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Name & Register No.

: ____________________________________________( )

Class: Sec ___________



21 February 2012 50 minutes

History Secondary Two Express

INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES 1. Answer all questions on foolscap paper. 2. Write in dark blue or black pen. 3. Do not use correction tape or correction fluid. 4. The number of marks is given in brackets at the end of each question or part question.

Setter: Ms Wong Yin Mei This question paper consists of [8] printed pages, including this cover page. Do not turn over the page until you are told to do so.

Section A Multiple Choice Questions (12m) Answer all questions on foolscap paper.


The British and the Dutch were competing intensively outside Europe for ____________________. A. profit and food B. water and land C. profit and monopoly of trade routes D. food and monopoly of trade routes


The Dutch imposed heavy _________ on goods sold or bought by the British in Java. A. taxes B. fares C. leases D. rents


What were the reasons why the British had to search for a new trading port in the Malay Archipelago? I. To have a good supply of drinking water II. To prevent the Dutch from extending their authority III. To break the Dutch monopoly of trade

A. I only B. I and III only C. II and III only D. All of the above

4. The Anglo-Dutch Treaty was signed on _____________ to allow the British to keep Singapore as their trading port. A. 29 January 1819 B. 6 February 1819 C. 17 March 1824 D. 2 August 1824
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5. The _______________ were immigrants from Melaka and Penang who were also called Straits-born Chinese. A. Cantonese B. Peranakans C. Eurasians D. Sinhalese 6. Why did Raffles want to implement the Singapore Town Plan in 1822? I. He wanted Singapore to be developed in an orderly manner. II. He wanted to establish peace among different groups of immigrants.

III. He wanted to become a famous assistant engineer.

A. I and II only B. I and III only C. II and III only D. None of the above

7. According to the Raffles Town Plan, _______________ was reserved for the Malay community. A. Chulia Kampong B. Kampong Glam C. Serangoon Street D. Commercial Square

8. What were the main problems faced by the British in maintaining law and order in Singapore in the mid 19th century? I. Chinese secret societies II. Abuse of immigrants

III. Natural disasters


I and II only

B. I and III only C. II and III only D. All of the above


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9. The ________________ was to monitor the activities of secret societies to improve law and order in Singapore. A. Criminal Investigation Department B. Protect Virtue Office C. Executive Council D. Legislative Council 10. What was Eunos Abdullah's contribution as a non-official member of the Legislative Council? A. He banned opium smoking. B. He asked the government to set aside a large piece of land for a Malay settlement. C. He set up the Kampong Chulia for the Malays to rear cattle. D. He suggested a kapitan to be appointed to manage each community.

11. The first Protector of Chinese, _______________, controlled the coolie trade to ensure that the coolies were treated fairly. A. William Pickering B. William Farquhar C. John Anderson D. Thomas Dunman

12. Why did the British government become concerned over the health situation in Singapore? A. The poor health situation affected the pirates. B. The poor health situation affected the secret societies. C. The poor health situation affected the safety of people in Singapore. D. The poor health situation affected the prosperity of Singapore as a trading port.

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Section B Short Sentence Answers (12m) Answer all the questions on foolscap paper.

1. 2.

Give two reasons why the early immigrants were attracted to Singapore. Describe how Singapore was developed under the Raffles Town Plan in 1823. What is 'philanthropy'? Name one well-known philanthropist in Singapore and describe his act of philanthropy. Why did the British government neglect Chinese schools? How were the Asians being discriminated against by the British government during the 19th century?




[3] [2]

4. 5.


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Section C Source-based Questions (16m) Read the sources and answer all the questions on foolscap paper.


Study Source A. What can you infer from Source A about the Chinese immigrants in Singapore in the 19th century?



Study Source B. What does Source B tell you about the early immigrants who came to Singapore? Explain your answer.



Study Source C. How reliable is Source C in telling you that the life of the early Chinese immigrants improved in Singapore in the 19th century? [6]

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Did the life of the early immigrants improve in Singapore?

Source A: An extract from a history book about the early immigrants The rampant spread of diseases such as beriberi, tuberculosis and malaria were caused by poverty, overcrowding, malnutrition and poor hygiene. The same conditions which also encouraged cholera and smallpox epidemics. The high mortality rate* higher than in Hong Kong, Ceylon or India was also attributed to opium addiction who could only afford to smoke very low quality opium. * mortality rate rate of death Adapted from "Singapore a Pictorial History 1819-2000" by Gretchen Liu Source B: A model on the Chinese coolies in Singapore in the 19 th century

Source C: An account from an English visitor to Singapore in the 1850s. I saw this samsui woman who was carrying this heavy load of bricks. I was astonished she could do this. So I went up and spoke to her and realised that she was from China. She told me that she was bound for another country faraway but she refused and insisted on her journey to Singapore. When she arrived in Singapore, she found a job within days with the help of her relatives. Compared to China, this place was wonderful. There was plenty of food and water unlike back home where having three meals a day was a problem!
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Source D: An account of Tan Tock Seng, a philanthropist in Singapore. Tan Tock Seng left Malacca for Singapore in 1819 at the age of 21. The enterprising young man started as a vegetable seller, bringing produce from the countryside to sell in the city. He was hardworking and saved on every cent he made. Eventually, he became rich and opened a shop along the riverside in 1827. Tan Tock Seng contributed generously to charity and became a renowned philanthropist amongst the Chinese. His most famous gesture was the donation of Spanish $7,000 to the building of the Chinese Pauper's Hospital which later named after him, the Tan Tock Seng Hospital in 1844 at Pearl's Hill. Adapted from National Library Board Singapore Infopedia by Tien, Mui Mun

Section D Structured Essay Questions (10m) Answer the following question on foolscap paper.

1. Contribution of early immigrants to Singapore's growth (a) The Chinese immigrants contributed the most to Singapores development as a trading port in the 19th century. How far do you agree with this statement? Explain your answer.


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