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expression des besoins

exploitation, maintenance

Spcification

tests de validation

Conception

tests dintgration

Conception dtaille

codage

tests unitaires

correction des erreurs

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Cout
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correction
Rapport 1/80

2000
100
Conception

Livraison

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fichier texte Ada


(fichier source)
> produit par un diteur de textes
> stock sur disque
unit A

unit B

unit C

COMPILATION SEPAREE
on ne recompile que ce qui est ncessaire

EDITION DE LIENS

le rsultat de la compilation
est rang dans une bibliothque
> cest un fichier objet
> cre par un compilateur
> stock sur disque

cest un fichier excutable


> cre par un diteur de liens
> stock sur disque
> traduit en langage machine

CHARGEMENT
cest un programme excutable
> rang en mmoire centrale

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doubler(y,z);

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begin
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doubler(y,z);

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procedure doubler(x:in Integer;t:out Integer) is


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begin
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begin
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r fhp a gp gk ho D i gfIp

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ko isgfhp S knm Ds gfIp m gp3gi g kg s isgfhp 3 k sg I k 3 p l pqfIo3 k8ri iHG `zBv.z s 

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(X,??)

Env0

Env1
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ri gp i gfIp o i / i SDl fIp1i gp1i .

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Env1
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p i k k

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! ko isgfhp
knm . gfhpUT R V
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@Y

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VISIBILIT
PORTE

CODE

de X
externe

porte de Y
externe
porte de X
interne

QWL y

LY ea

ETATS

interne

declare
X:Integer:=3;
Y:Integer:=1;
begin
put(Y);
declare
X:Integer:=Y+7;
begin
put(X);
put(Y);
Y:=X+5;
end;
put(Y);
put(X);
end;

porte de X
externe

de Y

@X1

@Y

(Y,@Y) (X,@X1) Env


Env1

Env2
(X,@X2)(Y,@Y) (X,@X1) Env
@X1

Env1
@Y
@X2

13
8

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2

!*!%7  '!

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@Y

@X

9
??

Env1

Mem1

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Mem2

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bIH G

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(U,@U)

Env0

tat initial
@U

Env1
Mem1
for i in 1..3 loop
U:=I*U;
end loop;
tat avant le second
passage dans la boucle

(I,1)

(U,@U)

Env0
@U

Env2
Mem2

for i in 1..3 loop


U:=I*U;
end loop;

(I , 2) (U,@U)

Env0
@U

tat avant le troisime


passage dans la boucle

Env3
Mem3

for i in 1..3 loop


U:=I*U;
end loop;
tat avant la sortie
de boucle

(I , 3) (U,@U)

Env0
@U

Env4
Mem4

tat aprs la sortie de la


boucle
retour lenvironnement Env1

(U,@U)

Env0
@U

Env1
Mem5

BCDBCMP

Q b RTS U(VU W&RYX[Z G \R]ZI^H G

`_ (?*e' d()d(E%*?%""%*?*Xee*E5 (8Bd?  O!%)ba 


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dO9(w( de%dq5 ee%

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y 5 1 4  z5 5 d O z5 { ) B%%B(wd%%%ee(d*% g  8Bd]g (e9!e%|j2eq%)

?Jee5 %% %%e )Be*d9Be*de}x%


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gd*%b
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?Jee
""e%%5 %"%%hgR%%e+jwXqd*Ba% (*ee 

Environnement de
dclaration

BCDBCF

Environnement d
importation

XW,S(RX^X G G XYU`Z G ZHXVS*@U(W&RYX G UZ:Web RTS U(VU W&RYX

qM3V
K: :
X% % 8B

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+= ! +k=K K=!+
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kK.! kk=z+|
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