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Matematik Pengurusan Pengurusan BAB 9 : PARTIAL DIFFERENTIATION Latihan 9.1 1) Given f ( x, y ) = 4 x + 5 y + 3 .

Find the values of a) f (2 , -1) = 4(2) + 5(-1) + 3 =85+3 =6 b) f (-2 , -3) = 4(-2) + 5(-3) + 3 = -8 15 + 3 = -20 3)

Matematik

Given g ( x, y, z ) = x 2 4 xy + z 3 . Find the values of a) g (3 , 0 , 1) = (3 2 ) 4(3)(0) +13 = -9 + 1 = -8 b) g (-2 , 1 , 4) = (2 2 ) 4(2)(1) + 4 3 = -4 + 8 + 64 = 68

4)

2)

Given g ( x, y ) = x 2 4 xy + y 3 a) g (-2 , 4) = (2 2 ) 4(2)(4) + 4 3 = -4 + 32 + 64 = 92 b) g (-2 , 3) = (2 2 ) 4( 2)(3) + 3 3 = -4 + 24 + 27 = 47

The population of rats in an area is assumed by a mathematical model, C ( x, y ) = x 2 + 200 y 1200 , where x is the population of rats measured in hundreds and y is the population of mole rats measured in tens. a) Determine C(50 , 0) C(50 , 0) = 50 2 + 200(0) 1200 = 2500 1200 = 1300 b) Determine C(30 , 4) C(50 , 0) = 30 2 + 200(4) 1200 = 900 + 800 1200 = 500

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Matematik Pengurusan Pengurusan c) Find the number of rats if there are 1,400 rats and 150 mole rats C(14 , 15) = 14 2 + 200(15) 1200 = 196 + 3000 1200 = 1996 Latihan 9.2 1) Given f ( x, y ) = 2 x + 6 x y + 5 y 8 . Find f x and f y .
4 3 3 2

Matematik = 8(2 x 2 1 ) + 5 x 11 y 2 0 + 0 = 16 x + 5 y 2 = 16(1) + 5(2 2 ) = -16 + 20 =4 c)


fy

(-2 , 5)

fx

= Nilai y adalah tetap = 2(4 x 4 1 ) + 6 x 31 y 3 + 0 + 0 = 8x 3 + 6 x 2 y 3

= 0 + 5 x (2 y 2 1 ) 9 y 11 + 0 = 10 xy 9 = 10(-2)(5) 9 = -100 9 = -109 d)


fy

fy

= Nilai x adalah tetap = 0 + 6x y


3 31

(0 , 0)

+ 5( 2 y

2 1

) 0

= 6 x 3 y 2 +10 y 2) a) Given f ( x, y ) = 8 x 2 + 5 xy 2 9 y + 4 . Obtain


f x (0 , 4)

= 0 + 5 x (2 y 2 1 ) 9 y 11 + 0 = 10 xy 9 = 10(0)(0) 9 = -9

= 8(2 x 2 1 ) + 5 x 11 y 2 0 + 0 = 16 x + 5 y 2 = 16(0) + 5(4) 2 = 0 + 80 = 80 b)


f x (-1 , 2)

3)

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Given the temperature of the water at the point on a river, where a nuclear power plant discharges its hot water, is approximated by a function T(x,y) = 2 x + 5 y + xy 40 where x represent the temperature of the river water measured in C before it reaches the power plant and 2

Matematik Pengurusan Pengurusan y is the number of the megawatt (in hundred) of electricity being produced annually by the plant. a) Find the temperature of the water around the factory if the water temperature before reaching the factory is 10C and 400 megawatt of electric is produced a year. T(10 , 4) = 2 x + 5 y + xy 40 = 2(10) + 5(4) + 10(4) 40 = 20 + 20 + 40 40 = 40 b) Find and interpret T x (5,4)
T x (5,4)

Matematik

Step 1 : Find the first order partial differentiation, f x and f y


f x = 4(2 x 2 1 y 2 ) 9 x 11 y + 8(2 x 2 1 ) 0

= 8 xy 2 9 y +16 x
fy

= 4 x 2 (2 y 2 1 ) 9 xy 11 + 0 3(4 y 4 1 ) = 8 x 2 y 9 x 12 y 3

Step 2 : Find the second order partial differentiation f xx and f yy


f xx = 8 x11 y 2 0 +16 x11

= 2 x 11 + 0 + x 11 y 0 =2+y =2+4 =6

= 8 y 2 + 16
f yy = 8 x 2 y 11 0 12(3 y 31 )

= 8 x 2 36 y 2

c) Find and interpret T y (8,3)


T y (8,3)

= 0 + 5 y 11 + xy 11 0 =5+x =5+8 = 13 Step 3 : Find f yx and f xy

Latihan 6.3 1)
2

= 8 xy 2 9 y +16 x ( f x ) = ( 8 xy 2 9 y +16 x ) y y
2 4

f xy

Obtain all the second order partial derivatives for f (x , y) =


4 x y 9 xy + 8 x 3 y
2

= 8 x(2 y 2 1 ) 9 y 11 + 0 = 16 xy 9 3

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Matematik Pengurusan Pengurusan = 8 x 2 y 9 x 12 y 3 ( f x ) = ( 8 x 2 y 9 x 12 y 3 ) y y = 8(2 x 2 1 y ) 9 x 11 0 = 16 xy 9


f yx

Matematik

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