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4th Expeditionary Reconnaissance Squadron MC12 Informational Brief


This Briefing is:

Lt Col Dan McDonald 4 ERS/ADO

My Deployment Concept/Milestones Aircraft Specifications/Modifications Training/Aircrew Employment Mission Management

4th ERS Ferried Aircraft to AOR 195 Days at Bagram AF, Afghanistan 555 Combat Hours Flown 115 Combat Sorties

Project Liberty Concept

Aircraft Capabilities MX-15i Electro Optical / Infrared (Full Motion Video) sensor (On board storage) Laser Illum / Designator capability SIGINT sensors Direct downlink to ground forces Robust communications Self-protection system Blue Force Tracker 3 - 5 hrs on-station depending on weather Operations Concept Government owned and operated Capable of 24/7 operations Coordinated Air/Ground Operations FMV provided directly to Ground CC/ ISREC/TOC PED provides data via SIPR BLOS capability C-12 Class Aircraft Lightweight, small footprint, easy to operate/maintain, self-deploy Configuration similar to existing aircraft in other DoD components Acft 1-7 BE350 (max t/o 15,000lbs) Acft 8-37 BE350ER (max t/o 16,500lbs)

Project Liberty Milestones

1 Jul 08 SecDef decision: AF procure 37 C-12 class aircraft to augment unmanned ISR SIGINT systems CONEMP signed 18 Sept 08 Schedule: Deliver within 5 months, start deploying in approx 6 months First Delivery: Spring 2009 June 09 first aircraft arrived to 362nd ERS Balad AB, Iraq Dec 09 first aircraft arrived 4th ERS Bagram AF, Afghanistan

Project Liberty Milestones (Contd)

Mar 10 - 361st ERS stood-up at Kandahar AB, Afghanistan 30 operational aircraft delivered in just 13 months Over 5,000 combat hours to date, 22,000 full-motion video hours and over 40,000 images taken Beale AFB, CA has been announced as the preferred CONUS-base
Environmental Impact Studies to follow Plan to activate two CONUS Active Duty squadrons Stand-up in 2011 timeframe

Exterior Modifications
ASE Suite (Aircraft Survivability Exterior Paint Equipment) EO/IR Turret MX-15i/Di Two ALE-47 Dispensers SIGINT Systems
G-Box Wind Jammer (WJ) Pennant Race (PR) Four AAR-47(V)2 Missile Warning Sensors

CAT Pod / L-3 Fairing

Interior Modifications
Flight Deck Sensor Operator Cytological Operator Oxygen Modifications Communication Modifications Lavatory/Cargo Compartment

Internal Configuration

CO Station

SO Station

MC-12 Crew
Aircrew: Two Pilots And Two Mission Crew
Deployed crew ratio of 2.5; total of 75 aircrews for 30 aircraft Sustained ops tempo: Currently 179-day deployment; 1 and done with some aircrew will be retained for Instructor upgrade

ISREC (5th Crewmember) Manpower sourced primarily from AF DCGS

3-5 Imagery Analysts


Pilot IQT - 15 days at Flight Safety International Sensor/Crypto operators IQT/systems training conducted at Key Field Meridian, MS Crew MQT conducted at Key Field, Meridian, MS
Duration ~ 30 days, ~ 12 sorties

Concept of Employment
MC-12 aircraft capable of flying 24/7 in theater Find: The CO/SO and ISREC team Finds Fix: The SO and ISREC team Fixes Finish: Coalition ground/air forces Finish It is a single Weapon System in which entire team has an integral, essential, and important role.


Wescam MX-15i = Full Motion Video (FMV)
Daylight Electo-Optical (EO) w/Spotter Near Infrared Laser Range Finder Laser Illuminator On-board Recording

Active/Passive SIGINT Systems

EO Wide

EO Spotter

IR Spotter

Simplified Operations Concept

Onboard SIGINT Operator FMV Operator Beyond Line of Sight

Line of Sight Datalink

Combat Support Agency

AF ISR Centralized Processing Exploitation Dissemination (PED) Cell

Common User Comms
Other Supported Ground Forces


Mission Management
Mission Commander Laptop Docked and stowed in the doghouse Dual monitor system Connected to the SECRET LAN SENTRY / TORCH software installed Maps reside on MMS1

MC Laptop

Secret LAN


Mission Management
Mission Management System 1 (MMS1) Located at the SO station Designated as the SECRET msn computer SENTRY / TORCH software is on MMS1 Operator can control the VGA MX-15i ARC-231 PRC-117G MMS1 PacWind C-MIGITS realignment mIRC chat HPW email DVR Video



Mission Management
Mission Management System 2 (MMS2) Identical hardware to MMS1 Designated as the unclassified system Controls Rover modem and receiver configuration Encodes MX-15 video for satellite transmission




Sentry/Torch Operations
Used for mission execution, intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance, and battlefield management Multiple moving map displays Auto slew to coordinates, FalconView points, or real-time Cursor-on-Target position Tracks aircraft and Sensors Point-of-Interest in real-time Software control of AUX 1-4 (PRC-117 and ARC-231) radios and sensor Real-time Height Above Target and Target Elevation with Digital Terrain Elevation Data


Sentry/Torch Software


Data Dissemination
MMS1 KuSS Pennant Race




Pacwind AUX 1 & 2 (ARC-231) AUX 4 & 5 (PRC-117) Mission Management System 2


The MC-12 is equipped with Rover 4 capability Short range, UNENCRYPTED, LOS data link Transmits FMV to ground and/or air assets Provides customer Situational awareness Targeting / Objective solutions Battle Damage Assessment Surveillance Convoy Escort Eyes in the sky Shortens talk-on-target for time-critical operations

Data link system for Audio Full Motion Video (FMV) File transfer communications Transmits and receives encrypted video over S-band Requires S150 encoder and decoder 100NM LOS at 10,000 ft

Pennant Race

Pennant Race (PR) is a remote controlled audio SIGINT system and is classified above this brief.

Wideband satellite communication suite Installed on Aircraft 8 and beyond

Transmits at approximately 512 Kbps

Planned upgrade to 1 Mbps with VIASAT software

BLOS pipeline for Pennant Race, snapshot photos, email, data and internet / chat