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The Norwegian Textile Panel - List of chemicals

Last amended December 2006

The Norwegian Textile Panel's list of chemicals that may be used in


Name CAS No. Regulat. Norw. Lists Legal requir. Limit Process

Version1.1
Comments

Published June 14. 2005, revised December 2006

This list of chemicals has been prepared to help those who work professionally with production or purchasing of clothing and other textile products. A description of the different fields of the list has been prepared - you will also find

Pretreatment:
Alkylphenol ethoxylates:
N Prodfor N Pri N OBS X X Used as surfactants in detergents which can be used in production processes for textiles and clothing . Alkylphenol ethoxylates are very persistent in nature, and can act as hormone disrupting agents. Some of them are also toxic to aquatic organisms.

Nonylphenol and nonylphenol ethoxylates

N Prodfor N Pri

Octylphenol and octylphenol ethoxylates

N Prodfor N Pri

alpha.-Sulfo-.omega.-(nonylphenoxy)-poly(oxy-1,2ethanediyl), ammonium salt

9051-57-4 N Prodfor N Pri N OBS

Textile impregnation

alpha-[4-(1,1,3,3-Tetramethylbutyl)phenyl]-omegahydroxy-poly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl)

9002-93-1 N Prodfor N Pri N OBS

Textile printing ink

Other alkylphenol ethoxylates

Banned in concentration equal to or exceeding 0.1 weight percent in products for textile og leather treatment, with two exceptions. The working group recommends that such substances are not applied in the production of clothes and textiles, and that a maximum limit for unintentional contamination in finished products is set to 30 ppm. Octylphenol and octylphenol ethoxylates are banned in Norway with the exceptions of use in paint, varnish, lubricating oil and finished articles. The working group recommends that such substances are not applied in the production of clothes and textiles, and that a maximum limit for unintentional contamination in finished products is set to 30 ppm. A substance belonging to the group nonylphenol ethoxylates. Banned in concentration equal to or exceeding 0.1 weight percent in products for textile og leather treatment, with two exceptions. The working group recommends that such substances are not applied in the production of clothes and textiles, and that a maximum limit for unintentional contamination in finished products is set to 30 ppm. A substance belonging to the group octylphenol ethoxylates. Octylphenol and octylphenol ethoxylates are banned in Norway with the exceptions of use in paint, varnish, lubricating oil and finished articles. The working group recommends that such substances are not applied in the production of clothes and textiles, and that a maximum limit for unintentional contamination in finished products is set to 30 ppm. The working group recommends that such substances are not applied in the production of clothes and textiles, and that a maximum limit for unintentional contamination in finished products is set to 30 ppm. Some of these substances are banned (see below). Should not be used in printing on textile products - waterbased systems are recommended. Recommended maximum concentration: 5 weight% of aromatic hydrocarbons in the organic solvent. Shall not be used. Banned in concentration equal to or exceeding 0,1 weight%

Organic solvents:

N Prodfor N OBS

1,1,1,2-Tetrachloroethane

630-20-6 N Prodfor

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The Norwegian Textile Panel - List of chemicals

Last amended December 2006

1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane Pentachloroethane Benzene

79-34-5 N Prodfor 76-01-7 N Prodfor 71-43-2 N Prodfor

X X X

X X X Textile dyeing, printing

Shall not be used. Banned in concentration equal to or exceeding 0,1 weight% Shall not be used. Banned in concentration equal to or exceeding 0,1 weight% Shall not be used. Banned in concentration equal to or exceeding 0,1 weight%. Maximum accepted concentration of benzene in toys, or part of toys is 5 mg/kg (5 ppm). Totally banned in Norway (owing to ozone depleting effect). The working group recommends that the substance is not used. Proposed to ban toluene (concentration limit 0,1 per cent by weight) in glue and spray paint. The working group recommends that the substance is not used. The working group recommends that the substance is not used.

Carbon tetrachloride (tetrachloromethane) Toluene

56-23-5 N Prodfor N OBS 108-88-3 N OBS

X Textile impregnation, textile printing Textile impregnation Textile bleach

N,N-Dimethylformamide 1,1'-Oxybis-2-propanol

68-12-2 N OBS 110-98-5 N OBS

Dyeing and printing:


Dyes:
N Prodfor X X Azo dyes that can decompose and split off certain carcinogenic arylamines in detectable concentrations are prohibited. Consequently, such dyes must not be used. Other dyes may be carcinogenic, mutagenic, toxic to reproduction, allergenic or irritating. Azo dyes used in textile Azo dyes is a very large group of dyes with extensive use. Those which may be dyeing processes cleft and release one of the arylamines that are listed below, are prohibited, and shall not be added intentionally. Maximum acceptable concentration: 30 ppm. Test methods: Leather: CEN ISO/TS 17234:2003; Textiles: EN 14362-1:2003 / EN 14362-2:2003. Detection limit: 30 ppm. Disperse dyes are mainly used for dyeing of synthetic fibres (e.g. polyester, acetate, polyamide) Acid dyes are used for dyeing wool, silk, polyamide and acrylic The dyes listed under this paragraph may cause cancer and/or allergy. The working group recommends that the substances are not used, and that they are not intentionally added in any process. Possible test method is DIN 54 231 Disperse Dyes; detection limit is 5 mg/l in extract (corresponds to 5 ppm)

Azo dyes that can be broken down to one or more of the arylamines listed below in detectable* concentrations (*=30 ppm): To see the list - click here! Disperse dyes: To see the list - click here!

N Prodfor

X*

Acid dyes: To see the list - click here!

The dyes listed under this paragraph may cause cancer and/or allergy. The working group recommends that the substances are not used, and that they are not intentionally added in any process. Possible test method is DIN 54 231Disperse Dyes; detection limit is 5 mg/l in extract (corresponds to 5 ppm)

Basic (cationic) dyes: To see the list click here!

Used for dyeing acrylic. The dyes listed under this paragraph may cause cancer. The working group Some of these dyes are recommends that the substances are not used, and that they are not intentionally highly toxic to fish. added in any process. Possible test method is DIN 54 231 Disperse Dyes; detection limit is 5 mg/l in extract (corresponds to 5 ppm)

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The Norwegian Textile Panel - List of chemicals

Last amended December 2006

Direct dyes (substantive dyes): To


see the list - click here!

These dyes are mainly used to dye cotton and other cellulosic fibres (viscose)

The dyes listed under this paragraph may cause cancer and/or allergy. The working group recommends that the substances are not used, and that they are not intentionally added in any process. Possible test method is DIN 54 231 Disperse Dyes; detection limit is 5 mg/l in extract (corresponds to 5 ppm)

Finishing treatment and miscellaneous:


Formaldehyde:
N Prodfor X X Used in finishing textiles Formaldehyde is classified as possible carcinogenic, toxic, corrosive and and clothing: Shrinkage allergenic. The concentration of formaldehyde in clothing and textiles must as a resistant and wrinkle minimum be in accordance with Norwegian regulations, which set different levels resistant treatment, for various product types. binding agent for printing ink etc. The Norwegian Product regulation establishes the following maximum concentrations: 30 mg per kg textile (ppm) in textiles for for children under two years of age; 100 mg per kg textile (ppm) in textiles that normally come in direct contact with skin; and 300 mg per kg textile (ppm) in textiles that do not normally come in direct contact with skin. The working group recommend a bit stronger maximum acceceptable concentrations: 30 ppm in all garments for children, and all clothes and textiles that come in direct contact with skin; 100 ppm for other clothes for adults; and 300 ppm for interior textiles. Test method: NS-EN ISO 14184-1 or equivalent.(Please observe that for clothing treated with chemical flame retardants, there may be diverging limits). The use of formaldehyde-free resins is recommended.

Formaldehyde - free and partly hydrolysed

50-00-0 ++ N Prodfor

Metals and metal compounds:


the list - click here!

To see

N Prodfor N Pri N Prodfor N Pri

Organotin compounds: To see the list click here!

May be used in textiles to prevent smell of sweat etc. Catalyst in production of synthetic fibres

Tributyltin and triphenyltin compounds are banned in Norway. Other organotin compounds are prohibited in some applications. This ban does not apply to clothes and textiles. The working group recommends that organotin compounds are not added intentionally in clothes and textiles. Organotin compounds are normally more toxic than metallic tin, and can inter alia cause damages in brain and nerveous system, liver and immune system. These compounds have shown hormone mimicrying properties in nature even at low concentrations. They can accumulate in the food chain.

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The Norwegian Textile Panel - List of chemicals

Last amended December 2006

Flame retardants:

N Prodfor N Pri N OBS

Normally there is no need to add flame retardants in clothes and textiles for private use. Textile goods shall only be treated with flame retardants if the end user specificly orders this, usually based on requirements in regulations or standards on fire protection. In such cases, try to select flame retardants that are as little hazardous as possible. There are separate Norwegian regulations concerning inflammability of mattresses and upholstered furnitures, and prohibition of highly flammable textiles (see introduction page to this list). It is possible to reduce flammability of clothes and textiles in other ways than by applying chemical flame retardants. Use of chemical flame retardants may affect other characteristics in the textiles. If flame retardants are applied, one must be especcially aware of the following substances or groups of substances listed below - some of them are prohibited to be used - others are listed in the authorities' list of substances for specific consideration (OBS list).

Brominated flame retardants: To see


the list - click here!

N Prodfor N Pri

Brominated flame retardants have shown negative health and environmental properties. They are persistent and bioaccumulative. Therefore, brominated flame retardants ought not to be applied in clothes and textiles. Some of these substances are banned in Norway. Normally, textile goods for private use are never treated with flame retardants. In those cases where such treatment is required, e.g. because of quality requirements, the recommendation is to use phosphorus or nitrogen based, organic flame retardants; however, none of the substances listed below or under "Other flame retardants".

Other flame retardants: To see the list click here!

N Prodfor N Pri N OBS

Normally, clothes and textiles for private use shall not be treated with chemical flame retardants. The substances that are listed in this group ought not be added intentionally in any production process for clothes and textiles. In those cases where such treatmenty is required, e.g. because of quality requirements, the recommendation is to use phosphorus or nitrogen based, organic flame retardants. Solvents The working group recommends that the substance is not addded intentionally in any process. Totally banned in Norway. Shall not be used or chemically detectable. Possible test methods are US EPA Method 8082 or solvent extraction followed by GC-MS. Totally banned in Norway. Shall not be used or chemically detectable. Possible test methods are US EPA Method 8082 or solvent extraction followed by GC-MS. Textile impregnation; biocide that may be used to prevent bacterial growth in clothing and bedding The working group recommends that the substance is not addded intentionally in any process. Maximum acceptable concentration is 50 mg/kg (50 ppm).

Organochlorines:
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB)

N Prodfor N Pri N OBS 1336-36-3 N Prodfor N Pri 61788-33-8 N Prodfor

Polychlorinated terphenyls (PCT)

5-Chloro-2-(2,4-dichlorophenoxy)-phenol (Triclosan)

3380-34-5 N OBS

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The Norwegian Textile Panel - List of chemicals

Last amended December 2006

Chlorinated benzenes, toluenes, naphthalenes and xylenes: To see the


list - click here!

N Pri N OBS

Solvents and carriers

The working group recommends that the substance is not addded intentionally in any process. Alternatives are available - for instance water based emulsions.

Chlorinated phenols:

N Prodfor N Pri

Fungicide. Preserving agent in process chemicals

These substances are persistent and can cause serious health and environmental damages (acute toxic, carcinogenic, irritating, toxic to the environment). Some of these substances are banned in Norway. The substances listed in this group ought not be addded intentionally in any process. Be aware of the fact that these substances may be used to combat harmful organisms during transport of inter alia ready made goods. Alternative products are available.

Pentachlorophenol and its salts or esters

87-86-5 ++ N Prodfor N Pri

Tetrachlorophenol and its salts and esters, including tetrachlorophenoxy compounds

25167-83-3

Pesticide, inter alia prior The Norwegian regulation states a maximum acceptable concentration of 5 ppm. to transport of textiles Method of analysis: US EPA 8270 or equivalent. The working group recommends that the substance is not addded intentionally in any process in the production of textiles and clothings. Pesticide, inter alia prior The working group recommends that the substance is not addded intentionally in to transport of textiles any process in the production of textiles and clothings. Reference test method for textiles: 35 LMBG B 82.02-8 (detection limit 1 mg(kg). The working group recommends that the substance is not addded intentionally in any process in the production of textiles and clothings. Reference test method for textiles: 35 LMBG B 82.02-8 (detection limit 1 mg(kg).

Chlorinated phenols and salts and esters of these

Phthalates: To see the list - click here!

N Prodfor N Pri

Plasticizers in plastic coating (PVC and polyurethane), print

From January 1. 2007, 6 specified phthalates are banned in concentration in excess of 0,1 per cent by weight in all toys for children and products for small children. It has been shown that some phthalates have negative health and environmental properties; among others harmful to reproduction. The phthalates listed below ought not to be added intentionally in clothes and textiles.

Asbestos: To see the list - click here! Miscellaneous:


Bisphenol A (BPA) Perfluorooctane sulphonate (PFOS) and PFOS compounds Perfluorooctane carboxylic acid (PFOA) and PFOA compounds Di(hardened tallow) dimethyl ammonium chloride (DHTDMAC)

N Asbest N Prod N Pri N OBS 80-05-7 N Pri N OBS N Pri

Mineral fibres

Banned in Norway. Such fibres shall not be used!

61789-80-8

Tensides

The working group recommends that the substance is not addded intentionally in any process. Norwegian authorities are preparing a ban (maximum concentration 0,001 per cent by weight). Shall not be addded intentionally in any process The working group recommends that the substance is not addded intentionally in any process. The working group recommends that the substance is not addded intentionally in any process.

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The Norwegian Textile Panel - List of chemicals

Last amended December 2006

(1,1'-Biphenyl)-2-ol (o-phenylphenol) Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) Linear alkydbenzene sulfonates (LAS) Distearyl-dimethylammoniumchloride (DSDMAC) bis(Hydrogenated-tallow-alkyl)dimethylammoniumchloride (DTDMAC) Ethylenediaminetetraacetate (EDTA) Diethylenetriaminepentaacetate (DTPA) Biocides

90-43-7 N Pri Spinning oil etc.

60-00-4 140-01-2 Antibacterial agents

pH in finished products

The working group recommends that the substance is not addded intentionally in any process. The working group recommends that the substance is not addded intentionally in any process. The working group recommends that the substance is not addded intentionally in any process. The working group recommends that the substance is not addded intentionally in any process. The working group recommends that the substance is not addded intentionally in any process. The working group recommends that the substance is not addded intentionally in any process. The working group recommends that the substance is not addded intentionally in any process. The working group recommends that these substances are not used except under conditions with special need for protection. Those who order the use of such agents must refer to special requirements from end user. Low as well as high pH can cause skin irritation, especcially for children. All finished goods shall have pH between 4.0 and 8.0. Test method: ISO 3071. The working group recommends that pesticides shall only be applied in the production of natural fibres; not in treatment of finished products. The substances listed in this group ought not to be added intentionally in any part of the production, and shall not be found in finished products except as very low levels of contamination. The list of substances stated is by no means complete, but lists some substances - among others substances that are banned in Norway.

Pesticides: To see the list - click here!

N Prodfor N Pri

In cultivation of natural fibres. May be found in natural fibres and in products made of such fibres.

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