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M01

I PUC ALGEBRA & GRAPH THEORY

(A) PARTIAL FRACTIONS, LOGARITHM, MATHEMATICAL INDUCTION, SUMMATION OF FINITE


SERIES & THEORY OF EQUATIONS
(B) BINOMIAL THEOREM, MATHEMATICAL LOGIC, SET THEORY AND GRAPH THEORY

1.

3x +4
A
B
C
=
+
+
, then A =
2
x 1
x +1
( x +1) ( x 1)
( x +1) 2

1
2

(1)
2. If

(2)

15
4

(3)

7
4

(4)

(4)

1
4

( x +1) 2
Bx +C
A
A
=
+ 2
, then sin1 =
3
x
x +x
x +1
C

(1)

3. If A = a

(2)
log a b

and B = b

(1) A = 2B

(3)

then :

log b a

(2) 2A = B

(3) A = B

(4) None of these

4. If log10 3 = 0.4771, then the number of zeros after the decimal in 3100
1) 45

2) 46

3) 47
3

4) 48

5. The sum to n terms of the series 12 + 12 + 2 2 + 12 + 2 2 + 3 2 + is


6n

9n

(1) n +1

12n

(2) n +1

3n

(3) n +1

6. 1 + 5 + 12 + 22 + .. to n terms is
n ( n +1)
n 2 ( n +1)
(1)
(2)
2
2

(3)

(4) n +1

n ( n +1) ( n +2) 2
(4) None of these
12

7. The roots of the equation 2x3 + mx2 13x + n = 0 are 2, 3 then the values of m and n are respectively:
(1) 5, 30
(2) 5, 30
(3) 5, 30
(4) None of these
8. The remainder, when x52 x51 + x41 x42 + x2 + x + 1 is divided by x + 1 is
1) 0
(2) 1
(3) 1

(4) 2

9. If , , are the roots of the equation x3 + 8x + 15 = 0 , then 3 +3 + 3


(1)
10.

1
15

(2)

1
45

(3)

1
45

(4)

1
15

1
1
1
1
+
+
+
=
1 +log 4 3
1 +log 7 6
1 +log 6 7
1 +log 3 4

(1) 2

(2) 1
1

(3) 4

(4) 3

11. The sum of log 9 + log 9 + ........... + log 9 is


3
9
3
n

(1)

n ( n +1)
2

(2) n (n+1)

(3)

n ( n +1)
4

(4)

n ( n +1) ( 2n +1)
6

12. If the roots of the equation x3 ax2 + 14x 8 = 0 are in G.P., then the value of a is
(1) 7
(2) 7
(3) 3
(4) 5
3x +2

13. A function f : A B, where A, B R, is given by f (x) = 5x 3 , and y = g(x) is the reflection of the

graph of y = f(x) on the line y = x . Then g(x) =


(1) f (x)

3x 2

(2) f (x)

(3) 5x +3

14. The total number of terms in the expansion of (1 + x)n (1 x + x2)n is


(1) n2 + 1
(2) n + 1
(3) 2n + 1

(4)

3x + 2
5x + 3

(4) (n + 1)2

15. If the coefficients of (2r 2)th and (r + 5)th terms in the expansion of (1 + x)16 are equal, then r is equal to
(1) 5
(2) 7
(3) 5 or 7
(4) 9
16. If ( 1 + x 2x2)6 = 1 + a1x + a2x2 + .+ a12x12, then the expression a1 + a3 + a5 + + a11 is equal to
(1) 32
(2) 64
(3) 32
(4) 64
50

17. The coefficient of x33 in the expansion of


(1)

50

C 33

r =0

50

C r (x 9)50 r . 8r is

(2) C 33
50

(3)

50

C17

50

(4)

C19

18. The negation of the compound proposition of p ( p q) is


(1) (p q) p

(2) (p q) p

(3) (p q) ( p)

19. The term independent of x in the expansion of (x2 1/3x)9 is equal to


28
28
28
(1)
(2)
(3)
81
243
243

(4) (p q) ( p)

(4)

28
81

20. Contrapositive of the proposition In a square the diagonals are equal and all sides are equal is
(1) If neither the sides are equal nor the diagonals are equal, then the figure is not a square
(2) If the figure is not a square, then its diagonals are not equal and its sides are not equal
(3) If the diagonals are not equal or the sides are not equal, then the figure is not a square
(4) If the diagonals are not equal or the sides are not equal, then the figure is a square
21. Which of the following is a tautology ?
(1) ( p q) (q p)
(3) ( p q) (p q)

(4) (p q) (q p)

22. A function f : [ 0, ) [ 0, ) defined as f(x) =


(1) oneone and onto
23.

(2) (p q) [ p q)

(2) oneone but not onto

2x
is
1+x

(3) onto but not oneone (4) neither oneone nor onto

C
C1
C
C
+ 2. 2 + 3. 3 + .......... + n . n =
C0
C1
C2
C n 1
(1)

1 2
n
2

(2)

1 2
(n + n)
2

(3)

1 2
(n + 1)
2

(4) n2 + 2

24. A (p, q) graph contains t vertices of degree m and all other vertices are of degree n. Then
(1) (n m) t + np = 2q (2) (m n) t + 2q = pn
(3) (m n) t + pn = q (4) (m n) t + pn = 2q
25. Which of the following cannot be a degree sequence of a simple graph with 6 vertices ?
(1) (5, 5, 5, 5, 5, 5)
(2) (6, 5, 4, 4, 3, 2)
(3) (4, 3, 2, 1, 1, 1)
(4) (2, 2, 2, 2, 1, 1)

SOLUTION

1.

(3)
7

3x + 4

2.

A = ( x +1) 2 at x 1 = 0 , ie x =1 A =
4
(1)
2
x + 2x + 1 = (A + B) x2 + C x + A

A
1 1
= sin =
C
2 6

1
A = 1, C = 2 sin

3.

(3)
1

log b
log a
log a
A = a log a = a
= [a log b ]
=b
= B.
4.
(3)
log10(3100) = 100 log10(3) = ( 100) (0.4771) = 47 . 71 = 48 . 29
5.
(1)
3
Put n = 1, required sum = 2 = 3
1
6n
6 (1)
=
= 3.
Now put n = 1, in the alternatives, first alternative
n + 1 1 +1
6.
(2)
Sn = 1 + 5 +12 + 22 + ..+ tn 1 + tn
Sn = 1 + 5 + 12 + 22 + ...... + t n 1 + t n
0 = 1 + [4 + 9 + 10 + ...... + t n t n 1 ] t n
( n 1) [ 2(4) + (n 2)3]
tn =1+
2
b

tn =

log a b .

1
1
n 2 (n + 1)
(3n 2 n ) Sn = t n = 3n 2 n =
2
2
2

7.

(2)
16 + 4m 26 + n = 0 4m + n 10 = 0 ____________
54 + 9m 39 + n = 0 9m + n + 15 = 0 ______________
m = 5, n = 30
8.
(2)
Remainder is f( 1)
f( 1) = ( 1)52 (1)51 + (1)41 (1)42 + ( 1)2 + ( 1) + 1
= 1 + 1 1 1 +1 1 + 1 = 1
9.
(3)
1
1
1
=
=
3
3
3
3
2
+ +
( ) ( ) 3 + 3

1
1
=

15
45

= 0 + 3

10.

(1)
1
1
1
1
+
+
+
1 + log 4 3 1 + log 7 6 1 + log 6 7 1 + log 3 4
1
1
1
1
=
+
+
+
log 4 4 + log 4 3 log 7 7 + log 7 6 log 6 6 + log 6 7 log 3 3 + log 3 4

= log124 + log 42 7 + log 42 6 + log12 3


= log12 12 + log 42 42 = 2

11.

(3)
1
n
1
n (n + 1)
= log3 2 3n = S = n =
log3 n 9
2
2
4

Aliter: Put n = 1; S =
12.

(2)
=8=2
3

1
; check the alternatives; put n = 1 t get (3) as the correct answer.
2

M01

23 a (22) + 14 (2) 8 = 0 a = 7
13.

(1)
g(x) is the inverse of f(x) .
3x +2

3y +2

Let y = 5x 3 y (5x 3) = 3x + 2 x (5y 3) = 2 + 3y x = 5 y 3


3y +2

f1 (y) = 5 y 3

3x +2

or f1 (x) = 5x 3 = f (x)

14.

(2)
(1 + x)n (1 x + x2)n = (1 x3)n (n + 1) terms are there in the expansion
15.
(3)
16

C2r 3 = 16 C r + 4 2r 3 = r + 4 or (2r 3) + (r + 4) = 16

16.

(3)
Required =

17.

1
1
[f(1) f( 1)] [where f(x) = (1 + x 2x2)6] =
[0 ( 2)6] = 32
2
2

(2)
50

r =0

50

C r (x 9)50 r . 8r = [(x 9) + 8]50 = (x 1)50 = (1 x )50

The coefficient of x33 =


18.

50

C33 (1)33 = 50 C33

(1)
[p ( p q)] p [ ( p q)] p ( p q)

19.

(2)
6
np k
9 (2) 0 18
9.8.7
1
28
1
9
.
=
r=
=
=
= 6 T 6 + 1 = C6 . =
p+q
2 +1
3
6
9.81
243
3
20.
(3)
If a figure is a square, then its diagonals are equal and all the sides are equal this is the given proposition
The contrapositive of p (q r) is (q r) p i.e. ( q r) p i.e., if the diagonals are not
equal or the sides are not equal, then the figure is not a square.
21.
22.

(3)
(p q) p q
(2)
f (x) =

(p q) [ p q] is a tautology

2 (x + 1) 2
2
= 2
f (a) = f (b) a = b f is 1 1
1+ x
1+ x

But it is not onto, for 2 [ 0, ) (codomain) and f (x) = 2

2x
= 2 2x = 2 + 2x
1+x

0 = 2 which is not possible.

23.

(2)
n
Cr
n r +1
Cr
=
= n r +1

r
.
n
n
C r 1
r
C r 1
n

G. E. =
24.

(n r +1) = n + (n 1) + . + 3 + 2 + 1 =
r =1

n (n + 1)
2

(4)
2q = d (vi) = t . m + (p t) n = (m n) t + pn

25. (2)
A simple graph with 6 vertices cannot have a vertex of degree 6