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2x 60 MW NAFRA HE Project Allowable Stresses Summarisation of Design Guidelines of Allowable Stress Levels
2x 60 MW NAFRA HE Project Allowable Stresses Summarisation of Design Guidelines of Allowable Stress Levels

2x 60 MW NAFRA HE Project

Allowable Stresses

 

Revision -

Summarisation of Design Guidelines of Allowable Stress Levels for Turbine and Spherical Valve

NAFRA HEP

2x 60 MW NAFRA HE Project Allowable Stresses T ABLE OF C ONTENTS 1 Voith Hydro
2x 60 MW NAFRA HE Project Allowable Stresses T ABLE OF C ONTENTS 1 Voith Hydro

2x 60 MW NAFRA HE Project

Allowable Stresses

 

Revision -

TABLE OF CONTENTS

  • 1 Voith Hydro Standard for Allowable Stresses

3

  • 2 Definitions

3

  • 3 Loading Cases

3

Annex 1 Basic Loading Case Definitions

5

A1.1 Turbine and MIV

5

2x 60 MW NAFRA HE Project Allowable Stresses 1 Voith Hydro Standard for Allowable Stresses The
2x 60 MW NAFRA HE Project Allowable Stresses 1 Voith Hydro Standard for Allowable Stresses The

2x 60 MW NAFRA HE Project

Allowable Stresses

 

Revision -

  • 1 Voith Hydro Standard for Allowable Stresses

The allowable stresses are determined as a fraction of the minimum yield strength. The actual combined stresses calculated according to von Mises Criterion shall not exceed the following allowable values:

2x 60 MW NAFRA HE Project Allowable Stresses 1 Voith Hydro Standard for Allowable Stresses The
  • 2 Definitions

R p Yield strength or 0,2% offset from the linear region of elongation.

R m Ultimate strength of the material.

Stress value to be evaluated for a component, typically the combined stress according to von Mises criterion. For different stress classes, see chapter 1.

allow Stress level not to be exceeded, typically defined as a fraction of R p or R m .

aD

Amplitude of stress which defines the limit of endurance of a material under cyclic strain for a given number of load cycles.

  • 3 Loading Cases

There are three basic loading cases to be evaluated:

2x 60 MW NAFRA HE Project Allowable Stresses Such loading case definitions are linked to the
2x 60 MW NAFRA HE Project Allowable Stresses Such loading case definitions are linked to the

2x 60 MW NAFRA HE Project

Allowable Stresses

 

Revision -

2x 60 MW NAFRA HE Project Allowable Stresses Such loading case definitions are linked to the

Such loading case definitions are linked to the stress levels laid down in chapter 1.

2x 60 MW NAFRA HE Project Allowable Stresses Annex 1 Basic Loading Case Definitions A1.1 Turbine
2x 60 MW NAFRA HE Project Allowable Stresses Annex 1 Basic Loading Case Definitions A1.1 Turbine

2x 60 MW NAFRA HE Project

Allowable Stresses

 

Revision -

Annex 1 Basic Loading Case Definitions

A1.1

Turbine and MIV

FRANCIS and PUMP TURBINES

 

Components

Operating Loading Case

Exceptional Loading Case

Extreme Loading Case

Runner

Max. Head Max. Output Speed no Load

Max. Runaway

 

Pump turbines

Pump start Max. Head/Max. Input

Min. Head/Max. Input

Shaft

Max. Output

3-phase Short Circuit

2-phase Short Circuit 120° Synchronization

Failure

Head Cover, Bottom Ring Discharge Ring

Max. Head/Max. Output Full Load Rejection

   

Pump turbines

Pump Start Pump Load Rejection

Spiral Case

Max. static Head incl.

Pressure Test

Stay Ring

Water Hammer

Installation/Embedment

Wicket Gates

Max. static Head + Gate Squeeze Effective pressure difference during Load

Max. static Head + Water Hammer, safety element activated

Closing of Distributor at Runaway at Max. Head and Max. Opening

Rejection

Operating Ring

Max. torque on Wicket Gates, Wicket Gates

Shear pin failure of one Wicket Gate under closing

One Servomotor blocked operation against

pre-stressed

during Load Rejection.

engaged Lock.

Distributor

Max. Oil Pressure and

Pressure Test

Servomotor

Max. force

Draft Tube

Max. Tail Water pressure inside

 

Embedment Max. Tail Water pressure outside plus 5m vacuum

below Runner

MIV -SPHERICAL VALVE

Valve Body

Max. static Head + Water Hammer

Maintenance Seal engaged (effective Penstock Pressure with Valve closed and other Units facing Full

Pressure Test

Load Rejection)

2x 60 MW NAFRA HE Project Allowable Stresses Valve Rotor ∑ Effective Pressure during closing at
2x 60 MW NAFRA HE Project Allowable Stresses Valve Rotor ∑ Effective Pressure during closing at

2x 60 MW NAFRA HE Project

Allowable Stresses

 

Revision -

Valve Rotor

Effective Pressure during closing at Max. static Head at normal Flow

Maintenance Seal engaged (Penstock Pressure with Valve closed and other

Pressure Test with Rotor closed (if no downstream Test Head foreseen)

Penstock Pressure with Valve closed and other Units facing Full Load

Units facing Full Load Rejection)

Rejection

Trunnions

Effective Pressure during closing at Max. static Head at normal Flow

Maintenance Seal engaged (Penstock Pressure with Valve closed and other Units

Pressure Test with Rotor closed (if no downstream Test Head foreseen)

Penstock Pressure with Valve closed and other Units facing Full Load

facing Full Load Rejection)

 

Rejection