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Jordan University of Science and Technology

Department of civil EngineerinG

MaTerial Lap

Exp #6 Mix Design Mohamad Osama khasawneh 20110023185 Objective

To practice the proportioning of concrete by ACI Method , and making trial mixes and notice how test results compare with the original specifications.

Apparatus

1. Mixer 2. Slump cone 3. Standard cube molds 4. Balance 5. Batch pans 6. Universal testing machine

Procedure

To start using this method the following information must be known:

1. Bulk specific gravity for both fine and coarse aggregates. 2. Fineness modules for the fine aggregates. 3. Dry rodded unit weight for the coarse aggregates. 4. Moisture content and absorption for both fine and coarse aggregates. 5. 6. 7. 8. Specific gravity of cement (3.15). Max size of aggregates. Entrained or not entrained. Required compressive strength.

Discussion

These methods of testing concrete are very useful and efficient because they can test the concrete without causing any permanent damage to it. And one of the most useful thing about them, is you can perform these tests after the concrete has reached its hardened state, which cannot be usually done without destroying the concrete being tested. For example, if a precast concrete member was subjected to freezing, and we needed to figure out if any frost damage has occurred, we can take out a test core, test its compressive strength in comparison with normal samples, and then place the test sample back after testing.

In other situations, you can perform non destructive tests to determine the existence of voids in concrete slabs. Voids are a problem in concrete because they cause weak

points throughout the slabs and they might have water trapped in them which can cause tensile stresses inside the slab which might weaken the concrete. Voids can be tested using the Ultrasonic pulse velocity test, or roughly with the Schmidt hammer test. The more voids there are in the concrete, the slower the reading will be on the ultrasonic, because waves travel faster in solid matter due to the presence of more particles to help transfer the wave. Conclusion

All the different types of tests were successful and conclusive due to proper procedure and the use of properly calibrated tools. The sample we tested didnt have much voids in it, and it had an acceptable compressive strength.

Results 1- For compressive strength test =p/a1 2 for flexture strength test =Mc/I 2- For splitting strength test = 2p/ pl

Cupe (150*150*1 50) 1 2 3 Csc (mpa) 20.24 19.65 19.41

Section Sec 3 Sec 4 2 455.3 442.1 436.8 779 773 792 355.3 347.3 348.6 Csc (mpa) 15.79 15.44 15.49

Csc (mpa) 34.62 34.36 35.20

Avg = 19.77 34.73

15.57

Cylinder (150 * 300)mm 1 2 3

Sec 1 222.4 233.9 244.8

Sec 2 344.4 493 464,6

Sec 3 155.3 156.1 160.3

12.58 13.24 13.85

19.49 27.90 26.29

8,79 8.83 9.07

Avg = 13.22

24.56

8.90

Cylinder (100*120) 1 2 3 1.96 2.13 1.74 Avg = 1.94

Sec 1 61.5 66.9 54.6 2.25 3.55 3.20 3

Sec 2 70.7 111.5 100.4

Sec 3 48.5 31 31.9 1.54 .99 1.02 1.18

Flexture reslt Prism Sec (100*100*3 1 00) 1 14.4 2 2 15.3 1 3 14.8 1 Sec 2 19.3 1 16. 34 17.5 Sec 3 13.2 4.33 2 12.4 4.59 1 12.8 4.44 4 Avg=4. 45 5.7 9 4.9 0 5.2 5 5.3 1 3.9 2 3.6 4 3.8 5 3.8 2

Mix proportion for 3 section Ingredient 1 as Water Cement Coarse agg Fine agr W/C 2 3

Fresh proportion for various mixture Section Test Slump Compactin g factor Vebe time Unit wight 1 2 3

Strength measurements of hardend concrete for varios mixture Section Property Cs Cs Fs (mpa) SS (mpa) 1 2 3

Ratios of strength mesurment Section Propert y W/C Ratio SS/CS FS/CS SS/FS Rought 1 Estimat e 2 3

Refreneces : Material of constraction laboratory lap Data from experience