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34th Infantry Division (United States)

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34th Infantry Division (United States)

34th "Red Bull" Infantry Division

34th "Red Bull" Infantry Division
34th "Red Bull" Infantry Division 34th Infantry Division shoulder sleeve insignia (SSI) Active Country Branch Type
34th "Red Bull" Infantry Division 34th Infantry Division shoulder sleeve insignia (SSI) Active Country Branch Type

34th Infantry Division shoulder sleeve insignia (SSI)

34th Infantry Division shoulder sleeve insignia (SSI)

Active

Country

Branch

Type

Role

Size

Garrison/HQ

Nickname

Motto

Engagements

Branch Type Role Size Garrison/HQ Nickname Motto Engagements Current commander Notable commanders August 1917 – 1963,

Current

commander

Notable

commanders

Motto Engagements Current commander Notable commanders August 1917 – 1963, 1991 – present United States of

August 1917 1963, 1991 present

United States of America

approx 15,000 Soldiers

Rosemount, MN

Red Bull

"Attack, Attack, Attack!"

Commanders

MG David Elicerio [1]

MG David Elicerio [ 1 ]

Insignia

34th Infantry Division (United States)

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Distinctive Unit Insignia
Distinctive Unit Insignia

US infantry divisions (1939present)

Previous

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The 34th Infantry Division is a division in the Army National Guard that participated in World War I and World War II. It holds the distinctions of being the first U.S. division deployed to Europe in World War II. The division was deactivated in 1945, and the 47th "Viking" Infantry Division later created in the division's former area. In 1991 the 47th Division was redesignated the 34th. Since 2001 division soldiers have served on homeland security duties in the continental United States, in Afghanistan, and in Iraq. Other smaller deployments have been made to peacekeeping duties in the former Yugoslavia and elsewhere.

The division continues to serve today, with most of the Division part of the Minnesota and Iowa National Guard. It is staffed by roughly 2,800 soldiers from the Iowa Guard, about 350 from the Nebraska Guard, and about 100 from

other states. [citation needed]

World War I

The division was established as the 34th Division of the National Guard in August 1917, consisting of units from North Dakota, South Dakota, Iowa, and Minnesota. On 25 August 1917 it was placed under the command of Maj. Gen. A. P. Blacksom, who was succeeded by Brig. Gen. F. G. Mauldin briefly on 18 September 1917 but was back in command by 10 December 1917.

The division takes its name from the shoulder sleeve insignia designed for a 1917 training camp contest by American regionalist artist Marvin Cone, who was then a soldier enlisted in the unit. [2] Cone's design evoked the desert training grounds of Camp Cody, New Mexico, by superimposing a red steer skull over a black Mexican water jug called an "olla." [3] In World War I, the unit was called the "Sandstorm Division." German troops in World War II, however, called the U.S. division's soldiers "Red Devils" and "Red Bulls"; [4] the division later officially adopted the latter nickname.

On 8 May 1918 Brig. Gen. F. G. Mauldin (8 May 1918) took command. The 34th Division arrived in France in October 1918 but was too late to see action, as the war ended the following month. Brig. Gen. John A. Johnston (26 October 1918) took command. However, when the division arrived in France, most of its personnel were sent to other organizations. It was returned to the U.S. and inactivated in December 1918.

On 17 January 1921, the 109th Observation Squadron was federally recognised as the first aviation unit in the Minnesota National Guard. On recognition or beforehand the squadron was assigned as a divisional observation unit for the 34th Division, at that time recruiting from Minnesota, Iowa, South Dakota, and North Dakota. [5]

34th Infantry Division (United States)

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World War II

In common with other U.S. Army divisions the 34th was reorganised from a square to a triangular division before seeing combat. The division's three infantry regiments became the 133rd, 135th, and 168th Infantry Regiments.

The first contingent embarked at Brooklyn on 14 January 1942 and sailed from New York the next day. The initial group of 4,508 stepped ashore at 12:15 hrs on 26 January 1942 at Dufferin Quay, Belfast commanded by Major-General Russell P. Hartle. They were met by a delegation including the [[Governor of Northern Ireland|Governor (Duke of Abercorn), the Prime Minister of Northern Ireland (John Miller Andrews), the Commander of British Troops Northern Ireland (General G. E. W. Franklyn), and the Secretary of State for Air (Sir Archibald Sinclair).

Secretary of State for Air ( Sir Archibald Sinclair ). While in Northern Ireland , the

While in Northern Ireland, the division contributed personnel to create the modern form of the United States Army Rangers. The modern incarnation of

the Rangers were developed from 34th Infantry volunteers under the command of Major William O. Darby. Of the original 500 Second World War rangers, 281 came from the 34th Infantry Division. The division trained in Northern Ireland until it boarded ships to travel to North Africa for Operation TORCH in November 1942.

The 34th Infantry Division saw its first combat in French Algeria on 8 November 1942. As a member of the Eastern Task Force, which included two brigades of the British 78th Infantry Division, and two British Commando units, they landed at Algiers and seized the port and outlying airfields. Elements of the Division took part in numerous subsequent engagements in Tunisia during the Allied build-up, notably at Sened Station, Faid Pass, Sbeitla, and Fondouk Gap. In April 1943 the Division assaulted Hill 609, capturing it on 1 May 1943, and then drove through Chouigui Pass to Tebourba and Ferryville.

The Division then trained for the Salerno landing. The 151st Field Artillery Battalion went in on D-day, 9 September 1943, at Salerno, while the rest of the Division followed on 25 September. Contacting the enemy at the Calore River, 28 September 1943, the 34th, part of the U.S. II Corps, drove north to take Benevento, crossed the winding Volturno three times in October and November, assaulted Monte Patano and took one of its four peaks before being relieved, 9 December 1943. In January 1944, the Division was back in II Corps front line battering at the Bernhardt Line defenses. Thankfully, after bitter fighting through the Mignano Gap, they were able to take Monte Trocchio without

resistance as the German defenders withdrew to the main prepared defenses of the Gustav Line. On 24 January 1944, during the First Battle of Monte Cassino they pushed across the Rapido River into the hills behind and attacked Monastery Hill which dominated the town of Cassino. While they nearly captured the objective, in the end their attacks on the monastery and the town failed. The performance of 34th Division in the mountains is considered to rank as one of the finest feats of arms carried out by any soldiers during the war. In return they sustained losses of about 80 per cent in the Infantry battalions. They were relieved from their positions 1113 February 1944. Eventually, it took the combined force of five allied infantry divisions to finish what the 34th nearly accomplished on its own.

34th ID Soldiers at Camp Cody, NM on 18 August 1918.

own. 34th ID Soldiers at Camp Cody , NM on 18 August 1918. The Red Bull

The Red Bull in the Winter Line of Pantano, Italy 29 November to 3 December 1943

34th Infantry Division (United States)

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34th Infantry Division (United States) 4 Full Color Shoulder Sleeve Insignia (SSI) worn on a unit

Full Color Shoulder Sleeve Insignia (SSI) worn on a unit member's dress uniform

After rest and rehabilitation, it landed in the Anzio beachhead, 25 March 1944, maintaining defensive positions until the offensive of 23 May, when it broke out of the beachhead, took Cisterna, and raced to Civitavecchia and Rome. After a short rest, the Division drove across the Cecina River to liberate Livorno, 19 July 1944, and continued on to take Monte Belmonte in October during the fighting on the Gothic Line. Digging in south of Bologna for the winter, the 34th jumped off, 15 April 1945, and captured Bologna on 21 April. Pursuit of the routed enemy to the French border was halted on 2 May upon the German surrender in Italy.

The Division participated in six major Army campaigns in North Africa and Italy. The Division is credited with amassing 517 days of front-line combat [citation needed] , more than any other U.S. division. One or more 34th Division units were engaged in actual combat with the enemy on 611 days. This would have been 1st Battalion, 133rd Infantry and the IRONMAN battalion. This battalion still holds the record over the rest of the United States Army for days in combat. The division was credited with more combat days than any other division in the war. The 34th Division suffered 3,737 killed in action, 14,165 wounded in action, and 3,460 missing in action, for a total of 21,362 battle casualties. Casualties of the division are considered to be the highest of any division in the theatre when daily per capita fighting strengths are considered. There is little doubt the division took the most enemy-defended hills of any division in the European Theatre. The division's

soldiers were awarded ten Medals of Honor, ninety-eight Distinguished Service Crosses, one Distinguished Service Medal, 1,153 Silver Stars, 116 Legion of Merit medals, one Distinguished Flying Cross, 2,545 Bronze Star Medals, fifty-four Soldier's Medals, thirty-four Air Medals, with duplicate awards of fifty-two oak leaf clusters, and 15,000 Purple Hearts.

of fifty-two oak leaf clusters, and 15,000 Purple Heart s. Subdued Shoulder Sleeve Insignia ( SSI

Subdued Shoulder Sleeve Insignia (SSI) currently worn on a unit member's Army Combat Uniform

Activated: 10 February 1941 (National Guard Division from North Dakota, South Dakota, Iowa, Minnesota)

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Overseas: May 1942

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Days of combat: 517

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Awards:

Medals of Honor: 11

Silver Stars: 1,153

Bronze Stars: 2,545

Legions of Merit: 116

Soldier's Medals: 54

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Purple Hearts: 15,000 Foreign Awards:

34th Infantry Division (United States)

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French Croix de Guerre Casualties:

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Killed in Action: 3,737

Wounded in action: 14,165

Missing in action: 3,460

Total Battle Casualties: 21,362

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Commanders:

• MG Ellard A. Walsh (FebruaryAugust 1941)

• MG Russell P. Hartle (August 1941 May 1942)

• MG Charles W. Ryder (May 1942 July 1944)

MG Charles L. Bolte (July 1944 to inactivation)

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Returned to U.S.: 3 November 1945

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Inactivated: 3 November 1945

Cold War to 2001

•• Inactivated: 3 November 1945 Cold War to 2001 A Red Bull Soldier in Al Anbar

A Red Bull Soldier in Al Anbar Province, Iraq.

The 34th Infantry Division was inactivated on 3 November 1945. The Division was reformed within the Iowa and Nebraska National Guards in 19467, but it disbanded again in 1963, being replaced in part by the 67th Infantry Brigade. It also retained its Division HQ as a Command HQ to supervise training of combat and support units in the former division area for some years. The 47th Infantry Division (which had never seen combat) was active at St Paul, Minn., by 1963, as the National Guard combat division covering the former 34th's area.

The division was reactivated as a National Guard division (renaming the 47th Division) for Minnesota and Iowa on 10 February 1991 upon the fiftieth anniversary of its federal activation for World War II. At that point the Division transitioned into a Medium Division, with a required strength of 18,062 soldiers.

In 2000 the Minnesota Legislature renamed all of Interstate 35 in Minnesota the "34th Division (Red Bull) Highway," in honor of the Division and its service in the World Wars. [6]

Twenty-first century

Currently, the 34th Infantry "Red Bull" Division is ranked No. 1 of the eight National Guard Divisions with regard to key readiness indicators. [citation needed] The 34th Infantry Division was the first National Guard Division to transform to the Army's modular and expeditionary Brigade Combat Team Structure. The Division's units have grown and are now spread across Minnesota, Iowa, Wisconsin, Michigan, North Dakota, Montana, Idaho, Colorado, Wyoming and Missouri. The Minnesota Army National Guard provides the Division Headquarters and is located in Rosemount (Main Command Post), and Inver Grove Heights (Tactical Command Post); both are southern suburbs of the Twin Cities. Today, the division has undergone much change due to transformation. The entire division is projected to have transformed by Training Year 2010.

Since October 2001, division personnel served in Operation Joint Forge in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Operation Joint Guardian in Kosovo. Other deployments during the same time period have included Operation Vigilant Hammer in Europe, the Mediterranean Theater of Operations, and Egypt, and Joint Task Force Bravo Honduras. [7]

34th Infantry Division (United States)

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The 34th Infantry Division has deployed approximately 11,000 soldiers on operations since October 2001. At home this has included troops deployed for Operation Noble Eagle; abroad units and individual soldiers have gone to Afghanistan and Iraq.

Afghanistan deployments

2004 In May 2004, the 1st Battalion, 168th Infantry Regiment (augmented by Company D, 2nd Battalion, 135th Infantry Regiment), 2nd Brigade, 34th Infantry Division, and with nearly 100 key positions filled by members of the 1st Battalion (IRONMAN), 133rd Infantry Regiment, 2nd Brigade, 34th Infantry Division, commenced combat operations at 13 Provincial Reconstruction Team sites throughout Afghanistan as part of Operation Enduring Freedom, returning the Red Bull patch to combat after 59 years and earning the battalion the distinction of becoming the first unit in the 34th Infantry Division to wear the Red Bull patch as a right-shoulder combat patch since World War II. The 2011 book Words in the Dust by former 34th ID soldier Trent Reedy is a novel based on the experiences of the 34th ID soldiers assigned to the Farah, Afghanistan PRT. [8]

2010 In August 2010, nearly 3,000 Iowa Army National Guard soldiers, with 28 hometown send-offs, left for a year-long deployment to Afghanistan, making it the largest deployment of the Iowa National Guard since World War II. Augmented by the 1134th Cavalry Reconnaissance and Surveillance Squadron of the Nebraska Army National Guard, the brigade conducted pre-mobilization training in Mississippi and California. The troops partnered with Afghan security forces to provide security and assist in training.

Iraq deployments

to provide security and assist in training. Iraq deployments A Red Bull Soldier in Iraq •

A Red Bull Soldier in Iraq

2005 In January 2005, Company A, 1st Battalion, 194th Armor Regiment (1/194 AR) arrived at Camp Ashraf (about 80 km north of Baghdad to conduct security and convoy operations in the surrounding area and conducted joint operations with Iraqi Army ahead of the October 2005 Iraqi constitution ratification vote. The 151 man unit was formed from nearly all of the soldiers in the 1/194th and Company A was chosen to honor the unit's lineage of the soldiers who fought to defend the Philippines against the Japanese and the Bataan Death March that followed. The unit was awarded the Meritorious Unit Commendation for its exceptional service.

2006 In March 2006, 1st Brigade, 34th Infantry Division commenced combat operations in central and southern Iraq as part of Operation Iraqi Freedom, marking the largest single unit deployment for the 34th Infantry Division since World War II. Returning in July 2007, 1st Brigade claimed to have served one of the longest consecutive combat operations by the United States Army (activated for 22 months total with 16 in Iraq). [citation needed] In an effort to recreate the Living Red Bull Patch from Camp Cody, NM, in 1918, the 1st Brigade made its own Living Patch [9] on the parade field at Camp Shelby, MS prior to its deployment to Iraq for OIF 06-08. On 16 July 2009 3 members of the Fighting Red Bulls were killed in Basra, Iraq. [citation needed]

2011 In June 2011, 1st Brigade deployed to Kuwait, supplying troops for Operation New Dawn. The Brigade was augmented with 1-180th Cavalry and 1-160th Field Artillery from the Oklahoma National Guard as well as the 112th Military Police Battalion from the Mississippi National Guard.

• Commanders: [10]

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MG Gerald A. Miller

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MG Rodney R. Hannula

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MG Larry Shellito

34th Infantry Division (United States)

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MG Rick D. Erlandson

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MG David Elicerio

Current Structure

C. Nash •• MG David Elicerio Current Structure 34th Infantry Division exercises Training and Readiness

34th Infantry Division exercises Training and Readiness Oversight of the following elements, they cannot be considered organic: [11] ••

Main Command Post (MCP)

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Special Troops Battalion (STB)

1st Heavy Brigade Combat Team (MN NG) [12]

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Special Troops Battalion

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1st Squadron, 94th Cavalry Regiment (Armored Recon)

2nd Battalion, 136th Infantry Regiment (United States) (Combined Arms)

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1st Battalion, 125th Field

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Artillery Regiment 134th Brigade Support Battalion

2nd Infantry Brigade Combat Team (IA NG)

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Special Troops Battalion

1st Squadron, 113th Cavalry Regiment (RSTA) (IA NG)

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1st Battalion, 194th Field

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Artillery Regiment 334th Brigade Support Battalion

• 32nd Infantr y Brigade Combat Team ( WI NG ) Structure 34th Infantry Division Soldiers

Structure 34th Infantry Division

Combat Team ( WI NG ) Structure 34th Infantry Division Soldiers of the Division in Kosovo

Soldiers of the Division in Kosovo.

Infantry Division Soldiers of the Division in Kosovo . A soldier of the division receiving the

A soldier of the division receiving the Silver Star Medal.

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Special Troops Battalion

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1st Squadron, 105th Cavalry Regiment (RSTA)

1st Battalion, 128th Infantry Regiment

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1st Battalion, 120th Field Artillery Regiment

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132nd Brigade Support Battalion

34th Infantry Division (United States)

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Special Troops Battalion

2nd Squadron, 116th Cavalry Regiment (Armored Recon) (ID NG)

1st Squadron, 163rd Cavalry Regiment (Combined Arms) (MT NG)

3rd Squadron, 116th Cavalry Regiment (Combined Arms) (OR NG)

145th Brigade Support Battalion (ID NG)

• Headquarters & Headquarters Company

• 1st Battalion, 113th Aviation Regiment (Support & Security) (ND NG)

• 2nd Battalion, 147th Aviation Regiment (Assault) (MN NG)

• 1st Battalion, 183rd Aviation Regiment (Attack) (ID NG)

• 1st Battalion, 189th Aviation Regiment (General Support) (MT NG)

Attached Units

115th Fires Brigade (WY NG)

• 1st Battalion, 121st Field Artillery Regiment (WI NG)

• 1st Battalion, 147th Field Artillery Regiment (SD NG)

• 2nd Battalion, 300th Field Artillery Regiment (WY NG)

• 960th Brigade Support Battalion (WY NG)

• 148th Signal Company (WY NG)

141st Maneuver Enhancement Brigade (ND NG)

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1st Squadron, 134th Cavalry Regiment (R&S) (NE ARNG)

1167th Brigade Support Company (NE ARNG)

250th Military Intelligence Battalion (CA NG)

67th Signal Network Support Company (MT NG)

347th Regional Support Group (formerly 34th Division Support Command)

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Headquarters and Headquarters Company

147th Personnel Services Battalion

347th Personnel Services Detachment

34th Military Police Company

257th Military Police Company

114th Transportation Company

204th Medical Company (Area Support)

247th Finance Detachment

34th Infantry Division Band

Service Battery, 1st Battalion, 214th Field Artillery Regiment (GA NG)

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Companies A and B, 2nd Battalion, 123rd Armor Regiment (KY NG)

34th Infantry Division (United States)

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References

External links

• 34th Infantry Division webpage (http://www.minnesotanationalguard.org/34id)

• 34th Infantry Division OIF deployment website (inactive) (http://www.TheRedBulls.org/)

• 34th Infantry Division Association (http://www.34infdiv.org/)

• French Croix de Guerre Citation (http://www.34infdiv.org/award/croix.html)

• World War II Reenactors 34th Infantry Division 133rd (http://www.442ndrct.com/)

• Information on the 34th Division in Italy, World War II (http://www.34thinfantry.com)

• Aviation units (http://www.dma.state.mn.us/redbull/AVN/Director/dir97.htm) in The Army Almanac: A Book of Facts Concerning the Army of the United States U.S. Government Printing Office, 1950 reproduced at CMH (http://www.history.army.mil/html/forcestruc/cbtchron/cbtchron.html).

• Wisconsin Army National Guard (http://legistar.milwaukee.gov/attachments/

• UNIT DESIGNATIONS IN THE ARMY MODULAR FORCE (http://www.cascom.army.mil/odct/

• Camp Cody 34th Division WWI (http://demingnewmexico.alotspace.com/CampCody/cw01.htm)

• 34th Division Soldiers respond to John Kerry comment (http://edition.cnn.com/2006/POLITICS/11/02/ kerry.photo/index.html)

• The short film Big Picture: The Red Bull Attacks (http://www.archive.org/details/gov.archives.arc.2569485) is available for free download at the Internet Archive [more]

• 34th Infantry Division - Louisiana to Pisa (1945) (http://www.scribd.com/doc/73758311)

• Major Russell Hartle, leading the 34th Division to Northern Ireland in 1942 (http://www.whilbr.org/ GeneralHartle/index.aspx)

Article Sources and Contributors

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Article Sources and Contributors

34th Infantry Division (United States) Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?oldid=550494286 Contributors: AtticusX, Barticus88, Beanbatch, Billmckern, Bladed, Brian in denver, Btphelps, Bubjub, Buckshot06, Bullmoosebell, Calton, CampCodyDeming, CanisRufus, Carom, Charvex, Combatinfvet, Crowish, DJAMBRITT, Damon207, Daniel Ewer, David Straub, Dcfowler1, Denverfriend, Diberri, Djbuck1, Dodgerblue777, Doug4422, Dxayasou, Ed!, Elkman, Ericoides, EvilCouch, Firsfron, Friedfish, GCW50, Giraffedata, GopherSA, HiB2Bornot2B, Hmains, Hrafn, Hueydoc, Hutcher, Iridescent, Jaraalbe, Jbrown007, Kevin Rector, Kirrages, Klemen Kocjancic, Kresock, Ktinga, Kumioko (renamed), Looper5920, MaJunLong, Melesse, Mglan, MinnesotaNationalGuard, Mvialt, Mwilso24, Nathanm mn, Niceguyedc, Nobunaga24, Noclador, Ohconfucius, Oldwildbill, Olivier, Pelzig, Pinethicket, Pitchka, PrometheusAvV, Puddhe, R'n'B, RTO Trainer, Richard Doherty, RightCowLeftCoast, Rjwilmsi, SEWalk, Sadads, Shovonma17, Shrike6, Skysmith, Snowolf, SpartanPhalanx8588, Spiderman33, Srich32977, Tabletop, Tierce, USMA, VilePig, Wbfergus, Welsh, Whilbr2, Wikijsmak, Wim Randall, Woohookitty, Wwoods, Xdamr, Δ, 130 anonymous edits

Image Sources, Licenses and Contributors

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Image:Army mil-2008-04-18-152326.jpg Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Army_mil-2008-04-18-152326.jpg License: Public Domain Contributors: Ed!

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