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NOTA TINGKATAN 1 Functions of the main components of a system unit

No.

Components

Input/Output port (I/O port)

2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Power button Reset button Motherboard Power Supply DVD-ROM drive CD-ROM drive DVD/CD-RW drive Zip drive Floppy drive Hard disk drive

Functions - A port is the point at which a peripheral attaches to a system unit so that the peripheral can send data to or receive information from the computer. - An external device, such as a keyboard, monitor, printer, mouse and microphone is often attached by a cable to a port on the system unit. - The back of the system unit contains so many ports. Some newer personal computers also have ports on the front of the system unit. - Ports have different types of connectors. A connector joins a cable to a peripheral. One end of a cable attaches to the connector on the system unit and the other end of the cable attaches to a connector on the peripheral. To start on computer Kick of soft boot, instructing the computer to go through the process of shutting down, which would clear memory and reset devices to their initialized state. It simply removes power immediately. Main circuit board of the system unit, which has some electronic components attached to it and others built into it. Convert standard electrical power into the form that computer can use. If a power supply is not providing the necessary power, the computer will not function properly. A device that reads DVD-ROM, also can read audio CDs, CDROMSs, CD-Rs and CD-RWs. A device that reads audio CDs, CD-ROMs, CD-Rs and CD-RWs. It is a combination drive that reads DVD and CD media, it also writes to CD-RW media. This drive also allows watching a DVD or burn a CD. A high-capacity disk drive that reads from and writes on a Zip disk. A device that reads from and writes on a floppy disk Type of storage device that contains one or more inflexible, circular platters that store data, instructions and information. Also called a hard disk.

DEFINITION & TYPES OF PERIPHERAL Peripheral Device External hardware devices attached to the computer are called peripheral devices There are three types of peripheral devices : Input devices Output devices Storage devices Input Devices Input devices are any electronic device that are connected to a computer and produces input signals. Output Devices Output is the result of data processing activity when it is presented externally to the system. The output from a computer can be printed or displayed form . An output device is hardware that is capable of delivering or showing information to one or more users. An output device shows, prints and presents the results of a computers work. Storage Devices Information and documents are stored in a computer storage so that it can be retrieved whenever they are needed later on. Computer storage is the holding of data in an electromagnetic form for access by a computer processor. Units for Data Measurement Bit Byte Kilobyte (KB) Megabyte (MB) Gigabyte (GB