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Science Experiments with Matter

Created by Lindsey Weeks and Kevin Smith Science Standard 5-4: Properties of Matter Essential Question(s): How can matter be changed? How are physical properties of solids, liquids, and gases alike and different? Station #1 Experiment: Its a Matter of Space Station #2 Experiment: Sift Those Lumps Out! Station #3 Experiment: Orange You Glad Its Filtered? Station #4 Experiment: Mix It Up

Station #5 Experiment: Concentrating on Science Station #6 Experiment: Dont drink the water!!! Station #7 Experiment: Frozen, freezing, and mixing Station #8 Experiment: Why weight?

Station #1 Experiment

Its a Matter of Space


Question: Can a balloon be inflated completely inside a bottle? Materials: 1 un-inflated balloon per person 1 empty 16 ounce bottle Jobs: (see Mrs. Sutton) Team Captain Materials Manager Recorder ReporterSafety Procedures: 1. No horse play during experiment! Consequences will include not being able to participate in experiment, resulting in the completion of a written summary of the Matter chapter in the science textbook. 2. All people must only do their job. 3. No loud conversations. Remember other groups will need to figure out what is happening in their experiments, too. 4. Work in your own group and not someone elses. 5. All spills and accidents must be reported to a teacher, and then cleaned up immediately. Expectations: 1. All students are expected to participate. 2. All students are expected to follow safety procedures. 3. All students are expected to help answer questions. 4. Teachers are expected to observe and help as needed but NOT to give answers. 5. Teachers will be grading according to the rubric. Directions: Team Captain- read safety procedures, expectations, and directions to the team and be sure all safety procedures are followed- any violation must be reported to a teacher. Experiment Directions: 1. Materials Manager #1- make sure that each group member has one un-inflated balloon and one 16 ounce bottle. 2. Ask question, Can a balloon be inflated completely inside a bottle? 3. Record Reporter #1- record hypothesis as to what will happen when you try to blow up the balloon inside the bottle. 4. Perform experiment. 5. Everyone- blow up the balloon one time to test for defects/holes. If there is a problem, please see a teacher for another balloon. 6. Put the balloon inside the bottle (see example) and attempt to blow the balloon up. 7. Recorder Reporter #2- record observation on student sheet. 8. Discuss what was observed- was the hypothesis correct? 9. Recorder Reporter #3- write conclusion. Include key words such as: gas, solid, volume, matter, mass, 10. Materials Manager #2- clean up by throwing all balloons and bottles inside the garbage can.

Station #2 Experiment

Sift Those Lumps Out!


Question: What process can I use to remove the lumps (solid) from flour (solid)? Materials: 2 cups of flour 1 measuring cup 1 plastic/Styrofoam plate 1 sifter 1 large spoon Jobs: (see Mrs. Sutton) Team Captain Materials Manager Recorder ReporterSafety Procedures: 1. No horse play during experiment! Consequences will include not being able to participate in experiment, resulting in the completion of a written summary of the Matter chapter in the science textbook. 2. All people must only do their job. 3. No loud conversations. Remember other groups will need to figure out what is happening in their experiments, too. 4. Work in your own group and not someone elses. 5. All spills and accidents must be reported to a teacher, and then cleaned up immediately. Expectations: 1. All students are expected to participate. 2. All students are expected to follow safety procedures. 3. All students are expected to help answer questions. 4. Teachers are expected to observe and help as needed but NOT to give answers. 5. Teachers will be grading according to the rubric. Directions: Team Captain- read safety procedures, expectations, and directions to the team and be sure all safety procedures are followed- any violation must be reported to a teacher. Experiment Directions: 1. Ask question, How can I remove the lumps (solid) from flour (solid)? 2. Record Reporter #1- record hypothesis as to what you think will happen when you try to separate the lumps from the rest of the flour using the sifter. 3. Perform experiment. 4. Materials Manager #1- using the large spoon, measure 2 cups of flour into the measuring cup. Pour the measuring cup, filled with flour, into the sifter. 5. Materials Manager #2- Make sure the plastic/styrofoam plate is directly underneath the sifter. Begin sifting by cranking the handle until all or most of the flour appears on the plate. 6. Recorder Reporter #2- record observation on student sheet. 7. Discuss what was observed- was the hypothesis correct? 8. Recorder Reporter #3- write conclusion. Include key words such as: solid, sifting, small particles, large particles 9. Materials Manager #1- clean up by throwing the plate, with the flour on it, away inside the garbage can.

Station #3 Experiment

Orange You Glad Its Filtered?


Question: What process can I use to separate/remove the pulp from orange juice? Materials: 1 small paper cup per group member High pulp orange juice Sink Jobs: (see Mrs. Sutton) Team Captain Materials Manager Recorder ReporterSafety Procedures: 1. No horse play during experiment! Consequences will include not being able to participate in experiment, resulting in the completion of a written summary of the Matter chapter in the science textbook. 2. All people must only do their job. 3. No loud conversations. Remember other groups will need to figure out what is happening in their experiments, too. 4. Work in your own group and not someone elses. 5. All spills and accidents must be reported to a teacher, and then cleaned up immediately. Expectations: 1. All students are expected to participate. 2. All students are expected to follow safety procedures. 3. All students are expected to help answer questions. 4. Teachers are expected to observe and help as needed but NOT to give answers. 5. Teachers will be grading according to the rubric. Directions: Team Captain- read safety procedures, expectations, and directions to the team and be sure all safety procedures are followed- any violation must be reported to a teacher. Experiment Directions: 1. Materials Manager #1- make sure that each group member has one paper cup filled of the way with orange juice. 2. Ask question, What process can I use to separate/remove the pulp from orange juice? 3. Record Reporter #1- record hypothesis as to what will happen when you try to separate the pulp from the orange juice using the sink (as a filter). 4. Perform experiment. 5. Everyone- One at a time, pour your cup of orange juice down the sink. 6. Recorder Reporter #2- record observation on student sheet. 7. Discuss what was observed- was the hypothesis correct? 8. Recorder Reporter #3- write conclusion. Include key words such as: solid, liquid, and filter. 9. Materials Manager #2- clean up by throwing all empty paper cups inside the garbage can.

Station #4 Experiment

Mix It Up!
Question: What is a mixture? How can you separate mixtures? Materials: 1 small paper cup per group member filled with trail mix 1 paper towel per group member Jobs: (see Mrs. Sutton) Team Captain Materials Manager Recorder ReporterSafety Procedures: 1. No horse play during experiment! Consequences will include not being able to participate in experiment, resulting in the completion of a written summary of the Matter chapter in the science textbook. 2. All people must only do their job. 3. No loud conversations. Remember other groups will need to figure out what is happening in their experiments, too. 4. Work in your own group and not someone elses. 5. All spills and accidents must be reported to a teacher, and then cleaned up immediately. Expectations: 1. All students are expected to participate. 2. All students are expected to follow safety procedures. 3. All students are expected to help answer questions. 4. Teachers are expected to observe and help as needed but NOT to give answers. 5. Teachers will be grading according to the rubric. Directions: Team Captain- read safety procedures, expectations, and directions to the team and be sure all safety procedures are followed- any violation must be reported to a teacher. Experiment Directions: 1. Materials Manager #1- make sure that each group member has one paper cup filled of the way with trail mix. 2. Ask question, What is a mixture and how can I separate mixtures? 3. Record Reporter #1- record hypothesis as to what will happen when you try to separate the mixture. 4. Perform experiment. 5. Everyone- One at a time, separate the different parts of the mixture onto the paper towel. 6. Recorder Reporter #2- record observation on student sheet. 7. Discuss what was observed- was the hypothesis correct? 8. Recorder Reporter #3- write conclusion. Include key words such as: solid, mixture, particles. Also, record what fraction of the trail mix are marshmallows? Cheerios and raisins? How much trail mix would there be without the pretzels? 9. Materials Manager #2- clean up by eating the trail mix (or put it in a Ziploc bag) and throw all empty paper cups inside the garbage can.

Station # 5 Concentrating on Science


Question: Does concentration really matter? Materials: Bottle of red food coloring 3 clear plastic cups Dropper or small measuring spoons 3 labels for each cup (Label A, B, C) Jobs: (see Mrs. Sutton) Team Captain Materials Manager Recorder ReporterSafety Procedures: 1. No horse play during experiment! Consequences will include not being able to participate in experiment, resulting in the completion of a written summary of the Matter chapter in the science textbook. 2. All people must only do their job. 3. No loud conversations. Remember other groups will need to figure out what is happening in their experiments, too. 4. Work in your own group and not someone elses. 5. All spills and accidents must be reported to a teacher, and then cleaned up immediately. Expectations: 1. All students are expected to participate. 2. All students are expected to follow safety procedures. 3. All students are expected to help answer questions. 4. Teachers are expected to observe and help as needed but NOT to give answers. 5. Teachers will be grading according to the rubric. Directions: Team Captain- read safety procedures, expectations, and directions to the team and be sure all safety procedures are followed- any violation must be reported to a teacher. Experiment Directions: 1. Place three cups in a row and put inch water in each cup 2. Place one label in front of one cup titled A; place a label in front of another cup labeled B; and place final label in front of the last cup labeled C 3. Recorder Record hypothesis of what will happen when drops of red food coloring is placed in various amounts 4. In cup A do not place any red food coloring 5. In cup B place three drops of red food coloring 6. In cup C place four drops of red food coloring 7. Compare and contrast the color shading of the water. Use your science vocabulary such as solution, concentration, rate of dissolving 8. Was the hypothesis correct? Why or why not?

Dont Drink the Water!!!


Question: Once salt and water are mixed can it be separated any way except by evaporation? Materials: Cup Water Salt Filter Jobs: (see Mrs. Sutton) Team Captain Materials Manager Recorder ReporterSafety Procedures: 1. No horse play during experiment! Consequences will include not being able to participate in experiment, resulting in the completion of a written summary of the Matter chapter in the science textbook. 2. All people must only do their job. 3. No loud conversations. Remember other groups will need to figure out what is happening in their experiments, too. 4. Work in your own group and not someone elses. 5. All spills and accidents must be reported to a teacher, and then cleaned up immediately. Expectations: 6. All students are expected to participate. 7. All students are expected to follow safety procedures. 8. All students are expected to help answer questions. 9. Teachers are expected to observe and help as needed but NOT to give answers. 10. Teachers will be grading according to the rubric. Directions: Team Captain- read safety procedures, expectations, and directions to the team and be sure all safety procedures are followed- any violation must be reported to a teacher.

Station # 6

Experiment Directions: 1. Recorder write hypothesis on Can we separate the salt from the water with other means except evaporation? Write prediction and answer question Why. 2. Fill cup half way with water 3. Add table spoon of salt and mix 4. Attempt to remove salt using filter 5. Record observation 6. Answer why or why not you could not remove salt from water 7. Does this make our experiment a solution or mixture 8. Evaporation could take a long time to happen depending on how much water you have in the cup. Is there another way to cause evaporation in a very short time? (Hint: Heat)

Experiment # 7 Freezing, Frozen, and Mixing


Question: Does temperature affect mixing? Materials: Cup Water Sugar Spoon Ice Labels A and B Clock watcher Jobs: (see Mrs. Sutton) Team Captain Materials Manager Recorder ReporterSafety Procedures: 1. No horse play during experiment! Consequences will include not being able to participate in experiment, resulting in the completion of a written summary of the Matter chapter in the science textbook. 2. All people must only do their job. 3. No loud conversations. Remember other groups will need to figure out what is happening in their experiments, too. 4. Work in your own group and not someone elses. 5. All spills and accidents must be reported to a teacher, and then cleaned up immediately. Expectations: 1. All students are expected to participate. 2. All students are expected to follow safety procedures. 3. All students are expected to help answer questions. 4. Teachers are expected to observe and help as needed but NOT to give answers. 5. Teachers will be grading according to the rubric. Directions: Team Captain- read safety procedures, expectations, and directions to the team and be sure all safety procedures are followed- any violation must be reported to a teacher.

Experiment: 1. Record hypothesis if temperature affects mixing of a solution 2. Take two cups fill half way 3. Label one cup A and the other B 4. In cup A put a spoonful of ice. Mix until ice is melted and repeat. 5. In cup B do not put any ice 6. Put a spoonful of sugar in both cups 7. Timer time how long it takes for the sugar to mix with the water 8. Record the time difference 9. Answer question, Would hot water make a difference in the rate of dissolving?

Experiment # 8 Why Weight?


Question: Does temperature affect mixing? Materials: Measuring Cup Water Marble Rock Jobs: (see Mrs. Sutton) Team Captain Materials Manager Recorder ReporterSafety Procedures: 1. No horse play during experiment! Consequences will include not being able to participate in experiment, resulting in the completion of a written summary of the Matter chapter in the science textbook. 2. All people must only do their job. 3. No loud conversations. Remember other groups will need to figure out what is happening in their experiments, too. 4. Work in your own group and not someone elses. 5. All spills and accidents must be reported to a teacher, and then cleaned up immediately. Expectations: 1. All students are expected to participate. 2. All students are expected to follow safety procedures. 3. All students are expected to help answer questions. 4. Teachers are expected to observe and help as needed but NOT to give answers. 5. Teachers will be grading according to the rubric. Directions: Team Captain- read safety procedures, expectations, and directions to the team and be sure all safety procedures are followed- any violation must be reported to a teacher.

Experiment: 1. Recorder write hypothesis on what will happen to the water level when an object is dropped into it. 2. Fill measuring cup half way with water 3. Record amount of liquid 4. Drop object into the water 5. Record amount of liquid 6. Answer, What caused the water level to rise? and Do we now have more water than before? Why or Why not?

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