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Ex. No.

: 1

STUDY OF UML DIAGRAMS

Aim: To study the UML Diagrams. Description: The heart of object-oriented problem solving is the construction of a model. The model abstracts the essential details of the underlying problem from its usually complicated real world. Several modeling tools are wrapped under the heading of the UML, which stands for Unified Modeling Language. The purpose of this course is to import knowledge about UML. At the center of the UML are its nine kinds of modeling diagrams, which we describe here

USE CASE DIAGRAM CLASS DIAGRAM SEQUENCE DIAGRAM COLLOBORATION DIAGRAM ACTIVITY DIAGRAM COMPONENT DIAGRAM

WHY UML IS IMPORTANT? From the construction point of view, the architects design buildings. Builders use the design to create buildings. The more complicated about building, the more critical the communication between architect and builder. Blueprints are the standard graphical language that both architects and builders must learn as part of their trade.

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Writing software is not unlike constructing a building. The more complicated the underlying system, the more critical the communication among everyone involved in creating and deploying the software. In the past decade, the UML has emerged as the software blueprint language for analysis, designers and programmers alike. It is now part of the software trade. The UML gives everyone from business analyst to designer to programmer, a common vocabulary to talk about software design. The UML is applicable to object oriented problem solving. Anyone interested in learning UML must be familiar with the underlying tenet of object oriented problem solving it all begins with the construction of a model. A model is an abstraction of the underlying problem. The domain is the actual word from which the problem comes. Models consist of objects that interact by sending each other message. Think of an object as alive. Objects have things they know (attributes) and things they can do (behaviors). The values of an objects attributes determine its state. Classes are the blueprints for objects. A class wraps attributes and behaviors into a single distinct entity. Objects are instances of classes. CLASS DIAGRAMS: Start program rational software view new class diagram. rational rose enterprise edition use case

A class diagrams gives an overview of a system by showing its classes and the relationships among them. Class diagrams are static- they display what interacts but not what happens when they do interact. UML class notation is a rectangle divided into three parts: class name, attributes and operations. Relationships between classes are the connecting links. Our class diagram has three types of notations: ASSOCIATION- A relationship between instances of the two classes if an instance of one class must know about the other in order to perform its work. In a diagram, an association is a link connecting two classes.

AGGREGATION- An association in which one class belongs to the part containing the whole.

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GENERALIZATION- An inheritance link indicating one class is a super class of the other. A generalization has a triangle pointing to the super class.

An association has two ends. An end may have a roll name to clarify the nature of the association. A navigability arrow on an association shows which direction the association can be traversed or queried. An order detail may be queried about its item, but not the other way around. The arrow also lets us know who owns the association implementation: in this case, order detail has an item. Association with no navigability arrows is bi-directional. The multiplicity of an association end is the number of possible instances of the class associated with a single instance of the other end. Multiplicities are single numbers or ranges of numbers.

USE CASE DIAGRAM: Start program rational software view new use case diagram. rational rose enterprise edition use case

Use case diagrams describe what a system does from the standpoint of an external observer. The emphasis is on what a system does rather than how. Use case diagrams are closely connected to scenarios. A scenario is an example of what happens when someone interacts with the system.
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Use case is a summary of scenarios for a single task or goal. An actor is who or what initiates the events involved in that task. Actors are simply roles that people or objects play. The connection between actor and use case is a communication association (or communication for short). Actors are stick figures. Use cases are ovals. Communications are lines that link actors to use cases. A use case diagram is a collection of actors, use cases, and their communications. A single use case can have multiple actors. Use case diagrams are helpful in three areas. Determining features (requirements): New use cases often generate new requirements as the system is analyzed and the design takes place.

Communicating with clients: Their notational simplicity makes use case diagram a good way for developers to communicate with clients.

Generating test cases: The collection of scenarios for a use case may suggest a suite of test cases for those scenarios.

Login

USER

Add New Members ADMIN Add New Books

Book Details

PRINTER

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SEQUENCE DIAGRAM: Start program rational software view new sequence diagram. rational rose enterprise edition use case

Class and object diagrams are static model views. Interaction diagrams are dynamic. They describe how objects collaborate. A sequence diagram is an interaction diagram that details how operations are carried out, what messages are sent and when. Sequence diagrams are organized according to time. The time progresses as we go down the page. The objects involved in the operation are listed from left to right according to when they take part in the message sequence. Each vertical dotted line is a lifeline, representing the time that an object exist. Each arrow is a message call. An arrow goes from the sender to the top of the activation bar of the message on the receivers lifeline. The activation bar represents the duration of execution of the message.

System
Admin

Database

Ask book details Give the details

Check book details Book not present

Add this book Store details

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COLLOBORATIION DIAGRAM : Collaboration diagrams are also interaction diagrams. They convey the same information as sequence diagrams, but they focus on object roles instead of the times that messages are sent. In a sequence diagram, object roles are the vertices and messages are the connecting links. Collaboration diagram consists of the numbered sequences of actions involved in a use case. The numbering may be simple numbering system or decimal numbering system. The collaboration diagram is very useful for large applications as they include only the order of sequence of actions happening in use cases.
2: Give member id

Student
1: Ask details 4: Display successful message

Librarian

3: Validate member id

Databas e

ACTIVITY DIAGRAM: Start program rational software view new activity diagram. rational rose enterprise edition use case

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An Activity diagram is essentially a fancy flow chart. Activity diagrams and state chart diagram focuses attention on an object undergoing a process, an activity diagram focuses on the flow of activities involved in a single process. The activity diagram shows how the activities are involved in a single process. The activity diagram shows how the activities depend on one another. For our example, we used the following process. Login of the User into the Library through a Database The three involved classes (people, etc) of the activity are User, Database and Library. The process begins at the black start circle at the top and ends at the concentric white/black

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stop circles at the bottom. The activities are rounded rectangles.

system requires username & password

customer enters username & password

system validation username & password

no yes

system displays successful messages

system displays unsuccessful messages

COMPONENT DIAGRAM: Start program rational software rational rose enterprise edition use case view new component view. A Component is a code module. Component diagrams are physical analogs of class diagram.

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DEPLOYMENT DIAGRAM: Start program rational software rational rose enterprise edition use case view new deployment view. Deployment diagrams show the physical configurations of software and hardware. The deployment diagrams are necessary in order to show the physical relationship with other classes as a whole.
Library Management System

Counter Pc

CONCLUSION: Thus the UML description and diagram were designed and studied.

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Ex. No.: 2 PROBLEM STATEMENT:

ATM SYSTEM

To design an ATM system that will enable customers to deposit amount into account , transfer funds from one account to another, to change PIN number of the customer with the permission of bank officer, withdraw money from his/her account, view the account details, make payments through credit system. The system must be capable of handling customer access to accounts and maintain integrity of the database. The system must also be robust in handling multiple transactions concurrently. The system must also be consistent in the transfer of amount from one account to another. The system should notice all error flows and messages clearly stating detailed explanation of the error that occurs. The system must be able to recover if system failure occurs. The user interface components should be self explanatory and user friendly. A separate help system should also accompany the system.

PROBLEM REQUIREMENTS: 1. Basic Requirements: 1) Validity of the card. 2) Balance in the account. 3) Verification of password and PIN id number. 4) Invalid PIN id and Password. 5) Withdrawal of amount exceeding maximum balance.

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6) Withdrawal of amount affecting minimum balance. 2. Functional Requirements: 1) Details of transaction. 2) Amount to be withdrawn. 3) Cross withdrawal limit. 3. Non-Functional Requirements: 1) Failure of ATM network due to power cut. 2) Card validity. MODELING: UML DIAGRAMS: Use case Diagram:

Withdraw

Overdraft

Bank Client

Deposit

Approval Process

Transacton History

Invalid PIN

Figure1.Usecase diagram for ATM system

Class Diagram:

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Figure2.Class diagram for deposit

Figure3. class diagram for invalid pin

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Figure4.Class diagram for withdraw

Sequence Diagram:

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Client

ATM Machine

Account

Inser Card Request PIN Enter PIN Verify PIN Validate PIN Request Amount Enter Amount Request Money Insert Money Process Transaction Validate Transaction Show Balance

Figure5.Sequence diagram for deposit


Client ATM Machine Account

Insert Card Request PIN Enter PIN Verify PIN Valid/Invalid PIN Display Message

Figure6.sequence diagram for invalid pin

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Client

ATM Machine

Account

Insert Card Request PIN Enter PIN Verify PIN Validate PIN Request Amount Enter Amount Process Transaction Validate Transaction Gives out cash Take cash

Figure7.Sequence diagram for with draw

Collaboration Diagram:
1: Inser Card 3: Enter PIN 7: Enter Amount 9: Insert Money Client 2: Request PIN 6: Request Amount 8: Request Money 12: Show Balance 5: Validate PIN 11: Validate Transaction 4: Verify PIN 10: Process Transaction ATM Machine

Account

Figure8. Collaboration diagram for deposit

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1: Insert Card 3: Enter PIN Client 2: Request PIN 6: Display Message ATM Machine

5: Valid/Invalid PIN

4: Verify PIN

Account

Figure9. Collaboration diagram for invalid pin

1: Insert Card 3: Enter PIN 7: Enter Amount 11: Take cash Client 2: Request PIN 6: Request Amount 10: Gives out cash 5: Validate PIN 9: Validate Transaction 4: Verify PIN 8: Process Transaction ATM Machine

Account

Figure10. Collaboration diagram for withdraw

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Activity Diagram:

Figure11.Activity diagram for deposit

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Figure12. Activity diagram for invalid pin

Figure13. Activity diagram for withdraw

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Component Diagram:

Figure14.Component diagram for atm system

Deployment Diagram:
atm system application

counterpc

Figure15.Deployment diagram for ATM system

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SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT: CODE IMPLEMENTATION: Dim rs As New ADODB.Recordset Dim con As New ADODB.Connection Private Sub Command1_Click() If Text2.Text = "" And Text3.Text = "" And Text4.Text = "" Then MsgBox "Enter all the fields correctly" Else a = Text2.Text b = Text3.Text c=0 Do Until rs.EOF c=c+1 rs.MoveNext Loop rs.MoveFirst For i = 1 To c If a = rs.Fields(1) And b = rs.Fields(2) Then MsgBox "You can now deposit or withdraw the amount you entered" Exit Sub Else rs.MoveNext End If Next i If rs.EOF Then MsgBox "WRONG DATAS ENTERED!!!!!!!!!!!!RE TYPE" End If End If End Sub Private Sub Command3_Click() a = Text2.Text b=0 Do Until rs.EOF b=b+1 rs.MoveNext Loop rs.MoveFirst
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For i = 1 To b If a = rs.Fields(1) Then MsgBox "CASH IS WITHDRAWN SUCCESSFULLY--------ATM MANAGAER" Else rs.MoveNext End If Next i rs.Update Text5.Text = rs.Fields(3) End Sub Private Sub Command4_Click() a = Text2.Text b=0 Do Until rs.EOF b=b+1 rs.MoveNext Loop rs.MoveFirst For i = 1 To b If a = rs.Fields(1) Then MsgBox "CASH IS DEPOSITED SUCESSSFULLY --------ATM MANAGAER" Else rs.MoveNext End If Next i rs.Fields(3) = Val(rs.Fields(3)) + Text4.Text rs.Update Text5.Text = rs.Fields(3) End Sub Private Sub Command5_Click() a = Text2.Text b=0 Do Until rs.EOF b=b+1 rs.MoveNext
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Loop rs.MoveFirst For i = 1 To b If a = rs.Fields(1) Then Label1.Caption = "You are now enjoying banking in a better way" + "Bye" + rs.Fields(0) Else rs.MoveNext End If Next i End Sub Private Sub Command6_Click() Unload Me End Sub Private Sub Form_Load() con.Open "dsn=form1" rs.Open "select * from amount", con, adOpenDynamic, adLockOptimistic End Sub

SCREEN SHOTS: FORM 1

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Figure 16. Details Form

FORM 2

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Figure 17. Deposit Successful

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FORM 3

Figure 18. Withdraw Successful

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FORM 4

Figure 19. Report Form SOFTWARE TESTING: TEST CASE REPORT: TEST CASE NAME: Password Availability OBJECTIVE: Usability Test TEST CASES SCENARIO 1: Password: **** EXPECTED OUTPUT: Error Message TEST RESULT ACTUAL OUTPUT: Invalid Password

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CONCLUSION: Thus the application for an ATM System is developed using rational rose and implemented using visual basic. The main aspects that are behind this application are that they enabled us to bring out the new ideas that sustained within us for many days. This application will be a successful one because this application offers the users to deposit or withdraw their amount in a very easy manner. Thus saving our time.

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Ex. No.: 3

LIBRARY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

PROBLEM STATEMENT: A Library must keep record of information about borrower and status of lending books. And the library is not only for tracking information about books it must keep tracking about user who must take the books and the admin who keeps tracks about the borrower record and status of the library. Library management system require to easy update of user records who must use the library and member details. In this Automation system each user will be provided with a specific id and for administrator. A Library System must contains an authentication system for different levels of accessing the specific information . Administrator should have access to the user database and administrator only can do any changes like adding new books, deleting a book from database , updating the information like maintaining the user account , maintains borrower details etc. . . When entered into the new book database the main database should automatically updated with the existing books database and also new book database. This Automation system for the purpose of automatically updating and easy to maintain all the information about library . A separate record for the new user should be maintained and when a new member wants a new login it must get the details about the user and updating automatically .
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In this system have the details about member login , administrator login ,borrower information , adding new member , adding new book, updating book details deleting a account , deleting a book from record etc

PROBLEM REQUIREMENTS: 1. Basic Requirements: 1) Validity of the membership. 2) Availability of library card. 3) Availability of book. or article. 2. Functional Requirements: 1) Member of the library. 2) Return of book or article. 3) Renewal of book or article. 4) Loss of book or article. 5) Loss of member card. 6) Enquiry of availability. 7) Reservation of book. 3. Non-Functional Requirements: 1) System should be simple to operate without any formal training. 2) System must be reused and protected from library member and other unauthorized users. MODELING: UML DIAGRAMS: Use case Diagram:

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Login

Add New Members USER ADMIN Add New Books

Book Details

PRINTER

Figure 1.Use case diagram for Library Automation System

Class Diagram:

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Figure 2.Class diagram for Login

Figure 3.Class diagram for Add Member

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Figure 4.Class diagram for Add Book

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Figure 5. Class diagram for Book Details Activity Diagram:

Figure 6.Activity diagram for Login

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Figure 7.Activity diagram for Add New Member

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Figure 8.Activity diagram for Add New Book

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Figure 9.Activity diagram for Book Details Component Diagram:


library management system

update

front panel

Figure10: Component Diagram for Library Management System

Deployment Diagram:

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library management2

counter pc2

Figure11: Component Diagram for Library Management System SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT: CODE IMPLEMENTATION:

Form 1: Dim con As New ADODB.Connection Dim rs As New ADODB.Recordset Private Sub Command1_Click() a = Text1.Text b = Text2.Text For i = 1 To 100 If a = rs.Fields(0) And b = rs.Fields(1) Then MsgBox "YOU ARE LOGGED IN SUCCESSFULLY" Form1.Show Text1.Text = "" Text2.Text = ""

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Form2.Visible = False Exit Sub Else rs.MoveNext End If Next i MsgBox "Wrong Username or Password.....Try Again" End Sub Private Sub Command2_Click() Text1.Text = "" Text2.Text = "" End Sub Private Sub Form_Load() con.Open "dsn=c1" rs.Open "select * from Login", con, adOpenDynamic, adLockOptimistic End Sub

Form 2: Private Sub Command1_Click() Form3.Show Form1.Visible = False End Sub Private Sub Command2_Click() Form4.Show Form1.Visible = False End Sub Private Sub Command3_Click() Form5.Show Form1.Visible = False End Sub

Form3: Dim con As New ADODB.Connection Dim rs As New ADODB.Recordset Private Sub Command1_Click()
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rs.AddNew If rs.EditMode = adEditAdd Then rs("MemberCode") = Text1.Text rs("MemberName") = Text2.Text rs("Address") = Text3.Text rs("MemberFee") = Text4.Text rs("RenewelDate") = Text5.Text End If rs.Update Text1.Text = "" Text2.Text = "" Text3.Text = "" Text4.Text = "" Text5.Text = "" MsgBox "Member Added Successfully" Form1.Show Form3.Visible = False End Sub Private Sub Command2_Click() rs.Delete If rs.EditMode = adEditAdd Then rs("MemberCode") = Text1.Text rs("MemberName") = Text2.Text rs("Address") = Text3.Text rs("MemberFee") = Text4.Text rs("RenewelDate") = Text5.Text End If rs.Update Text1.Text = "" Text2.Text = "" Text3.Text = "" Text4.Text = "" Text5.Text = "" MsgBox "Member deleted Successfully" Form1.Show Form3.Visible = False End Sub Private Sub Command3_Click() Text1.Text = ""
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Text2.Text = "" Text3.Text = "" Text4.Text = "" Text5.Text = "" Form1.Show End Sub Private Sub Form_Load() con.Open "dsn=c1" rs.Open "select * from Login", con, adOpenDynamic, adLockOptimistic End Sub Form4: Dim con As New ADODB.Connection Dim rs As New ADODB.Recordset Private Sub Command1_Click() rs.AddNew If rs.EditMode = adEditAdd Then rs("BookCode") = Text1.Text rs("BookName") = Text2.Text rs("Author") = Text3.Text rs("Publisher") = Text4.Text rs("Stock") = Text5.Text rs("RackNo") = Text6.Text End If rs.Update Text1.Text = "" Text2.Text = "" Text3.Text = "" Text4.Text = "" Text5.Text = "" Text6.Text = "" MsgBox "Book Added Successfully" Form1.Show Form4.Visible = False End Sub Private Sub Command2_Click() rs.Delete If rs.EditMode = adEditAdd Then rs("BookCode") = Text1.Text
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rs("BookName") = Text2.Text rs("Author") = Text3.Text rs("Publisher") = Text4.Text rs("Stock") = Text5.Text rs("RackNo") = Text6.Text End If rs.Update Text1.Text = "" Text2.Text = "" Text3.Text = "" Text4.Text = "" Text5.Text = "" Text6.Text = "" MsgBox "Book Deleted Successfully" Form1.Show Form4.Visible = False End Sub Private Sub Command3_Click() Text1.Text = "" Text2.Text = "" Text3.Text = "" Text4.Text = "" Text5.Text = "" Text6.Text = "" End Sub Private Sub Form_Load() con.Open "dsn=c1" rs.Open "select * from Login", con, adOpenDynamic, adLockOptimistic End Sub SCREEN SHOTS FORM 1

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Figure12: Login Form FORM 2

Figure13: Option Form FORM 3

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Figure14: Member Details Form

FORM 4

Figure15: Book Details Form

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FORM 5

Figure 16: Member Added Successfully

FORM 6

Figure17: Book Added Successfully


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SOFTWARE TESTING: TEST REPORT: TEST CASE: Book available. OBJECTIVE: Usability test. TEST CASES: SCENARIO: Books available. SAMPLE INPUT: OS EXPECTED OUTPUT: Error message. TEST RESULT: ACTUAL OUTPUT: book not available

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CONCLUSION: Thus the application for a Library automation system is developed using rational rose and implemented using visual basic. Thus the application will be user friendly since we provide all the necessary functions needed for the library automation system. This application can implement for the larger organizations without any difficulties.

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