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Sanitary Engineering Enhancement Program

April 28 - 29, 2013 Pre-Board Evaluation Exam Plumbing

1.

________ are holes in the earth from which a fluid may be withdrawn using manual or mechanical means such as draw bucket,pump,etc. a. Wells c. Holes e. None of the above b. Pits d. Excavation

2. What can you do to reduce water hammer? a. put noise reduction insulation to absorb noise that will be created by the pipes b. an additional 0.30m to 0.90m length of pipe is added to the riser to give air pressure which absorb it. c. additional vent pipe d. AOTA e. NOTA 3. An act to regulate the practice of of plumbing profession in the Philippines is otherwise known as______. a. PD 1378 c. PD 1436 e. None of the above b. PD 1364 d. PD 1738 4. A part/portion of the storm drainage system that extends between the storm drain and roof terminal. a. gutter c. downspout e. splash pan b. roof d. conductor 5. A type of ventilation used to ventilate two or more fixture traps installed into a horizontal soil or waste branch. This is commonly used in buildings with more facilities and a battery of fixtures. a. circuit vent c. relief vent e. individual vent b. common vent d. unit vent 6. A portion of vent pipe system that ventilates two fixture traps that discharges into a sanitary cross. a. circuit vent c. relief vent e. individual vent b. common vent d. unit vent 7. A wate supply pipe that extend vertically from one floor to the next to convey water to the branches or fixtures. a. conductor c. riser e. branches b. vertical pipe d. water main 8. All horizontal piping shall be at practical alignment and a uniform grade of not more or less than______. a. 2% b. 3% c. 4% d. 5% e. 6% 9. A concrete receptacle/vault constructed for the collection of sewage sealed with a wooden shelter. a. cesspool c. water tank b. drainage tank d. septic tank

e. privy

10. To attain the scouring action, drainage pipe must be at right size to have a liquid flow or depth of flowing water of about ____________ of the pipe diameter. a. 20% b. 30% c. 40 % d. 50% e. 60% 11. Based on the National Plumbing Code, all roof vent extension shall be at least ___________from the roof. a. 30 cm b. 35 cm c. 40 cm d. 45 cm e. 50 cm 12. According to the National Plumbing Code, the number of water closet or other fixtures allowed on any circuit or loop vents shall not more than_____________. a. 4 b. 5 c. 6 d. 7 e. 8

13. A relief vent that is installed at 3 to 5 floor intervals on a long vertical soil pipe is sometimes referred to as___________. a. loop vent c. utility vent e. unit vent b. yoke vent d. wet vent 14. A valve used in a drainage system to prevent the reversal of flow. It is usually installed in a house drain or branches of the hous drain that are subjected to reversal flow of liquid. a. back flow valve c. globe valve e. ball valve b. check valve d. gate valve 15. A valve used in industrial, hot water, and cold water distribution lines to prevent the reversal flow of a liquid. a. back flow valve c. globe valve e. ball valve b. check valve d. gate valve . 16. A pipe that conveys liquid waste free of fecal flow is called___________. a. waste pipe c. soil pipe e. waste stack b. vent pipe d. waste branch 17. A horizontal pipe that conveys liquid waste containing solid human waste is called___________. a. waste pipe c. soil branch b. soil pipe d. soil stack

e. waste branch

18. A pipe or opening used to ensure the circulation of air in a plumbing system and for reducing the pressure exerted on trap seals in called___________. a. waste b. vent c. soil d. trap e. drainage pipe 19. Fixture unit is equivalent to the flow rate ________ cu. Foot of water per minute. a. 1 b. 2 c. 3 d. 4

e. 5

20. According to the National Plumbing Code, no water closet shall discharge into a drain less than ____ mm. a. 50 b. 75 c. 100 d. 125 e. 63 21. Determine the total fixture units in a plumbing system consisting of the following: 9 water closet, 4 urinals, 1 kitchen sink, 4 wash basin, and 1 laundry tub. a. 80 b. 81 c. 82 d. 83 e. 84 22. The minimum depth of a liquid content in a septic tank is_________. a. 150 cm b. 120 cm c. 130 in.

d. 120 ft.

e. 120 in.

23. Determine the total fixture units in a public plumbing system consisting of the following: 15 water closet, 20 urinals, and 5 wash basin. a. 180 b. 185 c. 190 d. 195 e. 200 24. This refers to the sewage containing human excrement and liquid household waste and also called domestic waste. a. grey water c. sanitary sewage e. stormwater b. black water d. waste water 25. The use of _________ has been abandoned since it causes detrimental effects to human body. a. lead pipe b. PVC c. GI pipe d. CI pipe

e. None of the above

26. Determine the maximum demand for the following fixtures installed: 3 water closet, 2 lavatories, 2 urinals, 1 shower bath, and 1 kitchen sink. a. 272 gal. b. 272 cu. In c. 272cu. Ft. d. 272 liters e. 272 cu. m. 27. A Horizontal pipe that conveys liquid waste free of solid human waste is_______ a. waste pipe c. soil pipe b. vent pipe d. waste branch

e. waste stack

28. A device installed on a waste line to separate the grease and oil contained in a waste discharges from large kitchen serving hotels, dining rooms, and restaurants is a. Floor drain c. garage catch basin e. drum trap b. yard catch basin d. grease trap 29. A stop valve placed in a sewage pipe close to its connection with a water main. It serves as a control of a water service and as a shut off, when a service is disconnected. a. check valve c. gate valve e. corporation stop b. ball cock d. globe valve 30. A fittings or device so constructed as to prevent the passage of air, gases or vermin through a pipe and the backflow of harmful gases coming from the septic tank or sewer line. a. waste b. vent c. soil d. trap e. drainage pipe 31. The National Plumbing Code on P-trap installation provides the following, except: a. Shall be self-cleaning b. Shall be installed as near the fixture as practical c. Shall be accessible for cleaning through the bottom opening closed by screw plug. d. No fixture shall be double-trapped. e. None of the above 32. The set of fixtures allowed by the Natonal Plumbing code to be connected within a single trap are the following, except: a. 3 wash basins c. 3 sinks e. 3 bathtubs b. 3 laundry tray d. 2 laundry tray and a sinks 33. Objectionable traps are the following, except: a. brass trap b. bag trap

c. full S trap d. metal partition trap

e. none of the above

34. The minimum size requirements for laundry trap is ________. a. 1 in. b. 1.5 in. c. 2 in. 35. The minimum seal requirements for common trap is a. 1 in. b. 2 in. c. 3 in.

d. 2.5 in.

e. 3 in.

d. 4 in.

e. 2.5 in.

36. A kind of traps that is used on fixtures that discharges substantial amount of water such as bathtub, sits bath, and other similar fixtures. a. P-trap b. drum trap c. septic tank d. drainage tank e. public sewer 37. A receptacle or vault use to collect organic waste discharge from the house sewer. a. cesspool b. drainage tank c. water tank d. septic tank 38. A vent that receives the drainage from waste other that water closet is ________. a. circuit vent b. common vent c. relief vent d. unit vent 39. The most excellent materials used for hot water installation is___________. a. CI pipe b. vitrified clay pipe c. GI steel pipe 40. A horizontal pipes that supply water to the faucets or fixtures is ___________. a. house service b. riser c. branches

e. privy

e. wet vent

d. brass pipe

e. copper pipe

d. water main

e. NOTA

41. __________refers to a pipe connection from the public water main or any source of water supply to the building served. a. house service b. riser c. branches d. water main e. NOTA 42. Types of cold water distribution in which water is supplied to the plumbing fixtures and faucets by means of gravity. a. overhead feed system d. circuit pump distribution system b. Air-pressured water distribution system e. none of the above c. direct up-feed pumping system

43. The type of cold water distribution system wherein compressed air is used as the delivery agent. a. overhead feed system d. circuit pump distribution system b. Air-pressured water distribution system e. none of the above c. direct up-feed pumping system 44. A small hot water tank is called_________. a. range boiler b. storage tank

c. storage tank heater

d. hot water tank

e. NOTA

45. A type of hot water distribution wherein a mechanical device is used to circulate hot water to the plumbing fixtures. a. overhead feed system d. pump circuit distribution system b. Air-pressured water distribution system e. none of the above c. direct up-feed pumping system 46. A vent that is installed to ventilate the soil and waste pipe and the connecting branches rather than the fixture traps. a. circuit vent b. common vent c. relief vent d. unit vent e. wet vent 47. For changes in house drain direction from horizontal to horizontal or vertical to horizontal, the fittings should not be permitted is/are a. short tees b. bends c. short L fittings d. all of the above e. NOTA 48. Hemp of rope soaked in oil used for water proofing. a. Oakum b. lead

c. solder

d. coupling

e. none of the above

49. The minimum size requirement of waste pipe for urinals is____________. a. 38 mm b. 32 mm c. 50 mm

d. 75 mm

e. 100 mm

50. For soil branch consists of more than the two water closet, the minimum size requirement of pipe, according to the National Plumbing Code, should be___________. a. 50 mm b. 75 mm c. 100 mm d. 120 mm e. 100 cm 51. A house drain that receives discharges from industrial equipment that contain objectionable acid waste is ______. a. industrial drain c. sanitary drain e. house drain b. storm drain d. combine drain 52. A type of house drain that receives the discharges of sanitary and domestic waste only. a. industrial drain c. sanitary drain e. house drain b. storm drain d. combine drain 53. ___________is the result of minus pressure in the drainage system. a. siphonage b. Back pressure c. Evaporation 54. ___________is caused by plus pressure in the drainage system a. siphonage b. Back pressure c. Evaporation

d. Capillary action

e. AOTA

d. capillary action

e. AOTA

55. A residential house has 4 water closet, 5 lavatories, 2 kitchen sinks, and 3 shower baths. What is the maximum demand of water in cubic feet per minute? a. 39 c. 36 b. 37 d. 35 Water is being pump from a deep well through a 250 mm internal diam. cast iron pipe , 300 m. long into an elevated tank whose water surface is at elevation 90 m. when the pump is operating continuously, the water in the well draws down to elevation 22 m. A pressure gage located at the discharged side of the pipe at elevation 60 m. indicates a pressure of 400 kPa. Neglect minor losses and assumed friction factor f = 0.02. 56. What is the pump discharge in Liters per second? a. 150 c. 159 b. 149 d. 151

57. What is the total head provided by the pump? a. 81.65 m c. 80.25 m b. 80.65 m d. 79.55 m 58. Using a combined efficiency of 65 % for the pump, what is the monthly cost of pumping if the average pumping time is 6 hours per day and electric energy is available at P1.50 per kw-hr. a. Php 48, 697.74 c. Php 48, 769.47 b. Php 48, 967.74 d. Php 48, 976.74 Pipelines A, B, and C are parallel to each other and have diameters and lengths equal to 400 mm. diam., 600 m, 500 mm 3 diam., 750 m and 350 mm diam., 800 m. for A, B, C respectively. The total flow in the pipelines is 0.60 m /s. If fiction factor are equal for each pipeline, compute the following: 59. What is the discharge at A in cu. m. per sec.? a. 0.188 c. 0.818 b. 0.881 d. 0.118

60. What is the discharge at B in cu.m per second? a. 0.295 c. 0.529 b. 0.259 d. 0.925 61. What is the discharge at C in cu.m per second? a. 0.117 c. 0.141 b. 0.171 d. 0.711

Three pipes are connected in series as shown. If the rate of flow in the 3 pipe is 0.10 m / s. 62. What is the total headloss of the pipe? a. 114.96 m c. 144.96 m b. 141.69 m d. 411.96 m 63. How long is the 200 mm diameter equivalent pipe? a. 1795.77 m c. 1759.77 m b. 1975.77 m d. 1779.77 m 64. What is the diameter Determine the diameter of a 1260 m. long equivalent pipe with f = 0.0255. (187 mm) a. 187 mm b. 178 mm

c. 177 mm

d. 187 m

A fast-food establishment has 4 water closet, 4 lavatories, 2 kitchen sinks, and 2 urinals. 65. What are the total fixture units? a. 42 units

b. 43 units

c. 41 units

d. 40 units

66. What is the maximum demand of water in cu.ft. Per minute? a. 42 b. 43

c. 41

d. 40

67. Based from the table Probability and Simultaneous use of fixtures, what is the probable demand of fixtures in cu.ft. per minute? a. 10.5 21 b. 9 10 c. 10 11 d. 5.5 7.7
3

Reservoir A supplies water to reservoir B and C by means of a pump as shown. Reservoirs B and C receives 0.22 m / s and 0.114 m / s of water respectively. Elevation of reservoir A, B, and C are 120 m, 210 m, and 230 m respectively. Neglecting minor losses. Assume f = 0.022 for all pipelines.
3

67. How much is the head added by the pump to the a. 126.21 m b. 125.4 m 68. What is the diameter of pipeline connecting reservoir C. a. 330 mm b. 310 mm

c. 120.3 m

d. 127.5 m

c. 350 mm

d. 210 mm

69. What is the input horsepower of the pump if it has an efficiency of 80 %? a. 692.9 hp b. 663.3 hp c. 684.4 hp

d. 710.9 hp

70. Assuming that the pumping time is 8 hrs. per day, how much is the monthly cost if electricity cost 1.50 per kW-hour. a. Php 186085.224 b. Php 198065.45 c. Php 178765.65 d. Php 189085.55 A pipeline system from a water reservoir is designed to distribute water to the building. The 250 mm diameter line has an overall length of 30 m. The 150 mm diameter line is 3 m long discharging at A while the one discharging at B is 15 m long. Use f = 0.020 for all pipes. 71. How much is the discharge flowing through the 250 mm in cu.m. per second. a. 0.466 c. 0.644 b. 0.556 d. 0.464 72. How much is the discharge flowing through the 150 mm pipe at A. 3 3 a. 0.327 m /s c. 0.432 m /s 3 3 b. 0.227 m /s d. 0.237 m /s 73. How much is the discharge flowing through the 150 mm pipe at B. 3 3 a. 0.139 m /s c. 0.319 m /s 3 3 b. 0.240 m /s d. 0.913 m /s Three reservoir A, B, and C are connected by pipelines 1, 2, 3, respectively which merge at junction X. The elevation of reservoir A 3 is 300 m and that of B is 285 m. The rate of flow from reservoir A is 1.4 m /s. Pipes Diam. Length Friction Factor 1 800 m 1500 m 0.0157 2 600 m 450 m 0.0162 3 450 m 1200 m 0.0177 74. What is the rate of flow in reservoir B. 3 3 a. 0.669 m /s c. 0.569 m /s 3 3 b. 0.696 m /s d. 0.659 m /s 75. What is the rate of flow in reservoir C. 3 3 a. 0.714 m /s c. 0.741 m /s 3 3 b. 0.747 m /s d. 0.471 m /s 76. What is the elevation of reservoir C. a. 236.16 m c. 266.16 m b. 263.16 m d. 226.16 m 77. Refers to the total amount of water that would be needed to supply all fixtures if they were being used at the same time for 1 minute. a. maximum demand c. peak load e. none of the above b. probable demand d. fixture units 78. This refers to the factor of simultaneous use of all the fixtures. a. maximum demand c. peak load e. none of the above b. probable demand d. fixture units