procedures:1. Registered under 'Voluntary Social Welfare Agencies' Ordinance 1961 2. Registered under 'Socities Act of 1860'.

Area of Work under Societies Act provincial social welfare government departments

Registration Procedure for NGO - Societies Act

Uncommon NGO types and their respective registration acts.


1. Non-Profit Company (Under 'Companies Ordinance 1984') 2. Cooperative Society (Under 'Co-operative Societies act 1925)

Although the number of registered NGOs in Pakistan runs in thousands, those that are actually making worthwile contributions are few hundreds. In this website, we have made an effort to compile a list of the most prominent NGOs in Pakistan.

1.Rights

2. Health

Human Rights NGOs Child Rights NGOs Women Rights NGOs Youth Welfare NGOs Consumer Rights NGOs Human Rights Education Labour Rights and Welfare NGOs Journalists Rights and Welfare associations Religious Minorities Rights NGOs

Health NGOs Mental Health NGOs Maternity Health NGOs Population Welfare NGOs HIV Aids NGOs Free Eye Care NGOs Patient Welfare Societies Drug Addiction NGOs Disabilty Support NGOs

Violence Against Women NGOs

Blood Diseases NGOs Cancer Hospitals Pakistan

3. Education & Training 4. Development


Education/Literacy NGOs Vocational Training NGOs Special Education NGOs Political Education NGOs Adults Basic Education NGOs

Rural Development NGOs Urban Development NGOs Community Development NGOs

5. NGOs by Cities

NGOs by Cities and District


Abbottabad NGOs Azad Kashmir NGOs Balochistan NGOs Faisalabad NGOs Gilgit Baltistan NGOs Hyderabad NGOs Islamabad NGOs Karachi NGOs KHYBERPAKHTUNKHAWA NGOs Lahore NGOs Larkana NGOs MirpurKhas NGOs Multan NGOs Punjab NGOs Peshawar NGOs Quetta NGOs Rawalpindi NGOs Sindh NGOs Tharparkar NGOs

Badin-NGOs Dadu-NGOs Ghotki-Ngos Jacobabad-NGOs Jamshoro-NGOs Khairpur-NGOs Kashmore-NGOs Nausheroferoz-NGOs Nawabshah-NGOs Sanghar-NGOs Tandoallahyar-NGOs TandoMuhammadKhan-NGOs Shahdadkot-NGOs Shikarpur-NGOs Sukkur-NGOs Thatta-NGOs Umarkoth-NGOs

NGOs by Cities and District


6. Poverty Alleviation

Attock-NGOs Bhawalnagar-NGOs Bhakkar-NGOs Chakwal-NGOs Chiniot-NGOs

Poverty alleviation NGOs Women Welfare NGOs Micro Finance and Micro Credit N Hunger, Food insecurity NGOs

Gujrat-NGOs Hafizabad-NGOs Jhang-NGOs Jhelum-NGOs Kasur-NGOs Khanewal-NGOs Khushab-NGOs Layyah-NGOs Lodhran-NGOs MandiBahaudin-NGOs Mianwali-NGOs Muzaffargarh-NGOs Narrowal-NGOs NankanaSahib-NGOs Okara-NGOs PakPattan-NGOs Rajanpur-NGOs Sahiwal-NGOs TobatekSingh-NGOs Vehari-NGOs DeraGhaziKhan-NGOs Rahim-Yar-Khan-NGOs Sargodha-NGOs Sialkot-NGOs Sheikhupura-NGOs Gujranwala-NGOs Bhawalpur-NGOs

7.International NGOs

8. Animals

INGOs in Pakistan UN Agencies in Pakistan

Animal Welfare and Rescue NGOs Wildlife NGOs

10. Environment & Energy 9. Legal


Legal Aid NGOs

Environment Protection NGOs Forest Protection NGOs Disaster Recovery and Managemen Renewable Energy NGOs

11.Vulnerable Groups

12. Arts / Heritage

Orphans Care NGOs Senior Citizens / Elderly Care NGOs

Arts / Culture NGOs

Working Women Welfare NGOs

Introduction to NGO Social sector in Pakistan


Pakistan is a country with a rapidly growing population, most of which lives below the poverty line. Neglect of the lower cadres of population by consecutive governments in pakistan gave rise to the need of alternate organizations addressing the core issues of illiteracy, health problems and many others faced by the 'have nots'. These bodies and organizations filling the human development needs gap are commnoly known as NGOs - Non- governmental organizations OR more recently as NPOs- Non-Profit organisations.

Brief History of NGO Sector


Philanthropy has been a major part of the pakistani culture since the beginning. Historically, traditional businessmen have been contributing to community develompent projects. General public also has a giving nature and been assisting the poor under both humanitarian as well as religious inspirations. The formal NGO sector however developed in the past couple of decades. Since the 80s the Non-profit NGO sector has witnessed considerable activity and growth in Pakistan.

NGO Regulations
Although governtment of Pakistan does not provide guidelines or directly monitor NGO activities, it is mandatory to register the NGO with the government. Registeration is generally under 'Societies Registration Act of 1860' OR Voluntary social welfare agencies ordinance 1961. The guidelines for NGO operations and activities are generally provided by the Donors / Funding agencies. Quality control audits are also performed by the donors.

NGO Funding in Pakistan


Even though the work done by the NGOs is for develoment and social uplift of local communities, there is almost no support provided by the federal or local governments. Almost all of the funding is by international donor agencies. Those include USAID, UN bodies and many other a list of which is also available in this site. The funds are transfered using by donors only through banking or other legal channels. A third party audit is also conducted on the use of those funds by NGOs in Pakistan. Although there are

relaxation in tax procedures for NGOs, contrary to popular belief, NGOs are not fully exempt from income tax in pakistan.

NGO Selection for Grants


Grants are generally provided on project basis. Donors publish advertisements calling for Proposals. In response to that NGOs submit Project proposals, their profiles, financial feasibility studies and many other requirements. NGOs/ NPOs are shorlisted and selected based on their past performances, available infrastructure and professional competencies of staff and board members.

Pakistan
The non-profit sector in Pakistan is characterised by diversity and vibrancy, and in recent years it has grown considerably as the government has recognised the value of NGOs to development and improving the life of its citizens. It includes traditional welfare organisations, as well as modern development-oriented NGOs, and many informal networks of community-based organisations. The term NGO has gained currency in Pakistan in recent years and is generally considered to be any non-government organisation, which works for the welfare of society, however there is no legal definition of the term in Pakistani law. Such organisations usually take the form of societies or voluntary welfare agencies and a large proportion of the sector remains informal and consequently unregistered with any government agency.
Legal Framework

The right of free association is guaranteed by the Pakistan Constitution, though this right is limited. The legal framework governing NGOs is complex, and there are several laws under which an NGO may be registered. The most significant of these are: Voluntary Social Welfare Agencies Registration and Control Ordinance 1961. This Ordinance defines permissible purposes within the social welfare field. Registration under this legislation is mandatory if organisations wish to receive government funding. The Societies Registration Act, 1860. This Act applies to charitable societies with a wide range of public benefit purposes. The Cooperative Society Act, 1925 The Companies Ordinance, 1984 (section 42). This section of the Ordinance applies to not-forprofit companies formed to promote useful objects The Trust Act, 1882. This act applies to private trust with a wide range of purposes. Income Tax Ordinance, 2001. This Act sets out the tax exemptions which NGOs are eligible for.

In most cases, registration is not compulsory. The exceptions are foreign NGOs and those in receipt of government funding which are required to register with the Economic Affairs Division and Central Board of Revenue respectively. As such the majority of NGOs can choose whether or not to register, and which regime to register under. The majority (65.4%) of NGOs are registered under the Societies Registration Act while around 20% of NGOs are not registered under any act.
Regulatory Framework

Pakistan has a federal system of government. The states contribute to policy-making processes, and certain powers vis--vis NGOs are also devolved to the state level. The Ministry of Social Welfare and Special Education and the Provincial Social Welfare Departments are responsible for registering and monitoring organisations under the Voluntary Social Welfare Agencies (Registration and Control) Ordinance 1961. The District Offices of the Industry Department are responsible for registering organisations under the Societies Registration Act 1860. Not-for-profit companies are required to apply for a licence from the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). Certain conditions must be met before the SEC will grant a Licence. These include prohibitions on any payments to members and trading; a requirement for companies to have public company and limited liability status; and provisions that prevent changes to the memorandum and articles of association or members from resigning without SEC approval. Following this they must apply for a Certificate of Incorporation from one of eight Company Registration Offices. International NGOs are required to register and agree a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the Economic Affairs Division. While there is no legal basis for this expectation, it is understood by international NGOs and a failure to register can cause problems with other government agencies which can hinder their work. In addition the Minister of Interior is responsible for vetting foreign staff before registration is approved, and grants permission to operate in particular areas. Benefits of registering All NGOs, including international NGOs may be eligible for certain tax exemptions. Charities are potentially exempt from tax on most forms of income provided that the funds are applied solely in furtherance of that charitys objects, however such exemption has to be applied for directly to the Ministry of Finance and is not automatically granted. No exemption is granted for income from property, capital gains and business activities. To be eligible for these benefits a charity must register with the Central Board of Revenue. Approval is for a three year period, after which a new application must be made.

Reporting requirements

Organisations registered under the Voluntary Social Welfare Agencies (Registration and Control) Ordinance 1961 are required to maintain accounts and submit an annual report and audit report to District Officers. The report must detail the management of the agency, its activities and plans for the next year. Accounts and reports are made publicly available. Registered Societies must submit a copy of the membership list annually. No other monitoring is undertaken. Not-for-profit companies must submit annual returns, audited accounts and other documents for examination. Accounts are open to public scrutiny. The Econonmic Affairs Division (EAD) asks International NGOs to explain their plans. It then invites comments from the Ministry of Law, Ministry of Finance and any other relevant ministries (such as the Ministry of Education). The EAD role is strategic, considering an NGOs proposals within the wider development framework to coordinate activities of government and NGOs, minimise duplication of effort and focus on unmet needs NGOs, which benefit from tax exemptions, are required to submit annual audited accounts, a list of donors and beneficiaries and other financial information to the Central Board of Revenue.
Government NGO policy

The Ministry of Social Welfare and Special Education in the province of Sindh has devoted a training institute (social welfare training institute) to the training of NGOs registered under The Voluntary Social Welfare Agencies Registration Ordinance 1961. This institute conducts training at its own premises in Karachi as well as arranging mobile training session all over Sindh.
The NGO sector

A 2002 study by the Johns Hopkins University estimated that there were 45,000 active non-profit organisations in Pakistan, the largest number of which (46%) were involved in religious education. The University has also estimated that the sector has a combined income of 16,400 million rupees; further data is available here. Voluntary and welfare organisations range in size from small entities such as mohallah (neighbourhood) and village committees, established either for a specific purpose or for a general wide-ranging sphere of activities, to large organisations such as welfare associations and societies set up to provide education, health, and other social services to people at the national level. While the traditional role of non-profit organisations has been the provision of social services, rights-based organisations have become more prominent since the 1980s and 1990s.

Independent Analysis of the Sector

The Pakistan Centre for Philanthropy has published numerous papers on the not-for profit sector in Pakistan.
The Work of the International Programme in Pakistan

The International Programme has been engaged in Pakistan since 2003, adopting a formal action plan with the Government of Pakistan in 2006. Key achievements of the project to date have been the development of a national database of NGOs, a code of conduct for the NGO regulator in 2007, and more recently delivering a comprehensive programme of training for over 1500 NGO regulation staff from all districts in Pakistan. In addition the International Programme is now planning more detailed training for staff in regulatory issues and will produce a range of guidance leaflets to assist NGOs in Pakistan. A Non Governmental Organization (NGO) is any non-profit, voluntary citizens' group which is organized on a local, national or international level. Task-oriented and driven by people with a common interest. NGOs perform a variety of services and humanitarian functions, bring citizens' concerns to Governments, monitor policies and encourage political participation at the community level. They provide analysis and expertise, serve as early warning mechanisms and help, monitor and implement international agreements. Some are organized around specific issues, such as human rights, the environment or health.A Non-Governmental Organization (NGO) is a legally constituted organization created by private persons or organizations with no participation or representation of any government. In cases in which NGOs are funded totally or partially by governments, the NGO maintains its non-governmental status insofar as it excludes government representatives from membership in the organization. While most of the NGOs work at the grass root level with the communities, some provides analysis and expertise, serve as early warning mechanisms and help monitor and implement international agreements. The World Bank defines NGOs as "private organizations that pursue activities to relieve suffering, promote the interests of the poor, protect the environment, provide basic social services or undertake community development". A World Bank Key Document, working with NGOs adds, "In wider usage, the term NGO can be applied to any non-profit organization which is independent from government. NGOs are typically value-based organizations which depend, in whole or in part, on charitable donations and voluntary service. Although the NGO sector has become increasingly professionalized over the last two decades, principles of altruism and voluntarism remain key defining characteristics." TERMS USED FOR NON GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS Apart from 'NGO' often alternative terms are used as for example Independent Sector, Volunteer Sector, Civil Society, Grassroots Organizations, Transnational Social Movement Organizations, Private Voluntary Organizations, Self-help Organizations and Non State Actors (NSAs). FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION

Constitution of Islamic Republic of Pakistan, 1973 laid down the fundamental rights of the citizens of Pakistan and right to form an Association is the fundamental right. Every citizen shall have the right to form Associations or Unions, subject to any reasonable restrictions imposed by law in the interest of morality or public order. HOW NON GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS ARE GET REGISTERED?

Society Trust Company

NON GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS ARE NOT FOR PROFITS. SO CAN THEY MAKE PROFITS? Yes. It would be called as surplus and not profit. Like Companies, which can distribute profits in the form of dividends, NGOs can not distribute surplus. NON GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS ARE REFERRED IN MANY WAYS

NPOs as Not for profit Organizations VOs as Voluntary Organizations CSOs as Civil Society Organizations CBOs as Community Based Organizations Charitable Organizations Third Sector Organizations

TYPICAL FORMS OF NON GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS Advocacy These NGOs basically work on advocacy or campaigning on issues or causes. As a focus, they do not implement programmes. e.g. PETA works on advocating the cause of Ethical Treatment of Animals. It is not an animal shelter, which many expect. Consultancy / Research Organizations These NGOs work on Social and Developmental Research & Consultancy. Training / Capacity Building Organizations In the NGO Sector, training is usually called as Capacity Building. Some NGOs only work on Capacity Building of the other NGOs. Networking Organizations

These NGOs provide vital network opportunities for NGOs in a specific field e.g. Association of Voluntary Agencies for Rural Development (AVARD) works on networking of NGOs working in the field of Rural Development. Mother NGOs These NGOs are recipients as well as givers e.g. large NGOs like CRY, Concern India receive funds as well as disburse funds. They have a work focus, but instead of implementing projects, they identify projects and monitor, evaluate and build capacities of participating NGOs. Grass root Organizations These NGOs work directly with the community. City Based Organizations These NGOs restrict their focus to cities. National Organizations These NGOs have national presence, e.g. CRY, Pratham, Concern India International Organizations These are part of International NGOs e.g. CARE India is an integral part of Cares global operations. Like mother NGOs, these NGOs receive and disburse grants. Self Help Groups They are not typically terms as NGOs. These are formed by beneficiary communities, typically women who come together in a group of 10 plus. Religious NGOs Large percentage of NGO funding goes to religious based Organizations. SOME PROMINENT INTERNATIONAL NON GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS These include:

INGO: stands for International NGO; BINGO: is short for Business-oriented International NGO, or Big International NGO; ENGO: short for Environmental NGO, such as Global 2000; GONGOs: are Government-Operated NGOs, which may have been set up by governments to look like NGOs in order to qualify for outside aid or promote the interests of the government in question;

QUANGOs: are Quasi-Autonomous Non-Governmental Organizations, such as the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). (The ISO is actually not purely an NGO, since its membership is by nation, and each nation is represented by what the ISO Council determines to be the 'most broadly representative' standardization body of a nation. That body might itself be a non-governmental organization; for example, the United States is represented in ISO by the American National Standards Institute, which is independent of the federal government. However, other countries can be represented by national governmental agencies; this is the trend in Europe.) TANGO: short for Technical Assistance NGO; CSO: short for Civil Society Organization.

NGOs vary in their methods. Some act primarily as lobbyists, while others conduct programs and activities primarily. For instance, an NGO such as Oxfam, concerned with poverty alleviation, might provide needy people with the equipment and skills to find food and clean drinking water. UNITED NATIONS AND NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS (NGOs) Their relationship with offices and agencies of the United Nations System differs depending on their goals, their venue and their mandate. Over 1,500 NGOs (with strong information programmes on issues of concern to the United Nations) are associated with the Department of Public Information (DPI), giving the United Nations valuable links to people around the world. DPI helps those NGOs gain access to and disseminate information about the range of issues in which the United Nations is involved, to enable the public to understand better the aims and objectives of the World Organization. WORLD ASSOCIATION OF NON GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS The World Association of Non-Governmental Organizations (WANGO) is an International Organization uniting NGOs worldwide in the cause of advancing peace and global well being. WANGO helps to provide the mechanism and support needed for NGOs to connect, partner, share, inspire and multiply their contributions to solve humanitys basic problems. Initiated in 2000 by a handful of International NGOs and prominent visionaries, WANGO has quickly become one of the premier International bodies for Non-Governmental Organizations that are committed to the ideals of universal peace, justice, and well being for all humanity. PUBLIC RELATIONS OF NON GOVERNEMTAL ORGANIZATIONS Non-governmental organizations need healthy relationships with the public to meet their goals. Foundations and charities use sophisticated public relations campaigns to raise funds and employ standard lobbying techniques with governments. Interest groups may be of political importance because of their ability to influence social and political outcomes. At times NGOs seek to mobilize public support. MANAGEMENT OF NON GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS

Two management trends are particularly relevant to NGOs: Diversity Management and Participatory Management. Diversity Management deals with different cultures in an organization. Intercultural problems are prevalent in Northern NGOs which are engaged in developmental activities in the South. Personnel coming from a rich country are faced with a completely different approach of doing things in the target country. A Participatory Management style is said to be typical of NGOs. It is intricately tied to the concept of a learning organization; all people within the organization are perceived as sources for knowledge and skills. To develop the organization, individuals have to be able to contribute in the decision making process and they need to learn. LEGAL STATUS OF NON GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS NGOs are not subjects of international law, as states are. An exception is the International Committee of the Red Cross, which is subject to certain specific matters, mainly relating to the Geneva Convention. The Council of Europe in Strasbourg drafted the European Convention on the Recognition of the Legal Personality of International Non-Governmental Organizations in 1986, which sets a common legal basis for the existence and work of NGOs in Europe. Article 11 of the European Convention on Human Rights protects the right to freedom of association, which is also a fundamental norm for NGOs. Non Governmental Organizations (NGOs) have become increasingly influential in world affairs. They often impact the social, economic and political activities of communities and the country as a whole. NGOs address a host of issues, including, but not limited to, womens rights, environmental protection, human rights, economic development, political rights, or health care. In numerous countries, NGOs have led the way in democratization, in battling diseases and illnesses, in promoting and enforcing human rights, and in increasing standards of living. Twenty NGOs from Pakistan are currently associated with DPI, a figure that is gradually increasing. These NGOs are working in diverse areas such as education, the environment, human rights, health, care and women's rights and naturally advocate the goals of the United Nations. KEY INGREDIENTS OF NON GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS The key ingredients that make or break an NGO/NPO, of course, are its programmes and projects. It covers the issues and themes that the NGO/NPO addresses, the target areas or communities that it works in, funding available and the activity's partners. These are influenced by, among other things:

They felt needs of target community (what are the real problems faced by the target community? How can the NGO/NPO identify them, or create a forum where it can be expressed by the community? Staff expertise available (what expertise and skills do the NGO/NPO staff possess? Are they full-time or part-time staff? How can external human resources be mobilized?)

Funding strategy (what sources of funding can the NGO/NPO tap into? Which of these are local and international? How can funds for short-term and long-term activities be mobilized?)

While it is critical that a new NGO/NPO ensure it is properly registered with the public authorities of the country, it is of even more importance to 'register' with its target community in terms of ensuring acceptability, building trust, programme and project effectiveness, and bringing about real change. STATUS OF NON GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS IN PAKISTAN Non Governmental Organizations also called as non profit organizations or charitable Institutions. Constitution of Pakistan, 1973 considers it the fundamental right of every citizen to form Associations. It is right and freedom of the citizens of Pakistan to form Associations. Non Governmental Organizations can be registered under the Companies Ordinance, Trusts Act, Societies Registration Act and Income Tax exempts such Associations from any sort of tax. REGISTRATION OF NON GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS UNDER COMPANIES ORDINANCE Procedure for registration of Non Governmental Organizations under Sec. 42 of the Companies Ordinance and Companies (General Provisions and forms) Rules, 1985 is given as under. A license will be issued to the NGOs under the Companies Ordinance as it will be registered as a Company with limited liability without the word Limited, (Private) Limited, or (Guarantee) Limited. These Companies applies or intends to use its profits for the promotion of its object and prohibit the payment of any dividend to its members. Procedure for grant of license to Non Governmental Organizations under Companies (General Provisions and Forms) Rules, 1985

The promoters or members of an association desirous of obtaining a license of Non Governmental Organization shall make an application to the Commission in writing duly signed by them or by any person authorized by the association in this behalf. The application shall be accompanied by: o Three copies of the draft Memorandum and the Articles of the proposed Association; o A list of promoters of the association with their occupations and addresses; o A declaration by a person specified in sub rule (2) of rule 4 to the effect that he has scrutinized the application and the accompanying documents and that he is satisfied that the same are drawn up in conformity with the provisions of the Ordinance and fulfill the conditions for the grant of license laid therein and these rules; o The names of companies, associations and other institutions in which the promoters of the proposed association hold any office stating the office held in each case;

If the association is already in existence a copy of each of the annual balance sheet, income and expenditure account and the annual report on the working of the association for the financial year immediately preceding the date of the application; o An estimate of the future annual income and expenditure of the proposed company specifying the sources of income and objects of expenditure; and o A brief statement of the work already done by the association or proposed to be done after its being granted the license and registration. The Commission on being satisfied after such enquiry and after obtaining such further information as it may consider necessary that it shall be in the public interest so to do, may grant the license applied for subject to such conditions as it may deem fit to impose. In particular and without prejudice to the generality of the power of the Commission, a license shall be granted subject, besides others, to the following conditions namely: o The association shall be formed as a public company; o Payment of remuneration for services or otherwise to its members, whether holding as office in the company or not, shall be prohibited; o No change in the memorandum and the articles shall be made except with the prior approval of the Commission; o The limit of liability of its members shall not be less than a reasonable amount having regard to all the circumstances of the case; and o Patronage of any Government or authority, express or implied, shall not be claimed unless such Government or authority has signified its consent thereto in writing. The conditions imposed under sub-rule (4) shall be included in the memorandum.

Some Important Notes

The application as per Rule 3 above is filed with the Commission in duplicate accompanied with the Bank challan (deposited in relevant branch of HBL) of Rs. 5,000.00 being the license fee and affidavit. A copy of application shall also forward to company registered office concerned under Rule 32. In case of foreigners or involvement of foreign funds, seven sets of proposed Memorandum and Articles of Association with bio-data are sent to the Commission in addition to those for submission to Interior Division for clearance. After obtaining the license, the documents along with license are filed with registrar concerned for incorporation of the company. Registration fee of Rs. 25,000 and filing fee of Rs. 1200.00 is required to be deposited. The same procedure is adopted for obtaining license by an association from Ministry of Commerce. The letters of intents, no objection certificates or any other documents as are required for forming a company shall also be provided for obtaining license from the Commission.

Specimen of Application given to the Commission at the time of grant of license is as under:

Application Specimen The Chairman Securities & Exchange Commission of Pakistan Islamabad Subject: Application for Grant of License Under Section 42 of Companies Ordinance, 1984 XYZ Foundation Dear Sir, It is submitted that we want to incorporate a Company in the name and style as XYZ Foundation under Section 42 of Companies Ordinance, 1984, for which the license under the said provision of the Ordinance is requested. Following documents are enclosed herewith:

Draft of Memorandum & Articles - Annex A - 3 Copies List of Promoters - Annex B Bio-data of Promoters - Annex B1 to B3 Copies of NICs of Promoters Declaration - Annex C List of Companies and other institutions in which the Promoters hold any Office - Annex D Estimated annual income and expenditure projected over three years - Annex E Copy of annual audited accounts (if already in existence) A brief statement of work NOC of relevant department Annex F Copy of Availability of Name Annex G Bank Challan (deposited in relevant branch of HBL) of Rs. 5,000 being License Fee

It is requested that license under Section 42 of the Ordinance may please be accorded. Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) as we know them today are generally thought to have come into existence around the mid-nineteenth century. It was only about a century later that the importance of NGOs was officially recognized by the United Nations. At the UN Congress in San Francisco in 1968, a provision was made in Article 71 of the Charter of the United Nations framework that qualified NGOs in the field of economic and social development to receive consultative status with the Economic and Social Council. The development of modern NGOs has largely mirrored that of general world history, particularly after the Industrial Revolution. NGOs have existed in some form or another as far back as 25,000 years ago. Since 1850, more than 100,000 private, not-for-profit organizations with an international focus have been founded. The growth of NGOs really took off after the Second World War, with about 90 international NGOs founded each year, compared with about 10 each year in the 1890s. Only about 30 percent of early international NGOs have survived, although those organizations founded after the wars have had a better survival rate. Many more

NGOs with a local, national or regional focus have been created, though like their international counterparts, not all have survived or have been successful. This article presents an overview of the history of modern day NGOs, with particular emphasis on international organizations. It looks at the different causes that have been championed by NGOs as the events in world history have unfolded, from the aftermath of the Industrial Revolution to the World Wars and through the aftermath of the Cold War. It also looks at the evolution of the structure and purpose of NGOs as they have matured over the years.
There is no legal defination of term "NGO" in Pakistani law however an NGO is normally considered to be a non-government or ganization which works for the welfarebenefit and/or development of society or certain section of society it is usually constitutedby the body of voluntiers.some NGO have paid employees who are usually responsible for its administrative funtionng it is usually a non profitable organization,which means that its members are not entitled to any profit from the earning or incom that it generates.in some cases eg cooperatives,its members derive financial benefits from the profits. NGO funtion according to their own costitution,memmorandum articles rules ,by-laws provided that these confirm to the law of land. If they are considerd they are expected to observe under any act or ordinane they are expected to observe the provision of that particular act/ordinance fast payday loans online,fast cash loans online fast payday loans online,fast cash loans online An NGO in Pakistan doesnt have to register itself to perform charitable, welfare and developmental activities. However, there are some specific types of activities that can only be carried out if the NGO is registered under a particular Act/law. There are certain important advantages an NGO may gain upon registration, which it would otherwise not have. Ideally the registration process supposed to lead to the development of systematic thinking and functioning among NGOs. fast payday loans online,fast cash loans online fast payday loans online,fast cash loans online Registered NGOs obtain legal status at the official level and among donors and other organizations, so that members are able to represent the organization, the NGO can open a bank account in the name of the organization, sign contracts in the name of the organization. A registered NGO can also qualify for the financial assistance from certain government agencies and local, national & international donors. Other benefits that are believed to flow from registration are guidance and help from relevant registration authorities, contracts funds and support from the relevant departments, tax exemption from certain incomes, training opportunities, technical assistance and concessions when obtaining vehicles, equipment and commodities. However these benefits are not uniformly spread across all types of registration, nor are all NGOs are able to claim them. fast payday loans online,fast cash loans online fast payday loans online,fast cash loans online There are five Acts/ordinances in Pakistan under which an NGO can register itself there. These are: a) Voluntary Social Welfare Agencies Registration and Control Ordinance 1961 (for registration as a social welfare agency) b) The Societies Registration Act, 1860 (for registration as a society) c) The Cooperative Society Act, 1925 (for registration as a cooperative society) d) The Companies Ordinance, 1984(for registration as a non-profit company) e) The trust act, 1882(through a formal declaration of trust)

fast payday loans online,fast cash loans online fast payday loans online,fast cash loans online Obtaining legal status open the way for a registered NGO to obtain certain other benefits if it can prove itself worthy of them according to different criteria set up by those who offer the benefits. fast payday loans online,fast cash loans online fast payday loans online,fast cash loans online Although it cant be said that a non registered NGO in Pakistan has never received or cant receive official financial aid from government, private, national, international donors A majority of NGO that can receive official financial support are registered NGOs The main source are government departments and specially created government funds UN and International agencies and some private national donors, (foundation trust etc) a large proportion of theses funds are available regardless of the type of agency, the national provincial social welfare councils make funds available only to registered Social Welfare Agencies. However the amount of these grants are small usually ranging between Rs.4000/- to Rs.12000/- per year. fast payday loans online,fast cash loans online fast payday loans online,fast cash loans online Many NGOs expect extended guidance in the running of their NGO from the registration Authority.such guidance however is available more readily from the social welfare and Cooperative registration offices .the role of the companies and societies registration offices seem to end after registration, and is activated again only in case of disputes within the registered society or if specially called upon by the courts to settle matter among disputing societies fast payday loans online,fast cash loans online fast payday loans online,fast cash loans online The social welfare department has devoted a traing institute (social welfare training institute) to the training of the NGO registered under the voluntary social welfare agencies registration ordinance 1961 .this institute conduct training at its own premises in Karachi as well as arranging mobile training session all over the sind this training can be Availed by registered social welfare agencies,but again is not automatic for every registered NGO fast payday loans online,fast cash loans online fast payday loans online,fast cash loans online An NGO in pakistan does't have to register itself to performe charitable,welfare or developmenatal activities.however there are some specific types of activities that can only be carried out ,if the NGO is registerd under a particular Act/law. There are certain important adgvantages an NGO may gain upon registration which it otherwise not have.ideally the registration process is supposed to lead to the development of systamatic thinking and funtioning among NGOs.thinking about registration should force the group seeking to register itsNGO to clerify its ideas about what it mean to achieve and how it plans to achieve its(objectives,activities &functioning).registration should assist in the maintinance of descipline and order among members,if an NGO makes rules for running the organization but does't register the organization,theses rules have no legal force,but once an NGO is registered these rules are legally enforceable.since vareous registration laws requires define procedures relating to the policy and administrative functioning of the registered NGOs,the NGO is likely to become organized and systamatic.registered NGOs obtain legal status at the official level and among donors and others organizations,the NGO can open a bank account in the name of the organization,sign contracts in the name of the organizationand offer personnel indemnity

to its members against the liabilities of the organization.A registered NGO CAN also qualify for financial assistance from certain government agenciesand local ,national and international donors.others benefits that are believe to flow from registration are guidance and help nfrom relevent registration authorities ,contracts,funds and support from the relevent departments,technical assistance,and concessions when obtaining vehicles,uniformally spred across all type of registration,nor all NGO are able to claim them