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Written by: - SHAHZAD IFTIKHAR Contact # 0313-5665666 E-mail: shahzad.sunny@gmail.com Website: www.onlineislamabad.com

CHEMISTRY FOR 9 TH CLASS (UNIT # 8) ============================================================

SHORT QUESTIONS

QUESTIONS

 

ANSWERS

 

In a group the reactivity of metals with oxygen increases? Give example.

In a group, the reactivity of metals with oxygen increase because of increase of atomic size and increase in affinity on exposure to air e.g. Lithium form normal oxide with oxygen.

Which element is more metallic Mg or Al? Explain

Al is more metallic than Mg because Al atom release three valence electron and change into AL +3 while Mg loses two electrons so formed Mg +2 . High the net charge more will be the metallic nature.

What is the importance of Mg?

 

Mg has relatively low density and used in making light weight alloy with Aluminum that are used for making frames of automobiles, air craft and spaceship etc.

 

Mg burns brilliantly with white smoke, it is used in Photoflash guns.

Mg(OH)2 called milk of magnesia is commonly used as antacid.

Arrange in order of increasing acidic strength HF, HI, HBr, HCl

HF < HCl < HBr < HI

 

Can F 2 oxidize all the halides ions to free halogen?

Yes F 2 oxideze all the halides ions to free halogen

Arrange the following oxides in order of decreasing basic character. BeO, CaO, MgO, SrO

SrO > CaO > MgO > BeO

 

Rank the each set of elements in order of increasing metallic character.

 

a) NA < Mg < Al so metallic

Al will be more

a) Al, Na, Mg

 

b) Li

<

Na

<

K because

down the

b) Na, Li, K

 

group reactivity increases due to decreases of Ionization of Energy.

Which of the following displacement

 

A. Cl 2 cannot displace F ions from NaF because oxidizing power of Cl 2 is lesser than F 2 .

reaction will not occur? Give reason.

 

A) Cl 2 +2NaF ---> 2NaCl + F 2

B) Br 2 + 2KI ---> 2KBr + I 2

 

B. Br 2 can displace I -1 from KI because oxidizing power of Br 2 is more than that of I 2

C. I 2 cannot displace Br - ions from KBr because oxidizing power of I 2 is lesser than Br 2 .

C) I 2 + 2KBr ---> 2KI + Br 2

 

Give

some

important

applications

of

Platinum has many applications in electrical and medical fields.

platinum

 

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Written by: - SHAHZAD IFTIKHAR Contact # 0313-5665666 E-mail: shahzad.sunny@gmail.com Website: www.onlineislamabad.com

CHEMISTRY FOR 9 TH CLASS (UNIT # 8) ============================================================

 

It is used in spinneret nozzles.

 

Its alloys is used in dentistry and jewellery manufacture.

It is used in industrial processes as catalysis.

It is used as electrode as a part of Hydrogen electrode and in fuel cells.

Cis-Platin is useful as an anticancer agent.

Identify the position of potassium and calcium in the periodic table.

Potassium belongs to Alkali metal and its

atomic

number

is

19. Its electron

 

distribution is 1s 2 , 2s 2 , 2p 6 , 3s 2 , 3p 6 , 4s 1

In calcium electron distribution is 1s 2 , 2s 2 , 2p 6 , 3s 2 , 3p 6 , 4s 2 .So: -

Name

Period

Group

 

Potassium 4 th

 

I-A

Calcium 4 th

II-A

What is aqua region?

 

It is a mixture of two acids HCl and HNO 3 with proportion 3:1 respectively. It is also called royal water because it is used to dissolve all metals (Gold, Pt etc.)

Name

the

most

electronegative

and

Fluorine is most electronegative and Caesium is the most electropositive.

electropositive elements

 

How physical states of halogens change down the group

F 2 and Cl 2 are gases. At radioactive solid. Br 2 liquid while I 2 is solid.

Colour of halogen intensity increases down the group. How

F 2 = yellow gas Cl 2 = greenish yellow gas Br 2 = reddish brown liquid I 2 = deep violet solid

 

How the solubility of halogens in water change down the group.

Halogens are slightly so label in water. Their solution decreases down the group. F 2 cannot be dissolved in water because it decomposes water.

Differentiate

between Soft metals

and

Soft Metals:

 

Hard metals

 

They have low MP and BP

 
 

They have low binding energy

Their compounds are white

Hard Metals:

 

They have high MP and BP

 

They have high binding energy

Their compounds are coloured

 

Why

mercury

is

liquid

at

room

Mercury

metal

is

liquid

at room

temperature?

 

temperature because its melting point is very low (-38.83 o C)

Why metals can be easily converted into

Because

metals

have

low

ionization

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Written by: - SHAHZAD IFTIKHAR Contact # 0313-5665666 E-mail: shahzad.sunny@gmail.com Website: www.onlineislamabad.com

CHEMISTRY FOR 9 TH CLASS (UNIT # 8) ============================================================

cations?

energies and are more electropositive in characters.

Why Non-Metals can be easily converted into anions?

Non-metals have high electron affinity or light electro negativity. They have tendency to gain electron and hence form anions (-ev ions).

Define Chemical Reactivity

 

The easiest way in which an atom (metal) loses an electron from outermost shell or an atom (non-metal) gain an electron in an outer most shell is called chemical reactivity.

Define Metals, Non-Metals and Metalloids.

Elements which conduct heat and electricity and can easily loss electrons are called metals. E.g. Iron, Gold, Silver etc. Elements which don’t conduct heat and electricity and can easily gain electrons are called non-metals. E.g. Carbon, Sulphur etc. Elements which have both properties of metals and non-metals are called Metalloids. E.g. Silicon, Boron etc.

Define Minerals

 

The form of soil or rock stone which contains different compounds of metals and non-metals is called minerals.

Define Ores

 

Minerals which have sufficient amount of metals are called ores.

Define Metallurgy

 

The science

that

deals

with the

 

extraction, working and use of metals and

their alloys from metallurgy.

their

ores

is

called

What

is

meant

by

electropositive

The

tendency

of

an

element

to

lose

character

 

electron(s) and form positive ions (cations) is called electropositive character or electro positivity.

Why electro positivity increases in group and decreases in a period

In group it increases because of increase of atomic size and decrease of ionization energy. In period it increases because tendency to lose electron decreases as we move from left to right in period.

Define Alkali Metals

 

The elements of group I-A except hydrogen are called alkali metals. E.g. sodium, potassium, rubidium etc.

Define Akaline Earth Metals

 

The

elements of group IIA are

called

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Written by: - SHAHZAD IFTIKHAR Contact # 0313-5665666 E-mail: shahzad.sunny@gmail.com Website: www.onlineislamabad.com

CHEMISTRY FOR 9 TH CLASS (UNIT # 8) ============================================================

 

Alkaline

Earth

Metals.

E.g.

Calcium,

Barium, and Radium etc.

 

Why

Alkali

metals

are

kept

under

a

The alkali and alkaline earth metals show increased reactivity down the group. They are all so reactive that they may react with air or moist air at room temperature, so they are kept under inert atmosphere or liquid such as kerosene oil.

kerosene oil?

 

What are halogens?

 

The element in group VII-A are called halogens. Halogens means salt former.

Describe Inertness of Nobel metals

 

The chemistry of metals is characterized by their ability to lose electrons to form cations. Some metals such as copper, gold, silver and platinum are relatively difficult to oxidize. Therefore these metals are often called Nobel Metals.

Write about Strontium-90

 

It is radioactive isotope. It is major product of an Atomic Bomb explosion. Its constant exposure of the body to high energy radiations emitted by Sr-90 can lead to anaemia, leukemia and other chronic illnesses.

Why copper, silver and gold have used for jewllery

These metals have beautiful high luster and malleability, therefore these are used as jewllery.

What is Carat?

 

Carat is standard purity of gold. The purity of gold is expressed in Carat. 22 Carat = 92% Gold

LONG QUESTIONS Question: Compare the Properties of Metals and Non-Metals.

LONG QUESTIONS

LONG QUESTIONS Question: Compare the Properties of Metals and Non-Metals.
Question: Compare the Properties of Metals and Non-Metals.
Question: Compare the Properties of Metals and Non-Metals.

Question: Compare the Properties of Metals and Non-Metals.

Metals

Non-metals

 

Metals are hard and strong

Non-Metals are mostly liquid and gases.

Metals can be moulded into wires and sheets.

They are difficult to mould.

 

Atoms are bonded by metallic bonding

Atoms are bonded with covalent bonding.

Metals can transfer heat easily

Non-metals do not transfer heat.

 

Metals reflect light

Non-metals absorb light.

 

Melting and boiling points are high

Melting and boiling points are low

 

Oxides of metals are basic

Oxides of non-metals are acidic

 

Metals have tendency to lose electrons

Non-metals

have

tendency

to

gain

electrons

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