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The Authority of Christ

Review

God → Christ → Holy Spirit → Apostles & Prophets → Oral and Written Word

No audio recordings, only written word

God’s will is communicated to us in words

God Created Communication

Exodus 4.11, God made our mouths by which we communicate; he created communication

Then if God is going to communicate with us, he will use the same methods of communica- tion he created in us

No special theology

So, how do we communicate?

Tell / Direct Statement

At school: names, dates, places At home: clean your room

Tell / Direct Statement ● At school: names, dates, places ● At home: clean your room

Show / Approved Example

At school: writing ABCs, math exercises At home: tying shoe strings

Show / Approved Example ● At school: writing ABCs, math exercises ● At home: tying shoe
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Show / Approved Example ● At school: writing ABCs, math exercises ● At home: tying shoe

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Show / Approved Example ● At school: writing ABCs, math exercises ● At home: tying shoe

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Show / Approved Example ● At school: writing ABCs, math exercises ● At home: tying shoe

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Show / Approved Example ● At school: writing ABCs, math exercises ● At home: tying shoe
Show / Approved Example ● At school: writing ABCs, math exercises ● At home: tying shoe

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Show / Approved Example ● At school: writing ABCs, math exercises ● At home: tying shoe

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Show / Approved Example ● At school: writing ABCs, math exercises ● At home: tying shoe

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Show / Approved Example ● At school: writing ABCs, math exercises ● At home: tying shoe
Show / Approved Example ● At school: writing ABCs, math exercises ● At home: tying shoe

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Imply / Necessary Inference

At school: apple falling implies gravity, what goes up …

At home: “dinner’s ready” = “come and eat”

● At school: apple falling implies gravity, what goes up … ● At home: “dinner’s ready”

How ALL Human Comm. Works

Tell / Direct Statements

Show / Approved Examples

Imply / Necessary Inferences (Conclusions)

It is impossible to communicate anything without using one of these methods; try it

How God Communicates with Us

God-Spoken Direct Statements

God-Approved Examples

God-Forced Conclusions

Again, no special theology; he simply com- municates with us the same way he created us to communicate with one another

God-Spoken Direct Statements

Mark 16.16: believe, baptized, saved

Acts 15.15–16: James appealed to the state- ment of God in Amos 9.11–12 as it promised Gentiles salvation in Christ with no mention of the Law of Moses

God-Approved Examples

Acts 20.7, Lord’s Supper on ‘first day’ (8–10)

Acts 15.12: Paul preached Christ not Moses among Gentiles and God approved of these things as seen in the miracles

cp Acts 14.27; 15.3–4, 12; Mark 16.17–20; Hebrews 2.1–4

God-Forced Conclusions

Matthew 3.16: ‘went up out of the water’ implies had been down in the water

Mark 7.19: ‘thus he declared all foods clean’; see other translations

Acts 15.7–9: HS baptism forced Peter/Jews to conclude that Gentiles (Ac 10) saved just as Jews (Ac 2), cp 11.17

God-Forced Conclusions

Matthew 3.16: ‘went up out of the water’ implies had been down in the water

Mark 7.19: ‘thus he declared all foods clean’; see other translations

Acts 15.7–9: HS baptism forced Peter/Jews to conclude that Gentiles (Ac 10) saved just as Jews (Ac 2), cp 11.17

How ALL Human Comm. Works

Tell / Direct Statements

Show / Approved Examples

Imply / Necessary Inferences (Conclusions)

It is impossible to communicate anything without using one of these methods; try it

How God Communicates with Us

God-Spoken Direct Statements

God-Approved Examples

God-Forced Conclusions

Again, no special theology; he simply com- municates with us the same way he created us to communicate with one another

Two Kinds of Communication

In our communication we use two diferent kinds of terms

General: a class of things; includes all things in that class

Specific: one thing in a class of things; excludes all other things in that class

Two Kinds of Communication

General: a class of things

Human: request ‘food,’ then any kind of food will meet the request

God: Mark 16.15: ‘Go’ (generic mode of travel); includes any method: walk, camel, car, plane

God: Gen 6.14: ‘Build’ (method of building or tools not specified), incl. various methods/tools

Two Kinds of Communication

Specific instructions in building the ark General class: wood Specific: oak, pine, mahogany, hard, soft, etc. Genesis 6.14: ‘gopher wood’ Excludes ALL other woods

Two Kinds of Communication

Specific instructions re Lord’s Supper General class: days Specific: Mon, Tue, Wed, 2 nd day, last day, etc. Acts 20.7: ‘first day’ Excludes ALL other days

Two Kinds of Communication

Specific instructions for appointing priests General class: tribes of Israel Specific: Ruben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, etc. Deuteronomy 10.8: ‘tribe of Levi’ Excludes ALL other tribes

Two Kinds of Communication

Specific instructions for salvation General class: all possible actions with water Specific: dip, pour, sprinkle, spray, etc. Acts 2.38: ‘baptized’ / immerse Excludes ALL other actions

Two Kinds of Communication

Specific instructions for worship General class: music Specific: vocal, instrumental Ephesians 5.19; Colossians 3.16: ‘sing’ Excludes ALL other forms of music

Include Aids, Exclude Additions

Specific communication includes aids but excludes additions

Aid: ‘give me rice’ includes bag to carry it or plate to serve it

Addition: ‘give me rice’ excludes coconut, pork, etc., because ‘rice’ is specific

Include Aids, Exclude Additions

Instructions re baptizing people Matthew 28.19: ‘baptizing them’ Aid: baptistery, swimming pool, tub, etc. Addition: sprinkle, pour (diferent actions)

Include Aids, Exclude Additions

Instructions re eating Lord’s Supper Acts 20.7: ‘first day of the week’ Aid: meeting place, containers Addition: Saturday eating (another day)

Include Aids, Exclude Additions

Instructions re worship Ephesians 5.19: ‘sing’ Aid: books, lights Addition: instrumental music (diferent form)

Include Aids, Exclude Additions

Instructions re local church spreading gospel

1 Timothy 3.15: local church to preach gospel

Aid: radio, T.V., Internet, print

Addition: missionary society (another orga- nization centralizing work of local churches)

Include Aids, Exclude Additions

Instructions re local church to edify saints

Ephesians 4.11–12: local church equipped to edify self

Aid: classes, workbooks

Addition: Sunday School Soc. (another orga- nization centralizing work of local churches)

Include Aids, Exclude Additions

Instructions re local church to relieve saints

Acts 6.3: local church equi. to relieve widows

Aid: money, food, shelter

Addition: benevolent society (another orga- nization centralizing work of local churches)

Silence

Silence does not authorize anything

Parent tells child to go to market and buy bread, does this authorize anything else?

When God is silent on something, it does not authorize that something

Silence

Genesis 6.14: ‘gopher wood,’ did God have to say do not use oak, pine, and every kind?

Hebrews 7.14: when God says nothing, it does not authorize anything

Conclusion

Everything we preach and practice must be authorized by the New Testament

Book, chapter, and verse

General or specific terms

God tells, shows, or implies

Divine silence forbids, excludes, and prohibits

Speak where the Bible speaks, be silent where the Bible is silent

Original church of Christ under his authority