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ME 0110

Six Stroke Engine -------- An Innovative approach ___________________________________________________________________


1.Mr.K.VENKAT

SWAROOP, 2. Mr .Y.CHAITANYA

Abstract :
An innovative approach to conventional IC engines leads to an improvised concept, the Six Stroke. Inability in achieving higher compression ratios, inefficient combustion of fuel, low efficiency of an IC engine developed a competitor to itself the six stroke featuring better mileage, performance, feasibly economical, recovery of heat loss during the exhaust, effective scavenging, dramatic reduction in pollution, bio fuel usage, increased turbulence. More power input provided by the same amount of fuel used in two stroke and one third less intake than four stroke makes six stroke to be generalized as two stage IC engine. Replacing the conventional two stroke and four stroke engines by the six stroke IC engines proves to be a boon to the middleclass Indian citizen and Indian economy by reducing the fuel crisis.

Keywords:
Increased turbulence ,recovery of heat loss , effective scavenging, performance.

Conclusion:
From the above discussion it is clear that a six stroke engine is more economical n powerful then d conventional ic engine. Due to it better mileage and performance it can become a powerful competitor to the ic engine. By further research and development it can prove to be a boon to the middleclass Indian citizen. _____________________________________________________________________ 1. Mech III / IV 2. Mech III / IV linkinwith_swaroop@yahoo.co.in chaitu_yi@yahoo.com J.B I.E.T J.B I.E.T

Introduction:
The idea to design a six stroke engine is to over come the fuel crisis faced by the world .The day to day requirement of fuel is increasing tremendously simultaneously the oil deposit under ground is decreasing. The internal combustion engines that we are using today are less efficient i.e. the maximum efficiency of the present engine is approximately 35%which means the contribution of losses is very high. There is a need for the present community of engineers to design an engine which is more efficient. So that we can preserve the fuel for more 2 to 3 decades in future.

1. Inlet Valve: when open supplies fresh air into the engine 2. Exhaust Valve : When open removes the burned gases from the engine 3. Connecting Valve: The valve connects the compression chamber with the combustion chamber. Opens to permit the flow of compressed air from the compression chamber to the combustion chamber and also to permit the flow of exhaust gases from the combustion chamber to the compression chamber to drive the second power stroke. 4. Scavenging Valve: The combustion chamber has been provided with a scavenging valve, to remove the burned gases formed during the combustion. The valve makes valve makes scavenging much more effective than what is found in the existing engines. 5. Fuel Injector 6. Compression Chamber: Supplies compressed air to the combustion chamber. It also aids in providing better turbulence in the combustion chamber making combustion smooth and effective 7. Combustion Chamber: The combustion of the compressed fuel occurs with the aid of the fuel pumped into the cylinder. 8. Piston 1: moving in the first cylinder is used to obtain the work from the combustion chamber 9. Piston 2: moving in the compression chamber is used to obtain the work from the compression chamber.

Six Strokes: First stroke


During the first stroke the inlet valve is opened and air is sucked into the compression chamber. The scavenging valve is also opened to push out the remaining exhaust gases in the combustion chamber.

Second Stroke
The connecting valve is opened and the air sucked in by the compression chamber is compressed and send to the combustion chamber.

Third Stroke

All valves remain closed air is compressed in the compression chamber.

FOURTH STROKE

During the fourth stroke the fuel is injected into the combustion chamber and the combustion of fuel takes place, giving out power, which is obtained from the first piston.

FIFTH STROKE

The connecting valve is opened, driving out the exhaust gases from the combustion chamber into the compression chamber. The high pressure with which the exhaust gases are pushed out aids to obtain an additional power stroke, using the second piston.

SIXTH STROKE

The exhaust valve is opened and the exhaust gases are pushed out from the cylinder. The scavenging valve is opened and air is sucked into the combustion chamber, which is pushed out during the first stroke. Detailed Engine Design ( petrol engine ):(ENGINE PARTS)

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Compression Chamber 6. venturi connection Combustion Chamber 7. From airfilter Inlet Manifold 8. From airfilter To Air Filter 9. To Exhaust line Exhaust Manifold 10. Spark plug P() Poppetvalves R () Reed Valves.

Scavenging in Combustion Chamber

During the sixth stroke, the reed valve R2 is opened and air from the air filter is supplied to the combustion chamber

During the first stroke the reed valve R3 is opened and the air of the sixth stroke is removed.

Cleaning in Compression Chamber

During the third stroke the reed valve R1 is opened and air from the air filter is supplied into the compression chamber, which during the fourth stroke is sent to the back of the air filter. This helps to clean the compression chamber, at the same time also help to collect the unused air-fuel mixture left in the

compression chamber.

ENGINE COMPARISON DCEP Six Stroke Engine P V T (atm ) ( cc ) (K) 1 350 298 5.1 100 434 76.14 12.5 810 76.14 27.93 1810 14.5 100 1234 2.85 350 848 OHC Four Stroke Engine P V T ( atm ) ( cc ) (K) 1 .350 298 25.29 25.29 3.45 29.16 75.16 350 ~ 32% 628 1628 1028

Stage 1 2 3 4 5 6 Increased Efficiency

1 ^ - 1 ---------------- * [ -------------------------- ] r^(1- ) - 1 r Six stroke 28 2.2344 57.71% Four Stroke 12 2.59 43.8%

PRESSURE VOLUME DIAGRAM

ADVANTAGES 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 30% reduction in fuel consumption Two Power strokes (and we are planing for the third from the Cooling System) Bio-Fuel Usage Dramatic reduction in pollution Better Scavenging More powerful than the existing Longer and complete Combustion

FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TO ADVANTAGE


Heat lost during the exhaust of a conventional engine recovered in the six-stroke engine High compression ratio and increased turbulence makes combustion more easy and effective :: reducing pollution and promoting heavy fuel usage

Low temperature and pressure of the gases on expansion and exhaust. Six-stroke engine has one third less intake than a four-stroke A scavenging valve has been provided for effective scavenging.

Conclusion:
From the above discussion it is clear that a six stroke engine is more economical n powerful then d conventional ic engine. Due to it better mileage and performance it can become a powerful competitor to the ic engine. By further research and development it can prove to be a boon to the middleclass Indian citizen.