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K12 Mechatronics Projects

Light Refraction & Reflection


Mechatronics/Process Control Laboratory
Servomotor

Light source

Light sensor

The reflection experiment test-bed is used for both light reflection and absorption experiments. A common laser pointer is used as the light source. A photoresistor is used as the light sensor.
KEY PARTS: SERVOMOTORS PHOTORESISTOR LASER POINTER

Light Refraction & Reflection


Mechatronics/Process Control Laboratory
Light source

Light sensor

Potentiometer

Limit switches The refraction experiment test-bed is used to measure the index of refraction for various media. KEY PARTS: SERVOMOTOR DC MOTOR PHOTORESISTOR LINEAR POTENTIOMETER LASER POINTER H-BRIDGE LIMIT SWITCH

Heat Conduction & Periodic Motion


Mechatronics/Process Control Laboratory

DS1620

DB-15 adapter

The conduction experiment test-bed is used to measure heat conductivity through the rod. A hole has been bored into one end of each rod for the heating element to be inserted. The other end of the rod is placed into an ice water bath.
KEY PARTS: THERMAL SENSOR HEATER ALUMINIUM ROD ICE BATH SOLID STATE RELAY

DS1620

Heat Conduction & Periodic Motion


Mechatronics/Process Control Laboratory
Horizontal reference

IR transmitter

t Mass Vertical reference r mg IR receiver

The pendulum experiment test-bed is used to measure the periodicity of a simple pendulum. The length of the pendulum is adjusted by the servomotor through a pulley.
KEY PARTS: SERVOMOTOR INFRARED EMITTER INFRARED DETECTOR MASS

Conductivity Experiment
Mechatronics/Process Control Laboratory

This experiment shows that conductivity of water increases by adding salt content to the water.
Key Parts: DC Motor Agitator Reed Relay Lab Beaker Electrodes Flow Control Knob

Static Friction
Mechatronics/Process Control Laboratory
The static friction coefficient test-bed is used to experimentally determine the coefficient of static friction between various surfaces. It consists of a horizontal base and a plate that can be rotated from a level plane to the vertical position.
Stopper IR receiver

IR transmitter

Potentiometer

ADC with span and offset

Circuitry Stopper

H-Bridge DC motor

KEY PARTS: DC MOTOR ROTARY POTENTIOMETER ANALOG DIGITAL CONVERTER INFRARED EMITTER INFRARED DETECTOR

SMART 2003 Projects Static Equilibrium


Teachers: Robert Gandolfo & Paul Friedman
T

FH

W3 W1 W2

FV

FORCES = 0 TORQUE = 0
Incline sensor

Vdd Vdd P3 Vdd ADC 0831

KEY PARTS: TWO SERVOMOTORS ROTARY POTENTIOMETER P4 SLIDE POTENTIOMETER P5 LOAD CELL Vdd LEAD SCREW

Offset

The Smart Road


Physics Core Correlation: Kinematics

Teachers: Clay Davis & Richard Balsamel

A Mechatronics Demonstration Project

Servomotor Assembly

Board of Education and Basic Stamp 2

Photogate
KEY PARTS: SERVOMOTOR ROTARY POTENTIOMETER LEDS PHOTOTRANSISTORS

Catch Me If You Can


Teachers: John Luvera & Michael McDonnell

x Voxt

Vo cos 2Vo sin g

KEY PARTS: SERVOMOTOR DC MOTOR ROTARY POTENTIOMETERS LAUNCHER H-BRIDGE SOLID STATE RELAY ANALOG DIGITAL CONVERTER

The Physics of Projectile Motion


Teachers: William Leacock & Marlene McGarrity

KEY PARTS: SERVOMOTOR DC MOTOR ROTARY POTENTIOMETERS PUSH SOLENOID H-BRIDGE INFRARED EMITTERS PHOTOTRANSISTORS ANALOG DIGITAL CONVERTER SOUND PLAYBACK MODULE

The Ro-Boe-Clock
8

Teachers: Michelle Carpenter-Smith & David Deutsch


Y1 O4 N 4M
4 L4

C 10 ED10 F1010 G H 1010

Y9X9 Z9 A10 B10


6

J4 I4

10

H2 E8 F8 G H8 I88 J8 K8 L8 M N8 8 O8 P8

D8

J9 K9 L9 N9 M9 P9 O9 Q9 R9

I9

L3 S2 V2 W2 X2 Y2 F3 P4 E3 Z2 D3 T2 A3 5 B3 C3 U2 Q4

B9 C9 A8
5

T9 A9 Z7 J5

B8 W7 E7 F7 G7 H7 I7 J7

10

K5 L5 D7 2 S Z6 Y T5 5 6 M A7 B7
4

R5

U5

C7
6

Z5

N O 6 P6 6

L6 M6

To teach children ages 4-7 how to tell time

A6
8

Encoder

KEY PARTS: BINARY ENCODER PHOTORESISTORS ROTARY POTENTIOMETER SERVOMOTORS INFRARED EMITTER INFRARED DETECTOR MOBILE ROBOT

2004 SMART Projects The SMART Intersection


Teachers: Michael Koumoullos & Robert Winston

Key Parts:

IR LED IR Phototransistor Mechanical Relay Light bulb

Quantum Leap
Teachers: Amanda, Gunning, & Ram Avni

This project demonstrates absorption or emission spectra when an electron moves from one shell to another
Key Parts: Servomotor Photoresistor LEDs

The SMART Weather Balloon


Teachers: Ronald Occhiogrosso & Lennox Henry

The SMART Weather Balloon captures Temperature and Pressure data from 0 to 9 m high.
Key Parts: Temperature/Humidity Sensor Parallax Homework Board Radio Controlled Balloon

Velocity Monitoring via Magnetic Interaction


Teachers: Vincent Pereira & Steven Scharf

This project proves the Faradays Law that there is a linear relationship between the induced voltage in a coil and the rate at which the magnetic field changes within the loops
Key Parts: Coil Magnet IR LED IR Phototransistor Operational Amplifier Analog Digital Converter

I Push! You Push Back!: Newtons 3rd Law in Action


Teachers: Dvora Geller, Ed Gruber, & Denise McNamara

This project proves Newtons Third Law of motion


Key Parts: LCD Load Cell Punch Mitt

2005 SMART Projects


Coefficient of Restitution the Bouncing Ball
Teachers: Lennon Safe and Carol Obler
The coefficient of restitution is a number which indicates how much kinetic energy (energy of motion) remains after a collision of two objects. This project measures the coefficient of restitution and determines how elastic the object is.

Key Parts : Ultrasonic Sensor DC Motor

Vehicle of Revolution
Teachers: Henry Penna, Michael Fishenfeld, and Douraine Stewart

The objective of the project is to build a preprogrammed model that will roll or drive a certain distance. The student determines the number of revolutions that the car will make to get to the target and student will enter that prediction into the model vehicles display screen and then observe moving vehicle.
Key Parts: Lexan DC Motor LCD Display Gears

Earths Seasonal Heat Absorption and Climate Regions Model


Teachers: Joseph Renna and Rodolfo Vera

The Earth-Sun insolation model effectively shows the differences in heat absorption at three latitudes set in the Northern Hemisphere
Analog Temperature Probes Servo Motor LCD Display Plexi Glass

Key Parts:

The Heat Seeking Flame Probe


Teachers: Michael Francesco and Fady Ishak
The Heat Seeking Flame Probe (HSFP) determines the hottest section in a flame.It will vertically traverse a flame,sampling different temperatures, until it locates the hottest section of the flame.

Key Parts:

Type K Thermocouple ADC 0831 Servo Motor Plexiglass

Finding the Critical Angle of a Prism


Teachers: Mustafa Kilic and Thomas Byrne

This project finds the critical angle of a medium. It explains Concept of total internal reflection.
Photoresistor ADC 0831 Chip Laser Acrylic Lens

Key Parts:

The Smart Resonance Tube


Teachers: Joe Rodichok and Robert Morris

The SMART Resonance Tube will accurately determine the tube length which forces the tube into its first mode of vibration. This essentially makes the tube accept the selected frequency as its first harmonic frequency.

Key Parts:

Speaker and Microphone Dc Motor Position Sensor

The Codon Decoder


Teachers: Vera Mihalcik and Cameron Jahn

Models the process of protein synthesis within the ribosome. Helps students understand which amino acids are created by manipulating RNA coding.
LCD Potentiometer knob Buttons Servo motors and belts

Key Parts:

Robo Submarine
Teachers: Joy Hinds and James Kevin Mcmahon
This project illustrates the Archimedes' Principle. The Robo submarine descends into a body of water, stay for a set period of time, collect data and stores the collected data

Key Parts: Solenoids 12 volt Tank Valve Airbrush propellers pvc pipes