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Vigilantes Savage Polygamy Exposure Uninhabitable Nomadic Cultivate Sacred Owned Black Hills Manifest Destiny Push Factor

Pull Factor Buffalo Stampede

Railroads Homestead Act Plough Religious Persecution Collapse of bank Salt Lake City Winter Quarters Irrigation Ditches Community Golden Plates Turkey Red Wheat Windmills Barbed Wire US Army

Dry Farming Weather Perpetual Immigration Fund Lawlessness Gold Lonely Gambling Billy the Kid Overstocking Line Riding Cattle Drives Reservations Battle of Little Bighorn Total War

Section 1: Indians 1. What were their beliefs to the land? 2. How did they survive on the Plains? 3. What was moving around important? 4. Why did they practise exposure? 5. How would they have felt about becoming a farmer? 6. What was life like on the reservations for them? 7. How did life on the reservations affect their children? 8. Why did they eventually lose their wars against the US army? 9. What were the key features that made them successful at the Battle of the Little Bighorn? Section 2: Early Pioneers/Mountain Men 1. Why did the Mountain Men go West? 2. Why was their life like the Indians? 3. How did they contribute to the future movement of people West? 4. Why did early pioneers/settlers go west? 5. What did they need to make their trip successful? 6. Name a group that went West and a difficulty/danger that they faced

Section 3: Mormons 1. Who was the founder of the religion and why were they disliked? 2. What made them unpopular in towns in the East? 3. Why was Brigham Youngs decision to move West brave? 4. How did he ensure that the Mormons were successful on their journey West? 5. When they arrived at Salt Lake why were they happy and sad? 6. Name the features of how they built a successful community. Section 4: Homesteaders 1. Why did the Homesteaders decide to go West? 2. Why might I have decided to go West if I was a black person? 3. What difficulties would I face on the Plains? 4. What was a solution to the problem of a lack of water? 5. What was the solution to the problem of a lack of wood? 6. Why did homesteaders have conflict with cowboys?

Section 5: Cowboys 1. What sort of jobs did a cowboy have to do in the early days of cattle ranching? 2. What was it like in a cow town? 3. Why did some towns have problems with law and order? 4. Why did vigilantes exist?

Section 1

Section 2

Section 3

Section 4

Section 5

5. How did people learn about cowboys such as Billy the Kid? 6. Why did the open range end?

Homesteader
Homestead Windmill Lived on Plains Barbed Wire

Joseph Smith
Golden Plates Founder Mormons Leader

Homestead Act
Land for free Homestead Plains Five Years

Sacred
Land Plough/Ploughed Mothers Breast Cultivate

Reservation
Destruction Indian way of life Banned No hunting

Mining Town
Hurdy Gurdy Girl Lonely Miner Gold

Brigham Young
Salt Lake City Well prepared Brilliant Organiser Build a community

Pioneers
West California Travelled Dangers

George Crook Column of 1049 Men Attack Northwards from Fort Fetterman George Crook Column of 1049 Men Attack Northwards from Fort Fetterman Custer

Colonel Gibbon Column of 450 Eastwards from Fort Shaw

General Terry accompanied by Custer column of 1000 Westwards from Fort Abraham Lincoln

Colonel Gibbon Column of 450 Eastwards from Fort Shaw

General Terry accompanied by Custer column of 1000 Westwards from Fort Abraham Lincoln

Reno

Benteen

Custer

Reno

Benteen

Custer

Reno

Benteen

Custer

Reno

Benteen