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December 2012

Series 10, Number 256

Summary Health Statistics


for U.S. Adults: National
Health Interview Survey,
2011

Copyright information
All material appearing in this report is in the public domain and may be
reproduced or copied without permission; citation as to source, however, is
appreciated.

Suggested citation
Schiller JS, Lucas JW, Peregoy JA. Summary health statistics for U.S. adults:
National Health Interview Survey, 2011. National Center for Health Statistics.
Vital Health Stat 10(256). 2012.

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Printed on acid-free paper.

Series 10, Number 256

Summary Health Statistics for


U.S. Adults: National Health
Interview Survey, 2011

Data From the National Health


Interview Survey

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES


Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
National Center for Health Statistics
Hyattsville, Maryland
December 2012
DHHS Publication No. (PHS) 20131584

National Center for Health Statistics


Edward J. Sondik, Ph.D., Director
Jennifer H. Madans, Ph.D., Associate Director for Science
Division of Health Interview Statistics
Jane F. Gentleman, Ph.D., Director

Contents

Abstract. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Methods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Data Source . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Estimation Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transition to 2000 Census-based Weights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Age Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sample Size Changes in NHIS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Income and Poverty Status Changes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Data Limitations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Variance Estimation and Significance Testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Further Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Selected Highlights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Selected Circulatory Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Selected Respiratory Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Selected Types of Cancer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Diabetes, Ulcers, Kidney Disease, Liver Disease, and Arthritis and Chronic Joint Symptoms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Pain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hearing and Vision Trouble, and Absence of Natural Teeth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Feelings of Sadness, Hopelessness, Worthlessness, or That Everything Is an Effort. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Feelings of Nervousness or Restlessness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Work-loss Days and Bed Days . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Difficulties in Physical Functioning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Respondent-assessed Health Status. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Current Health Status Relative to 1 Year Ago . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Current Cigarette Smoking Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Alcohol Drinking Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Leisure-time Physical Activity Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Body Mass Index. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Usual Place of Health Care. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Number of Office Visits to Doctor or Other Health Professional in Past 12 Months . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Length of Time Since Last Contact With Doctor or Other Health Professional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Length of Time Since Last Visit With Dentist or Other Dental Health Professional. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
HIV Testing Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

10

10

10

11

11

12

12

13

13

14

References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

14

Detailed Tables (141) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

16

Appendix I. Technical Notes on Methods (with Tables IIII) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

139

Appendix II. Definitions of Selected Terms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

143

Appendix III. Tables of Unadjusted (Crude) Estimates (Tables IVXXIII) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

149

iii

Detailed Tables
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.

18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.

iv

Frequencies of selected circulatory diseases among adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics:

United States, 2011. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Age-adjusted percentages of selected circulatory diseases among adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics:

United States, 2011. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Frequencies of selected respiratory diseases among adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics:

United States, 2011. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Age-adjusted percentages of selected respiratory diseases among adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics:

United States, 2011. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Frequencies of selected types of cancer among adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics:

United States, 2011. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Age-adjusted percentages of selected types of cancer among adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics:

United States, 2011. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Frequencies of selected diseases and conditions among adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics:

United States, 2011. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Age-adjusted percentages of selected diseases and conditions among adults aged 18 and over, by selected

characteristics: United States, 2011 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Frequencies of migraines and pain in neck, lower back, face, or jaw among adults aged 18 and over, by selected

characteristics: United States, 2011 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Age-adjusted percentages of migraines and pain in neck, lower back, face, or jaw among adults aged 18 and over, by

selected characteristics: United States, 2011 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Frequencies of hearing trouble, vision trouble, and absence of teeth among adults aged 18 and over, by selected

characteristics: United States, 2011 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Age-adjusted percentages of hearing trouble, vision trouble, and absence of teeth among adults aged 18 and over, by

selected characteristics: United States, 2011 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Frequencies of feelings of sadness, hopelessness, worthlessness, or that everything is an effort among adults aged

18 and over, by selected characteristics: United States, 2011 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Age-adjusted percentages of feelings of sadness, hopelessness, worthlessness, or that everything is an effort among

adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics: United States, 2011 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Frequencies of feelings of nervousness or restlessness among adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics:

United States, 2011. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Age-adjusted percentages of feelings of nervousness or restlessness among adults aged 18 and over, by selected

characteristics: United States, 2011 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Frequency of work-loss days among employed adults aged 18 and over in past 12 months, and number of work-loss

days per employed person; and frequency of bed days among all adults aged 18 and over in past 12 months, and

number of bed days per person, by selected characteristics: United States, 2011 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Frequencies of difficulties in physical functioning among adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics:

United States, 2011. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Age-adjusted percentages of difficulties in physical functioning among adults aged 18 and over, by selected

characteristics: United States, 2011 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Frequency distribution of respondent-assessed health status among adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics:

United States, 2011. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Age-adjusted percent distribution of respondent-assessed health status among adults aged 18 and over, by selected

characteristics: United States, 2011 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Frequency distributions of current health status relative to 1 year ago among adults aged 18 and over, by selected

characteristics: United States, 2011 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Age-adjusted percent distributions of current health status relative to 1 year ago among adults aged 18 years and over,

by selected characteristics: United States, 2011 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Frequency distributions of current cigarette smoking status among adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics:

United States, 2011. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Age-adjusted percent distributions of current cigarette smoking status among adults aged 18 and over, by selected

characteristics: United States, 2011 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Frequency distribution of alcohol drinking status among adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics:

United States, 2011. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Age-adjusted percent distribution of alcohol drinking status among adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics:

United States, 2011. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

16

19

22

25

28

31

34

37

40

43

46

49

52

55

58

61

64

67

70

73

76

79

82

85

88

91

94

28.
29.

30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.
41.

Frequency distributions of participation in leisure-time aerobic and muscle-strengthening activities that meet 2008

federal physical activity guidelines among adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics: United States, 2011 . . .
Age-adjusted percent distributions of participation in leisure-time aerobic and muscle-strengthening activities that

meet 2008 federal physical activity guidelines among adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics:

United States, 2011. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Frequency distribution of body mass index among adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics:

United States, 2011. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Age-adjusted percent distribution of body mass index among adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics:

United States, 2011. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Frequency distributions of having a usual place of health care, and of type of place, among adults aged 18 and over,

by selected characteristics: United States, 2011 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Age-adjusted percent distributions of having a usual place of health care, and of type of place, among adults aged 18

and over, by selected characteristics: United States, 2011 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Frequency distribution of number of office visits to doctor or other health care professional in past 12 months among

adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics: United States, 2011. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Age-adjusted percent distribution of number of office visits to doctor or other health care professional in past 12

months among adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics: United States, 2011 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Frequency distribution of length of time since last contact with doctor or other health care professional among adults

aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics: United States, 2011 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Age-adjusted percent distribution of length of time since last contact with doctor or other health care professional

among adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics: United States, 2011 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Frequency distribution of length of time since last visit with dentist or other dental health professional among adults

aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics: United States, 2011 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Age-adjusted percent distribution of length of time since last visit with dentist or other dental health professional

among adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics: United States, 2011 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Frequency distribution of human immunodeficiency virus testing status among adults aged 18 and over, by selected

characteristics: United States, 2011 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Age-adjusted percent distribution of human immunodeficiency virus testing status among adults aged 18 and over, by

selected characteristics: United States, 2011 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

97

100

103

106

109

112

115

118

121

124

127

130

133

136

Appendix Tables
I.

Age distributions and age-adjustment weights used in age adjusting data shown in Tables 141: Projected 2000 U.S.

standard population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
II.
Weighted counts and weighted percentages of adults aged 18 and over with unknown health information: National

Health Interview Survey, 2011. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


III.
Weighted counts and weighted percentages of adults aged 18 and over with unknown information on selected

sociodemographic characteristics: National Health Interview Survey, 2011 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


IV.
Crude percentages of selected circulatory diseases among adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics:

United States, 2011. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


V.
Crude percentages of selected respiratory diseases among adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics:

United States, 2011. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


VI.
Crude percentages of selected types of cancer among adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics:

United States, 2011. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


VII. Crude percentages of selected diseases and conditions among adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics:

United States, 2011. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


VIII. Crude percentages of migraines and pain in neck, lower back, face, or jaw among adults aged 18 and over, by

selected characteristics: United States, 2011 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


IX.
Crude percentages of hearing trouble, vision trouble, and absence of teeth among adults aged 18 and over, by

selected characteristics: United States, 2011 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


X.
Crude percentages of feelings of sadness, hopelessness, worthlessness, or that everything is an effort among adults

aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics: United States, 2011 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


XI.
Crude percentages of feelings of nervousness or restlessness among adults aged 18 and over, by selected

characteristics: United States, 2011 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


XII. Crude percentages of difficulties in physical functioning among adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics:

United States, 2011. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


XIII. Crude percent distribution of respondent-assessed health status among adults aged 18 and over, by selected

characteristics: United States, 2011 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

140

141

142

149

152

155

158

161

164

167

170

173

176

XIV.
XV.
XVI.
XVII.
XVIII.
XIX.
XX.
XXI.
XXII.
XXIII.

vi

Crude percent distributions of current health status relative to 1 year ago among adults aged 18 and over, by selected
characteristics: United States, 2011 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Crude percent distributions of current cigarette smoking status among adults aged 18 and over, by selected
characteristics: United States, 2011 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Crude percent distribution of alcohol drinking status among adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics:
United States, 2011. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Crude percent distributions of participation in leisure-time aerobic and muscle-strengthening activities that meet 2008
federal physical activity guidelines among adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics: United States, 2011 . .
Crude percent distribution of body mass index among adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics:
United States, 2011. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Crude percent distributions of having a usual place of health care, and of type of place, among adults aged 18 and
over, by selected characteristics: United States, 2011. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Crude percent distribution of number of office visits to doctor or other health care professional in past 12 months
among adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics: United States, 2011 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Crude percent distribution of length of time since last contact with doctor or other health care professional among
adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics: United States, 2011 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Crude percent distribution of length of time since last visit with dentist or other dental health professional among
adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics: United States, 2011 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Crude percent distribution of human immunodeficiency virus testing status among adults aged 18 and over, by
selected characteristics: United States, 2011 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

179
182
185
188
191
194
197
200
203
206

Objectives
This report presents health statistics
from the 2011 National Health Interview
Survey (NHIS) for the civilian
noninstitutionalized adult population,
classified by sex, age, race and Hispanic
origin, education, family income, poverty
status, health insurance coverage, marital
status, and place and region of residence.
Estimates (frequencies and percentages)
are presented for selected chronic
conditions and mental health
characteristics, functional limitations,
health status, health behaviors, health
care access and utilization, and human
immunodeficiency virus testing.
Percentages and percent distributions are
presented in both age-adjusted and
unadjusted versions.

Data Source
NHIS is a household, multistage
probability sample survey conducted
annually by interviewers of the U.S.
Census Bureau for the Centers for
Disease Control and Preventions National
Center for Health Statistics. In 2011, data
were collected on 33,014 adults in the
Sample Adult questionnaire. The
conditional response rate was 81.6%, and
the final response rate was 66.3%. The
health information for adults in this report
was obtained from one randomly selected
adult per family. In very rare instances
where the sample adult was not able to
respond for himself or herself, a proxy was
used.

Highlights
In 2011, 61% of adults aged 18 and
over had excellent or very good health.
Eleven percent of adults had been told by
a doctor or other health professional that
they had heart disease, 24% had been
told on two or more visits that they had
hypertension, 9% had been told that they
had diabetes, and 22% had been told that
they had some form of arthritis,
rheumatoid arthritis, gout, lupus, or
fibromyalgia. Nineteen percent of adults
were current smokers, and 21% were
former smokers. Based on estimates of
body mass index, 34% of adults were
overweight and 28% were obese.
Keywords: chronic conditions
health behavior health utilization
mental health

Summary Health Statistics for

U.S. Adults: National Health


Interview Survey, 2011
By Jeannine S. Schiller, M.P.H.; Jacqueline W. Lucas, M.P.H.; and
Jennifer A. Peregoy, M.P.H., Division of Health Interview Statistics

Introduction

This report is one in a set of reports


summarizing data from the 2011
National Health Interview Survey
(NHIS)a multipurpose health survey
conducted by the Centers for Disease
Control and Preventions (CDC)
National Center for Health Statistics
(NCHS). This report provides national
estimates for a broad range of health
measures for the U.S. civilian
noninstitutionalized population of adults.
The other two reports in this set provide
estimates of selected health measures for
the U.S. population and for children
under age 18 years (1,2). These three
volumes of descriptive statistics and
highlights are published for each year of
NHIS (35) and, since 1997, have
replaced the annual, one-volume Current
Estimates series (6).
Estimates are presented here for
selected chronic conditions, selected
mental health characteristics, functional
limitations, health status, health
behaviors, health care access and
utilization, and human
immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing
status, and are derived from the Sample
Adult Core component of the annual
NHIS. These health estimates are shown
in Tables 141 for various population
subgroups, including those defined by
sex, age, race and Hispanic origin,
education (for adults aged 25 and over),
family income, poverty status, health
insurance coverage, marital status, and
place and region of residence.
Appendix I contains brief technical
notes on methods and detailed

information about age adjustment and


unknown values (Tables IIII). Appendix
II contains definitions of selected terms
used in this report, and Appendix III
contains tables of unadjusted health
estimates.
NHIS has been an important source
of information about health and health
care in the United States since it was
first conducted in 1957. Given the
ever-changing nature of the U.S.
population, the NHIS questionnaire has
been revised every 1015 years, with
the latest revision occurring in 1997.
The first design changes were
introduced in 1973 and the first
procedural changes in 1975 (7). In 1982,
the NHIS questionnaire and data
preparation procedures of the survey
were extensively revised. The basic
concepts of NHIS changed in some
cases; in other cases, the concepts were
measured differently. A more complete
explanation of the 1982 changes is
given in Appendix IV of Series 10, No.
150 (8). In 1985, a new sample design
for NHIS and a different method of
presenting sampling errors were
introduced (9,10). In 1995, another
change in the sample design was
introduced, including the oversampling
of black and Hispanic or Latino persons
(11).
The 1997 NHIS featured both a
substantially revised instrument (in
terms of questionnaire content) and a
new means of administration (i.e.,
computer-assisted personal
interviewing). This new design improves
the ability of NHIS to provide important
health information. However,
comparisons of NHIS data collected
Page 1

Page 2 [ Series 10, No. 256

before and after the beginning of 1997


should not be undertaken without a
careful examination of the changes
across survey instruments (6,8,10).
In response to the changing
demographics of the U.S. population, in
1997 the Office of Management and
Budget (OMB) issued new standards for
the collection of data on race and
Hispanic or Latino origin (12). Most
notably, the new standards allow
respondents to the census and federal
surveys to indicate more than one group
in answering questions on race.
Additionally, the category Asian or
Pacific Islander is now split into two
distinct categories, Asian and Native
Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
(NHOPI), for data collection purposes.
Although NHIS had allowed
respondents to choose more than one
race group for many years, NHIS
became completely compliant with all of
the new race and ethnicity standards
with the fielding of the 1999 survey.
The tables in this report reflect these
new standards. The text in this report
uses shorter versions of the new OMB
race and Hispanic or Latino origin terms
for conciseness, but the tables use the
complete terms. For example, the
category Not Hispanic or Latino, black
or African American, single race in the
tables is referred to as non-Hispanic
black in the text.
The NHIS sample is redesigned and
redrawn about every 10 years to better
measure the changing U.S. population
and to meet new survey objectives. A
new sample design for NHIS was
implemented in 2006. Its fundamental
structure is very similar to the previous
19952005 NHIS sample design,
including state-level stratification. The
new sample design reduced the NHIS
sample size by about 13% compared
with the 19952005 NHIS.
Oversampling of the black and Hispanic
populations has been retained in 2006
and beyond to allow for more precise
estimation of health characteristics in
these growing minority populations. The
new sample design also oversamples the
Asian population. In addition, the
sample adult selection process has been
revised so that when black, Hispanic, or
Asian persons aged 65 and over are in
the family, they have an increased

chance of being selected as the sample


adult.
Additionally, beginning with the
2003 NHIS, editing procedures were
changed to maintain consistency with
U.S. Census Bureau procedures for
collecting and editing data on race and
ethnicity. As a result of these changes,
in cases where Other race was
mentioned along with one or more
OMB race groups, the Other race
response is dropped, and the OMB race
group information is retained on the
NHIS data file. In cases where Other
race was the only race response, it is
treated as missing and the race is
imputed. Although this change has
resulted in an increase in the number of
persons in the OMB race category
White, which numerically is the
largest group, the change is not expected
to have a substantial effect on the
estimates in this report. More
information about the race and ethnicity
editing procedures used by the Census
Bureau is available from: http://www.
census.gov/popest/data/historical/files/
MRSF-01-US1.pdf.

Methods
Data Source
The main objective of NHIS is to
monitor the health of the U.S.
population through the collection and
analysis of data on a broad range of
health topics. The target population for
NHIS is the civilian noninstitutionalized
population of the United States. Persons
excluded are patients in long-term care
institutions (e.g., nursing homes for the
elderly, hospitals for the chronically ill
or physically or intellectually disabled,
and wards for abused or neglected
children); inmates of correctional
facilities (e.g., prisons or jails, juvenile
detention centers, and halfway houses);
active-duty Armed Forces personnel
(although their civilian family members
are included); and U.S. nationals living
in foreign countries. Each year, a
representative sample of households
across the country is selected for NHIS
using a multistage cluster sample design.
Details on the sample design used for

the 19952005 NHIS can be found in


Design and Estimation for the National
Health Interview Survey, 19952004
(11). A new report providing a complete
description of the 2006 NHIS sample
design is being developed. Trained
interviewers from the U.S. Census
Bureau visit each selected household
and administer NHIS in person. Detailed
interviewer instructions can be found in
the NHIS field representatives manual
(13).
The annual NHIS questionnaire
(also called the Core) consists of four
main components: Household
Composition Section, Family Core,
Sample Adult Core, and Sample Child
Core. The Household Composition
Section of the questionnaire collects
some basic demographic and
relationship information about all
persons in the household. The Family
Core, which is administered separately
for each family in the household,
collects information for all family
members. Topics on the Family Core
include sociodemographic
characteristics, basic indicators of health
status, activity limitations, injuries,
health insurance coverage, and access to
and use of health care services. One
responsible family member whose age is
equal to or over the age of majority for
the given state responds to questions
about all family members in the Family
Core. In most states, this age is 18
years, but in Alabama and Nebraska it is
19 years, and in Mississippi it is 21
years. Although considerable effort is
made to ensure accurate reporting,
information from both proxies and
self-respondents may be inaccurate
because the respondent is unaware of
relevant information, has forgotten it,
does not wish to reveal it to an
interviewer, or does not understand the
intended meaning of the question.
The Sample Adult Core and Sample
Child Core obtain additional information
on the health of one randomly selected
adult (the sample adult) and child
(the sample child), respectively, in
the family. The sample adult responds
for himself or herself, and a
knowledgeable adult in the family
provides proxy responses for the sample
child. In rare instances when the sample
adult is mentally or physically incapable

Series 10, No. 256 [ Page 3

of responding, proxy responses are


accepted for this person. The Sample
Adult Core, the primary source of data
for this report, collects information on
health conditions, activity limitations,
health behaviors, and access to and use
of health care services from one
randomly selected adult per family.
Information regarding demographic
characteristics in this report is obtained
from the Family Core.
The interviewed sample for 2011
consisted of 39,509 households, which
yielded 101,875 persons in 40,496
families. A total of 40,470 adults were
eligible for the Sample Adult
questionnaire. Data were collected for
33,014 adults, a conditional response
rate of 81.6% (the number of completed
Sample Adult interviews divided by the
total number of eligible sample adults).
The unconditional or final response rate
for the Sample Adult Core component
was calculated by multiplying the
conditional rate by the overall family
response rate of 81.3%, yielding a final
Sample Adult component response rate
of 66.3% (14).

Estimation Procedures
The Sample Adult weights were
used to produce the national health
estimates contained in this report. For
each health measure, both weighted
frequencies and percentages (or rates)
for all adults and for various subgroups
of the adult population are shown. All
counts are expressed in thousands.
Counts for persons of unknown status
with respect to health characteristics of
interest are not shown separately in the
tables, nor are they included in the
calculation of percentages (or rates), to
provide a more straightforward
presentation of the data. For all health
measures in this report, the percentages
with unknown values are typically small
(generally less than 1%) and are shown
in Appendix I, Table II. Nevertheless,
these unknown cases are included in the
total population counts shown in
selected tables. Therefore, slightly
different percentages than those shown
in the tables may be obtained if
percentages are calculated based on the
frequencies and population counts
presented in the tables.

In addition, some of the


sociodemographic variables that are
used to delineate various population
subgroups have unknown values. For
most of these variables, the percentage
unknown is small. However, in the case
of family income, nonresponse rates are
relatively high, which is common in
population surveys. No income
information is available for about 4% of
sample adults in the 2011 survey, and
about 13% of sample adults provided
only a broad range for their family
income (see Income and Poverty
Status Changes section). Poverty status,
which is based on family income, has a
high nonresponse rate as a result
(Appendix I, Table III) (15). Missing
data on family income and personal
earnings in NHIS have been imputed by
NCHS analysts using multipleimputation methodology. Five ASCII
data sets containing imputed values for
the survey year, and additional
information about the imputed income
files, can be found at http://
www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis/
2011imputedincome.htm. However,
income and poverty estimates in this
publication are based only on reported
income and may differ from other
measures that are based on imputed data
(which were not available when this
report was prepared). Health estimates
for sample adults with these unknown
sociodemographic characteristics are not
shown in the tables. Appendix I,
Table III, provides more information on
the extent of unknown data for income
and poverty status.

Transition to 2000
Census-based Weights
In Summary Health Statistics
reports prior to 2003, weights for NHIS
data were derived from 1990
census-based postcensal population
estimates. Beginning with 2003 data,
NHIS transitioned to weights derived
from 2000 census-based population
estimates. The impact of this transition
was assessed for the 2002 NHIS by
comparing estimates for selected health
characteristics using the 1990
census-based weights with those using
the 2000 census-based weights.

Although the effect of new population


controls on survey estimates differed by
type of health characteristic, the effect
of this change on health characteristic
rates was small, although somewhat
larger for weighted frequencies (16).

Age Adjustment
Beginning with the 2002 Summary
Health Statistics report, estimates have
been provided in two sets of tables.
Unless otherwise specified, percentages
in the first set (Tables 141) were age
adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S.
standard population. Age adjustment
was used to permit comparison among
various sociodemographic subgroups
that may have different age structures
(17,18). The age groups used for age
adjustment in this report are 1844,
4564, 6574, and 75 and over, unless
otherwise noted (Appendix I, Table I).
Health insurance and education are
restricted to certain age groups and are
therefore adjusted accordingly (see
relevant table footnotes for age groups).
Age-adjusted estimates shown in the
tables may not match age-adjusted
estimates for the same health
characteristic in other reports if different
age groups were used for age
adjustment. Tables IVXXIII in
Appendix III provide unadjusted
estimates so that current estimates may
be compared with those published in the
19972001 Summary Health Statistics
reports, and so that readers may see the
effects of age adjustment on the 2011
estimates (see Appendix I for details on
age adjustment). Frequency tables have
been removed from the set of
unadjusted tables in Appendix III to
eliminate redundancy in the report.

Sample Size Changes in


NHIS
The size of the NHIS sample was
reduced due to budget shortfalls in
20022004 and 20062008. Following a
reduction of approximately 50% during
JanuaryMarch 2009, newly available
funding later in 2009 permitted an
expansion during OctoberDecember to
expand that quarters normal sample
size by approximately 50%. The net

Page 4 [ Series 10, No. 256

effect of the JanuaryMarch reduction


and the OctoberDecember expansion
was that the 2009 NHIS sample size
was approximately the same as it would
have been if the sample had been
maintained at a normal level during the
entire calendar year.
In 2010, the NHIS sample was
increased by approximately 25% during
JanuaryMarch. No further increases or
reductions were made in the remaining
months of that year, resulting in a 2010
NHIS sample size that was slightly
larger than the 2009 NHIS sample size.
In 2011, the NHIS sample was
augmented in 32 states and the District
of Columbia. The main goal of the
augmentation was to increase the
number of reliable state-level estimates
that can be made. The 2011 NHIS
sample size is the largest sample size
since the current sample design was
implemented in 2006.

Income and Poverty Status


Changes
Starting with the 2007 NHIS, the
income amount follow-up questions that
had been in place since 1997 were
replaced with a series of unfolding
bracket questions. This decision was
based on the relatively poor
performance of the 19972006 versions
of the follow-up income amount
questions and on the results of a 2006
field test that compared unfolding
bracket follow-up questions with the
income amount follow-up questions
used since 1997. Further information
about the 2006 field test is available in
Appendix I.
The unfolding bracket method
utilized a series of closed-ended income
range questions (e.g., Is it less than
$50,000?) for respondents who failed
to provide the exact amount of the
family income. The closed-ended
income range questions were
constructed so that each successive
question established a smaller range for
the amount of the family income in the
last calendar year.
Based on results from the 2006
field test, the unfolding bracket
follow-up income questions performed
better than the follow-up income

questions used from 1997 through 2006.


For example, the percentage of unknown
responses for a three-category poverty
status variable was 17% using the
income bracket follow-up questions
compared with 31% using the income
follow-up questions used from 1997
through 2006.
Because of these positive results,
the unfolding bracket income follow-up
questions were implemented during the
first quarter of the 2007 NHIS. Due to
differences in the income follow-up
questions between 19972006 and
20072011, income and poverty status
estimates from 20072011 may not be
comparable with those from prior years.

Data Limitations
The 1997 redesign of NHIS resulted
in differences in content, format, and
mode of data collection compared with
earlier versions of the survey. These
changes can make it complex to
compare 1997 and more recent NHIS
estimates with those of earlier years.
The NHIS sample design since 2006 has
continued oversampling of black and
Hispanic persons and has added
oversampling of the Asian population
and of Hispanic, black, or Asian sample
adults aged 65 and over. This sample
design also has a permanent sample
reduction of 13%, compared with the
19972005 NHIS. The change in sample
design should be considered when
comparing estimates from the 2006 and
more recent NHIS with those from
earlier years. Beginning in 2003, NHIS
has used weights derived from the 2000
census-based population estimates.
Those who compare NHIS frequencies
across this transition (e.g., comparing
2005 with 2002) should recognize that
some of the observed differences may
be due to the change in population
estimates. Unadjusted percentage
estimates shown in the Appendix III
tables may be compared with those
published in Summary Health Statistics
reports of 19972001, which did not
contain age-adjusted estimates.
Age-adjusted estimates in this report
should not be compared with earlier
unadjusted estimates unless it can be
demonstrated that the effect of age
adjustment is minimal.

It is important to note that


frequencies are underestimates due to
item nonresponse and unknowns, both
of which are excluded from the tables
(with the exception of the All adults
or Total columns shown in each
table). Appendix I, Tables II and III,
provide more information about the
number of unknowns with respect to
each health characteristic.

Variance Estimation and


Significance Testing
Because NHIS data are based on a
sample of the population, the data are
subject to sampling error. Standard
errors are reported to indicate the
reliability of the estimates. Estimates
and standard errors were calculated
using SUDAAN software (19), which
takes into account the complex sampling
design of NHIS. The Taylor series
linearization method was used for
variance estimation in SUDAAN.
Standard errors are shown for all
rates and percentages in the tables (but
not for the frequencies). Estimates with
a relative standard error (RSE) greater
than 30% and less than or equal to 50%
are indicated with an asterisk (*) and
should be used with caution because
they do not meet standards of reliability
or precision. Estimates with an RSE
greater than 50% are indicated with a
dagger () and are not shown. The
statistical significance of differences
between point estimates was evaluated
using two-sided t tests at the 0.05 level
and assuming independence. Terms such
as greater than, less than, more
likely, less likely, compared with,
or opposed to indicate a significant
difference between estimates, whereas
similar, no difference, or
comparable indicate that the estimates
are not significantly different. A lack of
commentary about any two estimates
should not be interpreted to mean that a
t test was performed and the difference
was found to be not significant.
Furthermore, these tests did not take
into account multiple comparisons.
Estimates for population subgroups with
small sample sizes may fluctuate
considerably from year to year due to
sampling variability.

Series 10, No. 256 [ Page 5

Further Information

The latest information about NHIS


is available from http://www.cdc.gov/
nchs/nhis.htm. This website features
downloadable public-use data and
documentation for NHIS, as well as
important information about any
modifications or updates to the data or
documentation.
Readers may also wish to join the
NHIS listserv by visiting http://
www.cdc.gov/subscribe.html. Complete
the appropriate information and click the
National Health Interview Survey
(NHIS) researchers box, followed by
the Subscribe button at the bottom of
the page. The listserv consists of
approximately 4,000 NHIS data users
worldwide who receive e-news about
NHIS data (e.g., new releases of data or
modifications to existing data),
publications, conferences, and
workshops.

Selected Highlights
This section presents brief bulleted
summaries of the estimates shown in
Tables 141. Estimated percentages were
age adjusted by the direct method using
the 2000 U.S. population as the standard
population. In most cases, the age
groups used to adjust estimated
percentages are the same age groups
presented in the tables (see table notes
for age adjustment groups). All
estimates were calculated using the
Sample Adult weight variable, which is
calibrated by NCHS staff to produce
numbers consistent with estimates of the
adult civilian noninstitutionalized
population of the United States by sex,
age, and race and ethnicity, based on
projections from U.S. Census 2000.

Selected Circulatory
Conditions (Tables 1,2)
+ Overall, 11% of adults aged 18 and
over had ever been told by a doctor
or other health professional that they
had heart disease, 6% had ever been
told they had coronary heart disease,
24% had been told on two or more

visits that they had hypertension,


and 3% had ever been told they had
experienced a stroke.
Among adults aged 18 and over,
men were more likely than women
to have ever been told they had
coronary heart disease. The
prevalence of stroke in men and
women was similar.
A positive relationship was observed
between age and the presence of
heart disease (including coronary
heart disease), hypertension, and
stroke: As age increased, the
percentages of adults with these
conditions also increased.
When results are considered by
single race without regard to
ethnicity, Asian adults were less
likely than white adults to have ever
been told they had coronary heart
disease or hypertension. Asian adults
and white adults were less likely to
have been told they had
hypertension compared with black
adults.
When results are considered by
single race and ethnicity, Hispanic
adults were less likely than
non-Hispanic white adults to have
been told they had any type of heart
disease. Thirty-four percent of
non-Hispanic black adults had ever
been told they had hypertension
compared with 22% of Hispanic
adults and 24% of non-Hispanic
white adults.
Education was inversely associated
with coronary heart disease,
hypertension, and strokeas
educational level increased, the
percentages of adults with these
conditions decreased.
Poverty level was inversely
associated with heart disease (any
type), hypertension, and stroke.
Adults in families that were poor or
near poor were more likely to have
ever been told they had these
conditions than were adults in
families that were not poor.
Among adults under age 65, those
covered by Medicaid were more
likely to have been told they had
heart disease (any type) than those
with private insurance or who were
uninsured. Among adults aged 65
and over, those covered by Medicaid

and Medicare were more likely to


have been told they had
hypertension than those with either
Medicare alone or private insurance.
+ Thirty-five percent of non-Hispanic
black women had hypertension,
compared with 22% of non-Hispanic
white women and 24% of Hispanic
women. Thirty-two percent of
non-Hispanic black men had
hypertension compared with 25% of
non-Hispanic white men and 20% of
Hispanic men. Non-Hispanic white
men had the highest percentage of
heart disease (any type) compared
with other single-race sex and
ethnicity groups.

Selected Respiratory
Conditions (Tables 3,4)
+ Overall, 2% of adults aged 18 and
over had ever been told by a doctor
or other health professional that they
had emphysema. Thirteen percent
had ever been told they had asthma,
and 8% still had asthma. Seven
percent of adults had been told in
the past 12 months that they had
hay fever, 13% had been told they
had sinusitis, and 4% had been told
they had chronic bronchitis.
+ Women were more likely than men
to have been told they had asthma,
hay fever, sinusitis, or chronic
bronchitis. Men and women were
equally likely to have been told they
had emphysema.
+ When results are considered by
single race without regard to
ethnicity, Asian adults were less
likely to have been told in the past
12 months that they had sinusitis,
chronic bronchitis, or asthma (ever
or still) than either black or white
adults.
+ Hispanic adults had lower rates of
asthma, sinusitis, emphysema, and
chronic bronchitis than non-Hispanic
white adults and non-Hispanic black
adults. Hispanic adults also were
less likely to have been told in the
past 12 months that they had hay
fever than non-Hispanic white
adults.
+ Adults with a bachelors degree or
higher were less likely to have been

Page 6 [ Series 10, No. 256

told they had emphysema or chronic


bronchitis compared with other
education groups.
Adults in poor families had higher
percentages of emphysema, asthma,
and chronic bronchitis than adults in
families that were not poor.
Among adults under age 65, those
insured by Medicaid had higher
percentages of emphysema, asthma,
and chronic bronchitis than those
with private insurance or who were
uninsured. Similarly, among adults
aged 65 and over, those insured by
Medicaid and Medicare had higher
percentages of emphysema, asthma,
and chronic bronchitis than those
with only Medicare health care
coverage or those with private
insurance.
The percentage of adults with
sinusitis was higher in the South
than in any other region of the
United States.
Compared with other single-race sex
and ethnicity groups, white
non-Hispanic women and black
non-Hispanic women were most
likely to have sinusitis. NonHispanic white women were the
most likely to have been told in the
past 12 months that they had hay
fever compared with other
single-race sex and ethnicity groups.

Selected Types of Cancer


(Tables 5,6)
+ Overall, 8% of adults aged 18 and
over had ever been told by a doctor
or other health professional that they
had some form of cancer.
+ As age increased, the percentage of
adults who had ever been told by a
doctor or other health professional
that they had cancer increased.
+ When results are considered by
single race without regard to
ethnicity, white adults were more
likely to have ever been told they
had cancer when compared with
black adults and Asian adults.
+ Nine percent of non-Hispanic white
adults had ever been told they had
some form of cancer compared with
5% of non-Hispanic black adults
and 4% of Hispanic adults.

+ When considering single-race sex


and ethnicity groups, non-Hispanic
white women and men had the
highest overall percentages of ever
having been told by a doctor or
other health professional that they
had cancer.

Diabetes, Ulcers, Kidney


Disease, Liver Disease, and
Arthritis and Chronic
Joint Symptoms
(Tables 7,8)
+ Overall, 9% of adults aged 18 and
over had ever been told by a doctor
or other health professional that they
had diabetes, 7% had ever been told
they had an ulcer, 2% had been told
in the past 12 months that they had
kidney disease, and 1% had been
told in the past 12 months that they
had liver disease.
+ Twenty-two percent of adults had
ever been told by a doctor or other
health care professional that they
had some form of arthritis,
rheumatoid arthritis, gout, lupus, or
fibromyalgia, and 29% had chronic
joint symptoms (e.g., pain or
stiffness in or around a joint in the
past 30 days that began more than 3
months ago).
+ Women were more likely than men
to be diagnosed with arthritis or to
have chronic joint symptoms.
+ Age was positively associated both
with arthritis diagnosis and the
presence of chronic joint symptoms.
Fifty-three percent of adults aged 75
and over had an arthritis diagnosis
compared with 8% of adults aged
1844, and 50% of adults aged 75
and over had chronic joint
symptoms compared with 17% of
adults aged 1844.
+ When results are considered by
single race without regard to
ethnicity, Asian adults were less
likely to have arthritis or chronic
joint symptoms than white adults,
black adults, and American Indian or
Alaska Native (AIAN) adults.
+ When results are considered by
single race and ethnicity, Hispanic
adults and non-Hispanic black adults

were more likely to have been told


by a doctor or other health
professional that they had diabetes
compared with non-Hispanic white
adults. Hispanic adults were less
likely to have arthritis or chronic
joint symptoms compared with
non-Hispanic white adults and
non-Hispanic black adults.
Diabetes was inversely related to
level of education: 15% of adults
with less than a high school diploma
had diabetes compared with 7% of
adults with a bachelors degree or
higher.
Adults in poor families were more
likely to have ever been told by a
doctor or other health professional
that they had diabetes, ulcers,
kidney disease, liver disease,
arthritis, or chronic joint symptoms
than adults in families that were not
poor.
Among adults under age 65, those
covered by Medicaid had higher
percentages of diabetes, ulcers,
kidney disease, liver disease,
arthritis, and chronic joint symptoms
than those covered by private
insurance or who were uninsured.
Among adults aged 65 and over,
those covered by Medicaid and
Medicare had higher percentages of
diabetes, kidney disease, and liver
disease than those with private
insurance or who had only Medicare
health care coverage.
When results are considered by sex
and ethnicity, non-Hispanic white
men and women were less likely to
have been told they had diabetes
than Hispanic or non-Hispanic black
men and women. Hispanic men and
women and non-Hispanic black men
were less likely to have chronic
joint symptoms than non-Hispanic
white men and women and
non-Hispanic black women.

Pain (Tables 9,10)


+ During the 3 months prior to the
interview, 17% of adults had
experienced a migraine or severe
headache, 15% had experienced pain
in the neck area, 29% had
experienced pain in the lower back,

Series 10, No. 256 [ Page 7

and 5% had experienced pain in the


face or jaw area.
Women were more likely to
experience pain (in the form of
migraines, neck pain, lower back
pain, or face or jaw pain) than men.
Women were about twice as likely
to experience migraines or severe
headaches, or pain in the face or
jaw, than men.
Adults aged 1844 and 4564 were
more likely to have experienced a
migraine or severe headache in the 3
months prior to the interview
compared with adults aged 6574
and 75 and over.
Adults aged 1844 were less likely
to have experienced pain in the
lower back during the 3 months
prior to the interview compared with
older adults.
When results are considered by
single race without regard to
ethnicity, Asian adults were less
likely to have pain in the lower back
compared with white adults, black
adults, and AIAN adults.
Adults with a bachelors degree or
higher were less likely to have
migraine headaches, neck pain,
lower back pain, or pain in the face
or jaw compared with adults who
did not graduate from high school.
Adults in poor families were more
likely to experience migraine
headaches, neck pain, lower back
pain, or pain in the face or jaw in
the 3 months prior to the interview
than adults in families that were not
poor.
Among adults under age 65, those
covered by Medicaid were more
likely to have migraine headaches,
neck pain, lower back pain, or pain
in the face or jaw than those with
private insurance or who were
uninsured. Among adults aged 65
and over, those covered by Medicaid
and Medicare were more likely to
have migraine headaches, neck pain,
lower back pain, or pain in the face
or jaw than those with private
insurance or only Medicare health
care coverage.

Hearing and Vision


Trouble, and Absence of
Natural Teeth
(Tables 11,12)
+ Overall, 16% of adults aged 18 and
over experienced some hearing
difficulty without a hearing aid
(defined as a little trouble
hearing, moderate trouble, a lot
of trouble, or deaf). Men were
more likely to have experienced
hearing trouble than women.
+ Nine percent of the adult population
experienced vision trouble (defined
as trouble seeing, even with glasses
or contact lenses). Women were
more likely to have experienced
vision trouble than men.
+ Eight percent of the adult U.S.
population had lost all of their
natural teeth.
+ Age was positively associated with
hearing difficulties (without a
hearing aid), vision trouble (even
with glasses or contact lenses), and
the loss of all natural teeth. As age
increased, the percentages of adults
with these conditions also increased.
+ When results are considered by
single race without regard to
ethnicity, Asian adults and black
adults were less likely to have
experienced some form of hearing
difficulty (without a hearing aid)
than white adults.
+ When results are considered by
single race and ethnicity, 17% of
non-Hispanic white adults
experienced some form of hearing
difficulty (without a hearing aid)
compared with 10% of non-Hispanic
black adults and 12% of Hispanic
adults.
+ Absence of all natural teeth was
inversely associated with
education16% of adults with less
than a high school diploma had lost
all of their natural teeth compared
with 4% of adults with a bachelors
degree or higher.
+ Fifteen percent of adults in poor
families experienced vision trouble
(even with glasses or contact lenses)
compared with 7% of adults in

families that were not poor. The


poor and near poor were more likely
to have lost all of their natural teeth
than those who were not poor.
+ Among adults under age 65, those
covered by Medicaid were more
likely to have hearing trouble, vision
trouble (even with glasses or contact
lenses), or absence of all natural
teeth compared with those with
private insurance or no insurance.
Among adults aged 65 and over,
those covered by Medicaid and
Medicare were more likely to have
vision trouble (even with glasses or
contact lenses), or absence of all
natural teeth, than those with only
Medicare health care coverage or
private insurance.
+ Adults not living in a metropolitan
statistical area (MSA) were more
likely to have hearing difficulty
(without a hearing aid), vision
trouble (even with glasses or contact
lenses), or absence of all natural
teeth compared with those living in
a large MSA.
+ When results are considered by sex
and ethnicity, non-Hispanic white
men were more likely to have had
hearing trouble compared with other
men or women.

Feelings of Sadness,
Hopelessness,
Worthlessness, or That
Everything Is an Effort
(Tables 13,14)
+ Overall, 12% of adults experienced
feelings of sadness for all, most, or
some of the time during the 30 days
prior to the interview; 7% felt
hopeless; 5% felt worthless; and
15% felt that everything was an
effort for all, most, or some of the
time during the same time period.
+ Fourteen percent of women felt sad
for all, most, or some of the time
during the 30 days prior to the
interview compared with 10% of
men. Women were also more likely
to have feelings of hopelessness,
worthlessness, or that everything is

Page 8 [ Series 10, No. 256

an effort during the 30 days prior to


the interview than men.
When results are considered by
single race and ethnicity, nonHispanic white adults were less
likely to have feelings of sadness
all, most, or some of the time during
the 30 days prior to the interview
than either non-Hispanic black
adults or Hispanic adults.
Non-Hispanic black adults were
more likely to feel that everything is
an effort all, most, or some of the
time during the 30 days prior to the
interview than either non-Hispanic
white adults or Hispanic adults.
Level of education was inversely
associated with feelings of sadness,
hopelessness, worthlessness, or that
everything is an effort: Adults with
less than a high school diploma
were most likely to have these
feelings, and those with a bachelors
degree or higher were least likely to
have these feelings.
Adults in poor families were at least
twice as likely as adults in families
that were not poor to feel sad,
hopeless, or worthless for all, most,
or some of the time during the 30
days prior to the interview.
Among adults under age 65, 25% of
those who had Medicaid health care
coverage experienced feelings of
sadness for all, most, or some of the
time during the 30 days prior to the
interview, compared with 18% of
those who were uninsured and 7%
of those who had private health
insurance. Adults under age 65 who
had Medicaid health care coverage
were more than twice as likely to
feel that everything is an effort for
all, most, or some of the time during
the 30 days prior to the interview
than were adults under age 65 who
had private health insurance.
Among adults aged 65 and over,
26% of those who had Medicaid and
Medicare health care coverage
experienced feelings of sadness for
all, most, or some of the time during
the 30 days prior to the interview
compared with 13% of those who
had only Medicare health care
coverage and 9% of those who had
private health insurance.

+ Divorced or separated adults were


more likely to have feelings of
sadness, hopelessness, worthlessness,
or that everything is an effort
compared with adults who were
married or adults who have never
married.

Feelings of Nervousness or
Restlessness (Tables 15,16)
+ Overall, 17% of adults experienced
feelings of nervousness and 19% of
adults experienced feelings of
restlessness for all, most, or some of
the time during the 30 days prior to
the interview.
+ Nineteen percent of women felt
nervous for all, most, or some of the
time during the 30 days prior to the
interview compared with 14% of
men. Similarly, women were more
likely than men to feel restless all,
most, or some of the time during the
30 days prior to the interview.
+ Adults with less than a high school
diploma were at least three times as
likely to have experienced feelings
of nervousness or restlessness all or
most of the time during the 30 days
prior to the interview than those
with a bachelors degree or higher.
+ Adults in poor families were more
likely than adults in families that
were not poor to feel nervous or
restless for all, most, or some of the
time during the 30 days prior to the
interview.
+ Among adults under age 65, 28% of
those who had Medicaid health care
coverage experienced feelings of
nervousness for all, most, or some
of the time during the 30 days prior
to the interview, compared with 20%
of those who were uninsured and
14% of those who had private health
insurance. Adults under age 65 who
had Medicaid health care coverage
were more likely to experience
feelings of restlessness for all, most,
or some of the time during the 30
days prior to the interview than
those adults under age 65 who were
either uninsured or had private
health insurance.
+ Among adults aged 65 and over,
24% of those who had Medicaid and

Medicare health care coverage


experienced feelings of nervousness
for all, most, or some of the time
during the 30 days prior to the
interview compared with 12% of
those who had only Medicare health
care coverage and 12% of those
who had private health insurance.
Adults aged 65 and over who had
Medicaid and Medicare health care
coverage were more likely to
experience feelings of restlessness
for all, most, or some of the time
during the 30 days prior to the
interview than were adults aged 65
and over who had only Medicare
health care coverage or private
health insurance.
+ Adults who were married were the
least likely to have feelings of
nervousness or restlessness
compared with adults who were
divorced or separated, never
married, or living with a partner.
+ Adults who did not live in an MSA
were more likely to have feelings of
restlessness all or most of the time
during the 30 days prior to the
interview compared with adults who
lived in a large MSA.

Work-loss Days and Bed


Days (Table 17)
+ Employed adults aged 18 and over
experienced an average of 4
work-loss days per person due to
illness or injury in the past 12
months, for a total of approximately
570 million work-loss days.
+ Adults aged 18 and over
experienced an average of 5 bed
days per person due to illness or
injury in the past 12 months, for a
total of 1.1 billion bed days.
+ Women experienced an average of 6
bed days per person due to illness or
injury in the past 12 months
compared with an average of 4 bed
days per person for men.
+ When results are considered by
single race and ethnicity, nonHispanic black adults had an
average of 6 bed days per person
due to illness or injury in the past
12 months compared with an
average of 5 bed days per person for
non-Hispanic white adults and an

Series 10, No. 256 [ Page 9

average of 3 bed days per person for


Hispanic adults.
Adults with less than a high school
diploma had an average of 8 bed
days per person due to illness or
injury in the past 12 months
compared with 3 bed days per
person for adults with at least a
bachelors degree.
Adults in poor families averaged 8
bed days per person due to illness or
injury in the past 12 months
compared with 3 bed days per
person among adults in families that
were not poor.
Among adults under age 65, those
who had Medicaid health care
coverage averaged 13 bed days per
person due to illness or injury in the
past 12 months compared with 3
bed days per person for those who
had private health insurance and 4
bed days per person for those who
were uninsured. Among adults at
least age 65, those with Medicaid
and Medicare health care coverage
had 14 bed days per person
compared with 5 bed days per
person for those with private
insurance and 6 bed days per adult
for those with only Medicare health
care coverage.
Adults who were divorced or
separated had 9 bed days per person
due to illness or injury in the past
12 months compared with 4 bed
days per person for both categories
of those who were married and
those who were never married.
Employed adults who were divorced
or separated also had higher rates of
work-loss days than employed adults
who were married or never married.

Difficulties in Physical
Functioning (Tables 18,19)
+ Overall, 16% of adults had great
difficulty with at least one of nine
physical activities performed without
help and without the use of special
equipment (responding very
difficult to do or cant do at all
to walking a quarter of a mile;
climbing 10 steps without resting;
standing for 2 hours; sitting for 2
hours; stooping, bending, or

kneeling; reaching over their head;


using their fingers to grasp or
handle small objects; lifting or
carrying a 10-pound object; or
pushing or pulling large objects).
Only 2% of adults had difficulty
grasping or handling small objects;
9% had difficulty standing for 2
hours; 9% had difficulty stooping,
bending, or kneeling; 7% had
difficulty walking a quarter of a
mile; 7% had difficulty pushing or
pulling large objects; and 5% had
difficulty climbing 10 steps without
resting.
Eighteen percent of women had at
least one physical difficulty
compared with 13% of men.
Age was positively associated with
the presence of at least one physical
difficulty; as age increased, the
percentage of adults finding at least
one of these activities very difficult
or impossible to do also increased.
The percentage of adults with this
level of difficulty in each of the nine
activities increased sharply both at
age 65 and at age 75 and over.
When results are considered by
single race without regard to
ethnicity, 20% of black adults had at
least one physical difficulty
compared with 15% of white adults
and 10% of Asian adults.
When results are considered by
single race and ethnicity, a higher
percentage of non-Hispanic black
adults found at least one of the nine
physical activities very difficult or
impossible to do compared with
non-Hispanic white adults and
Hispanic adults.
Level of education was inversely
associated with difficulty in any and
in each of the nine activities: As
education increased, the percentage
of adults with difficulty performing
the nine physical activities
decreased.
Adults in poor families were more
than twice as likely to have
difficulty with each of the nine
activities as were adults in families
that were not poor.
For adults under age 65, those with
Medicaid health care coverage were
nearly five times as likely to have at
least one physical difficulty

compared with adults who had


private insurance, and more than
twice as likely to have at least one
physical difficulty compared with
adults who were uninsured.
Similarly, for adults at least age 65,
64% of those with Medicaid and
Medicare health care coverage
reported at least one physical
difficulty compared with 36% of
those with private insurance and
38% of those with only Medicare
health care coverage.
+ When results are considered by
single-race sex and ethnicity,
non-Hispanic black women were
more likely to find at least one of
the nine physical activities very
difficult or impossible to do
compared with Hispanic men,
non-Hispanic white men and
women, and non-Hispanic black
men.

Respondent-assessed
Health Status
(Tables 20,21)
+ Overall, 61% of adults aged 18 and
over were in excellent or very good
health, 26% were in good health,
and 13% were in fair or poor health.
+ Health status was inversely
associated with age. As age
increased, the percentage of adults
with excellent or very good health
decreased, and the percentage of
adults with fair or poor health
increased.
+ When results are considered by
single race without regard to
ethnicity, 43% of AIAN adults had
excellent or very good health
compared with 50% of black adults,
63% of white adults, and 61% of
Asian adults.
+ When considering results by single
race and ethnicity, non-Hispanic
white adults were more likely to
have excellent or very good health
and less likely to have fair or poor
health than either non-Hispanic
black or Hispanic adults.
+ Level of education was positively
associated with health status75%
of adults with a bachelors degree or
higher were in excellent or very

Page 10 [ Series 10, No. 256

good health compared with 38% of


adults with less than a high school
diploma. Twenty-seven percent of
adults with less than a high school
diploma were in fair or poor health
compared with 6% of adults with a
bachelors degree or higher.
Adults in families that were not
poor were more likely to have
excellent or very good health
compared with adults in poor and
near-poor families, and adults in
near-poor and poor families were
two to four times as likely to have
fair or poor health compared with
adults in families that were not poor.
Among adults under age 65, 73% of
those with private health insurance
had excellent or very good health
compared with 54% of adults
without health insurance coverage
and 41% of adults with Medicaid
health care coverage. Only 6% of
adults under age 65 with private
health insurance were in fair or poor
health compared with 14% of those
without health insurance coverage
and 31% of those with Medicaid
health care coverage.
Among adults aged 65 and over,
54% of those who had Medicaid and
Medicare health care coverage had
fair or poor health compared with
26% of those with only Medicare
health care coverage and 18% of
those with private health insurance.
Married adults were less likely to
have fair or poor health compared
with adults who were widowed,
divorced or separated, never
married, or living with a partner.
Adults who did not live in an MSA
were more likely to have fair or
poor health than adults who lived in
a large or small MSA.
Sixty-five percent of non-Hispanic
white women were in excellent or
very good health compared with
48% of non-Hispanic black women
and 51% of Hispanic women.
Conversely, only 12% of nonHispanic white women were in fair
or poor health compared with 18%
of Hispanic women and 21% of
non-Hispanic black women.
Similarly, 65% of non-Hispanic
white men were in excellent or very
good health compared with 54% of

Hispanic men and 51% of


non-Hispanic black men. Only 11%
of non-Hispanic white men were in
fair or poor health compared with
16% of Hispanic men and 19% of
non-Hispanic black men.

Current Health Status


Relative to 1 Year Ago
(Tables 22,23)
+ Among adults with excellent or very
good health in 2011, the health of
79% was about the same as a year
ago, and the health of 18% had
improved. Among adults with good
health in 2011, the health of 71%
was about the same as a year ago,
the health of 19% had improved,
and the health of 10% was worse
than in 2010. Among adults with
fair or poor health in 2011, the
health of 54% was about the same
as a year ago, the health of 17% had
improved, and the health of 30%
was worse than last year.

Current Cigarette Smoking


Status (Tables 24,25)
+ Overall, 19% of adults aged 18 and
over were current cigarette smokers,
21% were former smokers, and 60%
had never smoked at least 100
cigarettes in their lifetime.
Twenty-one percent of men were
current smokers compared with 17%
of women. Sixty-five percent of
women had never smoked compared
with 54% of men.
+ Adults aged 1844 and 4564 were
more likely to be current smokers
than adults aged 65 and over.
+ When results are considered by
single race without regard to
ethnicity, 10% of Asian adults were
current smokers compared with 27%
of AIAN adults, 19% of black
adults, and 20% of white adults.
+ Fifty-five percent of non-Hispanic
white adults had never smoked
compared with 66% of non-Hispanic
black adults and 71% of Hispanic
adults.
+ Hispanic adults were about half as
likely to be every-day smokers
compared with non-Hispanic white

and non-Hispanic black adults.


+ Adults with at least a bachelors
degree were less likely than adults
with less education to be current
smokers and more likely to have
never smoked.
+ Adults in families that were not
poor were less likely to be current
smokers and more likely to be
former smokers than adults in
families that were near poor or poor.
+ Among adults under age 65, 16%
with private health insurance
coverage were current smokers
compared with 32% who were
uninsured and 34% who had
Medicaid health care coverage. In
addition, adults under age 65 who
had private health insurance
coverage were more likely to have
never smoked than adults in this age
group who were uninsured or had
Medicaid health care coverage.
+ Adults living in the West were more
likely to have never smoked
compared with adults living in other
regions.
+ Eight percent of Hispanic women
were current smokers compared with
15% of non-Hispanic black women
and 20% of non-Hispanic white
women. Eighty-one percent of
Hispanic women had never smoked
compared with 73% of non-Hispanic
black women and 59% of
non-Hispanic white women. Among
men, 16% of Hispanic men were
current smokers compared with 23%
each of non-Hispanic white men and
non-Hispanic black men; 62% of
Hispanic men and 58% of
non-Hispanic black men had never
smoked compared with 51% of
non-Hispanic white men.

Alcohol Drinking Status


(Tables 26,27)
+ Overall, 52% of adults aged 18 and
over were current regular drinkers,
14% were current infrequent
drinkers, 6% were former regular
drinkers, 9% were former infrequent
drinkers, and 20% were lifetime
abstainers.
+ Sixty percent of men were current
regular drinkers compared with 44%

Series 10, No. 256 [ Page 11

of women. Men were also more


likely to be former regular drinkers
than women. Women were more
likely to be current or former
infrequent drinkers or lifetime
abstainers than men.
As age increased, the percentage of
adults who were current regular
drinkers decreased.
Asian adults were more likely to be
lifetime abstainers compared with
other single-race groups.
When results are considered by
single race and ethnicity, 57% of
non-Hispanic white adults were
current regular drinkers compared
with 42% of Hispanic adults and
39% of non-Hispanic black adults.
Hispanic adults and non-Hispanic
black adults were twice as likely as
non-Hispanic white adults to be
lifetime abstainers.
Educational attainment and family
income were positively associated
with current regular drinking status
and inversely associated with being
a lifetime abstainer.
Among adults under age 65, 61% of
those who had private health
insurance coverage were current
regular drinkers compared with 49%
of those who were uninsured and
33% of those who had Medicaid
health care coverage.
Among adults aged 65 and over,
40% of those who had private health
insurance coverage were current
regular drinkers compared with 34%
of those who had only Medicare
health care coverage and 16% of
those who had Medicaid and
Medicare health care coverage.
Adults who were living with a
partner were more likely to be
current regular drinkers compared
with adults who were married,
divorced or separated, widowed, or
never married.
Regionally, 48% of adults living in
the South were current regular
drinkers, in contrast to 52% in the
West, 55% in the Midwest, and 56%
in the Northeast.
Eighteen percent of non-Hispanic
white women were lifetime
abstainers compared with 36% of
non-Hispanic black women and 42%
of Hispanic women. Conversely,

51% of non-Hispanic white women


were current regular drinkers
compared with 30% of non-Hispanic
black women and 29% of Hispanic
women. Among men, 12% of
non-Hispanic white men were
lifetime abstainers compared with
19% of Hispanic men and 21% of
non-Hispanic black men; 64% of
non-Hispanic white men were
current regular drinkers compared
with 55% of Hispanic men and 50%
of non-Hispanic black men.

Leisure-time Physical
Activity Status
(Tables 28,29)
+ According to the 2008 federal
physical activity guidelines for
aerobic activity only, 32% of adults
were inactive, 19% of adults were
insufficiently active, and 49% were
sufficiently active based on their
participation in leisure-time physical
activity.
+ According to the 2008 federal
physical activity guidelines for
aerobic and strengthening activity
combined, 48% of adults met neither
the aerobic nor muscle-strengthening
guideline, 4% met the musclestrengthening guideline only, 28%
met the aerobic guideline only, and
21% met the full guidelines for both
aerobic and muscle-strengthening
activity, based on their participation
in leisure-time physical activity.
+ Women were more likely than men
to be inactive or insufficiently active
and less likely to be sufficiently
active in terms of aerobic
leisure-time physical activity. Men
were more likely than women to
have met the full guidelines for both
aerobic and muscle-strengthening
activity based on their participation
in leisure-time physical activity.
+ When leisure-time physical activity
is considered by single race and
ethnicity, non-Hispanic white adults
were more likely to have met the
full guidelines for both aerobic and
muscle-strengthening activity based
on their participation in leisure-time
physical activity than Hispanic
adults or non-Hispanic black adults.

+ As level of education increased, the


percentage of adults who were
sufficiently active based on their
participation in aerobic leisure-time
physical activity also increased.
+ Adults living in an MSA were more
likely to have met the full guidelines
for both aerobic and musclestrengthening activity based on their
participation in leisure-time physical
activity than adults who did not live
in an MSA.

Body Mass Index


(Tables 30,31)
+ Based on their body mass index, 2%
of adults aged 18 and over were
underweight, 36% were at a healthy
weight, 34% were overweight (but
not obese), and 28% were obese.
+ Forty-two percent of women were at
a healthy weight compared with
30% of men. Forty-one percent of
men were overweight (but not
obese) compared with 28% of
women. Women were at least three
times as likely to be underweight
than were men. Obesity percentages
were similar for men and women.
+ When results are considered by
single race without regard to
ethnicity, 57% of Asian adults were
at a healthy weight compared with
37% of white adults, 28% of AIAN
adults, and 26% of black adults.
Black adults and AIAN adults were
more than four times as likely to be
obese as Asian adults. White adults
were three times as likely as Asian
adults to be obese.
+ When results are considered by
single race and ethnicity, 39% of
non-Hispanic black adults were
obese compared with 32% of
Hispanic adults and 26% of
non-Hispanic white adults. Hispanic
adults were more likely to be
overweight (but not obese) than
either non-Hispanic white or
non-Hispanic black adults.
+ Adults with at least a bachelors
degree were more likely to be a
healthy weight than adults with
lower educational attainment.
+ Thirty-eight percent of adults under
age 65 who had Medicaid health

Page 12 [ Series 10, No. 256

care coverage were obese compared


with 26% of those who had private
health insurance and 30% of those
who were uninsured.
+ Adults who did not live in an MSA
were more likely to be obese than
adults who lived in an MSA.
+ Obesity percentages were highest in
the Midwest and the South.
+ Forty-six percent of non-Hispanic
white women were at a healthy
weight compared with 33% of
Hispanic women and 26% of
non-Hispanic black women; 31% of
non-Hispanic white men, 27% of
non-Hispanic black men, and 26%
of Hispanic men were at a healthy
weight. Forty-three percent of
non-Hispanic black women were
obese compared with 33% of
Hispanic women and 25% of
non-Hispanic white women; 31% of
Hispanic men, 34% of non-Hispanic
black men, and 28% of nonHispanic white men were obese.

Usual Place of Health Care


(Tables 32,33)
+ Overall, 16% of adults aged 18 and
over were without a usual place of
health care. Of those with a usual
place of care, 74% considered it to
be a doctors office or health
maintenance organization (HMO),
22% considered it to be a clinic or
health center, and 3% considered it
to be a hospital emergency room or
outpatient department.
+ Nineteen percent of men were
without a usual place of health care
compared with 12% of women. Of
those with a usual place of care,
men were more likely than women
to consider a hospital emergency
room or outpatient department to be
their usual place of health care.
+ Among adults, not having a usual
place of health care was inversely
related to age: As age increased, the
percentage of adults without a usual
place of health care decreased.
+ When results are considered by
single race and ethnicity, 26% of
Hispanic adults did not have a usual
place of health care compared with
15% of non-Hispanic black adults

and 13% of non-Hispanic white


adults. Of those adults with a usual
place of health care, 77% of
non-Hispanic white adults
considered it to be a doctors office
or an HMO, compared with 68% of
non-Hispanic black adults and 60%
of Hispanic adults. Two percent of
non-Hispanic white adults who had
a usual place of health care
considered it to be a hospital
emergency room or outpatient
department, compared with 5% of
Hispanic adults and 8% of
non-Hispanic black adults.
Adults with higher educational
attainment and higher family income
were more likely to have a usual
place of health care and to consider
a doctors office or HMO as their
usual place of health care than those
with lower educational attainment
and family income.
Among adults under age 65, 48% of
those who were uninsured did not
have a usual place of health care
compared with 10% of those having
private health care coverage and 9%
of those having Medicaid health
care coverage.
Among adults aged 65 and over
with a usual place of health care,
24% of those who had Medicaid and
Medicare health care coverage
considered a clinic or health center
their usual place of care, compared
with 14% of those who had private
health insurance and 15% of those
who had only Medicare health care
coverage.
Of those adults with a usual place of
health care, adults who did not live
in an MSA were more likely to
consider a health center or clinic to
be their usual place of care than
adults living in an MSA.
Nineteen percent of adults living in
the West and 17% of adults living in
the South were without a usual
place of health care compared with
13% in the Midwest and 11% in the
Northeast.
Thirty-one percent of Hispanic men
did not have a usual place of health
care compared with 20% of
non-Hispanic black men and 16% of
non-Hispanic white men. Twentyone percent of Hispanic women

were without a usual place of health


care compared with 11% of
non-Hispanic black women and 9%
of non-Hispanic white women.

Number of Office Visits to


Doctor or Other Health
Professional in Past 12
Months (Tables 34,35)
+ Overall, 20% of adults aged 18 and
over had not made an office visit to
a doctor or other health professional
in the past 12 months, 17% had 1
office visit, 26% had 23 visits,
24% had 49 visits, and 13% had 10
or more visits.
+ Twenty-six percent of men and 13%
of women had no office visits to a
doctor or other health professional
in the past 12 months.
+ When results are considered by
single race and ethnicity, 30% of
Hispanic adults had no visits to a
doctor or other health professional
in the past 12 months compared
with 20% of non-Hispanic black
adults and 17% of non-Hispanic
white adults.
+ Office visits to a doctor or other
health professional in the past 12
months were inversely related to
level of education28% of adults
with less than a high school diploma
had no office visits compared with
13% of adults with at least a
bachelors degree.
+ Adults in families that were not
poor were more likely to have had
23 office visits to a doctor or other
health professional in the past 12
months compared with other adults.
Adults in families that were poor
were more likely to have made 10
or more office visits to a doctor or
other health professional in the past
12 months than adults who were not
poor.
+ Among adults under age 65, 47%
who were uninsured had no visits to
a doctor or other health professional
in the past 12 months compared
with 16% having private health care
coverage and 14% with Medicaid
health care coverage. Adults in this
age group who were covered by
Medicaid or other forms of

Series 10, No. 256 [ Page 13

insurance were more likely to have


10 or more office visits in the past
12 months than those with private
insurance or who were uninsured.
+ Eight percent of adults aged 65 and
over with only Medicare health care
coverage had no visits to a doctor or
other health professional in the past
12 months compared with 5% of
those with private health insurance
coverage. Adults in this age group
who were covered by Medicaid and
Medicare were more likely to have
10 or more office visits in the past
12 months than those with private
insurance or only Medicare health
care coverage.
+ Twenty-three percent of adults who
lived in the West had no visits to a
doctor or other health professional
in the past 12 months compared
with 20% of adults in the South,
18% in the Midwest, and 17% in the
Northeast.
+ Thirty-eight percent of Hispanic
men did not visit a doctor or other
health professional in the past 12
months compared with 27% of
non-Hispanic black men and 22% of
non-Hispanic white men. Twentyone percent of Hispanic women did
not visit a doctor or other health
professional in the past 12 months
compared with 13% of non-Hispanic
black women and 11% of
non-Hispanic white women.

Length of Time Since Last


Contact With Doctor or
Other Health Professional
(Tables 36,37)
+ Overall, 67% of adults aged 18 and
over last contacted a doctor or other
health professional within the
previous 6 months; 16% more than
6 months ago, but not more than 1
year ago; 8% more than 1 year ago,
but not more than 2 years ago; 6%
more than 2 years ago, but not more
than 5 years ago; and 3% last
contacted a doctor or other health
professional more than 5 years ago.
One percent of adults had never
contacted a doctor or other health
professional.

+ Seventy-four percent of women and


59% of men last contacted a doctor
or other health professional within
the previous 6 months. Men were
more likely than women to have last
contacted a doctor a year or more
ago, as well as to have never
contacted a doctor.
+ Older adults, aged 65 and over, were
more likely to have had more recent
contact (within the past 6 months)
with a doctor or other health
professional than younger adults,
under age 65.
+ When results are considered by
single race and ethnicity, Hispanic
adults were less likely to have had
more recent contact (within the past
6 months) with a doctor or other
health professional than either
non-Hispanic white adults or
non-Hispanic black adults. Hispanic
adults were more than four times as
likely to have never had contact
with a doctor or other health
professional as non-Hispanic black
adults and non-Hispanic white
adults.
+ Adults with an educational
attainment of a high school diploma
or less were less likely to have last
seen a doctor within the last 6
months, and more likely to have
never seen a doctor, than adults with
more education.
+ Adults in families that were not
poor were more likely to have had
more recent contact (within the past
6 months) with a doctor or other
health professional than adults in
poor or near-poor families.
+ Adults under age 65 who were
uninsured were much less likely to
have last contacted a doctor or other
health professional within the
previous 6 months than insured
adults.
+ Hispanic men were less likely to
have seen a doctor or other health
professional within the previous 6
months compared with non-Hispanic
black and non-Hispanic white men;
4% of Hispanic men had never seen
or talked to a doctor or other health
professional compared with 1% each
of non-Hispanic black men and
non-Hispanic white men. Among
women, Hispanic women were less

likely to have had contact with a


doctor in the last 6 months
compared with non-Hispanic black
and non-Hispanic white women.

Length of Time Since Last


Visit With Dentist or Other
Dental Health Professional
(Tables 38,39)
+ Overall, 44% of adults aged 18 and
over last visited a dentist or other
dental health professional within the
previous 6 months; 17% more than
6 months ago, but not more than 1
year ago; 13% more than 1 year
ago, but not more than 2 years ago;
12% more than 2 years ago, but not
more than 5 years ago; and 13% last
visited a dentist or other dental
health professional more than 5
years ago. One percent of adults had
never visited a dentist or other
dental health professional.
+ Forty-six percent of women last
visited a dentist or other dental
health professional within the
previous 6 months compared with
42% of men.
+ When results are considered by
single race and ethnicity, nonHispanic white adults were more
likely to have visited a dentist or
other dental health professional
within the previous 6 months (49%)
than either non-Hispanic black
adults (33%) or Hispanic adults
(29%). Three percent of Hispanic
adults had never visited a dentist
compared with 1% of non-Hispanic
black adults and less than 1% of
non-Hispanic white adults.
+ Adults with higher educational
attainment and higher family income
were considerably more likely to
have visited a dentist or other dental
health professional in the last 6
months than those with lower
educational attainment and lower
family income.
+ Among adults under age 65, 54% of
adults with private health care
coverage had visited a dentist or
other dental health professional
within the past 6 months, compared
with 30% of adults with Medicaid

Page 14 [ Series 10, No. 256

health care coverage and 18% of


adults who were uninsured.
+ Among adults aged 65 and over,
55% of adults with private health
care coverage had visited a dentist
or other dental professional within
the past 6 months, compared with
41% of adults who had only
Medicare health care coverage and
22% who had Medicaid and
Medicare health care coverage.
+ Married adults were more likely to
have had a recent dental visit (6
months or less) compared with other
marital status categories.
+ Adults who did not live in an MSA
were less likely to have visited a
dentist or other dental health
professional within the past 6
months than adults who lived in an
MSA.

HIV Testing Status


(Tables 40,41)

Note: Estimates of HIV testing


status based on the 2011 NHIS are not
comparable with those from previous
years due to changes in the
questionnaire; see Appendix II for more
information.
+ Overall, 36% of adults aged 18 and
over had ever been tested for HIV.
+ Women were more likely to have
ever been tested for HIV than men.
+ HIV testing status was inversely
related to age45% of adults aged
1844 had ever been tested for HIV
compared with 34% of those aged
4564, 17% of those aged 6574,
and 8% of those aged 75 and over.
+ When considering results by single
race without regard to ethnicity,
53% of black adults had ever been
tested for HIV compared with 43%
of AIAN adults, 34% of white
adults, and 30% of Asian adults.
+ When considering results by single
race and ethnicity, 53% of
non-Hispanic black adults had ever
been tested for HIV compared with
37% of Hispanic adults and 34% of
non-Hispanic white adults.
+ A higher percentage of adults who
had some college and those with at
least a bachelors degree had ever

been tested for HIV, compared with


adults having less education.
Among adults under age 65, 52% of
those who had Medicaid health care
coverage had ever been tested for
HIV compared with 41% who were
uninsured and 39% of those who
had private health insurance.
Forty-eight percent of those who
were divorced or separated and 46%
of those who were living with a
partner had ever been tested for HIV
compared with 36% of married
adults and 34% of never-married
adults.
Adults who did not live in an MSA
or resided in a small MSA were less
likely to have ever been tested for
HIV than adults who lived in a large
MSA.
Adults who lived in the Midwest
were less likely to have ever been
tested for HIV than adults who lived
in other regions.
Fifty-six percent of non-Hispanic
black women had ever been tested
for HIV compared with 42% of
Hispanic women and 37% of
non-Hispanic white women.
Fifty-one percent of non-Hispanic
black men had ever been tested for
HIV compared with 33% of
Hispanic men and 31% of
non-Hispanic white men.

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2.

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Page 16 [ Series 10, No. 256


Table 1. Frequencies of selected circulatory diseases among adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics:
United States, 2011
Selected circulatory diseases1
All adults
aged 18
and over

Selected characteristic

Heart disease2
All types

Coronary3

Hypertension4

Stroke

Number in thousands5
6

Total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

231,376

26,485

15,300

58,959

6,171

Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

112,093
119,283

13,767
12,718

9,203
6,097

28,683
30,277

2,654
3,517

Age (years)
. . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .

Sex

1844. . . .
4564. . . .
6574. . . .
75 and over

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
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.

110,815
80,849
21,902
17,810

3,952
10,323
5,843
6,366

981
5,952
3,991
4,376

10,058
26,531
12,149
10,222

577
2,296
1,428
1,870

Race
One race7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American . . . . . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native . . . . .
Asian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
Two or more races8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, white . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native, white .

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.

227,770
186,233
27,666
1,980
11,468
423
3,605
675
1,457

26,029
22,219
2,789
249
748

456
*41
307

15,074
12,735
1,770
137
421

226

141

58,166
46,775
8,820
505
1,975
*91
793
*42
438

6,081
4,548
1,129
90
268

90

*63

Hispanic or Latino origin9 and race


Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mexican or Mexican American . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino. . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race

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.

32,762
20,101
198,614
156,482
26,552

2,138
1,181
24,346
20,323
2,721

1,352
725
13,948
11,548
1,720

5,623
3,126
53,336
41,606
8,640

644
357
5,527
3,963
1,107

Education10
Less than a high school diploma . . .
High school diploma or GED11 . . . .
Some college . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bachelors degree or higher . . . . . .

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.

28,318
52,560
58,568
60,869

5,071
7,270
7,319
5,959

3,581
4,572
4,020
2,961

10,562
17,634
16,180
13,353

1,651
2,014
1,510
903

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74,445
142,828
31,262
39,095
26,539
45,931

10,669
14,021
3,728
4,124
2,498
3,671

6,618
7,629
2,231
2,345
1,297
1,756

21,979
32,872
8,218
9,592
6,069
8,993

3,160
2,540
833
820
386
501

Poor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Near poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

29,739
37,180
145,415

3,468
4,566
15,671

2,091
2,871
8,598

7,331
10,212
35,773

1,160
1,453
2,796

.
.
.
.

Family income12
Less than $35,000 . .
$35,000 or more . . .
$35,000$49,999 .
$50,000$74,999 .
$75,000$99,999 .
$100,000 or more .

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Poverty status13

See footnotes at end of table.

Series 10, No. 256 [ Page 17


Table 1. Frequencies of selected circulatory diseases among adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics:
United States, 2011Con.
Selected circulatory diseases1
All adults
aged 18
and over

Selected characteristic

Heart disease2
All types

Health insurance coverage14


Under 65:
Private . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicaid. . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . .
65 and over:
Private . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare and Medicaid
Medicare only . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . .

Coronary3

Hypertension4

Stroke

Number in thousands5

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.

123,512
19,167
8,580
39,635

8,442
2,201
1,562
2,037

3,551
1,383
1,081
913

22,631
4,771
3,252
5,847

1,121
709
575
455

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.

20,987
2,637
12,948
2,762
290

6,398
925
3,814
1,033
*33

4,281
726
2,579
746
*33

11,476
1,744
7,229
1,772
118

1,465
455
1,064
307

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123,317
13,796
26,815
49,933
17,131

14,765
3,968
4,055
2,540
1,140

8,713
2,574
2,424
960
618

33,680
7,535
9,156
5,718
2,806

2,996
1,279
1,168
529
199

Large MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Small MSA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

123,142
70,681
37,552

12,397
8,412
5,675

7,231
4,611
3,458

28,426
18,395
12,139

2,806
1,970
1,396

.
.
.
.

41,615
53,400
82,487
53,874

4,528
6,034
10,520
5,403

2,877
3,415
6,113
2,895

9,640
13,772
23,853
11,695

954
1,287
2,650
1,280

. . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .

16,871
15,890

1,108
1,030

728
624

2,490
3,133

270
373

.
.
.
.

75,875
80,608
12,073
14,479

10,832
9,490
1,205
1,516

7,259
4,289
833
886

21,088
20,518
3,587
5,052

1,680
2,283
486
621

Marital status
Married . . . . . . . . . .
Widowed . . . . . . . . .
Divorced or separated.
Never married. . . . . .
Living with a partner . .

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Place of residence15

Region
Northeast
Midwest .
South . . .
West . . .

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Hispanic or Latino origin9, race, and sex


Hispanic or Latino, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hispanic or Latina, female . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino:
White, single race, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race, female . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race, male .
Black or African American, single race, female

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Estimates with a relative standard error greater than 50% are replaced with a dagger and are not shown.
* Estimates preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error greater than 30% and less than or equal to 50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet standards of reliability or
precision.

1
In separate questions, respondents were asked if they had ever been told by a doctor or other health professional that they had: hypertension (or high blood pressure), coronary heart disease, angina

(or angina pectoris), heart attack (or myocardial infarction), any other heart condition or heart disease not already mentioned, or a stroke. A person may be represented in more than one column.

Includes coronary heart disease, angina pectoris, heart attack, or any other heart condition or disease.

Includes coronary heart disease, angina pectoris, or heart attack.

Persons had to have been told on two or more different visits that they had hypertension or high blood pressure to be classified as hypertensive.

5
Unknowns for the columns are not included in the frequencies (see Appendix I), but they are included in the All adults aged 18 and over column. The numbers in this table are rounded.

6
Includes other races not shown separately and persons with unknown education, family income, poverty status, health insurance, and marital status characteristics.

7
In accordance with the 1997 standards for federal data on race and Hispanic or Latino origin (see Appendix II), the category One race refers to persons who indicated only a single race group.

Persons who indicated a single race other than the groups shown are included in the total for One race but are not shown separately due to small sample sizes. Therefore, the frequencies for the

category One race will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific groups shown separately. Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. The

tables in this report use the current (1997) Office of Management and Budget race and Hispanic origin terms, and the text uses shorter versions of these terms for conciseness. For example, the

category One race, Black or African American in the tables is referred to as black persons in the text.

8
Refers to all persons who indicated more than one race group. Only two combinations of multiple race groups are shown due to small sample sizes for other combinations. Therefore, the frequencies

for the category Two or more races will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific combinations shown separately.

Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. Similarly, the category Not Hispanic or Latino refers to all persons who are not of Hispanic or Latino origin,

regardless of race.

10

Shown only for adults aged 25 and over.

GED is General Educational Development high school equivalency diploma.

12
The categories Less than $35,000 and $35,000 or more include both persons reporting dollar amounts and persons reporting only that their incomes were within one of these two categories (see

Appendix I). The indented categories include only those persons who reported dollar amounts. Because of the different income questions used in 2007 and beyond, income estimates may not be

comparable with those from earlier years.

11

13

Based on family income and family size using the U.S. Census Bureaus poverty thresholds for the previous calendar year. Poor persons are defined as below the poverty threshold. Near poor

persons have incomes of 100% to less than 200% of the poverty threshold. Not poor persons have incomes that are 200% of the poverty threshold or greater. Because of the different income

questions used in 2007 and beyond, poverty ratio estimates may not be comparable with those from earlier years.

Page 18 [ Series 10, No. 256


14
Based on a hierarchy of mutually exclusive categories. Persons with more than one type of health insurance were assigned to the first appropriate category in the hierarchy. Adults under age 65 and
those aged 65 and over were classified separately due to the predominance of Medicare coverage in the older population. The category Private includes persons who had any type of private
coverage either alone or in combination with other coverage. For example, for adults aged 65 and over, Private includes persons with only private coverage or private in combination with Medicare
coverage. The category Uninsured includes persons who had no coverage as well as those who had only Indian Health Service coverage or had only a private plan that paid for one type of service
such as accidents or dental care (see Appendix II).
15
MSA is metropolitan statistical area. Large MSAs have a population size of 1 million or more; small MSAs have a population size of less than 1 million. Not in MSA consists of persons not living in
a metropolitan statistical area.

NOTE: Estimates are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population.
SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2011.

Series 10, No. 256 [ Page 19


Table 2. Age-adjusted percentages of selected circulatory diseases among adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics:
United States, 2011
Selected circulatory diseases1
Heart disease2
Selected characteristic

All types

Coronary3

Hypertension4

Stroke

Percent5 (standard error)


6

Total (age-adjusted) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total6 (crude) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

11.0 (0.19)
11.5 (0.21)

6.3 (0.14)
6.6 (0.16)

24.3 (0.27)
25.5 (0.32)

2.6 (0.09)
2.7 (0.10)

12.4 (0.28)
9.9 (0.25)

8.3 (0.24)
4.7 (0.16)

25.1 (0.42)
23.5 (0.34)

2.4 (0.14)
2.7 (0.13)

Sex
Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Age7 (years)
1844.
4564.
6574.
75 and

. . .
. . .
. . .
over

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3.6
12.8
26.7
35.9

(0.17)
(0.38)
(0.90)
(0.98)

0.9
7.4
18.3
24.7

Race
One race8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American . . . . . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native . . . . .
Asian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
Two or more races9 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, white . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native, white .

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11.0
11.1
10.7
12.7
7.4

(0.08)
(0.29)
(0.75)
(0.93)

9.1
32.9
55.6
57.7

(0.29)
(0.55)
(0.99)
(1.10)

0.5
2.8
6.5
10.5

(0.19)
(0.21)
(0.48)
(2.17)
(0.65)

16.9 (1.77)
*10.4 (4.75)
21.4 (3.03)

6.3
6.3
6.9
7.2
4.3

(0.14)
(0.16)
(0.40)
(1.45)
(0.51)

9.0 (1.38)

9.7 (1.91)

24.3
23.3
33.4
25.8
18.7
21.8
27.2
*19.0
29.6

(0.28)
(0.30)
(0.75)
(2.42)
(0.92)
(6.34)
(2.07)
(5.71)
(3.33)

2.6
2.3
4.5
4.6
2.7

(0.07)
(0.18)
(0.46)
(0.64)

(0.09)
(0.10)
(0.33)
(1.27)
(0.48)

4.2 (1.05)

4.5 (1.25)

Hispanic or Latino origin10 and race


Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mexican or Mexican American . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino. . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race

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8.6
8.4
11.3
11.5
10.8

(0.47)
(0.57)
(0.21)
(0.24)
(0.49)

5.9
5.7
6.3
6.3
7.0

(0.38)
(0.49)
(0.15)
(0.17)
(0.41)

22.2
21.7
24.7
23.6
33.8

(0.65)
(0.90)
(0.30)
(0.33)
(0.76)

2.8
2.5
2.5
2.2
4.5

(0.28)
(0.38)
(0.10)
(0.10)
(0.34)

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14.7
12.1
13.2
10.6

(0.57)
(0.39)
(0.42)
(0.38)

10.2
7.5
7.4
5.4

(0.49)
(0.30)
(0.31)
(0.29)

32.3
30.5
27.8
22.7

(0.75)
(0.59)
(0.54)
(0.51)

4.7
3.4
2.7
1.7

(0.30)
(0.24)
(0.20)
(0.17)

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13.2
10.3
11.1
10.9
10.1
9.6

(0.32)
(0.25)
(0.51)
(0.46)
(0.61)
(0.52)

8.1
5.7
6.5
6.3
5.3
4.9

(0.26)
(0.20)
(0.41)
(0.35)
(0.47)
(0.41)

27.9
22.9
24.8
24.3
23.4
20.3

(0.43)
(0.35)
(0.68)
(0.66)
(0.84)
(0.64)

3.9
2.0
2.5
2.3
1.8
1.6

(0.18)
(0.13)
(0.25)
(0.28)
(0.29)
(0.28)

Education11
Less than a high school diploma
High school diploma or GED12 .
Some college . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bachelors degree or higher . . .

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Family income13
Less than $35,000 . .
$35,000 or more . . .
$35,000$49,999 .
$50,000$74,999 .
$75,000$99,999 .
$100,000 or more .

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Poverty status14
Poor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Near poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
See footnotes at end of table.

13.7 (0.55)
12.0 (0.45)
10.5 (0.23)

8.6 (0.43)
7.5 (0.36)
5.7 (0.18)

28.7 (0.68)
27.5 (0.68)
23.1 (0.34)

4.7 (0.35)
3.8 (0.26)
1.9 (0.12)

Page 20 [ Series 10, No. 256


Table 2. Age-adjusted percentages of selected circulatory diseases among adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics:
United States, 2011Con.
Selected circulatory diseases1
Heart disease2
Selected characteristic

All types

Coronary3

Health insurance coverage15


Under 65:
Private . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicaid. . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . .
65 and over:
Private . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare and Medicaid
Medicare only . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . .

Hypertension4

Stroke

Percent5 (standard error)

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6.1
12.2
12.6
5.4

(0.21)
(0.68)
(0.98)
(0.34)

2.4
7.8
8.0
2.5

(0.13)
(0.58)
(0.68)
(0.24)

16.2
26.3
27.9
15.9

(0.32)
(0.89)
(1.59)
(0.59)

0.8
4.0
5.0
1.3

(0.08)
(0.41)
(0.86)
(0.17)

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30.9
35.2
29.8
37.3
*10.7

(0.89)
(2.28)
(1.15)
(2.48)
(4.44)

20.7
27.6
20.2
27.1
*10.7

(0.81)
(2.25)
(1.01)
(2.36)
(4.44)

55.0
66.5
56.0
64.8
48.8

(1.03)
(2.27)
(1.27)
(2.48)
(9.18)

7.1
17.3
8.3
11.1

(0.49)
(1.97)
(0.70)
(1.51)

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10.9
10.6
13.1
9.8
10.8

(0.26)
(0.78)
(0.57)
(0.57)
(1.20)

6.3
6.4
7.4
5.0
6.7

(0.21)
(0.63)
(0.41)
(0.42)
(1.10)

24.3
30.6
29.2
22.7
22.0

(0.39)
(2.82)
(0.77)
(0.71)
(1.33)

2.2
3.0
3.8
2.5
*2.1

(0.14)
(0.36)
(0.31)
(0.32)
(0.62)

Marital status
Married . . . . . . . . . .
Widowed . . . . . . . . .
Divorced or separated.
Never married. . . . . .
Living with a partner . .

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Place of residence16
Large MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Small MSA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

10.1 (0.26)
11.5 (0.37)
13.1 (0.42)

5.9 (0.20)
6.2 (0.27)
7.7 (0.32)

22.7 (0.36)
24.8 (0.53)
28.6 (0.73)

2.3 (0.13)
2.7 (0.16)
3.2 (0.22)

9.8
11.0
12.3
10.0

6.2
6.2
7.1
5.3

21.0
24.9
27.5
21.4

2.1
2.4
3.1
2.3

Region
Northeast
Midwest .
South . . .
West . . .

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(0.41)
(0.37)
(0.33)
(0.38)

(0.32)
(0.28)
(0.26)
(0.27)

(0.56)
(0.58)
(0.50)
(0.52)

(0.21)
(0.18)
(0.16)
(0.19)

Hispanic or Latino origin10, race, and sex


Hispanic or Latino, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hispanic or Latina, female . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino:
White, single race, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race, female . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race, male .
Black or African American, single race, female

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9.2 (0.75)
8.1 (0.60)
13.0
10.3
11.1
10.6

(0.34)
(0.32)
(0.79)
(0.60)

6.5 (0.65)
5.3 (0.47)

19.8 (0.95)
24.3 (0.87)

2.7 (0.46)
2.9 (0.37)

8.6
4.4
7.8
6.3

25.4
21.9
31.9
35.2

2.0
2.3
4.7
4.4

(0.29)
(0.18)
(0.68)
(0.48)

(0.53)
(0.42)
(1.17)
(0.93)

(0.16)
(0.15)
(0.55)
(0.47)

Estimates with a relative standard error greater than 50% are replaced with a dagger and are not shown.
* Estimates preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error greater than 30% and less than or equal to 50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet standards of reliability or
precision.

1
In separate questions, respondents were asked if they had ever been told by a doctor or other health professional that they had: hypertension (or high blood pressure), coronary heart disease,

angina (or angina pectoris), heart attack (or myocardial infarction), any other heart condition or heart disease not already mentioned, or a stroke. A person may be represented in more than one

column.

Includes coronary heart disease, angina pectoris, heart attack, or any other heart condition or disease.

Includes coronary heart disease, angina pectoris, or heart attack.

4
Persons had to have been told on two or more different visits that they had hypertension or high blood pressure to be classified as hypertensive.

Unknowns for the columns are not included in the denominators when calculating percentages (see Appendix I). The percentages in this table are rounded.

Includes other races not shown separately and persons with unknown education, family income, poverty status, health insurance, and marital status characteristics.

7
Estimates for age groups are not age adjusted.

8
In accordance with the 1997 standards for federal data on race and Hispanic or Latino origin (see Appendix II), the category One race refers to persons who indicated only a single race group.

Persons who indicated a single race other than the groups shown are included in the total for One race but are not shown separately due to small sample sizes. Therefore, the frequencies for the

category One race will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific groups shown separately. Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. The

tables in this report use the current (1997) Office of Management and Budget race and Hispanic origin terms, and the text uses shorter versions of these terms for conciseness. For example, the

category One race, Black or African American in the tables is referred to as black persons in the text.

9
Refers to all persons who indicated more than one race group. Only two combinations of multiple race groups are shown due to small sample sizes for other combinations. Therefore, the frequencies

for the category Two or more races will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific combinations shown separately.

10

Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. Similarly, the category Not Hispanic or Latino refers to all persons who are not of Hispanic or Latino origin,

regardless of race.

11

Shown only for adults aged 25 and over. Estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S. population as the standard population using four age groups: 2544, 4564, 6574, and 75 and over.

GED is General Educational Development high school equivalency diploma.

13
The categories Less than $35,000 and $35,000 or more include both persons reporting dollar amounts and persons reporting only that their incomes were within one of these two categories (see

Appendix I). The indented categories include only those persons who reported dollar amounts. Because of the different income questions used in 2007 and beyond, income estimates may not be

comparable with those from earlier years.

12

Series 10, No. 256 [ Page 21


14

Based on family income and family size using the Census Bureaus poverty thresholds for the previous calendar year. Poor persons are defined as below the poverty threshold. Near poor
persons have incomes of 100% to less than 200% of the poverty threshold. Not poor persons have incomes that are 200% of the poverty threshold or greater. Because of the different income
questions used in 2007 and beyond, poverty ratio estimates may not be comparable with those from earlier years.
15
Based on a hierarchy of mutually exclusive categories. Persons with more than one type of health insurance were assigned to the first appropriate category in the hierarchy. Adults under age 65 and
those aged 65 and over were classified separately due to the predominance of Medicare coverage in the older population. The category Private includes persons who had any type of private
coverage either alone or in combination with other coverage. For example, for adults aged 65 and over, Private includes persons with only private coverage or private in combination with Medicare
coverage. The category Uninsured includes persons who had no coverage as well as those who had only Indian Health Service coverage or had only a private plan that paid for one type of service
such as accidents or dental care (see Appendix II). Estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S. population as the standard population using two age groups for adults under age 65 (1844
and 4564) and two age groups for adults aged 65 and over (6574 and 75 and over).
16
MSA is metropolitan statistical area. Large MSAs have a population size of 1 million or more; small MSAs have a population size of less than 1 million. Not in MSA consists of persons not living in
a metropolitan statistical area.

NOTES: Estimates are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population. Unless otherwise specified, estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S.
population as the standard population using four age groups: 1844, 4564, 6574, and 75 and over. For crude percentages, refer to Table IV in Appendix III.
SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2011.

Page 22 [ Series 10, No. 256


Table 3. Frequencies of selected respiratory diseases among adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics: United States,
2011
Selected respiratory conditions1
All adults
aged 18
and over

Selected characteristic

Asthma
Emphysema

Ever had

Still has

Hay
fever

Sinusitis

Chronic
bronchitis

Number in thousands2
3

Total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

231,376

4,680

29,041

18,869

16,869

29,611

10,071

112,093
119,283

2,129
2,552

12,282
16,759

6,923
11,946

6,882
9,986

10,116
19,495

3,316
6,754

Sex
Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Age (years)
1844
4564.
6574.
75 and

. . .
. . .
. . .
over

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110,815
80,849
21,902
17,810

365
2,146
1,275
895

15,090
9,840
2,458
1,653

8,850
7,010
1,807
1,202

6,142
7,985
1,694
1,047

10,890
12,820
3,594
2,307

3,170
4,356
1,487
1,058

Race
One race4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American . . . . . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native . . . . .
Asian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
Two or more races5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, white . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native, white .

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227,770
186,233
27,666
1,980
11,468
423
3,605
675
1,457

4,631
3,936
496
90
*97

*49

*35

28,289
22,709
4,201
390
917
*72
752
146
335

18,338
14,750
2,698
279
568

531
106
260

16,573
14,203
1,531
96
743

296

113

29,166
24,780
3,378
223
727
*58
445
*58
281

9,937
8,233
1,358
111
225

133
*34
*65

Hispanic or Latino origin6 and race


Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mexican or Mexican American . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino. . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

32,762
20,101
198,614
156,482
26,552

232
112
4,449
3,749
479

3,330
1,701
25,711
19,852
4,003

1,959
946
16,910
13,050
2,597

1,708
1,026
15,161
12,659
1,470

2,875
1,626
26,737
22,110
3,300

943
442
9,128
7,402
1,305

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

28,318
52,560
58,568
60,869

1,304
1,638
1,199
456

3,460
6,160
7,606
6,884

2,412
4,384
5,120
4,326

1,492
3,417
5,026
5,825

3,458
6,941
9,314
8,034

1,692
2,938
3,119
1,463

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

74,445
142,828
31,262
39,095
26,539
45,931

2,484
1,944
848
562
280
254

10,671
16,969
3,880
4,639
3,006
5,444

7,128
10,789
2,508
2,905
1,896
3,480

4,680
11,259
2,045
2,834
2,229
4,151

9,553
18,548
3,930
5,366
3,512
5,740

4,751
4,768
1,299
1,766
598
1,105

Poor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Near poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

29,739
37,180
145,415

1,052
1,105
1,960

4,786
4,995
17,134

3,313
3,167
10,882

1,891
2,185
11,523

3,636
4,476
19,269

2,120
2,061
5,023

Education7
Less than a high school diploma
High school diploma or GED8 . .
Some college . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bachelors degree or higher . . .

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

Family income9
Less than $35,000 . .
$35,000 or more . . .
$35,000$49,999 .
$50,000$74,999 .
$75,000$99,999 .
$100,000 or more .

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
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.

.
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.

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.
.

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.
.

.
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.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

Poverty status10

See footnotes at end of table.

Series 10, No. 256 [ Page 23


Table 3. Frequencies of selected respiratory diseases among adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics: United States,
2011Con.
Selected respiratory conditions1
All adults
aged 18
and over

Selected characteristic
Health insurance coverage11
Under 65:
Private . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicaid. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
65 and over:
Private . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare and Medicaid . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare only . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Asthma
Emphysema

Ever had

Still has

Hay
fever

Sinusitis

Chronic
bronchitis

Number in thousands2
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

123,512
19,167
8,580
39,635

865
870
428
340

14,685
3,990
1,284
4,857

8,994
2,953
966
2,864

9,720
1,490
949
1,918

15,830
2,682
1,630
3,559

3,615
1,623
840
1,437

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

20,987
2,637
12,948
2,762
290

931
309
686
223

2,006
358
1,386
349

1,432
296
998
273

1,325
199
915
272

3,121
477
1,749
526

1,254
277
785
218

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

123,317
13,796
26,815
49,933
17,131

2,128
866
985
404
264

13,417
1,692
3,879
7,493
2,508

8,836
1,245
2,792
4,479
1,484

9,810
1,012
2,389
2,791
856

16,692
2,157
4,560
4,640
1,521

4,584
1,137
1,854
1,780
707

Large MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Small MSA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

123,142
70,681
37,552

2,062
1,407
1,211

15,032
9,005
5,004

9,521
5,929
3,418

8,588
5,422
2,859

14,588
9,164
5,860

4,521
3,324
2,226

.
.
.
.

41,615
53,400
82,487
53,874

878
1,170
1,770
862

4,974
6,340
10,456
7,271

3,595
4,257
6,434
4,584

3,063
3,219
6,043
4,545

3,815
6,978
13,605
5,213

1,501
2,379
4,321
1,870

. . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .

16,871
15,890

*92
140

1,471
1,860

685
1,274

788
920

1,113
1,762

296
647

.
.
.
.

75,875
80,608
12,073
14,479

1,719
2,030
242
236

8,455
11,397
1,629
2,374

4,903
8,148
867
1,730

5,111
7,547
558
912

7,533
14,577
984
2,317

2,421
4,981
444
862

Married . . . . . . . . . .
Widowed . . . . . . . . .
Divorced or separated.
Never married. . . . . .
Living with a partner . .

Marital status
. . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . .

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

Place of residence12

Region
Northeast
Midwest .
South . . .
West . . .

.
.
.
.

.
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.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

Hispanic or Latino origin6, race, and sex


Hispanic or Latino, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hispanic or Latina, female . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino:
White, single race, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race, female . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race, male .
Black or African American, single race, female

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
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.
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.
.
.
.

* Estimates preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error greater than 30% and less than or equal to 50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet standards of reliability or

precision.

Estimates with a relative standard error greater than 50% are replaced with a dagger and are not shown.

Quantity zero.

1
Respondents were asked in two separate questions if they had ever been told by a doctor or other health professional that they had emphysema or asthma. Respondents who had been told they had

asthma were asked if they still had asthma. Respondents were asked in three separate questions if they had been told by a doctor or other health professional in the past 12 months that they had hay

fever, sinusitis, or bronchitis. A person may be represented in more than one column.

Unknowns for the columns are not included in the frequencies (see Appendix I), but they are included in the All adults aged 18 and over column. The numbers in this table are rounded.

Includes other races not shown separately and persons with unknown education, family income, poverty status, health insurance, and marital status characteristics.

4
In accordance with the 1997 standards for federal data on race and Hispanic or Latino origin (see Appendix II), the category One race refers to persons who indicated only a single race group.

Persons who indicated a single race other than the groups shown are included in the total for One race but are not shown separately due to small sample sizes. Therefore, the frequencies for the

category One race will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific groups shown separately. Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. The

tables in this report use the current (1997) Office of Management and Budget race and Hispanic origin terms, and the text uses shorter versions of these terms for conciseness. For example, the

category One race, Black or African American in the tables is referred to as black persons in the text.

5
Refers to all persons who indicated more than one race group. Only two combinations of multiple race groups are shown due to small sample sizes for other combinations. Therefore, the frequencies

for the category Two or more races will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific combinations shown separately.

Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. Similarly, the category Not Hispanic or Latino refers to all persons who are not of Hispanic or Latino origin,

regardless of race.

Shown only for adults aged 25 and over.

GED is General Educational Development high school equivalency diploma.

9
The categories Less than $35,000 and $35,000 or more include both persons reporting dollar amounts and persons reporting only that their incomes were within one of these two categories (see

Appendix I). The indented categories include only those persons who reported dollar amounts. Because of the different income questions used in 2007 and beyond, income estimates may not be

comparable with those from earlier years.

10

Based on family income and family size using the U.S. Census Bureaus poverty thresholds for the previous calendar year. Poor persons are defined as below the poverty threshold. Near poor

persons have incomes of 100% to less than 200% of the poverty threshold. Not poor persons have incomes that are 200% of the poverty threshold or greater. Because of the different income

questions used in 2007 and beyond, poverty ratio estimates may not be comparable with those from earlier years.

Page 24 [ Series 10, No. 256


11
Based on a hierarchy of mutually exclusive categories. Persons with more than one type of health insurance were assigned to the first appropriate category in the hierarchy. Adults under age 65 and
those aged 65 and over were classified separately due to the predominance of Medicare coverage in the older population. The category Private includes persons who had any type of private
coverage either alone or in combination with other coverage. For example, for adults aged 65 and over, Private includes persons with only private coverage or private in combination with Medicare
coverage. The category Uninsured includes persons who had no coverage as well as those who had only Indian Health Service coverage or had only a private plan that paid for one type of service
such as accidents or dental care (see Appendix II).
12
MSA is metropolitan statistical area. Large MSAs have a population size of 1 million or more; small MSAs have a population size of less than 1 million. Not in MSA consists of persons not living in
a metropolitan statistical area.

NOTE: Estimates are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population.
SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2011.

Series 10, No. 256 [ Page 25


Table 4. Age-adjusted percentages of selected respiratory diseases among adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics:
United States, 2011
Selected respiratory diseases1
Asthma
Selected characteristic

Emphysema

Ever had

Still has

Hay fever

Sinusitis

Chronic
bronchitis

Percent2 (standard error)


3

Total (age-adjusted) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total3 (crude) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1.9 (0.09)
2.0 (0.09)

12.6 (0.23)
12.6 (0.23)

8.1 (0.19)
8.2 (0.19)

7.1 (0.19)
7.3 (0.20)

12.5 (0.26)
12.8 (0.27)

4.2 (0.14)
4.4 (0.14)

1.9 (0.12)
1.9 (0.12)

11.1 (0.32)
14.0 (0.34)

6.2 (0.25)
9.9 (0.29)

6.0 (0.24)
8.1 (0.28)

8.8 (0.31)
15.9 (0.38)

2.9 (0.16)
5.5 (0.22)

(0.06)
(0.19)
(0.44)
(0.50)

13.6
12.2
11.2
9.3

(0.36)
(0.39)
(0.62)
(0.64)

8.0
8.7
8.3
6.8

(0.28)
(0.34)
(0.53)
(0.54)

5.5
9.9
7.7
5.9

(0.25)
(0.37)
(0.52)
(0.47)

9.8
15.9
16.4
13.0

(0.33)
(0.45)
(0.71)
(0.74)

2.9
5.4
6.8
5.9

(0.09)
(0.10)
(0.24)
(1.29)
(0.26)

*1.8 (0.55)

*2.1 (0.78)

12.5
12.3
15.2
19.8
8.1
*16.7
20.2
22.3
22.3

(0.23)
(0.27)
(0.63)
(2.64)
(0.69)
(6.16)
(1.82)
(5.82)
(3.37)

8.0
7.9
9.8
14.3
5.1

(0.19)
(0.22)
(0.51)
(2.49)
(0.56)

14.5 (1.60)
*18.5 (5.58)
17.4 (3.30)

7.0
7.4
5.5
5.0
6.5

(0.20)
(0.23)
(0.40)
(1.18)
(0.64)

8.4 (1.40)
*9.7 (4.39)
7.0 (1.80)

12.5
12.9
12.4
11.5
6.3
*13.8
12.6
*14.8
19.5

(0.27)
(0.30)
(0.58)
(1.99)
(0.66)
(5.60)
(1.64)
(5.61)
(3.50)

4.2
4.2
4.9
5.7
2.0

Sex
Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Age4 (years)
1844.
4564.
6574.
75 and

. . .
. . .
. . .
over

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
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.
.

.
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.
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.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

0.3
2.7
5.8
5.0

Race
One race5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American . . . . . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native . . . . .
Asian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
Two or more races6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, white . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native, white .

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
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.

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.

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.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

1.9
1.9
1.9
4.6
0.9

(0.18)
(0.27)
(0.45)
(0.47)

(0.14)
(0.16)
(0.38)
(1.35)
(0.37)

4.3 (0.90)
*11.8 (5.54)
4.0 (1.14)

Hispanic or Latino origin7 and race


Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mexican or Mexican American . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino. . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
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.
.

.
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.
.
.

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.
.
.
.
.

1.0
0.8
2.0
2.0
1.9

(0.16)
(0.22)
(0.10)
(0.11)
(0.25)

10.0
8.1
13.1
12.9
15.1

(0.50)
(0.58)
(0.27)
(0.31)
(0.63)

6.1
4.8
8.5
8.3
9.8

(0.39)
(0.45)
(0.21)
(0.25)
(0.52)

5.7
5.8
7.4
7.8
5.4

(0.44)
(0.59)
(0.21)
(0.25)
(0.40)

9.5
9.2
13.0
13.6
12.5

(0.47)
(0.65)
(0.30)
(0.35)
(0.60)

3.4
2.7
4.4
4.5
4.9

(0.28)
(0.33)
(0.16)
(0.19)
(0.40)

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3.3
2.5
1.9
0.7

(0.29)
(0.21)
(0.17)
(0.11)

12.0
12.0
12.9
11.5

(0.66)
(0.49)
(0.44)
(0.41)

8.1
8.3
8.6
7.1

(0.55)
(0.43)
(0.38)
(0.33)

4.8
6.2
8.1
9.2

(0.41)
(0.36)
(0.37)
(0.40)

10.8
12.4
15.3
12.9

(0.58)
(0.51)
(0.51)
(0.45)

5.1
5.2
5.0
2.3

(0.37)
(0.32)
(0.27)
(0.19)

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3.2
1.4
2.5
1.4
1.0
0.8

(0.18)
(0.11)
(0.28)
(0.20)
(0.21)
(0.23)

14.5
11.9
12.4
11.8
11.0
12.1

(0.39)
(0.29)
(0.62)
(0.55)
(0.66)
(0.60)

9.7
7.5
8.0
7.3
6.9
7.8

(0.33)
(0.24)
(0.52)
(0.44)
(0.53)
(0.50)

6.3
7.6
6.4
7.0
8.1
8.4

(0.28)
(0.25)
(0.44)
(0.41)
(0.60)
(0.46)

12.8
12.7
12.3
13.4
12.7
12.2

(0.40)
(0.32)
(0.61)
(0.60)
(0.69)
(0.60)

6.3
3.2
4.0
4.4
2.2
2.4

(0.28)
(0.16)
(0.34)
(0.39)
(0.29)
(0.27)

Education8
Less than a high school diploma
High school diploma or GED9 . .
Some college . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bachelors degree or higher . . .

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Family income10
Less than $35,000 . .
$35,000 or more . . .
$35,000$49,999 .
$50,000$74,999 .
$75,000$99,999 .
$100,000 or more .

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Poverty status11
Poor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Near poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
See footnotes at end of table.

4.3 (0.37)
3.0 (0.26)
1.3 (0.09)

16.1 (0.62)
13.5 (0.57)
11.9 (0.30)

11.4 (0.52)
8.6 (0.47)
7.5 (0.24)

6.7 (0.45)
6.0 (0.40)
7.5 (0.24)

13.0 (0.58)
12.2 (0.59)
12.8 (0.32)

7.7 (0.46)
5.6 (0.37)
3.3 (0.16)

Page 26 [ Series 10, No. 256


Table 4. Age-adjusted percentages of selected respiratory diseases among adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics:
United States, 2011Con.
Selected respiratory diseases1
Asthma
Selected characteristic
Health insurance
Under 65:
Private . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicaid. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
65 and over:
Private . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare and Medicaid . . . . .
Medicare only . . . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Emphysema

Ever had

coverage12

Still has

Hay fever

Sinusitis

Chronic
bronchitis

Percent2 (standard error)

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0.6
4.9
3.0
1.0

(0.07)
(0.51)
(0.46)
(0.15)

12.1
20.9
12.9
12.2

(0.32)
(0.96)
(1.27)
(0.57)

7.3
15.7
9.1
7.2

(0.26)
(0.85)
(1.15)
(0.44)

7.5
8.0
9.3
5.0

(0.27)
(0.70)
(1.05)
(0.36)

12.3
14.3
15.9
9.3

(0.35)
(0.86)
(1.37)
(0.53)

2.7
8.7
7.6
3.7

(0.15)
(0.70)
(1.11)
(0.32)

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4.4
11.7
5.3
8.2

(0.41)
(1.68)
(0.58)
(1.36)

9.5
13.5
10.7
12.8

(0.59)
(1.46)
(0.80)
(1.79)

6.8
11.2
7.7
10.0

(0.49)
(1.36)
(0.67)
(1.50)

6.3
7.5
7.0
9.9

(0.48)
(1.41)
(0.59)
(1.84)

14.8
18.1
13.4
19.1

(0.72)
(2.05)
(0.82)
(2.23)

5.9
10.5
6.1
8.0

(0.46)
(1.33)
(0.56)
(1.47)

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1.5
2.6
3.0
2.0
2.6

(0.12)
(0.33)
(0.28)
(0.30)
(0.52)

10.9
11.9
14.2
14.0
13.4

(0.31)
(1.94)
(0.68)
(0.55)
(0.93)

7.1
7.2
9.8
8.8
8.0

(0.26)
(1.15)
(0.56)
(0.46)
(0.73)

7.5
5.3
8.1
6.7
5.1

(0.27)
(0.85)
(0.47)
(0.45)
(0.60)

12.9
15.5
15.8
10.9
9.2

(0.37)
(2.39)
(0.72)
(0.56)
(0.85)

3.4
*9.5
6.4
4.6
4.3

(0.17)
(2.85)
(0.47)
(0.38)
(0.65)

Marital status
Married . . . . . . . . . .
Widowed . . . . . . . . .
Divorced or separated.
Never married. . . . . .
Living with a partner . .

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Place of residence13
Large MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Small MSA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1.6 (0.12)
1.9 (0.15)
2.7 (0.25)

12.2 (0.31)
12.9 (0.39)
13.5 (0.72)

7.7 (0.26)
8.4 (0.33)
9.1 (0.54)

6.8 (0.24)
7.5 (0.37)
7.3 (0.59)

11.6 (0.31)
12.7 (0.50)
15.1 (0.84)

3.6 (0.18)
4.6 (0.27)
5.5 (0.38)

1.8
2.1
2.0
1.6

12.3
12.0
12.7
13.5

8.8
8.0
7.7
8.5

7.1
5.8
7.1
8.3

8.7
12.8
16.1
9.6

3.4
4.3
5.1
3.4

Region
Northeast
Midwest .
South . . .
West . . .

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(0.20)
(0.20)
(0.15)
(0.17)

(0.58)
(0.52)
(0.37)
(0.47)

(0.53)
(0.39)
(0.30)
(0.38)

(0.49)
(0.37)
(0.31)
(0.43)

(0.46)
(0.62)
(0.49)
(0.40)

(0.27)
(0.32)
(0.27)
(0.23)

Hispanic or Latino origin7, race, and sex


Hispanic or Latino, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hispanic or Latina, female . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino:
White, single race, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race, female . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race, male .
Black or African American, single race, female

. . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .

0.7 (0.22)
1.2 (0.23)

8.1 (0.72)
11.8 (0.68)

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2.0
2.1
2.2
1.7

11.5
14.2
13.4
16.4

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(0.15)
(0.16)
(0.42)
(0.29)

(0.43)
(0.45)
(1.05)
(0.91)

4.1 (0.55)
8.2 (0.57)
6.5
10.1
7.3
11.9

(0.33)
(0.39)
(0.77)
(0.83)

5.0 (0.58)
6.3 (0.56)

7.0 (0.68)
11.8 (0.67)

2.1 (0.33)
4.6 (0.44)

6.5
9.1
4.6
6.2

9.6
17.5
8.4
15.9

3.0
5.9
3.7
5.8

(0.31)
(0.36)
(0.56)
(0.52)

(0.41)
(0.51)
(0.76)
(0.88)

(0.19)
(0.30)
(0.58)
(0.53)

Estimates with a relative standard error greater than 50% are replaced with a dagger and are not shown.

* Estimates preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error greater than 30% and less than or equal to 50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet standards of reliability or

precision.

Quantity zero.

1
Respondents were asked in two separate questions if they had ever been told by a doctor or other health professional that they had emphysema or asthma. Respondents who had been told they had

asthma were asked if they still had asthma. Respondents were asked in three separate questions if they had been told by a doctor or other health professional in the past 12 months that they had hay

fever, sinusitis, or bronchitis. A person may be represented in more than one column.

Unknowns for the columns are not included in the denominators when calculating percentages (see Appendix I). The percentages in this table are rounded.

Includes other races not shown separately and persons with unknown education, family income, poverty status, health insurance, and marital status characteristics.

Estimates for age groups are not age adjusted.

5
In accordance with the 1997 standards for federal data on race and Hispanic or Latino origin (see Appendix I), the category One race refers to persons who indicated only a single race group.

Persons who indicated a single race other than the groups shown are included in the total for One race but are not shown separately due to small sample sizes. Therefore, the frequencies for the

category One race will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific groups shown separately. Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. The

tables in this report use the complete new OMB race and Hispanic origin terms, and the text uses shorter versions of these terms for conciseness. For example, the category One race, Black or

African American in the tables is referred to as black persons in the text.

6
Refers to all persons who indicated more than one race group. Only two combinations of multiple race groups are shown due to small sample sizes for other combinations. Therefore, the frequencies

for the category Two or more races will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific combinations shown separately.

Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. Similarly, the category Not Hispanic or Latino refers to all persons who are not of Hispanic or Latino origin,

regardless of race.

Shown only for adults aged 25 and over. Estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S. standard population using four age groups: 2544, 4564, 6574, and 75 and over.

GED is General Educational Development high school equivalency diploma.

The categories Less than $35,000 and $35,000 or more include both persons reporting dollar amounts and persons reporting only that their incomes were within one of these two categories (see

Appendix I). The indented categories include only those persons who reported dollar amounts. Because of the different income questions used in 2007 and beyond, income estimates may not be

comparable with those from earlier years.

10

11

Based on family income and family size using the Census Bureaus poverty thresholds for the previous calendar year. Poor persons are defined as below the poverty threshold. Near poor

persons have incomes of 100% to less than 200% of the poverty threshold. Not poor persons have incomes that are 200% of the poverty threshold or greater. Because of the different income

questions used in 2007 and beyond, poverty ratio estimates may not be comparable with those from earlier years.

Series 10, No. 256 [ Page 27


12
Based on a hierarchy of mutually exclusive categories. Persons with more than one type of health insurance were assigned to the first appropriate category in the hierarchy. Adults under age 65 and
those aged 65 and over were classified separately due to the predominance of Medicare coverage in the older population. The category Private includes persons who had any type of private
coverage either alone or in combination with other coverage. For example, for adults aged 65 and over, Private includes persons with only private coverage or private in combination with Medicare
coverage. The category Uninsured includes persons who had no coverage as well as those who had only Indian Health Service coverage or had only a private plan that paid for one type of service
such as accidents or dental care (see Appendix I). Estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S. population as the standard population using two age groups for adults under age 65 (1844
and 4564), and two age groups for adults aged 65 and over (6574 and 75 and over).
13
MSA is metropolitan statistical area. Large MSAs have a population size of 1 million or more; small MSAs have a population size of less than 1 million. Not in MSA consists of persons not living in
a metropolitan statistical area.

NOTES: Estimates are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population. Unless otherwise specified, estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S.
population as the standard population using four age groups: 1844, 4564, 6574, and 75 and over. For crude percentages, refer to Table V in Appendix III.
SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2011.

Page 28 [ Series 10, No. 256


Table 5. Frequencies of selected types of cancer among adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics: United States, 2011
Selected type of cancer1
All adults
aged 18
and over

Selected characteristic

Men aged
18 and
over

Women
aged 18
and over

Any
cancer

Breast
cancer

Cervical
cancer

Prostate
cancer

Number in thousands2
3

Total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

231,376

112,093

119,283

19,025

3,221

1,188

2,280

112,093
119,283

112,093
...

...
119,283

8,222
10,803

*26
3,195

...
1,188

2,280
...

Sex
Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Age (years)
1844. . . .
4564. . . .
6574. . . .
75 and over

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110,815
80,849
21,902
17,810

55,356
39,271
10,148
7,318

55,459
41,578
11,755
10,491

2,044
7,140
4,955
4,887

150
1,244
860
966

507
470
103
109

356
943
980

Race
One race4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American . . . . . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native . . . . .
Asian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
Two or more races5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, white . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native, white .

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227,770
186,233
27,666
1,980
11,468
423
3,605
675
1,457

110,393
91,327
12,509
1,005
5,358
195
1,699
227
753

117,377
94,906
15,157
976
6,111
228
1,906
448
704

18,769
17,084
1,251
*89
343

256

173

3,186
2,806
285

88

*35

*26

1,147
1,061
*55

*21

*41

2,248
1,908
295

*37

*32

Hispanic or Latino origin6 and race


Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mexican or Mexican American . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino. . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
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.
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.

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.
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.
.
.

32,762
20,101
198,614
156,482
26,552

16,871
10,678
95,221
75,875
12,073

15,890
9,423
103,393
80,608
14,479

830
441
18,195
16,370
1,210

163
86
3,057
2,658
285

82
56
1,106
1,008
*45

111
*44
2,170
1,811
295

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.
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.
.

28,318
52,560
58,568
60,869

13,976
25,912
26,922
29,592

14,342
26,649
31,645
31,277

2,577
5,134
4,911
6,039

464
1,031
783
931

107
411
395
178

367
533
436
942

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.
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.

74,445
142,828
31,262
39,095
26,539
45,931

32,731
72,782
15,640
19,825
13,822
23,495

41,714
70,046
15,622
19,270
12,717
22,437

6,000
11,631
2,678
3,213
2,081
3,660

1,124
1,821
629
459
235
499

520
631
141
193
*111
186

696
1,357
323
411
219
404

Poor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Near poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

29,739
37,180
145,415

12,486
17,070
73,823

17,252
20,110
71,592

1,531
2,643
13,106

269
497
2,080

197
280
617

147
294
1,614

Education7
Less than a high school diploma
High school diploma or GED8 . .
Some college . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bachelors degree or higher . . .

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

Family income9
Less than $35,000 . .
$35,000 or more . . .
$35,000$49,999 .
$50,000$74,999 .
$75,000$99,999 .
$100,000 or more .

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Poverty status10

See footnotes at end of table.

Series 10, No. 256 [ Page 29


Table 5. Frequencies of selected types of cancer among adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics: United States, 2011Con.
Selected type of cancer1
All adults
aged 18
and over

Selected characteristic

Men aged
18 and
over

Health insurance coverage11


Under 65:
Private . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicaid. . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . .
65 and over:
Private . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare and Medicaid
Medicare only . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . .

Women
aged 18
and over

Any
cancer

Breast
cancer

Cervical
cancer

Prostate
cancer

Number in thousands2

.
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.

123,512
19,167
8,580
39,635

61,287
7,347
4,772
20,811

62,224
11,821
3,808
18,824

6,329
1,032
719
1,088

1,067
216
*28
82

477
162
40
297

256
*25
*74

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20,987
2,637
12,948
2,762
290

9,297
829
5,618
1,559
139

11,690
1,808
7,330
1,203
151

5,739
484
2,934
673

1,158
88
474
105

110

64

1,078
73
599
172

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.

123,317
13,796
26,815
49,933
17,131

62,195
2,962
11,267
26,963
8,549

61,122
10,834
15,548
22,970
8,582

11,416
2,922
2,630
1,288
753

1,466
845
619
205
*77

594
93
241
*92
167

1,549
335
240
105
*52

Large MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Small MSA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

123,142
70,681
37,552

60,089
33,879
18,124

63,054
36,802
19,428

9,161
5,922
3,942

1,601
952
668

423
466
300

1,296
563
422

.
.
.
.

41,615
53,400
82,487
53,874

20,070
26,070
39,546
26,407

21,545
27,330
42,941
27,467

3,221
4,743
7,021
4,040

611
825
1,098
687

155
333
416
284

400
491
914
475

. . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .

16,871
15,890

16,871
...

...
15,890

325
505

160

...
82

111
...

.
.
.
.

75,875
80,608
12,073
14,479

75,875
...
12,073
...

...
80,608
...
14,479

7,083
9,287
560
650

2,642

280

...
1,008
...
*45

1,811
...
295
...

Marital status
Married . . . . . . . . . .
Widowed . . . . . . . . .
Divorced or separated.
Never married. . . . . .
Living with a partner . .

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Place of residence12

Region
Northeast
Midwest .
South . . .
West . . .

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Hispanic or Latino origin6, race, and sex


Hispanic or Latino, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hispanic or Latina, female . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino:
White, single race, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race, female . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race, male .
Black or African American, single race, female

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. . . Category not applicable.


* Estimates preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error greater than 30% and less than or equal to 50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet standards of reliability or
precision.
Estimates with a relative standard error greater than 50% are replaced with a dagger and are not shown.
Quantity zero.
1
Respondents were asked if they had ever been told by a doctor or other health professional that they had a cancer or malignancy of any kind. They were then asked to name the kind of cancer they

had. A person may be represented in more than one column.

Unknowns for the rows or columns are not included in the frequencies (see Appendix I), but they are included in the All adults aged 18 and over column. The numbers in this tables are rounded.

Includes other races not shown separately and persons with unknown education, family income, poverty status, health insurance, and marital status characteristics.

In accordance with the 1997 standards for federal data on race and Hispanic or Latino origin (see Appendix II), the category One race refers to persons who indicated only a single race group.

Persons who indicated a single race other than the groups shown are included in the total for One race but are not shown separately due to small sample sizes. Therefore, the frequencies for the

category One race will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific groups shown separately. Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. The

tables in this report use the current (1997) Office of Management and Budget race and Hispanic origin terms, and the text uses shorter versions of these terms for conciseness. For example, the

category One race, Black or African American in the tables is referred to as black persons in the text.

5
Refers to all persons who indicated more than one race group. Only two combinations of multiple race groups are shown due to small sample sizes for other combinations. Therefore, the frequencies

for the category Two or more races will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific combinations shown separately.

Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. Similarly, the category Not Hispanic or Latino refers to all persons who are not of Hispanic or Latino origin,

regardless of race.

Shown only for adults aged 25 and over.

GED is General Educational Development high school equivalency diploma.

The categories Less than $35,000 and $35,000 or more include both persons reporting dollar amounts and persons reporting only that their incomes were within one of these two categories (see

Appendix I). The indented categories include only those persons who reported dollar amounts. Because of the different income questions used in 2007 and beyond, income estimates may not be

comparable with those from earlier years.

10

Based on family income and family size using the U.S. Census Bureaus poverty thresholds for the previous calendar year. Poor persons are defined as below the poverty threshold. Near poor

persons have incomes of 100% to less than 200% of the poverty threshold. Not poor persons have incomes that are 200% of the poverty threshold or greater. Because of the different income

questions used in 2007 and beyond, poverty ratio estimates may not be comparable with those from earlier years.

Page 30 [ Series 10, No. 256


11
Based on a hierarchy of mutually exclusive categories. Persons with more than one type of health insurance were assigned to the first appropriate category in the hierarchy. Adults under age 65 and
those aged 65 and over were classified separately due to the predominance of Medicare coverage in the older population. The category Private includes persons who had any type of private
coverage either alone or in combination with other coverage. For example, for adults aged 65 and over, Private includes persons with only private coverage or private in combination with Medicare
coverage. The category Uninsured includes persons who had no coverage as well as those who had only Indian Health Service coverage or had only a private plan that paid for one type of service
such as accidents or dental care (see Appendix II).
12
MSA is metropolitan statistical area. Large MSAs have a population size of 1 million or more; small MSAs have a population size of less than 1 million. Not in MSA consists of persons not living in
a metropolitan statistical area.

NOTE: Estimates are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population.
SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2011.

Series 10, No. 256 [ Page 31


Table 6. Age-adjusted percentages of selected types of cancer among adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics:
United States, 2011
Selected type of cancer1

Selected characteristic

Any cancer

Breast
cancer

Cervical
cancer

Prostate
cancer

Percent2 (standard error)


Total3 (age-adjusted) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total3 (crude) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

7.9 (0.16)
8.2 (0.18)

1.3 (0.07)
1.4 (0.07)

1.0 (0.09)
1.0 (0.09)

2.2 (0.13)
2.0 (0.13)

7.5 (0.22)
8.4 (0.23)

*0.0 (0.01)
2.4 (0.12)

...
1.0 (0.09)

2.2 (0.13)
...

Sex
Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Age4 (years)
1844.
4564.
6574.
75 and

. . .
. . .
. . .
over

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1.8
8.8
22.7
27.5

One race5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American . . . . . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native . . . . .
Asian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
Two or more races6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, white . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native, white .

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7.9
8.5
5.2
*4.6
3.3

(0.12)
(0.33)
(0.82)
(0.95)

0.1
1.5
3.9
5.4

(0.03)
(0.13)
(0.37)
(0.46)

0.9
1.1
0.9
1.0

(0.13)
(0.16)
(0.21)
(0.25)

0.9 (0.15)
9.3 (0.88)
13.4 (1.18)

1.0 (0.09)
1.1 (0.11)
*0.4 (0.13)

*0.4 (0.17)

*2.0 (0.92)

2.2 (0.13)
2.1 (0.14)
3.3 (0.44)

*0.8 (0.37)

*3.3 (1.27)

*3.6 (1.62)

Race
(0.16)
(0.18)
(0.33)
(1.38)
(0.44)

9.0 (1.47)

10.6 (2.03)

1.3 (0.07)
1.4 (0.08)
1.2 (0.17)

0.8 (0.22)

*1.1 (0.49)

*1.5 (0.74)

Hispanic or Latino origin7 and race


Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mexican or Mexican American . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino. . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race

.
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3.6
3.2
8.4
9.1
5.1

(0.32)
(0.38)
(0.17)
(0.21)
(0.33)

0.8
0.7
1.4
1.4
1.2

(0.15)
(0.18)
(0.07)
(0.08)
(0.17)

0.6
0.6
1.1
1.3
*0.3

(0.17)
(0.17)
(0.10)
(0.13)
(0.10)

1.5
*1.0
2.3
2.2
3.4

(0.35)
(0.42)
(0.13)
(0.15)
(0.45)

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7.2
8.5
8.9
10.7

(0.38)
(0.33)
(0.36)
(0.40)

1.3
1.6
1.5
1.6

(0.14)
(0.15)
(0.14)
(0.15)

2.1
2.2
2.1
3.5

(0.27)
(0.24)
(0.28)
(0.34)

0.7
1.6
1.2
0.6

(0.16)
(0.28)
(0.18)
(0.15)

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7.2
8.6
7.9
8.7
8.8
9.1

(0.23)
(0.23)
(0.43)
(0.43)
(0.59)
(0.50)

1.3
1.3
1.8
1.2
0.9
1.0

(0.10)
(0.10)
(0.21)
(0.17)
(0.18)
(0.17)

1.3
0.9
0.9
0.9
*0.9
0.9

(0.17)
(0.12)
(0.20)
(0.24)
(0.28)
(0.23)

2.0
2.3
1.9
2.4
2.3
3.1

(0.19)
(0.19)
(0.28)
(0.34)
(0.50)
(0.52)

Education8
Less than a high school diploma
High school diploma or GED9 . .
Some college . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bachelors degree or higher . . .

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Family income10
Less than $35,000 . .
$35,000 or more . . .
$35,000$49,999 .
$50,000$74,999 .
$75,000$99,999 .
$100,000 or more .

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Poverty status11
Poor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Near poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
See footnotes at end of table.

6.2 (0.38)
6.8 (0.32)
8.7 (0.22)

1.1 (0.15)
1.2 (0.14)
1.4 (0.09)

1.2 (0.21)
1.4 (0.24)
0.8 (0.11)

2.1 (0.46)
1.8 (0.26)
2.4 (0.17)

Page 32 [ Series 10, No. 256


Table 6. Age-adjusted percentages of selected types of cancer among adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics:
United States, 2011Con.
Selected type of cancer1

Selected characteristic

Any cancer

Breast
cancer

Health insurance coverage12


Under 65:
Private . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicaid. . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . .
65 and over:
Private . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare and Medicaid
Medicare only . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . .

Cervical
cancer

Prostate
cancer

Percent2 (standard error)

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4.4
5.7
5.8
2.9

(0.18)
(0.55)
(0.68)
(0.26)

0.7
1.2
*0.3
0.2

(0.07)
(0.23)
(0.11)
(0.06)

0.8
1.4
*1.1
1.6

(0.11)
(0.37)
(0.44)
(0.30)

0.3 (0.07)
*0.4 (0.17)
*0.8 (0.28)

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27.5
18.4
22.8
24.0

(0.87)
(1.94)
(1.10)
(2.16)

5.6
3.4
3.7
3.8

(0.45)
(0.70)
(0.46)
(0.90)

0.9 (0.24)
*1.4 (0.69)
0.9 (0.26)

11.9
8.3
10.9
11.1

(1.03)
(2.27)
(1.23)
(2.14)

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8.3
10.7
8.5
6.4
8.1

(0.24)
(1.96)
(0.44)
(0.51)
(1.08)

1.0
2.0
2.0
1.3
*0.9

(0.09)
(0.24)
(0.22)
(0.25)
(0.34)

1.0
*0.7
1.4
*0.6
2.0

2.1
2.6
2.3
2.2
*2.3

(0.15)
(0.38)
(0.53)
(0.59)
(1.14)

Marital status
Married . . . . . . . . . .
Widowed . . . . . . . . .
Divorced or separated.
Never married. . . . . .
Living with a partner . .

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.
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(0.14)
(0.26)
(0.29)
(0.22)
(0.57)

Place of residence13
Large MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Small MSA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

7.4 (0.23)
8.0 (0.31)
9.0 (0.36)

1.3 (0.10)
1.3 (0.11)
1.5 (0.16)

0.6 (0.10)
1.3 (0.19)
1.6 (0.26)

2.5 (0.20)
1.8 (0.20)
1.9 (0.22)

7.0
8.7
8.2
7.4

1.3
1.5
1.3
1.3

0.7
1.2
1.0
1.0

1.9
2.1
2.6
2.0

Region
Northeast
Midwest .
South . . .
West . . .

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(0.35)
(0.32)
(0.28)
(0.32)

(0.15)
(0.17)
(0.11)
(0.12)

(0.17)
(0.19)
(0.15)
(0.19)

(0.28)
(0.24)
(0.24)
(0.26)

Hispanic or Latino origin7, race, and sex


Hispanic or Latino, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hispanic or Latina, female . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino:
White, single race, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race, female . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race, male .
Black or African American, single race, female

. . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .

3.4 (0.55)
3.9 (0.40)

1.4 (0.26)

...
0.6 (0.17)

1.5 (0.35)
...

.
.
.
.

8.5
9.9
6.0
4.7

2.7 (0.16)

2.0 (0.29)

...
1.3 (0.13)
...
*0.3 (0.10)

2.2 (0.15)
...
3.4 (0.45)
...

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(0.28)
(0.32)
(0.56)
(0.44)

* Estimates preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error greater than 30% and less than or equal to 50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet standards of reliability or

precision.

. . . Category not applicable.

Estimates with a relative standard error greater than 50% are replaced with a dagger and are not shown.

Quantity zero.

1
Respondents were asked if they had ever been told by a doctor or other health professional that they had a cancer or malignancy of any kind. They were then asked to name the kind of cancer they

had. A person may be represented in more than one column.

Unknowns for the columns are not included in the denominators when calculating percentages (see Appendix I). Further, the denominators for calculating cervical cancer and prostate cancer

percentages are sex-specific, while the denominators for calculating breast cancer percentages encompass all adults. The percentages in this table are rounded.

Includes other races not shown separately and persons with unknown education, family income, poverty status, health insurance, and marital status characteristics.

Estimates for age groups are not age adjusted.

5
In accordance with the 1997 standards for federal data on race and Hispanic or Latino origin (see Appendix II), the category One race refers to persons who indicated only a single race group.

Persons who indicated a single race other than the groups shown are included in the total for One race but are not shown separately due to small sample sizes. Therefore, the frequencies for the

category One race will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific groups shown separately. Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. The

tables in this report use the current (1997) Office of Management and Budget race and Hispanic origin terms, and the text uses shorter versions of these terms for conciseness. For example, the

category One race, Black or African American in the tables is referred to as black persons in the text.

6
Refers to all persons who indicated more than one race group. Only two combinations of multiple race groups are shown due to small sample sizes for other combinations. Therefore, the frequencies

for the category Two or more races will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific combinations shown separately.

Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. Similarly, the category Not Hispanic or Latino refers to all persons who are not of Hispanic or Latino origin,

regardless of race.

Shown only for adults aged 25 and over. Estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S. standard population using four age groups: 2544, 4564, 6574, and 75 and over.

GED is General Educational Development high school equivalency diploma.

10
The categories Less than $35,000 and $35,000 or more include both persons reporting dollar amounts and persons reporting only that their incomes were within one of these two categories (see

Appendix I). The indented categories include only those persons who reported dollar amounts. Because of the different income questions used in 2007 and beyond, income estimates may not be

comparable with those from earlier years.

11

Based on family income and family size using the U.S. Census Bureaus poverty thresholds for the previous calendar year. Poor persons are defined as below the poverty threshold. Near poor

persons have incomes of 100% to less than 200% of the poverty threshold. Not poor persons have incomes that are 200% of the poverty threshold or greater. Because of the different income

questions used in 2007 and beyond, poverty ratio estimates may not be comparable with those from earlier years.

Series 10, No. 256 [ Page 33


12
Based on a hierarchy of mutually exclusive categories. Persons with more than one type of health insurance were assigned to the first appropriate category in the hierarchy. Adults under age 65 and
those aged 65 and over were classified separately due to the predominance of Medicare coverage in the older population. The category Private includes persons who had any type of private
coverage either alone or in combination with other coverage. For example, for adults aged 65 and over, Private includes persons with only private coverage or private in combination with Medicare
coverage. The category Uninsured includes persons who had no coverage as well as those who had only Indian Health Service coverage or had only a private plan that paid for one type of service
such as accidents or dental care (see Appendix I). Estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S. population as the standard population using two age groups for adults under age 65 (1844
and 4564), and two age groups for adults aged 65 and over (6574 and 75 and over).
13
MSA is metropolitan statistical area. Large MSAs have a population size of 1 million or more; small MSAs have a population size of less than 1 million. Not in MSA consists of persons not living in
a metropolitan statistical area.

NOTES: Estimates are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population. Unless otherwise specified, estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S.
population as the standard population using four age groups: 1844, 4564, 6574, and 75 and over. For crude percentages, refer to Table VI in Appendix III.
SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2011.

Page 34 [ Series 10, No. 256


Table 7. Frequencies of selected diseases and conditions among adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics:
United States, 2011
Selected diseases and conditions
All
adults
aged 18
and over

Selected characteristic

Diabetes

Ulcers

Kidney
disease2

Liver
disease2

Arthritis
diagnosis3

Chronic
joint
symptoms3

Number in thousands4
Total5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

231,376

20,589

15,502

4,381

3,016

53,782

68,749

112,093
119,283

10,342
10,247

7,021
8,481

1,897
2,484

1,449
1,568

22,248
31,534

31,542
37,207

Sex
Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Age (years)
1844. . . .
4564. . . .
6574. . . .
75 and over

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110,815
80,849
21,902
17,810

2,708
9,702
4,860
3,319

4,556
6,541
2,492
1,914

1,007
1,491
868
1,015

764
1,747
383
123

8,833
25,182
10,408
9,359

18,753
30,948
10,151
8,897

One race6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American . . . . . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native . . . . .
Asian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
Two or more races7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, white . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native, white .

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227,770
186,233
27,666
1,980
11,468
423
3,605
675
1,457

20,263
15,814
3,226
267
910
*44
326
*62
182

15,209
12,787
1,672
166
550

292
*59
200

4,294
3,398
689
*49
141

*87

*58

2,959
2,376
333
*60
188

*57

*32

52,990
45,100
5,953
527
1,306
*104
792
*37
495

67,555
57,275
7,619
661
1,909
*91
1,194
96
697

Race

Hispanic or Latino origin8 and race


Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mexican or Mexican American . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino. . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race

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32,762
20,101
198,614
156,482
26,552

3,051
1,963
17,538
13,023
3,147

1,611
889
13,890
11,362
1,630

621
409
3,760
2,846
671

511
261
2,505
1,913
316

4,046
2,295
49,735
41,448
5,791

6,696
4,090
62,053
51,279
7,376

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.

28,318
52,560
58,568
60,869

4,823
6,073
5,580
3,760

3,039
4,086
4,652
2,954

1,295
1,231
1,221
383

678
793
956
487

8,819
15,827
16,078
12,087

10,911
18,679
20,449
15,166

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.

74,445
142,828
31,262
39,095
26,539
45,931

8,425
10,720
3,395
3,306
1,450
2,569

6,594
8,025
2,179
2,567
1,319
1,960

2,403
1,691
644
487
239
320

1,443
1,403
506
391
171
335

19,518
30,794
7,567
8,881
5,610
8,737

25,500
39,308
9,750
11,046
7,347
11,166

Poverty status12
Poor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Near poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

29,739
37,180
145,415

3,025
3,975
11,551

2,753
2,961
8,527

1,025
1,080
1,810

647
665
1,422

6,629
8,959
33,379

9,316
12,329
41,437

Education9
Less than a high school diploma
High school diploma or GED10 .
Some college . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bachelors degree or higher . . .

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Family income11
Less than $35,000 . .
$35,000 or more . . .
$35,000$49,999 .
$50,000$74,999 .
$75,000$99,999 .
$100,000 or more .

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See footnotes at end of table.

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Series 10, No. 256 [ Page 35


Table 7. Frequencies of selected diseases and conditions among adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics:
United States, 2011Con.
Selected diseases and conditions
All
adults
aged 18
and over

Selected characteristic

Diabetes

Ulcers

Health insurance coverage13


Under 65:
Private . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicaid. . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . .
65 and over:
Private . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare and Medicaid
Medicare only . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . .

Kidney
disease2

Liver
disease2

Arthritis
diagnosis3

Chronic
joint
symptoms3

Number in thousands4

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123,512
19,167
8,580
39,635

7,113
2,114
1,231
1,938

5,662
1,907
965
2,507

899
768
317
514

1,083
625
305
476

21,451
4,419
3,252
4,787

29,976
6,024
3,928
9,618

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20,987
2,637
12,948
2,762
290

3,968
887
2,646
632
*37

2,282
509
1,263
328
*24

794
301
629
149

196
58
189
*48

10,668
1,568
5,974
1,425
*90

10,034
1,564
5,920
1,417
*87

Marital status
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123,317
13,796
26,815
49,933
17,131

11,777
2,729
3,395
1,940
744

8,198
1,651
2,778
1,713
1,155

2,051
730
684
675
207

1,507
158
635
454
259

30,889
7,143
8,467
4,662
2,525

38,486
6,830
10,667
8,343
4,309

Large MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Small MSA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

123,142
70,681
37,552

10,302
6,045
4,242

7,079
4,770
3,652

1,974
1,269
1,139

1,576
948
493

25,209
17,053
11,519

32,405
22,023
14,321

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41,615
53,400
82,487
53,874

3,333
4,597
8,331
4,328

2,062
3,932
6,100
3,407

594
971
1,857
959

392
633
1,026
964

9,212
13,005
20,390
11,175

10,785
16,923
26,068
14,973

. . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .

16,871
15,890

1,491
1,560

766
846

259
362

236
275

1,511
2,535

3,216
3,480

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75,875
80,608
12,073
14,479

6,704
6,319
1,465
1,682

5,197
6,165
658
972

1,193
1,653
353
318

910
1,002
177
139

17,593
23,855
2,157
3,634

23,973
27,306
2,963
4,414

Married . . . . . . . . . .
Widowed . . . . . . . . .
Divorced or separated.
Never married. . . . . .
Living with a partner . .

Place of residence14

Region
Northeast
Midwest .
South . . .
West . . .

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Hispanic or Latino origin8, race, and sex


Hispanic or Latino, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hispanic or Latina, female . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino:
White, single race, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race, female . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race, male .
Black or African American, single race, female

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* Estimates preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error greater than 30% and less than or equal to 50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet standards of reliability or

precision.

Estimates with a relative standard error greater than 50% are replaced with a dagger and are not shown.

Quantity zero.

1
In separate questions, respondents were asked if they had ever been told by a doctor or other health professional that they had an ulcer (including a stomach, duodenal, or peptic ulcer) or diabetes

(or sugar diabetes; female respondents were instructed to exclude pregnancy-related diabetes). Responses from persons who said they had borderline diabetes were treated as unknown with

respect to diabetes. A person may be represented in more than one column.

2
In separate questions, respondents were asked if they had been told in the last 12 months by a doctor or other health professional that they had weak or failing kidneys (excluding kidney stones,

bladder infections, or incontinence) or any kind of liver condition.

3
Respondents were asked if they had ever been told by a doctor or other health professional that they had some form of arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, gout, lupus, or fibromyalgia. Those who answered

yes were classified as having an arthritis diagnosis. Respondents were also asked: During the past 30 days, have you had pain, aching, or stiffness in or around a joint? excluding back and neck,

and, if yes, Did your joint symptoms first begin more than 3 months ago? Respondents with symptoms that began more than 3 months ago were classified in this table as having chronic joint

symptoms.

Unknowns for the columns are not included in the frequencies (see Appendix I) but they are included in the All adults aged 18 and over column. The numbers in this table are rounded.

Includes other races not shown separately and persons with unknown education, family income, poverty status, health insurance, and marital status characteristics.

6
In accordance with the 1997 standards for federal data on race and Hispanic or Latino origin (see Appendix II), the category One race refers to persons who indicated only a single race group.

Persons who indicated a single race other than the groups shown are included in the total for One race but are not shown separately due to small sample sizes. Therefore, the frequencies for the

category One race will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific groups shown separately. Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. The

tables in this report use the current (1997) Office of Management and Budget race and Hispanic origin terms, and the text uses shorter versions of these terms for conciseness. For example, the

category One race, Black or African American in the tables is referred to as black persons in the text.

7
Refers to all persons who indicated more than one race group. Only two combinations of multiple race groups are shown due to small sample sizes for other combinations. Therefore, the frequencies

for the category Two or more races will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific combinations shown separately.

Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. Similarly, the category Not Hispanic or Latino refers to all persons who are not of Hispanic or Latino origin,

regardless of race.

Shown only for adults aged 25 and over.

GED is General Educational Development high school equivalency diploma.

10

Page 36 [ Series 10, No. 256


11
The categories Less than $35,000 and $35,000 or more include both persons reporting dollar amounts and persons reporting only that their incomes were within one of these two categories (see
Appendix I). The indented categories include only those persons who reported dollar amounts. Because of the different income questions used in 2007 and beyond, income estimates may not be
comparable with those from earlier years.
12

Based on family income and family size using the U.S. Census Bureaus poverty thresholds for the previous calendar year. Poor persons are defined as below the poverty threshold. Near poor
persons have incomes of 100% to less than 200% of the poverty threshold. Not poor persons have incomes that are 200% of the poverty threshold or greater. Because of the different income
questions used in 2007 and beyond, poverty ratio estimates may not be comparable with those from earlier years.
13
Based on a hierarchy of mutually exclusive categories. Persons with more than one type of health insurance were assigned to the first appropriate category in the hierarchy. Adults under age 65 and
those aged 65 and over were classified separately due to the predominance of Medicare coverage in the older population. The category Private includes persons who had any type of private
coverage either alone or in combination with other coverage. For example, for adults aged 65 and over, Private includes persons with only private coverage or private in combination with Medicare
coverage. The category Uninsured includes persons who had no coverage as well as those who had only Indian Health Service coverage or had only a private plan that paid for one type of service
such as accidents or dental care (see Appendix II).
14
MSA is metropolitan statistical area. Large MSAs have a population size of 1 million or more; small MSAs have a population size of less than 1 million. Not in MSA consists of persons not living in
a metropolitan statistical area.

NOTE: Estimates are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population.
SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2011.

Series 10, No. 256 [ Page 37


Table 8. Age-adjusted percentages of selected diseases and conditions among adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics:
United States, 2011
Selected diseases and conditions

Diabetes1

Selected characteristic

Ulcers1

Kidney
disease2

Liver
disease2

Arthritis
diagnosis3

Chronic joint
symptoms3

Percent4 (standard error)


Total5 (age-adjusted) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total5 (crude) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

8.6 (0.17)
9.0 (0.19)

6.5 (0.16)
6.7 (0.16)

1.9 (0.08)
1.9 (0.09)

1.2 (0.06)
1.3 (0.07)

22.1 (0.26)
23.3 (0.30)

28.7 (0.33)
29.8 (0.35)

9.2 (0.26)
8.0 (0.22)

6.2 (0.22)
6.8 (0.22)

1.7 (0.12)
2.0 (0.12)

1.2 (0.10)
1.2 (0.08)

19.4 (0.35)
24.5 (0.36)

27.7 (0.45)
29.4 (0.42)

(0.20)
(0.30)
(0.63)
(0.64)

0.9
1.8
4.0
5.7

(0.10)
(0.15)
(0.34)
(0.50)

0.7
2.2
1.8
0.7

(0.07)
(0.15)
(0.24)
(0.17)

8.0
31.2
47.6
52.8

(0.28)
(0.54)
(0.98)
(1.06)

16.9
38.3
46.4
50.1

(0.39)
(0.59)
(1.03)
(1.09)

(0.16)
(0.18)
(0.36)
(1.82)
(0.60)

9.9 (1.47)
*11.4 (4.57)
13.3 (2.44)

1.8
1.7
2.6
*2.5
1.4

(0.09)
(0.10)
(0.23)
(0.81)
(0.33)

*3.2 (0.97)

*4.1 (1.71)

1.2
1.2
1.2
*3.1
1.6

(0.06)
(0.07)
(0.16)
(1.03)
(0.32)

1.6 (0.48)

*1.9 (0.76)

22.0
22.4
22.7
27.0
12.3
25.0
27.3
*13.3
31.4

(0.26)
(0.30)
(0.71)
(2.55)
(0.82)
(6.03)
(2.06)
(4.94)
(3.30)

28.5
29.2
28.5
33.8
17.6
21.8
36.7
28.8
46.7

(0.33)
(0.37)
(0.78)
(3.04)
(1.01)
(5.24)
(2.40)
(6.35)
(4.45)

Sex
Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Age6 (years)
1844.
4564.
6574.
75 and

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2.5
12.2
22.9
19.3

(0.15)
(0.38)
(0.77)
(0.88)

4.1
8.1
11.4
10.8

One race7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American . . . . . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native . . . . .
Asian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
Two or more races8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, white . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native, white .

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8.5
7.9
12.6
14.1
8.8
14.7
12.1
*16.0
11.6

(0.17)
(0.19)
(0.54)
(2.06)
(0.74)
(4.25)
(1.65)
(6.32)
(2.07)

6.5
6.6
6.2
8.6
4.9

Race

Hispanic or Latino origin9 and race


Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mexican or Mexican American . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino. . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race

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12.1
13.4
8.1
7.3
12.7

(0.53)
(0.75)
(0.18)
(0.20)
(0.55)

5.8
5.7
6.7
6.8
6.2

(0.38)
(0.53)
(0.17)
(0.21)
(0.37)

2.5
3.0
1.8
1.7
2.7

(0.28)
(0.45)
(0.09)
(0.11)
(0.23)

1.8
1.5
1.2
1.1
1.1

(0.22)
(0.22)
(0.07)
(0.08)
(0.16)

16.4
16.2
23.0
23.6
22.8

(0.58)
(0.75)
(0.29)
(0.34)
(0.73)

23.8
24.8
29.5
30.4
28.5

(0.69)
(0.94)
(0.36)
(0.42)
(0.79)

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15.1
10.5
9.6
6.5

(0.61)
(0.40)
(0.37)
(0.31)

9.8
7.4
8.0
5.0

(0.51)
(0.37)
(0.33)
(0.27)

3.8
2.2
2.1
0.7

(0.31)
(0.19)
(0.19)
(0.10)

2.4
1.4
1.5
0.8

(0.26)
(0.15)
(0.14)
(0.11)

26.7
27.1
27.5
20.5

(0.79)
(0.60)
(0.55)
(0.47)

35.0
33.3
34.6
25.2

(0.90)
(0.67)
(0.61)
(0.58)

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11.0
7.5
10.4
8.3
5.6
5.9

(0.31)
(0.22)
(0.50)
(0.42)
(0.47)
(0.44)

8.7
5.5
6.7
6.5
4.7
4.4

(0.29)
(0.19)
(0.41)
(0.42)
(0.41)
(0.36)

3.0
1.3
1.9
1.3
0.9
0.9

(0.17)
(0.10)
(0.23)
(0.21)
(0.20)
(0.17)

2.0
0.9
1.6
1.0
0.6
0.7

(0.14)
(0.08)
(0.25)
(0.15)
(0.14)
(0.12)

24.8
21.2
22.9
22.4
21.4
19.1

(0.42)
(0.34)
(0.70)
(0.64)
(0.84)
(0.65)

33.4
27.0
30.3
27.9
27.4
24.4

(0.51)
(0.41)
(0.84)
(0.72)
(0.91)
(0.74)

Education10
Less than a high school diploma
High school diploma or GED11 .
Some college . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bachelors degree or higher . . .

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.
.

Family income12
Less than $35,000 . .
$35,000 or more . . .
$35,000$49,999 .
$50,000$74,999 .
$75,000$99,999 .
$100,000 or more .

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Poverty status13
Poor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Near poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
See footnotes at end of table.

12.4 (0.54)
11.0 (0.45)
7.4 (0.20)

10.2 (0.47)
8.0 (0.42)
5.6 (0.19)

4.0 (0.35)
2.9 (0.26)
1.2 (0.09)

2.4 (0.24)
2.0 (0.21)
0.9 (0.08)

25.8 (0.67)
24.0 (0.65)
21.3 (0.33)

34.4 (0.86)
33.4 (0.74)
27.0 (0.40)

Page 38 [ Series 10, No. 256


Table 8. Age-adjusted percentages of selected diseases and conditions among adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics:
United States, 2011Con.
Selected diseases and conditions

Diabetes1

Selected characteristic
Health insurance coverage14
Under 65:
Private . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicaid. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
65 and over:
Private . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare and Medicaid . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare only . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Ulcers1

Kidney
disease2

Liver
disease2

Arthritis
diagnosis3

Chronic joint
symptoms3

Percent4 (standard error)


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5.0
11.9
10.0
5.4

(0.19)
(0.68)
(0.92)
(0.35)

4.3
10.4
8.5
6.6

(0.18)
(0.70)
(0.98)
(0.40)

0.7
4.1
2.4
1.3

(0.07)
(0.46)
(0.47)
(0.19)

0.8
3.4
2.5
1.3

(0.07)
(0.37)
(0.47)
(0.20)

15.2
24.3
27.0
13.0

(0.32)
(0.94)
(1.32)
(0.52)

22.4
32.7
36.2
25.3

(0.41)
(1.00)
(1.76)
(0.73)

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19.4
34.5
20.9
24.2
*11.1

(0.77)
(2.19)
(0.99)
(2.28)
(4.34)

10.8
19.3
9.8
12.0

(0.65)
(1.76)
(0.74)
(1.62)

3.8
11.5
4.9
5.5

(0.34)
(1.65)
(0.57)
(1.04)

0.9
2.2
1.4
*1.8

(0.17)
(0.60)
(0.28)
(0.66)

51.2
59.7
46.4
51.6
37.7

(1.00)
(2.24)
(1.33)
(2.68)
(9.96)

48.0 (1.04)
59.6 (2.22)
45.9 (1.32)
51.2 (2.78)
34.0 (10.11)

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8.5
13.2
10.5
7.8
6.7

(0.24)
(2.26)
(0.51)
(0.49)
(0.95)

6.2
13.1
9.6
5.2
8.6

(0.23)
(2.74)
(0.54)
(0.43)
(1.12)

1.5 (0.11)

2.3 (0.23)
2.1 (0.25)
1.3 (0.33)

1.1
*0.8
2.0
1.3
1.8

(0.09)
(0.24)
(0.23)
(0.17)
(0.40)

22.2
31.5
26.9
19.0
20.1

(0.39)
(3.60)
(0.74)
(0.69)
(1.33)

28.7
38.8
36.4
24.5
29.3

(0.47)
(4.03)
(0.97)
(0.78)
(1.50)

5.7 (0.21)
6.5 (0.29)
9.1 (0.47)

1.6 (0.11)
1.8 (0.17)
2.6 (0.24)

1.2 (0.09)
1.3 (0.12)
1.3 (0.16)

20.1 (0.34)
23.0 (0.47)
27.1 (0.70)

25.9
30.1
35.3

(0.41)
(0.64)
(0.83)

4.6
7.2
7.2
6.2

1.3
1.8
2.2
1.8

0.9
1.1
1.2
1.7

20.1
23.3
23.5
20.3

(0.63)
(0.57)
(0.44)
(0.48)

24.1
30.8
30.4
27.3

(0.65)
(0.75)
(0.57)
(0.64)

Marital status
Married . . . . . . . . . .
Widowed . . . . . . . . .
Divorced or separated.
Never married. . . . . .
Living with a partner . .

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Place of residence15
Large MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Small MSA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

8.3 (0.25)
8.2 (0.30)
10.0 (0.43)

Region
Northeast
Midwest .
South . . .
West . . .

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7.3
8.3
9.7
8.0

(0.36)
(0.31)
(0.32)
(0.37)

(0.29)
(0.36)
(0.28)
(0.30)

(0.16)
(0.16)
(0.16)
(0.18)

(0.16)
(0.13)
(0.10)
(0.15)

Hispanic or Latino origin9, race, and sex


Hispanic or Latino, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hispanic or Latina, female . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino:
White, single race, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race, female . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race, male .
Black or African American, single race, female

. . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .

11.9 (0.82)
12.2 (0.71)

5.4 (0.55)
6.2 (0.52)

2.3 (0.37)
2.7 (0.36)

1.7 (0.37)
1.9 (0.27)

12.5 (0.90)
19.9 (0.75)

21.9
25.2

(1.01)
(0.92)

.
.
.
.

8.0
6.8
13.7
12.0

6.5
7.2
5.8
6.7

1.5
1.8
3.1
2.3

1.1
1.2
1.5
0.9

21.2
25.8
19.2
25.5

30.1
30.7
26.0
30.6

(0.59)
(0.54)
(1.11)
(1.07)

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(0.29)
(0.27)
(0.84)
(0.71)

(0.28)
(0.29)
(0.59)
(0.52)

(0.14)
(0.16)
(0.43)
(0.27)

(0.11)
(0.11)
(0.32)
(0.17)

(0.45)
(0.48)
(1.03)
(0.94)

* Estimates preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error greater than 30% and less than or equal to 50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet standards of reliability or

precision.

Estimates with a relative standard error greater than 50% are replaced with a dagger and are not shown.

Quantity zero.

1
In separate questions, respondents were asked if they had ever been told by a doctor or other health professional that they had an ulcer (including a stomach, duodenal, or peptic ulcer) or diabetes

(or sugar diabetes; female respondents were instructed to exclude pregnancy-related diabetes). Responses from persons who said they had borderline diabetes were treated as unknown with

respect to diabetes. A person may be represented in more than one column.

2
In separate questions, respondents were asked if they had been told in the last 12 months by a doctor or other health professional that they had weak or failing kidneys (excluding kidney stones,

bladder infections, or incontinence) or any kind of liver condition.

3
Respondents were asked if they had ever been told by a doctor or other health professional that they had some form of arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, gout, lupus, or fibromyalgia. Those who answered

yes were classified as having an arthritis diagnosis. Respondents were also asked: During the past 30 days, have you had pain, aching, or stiffness in or around a joint? excluding back and neck,

and, if yes, Did your joint symptoms first begin more than 3 months ago? Respondents with symptoms that began more than 3 months ago were classified in this table as having chronic joint

symptoms.

Unknowns for the columns are not included in the denominators when calculating percentages (see Appendix I). The percentages in this table are rounded.

Includes other races not shown separately and persons with unknown education, family income, poverty status, health insurance, and marital status characteristics.

6
Estimates for age groups are not age adjusted.

7
In accordance with the 1997 standards for federal data on race and Hispanic or Latino origin (see Appendix II), the category One race refers to persons who indicated only a single race group.

Persons who indicated a single race other than the groups shown are included in the total for One race but are not shown separately due to small sample sizes. Therefore, the frequencies for the

category One race will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific groups shown separately. Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. The

tables in this report use the current (1997) Office of Management and Budget race and Hispanic origin terms, and the text uses shorter versions of these terms for conciseness. For example, the

category One race, Black or African American in the tables is referred to as black persons in the text.

8
Refers to all persons who indicated more than one race group. Only two combinations of multiple race groups are shown due to small sample sizes for other combinations. Therefore, the frequencies

for the category Two or more races will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific combinations shown separately.

Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. Similarly, the category Not Hispanic or Latino refers to all persons who are not of Hispanic or Latino origin,

regardless of race.

10

Shown only for adults aged 25 and over. Estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S. standard population using four age groups: 2544, 4564, 6574, and 75 and over.

GED is General Educational Development high school equivalency diploma.

11

Series 10, No. 256 [ Page 39


12
The categories Less than $35,000 and $35,000 or more include both persons reporting dollar amounts and persons reporting only that their incomes were within one of these two categories (see
Appendix I). The indented categories include only those persons who reported dollar amounts. Because of the different income questions used in 2007 and beyond, income estimates may not be
comparable with those from earlier years.
13

Based on family income and family size using the U.S. Census Bureaus poverty thresholds for the previous calendar year. Poor persons are defined as below the poverty threshold. Near poor
persons have incomes of 100% to less than 200% of the poverty threshold. Not poor persons have incomes that are 200% of the poverty threshold or greater. Because of the different income
questions used in 2007 and beyond, poverty ratio estimates may not be comparable with those from earlier years.
14
Based on a hierarchy of mutually exclusive categories. Persons with more than one type of health insurance were assigned to the first appropriate category in the hierarchy. Adults under age 65 and
those aged 65 and over were classified separately due to the predominance of Medicare coverage in the older population. The category Private includes persons who had any type of private
coverage either alone or in combination with other coverage. For example, for adults aged 65 and over, Private includes persons with only private coverage or private in combination with Medicare
coverage. The category Uninsured includes persons who had no coverage as well as those who had only Indian Health Service coverage or had only a private plan that paid for one type of service
such as accidents or dental care (see Appendix I). Estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S. population as the standard population using two age groups for adults under age 65 (1844
and 4564), and two age groups for adults aged 65 and over (6574 and 75 and over).
15
MSA is metropolitan statistical area. Large MSAs have a population size of 1 million or more; small MSAs have a population size of less than 1 million. Not in MSA consists of persons not living in
a metropolitan statistical area.

NOTES: Estimates are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population. Unless otherwise specified, estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S.
population as the standard population using four age groups: 1844, 4564, 6574, and 75 and over. For crude percentages, refer to Table VII in Appendix III.
SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2011.

Page 40 [ Series 10, No. 256


Table 9. Frequencies of migraines and pain in neck, lower back, face, or jaw among adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics:
United States, 2011
All adults
aged 18
and over

Selected characteristic

Migraines
or severe
headaches1

Pain in
neck2

Pain in
lower back3

Pain in
face or jaw4

Number in thousands5
6

Total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

231,376

37,904

35,798

66,917

11,436

112,093
119,283

12,097
25,807

14,442
21,355

30,611
36,306

3,809
7,627

Sex
Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Age (years)
1844. . . .
4564. . . .
6574. . . .
75 and over

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.

110,815
80,849
21,902
17,810

21,495
13,250
2,077
1,083

13,686
15,700
3,866
2,545

27,079
26,874
7,270
5,694

5,346
4,494
929
667

One race7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American . . . . . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native . . . . .
Asian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
Two or more races8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, white . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native, white .

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227,770
186,233
27,666
1,980
11,468
423
3,605
675
1,457

37,155
30,518
4,858
426
1,292
*61
750
173
323

35,095
29,938
3,603
326
1,197
*31
703
89
353

65,616
55,049
7,634
612
2,237
*85
1,301
150
666

11,181
9,531
1,278
*127
241

255
*27
161

Race

Hispanic or Latino origin9 and race


Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mexican or Mexican American . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino. . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race

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32,762
20,101
198,614
156,482
26,552

5,397
3,220
32,508
25,606
4,661

4,391
2,530
31,407
25,922
3,447

8,507
4,928
58,410
47,221
7,347

1,346
939
10,090
8,285
1,235

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28,318
52,560
58,568
60,869

5,334
8,411
10,979
7,532

5,592
8,891
10,987
7,930

10,728
17,529
19,348
13,638

1,595
2,694
3,508
2,232

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74,445
142,828
31,262
39,095
26,539
45,931

15,363
21,095
5,341
6,049
3,981
5,725

14,128
19,856
5,072
5,411
3,671
5,702

26,193
37,234
9,526
10,648
6,515
10,546

4,939
5,976
1,536
1,767
1,124
1,549

Poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Near poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

29,739
37,180
145,415

7,311
7,691
20,419

5,726
6,763
20,669

10,893
12,507
38,363

2,154
2,296
6,205

Education10
Less than a high school diploma
High school diploma or GED11 .
Some college . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bachelors degree or higher . . .

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Family income12
Less than $35,000 . .
$35,000 or more . . .
$35,000$49,999 .
$50,000$74,999 .
$75,000$99,999 .
$100,000 or more .

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Poverty status13

See footnotes at end of table.

Series 10, No. 256 [ Page 41


Table 9. Frequencies of migraines and pain in neck, lower back, face, or jaw among adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics:
United States, 2011Con.
All adults
aged 18
and over

Selected characteristic

Migraines
or severe
headaches1

Health insurance coverage14


Under 65:
Private . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicaid. . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . .
65 and over:
Private . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare and Medicaid
Medicare only . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . .

Pain in
neck2

Pain in
lower back3

Pain in
face or jaw4

Number in thousands5

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123,512
19,167
8,580
39,635

18,898
5,247
2,200
8,312

16,691
4,183
2,444
6,006

30,332
7,738
3,772
11,970

4,918
1,733
837
2,339

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20,987
2,637
12,948
2,762
290

1,204
500
1,125
289

3,174
787
2,011
392

6,386
1,350
4,099
980
*100

733
212
486
130

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123,317
13,796
26,815
49,933
17,131

19,177
1,539
5,279
8,072
3,771

19,147
2,495
5,872
5,294
2,937

35,509
4,821
10,248
10,489
5,761

5,340
728
1,908
2,232
1,194

Large MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Small MSA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

123,142
70,681
37,552

18,585
12,297
7,022

17,843
11,140
6,815

33,195
21,023
12,699

5,487
3,776
2,173

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.
.

41,615
53,400
82,487
53,874

5,679
8,880
14,393
8,953

5,876
8,429
12,578
8,915

11,609
15,164
24,731
15,413

1,600
2,469
4,551
2,817

. . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .

16,871
15,890

1,559
3,838

1,771
2,619

3,980
4,528

414
933

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.
.

75,875
80,608
12,073
14,479

8,347
17,259
1,547
3,114

10,431
15,491
1,363
2,084

21,842
25,380
3,002
4,345

2,588
5,697
519
716

Marital status
Married . . . . . . . . . .
Widowed . . . . . . . . .
Divorced or separated.
Never married. . . . . .
Living with a partner . .

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Place of residence15

Region
Northeast
Midwest .
South . . .
West . . .

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Hispanic or Latino origin9, race, and sex


Hispanic or Latino, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hispanic or Latina, female . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino:
White, single race, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race, female . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race, male .
Black or African American, single race, female

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* Estimates preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error greater than 30% and less than or equal to 50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet standards of reliability or
precision.
Estimates with a relative standard error greater than 50% are replaced with a dagger and are not shown.
1
Respondents were asked, During the past three months, did you have a severe headache or migraine? Respondents were instructed to report pain that had lasted a whole day or more, and

conversely, not to report fleeting or minor aches or pains. A person may be represented in more than one column.

2
Respondents were asked, During the past three months, did you have neck pain? Respondents were instructed to report pain that had lasted a whole day or more, and conversely, not to report

fleeting or minor aches or pains. Persons may be represented in more than one column.

3
Respondents were asked, During the past three months, did you have low back pain? Respondents were instructed to report pain that had lasted a whole day or more, and conversely, not to report

fleeting or minor aches or pains. Persons may be represented in more than one column.

4
Respondents were asked, During the past three months, did you have facial ache or pain in the jaw muscles or the joint in front of the ear? Respondents were instructed to report pain that had

lasted a whole day or more, and conversely, not to report fleeting or minor aches or pains. Persons may be represented in more than one column.

Unknowns for the columns are not included in the frequencies (see Appendix I), but they are included in the All adults aged 18 and over column. The numbers in this table are rounded.

Includes other races not shown separately and persons with unknown education, family income, poverty status, health insurance, and marital status characteristics.

7
In accordance with the 1997 standards for federal data on race and Hispanic or Latino origin (see Appendix II), the category One race refers to persons who indicated only a single race group.

Persons who indicated a single race other than the groups shown are included in the total for One race but are not shown separately due to small sample sizes. Therefore, the frequencies for the

category One race will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific groups shown separately. Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. The

tables in this report use the current (1997) Office of Management and Budget race and Hispanic origin terms, and the text uses shorter versions of these terms for conciseness. For example, the

category One race, Black or African American in the tables is referred to as black persons in the text.

8
Refers to all persons who indicated more than one race group. Only two combinations of multiple race groups are shown due to small sample sizes for other combinations. Therefore, the frequencies

for the category Two or more races will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific combinations shown separately.

Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. Similarly, the category Not Hispanic or Latino refers to all persons who are not of Hispanic or Latino origin,

regardless of race.

10

Shown only for adults aged 25 and over.

GED is General Educational Development high school equivalency diploma.

12
The categories Less than $35,000 and $35,000 or more include both persons reporting dollar amounts and persons reporting only that their incomes were within one of these two categories (see

Appendix I). The indented categories include only those persons who reported dollar amounts. Because of the different income questions used in 2007 and beyond, income estimates may not be

comparable with those from earlier years.

11

Page 42 [ Series 10, No. 256


13

Based on family income and family size using the U.S. Census Bureaus poverty thresholds for the previous calendar year. Poor persons are defined as below the poverty threshold. Near poor
persons have incomes of 100% to less than 200% of the poverty threshold. Not poor persons have incomes that are 200% of the poverty threshold or greater. Because of the different income
questions used in 2007 and beyond, poverty ratio estimates may not be comparable with those from earlier years.
14
Based on a hierarchy of mutually exclusive categories. Persons with more than one type of health insurance were assigned to the first appropriate category in the hierarchy. Adults under age 65 and
those aged 65 and over were classified separately due to the predominance of Medicare coverage in the older population. The category Private includes persons who had any type of private
coverage either alone or in combination with other coverage. For example, for adults aged 65 and over, Private includes persons with only private coverage or private in combination with Medicare
coverage. The category Uninsured includes persons who had no coverage as well as those who had only Indian Health Service coverage or had only a private plan that paid for one type of service
such as accidents or dental care (see Appendix II).
15
MSA is metropolitan statistical area. Large MSAs have a population size of 1 million or more; small MSAs have a population size of less than 1 million. Not in MSA consists of persons not living in
a metropolitan statistical area.

NOTE: Estimates are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population.
SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2011.

Series 10, No. 256 [ Page 43


Table 10. Age-adjusted percentages of migraines and pain in neck, lower back, face, or jaw among adults aged 18 and over, by selected
characteristics: United States, 2011
Migraines or
severe
headaches1

Selected characteristic

Pain in
neck2

Pain in
lower back3

Pain in
face or jaw4

Percent5 (standard error)


6

Total (age-adjusted) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total6 (crude) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

16.5 (0.27)
16.4 (0.27)

15.1 (0.24)
15.5 (0.25)

28.5 (0.33)
28.9 (0.33)

4.9 (0.15)
4.9 (0.15)

10.8 (0.33)
22.1 (0.40)

12.6 (0.32)
17.4 (0.35)

26.9 (0.44)
29.9 (0.45)

3.4 (0.18)
6.3 (0.23)

Sex
Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Age7 (years)
1844.
4564.
6574.
75 and

. . .
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over

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19.4
16.4
9.5
6.1

(0.42)
(0.43)
(0.57)
(0.51)

12.4
19.4
17.7
14.4

(0.32)
(0.46)
(0.77)
(0.73)

24.4
33.3
33.2
32.1

(0.46)
(0.57)
(0.94)
(1.02)

4.8
5.6
4.2
3.8

One race8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American . . . . . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native . . . . .
Asian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
Two or more races9 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, white . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native, white .

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16.5
16.8
17.2
21.6
11.3
*14.5
19.5
31.6
22.4

(0.28)
(0.32)
(0.64)
(2.86)
(0.84)
(5.63)
(1.94)
(6.90)
(3.39)

15.0
15.6
13.0
16.6
10.6
*7.4
20.3
22.8
23.6

(0.25)
(0.28)
(0.53)
(2.43)
(0.81)
(2.81)
(1.98)
(6.38)
(3.66)

28.4
29.0
27.6
31.0
19.9
*20.4
37.5
32.5
44.9

(0.33)
(0.38)
(0.75)
(3.39)
(1.11)
(6.22)
(2.50)
(6.91)
(4.16)

4.9
5.1
4.6
6.4
2.1

(0.22)
(0.26)
(0.38)
(0.39)

Race
(0.15)
(0.17)
(0.38)
(1.88)
(0.35)

7.7 (1.19)
*7.7 (3.55)
10.9 (2.16)

Hispanic or Latino origin10 and race


Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mexican or Mexican American . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino. . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race

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16.1
15.7
16.8
17.1
17.2

(0.59)
(0.73)
(0.31)
(0.37)
(0.65)

14.6
13.9
15.3
16.0
12.9

(0.60)
(0.75)
(0.27)
(0.32)
(0.55)

27.4
26.5
28.8
29.5
27.5

(0.72)
(0.91)
(0.36)
(0.42)
(0.75)

4.5
5.4
5.1
5.3
4.6

(0.37)
(0.57)
(0.17)
(0.20)
(0.39)

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20.1
16.6
18.5
12.1

(0.78)
(0.55)
(0.55)
(0.41)

19.2
16.5
18.4
12.9

(0.67)
(0.56)
(0.49)
(0.43)

37.2
33.0
32.9
22.4

(0.90)
(0.70)
(0.60)
(0.53)

5.6
5.1
5.9
3.6

(0.39)
(0.31)
(0.31)
(0.24)

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.

.
.
.
.
.
.

21.4
14.6
17.4
15.3
14.6
12.5

(0.46)
(0.33)
(0.74)
(0.61)
(0.75)
(0.59)

19.1
13.5
16.0
13.5
13.3
11.8

(0.42)
(0.31)
(0.62)
(0.58)
(0.71)
(0.57)

35.2
25.7
30.2
26.8
24.2
23.0

(0.53)
(0.41)
(0.87)
(0.76)
(0.94)
(0.76)

6.8
4.1
5.0
4.4
4.2
3.3

(0.28)
(0.19)
(0.39)
(0.34)
(0.42)
(0.34)

Education11
Less than a high school diploma
High school diploma or GED12 .
Some college . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bachelors degree or higher . . .

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

Family income13
Less than $35,000 . .
$35,000 or more . . .
$35,000$49,999 .
$50,000$74,999 .
$75,000$99,999 .
$100,000 or more .

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
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.

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.

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.

.
.
.
.
.
.

Poverty status14
Poor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Near poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
See footnotes at end of table.

24.2 (0.71)
21.1 (0.69)
14.2 (0.33)

20.4 (0.69)
18.6 (0.65)
13.7 (0.30)

38.3 (0.84)
34.0 (0.82)
25.8 (0.40)

7.5 (0.43)
6.3 (0.40)
4.3 (0.19)

Page 44 [ Series 10, No. 256


Table 10. Age-adjusted percentages of migraines and pain in neck, lower back, face, or jaw among adults aged 18 and over, by selected
characteristics: United States, 2011Con.
Migraines or
severe
headaches1

Selected characteristic
Health insurance coverage15
Under 65:
Private . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicaid. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
65 and over:
Private . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare and Medicaid . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare only . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Pain in
neck2

Pain in
lower back3

Pain in
face or jaw4

Percent5 (standard error)


.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

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.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
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.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

15.7
27.5
25.4
20.9

(0.38)
(1.06)
(1.74)
(0.69)

13.0
22.5
24.1
15.5

(0.31)
(0.94)
(1.50)
(0.61)

23.8
41.2
38.9
30.7

(0.43)
(1.13)
(1.81)
(0.77)

4.0
9.1
8.6
6.1

(0.19)
(0.66)
(1.08)
(0.40)

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
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.
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.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

5.7
19.0
8.5
10.5

(0.47)
(1.90)
(0.67)
(1.60)

15.1
29.9
15.5
14.5

(0.76)
(2.26)
(0.95)
(1.68)

30.5 (0.93)
51.2 (2.55)
31.6 (1.10)
35.8 (2.44)
*30.4 (10.47)

3.5
8.1
3.7
4.7

(0.36)
(1.27)
(0.46)
(1.12)

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.

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.

.
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.
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16.3
24.2
19.8
14.9
19.1

(0.40)
(3.79)
(0.77)
(0.57)
(0.95)

14.9
23.4
20.2
12.4
17.7

(0.35)
(3.47)
(0.75)
(0.54)
(1.23)

28.0
41.8
37.0
25.0
34.4

(0.45)
(3.98)
(0.96)
(0.74)
(1.60)

4.3
6.3
6.9
4.6
7.1

(0.20)
(1.87)
(0.49)
(0.32)
(0.92)

15.1 (0.36)
17.5 (0.51)
19.7 (0.79)

14.3 (0.33)
15.4 (0.44)
17.3 (0.63)

26.7
29.3
33.0

(0.43)
(0.63)
(0.88)

4.4 (0.20)
5.3 (0.27)
5.9 (0.40)

13.9
16.7
17.7
16.6

13.5
15.5
14.9
16.3

(0.58)
(0.48)
(0.41)
(0.51)

27.1
28.1
29.5
28.4

(0.78)
(0.74)
(0.54)
(0.65)

3.9
4.6
5.4
5.2

Marital status
Married . . . . . . . . . .
Widowed . . . . . . . . .
Divorced or separated.
Never married. . . . . .
Living with a partner . .

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
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.
.

.
.
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.

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.

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.

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.

.
.
.
.
.

Place of residence16
Large MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Small MSA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Region
Northeast
Midwest .
South . . .
West . . .

.
.
.
.

.
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.

.
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.
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.
.
.
.

(0.57)
(0.61)
(0.48)
(0.52)

(0.34)
(0.30)
(0.26)
(0.30)

Hispanic or Latino origin10, race, and sex


Hispanic or Latino, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hispanic or Latina, female . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino:
White, single race, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race, female . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race, male .
Black or African American, single race, female

. . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .

8.7 (0.66)
23.7 (0.94)

11.0 (0.75)
17.9 (0.86)

24.8
29.8

(1.05)
(0.98)

2.6 (0.41)
6.3 (0.57)

.
.
.
.

11.4
22.8
12.7
21.1

13.3
18.6
11.2
14.2

28.1
30.7
24.9
29.8

(0.56)
(0.59)
(1.19)
(0.97)

3.5
7.1
4.2
4.9

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

(0.43)
(0.54)
(0.99)
(0.88)

(0.41)
(0.46)
(0.80)
(0.79)

(0.24)
(0.31)
(0.65)
(0.48)

* Estimates preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error greater than 30% and less than or equal to 50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet standards of reliability or
precision.
Estimates with a relative standard error greater than 50% are replaced with a dagger and are not shown.
1
Respondents were asked, During the past three months, did you have a severe headache or migraine? Respondents were instructed to report pain that had lasted a whole day or more, and
conversely, not to report fleeting or minor aches or pains. Persons may be represented in more than one column.
2
Respondents were asked, During the past three months, did you have neck pain? Respondents were instructed to report pain that had lasted a whole day or more, and conversely, not to report
fleeting or minor aches or pains. Persons may be represented in more than one column.
3
Respondents were asked, During the past three months, did you have low back pain? Respondents were instructed to report pain that had lasted a whole day or more, and conversely, not to report
fleeting or minor aches or pains. Persons may be represented in more than one column.
4
Respondents were asked, During the past three months, did you have facial ache or pain in the jaw muscles or the joint in front of the ear? Respondents were instructed to report pain that had
lasted a whole day or more, and conversely, not to report fleeting or minor aches or pains. Persons may be represented in more than one column.
5

Unknowns for the columns are not included in the denominators when calculating percentages (see Appendix I). The percentages in this table are rounded.

Includes other races not shown separately and persons with unknown education, family income, poverty status, health insurance, and marital status characteristics.
Estimates for age groups are not age adjusted.
8
In accordance with the 1997 standards for federal data on race and Hispanic or Latino origin (see Appendix II), the category One race refers to persons who indicated only a single race group.
Persons who indicated a single race other than the groups shown are included in the total for One race but are not shown separately due to small sample sizes. Therefore, the frequencies for the

category One race will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific groups shown separately. Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. The

tables in this report use the current (1997) Office of Management and Budget race and Hispanic origin terms, and the text uses shorter versions of these terms for conciseness. For example, the

category One race, Black or African American in the tables is referred to as black persons in the text.

9
Refers to all persons who indicated more than one race group. Only two combinations of multiple race groups are shown due to small sample sizes for other combinations. Therefore, the frequencies

for the category Two or more races will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific combinations shown separately.

10

Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. Similarly, the category Not Hispanic or Latino refers to all persons who are not of Hispanic or Latino origin,

regardless of race.

11

Shown only for adults aged 25 and over. Estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S. standard population using four age groups: 2544, 4564, 6574, and 75 and over.

12

GED is General Educational Development high school equivalency diploma.

The categories Less than $35,000 and $35,000 or more include both persons reporting dollar amounts and persons reporting only that their incomes were within one of these two categories (see

Appendix I). The indented categories include only those persons who reported dollar amounts. Because of the different income questions used in 2007 and beyond, income estimates may not be

comparable with those from earlier years.

13

Series 10, No. 256 [ Page 45


14

Based on family income and family size using the U.S. Census Bureaus poverty thresholds for the previous calendar year. Poor persons are defined as below the poverty threshold. Near poor
persons have incomes of 100% to less than 200% of the poverty threshold. Not poor persons have incomes that are 200% of the poverty threshold or greater. Because of the different income
questions used in 2007 and beyond, poverty ratio estimates may not be comparable with those from earlier years.
15
Based on a hierarchy of mutually exclusive categories. Persons with more than one type of health insurance were assigned to the first appropriate category in the hierarchy. Adults under age 65 and
those aged 65 and over were classified separately due to the predominance of Medicare coverage in the older population. The category Private includes persons who had any type of private
coverage either alone or in combination with other coverage. For example, for adults aged 65 and over, Private includes persons with only private coverage or private in combination with Medicare
coverage. The category Uninsured includes persons who had no coverage as well as those who had only Indian Health Service coverage or had only a private plan that paid for one type of service
such as accidents or dental care (see Appendix I). Estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S. population as the standard population using two age groups for adults under age 65 (1844
and 4564), and two age groups for adults aged 65 and over (6574 and 75 and over).
16
MSA is metropolitan statistical area. Large MSAs have a population size of 1 million or more; small MSAs have a population size of less than 1 million. Not in MSA consists of persons not living in
a metropolitan statistical area.

NOTES: Estimates are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population. Unless otherwise specified, estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S.
population as the standard population using four age groups: 1844, 4564, 6574, and 75 and over. For crude percentages, refer to Table VIII in Appendix III.
SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2011.

Page 46 [ Series 10, No. 256


Table 11. Frequencies of hearing trouble, vision trouble, and absence of teeth among adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics:
United States, 2011
Selected sensory problems
All
adults
aged 18
and over

Selected characteristic

Hearing
trouble1

Vision
trouble2

Absence
of all
natural
teeth3

Number in thousands4
Total5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

231,376

37,122

21,232

18,038

112,093
119,283

21,363
15,759

8,708
12,524

8,478
9,561

Sex
Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Age (years)
1844
4564.
6574.
75 and

. . .
. . .
. . .
over

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
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.

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.
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.
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.
.

.
.
.
.

110,815
80,849
21,902
17,810

6,832
15,245
6,603
8,442

6,126
9,727
2,677
2,702

2,754
6,183
4,071
5,030

One race6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American . . . . . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native . . . . .
Asian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
Two or more races7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, white . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native, white .

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
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.
.
.
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.
.

.
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.

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.

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.

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.

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.

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.

.
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.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

227,770
186,233
27,666
1,980
11,468
423
3,605
675
1,457

36,489
32,617
2,579
311
954
*28
632
*44
408

20,838
16,848
2,949
297
695

394
*55
215

17,704
14,420
2,357
265
633

334

189

Race

Hispanic or Latino origin8 and race


Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mexican or Mexican American . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino. . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
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.
.
.

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.

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.

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.
.

.
.
.
.
.

32,762
20,101
198,614
156,482
26,552

3,006
1,935
34,116
29,920
2,499

2,672
1,741
18,560
14,461
2,833

1,535
864
16,504
13,067
2,319

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
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.
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.

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.

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.

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.
.
.

.
.
.
.

28,318
52,560
58,568
60,869

6,453
11,162
10,365
7,618

4,267
5,838
5,641
3,803

5,793
5,682
3,928
1,961

.
.
.
.
.
.

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.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

74,445
142,828
31,262
39,095
26,539
45,931

13,802
20,819
5,320
6,121
4,051
5,327

9,553
10,551
3,115
2,979
1,541
2,915

9,547
7,320
2,617
2,087
1,079
1,536

Poor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Near poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

29,739
37,180
145,415

4,407
6,253
22,765

3,905
4,413
11,090

3,285
4,512
8,278

Education9
Less than a high school diploma
High school diploma or GED10 .
Some college . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bachelors degree or higher . . .

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

Family income11
Less than $35,000 . .
$35,000 or more . . .
$35,000$49,999 .
$50,000$74,999 .
$75,000$99,999 .
$100,000 or more .

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
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.
.

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Poverty status12

See footnotes at end of table.

Series 10, No. 256 [ Page 47


Table 11. Frequencies of hearing trouble, vision trouble, and absence of teeth among adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics:
United States, 2011Con.
Selected sensory problems
All
adults
aged 18
and over

Selected characteristic
Health insurance coverage13
Under 65:
Private . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicaid. . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . .
65 and over:
Private . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare and Medicaid
Medicare only . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . .

Hearing
trouble1

Vision
trouble2

Absence
of all
natural
teeth3

Number in thousands4

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123,512
19,167
8,580
39,635

13,163
2,431
1,982
4,446

7,744
2,837
1,308
3,885

4,269
1,677
856
2,101

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20,987
2,637
12,948
2,762
290

7,925
1,019
4,724
1,247
*94

2,422
624
1,866
403
*44

3,917
1,143
3,271
706
*63

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123,317
13,796
26,815
49,933
17,131

21,305
5,003
5,226
3,527
1,967

9,988
2,366
3,564
3,442
1,854

8,920
3,673
2,773
1,781
870

Large MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Small MSA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

123,142
70,681
37,552

16,388
12,553
8,181

10,254
6,770
4,208

7,718
5,527
4,793

.
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.
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41,615
53,400
82,487
53,874

6,012
9,066
13,702
8,342

3,357
4,791
8,112
4,972

3,165
4,275
7,396
3,202

. . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .

16,871
15,890

1,588
1,418

1,091
1,581

796
738

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75,875
80,608
12,073
14,479

17,703
12,217
1,155
1,344

5,902
8,559
1,161
1,672

6,282
6,785
928
1,390

Marital status
Married . . . . . . . . . .
Widowed . . . . . . . . .
Divorced or separated.
Never married. . . . . .
Living with a partner . .

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Place of residence14

Region
Northeast
Midwest .
South . . .
West . . .

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Hispanic or Latino origin8, race, and sex


Hispanic or Latino, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hispanic or Latina, female . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino:
White, single race, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race, female . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race, male .
Black or African American, single race, female

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* Estimates preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error greater than 30% and less than or equal to 50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet the standards of reliability or
precision.
Estimates with a relative standard error greater than 50% are replaced with a dagger and are not shown.
1
Respondents were asked, These next questions are about your hearing WITHOUT the use of hearing aids or other listening devices. Is your hearing excellent, good, [do you have] a little trouble
hearing, moderate trouble, a lot of trouble, or are you deaf? For this table, a little trouble hearing, moderate trouble, a lot of trouble, and deaf are combined into one category. Data analysts
should note that this question contains more response levels than the 2006 version, which had the following categories: good, a little trouble, a lot of trouble, and deaf. In 2006, hearing trouble
was defined by the following categories: a little trouble, a lot of trouble, and deaf. Estimates of hearing trouble for 2007 may not be comparable with earlier years. A person may be represented in

more than one column.

2
Regarding their vision, respondents were asked, Do you have any trouble seeing, even when wearing glasses or contact lenses? Respondents were also asked, Are you blind or unable to see at

all? For this table, any trouble seeing and blind are combined into one category. A person may be represented in more than one column.

Respondents were asked, Have you lost all of your upper and lower natural (permanent) teeth? A person may be represented in more than one column.

Unknowns for the columns are not included in the frequencies (see Appendix I), but they are included in the All adults aged 18 and over column. The numbers in this table are rounded.

5
Includes other races not shown separately and persons with unknown education, family income, poverty status, health insurance, and marital status characteristics.

6
In accordance with the 1997 standards for federal data on race and Hispanic or Latino origin (see Appendix II), the category One race refers to persons who indicated only a single race group.

Persons who indicated a single race other than the groups shown are included in the total for One race but are not shown separately due to small sample sizes. Therefore, the frequencies for the

category One race will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific groups shown separately. Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. The

tables in this report use the current (1997) Office of Management and Budget race and Hispanic origin terms, and the text uses shorter versions of these terms for conciseness. For example, the

category One race, Black or African American in the tables is referred to as black persons in the text.

7
Refers to all persons who indicated more than one race group. Only two combinations of multiple race groups are shown due to small sample sizes for other combinations. Therefore, the frequencies

for the category Two or more races will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific combinations shown separately.

Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. Similarly, the category Not Hispanic or Latino refers to all persons who are not of Hispanic or Latino origin,

regardless of race.

Shown only for adults aged 25 years and over.

GED is General Educational Development high school equivalency diploma.

11
The categories Less than $35,000 and $35,000 or more include both persons reporting dollar amounts and persons reporting only that their incomes were within one of these two categories (see

Appendix I). The indented categories include only those persons who reported dollar amounts. Because of the different income questions used in 2007 and beyond, income estimates may not be

comparable with those from earlier years.

10

Page 48 [ Series 10, No. 256


12

Based on family income and family size using the U.S. Census Bureaus poverty thresholds for the previous calendar year. Poor persons are defined as below the poverty threshold. Near poor
persons have incomes of 100% to less than 200% of the poverty threshold. Not poor persons have incomes that are 200% of the poverty threshold or greater. Because of the different income
questions used in 2007 and beyond, poverty ratio estimates may not be comparable with those from earlier years.
13
Based on a hierarchy of mutually exclusive categories. Persons with more than one type of health insurance were assigned to the first appropriate category in the hierarchy. Adults under age 65 and
those aged 65 and over were classified separately due to the predominance of Medicare coverage in the older population. The category Private includes persons who had any type of private
coverage either alone or in combination with other coverage. For example, for adults aged 65 and over, Private includes persons with only private coverage or private in combination with Medicare
coverage. The category Uninsured includes persons who had no coverage as well as those who had only Indian Health Service coverage or had only a private plan that paid for one type of service
such as accidents or dental care (see Appendix II).
14
MSA is metropolitan statistical area. Large MSAs have a population size of 1 million or more; small MSAs have a population size of less than 1 million. Not in MSA consists of persons not living in
a metropolitan statistical area.

NOTE: Estimates are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population.
SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2011.

Series 10, No. 256 [ Page 49


Table 12. Age-adjusted percentages of hearing trouble, vision trouble, and absence of teeth among adults aged 18 and over, by selected
characteristics: United States, 2011
Selected sensory problems

Hearing
trouble1

Selected characteristic

Vision
trouble2

Absence of
all natural
teeth3

Percent4 (standard error)


Total5 (age-adjusted) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total5 (crude) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

15.5 (0.23)
16.0 (0.27)

8.9 (0.21)
9.2 (0.21)

7.6 (0.18)
7.8 (0.20)

19.0 (0.36)
12.4 (0.27)

7.6 (0.27)
10.1 (0.29)

7.7 (0.26)
7.4 (0.22)

Sex
Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1844 . . . .
4564 . . . .
6574 . . . .
75 and over.

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Age6
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(years)
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6.2
18.9
30.2
47.4

(0.23)
(0.46)
(0.89)
(1.08)

5.5
12.0
12.2
15.2

(0.24)
(0.39)
(0.62)
(0.76)

2.5
7.7
18.6
28.3

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15.4
16.4
10.1
16.0
9.3
*6.8
21.2
*17.9
27.4

(0.23)
(0.27)
(0.49)
(1.82)
(0.77)
(2.58)
(2.00)
(6.18)
(3.49)

8.8
8.6
10.9
15.0
6.4

(0.21)
(0.23)
(0.49)
(2.78)
(0.70)

12.3 (1.54)
*9.5 (3.28)
13.7 (2.31)

7.5
7.3
9.8
13.7
6.2

(0.16)
(0.32)
(0.82)
(0.99)

Race
One race7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American. . . . . . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native . . . . . .
Asian . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander .
Two or more races8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, white . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native, white . .

(0.18)
(0.21)
(0.44)
(1.79)
(0.65)

11.7 (1.68)
*8.5 (3.78)
13.7 (3.01)

Hispanic or Latino origin9 and race


Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . .
Mexican or Mexican American . .
Not Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . .
White, single race . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single

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race .

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11.8
13.1
15.9
17.2
10.1

(0.56)
(0.80)
(0.25)
(0.30)
(0.50)

9.4
10.4
8.8
8.6
10.8

(0.52)
(0.74)
(0.22)
(0.26)
(0.50)

6.9
6.6
7.7
7.5
9.9

(0.46)
(0.63)
(0.20)
(0.23)
(0.45)

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18.8
19.3
18.1
13.5

(0.70)
(0.54)
(0.49)
(0.42)

14.0
10.4
9.5
6.3

(0.61)
(0.46)
(0.39)
(0.32)

16.2
9.6
7.1
3.6

(0.57)
(0.40)
(0.33)
(0.25)

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17.2
14.9
16.0
16.0
16.2
12.4

(0.39)
(0.30)
(0.58)
(0.57)
(0.80)
(0.59)

12.7
7.3
9.8
7.5
5.7
6.6

(0.36)
(0.25)
(0.56)
(0.46)
(0.49)
(0.47)

11.6
5.4
7.8
5.5
4.2
4.1

(0.35)
(0.21)
(0.46)
(0.35)
(0.46)
(0.41)

Education10
Less than a high school diploma .
High school diploma or GED11 . .
Some college. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bachelors degree or higher . . . .

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Family income12
Less than $35,000 .
$35,000 or more . . .
$35,000$49,999 .
$50,000$74,999 .
$75,000$99,999 .
$100,000 or more.

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Poverty status13
Poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Near poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
See footnotes at end of table.

16.9 (0.61)
16.4 (0.56)
15.1 (0.29)

14.5 (0.55)
12.0 (0.56)
7.3 (0.25)

13.7 (0.55)
11.8 (0.49)
5.6 (0.20)

Page 50 [ Series 10, No. 256


Table 12. Age-adjusted percentages of hearing trouble, vision trouble, and absence of teeth among adults aged 18 and over, by
selected characteristics: United States, 2011Con.
Selected sensory problems

Hearing
trouble1

Selected characteristic
Health
Under 65:
Private . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicaid . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . . . .
65 and over:
Private . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare and Medicaid . . .
Medicare only . . . . . . . . .
Other . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . . . .

insurance coverage14

Married . . . . . . . . .
Widowed . . . . . . . .
Divorced or separated
Never married . . . . .
Living with a partner .

.
.
.
.
.

Vision
trouble2

Absence of
all natural
teeth3

Percent4 (standard error)

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9.5
13.3
17.6
11.9

(0.28)
(0.74)
(1.33)
(0.57)

5.8
15.4
11.5
10.3

(0.23)
(0.83)
(0.98)
(0.50)

3.2
9.3
6.7
5.7

(0.17)
(0.66)
(0.72)
(0.38)

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38.3 (0.98)
38.8 (2.29)
37.1 (1.20)
44.7 (2.59)
35.8 (10.33)

11.6
23.6
14.6
14.5
*19.8

(0.63)
(1.88)
(0.89)
(1.77)
(9.45)

18.9
43.5
25.6
25.4
*30.4

(0.85)
(2.43)
(1.12)
(2.40)
(9.22)

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15.8
17.4
17.9
12.4
17.8

(0.32)
(2.54)
(0.68)
(0.65)
(1.32)

7.4
16.9
11.3
9.6
13.3

(0.25)
(3.25)
(0.53)
(0.56)
(1.28)

6.7
10.5
9.4
7.1
8.5

(0.24)
(1.21)
(0.52)
(0.47)
(1.07)

Large MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Small MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

13.3
17.1
19.4

(0.30)
(0.43)
(0.65)

8.2 (0.27)
9.2 (0.41)
10.3 (0.53)

.
.
.
.

13.2
16.5
16.0
15.3

(0.50)
(0.49)
(0.39)
(0.49)

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

12.6
11.0

(0.90)
(0.66)

7.6 (0.65)
11.1 (0.72)

. . . .
. . . .
single
single

21.5
13.3
10.7
9.6

(0.46)
(0.35)
(0.81)
(0.61)

7.2
10.0
10.0
11.5

Marital status
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Place of residence15
6.4 (0.24)
7.6 (0.33)
11.0 (0.52)

Region
Northeast
Midwest .
South . .
West . . .

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7.6
8.7
9.5
9.1

(0.44)
(0.45)
(0.33)
(0.45)

7.0
7.9
8.7
5.9

(0.41)
(0.41)
(0.32)
(0.33)

Hispanic or Latino origin9, race, and sex


Hispanic or Latino, male . . .
Hispanic or Latina, female . .
Not Hispanic or Latino:
White, single race, male. .
White, single race, female
Black or African American,
Black or African American,

. . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . .
race, male . .
race, female .

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(0.32)
(0.37)
(0.78)
(0.66)

7.4 (0.67)
6.4 (0.59)
7.7
7.2
9.4
10.3

(0.32)
(0.27)
(0.70)
(0.59)

* Estimates preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error greater than 30% and less than or equal to 50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet standards of reliability or
precision.
Estimates with a relative standard error greater than 50% are replaced with a dagger and are not shown.
1
Respondents were asked, These next questions are about your hearing WITHOUT the use of hearing aids or other listening devices. Is your hearing excellent, good, [do you have] a little trouble
hearing, moderate trouble, a lot of trouble, or are you deaf? For this table a little trouble hearing, moderate trouble, a lot of trouble, and deaf are combined into one category. Data analysts
should note that this question contains more response levels than the 2006 version, which had the following categories: good, a little trouble, a lot of trouble, and deaf. In 2006, hearing trouble
was defined by the following categories: a little trouble, a lot of trouble, and deaf. Estimates of hearing trouble for 2007 may not be comparable with earlier years. A person may be represented in
more than one column.
2
Regarding their vision, respondents were asked, Do you have any trouble seeing, even when wearing glasses or contact lenses? Respondents were also asked Are you blind or unable to see at
all? For this table, any trouble seeing and blind are combined into one category. A person may be represented in more than one column.
3

Respondents were asked, Have you lost all of your upper and lower natural (permanent) teeth? A person may be represented in more than one column.

Unknowns for the columns are not included in the denominators when calculating percentages (see Appendix I). The percentages in this table are rounded.
Includes other races not shown separately and persons with unknown education, family income, poverty status, health insurance, and marital status characteristics.
6
Estimates for age groups are not age adjusted.
7
In accordance with the 1997 standards for federal data on race and Hispanic or Latino origin (see Appendix II), the category One race refers to persons who indicated only a single race group.
Persons who indicated a single race other than the groups shown are included in the total for One race but are not shown separately due to small sample sizes. Therefore, the frequencies for the

category One race will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific groups shown separately. Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. The

tables in this report use the current (1997) Office of Management and Budget race and Hispanic origin terms, and the text uses shorter versions of these terms for conciseness. For example, the

category One race, Black or African American in the tables is referred to as black persons in the text.

8
Refers to all persons who indicated more than one race group. Only two combinations of multiple race groups are shown due to small sample sizes for other combinations. Therefore, the frequencies

for the category Two or more races will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific combinations shown separately.

Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. Similarly, the category Not Hispanic or Latino refers to all persons who are not of Hispanic or Latino origin,

regardless of race.

10

Shown only for adults aged 25 and over. Estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S. standard population using four age groups: 2544, 4564, 6574, and 75 and over.

GED is General Educational Development high school equivalency diploma.

12
The categories Less than $35,000 and $35,000 or more include both persons reporting dollar amounts and persons reporting only that their incomes were within one of these two categories (see

Appendix I). The indented categories include only those persons who reported dollar amounts. Because of the different income questions used in 2007 and beyond, income estimates may not be

comparable with those from earlier years.

11

Series 10, No. 256 [ Page 51


13

Based on family income and family size using the U.S. Census Bureaus poverty thresholds for the previous calendar year. Poor persons are defined as below the poverty threshold. Near poor
persons have incomes of 100% to less than 200% of the poverty threshold. Not poor persons have incomes that are 200% of the poverty threshold or greater. Because of the different income
questions used in 2007 and beyond, poverty ratio estimates may not be comparable with those from earlier years.
14
Based on a hierarchy of mutually exclusive categories. Persons with more than one type of health insurance were assigned to the first appropriate category in the hierarchy. Adults under age 65 and
those aged 65 and over were classified separately due to the predominance of Medicare coverage in the older population. The category Private includes persons who had any type of private
coverage either alone or in combination with other coverage. For example, for adults aged 65 and over, Private includes persons with only private coverage or private in combination with Medicare
coverage. The category Uninsured includes persons who had no coverage as well as those who had only Indian Health Service coverage or had only a private plan that paid for one type of service
such as accidents or dental care (see Appendix I). Estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S. population as the standard population using two age groups for adults under age 65 (1844
and 4564), and two age groups for adults aged 65 and over (6574 and 75 and over).
15
MSA is metropolitan statistical area. Large MSAs have a population size of 1 million or more; small MSAs have a population size of less than 1 million. Not in MSA consists of persons not living in
a metropolitan statistical area.

NOTES: Estimates are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population. Unless otherwise specified, estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S.
population as the standard population using four age groups: 1844, 4564, 6574, and 75 and over. For crude percentages, refer to Table IX in Appendix III.
SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2011.

Page 52 [ Series 10, No. 256


Table 13. Frequencies of feelings of sadness, hopelessness, worthlessness, or that everything is an effort among adults aged 18 and over,
by selected characteristics: United States, 2011
Selected mental health characteristic1
Sadness

Hopelessness

Selected characteristic

All adults
aged 18
and over

All or
most of
the time

Some of
the time

Total3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

231,376

7,615

19,997

5,184

112,093
119,283

3,126
4,490

8,213
11,784

All or
most of
the time

Worthlessness

Everything is an effort

All or
most of
the time

Some of
the time

All or
most of
the time

Some of
the time

10,588

4,409

8,163

13,244

21,152

2,277
2,906

4,431
6,157

1,977
2,432

3,640
4,523

5,975
7,270

9,548
11,604

Some of
the time

Number in thousands2

Sex
Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Age (years)
1844.
4564.
6574.
75 and

. . .
. . .
. . .
over

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110,815
80,849
21,902
17,810

2,957
3,545
615
498

8,535
7,869
2,014
1,580

2,075
2,294
470
345

4,618
4,594
725
650

1,509
2,132
439
329

3,486
3,459
697
520

5,992
5,217
1,060
976

10,118
7,679
1,865
1,490

One race4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American . . . . . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native . . . . .
Asian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
Two or more races5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, white . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native, white .

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227,770
186,233
27,666
1,980
11,468
423
3,605
675
1,457

7,451
5,905
1,152
119
274

165
*35
*73

19,608
14,978
3,284
315
983

390
89
148

5,016
4,024
743
97
151

167

*89

10,333
8,293
1,424
150
451

254
*44
107

4,276
3,518
533
110
113

132

*68

7,997
6,329
1,186
*139
339

166

*69

12,974
9,941
2,360
259
381

270
*57
100

20,623
16,208
3,255
229
911

529
96
189

Race

Hispanic or Latino origin6 and race


Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mexican or Mexican American . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino. . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race

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32,762
20,101
198,614
156,482
26,552

1,227
679
6,389
4,788
1,098

2,991
1,742
17,007
12,333
3,153

880
500
4,303
3,221
710

1,821
1,203
8,767
6,661
1,358

639
385
3,770
2,938
521

1,182
694
6,981
5,269
1,145

1,821
1,073
11,424
8,243
2,319

2,635
1,635
18,518
13,928
3,148

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.

28,318
52,560
58,568
60,869

2,090
2,004
2,031
738

4,324
5,677
4,824
2,923

1,431
1,473
1,320
460

2,237
2,740
2,706
1,541

1,155
1,373
1,106
412

1,818
2,191
2,013
1,189

2,878
3,653
3,651
1,429

3,365
5,235
5,661
4,255

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.
.

74,445
142,828
31,262
39,095
26,539
45,931

4,595
2,766
1,015
932
340
479

10,129
9,070
2,831
2,756
1,665
1,818

3,340
1,713
723
600
165
224

5,630
4,599
1,451
1,467
721
960

2,778
1,518
594
466
187
272

4,672
3,219
1,072
1,029
487
632

7,341
5,310
1,904
1,718
785
903

9,228
11,024
2,970
3,473
1,895
2,685

Poor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Near poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

29,739
37,180
145,415

2,337
1,849
2,925

4,586
4,323
9,470

1,826
1,315
1,764

2,589
2,478
4,758

1,520
1,123
1,576

2,132
2,039
3,451

3,469
3,210
5,513

4,157
4,103
11,353

Education7
Less than a high school diploma
High school diploma or GED8 . .
Some college . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bachelors degree or higher . . .

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

Family income9
Less than $35,000 . .
$35,000 or more . . .
$35,000$49,999 .
$50,000$74,999 .
$75,000$99,999 .
$100,000 or more .

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Poverty status10

See footnotes at end of table.

Series 10, No. 256 [ Page 53


Table 13. Frequencies of feelings of sadness, hopelessness, worthlessness, or that everything is an effort among adults aged 18 and over,
by selected characteristics: United States, 2011Con.
Selected mental health characteristic1
Sadness
All adults
aged 18
and over

Selected characteristic
Health insurance coverage11
Under 65:
Private . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicaid. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
65 and over:
Private . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare and Medicaid . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare only . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

All or
most of
the time

Some of
the time

Hopelessness
All or
most of
the time

Some of
the time

Worthlessness

Everything is an effort

All or
most of
the time

Some of
the time

All or
most of
the time

Some of
the time

Number in thousands2
.
.
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.

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.

123,512
19,167
8,580
39,635

2,047
1,533
694
2,202

7,162
3,080
1,390
4,687

1,335
1,088
411
1,536

3,683
1,700
994
2,772

1,111
935
399
1,196

2,490
1,401
675
2,331

4,287
2,395
1,153
3,313

9,357
2,771
1,251
4,307

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20,987
2,637
12,948
2,762
290

397
184
410
94

1,495
492
1,303
265
*33

232
162
354
*59

496
248
445
159

261
176
271
*46

550
217
327
94

718
355
741
217

1,515
355
1,230
205

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123,317
13,796
26,815
49,933
17,131

2,954
711
1,802
1,710
422

8,146
1,906
3,560
4,705
1,633

1,897
407
1,299
1,200
360

4,263
784
1,964
2,636
912

1,730
403
1,091
869
290

3,268
554
1,634
1,995
679

5,259
1,048
2,700
3,122
1,091

9,753
1,425
3,273
4,922
1,735

Large MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Small MSA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

123,142
70,681
37,552

3,874
2,348
1,393

10,655
5,858
3,485

2,524
1,609
1,051

5,629
3,162
1,796

2,069
1,251
1,088

4,011
2,561
1,591

6,845
3,953
2,446

11,298
6,027
3,827

.
.
.
.

41,615
53,400
82,487
53,874

1,376
1,544
2,993
1,703

3,404
4,610
7,240
4,743

906
1,067
2,000
1,212

1,604
2,427
3,810
2,746

752
878
1,762
1,017

1,157
1,967
3,162
1,877

1,929
2,965
5,412
2,939

3,345
4,876
7,764
5,169

. . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .

16,871
15,890

439
788

1,172
1,819

343
537

775
1,045

256
383

520
661

810
1,011

1,276
1,359

.
.
.
.

75,875
80,608
12,073
14,479

2,108
2,680
409
688

5,048
7,284
1,402
1,751

1,490
1,730
292
418

2,742
3,919
630
728

1,305
1,633
267
254

2,321
2,949
551
594

3,653
4,590
1,123
1,196

6,277
7,650
1,288
1,859

Marital status
Married . . . . . . . . . .
Widowed . . . . . . . . .
Divorced or separated.
Never married. . . . . .
Living with a partner . .

.
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.
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.

Place of residence12

Region
Northeast
Midwest .
South . . .
West . . .

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Hispanic or Latino origin6, race, and sex


Hispanic or Latino, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hispanic or Latina, female . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino:
White, single race, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race, female . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race, male .
Black or African American, single race, female

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* Estimates preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error greater than 30% and less than or equal to 50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet standards of reliability or

precision.

Quantity zero.

Estimates with a relative standard error greater than 50% are replaced with a dagger and are not shown.

1
In four separate questions, respondents were asked how often in the past 30 days they felt so sad that nothing could cheer them up, hopeless, worthless, or that everything was an effort.

Respondents could choose from among five response categories: All of the time, Most of the time, Some of the time, A little of the time, or None of the time. For this table, All and Most

are combined, and Some is shown separately.

Unknowns for the columns are not included in the frequencies (see Appendix I), but they are included in the All adults aged 18 and over column. The numbers in this table are rounded.

Includes other races not shown separately and persons with unknown education, family income, poverty status, health insurance, and marital status characteristics.

In accordance with the 1997 standards for federal data on race and Hispanic or Latino origin (see Appendix II), the category One race refers to persons who indicated only a single race group.

Persons who indicated a single race other than the groups shown are included in the total for One race but are not shown separately due to small sample sizes. Therefore, the frequencies for the

category One race will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific groups shown separately. Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. The

tables in this report use the current (1997) Office of Management and Budget race and Hispanic origin terms, and the text uses shorter versions of these terms for conciseness. For example, the

category One race, Black or African American in the tables is referred to as black persons in the text.

5
Refers to all persons who indicated more than one race group. Only two combinations of multiple race groups are shown due to small sample sizes for other combinations. Therefore, the frequencies

for the category Two or more races will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific combinations shown separately.

Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. Similarly, the category Not Hispanic or Latino refers to all persons who are not of Hispanic or Latino origin,

regardless of race.

Shown only for adults aged 25 and over.

GED is General Educational Development high school equivalency diploma.

9
The categories Less than $35,000 and $35,000 or more include both persons reporting dollar amounts and persons reporting only that their incomes were within one of these two categories (see

Appendix I). The indented categories include only those persons who reported dollar amounts. Because of the different income questions used in 2007 and beyond, income estimates may not be

comparable with those from earlier years.

10

Based on family income and family size using the U.S. Census Bureaus poverty thresholds for the previous calendar year. Poor persons are defined as below the poverty threshold. Near poor

persons have incomes of 100% to less than 200% of the poverty threshold. Not poor persons have incomes that are 200% of the poverty threshold or greater. Because of the different income

questions used in 2007 and beyond, poverty ratio estimates may not be comparable with those from earlier years.

Page 54 [ Series 10, No. 256


11
Based on a hierarchy of mutually exclusive categories. Persons with more than one type of health insurance were assigned to the first appropriate category in the hierarchy. Adults under age 65 and
those aged 65 and over were classified separately due to the predominance of Medicare coverage in the older population. The category Private includes persons who had any type of private
coverage either alone or in combination with other coverage. For example, for adults aged 65 and over, Private includes persons with only private coverage or private in combination with Medicare
coverage. The category Uninsured includes persons who had no coverage as well as those who had only Indian Health Service coverage or had only a private plan that paid for one type of service
such as accidents or dental care (see Appendix II).
12
MSA is metropolitan statistical area. Large MSAs have a population size of 1 million or more; small MSAs have a population size of less than 1 million. Not in MSA consists of persons not living in
a metropolitan statistical area.

NOTE: Estimates are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population.
SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2011.

Series 10, No. 256 [ Page 55


Table 14. Age-adjusted percentages of feelings of sadness, hopelessness, worthlessness, or that everything is an effort among adults aged
18 and over, by selected characteristics: United States, 2011
Selected mental health characteristic1
Sadness
All or most
of the time

Selected characteristic

Hopelessness

Some of
the time

All or most
of the time

Some of
the time

Worthlessness
All or most
of the time

Everything is an effort

Some of
the time

All or most
of the time

Some of
the time

Percent2 (standard error)


3

Total (age-adjusted) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total3 (crude) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3.2 (0.12)
3.3 (0.12)

8.6 (0.20)
8.7 (0.20)

2.2 (0.10)
2.3 (0.10)

4.5 (0.14)
4.6 (0.15)

1.9 (0.09)
1.9 (0.09)

3.5 (0.12)
3.5 (0.12)

5.7 (0.15)
5.8 (0.15)

9.2 (0.21)
9.2 (0.21)

2.7 (0.17)
3.7 (0.17)

7.3 (0.26)
9.8 (0.28)

2.0 (0.14)
2.4 (0.12)

3.9 (0.21)
5.1 (0.19)

1.7 (0.13)
2.0 (0.11)

3.3 (0.18)
3.7 (0.16)

5.3 (0.22)
6.0 (0.21)

8.6 (0.31)
9.7 (0.27)

2.7
4.4
2.8
2.8

(0.13)
(0.19)
(0.27)
(0.26)

4.2
5.7
3.3
3.7

(0.21)
(0.27)
(0.34)
(0.38)

1.4
2.6
2.0
1.9

(0.11)
(0.17)
(0.28)
(0.26)

3.2
4.3
3.2
3.0

(0.17)
(0.22)
(0.32)
(0.36)

5.4
6.5
4.9
5.6

(0.22)
(0.28)
(0.41)
(0.44)

9.2
9.5
8.6
8.5

(0.10)
(0.11)
(0.27)
(1.09)
(0.28)

4.5 (1.02)

*5.7 (1.89)

4.5
4.4
5.0
7.8
4.0

(0.15)
(0.16)
(0.40)
(1.88)
(0.59)

7.2 (1.28)
*8.9 (3.36)
7.0 (1.91)

1.8
1.8
1.9
5.7
1.0

(0.09)
(0.10)
(0.23)
(1.42)
(0.29)

3.8 (0.90)

*4.6 (1.68)

3.5
3.4
4.2
*7.3
3.0

(0.12)
(0.14)
(0.34)
(2.20)
(0.44)

4.5 (1.03)
*6.7 (3.09)
*4.7 (1.76)

5.7
5.3
8.4
13.3
3.4

(0.15)
(0.17)
(0.49)
(2.66)
(0.45)

7.3 (1.24)
*5.5 (2.32)
6.6 (1.60)

9.1
8.7
11.6
11.8
8.2

Sex
Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Age4 (years)

1844. . . .
4564. . . .
6574. . . .
75 and over

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(0.16)
(0.24)
(0.31)
(0.33)

7.7
9.8
9.3
9.0

(0.28)
(0.33)
(0.54)
(0.61)

1.9
2.8
2.2
2.0

One race5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American . . . . . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native . . . . .
Asian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
Two or more races6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, white . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native, white .

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.

. 3.2 (0.12)
. 3.1 (0.14)
. 4.1 (0.33)
. 6.1 (1.46)
. 2.4 (0.41)
.

. 4.4 (0.90)
. *6.9 (3.13)
. 4.7 (1.41)

8.5
8.0
12.0
16.3
8.7
*11.7
10.8
*11.4
10.5

(0.20)
(0.22)
(0.53)
(2.26)
(0.75)
(5.22)
(1.50)
(3.52)
(2.41)

2.2
2.1
2.6
4.9
1.3

(0.31)
(0.34)
(0.55)
(0.62)

Race

(0.21)

(0.23)

(0.57)

(2.04)

(0.73)

15.1 (1.73)

*19.0 (5.98)

13.8 (2.96)

Hispanic or Latino origin7 and race

Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mexican or Mexican American . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino. . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race

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4.3
4.0
3.1
3.0
4.0

(0.32)
(0.43)
(0.13)
(0.16)
(0.34)

9.9
9.7
8.5
7.8
11.9

(0.51)
(0.69)
(0.22)
(0.25)
(0.54)

3.0
2.9
2.1
2.0
2.6

(0.26)
(0.33)
(0.10)
(0.12)
(0.28)

6.0
6.6
4.4
4.2
5.0

(0.41)
(0.57)
(0.16)
(0.18)
(0.42)

2.3
2.2
1.8
1.8
1.9

(0.24)
(0.30)
(0.10)
(0.11)
(0.24)

4.0
3.9
3.5
3.3
4.2

(0.35)
(0.46)
(0.13)
(0.15)
(0.35)

5.9
5.9
5.7
5.2
8.6

(0.40)
(0.56)
(0.17)
(0.19)
(0.51)

8.3
8.5
9.4
8.9
11.7

(0.46)
(0.63)
(0.24)
(0.27)
(0.59)

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7.4
3.7
3.4
1.2

(0.53)
(0.25)
(0.23)
(0.13)

15.3
10.8
8.2
4.8

(0.66)
(0.46)
(0.34)
(0.26)

5.1
2.7
2.2
0.8

(0.45)
(0.22)
(0.19)
(0.11)

8.0
5.3
4.5
2.4

(0.46)
(0.32)
(0.27)
(0.19)

4.0
2.5
1.8
0.7

(0.36)
(0.21)
(0.18)
(0.10)

6.6
4.2
3.4
1.9

(0.47)
(0.27)
(0.22)
(0.18)

10.3
7.0
6.2
2.3

(0.56)
(0.35)
(0.30)
(0.18)

11.9
10.1
9.6
7.0

(0.60)
(0.46)
(0.39)
(0.32)

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6.4
1.9
3.2
2.3
1.3
1.2

(0.26)
(0.14)
(0.34)
(0.29)
(0.27)
(0.22)

13.8
6.3
9.0
6.9
6.1
4.3

(0.39)
(0.22)
(0.50)
(0.40)
(0.55)
(0.43)

4.6
1.2
2.3
1.5
0.6
0.5

(0.23)
(0.10)
(0.28)
(0.24)
(0.15)
(0.15)

7.8
3.1
4.7
3.6
2.7
2.1

(0.29)
(0.17)
(0.41)
(0.33)
(0.36)
(0.28)

3.8
1.0
1.9
1.1
0.6
0.6

(0.20)
(0.09)
(0.27)
(0.18)
(0.15)
(0.14)

6.5
2.2
3.4
2.5
1.8
1.4

(0.27)
(0.14)
(0.34)
(0.27)
(0.29)
(0.23)

10.1
3.7
6.2
4.3
2.9
2.2

(0.32)
(0.17)
(0.44)
(0.35)
(0.39)
(0.29)

12.6
7.7
9.5
8.9
7.1
6.0

(0.37)
(0.25)
(0.52)
(0.48)
(0.57)
(0.44)

Education8
Less than a high school diploma
High school diploma or GED9 . .
Some college . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bachelors degree or higher . . .

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.
.

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.
.

.
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.
.

.
.
.
.

Family income10
Less than $35,000 . .
$35,000 or more . . .
$35,000$49,999 .
$50,000$74,999 .
$75,000$99,999 .
$100,000 or more .

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Poverty status11
Poor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Near poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
See footnotes at end of table.

8.3 (0.45)
5.2 (0.33)
2.0 (0.13)

16.1 (0.66)
11.9 (0.53)
6.4 (0.21)

6.5 (0.43)
3.7 (0.29)
1.2 (0.10)

9.0 (0.47)
6.9 (0.41)
3.2 (0.16)

5.5 (0.38)
3.2 (0.27)
1.0 (0.09)

7.4 (0.45)
5.7 (0.38)
2.3 (0.14)

12.2 (0.55)
8.9 (0.46)
3.8 (0.17)

14.4 (0.57)

11.3 (0.52)

7.9 (0.25)

Page 56 [ Series 10, No. 256


Table 14. Age-adjusted percentages of feelings of sadness, hopelessness, worthlessness, or that everything is an effort among adults aged
18 and over, by selected characteristics: United States, 2011Con.
Selected mental health characteristic1
Sadness
All or most
of the time

Selected characteristic

Hopelessness

Some of
the time

All or most
of the time

Health insurance coverage12


Under 65:
Private . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicaid. . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . .
65 and over:
Private . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare and Medicaid
Medicare only . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . .

Some of
the time

Worthlessness
All or most
of the time

Everything is an effort

Some of
the time

All or most
of the time

Some of
the time

Percent2 (standard error)

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1.6
8.3
6.6
5.8

(0.12)
(0.63)
(0.87)
(0.37)

5.6
16.5
15.3
12.0

(0.23)
(0.84)
(1.50)
(0.53)

1.0
5.9
3.9
4.0

(0.10)
(0.55)
(0.63)
(0.31)

2.9
9.2
10.2
7.1

(0.17)
(0.64)
(1.19)
(0.41)

0.8
5.1
3.5
3.2

(0.08)
(0.49)
(0.53)
(0.28)

1.9
7.6
7.5
6.0

(0.13)
(0.54)
(1.04)
(0.42)

3.4
12.9
11.7
8.5

(0.18)
(0.75)
(1.19)
(0.45)

7.7
14.9
13.3
11.0

(0.27)
(0.79)
(1.42)
(0.52)

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1.9
7.1
3.2
3.5

(0.26)
(1.16)
(0.43)
(0.99)

7.2
19.0
10.2
9.7
*16.6

(0.52)
(1.99)
(0.77)
(1.41)
(7.85)

1.1
6.2
2.8
*2.2

(0.18)
(1.09)
(0.41)
(0.72)

2.4
9.6
3.5
5.8

(0.30)
(1.43)
(0.47)
(1.12)

1.3
6.8
2.1
*1.8

(0.21)
(1.37)
(0.39)
(0.63)

2.7
8.4
2.5
3.5

(0.36)
(1.32)
(0.36)
(0.79)

3.5
13.7
5.9
8.0

(0.36)
(1.60)
(0.57)
(1.43)

7.3
13.7
9.6
7.4
*6.8

(0.55)
(1.70)
(0.84)
(1.28)
(3.37)

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2.3
7.1
6.3
3.9
2.7

(0.15)
(1.80)
(0.48)
(0.32)
(0.51)

6.4
16.8
13.0
10.1
9.4

(0.25)
(3.01)
(0.62)
(0.49)
(0.84)

1.5
*5.7
4.6
2.8
2.2

(0.11)
(1.86)
(0.41)
(0.28)
(0.45)

3.3
8.9
7.1
5.6
5.7

(0.17) 1.3 (0.10)


(1.99) *5.2 (1.75)
(0.45) 3.8 (0.40)
(0.38) 2.1 (0.25)
(0.73) 1.9 (0.44)

2.5
*4.8
5.6
4.1
3.7

(0.15)
(1.56)
(0.41)
(0.29)
(0.47)

4.2
10.8
9.9
6.6
5.9

(0.19)
(2.41)
(0.58)
(0.42)
(0.55)

8.0
16.3
12.5
9.9
10.6

(0.28)
(3.09)
(0.62)
(0.49)
(0.99)

Marital status
Married . . . . . . . . . .
Widowed . . . . . . . . .
Divorced or separated.
Never married. . . . . .
Living with a partner . .

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Place of residence13
Large MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Small MSA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3.1 (0.16)
3.3 (0.24)
3.7 (0.30)

8.6 (0.27)
8.2 (0.37)
9.1 (0.59)

2.0 (0.12)
2.3 (0.18)
2.8 (0.26)

4.6 (0.20)
4.4 (0.25)
4.7 (0.34)

1.6 (0.12)
1.7 (0.15)
2.8 (0.24)

3.2 (0.16)
3.6 (0.23)
4.1 (0.32)

5.6 (0.22)
5.6 (0.29)
6.4 (0.40)

3.2
2.8
3.5
3.1

8.0
8.6
8.7
8.8

2.2
1.9
2.4
2.2

3.8
4.5
4.5
5.1

1.8
1.6
2.1
1.9

2.7
3.6
3.8
3.5

4.6
5.5
6.5
5.5

9.2 (0.29)
8.5 (0.34)
10.4 (0.66)

Region
Northeast
Midwest .
South . . .
West . . .

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(0.30)
(0.23)
(0.22)
(0.24)

(0.47)
(0.44)
(0.32)
(0.39)

(0.26)
(0.19)
(0.16)
(0.19)

(0.28)
(0.34)
(0.24)
(0.30)

(0.22)
(0.17)
(0.16)
(0.16)

(0.25)
(0.26)
(0.21)
(0.25)

(0.35)
(0.32)
(0.26)
(0.30)

8.1
9.3
9.3
9.6

(0.46)
(0.50)
(0.33)
(0.44)

Hispanic or Latino origin 7, race, and sex


Hispanic or Latino, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hispanic or Latina, female . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino:
White, single race, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race, female . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race, male .
Black or African American, single race, female

. . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .

3.0 (0.39)
5.5 (0.49)

7.9 (0.71)
12.0 (0.68)

2.4 (0.34)
3.7 (0.37)

5.1 (0.62)
6.9 (0.52)

1.8 (0.31)
2.7 (0.34)

3.6 (0.54)
4.4 (0.45)

5.2 (0.59)
6.7 (0.51)

.
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.

2.7
3.2
3.4
4.6

6.6
8.8
11.7
12.1

2.0
2.1
2.3
2.8

3.6
4.8
5.1
4.9

1.6
1.9
2.1
1.7

3.1
3.6
4.5
4.0

4.8
5.6
9.2
8.1

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(0.23)
(0.21)
(0.51)
(0.45)

(0.33)
(0.36)
(0.88)
(0.68)

(0.18)
(0.15)
(0.46)
(0.37)

(0.25)
(0.26)
(0.71)
(0.43)

(0.16)
(0.14)
(0.42)
(0.27)

(0.22)
(0.20)
(0.60)
(0.41)

(0.28)
(0.27)
(0.83)
(0.62)

7.8 (0.71)
8.8 (0.61)
8.4
9.5
10.7
12.7

(0.39)
(0.35)
(0.89)
(0.76)

* Estimates preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error greater than 30% and less than or equal to 50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet standards of reliability or

precision.

Quantity zero.

Estimates with a relative standard error greater than 50% are replaced with a dagger and are not shown.

1
In four separate questions, respondents were asked how often in the past 30 days they felt so sad that nothing could cheer them up, hopeless, worthless, or that everything was an effort.

Respondents could choose from among five response categories: All of the time, Most of the time, Some of the time, A little of the time, or None of the time. For this table, All and Most

are combined, and Some is shown separately.

Unknowns for the columns are not included in the denominators when calculating percentages (see Appendix I). The percentages in this table are rounded.

Includes other races not shown separately and persons with unknown education, family income, poverty status, health insurance, and marital status characteristics.

4
Estimates for age groups are not age adjusted.

5
In accordance with the 1997 standards for federal data on race and Hispanic or Latino origin (see Appendix II), the category One race refers to persons who indicated only a single race group.

Persons who indicated a single race other than the groups shown are included in the total for One race but are not shown separately due to small sample sizes. Therefore, the frequencies for the

category One race will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific groups shown separately. Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. The

tables in this report use the current (1997) Office of Management and Budget race and Hispanic origin terms, and the text uses shorter versions of these terms for conciseness. For example, the

category One race, Black or African American in the tables is referred to as black persons in the text.

6
Refers to all persons who indicated more than one race group. Only two combinations of multiple race groups are shown due to small sample sizes for other combinations. Therefore, the frequencies

for the category two or more races will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific combinations shown separately.

Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. Similarly, the category Not Hispanic or Latino refers to all persons who are not of Hispanic or Latino origin,

regardless of race.

Shown only for adults aged 25 and over. Estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S. standard population using four age groups: 2544, 4564, 6574, and 75 and over.

GED is General Educational Development high school equivalency diploma.

10
The categories Less than $35,000 and $35,000 or more include both persons reporting dollar amounts and persons reporting only that their incomes were within one of these two categories (see

Appendix I). The indented categories include only those persons who reported dollar amounts. Because of the different income questions used in 2007 and beyond, income estimates may not be
comparable with those from earlier years.
9

Series 10, No. 256 [ Page 57


11

Based on family income and family size using the U.S. Census Bureaus poverty thresholds for the previous calendar year. Poor persons are defined as below the poverty threshold. Near poor
persons have incomes of 100% to less than 200% of the poverty threshold. Not poor persons have incomes that are 200% of the poverty threshold or greater. Because of the different income
questions used in 2007 and beyond, poverty ratio estimates may not be comparable with those from earlier years.
12
Based on a hierarchy of mutually exclusive categories. Persons with more than one type of health insurance were assigned to the first appropriate category in the hierarchy. Adults under age 65 and
those aged 65 and over were classified separately due to the predominance of Medicare coverage in the older population. The category Private includes persons who had any type of private
coverage either alone or in combination with other coverage. For example, for adults aged 65 and over, Private includes persons with only private coverage or private in combination with Medicare
coverage. The category Uninsured includes persons who had no coverage as well as those who had only Indian Health Service coverage or had only a private plan that paid for one type of service
such as accidents or dental care (see Appendix I). Estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S. population as the standard population using two age groups for adults under age 65 (1844
and 4564), and two age groups for adults aged 65 and over (6574 and 75 and over).
13
MSA is metropolitan statistical area. Large MSAs have a population size of 1 million or more; small MSAs have a population size of less than 1 million. Not in MSA consists of persons not living in
a metropolitan statistical area.

NOTES: Estimates are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population. Unless otherwise specified, estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S.
population as the standard population using four age groups: 1844, 4564, 6574, and 75 and over. For crude percentages, refer to Table X in Appendix III.
SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2011.

Page 58 [ Series 10, No. 256


Table 15. Frequencies of feelings of nervousness or restlessness among adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics:
United States, 2011
Nervousness1
All adults
aged 18
and over

Selected characteristic

All or most
of the time

Restlessness1
Some of
the time

All or most
of the time

Some of
the time

Number in thousands2
Total3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

231,376

10,613

27,559

14,431

28,265

112,093
119,283

4,054
6,559

11,403
16,156

6,471
7,960

13,169
15,096

Sex
Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Age (years)
1844.
4564
6574.
75 and

. . .
. . .
. . .
over

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110,815
80,849
21,902
17,810

4,955
4,199
863
597

14,282
9,612
2,162
1,504

7,187
5,572
951
720

13,899
10,301
2,441
1,624

One race4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American . . . . . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native . . . . .
Asian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
Two or more races5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, white . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native, white .

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227,770
186,233
27,666
1,980
11,468
423
3,605
675
1,457

10,400
8,884
1,094
138
279

213
*37
99

26,954
22,235
3,234
356
1,071

605
*78
242

14,075
11,821
1,847
155
225

357
*61
173

27,695
22,735
3,688
354
894

570
99
230

Race

Hispanic or Latino origin6 and race


Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mexican or Mexican American . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino. . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race

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32,762
20,101
198,614
156,482
26,552

1,404
776
9,209
7,618
1,039

3,494
2,053
24,065
19,144
3,089

1,814
1,120
12,617
10,187
1,744

3,261
2,021
25,004
19,810
3,604

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28,318
52,560
58,568
60,869

2,307
2,875
2,775
1,213

3,703
6,253
6,969
6,574

2,849
4,078
3,968
1,526

4,125
6,860
7,485
6,109

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74,445
142,828
31,262
39,095
26,539
45,931

5,908
4,251
1,238
1,357
717
939

10,743
15,738
3,583
4,476
2,983
4,696

7,424
6,458
1,927
2,085
1,087
1,359

11,225
15,897
3,923
4,783
2,699
4,492

Poor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Near poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

29,739
37,180
145,415

3,031
2,317
4,483

4,761
4,888
16,118

3,623
3,272
6,580

4,890
5,090
16,402

Education7
Less than a high school diploma
High school diploma or GED8 . .
Some college . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bachelors degree or higher . . .

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Family income9
Less than $35,000 . .
$35,000 or more . . .
$35,000$49,999 .
$50,000$74,999 .
$75,000$99,999 .
$100,000 or more .

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Poverty status10

See footnotes at end of table.

Series 10, No. 256 [ Page 59


Table 15. Frequencies of feelings of nervousness or restlessness among adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics:
United States, 2011Con.
Nervousness1
All adults
aged 18
and over

Selected characteristic

All or most
of the time

Health insurance coverage11


Under 65:
Private . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicaid. . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . .
65 and over:
Private . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare and Medicaid
Medicare only . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . .

Restlessness1
Some of
the time

All or most
of the time

Some of
the time

Number in thousands2

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123,512
19,167
8,580
39,635

3,490
2,145
796
2,698

14,118
3,114
1,403
5,190

5,125
2,792
1,149
3,647

13,739
3,176
1,587
5,624

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20,987
2,637
12,948
2,762
290

562
250
547
91

1,936
383
1,015
301

682
292
549
143

1,928
380
1,398
306

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123,317
13,796
26,815
49,933
17,131

4,429
714
1,995
2,412
1,033

12,968
1,495
4,024
6,851
2,167

6,011
814
2,644
3,401
1,543

13,573
1,548
4,186
6,399
2,527

Large MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Small MSA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

123,142
70,681
37,552

5,266
3,224
2,124

14,819
8,264
4,476

6,800
4,550
3,081

14,751
8,671
4,844

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.
.
.

41,615
53,400
82,487
53,874

1,739
2,478
4,066
2,330

4,331
6,912
9,722
6,593

2,058
3,263
5,772
3,338

4,340
6,979
10,234
6,711

. . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .

16,871
15,890

537
867

1,610
1,884

778
1,036

1,529
1,732

.
.
.
.

75,875
80,608
12,073
14,479

2,913
4,705
385
654

7,703
11,441
1,374
1,714

4,616
5,570
792
952

9,360
10,450
1,540
2,063

Marital status
Married . . . . . . . . . .
Widowed . . . . . . . . .
Divorced or separated.
Never married. . . . . .
Living with a partner . .

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Place of residence12

Region
Northeast
Midwest .
South . . .
West . . .

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Hispanic or Latino origin6, race, and sex


Hispanic or Latino, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hispanic or Latina, female . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino:
White, single race, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race, female . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race, male .
Black or African American, single race, female

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Estimates with a relative standard error greater than 50% are replaced with a dagger and are not shown.
* Estimates preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error greater than 30% and less than or equal to 50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet standards of reliability or

precision.

1
In two separate questions, respondents were asked how often they felt nervous or restless in the past 30 days. Respondents could choose among five response categories: All of the time, Most of

the time, Some of the time, A little of the time, or None of the time. For this table, All and Most are combined, and Some is shown separately.

Unknowns for the columns are not included in the frequencies (see Appendix I), but they are included in the All adults aged 18 and over column. The numbers in this table are rounded.

Includes other races not shown separately and persons with unknown education, family income, poverty status, health insurance, and marital status characteristics.

4
In accordance with the 1997 standards for federal data on race and Hispanic or Latino origin (see Appendix II), the category One race refers to persons who indicated only a single race group.

Persons who indicated a single race other than the groups shown are included in the total for One race but are not shown separately due to small sample sizes. Therefore, the frequencies for the

category One race will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific groups shown separately. Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. The

tables in this report use the current (1997) Office of Management and Budget race and Hispanic origin terms, and the text uses shorter versions of these terms for conciseness. For example, the

category One race, Black or African American in the tables is referred to as black persons in the text.

5
Refers to all persons who indicated more than one race group. Only two combinations of multiple race groups are shown due to small sample sizes for other combinations. Therefore, the frequencies

for the category Two or more races will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific combinations shown separately.

Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. Similarly, the category Not Hispanic or Latino refers to all persons who are not of Hispanic or Latino origin,

regardless of race.

Shown only for adults aged 25 and over.

GED is General Educational Development high school equivalency diploma.

9
The categories Less than $35,000 and $35,000 or more include both persons reporting dollar amounts and persons reporting only that their incomes were within one of these two categories (see

Appendix I). The indented categories include only those persons who reported dollar amounts. Because of the different income questions used in 2007 and beyond, income estimates may not be

comparable with those from earlier years.

10

Based on family income and family size using the U.S. Census Bureaus poverty thresholds for the previous calendar year. Poor persons are defined as below the poverty threshold. Near poor

persons have incomes of 100% to less than 200% of the poverty threshold. Not poor persons have incomes that are 200% of the poverty threshold or greater. Because of the different income

questions used in 2007 and beyond, poverty ratio estimates may not be comparable with those from earlier years.

11
Based on a hierarchy of mutually exclusive categories. Persons with more than one type of health insurance were assigned to the first appropriate category in the hierarchy. Adults under age 65 and

those aged 65 and over were classified separately due to the predominance of Medicare coverage in the older population. The category Private includes persons who had any type of private

coverage either alone or in combination with other coverage. For example, for adults aged 65 and over, Private includes persons with only private coverage or private in combination with Medicare

coverage. The category Uninsured includes persons who had no coverage as well as those who had only Indian Health Service coverage or had only a private plan that paid for one type of service

such as accidents or dental care (see Appendix II).

Page 60 [ Series 10, No. 256


12
MSA is metropolitan statistical area. Large MSAs have a population size of 1 million or more; small MSAs have a population size of less than 1 million. Not in MSA consists of persons not living in

a metropolitan statistical area.

NOTE: Estimates are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population.

SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2011.

Series 10, No. 256 [ Page 61


Table 16. Age-adjusted percentages of feelings of nervousness or restlessness among adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics:
United States, 2011
Nervousness1
All or most
of the time

Selected characteristic

Restlessness1
Some of
the time

All or most
of the time

Some of
the time

Percent2 (standard error)


Total3 (age-adjusted) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total3 (crude) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4.6 (0.14)
4.6 (0.14)

12.0 (0.24)
12.0 (0.24)

6.2 (0.18)
6.3 (0.18)

12.3 (0.23)
12.3 (0.23)

3.6 (0.18)
5.5 (0.22)

10.2 (0.31)
13.7 (0.33)

5.8 (0.24)
6.7 (0.25)

11.7 (0.33)
12.7 (0.31)

(0.20)
(0.25)
(0.37)
(0.38)

12.9
11.9
10.0
8.6

(0.34)
(0.38)
(0.61)
(0.64)

6.5
6.9
4.4
4.1

(0.27)
(0.30)
(0.42)
(0.42)

12.6
12.8
11.2
9.2

(0.14)
(0.17)
(0.31)
(1.58)
(0.40)

5.6 (1.05)
*5.4 (2.45)
6.5 (1.79)

11.9
12.1
11.6
18.4
9.4
*14.5
16.1
*10.9
16.9

(0.24)
(0.27)
(0.57)
(2.44)
(0.78)
(6.27)
(1.78)
(3.89)
(3.02)

6.2
6.4
6.6
7.9
1.9

(0.18)
(0.21)
(0.42)
(1.65)
(0.38)

9.7 (1.40)
*11.8 (4.50)
11.9 (3.18)

12.2
12.3
13.2
18.1
7.9

Sex
Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Age4 (years)
1844. . . .
4564. . . .
6574. . . .
75 and over

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4.5
5.2
4.0
3.4

One race5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American . . . . . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native . . . . .
Asian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
Two or more races6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, white . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native, white .

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4.5
4.8
3.9
7.1
2.5

(0.34)
(0.39)
(0.61)
(0.66)

Race
(0.23)
(0.27)
(0.60)
(2.28)
(0.69)

15.5 (1.73)
12.9 (3.45)
15.7 (2.90)

Hispanic or Latino origin7 and race


Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mexican or Mexican American . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino. . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race

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.
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.

.
.
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.

.
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.

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.

.
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.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

4.6
4.4
4.6
4.9
3.8

(0.32)
(0.45)
(0.16)
(0.20)
(0.31)

10.8
10.3
12.3
12.6
11.5

(0.51)
(0.65)
(0.27)
(0.31)
(0.58)

5.8
6.0
6.4
6.7
6.5

(0.38)
(0.53)
(0.21)
(0.25)
(0.43)

10.1
10.2
12.7
12.9
13.4

(0.48)
(0.60)
(0.26)
(0.31)
(0.62)

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
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.

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.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

8.2
5.4
4.7
2.0

(0.50)
(0.32)
(0.26)
(0.17)

13.3
12.1
11.7
10.7

(0.60)
(0.50)
(0.40)
(0.41)

10.2
7.9
6.6
2.5

(0.58)
(0.42)
(0.33)
(0.19)

14.5
13.2
12.6
9.9

(0.68)
(0.52)
(0.41)
(0.38)

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
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.
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.

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.

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.

.
.
.
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.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

8.2
2.9
4.0
3.4
2.7
2.0

(0.30)
(0.15)
(0.36)
(0.32)
(0.36)
(0.26)

14.7
11.0
11.6
11.5
10.8
10.3

(0.38)
(0.30)
(0.58)
(0.55)
(0.70)
(0.54)

10.3
4.5
6.3
5.3
4.0
2.9

(0.36)
(0.20)
(0.47)
(0.40)
(0.43)
(0.32)

15.4
11.1
12.6
12.0
10.0
10.0

(0.39)
(0.30)
(0.59)
(0.54)
(0.64)
(0.60)

Education8
Less than a high school diploma
High school diploma or GED9 . .
Some college . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bachelors degree or higher . . .

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

Family income10
Less than $35,000 . .
$35,000 or more . . .
$35,000$49,999 .
$50,000$74,999 .
$75,000$99,999 .
$100,000 or more .

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
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.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

Poverty status11
Poor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Near poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
See footnotes at end of table.

10.5 (0.57)
6.4 (0.38)
3.1 (0.16)

16.3 (0.62)
13.4 (0.55)
11.2 (0.30)

12.4 (0.60)
9.0 (0.47)
4.5 (0.20)

16.9 (0.66)
14.0 (0.57)
11.3 (0.29)

Page 62 [ Series 10, No. 256


Table 16. Age-adjusted percentages of feelings of nervousness or restlessness among adults aged 18 and over, by selected
characteristics: United States, 2011Con.
Nervousness1
All or most
of the time

Selected characteristic
Health insurance coverage12
Under 65:
Private . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicaid. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
65 and over:
Private . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare and Medicaid . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare only . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Restlessness1
Some of
the time

All or most
of the time

Some of
the time

Percent2 (standard error)


.
.
.
.

.
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.
.

.
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.

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.
.

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.

.
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.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

2.8
11.5
8.3
6.9

(0.16)
(0.79)
(1.04)
(0.41)

11.6
16.5
16.1
13.1

(0.34)
(0.82)
(1.39)
(0.56)

4.2
15.0
12.0
9.2

(0.20)
(0.88)
(1.28)
(0.50)

11.2
16.9
18.1
14.4

(0.32)
(0.90)
(1.46)
(0.56)

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
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.

.
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.
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.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

2.7
9.6
4.3
3.4

(0.33)
(1.45)
(0.52)
(0.86)

9.3
14.7
7.9
11.2

(0.61)
(1.72)
(0.72)
(1.83)

3.3
11.2
4.3
5.3

(0.38)
(1.55)
(0.54)
(1.14)

9.2
14.6
10.8
11.2

(0.58)
(1.76)
(0.81)
(1.61)

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

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.

.
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.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

3.5
5.7
7.4
5.1
5.6

(0.18)
(1.33)
(0.50)
(0.39)
(0.62)

10.6
17.8
15.2
13.1
12.7

(0.32)
(3.46)
(0.75)
(0.52)
(1.08)

4.9
10.9
10.1
6.9
9.1

(0.23)
(2.48)
(0.61)
(0.44)
(0.98)

10.9
11.1
16.5
12.9
14.1

(0.31)
(1.76)
(0.77)
(0.57)
(1.04)

Marital status
Married . . . . . . . . . .
Widowed . . . . . . . . .
Divorced or separated.
Never married. . . . . .
Living with a partner . .

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

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.

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.

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.
.

.
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.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

Place of residence13
Large MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Small MSA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4.3 (0.19)
4.5 (0.26)
5.7 (0.41)

12.1 (0.33)
11.8 (0.44)
12.1 (0.59)

5.5 (0.22)
6.5 (0.36)
8.3 (0.58)

12.0 (0.32)
12.3 (0.42)
12.9 (0.63)

4.2
4.6
4.9
4.3

10.5
13.1
11.8
12.3

5.0
6.1
7.0
6.2

10.4
13.2
12.4
12.5

Region
Northeast
Midwest .
South . . .
West . . .

.
.
.
.

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.

.
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.

.
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.

.
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.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

(0.33)
(0.31)
(0.24)
(0.27)

(0.51)
(0.52)
(0.42)
(0.46)

(0.37)
(0.36)
(0.33)
(0.39)

(0.50)
(0.56)
(0.37)
(0.46)

Hispanic or Latino origin7, race, and sex


Hispanic or Latino, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hispanic or Latina, female . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino:
White, single race, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race, female . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race, male .
Black or African American, single race, female

. . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .

3.4 (0.39)
5.8 (0.49)

9.5 (0.75)
12.0 (0.69)

4.8 (0.52)
6.8 (0.55)

9.1 (0.64)
11.1 (0.66)

.
.
.
.

3.9
5.9
3.2
4.4

10.4
14.6
11.1
11.8

6.2
7.1
6.6
6.5

12.5
13.2
12.6
14.1

.
.
.
.

.
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.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
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.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

(0.25)
(0.31)
(0.48)
(0.42)

(0.42)
(0.44)
(0.92)
(0.72)

(0.34)
(0.33)
(0.71)
(0.52)

(0.44)
(0.43)
(0.92)
(0.78)

Estimates with a relative standard error greater than 50% are replaced with a dagger and are not shown.
* Estimates preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error greater than 30% and less than or equal to 50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet standards of reliability or

precision.

1
In two separate questions, respondents were asked how often they felt nervous or restless in the past 30 days. Respondents could choose among five response categories: All of the time, Most of

the time, Some of the time, A little of the time, or None of the time. For this table, All and Most are combined, and Some is shown separately.

Unknowns for the columns are not included in the denominators when calculating percentages (see Appendix I). The percentages in this table are rounded.

Includes other races not shown separately and persons with unknown education, family income, poverty status, health insurance, and marital status characteristics.

4
Estimates for age groups are not age adjusted.

5
In accordance with the 1997 standards for federal data on race and Hispanic or Latino origin (see Appendix II), the category One race refers to persons who indicated only a single race group.

Persons who indicated a single race other than the groups shown are included in the total for One race but are not shown separately due to small sample sizes. Therefore, the frequencies for the

category One race will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific groups shown separately. Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. The

tables in this report use the current (1997) Office of Management and Budget race and Hispanic origin terms, and the text uses shorter versions of these terms for conciseness. For example, the

category One race, Black or African American in the tables is referred to as black persons in the text.

6
Refers to all persons who indicated more than one race group. Only two combinations of multiple race groups are shown due to small sample sizes for other combinations. Therefore, the frequencies

for the category Two or more races will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific combinations shown separately.

Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. Similarly, the category Not Hispanic or Latino refers to all persons who are not of Hispanic or Latino origin,

regardless of race.

Shown only for adults aged 25 and over. Estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S. standard population using four age groups: 2544, 4564, 6574, and 75 and over.

GED is General Educational Development high school equivalency diploma.

10
The categories Less than $35,000 and $35,000 or more include both persons reporting dollar amounts and persons reporting only that their incomes were within one of these two categories (see

Appendix I). The indented categories include only those persons who reported dollar amounts. Because of the different income questions used in 2007 and beyond, income estimates may not be

comparable with those from earlier years.

11

Based on family income and family size using the U.S. Census Bureaus poverty thresholds for the previous calendar year. Poor persons are defined as below the poverty threshold. Near poor

persons have incomes of 100% to less than 200% of the poverty threshold. Not poor persons have incomes that are 200% of the poverty threshold or greater. Because of the different income

questions used in 2007 and beyond, poverty ratio estimates may not be comparable with those from earlier years.

12
Based on a hierarchy of mutually exclusive categories. Persons with more than one type of health insurance were assigned to the first appropriate category in the hierarchy. Adults under age 65 and

those aged 65 and over were classified separately due to the predominance of Medicare coverage in the older population. The category Private includes persons who had any type of private

coverage either alone or in combination with other coverage. For example, for adults aged 65 and over, Private includes persons with only private coverage or private in combination with Medicare

coverage. The category Uninsured includes persons who had no coverage as well as those who had only Indian Health Service coverage or had only a private plan that paid for one type of service

Series 10, No. 256 [ Page 63


such as accidents or dental care (see Appendix I). Estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S. population as the standard population using two age groups for adults under age 65 (1844

and 4564), and two age groups for adults aged 65 and over (6574 and 75 and over).

13
MSA is metropolitan statistical area. Large MSAs have a population size of 1 million or more; small MSAs have a population size of less than 1 million. Not in MSA consists of persons not living in

a metropolitan statistical area.

NOTES: Estimates are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population. Unless otherwise specified, estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S.

population as the standard population using four age groups: 1844, 4564, 6574, and 75 and over. For crude percentages, refer to Table X in Appendix III.

SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2011.

Page 64 [ Series 10, No. 256


Table 17. Frequency of work-loss days among employed adults aged 18 and over in past 12 months, and number of work-loss days per
employed person; and frequency of bed days among all adults aged 18 and over in past 12 months, and number of bed days per
person, by selected characteristics: United States, 2011
Employed adults
All employed
adults aged
18 and over

Selected characteristic

Work-loss
days in the
past 12 months1

Number in thousands2
Total3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

All adults
Work-loss
days per
person
Mean
(standard
error)

All adults
aged 18
and over

Bed days
in the past
12 months1

Number in thousands2

Bed days
per person
Mean
(standard
error)

155,214

570,446

3.7 (0.13)

231,376

1,092,193

4.7 (0.19)

82,086
73,128

271,328
299,118

3.3 (0.17)
4.1 (0.19)

112,093
119,283

409,001
683,192

3.7 (0.22)
5.8 (0.28)

Sex
Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Age (years)
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

88,510
58,924
6,362
1,418

264,513
275,428
26,781
*3,724

3.0
4.7
4.2
*2.7

(0.12)
(0.28)
(0.74)
(0.86)

110,815
80,849
21,902
17,810

360,881
494,190
118,973
118,149

3.3
6.1
5.5
6.7

One race . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American. . . . . . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native . . . . . .
Asian . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander .
Two or more races5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, white . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native, white . .

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

152,718
125,231
18,087
1,142
7,936
322
2,496
543
876

561,222
464,481
76,882
3,865
15,100
*894
9,225
*2,004
3,328

3.7
3.7
4.3
3.4
1.9
*2.8
3.7
*3.7
3.9

(0.13)
(0.15)
(0.41)
(1.01)
(0.19)
(1.30)
(0.64)
(1.24)
(0.81)

227,770
186,233
27,666
1,980
11,468
423
3,605
675
1,457

1,068,771
859,780
161,600
11,947
31,394

23,422
*1,906
*12,543

4.7
4.6
5.9
6.0
2.7

1844 . . . .
4564 . . . .
6574 . . . .
75 and over.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

(0.19)
(0.36)
(0.53)
(0.92)

Race
4

(0.19)
(0.21)
(0.46)
(1.40)
(0.40)

6.6 (1.45)
2.9 (0.85)
*8.7 (2.80)

Hispanic or Latino origin6 and race


Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . .
Mexican or Mexican American . .
Not Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . .
White, single race . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single

. . . .
. . . .
. . . .
. . . .
race .

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

22,603
13,901
132,611
104,725
17,343

72,742
49,217
497,704
397,539
75,189

3.2
3.5
3.8
3.8
4.4

(0.34)
(0.52)
(0.14)
(0.16)
(0.43)

32,762
20,101
198,614
156,482
26,552

111,396
72,909
980,797
761,990
155,142

3.4
3.6
5.0
4.9
5.9

(0.29)
(0.41)
(0.21)
(0.24)
(0.47)

.
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.

Education7
Less than a high school diploma .
High school diploma or GED8 . . .
Some college. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bachelors degree or higher . . . .

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12,543
31,563
40,827
48,242

51,265
152,661
178,656
140,619

4.1
4.9
4.4
2.9

(0.50)
(0.39)
(0.28)
(0.18)

28,318
52,560
58,568
60,869

216,313
343,526
312,494
149,948

7.7
6.6
5.4
2.5

(0.70)
(0.51)
(0.34)
(0.16)

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37,623
109,329
20,598
28,805
21,524
38,402

162,826
379,796
78,589
108,562
84,433
108,212

4.3
3.5
3.8
3.8
3.9
2.8

(0.27)
(0.15)
(0.35)
(0.31)
(0.38)
(0.21)

74,445
142,828
31,262
39,095
26,539
45,931

561,853
475,046
137,574
133,032
77,910
126,531

7.6
3.3
4.4
3.4
2.9
2.8

(0.40)
(0.19)
(0.55)
(0.31)
(0.33)
(0.32)

Poverty status10
Poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Near poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

13,903
21,515
109,619

54,171
80,657
391,855

3.9 (0.43)
3.8 (0.30)
3.6 (0.15)

29,739
37,180
145,415

244,233
259,725
485,851

8.3 (0.62)
7.0 (0.51)
3.4 (0.18)

Family income9
Less than $35,000 .
$35,000 or more . . .
$35,000$49,999 .
$50,000$74,999 .
$75,000$99,999 .
$100,000 or more.

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See footnotes at end of table.

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Series 10, No. 256 [ Page 65


Table 17. Frequency of work-loss days among employed adults aged 18 and over in past 12 months, and number of work-loss days per
employed person; and frequency of bed days among all adults aged 18 and over in past 12 months, and number of bed days per
person, by selected characteristics: United States, 2011Con.
Employed adults
All employed
adults aged
18 and over

Selected characteristic

Health insurance coverage11


Under 65:
Private . . . . . . . . . .
Medicaid . . . . . . . . .
Other . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . .
65 and over:
Private . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare and Medicaid
Medicare only . . . . . .
Other . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . .

Work-loss
days in the
past 12 months1

Number in thousands2

All adults
Work-loss
days per
person
Mean
(standard
error)

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105,859
8,383
3,861
28,763

386,683
35,166
13,745
102,601

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5,034
143
2,082
427
70

21,388

4,709
*2,296

status
. . . . .
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. . . . .
. . . . .

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84,700
3,088
17,641
35,948
13,607

301,593
20,711
91,219
107,744
48,681

3.6
6.7
5.2
3.0
3.6

Large MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Small MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

84,853
47,477
22,884

.
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.
.

Marital
Married . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Widowed . . . . . . . . . . . .
Divorced or separated . . . .
Never married . . . . . . . . .
Living with a partner . . . . .

3.7
4.2
3.6
3.6

All adults
aged 18
and over

Bed days
in the past
12 months1

Number in thousands2

Bed days
per person
Mean
(standard
error)

(0.15)
(0.66)
(0.57)
(0.33)

123,512
19,167
8,580
39,635

340,874
245,034
116,854
151,222

2.8
13.0
13.7
3.8

(0.17)
(1.16)
(1.34)
(0.30)

4.3 (0.90)

2.3 (0.55)
*5.4 (1.73)

20,987
2,637
12,948
2,762
290

101,051
35,591
78,348
19,753

4.9
13.7
6.1
7.2

(0.58)
(2.63)
(0.98)
(1.87)

(0.18)
(1.29)
(0.46)
(0.23)
(0.34)

123,317
13,796
26,815
49,933
17,131

470,227
116,972
227,088
204,296
69,647

3.8
8.6
8.5
4.1
4.1

(0.22)
(1.08)
(0.74)
(0.32)
(0.44)

304,395
175,065
90,987

3.6 (0.19)
3.7 (0.22)
4.0 (0.26)

123,142
70,681
37,552

513,190
311,003
268,000

4.2 (0.22)
4.4 (0.26)
7.2 (0.73)

28,051
37,471
53,836
35,855

110,355
139,311
194,118
126,662

3.9
3.7
3.6
3.5

(0.34)
(0.28)
(0.19)
(0.26)

41,615
53,400
82,487
53,874

200,171
239,265
430,294
222,463

4.8
4.5
5.2
4.2

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

13,345
9,258

41,808
30,934

3.1 (0.49)
3.4 (0.39)

16,871
15,890

49,487
61,909

. . . .
. . . .
single
single

55,034
49,692
8,235
9,108

183,643
213,897
34,555
40,635

3.3
4.3
4.2
4.5

75,875
80,608
12,073
14,479

279,886
482,104
53,799
101,344

Place of residence12

Region
Northeast
Midwest .
South . .
West . . .

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(0.52)
(0.31)
(0.32)
(0.36)

Hispanic or Latino origin6, race, and sex


Hispanic or Latino, male . . .
Hispanic or Latina, female . .
Not Hispanic or Latino:
White, single race, male. .
White, single race, female
Black or African American,
Black or African American,

. . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . .
race, male . .
race, female .

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(0.20)
(0.26)
(0.75)
(0.47)

2.9 (0.43)
3.9 (0.37)
3.7
6.0
4.5
7.1

(0.29)
(0.37)
(0.57)
(0.71)

* Estimates preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error greater than 30% and less than or equal to 50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet standards of reliability or

precision.

Estimates with a relative standard error greater than 50% are replaced with a dagger and are not shown.

1
Respondents who had worked during the past year were asked, During the past 12 months, about how many days did you miss work at a job or business because of illness or injury (do not include

maternity leave)? In addition, all respondents were asked, During the past 12 months, about how many days did illness or injury keep you in the bed more than half of the day (include days while an

overnight patient in a hospital)?

2
Unknowns for the columns Work-loss days in the past 12 months and Bed days in the past 12 months are not included in the denominators when calculating rates in columns Days per person

(see Appendix I). They are, however, included in the All employed adults aged 18 and over and All adults aged 18 and over columns. The numbers in this table are rounded.

Includes other races not shown separately and persons with unknown education, family income, poverty status, health insurance, and marital status characteristics.

In accordance with the 1997 standards for federal data on race and Hispanic or Latino origin (see Appendix II), the category One race refers to persons who indicated only a single race group.

Persons who indicated a single race other than the groups shown are included in the total for One race, but not shown separately due to small sample sizes. Therefore, the frequencies for the

category One race will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific groups shown separately. Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. The

tables in this report use the current (1997) Office of Management and Budget race and Hispanic origin terms, and the text uses shorter versions of these terms for conciseness. For example, the

category One race, Black or African American in the tables is referred to as black persons in the text.

5
Refers to all persons who indicated more than one race group. Only two combinations of multiple race groups are shown due to small sample sizes for other combinations. Therefore, the frequencies

for the category Two or more races will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific combinations shown separately. Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or

combination of races.

Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. Similarly, the category Not Hispanic or Latino refers to all persons who are not of Hispanic or Latino origin,

regardless of race.

Shown only for adults aged 25 and over.

GED is General Educational Development high school equivalency diploma.

9
The categories Less than $35,000 and $35,000 or more include both persons reporting dollar amounts and persons reporting only that their incomes were within one of these two categories (see

Appendix I). The indented categories include only those persons who reported dollar amounts. Because of the different income questions used in 2007 and beyond, income estimates may not be

comparable with those from earlier years.

Page 66 [ Series 10, No. 256


10

Based on family income and family size using the U.S. Census Bureaus poverty thresholds for the previous calendar year. Poor persons are defined as below the poverty threshold. Near poor
persons have incomes of 100% to less than 200% of the poverty threshold. Not poor persons have incomes that are 200% of the poverty threshold or greater. Because of the different income
questions used in 2007 and beyond, poverty ratio estimates may not be comparable with those from earlier years.
11
Based on a hierarchy of mutually exclusive categories. Persons with more than one type of health insurance were assigned to the first appropriate category in the hierarchy. Adults under age 65 and
those aged 65 and over were classified separately due to the predominance of Medicare coverage in the older population. The category Private includes persons who had any type of private
coverage either alone or in combination with other coverage. For example, for adults aged 65 and over, Private includes persons with only private coverage or private in combination with Medicare
coverage. The category Uninsured includes persons who had no coverage as well as those who had only Indian Health Service coverage or had only a private plan that paid for one type of service
such as accidents or dental care (see Appendix II).
12
MSA is metropolitan statistical area. Large MSAs have a population size of 1 million or more; small MSAs have a population size of less than 1 million. Not in MSA consists of persons not living in
a metropolitan statistical area.

NOTE: Estimates are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population.
SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2011.

Series 10, No. 256 [ Page 67


Table 18. Frequencies of difficulties in physical functioning among adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics:
United States, 2011
Physical activities that are very difficult or cannot be done at all1
All
Climb up
adults
Any
Walk
10 steps
Stoop, Reach
Grasp or
Lift or
Push or
aged 18 physical quarter
without Stand for Sit for bend, or over
handle
carry
pull large
2
and over difficulty of a mile resting
2 hours 2 hours
kneel
head small objects 10 pounds objects

Selected characteristic

Number in thousands3
Total4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

231,376

37,368

17,597

12,887

22,369

7,724

21,677

6,550

4,329

10,677

15,998

112,093
119,283

14,376
22,992

6,814
10,783

4,521
8,366

8,943
13,425

3,075
4,649

8,377
13,300

2,603
3,948

1,742
2,588

3,169
7,508

5,240
10,758

Sex
Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Age (years)
1844
4564
6574
75 and

. . . .
. . . .
. . . .
over .

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110,815
80,849
21,902
17,810

6,598
15,492
6,733
8,546

2,336
6,734
3,373
5,155

1,442
5,142
2,452
3,851

3,434
9,002
4,021
5,912

1,810
3,930
1,130
855

3,090
9,355
3,913
5,319

833
2,979
1,163
1,575

602
1,902
837
988

1,528
4,177
1,803
3,169

2,498
6,733
2,656
4,112

Race
One race5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American . . . . . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native . . . . .
Asian . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
Two or more races6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, white. . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native, white .

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227,770
186,233
27,666
1,980
11,468
423
3,605
675
1,457

36,774
30,132
5,131
415
1,054

594
*58
401

17,302
14,064
2,626
205
394

295

230

12,630
10,133
1,968
190
306

258

172

21,965
18,009
3,073
273
593

404

310

7,534
6,104
1,129
106
191

190

137

21,311
17,705
2,849
240
504

366

258

6,436
5,270
852
99
206

114

88

4,242
3,527
550
*47
118

88

72

10,525
8,082
1,835
167
441

151

115

15,754
12,610
2,376
212
552

244
*31
154

Hispanic or Latino origin7 and race


Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mexican or Mexican American . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race

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32,762
20,101
198,614
156,482
26,552

3,785
2,225
33,583
26,775
4,971

1,503
943
16,095
12,726
2,565

1,438
892
11,450
8,887
1,902

2,119
1,249
20,250
16,168
2,958

989
569
6,736
5,233
1,074

2,163
1,324
19,514
15,800
2,762

714
378
5,837
4,618
832

479
270
3,850
3,073
538

1,383
772
9,293
6,879
1,756

1,833
1,025
14,165
10,970
2,308

Education8
Less than a high school diploma
High school diploma or GED9 . .
Some college . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bachelors degree or higher . . .

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28,318
52,560
58,568
60,869

9,193
11,940
10,086
4,895

5,171
5,943
4,132
1,812

4,145
4,101
3,073
1,156

6,012
7,266
5,524
2,905

2,112
2,515
2,132
686

5,622
7,102
5,785
2,626

1,921
2,075
1,712
686

1,118
1,432
1,119
517

3,438
3,472
2,437
975

4,685
5,246
3,963
1,545

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.
.

74,445
142,828
31,262
39,095
26,539
45,931

19,261
15,756
5,487
4,842
2,286
3,141

10,033
6,405
2,353
2,068
845
1,138

7,715
4,372
1,650
1,366
594
762

12,447
8,640
3,179
2,691
1,120
1,650

4,578
2,785
1,062
819
431
472

11,342
8,871
3,138
2,849
1,207
1,677

3,748
2,510
985
720
330
475

2,411
1,706
558
550
285
312

6,703
3,366
1,280
983
542
561

9,350
5,777
2,107
1,669
908
1,094

Poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Near poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

29,739
37,180
145,415

7,531
8,357
17,400

3,941
4,111
7,272

3,105
3,132
4,954

4,983
5,335
9,567

2,268
1,942
2,847

4,446
4,806
9,874

1,507
1,625
2,721

1,082
905
1,904

2,748
2,724
3,859

3,871
3,878
6,405

Family income10
Less than $35,000 . .
$35,000 or more . . .
$35,000$49,999 .
$50,000$74,999 .
$75,000$99,999 .
$100,000 or more .

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

Poverty status11

See footnotes at end of table.

Page 68 [ Series 10, No. 256


Table 18. Frequencies of difficulties in physical functioning among adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics:
United States, 2011Con.
Physical activities that are very difficult or cannot be done at all1
All
Climb up
adults
Any
Walk
10 steps
Stoop, Reach
Grasp or
Lift or
Push or
aged 18 physical quarter
without Stand for Sit for bend, or over
handle
carry
pull large
2
and over difficulty of a mile resting
2 hours 2 hours
kneel
head small objects 10 pounds objects

Selected characteristic
Health insurance
Under 65:
Private. . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicaid . . . . . . . . . .
Other . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured. . . . . . . . . .
65 and over:
Private. . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare and Medicaid .
Medicare only . . . . . . .
Other . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured. . . . . . . . . .

coverage12

Number in thousands3

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

123,512
19,167
8,580
39,635

8,926
5,456
3,202
4,403

2,765
2,931
1,684
1,640

1,756
2,259
1,405
1,150

4,336
3,648
2,139
2,258

1,755
1,554
1,008
1,408

4,795
3,020
2,064
2,531

1,345
1,146
718
590

919
742
385
449

1,612
1,985
1,142
966

3,097
2,705
1,664
1,728

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

20,987
2,637
12,948
2,762
290

7,407
1,678
4,837
1,246
*60

4,055
1,082
2,628
711

2,737
960
2,034
523

4,670
1,271
3,148
777
*44

776
372
671
149

4,437
1,140
2,855
727
*50

1,163
439
860
249

774
286
640
101

2,104
860
1,579
387

3,002
996
2,217
501

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

123,317
13,796
26,815
49,933
17,131

17,869
6,479
6,719
4,375
1,832

7,786
3,857
3,190
1,902
796

5,459
2,950
2,453
1,422
538

10,066
4,388
4,298
2,526
1,013

3,576
914
1,725
914
570

10,203
4,005
4,124
2,293
991

2,996
1,407
1,213
631
282

2,082
803
825
443
171

4,557
2,507
1,942
1,185
454

6,991
3,227
3,090
1,948
676

Large MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Small MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

123,142
70,681
37,552

17,384
11,615
8,369

7,604
5,640
4,353

5,820
4,054
3,013

10,416
6,859
5,094

3,373
2,299
2,052

9,851
6,701
5,125

2,984
1,893
1,674

2,065
1,200
1,064

5,184
3,136
2,356

7,382
4,933
3,683

Marital status
Married. . . . . . . . . .
Widowed. . . . . . . . .
Divorced or separated
Never married . . . . .
Living with a partner. .

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

Place of residence13

Region
Northeast
Midwest .
South . . .
West . . .

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

41,615
53,400
82,487
53,874

6,194
8,312
15,256
7,605

2,854
3,755
7,693
3,295

1,984
2,590
5,750
2,563

3,772
4,793
9,149
4,654

1,163
1,495
3,464
1,601

3,666
4,602
9,152
4,257

1,155
1,354
2,601
1,440

665
863
1,985
816

1,768
2,182
4,542
2,184

2,549
3,305
6,899
3,246

Hispanic or Latino, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Hispanic or Latina, female . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino:
White, single race, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race, female. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race, male .
Black or African American, single race, female

.
.

16,871
15,890

1,395
2,390

612
891

540
897

825
1,293

354
634

783
1,380

250
463

190
289

431
952

713
1,120

.
.
.
.

75,875
80,608
12,073
14,479

10,407
16,368
1,878
3,093

4,915
7,811
973
1,592

3,123
5,764
631
1,271

6,549
9,618
1,130
1,828

2,130
3,103
389
684

6,131
9,669
1,048
1,715

1,953
2,665
274
558

1,258
1,815
219
319

2,011
4,869
538
1,218

3,502
7,468
730
1,578

Hispanic or Latino origin7, race, and sex

* Estimates preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error greater than 30% and less than or equal to 50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet standards of reliability or

precision.

Estimates with a relative standard error greater than 50% are replaced with a dagger and are not shown.

Quantity zero.

1
In a series of separate questions, respondents were asked the degree of difficulty they experienced performing nine physical activities by themselves and without using any special equipment. The

activities included walking a quarter of a mile (or three city blocks); standing for 2 hours; stooping, bending, or kneeling; climbing 10 steps without resting; sitting for 2 hours; reaching over ones head;

using ones fingers to grasp or handle small objects; lifting or carrying a 10-pound object (such as a full bag of groceries); and pushing or pulling a large object (such as a living room chair). The

response categories consisted of not at all difficult, only a little difficult, somewhat difficult, very difficult, cant do at all, or do not do this activity. For this table, response categories very

difficult and cant do at all are combined and shown in the columns.

Consists of a very difficult or cant do at all response to at least one of the nine physical activities shown in columns 412.

Frequencies of persons reporting no difficulty in physical functioning, only a little or some difficulty, or that they do not do this activity, and those for whom the information is unknown (see

Appendix I), are not shown separately but are included in the All adults aged 18 and over column. Numbers in this table are rounded.

Includes other races not shown separately and persons with unknown education, family income, poverty status, health insurance, and marital status characteristics.

In accordance with the 1997 standards for federal data on race and Hispanic or Latino origin (see Appendix II), the category One race refers to persons who indicated only a single race group.

Persons who indicated a single race other than the groups shown are included in the total for One race but are not shown separately due to small sample sizes. Therefore, the frequencies for the

category One race will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific groups shown separately. Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. The

tables in this report use the current (1997) Office of Management and Budget race and Hispanic origin terms, and the text uses shorter versions of these terms for conciseness. For example, the

category One race, Black or African American in the tables is referred to as black persons in the text.

6
Refers to all persons who indicated more than one race group. Only two combinations of multiple race groups are shown due to small sample sizes for other combinations. Therefore, the frequencies

for the category Two or more races will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific combinations shown separately.

Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. Similarly, the category Not Hispanic or Latino refers to all persons who are not of Hispanic or Latino origin,

regardless of race.

Shown only for adults aged 25 and over.

GED is General Educational Development high school equivalency diploma.

The categories Less than $35,000 and $35,000 or more include both persons reporting dollar amounts and persons reporting only that their incomes were within one of these two categories (see

Appendix I). The indented categories include only those persons who reported dollar amounts. Because of the different income questions used in 2007 and beyond, income estimates may not be

comparable with those from earlier years.

10

Series 10, No. 256 [ Page 69


11

Based on family income and family size using the U.S. Census Bureaus poverty thresholds for the previous calendar year. Poor persons are defined as below the poverty threshold. Near poor
persons have incomes of 100% to less than 200% of the poverty threshold. Not poor persons have incomes that are 200% of the poverty threshold or greater. Because of the different income
questions used in 2007 and beyond, poverty ratio estimates may not be comparable with those from earlier years.
12
Based on a hierarchy of mutually exclusive categories. Persons with more than one type of health insurance were assigned to the first appropriate category in the hierarchy. Adults under age 65 and
those aged 65 and over were classified separately due to the predominance of Medicare coverage in the older population. The category Private includes persons who had any type of private
coverage either alone or in combination with other coverage. For example, for adults aged 65 and over, Private includes persons with only private coverage or private in combination with Medicare
coverage. The category Uninsured includes persons who had no coverage as well as those who had only Indian Health Service coverage or had only a private plan that paid for one type of service
such as accidents or dental care (see Appendix II).
13
MSA is metropolitan statistical area. Large MSAs have a population size of 1 million or more; small MSAs have a population size of less than 1 million. Not in MSA consists of persons not living in a
metropolitan statistical area.

NOTE: Estimates are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population.
SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2011.

Physical activities that are very difficult or cannot be done at all1


Any
physical
difficulty2

Selected characteristic

Walk
quarter
of a mile

Climb up
10 steps
without resting

Stand
for
2 hours

Sit for
2 hours

Stoop,
bend,
or kneel

Reach
over
head

Grasp or
handle
small objects

Lift or
carry
10 pounds

Push or
pull large
objects

Percent3 (standard error)


4

Total (age-adjusted) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total4 (crude) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

15.5 (0.24)
16.2 (0.27)

7.3 (0.17)
7.6 (0.18)

5.3 (0.14)
5.6 (0.16)

9.3 (0.18)
9.7 (0.20)

3.2 (0.12)
3.3 (0.12)

9.0 (0.19)
9.4 (0.21)

2.7 (0.10)
2.8 (0.11)

1.8 (0.08)
1.9 (0.09)

4.5 (0.13)
4.6 (0.14)

6.6 (0.16)
6.9 (0.17)

Sex
Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

12.9 (0.31)
17.9 (0.32)

6.1 (0.22)
8.3 (0.23)

4.1 (0.19)
6.4 (0.20)

8.0 (0.25)
10.4 (0.25)

2.6 (0.15)
3.6 (0.17)

7.5 (0.25)
10.2 (0.25)

2.3 (0.14)
3.0 (0.13)

1.5 (0.12)
2.0 (0.11)

2.8 (0.15)
5.8 (0.19)

4.7 (0.19)
8.3 (0.23)

(0.11)
(0.28)
(0.60)
(0.90)

3.1
11.1
18.4
33.2

(0.18)
(0.37)
(0.77)
(1.03)

1.6
4.9
5.2
4.8

(0.13)
(0.25)
(0.43)
(0.46)

2.8
11.6
17.9
29.9

(0.17)
(0.36)
(0.76)
(0.98)

0.8
3.7
5.3
8.8

(0.08)
(0.20)
(0.41)
(0.59)

0.5
2.4
3.8
5.5

(0.14)
(0.16)
(0.43)
(1.59)
(0.42)

10.5 (1.54)
*13.8 (5.85)
12.0 (2.34)

9.2
9.0
11.9
14.1
5.9

(0.18)
(0.20)
(0.50)
(1.74)
(0.61)

15.0 (1.78)

21.0 (3.39)

3.1
3.1
4.2
5.4
1.8

(0.12)
(0.13)
(0.33)
(1.41)
(0.37)

6.4 (1.33)

*9.3 (2.82)

8.9
8.8
11.0
12.4
5.0

(0.19)
(0.21)
(0.48)
(1.84)
(0.56)

13.3 (1.69)

17.4 (3.21)

2.7
2.6
3.4
*5.1
2.1

(0.10)
(0.11)
(0.28)
(1.53)
(0.37)

4.5 (1.00)

5.7 (1.50)

1.8
1.8
2.1
*2.4
1.2

1844. . . .
4564. . . .
6574. . . .
75 and over

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

Age5
. . . .
. . . .
. . . .
. . . .

(years)
. . . . .
. . . . .
. . . . .
. . . . .

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
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.
.

.
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.
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.
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.

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.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

6.0
19.2
30.7
48.0

(0.24)
(0.47)
(0.88)
(1.12)

2.1
8.3
15.4
28.9

Race
One race6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American . . . . . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native . . . . .
Asian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
Two or more races7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, white . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native, white .

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

15.5
15.1
19.7
21.4
10.1

(0.15)
(0.33)
(0.72)
(0.98)

1.3
6.4
11.2
21.6

(0.24)
(0.26)
(0.66)
(2.10)
(0.80)

20.8 (1.98)
21.1 (6.23)
26.9 (3.54)

7.3
7.0
10.4
10.5
4.0

(0.17)
(0.19)
(0.47)
(1.74)
(0.47)

11.4 (1.55)

14.7 (2.39)

5.3
5.0
7.8
9.9
3.1

(0.07)
(0.17)
(0.36)
(0.48)

1.4
5.2
8.2
17.8

(0.11)
(0.25)
(0.51)
(0.86)

2.3
8.3
12.1
23.1

(0.08)
(0.09)
(0.21)
(1.02)
(0.30)

3.6 (0.92)

4.5 (1.22)

4.4
4.1
7.3
8.7
4.3

(0.13)
(0.14)
(0.38)
(1.59)
(0.55)

6.2 (1.23)

8.0 (1.96)

6.6
6.3
9.3
10.9
5.4

(0.15)
(0.31)
(0.61)
(0.96)

(0.16)
(0.18)
(0.42)
(1.83)
(0.62)

9.2 (1.45)
*9.2 (3.88)
9.9 (1.94)

Hispanic or Latino origin8 and race


Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mexican or Mexican American . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino. . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

15.3
16.0
15.7
15.3
19.7

(0.57)
(0.75)
(0.26)
(0.29)
(0.67)

6.4
7.6
7.5
7.2
10.4

(0.45)
(0.68)
(0.18)
(0.21)
(0.48)

6.5
7.4
5.3
5.0
7.8

(0.42)
(0.60)
(0.16)
(0.17)
(0.43)

9.0
9.5
9.4
9.2
11.9

(0.47)
(0.65)
(0.20)
(0.22)
(0.50)

3.6
3.7
3.1
3.0
4.1

(0.28)
(0.37)
(0.13)
(0.15)
(0.34)

9.1
10.0
9.0
8.9
11.0

(0.47)
(0.66)
(0.20)
(0.23)
(0.49)

3.1
3.1
2.7
2.6
3.4

(0.30)
(0.38)
(0.11)
(0.13)
(0.29)

2.1
2.2
1.8
1.7
2.1

(0.25)
(0.37)
(0.09)
(0.10)
(0.22)

6.2
6.2
4.3
3.9
7.1

(0.40)
(0.52)
(0.14)
(0.15)
(0.39)

7.8
8.1
6.6
6.2
9.3

(0.44)
(0.58)
(0.18)
(0.20)
(0.43)

Education9
Less than a high school diploma
High school diploma or GED10 .
Some college . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bachelors degree or higher . . .

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

28.0
20.5
17.7
9.0

(0.79)
(0.56)
(0.46)
(0.35)

15.4
9.9
7.5
3.6

(0.63)
(0.39)
(0.31)
(0.22)

12.0
6.8
5.5
2.3

(0.53)
(0.32)
(0.28)
(0.20)

18.1
12.4
9.9
5.5

(0.65)
(0.44)
(0.37)
(0.28)

7.0
4.4
3.5
1.1

(0.45)
(0.29)
(0.22)
(0.12)

16.8
12.1
10.1
4.8

(0.65)
(0.42)
(0.38)
(0.28)

5.6
3.5
3.0
1.2

(0.36)
(0.23)
(0.23)
(0.13)

3.3
2.4
1.9
0.9

(0.29)
(0.21)
(0.17)
(0.12)

10.2
5.9
4.3
1.9

(0.49)
(0.31)
(0.25)
(0.18)

14.1
8.9
6.9
2.9

(0.57)
(0.38)
(0.31)
(0.21)

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

24.5
11.6
16.6
12.6
9.6
8.7

(0.42)
(0.29)
(0.63)
(0.55)
(0.62)
(0.55)

12.5
5.0
7.0
5.5
4.1
3.9

(0.34)
(0.20)
(0.45)
(0.38)
(0.43)
(0.41)

9.6
3.4
4.9
3.7
2.7
2.8

(0.30)
(0.17)
(0.39)
(0.34)
(0.35)
(0.37)

15.7
6.5
9.6
7.1
4.9
5.0

(0.35)
(0.23)
(0.49)
(0.44)
(0.49)
(0.45)

6.2
1.9
3.3
2.0
1.6
1.1

(0.27)
(0.12)
(0.33)
(0.23)
(0.26)
(0.19)

14.4
6.5
9.5
7.4
5.1
4.7

(0.35)
(0.22)
(0.50)
(0.46)
(0.46)
(0.44)

4.8
1.8
3.0
1.9
1.4
1.5

(0.21)
(0.12)
(0.30)
(0.23)
(0.25)
(0.30)

3.1
1.2
1.7
1.5
1.2
0.9

(0.18)
(0.11)
(0.20)
(0.22)
(0.24)
(0.23)

8.4
2.6
3.8
2.6
2.2
2.1

(0.27)
(0.15)
(0.33)
(0.27)
(0.31)
(0.33)

11.8
4.3
6.4
4.5
3.6
3.5

(0.32)
(0.19)
(0.42)
(0.35)
(0.39)
(0.40)

Family income11
Less than $35,000 . .
$35,000 or more . . .
$35,000$49,999 .
$50,000$74,999 .
$75,000$99,999 .
$100,000 or more .

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

Poverty status 12
Poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Near poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
See footnotes at end of table.

28.9 (0.75)
22.4 (0.61)
11.7 (0.27)

15.4 (0.60)
10.9 (0.46)
5.0 (0.18)

12.5 (0.56)
8.3 (0.42)
3.4 (0.15)

19.2 (0.64)
14.2 (0.52)
6.5 (0.20)

8.5 (0.48)
5.5 (0.36)
1.8 (0.11)

17.4 (0.63)
12.9 (0.51)
6.5 (0.21)

6.0 (0.39)
4.4 (0.33)
1.8 (0.11)

4.2 (0.37)
2.5 (0.23)
1.3 (0.10)

11.0 (0.55)
7.2 (0.38)
2.7 (0.13)

15.2 (0.63)
10.4 (0.45)
4.4 (0.17)

Page 70 [ Series 10, No. 256

Table 19. Age-adjusted percentages of difficulties in physical functioning among adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics: United States, 2011

Table 19. Age-adjusted percentages of difficulties in physical functioning among adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics: United States, 2011Con.
Physical activities that are very difficult or cannot be done at all1
Any
physical
difficulty2

Selected characteristic
Health insurance coverage13
Under 65:
Private . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicaid. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
65 and over:
Private . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare and Medicaid . . . . . . . . .
Medicare only . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Walk
quarter
of a mile

Climb up
10 steps
without resting

Stand
for
2 hours

Sit for
2 hours

Stoop,
bend,
or kneel

Reach
over
head

Grasp or
handle
small objects

Lift or
carry
10 pounds

Push or
pull large
objects

Percent3 (standard error)


.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

6.4
29.8
27.4
11.9

(0.23)
(0.96)
(1.57)
(0.53)

1.9
16.2
14.1
4.5

(0.12)
(0.84)
(1.12)
(0.33)

1.2
12.6
11.9
3.2

(0.10)
(0.74)
(1.06)
(0.29)

3.0
20.0
17.8
6.2

(0.15)
(0.85)
(1.19)
(0.38)

1.3
8.5
8.3
3.8

(0.10)
(0.64)
(0.90)
(0.33)

3.3
16.7
16.9
6.9

(0.16)
(0.81)
(1.18)
(0.42)

0.9
6.3
5.5
1.7

(0.09)
(0.51)
(0.67)
(0.23)

0.6
4.1
3.3
1.2

(0.07)
(0.50)
(0.63)
(0.18)

1.1
10.9
9.3
2.6

(0.09)
(0.70)
(0.91)
(0.26)

2.2
14.8
13.9
4.8

(0.14)
(0.76)
(1.08)
(0.35)

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

35.9
63.8
37.9
44.6
*28.4

(1.02)
(2.27)
(1.21)
(2.59)
(9.29)

19.8
41.2
20.7
25.3
*20.9

(0.80)
(2.40)
(0.97)
(2.27)
(9.20)

13.3
36.5
16.0
18.6
*21.4

(0.69)
(2.18)
(0.88)
(2.03)
(8.71)

22.7
48.4
24.7
27.6
*23.8

(0.86)
(2.37)
(1.05)
(2.19)
(9.24)

3.7
14.1
5.2
5.5

(0.43)
(1.74)
(0.54)
(1.12)

21.5
43.4
22.4
25.9
*25.0

(0.83)
(2.28)
(1.12)
(2.37)
(9.30)

5.7
16.7
6.7
9.0

(0.45)
(1.93)
(0.58)
(1.58)

3.7
10.8
5.0
3.6

(0.39)
(1.54)
(0.55)
(0.98)

10.3
32.8
12.5
13.9

(0.61)
(2.28)
(0.86)
(1.83)

14.7
37.9
17.5
17.8
*8.0

(0.72)
(2.24)
(0.92)
(1.95)
(3.69)

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

13.2
23.4
22.2
16.5
14.6

(0.31)
(2.73)
(0.80)
(0.67)
(1.27)

5.7
10.1
10.6
7.9
6.7

(0.21)
(1.45)
(0.54)
(0.55)
(0.96)

3.9
8.4
7.9
6.5
3.8

(0.17)
(1.44)
(0.45)
(0.51)
(0.55)

7.4
13.7
14.4
10.7
7.5

(0.24)
(1.75)
(0.70)
(0.59)
(0.78)

2.6
5.8
5.8
3.1
3.9

(0.14)
(1.47)
(0.49)
(0.32)
(0.66)

7.4
14.6
13.3
9.3
7.9

(0.24)
(2.62)
(0.62)
(0.59)
(0.95)

2.1
5.7
3.8
2.8
2.2

(0.13)
(1.45)
(0.32)
(0.33)
(0.48)

1.5
2.2
2.7
1.8
1.1

(0.11)
(0.29)
(0.27)
(0.30)
(0.28)

3.4
7.9
6.4
4.8
3.5

(0.17)
(1.47)
(0.40)
(0.44)
(0.55)

5.1
9.3
9.6
7.5
4.7

Marital status

Married . . . . . . . . . .
Widowed . . . . . . . . .
Divorced or separated.
Never married. . . . . .
Living with a partner . .

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
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.

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.
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.

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.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

(0.20)

(1.46)

(0.47)

(0.51)

(0.58)

Place of residence 14
Large MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Small MSA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

14.1 (0.32)
15.9 (0.44)
19.7 (0.67)

6.2 (0.22)
7.8 (0.31)
10.1 (0.48)

4.8 (0.19)
5.5 (0.26)
6.9 (0.43)

8.5 (0.25)
9.4 (0.30)
12.0 (0.52)

2.7 (0.15)
3.1 (0.18)
5.0 (0.39)

8.0 (0.25)
9.1 (0.35)
11.9 (0.49)

2.4 (0.14)
2.5 (0.18)
3.9 (0.28)

1.7 (0.12)
1.6 (0.13)
2.4 (0.19)

4.2 (0.18)
4.3 (0.23)
5.5 (0.36)

6.0 (0.22)

6.7 (0.28)

8.6 (0.45)

4.3
4.7
6.7
4.7

8.3
8.8
10.7
8.6

2.6
2.7
4.0
2.9

8.1
8.3
10.6
7.8

2.6
2.5
3.0
2.6

1.4
1.6
2.3
1.5

3.9
4.0
5.3
4.0

5.6
6.0
8.0
5.9

Region

Northeast
Midwest .
South . . .
West . . .

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

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.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

13.8
15.1
17.8
13.9

(0.52)
(0.47)
(0.43)
(0.45)

6.2
7.0
9.0
6.0

(0.37)
(0.32)
(0.31)
(0.31)

(0.28)
(0.28)
(0.27)
(0.28)

(0.37)
(0.37)
(0.32)
(0.33)

(0.24)
(0.22)
(0.23)
(0.21)

(0.43)
(0.35)
(0.35)
(0.34)

(0.25)
(0.21)
(0.17)
(0.20)

(0.18)
(0.16)
(0.15)
(0.17)

(0.28)
(0.25)
(0.25)
(0.25)

(0.33)
(0.30)
(0.30)
(0.31)

Hispanic or Latino origin 8, race, and sex


. .
. .

11.8 (0.83)
18.4 (0.78)

.
.
.
.

12.8
17.5
17.0
21.8

.
.
.
.

(0.38)
(0.40)
(0.92)
(0.87)

5.6 (0.71)
7.2 (0.54)
6.0
8.1
9.1
11.4

(0.27)
(0.28)
(0.69)
(0.65)

5.4 (0.68)
7.5 (0.53)

7.2 (0.73)
10.5 (0.64)

2.7 (0.37)
4.5 (0.40)

7.0 (0.72)
11.0 (0.64)

2.1 (0.33)
4.0 (0.45)

1.6 (0.37)
2.4 (0.34)

4.1 (0.58)
7.9 (0.57)

3.8
5.9
6.1
9.1

8.0
10.2
10.3
13.0

2.6
3.4
3.3
4.7

7.5
10.1
9.6
12.0

2.4
2.8
2.6
4.0

1.5
1.9
1.9
2.2

2.5
5.1
4.9
8.8

(0.22)
(0.24)
(0.61)
(0.57)

(0.31)
(0.31)
(0.74)
(0.67)

(0.19)
(0.21)
(0.46)
(0.49)

(0.31)
(0.31)
(0.70)
(0.65)

(0.18)
(0.16)
(0.45)
(0.38)

(0.15)
(0.13)
(0.37)
(0.28)

(0.19)
(0.22)
(0.48)
(0.58)

6.4 (0.69)
9.1 (0.57)
4.3
7.9
6.5
11.3

(0.24)
(0.28)
(0.53)
(0.63)

* Estimates preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error greater than 30% and less than or equal to 50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet standards of reliability or precision.
Estimates with a relative standard error greater than 50% are replaced with a dagger and are not shown.
Quantity zero.

1
In a series of separate questions, respondents were asked the degree of difficulty they experienced performing nine physical activities by themselves and without using any special equipment. The activities included walking a quarter of a mile (or three city

blocks); standing for 2 hours; stooping, bending, or kneeling; climbing 10 steps without resting; sitting for 2 hours; reaching over ones head; using ones fingers to grasp or handle small objects; lifting or carrying a 10-pound object (such as a full bag of

groceries); and pushing or pulling a large object (such as a living room chair). The response categories consisted of not at all difficult, only a little difficult, somewhat difficult, very difficult, cant do at all, or do not do this activity. For this table,

response categories very difficult and cant do at all are combined and shown in the columns.

Consists of a very difficult or cant do at all response to at least one of the nine physical activities shown in columns 311.

Persons who respond do not do this activity, as well as those for whom the information is unknown, are not included in the denominator when calculating percentages. Percentages in this table are rounded.

4
Includes other races not shown separately and persons with unknown education, family income, poverty status, health insurance, and marital status characteristics.

5
Estimates for age groups are not age adjusted.

Series 10, No. 256 [ Page 71

Hispanic or Latino, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Hispanic or Latina, female . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino:
White, single race, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race, female . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race, male .
Black or African American, single race, female

7
Refers to all persons who indicated more than one race group. Only two combinations of multiple race groups are shown due to small sample sizes for other combinations. Therefore, the frequencies for the category two or more races will be greater than

the sum of the frequencies for the specific combinations shown separately.

Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. Similarly, the category Not Hispanic or Latino refers to all persons who are not of Hispanic or Latino origin, regardless of race.

Shown only for adults aged 25 and over. Estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S. standard population using four age groups: 2544, 4564, 6574, and 75 and over.

10
GED is General Educational Development high school equivalency diploma.

11
The categories Less than $35,000 and $35,000 or more include both persons reporting dollar amounts and persons reporting only that their incomes were within one of these two categories (see Appendix I). The indented categories include only those

persons who reported dollar amounts. Because of the different income questions used in 2007 and beyond, income estimates may not be comparable with those from earlier years.

12
Based on family income and family size using the U.S. Census Bureaus poverty thresholds for the previous calendar year. Poor persons are defined as below the poverty threshold. Near poor persons have incomes of 100% to less than 200% of the

poverty threshold. Not poor persons have incomes that are 200% of the poverty threshold or greater. Because of the different income questions used in 2007 and beyond, poverty ratio estimates may not be comparable with those from earlier years.

13
Based on a hierarchy of mutually exclusive categories. Persons with more than one type of health insurance were assigned to the first appropriate category in the hierarchy. Adults under age 65 and those aged 65 and over were classified separately due

to the predominance of Medicare coverage in the older population. The category Private includes persons who had any type of private coverage either alone or in combination with other coverage. For example, for adults aged 65 and over, Private

includes persons with only private coverage or private in combination with Medicare coverage. The category Uninsured includes persons who had no coverage as well as those who had only Indian Health Service coverage or had only a private plan that

paid for one type of service such as accidents or dental care (see Appendix I). Estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S. population as the standard population using two age groups for adults under age 65 (1844 and 4564), and two age

groups for adults aged 65 and over (6574 and 75 and over).

14

MSA is metropolitan statistical area. Large MSAs have a population size of 1 million or more; small MSAs have a population size of less than 1 million. Not in MSA consists of persons not living in a metropolitan statistical area.

NOTES: Estimates are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population. Unless otherwise specified, estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S. population as the standard population using four age

groups: 1844, 4564, 6574, and 75 and over. For crude percentages, refer to Table XII in Appendix III.

SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2011.

Page 72 [ Series 10, No. 256

6
In accordance with the 1997 standards for federal data on race and Hispanic or Latino origin (see Appendix II), the category One race refers to persons who indicated only a single race group. Persons who indicated a single race other than the groups

shown are included in the total for One race but are not shown separately due to small sample sizes. Therefore, the frequencies for the category One race will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific groups shown separately. Persons

of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. The tables in this report use the current (1997) Office of Management and Budget race and Hispanic origin terms, and the text uses shorter versions of these terms for conciseness.

For example, the category One race, Black or African American in the tables is referred to as black persons in the text.

Series 10, No. 256 [ Page 73


Table 20. Frequency distribution of respondent-assessed health status among adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics:
United States, 2011
All
adults
aged 18
and over

Selected characteristic

Current health status among adults aged 18 and over1


Excellent or
very good

Good
Number in thousands

Fair or poor

Total3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

231,376

139,424

60,973

30,856

Sex
Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

112,093
119,283

68,615
70,809

29,439
31,534

13,977
16,879

Age (years)
1844. . . .
4564. . . .
6574. . . .
75 and over

.
.
.
.

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.

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.

110,815
80,849
21,902
17,810

78,072
44,288
10,124
6,940

25,101
22,512
7,166
6,193

7,591
14,021
4,569
4,674

Race
One race4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American . . . . . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native . . . . .
Asian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
Two or more races5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, white . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native, white .

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.

227,770
186,233
27,666
1,980
11,468
423
3,605
675
1,457

137,428
115,278
13,960
858
7,116
216
1,996
474
645

59,862
47,438
8,472
714
3,101
*137
1,112
157
507

30,360
23,405
5,226
408
1,251
*70
495
*45
303

Hispanic or Latino origin6 and race


Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mexican or Mexican American . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino. . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race

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32,762
20,101
198,614
156,482
26,552

18,218
10,953
121,206
98,718
13,339

9,977
6,417
50,997
38,402
8,168

4,567
2,732
26,288
19,251
5,036

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.

28,318
52,560
58,568
60,869

9,934
25,965
34,561
46,099

9,839
16,455
16,509
11,561

8,545
10,111
7,464
3,159

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.

74,445
142,828
31,262
39,095
26,539
45,931

33,848
96,994
18,119
24,483
18,539
35,852

23,353
33,971
8,928
10,842
6,178
8,022

17,198
11,827
4,215
3,734
1,822
2,057

Poor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Near poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

29,739
37,180
145,415

12,928
18,176
98,255

8,972
11,714
34,560

7,838
7,244
12,562

Education7
Less than a high school diploma
High school diploma or GED8 . .
Some college . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bachelors degree or higher . . .

.
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.
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.
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.
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.
.
.
.

Family income9
Less than $35,000 . .
$35,000 or more . . .
$35,000$49,999 .
$50,000$74,999 .
$75,000$99,999 .
$100,000 or more .

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Poverty status10

See footnotes at end of table.

Page 74 [ Series 10, No. 256


Table 20. Frequency distribution of respondent-assessed health status among adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics:
United States, 2011Con.
All
adults
aged 18
and over

Selected characteristic

Current health status among adults aged 18 and over1


Excellent or
very good

Health insurance coverage11


Under 65:
Private . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicaid. . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . .
65 and over:
Private . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare and Medicaid
Medicare only . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . .

Good

Fair or poor

Number in thousands2

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123,512
19,167
8,580
39,635

88,723
8,068
3,291
21,778

26,947
5,475
2,395
12,638

7,824
5,605
2,895
5,192

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20,987
2,637
12,948
2,762
290

10,177
457
5,259
994
145

7,120
751
4,336
1,057
*91

3,672
1,429
3,337
709
*53

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.

123,317
13,796
26,815
49,933
17,131

76,773
5,559
13,218
33,158
10,508

31,994
4,412
7,958
11,908
4,624

14,523
3,824
5,622
4,815
1,983

Place of residence12
Large MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Small MSA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

123,142
70,681
37,552

76,259
42,990
20,175

32,095
18,103
10,776

14,729
9,566
6,561

.
.
.
.

41,615
53,400
82,487
53,874

25,562
33,171
47,932
32,760

11,037
13,876
21,765
14,297

4,973
6,311
12,779
6,792

. . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .

16,871
15,890

9,807
8,410

4,951
5,026

2,114
2,454

.
.
.
.

75,875
80,608
12,073
14,479

48,095
50,623
6,371
6,969

18,874
19,528
3,625
4,544

8,846
10,405
2,078
2,958

Marital status
Married . . . . . . . . . .
Widowed . . . . . . . . .
Divorced or separated.
Never married. . . . . .
Living with a partner . .

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Region
Northeast
Midwest .
South . . .
West . . .

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Hispanic or Latino origin6, race, and sex


Hispanic or Latino, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hispanic or Latina, female . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino:
White, single race, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race, female . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race, male .
Black or African American, single race, female

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* Estimates preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error greater than 30% and less than or equal to 50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet standards of reliability or

precision.

1
Based on a survey question that asked respondents, Would you say [subject names] health in general was excellent, very good, good, fair, or poor? This information was obtained during a part of

the interview that allowed proxy responses, such that a knowledgeable adult family member could respond on behalf of adults not taking part in the interview; however, the sample in this table is based

on the reported health status (possibly by proxy) for the Sample Adult only. Excellent and very good are combined in this table as are fair and poor.

2
Unknowns for the columns are not included in the frequency distributions (see Appendix I). They are, however, included in the All adults aged 18 and over column. Numbers may not add to totals

due to rounding.

Includes other races not shown separately and persons with unknown education, family income, poverty status, health insurance, and marital status characteristics.

In accordance with the 1997 standards for federal data on race and Hispanic or Latino origin (see Appendix II), the category One race refers to persons who indicated only a single race group.

Persons who indicated a single race other than the groups shown are included in the total for One race but are not shown separately due to small sample sizes. Therefore, the frequencies for the

category One race will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific groups shown separately. Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. The

tables in this report use the current (1997) Office of Management and Budget race and Hispanic origin terms, and the text uses shorter versions of these terms for conciseness. For example, the

category One race, Black or African American in the tables is referred to as black persons in the text.

5
Refers to all persons who indicated more than one race group. Only two combinations of multiple race groups are shown due to small sample sizes for other combinations. Therefore, the frequencies

for the category Two or more races will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific combinations shown separately.

Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. Similarly, the category Not Hispanic or Latino refers to all persons who are not of Hispanic or Latino origin,

regardless of race.

Shown only for adults aged 25 and over.

GED is General Educational Development high school equivalency diploma.

Series 10, No. 256 [ Page 75


9

The categories Less than $35,000 and $35,000 or more include both persons reporting dollar amounts and persons reporting only that their incomes were within one of these two categories
(see Appendix I). The indented categories include only those persons who reported dollar amounts. Because of the different income questions used in 2007 and beyond, income estimates may not be
comparable with those from earlier years.
10

Based on family income and family size using the U.S. Census Bureaus poverty thresholds for the previous calendar year. Poor persons are defined as below the poverty threshold. Near poor
persons have incomes of 100% to less than 200% of the poverty threshold. Not poor persons have incomes that are 200% of the poverty threshold or greater. Because of the different income
questions used in 2007 and beyond, poverty ratio estimates may not be comparable with those from earlier years.
11
Based on a hierarchy of mutually exclusive categories. Persons with more than one type of health insurance were assigned to the first appropriate category in the hierarchy. Adults under age 65 and
those aged 65 and over were classified separately due to the predominance of Medicare coverage in the older population. The category Private includes persons who had any type of private
coverage either alone or in combination with other coverage. For example, for adults aged 65 and over, Private includes persons with only private coverage or private in combination with Medicare
coverage. The category Uninsured includes persons who had no coverage as well as those who had only Indian Health Service coverage or had only a private plan that paid for one type of service
such as accidents or dental care (see Appendix II).
12
MSA is metropolitan statistical area. Large MSAs have a population size of 1 million or more; small MSAs have a population size of less than 1 million. Not in MSA consists of persons not living in
a metropolitan statistical area.

NOTE: Estimates are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population.
SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2011.

Page 76 [ Series 10, No. 256


Table 21. Age-adjusted percent distribution of respondent-assessed health status among adults aged 18 and over, by selected
characteristics: United States, 2011
Current health status among adults aged 18 and over1

Selected characteristic

Total

Excellent or
very good

Good

Fair or poor

Percent distribution (standard error)


Total3 (age-adjusted) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total3 (crude) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

100.0
100.0

61.1 (0.38)
60.3 (0.39)

26.1 (0.32)
26.4 (0.32)

12.8 (0.24)
13.3 (0.25)

Sex
Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

100.0
100.0

61.6 (0.53)
60.5 (0.47)

26.1 (0.48)
26.1 (0.41)

12.2 (0.32)
13.4 (0.31)

Age4 (years)
1844. . . .
4564. . . .
6574. . . .
75 and over

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100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

70.5
54.8
46.3
39.0

(0.48)
(0.62)
(1.00)
(1.05)

22.7
27.9
32.8
34.8

(0.43)
(0.53)
(0.92)
(1.02)

6.9
17.3
20.9
26.2

(0.25)
(0.46)
(0.83)
(0.93)

Race
One race5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American . . . . . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native . . . . .
Asian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
Two or more races6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, white . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native, white .

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100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

61.2
63.1
49.6
43.1
60.8
50.9
51.9
55.4
44.4

(0.38)
(0.42)
(0.88)
(3.52)
(1.21)
(7.83)
(2.39)
(6.86)
(4.09)

26.0
25.1
30.7
35.9
27.3
32.3
31.3
36.1
35.6

(0.32)
(0.36)
(0.83)
(3.24)
(1.21)
(7.62)
(2.38)
(6.69)
(4.17)

12.8
11.9
19.7
21.0
11.9
*16.8
16.8
*8.5
20.0

(0.24)
(0.27)
(0.65)
(2.21)
(0.82)
(6.14)
(1.80)
(3.45)
(2.93)

Hispanic or Latino origin7 and race


Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mexican or Mexican American . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino. . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race

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100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

52.4
50.8
62.5
65.1
49.6

(0.80)
(1.07)
(0.41)
(0.46)
(0.90)

30.6
31.3
25.1
23.7
30.8

(0.73)
(0.95)
(0.35)
(0.40)
(0.85)

17.0
17.8
12.4
11.3
19.6

(0.63)
(0.87)
(0.26)
(0.29)
(0.66)

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100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

37.7
51.2
59.1
75.2

(0.93)
(0.74)
(0.65)
(0.57)

34.9
30.9
28.3
19.3

(0.89)
(0.65)
(0.61)
(0.52)

27.4
17.9
12.6
5.5

(0.76)
(0.55)
(0.45)
(0.29)

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100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

46.1
68.0
58.9
63.0
70.1
77.1

(0.57)
(0.45)
(0.91)
(0.81)
(0.93)
(0.77)

31.1
23.6
28.2
27.6
22.9
17.3

(0.50)
(0.40)
(0.80)
(0.74)
(0.86)
(0.71)

22.8
8.3
12.9
9.4
7.0
5.6

(0.43)
(0.27)
(0.60)
(0.51)
(0.57)
(0.47)

Poor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Near poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

100.0
100.0
100.0

40.6 (0.86)
48.6 (0.77)
68.6 (0.43)

Education8
Less than a high school diploma
High school diploma or GED9 . .
Some college . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bachelors degree or higher . . .

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Family income10
Less than $35,000 . .
$35,000 or more . . .
$35,000$49,999 .
$50,000$74,999 .
$75,000$99,999 .
$100,000 or more .

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Poverty status11

See footnotes at end of table.

30.4 (0.79)
31.4 (0.73)
23.1 (0.38)

29.0 (0.71)
20.0 (0.60)
8.3 (0.26)

Series 10, No. 256 [ Page 77


Table 21. Age-adjusted percent distribution of respondent-assessed health status among adults aged 18 and over, by selected
characteristics: United States, 2011Con.
Current health status among adults aged 18 and over1

Selected characteristic

Total

Health insurance coverage12


Under 65:
Private . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicaid. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
65 and over:
Private . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare and Medicaid . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare only . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Excellent or
very good

Good

Fair or poor

Percent distribution2 (standard error)


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100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

73.2
41.0
48.2
53.9

(0.47)
(1.11)
(2.09)
(0.82)

21.0
28.4
26.3
32.2

(0.42)
(1.02)
(1.83)
(0.75)

5.8
30.6
25.5
13.9

(0.23)
(0.97)
(1.55)
(0.54)

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100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

48.3
17.3
40.4
36.0
42.9

(1.05)
(1.80)
(1.24)
(2.57)
(8.23)

34.0
28.6
33.6
38.5
*27.9

(0.95)
(2.09)
(1.20)
(2.60)
(8.77)

17.7
54.1
26.0
25.5
*29.2

(0.77)
(2.35)
(1.14)
(2.23)
(9.19)

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100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

64.0
50.0
52.6
57.8
57.5

(0.49)
(3.97)
(0.93)
(0.83)
(1.63)

25.2
26.2
29.4
26.8
28.6

(0.44)
(3.03)
(0.86)
(0.76)
(1.50)

10.7
23.8
18.0
15.4
13.9

(0.31)
(3.46)
(0.70)
(0.66)
(1.13)

Large MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Small MSA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

100.0
100.0
100.0

62.2 (0.49)
61.7 (0.66)
56.2 (1.02)

26.0 (0.43)
25.4 (0.56)
27.9 (0.85)

11.8 (0.30)
13.0 (0.45)
15.9 (0.73)

.
.
.
.

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

63.0
62.7
59.1
61.1

25.9
25.8
26.0
26.5

11.2
11.4
14.8
12.4

. . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .

100.0
100.0

54.1 (1.20)
50.5 (1.05)

30.1 (1.13)
31.5 (0.94)

15.8 (0.98)
18.0 (0.80)

.
.
.
.

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

65.1
64.9
51.3
48.0

24.1
23.4
30.1
31.4

10.8
11.7
18.6
20.6

Marital status
Married . . . . . . . . . .
Widowed . . . . . . . . .
Divorced or separated.
Never married. . . . . .
Living with a partner . .

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Place of residence13

Region
Northeast
Midwest .
South . . .
West . . .

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(0.92)
(0.75)
(0.65)
(0.75)

(0.83)
(0.64)
(0.55)
(0.60)

(0.57)
(0.44)
(0.43)
(0.47)

Hispanic or Latino origin7, race, and sex


Hispanic or Latino, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hispanic or Latina, female . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino:
White, single race, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race, female . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race, male .
Black or African American, single race, female

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(0.65)
(0.60)
(1.38)
(1.14)

(0.60)
(0.51)
(1.35)
(1.09)

(0.38)
(0.39)
(1.01)
(0.86)

* Estimates preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error greater than 30% and less than or equal to 50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet standards of reliability or

precision.

Based on a survey question that asked, Would you say [subject names] health in general was excellent, very good, good, fair, or poor? This information was obtained during a part of the interview

that allowed proxy responses, such that a knowledgeable adult family member could respond on behalf of adults not taking part in the interview; however, the sample in this table is based on the

reported health status (possibly by proxy) for the Sample Adult only. Excellent and very good are combined in this table as are fair and poor.

Unknowns for the columns are not included in the denominators when calculating percentages (see Appendix I). Percentages may not add to totals due to rounding.

Includes other races not shown separately and persons with unknown education, family income, poverty status, health insurance, and marital status characteristics.

Estimates for age groups are not age adjusted.

5
In accordance with the 1997 standards for federal data on race and Hispanic or Latino origin (see Appendix II), the category One race refers to persons who indicated only a single race group.

Persons who indicated a single race other than the groups shown are included in the total for One race but are not shown separately due to small sample sizes. Therefore, the frequencies for the

category One race will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific groups shown separately. Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. The

tables in this report use the current (1997) Office of Management and Budget race and Hispanic origin terms, and the text uses shorter versions of these terms for conciseness. For example, the

category One race, Black or African American in the tables is referred to as black persons in the text.

6
Refers to all persons who indicated more than one race group. Only two combinations of multiple race groups are shown due to small sample sizes for other combinations. Therefore, the frequencies

for the category two or more races will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific combinations shown separately.

Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. Similarly, the category Not Hispanic or Latino refers to all persons who are not of Hispanic or Latino origin,

regardless of race.

Shown only for adults aged 25 and over. Estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S. standard population using four age groups: 2544, 4564, 6574, and 75 and over.

GED is General Educational Development high school equivalency diploma.

Page 78 [ Series 10, No. 256


10

The categories Less than $35,000 and $35,000 or more include both persons reporting dollar amounts and persons reporting only that their incomes were within one of these two categories
(see Appendix I). The indented categories include only those persons who reported dollar amounts. Because of the different income questions used in 2007 and beyond, income estimates may not be
comparable with those from earlier years.
11

Based on family income and family size using the U.S. Census Bureaus poverty thresholds for the previous calendar year. Poor persons are defined as below the poverty threshold. Near poor
persons have incomes of 100% to less than 200% of the poverty threshold. Not poor persons have incomes that are 200% of the poverty threshold or greater. Because of the different income
questions used in 2007 and beyond, poverty ratio estimates may not be comparable with those from earlier years.
12
Based on a hierarchy of mutually exclusive categories. Persons with more than one type of health insurance were assigned to the first appropriate category in the hierarchy. Adults under age 65 and
those aged 65 and over were classified separately due to the predominance of Medicare coverage in the older population. The category Private includes persons who had any type of private
coverage either alone or in combination with other coverage. For example, for adults aged 65 and over, Private includes persons with only private coverage or private in combination with Medicare
coverage. The category Uninsured includes persons who had no coverage as well as those who had only Indian Health Service coverage or had only a private plan that paid for one type of service
such as accidents or dental care (see Appendix I). Estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S. population as the standard population using two age groups for adults under age 65 (1844
and 4564), and two age groups for adults aged 65 and over (6574 and 75 and over).
13
MSA is metropolitan statistical area. Large MSAs have a population size of 1 million or more; small MSAs have a population size of less than 1 million. Not in MSA consists of persons not living in
a metropolitan statistical area.

NOTES: Estimates are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population. Unless otherwise specified, estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S.
population as the standard population using four age groups: 1844, 4564, 6574, and 75 and over. For crude percentages, refer to Table XIII in Appendix III.
SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2011.

Table 22. Frequency distributions of current health status relative to 1 year ago among adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics: United States, 2011
Current health status among adults aged 18 and over1
Excellent or very good
All
adults
aged 18
and over

Selected characteristic

Better
than
last year

About the
same as
last year

Good
Worse
than
last year

Better
than
last year

About the
same as
last year

Fair or poor
Worse
than
last year

Better
than
last year

About the
same as
last year

Worse
than
last year

Number in thousands2
3

Total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

231,376

25,458

109,606

4,307

11,088

43,691

6,144

4,684

16,364

9,762

Sex
Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

112,093
119,283

12,072
13,385

54,677
54,929

1,839
2,468

4,990
6,098

21,653
22,038

2,785
3,359

2,021
2,664

7,540
8,824

4,398
5,364

Age (years)
1844
4564
6574
75 and

. . .
. . .
. . .
over

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.

110,815
80,849
21,902
17,810

15,368
7,747
1,643
699

60,458
35,123
8,168
5,857

2,223
1,402
301
380

5,315
3,977
1,029
767

17,573
16,046
5,446
4,626

2,200
2,467
677
800

1,412
2,032
727
514

4,144
7,229
2,498
2,492

2,023
4,749
1,322
1,668

One race4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American . . . . . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native . . . . .
Asian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
Two or more races5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, white . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native, white .

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.
.

227,770
186,233
27,666
1,980
11,468
423
3,605
675
1,457

24,901
20,455
2,996
206
1,208
*35
557
*65
217

108,247
91,262
10,552
628
5,628
177
1,359
389
393

4,227
3,512
412

275

79

*34

10,744
8,360
1,648
163
542

344
*44
97

43,027
34,087
6,139
502
2,194
106
664
104
352

6,040
4,956
683
*49
351

104

*59

4,615
3,491
870
*55
182

*69

*48

16,067
12,114
2,945
246
714

297
*28
180

9,633
7,761
1,404
107
355

129

*75

Race

Hispanic or Latino origin6 and race


Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mexican or Mexican American . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino. . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race

.
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.

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32,762
20,101
198,614
156,482
26,552

3,814
2,299
21,644
17,029
2,868

13,909
8,378
95,697
78,594
10,061

490
275
3,816
3,051
410

1,931
1,292
9,158
6,616
1,616

7,275
4,655
36,416
27,487
5,896

758
464
5,386
4,277
655

970
615
3,714
2,610
831

2,485
1,471
13,878
9,849
2,838

1,096
646
8,666
6,769
1,360

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28,318
52,560
58,568
60,869

1,580
4,080
6,103
8,871

7,963
21,028
27,278
35,871

392
844
1,175
1,346

1,707
2,636
3,164
2,184

7,134
12,169
11,453
8,150

978
1,642
1,887
1,209

1,102
1,396
1,197
662

4,602
5,556
3,747
1,571

2,819
3,159
2,516
915

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74,445
142,828
31,262
39,095
26,539
45,931

6,616
17,538
3,239
4,339
3,427
6,533

25,716
76,849
14,314
19,554
14,637
28,344

1,502
2,597
557
590
476
974

4,276
6,253
1,439
2,164
1,112
1,538

16,428
24,455
6,619
7,569
4,442
5,825

2,638
3,244
868
1,093
624
660

2,384
2,065
658
725
282
400

9,229
6,148
2,272
1,907
949
1,020

5,554
3,614
1,284
1,101
591
638

Education7
Less than a high school diploma
High school diploma or GED8 . .
Some college . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bachelors degree or higher . . .

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Less than $35,000 . .


$35,000 or more . . .
$35,000$49,999 .
$50,000$74,999 .
$75,000$99,999 .
$100,000 or more .

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See footnotes at end of table.

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Series 10, No. 256 [ Page 79

Family income9

Current health status among adults aged 18 and over1


Excellent or very good
All
adults
aged 18
and over

Selected characteristic

Better
than
last year

About the
same as
last year

Good
Worse
than
last year

Poverty status10

Better
than
last year

About the
same as
last year

Fair or poor
Worse
than
last year

Better
than
last year

About the
same as
last year

Worse
than
last year

Number in thousands2

Poor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Near poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

29,739
37,180
145,415

2,728
3,543
17,648

9,688
13,901
77,853

498
732
2,744

1,827
2,264
6,195

6,114
8,163
24,986

1,027
1,287
3,359

1,092
1,103
2,062

4,034
4,071
6,517

2,691
2,061
3,984

Health insurance coverage11


Under 65:
Private . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicaid. . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . .
65 and over:
Private . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare and Medicaid
Medicare only . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . .

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123,512
19,167
8,580
39,635

16,525
1,703
707
4,086

69,796
6,069
2,493
16,854

2,387
292
*90
819

5,338
1,250
510
2,153

19,290
3,578
1,456
9,194

2,308
647
412
1,283

1,461
900
372
698

4,036
2,972
1,536
2,757

2,319
1,731
986
1,725

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20,987
2,637
12,948
2,762
290

1,321
88
801
114

8,473
325
4,225
843
127

382
*44
217
*38

923
126
568
166

5,379
497
3,342
787
*63

810
128
420
104

487
175
487
*86

1,979
735
1,828
384

1,195
512
1,018
239

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123,317
13,796
26,815
49,933
17,131

13,039
787
2,780
6,489
2,347

61,378
4,491
9,856
25,887
7,819

2,330
271
578
778
342

5,453
658
1,594
2,584
800

23,418
3,272
5,226
8,445
3,267

3,102
483
1,129
861
557

2,131
557
786
813
376

7,700
2,052
2,814
2,749
1,002

4,665
1,212
2,013
1,254
598

Large MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Small MSA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

123,142
70,681
37,552

14,466
7,954
3,038

59,281
33,906
16,419

2,463
1,125
718

6,039
3,276
1,773

23,000
12,913
7,777

3,021
1,911
1,212

2,211
1,515
958

7,966
5,056
3,342

4,514
2,987
2,261

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41,615
53,400
82,487
53,874

4,092
6,021
8,813
6,532

20,729
26,189
37,580
25,108

732
946
1,508
1,120

1,714
2,632
3,889
2,854

8,148
10,017
15,679
9,847

1,167
1,225
2,183
1,569

680
1,009
1,783
1,212

2,705
3,394
6,764
3,501

1,574
1,903
4,226
2,059

. . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .

16,871
15,890

2,015
1,799

7,554
6,355

238
252

901
1,030

3,705
3,570

341
417

444
526

1,157
1,328

508
588

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.
.

75,875
80,608
12,073
14,479

7,819
9,210
1,417
1,451

39,000
39,594
4,774
5,287

1,255
1,796
180
230

3,087
3,528
668
948

13,804
13,683
2,688
3,208

1,975
2,303
269
386

1,065
1,545
398
433

4,713
5,136
1,118
1,720

3,060
3,709
555
805

Marital status
Married . . . . . . . . . .
Widowed . . . . . . . . .
Divorced or separated.
Never married. . . . . .
Living with a partner . .

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Place of residence12

Region
Northeast
Midwest .
South . . .
West . . .

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Hispanic or Latino origin6, race, and sex


Hispanic or Latino, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hispanic or Latina, female . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino:
White, single race, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race, female . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race, male .
Black or African American, single race, female

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Estimates with a relative standard error greater than 50% are replaced with a dagger and are not shown.
* Estimates preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error greater than 30% and less than or equal to 50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet standards of reliability or precision.
Quantity zero.

Page 80 [ Series 10, No. 256

Table 22. Frequency distributions of current health status relative to 1 year ago among adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics: United States, 2011Con.

1
Based on a survey question that asked respondents, Would you say [subject names] health in general is excellent, very good, good, fair, or poor? Proxy responses were allowed for adults not taking part in this portion of the interview; however, the

sample in this table is based on the reported health status (possibly by proxy) for the Sample Adult only. Excellent and very good are combined in this table, as are fair and poor. All sample adult respondents were also asked, Compared with twelve

months ago, would you say your health is better, worse, or about the same?

Unknowns for the columns are not included in the frequency distributions (see Appendix I). They are, however, included in the All adults aged 18 and over column. Numbers may not add to totals because of rounding.

Includes other races not shown separately and persons with unknown education, family income, poverty status, health insurance, and marital status characteristics.

In accordance with the 1997 standards for federal data on race and Hispanic or Latino origin (see Appendix II), the category One race refers to persons who indicated only a single race group. Persons who indicated a single race other than the groups

shown are included in the total for One race but are not shown separately due to small sample sizes. Therefore, the frequencies for the category One race will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific groups shown separately. Persons

of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. The tables in this report use the current (1997) Office of Management and Budget race and Hispanic origin terms, and the text uses shorter versions of these terms for conciseness.

For example, the category One race, Black or African American in the tables is referred to as black persons in the text.

3
4

5
Refers to all persons who indicated more than one race group. Only two combinations of multiple race groups are shown due to small sample sizes for other combinations. Therefore, the frequencies for the category Two or more races will be greater

than the sum of the frequencies for the specific combinations shown separately.

Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. Similarly, the category Not Hispanic or Latino refers to all persons who are not of Hispanic or Latino origin, regardless of race.

Shown only for adults aged 25 and over.

GED is General Educational Development high school equivalency diploma.

7
8

9
The categories Less than $35,000 and $35,000 or more include both persons reporting dollar amounts and persons reporting only that their incomes were within one of these two categories (see Appendix I). The indented categories include only those

persons who reported dollar amounts. Because of the different income questions used in 2007 and beyond, income estimates may not be comparable with those from earlier years.

10
Based on family income and family size using the U.S. Census Bureaus poverty thresholds for the previous calendar year. Poor persons are defined as below the poverty threshold. Near poor persons have incomes of 100% to less than 200% of the

poverty threshold. Not poor persons have incomes that are 200% of the poverty threshold or greater. Because of the different income questions used in 2007 and beyond, poverty ratio estimates may not be comparable with those from earlier years.

11
Based on a hierarchy of mutually exclusive categories. Persons with more than one type of health insurance were assigned to the first appropriate category in the hierarchy. Adults under age 65 and those aged 65 and over were classified separately due

to the predominance of Medicare coverage in the older population. The category Private includes persons who had any type of private coverage either alone or in combination with other coverage. For example, for adults aged 65 and over, Private

includes persons with only private coverage or private in combination with Medicare coverage. The category Uninsured includes persons who had no coverage as well as those who had only Indian Health Service coverage or had only a private plan that

paid for one type of service such as accidents or dental care (see Appendix II).

12

MSA is metropolitan statistical area. Large MSAs have a population size of 1 million or more; small MSAs have a population size of less than 1 million. Not in MSA consists of persons not living in a metropolitan statistical area.

NOTE: Estimates are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population.

SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2011.

Series 10, No. 256 [ Page 81

Current health status among adults aged 18 and over1


Excellent or very good
Better
than
last year

Selected characteristic

About the
same as
last year

Good
Worse
than
last year

Better
than
last year

About the
same as
last year

Fair or poor
Worse
than
last year

Better
than
last year

About the
same as
last year

Worse
than
last year

Percent distributions2 (standard error)


Total3 (age-adjusted) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total3 (crude) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

17.9 (0.35)
18.3 (0.35)

78.9 (0.37)
78.6 (0.38)

3.2 (0.16)
3.1 (0.15)

18.8 (0.52)
18.2 (0.48)

71.4
71.7

(0.60)
(0.57)

9.8 (0.39)
10.1 (0.38)

16.5 (0.88)
15.2 (0.65)

53.7
53.1

(1.11)
(0.88)

29.8 (0.99)
31.7 (0.83)

Sex
Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

17.2 (0.48)
18.7 (0.47)

80.0 (0.52)
77.8 (0.52)

2.8 (0.23)
3.5 (0.23)

17.4 (0.76)
20.1 (0.72)

73.3
69.4

(0.87)
(0.79)

9.2 (0.55)
10.4 (0.51)

15.9 (1.26)
17.0 (1.16)

54.2
53.1

(1.65)
(1.43)

29.9 (1.50)
29.8 (1.24)

2.8
3.2
3.0
5.5

(0.20)
(0.27)
(0.50)
(0.87)

21.2
17.7
14.4
12.4

70.0
71.3
76.1
74.7

(0.95)
(0.96)
(1.46)
(1.59)

8.8
11.0
9.5
12.9

(0.58)
(0.67)
(0.98)
(1.31)

18.6
14.5
16.0
11.0

54.7
51.6
54.9
53.3

(1.91)
(1.33)
(1.91)
(2.03)

26.7
33.9
29.1
35.7

3.2 (0.16)
3.1 (0.18)
3.1 (0.45)

4.5 (0.80)

*5.6 (1.78)

*4.5 (1.90)

18.6
18.4
19.4
22.1
18.4

71.6 (0.60)
71.4 (0.70)
72.8 (1.36)
70.9 (5.45)
71.8 (2.18)
77.3 (13.95)
60.9 (4.61)
68.5 (9.56)
69.8 (6.48)

9.8
10.2
7.8
*7.0
9.8

(0.39)
(0.46)
(0.83)
(2.81)
(1.33)

9.4 (2.53)

*11.6 (4.55)

16.6
16.3
17.0
*15.0
20.2

53.6 (1.13)
52.6 (1.36)
56.6 (2.31)
65.2 (8.27)
55.8 (5.15)
66.3 (17.68)
59.6 (6.84)
*62.1 (19.29)
53.5 (11.49)

29.9
31.1
26.4
19.9
23.9

Age4 (years)
1844.
4564.
6574.
75 and

. . .
. . .
. . .
over

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19.7
17.5
16.2
10.1

(0.48)
(0.61)
(1.11)
(0.97)

77.5
79.3
80.8
84.4

(0.51)
(0.63)
(1.19)
(1.27)

Race
One race5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American . . . . . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native . . . . .
Asian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
Two or more races6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, white . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native, white .

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17.8
17.5
20.7
23.9
15.6
19.6
26.2
47.9
32.5

(0.35)
(0.38)
(0.98)
(4.58)
(1.18)
(4.54)
(2.89)
(2.46)
(5.45)

79.0
79.3
76.2
73.7
79.9
78.7
68.3
49.7
63.0

(0.38)
(0.41)
(1.06)
(4.75)
(1.36)
(4.72)
(3.19)
(2.96)
(5.54)

(0.85)
(0.79)
(1.18)
(1.14)

(0.52)
(0.60)
(1.22)
(5.12)
(1.90)

29.6 (4.44)
*27.1 (9.39)
18.7 (4.78)

(1.51)
(0.96)
(1.45)
(1.34)

(0.89)
(1.07)
(1.69)
(7.14)
(4.41)

*15.2 (5.52)

(1.67)
(1.30)
(1.68)
(1.92)

(1.00)
(1.22)
(1.89)
(5.03)
(3.90)

25.2 (5.91)

*25.3 (8.96)

Hispanic or Latino origin7 and race


Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mexican or Mexican American . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino. . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race

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20.6
20.9
17.7
17.2
20.7

(1.00)
(1.42)
(0.37)
(0.42)
(1.00)

76.7
76.8
79.1
79.7
76.1

(1.03)
(1.43)
(0.40)
(0.45)
(1.09)

2.7
2.2
3.2
3.1
3.2

(0.36)
(0.40)
(0.17)
(0.20)
(0.47)

18.9
19.6
18.9
18.3
19.8

(1.14)
(1.52)
(0.60)
(0.74)
(1.26)

73.4
72.6
70.8
70.7
72.5

(1.31)
(1.74)
(0.69)
(0.84)
(1.40)

7.7
7.8
10.3
11.0
7.7

(0.78)
(1.09)
(0.45)
(0.57)
(0.83)

22.5
24.0
15.3
14.6
16.8

(1.84)
(2.44)
(0.98)
(1.25)
(1.73)

54.9
54.2
53.4
51.9
56.6

(2.17)
(2.75)
(1.28)
(1.63)
(2.37)

22.5
21.8
31.4
33.5
26.6

(1.69)
(2.16)
(1.16)
(1.51)
(1.94)

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.
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15.8
15.7
17.3
18.6

(1.09)
(0.71)
(0.65)
(0.58)

80.3
81.1
79.2
78.4

(1.20)
(0.78)
(0.71)
(0.63)

3.9
3.3
3.5
3.1

(0.61)
(0.35)
(0.38)
(0.29)

17.9
16.8
19.6
19.4

(1.16)
(0.98)
(0.92)
(1.25)

72.4
73.4
68.9
70.5

(1.41)
(1.10)
(1.15)
(1.41)

9.7
9.8
11.4
10.1

(1.00)
(0.73)
(0.78)
(0.88)

15.1
14.7
16.6
21.5

(1.58)
(1.34)
(1.48)
(2.42)

52.0
55.6
51.6
51.6

(2.11)
(1.95)
(1.98)
(3.06)

32.9
29.7
31.8
26.9

(1.99)
(1.77)
(1.71)
(2.61)

Education8
Less than a high school diploma
High school diploma or GED9 . .
Some college . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bachelors degree or higher . . .
See footnotes at end of table.

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Page 82 [ Series 10, No. 256

Table 23. Age-adjusted percent distributions of current health status relative to 1 year ago among adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics: United States,
2011

Table 23. Age-adjusted percent distributions of current health status relative to 1 year ago among adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics: United States,
2011Con.
Current health status among adults aged 18 and over1
Excellent or very good
Better
than
last year

Selected characteristic

About the
same as
last year

Good
Worse
than
last year

Better
than
last year

Family income10
Less than $35,000 . .
$35,000 or more . . .
$35,000$49,999 .
$50,000$74,999 .
$75,000$99,999 .
$100,000 or more .

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.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

About the
same as
last year

Fair or poor
Worse
than
last year

Better
than
last year

About the
same as
last year

Worse
than
last year

Percent distributions2 (standard error)


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19.6
17.7
17.6
17.0
17.9
18.1

(0.65)
(0.42)
(0.88)
(0.78)
(1.01)
(0.83)

75.8
79.5
79.2
80.5
79.3
79.1

(0.71)
(0.45)
(0.93)
(0.85)
(1.09)
(0.86)

4.6
2.8
3.2
2.5
2.8
2.8

(0.33)
(0.22)
(0.43)
(0.38)
(0.45)
(0.35)

18.9
19.0
16.3
20.6
18.4
21.3

(0.77)
(0.78)
(1.21)
(1.42)
(1.81)
(1.88)

69.9
71.6
74.0
69.5
71.5
71.7

(0.93)
(0.87)
(1.48)
(1.57)
(2.10)
(1.97)

11.2
9.4
9.7
9.9
10.1
7.0

5.0 (0.65)
4.1 (0.46)
2.9 (0.21)

20.1
19.6
18.9

(1.15)
(1.18)
(0.79)

68.3
69.4
71.6

(1.38)
(1.38)
(0.87)

(0.84)
(1.73)
(2.68)
(1.03)

71.3
64.9
64.2
72.8

(0.63)
(0.54)
(1.00)
(0.97)
(1.40)
(1.02)

15.2
18.8
17.5
18.9
16.1
22.7

(0.98)
(1.70)
(2.49)
(2.52)
(3.62)
(5.33)

54.1
52.5
54.4
52.6
54.1
48.6

(1.35)
(1.88)
(3.29)
(3.16)
(4.70)
(5.09)

30.8
28.7
28.1
28.5
29.8
28.7

(1.18)
(1.63)
(2.73)
(2.73)
(4.32)
(4.11)

11.6 (0.95)
11.0 (0.86)
9.5 (0.55)

14.7 (1.25)
17.9 (1.72)
17.9 (1.77)

53.0
55.5
52.5

(1.80)
(2.14)
(1.97)

32.2 (1.61)
26.6 (1.83)
29.6 (1.71)

(0.95)
(2.02)
(3.76)
(1.28)

8.1
12.3
16.7
10.2

(0.55)
(1.49)
(2.91)
(0.85)

18.9
17.5
16.5
14.5

(2.10)
(1.73)
(4.13)
(1.62)

53.3
52.9
55.3
54.2

(2.37)
(2.41)
(4.25)
(2.22)

27.8
29.7
28.2
31.3

(2.15)
(2.03)
(3.29)
(2.05)

Poverty status11
Poor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Near poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Health insurance coverage12
Under 65:
Private . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicaid. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
65 and over:
Private . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare and Medicaid . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare only . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

20.6 (1.12)
19.1 (0.95)
17.7 (0.42)

74.5 (1.23)
76.8 (1.01)
79.4 (0.45)

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18.7
21.2
21.4
18.0

(0.45)
(1.61)
(2.40)
(0.82)

78.6
74.8
76.0
77.8

(0.47)
(1.71)
(2.49)
(0.90)

2.7
4.1
*2.6
4.2

(0.19)
(0.71)
(0.85)
(0.47)

20.6
22.7
19.2
17.0

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12.5
19.3
14.7
11.6

(0.91)
(4.21)
(1.56)
(3.15)

83.5
71.6
81.0
84.6
92.6

(1.08)
(5.11)
(1.77)
(3.39)
(4.82)

4.0
*9.1
4.3
*3.8

(0.60)
(3.77)
(0.94)
(1.36)

12.9 (1.16)
16.3 (2.95)
13.2 (1.38)
15.5 (2.88)
40.2 (11.45)

75.6 (1.52)
67.2 (3.74)
77.2 (1.75)
74.6 (3.54)
49.5 (14.16)

11.5
16.4
9.7
10.0

(1.18)
(3.44)
(1.22)
(2.48)

13.9
12.2
14.6
12.1

(1.62)
(2.12)
(1.73)
(3.46)

53.9 (2.27)
51.7 (3.05)
55.0 (2.31)
54.9 (4.63)
66.6 (16.80)

32.2
36.1
30.4
33.0

(2.13)
(3.07)
(2.15)
(4.25)

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16.8
21.0
21.0
17.6
22.0

(0.44)
(4.75)
(1.02)
(0.84)
(2.11)

80.1
74.0
74.5
79.6
75.0

(0.49)
(4.89)
(1.08)
(0.93)
(2.15)

3.1
*5.0
4.5
2.8
3.0

(0.24)
(2.08)
(0.52)
(0.49)
(0.56)

18.2
25.6
19.7
20.0
16.2

(0.77)
(7.34)
(1.26)
(1.22)
(1.72)

72.5
67.3
65.8
72.3
72.2

(0.90)
(7.43)
(1.64)
(1.32)
(2.12)

9.3
*7.2
14.5
7.7
11.6

(0.56)
(2.71)
(1.40)
(0.78)
(1.49)

16.6
*13.6
12.4
16.2
20.3

(1.44)
(6.06)
(1.49)
(1.68)
(3.26)

52.8
52.1
52.5
57.5
51.0

(1.88)
(9.02)
(2.45)
(2.10)
(3.90)

30.6
34.3
35.1
26.4
28.7

(1.73)
(9.25)
(2.26)
(1.92)
(3.15)

3.4 (0.25)
2.6 (0.26)
3.6 (0.37)

19.3
18.6
17.6

(0.72)
(0.97)
(1.09)

71.5
70.9
71.4

(0.83)
(1.07)
(1.47)

9.2 (0.51)
10.4 (0.73)
11.0 (1.07)

16.5 (1.33)
16.7 (1.33)
16.6 (2.00)

55.8
51.6
51.9

(1.56)
(1.80)
(2.71)

27.8 (1.32)
31.7 (1.79)
31.5 (2.14)

Marital status
Married . . . . . . . . . .
Widowed . . . . . . . . .
Divorced or separated.
Never married. . . . . .
Living with a partner . .

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Place of residence13

See footnotes at end of table.

18.6 (0.47)
18.2 (0.64)
14.9 (0.84)

78.1 (0.51)
79.2 (0.68)
81.5 (0.96)

Series 10, No. 256 [ Page 83

Large MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Small MSA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Current health status among adults aged 18 and over1


Excellent or very good
Better
than
last year

Selected characteristic

About the
same as
last year

Good
Worse
than
last year

Better
than
last year

.
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Worse
than
last year

Better
than
last year

About the
same as
last year

Worse
than
last year

Percent distributions2 (standard error)

Region
Northeast
Midwest .
South . . .
West . . .

About the
same as
last year

Fair or poor

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16.1
17.7
18.0
19.6

(0.82)
(0.72)
(0.58)
(0.70)

81.0
79.4
78.8
76.8

(0.85)
(0.79)
(0.61)
(0.80)

2.9
2.9
3.1
3.6

(0.37)
(0.34)
(0.26)
(0.35)

16.9
19.8
18.5
20.1

(1.47)
(1.09)
(0.82)
(1.02)

73.0
71.5
71.5
69.3

(1.63)
(1.26)
(0.97)
(1.19)

10.1
8.7
10.0
10.6

(0.95)
(0.85)
(0.67)
(0.74)

16.9
16.0
14.7
20.3

(3.23)
(1.63)
(1.23)
(1.71)

54.1
55.9
53.3
51.6

(3.22)
(2.38)
(1.78)
(2.09)

29.1
28.1
32.0
28.1

(2.42)
(2.10)
(1.69)
(1.81)

Hispanic or Latino origin7, race, and sex


Hispanic or Latino, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hispanic or Latina, female . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino:
White, single race, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race, female . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race, male .
Black or African American, single race, female

. . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .

19.3 (1.33)
21.7 (1.44)

78.3 (1.37)
75.3 (1.48)

2.3 (0.42)
3.1 (0.56)

18.2 (1.67)
19.7 (1.37)

75.1 (1.91)
71.7 (1.63)

.
.
.
.

16.1
18.3
21.7
20.0

81.2
78.1
75.2
76.7

2.7
3.6
3.1
3.3

17.5
19.1
18.4
21.1

72.4
69.1
74.6
70.7

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

(0.56)
(0.59)
(1.58)
(1.29)

(0.61)
(0.65)
(1.71)
(1.36)

(0.27)
(0.29)
(0.81)
(0.53)

(1.09)
(1.08)
(2.12)
(1.60)

(1.22)
(1.16)
(2.30)
(1.78)

6.7 (1.10)
8.6 (1.04)
10.1
11.8
7.0
8.3

(0.78)
(0.76)
(1.23)
(1.14)

23.0 (2.78)
21.6 (2.15)

53.9 (3.12)
56.3 (2.86)

23.1 (2.59)
22.1 (2.19)

11.9
16.8
21.1
14.4

54.8
49.3
52.2
58.9

33.2
33.8
26.7
26.7

(1.52)
(1.83)
(3.53)
(1.81)

(2.42)
(2.07)
(4.07)
(2.60)

(2.30)
(1.84)
(3.30)
(2.40)

Estimates with a relative standard error greater than 50% are replaced with a dagger and are not shown.
* Estimates preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error greater than 30% and less than or equal to 50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet standards of reliability or precision.
Quantity zero.

1
Based on a survey question that asked respondents, Would you say [subject names] health in general is excellent, very good, good, fair, or poor? Proxy responses were allowed for adults not taking part in this portion of the interview; however, the

sample in this table is based on the reported health status (possibly by proxy) for the Sample Adult only. Excellent and very good are combined in this table, as are fair and poor. All sample adult respondents were also asked, Compared with twelve

months ago, would you say your health is better, worse, or about the same?

Unknowns for the columns are not included in the denominators when calculating percentages (see Appendix I). Percentages may not add to totals due to rounding.

Includes other races not shown separately and persons with unknown education, family income, poverty status, health insurance, and marital status characteristics.

4
Estimates for age groups are not age adjusted.

5
In accordance with the 1997 standards for federal data on race and Hispanic or Latino origin (see Appendix II), the category One race refers to persons who indicated only a single race group. Persons who indicated a single race other than the groups

shown are included in the total for One race but are not shown separately due to small sample sizes. Therefore, the frequencies for the category One race will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific groups shown separately. Persons

of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. The tables in this report use the current (1997) Office of Management and Budget race and Hispanic origin terms, and the text uses shorter versions of these terms for conciseness.

For example, the category One race, Black or African American in the tables is referred to as black persons in the text.

6
Refers to all persons who indicated more than one race group. Only two combinations of multiple race groups are shown due to small sample sizes for other combinations. Therefore, the frequencies for the category Two or more races will be greater

than the sum of the frequencies for the specific combinations shown separately. Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races.

Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. Similarly, the category Not Hispanic or Latino refers to all persons who are not of Hispanic or Latino origin, regardless of race.

Shown only for adults aged 25 and over. Estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S. standard population using four age groups: 2544, 4564, 6574, and 75 and over.

9
GED is General Educational Development high school equivalency diploma.

10
The categories Less than $35,000 and $35,000 or more include both persons reporting dollar amounts and persons reporting only that their incomes were within one of these two categories (see Appendix I). The indented categories include only those

persons who reported dollar amounts. Because of the different income questions used in 2007 and beyond, income estimates may not be comparable with those from earlier years.

11
Based on family income and family size using the U.S. Census Bureaus poverty thresholds for the previous calendar year. Poor persons are defined as below the poverty threshold. Near poor persons have incomes of 100% to less than 200% of the

poverty threshold. Not poor persons have incomes that are 200% of the poverty threshold or greater. Because of the different income questions used in 2007 and beyond, poverty ratio estimates may not be comparable with those from earlier years.

12
Based on a hierarchy of mutually exclusive categories. Persons with more than one type of health insurance were assigned to the first appropriate category in the hierarchy. Adults under age 65 and those aged 65 and over were classified separately due

to the predominance of Medicare coverage in the older population. The category Private includes persons who had any type of private coverage either alone or in combination with other coverage. For example, for adults aged 65 and over, Private

includes persons with only private coverage or private in combination with Medicare coverage. The category Uninsured includes persons who had no coverage as well as those who had only Indian Health Service coverage or had only a private plan that

paid for one type of service such as accidents or dental care (see Appendix I). Estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S. population as the standard population using two age groups for adults under age 65 (1844 and 4564), and two age

groups for adults aged 65 and over (6574 and 75 and over).

13

MSA is metropolitan statistical area. Large MSAs have a population size of 1 million or more; small MSAs have a population size of less than 1 million. Not in MSA consists of persons not living in a metropolitan statistical area.

NOTES: Estimates are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population. Unless otherwise specified, estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S. population as the standard population using four age
groups: 1844, 4564, 6574, and 75 and over. For crude percentages, refer to Table XIV in Appendix III.
SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2011.

Page 84 [ Series 10, No. 256

Table 23. Age-adjusted percent distributions of current health status relative to 1 year ago among adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics: United States,
2011Con.

Series 10, No. 256 [ Page 85


Table 24. Frequency distributions of current cigarette smoking status among adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics:
United States, 2011
All
adults
aged 18
and over

Selected characteristic

Smoking status among adults aged 18 and over1


All current
smokers2

Every day
smokers2

Some day
smokers2

Former
smokers3

Nonsmokers4

Number in thousands5
Total6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

231,376

43,821

34,089

9,731

50,416

136,528

112,093
119,283

24,138
19,683

18,320
15,769

5,817
3,914

27,860
22,556

59,761
76,767

Sex
Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Age (years)
1844
4564
6574
75 and

. . .
. . .
. . .
over

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

110,815
80,849
21,902
17,810

23,462
17,235
2,342
782

17,197
14,286
1,964
642

6,265
2,948
378
140

13,465
20,676
9,084
7,191

73,662
42,730
10,388
9,747

One race7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American . . . . . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native . . . . .
Asian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
Two or more races8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, white . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native, white .

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

227,770
186,233
27,666
1,980
11,468
423
3,605
675
1,457

42,933
35,973
5,271
525
1,139
*26
888
125
480

33,428
28,425
3,815
320
850
*18
662
105
365

9,506
7,548
1,456
206
289

226

*115

49,687
43,800
3,970
324
1,543
*49
729
91
406

134,540
105,991
18,308
1,124
8,769
348
1,988
459
571

Race

Hispanic or Latino origin9 and race


Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mexican or Mexican American . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino. . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

32,762
20,101
198,614
156,482
26,552

4,231
2,605
39,589
32,108
5,138

2,291
1,238
31,798
26,287
3,750

1,940
1,367
7,791
5,820
1,388

4,625
2,703
45,791
39,578
3,829

23,865
14,776
112,663
84,365
17,468

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

28,318
52,560
58,568
60,869

7,198
13,746
12,361
4,657

5,950
11,245
9,643
3,131

1,249
2,501
2,718
1,526

6,780
13,049
15,472
13,500

14,287
25,546
30,649
42,602

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

74,445
142,828
31,262
39,095
26,539
45,931

19,370
22,685
6,593
7,373
4,253
4,466

15,352
17,392
5,156
5,679
3,307
3,250

4,018
5,293
1,437
1,695
946
1,215

14,566
32,549
7,105
8,956
6,141
10,347

40,333
87,353
17,516
22,658
16,111
31,068

Poor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Near poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

29,739
37,180
145,415

8,612
9,197
22,983

6,785
7,307
17,609

1,826
1,890
5,375

4,154
7,452
34,546

16,902
20,460
87,629

Education10
Less than a high school diploma
High school diploma or GED11 .
Some college . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bachelors degree or higher . . .

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

Family income12
Less than $35,000 . .
$35,000 or more . . .
$35,000$49,999 .
$50,000$74,999 .
$75,000$99,999 .
$100,000 or more .

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

Poverty status13

See footnotes at end of table.

Page 86 [ Series 10, No. 256


Table 24. Frequency distributions of current cigarette smoking status among adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics:
United States, 2011Con.
All
adults
aged 18
and over

Selected characteristic
Health insurance coverage14
Under 65:
Private . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicaid. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
65 and over:
Private . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare and Medicaid . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare only . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Smoking status among adults aged 18 and over1


All current
smokers2

Every day
smokers2

Some day
smokers2

Former
smokers3

Nonsmokers4

Number in thousands5
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

123,512
19,167
8,580
39,635

19,346
6,365
2,340
12,453

14,556
5,116
1,972
9,695

4,790
1,249
368
2,758

24,395
2,644
1,961
5,039

79,525
10,103
4,213
22,083

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

20,987
2,637
12,948
2,762
290

1,326
389
1,095
293

1,125
309
902
254

201
80
193
*39

8,859
817
5,208
1,327
*43

10,709
1,417
6,596
1,124
231

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

123,317
13,796
26,815
49,933
17,131

18,391
1,624
7,747
10,264
5,744

14,622
1,383
6,257
7,383
4,407

3,769
240
1,491
2,881
1,337

31,500
4,397
6,420
4,999
3,049

73,151
7,717
12,587
34,536
8,291

Large MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Small MSA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

123,142
70,681
37,552

20,244
14,185
9,393

15,041
10,941
8,108

5,203
3,244
1,285

25,598
15,802
9,017

76,942
40,541
19,045

.
.
.
.

41,615
53,400
82,487
53,874

7,163
11,581
17,003
8,074

5,775
9,365
13,145
5,805

1,388
2,216
3,858
2,269

9,704
12,082
17,189
11,442

24,660
29,577
48,008
34,283

. . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .

16,871
15,890

2,866
1,365

1,484
807

1,383
558

3,071
1,553

10,918
12,947

.
.
.
.

75,875
80,608
12,073
14,479

16,985
15,122
2,904
2,234

13,733
12,554
2,077
1,673

3,252
2,568
827
561

21,155
18,423
2,065
1,763

37,501
46,864
7,033
10,435

Marital status
Married . . . . . . . . . .
Widowed . . . . . . . . .
Divorced or separated.
Never married. . . . . .
Living with a partner . .

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

Place of residence15

Region
Northeast
Midwest .
South . . .
West . . .

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
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.
.

.
.
.
.

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.

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.

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.
.

.
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.

.
.
.
.

.
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.

.
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.

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.

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.

.
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.
.

.
.
.
.

.
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.

.
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.

.
.
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.

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.

.
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.
.

.
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.
.

.
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.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

Hispanic or Latino origin9, race, and sex


Hispanic or Latino, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hispanic or Latina, female . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino:
White, single race, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race, female . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race, male .
Black or African American, single race, female

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

* Estimates preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error greater than 30% and less than or equal to 50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet standards of reliability or

precision.

Estimates with a relative standard error greater than 50% are replaced with a dagger and are not shown.

Based on two survey questions: Have you smoked at least 100 cigarettes in your entire life? and Do you now smoke cigarettes every day, some days, or not at all?

Current smokers have smoked at least 100 cigarettes in their lifetime and still currently smoke; every day smokers are current smokers who smoke every day; and some day smokers are current

smokers who smoke on some days.


2

Persons who have smoked at least 100 cigarettes in their lifetime but currently do not smoke at all.
Persons who have never smoked at least 100 cigarettes in their lifetime.
5
Unknowns for the columns are not included in the frequency distributions (see Appendix I), but they are included in the All adults aged 18 and over column. Numbers may not add to totals because
of rounding.
4

Includes other races not shown separately and persons with unknown education, family income, poverty status, health insurance, and marital status characteristics.
In accordance with the 1997 standards for federal data on race and Hispanic or Latino origin (see Appendix II), the category One race refers to persons who indicated only a single race group.
Persons who indicated a single race other than the groups shown are included in the total for One race but are not shown separately due to small sample sizes. Therefore, the frequencies for the

category One race will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific groups shown separately. Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. The

tables in this report use the current (1997) Office of Management and Budget race and Hispanic origin terms, and the text uses shorter versions of these terms for conciseness. For example, the

category One race, Black or African American in the tables is referred to as black persons in the text.

8
Refers to all persons who indicated more than one race group. Only two combinations of multiple race groups are shown due to small sample sizes for other combinations. Therefore, the frequencies

for the category Two or more races will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific combinations shown separately.

Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. Similarly, the category Not Hispanic or Latino refers to all persons who are not of Hispanic or Latino origin,

regardless of race.

10

Shown only for adults aged 25 and over.

11

GED is General Educational Development high school equivalency diploma.

12
The categories Less than $35,000 and $35,000 or more include both persons reporting dollar amounts and persons reporting only that their incomes were within one of these two categories (see

Appendix I). The indented categories include only those persons who reported dollar amounts. Because of the different income questions used in 2007 and beyond, income estimates may not be

comparable with those from earlier years.

13

Based on family income and family size using the U.S. Census Bureaus poverty thresholds for the previous calendar year. Poor persons are defined as below the poverty threshold. Near poor

persons have incomes of 100% to less than 200% of the poverty threshold. Not poor persons have incomes that are 200% of the poverty threshold or greater. Because of the different income

questions used in 2007 and beyond, poverty ratio estimates may not be comparable with those from earlier years.

Series 10, No. 256 [ Page 87


14
Based on a hierarchy of mutually exclusive categories. Persons with more than one type of health insurance were assigned to the first appropriate category in the hierarchy. Adults under age 65 and
those aged 65 and over were classified separately due to the predominance of Medicare coverage in the older population. The category Private includes persons who had any type of private
coverage either alone or in combination with other coverage. For example, for adults aged 65 and over, Private includes persons with only private coverage or private in combination with Medicare
coverage. The category Uninsured includes persons who had no coverage as well as those who had only Indian Health Service coverage or had only a private plan that paid for one type of service
such as accidents or dental care (see Appendix II).
15
MSA is metropolitan statistical area. Large MSAs have a population size of 1 million or more; small MSAs have a population size of less than 1 million. Not in MSA consists of persons not living in
a metropolitan statistical area.

NOTE: Estimates are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population.
SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2011.

Page 88 [ Series 10, No. 256


Table 25. Age-adjusted percent distributions of current cigarette smoking status among adults aged 18 and over, by selected
characteristics: United States, 2011
Smoking status among adults aged 18 and over1
All current
smokers2

Selected characteristic

Every day
smokers2

Some day
smokers2

Former
smokers3

Nonsmokers4

Percent distribution5 (standard error)


Total6 (age-adjusted) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total6 (crude) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

100.0
100.0

19.0 (0.31)
19.0 (0.31)

14.6 (0.28)
14.8 (0.28)

4.3 (0.14)
4.2 (0.13)

21.1 (0.26)
21.8 (0.29)

59.9 (0.37)
59.2 (0.37)

100.0
100.0

21.3 (0.43)
16.7 (0.38)

16.0 (0.38)
13.3 (0.35)

5.2 (0.21)
3.4 (0.17)

24.8 (0.40)
18.0 (0.35)

54.0 (0.51)
65.2 (0.46)

(0.23)
(0.22)
(0.24)
(0.17)

12.2
25.6
41.6
40.6

(0.32)
(0.50)
(0.98)
(0.98)

66.6
53.0
47.6
55.0

(0.53)
(0.59)
(1.00)
(1.00)

(0.14)
(0.16)
(0.37)
(2.06)
(0.36)

5.9 (1.05)

*8.2 (2.64)

21.1
22.5
15.3
16.6
13.7
*11.6
24.4
27.8
27.4

(0.27)
(0.31)
(0.57)
(2.14)
(0.92)
(4.07)
(1.95)
(4.94)
(3.21)

60.0
58.0
66.1
56.7
76.7
82.3
52.2
53.5
39.9

(0.37)
(0.43)
(0.79)
(3.73)
(1.14)
(4.85)
(2.54)
(4.41)
(4.33)

Sex
Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Age7 (years)
1844
4564.
6574.
75 and

. . .
. . .
. . .
over

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.
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100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

21.2
21.4
10.7
4.4

(0.47)
(0.51)
(0.58)
(0.39)

15.6
17.7
9.0
3.6

(0.41)
(0.47)
(0.55)
(0.35)

5.7
3.7
1.7
0.8

One race8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American . . . . . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native . . . . .
Asian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
Two or more races9 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, white . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native, white .

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.

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

18.9
19.6
18.6
26.7
9.6
*6.0
23.4
18.7
32.7

(0.31)
(0.37)
(0.62)
(3.27)
(0.76)
(2.45)
(2.21)
(5.05)
(4.26)

14.6
15.3
13.4
16.4
7.2
*4.4
17.5
16.7
24.5

(0.28)
(0.33)
(0.54)
(2.44)
(0.68)
(2.04)
(1.98)
(4.94)
(4.01)

4.3
4.3
5.2
10.3
2.4

Race

Hispanic or Latino origin10 and race


Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mexican or Mexican American . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino. . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race

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100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

12.3
12.5
20.2
21.2
18.9

(0.52)
(0.66)
(0.35)
(0.43)
(0.64)

7.0
6.4
16.1
17.2
13.7

(0.40)
(0.49)
(0.32)
(0.39)
(0.56)

5.4
6.1
4.1
4.0
5.2

(0.33)
(0.43)
(0.15)
(0.18)
(0.38)

16.3
15.9
21.8
23.6
15.2

(0.60)
(0.76)
(0.29)
(0.36)
(0.58)

71.4
71.6
57.9
55.2
65.9

(0.72)
(0.93)
(0.42)
(0.50)
(0.81)

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100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

27.5
27.5
20.7
7.5

(0.89)
(0.68)
(0.52)
(0.33)

22.6
22.3
16.0
5.0

(0.87)
(0.63)
(0.47)
(0.27)

4.9
5.2
4.6
2.5

(0.40)
(0.35)
(0.27)
(0.19)

20.8
23.3
26.7
22.8

(0.69)
(0.59)
(0.56)
(0.55)

51.7
49.3
52.6
69.8

(0.94)
(0.78)
(0.66)
(0.61)

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100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

27.3
15.5
21.5
18.4
15.5
9.2

(0.54)
(0.35)
(0.77)
(0.66)
(0.85)
(0.51)

21.6
11.7
16.7
14.0
11.9
6.5

(0.51)
(0.31)
(0.70)
(0.58)
(0.78)
(0.43)

5.7
3.8
4.8
4.4
3.6
2.7

(0.24)
(0.18)
(0.40)
(0.38)
(0.41)
(0.30)

18.5
22.8
21.8
23.2
23.5
22.9

(0.39)
(0.36)
(0.73)
(0.66)
(0.86)
(0.74)

54.2
61.7
56.7
58.4
61.0
68.0

(0.60)
(0.46)
(0.88)
(0.83)
(1.06)
(0.85)

Poor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Near poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

100.0
100.0
100.0

28.5 (0.81)
25.5 (0.72)
15.6 (0.35)

Education11
Less than a high school diploma
High school diploma or GED12 .
Some college . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bachelors degree or higher . . .

.
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.

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.
.

.
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.
.

Family income13
Less than $35,000 . .
$35,000 or more . . .
$35,000$49,999 .
$50,000$74,999 .
$75,000$99,999 .
$100,000 or more .

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Poverty status14

See footnotes at end of table.

22.5 (0.75)
20.4 (0.68)
11.7 (0.30)

6.0 (0.35)
5.2 (0.36)
3.9 (0.19)

15.7 (0.55)
20.0 (0.64)
23.0 (0.35)

55.8 (0.91)
54.5 (0.85)
61.4 (0.46)

Series 10, No. 256 [ Page 89


Table 25. Age-adjusted percent distributions of current cigarette smoking status among adults aged 18 and over, by selected
characteristics: United States, 2011Con.
Smoking status among adults aged 18 and over1
All current
smokers2

Selected characteristic
Health insurance coverage15
Under 65:
Private . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicaid. . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . .
65 and over:
Private . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare and Medicaid
Medicare only . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . .

Every day
smokers2

Some day
smokers2

Former
smokers3

Nonsmokers4

Percent distribution5 (standard error)

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100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

15.6
33.5
26.6
31.7

(0.38)
(1.09)
(1.75)
(0.81)

11.5
26.9
22.2
24.8

(0.34)
(0.98)
(1.63)
(0.76)

4.1
6.6
4.5
6.9

(0.19)
(0.59)
(0.94)
(0.38)

18.5
14.3
19.5
13.2

(0.37)
(0.76)
(1.64)
(0.53)

65.9
52.2
53.8
55.1

(0.50)
(1.11)
(2.08)
(0.84)

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100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

6.2
14.7
8.2
11.0

(0.47)
(1.81)
(0.65)
(1.49)

5.3
11.7
6.8
9.5

(0.43)
(1.62)
(0.60)
(1.41)

0.9
3.0
1.5
*1.5

(0.19)
(0.74)
(0.28)
(0.48)

42.3
31.2
40.3
48.4

(0.99)
(2.22)
(1.28)
(2.70)

51.5
54.1
51.4
40.6
78.0

(1.00)
(2.59)
(1.29)
(2.68)
(9.53)

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100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

14.9
31.6
29.2
19.5
31.5

(0.39)
(3.98)
(0.89)
(0.60)
(1.31)

11.6
25.2
23.7
14.4
24.5

(0.36)
(3.74)
(0.87)
(0.53)
(1.22)

3.4
*6.4
5.5
5.1
7.0

(0.19)
(3.02)
(0.44)
(0.31)
(0.72)

23.9
14.2
21.6
16.0
22.1

(0.40)
(1.54)
(0.71)
(0.66)
(1.38)

61.2
54.3
49.3
64.5
46.4

(0.50)
(4.10)
(0.98)
(0.83)
(1.63)

Large MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Small MSA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

100.0
100.0
100.0

16.3 (0.38)
20.1 (0.59)
26.3 (0.85)

12.0 (0.34)
15.3 (0.51)
22.6 (0.85)

4.3 (0.19)
4.7 (0.25)
3.7 (0.29)

20.6 (0.37)
21.7 (0.47)
22.0 (0.63)

63.1 (0.49)
58.2 (0.71)
51.7 (0.94)

.
.
.
.

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

17.4
21.7
20.6
14.9

14.0
17.4
15.9
10.7

3.5
4.3
4.8
4.3

21.8
22.2
20.2
21.0

60.8
56.2
59.1
64.1

. . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .

100.0
100.0

16.2 (0.83)
8.3 (0.57)

.
.
.
.

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

22.8
19.7
23.3
15.1

Marital status
Married . . . . . . . . . .
Widowed . . . . . . . . .
Divorced or separated.
Never married. . . . . .
Living with a partner . .

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Place of residence16

Region
Northeast
Midwest .
South . . .
West . . .

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.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

(0.71)
(0.74)
(0.53)
(0.50)

(0.63)
(0.69)
(0.47)
(0.43)

(0.32)
(0.27)
(0.25)
(0.26)

(0.64)
(0.58)
(0.42)
(0.53)

(0.83)
(0.88)
(0.63)
(0.66)

Hispanic or Latino origin10, race, and sex


Hispanic or Latino, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hispanic or Latina, female . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino:
White, single race, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race, female . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race, male .
Black or African American, single race, female

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

(0.60)
(0.54)
(1.05)
(0.76)

8.8 (0.65)
5.1 (0.46)
18.2
16.2
16.6
11.3

(0.53)
(0.50)
(0.91)
(0.62)

7.3 (0.56)
3.3 (0.37)

22.1 (0.97)
10.9 (0.66)

61.7 (1.09)
80.8 (0.83)

4.5
3.5
6.7
3.8

26.4
21.2
19.2
12.3

50.9
59.1
57.5
72.6

(0.27)
(0.24)
(0.68)
(0.39)

(0.53)
(0.48)
(0.98)
(0.68)

(0.68)
(0.62)
(1.31)
(0.94)

* Estimates preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error greater than 30% and less than or equal to 50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet standards of reliability or

precision.

Estimates with a relative standard error greater than 50% are replaced with a dagger and are not shown.

Based on two survey questions: Have you smoked at least 100 cigarettes in your entire life? and Do you now smoke cigarettes every day, some days, or not at all?

Current smokers have smoked at least 100 cigarettes in their lifetime and still currently smoke; every day smokers are current smokers who smoke every day; and some day smokers are current

smokers who smoke on some days.

Persons who have smoked at least 100 cigarettes in their lifetime but currently do not smoke at all.

Persons who have never smoked at least 100 cigarettes in their lifetime.

Unknowns for the columns are not included in the denominators when calculating percentages (see Appendix I). Percentages may not add to totals due to rounding.

6
Includes other races not shown separately and persons with unknown education, family income, poverty status, health insurance, and marital status characteristics.

7
Estimates for age groups are not age adjusted.

8
In accordance with the 1997 standards for federal data on race and Hispanic or Latino origin (see Appendix II), the category One race refers to persons who indicated only a single race group.

Persons who indicated a single race other than the groups shown are included in the total for One race but are not shown separately due to small sample sizes. Therefore, the frequencies for the

category One race will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific groups shown separately. Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. The

tables in this report use the current (1997) Office of Management and Budget race and Hispanic origin terms, and the text uses shorter versions of these terms for conciseness. For example, the

category One race, Black or African American in the tables is referred to as black persons in the text.

9
Refers to all persons who indicated more than one race group. Only two combinations of multiple race groups are shown due to small sample sizes for other combinations. Therefore, the frequencies

for the category Two or more races will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific combinations shown separately.

10

Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. Similarly, the category Not Hispanic or Latino refers to all persons who are not of Hispanic or Latino origin,

regardless of race.

11

Shown only for adults aged 25 and over. Estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S. standard population using four age groups: 2544, 4564, 6574, and 75 and over.

GED is General Educational Development high school equivalency diploma.

13
The categories Less than $35,000 and $35,000 or more include both persons reporting dollar amounts and persons reporting only that their incomes were within one of these two categories (see

Appendix I). The indented categories include only those persons who reported dollar amounts. Because of the different income questions used in 2007 and beyond, income estimates may not be

comparable with those from earlier years.

12

14

Based on family income and family size using the U.S. Census Bureaus poverty thresholds for the previous calendar year. Poor persons are defined as below the poverty threshold. Near poor

persons have incomes of 100% to less than 200% of the poverty threshold. Not poor persons have incomes that are 200% of the poverty threshold or greater. Because of the different income

questions used in 2007 and beyond, poverty ratio estimates may not be comparable with those from earlier years.

Page 90 [ Series 10, No. 256


15
Based on a hierarchy of mutually exclusive categories. Persons with more than one type of health insurance were assigned to the first appropriate category in the hierarchy. Adults under age 65 and
those aged 65 and over were classified separately due to the predominance of Medicare coverage in the older population. The category Private includes persons who had any type of private
coverage either alone or in combination with other coverage. For example, for adults aged 65 and over, Private includes persons with only private coverage or private in combination with Medicare
coverage. The category Uninsured includes persons who had no coverage as well as those who had only Indian Health Service coverage or had only a private plan that paid for one type of service
such as accidents or dental care (see Appendix I). Estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S. population as the standard population using two age groups for adults under age 65 (1844
and 4564), and two age groups for adults aged 65 and over (6574 and 75 and over).
16
MSA is metropolitan statistical area. Large MSAs have a population size of 1 million or more; small MSAs have a population size of less than 1 million. Not in MSA consists of persons not living in
a metropolitan statistical area.

NOTES: Estimates are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population. Unless otherwise specified, estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S.
population as the standard population using four age groups: 1844, 4564, 6574, and 75 and over. For crude percentages, refer to Table XV in Appendix III.
SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2011.

Series 10, No. 256 [ Page 91


Table 26. Frequency distribution of alcohol drinking status among adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics: United States,
2011
All
adults
aged 18
and over

Selected characteristic

Alcohol drinking status among adults aged 18 and over1


Lifetime
abstainer2

Former
infrequent2,3

Former
regular2,3

Current
infrequent2,3

Current
regular2,3

Number in thousands4
Total5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

231,376

45,367

20,519

13,144

31,158

117,812

112,093
119,283

15,653
29,715

8,596
11,923

7,749
5,395

11,422
19,737

66,847
50,965

Sex
Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Age (years)
1844
4564
6574
75 and

. . .
. . .
. . .
over

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

110,815
80,849
21,902
17,810

22,789
12,350
4,640
5,589

6,074
8,614
3,114
2,717

3,461
5,565
2,058
2,061

14,547
11,775
2,878
1,958

62,269
41,423
8,858
5,262

One race6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American . . . . . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native . . . . .
Asian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
Two or more races7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, white . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native, white .

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

227,770
186,233
27,666
1,980
11,468
423
3,605
675
1,457

44,704
31,389
7,898
418
4,868
*131
664
*154
221

20,134
16,116
3,014
192
784

386
*50
178

12,893
11,018
1,277
212
337

251
*22
152

30,671
24,985
4,020
221
1,410

487
106
209

116,031
100,074
10,972
851
3,956
177
1,782
340
687

Race

Hispanic or Latino origin8 and race


Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mexican or Mexican American . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino. . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

32,762
20,101
198,614
156,482
26,552

9,504
5,533
35,863
22,871
7,523

2,571
1,531
17,948
13,793
2,891

1,679
1,109
11,465
9,471
1,259

4,173
2,512
26,986
21,235
3,882

14,321
9,138
103,491
86,932
10,533

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

28,318
52,560
58,568
60,869

8,411
9,973
8,036
8,289

4,080
6,394
5,571
3,574

2,958
3,926
3,386
2,386

3,306
8,070
9,417
7,046

9,083
23,409
31,446
38,914

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

74,445
142,828
31,262
39,095
26,539
45,931

19,680
22,481
6,235
6,803
3,677
5,767

8,316
10,810
3,247
3,350
1,944
2,270

5,558
6,860
2,071
1,855
1,298
1,636

9,829
19,675
4,945
5,597
3,882
5,252

29,911
81,644
14,422
21,077
15,412
30,733

Poor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Near poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

29,739
37,180
145,415

9,238
9,616
21,656

3,220
4,146
11,176

2,056
2,694
7,104

3,765
5,452
19,635

10,927
14,843
84,372

Education9
Less than a high school diploma
High school diploma or GED10 .
Some college . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bachelors degree or higher . . .

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

Family income11
Less than $35,000 . .
$35,000 or more . . .
$35,000$49,999 .
$50,000$74,999 .
$75,000$99,999 .
$100,000 or more .

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

Poverty status12

See footnotes at end of table.

Page 92 [ Series 10, No. 256


Table 26. Frequency distribution of alcohol drinking status among adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics: United States,
2011Con.
All
adults
aged 18
and over

Selected characteristic
Health insurance coverage13
Under 65:
Private . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicaid. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
65 and over:
Private . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare and Medicaid . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare only . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Alcohol drinking status among adults aged 18 and over1


Lifetime
abstainer2

Former
infrequent2,3

Former
regular2,3

Current
infrequent2,3

Current
regular2,3

Number in thousands4
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

123,512
19,167
8,580
39,635

18,289
6,300
1,550
8,858

7,989
2,393
1,242
3,039

4,700
1,330
836
2,156

16,498
2,609
1,325
5,785

74,376
6,245
3,441
19,184

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

20,987
2,637
12,948
2,762
290

4,545
1,113
3,792
610
148

3,183
474
1,720
396

1,996
328
1,354
408

2,698
274
1,536
294
*26

8,253
419
4,358
1,018
*32

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

123,317
13,796
26,815
49,933
17,131

21,017
4,392
4,035
13,924
1,877

11,532
2,219
2,916
2,603
1,223

7,414
1,390
2,051
1,515
772

17,617
1,696
4,069
5,488
2,273

64,388
3,859
13,342
25,404
10,671

Large MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Small MSA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

123,142
70,681
37,552

24,366
13,241
7,760

9,676
6,372
4,472

5,782
4,254
3,108

16,091
9,563
5,505

65,485
36,201
16,126

.
.
.
.

41,615
53,400
82,487
53,874

7,774
8,314
18,904
10,376

3,265
4,301
8,534
4,419

1,971
3,245
4,544
3,385

4,860
8,063
10,844
7,391

23,053
28,669
38,471
27,619

. . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .

16,871
15,890

3,170
6,334

1,156
1,415

1,077
602

1,653
2,520

9,552
4,769

.
.
.
.

75,875
80,608
12,073
14,479

8,250
14,621
2,468
5,055

5,613
8,181
1,158
1,733

5,511
3,961
721
538

7,694
13,541
1,336
2,547

47,565
39,368
6,167
4,366

Marital status
Married . . . . . . . . . .
Widowed . . . . . . . . .
Divorced or separated.
Never married. . . . . .
Living with a partner . .

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

Place of residence14

Region
Northeast
Midwest .
South . . .
West . . .

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

Hispanic or Latino origin8, race, and sex


Hispanic or Latino, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hispanic or Latina, female . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino:
White, single race, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race, female . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race, male .
Black or African American, single race, female

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

* Estimates preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error greater than 30% and less than or equal to 50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet standards of reliability or
precision.
Estimates with a relative standard error greater than 50% are replaced with a dagger and are not shown.
1
Derived from several source questions: In ANY ONE YEAR, have you had at least 12 drinks of any type of alcoholic beverage?; In your ENTIRE LIFE, have you had at least 12 drinks of any type
of alcoholic beverage?; and In the PAST YEAR, how often did you drink any type of alcoholic beverage?
2
Categories are based on the same definitions used in the Health, United States publications (see Appendix II) and are derived from respondents self-reported responses to a series of questions
about alcohol consumption. A lifetime abstainer had fewer than 12 drinks in his or her lifetime; a former drinker had at least 12 drinks in his or her lifetime or in any one year AND had no drink in the

past year; and a current drinker had at least 12 drinks in his or her lifetime or in any one year AND had a drink 1365 times in the past year.

Former infrequent drinkers had at least 12 drinks in their lifetime but fewer than 12 drinks in any 1 year and no drinks in the last year. Former regular drinkers had at least 12 drinks in any 1 year and

no drinks in the last year. Current infrequent drinkers had at least 12 drinks in their lifetime and fewer than 12 drinks in the past year, and current regular drinkers had at least 12 drinks in the past

year. Former and current drinkers for whom the frequency of consumption or amount consumed was unknown are not included.

Unknowns for the columns are not included in the frequency distributions (see Appendix I), but they are included in the All adults aged 18 and over column. Numbers may not add to totals because

of rounding.

Includes other races not shown separately and persons with unknown education, family income, poverty status, health insurance, and marital status characteristics.

In accordance with the 1997 standards for federal data on race and Hispanic or Latino origin (see Appendix II), the category One race refers to persons who indicated only a single race group.

Persons who indicated a single race other than the groups shown are included in the total for One race but are not shown separately due to small sample sizes. Therefore, the frequencies for the

category One race will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific groups shown separately. Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. The

tables in this report use the current (1997) Office of Management and Budget race and Hispanic origin terms, and the text uses shorter versions of these terms for conciseness. For example, the

category One race, Black or African American in the tables is referred to as black persons in the text.

7
Refers to all persons who indicated more than one race group. Only two combinations of multiple race groups are shown due to small sample sizes for other combinations. Therefore, the frequencies

for the category Two or more races will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific combinations shown separately.

Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. Similarly, the category Not Hispanic or Latino refers to all persons who are not of Hispanic or Latino origin,

regardless of race.

Shown only for adults aged 25 and over.

GED is General Educational Development high school equivalency diploma.

11
The categories Less than $35,000 and $35,000 or more include both persons reporting dollar amounts and persons reporting only that their incomes were within one of these two categories (see

Appendix I). The indented categories include only those persons who reported dollar amounts. Because of the different income questions used in 2007 and beyond, income estimates may not be

comparable with those from earlier years.

10

Series 10, No. 256 [ Page 93


12

Based on family income and family size using the U.S. Census Bureaus poverty thresholds for the previous calendar year. Poor persons are defined as below the poverty threshold. Near poor
persons have incomes of 100% to less than 200% of the poverty threshold. Not poor persons have incomes that are 200% of the poverty threshold or greater. Because of the different income
questions used in 2007 and beyond, poverty ratio estimates may not be comparable with those from earlier years.
13
Based on a hierarchy of mutually exclusive categories. Persons with more than one type of health insurance were assigned to the first appropriate category in the hierarchy. Adults under age 65 and
those aged 65 and over were classified separately due to the predominance of Medicare coverage in the older population. The category Private includes persons who had any type of private
coverage either alone or in combination with other coverage. For example, for adults aged 65 and over, Private includes persons with only private coverage or private in combination with Medicare
coverage. The category Uninsured includes persons who had no coverage as well as those who had only Indian Health Service coverage or had only a private plan that paid for one type of service
such as accidents or dental care (see Appendix II).
14
MSA is metropolitan statistical area. Large MSAs have a population size of 1 million or more; small MSAs have a population size of less than 1 million. Not in MSA consists of persons not living in
a metropolitan statistical area.

NOTE: Estimates are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population.
SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2011.

Page 94 [ Series 10, No. 256


Table 27. Age-adjusted percent distribution of alcohol drinking status among adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics:
United States, 2011
Alcohol drinking status among adults aged 18 and over1

Selected characteristic

Total

Lifetime
abstainer2

Former
infrequent2,3

Former
regular2,3

Current
infrequent2,3

Current
regular2,3

Percent distribution4 (standard error)


Total5 (age-adjusted) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total5 (crude) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

100.0
100.0

20.2 (0.34)
19.8 (0.33)

8.7 (0.20)
9.0 (0.21)

5.6 (0.16)
5.7 (0.17)

13.5 (0.23)
13.6 (0.23)

51.7 (0.41)
51.5 (0.42)

100.0
100.0

14.6 (0.39)
25.2 (0.46)

7.6 (0.27)
9.7 (0.27)

6.9 (0.26)
4.4 (0.18)

10.2 (0.30)
16.7 (0.34)

60.2 (0.54)
43.8 (0.51)

(0.17)
(0.31)
(0.58)
(0.72)

13.3
14.7
13.3
11.1

(0.33)
(0.40)
(0.66)
(0.65)

56.8
51.8
41.1
29.9

(0.57)
(0.66)
(0.98)
(1.02)

(0.17)
(0.19)
(0.36)
(1.98)
(0.46)
(5.51)
(1.28)

9.4 (2.13)

13.5
13.5
14.4
11.5
12.1

(0.23)
(0.26)
(0.59)
(2.28)
(0.82)

14.5 (1.80)
*18.7 (6.18)
14.7 (2.70)

51.8
54.9
39.3
44.1
34.1
42.4
47.1
46.1
48.1

(0.42)
(0.48)
(0.86)
(3.22)
(1.22)
(7.41)
(2.60)
(7.29)
(4.17)

Sex
Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Age6 (years)
1844.
4564.
6574.
75 and

. . .
. . .
. . .
over

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
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.

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.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

20.8
15.5
21.5
31.8

(0.48)
(0.46)
(0.86)
(1.01)

5.5
10.8
14.4
15.4

(0.24)
(0.36)
(0.73)
(0.78)

3.2
7.0
9.5
11.7

One race7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American . . . . . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native . . . . .
Asian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
Two or more races8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, white . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native, white .

.
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.
.
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.

.
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.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

20.2
17.3
29.5
21.6
43.7
30.9
18.4
18.1
15.9

(0.34)
(0.37)
(0.85)
(2.58)
(1.36)
(7.08)
(2.09)
(4.83)
(3.07)

8.7
8.4
11.3
10.2
6.8
*6.7
11.7
*11.8
11.9

(0.21)
(0.23)
(0.57)
(1.70)
(0.69)
(3.27)
(1.71)
(5.46)
(2.82)

5.5
5.7
5.2
11.1
3.0
*11.8
8.0

Race

Hispanic or Latino origin9 and race


Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mexican or Mexican American . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino. . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race

.
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.

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.

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.

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.

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.

.
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.

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.

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.
.
.

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

30.2
28.7
18.5
14.9
29.3

(0.81)
(0.98)
(0.36)
(0.40)
(0.86)

8.7
8.6
8.6
8.3
11.3

(0.48)
(0.62)
(0.22)
(0.25)
(0.58)

5.9
6.6
5.5
5.7
5.3

(0.41)
(0.57)
(0.17)
(0.20)
(0.38)

12.7
12.5
13.7
13.6
14.5

(0.54)
(0.70)
(0.26)
(0.30)
(0.61)

42.1
43.1
53.4
57.3
39.4

(0.84)
(1.04)
(0.45)
(0.53)
(0.89)

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

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.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

29.2
18.8
14.2
14.2

(0.87)
(0.57)
(0.46)
(0.48)

13.6
11.7
9.6
6.1

(0.66)
(0.46)
(0.37)
(0.31)

9.5
7.2
5.9
4.0

(0.52)
(0.39)
(0.32)
(0.26)

12.2
15.6
16.2
11.5

(0.60)
(0.50)
(0.48)
(0.40)

34.9
46.6
53.9
64.1

(0.94)
(0.74)
(0.64)
(0.65)

.
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.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

26.2
16.5
20.2
17.7
14.9
13.9

(0.55)
(0.39)
(0.79)
(0.69)
(0.84)
(0.75)

11.0
7.6
10.1
8.7
7.5
5.1

(0.34)
(0.24)
(0.55)
(0.50)
(0.58)
(0.43)

7.3
4.9
6.4
4.8
4.7
4.0

(0.30)
(0.20)
(0.42)
(0.35)
(0.43)
(0.38)

13.4
13.7
16.0
14.3
14.5
11.1

(0.37)
(0.31)
(0.68)
(0.58)
(0.75)
(0.57)

41.6
57.1
47.2
54.2
58.1
65.8

(0.61)
(0.50)
(0.96)
(0.85)
(1.09)
(0.89)

Poor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Near poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

100.0
100.0
100.0

32.2 (0.85)
25.6 (0.76)
15.5 (0.37)

Education10
Less than a high school diploma
High school diploma or GED11 .
Some college . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bachelors degree or higher . . .

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

Family income12
Less than $35,000 . .
$35,000 or more . . .
$35,000$49,999 .
$50,000$74,999 .
$75,000$99,999 .
$100,000 or more .

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
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.
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.
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.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

Poverty status13

See footnotes at end of table.

11.9 (0.57)
11.4 (0.54)
7.5 (0.23)

7.6 (0.49)
7.3 (0.41)
4.7 (0.19)

12.6 (0.58)
14.9 (0.56)
13.4 (0.30)

35.4 (0.87)
40.4 (0.85)
58.7 (0.49)

Series 10, No. 256 [ Page 95


Table 27. Age-adjusted percent distribution of alcohol drinking status among adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics:
United States, 2011Con.
Alcohol drinking status among adults aged 18 and over1

Selected characteristic

Total

Health insurance coverage14


Under 65:
Private . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicaid. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
65 and over:
Private . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare and Medicaid . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare only . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Lifetime
abstainer2

Former
infrequent2,3

Former
regular2,3

Current
infrequent2,3

Current
regular2,3

Percent distribution4 (standard error)


.
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.

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.

.
.
.
.

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

15.3
32.9
18.9
22.4

(0.42)
(1.13)
(1.61)
(0.76)

6.1
13.0
13.2
8.0

(0.22)
(0.77)
(1.55)
(0.46)

3.6
7.3
7.3
5.7

(0.18)
(0.58)
(0.84)
(0.38)

13.3
13.7
14.9
14.8

(0.32)
(0.74)
(1.40)
(0.61)

61.4
32.7
45.6
48.5

(0.54)
(1.07)
(2.05)
(0.84)

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.

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

22.2 (0.82)
42.9 (2.47)
30.1 (1.25)
22.2 (2.16)
56.1 (10.12)

15.4
18.2
13.6
14.5
*12.0

(0.71)
(1.76)
(0.88)
(2.05)
(5.22)

9.7
12.6
10.6
14.8

(0.62)
(1.59)
(0.75)
(1.94)

13.0
10.5
11.9
10.9
*5.8

(0.68)
(1.47)
(0.82)
(1.49)
(2.44)

39.5
15.9
33.8
37.6
*10.0

(1.01)
(1.78)
(1.25)
(2.67)
(3.99)

.
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100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

17.5
26.8
15.6
27.0
12.5

(0.40)
(3.49)
(0.71)
(0.78)
(1.19)

9.0
14.2
9.7
8.1
9.0

(0.28)
(3.03)
(0.51)
(0.54)
(0.94)

5.8
5.5
6.6
5.3
5.2

(0.24)
(1.00)
(0.45)
(0.43)
(0.79)

14.6
12.8
14.9
12.3
13.5

(0.35)
(2.31)
(0.63)
(0.57)
(1.05)

52.9
40.6
53.0
47.0
59.6

(0.55)
(4.05)
(0.93)
(0.88)
(1.56)

Large MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Small MSA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

100.0
100.0
100.0

20.4
19.2
20.8

(0.43)
(0.66)
(1.00)

7.9 (0.25)
8.8 (0.37)
11.4 (0.61)

4.7 (0.20)
5.9 (0.32)
7.6 (0.48)

13.1 (0.32)
13.6 (0.41)
15.2 (0.60)

53.8 (0.52)
52.0 (0.81)
44.7 (1.23)

.
.
.
.

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

19.7
16.1
23.5
19.7

(0.76)
(0.67)
(0.60)
(0.64)

7.5
7.9
10.1
8.2

4.4
6.0
5.4
6.3

11.7
15.2
13.3
13.7

56.4
54.5
47.5
51.9

. . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .

100.0
100.0

18.8
41.5

(0.92)
(1.19)

.
.
.
.

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

11.5
17.8
20.7
36.0

(0.48)
(0.57)
(1.23)
(1.10)

Marital status
Married . . . . . . . . . .
Widowed . . . . . . . . .
Divorced or separated.
Never married. . . . . .
Living with a partner . .

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Place of residence15

Region
Northeast
Midwest .
South . . .
West . . .

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.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
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.

.
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.

.
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.
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.

.
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.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
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.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
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.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
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.
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.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

(0.43)
(0.41)
(0.39)
(0.34)

(0.31)
(0.34)
(0.29)
(0.35)

(0.57)
(0.51)
(0.35)
(0.46)

(0.96)
(0.88)
(0.72)
(0.74)

Hispanic or Latino origin9, race, and sex


Hispanic or Latino, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hispanic or Latina, female . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino:
White, single race, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race, female . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race, male .
Black or African American, single race, female

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

8.0 (0.68)
9.5 (0.66)
7.0
9.5
10.3
12.1

(0.32)
(0.35)
(0.87)
(0.74)

7.6 (0.63)
4.3 (0.48)

9.9 (0.73)
15.7 (0.79)

55.2 (1.22)
28.9 (0.97)

6.8
4.7
7.1
4.0

10.1
17.1
11.0
17.5

64.3
50.8
50.4
30.2

(0.31)
(0.24)
(0.66)
(0.41)

(0.37)
(0.44)
(0.86)
(0.86)

(0.66)
(0.69)
(1.46)
(0.98)

* Estimates preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error greater than 30% and less than or equal to 50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet standards of reliability or
precision.
Estimates with a relative standard error greater than 50% are replaced with a dagger and are not shown.
1
Derived from several source questions: In ANY ONE YEAR, have you had at least 12 drinks of any type of alcoholic beverage?; In your ENTIRE LIFE, have you had at least 12 drinks of any type
of alcoholic beverage?; and In the PAST YEAR, how often did you drink any type of alcoholic beverage?
2
Categories are based on the same definitions used in the Health, United States publications (see Appendix II) and are derived from respondents self-reported responses to a series of questions
about alcohol consumption. A lifetime abstainer had fewer than 12 drinks in his or her lifetime; a former drinker had at least 12 drinks in his or her lifetime or in any 1 year AND had no drink in the past

year; and a current drinker had at least 12 drinks in his or her lifetime or in any 1 year AND had a drink 1365 times in the past year.

Former infrequent drinkers had at least 12 drinks in their lifetime but fewer than 12 drinks in any 1 year and no drinks in the last year. Former regular drinkers had at least 12 drinks in any 1 year and

no drinks in the last year. Current infrequent drinkers had at least 12 drinks in their lifetime and fewer than 12 drinks in the past year, and current regular drinkers had at least 12 drinks in the past

year. Former and current drinkers for whom the frequency of consumption or amount consumed was unknown are not included.

Unknowns for the columns are not included in the denominators when calculating percentages (see Appendix I). Percentages may not add to totals due to rounding.

Includes other races not shown separately and persons with unknown education, family income, poverty status, health insurance, and marital status characteristics.

6
Estimates for age groups are not age adjusted.

7
In accordance with the 1997 standards for federal data on race and Hispanic or Latino origin (see Appendix II), the category One race refers to persons who indicated only a single race group.

Persons who indicated a single race other than the groups shown are included in the total for One race but are not shown separately due to small sample sizes. Therefore, the frequencies for the

category One race will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific groups shown separately. Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. The

tables in this report use the current (1997) Office of Management and Budget race and Hispanic origin terms, and the text uses shorter versions of these terms for conciseness. For example, the

category One race, Black or African American in the tables is referred to as black persons in the text.

8
Refers to all persons who indicated more than one race group. Only two combinations of multiple race groups are shown due to small sample sizes for other combinations. Therefore, the frequencies

for the category Two or more races will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific combinations shown separately.

Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. Similarly, the category Not Hispanic or Latino refers to all persons who are not of Hispanic or Latino origin,

regardless of race.

10

Shown only for adults aged 25 and over. Estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S. standard population using four age groups: 2544, 4564, 6574, and 75 and over.

GED is General Educational Development high school equivalency diploma.

11

Page 96 [ Series 10, No. 256


12
The categories Less than $35,000 and $35,000 or more include both persons reporting dollar amounts and persons reporting only that their incomes were within one of these two categories (see
Appendix I). The indented categories include only those persons who reported dollar amounts. Because of the different income questions used in 2007 and beyond, income estimates may not be
comparable with those from earlier years.
13

Based on family income and family size using the U.S. Census Bureaus poverty thresholds for the previous calendar year. Poor persons are defined as below the poverty threshold. Near poor
persons have incomes of 100% to less than 200% of the poverty threshold. Not poor persons have incomes that are 200% of the poverty threshold or greater. Because of the different income
questions used in 2007 and beyond, poverty ratio estimates may not be comparable with those from earlier years.
14
Based on a hierarchy of mutually exclusive categories. Persons with more than one type of health insurance were assigned to the first appropriate category in the hierarchy. Adults under age 65 and
those aged 65 and over were classified separately due to the predominance of Medicare coverage in the older population. The category Private includes persons who had any type of private
coverage either alone or in combination with other coverage. For example, for adults aged 65 and over, Private includes persons with only private coverage or private in combination with Medicare
coverage. The category Uninsured includes persons who had no coverage as well as those who had only Indian Health Service coverage or had only a private plan that paid for one type of service
such as accidents or dental care (see Appendix I). Estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S. population as the standard population using two age groups for adults under age 65 (1844
and 4564), and two age groups for adults aged 65 and over (6574 and 75 and over).
15
MSA is metropolitan statistical area. Large MSAs have a population size of 1 million or more; small MSAs have a population size of less than 1 million. Not in MSA consists of persons not living in
a metropolitan statistical area.

NOTES: Estimates are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population. Unless otherwise specified, estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S.
population as the standard population using four age groups: 1844, 4564, 6574, and 75 and over. For crude percentages, refer to Table XVI in Appendix III.
SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2011.

Series 10, No. 256 [ Page 97


Table 28. Frequency distributions of participation in leisure-time aerobic and muscle-strengthening activities that meet 2008 federal
physical activity guidelines among adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics: United States, 2011
Federal 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans1
Aerobic guidelines only2

Sufficiently
active (met
guidelines)

Full guidelines (strengthening and aerobic combined)3


Met neither
aerobic nor
musclestrengthening
guidelines

Met musclestrengthening
guidelines
only

Met aerobic
guidelines
only

Met both
musclestrengthening
and aerobic
guidelines

7,928

63,064

46,619

Selected characteristic

All adults
aged 18
and over

Inactive

Insufficiently
active

Total5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

231,376

72,744

44,499

112,093
119,283

32,998
39,746

19,372
25,126

57,681
52,487

48,063
61,124

4,201
3,727

30,443
32,620

26,970
19,649

Number in thousands4
110,169
109,188

Sex
Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Age (years)
1844 . . . .
4564 . . . .
6574 . . . .
75 and over

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

110,815
80,849
21,902
17,810

28,546
26,525
8,595
9,078

19,690
17,236
4,067
3,506

60,928
35,678
8,808
4,755

45,080
40,774
11,601
11,732

3,109
2,914
1,056
849

32,369
21,618
5,668
3,408

28,362
13,876
3,049
1,332

One race6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American . . . . . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native . . . . .
Asian . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
Two or more races7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, white . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native, white .

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

227,770
186,233
27,666
1,980
11,468
423
3,605
675
1,457

71,770
56,326
10,906
674
3,647
218
974
*156
460

43,823
36,006
4,811
413
2,564
*28
676
91
328

108,296
90,698
11,469
833
5,139
157
1,873
429
615

107,655
85,789
14,735
974
5,926
232
1,533
247
716

7,813
6,462
951
108
277

115

*70

62,134
51,851
6,491
494
3,203
*95
929
140
381

45,696
38,416
4,960
330
1,927
*62
924
269
234

Race

Hispanic or Latino origin8 and race


Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mexican or Mexican American . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

32,762
20,101
198,614
156,482
26,552

12,987
7,791
59,757
44,462
10,525

5,622
3,700
38,877
30,846
4,623

13,625
8,371
96,544
78,425
10,948

17,464
10,750
91,724
69,790
14,194

1,129
733
6,799
5,454
921

8,121
5,133
54,943
44,510
6,140

5,459
3,210
41,161
33,531
4,789

Education9
Less than a high school diploma
High school diploma or GED10. .
Some college . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bachelors degree or higher . . .

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

28,318
52,560
58,568
60,869

15,477
22,778
17,219
9,806

4,756
9,885
12,857
12,286

7,584
18,907
27,543
37,725

19,328
30,877
27,662
19,944

898
1,733
2,407
2,089

5,671
12,844
15,996
19,205

1,860
5,962
11,424
18,369

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

74,445
142,828
31,262
39,095
26,539
45,931

31,874
36,431
11,024
11,048
6,569
7,790

13,531
28,477
6,596
7,730
5,361
8,791

27,965
75,694
13,134
19,700
14,174
28,686

42,958
59,797
16,463
17,425
10,879
15,031

2,400
5,035
1,143
1,318
1,043
1,532

17,848
41,425
7,904
11,585
7,806
14,130

10,014
33,967
5,168
8,043
6,331
14,424

Poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Near poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

29,739
37,180
145,415

13,149
15,571
36,479

4,990
7,089
29,113

11,189
13,986
77,569

17,419
21,381
60,227

702
1,276
5,276

7,388
8,755
42,196

3,751
5,199
35,028

Family income11
Less than $35,000 .
$35,000 or more . .
$35,000$49,999
$50,000$74,999
$75,000$99,999
$100,000 or more

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

Poverty status12

See footnotes at end of table.

Page 98 [ Series 10, No. 256


Table 28. Frequency distributions of participation in leisure-time aerobic and muscle-strengthening activities that meet 2008 federal
physical activity guidelines among adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics: United States, 2011Con.
Federal 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans1
Aerobic guidelines only2

All adults
aged 18
and over

Selected characteristic

Inactive

Insufficiently
active

Health insurance coverage13


Under 65:
Private . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicaid . . . . . . . . . .
Other . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . .
65 and over:
Private . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare and Medicaid .
Medicare only. . . . . . .
Other . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . .

Full guidelines (strengthening and aerobic combined)3

Sufficiently
active (met
guidelines)

Met neither
aerobic nor
musclestrengthening
guidelines

Met musclestrengthening
guidelines
only

Met aerobic
guidelines
only

Met both
musclestrengthening
and aerobic
guidelines

Number in thousands4

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

123,512
19,167
8,580
39,635

27,549
9,148
3,288
14,926

24,653
3,484
1,886
6,780

69,459
6,194
3,227
17,286

48,240
11,978
4,741
20,646

3,922
638
428
1,018

36,599
4,182
1,950
11,028

32,590
1,999
1,251
6,184

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

20,987
2,637
12,948
2,762
290

8,614
1,653
5,914
1,286
175

4,158
414
2,387
571
*37

7,708
532
4,364
838
*73

11,700
1,968
7,746
1,679
201

1,067
99
551
176

5,203
445
2,769
588
*38

2,448
87
1,548
250

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

123,317
13,796
26,815
49,933
17,131

37,078
7,096
9,961
13,535
4,887

25,269
2,850
5,069
8,089
3,159

58,942
3,586
11,306
27,411
8,832

58,176
9,217
13,996
20,098
7,461

4,107
722
1,019
1,505
567

35,233
2,432
6,577
13,789
4,983

23,456
1,140
4,668
13,510
3,803

Large MSA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Small MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

123,142
70,681
37,552

36,437
21,890
14,418

23,146
13,856
7,497

61,549
33,678
14,941

55,283
33,178
20,727

4,196
2,561
1,172

34,529
18,783
9,752

26,772
14,761
5,086

.
.
.
.

41,615
53,400
82,487
53,874

15,387
15,482
28,707
13,169

7,018
11,517
15,591
10,373

18,380
25,393
36,876
29,520

20,994
25,086
41,621
21,488

1,381
1,891
2,626
2,031

10,638
13,980
22,360
16,085

7,647
11,266
14,391
13,315

. . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .

16,871
15,890

6,218
6,768

2,737
2,885

7,692
5,933

8,178
9,286

761
368

4,131
3,990

3,534
1,924

. . . . .
. . . . .
male. .
female

75,875
80,608
12,073
14,479

20,696
23,766
4,034
6,491

13,429
17,418
1,833
2,789

40,276
38,150
5,954
4,994

31,358
38,431
5,369
8,825

2,705
2,749
478
443

21,590
22,920
2,779
3,361

18,475
15,056
3,161
1,628

Marital status
Married . . . . . . . . . .
Widowed . . . . . . . . .
Divorced or separated .
Never married . . . . . .
Living with a partner . .

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

Place of residence14

Region
Northeast .
Midwest. .
South . . .
West. . . .

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

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Hispanic or Latino origin8, race, and sex


Hispanic or Latino, male . . . . . . . . . .
Hispanic or Latina, female . . . . . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino:
White, single race, male . . . . . . . . .
White, single race, female . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race,
Black or African American, single race,

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* Estimates preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error greater than 30% and less than or equal to 50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet standards of reliability or
precision.
Estimates with a relative standard error greater than 50% are replaced with a dagger and are not shown.
Quantity zero.
1
Starting with Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: National Health Interview Survey, 2010, measures of physical activity shown are changed to reflect the federal 2008 Physical Activity
Guidelines for Americans (available from: http://www.health.gov/PAGuidelines/). This new table shows both frequencies of adults who met the guidelines aerobic component and frequencies for adults
who met the full physical activity guidelines, including strengthening as well as aerobic activities. The 2008 federal guidelines recommend that for substantial health benefits, adults should perform at
least 150 minutes (2 hours and 30 minutes) a week of moderate-intensity or 75 minutes (1 hour and 15 minutes) a week of vigorous-intensity aerobic physical activity, or an equivalent combination.
Aerobic activity should be performed in episodes of at least 10 minutes that are preferably spread throughout the week. The guidelines also recommend that adults perform muscle-strengthening
activities of moderate or high intensity involving all major muscle groups on 2 or more days a week for additional health benefits. NHIS questions ask about frequency and duration of light- to
moderate-intensity and vigorous-intensity leisure-time physical activities, and frequency of leisure-time strengthening activities. Questions are phrased in terms of current behavior and lack a specific
reference period.
2
Inactive is participating in no leisure-time aerobic activity that lasted at least 10 minutes. Insufficiently active is participating in aerobic activities for 10 minutes or more but less than 150 minutes
per week. Sufficiently active, which meets 2008 federal physical activity guidelines, is participating in moderate-intensity leisure-time physical activity 150 minutes or more per week, or in vigorousintensity leisure-time physical activity 75 minutes or more per week, or an equivalent combination.
3
Categories are mutually exclusive. Adults who met neither the aerobic nor muscle-strengthening 2008 federal physical activity guidelines may have engaged in lesser amounts of activity. Meeting only
the strengthening guidelines means participating in leisure-time muscle-strengthening activities 2 or more days per week with either no leisure-time aerobic activity or aerobic activity that did not meet
the guidelines. Meeting only the aerobic activity guidelines means participating in moderate-intensity leisure-time physical activities 150 minutes or more per week or vigorous-intensity activities 75
minutes or more per week, or an equivalent combination, and not meeting the strengthening guidelines. Meeting both aerobic and strengthening guidelines is defined in footnote 1. The sum of
frequencies for adults who met the aerobic-only guidelines and for those who met both the aerobic and strengthening guidelines equals (within rounding error) the frequency of adults identified as
sufficiently active according to the 2008 federal guidelines for aerobic activity.
4

Unknowns for the columns are not included in the frequency distributions (see Appendix I), but they are included in the All adults aged 18 and over column. Numbers may not add to totals because
of rounding.

Series 10, No. 256 [ Page 99


5

Includes other races not shown separately and persons with unknown education, family income, poverty status, health insurance, and marital status characteristics.

In accordance with the 1997 standards for federal data on race and Hispanic or Latino origin (see Appendix II), the category One race refers to persons who indicated only a single race group.

Persons who indicated a single race other than the groups shown are included in the total for One race but are not shown separately due to small sample sizes. Therefore, the frequencies for the

category One race will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific groups shown separately. Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. The

tables in this report use the current (1997) Office of Management and Budget race and Hispanic origin terms, and the text uses shorter versions of these terms for conciseness. For example, the

category One race, Black or African American in the tables is referred to as black persons in the text.

7
Refers to all persons who indicated more than one race group. Only two combinations of multiple race groups are shown due to small sample sizes for other combinations. Therefore, the frequencies

for the category Two or more races will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific combinations shown separately.

Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. Similarly, the category Not Hispanic or Latino refers to all persons who are not of Hispanic or Latino origin,

regardless of race.

Shown only for adults aged 25 and over.

GED is General Educational Development high school equivalency diploma.

11
The categories Less than $35,000 and $35,000 or more include both persons reporting dollar amounts and persons reporting only that their incomes were within one of these two categories (see

Appendix I). The indented categories include only those persons who reported dollar amounts. Because of the different income questions used in 2007 and beyond, income estimates may not be

comparable with those from earlier years.

10

12

Based on family income and family size using the U.S. Census Bureaus poverty thresholds for the previous calendar year. Poor persons are defined as below the poverty threshold. Near poor

persons have incomes of 100% to less than 200% of the poverty threshold. Not poor persons have incomes that are 200% of the poverty threshold or greater. Because of the different income

questions used in 2007 and beyond, poverty ratio estimates may not be comparable with those from earlier years.

13
Based on a hierarchy of mutually exclusive categories. Persons with more than one type of health insurance were assigned to the first appropriate category in the hierarchy. Adults under age 65 and

those aged 65 and over were classified separately due to the predominance of Medicare coverage in the older population. The category Private includes persons who had any type of private

coverage either alone or in combination with other coverage. For example, for adults aged 65 and over, Private includes persons with only private coverage or private in combination with Medicare

coverage. The category Uninsured includes persons who had no coverage as well as those who had only Indian Health Service coverage or had only a private plan that paid for one type of service

such as accidents or dental care (see Appendix II).

14
MSA is metropolitan statistical area. Large MSAs have a population size of 1 million or more; small MSAs have a population size of less than 1 million. Not in MSA consists of persons not living in

a metropolitan statistical area.

NOTE: Estimates are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population.

SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2011.

Federal 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans1


Aerobic guidelines only2

Full guidelines (strengthening and aerobic combined)3

Sufficiently
active (met
guidelines)

Met neither
aerobic nor
musclestrengthening
guidelines

Met musclestrengthening
guidelines
only

Met aerobic
guidelines
only

Met both
musclestrengthening
and aerobic
guidelines

Selected characteristic

Total

Inactive

Insufficiently
active

Total5 (age-adjusted) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total5 (crude) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

100.0
100.0

31.7 (0.45)
32.0 (0.46)

19.4 (0.30)
19.6 (0.30)

Percent distributions4 (standard error)


48.9 (0.46)
100.0
47.7 (0.46)
48.4 (0.46)
100.0
48.1 (0.46)

3.5 (0.13)
3.5 (0.13)

27.9 (0.35)
27.8 (0.34)

21.0 (0.34)
20.6 (0.34)

Sex
Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

100.0
100.0

29.9 (0.56)
33.2 (0.54)

17.4 (0.40)
21.3 (0.40)

52.7 (0.58)
45.5 (0.56)

100.0
100.0

43.5 (0.58)
51.6 (0.56)

3.9 (0.19)
3.1 (0.16)

27.7 (0.48)
28.3 (0.45)

24.9 (0.49)
17.1 (0.40)

(0.17)
(0.21)
(0.43)
(0.49)

29.7
27.3
26.5
19.7

(0.49)
(0.54)
(0.91)
(0.95)

26.0
17.5
14.3
7.7

(0.52)
(0.50)
(0.73)
(0.55)

(0.13)
(0.14)
(0.31)
(1.59)
(0.45)

3.7 (0.88)

*4.9 (1.56)

27.9
28.6
23.6
25.8
28.2
23.7
26.6
20.2
26.8

(0.35)
(0.40)
(0.76)
(3.06)
(1.20)
(6.83)
(2.29)
(5.30)
(3.93)

20.9
21.7
17.8
17.0
16.7
15.5
24.1
37.4
17.1

(0.35)
(0.40)
(0.75)
(2.43)
(0.96)
(4.32)
(2.17)
(7.01)
(3.08)

Total

Age6 (years)
1844 . . . .
4564 . . . .
6574 . . . .
75 and over

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.
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.
.

.
.
.
.

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

26.1
33.4
40.0
52.4

(0.56)
(0.64)
(1.00)
(1.16)

18.0
21.7
18.9
20.2

(0.41)
(0.51)
(0.78)
(0.86)

55.8
44.9
41.0
27.4

(0.60)
(0.65)
(1.02)
(1.10)

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

41.4
51.5
54.3
67.7

(0.60)
(0.65)
(1.02)
(1.17)

2.9
3.7
4.9
4.9

Race
One race7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American . . . . . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native . . . . .
Asian . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
Two or more races8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, white . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native, white .

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.
.
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.

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

31.7
30.2
41.0
35.2
32.7
53.8
29.5
28.2
32.3

(0.46)
(0.51)
(0.92)
(2.97)
(1.27)
(7.40)
(2.37)
(7.01)
(3.99)

19.4
19.4
17.7
21.8
22.4
*7.0
19.6
13.6
23.8

(0.30)
(0.34)
(0.63)
(2.33)
(1.06)
(3.32)
(1.96)
(3.70)
(3.59)

48.9
50.3
41.4
43.1
44.9
39.2
50.9
58.2
43.9

(0.46)
(0.52)
(0.91)
(2.88)
(1.32)
(7.06)
(2.54)
(7.48)
(4.15)

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

47.7
46.3
55.1
51.4
52.5
57.4
45.6
42.5
51.1

(0.47)
(0.52)
(0.92)
(2.96)
(1.34)
(7.31)
(2.54)
(7.53)
(4.21)

3.5
3.5
3.5
5.7
2.6

Hispanic or Latino origin9 and race


Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mexican or Mexican American . . . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race . .

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.
.

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.
.

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

42.2
41.5
29.8
27.7
41.1

(0.89)
(1.13)
(0.48)
(0.54)
(0.94)

17.6
19.1
19.7
19.7
17.7

(0.64)
(0.86)
(0.33)
(0.38)
(0.65)

40.1
39.4
50.5
52.5
41.2

(0.87)
(1.07)
(0.49)
(0.57)
(0.92)

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

56.3
56.7
46.2
44.1
55.2

(0.88)
(1.10)
(0.50)
(0.58)
(0.94)

3.6
3.9
3.4
3.4
3.5

(0.31)
(0.42)
(0.14)
(0.16)
(0.32)

24.7
25.3
28.5
29.4
23.2

(0.75)
(0.95)
(0.39)
(0.46)
(0.77)

15.4
14.1
21.9
23.0
18.0

(0.61)
(0.70)
(0.38)
(0.45)
(0.77)

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

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.
.
.

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.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

54.2
43.3
30.1
17.1

(0.98)
(0.83)
(0.67)
(0.53)

17.2
18.8
22.3
20.5

(0.72)
(0.60)
(0.58)
(0.55)

28.6
37.8
47.7
62.5

(0.90)
(0.75)
(0.67)
(0.67)

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

68.4
59.0
48.2
34.0

(0.92)
(0.77)
(0.68)
(0.67)

3.2
3.2
4.3
3.6

(0.31)
(0.24)
(0.28)
(0.25)

21.1
25.6
27.7
31.9

(0.78)
(0.66)
(0.58)
(0.64)

7.3
12.2
19.9
30.5

(0.52)
(0.50)
(0.55)
(0.61)

Education10
Less than a high school diploma
High school diploma or GED11 . .
Some college . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bachelors degree or higher . . .
See footnotes at end of table.

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Page 100 [ Series 10, No. 256

Table 29. Age-adjusted percent distributions of participation in leisure-time aerobic and muscle-strengthening activities that meet 2008 federal physical activity guidelines among
adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics: United States, 2011

Table 29. Age-adjusted percent distributions of participation in leisure-time aerobic and muscle-strengthening activities that meet 2008 federal physical activity guidelines among
adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics: United States, 2011Con.
Federal 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans1
Aerobic guidelines only2

Selected characteristic
Family income
Less than $35,000 .
$35,000 or more . .
$35,000$49,999
$50,000$74,999
$75,000$99,999
$100,000 or more

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.
.
.

Total

Inactive

Insufficiently
active

Full guidelines (strengthening and aerobic combined)3

Sufficiently
active (met
guidelines)

12

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

Total

Met neither
aerobic nor
musclestrengthening
guidelines

Met musclestrengthening
guidelines
only

Met aerobic
guidelines
only

Met both
musclestrengthening
and aerobic
guidelines

Percent distributions4 (standard error)


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.

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

42.8
26.3
35.3
28.5
25.6
18.9

(0.69)
(0.50)
(0.95)
(0.78)
(1.09)
(0.77)

Poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Near poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

100.0
100.0
100.0

46.9 (1.00)
42.7 (0.90)
25.2 (0.47)

18.4
20.0
21.4
20.0
20.3
18.8

(0.44)
(0.38)
(0.75)
(0.67)
(0.87)
(0.71)

38.8
53.8
43.2
51.5
54.1
62.3

(0.67)
(0.52)
(0.94)
(0.84)
(1.14)
(0.90)

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

58.0
42.7
53.2
45.1
41.7
34.2

(0.68)
(0.53)
(0.96)
(0.85)
(1.13)
(0.90)

3.2
3.6
3.7
3.5
4.2
3.6

(0.19)
(0.18)
(0.32)
(0.34)
(0.44)
(0.37)

24.7
29.4
25.9
30.1
29.8
30.9

(0.52)
(0.44)
(0.82)
(0.78)
(1.02)
(0.87)

14.1
24.3
17.2
21.3
24.3
31.3

(0.45)
(0.45)
(0.70)
(0.71)
(0.96)
(0.87)

17.0 (0.66)
19.4 (0.64)
20.0 (0.38)

36.1 (0.98)
37.9 (0.85)
54.8 (0.51)

100.0
100.0
100.0

61.5 (0.97)
58.6 (0.87)
41.7 (0.51)

2.5 (0.23)
3.5 (0.28)
3.7 (0.17)

24.4 (0.75)
23.8 (0.73)
29.5 (0.43)

11.7 (0.65)
14.1 (0.58)
25.2 (0.45)

Poverty status13

Health insurance coverage14


Under 65:
Private . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicaid . . . . . . . . . .
Other . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . .
65 and over:
Private . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare and Medicaid .
Medicare only. . . . . . .
Other . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . .

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.
.
.

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

22.0
49.2
33.1
38.9

(0.50)
(1.27)
(1.79)
(0.89)

19.9
18.6
21.3
17.5

(0.41)
(0.89)
(1.56)
(0.63)

58.1
32.2
45.6
43.6

(0.56)
(1.11)
(2.01)
(0.88)

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

38.8
64.4
49.8
53.8

(0.55)
(1.13)
(2.04)
(0.88)

3.2
3.4
4.8
2.6

(0.17)
(0.40)
(0.79)
(0.24)

30.2
22.0
26.4
28.0

(0.47)
(1.00)
(1.90)
(0.75)

27.8
10.2
19.1
15.6

(0.50)
(0.72)
(1.85)
(0.61)

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.

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100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

42.6
63.6
47.2
47.8
63.1

(1.03)
(2.41)
(1.36)
(2.71)
(9.36)

20.3
15.9
18.9
21.1
*18.8

(0.83)
(1.63)
(1.02)
(2.21)
(8.04)

37.1
20.4
33.9
31.1
18.1

(1.01)
(2.01)
(1.29)
(2.52)
(5.39)

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

57.8
75.8
61.9
62.3
76.5

(1.03)
(2.16)
(1.38)
(2.65)
(6.33)

5.2
3.8
4.4
6.5

(0.47)
(0.82)
(0.53)
(1.47)

25.2
17.1
21.7
21.7
*10.3

(0.90)
(1.88)
(1.08)
(2.17)
(3.68)

11.8
3.3
12.0
9.4

(0.65)
(0.90)
(0.88)
(1.49)

.
.
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.

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.

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.

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.

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.

.
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.
.
.

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.
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.

.
.
.
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.
.
.
.
.

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

30.1
37.2
36.6
34.3
32.2

(0.56)
(3.59)
(0.99)
(0.89)
(1.55)

20.6
18.5
18.5
17.9
17.3

(0.44)
(2.83)
(0.74)
(0.67)
(0.99)

49.4
44.3
44.9
47.8
50.5

(0.58)
(4.07)
(1.00)
(0.87)
(1.66)

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

47.5
50.6
51.5
48.8
45.9

(0.58)
(4.02)
(1.01)
(0.87)
(1.65)

3.2
*5.2
3.8
3.7
3.6

(0.18)
(1.60)
(0.37)
(0.34)
(0.60)

29.3
28.8
25.5
25.5
29.0

(0.48)
(4.32)
(0.90)
(0.68)
(1.40)

20.0
15.5
19.2
22.1
21.4

(0.45)
(2.63)
(0.81)
(0.65)
(1.36)

Large MSA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Small MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

100.0
100.0
100.0

30.1 (0.52)
31.2 (0.98)
37.7 (1.44)

19.0 (0.39)
19.8 (0.56)
20.3 (0.80)

50.9 (0.54)
49.0 (0.96)
42.0 (1.32)

100.0
100.0
100.0

45.7 (0.55)
47.4 (0.95)
55.2 (1.34)

3.5 (0.18)
3.7 (0.23)
3.0 (0.31)

28.6 (0.47)
27.2 (0.62)
27.0 (0.98)

22.3 (0.46)
21.7 (0.69)
14.9 (0.73)

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

37.3
29.3
35.1
24.7

16.9
21.8
19.0
19.4

45.8
48.9
45.9
55.9

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

50.9
47.7
51.0
40.4

3.3
3.5
3.2
3.9

26.3
26.8
27.7
30.4

19.5
21.9
18.1
25.3

Marital status
Married . . . . . . . . . .
Widowed . . . . . . . . .
Divorced or separated .
Never married . . . . . .
Living with a partner . .

.
.
.
.
.

.
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.
.
.

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.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

Region
Northeast .
Midwest. .
South . . .
West. . . .

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.

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.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

See footnotes at end of table.

.
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.

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.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

(1.06)
(0.88)
(0.81)
(0.85)

(0.67)
(0.67)
(0.50)
(0.55)

(1.07)
(0.94)
(0.78)
(0.93)

(1.10)
(0.97)
(0.79)
(0.89)

(0.30)
(0.25)
(0.21)
(0.27)

(0.84)
(0.73)
(0.58)
(0.69)

(0.81)
(0.70)
(0.57)
(0.73)

Series 10, No. 256 [ Page 101

Place of residence15

Federal 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans1


Aerobic guidelines only2

Selected characteristic

Total

Inactive

Insufficiently
active

Full guidelines (strengthening and aerobic combined)3

Sufficiently
active (met
guidelines)

Met musclestrengthening
guidelines
only

Met aerobic
guidelines
only

Met both
musclestrengthening
and aerobic
guidelines

Percent distributions4 (standard error)

Hispanic or Latino origin , race, and sex


Hispanic or Latino, male . . . . . . . . . .
Hispanic or Latina, female . . . . . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino:
White, single race, male . . . . . . . . .
White, single race, female . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race,
Black or African American, single race,

Total

Met neither
aerobic nor
musclestrengthening
guidelines

. . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .

100.0
100.0

39.1 (1.22)
45.2 (1.19)

16.8 (0.94)
18.6 (0.87)

44.2 (1.28)
36.2 (1.13)

100.0
100.0

51.3 (1.28)
61.3 (1.12)

4.5 (0.51)
2.6 (0.31)

25.2 (1.16)
24.6 (0.97)

19.0 (0.93)
11.5 (0.70)

. . . . .
. . . . .
male. .
female

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

27.0
28.3
35.5
45.8

17.7
21.7
15.5
19.6

55.3
50.0
49.0
34.6

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

41.2
46.8
46.9
62.3

3.6
3.2
4.0
3.1

29.0
29.9
23.1
23.4

26.2
20.0
25.9
11.3

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

(0.68)
(0.64)
(1.37)
(1.17)

(0.52)
(0.51)
(0.97)
(0.92)

(0.72)
(0.70)
(1.45)
(1.14)

(0.72)
(0.71)
(1.43)
(1.17)

(0.23)
(0.21)
(0.52)
(0.38)

(0.64)
(0.59)
(1.19)
(1.01)

(0.63)
(0.55)
(1.30)
(0.73)

* Estimates preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error greater than 30% and less than or equal to 50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet standards of reliability or precision.
Estimates with a relative standard error greater than 50% are replaced with a dagger and are not shown.
Quantity zero.
1
Starting with Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: National Health Interview Survey, 2010, measures of physical activity shown are changed to reflect the federal 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans (available from: http://
www.health.gov/PAGuidelines/). This new table shows both percentages of adults who met the guidelines aerobic component and percentages of adults who met the full physical activity guidelines, including strengthening as well as aerobic activities. The
2008 federal guidelines recommend that for substantial health benefits, adults should perform at least 150 minutes (2 hours and 30 minutes) a week of moderate-intensity or 75 minutes (1 hour and 15 minutes) a week of vigorous-intensity aerobic physical
activity, or an equivalent combination. Aerobic activity should be performed in episodes of at least 10 minutes that are preferably spread throughout the week. The guidelines also recommend that adults perform muscle-strengthening activities of moderate or
high intensity involving all major muscle groups on 2 or more days a week for additional health benefits. NHIS questions ask about frequency and duration of light- to moderate-intensity and vigorous-intensity leisure-time physical activities, and frequency of

leisure-time strengthening activities. Questions are phrased in terms of current behavior and lack a specific reference period.

2
Inactive is participating in no leisure-time aerobic activity that lasted at least 10 minutes. Insufficiently active is participating in aerobic activities for 10 minutes or more but less than 150 minutes per week. Sufficiently active, which meets 2008 federal

physical activity guidelines, is participating in moderate-intensity leisure-time physical activity 150 minutes or more per week, or in vigorous-intensity leisure-time physical activity 75 minutes or more per week, or an equivalent combination.

3
Categories are mutually exclusive. Adults who met neither the aerobic nor muscle-strengthening 2008 federal physical activity guidelines may have engaged in lesser amounts of activity. Meeting only the strengthening guidelines means participating in

leisure-time muscle-strengthening activities 2 or more days per week with either no leisure-time aerobic activity or aerobic activity that did not meet the guidelines. Meeting only the aerobic activity guidelines means participating in moderate-intensity

leisure-time physical activities 150 minutes or more per week or vigorous-intensity activities 75 minutes or more per week, or an equivalent combination, and not meeting the strengthening guidelines. Meeting both aerobic and strengthening guidelines is

defined in footnote 1. The sum of the percentages of adults who met the aerobic-only guideline and the percentage who met both the aerobic and strengthening guidelines equals (within rounding error) the percentage of adults identified as sufficiently active

according to the 2008 federal guidelines for aerobic activity.

Unknowns for the columns are not included in the denominators when calculating percentages (see Appendix I). Percentages may not add to totals due to rounding.

Includes other races not shown separately and persons with unknown education, family income, poverty status, health insurance, and marital status characteristics.

6
Estimates for age groups are not age adjusted.

7
In accordance with the 1997 standards for federal data on race and Hispanic or Latino origin (see Appendix II), the category One race refers to persons who indicated only a single race group. Persons who indicated a single race other than the groups

shown are included in the total for One race but are not shown separately due to small sample sizes. Therefore, the frequencies for the category One race will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific groups shown separately. Persons

of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. The tables in this report use the current (1997) Office of Management and Budget race and Hispanic origin terms, and the text uses shorter versions of these terms for conciseness.

For example, the category One race, Black or African American in the tables is referred to as black persons in the text.

8
Refers to all persons who indicated more than one race group. Only two combinations of multiple race groups are shown due to small sample sizes for other combinations. Therefore, the frequencies for the category Two or more races will be greater

than the sum of the frequencies for the specific combinations shown separately.

Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. Similarly, the category Not Hispanic or Latino refers to all persons who are not of Hispanic or Latino origin, regardless of race.

Shown only for adults aged 25 and over. Estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S. standard population using four age groups: 2544, 4564, 6574, and 75 and over.

GED is General Educational Development high school equivalency diploma.

12
The categories Less than $35,000 and $35,000 or more include both persons reporting dollar amounts and persons reporting only that their incomes were within one of these two categories (see Appendix I). The indented categories include only those

persons who reported dollar amounts. Because of the different income questions used in 2007 and beyond, income estimates may not be comparable with those from earlier years.

10
11

13
Based on family income and family size using the U.S. Census Bureaus poverty thresholds for the previous calendar year. Poor persons are defined as below the poverty threshold. Near poor persons have incomes of 100% to less than 200% of the

poverty threshold. Not poor persons have incomes that are 200% of the poverty threshold or greater. Because of the different income questions used in 2007 and beyond, poverty ratio estimates may not be comparable with those from earlier years.

14
Based on a hierarchy of mutually exclusive categories. Persons with more than one type of health insurance were assigned to the first appropriate category in the hierarchy. Adults under age 65 and those aged 65 and over were classified separately due

to the predominance of Medicare coverage in the older population. The category Private includes persons who had any type of private coverage either alone or in combination with other coverage. For example, for adults aged 65 and over, Private

includes persons with only private coverage or private in combination with Medicare coverage. The category Uninsured includes persons who had no coverage as well as those who had only Indian Health Service coverage or had only a private plan that

paid for one type of service such as accidents or dental care (see Appendix I). Estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S. population as the standard population using two age groups for adults under age 65 (1844 and 4564), and two age

groups for adults aged 65 and over (6574 and 75 and over).

15

MSA is metropolitan statistical area. Large MSAs have a population size of 1 million or more; small MSAs have a population size of less than 1 million. Not in MSA consists of persons not living in a metropolitan statistical area.

NOTES: Unless otherwise specified, estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S. population as the standard population using four age groups: 1844, 4564, 6574, and 75 and over. For crude percentages, refer to Table XVII in Appendix III.
SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2011.

Page 102 [ Series 10, No. 256

Table 29. Age-adjusted percent distributions of participation in leisure-time aerobic and muscle-strengthening activities that meet 2008 federal physical activity guidelines among
adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics: United States, 2011Con.

Series 10, No. 256 [ Page 103


Table 30. Frequency distribution of body mass index among adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics: United States,
2011
All
adults
aged 18
and over

Selected characteristic

Body mass index among adults aged 18 and over1

Underweight

Healthy
weight

Overweight

Obese

Number in thousands
Total3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

231,376

3,549

79,984

77,586

63,486

112,093
119,283

756
2,793

32,828
47,156

45,358
32,228

31,904
31,582

Sex
Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Age (years)
1844. . . .
4564. . . .
6574. . . .
75 and over

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

110,815
80,849
21,902
17,810

1,947
749
291
562

44,089
22,750
6,009
7,135

33,676
29,533
8,130
6,246

28,226
25,204
6,668
3,387

One race4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American . . . . . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native . . . . .
Asian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
Two or more races5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, white . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native, white .

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

227,770
186,233
27,666
1,980
11,468
423
3,605
675
1,457

3,468
2,731
264

457

*80

78,748
64,752
7,028
515
6,384
*69
1,236
254
436

76,536
63,350
9,036
577
3,377
196
1,050
142
432

62,335
49,886
10,486
768
1,052
143
1,151
243
539

Race

Hispanic or Latino origin6 and race


Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mexican or Mexican American . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino. . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

32,762
20,101
198,614
156,482
26,552

288
183
3,261
2,456
260

9,515
5,338
70,469
56,201
6,646

11,862
7,302
65,724
52,535
8,681

10,069
6,554
53,417
40,749
10,134

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

28,318
52,560
58,568
60,869

370
715
569
1,069

7,751
14,561
17,425
24,098

10,009
18,281
20,320
21,346

9,214
17,268
18,529
12,780

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

74,445
142,828
31,262
39,095
26,539
45,931

1,361
1,972
385
492
400
696

25,293
49,850
10,119
13,043
8,876
17,811

22,571
50,090
10,726
13,399
9,336
16,629

22,748
37,843
9,208
11,304
7,257
10,074

Poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Near poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

29,739
37,180
145,415

601
586
2,039

10,277
12,254
50,828

8,497
11,881
51,122

9,305
11,639
38,116

Education7
Less than a high school diploma
High school diploma or GED8 . .
Some college . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bachelors degree or higher . . .

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

Family income9
Less than $35,000 . .
$35,000 or more . . .
$35,000$49,999 .
$50,000$74,999 .
$75,000$99,999 .
$100,000 or more .

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
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.

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.
.

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.
.

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.
.

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.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

Poverty status10

See footnotes at end of table.

Page 104 [ Series 10, No. 256


Table 30. Frequency distribution of body mass index among adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics: United States,
2011Con.
All
adults
aged 18
and over

Selected characteristic

Body mass index among adults aged 18 and over1

Underweight

Health insurance coverage11


Under 65:
Private . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicaid. . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . .
65 and over:
Private . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare and Medicaid
Medicare only . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . .

Healthy
weight

Overweight

Obese

Number in thousands2

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

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.
.
.

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.

123,512
19,167
8,580
39,635

1,651
345
101
591

44,492
5,849
2,261
13,954

42,147
5,434
2,951
12,513

31,951
6,927
3,002
11,304

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20,987
2,637
12,948
2,762
290

438
*61
273
*72

6,919
758
4,488
859
*91

7,835
879
4,569
974
116

5,131
841
3,188
795
*73

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.
.

123,317
13,796
26,815
49,933
17,131

1,583
378
319
962
307

38,650
5,006
8,222
21,889
6,097

45,152
4,539
8,652
13,682
5,472

34,520
3,335
8,778
11,967
4,781

Large MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Small MSA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

123,142
70,681
37,552

1,897
1,112
539

44,700
24,335
10,948

41,406
23,499
12,681

31,382
19,956
12,147

.
.
.
.

41,615
53,400
82,487
53,874

552
846
1,266
885

15,125
17,466
27,262
20,131

14,035
18,326
27,125
18,100

10,170
15,413
24,609
13,294

. . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .

16,871
15,890

*46
242

4,360
5,155

6,973
4,889

5,156
4,913

.
.
.
.

75,875
80,608
12,073
14,479

474
1,982
*82
178

22,057
34,144
3,181
3,465

31,310
21,224
4,545
4,137

21,431
19,318
4,064
6,070

Marital status
Married . . . . . . . . . .
Widowed . . . . . . . . .
Divorced or separated.
Never married. . . . . .
Living with a partner . .

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Place of residence12

Region
Northeast
Midwest .
South . . .
West . . .

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Hispanic or Latino origin6, race, and sex


Hispanic or Latino, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hispanic or Latina, female . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino:
White, single race, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race, female . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race, male .
Black or African American, single race, female

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.

Estimates with a relative standard error greater than 50% are replaced with a dagger and are not shown.
Quantity zero.
* Estimates preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error greater than 30% and less than or equal to 50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet standards of reliability or
precision.

1
Calculated from information that respondents supplied in response to survey questions regarding height and weight. For both men and women, underweight is indicated by body mass index (BMI)

under 18.5; healthy weight is indicated by BMI of 18.5 up to 25.0; overweight is indicated by BMI of 25.0 up to 30.0; and obesity is indicated by BMI of 30.0 or higher. Note that self-reported height and

weight may differ from actual measurements.

Unknowns for the columns are not included in the frequency distributions (see Appendix I), but they are included in the All adults aged 18 and over column. Numbers may not add to totals because

of rounding.

Includes other races not shown separately and persons with unknown education, family income, poverty status, health insurance, and marital status characteristics.

In accordance with the 1997 standards for federal data on race and Hispanic or Latino origin (see Appendix II), the category One race refers to persons who indicated only a single race group.

Persons who indicated a single race other than the groups shown are included in the total for One race but are not shown separately due to small sample sizes. Therefore, the frequencies for the

category One race will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific groups shown separately. Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. The

tables in this report use the current (1997) Office of Management and Budget race and Hispanic origin terms, and the text uses shorter versions of these terms for conciseness. For example, the

category One race, Black or African American in the tables is referred to as black persons in the text.

5
Refers to all persons who indicated more than one race group. Only two combinations of multiple race groups are shown due to small sample sizes for other combinations. Therefore, the frequencies

for the category Two or more races will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific combinations shown separately.

Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. Similarly, the category Not Hispanic or Latino refers to all persons who are not of Hispanic or Latino origin,

regardless of race.

Shown only for adults aged 25 and over.

GED is General Educational Development high school equivalency diploma.

9
The categories Less than $35,000 and $35,000 or more include both persons reporting dollar amounts and persons reporting only that their incomes were within one of these two categories (see

Appendix I). The indented categories include only those persons who reported dollar amounts. Because of the different income questions used in 2007 and beyond, income estimates may not be

comparable with those from earlier years.

10

Based on family income and family size using the U.S. Census Bureaus poverty thresholds for the previous calendar year. Poor persons are defined as below the poverty threshold. Near poor

persons have incomes of 100% to less than 200% of the poverty threshold. Not poor persons have incomes that are 200% of the poverty threshold or greater. Because of the different income

questions used in 2007 and beyond, poverty ratio estimates may not be comparable with those from earlier years.

Series 10, No. 256 [ Page 105


11
Based on a hierarchy of mutually exclusive categories. Persons with more than one type of health insurance were assigned to the first appropriate category in the hierarchy. Adults under age 65 and
those aged 65 and over were classified separately due to the predominance of Medicare coverage in the older population. The category Private includes persons who had any type of private
coverage either alone or in combination with other coverage. For example, for adults aged 65 and over, Private includes persons with only private coverage or private in combination with Medicare
coverage. The category Uninsured includes persons who had no coverage as well as those who had only Indian Health Service coverage or had only a private plan that paid for one type of service
such as accidents or dental care (see Appendix II).
12
MSA is metropolitan statistical area. Large MSAs have a population size of 1 million or more; small MSAs have a population size of less than 1 million. Not in MSA consists of persons not living in
a metropolitan statistical area.

NOTE: Estimates are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population.
SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2011.

Page 106 [ Series 10, No. 256


Table 31. Age-adjusted percent distribution of body mass index among adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics: United States,
2011
Body mass index among adults aged 18 and over1

Selected characteristic

Total

Underweight

Healthy
weight

Overweight

Obese

Percent distribution (standard error)


Total3 (age-adjusted) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total3 (crude) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

100.0
100.0

1.6 (0.08)
1.6 (0.08)

36.3 (0.37)
35.6 (0.36)

34.2 (0.34)
34.5 (0.34)

27.9 (0.35)
28.3 (0.35)

100.0
100.0

0.7 (0.08)
2.5 (0.15)

30.3 (0.50)
42.1 (0.51)

40.7 (0.52)
27.9 (0.42)

28.4 (0.49)
27.5 (0.44)

1.8
1.0
1.4
3.2

(0.13)
(0.11)
(0.22)
(0.35)

40.8
29.1
28.5
41.2

(0.54)
(0.57)
(0.89)
(1.10)

31.2
37.7
38.5
36.0

(0.48)
(0.57)
(1.03)
(1.06)

26.2
32.2
31.6
19.5

(0.50)
(0.57)
(0.93)
(0.85)

1.6 (0.08)
1.6 (0.09)
1.0 (0.16)

4.2 (0.53)

*1.9 (0.68)

36.3
36.6
26.4
27.6
56.7
16.9
34.0
39.8
31.1

(0.37)
(0.41)
(0.79)
(3.22)
(1.31)
(4.67)
(2.51)
(7.47)
(3.94)

34.3
34.6
33.7
30.8
29.8
48.5
31.9
16.5
29.6

(0.35)
(0.39)
(0.87)
(2.72)
(1.15)
(8.29)
(2.36)
(4.02)
(3.39)

27.8
27.2
38.9
40.8
9.3
34.7
32.3
42.5
37.3

(0.35)
(0.39)
(0.90)
(3.57)
(0.76)
(7.27)
(2.57)
(7.71)
(3.91)

Sex
Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Age4 (years)
1844.
4564.
6574.
75 and

. . .
. . .
. . .
over

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100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

One race5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American . . . . . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native . . . . .
Asian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
Two or more races6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, white . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native, white .

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.
.
.

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

Race

Hispanic or Latino origin7 and race


Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mexican or Mexican American . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino. . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race

.
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.

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100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.9
0.9
1.7
1.7
1.0

(0.16)
(0.19)
(0.10)
(0.11)
(0.17)

29.2
26.6
37.5
38.2
26.1

(0.75)
(0.96)
(0.41)
(0.47)
(0.81)

38.0
38.4
33.5
33.9
33.7

(0.79)
(1.02)
(0.38)
(0.45)
(0.90)

31.8
34.1
27.2
26.2
39.1

(0.77)
(0.97)
(0.39)
(0.43)
(0.93)

.
.
.
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.
.
.
.

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1.2
1.3
1.1
1.9

(0.18)
(0.15)
(0.14)
(0.18)

28.2
28.7
31.3
41.1

(0.80)
(0.69)
(0.62)
(0.69)

36.7
35.5
35.6
35.7

(0.91)
(0.71)
(0.64)
(0.65)

34.0
34.5
32.0
21.2

(0.90)
(0.72)
(0.65)
(0.58)

.
.
.
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.

.
.
.
.
.
.

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1.8
1.5
1.3
1.3
1.8
2.0

(0.14)
(0.12)
(0.19)
(0.19)
(0.31)
(0.27)

35.0
36.6
33.4
34.8
35.1
41.5

(0.52)
(0.49)
(0.87)
(0.88)
(1.08)
(0.92)

31.2
35.5
35.1
35.0
35.8
35.4

(0.50)
(0.46)
(0.87)
(0.82)
(1.02)
(0.90)

31.9
26.4
30.2
28.9
27.3
21.1

(0.55)
(0.45)
(0.87)
(0.82)
(1.00)
(0.73)

Poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Near poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

100.0
100.0
100.0

2.1 (0.21)
1.5 (0.18)
1.6 (0.12)

Education8
Less than a high school diploma
High school diploma or GED9 . .
Some college . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bachelors degree or higher . . .

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

Family income10
Less than $35,000 . .
$35,000 or more . . .
$35,000$49,999 .
$50,000$74,999 .
$75,000$99,999 .
$100,000 or more .

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
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.

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.

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.

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.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

Poverty status11

See footnotes at end of table.

34.9 (0.83)
33.3 (0.77)
36.9 (0.48)

30.2 (0.76)
32.7 (0.79)
35.5 (0.45)

32.8 (0.84)
32.5 (0.79)
26.0 (0.43)

Series 10, No. 256 [ Page 107


Table 31. Age-adjusted percent distribution of body mass index among adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics: United States,
2011Con.
Body mass index among adults aged 18 and over1

Selected characteristic

Total

Health insurance coverage12


Under 65:
Private . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicaid. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
65 and over:
Private . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare and Medicaid . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare only . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Underweight

Healthy
weight

Overweight

Obese

Percent distribution2 (standard error)


.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1.5
1.9
*1.8
1.5

(0.12)
(0.29)
(0.57)
(0.18)

38.2
31.2
30.4
35.8

(0.54)
(1.07)
(1.97)
(0.78)

34.4
29.3
34.1
32.9

(0.50)
(1.04)
(1.94)
(0.78)

26.0
37.6
33.8
29.8

(0.46)
(1.10)
(2.03)
(0.78)

.
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.
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.

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

2.2
2.5
2.2
*2.6

(0.27)
(0.73)
(0.34)
(0.86)

34.4
30.1
36.2
31.4
*29.4

(0.98)
(2.14)
(1.21)
(2.55)
(9.73)

38.5 (1.03)
34.6 (2.40)
36.4 (1.19)
35.9 (2.65)
41.6 (10.60)

24.9
32.8
25.1
30.1
*25.5

(0.85)
(2.22)
(1.10)
(2.39)
(7.71)

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
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.

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.

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.

.
.
.
.
.

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1.4
1.0
1.2
2.3
1.9

(0.12)
(0.19)
(0.17)
(0.35)
(0.46)

33.4
36.7
33.0
40.6
36.2

(0.49)
(4.02)
(0.88)
(0.83)
(1.53)

28.3
37.1
32.6
27.5
28.8

(0.48)
(4.18)
(0.88)
(0.77)
(1.42)

Large MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Small MSA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

100.0
100.0
100.0

1.7 (0.12)
1.7 (0.15)
1.5 (0.20)

37.9 (0.50)
36.0 (0.68)
30.9 (0.81)

34.5 (0.46)
33.7 (0.64)
34.3 (0.88)

26.0 (0.44)
28.6 (0.70)
33.3 (0.87)

.
.
.
.

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1.4
1.7
1.6
1.7

39.1
34.2
34.6
38.8

34.6
35.0
33.4
34.4

24.9
29.2
30.3
25.2

. . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .

100.0
100.0

*0.2 (0.08)
1.6 (0.31)

25.5 (1.06)
33.2 (1.01)

43.4 (1.20)
32.6 (0.99)

30.9 (1.17)
32.6 (1.01)

.
.
.
.

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.7
2.6
*0.7
1.3

30.6
45.7
26.7
25.6

41.1
26.8
38.7
29.7

27.7
24.8
33.9
43.4

Marital status
Married . . . . . . . . . .
Widowed . . . . . . . . .
Divorced or separated.
Never married. . . . . .
Living with a partner . .

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

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.

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.

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.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

36.9
25.2
33.2
29.6
33.1

(0.52)
(2.78)
(0.88)
(0.77)
(1.48)

Place of residence13

Region
Northeast
Midwest .
South . . .
West . . .

.
.
.
.

.
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.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

(0.19)
(0.18)
(0.15)
(0.17)

(0.91)
(0.77)
(0.60)
(0.75)

(0.88)
(0.75)
(0.56)
(0.68)

(0.79)
(0.75)
(0.60)
(0.67)

Hispanic or Latino origin7, race, and sex


Hispanic or Latino, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hispanic or Latina, female . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino:
White, single race, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race, female . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race, male .
Black or African American, single race, female

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

(0.10)
(0.20)
(0.23)
(0.24)

(0.64)
(0.66)
(1.29)
(1.02)

(0.67)
(0.55)
(1.41)
(1.01)

(0.60)
(0.56)
(1.38)
(1.20)

Estimates with a relative standard error greater than 50% are replaced with a dagger and are not shown.
Quantity zero.
* Estimates preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error greater than 30% and less than or equal to 50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet standards of reliability or
precision.
1
Calculated from information that respondents supplied to survey questions regarding height and weight. For both men and women, underweight is indicated by body mass index (BMI) under 18.5;
healthy weight is indicated by BMI of 18.5 up to 25.0; overweight is indicated by BMI of 25.0 up to 30.0; and obesity is indicated by BMI of 30.0 or higher. Note that self-reported height and weight may
differ from actual measurements.
2

Unknowns for the columns are not included in the denominators when calculating percentages (see Appendix I). Percentages may not add to totals due to rounding.
Includes other races not shown separately and persons with unknown education, family income, poverty status, health insurance, and marital status characteristics.

3
4

Estimates for age groups are not age adjusted.


In accordance with the 1997 standards for federal data on race and Hispanic or Latino origin (see Appendix II), the category One race refers to persons who indicated only a single race group.
Persons who indicated a single race other than the groups shown are included in the total for One race but are not shown separately due to small sample sizes. Therefore, the frequencies for the

category One race will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific groups shown separately. Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. The

tables in this report use the current (1997) Office of Management and Budget race and Hispanic origin terms, and the text uses shorter versions of these terms for conciseness. For example, the

category One race, Black or African American in the tables is referred to as black persons in the text.

6
Refers to all persons who indicated more than one race group. Only two combinations of multiple race groups are shown due to small sample sizes for other combinations. Therefore, the frequencies

for the category Two or more races will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific combinations shown separately.

Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. Similarly, the category Not Hispanic or Latino refers to all persons who are not of Hispanic or Latino origin,

regardless of race.

Shown only for adults aged 25 and over. Estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S. standard population using four age groups: 2544, 4564, 6574, and 75 and over.

GED is General Educational Development high school equivalency diploma.

10
The categories Less than $35,000 and $35,000 or more include both persons reporting dollar amounts and persons reporting only that their incomes were within one of these two categories (see

Appendix I). The indented categories include only those persons who reported dollar amounts. Because of the different income questions used in 2007 and beyond, income estimates may not be

comparable with those from earlier years.

11

Based on family income and family size using the U.S. Census Bureaus poverty thresholds for the previous calendar year. Poor persons are defined as below the poverty threshold. Near poor

persons have incomes of 100% to less than 200% of the poverty threshold. Not poor persons have incomes that are 200% of the poverty threshold or greater. Because of the different income

questions used in 2007 and beyond, poverty ratio estimates may not be comparable with those from earlier years.

Page 108 [ Series 10, No. 256


12
Based on a hierarchy of mutually exclusive categories. Persons with more than one type of health insurance were assigned to the first appropriate category in the hierarchy. Adults under age 65 and
those aged 65 and over were classified separately due to the predominance of Medicare coverage in the older population. The category Private includes persons who had any type of private
coverage either alone or in combination with other coverage. For example, for adults aged 65 and over, Private includes persons with only private coverage or private in combination with Medicare
coverage. The category Uninsured includes persons who had no coverage as well as those who had only Indian Health Service coverage or had only a private plan that paid for one type of service
such as accidents or dental care (see Appendix I). Estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S. population as the standard population using two age groups for adults under age 65 (1844
and 4564), and two age groups for adults aged 65 and over (6574 and 75 and over).
13
MSA is metropolitan statistical area. Large MSAs have a population size of 1 million or more; small MSAs have a population size of less than 1 million. Not in MSA consists of persons not living in
a metropolitan statistical area.

NOTES: Estimates are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population. Unless otherwise specified, estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S.
population as the standard population using four age groups: 1844, 4564, 6574, and 75 and over. For crude percentages, refer to Table XVIII in Appendix III.
SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2011.

Series 10, No. 256 [ Page 109


Table 32. Frequency distributions of having a usual place of health care, and of type of place, among adults aged 18 and over, by selected
characteristics: United States, 2011
Type of place1

All adults
aged 18
and over

Selected characteristic

All adults
without a
usual place
of care

All adults
with a
usual place
of care

Doctors
office or
HMO2

Clinic or
health
center

Hospital
emergency
room or
outpatient
department

Some
other
place

Number in thousands3
Total4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

231,376

34,309

196,300

144,767

42,029

5,718

2,143

112,093
119,283

21,160
13,149

90,555
105,746

65,536
79,231

19,395
22,634

3,290
2,428

1,327
816

Sex
Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Age (years)
1844
4564
6574
75 and

. . .
. . .
. . .
over

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

110,815
80,849
21,902
17,810

24,939
8,072
852
446

85,544
72,544
20,910
17,302

58,564
55,168
16,815
14,220

21,736
14,255
3,445
2,593

2,945
2,038
474
261

1,175
645
158
164

One race5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American . . . . . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native . . . . .
Asian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
Two or more races6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, white . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native, white .

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

227,770
186,233
27,666
1,980
11,468
423
3,605
675
1,457

33,665
26,878
4,375
310
2,051
*52
643
*185
222

193,365
158,792
23,136
1,664
9,403
371
2,935
487
1,235

142,833
119,390
15,547
596
7,046
255
1,934
325
806

41,236
32,863
5,387
952
1,933
101
793
139
378

5,601
3,527
1,711
*85
270

117

*37

2,103
1,743
252
*28
80

*39

Race

Hispanic or Latino origin7 and race


Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mexican or Mexican American . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino. . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

32,762
20,101
198,614
156,482
26,552

9,458
6,410
24,851
18,193
4,033

23,199
13,625
173,102
137,822
22,369

13,506
7,468
131,261
106,989
15,139

8,069
5,292
33,960
25,714
5,079

1,076
484
4,642
2,580
1,679

210
113
1,933
1,566
233

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

28,318
52,560
58,568
60,869

5,620
7,774
7,822
5,258

22,632
44,509
50,576
55,473

13,945
32,983
37,847
45,334

6,960
9,332
10,212
8,557

1,283
1,396
1,590
677

133
452
635
583

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

74,445
142,828
31,262
39,095
26,539
45,931

16,488
16,277
5,569
5,372
2,672
2,664

57,633
126,279
25,609
33,644
23,785
43,241

35,117
99,964
18,256
26,133
19,229
36,346

17,916
21,995
5,917
6,323
3,898
5,857

3,210
2,221
825
569
357
470

797
1,203
337
313
167
386

Poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Near poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

29,739
37,180
145,415

7,499
8,685
15,337

22,100
28,380
129,756

11,778
17,951
103,233

8,195
8,385
22,055

1,526
1,391
2,295

328
364
1,253

Education8
Less than a high school diploma
High school diploma or GED9 . .
Some college . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bachelors degree or higher . . .

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

Family income10
Less than $35,000 . .
$35,000 or more . . .
$35,000$49,999 .
$50,000$74,999 .
$75,000$99,999 .
$100,000 or more .

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

Poverty status11

See footnotes at end of table.

Page 110 [ Series 10, No. 256


Table 32. Frequency distributions of having a usual place of health care, and of type of place, among adults aged 18 and over, by selected
characteristics: United States, 2011Con.
Type of place1

All adults
aged 18
and over

Selected characteristic
Health insurance coverage12
Under 65:
Private . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicaid. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
65 and over:
Private . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare and Medicaid . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare only . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

All adults
without a
usual place
of care

All adults
with a
usual place
of care

Doctors
office or
HMO2

Clinic or
health
center

Hospital
emergency
room or
outpatient
department

Some
other
place

Number in thousands3
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

123,512
19,167
8,580
39,635

11,086
1,856
525
19,262

112,187
17,249
8,026
20,202

90,885
10,001
4,378
8,259

18,353
6,181
2,670
8,624

1,173
829
777
2,184

952
*117
176
575

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

20,987
2,637
12,948
2,762
290

431
110
568
*67
113

20,447
2,516
12,315
2,679
178

17,297
1,779
10,122
1,676
*99

2,824
596
1,885
662
*58

232
125
138
219

*59

*126
122

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

123,317
13,796
26,815
49,933
17,131

13,175
629
4,241
11,788
4,393

109,789
13,095
22,471
37,944
12,706

85,776
10,460
15,792
24,557
8,000

20,211
2,179
5,142
10,781
3,638

2,194
349
1,005
1,497
659

819
*78
325
694
212

Large MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Small MSA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

123,142
70,681
37,552

18,607
10,800
4,902

104,077
59,690
32,534

79,495
44,290
20,983

19,342
12,588
10,099

3,402
1,576
740

1,092
661
390

.
.
.
.

41,615
53,400
82,487
53,874

4,172
6,900
13,461
9,776

37,269
46,321
68,763
43,947

31,012
30,832
52,436
30,487

4,715
13,575
12,371
11,368

1,074
1,190
2,413
1,041

228
386
815
713

. . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .

16,871
15,890

5,908
3,550

10,934
12,265

6,323
7,183

3,590
4,479

642
435

132
*78

.
.
.
.

75,875
80,608
12,073
14,479

11,311
6,882
2,460
1,573

64,325
73,498
9,513
12,856

48,830
58,159
6,343
8,796

12,349
13,365
2,026
3,053

1,586
994
858
821

940
626
176
*57

Marital status
Married . . . . . . . . . .
Widowed . . . . . . . . .
Divorced or separated.
Never married. . . . . .
Living with a partner . .

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Place of residence13

Region
Northeast
Midwest .
South . . .
West . . .

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Hispanic or Latino origin7, race, and sex


Hispanic or Latino, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hispanic or Latina, female . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino:
White, single race, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race, female . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race, male .
Black or African American, single race, female

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* Estimates preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error greater than 30% and less than or equal to 50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet standards of reliability or
precision.
Estimates with a relative standard error greater than 50% are replaced with a dagger and are not shown.
Quantity zero.
1
Based on a survey question that asked, Is there a place that you usually go to when you are sick or need advice about your health? and if there was at least one such place, a follow-up question
was asked: What kind of place [is it/do you go to most often]a clinic, a doctors office, an emergency room, or some other place? The choices for this second questions are: clinic or health
center, doctors office or HMO, hospital emergency room, hospital outpatient department, some other place, or doesnt go to one place most often. For this table, hospital emergency room

and hospital outpatient department are combined, as are some other place and doesnt go to one place most often.

HMO is health maintenance organization.

Unknowns for the columns are not included in the frequency distributions (see Appendix I), but they are included in the All adults aged 18 and over and All adults with a usual place of care

columns. Numbers may not add to totals because of rounding.

Includes other races not shown separately and persons with unknown education, family income, poverty status, health insurance, and marital status characteristics.

In accordance with the 1997 standards for federal data on race and Hispanic or Latino origin (see Appendix II), the category One race refers to persons who indicated only a single race group.

Persons who indicated a single race other than the groups shown are included in the total for One race but are not shown separately due to small sample sizes. Therefore, the frequencies for the

category One race will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific groups shown separately. Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. The

tables in this report use the current (1997) Office of Management and Budget race and Hispanic origin terms, and the text uses shorter versions of these terms for conciseness. For example, the

category One race, Black or African American in the tables is referred to as black persons in the text.

6
Refers to all persons who indicated more than one race group. Only two combinations of multiple race groups are shown due to small sample sizes for other combinations. Therefore, the frequencies

for the category Two or more races will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific combinations shown separately.

Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. Similarly, the category Not Hispanic or Latino refers to all persons who are not of Hispanic or Latino origin,

regardless of race.

Shown only for adults aged 25 and over.

GED is General Educational Development high school equivalency diploma.

10
The categories Less than $35,000 and $35,000 or more include both persons reporting dollar amounts and persons reporting only that their incomes were within one of these two categories (see

Appendix I). The indented categories include only those persons who reported dollar amounts. Because of the different income questions used in 2007 and beyond, income estimates may not be

comparable with those from earlier years.

Series 10, No. 256 [ Page 111


11

Based on family income and family size using the U.S. Census Bureaus poverty thresholds for the previous calendar year. Poor persons are defined as below the poverty threshold. Near poor
persons have incomes of 100% to less than 200% of the poverty threshold. Not poor persons have incomes that are 200% of the poverty threshold or greater. Because of the different income
questions used in 2007 and beyond, poverty ratio estimates may not be comparable with those from earlier years.
12
Based on a hierarchy of mutually exclusive categories. Persons with more than one type of health insurance were assigned to the first appropriate category in the hierarchy. Adults under age 65 and
those aged 65 and over were classified separately due to the predominance of Medicare coverage in the older population. The category Private includes persons who had any type of private
coverage either alone or in combination with other coverage. For example, for adults aged 65 and over, Private includes persons with only private coverage or private in combination with Medicare
coverage. The category Uninsured includes persons who had no coverage as well as those who had only Indian Health Service coverage or had only a private plan that paid for one type of service
such as accidents or dental care (see Appendix II).
13
MSA is metropolitan statistical area. Large MSAs have a population size of 1 million or more; small MSAs have a population size of less than 1 million. Not in MSA consists of persons not living in
a metropolitan statistical area.

NOTE: Estimates are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population.
SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2011.

Page 112 [ Series 10, No. 256


Table 33. Age-adjusted percent distributions of having a usual place of health care, and of type of place, among adults aged 18 and over, by
selected characteristics: United States, 2011
Type of place1

Selected characteristic

Total

Total without
a usual
place of
care

Total with
a usual
place of
care

Total

Doctors
office
or HMO2

Clinic or
health
center

Hospital
emergency
room or
outpatient
department

Some
other
place

Percent distributions3 (standard error)


Total4 (age-adjusted) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total4 (crude) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

100.0
100.0

15.5 (0.29)
14.9 (0.29)

84.5 (0.29)
85.1 (0.29)

100.0
100.0

73.6 (0.46)
74.4 (0.45)

22.3 (0.43)
21.6 (0.42)

3.0 (0.14)
2.9 (0.13)

1.2 (0.08)
1.1 (0.08)

Sex
Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

100.0
100.0

19.4 (0.42)
11.7 (0.33)

80.6 (0.42)
88.3 (0.33)

100.0
100.0

72.4 (0.61)
74.5 (0.53)

22.3 (0.55)
22.3 (0.50)

3.8 (0.23)
2.4 (0.15)

1.6 (0.14)
0.8 (0.09)

(0.22)
(0.20)
(0.35)
(0.28)

1.4
0.9
0.8
1.0

(0.14)
(0.14)
(0.51)
(1.75)
(0.64)

3.9 (0.89)

*2.2 (0.86)

1.1
1.2
1.1
*1.6
0.9

Age5 (years)
1844 . . . .
4564 . . . .
6574 . . . .
75 and over

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100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

22.6
10.0
3.9
2.5

(0.48)
(0.34)
(0.37)
(0.34)

77.4
90.0
96.1
97.5

(0.48)
(0.34)
(0.37)
(0.34)

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

69.4
76.5
80.5
82.5

(0.63)
(0.62)
(0.94)
(0.85)

25.7
19.8
16.5
15.0

(0.58)
(0.60)
(0.87)
(0.78)

3.5
2.8
2.3
1.5

Race
One race6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American . . . . . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native . . . . .
Asian . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
Two or more races7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, white . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native, white .

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.

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

15.5
15.4
15.4
15.6
17.5
*12.3
15.5
25.0
16.6

(0.29)
(0.33)
(0.71)
(2.61)
(0.97)
(5.03)
(1.76)
(6.54)
(3.20)

84.5
84.6
84.6
84.4
82.5
87.7
84.5
75.0
83.4

(0.29)
(0.33)
(0.71)
(2.61)
(0.97)
(5.03)
(1.76)
(6.54)
(3.20)

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

73.6
74.8
68.0
35.4
75.4
70.1
67.9
68.0
63.8

(0.47)
(0.53)
(0.99)
(5.02)
(1.38)
(7.02)
(2.84)
(7.12)
(4.69)

22.2
21.7
23.6
57.9
20.7
27.8
27.0
28.9
32.9

(0.44)
(0.50)
(0.91)
(5.60)
(1.26)
(6.65)
(2.67)
(7.00)
(4.56)

3.0
2.3
7.3
*5.1
3.0

(0.13)
(0.12)
(0.16)
(0.25)

(0.08)
(0.10)
(0.18)
(0.72)
(0.25)

*1.3 (0.52)

Hispanic or Latino origin8 and race


Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mexican or Mexican American . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race

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.
.

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

26.0
28.3
13.5
12.8
14.9

(0.75)
(1.05)
(0.30)
(0.33)
(0.72)

74.0
71.7
86.5
87.2
85.1

(0.75)
(1.05)
(0.30)
(0.33)
(0.72)

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

59.8
57.4
75.6
77.3
68.4

(1.08)
(1.49)
(0.50)
(0.57)
(1.02)

34.6
38.1
20.4
19.5
23.0

(1.06)
(1.49)
(0.46)
(0.53)
(0.93)

4.7
3.7
2.8
2.0
7.5

(0.41)
(0.51)
(0.15)
(0.14)
(0.53)

0.9
0.8
1.2
1.2
1.1

(0.22)
(0.21)
(0.09)
(0.11)
(0.18)

Education9
Less than a high school diploma
High school diploma or GED10. .
Some college . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bachelors degree or higher . . .

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.
.
.

.
.
.
.

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

23.0
16.8
13.6
8.6

(0.79)
(0.58)
(0.47)
(0.35)

77.0
83.2
86.4
91.4

(0.79)
(0.58)
(0.47)
(0.35)

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

57.6
72.9
75.1
82.1

(1.19)
(0.86)
(0.70)
(0.60)

35.3
22.4
20.4
15.6

(1.18)
(0.80)
(0.65)
(0.58)

6.6
3.5
3.2
1.2

(0.53)
(0.35)
(0.24)
(0.15)

0.5
1.1
1.3
1.1

(0.12)
(0.18)
(0.16)
(0.14)

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.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

23.3
11.7
18.7
13.9
10.2
6.0

(0.50)
(0.34)
(0.73)
(0.63)
(0.72)
(0.42)

76.7
88.3
81.3
86.1
89.8
94.0

(0.50)
(0.34)
(0.73)
(0.63)
(0.72)
(0.42)

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

58.9
79.3
70.7
78.2
81.3
83.6

(0.74)
(0.49)
(0.97)
(0.80)
(0.96)
(0.82)

33.5
17.9
24.4
19.2
16.5
14.1

(0.70)
(0.46)
(0.92)
(0.73)
(0.87)
(0.76)

6.1
1.8
3.5
1.6
1.5
1.3

(0.33)
(0.14)
(0.41)
(0.24)
(0.29)
(0.25)

1.5
1.0
1.3
1.0
0.8
1.1

(0.16)
(0.10)
(0.23)
(0.17)
(0.23)
(0.26)

Poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Near poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

100.0
100.0
100.0

23.4 (0.71)
23.6 (0.71)
11.3 (0.31)

76.6 (0.71)
76.4 (0.71)
88.7 (0.31)

100.0
100.0
100.0

54.5 (1.11)
62.3 (1.02)
79.6 (0.49)

Family income11
Less than $35,000 .
$35,000 or more . .
$35,000$49,999
$50,000$74,999
$75,000$99,999
$100,000 or more

.
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.

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.

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.
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.
.
.

Poverty status12

See footnotes at end of table.

37.1 (1.06)
31.2 (0.96)
17.6 (0.45)

6.9 (0.50)
5.2 (0.44)
1.8 (0.13)

1.5 (0.20)
1.3 (0.23)
1.0 (0.10)

Series 10, No. 256 [ Page 113


Table 33. Age-adjusted percent distributions of having a usual place of health care, and of type of place, among adults aged 18 and over, by
selected characteristics: United States, 2011Con.
Type of place1

Selected characteristic

Total

Total without
a usual
place of
care

Total with
a usual
place of
care

Health insurance coverage13


Under 65:
Private . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicaid . . . . . . . . . .
Other . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . .
65 and over:
Private . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare and Medicaid .
Medicare only. . . . . . .
Other . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . .

Total

Doctors
office
or HMO2

Clinic or
health
center

Hospital
emergency
room or
outpatient
department

Some
other
place

Percent distributions3 (standard error)

.
.
.
.

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.

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.

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.

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.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

9.7
9.4
8.0
48.0

(0.31)
(0.69)
(1.03)
(0.85)

90.3
90.6
92.0
52.0

(0.31)
(0.69)
(1.03)
(0.85)

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

80.9
58.4
54.3
42.0

(0.51)
(1.32)
(2.20)
(1.22)

17.1
36.1
34.5
44.0

(0.48)
(1.29)
(2.05)
(1.24)

1.1
4.8
9.2
11.1

(0.11)
(0.48)
(1.15)
(0.73)

0.9
*0.7
2.0
2.9

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.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

2.1
4.2
4.3
*2.4
37.6

(0.30)
(0.97)
(0.47)
(0.84)
(8.92)

97.9
95.8
95.7
97.6
62.4

(0.30)
(0.97)
(0.47)
(0.84)
(8.92)

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

84.8
70.8
82.5
62.1
42.3

(0.81)
(2.28)
(1.06)
(2.52)
(8.64)

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

12.2
11.9
18.2
19.4
22.1

(0.35)
(2.46)
(0.77)
(0.62)
(1.06)

87.8
88.1
81.8
80.6
77.9

(0.35)
(2.46)
(0.77)
(0.62)
(1.06)

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

77.8
70.8
71.0
66.6
67.3

(0.58)
(4.31)
(1.05)
(0.88)
(1.40)

19.3
25.2
23.4
28.0
26.4

Large MSA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Small MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

100.0
100.0
100.0

15.5 (0.36)
15.9 (0.56)
14.7 (0.77)

84.5 (0.36)
84.1 (0.56)
85.3 (0.77)

100.0
100.0
100.0

76.3 (0.51)
73.9 (0.88)
63.9 (1.69)

.
.
.
.

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

11.0
13.4
17.1
18.5

89.0
86.6
82.9
81.5

(0.64)
(0.56)
(0.55)
(0.57)

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

82.9
66.6
76.1
69.1

. . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .

100.0
100.0

31.0 (1.11)
20.7 (0.92)

69.0 (1.11)
79.3 (0.92)

. . . . .
. . . . .
male. .
female

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

16.2
9.4
19.5
10.8

83.8
90.6
80.5
89.2

(0.10)
(0.24)
(0.49)
(0.37)

13.8 (0.78)
23.6 (2.08)
15.3 (1.00)
25.0 (2.20)
*36.8 (12.72)

1.1
5.0
1.1
8.4

(0.27)
(1.28)
(0.29)
(1.58)

*0.3 (0.10)

*1.0 (0.34)
4.5 (1.06)

(0.55)
(4.23)
(0.95)
(0.84)
(1.28)

2.1
3.7
4.4
3.7
4.7

(0.17)
(1.08)
(0.50)
(0.30)
(0.62)

0.8
*0.2
1.3
1.7
1.6

19.3
22.1
32.3

(0.47)
(0.77)
(1.69)

3.3 (0.19)
2.8 (0.27)
2.5 (0.34)

1.1 (0.11)
1.2 (0.14)
1.3 (0.22)

(0.81)
(1.16)
(0.69)
(0.99)

13.4
29.9
18.9
26.8

(0.73)
(1.07)
(0.62)
(0.99)

3.0
2.6
3.7
2.5

0.7
0.9
1.3
1.7

100.0
100.0

59.6 (1.59)
59.9 (1.24)

33.1
36.0

(1.56)
(1.20)

6.0 (0.75)
3.5 (0.39)

*1.4 (0.42)
*0.6 (0.20)

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

75.7
78.6
67.8
68.9

20.2
19.0
21.4
24.3

(0.69)
(0.61)
(1.33)
(1.15)

2.5
1.5
8.9
6.4

1.6
0.9
2.0
*0.5

Marital status
Married . . . . . . . . . .
Widowed . . . . . . . . .
Divorced or separated .
Never married . . . . . .
Living with a partner . .

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

(0.10)
(0.10)
(0.22)
(0.21)
(0.36)

Place of residence14

Region
Northeast .
Midwest. .
South . . .
West. . . .

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

(0.64)
(0.56)
(0.55)
(0.57)

(0.31)
(0.25)
(0.29)
(0.23)

(0.15)
(0.14)
(0.14)
(0.22)

Hispanic or Latino origin8, race, and sex


Hispanic or Latino, male . . . . . . . . . .
Hispanic or Latina, female . . . . . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino:
White, single race, male . . . . . . . . .
White, single race, female . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race,
Black or African American, single race,

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

(0.50)
(0.39)
(1.18)
(0.80)

(0.50)
(0.39)
(1.18)
(0.80)

(0.76)
(0.65)
(1.53)
(1.25)

(0.24)
(0.15)
(0.90)
(0.62)

(0.18)
(0.12)
(0.43)
(0.20)

* Estimates preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error greater than 30% and less than or equal to 50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet standards of reliability or
precision.
Estimates with a relative standard error greater than 50% are replaced with a dagger and are not shown.
Quantity zero.
1
Based on a survey question that asked, Is there a place that you usually go to when you are sick or need advice about your health? and if there was at least one such place, a follow-up question
was asked: What kind of place [is it/do you go to most often]a clinic, a doctors office, an emergency room, or some other place? The choices for this second questions are: clinic or health
center, doctors office or HMO, hospital emergency room, hospital outpatient department, some other place, or doesnt go to one place most often. For this table, hospital emergency room

and hospital outpatient department are combined, as are some other place and doesnt go to one place most often.

HMO is health maintenance organization.

Unknowns for the columns are not included in the denominators when calculating percentages (see Appendix I). Percentages may not add to totals due to rounding.

4
Includes other races not shown separately and persons with unknown education, family income, poverty status, health insurance, and marital status characteristics.

5
Estimates for age groups are not age adjusted.

6
In accordance with the 1997 standards for federal data on race and Hispanic or Latino origin (see Appendix II), the category One race refers to persons who indicated only a single race group.

Persons who indicated a single race other than the groups shown are included in the total for One race but are not shown separately due to small sample sizes. Therefore, the frequencies for the

category One race will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific groups shown separately. Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. The

tables in this report use the current (1997) Office of Management and Budget race and Hispanic origin terms, and the text uses shorter versions of these terms for conciseness. For example, the

category One race, Black or African American in the tables is referred to as black persons in the text.

7
Refers to all persons who indicated more than one race group. Only two combinations of multiple race groups are shown due to small sample sizes for other combinations. Therefore, the frequencies

for the category two or more races will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific combinations shown separately.

Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. Similarly, the category Not Hispanic or Latino refers to all persons who are not of Hispanic or Latino origin,

regardless of race.

Shown only for adults aged 25 and over. Estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S. standard population using four age groups: 2544, 4564, 6574, and 75 and over.

GED is General Educational Development high school equivalency diploma.

10

Page 114 [ Series 10, No. 256


11
The categories Less than $35,000 and $35,000 or more include both persons reporting dollar amounts and persons reporting only that their incomes were within one of these two categories (see
Appendix I). The indented categories include only those persons who reported dollar amounts. Because of the different income questions used in 2007 and beyond, income estimates may not be
comparable with those from earlier years.
12

Based on family income and family size using the U.S. Census Bureaus poverty thresholds for the previous calendar year. Poor persons are defined as below the poverty threshold. Near poor
persons have incomes of 100% to less than 200% of the poverty threshold. Not poor persons have incomes that are 200% of the poverty threshold or greater. Because of the different income
questions used in 2007 and beyond, poverty ratio estimates may not be comparable with those from earlier years.
13
Based on a hierarchy of mutually exclusive categories. Persons with more than one type of health insurance were assigned to the first appropriate category in the hierarchy. Adults under age 65 and
those aged 65 and over were classified separately due to the predominance of Medicare coverage in the older population. The category Private includes persons who had any type of private
coverage either alone or in combination with other coverage. For example, for adults aged 65 and over, Private includes persons with only private coverage or private in combination with Medicare
coverage. The category Uninsured includes persons who had no coverage as well as those who had only Indian Health Service coverage or had only a private plan that paid for one type of service
such as accidents or dental care (see Appendix I). Estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S. population as the standard population using two age groups for adults under age 65 (1844
and 4564), and two age groups for adults aged 65 and over (6574 and 75 and over).
14
MSA is metropolitan statistical area. Large MSAs have a population size of 1 million or more; small MSAs have a population size of less than 1 million. Not in MSA consists of persons not living in
a metropolitan statistical area.

NOTES: Estimates are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population. Unless otherwise specified, estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S.
population as the standard population using four age groups: 1844, 4564, 6574, and 75 and over. For crude percentages, refer to Table XIX in Appendix III.
SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2011.

Series 10, No. 256 [ Page 115


Table 34. Frequency distribution of number of office visits to doctor or other health care professional in past 12 months among adults aged
18 and over, by selected characteristics: United States, 2011
Number of office visits in past 12 months1
All adults
aged 18
and over

Selected characteristic

None

23

49

10 or
more

Number in thousands2
Total3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

231,376

43,578

39,552

59,226

55,721

30,822

Sex
Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

112,093
119,283

28,215
15,363

21,854
17,698

27,317
31,909

22,547
33,174

10,979
19,843

Age (years)
1844
4564
6574
75 and

. . .
. . .
. . .
over

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

110,815
80,849
21,902
17,810

28,536
12,617
1,428
996

21,950
13,472
2,345
1,785

27,662
21,801
5,571
4,192

20,226
20,851
7,840
6,804

11,546
11,290
4,336
3,649

Race
One race4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American . . . . . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native . . . . .
Asian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
Two or more races5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, white . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native, white .

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

227,770
186,233
27,666
1,980
11,468
423
3,605
675
1,457

42,765
33,764
5,584
493
2,827
*97
814
*153
260

38,993
31,570
4,698
295
2,379
*50
559
*94
151

58,309
47,463
7,293
559
2,882
*113
917
254
317

54,994
45,908
6,202
406
2,371
*108
727
*108
358

30,253
25,611
3,502
188
902
*51
568
*63
364

Hispanic or Latino origin6 and race


.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

32,762
20,101
198,614
156,482
26,552

10,525
7,188
33,054
24,085
5,270

5,754
3,484
33,798
26,334
4,496

7,082
4,051
52,144
41,175
7,068

6,064
3,443
49,657
40,349
6,008

3,013
1,768
27,808
22,914
3,328

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

28,318
52,560
58,568
60,869

6,900
10,621
9,483
7,776

3,903
8,166
10,066
11,289

5,875
12,885
15,023
17,765

6,970
12,916
14,806
15,599

4,360
7,158
8,650
7,933

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

74,445
142,828
31,262
39,095
26,539
45,931

17,927
23,335
6,900
7,132
3,997
5,307

10,858
26,429
5,267
7,359
4,886
8,918

16,054
39,199
7,833
9,804
7,702
13,860

17,213
35,258
6,958
9,507
6,725
12,069

11,510
17,586
4,037
5,035
3,015
5,499

Poor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Near poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

29,739
37,180
145,415

8,016
9,529
22,110

4,313
5,817
26,454

6,091
8,104
40,284

6,368
8,211
36,929

4,631
5,174
18,527

Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mexican or Mexican American . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino. . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race
Education7
Less than a high school diploma
High school diploma or GED8 . .
Some college . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bachelors degree or higher . . .

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

Family income9
Less than $35,000 . .
$35,000 or more . . .
$35,000$49,999 .
$50,000$74,999 .
$75,000$99,999 .
$100,000 or more .

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

Poverty status10

See footnotes at end of table.

Page 116 [ Series 10, No. 256


Table 34. Frequency distribution of number of office visits to doctor or other health care professional in past 12 months among adults aged
18 and over, by selected characteristics: United States, 2011Con.
Number of office visits in past 12 months1
All adults
aged 18
and over

Selected characteristic
Health insurance coverage11
Under 65:
Private . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicaid. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
65 and over:
Private . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare and Medicaid . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare only . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

None

23

49

10 or
more

Number in thousands2
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

123,512
19,167
8,580
39,635

18,924
2,651
874
18,419

24,838
2,573
1,051
6,804

36,319
4,269
1,782
6,981

28,852
4,791
2,615
4,721

13,638
4,659
2,162
2,350

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

20,987
2,637
12,948
2,762
290

975
151
1,067
118
94

2,078
168
1,558
254
*69

5,333
463
3,216
653
*74

7,992
1,040
4,578
961
*48

4,186
753
2,307
723

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.
.
.
.
.

123,317
13,796
26,815
49,933
17,131

19,075
1,076
4,813
13,740
4,764

21,542
1,447
3,961
9,485
3,071

33,618
3,267
6,361
12,077
3,834

31,794
4,671
6,667
9,131
3,373

16,146
3,030
4,659
4,958
1,980

Large MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Small MSA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

123,142
70,681
37,552

23,347
13,521
6,711

21,928
11,540
6,085

32,140
18,073
9,013

28,543
17,298
9,880

15,718
9,623
5,481

.
.
.
.

41,615
53,400
82,487
53,874

6,750
9,055
15,610
12,164

6,655
9,488
13,312
10,097

10,785
14,868
21,060
12,513

10,930
12,131
20,556
12,105

5,987
7,234
11,129
6,472

. . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .

16,871
15,890

6,966
3,559

3,162
2,592

3,262
3,820

2,258
3,806

1,107
1,906

.
.
.
.

75,875
80,608
12,073
14,479

15,715
8,370
3,358
1,912

14,932
11,402
2,145
2,351

19,452
21,723
2,966
4,102

16,759
23,589
2,231
3,777

8,213
14,701
1,149
2,179

Marital status
Married . . . . . . . . . .
Widowed . . . . . . . . .
Divorced or separated.
Never married. . . . . .
Living with a partner . .

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Place of residence12

Region
Northeast
Midwest .
South . . .
West . . .

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Hispanic or Latino origin6, race, and sex


Hispanic or Latino, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hispanic or Latina, female . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino:
White, single race, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race, female . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race, male .
Black or African American, single race, female

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* Estimates preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error greater than 30% and less than or equal to 50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet standards of reliability or
precision.
Estimates with a relative standard error greater than 50% are replaced with a dagger and are not shown.
1
Based on a survey question that asked, During the past 12 months, how many times have you seen a doctor or other health care professional about your own health at a doctors office, a clinic, or
some other place? Respondents were instructed to exclude overnight hospitalizations, visits to hospital emergency rooms, home visits, dental visits, and telephone calls.
2

Unknowns for the columns are not included in the frequency distributions (see Appendix I), but they are included in the All adults aged 18 and over column. Numbers may not add to totals because
of rounding.

Includes other races not shown separately and persons with unknown education, family income, poverty status, health insurance, and marital status characteristics.
In accordance with the 1997 standards for federal data on race and Hispanic or Latino origin (see Appendix II), the category One race refers to persons who indicated only a single race group.
Persons who indicated a single race other than the groups shown are included in the total for One race but are not shown separately due to small sample sizes. Therefore, the frequencies for the

category One race will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific groups shown separately. Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. The

tables in this report use the current (1997) Office of Management and Budget race and Hispanic origin terms, and the text uses shorter versions of these terms for conciseness. For example, the

category One race, Black or African American in the tables is referred to as black persons in the text.

5
Refers to all persons who indicated more than one race group. Only two combinations of multiple race groups are shown due to small sample sizes for other combinations. Therefore, the frequencies

for the category Two or more races will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific combinations shown separately.

Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. Similarly, the category Not Hispanic or Latino refers to all persons who are not of Hispanic or Latino origin,

regardless of race.

Shown only for adults aged 25 and over.

GED is General Educational Development high school equivalency diploma.

The categories Less than $35,000 and $35,000 or more include both persons reporting dollar amounts and persons reporting only that their incomes were within one of these two categories (see

Appendix I). The indented categories include only those persons who reported dollar amounts. Because of the different income questions used in 2007 and beyond, income estimates may not be

comparable with those from earlier years.

10

Based on family income and family size using the U.S. Census Bureaus poverty thresholds for the previous calendar year. Poor persons are defined as below the poverty threshold. Near poor

persons have incomes of 100% to less than 200% of the poverty threshold. Not poor persons have incomes that are 200% of the poverty threshold or greater. Because of the different income

questions used in 2007 and beyond, poverty ratio estimates may not be comparable with those from earlier years.

Series 10, No. 256 [ Page 117


11
Based on a hierarchy of mutually exclusive categories. Persons with more than one type of health insurance were assigned to the first appropriate category in the hierarchy. Adults under age 65 and
those aged 65 and over were classified separately due to the predominance of Medicare coverage in the older population. The category Private includes persons who had any type of private
coverage either alone or in combination with other coverage. For example, for adults aged 65 and over, Private includes persons with only private coverage or private in combination with Medicare
coverage. The category Uninsured includes persons who had no coverage as well as those who had only Indian Health Service coverage or had only a private plan that paid for one type of service
such as accidents or dental care (see Appendix II).
12
MSA is metropolitan statistical area. Large MSAs have a population size of 1 million or more; small MSAs have a population size of less than 1 million. Not in MSA consists of persons not living in
a metropolitan statistical area.

NOTE: Estimates are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population.
SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2011.

Page 118 [ Series 10, No. 256


Table 35. Age-adjusted percent distribution of number of office visits to doctor or other health care professional in past 12 months among
adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics: United States, 2011
Number of office visits in past 12 months1

Selected characteristic

Total

None

23

49

10 or
more

Percent distribution2 (standard error)


Total3 (age-adjusted) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total3 (crude) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

100.0
100.0

19.5 (0.32)
19.0 (0.32)

17.4 (0.28)
17.3 (0.27)

25.8 (0.33)
25.9 (0.33)

24.0 (0.30)
24.3 (0.30)

13.3 (0.25)
13.5 (0.25)

Sex
Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

100.0
100.0

25.8 (0.45)
13.4 (0.35)

19.7 (0.41)
15.2 (0.36)

24.5 (0.45)
27.1 (0.46)

20.2 (0.38)
27.7 (0.43)

9.9 (0.30)
16.6 (0.36)

Age4 (years)
. . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . .

1844.
4564.
6574.
75 and

. . .
. . .
. . .
over

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.
.

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

26.0
15.8
6.6
5.7

(0.49)
(0.44)
(0.45)
(0.47)

20.0
16.8
10.9
10.2

(0.41)
(0.44)
(0.63)
(0.75)

25.2
27.2
25.9
24.1

(0.46)
(0.52)
(0.85)
(0.94)

18.4
26.1
36.4
39.0

(0.40)
(0.52)
(0.94)
(1.07)

10.5
14.1
20.1
20.9

(0.32)
(0.41)
(0.78)
(0.91)

Race
One race5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American . . . . . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native . . . . .
Asian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
Two or more races6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, white . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native, white .

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.

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

19.5
19.1
20.0
25.1
24.2
23.2
20.3
18.4
19.0

(0.32)
(0.35)
(0.73)
(2.89)
(1.23)
(6.46)
(1.98)
(4.76)
(3.57)

17.5
17.4
16.8
15.2
20.5
*11.7
15.2
*15.8
10.1

(0.28)
(0.32)
(0.66)
(2.81)
(1.07)
(4.02)
(1.75)
(5.44)
(2.11)

25.8
25.6
26.5
28.7
25.5
*27.1
25.3
38.9
21.2

(0.34)
(0.38)
(0.79)
(3.16)
(1.14)
(8.21)
(2.31)
(7.04)
(3.44)

24.0
24.3
23.7
21.2
21.4
25.8
22.8
*14.7
24.0

(0.30)
(0.34)
(0.70)
(2.62)
(1.09)
(6.77)
(1.94)
(4.98)
(2.75)

13.2
13.6
13.0
9.8
8.4
*12.1
16.3
*12.3
25.7

(0.25)
(0.28)
(0.57)
(1.71)
(0.77)
(5.37)
(1.96)
(4.18)
(3.84)

Hispanic or Latino origin7 and race


Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mexican or Mexican American . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino. . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race

.
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.

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

29.8
32.3
17.6
16.5
19.7

(0.79)
(1.05)
(0.33)
(0.37)
(0.75)

16.8
16.5
17.5
17.5
16.8

(0.63)
(0.83)
(0.31)
(0.36)
(0.68)

22.6
21.9
26.5
26.5
26.8

(0.68)
(0.90)
(0.36)
(0.43)
(0.81)

20.7
19.4
24.6
25.1
23.8

(0.69)
(0.94)
(0.33)
(0.39)
(0.72)

10.2
9.9
13.8
14.4
12.9

(0.49)
(0.61)
(0.27)
(0.32)
(0.59)

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.
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.
.

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

27.8
22.4
16.4
12.6

(0.86)
(0.62)
(0.50)
(0.43)

14.6
16.4
17.3
18.4

(0.68)
(0.56)
(0.53)
(0.47)

20.6
24.4
25.6
29.2

(0.73)
(0.65)
(0.59)
(0.60)

22.5
23.6
25.6
26.4

(0.74)
(0.62)
(0.57)
(0.57)

14.4
13.2
15.2
13.5

(0.63)
(0.49)
(0.47)
(0.46)

.
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.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

25.3
16.5
23.0
18.3
14.8
11.3

(0.50)
(0.37)
(0.80)
(0.70)
(0.80)
(0.57)

15.0
18.5
17.3
18.8
18.4
19.0

(0.39)
(0.37)
(0.68)
(0.68)
(0.85)
(0.73)

21.8
27.4
25.1
25.2
28.9
29.6

(0.44)
(0.44)
(0.79)
(0.74)
(0.96)
(0.86)

22.5
25.0
21.9
24.7
25.9
27.0

(0.44)
(0.40)
(0.73)
(0.73)
(0.90)
(0.80)

15.3
12.6
12.7
13.0
11.9
13.0

(0.38)
(0.32)
(0.58)
(0.59)
(0.70)
(0.62)

Poor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Near poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

100.0
100.0
100.0

25.7 (0.74)
26.0 (0.72)
15.8 (0.36)

Education8
Less than a high school diploma
High school diploma or GED9 . .
Some college . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bachelors degree or higher . . .

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

Family income10
Less than $35,000 . .
$35,000 or more . . .
$35,000$49,999 .
$50,000$74,999 .
$75,000$99,999 .
$100,000 or more .

.
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.
.

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.

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.
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.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

Poverty status11

See footnotes at end of table.

13.9 (0.58)
15.8 (0.62)
18.5 (0.37)

20.6 (0.68)
22.0 (0.66)
27.7 (0.44)

23.2 (0.71)
22.1 (0.67)
25.3 (0.39)

16.5 (0.60)
14.0 (0.54)
12.8 (0.31)

Series 10, No. 256 [ Page 119


Table 35. Age-adjusted percent distribution of number of office visits to doctor or other health care professional in past 12 months among
adults aged 18 and over, by selected characteristics: United States, 2011Con.
Number of office visits in past 12 months1

Selected characteristic

Total

Health insurance coverage12


Under 65:
Private . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicaid. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
65 and over:
Private . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare and Medicaid . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare only . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

None

23

49

10 or
more

Percent distribution2 (standard error)


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.
.

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.

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.

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.
.
.

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

16.1
13.7
12.6
46.5

(0.39)
(0.84)
(1.37)
(0.88)

20.6
13.3
14.4
17.2

(0.41)
(0.75)
(1.48)
(0.63)

29.5
22.4
22.1
18.0

(0.48)
(0.94)
(1.86)
(0.63)

22.9
25.6
27.9
12.3

(0.43)
(1.00)
(1.75)
(0.57)

10.9
25.0
23.1
6.0

(0.31)
(1.03)
(1.73)
(0.37)

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.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

4.7
5.9
8.3
4.4
29.5

(0.41)
(1.13)
(0.65)
(0.96)
(8.15)

10.1
6.5
12.2
9.4
*20.9

(0.62)
(1.24)
(0.90)
(1.62)
(6.30)

25.9
18.0
25.2
24.2
*22.1

(0.91)
(1.75)
(1.13)
(2.30)
(7.02)

38.9
40.4
36.1
35.4
*26.2

(1.05)
(2.44)
(1.20)
(2.60)
(9.47)

20.4
29.3
18.2
26.7

(0.91)
(2.41)
(0.99)
(2.34)

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

16.8
16.2
19.6
23.4
24.4

(0.39)
(2.90)
(0.80)
(0.68)
(1.14)

18.1
11.3
15.7
17.5
16.5

(0.39)
(2.18)
(0.73)
(0.64)
(1.02)

27.2
27.1
23.6
24.6
23.8

(0.47)
(3.79)
(0.77)
(0.75)
(1.43)

25.0
26.2
24.4
21.5
22.4

(0.44)
(3.03)
(0.77)
(0.72)
(1.39)

13.0
19.2
16.6
13.0
12.9

(0.34)
(3.68)
(0.69)
(0.62)
(1.10)

Large MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Small MSA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

100.0
100.0
100.0

19.4 (0.39)
19.8 (0.63)
19.6 (0.88)

18.0 (0.38)
16.7 (0.52)
17.0 (0.61)

26.3 (0.45)
25.6 (0.61)
23.9 (0.78)

23.4 (0.40)
24.3 (0.57)
25.3 (0.73)

12.9 (0.32)
13.6 (0.48)
14.2 (0.67)

.
.
.
.

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

17.2
17.5
19.7
23.0

16.6
18.0
16.6
18.9

26.5
28.1
25.6
23.4

25.7
22.8
24.7
22.6

14.1
13.6
13.4
12.1

. . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .

100.0
100.0

37.7 (1.13)
21.2 (0.97)

17.9 (1.02)
15.7 (0.79)

20.7 (1.02)
24.6 (0.92)

15.8 (0.90)
25.7 (0.99)

7.9 (0.69)
12.7 (0.72)

.
.
.
.

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

22.2
11.0
27.1
13.3

20.4
14.6
17.5
16.2

25.7
27.3
24.9
28.5

21.2
28.9
20.7
26.8

10.5
18.2
9.9
15.3

Marital status
Married . . . . . . . . . .
Widowed . . . . . . . . .
Divorced or separated.
Never married. . . . . .
Living with a partner . .

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

Place of residence13

Region
Northeast
Midwest .
South . . .
West . . .

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

(0.72)
(0.66)
(0.56)
(0.64)

(0.64)
(0.58)
(0.47)
(0.58)

(0.77)
(0.76)
(0.52)
(0.66)

(0.73)
(0.68)
(0.50)
(0.54)

(0.57)
(0.53)
(0.44)
(0.44)

Hispanic or Latino origin7, race, and sex


Hispanic or Latino, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hispanic or Latina, female . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino:
White, single race, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race, female . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race, male .
Black or African American, single race, female

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

(0.55)
(0.43)
(1.25)
(0.82)

(0.53)
(0.47)
(1.09)
(0.89)

(0.58)
(0.60)
(1.26)
(1.05)

(0.49)
(0.57)
(0.99)
(1.00)

(0.39)
(0.47)
(0.80)
(0.81)

* Estimates preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error greater than 30% and less than or equal to 50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet standards of reliability or
precision.
Estimates with a relative standard error greater than 50% are replaced with a dagger and are not shown.
1
Based on a survey question that asked, During the past 12 months, how many times have you seen a doctor or other health care professional about your own health at a doctors office, a clinic, or

some other place? Respondents were instructed to exclude overnight hospitalizations, visits to hospital emergency rooms, home visits, dental visits, and telephone calls.

Unknowns for the columns are not included in the denominators when calculating percentages (see Appendix I). Percentages may not add to totals due to rounding.

Includes other races not shown separately and persons with unknown education, family income, poverty status, health insurance, and marital status characteristics.

3
4

Estimates for age groups are not age adjusted.

In accordance with the 1997 standards for federal data on race and Hispanic or Latino origin (see Appendix II), the category One race refers to persons who indicated only a single race group.

Persons who indicated a single race other than the groups shown are included in the total for One race but are not shown separately due to small sample sizes. Therefore, the frequencies for the

category One race will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific groups shown separately. Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. The

tables in this report use the current (1997) Office of Management and Budget race and Hispanic origin terms, and the text uses shorter versions of these terms for conciseness. For example, the

category One race, Black or African American in the tables is referred to as black persons in the text.

6
Refers to all persons who indicated more than one race group. Only two combinations of multiple race groups are shown due to small sample sizes for other combinations. Therefore, the frequencies

for the category Two or more races will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific combinations shown separately.

Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. Similarly, the category Not Hispanic or Latino refers to all persons who are not of Hispanic or Latino origin,

regardless of race.

Shown only for adults aged 25 and over. Estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S. standard population using four age groups: 2544, 4564, 6574, and 75 and over.

GED is General Educational Development high school equivalency diploma.

The categories Less than $35,000 and $35,000 or more include both persons reporting dollar amounts and persons reporting only that their incomes were within one of these two categories (see

Appendix I). The indented categories include only those persons who reported dollar amounts. Because of the different income questions used in 2007 and beyond, income estimates may not be

comparable with those from earlier years.

10

11

Based on family income and family size using the U.S. Census Bureaus poverty thresholds for the previous calendar year. Poor persons are defined as below the poverty threshold. Near poor

persons have incomes of 100% to less than 200% of the poverty threshold. Not poor persons have incomes that are 200% of the poverty threshold or greater. Because of the different income

questions used in 2007 and beyond, poverty ratio estimates may not be comparable with those from earlier years.

Page 120 [ Series 10, No. 256


12
Based on a hierarchy of mutually exclusive categories. Persons with more than one type of health insurance were assigned to the first appropriate category in the hierarchy. Adults under age 65 and
those aged 65 and over were classified separately due to the predominance of Medicare coverage in the older population. The category Private includes persons who had any type of private
coverage either alone or in combination with other coverage. For example, for adults aged 65 and over, Private includes persons with only private coverage or private in combination with Medicare
coverage. The category Uninsured includes persons who had no coverage as well as those who had only Indian Health Service coverage or had only a private plan that paid for one type of service
such as accidents or dental care (see Appendix I). Estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S. population as the standard population using two age groups for adults under age 65 (1844
and 4564), and two age groups for adults aged 65 and over (6574 and 75 and over).
13
MSA is metropolitan statistical area. Large MSAs have a population size of 1 million or more; small MSAs have a population size of less than 1 million. Not in MSA consists of persons not living in
a metropolitan statistical area.

NOTES: Estimates are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population. Unless otherwise specified, estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S.
population as the standard population using four age groups: 1844, 4564, 6574, and 75 and over. For crude percentages, refer to Table XX in Appendix III.
SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2011.

Series 10, No. 256 [ Page 121


Table 36. Frequency distribution of length of time since last contact with doctor or other health care professional among adults aged 18
and over, by selected characteristics: United States, 2011
Length of time since last contact1

All adults
aged 18
and over

Selected characteristic

6 months
or less

More than
6 months,
but not
more than
1 year ago

More than
1 year,
but not
more than
2 years ago
Number in thousands

More than
2 years,
but not
more than
5 years ago

More than
5 years
(excluding
Never)

Never

Total3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

231,376

154,017

35,257

17,933

12,574

7,015

2,360

Sex
Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

112,093
119,283

66,152
87,865

18,220
17,037

11,163
6,770

8,719
3,855

5,228
1,787

1,445
915

Age (years)
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

110,815
80,849
21,902
17,810

63,073
56,680
18,593
15,672

20,185
12,060
1,850
1,162

12,035
5,004
559
335

8,625
3,477
301
171

4,254
2,337
242
181

1,621
616
*63
*59

Race
One race4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American . . . . . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native . . . . .
Asian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
Two or more races5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, white . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native, white .

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

227,770
186,233
27,666
1,980
11,468
423
3,605
675
1,457

151,690
125,145
18,223
1,202
6,844
275
2,327
432
1,050

34,691
27,833
4,527
349
1,939
*43
567
*114
141

17,533
13,957
2,230
220
1,085
*41
400
*102
*135

12,464
10,145
1,428
113
749
*29
110

6,872
5,628
679
56
509

143

*84

2,349
1,868
218

222

1844.
4564.
6574.
75 and

. . .
. . .
. . .
over

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

Hispanic or Latino origin6 and race


Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mexican or Mexican American . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino. . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

32,762
20,101
198,614
156,482
26,552

17,477
10,111
136,541
109,338
17,614

4,883
2,865
30,374
23,492
4,266

3,939
2,695
13,995
10,326
2,160

2,999
2,149
9,575
7,352
1,370

2,077
1,527
4,938
3,671
631

1,011
515
1,349
959
154

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

28,318
52,560
58,568
60,869

18,456
34,543
40,226
43,585

3,282
7,310
9,110
9,761

2,215
3,993
3,903
3,796

1,772
3,249
2,971
2,162

1,727
2,184
1,399
816

607
572
458
339

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

74,445
142,828
31,262
39,095
26,539
45,931

47,775
96,571
19,903
25,763
18,031
32,874

9,724
23,552
4,694
6,415
4,550
7,893

6,158
10,902
2,936
3,095
1,903
2,967

5,462
6,359
2,004
1,956
1,086
1,314

3,506
3,192
1,159
1,150
440
443

1,057
1,243
328
474
298
143

Poor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Near poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

29,739
37,180
145,415

18,300
22,895
100,454

4,137
5,210
23,360

2,662
3,433
10,370

2,350
2,881
6,083

1,517
1,918
2,926

522
507
1,122

Education7
Less than a high school diploma
High school diploma or GED8 . .
Some college . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bachelors degree or higher . . .

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

Family income9
Less than $35,000 . .
$35,000 or more . . .
$35,000$49,999 .
$50,000$74,999 .
$75,000$99,999 .
$100,000 or more .

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

Poverty status10

See footnotes at end of table.

Page 122 [ Series 10, No. 256


Table 36. Frequency distribution of length of time since last contact with doctor or other health care professional among adults aged 18
and over, by selected characteristics: United States, 2011Con.
Length of time since last contact1

All adults
aged 18
and over

Selected characteristic

6 months
or less

More than
6 months,
but not
more than
1 year ago

Health insurance coverage11


Under 65:
Private . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicaid. . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . .
65 and over:
Private . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare and Medicaid
Medicare only . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . .

More than
1 year,
but not
more than
2 years ago

More than
2 years,
but not
more than
5 years ago

More than
5 years
(excluding
Never)

Never

Number in thousands2

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

123,512
19,167
8,580
39,635

83,054
14,516
6,839
15,082

22,044
2,312
896
6,830

9,845
1,054
389
5,649

4,965
666
230
6,112

1,824
331
115
4,278

854
79
*44
1,260

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
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20,987
2,637
12,948
2,762
290

18,397
2,322
10,855
2,477
146

1,508
153
1,109
186
*52

470
*77
280
*30

194

230

142
*25
214

*37

*24

*58

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123,317
13,796
26,815
49,933
17,131

86,123
11,543
18,266
28,069
9,811

18,806
1,127
3,768
8,628
2,885

8,013
440
1,911
5,906
1,639

5,317
236
1,487
4,079
1,423

2,888
199
927
1,958
1,001

1,196
49
203
693
203

Large MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Small MSA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

123,142
70,681
37,552

81,082
46,965
25,971

19,586
10,781
4,890

9,481
5,777
2,675

6,455
3,995
2,124

3,698
2,022
1,295

1,476
568
315

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41,615
53,400
82,487
53,874

29,238
35,891
55,509
33,379

6,001
8,731
12,097
8,429

2,617
3,812
6,110
5,394

1,778
2,712
4,363
3,721

1,000
1,514
2,661
1,840

539
226
1,021
573

. . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .

16,871
15,890

7,309
10,167

2,648
2,235

2,294
1,645

2,094
905

1,660
417

694
317

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75,875
80,608
12,073
14,479

47,917
61,420
6,927
10,687

12,221
11,271
2,081
2,185

6,652
3,674
1,333
827

5,146
2,205
987
383

2,659
1,012
454
177

534
425
86
*69

Marital status
Married . . . . . . . . . .
Widowed . . . . . . . . .
Divorced or separated.
Never married. . . . . .
Living with a partner . .

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Place of residence12

Region
Northeast
Midwest .
South . . .
West . . .

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Hispanic or Latino origin6, race, and sex


Hispanic or Latino, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hispanic or Latina, female . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino:
White, single race, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race, female . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race, male .
Black or African American, single race, female

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Estimates with a relative standard error greater than 50% are replaced with a dagger and are not shown.
* Estimates preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error greater than 30% and less than or equal to 50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet standards of reliability or
precision.
Quantity zero.
1
Based on a survey question that asked, About how long has it been since you saw or talked to a doctor or other health care professional about your own health? Contacts may include office,

hospital, or home visits, and phone calls (but not calls made for arranging appointments).

Unknowns for the columns are not included in the frequency distributions (see Appendix I), but they are included in the All adults aged 18 and over column. Numbers may not add to totals because

of rounding.

Includes other races not shown separately and persons with unknown education, family income, poverty status, health insurance, and marital status characteristics.

In accordance with the 1997 standards for federal data on race and Hispanic or Latino origin (see Appendix II), the category One race refers to persons who indicated only a single race group.

Persons who indicated a single race other than the groups shown are included in the total for One race but are not shown separately due to small sample sizes. Therefore, the frequencies for the

category One race will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific groups shown separately. Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. The

tables in this report use the current (1997) Office of Management and Budget race and Hispanic origin terms, and the text uses shorter versions of these terms for conciseness. For example, the

category One race, Black or African American in the tables is referred to as black persons in the text.

5
Refers to all persons who indicated more than one race group. Only two combinations of multiple race groups are shown due to small sample sizes for other combinations. Therefore, the frequencies

for the category Two or more races will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific combinations shown separately.

Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. Similarly, the category Not Hispanic or Latino refers to all persons who are not of Hispanic or Latino origin,

regardless of race.

Shown only for adults aged 25 and over.

GED is General Educational Development high school equivalency diploma.

9
The categories Less than $35,000 and $35,000 or more include both persons reporting dollar amounts and persons reporting only that their incomes were within one of these two categories (see

Appendix I). The indented categories include only those persons who reported dollar amounts. Because of the diff