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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading Without Permission

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

Typical X2 Handover flow

UE Source eNB Target eNB Serving Gateway MME 0.Area Restriction Provided 1.Measurement Control (RRC_CONN_RECFG)
UE
Source eNB
Target eNB
Serving
Gateway
MME
0.Area Restriction Provided
1.Measurement Control
(RRC_CONN_RECFG)
packet data
packet data
UL allocation
Legend
2.Measurement Reports
L3 signalling
(RRC_MEAS_RPRT)
L1/L2
signalling
3.HO decision
4.Handover Request
User Data
(HANDOVER_REQUEST)
5.Admiss
ion Control
6.Handover Request Ack
DL allocation
(HANDOVER_REQUEST_ACKNOWLEDGE)
7.RRC Conn. Reconf. i n c l .
mobilityControlinformation
Handover
Handover
Handover
(RRC_CONN_RECFG(HO_CMD))
Preparation
Execution
Completion
Detach from old cell and
Deliver buffered and in transit
synchronlze to new cell
packets to target eNB
8.SN Status Transfer
(SN_STATUS_TRANSFER)
Data Forwarding
Buffer packets from
Source eNB
9.Synchronisation
10.UL allocation+TA for UE
11.RRC Conn. Reconf. Complete
(RRC_CONN_RECFG_CMP(HO_CMP))
packet data
packet data
12.Path Switch Request
(S1AP_PATH_SWITCH_REQ)
13.User Plane update
request
End Marker
14.Switch DL path
packet data
End Marker
15.User Plane update
response
16.Path Switch Request Ack
17. UE Context Release
(S1AP_PATH_SWITCH_REQ_ACK)
(UE_CONTEXT_RELEASE)
18.Release Resources
Measurement Control
(RRC_CONN_RECFG)
Measureme
nt Control CMP
(RRC_CONN_RECFG_CMP)

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis  Measurement control includes all control parameters to guide UE measurement.

Measurement control includes all control parameters to guide UE measurement. Measurement consists of intra-frequency measurement and inter-frequency measurement.

Perquisite: Related handover algorithms should be enabled

For intra-frequency measurement control, this message is default sent during UE initial attach procedure or after UE handover in a new cell. The following IEs (Information Element) are included inside:

Measurement object, indicate the object with unique frequency and ID

Report configuration, indicate the related event to period report parameters. A1/A2/A3 could be included.

Measurement ID, bind the ID with object and report configuration, thus eNodeB can understand the purpose of each report.

Quantity configuration, including the measurement filter parameters

For inter- frequency measurement control, this message should be trigged by some specific intra-frequency measurement report (A1/A2) or some special event based on handover scenarios. Besides the above IEs, it includes one more IE: gap pattern, assist UE to measure inter-frequency .

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis  Once the event for report is trigged, UE periodic repeat

Once the event for report is trigged, UE periodic repeat this report until eNodeB reply the instruction or the UE report times approach the maximum report times which is included in measurement control message

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis  After eNodeB receive measurement report, it select the suitable target

After eNodeB receive measurement report, it select the suitable target and send handover request message to the target cell via S1 or X2 interface. The following IEs could be included:

eCGI of target cell

GUMMEI

UE context information

UE history information

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading Without Permission

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis  General handover success rate = (Handover preparation success rate) ×

General handover success rate = (Handover preparation success rate) × (handover execution success rate)

Handover preparation success rate = Handover execution attempt number /Handover preparation attempt number. This is used to evaluate the admission success rate for the target cell, if this rate is low, that indicates the handover fault is caused by target cell admission control problem.

Hand over execution success rate = Handover execution success number/Handover execution attempt number. Generally, we need focus on this KPI to analyze the handover fault caused by radio problem, such as coverage and parameters setting.

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis  Measurement point:  L.HHO.Prep.FailOut.MME: During handover preparation in a

Measurement point:

L.HHO.Prep.FailOut.MME: During handover preparation in a handover over the S1 or X2 interface, the L.HHO.Prep.FailOut.MME counter is incremented by 1 each time the source eNodeB receives a UE CONTEXT RELEASE COMMAND message from the MME.

L.HHO.Prep.FailOut.NoReply: After the handover preparation in a handover over the S1 or X2 interface is complete, if the source eNodeB does not receive any messages from the target and does not cancel the handover, the L.HHO.Prep.FailOut.NoReply counter is incremented by 1 each time the source eNodeB does not receive a HANDOVER REQUEST ACKNOWLEDEG message or a HANDOVER PREPARATION FAILURE message from the target eNodeB.

L.HHO.Prep.FailOut.PrepFailure: During handover preparation in a handover over the X2 interface, the L.HHO.Prep.FailOut.PrepFailure counter is incremented by 1 each time the source eNodeB receives a HANDOVER PREPARATION FAILURE message from the target eNodeB.

L.HHO.Prep.FailOut.HOCancel: During a handover over the S1 or X2 interface,the L.HHO.Prep.FailOut.HOCancel counter is incremented by 1 each time the source eNodeB decides to cancel the handover and sends a HANDOVER CANCEL message to the MME or target eNodeB.

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis  Early handover occurs if the target cell is not good

Early handover occurs if the target cell is not good or stable, consists of following scenarios:

Scenario 1: After receiving a handover command, a UE experiences a radio link failure (RLF) during the handover to the target cell. Then, the UE is handed over back to the source cell during RRC connection reestablishment.

Scenario 2: A UE camps on the target cell for a short period and the RLF happen. If UE can reestablish the RRC connection to source cell, it is consider as a early handover

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis  Scenario 1: After UE sends measurement report, it doesn’t receive

Scenario 1: After UE sends measurement report, it doesn’t receive any handover commands.

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis  Scenario 2: UE doesn’t send measurement report, RLF happens in

Scenario 2: UE doesn’t send measurement report, RLF happens in source cell, and RRC establishment setup to target cell also fails.

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis  Handover failure is caused by signaling exchange failure, including UU

Handover failure is caused by signaling exchange failure, including UU interface, X2 interface or S1 interface.

UU interface message exchange failure is usually caused by poor coverage

X2 interface or S1 interface message exchange failure is usually caused by transmission problem

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis  If we don’t enable the basic coverage based intra/inter frequency

If we don’t enable the basic coverage based intra/inter frequency handover swith, then eNdoeB doesn’t send any measurement control message.

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis  From above figure, we can see that Due to poor

From above figure, we can see that Due to poor DL channel quality, SINR of PDCCH is very low, leading the demodulation of UL grant failure. Therefore, the measurement report can’t be sent.

RSRP, RSRQ, IBLER and DL/UL grant statistic can be used to evaluate channel quality

Solution:

To increase the possibility of UL scheduling, we can enable the pre- allocation scheduling, so that UE can get UL grant in advanced to send measurement report

If the poor quality is caused by coverage, then make some RF adjustment for coverage

If the poor quality is caused by edge interference, we can enable ICIC feature to mitigate the interference

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis  Scenario: after eNodeB receive measurement report, if all reported cell

Scenario: after eNodeB receive measurement report, if all reported cell is not in NRT (neighbor relation table) and ANR is not enable or the cell in NRT is set forbidden handover, then eNodeB doesn’t send any handover request to target .

Solution:

Enable ANR to automatic configure NCL and NRT

Configure NRT by manual

How to check neighbor configuration

NRT by manual  How to check neighbor configuration Should be “Permit HO” Confidential Information of

Should be “Permit HO”

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis  Scenario 1: No transmission resource  Possible cause:  Incorrect

Scenario 1: No transmission resource

Possible cause:

Incorrect configuration of IP path

The transmission resource is limited

Solution:

First check IP path configuration, check if all the parameters are identical

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

If all configuration is correct, the problems could be caused by the restriction of transmission resource . We can extend transmission bandwidth or enable relevant TRM algorithms

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis  Scenario 2 : Due to the poor transmission quality, leading

Scenario 2 : Due to the poor transmission quality, leading very long handover prepare time,

Solution: Contact transmission engineer to check the problem

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis  Possible cause :  Poor DL coverage  Improper parameters

Possible cause :

Poor DL coverage

Improper parameters handover parameters setting

Solution:

RF adjustment

This scenario is considered as delayed handover, we can use MRO algorithm to optimize it

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis  Possible cause  Poor coverage of target cell  PRACH

Possible cause

Poor coverage of target cell

PRACH power control setting problem

Handover parameters setting problem

Solutions:

Perform RF adjustment of target cell

Increase initial power or power step for PRACH

This problem is considered as early handover, we can enable MRO algorithm to optimize the relevant parameters

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

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