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BSc in Environmental Science and B.Sc.

in Environment Management Curriculum

Core Courses for all students (82 credits) CHE 101 General Chemistry ENV 102 Environmental Biology ECO 103 Introduction to Economics MIS 105 Introduction to Computers ENV 107 Introduction to Environmental Science ENV 109 Introduction to Bangladesh Geography ENV 172 Introduction to Statistics ENV 207 Environment and Health ENV 208 Environmental Hazards and Disaster Management ENV 214 Environmental Management ENV 215 Ecology (4 credits) ENV/ECO 260 Introduction to Environmental and Natural Resource Economics: pre-requisite: ECO/ENV 103 ENV 307 Urban Environmental Management ENV 315 Environmental Ethics ENV 316 Geographical Information Systems ENV 373 Environmental Impact Assessment and Monitoring ENV 405 Population, Poverty and Environment ENV 408 Environmental Pollution Control ENV 409 Environmental Policy, Planning and Politics ENV 410 Integrated Water Resource Planning and Management ENV 414 Waste Management ENV 419 Forest Management ENV 425 Ecological Economics (pre-requisite: ENV 215 & ENV/ECO 260) ENV 430 Environmental Laws and Regulations ENV 455 Research Methods ENV 498 Internship ENV 499 Thesis

Environmental Science
MAT 120 ENV 205 ENV 209 ENV 375 ENV 436 Science Concentration Core Courses (15 credits) Calculus I Climate Change Environmental Chemistry Biostatistics (pre-requisite: ENV 102 & ENV 172) Toxicology and Xenobiotics

Environmental Management
Management Concentration Core Courses (15 credits) ECO 134 Applied Mathematics I MGT 210 Principles of Management ENV 372 Techniques of Environmental Valuation ENV 403 Global Environmental Issues and Politics ENV 432 Corporate Environmental Management ( pre- requisite: ENV 214) Management Concentration Elective Courses (15 credits) ENV 206 Environmental Sociology ENV 306 Sustainable Rural Community Design ENV 317 Environmental Psychology ENV 318 Gender Issues and Sustainable Development ENV 321 Environmental Organizations ENV 354 Environmental and Natural Resources Economics ENV 380 Environment and Mass Communications ENV 404 Environmental Issues in Bangladesh ENV 406 Trade, Technology Transfer and Environment ENV 412 Coastal Zone Management ENV 416 Environmental Negotiations and Mediations ENV 417 Environment, Conflict and Security ENV 418 Conservation and Sustainable Development ENV 421/ECO 486 Energy Economics and Policy ENV 431 Culture, Religion and Environment ENV 434 Environmental Accounting ENV495 Environmental Research Using Geographical information System ENV 497 Special Topic in Environmental Studies

Science Concentration Elective Courses (15 credits,) ENV 204 Soil Science ENV 303 Environmental Hydrology ENV 304 Environmental Microbiology ENV 305 Water Supply and Treatment ENV 311 Geology and Geomorphology ENV 312 Biogeochemistry (pre-requisite: ENV 209) ENV 313 Biodiversity and the Preservation of Species ENV 401 Sustainable Agriculture ENV 402 Environmental Modeling ENV 404 Environmental Issues in Bangladesh ENV 407 Quantitative Applications in Environmental Studies ENV 412 Coastal Zone Management ENV 413 Groundwater Assessment, Development and Management ENV 415 Waste Treatment ENV 418 Conservation and Sustainable Development ENV 421/ECO486 Energy Economics and Policy ENV 450 System Analysis for Environmental Planning ENV 495 Environmental Research Using Geographical Information System ENV 497 Special Topic in Environmental Studies

Core Courses Concentration Core Courses Concentration Elective Courses GED Courses: (incl. ENG 103 & ENG 105) Open Elective Courses Total

82 15 15 12 06 130

Catalogue Description of DESM Courses

CHE 101 General Chemistry: Principles governing atomic structure, bonding, states of matter, stoichiometry and chemical equilibrium, chemistry of solids and crystals, descriptive chemistry of the elements and coordination compounds, environmental chemistry, chemistry of materials, including organic and inorganic biological substances, chemical energetics and equilibrium, chemical kinetics. MIS 105 Introduction to Computers: Introduction to computer fundamentals: hardware, software and applications. Operating system fundamentals (DOS and WINDOWS). Applications: text processing (Text editor, WordPerfect, MS Words), spreadsheet (MS Excel, QPRO, Lotus 123), database system basics (dBase, Fox Pro, MS Access). High level programming language: an introduction to C. ENV 102 Environmental Biology : The basic unit of all living organisms in terms of cellular organization and the diversity that arises from their fundamental similarity. The interactions between the living organisms and the a biotic components of the environment. The structure and function of living organisms in their natural environment, the adaptation of plants and animals and their survival in their ambient environment through their physiological and behavioral changes. The evolutionary mechanisms and genetics. ECO 103 Introduction to Economics: This is an introductory course combining micro & macro economics. Objective of this course is to introduce basic economic concepts and theories to the students having no background in Economics. Topics includes functioning of alternative economic systems, working of market mechanism and role of government, elasticities of demand and supply, rationing cost behaviour, market structure, government budget, basic issues of taxation, concept of natural income measurement, aggregate demand and aggregate supply, central bank and commercial bank, introduction to fiscal and monetary policy. ENV 107 Introduction to Environmental Science: Man and environment. Major components of the environment. Basic population dynamics. Bio-geo-chemical cycles. Biosphere: ecological concepts and ecosystems; flow of matter and energy through an ecosystem; biodiversity. Lithosphere: agriculture and environment; urbanization; solid and hazardous waste management. Atmosphere: chemistry of air; urban air pollution; acid rain; global warming; ozone layer depletion. Hydrosphere: water chemistry; water pollution and treatment; wetland and coastal management. Renewable and non-renewable energy. Environmental health and toxicology. ENV 109 Introduction to Bangladesh Geography: Introduction to basic geographic concepts and fundamental themes. Geophysical and socio economic characteristics of Bangladesh. Introduction to physical geography, landforms, weather and climate, population geography, cultural and political context, natural resources, economic geography and urban - regional concepts. Spatial interaction between human and natural environment. ECO 134 Applied Mathematics I: Economic and business models; static or equilibrium analysis; a brief review of linear models and matrix algebra; comparative statistics and concept of derivatives; rules of differentiation and their use in comparative statistics; comparative static analysis; difference equations; linear programming. Pre-requisite: MAT 112. ENV 172 Introduction to Statistics: Statistics and its application. Variables and Attributes. Classification and tabulation of data. Populations and samples. Frequency distributions. Graphical presentation of data. Describing and summarizing data: statistical averages, measures of dispersion and shape characteristics. Linear regression and correlation. Basic probability: random experiments, events, definitions of probability, permutation and combinations, probability rules, random variables and expectations, binomial and normal distributions. Index numbers: types of indices, problems involved in the construction of index number, consumer price index and its uses. Time series: components of a time series, moving averages and seasonal indices. ENV 204 Soil Science: Introduction to environment and evaluation, geology, geomorphology, and pedology. Factors and process of soil formation; world soils of high, mid, cool, warm and low latitudes; chemical composition of soil; primary and secondary minerals, soil as medium of plant growth; elements required in plant nutrition; basic soil-plant relationships; soil and fertilizer management; organisms composing soil population, general ecology; biofertilizers and organic farming; physical aspects of soil science; land degradation and management; problem soils in Bangladesh and their management. ( Field trip: depending on the instructor).

ENV 205 Climate Change : Earth as a System including major components of atmosphere, lithosphere, hydrosphere and biosphere, Global energy and material flux; Meteorology: Temperature, Precipitation, Air pressure, Relative humidity, Wind, Evaporation, etc; Climate, development and environment relationship: Energy use and Carbon cycle-Greenhouse effect, effect on Hydrological cycle, Ozone layer depletion, Air pollution and health impact, Urban Heat Island; Climate Change: History of development and climatic changes, Sectors to be affected due to climate change: Regional climate pattern and extreme climatic event like Flood, Drought, cyclone and storm surges, Ecosystem and Biodiversity, Agriculture, Water Resources, Sea level rise, Health; Present climate change trend and future prediction: Climate modeling, General Circulation Model; Global effort to combat climate change: IPCC, UNFCC, Kyoto Protocol, IPCC reports on Impact, Adaptation and Mitigation of climatic changes; Climate change and Bangladesh: Historical trend, Future projection, Most vulnerable sectors: effect of Sea Level Rise and extreme climatic events as flood, drought and cyclone; Adaptation to climate change in different sectors in Bangladesh ENV 206 Environmental Sociology: Examination of historical and modern consequences of environmental alteration, pollution and resource limitations on human populations in the context of various social theories; explores forms of ecological failures; the environmental movement; population explosion; the limits to growth debate; impacts of environmental change on food production, land and water quality; impact of structural adjustment. ENV 207 Environment and Health: Environmental hazards such as environmental pathogens, their growth and transmission through air, water and soil that threaten human health and activities; the epidemiology and natural history of infectious and non-infectious diseases, including integrated vector control and host resistance; sewerage and sanitation microbiology; industrial pollution; effect of chemical fertilizer and pesticide usage; mental health; public health; institutional support for hazard assessment and disaster preparedness. Recommended: ENV 107 ENV 208 Environmental Hazards and Disaster Management: Definition of hazard, Risk and Disaster; Sources and types of disaster, global trend in disaster occurrence, disaster management approaches Pre-disaster planning, preparedness, Response, recovery and reconstruction; Risk assessment and quantification: Extreme event analysis, Risk perception and communication, Risk Indices; Adjustment to hazard: Accepting the loss, Sharing the loss-relief, insurance, environmental control and land use planning; Vulnerability reduction: community preparedness, forecasting and warning, psycho-social therapy. Some major disasters: mechanism, experience and case study (relevant to Bangladesh): Flood, Cyclone and storm events, Earthquake and Tsunami, Drought, landslide; Climate Change and its impact on some selected disasters; Hazard from anthropogenic or technological origin: fire, industrial explosion, accidents, biological hazard, wars and disputed areas; Social, economic and political aspects of disaster management, Effects of disaster on poor and marginal groups of people, Community based disaster management, Disaster management approaches in Bangladesh: Organizations involved, Comprehensive Disaster Management Program (CDMP). (Field trip: depending on the instructor). ENV 209 Environmental Chemistry: Chemical compositions and reactions in the atmosphere, hydro-sphere, and lithosphere. Impact and biochemical effects of toxic chemicals on the environment. Sampling and monitoring of pollutants in air, water and land. Instrumental techniques in environmental chemical analysis. (Field trip: depending on the instructor). Prerequisite: CHE 101. MGT 210 Principles of Management: Basic discussion of the environments, approaches, principles and process of management. Environmental forces, planning, organizing and control processes, motivation, teamwork, group dynamics, and leadership in business and non-business organizations. Pre-requisite: ENG 102. ENV 214 Environmental Management: A problem-solution approach to natural resource management with particular focus on management of land, forests, parks, biodiversity, air, soil and water; solid and hazardous waste management; management of renewable and non-renewable resources; management issues arising out of legal, economic and social aspects of environmental factors; role of individuals, institutions, state and the global community in addressing these issues; ecocentric and human approaches to environmental management; environmental management systems: theory and practice. ENV 215 Ecology: Ecological concepts, their applications in the assessment, conservation, and management of ecological systems including vegetation, wildlife, fisheries, pest and whole ecosystems. Description of major attributes and processes at the individual and community levels; characteristics of major ecosystems (terrestrial, freshwater and marine); basic techniques of research design, survey and sampling; critical analysis of ecological reports using selected case studies. ( Field trip: depending on the instructor).

ECO/ENV 260 Introduction to Environmental and Natural Resource Economics: Exploring and examining human relationship with the environment with special emphasis on Bangladesh. Surveying the economic, cultural, social, and political aspects of human population dynamics, food resources and hunger, mineral and energy resources, air, land, and water pollution, wilderness and wildlife resources, urban and rural land usage, toxic waste management from environmental and conservation viewpoints. Recommending and probing possible solutions to contemporary resource and environmental problems of Bangladesh. Current issues important to the environment are stressed in class projects. Pre-requisite: ECO103. ENV 303 Environmental Hydrology: Global water budget; hydrologic cycle and its components; rainfall and run-off analysis; basic surface and groundwater hydraulics; freshwater environment of river and wetland; water pollution; hydrologic models and environmental management. ENV 304 Environmental Microbiology: Principles of microbiology and its application to lakes, streams, hazardous wastes, and biological treatment systems. Methods of evaluating impacts of waste waters and hazardous wastes on ecological systems. Concepts of limnology, including limiting of nutrients and control of nuisance growth. Pre-requisite: ENV 103. ENV 305 Water Supply and Treatment: Water sources and their development. Water distribution and wastewater collection systems, including applied hydraulics of pipelines and pumps. Physical, chemical and biological treatment of water and waste water. Planning to meet quality needs and regulatory requirements. Laboratory techniques related to water quality analysis. Field trip may required for the course depending on the instructor. ENV 306 Sustainable Rural Community Design: Design of human settlements that are compatible and integral with the rural environment. Use of alternative energy sources and waste disposal systems, agricultural potential, and social structure of rural subsistence community. ENV 307 Urban Environmental Management: Urban growth components; relationship between urbanization and economic development; demographic, economic, market and globalization forces fuelling urbanization beyond urban carrying capacity and ecological resources; application of urban planning & urban management paradigms from environmental management perspective; environmental management measures for improving management of solid waste, wastewater, transport and air pollution; accommodation and integration of the informal sector in urban planning and management for reducing urban poverty; economic & financial, governance & participation, science & technology, urban ecology & carrying capacity issues in urban environmental management; decentralized urban system and urbanization as a strategy for urbanization sustainability ENV 311 Geology and Geomorphology: Rocks and minerals: identification of rocks and minerals; common rock forming minerals; physical properties of minerals; mineraloid rocks; types of rocks, cycle of rock change. Structural geology: faults; type of faults; fold and fold type; domes; basin, erosional process; analysis of erosional land forms; earthquake and seismic map of Bangladesh; geology of Bangladesh. Fluvial processes in geomorphology: channel development, channel widening, valley shape, stream terraces; alluvial flood plains; deltas and alluvial fans; fluvial deposits, coastal deposits, glacial deposits, lacustrine deposits and Aeolian deposits, river basin; geomorphologic characteristics of rivers of Bangladesh. Field trip may require for the course depending on the instructor. ENV 312 Biogeochemistry : A course in environmental sciences dealing with the principles describing how the biological and geochemical processes affect element cycles in nature, considering both space and time; emphasis on the effect of air pollution on soil and water acidification and nutrient cycle; system analysis and system thinking; chemical weathering of minerals, leaching and accumulation of dissolved chemical components and solution equilibrium reactions, geochemical properties of the soil systems, water bodies, rivers and estuaries; wetness, acidity, hydrogen, cation and organic acid concentrations, temperature and mineral composition. Pre-requisite: ENV 209 ENV 313 Biodiversity and the preservation of species: Introduction to the relationship between humans and the global biotic environment that supports them, concepts of biological variety and classifications; its significance for sustainability of the planet; human impacts on it, both positive and negative and the other processes that generate and threaten biodiversity; methods to manage natural areas and effective conservation measures to reduce the human impact on it. The goal of this course is to help students to understand how today's human society affects global life support systems, and how individuals can make lifetime contributions to environmental solutions. Pre-requisite: ENV 102 and ENV 103.

ENV 315 Environmental Ethics: Philosophical study of selected moral and social problems: scarcity and the allocation of scarce resources, obligation to future generations, the Land Ethic, sustainability, moral significance of other species, public interest, responsibilities of developing and developed nations, and the foundations for an environmental ethic; Introduction to moral theories such as natural order (theological), social philosophy and scientific rationality, utilitarianism and social contract; Evolution of economic analysis regarding environmental and resource issues, scarcity, models of exhaustible and renewable resources, growth and sustainable development. ENV 316 Geographical Information Systems: Introduction to remote sensing; image interpretation, processing and analysis using raster based GIS software; introduction to GIS and the state of GIS in environmental research and problem solving; applications of GIS; GIS and environmental modeling; introduction to cartography and maps; map interpretation, use and misuse of maps, land use concepts instrumentation and training on data acquisition, processing, manipulation, analysis and product generation using vector based GIS software; research paper. ENV 317 Environmental Psychology: Relationship between people and their physical environment; factors like temperature and overcrowding and their effect on individual and group phenomena such as emotions, interpersonal attitudes and stress in different settings; how different environments affect people differently. ENV 318 Gender Issues and Sustainable Development: Women and nature: the background to a global crisis. Ecofeminism. The production of subsistence: economic roles of women in North and South. Water food, fuel, and fodder: womens production from nature. Gender, environment, and urbanization: women caught in a transition. Biotechnology and international property rights. Policy issues and global actions. Grass roots organizing: theory, analysis and case studies. ENV 321 Environmental Organizations: The nature, composition, structure, mandate and role of community level, national, regional and global organizations dedicated to environmental work. Special attention to UN environmental organizations such as UNEP, GEF, etc.; relationship between national and global environmental organizations; national, regional and global environmental policy and conflict. ENV 354 Environmental and Natural Resources Economics: Resource availability, environmental pollution and limits to growth. Theory of optimal use and depletion of renewable, non-renewable and recyclable resources in the context of water, forest, fisheries, and mineral resources. Theory of property rights regimes such as public, private and common property ownership in relation to resource management. Market failure, externality and economics of pollution control. Economics of regional and global pollution. Pollution control policies and their implications for efficiency, equity and growth. Pre-requisite: ECO 260 ENV 372 Techniques of Environmental Valuation: Impart knowledge of market aspects of environmental goods and services which suffer from market failure. Quantifying the value of may environmental goods and service is difficult, but new knowledge of valuation techniques is evolving. Current market based techniques cost benefit analysis, selection of environmental projects, investment criteria, financial flow in environmental projects, flaws of current market valuation techniques, introducing non-market valuation techniques contingent valuation, choice modeling, hedonics/property value method, travel cost method and benefit transfer addressed in the course. Pre-requisite: ECO 260 ENV 373 Environmental Impact Assessment and Monitoring: Concepts of environmental and social impact assessment; project cycle, scoping, initial environmental examination (IEE) and environmental impact assessment (EIA); methods of impact identification matrix, network and checklist methods, modeling and simulation; environmental indices and indicators for air, water, land and biota; prediction and assessment of impacts on different environmental media; assessment of visual impacts, social impacts and cultural impacts; decision methods for evaluation of alternatives weighting, scaling, rating and ranking of alternatives, decision matrix; peoples participation; mitigation measures; environmental monitoring; preparation of TOR for an EIA, EIA Report. ENV 375 Biostatistics: Review of techniques of summarizing statistical data, frequency distribution and basic probability concepts. Hypothesis testing; correlation and regression; sampling techniques; different types of field designs in sampling techniques; analysis of variance and Ducans multiple range test; simple tests of significance - chi square tests, probit analysis. Prerequisite: ENV 102 & ENV 172.

ENV 380 Environment and Mass Communication: Exploring how environment issues can be easily and persuasively communicated to the general masses, whose life is greatly dependent on the health of the environment; communication strategies through different mass media, such as Radio, TV, News Papers, electronic communications etc. ENV 401 Sustainable Agriculture: Agriculture and its sub-sectors - crop, livestock, fisheries, forestry. Farming practices, integration of farming sub-sectors in the farming system. Current and future technology needs and their applications, modern biotechnology in agriculture. Agricultural inputs use and sustainable environmental development. Land use planning and zoning of agricultural production systems. Income generation and off farm activities. Management of agricultural vulnerability in agriculture. Field trip may require for the course depending on the instructor. ENV 402 Environmental Modeling: A computer based course on modeling concepts conceptualization, data collection and processing, calibration, simulation and optimization. Projects on modeling of biotic and abiotic components and processes of the environment. ENV 403 Global Environmental Issues and Politics: A case study based course on environmental problems around the world. Issues relating to global commons, law of the sea and cross-border pollution. Politics and economics of global warming, ozone depletion and acid rain. Tropical forests, tourism, parks and preservation. International law, policy, organizations, institutions, trade agreements and treaties. Sustainable Development and case studies on alternative approaches to development. Advanced discussion on specific contemporary issues. ENV 404 Environmental Issues in Bangladesh: A case study based course on Environmental problems and issues in Bangladesh. Flood, drought, cyclone, earthquake, soil erosion, land degradation, salinization, desertification, deforestation; environment population linkage; demographic relocation, migration and conflict; National environmental measures policies, rules and action plans; Effects of global policy on national and regional environmental concerns. ENV 405 Population Poverty and the Environment: Population, Poverty and Environment, Population and poverty are the two grave concerns for countries like Bangladesh, with impact on the environment. So, the course focuses on explicating this relationship. The course content will include population growth patterns and their link and effect on environment. Growth of population, urbanization, industrialization and their impact on resource use, pollution and degradation. Poverty: concepts, factors and trends, food insecurity and competition for space; vulnerable groups: women and children; women in ecosystem management; environmental hazards and environmental refugees; natural resource management and poverty reduction; current policies and programs for poverty alleviation; participatory programs; Grameen Bank and other NGOs ENV 406 Trade, Technology Transfer and Environment: The choice of technology and technology transfer from developed countries to LDCs and their environmental implications; the roles of Multinational Companies in the technology transfer process and the relevant effects on the environment of the host country; meeting environmental challenges through appropriate technological applications; creation of an enabling environment for the development of environmentally friendly technology: applications of technology in water, air and soil management. ENV 407 Quantitative Applications in Environmental Studies: Applications of statistical and econometric methods to environment-specific issues. Applications to environmental economics will be introduced via case studies. Pre-requisite: ENV/ECO 372 ENV 408 Environment Pollution Control: Pollution of air, water and soil, noise pollution, radioactive and hazardous pollution, specific sources and effects of pollution, health implication: dose response curve, cause and affect of pollutants on surrounding ecosystems; pollution and climate change; pollution sampling and measurement techniques; analysis and design of control methods for air, water and land pollution; Basic concept and design of Effluent Treatment Plant (ETP) for Industries: Primary clarifier, physical treatment, biological treatment and disinfection, resource recovery and recycling, application of effluent water; appropriate technology of pollution control for rural areas; Pollution in Bangladesh: Industrial, Agriculture and Municipal sources of pollution, Bangladesh Environment Conservation Act and Rule (ECA and ECR): Classification of industries under different categories as Green, Orange and Red category, Provision for pollution control and standards for different pollutants. (Field trip: depending on the instructor). Pre-requisite: ENV 208

ENV 409 Environmental Policy, Planning and Politics: Approaches to Environmental policy-making and planning. This involves politics, so the course will focus on the policy process and policy instruments. Differences in policy planning in industrialized countries and developing world; uses of case studies. The course also addresses the protection and restoration of natural systems that are effected by human activities, the maintenance and enhancements of quality of life that can only achieved by bringing nature and people together, and the need for planners to be grounded in environmental thought and values. ENV 410 Integrated Water Resource Planning and Management: An overview of global water resources availability and crisis, Integrated Water Resources Planning and management: Basic concepts and definitions, A brief review of hydrology and fluid mechanics, Natural Water Resources system: River, Lakes & dam-reservoir, wetland, coast and estuaries, Human intervention and anthropogenic effect in the water resources sector, Water resources system of Bangladesh, Fisheries and aquatic ecosystem, Social and economic aspects of water resources in Bangladesh: agriculture and livelihood depends on water, cross cutting issues like flood protection, agriculture and fisheries, Environmental Impact of water resources project, Extreme water events: Flood and Drought: causes and remedies, Flood protection: structural vs. non-structural measures, Climate change and Water resources: seasonal precipitation pattern, flood and drought intensity, Sea Level Rise and effect in the coastal region, Adaptation to the water resources sector under future changes, Water Resources System Modeling. Field trip may require for the course depending on the instructor. ENV 412 Coastal Zone Management: Definition of coast and Coastal processes, Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) : approaches and instruments, including Socio-economic, Fundamentals of Coastal processes: Wave phenomenon, Tidal phenomenon, Coastal morphology, Estuary, Sedimentation, Coastal pollution and dispersion, Salt water intrusion, natural hazards; Coastal resources and ecosystem: Coastal wetlands, Forestry and Mangrove ecosystem, Coral reefs, Agriculture and fisheries, Mining; Human activities and their impact on Coastal Environments: Land reclamation and housing, Navigation and river training works, Coastal defense structure, Fisheries and aquaculture, Agriculture, Tourism, Sports and recreation, Waste disposal and water quality, Coastal mining, Energy generation and barrages; Introduction to Bangladesh Coast: Hydrodynamics, Ecosystem, agriculture & fisheries, Forestry, Tourism, Energy resources, Development activities; Socio-economic aspects: income sources and livelihood, Natural hazards and vulnerability level; Climate Change and its effect on coastal region, Bangladesh National Coastal Zone Management Policy. (Field trip: depending on the instructor). ENV 413 Groundwater Assessment, Development and Management : Hydrologic cycle and processes. Soil properties, soil water retention, zone of aeration and zone of saturation. Generalized Darcy equation of flow through porous media. Flow equations for confined and unconfined aquifers, well hydraulics. Design, construction and performance of wells. Environmental issues: groundwater quality, water logging and drainage, salt water intrusion, land subsidence, groundwater contamination and remediation. Natural and artificial recharge of groundwater. Conjunctive use of surface and groundwater. Introduction to groundwater modeling and its role in regional aquifer development and management. ENV 414 Waste Management: Global view of waste management industry and how waste is defined from technical, economic and social perspectives; gaseous, liquid and solid wastes in Bangladesh and the region; institutional and legal frameworks of waste management at the national, state and local government levels; social and economic aspects of waste; treatment; biotechnological approaches and disposal facilities. Pre-requisite: ENV 214. Field trip may require as per facultys need. ENV 415 Waste Treatment: An advanced level course on treatment and disposal of solid and liquid wastes including toxic and hazardous wastes. The main focus is on technological aspects of waste treatment. Case studies from industrial and developing countries including Bangladesh will form the course content. ENV 416 Environmental Negotiations and Mediations: Conflict in general and specific to environmental and planning issues; theories and approaches to conflict resolutions; alternative dispute resolutions: concepts and principles; alternative dispute resolutions process requirements, basic techniques and strategies; constraints and limitations of alternative disputes and resolution processes. The course may involve a combination of collaborative discussions, review of case studies, presentations by mediators and negotiators, and small group simulation exercises. ENV 417 Environment, Conflict, and Security: Interdisciplinary study of the mechanisms by which environmental changes at the community, regional, and global levels lead to conflict; the regions of the world where such conflicts are most likely to occur; physical and social conditions caused by environmental change that may lead to conflict, including water scarcity, population displacement, and general economic decline; causal links between these conditions and prior variables such as population size and growth, the level of technology, and institutional and social relations; causal links between these

conditions and subsequent conflicts such as civil insurgency, revolution and war; inter-linkages between environment conflict and security; shifting threat perceptions. ENV 418 Conservation and Sustainable Development: An intensive course on conservation, development and sustainable development. Study of various perspectives of sustainable development in the context of economics, sociology, basic sciences and engineering. Advanced discussions on case studies on land/forest-based sustainable development projects around the world. Study of goal setting, implementing, monitoring and evaluating sustainable development projects in Bangladesh through field work and projects. ENV 419 Forest Management: An advanced course on forestry. Forest ecosystem, silviculture and land resources. Social, economic, political and environmental aspects of forest management. Ecotourism and the principle of multiple use in forestry. Study of various forest management techniques. Strategies for sustainable forest management. Recommended. (Field trip: depending on the instructor). Pre-requisite: ENV 214. ENV 421 Energy Economics and Policy: Dimensions of the energy problems, static and dynamic criteria for efficient energy resource allocation; OPEC countries; environmental issues in energy development, price control; optimum regulation structure; national security dilemma; conservation; future policy directions. Pre-requisite: ENV 214. ENV 425 Ecological Economics : An interdisciplinary Course aimed at grounding Economics to the physical realities of finite Nature; with a brief historical rundown of the early co-development of Economics and Natural Science and their gradual separation over time, the Course focuses on the ways and means of re-integration of Ecology and Economics - ecosystems and ecological services, laws of Thermodynamics, principles of carrying capacity and sustainable scale, irreversibility, internalization of externalities and resource depletion, substitutability vs. complementarily of natural and man-made capital, technology & sustainability, efficient allocation and fair distribution, measuring welfare and well-being, trade and community, policies and institutions for a sustainable economy at different spatial levels. Pre-requisites: ENV 215 & ENV/ECO 260. ENV 430 Environmental Law: The course begins by asking what environmental law is and explores the history and challenges facing environmental law. Once a critical understanding begins to emerge in the discussion, the discourse moves on to issues related to administration of environmental law, both in national and international jurisdictions. An emphasis is placed on taking a regulatory approach to the study of law, mastering the tools of regulation and touching upon environmental crimes, public participation and private law. The latter part of the study takes on a sectoral approach and covers inter alia topical environmental legal issues of Bangladesh in pollution control & conservation, land use & management, forestry, non-renewable & renewable energy and local government. ENV 431 Culture, Religion and Environment: Introduces students to major, theoretical and political debates on culture; explores problems in the analysis of inter-relationships between culture and place, which cultural and environmental theory has variously defined as a natural, geographical, cultural, political and social construction; interaction between culture, religion and environment; importance of nature to religion; impact of religious beliefs on environment; inter-linkages between culture, religion and environment. Pre-requisite: ENV 315. ENV 432 Corporate Environmental Management: Development of appropriate corporate strategies to minimize environmental effect whilst at the same time improving the profitability of the organization lies at the heart of Environmental Management and is one of the important issues of corporate approaches to sustainable development. Companies are now responding to these challenges by establishing structured environmental management systems. Students will learn how to spot opportunities to initiate changes in their companys activities to reduce waste and generate value from their environmental risk reduction and regulatory compliance programs. How to be able to identify and take advantage of the business opportunities inherent in societys growing demand for solutions to environmental problems will form the course content (Prerequisite: ENV 214). ENV 434 Environmental Accounting: Overview of analytical framework for integrated environmental and economic accounting, and applied work and case studies in developing and industrial countries; selected topics will include economic depreciation of mineral stocks, valuation and treatment of depletable resources in national accounts; an alternative approach to integrating environment into the national accounts; issues in asset aggregation and intergenerational asset transfer; forestry economics; deforestation and national accounting, etc.

ENV 436 Toxicology and Xenobiotics: Physiology and biochemistry of intoxication; cellular responses to toxic compounds; toxicological, environmental, public health, occupational and ecological aspects of the use and release of toxic substances in the environment; genetic toxicology; physical and chemically-induced mutagenesis; genetic indicator organisms and assays; distribution of environmental mutagens and their biochemistry; toxic responses of the mammalian nervous system; neuroteratology; sensitive periods for neurotoxicology, prevalence of xenobiotics in the environment and in homes; toxicity of xenobiotics, mode of actions, bioaccumulation and biomagnification in tissues and food chain; disruption to hormonal systems; xenobiotics as increasing risk factors for cancer, how to limit the exposure to xenobiotics in daily life. Prerequisites: CHE101, ENV207 and ENV209. ENV 450 System Analysis for Environmental Planning: Definition of a system and its components; classification of systems - feed forward and feed-back systems; system dynamics; controllability, absorbability, adaptability and reliability of an environmental or ecological system; objective formulation for planning and management; simulation and optimization methods for environmental systems; techniques of multi-objective and multi-criteria analyses. Pre-requisite: MAT 120. ENV 455 Research Methods: Purpose of scientific research; features, scopes and limitations of research; classification of scientific research; overview of data types and sources; techniques of data collection and sampling; various biases in data collection; overview of contemporary research areas; review of analytical tools/software available to researchers; preparation and presentation of an independent research proposal. ENV495: Environmental Research Using Geographical Information System : Preparation and presentation of a short research paper on a topic related to environmental issues using geographical information system, 1 credit. (Prerequisite: ENV 316). ENV 497 Special Topics in Environment Studies (3 credits) ENV 498 Internship (3 credits) ENV 499 Thesis (3 credits)