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eRAN

ANR Management
Feature Parameter Description

Issue Date

01 2010-07-30

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd

Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. 2010. All rights reserved.


No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means without prior written consent of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

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The purchased products, services, and features are stipulated by the contract made between Huawei and the customer. All or part of the products, services and features described in this document may not be within the purchase scope or the usage scope. Unless otherwise specified in the contract, all statements, information, and recommendations in this document are provided "AS IS" without warranties, guarantees or representations of any kind, either express or implied. .

The information in this document is subject to change without notice. Every effort has been made in the preparation of this document to ensure accuracy of the contents, but all statements, information, and recommendations in this document do not constitute the warranty of any kind, express or implied.

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eRAN ANR Management

Contents

Contents
1 Introduction.................................................................................................................................1-1
1.1 Scope.............................................................................................................................................................1-1 1.2 Intended Audience.........................................................................................................................................1-1 1.3 Change History..............................................................................................................................................1-1

2 Overview of ANR.......................................................................................................................2-1 3 Concepts Related to ANR.........................................................................................................3-1


3.1 NCL...............................................................................................................................................................3-1 3.2 NRT...............................................................................................................................................................3-1
T

3.3 TempNRT ......................................................................................................................................................3-2


T

3.4 HO Blacklist..................................................................................................................................................3-2 3.5 HO Whitelist .................................................................................................................................................3-3 3.6 PCI ................................................................................................................................................................3-3 3.7 Abnormal Neighboring Cell Coverage..........................................................................................................3-3

4 Event-Triggered ANR ...............................................................................................................4-1


4.1 Automatic Detection of Missing Neighboring Cells .....................................................................................4-2 4.1.1 Overview..............................................................................................................................................4-2 4.1.2 Detecting Intra-Frequency Neighboring Cells Through UE Measurements ........................................4-2 4.1.3 Detecting Inter-Frequency or Inter-RAT Neighboring Cells Through UE Measurements...................4-3 4.1.4 Detecting Intra-Frequency or Inter-Frequency Neighboring Cells Through UE History Information.4-5 4.2 Automatic Analysis of Neighbor Relations ...................................................................................................4-6 4.2.1 Overview..............................................................................................................................................4-6 4.2.2 Analyzing Neighbor Relations in the TempNRT..................................................................................4-7
T

4.2.3 Analyzing Neighbor Relations in the Intra-RAT NRT .........................................................................4-8


T

4.3 Automatic Detection of PCI Collisions .......................................................................................................4-10 4.3.1 Overview............................................................................................................................................4-10 4.3.2 Automatically Detecting PCI Collisions ............................................................................................4-10 4.3.3 Reallocating PCIs...............................................................................................................................4-10 4.4 Automatic Detection of Abnormal Neighboring Cell Coverage..................................................................4-11 4.4.1 Overview............................................................................................................................................4-11 4.4.2 Automatically Detecting Abnormal Neighboring Cell Coverage.......................................................4-11 4.4.3 Querying the List of Abnormal Neighboring Cell Coverage .............................................................4-13

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Contents

eRAN ANR Management

5 Fast ANR ......................................................................................................................................5-1 6 Manual Management of Neighbor Relations.......................................................................6-1


6.1 Adding or Removing a Neighbor Relation....................................................................................................6-1 6.2 Blacklisting a Neighbor Relation ..................................................................................................................6-1 6.3 Whitelisting a Neighbor Relation..................................................................................................................6-1

7 Engineering Guidelines............................................................................................................7-1
7.1 Configuring Event-Triggered ANR...............................................................................................................7-1 7.2 Configuring Fast ANR ..................................................................................................................................7-2 7.2.1 Switches for Fast ANR.........................................................................................................................7-2 7.2.2 Fast ANR-Related Parameter Settings .................................................................................................7-2 7.3 Automatically Deleting Neighbor Relations .................................................................................................7-3

8 Parameters ...................................................................................................................................8-1 9 Counters .......................................................................................................................................9-1 10 Glossary ...................................................................................................................................10-1


10.1 Terms.........................................................................................................................................................10-1 10.2 Acronyms and Abbreviations ....................................................................................................................10-1

11 Reference Documents............................................................................................................11-1

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1 Introduction

1
1.1 Scope 1.2 Intended Audience
This document is intended for: Personnel who work with Huawei products

Introduction

This document describes the Automatic Neighbor Relation (ANR) management feature and provides engineering guidelines regarding the configuration of the feature.

Personnel who need to understand the ANR management feature

1.3 Change History


This section provides information on the changes in different document versions. There are two types of changes, which are defined as follows: Feature change: refers to the change in the ANR management feature of a specific product version. Editorial change: refers to the change in wording or the addition of the information that was not described in the earlier version.

Document Issues
The document issue is as follows: 01 (2010-07-30) Draft (2010-05-20)

01 (2010-07-30)
Compared with draft (2010-05-20) of eRAN2.0, issue 01 (2010-07-30) of eRAN2.0 incorporates the changes described in the following table.

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Change Type Feature change

Change Description Parameters related to the algorithm for automatically analyzing neighbor relations are added.

Parameter Change The following parameters are added: ANRAddCellThd ANRDelCellThd NRTCellHOStatNum StatisticCycle FastAnrRprtAmount FastAnrRprtInterval FastAnrCycleTimer FastAnrRsrpThd FastAnrIntraRatMeasUeNum FastAnrInterRatMeasUeNum FastAnrIntraRatCumuUeNumThd FastAnrInterRatCumuUeNumThd

Editorial change

The information in the document is reorganized, and the description is optimized.

None

Draft (2010-05-20)
Compared with issue 01 (2010-01-31) of eRAN1.1, draft (2010-05-20) of eRAN2.0 incorporates the changes described in the following table. Change Type Feature change Change Description The description of inter-RAT event-triggered ANR is added. Parameter Change The following values are deleted from the SONAnrAlgoSwitch parameter: SonANRswitch FastAnrAlgoSwitch The following values are added to the SONAnrAlgoSwitch parameter: IntraRatEventAnrSwitch InterRatEventAnrSwitch IntraRatAnrAutoDelSwitch InterRatAnrAutoDelSwitch IntraRatFastAnrSwitch InterRatFastAnrSwitch Editorial change The title of this document is changed from ANR Parameter Description to ANR Management Feature Parameter Description. None

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1 Introduction

Change Type

Change Description The information in the document is reorganized, and the description is optimized.

Parameter Change The description of the following parameters is deleted: DlEarfcn UlEarfcn MeaBandwidth QoffsetFreq

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2 Overview of ANR

Overview of ANR

Operation and maintenance (OM) of the radio access network has become increasingly complex, difficult, and costly because of a huge amount of network elements, implementation of different system standards, and coexistence of different equipment vendors and telecom operators. To overcome this situation, the Self-Organization Network (SON) concept is proposed. The main functions of SON are self-configuration, self-optimization, and self-healing. Neighbor relations play an important role in self-configuration and self-optimization. Neighbor relations are classified into normal neighbor relations and abnormal neighbor relations. Abnormal neighbor relations exist in the cases of missing neighboring cells, PCI collisions, and abnormal neighboring cell coverage. ANR ensures the integrity and effectiveness of Neighbor Cell Lists (NCLs) by automatically detecting missing neighboring cells, PCI collisions, and abnormal neighboring cell coverage. Thus, the handover success rate increases, and the network performance improves. In addition, ANR does not require manual intervention, which reduces the costs of network planning and optimization. ANR automatically detects missing neighboring cells through UE measurements. 3GPP TS 36.331 [3] defines two types of UE measurements: event-triggered measurement and periodic measurement. Based on the two types, ANR is classified into event-triggered ANR and fast ANR (also known as periodic ANR), which are described as follows: Event-triggered ANR is applied in handover scenarios and used for automatic detection of missing neighboring cells, PCI collisions, and abnormal neighboring cell coverage, and automatic analysis of neighbor relations. For details, see chapter 4 "Event-Triggered ANR." Fast ANR is applied in non-handover scenarios and used for only automatic detection of missing neighboring cells. For details, see chapter 5 "Fast ANR."
Neighbor relations of a cell can also be managed manually as required. For details, see chapter 6 "Manual Management of Neighbor Relations."

Both event-triggered ANR and fast ANR are applicable to the same system or different systems. Figure 2-1 shows the ANR classifications.

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Figure 2-1 ANR classifications

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3 Concepts Related to ANR

3
3.1 NCL

Concepts Related to ANR

This chapter describes basic ANR-related concepts, which include NCL, TempNRT, Neighbor Relation Table (NRT), HO blacklist, HO whitelist, PCI, and abnormal neighboring cell coverage.

An NCL contains the information about the neighboring cells of a cell. Unless otherwise stated, neighboring cells mentioned in this document exclude intra-eNodeB neighboring cells. An NCL includes the ECGIs, PCIs, and Absolute Radio Frequency Channel Numbers (EARFCNs) of the neighboring cells. The eNodeB adds newly detected neighboring cells to the NCL. The NCL is used as a basis for creating neighbor relations. Neighboring cells in the NCL can be automatically managed (for example, added, deleted, or modified) by ANR. They can also be managed manually.

3.2 NRT
An NRT contains the information about the neighbor relations between a cell and its neighboring cells. NRTs are classified into intra-RAT NRTs and inter-RAT NRTs. Each cell has an intra-RAT NRT and inter-RAT NRT. Based on NRTs, handover, load balancing, and interference mitigation can be performed. Generally, NRTs are managed by ANR automatically. They can also be managed manually. Table 3-1 shows an example of the NRT. Table 3-1 An example of the NRT SN 1 2 3 LCI LCI#1 LCI#1 LCI#1 TCI TCI#1 TCI#2 TCI#3 No Remove TRUE FALSE TRUE No HO TRUE FALSE TRUE

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For details about the NRT, see 3GPP TS 36.300 [2]. Huawei NRT does not include the No X2 attribute.

The NRT contains the following information, which can be updated automatically or manually: SN: denotes the serial number of a neighbor relation. Local Cell Identifier (LCI): identifies the source cell of a neighbor relation. This attribute is defined by LocalCellId. Target Cell Identifier (TCI): identifies the target cell of a neighbor relation. This attribute is defined by the E-UTRAN Cell Global Identifier (ECGI) of the target cell. NO Remove: indicates whether a neighbor relation can be removed from the NRT by ANR. By default, the NO Remove attribute of a neighbor relation is set to FALSE.

If the NO Remove attribute of a neighbor relation is TRUE, this neighbor relation cannot be removed from the NRT. If the NO Remove attribute of a neighbor relation is FALSE, this neighbor relation can be removed from the NRT.

NO HO: indicates whether this neighbor relation can be used for a handover. By default, the NO HO attribute of a neighbor relation is set to FALSE.

If the NO HO attribute of a neighbor relation is TRUE, this neighbor relation cannot be used for a handover. If the NO HO attribute of a neighbor relation is FALSE, this neighbor relation can be used for a handover.

3.3 TempNRT
A TempNRT is a temporary NRT. It has the same data structure the NRT. After detecting a new intra-RAT neighbor relation, the eNodeB adds it to the TempNRT. Then, the eNodeB regularly analyzes the neighbor relation in the TempNRT. If the new neighbor relation is normal, the eNodeB adds it to the intra-RAT NRT. For details, see section 4.2 "Automatic Analysis of Neighbor Relations."
If detecting a new inter-RAT neighbor relation, the eNodeB adds it to the inter-RAT NRT directly.

3.4 HO Blacklist
An HO blacklist [1] contains the information about neighbor relations that cannot be removed automatically from the NRT by ANR or used for a handover. The neighbor relations in the HO blacklist must meet the following conditions: NO Remove = TRUE NO HO = TRUE A neighbor relation can be added to the HO blacklist manually. For details, see section 6.2 "Blacklisting a Neighbor Relation."

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3.5 HO Whitelist
An HO whitelist [1] contains the information about neighbor relations that cannot be removed automatically from the NRT by ANR but can be used for a handover. The neighbor relations in the HO whitelist must meet the following conditions: NO Remove = TRUE NO HO = FALSE A neighbor relation can be added to the HO whitelist manually. For details, see section 6.3 "Whitelisting a Neighbor Relation."

3.6 PCI
A PCI is the identifier of a physical cell. A maximum of 504 PCIs are supported, according to 3GPP TS 36.331 [3]. Therefore, PCI collisions occur inevitably. The PCI of an E-UTRAN cell corresponds to: The Primary Scrambling Code (PSC) of a UTRAN FDD cell The cell ID of a UTRAN TDD cell The Base Station Identity Code (BSIC) of a GERAN cell The Pseudo Number (PN) offset of a CDMA2000 cell For details about PCIs, see reference document [3].

3.7 Abnormal Neighboring Cell Coverage


Abnormal neighboring cell coverage refers to the coverage of a cell that is not adjacent to the serving cell but can be detected by a UE in the serving cell. The eNodeB regards this cell as a neighboring cell of the serving cell and therefore attempts to add the neighbor relation to the NRT. The signals of an abnormal neighboring cell are generally unstable and therefore the success rate of handovers to this cell is low. The coverage of neighboring cells may be abnormal in any of the following scenarios: The antenna tilt or orientation changes because of improper installation or a natural phenomenon such as strong wind. In mountains, the signals of the umbrella cell cover lower cells.

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4 Event-Triggered ANR

4
LOFD-002002 Inter-RAT ANR

Event-Triggered ANR

This chapter describes the following optional features: LOFD-002001 Automatic Neighbour Relation(ANR) Event-triggered ANR detects missing neighboring cells, PCI collisions, and abnormal neighboring cell coverage, and analyzes neighbor relations through UE measurements or history information. Event-triggered ANR is classified into intra-RAT event-triggered ANR and inter-RAT event-triggered ANR. Intra-RAT and inter-RAT event-triggered ANRs are controlled by the IntraRatEventAnrSwitch and InterRatEventAnrSwitch checkboxes under the SONAnrAlgoSwitch parameters respectively. The corresponding ANR function is enabled when the relevant parameter is set to ON. Figure 4-1 shows the relations among the functions of event-triggered ANR. Figure 4-1 Relations among the functions of event-triggered ANR

The functions of intra-RAT and inter-RAT event-triggered ANRs are described as follows: Intra-RAT event-triggered ANR detects missing intra-RAT neighboring cells, PCI collisions, and abnormal neighboring cell coverage, and analyzes neighbor relations. For details, see the following sections in this chapter. Inter-RAT event-triggered ANR only detects missing inter-RAT neighboring cells. For details, see section 4.1 "Automatic Detection of Missing Neighboring Cells."
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4.1 Automatic Detection of Missing Neighboring Cells


4.1.1 Overview
3GPP TS 36.300 [2] defines the procedures for detecting intra-frequency, inter-frequency, and inter-RAT neighboring cells through UE measurements. A UE performs measurements in the DRX dormant state. ANR can detect missing neighboring cells through UE history information in addition to UE measurements. Automatic detection of missing neighboring cells minimizes the need for planning and configuring neighbor relations, thus facilitating network operations and maintenance.

4.1.2 Detecting Intra-Frequency Neighboring Cells Through UE Measurements


Assume that cell A and cell B are involved in a handover. The UE is under the coverage of cell A, and cell B is an intra-frequency neighboring cell of cell A. Table 4-1 lists the information about cell A and cell B. Table 4-1 Information about cell A and cell B Cell Cell A Cell B PCI 3 5 ECGI 17 19

Figure 4-2 shows how the eNodeB detects cell B through UE measurements.

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Figure 4-2 Procedure for detecting an intra-frequency neighboring cell through UE measurements

The procedure is described as follows: 1. 2. The source eNodeB delivers the measurement configuration to the UE and requests the UE to measure the neighboring cells that meet the measurement configuration. The UE detects that the PCI of cell B meets the measurement configuration and reports it to cell A. If the source eNodeB detects that its NCL does not include the PCI of cell B, it proceeds to the following step. The source eNodeB instructs the UE, using the newly discovered PCI as a parameter, to read the ECGI, Tracking Area Code (TAC), and Public Land Mobile Network (PLMN) ID of cell B. The source eNodeB schedules appropriate idle periods to allow the UE to read the ECGI, TAC, and PLMN ID of cell B over the broadcast channel (BCH). The UE reports the detected ECGI, TAC, and PLMN ID of cell B to the source eNodeB.

3.

4. 5.

The source eNodeB adds the newly detected neighboring cell to its NCL and adds the neighbor relation to the TempNRT.

4.1.3 Detecting Inter-Frequency or Inter-RAT Neighboring Cells Through UE Measurements


ANR can detect missing inter-frequency or inter-RAT neighboring cells through UE measurements. For details about the measurements on inter-frequency or inter-RAT neighboring cells, see the Mobility Management in Connected Mode Feature Parameter Description.

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Neighboring cells of CDMA2000 can be detected only by fast ANR, whereas neighboring cells of GERAN and UTRAN can be detected by either event-triggered ANR or fast ANR.

Assume that cell A is an E-UTRAN cell and cell B is a UTRAN cell and that they are involved in a handover. The UE is under the coverage of cell A, and cell B is an inter-RAT neighboring cell of cell A. Table 4-2 lists the information about cell A and cell B. Table 4-2 Information about cell A and cell B Cell Cell A Cell B RAT E-UTRAN UTRAN PCI 3 5 ECGI or CGI 17 19

Figure 4-3 shows how the eNodeB detects cell B through UE measurements. Figure 4-3 Procedure for detecting an inter-RAT neighboring cell through UE measurements

The procedure is described as follows: 1. The source eNodeB delivers the measurement configuration (including target RATs or EARFCNs) to the UE and schedules appropriate idle periods to allow the UE to measure the neighboring cells that meet the measurement configuration.

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2.

The UE detects that the PCI of cell B meets the measurement configuration and reports it to cell A. If the source eNodeB detects that its NCL does not include the PCI of cell B, it proceeds to the following step. The source eNodeB requests the UE to read the parameters of cell B, such as the CGI. The source eNodeB schedules the UE to read the CGI and other parameters of cell B over the BCH.
The other parameters to be read by the UE depend on the RAT used in cell B, as described below:

3. 4.

If cell B is an inter-frequency E-UTRAN cell, the other parameters to be read by the UE are the ECGI, TAC, and PLMAN ID list. If cell B is a GERAN cell, the other parameters to be read by the UE are the CGI and RAC. If cell B is a UTRAN cell, the other parameters to be read by the UE are the CGI, LAC, and RAC. If cell B is a CDMA2000 cell, the other parameter to be read by the UE is the CGI.

5.

The UE reports the CGI and other parameters to the source eNodeB.

The source eNodeB adds the newly detected neighbor relation to the inter-RAT NRT.
If cell B is an intra-RAT inter-frequency neighboring cell, the source eNodeB adds the newly detected neighboring cell to its NCL and adds the neighbor relation to the TempNRT.

4.1.4 Detecting Intra-Frequency or Inter-Frequency Neighboring Cells Through UE History Information


During a handover, the source eNodeB sends UE history information to the target eNodeB. ANR can detect missing neighboring cells through UE history information. The detection is only applicable to intra-RAT event-triggered ANR. Figure 4-4 shows the procedure for detecting an intra-frequency or inter-frequency neighboring cell through UE history information.
UE history information defined in 3GPP 36.413 [4] is the information about the cells that provided services for the UE. The information contains: - ECGI of the last visited cell - Type of the last visited cell - Duration of the UE for camping on the cell

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Figure 4-4 Procedure for detecting an intra-frequency or inter-frequency neighboring cell through UE history information

The procedure is described as follows: 1. 2. The source eNodeB sends a Handover Request message to the target eNodeB. The target eNodeB obtains the UE history information from the message. If the target eNodeB detects that the ECGI of the last visited cell does not exist in the NCL of the target cell, the last visited cell is considered as a new neighboring cell of the target cell. The target eNodeB reports the ECGI of this new neighboring cell to the M2000. The M2000 queries the information about the new neighboring cell based on the reported ECGI and sends the information to the target eNodeB.

3. 4.

The target eNodeB adds the new neighboring cell to its NCL and adds the neighbor relation to the TempNRT.

4.2 Automatic Analysis of Neighbor Relations


4.2.1 Overview
Automatic analysis of neighbor relations involves automatic analysis of neighbor relations in the TempNRT and automatic analysis of neighbor relations in the intra-RAT NRT. This function is not applicable to the inter-RAT NRT. During automatic analysis of neighbor relations in the TempNRT, the eNodeB calculates the number of handovers and the handover success rate for a neighbor relation after the neighbor relation is added to the TempNRT. At the end of a statistic cycle (it is specified by the StatisticCycle parameter), the eNodeB checks the statistical result to analyze the neighbor relation. The neighbor relations that do not meet the requirements are removed from or kept in the TempNRT for later analysis. For details, see section 4.2.2 "Analyzing Neighbor Relations in the TempNRT." During automatic analysis of neighbor relations in the intra-RAT NRT, the eNodeB calculates the number of handovers and the handover success rate for a neighbor relation after the neighbor relation is added to the intra-RAT NRT from the TempNRT. At the end of a statistic cycle, the eNodeB checks the statistical result to analyze the neighbor relation. The neighbor relations that meet the requirements are added to the intra-RAT
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NRT. For details, see section 4.2.3 "Analyzing Neighbor Relations in the Intra-RAT NRT." Automatic analysis of neighbor relations ensures the effectiveness of neighbor relations. The neighbor relations in the intra-RAT NRT meet the requirements and therefore can ensure handover performance. In contrast, the neighbor relations in the TempNRT do not meet the requirements and therefore cannot ensure handover performance.

4.2.2 Analyzing Neighbor Relations in the TempNRT


Figure 4-5 shows the process of automatically analyzing a neighbor relation in the TempNRT. Figure 4-5 Process of automatically analyzing a neighbor relation in the TempNRT

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The eNodeB calculates the number of handovers and the handover success rate for a neighbor relation after the neighbor relation is added to the TempNRT. At the end of a statistic cycle, the eNodeB checks the statistical result to analyze the neighbor relation. If the number of handovers is smaller than the value specified by the NRTCellHOStatNum parameter, the eNodeB keeps this neighbor relation in the TempNRT. If the number of handovers is larger than or equal to the value specified by the NRTCellHOStatNum parameter and the handover success rate is higher than or equal to the value specified by the ANRAddCellThd parameter, the eNodeB adds this neighbor relation to the intra-RAT NRT. If the number of handovers is larger than or equal to the value specified by the NRTCellHOStatNum parameter and the handover success rate is lower than or equal to the value specified by the ANRDelCellThd parameter, the eNodeB removes this neighbor relation from the TempNRT. If the number of handovers is larger than or equal to the value specified by the NRTCellHOStatNum parameter and the handover success rate remains between the value specified by the ANRAddCellThd parameter and the value specified by the ANRDelCellThd parameter, the eNodeB keeps this neighbor relation in the TempNRT. Then, the next statistic cycle starts.

4.2.3 Analyzing Neighbor Relations in the Intra-RAT NRT


Figure 4-6 shows the process of automatically analyzing a neighbor relation in the intra-RAT NRT.

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Figure 4-6 Process of automatically analyzing a neighbor relation in the intra-RAT NRT

The eNodeB calculates the number of handovers and the handover success rate for a neighbor relation after the neighbor relation is added to the intra-RAT NRT. At the end of a statistic cycle, the eNodeB checks the statistical result to analyze the neighbor relation. If the number of handovers is smaller than the value specified by the NRTCellHOStatNum parameter, the eNodeB keeps this neighbor relation in the intra-RAT NRT. If the number of handovers is larger than or equal to the value specified by the NRTCellHOStatNum parameter and the handover success rate is lower than the value specified by the ANRAddCellThd parameter, the eNodeB removes this neighbor relation from the intra-RAT NRT and adds it to the TempNRT. If the number of handovers is larger than or equal to the value specified by the NRTCellHOStatNum parameter and the handover success rate is higher than or equal to the value specified by the ANRAddCellThd parameter, the eNodeB keeps this neighbor relation in the intra-RAT NRT. Then, the next statistic cycle starts. When a network is in the early stage of deployment or when a network is unstable, the switches for automatically deleting neighbor relations can be turned off. The purpose is to analyze neighbor relations in the intra-RAT NRT in time and to protect the intra-RAT NRT
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from being modified frequently. In this situation, the eNodeB is not allowed to remove neighbor relations automatically from the intra-RAT NRT. The switches for automatically deleting neighbor relations in the intra-RAT NRT and neighbor relations in the inter-RAT NRT are controlled by the IntraRatAnrAutoDelSwitch and InterRatAnrAutoDelSwitch checkboxes respectively.

4.3 Automatic Detection of PCI Collisions


4.3.1 Overview
This section describes the optional feature LOFD-002007 PCI Collision Detection. A PCI collision means the serving cell and a neighboring cell have the same PCI but different ECGIs. PCI collisions may be caused by improper network planning or abnormal neighboring cell coverage (also known as cross-cell coverage). If two neighboring cells have the same PCI, interference will be caused. When a PCI collision occurs, the eNodeB cannot determine the target cell for a handover. In this situation, the handover performance deteriorates and the handover success rate reduces. Therefore, eliminating PCI collisions is an important issue for network optimization. After a PCI collision is eliminated, the PCI is unique in the coverage area of the cell and unique in the neighbor relations of the cell. For details, see sections 4.3.2 "Automatically Detecting PCI Collisions " and 4.3.3 "Reallocating PCIs." Automatic detection of PCI collisions is an optional feature.

4.3.2 Automatically Detecting PCI Collisions


After a neighbor relation is added to the NRT, the eNodeB compares the PCI of the new neighboring cell with the PCIs of existing neighboring cells if the IntraRatEventAnrSwitch checkbox is selected. If the PCI of the new neighboring cell is the same as that of an existing neighboring cell, the eNodeB reports a PCI collision to the M2000. The M2000 collects statistics about PCI collisions and generates a list of information about PCI collisions.

4.3.3 Reallocating PCIs


PCI reallocation is a process of reallocating a new PCI to a cell whose PCI collides with the PCI of another cell. The purpose is to eliminate PCI collisions. The M2000 triggers the PCI reallocation algorithm to provide suggestions on PCI reallocation.
After the PCI of a cell is changed, the cell needs to be reestablished and the services carried on the cell are disrupted. Therefore, the PCI reallocation algorithm only provides reallocation suggestions. A PCI can be reallocated manually or automatically through a scheduled task configured on the M2000.

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4.4 Automatic Detection of Abnormal Neighboring Cell Coverage


4.4.1 Overview
Abnormal neighboring cell coverage refers to the coverage of a cell that is not adjacent to the serving cell but can be detected by a UE in the serving cell. Abnormal neighboring cell coverage decreases the handover success rate because of abnormal neighbor relations it has introduced. Therefore, detecting and eliminating abnormal neighboring cell coverage play an important role in network optimization. If the IntraRatEventAnrSwitch checkbox is selected, the M2000 triggers the algorithm for detecting abnormal neighboring cell coverage and listing abnormal neighboring cells when: The M2000 receives a notification that the eNodeB attempts to add a new neighbor relation to the NRT. The M2000 receives an operator's request for querying the information about abnormal neighboring cell coverage. For details about how to detect and query abnormal neighboring cell coverage, see sections 4.4.2 "Automatically Detecting Abnormal Neighboring Cell Coverage" and 4.4.3 "Querying the List of Abnormal Neighboring Cell Coverage " respectively.

4.4.2 Automatically Detecting Abnormal Neighboring Cell Coverage


Assume that cell A and cell B are involved in a handover. The UE is under the coverage of cell A, and cell B may be an abnormal neighboring cell of cell A. Figure 4-7 shows the process of detecting abnormal neighboring cell coverage.

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Figure 4-7 Process of detecting abnormal neighboring cell coverage

The process of detecting abnormal neighboring cell coverage is as follows: 1. 2. 3. 4. The M2000 triggers the algorithm for detecting abnormal neighboring cells. It queries the longitudes and latitudes of cell A (serving cell) and cell B (target cell). It calculates the distance between cell A and cell B. It checks whether the distance between cell A and cell B exceeds the maximum distance between two normal neighboring cells. If yes, go to step 5. If no, the coverage of cell B is considered as normal. It calculates the number of layers between cell A and cell B.
The number of layers between cell A and cell B refers to the number of non-intra-eNodeB neighboring cells dropping in the circle whose diameter is the line connecting the centers of the two cells.

5.

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6.

It checks whether the number of layers exceeds the maximum value. If yes, the coverage of cell B is considered abnormal. If no, the coverage of cell B is considered as normal.

4.4.3 Querying the List of Abnormal Neighboring Cell Coverage


The M2000 collects statistics about abnormal neighboring cell coverage and generates a list of abnormal neighboring cells. Operators can query the list on the M2000.

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5 Fast ANR

5
LOFD-002001 Automatic Neighbour Relation(ANR) LOFD-002002 Inter-RAT ANR

Fast ANR

This chapter describes fast ANR corresponding to the following optional features:

Before a UE performs handovers, the eNodeB can obtain the information about all neighboring cells with certain Reference Signal Received Power (RSRP) (it is specified by the FastAnrRsrpThd parameter) through the reporting of periodic UE measurements. This reduces the impact of event-triggered UE measurements on handover performance when the UE performs handovers. Fast ANR is classified into intra-RAT fast ANR and inter-RAT fast ANR. They are controlled by the IntraRatFastAnrSwitch and InterRatFastAnrSwitch checkboxes respectively. The corresponding ANR function is enabled if the relevant parameter is set to ON. After fast ANR is enabled, the eNodeB detects missing neighboring cells through periodic UE measurements of intra-frequency, inter-frequency, or inter-RAT neighboring cells. The UE involved in periodic measurements reports all detected neighboring cells to the eNodeB at a regular interval, which is specified by the FastAnrRprtInterval parameter. Then, the eNodeB adds the missing neighboring cells to the NCL. The procedure for detecting missing neighboring cells through fast ANR is the same as that through event-trigged ANR that is based on UE measurements. For details, see sections 4.1.2 "Detecting Intra-Frequency Neighboring Cells Through UE Measurements" and 4.1.3 "Detecting Inter-Frequency or Inter-RAT Neighboring Cells Through UE Measurements." Periodic UE measurements decrease the uplink throughput of the network. Therefore, fast ANR restricts the number of concurrent UEs involved in intra-RAT or inter-RAT periodic measurements. When the number of involved UEs reaches the corresponding upper limit, the eNodeB automatically disables fast ANR until a UE stops periodic measurements. The two upper limits are specified by the FastAnrIntraRatMeasUeNum and FastAnrInterRatMeasUeNum parameters respectively. Periodic measurements also increase the power consumption of a UE. Therefore, fast ANR restricts the number of periodic measurement reports by each UE. When the number of periodic measurement reports by a UE reaches the upper limit, the eNodeB automatically disables fast ANR. The upper limit is specified by the FastAnrRprtAmount parameter. The total number of neighboring cells that meet the RSRP requirement is limited, and periodic UE measurements decrease the uplink throughput of the network. Therefore, fast ANR restricts the total number of UEs involved in intra-RAT or inter-RAT periodic measurements. The eNodeB checks whether the total number of involved UEs reaches the corresponding upper limit at a regular interval, which is specified by the FastAnrCycleTimer parameter. The
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two upper limits are specified by the FastAnrIntraRatCumuUeNumThd and FastAnrInterRatCumuUeNumThd parameters respectively. If yes, the eNodeB automatically disables fast ANR. If no, periodic UE measurements continue.

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6 Manual Management of Neighbor Relations

Manual Management of Neighbor Relations

Generally, neighbor relations are managed by ANR automatically. In some special cases, they can be managed manually. The tasks of manual management of neighbor relations are as follows: Adding or removing a neighbor relation Blacklisting a neighbor relation Whitelisting a neighbor relation

6.1 Adding or Removing a Neighbor Relation


If ANR is not enabled, a neighbor relation is added or removed manually. If ANR is enabled, a neighbor relation is added or removed automatically.

6.2 Blacklisting a Neighbor Relation


A neighbor relation in the HO blacklist cannot be automatically removed from the NRT by ANR or used for a handover. A neighbor relation is added to the HO blacklist if one of the following conditions is met: The neighbor relation leads to a low handover success rate but does not reach the threshold for automatically removing the neighbor relation. The neighbor relation is removed and added frequently, causing a ping-pong effect.

6.3 Whitelisting a Neighbor Relation


A neighbor relation in the HO whitelist cannot be automatically removed from the NRT by ANR but can be used for a handover. A neighbor relation is added to the HO whitelist in some special cases. The following is an example. An eNodeB must stop servicing if it needs to be maintained for a long period. As a
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result, the NRTs of this eNodeB and its surrounding eNodeBs change significantly. To prevent such changes and future time-consuming re-establishment of neighbor relations through ANR, telecom operators add associated neighbor relations to the HO whitelist. Thus, these neighbor relations cannot be removed, and the eNodeB need not establish them after it resumes.

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Engineering Guidelines

This chapter provides engineering guidelines regarding the configuration of the ANR management feature. Event-triggered ANR and fast ANR are controlled by the checkboxes under the SONAnrAlgoSwitch parameter. These checkboxes are IntraRatEventAnrSwitch, InterRatEventAnrSwitch, IntraRatFastAnrSwitch, InterRatFastAnrSwitch, IntraRatAnrAutoDelSwitch, and InterRatAnrAutoDelSwitch. For details, see sections 7.1 "Configuring Event-Triggered ANR", 7.2 "Configuring Fast ANR", and 7.3 "Automatically Deleting Neighbor Relations."

7.1 Configuring Event-Triggered ANR


Intra-RAT event-triggered ANR and inter-RAT event-triggered ANR are controlled by the IntraRatEventAnrSwitch and InterRatEventAnrSwitch checkboxes respectively. It is recommended that event-triggered ANR be enabled in either of the following scenarios: At the early phase of network deployment, no neighbor relations are planned and neighboring cells need to be automatically established. During network capacity expansion, the coverage of a cell changes significantly. Its neighboring cells need to be reestablished, and the NCL needs to be updated. Event-triggered ANR has the following negative impacts on network performance: UE measurements increase the delay of UE handover from the serving cell to the target cell. UE measurements increase the data transmission delay of the UE, which affects the QoS of the UE. It is recommended that event-triggered ANR be disabled to reduce the negative impacts of ANR on network performance in either of the following scenarios: The handover success rate in a cell of an eNodeB reaches the conditions for a long time, indicating that neighbor relations managed by the eNodeB are normal. Operators intend to manage the neighbor relations of a cell manually.

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7.2 Configuring Fast ANR


7.2.1 Switches for Fast ANR
Intra-RAT fast ANR and inter-RAT fast ANR are controlled by the IntraRatFastAnrSwitch and InterRatFastAnrSwitch checkboxes respectively. It is recommended that fast ANR be enabled in either of the following scenarios: The number of UEs involved in periodic measurements is small (for example, the average number of such UEs in a cell does not exceed 5) and the probability of reading the ECGI is low. At the early phase of network deployment or during network capacity expansion, neighboring cells need to be automatically established. Enabling fast ANR increases the power consumption of a UE during periodic measurements. It is recommended that fast ANR be disabled if the neighbor relations of a cell will not change and the handover success rate has reached the conditions for a long time. The total number of UEs involved in intra-RAT or inter-RAT periodic measurements reaches the corresponding upper limit, the eNodeB automatically disables fast ANR. The two upper limits are specified by the FastAnrIntraRatCumuUeNumThd and FastAnrInterRatCumuUeNumThd parameters respectively.

7.2.2 Fast ANR-Related Parameter Settings


In different scenarios, fast ANR performance increases significantly after the following parameters are reconfigured and optimized: FastAnrRsrpThd FastAnrIntraRatMeasUeNum or FastAnrInterRatMeasUeNum FastAnrRprtInterval FastAnrRprtAmount FastAnrIntraRatCumuUeNumThd or FastAnrInterRatCumuUeNumThd The parameter settings are described as follows: The FastAnrRsrpThd parameter specifies the threshold for reporting a neighboring cell that meets the RSRP requirement during periodic UE measurements. The value of this parameter has a positive correlation with the RSRP requirement for a neighboring cell. Therefore, a neighboring cell that is to be added to the NCL has a high requirement for the RSRP. For example, in the dense urban areas with a large number of neighboring cells, a large value is recommended for the parameter so that the neighboring cells with low RSRP values cannot be added to the NCL. In contrast, in open areas such as the suburban or sparely populated areas, a small value is recommended for the parameter so that the neighboring cells with low RSRP values under the edge coverage can be added to the NCL. The FastAnrIntraRatMeasUeNum and FastAnrInterRatMeasUeNum parameters specify the upper limits of concurrent UEs involved in intra-RAT periodic measurements and inter-RAT periodic measurements respectively. The value of the corresponding parameter has a positive correlation with the number of concurrent UEs involved in corresponding periodic measurements. Therefore, neighboring cells can be detected fast. However, periodic measurements cause a negative impact on the QoS of more and more UEs and cause a significant decrease in the uplink throughput of the network. The FastAnrRprtInterval parameter specifies the interval for the reporting of periodic UE measurements. The value of this parameter has a negative correlation with the moving speed
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of a UE. If the UE moves fast and performs frequent handovers between neighboring cells, the parameter can be set to a small value. Otherwise, the parameter can be set to a large value. The FastAnrRprtAmount parameter specifies the number of periodic measurement reports by a UE. The value of this parameter also determines the time taken by a UE for periodic measurements. The value of the parameter has a positive correlation with the time taken by a UE for periodic measurements. Therefore, more neighboring cells are reported. However, the time during which the QoS of the UE is affected is prolonged and the power consumption of the UE is increased. The FastAnrIntraRatCumuUeNumThd and FastAnrInterRatCumuUeNumThd parameters determine the conditions for automatically disabling intra-RAT fast ANR and inter-RAT fast ANR respectively. They directly affect the effectiveness of the corresponding fast ANR. The value of the corresponding parameter has a positive correlation with the total number of UEs involved in corresponding periodic measurements. Therefore, the UEs are extensively distributed and the risk of the occurrence of missing neighboring cells is reduced. However, this increases the negative impacts on the QoS of the UEs and on the uplink throughput of the network.

7.3 Automatically Deleting Neighbor Relations


The switches for automatically deleting an intra-RAT neighbor relation and an inter-RAT neighbor relation are controlled by the IntraRatAnrAutoDelSwitch and InterRatAnrAutoDelSwitch checkboxes respectively. If the relevant switch is turned off, the eNodeB is not allowed to remove neighbor relations automatically from the NRT. When a network is in the early stage of deployment or when a network is unstable, the switches can be turned off. The purpose is to analyze neighbor relations in the NRT in time and to protect the NRT from being modified frequently. In this situation, the eNodeB is not allowed to remove abnormal neighbor relations automatically from the NRT. This may cause UE handovers to abnormal neighboring cells, decrease the handover success rate, and increase costs of handling abnormal neighbor relations.

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8 Parameters

8
Table 8-1 Parameter description (1) MO GeranNcell GeranNcell Cdma2000Hrpd Ncell Cdma2000Hrpd Ncell Cdma20001XR TTNcell Cdma20001XR TTNcell UtranNCell UtranNCell EutranIntraFreq NCell EutranIntraFreq NCell EutranInterFreq NCell Parameter ID NoHoFlag NoRmvFlag NoHoFlag NoRmvFlag NoHoFlag NoRmvFlag NoHoFlag NoRmvFlag NoHoFlag NoRmvFlag NoHoFlag Description

Parameters

This chapter describes the parameters related to the ANR management feature. For the description of each parameter, see Table 8-1. For the default value, value ranges, and MML commands of each parameter, see Table 8-2.

Indicates whether handovers of UEs to the neighboring cell are prohibited. Indicates whether to allow automatic removal of the neighboring relation through the ANR algorithm. Indicates whether handovers of UEs to the associated neighboring cell are prohibited. Indicates whether automatic removal of the neighboring relation through the ANR algorithm is prohibited. Indicates whether handovers of UEs to the associated neighboring cell are prohibited. Indicates whether automatic removal of the neighboring relation through the ANR algorithm is prohibited. Indicates whether to allow handover of UEs to the neighboring cell that is determined by the neighboring relation. Indicates whether to allow automatic removal of the neighbor relation through the ANR algorithm. Indicates whether handovers of UEs to the neighboring cell are prohibited. Indicates whether to allow automatic removal of the neighbor relation through the ANR algorithm. Indicates whether handovers of UEs to the neighboring cell are prohibited.

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MO EutranInterFreq NCell EnodeBAlgoSwi tch

Parameter ID NoRmvFlag SONAnrAlgoS witch

Description Indicates whether to allow automatic removal of the neighbor relation through the ANR algorithm. IntraRatEventAnrSwitch:Indicates the switch of the intra-RAT ANR algorithm.If this switch is set to ON, the automatic maintenance of intra-RAT neighboring relations is performed by using the intra-RAT ANR algorithm. If this switch is set to OFF, the intra-RAT ANR algorithm is disabled. InterRatEventAnrSwitch:Indicates the switch of the inter-RAT ANR algorithm. If this switch is set to ON, the automatic maintenance of inter-RAT neighboring relations is performed by using the inter-RAT ANR algorithm. If this switch is set to OFF, the inter-RAT ANR algorithm is disabled. IntraRatFastAnrSwitch:Indicates the switch of the intra-RAT fast ANR algorithm. If this switch is set to ON, the intra-RAT fast ANR algorithm is enabled so that intra-RAT neighboring relations can be collected in a fast manner. If this switch is set to OFF, the intra-RAT fast ANR algorithm is disabled. InterRatFastAnrSwitch:Indicates the switch of the inter-RAT fast ANR algorithm. If this switch is set to ON, the inter-RAT fast ANR algorithm is enabled so that inter-RAT neighboring relations can be collected in a fast manner. If this switch is set to OFF, the inter-RAT fast ANR algorithm is disabled. IntraRatAnrAutoDelSwitch:Indicates the switch of automatic removel by intra-RAT ANR. If this switch is set to ON, the automatic removal of neighboring relations through the intra-RAT ANR algorithm is allowed. If this switch is set to OFF, the automatic removal of neighboring relations through the intra-RAT ANR algorithm is not allowed. InterRatAnrAutoDelSwitch:Indicates the switch of automatic removal by inter-RAT ANR. If this switch is set to ON, the automatic removal of neighboring relations through the inter-RAT ANR algorithm is allowed. If this switch is set to OFF, the automatic removal of neighboring relations through the inter-RAT ANR algorithm is not allowed.

ANR

ANRAddCellT hd

Indicates the threshold above which a neighboring cell is added to the NRT by ANR. The threshold is the percentage of the number of successful handovers from the serving cell to the neighboring cell to the total number of handovers. Indicates the threshold below which a neighboring cell is removed from the NRT by ANR. The threshold is the percentage of the number of successful handovers from the serving cell to the neighboring cell to the total number of handovers. Indicates the number of handovers based on which ANR makes decisions on neighboring relation setup or removal. Indicates the period during which the number of handovers is measured by ANR to make decisions on neighboring relation setup or removal.
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ANR

ANRDelCellTh d

ANR ANR

NRTCellHOSta tNum StatisticCycle

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8 Parameters

MO ANR ANR ANR ANR

Parameter ID FastAnrRprtA mount FastAnrRprtInt erval FastAnrCycleTi mer FastAnrRsrpTh d FastAnrIntraRa tMeasUeNum

Description Indicates the number of periodic measurement reports sent for fast ANR. Indicates the interval at which periodic measurement reports are sent for fast ANR. Indicates the fast ANR checking timer. When the timer is expired, the eNodeB automatically checks whether to disable fast ANR. Indicates the RSRP threshold for fast ANR. If the signal quality in a neighboring cell reported by the UE is lower than the threshold, the cell is not automatically added to the NRT. Indicates the maximum allowed number of UEs that perform intra-RAT measurements for fast ANR. After the number of UEs performing intra-RAT measurements for fast ANR reaches the maximum number, intra-RAT measurements for fast ANR will not be performed on other UEs. Indicates the maximum allowed number of UEs that perform inter-RAT measurements for fast ANR. After the number of UEs performing inter-RAT measurements for fast ANR reaches the maximum number, inter-RAT measurements for fast ANR will not be performed on other UEs. Indicates the minimum required number of UEs that have performed measurements for fast ANR before intra-RAT fast ANR can be automatically disabled. Indicates the minimum required number of UEs that have performed measurements for fast ANR before inter-RAT fast ANR can be automatically disabled.

ANR

ANR

FastAnrInterRa tMeasUeNum

ANR

FastAnrIntraRa tCumuUeNum Thd FastAnrInterRa tCumuUeNum Thd

ANR

Table 8-2 Parameter description (2) MO Geran Ncell Parameter ID NoHoFlag Default Value PERMIT_ HO_ENU M(Permit Ho) PERMIT_ RMV_EN UM(Permi t Rmv) PERMIT_ HO_ENU M(Permit Ho) GUI Value Range PERMIT_HO_EN UM(Permit Ho) FORBID_HO_EN UM(Forbid Ho) PERMIT_RMV_E NUM(Permit Rmv) FORBID_RMV_E NUM(Forbid Rmv) PERMIT_HO_EN UM(Permit Ho) FORBID_HO_EN UM(Forbid Ho) Actual Value Range PERMIT_HO_ ENUM, FORBID_HO_ ENUM PERMIT_RMV _ENUM, FORBID_RMV _ENUM PERMIT_HO_ ENUM, FORBID_HO_ ENUM Unit None MML Command ADD GERANNCELL MOD GERANNCELL

Geran Ncell

NoRmvFla g

None

ADD GERANNCELL MOD GERANNCELL

Cdma 2000 Hrpd Ncell

NoHoFlag

None

ADD CDMA2000HRPDNCE LL MOD CDMA2000HRPDNCE


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MO

Parameter ID NoRmvFla g

Default Value PERMIT_ RMV_EN UM(Permi t Rmv)

GUI Value Range

Actual Value Range PERMIT_RMV _ENUM, FORBID_RMV _ENUM

Unit

MML Command LL

Cdma 2000 Hrpd Ncell

PERMIT_RMV_E NUM(Permit Rmv) FORBID_RMV_E NUM(Forbid Rmv)

None

ADD CDMA2000HRPDNCE LL MOD CDMA2000HRPDNCE LL

Cdma 2000 1XR TTNc ell Cdma 2000 1XR TTNc ell Utran NCell

NoHoFlag

PERMIT_ HO_ENU M(Permit Ho)

PERMIT_HO_EN UM(Permit Ho) FORBID_HO_EN UM(Forbid Ho)

PERMIT_HO_ ENUM, FORBID_HO_ ENUM

None

ADD CDMA20001XRTTNC ELL MOD CDMA20001XRTTNC ELL

NoRmvFla g

PERMIT_ RMV_EN UM(Permi t Rmv)

PERMIT_RMV_E NUM(Permit Rmv) FORBID_RMV_E NUM(Forbid Rmv)

PERMIT_RMV _ENUM, FORBID_RMV _ENUM

None

ADD CDMA20001XRTTNC ELL MOD CDMA20001XRTTNC ELL

NoHoFlag

PERMIT_ HO_ENU M(Permit Ho) PERMIT_ RMV_EN UM(Permi t Rmv) PERMIT_ HO_ENU M(Permit Ho)

PERMIT_HO_EN UM(Permit Ho) FORBID_HO_EN UM(Forbid Ho) PERMIT_RMV_E NUM(Permit Rmv) FORBID_RMV_E NUM(Forbid Rmv) PERMIT_HO_EN UM(Permit Ho) FORBID_HO_EN UM(Forbid Ho)

PERMIT_HO_ ENUM, FORBID_HO_ ENUM PERMIT_RMV _ENUM, FORBID_RMV _ENUM PERMIT_HO_ ENUM, FORBID_HO_ ENUM

None

ADD UTRANNCELL MOD UTRANNCELL

Utran NCell

NoRmvFla g

None

ADD UTRANNCELL MOD UTRANNCELL

Eutra nIntra Freq NCell

NoHoFlag

None

ADD EUTRANINTRAFREQ NCELL MOD EUTRANINTRAFREQ NCELL

Eutra nIntra Freq NCell

NoRmvFla g

PERMIT_ RMV_EN UM(Permi t Rmv)

PERMIT_RMV_E NUM(Permit Rmv) FORBID_RMV_E NUM(Forbid Rmv)

PERMIT_RMV _ENUM, FORBID_RMV _ENUM

None

ADD EUTRANINTRAFREQ NCELL MOD EUTRANINTRAFREQ NCELL

Eutra nInter Freq NCell

NoHoFlag

PERMIT_ HO_ENU M(Permit Ho)

PERMIT_HO_EN UM(Permit Ho) FORBID_HO_EN UM(Forbid Ho)

PERMIT_HO_ ENUM, FORBID_HO_ ENUM

None

ADD EUTRANINTERFREQ NCELL MOD EUTRANINTERFREQ


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8 Parameters

MO

Parameter ID NoRmvFla g

Default Value PERMIT_ RMV_EN UM(Permi t Rmv)

GUI Value Range

Actual Value Range PERMIT_RMV _ENUM, FORBID_RMV _ENUM

Unit

MML Command NCELL

Eutra nInter Freq NCell

PERMIT_RMV_E NUM(Permit Rmv) FORBID_RMV_E NUM(Forbid Rmv)

None

ADD EUTRANINTERFREQ NCELL MOD EUTRANINTERFREQ NCELL

Enod eBAl goSw itch

SONAnrAl goSwitch

None

IntraRatEventAnrS witch, InterRatEventAnrS witch, IntraRatFastAnrSwi tch, InterRatFastAnrSwi tch, IntraRatAnrAutoDe lSwitch, InterRatAnrAutoDe lSwitch 0~100 0~100 1~10000 1~10080 r1(1), r2(2), r4(4), r8(8), r16(16), r32(32), r64(64), infinity(infinity) 120ms, 240ms, 480ms, 640ms, 1024ms, 2048ms, 5120ms, 10240ms, 1min, 6min, 12min, 30min, 60min

IntraRatEventA nrSwitch, InterRatEventA nrSwitch, IntraRatFastAn rSwitch, InterRatFastAn rSwitch, IntraRatAnrAut oDelSwitch, InterRatAnrAut oDelSwitch 0~1 0~1 1~10000 1~10080 r1, r2, r4, r8, r16, r32, r64, infinity 120ms, 240ms, 480ms, 640ms, 1024ms, 2048ms, 5120ms, 10240ms, 1min, 6min, 12min, 30min, 60min 1~10080 -130~-70

None

MOD ENODEBALGOSWITC H

ANR ANR ANR ANR ANR

ANRAddC ellThd ANRDelCe llThd NRTCellH OStatNum StatisticCy cle FastAnrRpr tAmount

80 60 200 1440 r64(64)

% % None min None

MOD ANR MOD ANR MOD ANR MOD ANR MOD ANR

ANR

FastAnrRpr tInterval

2048ms

ms

MOD ANR

ANR ANR

FastAnrCy cleTimer FastAnrRsr pThd

60 -102

1~10080 -130~-70

min dBm

MOD ANR MOD ANR

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MO ANR

Parameter ID FastAnrIntr aRatMeasU eNum FastAnrInt erRatMeas UeNum FastAnrIntr aRatCumu UeNumTh d FastAnrInt erRatCum uUeNumT hd

Default Value 5

GUI Value Range 1~200

Actual Value Range 1~200

Unit None

MML Command MOD ANR

ANR

1~200

1~200

None

MOD ANR

ANR

20

1~10000

1~10000

None

MOD ANR

ANR

20

1~10000

1~10000

None

MOD ANR

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9 Counters

Counters

For details about the counters related to the ANR management feature, see the eNodeB Performance Counter Reference [5].

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10 Glossary

10
10.1 Terms
None.

Glossary

10.2 Acronyms and Abbreviations


ANR BCH BSIC EARFCN ECGI LAC LCI NCL NRT OM PCI PLMN PN RAC RAT RSRP SON TAC TCI
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Automatic Neighbor Relation Broadcast Channel Base Station Identity Code E-UTRAN Absolute Radio Frequency Channel Number E-UTRAN Cell Global Identifier Location Area Code Local Cell Identifier Neighbor Cell List Neighbor Relation Table Operation and Maintenance Physical Cell Identifier Public Land Mobile Network Pseudo Number Routing Area Code Radio Access Technology Reference Signal Received Power Self-Organization Network Tracking Area Code Target Cell Identifier
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11 Reference Documents

11
[6] eNodeB MO Reference

Reference Documents

This chapter lists the reference documents related to the ANR management feature: [1] 3GPP TS 32.511, "Automatic Neighbor Relation (ANR) management; Concepts and requirements" [2] 3GPP TS 36.300, "E-UTRAN Overall description" [3] 3GPP TS 36.331, "RRC Protocol specification" [4] 3GPP TS 36.413, "E-UTRAN S1 Application Protocol (S1AP)" [5] eNodeB Performance Counter Reference

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