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Islamic Republic of Afghanistan Ministry of Defense

QUALITY, QUANTITY AND FINANCIAL SUSTAINABILITY OF AFGHAN NATIONAL ARMY (ANA)

J A N U A R Y 2008

QUALITY, QUANTITY AND FINANCIAL SUSTAINABILITY


OF AFGHAN NATIONAL ARMY (ANA) REPORT BY MINISTRY OF DEFENSE
To achieve financial sustainability, The ANA quality, quantity and requirements are focused on the following areas: 1. Personnel 2. Equipments 3. Training 4. Facilities Current status of above areas: 1. Quantity:

Personnel: there are 70649 personnel currently exist in ANA


Tashkeel (Organizational structure) Sergeant Considering current security situation in the country,10000 personnel are required Sergeant Soldier Officer Total 10000

Current personnel %

Gap %

13189

24267

33193

70649

11247

14745

30653

56672

13977

2.

Main equipments for military forces:

Current supply level of weapons is 69%, while these weapons had been collected though DDR process and handed to ANA which needs to be replaced with the NATO standard new weapons. In this regard discussions have been taken place with CSTC-A and agreed upon and emphasized that a timetable for this purpose to be completed by April 2008.
VEHICLES:

This includes trucks, cars and other personal and tactical vehicles and their supply level is 53%.

Communication equipments:
This includes long distance radio (HF) and short distance radio (VHF) and other related equipments and the supply level is 41%.

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80000

1915

9522

2540

1884

3466

4650

81%

19%

Grand Total

Sergeant

Sergeant

Soldier

Soldier

Soldier

Officer

Officer

Officer

Total

Total

Total

3.

Training:

ANA training centers have currently the capacity to convene preliminary courses for 3000 soldiers, sergeants and young officers monthly and for 36000 annually. 4. Facilities:

To meet the requirements of ANA in terms of facilities and garrisons, in addition to facilities for head quarters of corps, among 14 garrisons in plan for brigades, 9 have been established and are operational so far and they are as follow:

Poli Charkhi Garrison Darul Aman Garrison Gardez Garrison Khowst Garrison Qalat Garrison Kandahar Garrison Lashkar Gah Garrison Herat Garrison Mazar-e- Sharif Garrison

Current quality of ANA:


The ANA is constantly developing and the troops and segments of ANA jointly and continuously fighting for annihilation of insurgents. Combat forces of ANA are increasing day by day and according to plan, a force of 70000 will be completed by July 2008. Considering the requirements of the current security situation in the country, an additional 10000 more troops will be trained and the total number of ANA force will meet 80000 by March 2009 as well as the air corps will be fully equipped by 2010.

1- Combat Forces:
There are 49 combat battalions in Tashkeel which includes infantry, armored, mechanized, motorized and commando forces, among which 36 battalions were established up to 7 December 2007.
After examination, it has been approved that From 36 battalions 13 of

them have the ability of command and control and perform operations with support of coalition forces;
16 battalions are under evaluation; 7 battalions which has recently established do not have the ability of

military operations; and


There are still 13 more battalions to be established.

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2- Combat support elements and support combat services:


From 28 combat support battalions and support combat services, 20 of them have been established so far and their status is as follow:
With support of coalition forces 10 battalions have the ability to support

operational segments; 9 battalions are under assessment and did not achieve the ability of support; 1 battalion has recently established, but not fully qualified; and There are still 8 more battalions to be established.

3- Air corps:
This corps is formed of three battalions which include air planes, helicopters and reconnaissance and ground force get the support of air force. 2 battalions have achieved required ability, but due to old and repaired air crafts they are not ready for operation and the other battalion which has recently established is not fully qualified.

4- Medium level command and support institutions:


This section includes area reconnaissance offices, directorate of supply and procurement, directorate of arrangement and management of facilities, communication support elements, logistics command, education and training command, recruitment command and health commands. These elements are gradually improving and according to specified timeline will be ready to perform their daily tasks by 2009 independently.

Chapter 3-Action Plan


Achieving the target of a 70000 personnel ANA by the following date:

A- Q U A N T I T Y :
A.1- Personnel Currently, Afghanistan is heading toward the completion of the 70649 army personnel by spring 2008 and 10000 additional personnel (80000) by March 2009. Projected Losses:

Educational Losses (20%) Renewal of the solders contracts (45%) Renewal of the sergeants contracts (55%) Losses in the army personnel (12%) martyred, injured, deserted and etc.

B- Equipment: Timeframe for the 80%-100% completion of the equipment of the 70000personnel ANA is as follows:
Weaponry: April and May 2008

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Transportation: September and October 2008 Wireless equipment: July 2008

However, the army structure continues to develop, and new equipment and technologies-(not addressed in this assessment) may be included in the ANA. C- Education: Based on the current Training Capacity 70649 personnel will be trained by spring 2008, while the additional proposed number of 10000 personnel of ANA, which will lead the total force structure to 80000 ANA, will be trained by March 2009. D. Facilities: Garrisons required supporting the 70000-personal ANA:
Number of garrisons having the capacity of a brigade = 14 garrisons 9 Garrisons Completed

Efforts are continuing to build the following 4 Garrisons:


Khair Kot Garrison- to be completed by 31 August 2008 Gombori Garrison in Jalal Abad: projected date for the completion of

this project is December 29, 2008


Kunduz Garrison: projected date for the completion of this project is

December 1 2008
Farah Garrison: projected date for the completion of this project is

December 1 2008 The cost of building a Garrison (or several small garrisons) in Konduz and Norestan from the 2009 fiscal year budget has been endorsed. Specific locations for these Garrisons have yet to be identified. The Regional Command Center for the north zoon based In Konuz and the Regional Command Center for the west based in Farah will have Garrisons smaller than corps. in addition to these Garrisons, each Qul Aurdu will have a Garrison the size of a battalion in the area under its jurisdiction to facilitate the deployment of battalions during the operations.

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Chapter 4:
The fiscal sustainability will be discussed with the World Bank considering the qualitative and quantitative needs of the Ministry of Defense.

Chapter 5:
Future security necessities: the security situation of Afghanistan changed after the Bonn Agreement of 2002. The immediate emergence of anti-government elements calls into question the financial sustainability of a 70,000-man ANA. At first, the additional required capabilities were not anticipated, but were specified to support the security organizations. CSTC-A has already conducted evaluation and studies based on the force structure, forces and their required capabilities in order to eliminate internal threats to Afghanistan. The result and outcome of this evaluation and study will help Afghanistan and the international community identifies the required personnel strength in the future. Afghanistan relies on the LONDON COMPACT decisions for the economic and financial development of the country, and the International Community annually takes part in donating resources and they will also take an active part in the future. However, the balance of anticipated threats has already notably intensified, and based on these new situations and challenges, the ANA must develop further in both quantity and quality. Although the country's economic outlook is positive, it is still in a transitional phase which requires that the international community continue to help and cooperate in developing ANA capabilities and skills. This will help promote ANA quantity and quality which will also help to reduce the number of international forces in Afghanistan. The ANA quantity and quality development along with the reduction of the international forces will not cost too much and the result will be that equipping and training the ANA will cost less than 85% of the international forces to be employed. Therefore the MoD has identified the following operational requirements in order to develop ANA capabilities: An additional 10,000 personnel which will be explained at JCMB VII by the National Security Advisor with supporting details.
Establishment of a Quick Reaction Force (QRF) at the Corps level. Establishment of another security enforcement unit in Kabul to conduct

combat missions against serious threats.


An additional 5 Infantry battalions for Regional corps to replace the

battalions have diverted to Commandos.


Development of an Air Corps (quantity and quality) by providing

different types of aircraft that have the capability to transport a battalion, and at the same time is capable of providing air support to ground forces and to conduct reconnaissance operations.

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Development of the Engineering units for the personal safety and to

protect them from explosives, self made bombs, strengthen the movement capacity and construct buildings for corps.
Strengthening the capability of transport system of Qolo Urdos(corps)

and the central transportation system of the ministry.


Strengthening the capacity of repairing and maintenance of different

classes of ANA.
Establishment of joint command and control centers in provincial zones

to ensure and improve coordination with all local security organizations and law enforcement agencies.
Accelerating the ANA weapons changeover process to the NATO

standard as per the CSTC-A agreement.


The development of ANA training to NATO standards and foreign

languages training (English)


Development

of logistical support current being performed by contractors that are supported by US and others. television networks standards.

Development of ANA media in balance with the local radio and Development of pilot training in order to train pilots, crewmen and to

provide air support for air corps personnel.


Strengthening the capability of provincial zones. Strengthening the capability of individual education in vocational

schools for officers, sergeants and soldiers.


Establishment of buildings for the national military academy. Establishment of building for the forces of ministry of defense and other

related offices.
Development of local and central depots.

This report is provided and sent for further actions. Regards, General Abdul Rahim Wardak Minister of National Defense

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