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TEACH YOURSELF TO KNIT

WAI:MART

Lesson 1:

Lesson 2:

Casting on

Knit Stitch (k)

The most basic knitting technique. To begin knitting with both needles, you first must make foundation stitches (loops) on one knitting

needle- "cast on stitches". All types of knitting pattern stitches are worked with these 2 stitches. For practice, use a pair of Boye Knitting Needles size #8 and knitting worsted yam .When measuring yarn for casting on, allow 1 in.(2.5cm)per

stitch

and 'AI i n. (1 .3 cm) per st itch for

for med ium and heavyweight

yarns

lightweight yam.

Step 1: To begin, measure 20 in .

(50.8 cm) of knitting worsted to cast on 20 stitches. Make a slip knot 20 in . (50.8 cm) from yarn end. Place on needle and gently pull both yarn ends. 1 stitch on needle. See fig. 1.

Step 2: In right hand, hold needle with slip knot Place short yam end over left thumb and yarn from skein around left index finger. Hold both yarn ends in left palm with 3 remain- ing fingers. See fig. 2.

Step 3: Pull needle down to front of left thumb, making loop on thumb, and insert needle under front strand. See fig. 3.

Step 4: Then insert needle over and under top strand on left index linger. See fig. 4.

Step

through loop on thumb. See fig. 5.

Step 6: Release loop from thumb. Gently pull both yarn ends to form stitch . Repeat steps 2~ unlil 20

stitches have been cast on . Pract ice

casting on until stitches are firm and

even on needle - not too loose or tight. You'II need a loose, stretch- able edge to start your work. See fig. 6.

To work knitting, you need only to learn 2 basic stitches - Knit and Purl. All pattern stitches, such as Cable and Ribbing, are formed with Knit and Purl stitches.

Step 1: In the left hand hold needle with 20 cast on stitches. Wrap yarn form skein around 4th ~inger, under the next 2 fingers and over the index finger. This regulates yarn tension. With a little practice, your hands will automatically hold the needles and feed yarn as needed. -Inserl right needle into front of 1st stitch (from left to right). Keep yarn from skein in back of stitches on needle. See fig

1-2.

Step 2: Bring yarn from skein under and over right needle. See fig. 3.

Step 3: Pull right needle down to front of left needle, drawing yarn through the stitch. There's a new loop (stitch) on right needle. See fig. 4.

Step 4: Slide stitch off left needle. 1 Knit Stitch made. Repeat from -steps 1-4 until 20 stitches have been knitted across row. Practice your Knit Stitch for several rows until stitches are uniform with even ten- sion . Knitting every row is called the

Garter Stitch . At the beginning of

each row. always keep your worked stitches in left hand and your empty needle ready to work in right hand. See fig. 5.

Be careful to complete each stitch. Don 1 let a stitch slip off your needle until after it is knitted or purled, or you 'II have dropped a stitch . Don't

kni t too close to points 0 1needles:

stitches will be too tight.

5:

Draw

yarn

on

needle

4

dropped a stitch . Don't kni t too close to points 0 1 needles: stitches will
dropped a stitch . Don't kni t too close to points 0 1 needles: stitches will

TEACH YOURSELF

TO KNIT

WAl:MART

Lesson 3:

Lesson 4:

Purl Stitch (p)

Binding off

1

The Purl Stitch is the reverse of the

1

Knit

Stitch . Since the Purl Stitch

is

rarely used by itself, the purl side of

 

knitting is generally referred to as the "wrong or reverse side" as opposed to the "right or correct side". (Kn it 1 row, purl 1 row is

referred

to as the Stockinette

Stitch).

Step 1: 'Insert right needle into front of stitch (from right to left). Keep yarn

 

from skein in front of stitches on need le and hold it as in knitting. See fig . 1.

2

Step 2: Bring yarn from skein over and under right needle. See fig. 2.

Step 3: Pull right needle down to back of left needle, drawing yarn through the stitch . There is a new loop (stitch) on right needle. See fig. 3.

Step 4: Slide stitch off left needle. 1 Purl Stitch made. Repeat from 'steps 1-4 until 20 stitches have been purled across row. Practice

purling for several rows until uniform and even . At beginning of each row, keep your worked stitches in left hand and your empty needle ready to work in right hand. See fig. 4.

4

Practice with a knit or purl swatch. Binding off prevents your stitches from unraveling, and finishes off edges neatly.

Step 1: Slide (slip) 1 stitch from left

needle to right needle. Sl ip as if

knit on

stitch). Slip as if to purl on purl row (from right front of stitch). Be sure to keep yarn in back when slipping knit stitches (in front when Slipping purl

stitches). See fig. t .

knit row (frOm' left front of

to

Step 2: Knit next stitch on knit row (purl next stitch on purl row). See fig. 2.

Step 3: Insert left needle into 1st stitch (stitch not connected to yarn from skein). See fig. 3.

Step4: Pu ll 1st stitch over 2nd stitch and off right needle. (2nd stitch remains on needle.) 1 bound off stitch made. Repeat steps 2-4 for each stitch bound off across row. See fig. 4.

Step 5: To fasten off last stitch of bound-off edge, cut yarn end, leav-

ing a 5 in . (12 .7 cm) tail. Draw end

through last loop on right needle

pull tightly to secure . Conceal

and

end by weaving in and out of work with a tapestry needle. See fig. 5.

Always bind off in pattern stitch. Knit the knit stitches and purl the purl stitches. Bind off with the same ten- sion you have worked your stitches, not too tighllyor loosely. Follow prcr ject instructions for binding off and continued knitting.

5

2

3

your stitches, not too tighllyor loosely. Follow prcr ject instructions for binding off and continued knitting.

4

your stitches, not too tighllyor loosely. Follow prcr ject instructions for binding off and continued knitting.

TEACH YOURSELF

TO CROCHET

WAI:MART

Lesson 1 Chain stitch (ch st)

Lesson 2 Slip stitch (sl st)

1

The chain is the basic unit for all crochet stitches. Repeated chain stitches fonn the foundation chain, which looks like a series of Vs . All crochet work is started from this foundation chain.

For practice, use a Soya G aluminum crochet hook and knitting worsted yarn .

Grasp crochet hook in right hand, between thumb and middle finger, with index finger resting near tip of hook. Or, if you prefer, hold hook like a pencil. See fig. 1.

To begin, make a slip loop (kno~ several inches from yarn end . See fig. 2.

Place on crochet hook and pull up. See fig. 3.

With palm of left hand fac ing up, place yarn from skein over and around lille finger, over 4th and middle fingers, and under and over index finger. Hold slip loop and yarn between thumb and middle fingers. See fig. 4.

For chain stitch : Bring yarn over hook and draw through loop, making first chain stitch. Continue making chain stitches, moving index finger as you work to control tension and yam movemen t. Move thumb and fingers of left hand upthe chain (keep fingers close to hook) as you work. Practice until you reach an evenness of tension, rhythm, and stitch appearance. See fig. 5-6.

For foundation chain: Chain the required length or number of stitches. When counting number of chain stitches, never include the loop on your hook (irs part of next stitCh). See fig. 7.

The slip stitch is the most versatile crochet stitch. It is used to join work, fasten off stitches, reinforce an edge, or carry yarn to a different working position. It adds very little height.

For practice, use a Boye G aluminum crochet hook, and knitting worsted yarn.

To begin, make a foundation chain of 12 stitches (try to work loosel~. Skip 1st chain stitch and insert hook into 2nd stitch. Hook goes through top loop of each chain (middle of the V) . See fig. 1.

For slip stitch: Yarn over hook and draw loop through the chain stitch and the loop on hook, leaving 1 new loop on hook. See fig. 2-3.

Repeat slip stitches across row. At end of foundatin chain, make 1 chain stitch and turn work. See fig. 4.

Insert hook into 2nd stitch of

3 previous row.Hook should go under top 2 loops (under the V) of each stitch. Work slip stitches across row.

For practice, repeat last row. To fasten off at end of row,make a cha in stitch. Pull tigh~ cut yam end, leaving short tail.

7

repeat last row. To fasten off at end of row,make a cha in stitch. Pull tigh~

TEACH YOURSELF

WAl:MART

TO CROCHET

Lesson 3 Single crochet (sc)

Lesson 4 Double crochet (dc)

This is the shortest of the basic crochet pattern stitches. Crochet should be worked firmly, evenly, and with medium tension.

For practice, use a Boye G aluminum crochet hook and knining worsted yarn.

2. To begin, make a foundation chain of 12 stitches. Skip first chain stitch and insert hook into 2nd stitch. Hook should go under top 2 loops (under the V) of each stitch. See fig. 1.

2

For single crochet Yarn over hook and draw loop through stitch . 2 loops now on hook. See fig. 2.

Yarn over hook and draw loop through both loops on hook. 1 loop remains on hook. 1 single crochet made . See fig. 3.

3

Work 1 single crochet in each stitch across row, making sure foundation chain is kept flat and 'Is are facing

you. At end of foundation chain , complete single crochet stitch and chain one. (th is counts as 1st single crochet of next row and gives necessary row height for proper gauge~ See fig. 4.

Turn work. Insert hook into second stitch of previous row. Hook should go under top 2 loops of each stitch. Work 1 single croghet in each stitch across row. See fig. 5.

For practice, repeat last row. To

of row,

make a chain stitch. Pull tigh~ cut yarn end, leaving short tail.

fasten off stitches at end

5

Double crochet is one step longer than single crochet and twice as high. It's easy, and a popular stitch.

For practice, use a Boye G aluminum crochet hook and knitting worsted yarn.

To begin, make a foundation chain of 12 stitches.

For double crochet Ya~nover hook, skip 3 chains and insert hook into 4th stitch from hook. Hook should go under the top 2 loops (under the V) of each stitch. See fig. 1.

Yarn over hook and draw through stitch in foundation chain . There are now 3 loops on hook. See fig. 2.

Yarn over hook again and draw through first 2 loops on hook. 2 loops now on hook. See fig. 3-4.

Yarn over hook once more and draw through 2 remaining loops on hook. 1 loop remains on hook. 1 double crochet made. See fig. 5.

Work 1 doublecrochetineachstitch across row, making sure foundation is kept flat and 'Is are facing you. At end of foundation chain, complete double crochet stitch and chain 3. (This counts as 1st double crochet of next row and gives stitches the proper row height). See fig. 6.

Turn work. Work double crochet into 2nd stitch of previous row and in each stitch across row. Hook should go under the top 2 loops of each stitch. See fig. 7.

For practice, repeat last row as many times as desired . To fasten off stitches at end of row, make a chain stitch. Pull tight, cut yarn end, leaving short tail.

as desired . To fasten off stitches at end of row, make a chain stitch. Pull
as desired . To fasten off stitches at end of row, make a chain stitch. Pull