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# EDU 5170 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY I Density and Buoyancy Name _Alan Benson__________________________________________ Date _4/15/13_______ Standards: Chemistry, ISTE

NETS: 1c, 1d, 4c, and 4d. Lesson Objective(s): 1) Learn how to calculate density. - Being able to calculate volume and convert it between units. - Use displaced liquid to measure volume. - Use volume and mass to calculate the density. 2) Introduction to buoyancy. - Begin to understand the reason why different materials have different buoyancy. Introduce the Learning Activity: 1. This lesson is to teach the students how to use the equation for density to learn how density (density = mass / volume) and buoyancy an object has when placed in a fluid is related. 2. When the students first enter the class, there will be a video playing on the board about density of several liquids and solids. Provide Information: 1) Everything of importance to the lesson will be written on the board as well as orally explained. a) Definitions: Mass The measurement of how much matter an object has. Measured in grams and kilograms (km). Volume The measure of the three dimensional size of an object. Measured 3 cubic centimeters (cm ) and calculated by using the formula: Volume = Length * Width * Height, where length, width, and height are measured in centimeters. Another method to measure is to use the conversion 1 mL = 1 3 cm . Density The measurement of the mass per unit volume of an object. Measured 3 in kilograms per cubic centimeters (km/cm ) and determines the interaction between other objects or fluids. It is calculated using the formula: density= mass / Volume. b) Procedure: The procedures will be displayed on the projector. A list of steps will be provided on a separate sheet of paper. 2) Examples: These will be drawn on the board to demonstrate the proper method to measure the dimensions of regularly shaped objects.

Provide Practice: 1. Density i. ii. iii. A box will be drawn onto the board The sides will be labeled as: length = 2 cm, width = 4 cm, height = 3 cm. The calculation of the box will be demonstrated on the board with the 3 equation: v = l + w + h. (volume = 24 cm ) Another box will be drawn on the board and different labels written for the 3 sides. (l = 5 cm, w = 7 cm, h = 1 cm; v = 35 cm ) The class will calculate the volume of the box on their own. After 2 minutes, or when everyone is finished, a student is asked to write the solution on the board using the explained method. The conversion between solid measurement and liquid measurement is 3 then explained. (1 cm = 1 mL) The class is then asked to convert the found volumes of the boxes. A. Volume = 24 cm => 24 mL. B. Volume = 35 cm => 35 mL. ix. The volume of an object can be found using displacement. The amount of liquid the object displaces is the same amount of volume. When we place the first box into a tub of 100 mL of water, what do you think will happen? A. Answer: the total volume will increase to 124 mL. x. Now that we have a method to measure the volume of an object, we can calculate the objects density. The first box is given the mass 5 g. Using the equation for density (d = m / V), the method to calculate the density is shown to the class on the board (d = 0.21 g / mL). The second box is given the mass of 67 g. The class is asked to calculate the density of the second box using the same method as before (d = 1.7 g / mL). The density Phet simulation is then introduced on the projector. A. The volume of the block is determined by the water and the mass is displayed on the block. B. The scroll bars control the volume and the mass of the block. The resulting density is displayed below the bars.
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The class is asked to experiment on their own with the simulation to gain experience with the mechanisms behind the simulation. In the Mystery section of the simulation, the class will determine the mass, volume, and density of each block. A. m = 65.14 kg, V = 3.38 L, d = 19.3 kg/L. B. m = 0.64 kg, V = 1.00 L, d = 0.640 kg/L. C. m = 4.08 kg, V = 5.83 L, d = 0.700 kg/L. D. m = 3.10 kg, V = 3.38 L, d = 0.917 kg/L. E. m = 3.53 kg, V = 1.00 L, d = 3.53 kg/L.

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The blocks float or sink depending on the density of the block. This introduces the idea of buoyancy.

2. Buoyancy: i. Depending on the density of the liquid the object is submerged in, the object will float or sink. In the buoyancy Phet simulation, the density of the liquid can be changed with a sliding bar. On the bar, the density of the liquid is compared to several common liquids.

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Provide Knowledge of Results: 1. The teacher will walk around the classroom while the students attempt to calculate the volume and density of the two drawn boxes and the simulated boxes. While walking around, the teacher will assist them if they are having troubles. 2. The handout will be handed to the teacher who will grade them. The graded handouts will be returned to the students the following day. This is to ensure that they get feedback when the lesson is somewhat fresh in their mind. Review the Activity: 1. At the end of the handout, there will be a section that will ask the students to write down and summarize their experience while using the simulation. Method of Assessment: 1. The level of knowledge of the ability of calculating volume, mass, and density will be assessed using the handout. Portions of the handout will be reviewed for correctness and they include the nd 3 sections that the class is asked to calculate on their own; 2 drawn box volume in cm , the nd volume of both drawn boxes in mL, the density of the 2 drawn box, and the mysterious box section of the Phet simulation.