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BPV II - BPV IX - BPV VIII

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Comparison of EN 10028-2:2003 Grade P355GH with A/SA-516 Grade 70


General
EN 10028-2:2003 includes requirements for several carbon steels and low alloy steels for flat products with specified elevated temperature properties. This summary provides a more detailed comparison of EN 10028-2:2003, Grade P355GH (carbon steel) with ASTM/ASME specification A/SA-516, Grade 70.

Chemical composition, %
EN 10028-2 P355GH C 0.10 - 0.22 SA-516 Gr 70 0.27 0.28 0.30 0.31 0.15 - 0.40 0.85 - 1.20 0.035 0.035 0.30 per SA-20 0.40 per SA-20 0.12 per SA-20 0.02 per SA-20 0.40 per SA-20 0.03 per SA-20 0.03 per SA-20 Thickness in. [ 12.5 mm] to 2 in. [12.5 to 50 mm] 2 to 4 in. [50 to 100 mm] > 4 in. [> 100 mm]

Si Mn P S AlTotal N Cr Cu Mo Nb Ni Ti V Others

0.60 1.10 - 1.70 0.025 0.015 min 0.020 0.012 0.30 0.30 0.08 0.020 0.30 0.03 0.02 Cr+Cu+Mo+Ni 0.70

NOTES: - Values are maximum ones, unless range or minimum is indicated - The EN data is based on Heat/Cast analysis table - The aluminum level ( 0.020%) is in agreement with the requirements in SA-20 8.2.2.1 for fine austenitic grain size as required in SA-516 4.1 Steelmaking Practice. Items 07-663 - 09-202 - 09-203 1/3

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Heat Treatment and Tensile Properties


Heat Treatment EN 10028-2 P355GH N N N N N N SA-516 Gr 70 As Rolled N Thickness mm (in.) 16 16 < t 40 40 < t 60 60 < t 100 100 < t 150 150 < t 250 40 (1.50) < 40 (1.50) Tensile Strength MPa (ksi) 510 - 650 (74.0 - 94.3) 510 - 650 (74.0 - 94.3) 510 - 650 (74.0 - 94.3) 490 - 630 (71.1 - 91.4) 480 - 630 (69.6 - 91.4) 470 - 630 (68.2 - 91.4) 485 - 620 (70 - 90) 485 - 620 (70 - 90) Yield Strength MPa (ksi), min 355 (51.5) 345 (50.0) 335 (48.6) 315 (45.7) 295 (42.8) 280 (40.6) 260 (38) 260 (38) Elongation %, min 20 20 20 20 20 20 21 21

NOTES: - Elongation: SA-516: Gauge length 50 mm (2 in.) - width 12.5 mm ( in.) EN 10028-2: Gauge length 5.65 S0 - EN 10028-2 Grade P355GH: If so agreed at the time of enquiry and order, Normalizing may be replaced by Normalizing Rolling. In this case, tests are performed in the simulated normalized conditions.

Heat Treatment
Normalizing - C (F) EN 10028-2 - P355GH SA-516 890 - 950 (1634 - 1742)

Impact Test Requirements


KV - J (ft-lb) -20C (-4F) EN 10028-2 P355GH SA-516 Transverse Supplementary Requirement 27 (20) KV - J (ft-lb) 0C (32F) 34 (25) KV - J (ft-lb)
20C (70F)

40 (29.5)

Frequency of Tension and Impact Tests


Applicable Standard and Test Frequency EN 10028-2 EN 10028-1: One test per heat treated plate Each end for plates longer than 15 m and thicker than 50 mm One end only otherwise SA-20: paragraphs 11.1 (Tension Test - Number of Test Coupons) One test from each as-rolled plates or heat treated plate (except QT)

SA-516

NOTE: EN 10028-1 references EN 10002-1 for tensile test at room temperature and EN 10045-1 for impact test Items 07-663 - 09-202 - 09-203 2/3 For Info

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Test Specimen Location


Applicable Standard and Requirements EN 10028-2 EN 10028-1 - paragraph 10.2 and figures 1 and 2. Orientation: Transverse Tension tests: at least one rolled surface retained, taken at of plate width. Impact tests: at 2 mm below plate surface or at T location if T > 40 mm, taken at of plate width. SA-20: paragraphs 11.3 (Tension Test - Location of Test Coupons) and 12.1 (Charpy V-Notch Tests) - Orientation: Transverse for tension test - Test specimens to be taken from corners of the plate

SA-516

Repair Welding
Applicable Standard and Requirements EN 10028-2 SA-516 EN 10028-1 - paragraph 8.5 Surface Condition: Class B2 in Accordance with EN 10163-2: Repair welding by agreement at the time of the order SA-20 - paragraph 9.4 - Quality - Repair by Welding.

Marking
Applicable Standard and Requirements EN 10028-2 SA-516 EN 10028-1 - Table 1, Mandatory: Manufacturer's identification - Steel name or number - Identification number - Inspector's mark SA-20 - paragraph 13.1.1: Specification identification number - G or MT - Grade, Type and Class - Heat number - Plate identifier - Manufacturer's identification

NOTES: - EN 10028-2: The number of the European Standard is on agreement - EN 10028-2: The identification number shall permit the traceability of the cast number

Comments
(1) EN 10028-2:2003, Grade P355GH may be considered as a near equivalent to ASME SA-516 Grade 70 (2) EN 10028-2:2003 would need to meet the following additional requirements to satisfy the ASME material specification requirements for steel plates for pressure vessels SA-20: (a) Marking: Specification designation SA/EN 10028-2 mandatory (b) Marking: Add "G" when the plate has not been heat treated - Add "MT" otherwise

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EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPENNE EUROPISCHE NORM


ICS 77.140.30; 77.140.50

EN 10028-2

June 2003
Supersedes EN 10028-2:1992

English version

Flat products made of steels for pressure purposes - Part 2: Non-alloy and alloy steels with specified elevated temperature properties
Produits plats en aciers pour appareils pression - Partie 2: Aciers non allis et allis avec caractristiques spcifies temprature leve Flacherzeugnisse aus Druckbehltersthlen - Teil 2: Unlegierte und legierte Sthle mit festgelegten Eigenschaften bei erhhten Temperaturen

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 20 February 2003. CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the Management Centre or to any CEN member. This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the Management Centre has the same status as the official versions. CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION COMIT EUROPEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPISCHES KOMITEE FR NORMUNG

Management Centre: rue de Stassart, 36

B-1050 Brussels

2003 CEN

All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Members.

Ref. No. EN 10028-2:2003 E

For Information

EN 10028-2:2003 (E)

Table 1 Chemical composition (cast analysis) a


Steel grade name number C Si Mn P max. P235GH P265GH P295GH P355GH 16Mo3 18MnMo4-5 20MnMoNi4-5 15NiCuMoNb5-6-4 13CrMo4-5 13CrMoSi5-5 10CrMo9-10 12CrMo9-10 1.0345 1.0425 1.0481 1.0473 1.5415 1.5414 1.6311 1.6368 1.7335 1.7336 1.7380 1.7375 S max. 0,015 0,015 0,015 0,015 0,010 0,005 0,010 0,010 0,010 0,005 0,010 0,010 Altotal N % by mass Cr Cub Mo Nb Ni Ti max. V Others

 0,16  0,20
0,08 to 0,20 0,10 to 0,22 0,12 to 0,20

 0,35  0,40  0,40  0,60  0,35  0,40  0,40


0,25 to 0,50

0,60c to 1,20 0,80 to 1,40 0,90c to 1,50 1,10 to 1,70 0,40 to 0,90 0,90 to 1,50 1,00 to 1,50 0,80 to 1,20 0,40 to 1,00 0,40 to 0,65 0,40 to 0,80 0,30 to 0,80
c

0,025 0,025 0,025 0,025 0,025 0,015 0,020 0,025 0,025 0,015 0,020 0,015

 0,020  0,020  0,020  0,020


e e e

 0,012d  0,012d  0,012d  0,012d  0,012  0,012  0,012  0,020  0,012  0,012  0,012  0,012  0,012  0,012  0,012
0,030 to 0,070

 0,30  0,30  0,30  0,30  0,30  0,30  0,20  0,30


0,70f to 1,15 1,00 to 1,50 2,00 to 2,50 2,00 to 2,50

 0,30  0,30  0,30  0,30  0,30  0,30  0,20


0,50 to 0,80

 0,08  0,08  0,08  0,08


0,25 to 0,35 0,45 to 0,60 0,45 to 0,60 0,25 to 0,50 0,40 to 0,60 0,45 to 0,65 0,90 to 1,10 0,90 to 1,10

 0,020  0,020  0,020  0,020


0,015 0,045 -

 0,30  0,30  0,30  0,30  0,30  0,30


0,40 to 0,80 to 1,00 to 1,30 -

0,03 0,03 0,03 0,03 -

 0,02  0,02  0,02  0,02


Cr+Cu+Mo+ Ni:  0,70 -

 0,20
0,15 to 0,23

 0,02
-

 0,17
0,08 to 0,18

 0,015
e e e

 0,35
0,50 to 0,80

 0,30  0,30  0,30  0,25  0,30  0,20  0,25  0,30

 0,17
0,08 to 0,14g 0,10 to 0,15

0,30
-

 0,50  0,30  0,50  0,10  0,15  0,50

0,010 to 0,040
e e

 0,30  0,30  0,25  0,25  0,30

X12CrMo5 13CrMoV9-10 12CrMoV12-10 X10CrMoVNb9-1


a

1.7362 1.7703 1.7767 1.4903

0,10 to 0,15 0,11 to 0,15 0,10 to 0,15 0,08 to 0,12

0,30 to 0,60 0,30 to 0,60 0,30 to 0,60 0,30 to 0,60

0,020 0,015 0,015 0,020

0,005 0,005 0,005 0,005

4,00 to 6,00 2,00 to 2,50 2,75 to 3,25 8,00 to 9,50

0,45 to 0,65 0,90 to 1,10 0,90 to 1,10 0,85 to 1,05

0,03 0,03h -

0,25 to 0,35 0,20 to 0,30 0,18 to 0,25

 0,07  0,07h
0,06 to 0,10

 0,002 B  0,015Ca  0,003Bh  0,015Cah


-

 0,040

Elements not listed in this table shall not be intentionally added to the steel without the agreement of the purchaser except for finishing the cast. All appropriate measures shall be taken to prevent the addition from scrap or other materials used in steelmaking of these elements which may affect the mechanical properties and usability.  A lower maximum copper content and/or a maximum sum of copper and tin content, e.g. Cu + 6 Sn  0,33%, may be agreed upon at the time of enquiry and order, e.g. with regard to hot formability for the grades where only a maximum copper content is specified. For product thicknesses < 6 mm, a minimum manganese content of 0,20 % lower than specified is permitted. A ratio

Al N

 2 shall apply.

e f g h

The Al content of the cast shall be determined and given in the inspection document.  If resistance to pressurized hydrogen is of importance, a minimum content of 0,80% Cr may be agreed upon at the time of enquiry and order.  For product thicknesses greater than 150 mm, a maximum content of 0,17% C may be agreed upon at the time of enquiry and order. This grade may be produced with additions of either Ti + B or Nb + Ca. The following minimum contents shall apply:  0,015 % Ti and  0,001 % B in the case of additions of Ti + B,  0,015 % Nb and  0,0005 % Ca in the case of additions of Nb + Ca.

For Information

EN 10028-2:2003 (E)

Table 3 Mechanical properties (applicable to the transverse direction)a


Tensile properties at room temperature Steel grade Usual delivery conditionb,c Product thickness t Yield strength ReH Tensile strength Rm Elongation after fracture A Impact energy KV J min. at a temperature in C of - 20 name number mm MPa min. 235 225 215 200 185 170 265 255 245 215 200 185 295 290 285 260 235 220 355 345 335 315 295 280 275 270 260 240 220 210 345 325 310 470 460 450 440 400 460 440 430 420 410 MPa % min. 0 + 20

P235GH

1.0345

+Nd

P265GH

1.0425

+Nd

P295GH

1.0481

+Nd

P355GH

1.0473

+Nd

16Mo3

1.5415

+Ne

+NT 18MnMo4-5 1.5414 +QT

20MnMoNi4-5

1.6311

+QT

+NT 15NiCuMoNb 5-6-4 1.6368 +NT or +QT +QT

 16 16 < t  40 40 < t  60 60 < t  100 100 < t  150 150 < t  250  16 16 < t  40 40 < t  60 60 < t  100 100 < t  150 150 < t  250  16 16 < t  40 40 < t  60 60 < t  100 100 < t  150 150 < t  250  16 16 < t  40 40 < t  60 60 < t  100 100 < t  150 150 < t  250  16 16 < t  40 40 < t  60 60 < t  100 100 < t  150 150 < t  250  60 60 < t  150 150 < t  250  40 40 < t  60 60 < t  100 100 < t  150 150 < t  250  40 40 < t  60 60 < t  100 100 < t  150 150 < t  200

360 to 480 24 350 to 480 340 to 480 410 to 530 22 400 to 530 390 to 530 27 34 40 27 34 40

460 to 580 440 to 570 430 to 570 510 to 650

21

27

34

40

20 490 to 630 480 to 630 470 to 630 440 to 590 22 430 to 560 420 to 570 410 to 570 510 to 650 20 480 to 620 590 to 750 590 to 730 570 to 710 560 to 700 610 to 780 600 to 760 590 to 740 580 to 740

27

34

40

31

27

34

40

18

27

40

50

16

27

34

40

11

For Information

EN 10028-2:2003 (E)

Table 3 (concluded)
Tensile properties at room temperature Steel grade Usual delivery conditionb,c Product thickness t Yield strength Tensile strength Elongation after fracture A % min. -20 300 290 270 255 245 310 300 400 390 380 310 300 290 280 260 250 355 320 300 300 455 435 415 455 435 415 445 435 435 450 to 600
f f f

Impact energy KV J min.

ReH
name number mm MPa min.

Rm
MPa

at a temperature in C of

+NT 13CrMo4-5 1.7335 +NT or +QT +QT +NT 13CrMoSi5-5 1.7336 +QT

+NT 10CrMo9-10 1.7380 +NT or +QT +QT 12CrMo9-10 X12CrMo5 1.7375 1.7362 +QT + NT 13CrMoV9-10 1.7703 + QT +NT 12CrMoV12-10 1.7767 +QT +NT X10CrMoVNb 9-1
a b c

+ NT or +QT +NT

1.4903 +QT

 16 16 < t  60 60 < t  100 100 < t  150 150 < t  250  60 60 < t  100  60 60 < t  100 100 < t  250  16 16 < t  40 40 < t  60 60 < t  100 100 < t  150 150 < t  250  250  60 60 < t  150 150 < t  250  60 60 < t  150 150 < t  250  60 60 < t  150 150 < t  250  60 60 < t  150 150 < t  250

+20 31 27
f

440 to 590 430 to 580 420 to 570 510 to 690 480 to 660 510 to 690 500 to 680 490 to 670 480 to 630 470 to 620 460 to 610 450 to 600 540 to 690 510 to 690 480 to 660 450 to 630 600 to 780 590 to 770 580 to 760 600 to 780 590 to 770 580 to 760 580 to 760 550 to 730 520 to 700

19

20

27 34

34 40

27

18

31

17 18 20

27 70 40

27 27

40 34

18

27

34

40

18

27

34

40

18

27

34

40

 For product thicknesses > 250 mm (except for grades 12CrMo9-10 and 15NiCuMoNb5-6-4) property values may be agreed.
+N = normalized; +NT = normalized and tempered; +QT = quenched and tempered

 For product thicknesses, where the usual delivery condition is +NT, higher strength and impact energy values may be agreed for the delivery condition +QT. d See 8.2.2.
e f

This steel may also be supplied in the +NT condition at the discretion of the manufacturer.

 A value may be agreed at the time of enquiry and order.

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For Information

EN 10028-2:2003 (E)

Table 4 Minimum values for the 0,2% proof strength at elevated temperatures a
Steel grade Product thickness b,.c t number mm 50 227 218 208 193 179 164 256 247 237 208 193 179 285 280 276 251 227 213 343 334 324 305 285 271 273 268 258 238 218 208 330 320 310 100 214 205 196 182 168 155 241 232 223 196 182 168 268 264 259 237 214 200 323 314 305 287 268 255 264 259 250 230 211 202 320 310 300 Minimum 0,2 % proof strength Rp0,2 MPa at a temperature in C of 150 198 190 181 169 156 143 223 215 206 181 169 156 249 244 240 219 198 185 299 291 282 265 249 236 250 245 236 218 200 191 315 305 295 200 182 174 167 155 143 132 205 197 190 167 155 143 228 225 221 201 182 170 275 267 259 244 228 217 233 228 220 203 186 178 310 300 290 250 167 160 153 142 131 121 188 181 174 153 142 131 209 206 202 184 167 156 252 245 238 224 209 199 213 209 202 186 171 163 295 285 275 300 153 147 140 130 121 111 173 166 160 140 130 121 192 189 186 170 153 144 232 225 219 206 192 183 194 190 183 169 155 148 285 275 265 350 142 136 130 121 112 103 160 154 148 130 121 112 178 175 172 157 142 133 214 208 202 190 178 169 175 172 165 153 140 134 265 255 245 400 133 128 122 114 105 97 150 145 139 122 114 105 167 165 162 148 133 125 202 196 190 179 167 159 159 156 150 139 127 121 235 225 220 450 147 145 139 129 118 113 215 205 200 500 141 139 134 123 113 108 -

name

 16
16 < t  40 40 < t  60 P235GH
d

1.0345

60 < t  100 100 < t  150 150 < t  250

 16
16 < t  40 40 < t  60 P265GH
d

1.0425

60 < t  100 100 < t  150 150 < t  250

 16
16 < t  40 40 < t  60 P295GH
d

1.0481

60 < t  100 100 < t  150 150 < t  250

 16
16 < t  40 40 < t  60 P355GH
d

1.0473

60 < t  100 100 < t  150 150 < t  250 < 16 16 < t  40 40 < t  60

16Mo3

1.5415

60 < t  100 100 < t  150 150 < t  250

 60
18MnMo4-5
e

1.5414

60 < t  150 150 < t  250

13

For Information

EN 10028-2:2003 (E)

Table 4 (continued)
Steel grade Product thickness b, c t number mm
< 40 40 < t  60 20MnMoNi4-5 1.6311 60 < t  100 100 < t  150 150 < t  250 < 40 40 < t  60 15NiCuMoNb5-6-4 1.6368 60 < t  100 100 < t  150 150 < t  200 < 16 16 < t  60 13CrMo4-5 1.7335 60 < t  100 100 < t  150 150 < t  250 13CrMoSi5-5+NT 1.7336+NT < 60 60 < t  100 60 < t  100 13CrMoSi5-5 +QT 1.7336+QT 100 < t  150 150 < t  250 < 16 16 < t  40 10CrMo9-10 1.7380 40 < t  60 60 < t  100 100 < t  150 150 < t  250 12CrMo9-10 X12CrMo5 1.7375 1.7362

Minimum 0,2 % proof strength Rp0,2 MPa at a temperature in C of 50


460 450 441 431 392 447 427 418 408 398 294 285 265 250 235 299 289 384 375 365 288 279 270 260 250 240 341 310 290 410 405 410 405 432 423

name

100
448 438 429 419 381 429 410 401 392 382 285 275 256 242 223 283 274 364 355 346 266 257 249 240 237 227 323 299 281 395 390 395 390 415 406

150
439 430 420 411 374 415 397 388 379 370 269 260 242 229 215 268 260 352 343 334 254 246 238 230 228 219 311 295 277 380 370 380 370 401 392

200
432 423 413 404 367 403 385 377 368 359 252 243 227 214 211 255 247 344 335 326 248 240 232 224 222 213 303 294 275 375 365 375 365 392 383

250
424 415 406 397 361 391 374 366 357 349 234 226 210 199 199 244 236 339 330 322 243 235 227 220 219 210 298 293 275 370 360 370 360 385 376

300
415 406 398 389 353 380 363 355 347 338 216 209 195 184 184 233 225 335 327 318 236 228 221 213 213 208 295 291 273 365 355 365 355 379 371

350
402 394 385 377 342 366 350 342 335 327 200 194 180 170 170 223 216 330 322 314 225 218 211 204 204 204 292 285 267 362 352 362 352 373 365

400
384 375 367 359 327 351 335 328 320 313 186 180 168 159 159 218 211 322 314 306 212 205 198 191 191 191 287 273 256 360 350 360 350 364 356

450
331 317 309 302 295 175 169 157 148 148 206 199 309 301 293 197 191 185 178 178 178 279 253 237 350 340 350 340 349 341

500
164 159 148 139 139 185 179 173 167 167 167 222 208 324 316

 250  60
60 < t  250

13CrMoV9-10

1.7703

 60
60 < t  250

12CrMoV12-10

1.7767

 60
60 < t  250

X10CrMoVNb9-1

1.4903

 60
60 < t  250

c d e

The values correspond to the lower band of the relevant trend curve determined in accordance with EN 10314 with a confidence limit of about 98 % (2 s).  For product thicknesses exceeding the specified maximum thicknesses, Rp0,2 values at elevated temperatures may be agreed. Delivery condition as given in Table 3 (but see footnote c to Table 3). The values are reflecting the minimum values for furnace normalized test pieces. Rp0,2 not determined in accordance with EN 10314. They are minimum values of the scatter band considered until now.

14

For Information

EN 10028-2:2003 (E)

Annex A (informative) Guidelines for heat treatment

Table A.1 gives reference data for heat treatment temperatures. For stress relief annealing see annex B. Table A.1 Guidelines on the temperatures for heat treatment

Steel grade name P235GH P265GH P295GH P355GH 16Mo3 18MnMo4-5 20MnMoNi4-5 15NiCuMoNb5-6-4 13CrMo4-5 13CrMoSi5-5 10CrMo9-10 12CrMo9-10 X12CrMo5 13CrMoV9-10 12CrMoV12-10 X10CrMoVNb9-1
a

Temperature, C number 1.0345 1.0425 1.0481 1.0473 1.5415 1.5414 1.6311 1.6368 1.7335 1.7336 1.7380 1.7375 1.7362 1.7703 1.7767 1.4903 Normalizing 890 to 950 890 to 950 890 to 950 890 to 950
a a a a a

Austenitizing -

Temperingb c

890 to 950

890 to 950 870 to 940 880 to 960 890 to 950 890 to 950 920 to 980 920 to 980 920 to 970 930 to 990 930 to 1000 1040 to 1100

600 to 640 610 to 690 580 to 680 630 to 730 650 to 730 650 to 750 650 to 750 680 to 750 675 to 750 675 to 750 730 to 780

When normalizing, after the required temperatures have been attained over the whole cross-section, no further holding is necessary and should be generally avoided. When tempering, the specified temperatures shall, when they have been attained over the whole crosssection, be maintained for an appropriate time. In certain cases, tempering at 590 C to 650 C may be necessary.

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