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The BCA-CDL Green Sparks Competition 2010 - Introduction to BCA Green Mark

Green buildings are gaining in importance as countries worldwide explore ways to reduce their carbon emissions. In Singapore, our key strategy to mitigate carbon emissions is to increase energy efficiency of various sectors. In particular, our large building stock which consumes about 30% of our national electricity consumption. Hence, BCA places special emphasis on achieving energy efficiency thru greening new & existing buildings.

Presentation Outline
1. Green Buildings A green building 2. BCA Green Mark Scheme

rating system to 3. Green Mark Existing Buildings Criteria evaluate building 4. Existing Green features in Fuji Xerox Tower for its environmental impact and performance

Green Buildings
Green buildings are designed to reduce & ultimately eliminate the overall impact of the built environment on human health and the natural environment. Basic principles in green building practices & technologies are derived from : Energy Efficiency Water Efficiency Waste Management & Minimization Indoor Environmental Quality
Zero Energy Building

Benefits of Green Buildings to Building Owners

lower operating & maintenance costs from less energy & water consumed better indoor environmental quality & improved worker productivity
potential higher occupancy/tenancy rates

lower tenant turnover ability to command higher lease rates recognition as being more socially responsible in caring for the environment
Efficient use of energy equals savings on cost.

BCA Green Mark Scheme

A green building rating system to evaluate building for its environmental impact and performance

Launched in Jan 2005 a rating system for the tropics

Objectives of Green Mark

1. To promote environmental sustainability in the construction industry. 2. To raise the awareness among developers, building owners and industry professionals on the environmental impact of their buildings. 3. To give recognition to building owners & developers who adopt green practices. 4. To identify best practices in the development, design, construction, management & operation of green buildings.

Green Mark Projects

As on Oct 2009, 337 buildings are Green Mark certified.

Updated as on 29 Oct 2009

BCA Green Mark Schemes

BCA Green Mark Schemes for New Buildings
Green Mark for Non-Residential Buildings Green Mark for Residential Buildings Green Mark for Landed Houses

BCA Green Mark Schemes for Existing Buildings

Green Mark for Non-Residential Buildings Green Mark for Residential Buildings (under development)

BCA Green Mark Schemes Beyond Buildings

Green Mark for Existing Parks Green Mark for New Parks Design & Development (under devt) Green Mark for Infrastructures Green Mark for Office Interiors Green Mark for District

Green Mark Assessment

Green Mark Rating Platinum GoldPlus Gold Certified Green Mark Points 90 & above 85 to <90 75 to <85 50 to <75

Point scoring approach, awarded for incorporating environmental friendly features.

Green Mark Assessment Criteria

Green Mark encourages the adoption of various green building technologies & innovations to achieve better performance in 5 key areas.

Green Mark Ratings

Sky Garden Solar Panels Efficient Lightings CO2 sensors IAQ Audit Double Glazing

Sun-shading Greeneries


Water Efficient fittings Recycling bins

Efficient chillers Newater supply Organic Compost

Green Mark Criteria for Non-residential Existing Building (Version 2.1)

GM for Non-residential Existing Buildings Criteria (Ver. 2.1) can be downloaded from : http://www.bca.gov.sg/GreenMark/others/GM_NREB_V2.1.pdf

GM Existing Buildings Assessment Criteria (Ver. 2.1)

Part 1 - Energy Efficiency
Energy efficiency offers a powerful and cost-effective tool for achieving a sustainable building. This criteria is intended to encourage the greater use of energy efficient airconditioning system, monitoring of the energy consumption, plans to reduce energy usage and also applications of renewable energy & energy efficient features.

1-1 Energy Efficiency 1-2 Systems Energy Efficiency 1-3 Energy Monitoring 1-5 Renewable Energy / Energy Efficient Features

(22 pts) (23 pts) (4 pts) (10 pts)

1-4 Energy Policy & Management (4 pts)

SUB-TOTAL = 63 pts

GM Existing Buildings Assessment Criteria (Ver. 2.1)

Part 2 - Water Efficiency
Water efficiency encourages buildings to adopt water efficient features, which can help to reduce the use of water for building operations. Other important considerations include monitoring of water consumption and plans for improvement.

2-1 Water Monitoring

(2 pts)

2-2 Water Efficient Fittings 2-3 Alternative Water Sources 2-5 Cooling Towers

(12 pts) (2 pts) (1 pt) SUB-TOTAL = 18 pts

2-4 Water Efficiency Improvement Plans (1 pt)

GM Existing Buildings Assessment Criteria (Ver. 2.1)

Part 3 Sustainable Operation & Management
This criterion looks at the management & operations of a building to ensure it is well maintained & its environment-friendly features continued to function. It also considers the role of the building managers/owners in promoting environmental awareness to occupants. Use of greenery & waste management are also covered.

3-1 Building Operation & Maintenance 3-2 Post Occupancy Evaluation 3-3 Waste Management 3-4 Greenery 3-5 Public Transport Accessibility

(4 pts) (2 pts) (8 pts) (3 pts) (2 pts) SUB-TOTAL = 19 pts

GM Existing Buildings Assessment Criteria (Ver. 2.1)

Part 4 Indoor Environmental Quality
To promote a healthy indoor environment, buildings are also assessed for their indoor air quality performance and environmental protection including thermal comfort, lighting levels, internal noise level, use of sustainable & environmental-friendly products and use of refrigerants.

4-1 Indoor Air Quality Performance 4-2 Environmental Protection 4-3 Lighting Quality 4-4 Thermal Comfort 4-5 Internal Noise Level

(6 pts) (5 pts) (4 pts) (2 pts) (1 pt) SUB-TOTAL = 18 pts

GM Existing Buildings Assessment Criteria (Ver. 2.1)

Part 5 Other Green Features
Innovation points are given to encourage the use of other innovative green features, state-of-the-art environmental technologies in buildings. For example, green roof & roof garden vertical greening pneumatic waste collection system self production of compost by recycling organic waste ultraviolet light-C band (UV) emitters in all AHUs to improve indoor air quality auto condenser tube cleaning for chillers light shelves, light pipes

5-1 Green Features & Innovations

(10 pts) SUB-TOTAL = 10 pts

Green Features / Innovations

Green Roof & Vertical Greening Other than producing oxygen, greenery on roof and walls has the benefit of reducing heat transmission into the building & reduce the need for air-conditioning.

Innovations Light Shelves

Est. 3 - 5 metres

Light shelves are sunshades placed inside & outside the window. They reflect sunlight & daylight into the interior space. Benefits in terms of savings in electrical lighting & cooling load required.

Innovations Photocell Sensors

Photocell sensors are placed at the perimeter of the office floors to detect daylight & control corresponding lighting circuits in response to the amount of available natural light. Energy savings in terms of less artificial lightings used.


Photocell sensors

Innovations Motion Sensors

Green Features / Innovations

Sun / Light pipes

Green Features / Innovations

Automatic Condenser Tube Cleaning System This system automatically cleans the condensing pipes in the chiller & prevents the build up of dirt in the pipes. This will help to maintain the efficiency of the chiller.

Green Features / Innovations

Car park guidance system
Directs drivers to available empty lots Reduce the amount of CO emitted from vehicles searching for empty lots Reduction in CO will minimize the operation of carpark ventilation fans, hence saving energy consumption.

GM Existing Buildings Assessment Criteria (Ver. 2.1)

Pre-requisite requirements for PLATINUM (for Office Buildings) To achieve 90 points & above
To achieve Energy Efficiency Index of 154 kWh/m/yr
(This is a measure of electricity consumed by an office building)

To achieve air-con system efficiency of 0.7 kW/RT

(This indicates the electricity consumed by the aircon equipment)

To achieve at least 12 points under Water Efficiency

Fuji Xerox Towers

38-storey commercial cum office building at 80 Anson Road

Green Mark GOLD

Picture & information courtesy of CDL

Fuji Xerox Towers

Existing Green & Energy Efficient features Efficient chillers, 0.67 kW/RT Variable speed drives for pumps & cooling towers Ultrasonic sensors to control lightings in toilets Motion sensors to control lightings in staircases Energy efficient T5 lightings with electronic ballast for carpark, common areas and landlords offices. LED EXIT signs Light sensors at carpark entrance/exit to control lightings in the vicinity

Fuji Xerox Towers

Existing Water Efficient features Collection of AHU condensate water for cooling tower Water sub-meter provided to monitor water usage for landscape Water sub-meter provided to monitor NEWater usage Using NEWater for cooling tower & sprinkler tanks All toilets basin using automatic taps Pantry areas using automatic taps