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GSFC X-673-64-1F

ENGINEERING DRAWING
STANDARDS MANUAL

August 1994

ICS AND SPA


C
UT
E
A

AD
N
AERO

M
INISTRA
O NAL

TIO
TI

N
NA
U. S. A.
X-673-64-1F
Supersedes GSFC X-673-64-1E/July 1991

ENGINEERING DRAWING
STANDARDS MANUAL
Mechanical Engineering Branch
Goddard Space Flight Center
Greenbelt, Maryland

August 1994

AND SPA
TICS C
U
E
A

AD
AL AERON

M
INISTRA
ON

TIO
TI

N
NA
U. S. A.
National Aeronautics and
Space Administration

Goddard Space Flight Center


Greenbelt, Maryland 20771
1994
DESCRIPTION OF REVISION

T h i s r e v i s i o n , w h i c h s u p e r s e d e s t h e G o d d ar d S p a c e F l i g h t C e n t e r ( G S F C ) S t a n d a r d
X - 6 7 3 - 6 4 - 1 E , E n g in e e r in g D r a win g S ta n d a r d s M a n u a l, is in te n d e d to u p d a te a n d r e f le c t
th e la te s t f o r ma ts a n d s ta n d a r d s a d o p te d b y G S F C.

T h e f o llo w in g is a s u mma r y o f th e p r in c ip a l c h a n g e s a n d imp r o v e me n ts in c o r p o r a te d in


this issue:
a. A d d itio n o f Co mp o s ite Ma te r ia l D r a w in g d e f in itio n .
b . C h a n g in g o f t h e s i g n a t u r e t o a p r i n t e d n a me i n T i t l e b lo c k s .
c. N e w e x a mp l e o f t h e M e t r i c D r a w i n g s f o r ma t a n d t o l e r a n c e p r e s e n t a t i o n .
d . I mp r o v e d p l a c e me n t o f v i e w s o n T y p e s o f D r a w i n g s s a mp l e s t o p r e v e n t u n n e c e s s a r y
r e w o r k o f d r a w in g s a t a la te r d a te .
e. N e w E n g in e e r i n g O r d e r ( E O ) f o r ms a d d e d ; o ld E O f o r ms w i l l b e p h a s e d o u t.
f. A d d itio n a l n o te s o n v a r io u s to p ic s a d d e d to N o te E x a mp le s s e c tio n .
g . D e le tio n o f mic r o f ilmin g r e q u ir e me n ts f o r d r a w in g f o r ma t.
h . F lo w c h a r t f o r f lig h t p r o j e c ts r e d e f in e d .

iii
iv
PREFACE

T h e G S F C E n g in e e r in g D r a win g S ta n d a r d s M a n u a l i s t h e o f f i c i a l s o u r c e f o r t h e
r e q u ir e me n ts a n d in te r p r e ta tio n s to b e u s e d in th e d e v e lo p me n t a n d p r e s e n ta tio n o f
e n g in e e r in g d r a w in g s a n d r e la te d d o c u me n ta tio n f o r th e G S F C.

T h e M e c h a n i c a l E n g i n e e r i n g B r a n c h , M e c h a n i c a l S y s t e ms D iv is io n , h a s b e e n d e le g a te d
t h e r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r i n t e r p r e t a t i o n , p e r i o d ic u p d a t e s , a n d d i s t r ib u t i o n o f t h e G S F C
E n g in e e r in g D r a win g S ta n d a r d s M a n u a l.

A ll E n g in e e r in g D ir e c to r a te d e s ig n o r g a n iz a tio n s a n d th e ir c o n tr a c to r s s h a ll a d h e r e to th e
r e q u ir e me n ts o f th is ma n u a l w h e n p r e p a r in g G S F C e n g in e e r in g d o c u me n ta tio n f o r f lig h t
h a r d w a r e a n d g r o u n d s u p p o r t s ys te ms .

Co mme n ts o r in q u ir ie s c o n c e r n in g th is ma n u a l s h o u ld b e d ir e c te d to th e Me c h a n ic a l
E n g in e e r in g Br a n c h , Co d e 7 2 2 .

D r . A lla n S h e r ma n
D ir e c to r o f E n g in e e r in g

v
vi
ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL vii

TABLE OF CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION ....................................................................................................... 1
1. DRAWING ELEMENTS .......................................................................................... 3
1.1. Drawing Sizes ................................................................................................. 3
1.2. Multisheet Drawings ........................................................................................ 3
1.3. Zoning ............................................................................................................ 4
1 . 4 . T i t l e B l o c k an d R e v i s i o n B l o c k . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
1 . 5 . D r a w i n g F o r ma t . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 0
2. NOMENCLATURE ................................................................................................ 11
2.1. Drawing Title ................................................................................................. 11
2.2. Abbreviations ................................................................................................. 12
2.3. List of Material .............................................................................................. 14
2 . 3 . 1 . R e q u i r e me n t s o n t h e B o d y o f t h e D r a w i n g . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 4
2 . 3 . 2 . R e q u i r e me n t s i n t h e L i s t o f M a t e r i a l . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 4
2.4. Notes on Drawings .......................................................................................... 15
2 . 4 . 1 . S e c u r i t y C l a s s i f i c at i o n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 5
2.4.2. Note Location........................................................................................ 15
2 . 4 . 3 . N u mb e r i n g o f N o t e s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 6
2 . 4 . 4 . N o t e E x a mp l e s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 6
2 . 4 . 4 . 1 . D i me n s i o n N o t e s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 6
2.4.4.2. Heat Treating Notes.................................................................... 17
2 . 4 . 4 . 3 . J o i n i n g Me t h o d N o t e s ( w e l d i n g , b r a z i n g , e t c . ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 8
2.4.4.4. Plating and Coating Notes ........................................................... 18
2.4.4.5. Surface Preparation Notes ........................................................... 19
2.4.4.6. Testing and Inspection Notes ....................................................... 20
2.4.4.7. Threaded Inserts — Cleaning and Installation Notes ....................... 20
2.4.4.8. Miscellaneous Notes ................................................................... 21
2 . 4 . 4 . 9 . I n f o r ma t i o n a l N o t e s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 3
2.4.5. Local Character Notes ............................................................................ 23
2 . 4 . 6 . G e n e r a l D i me n s i o n a l T o l e r a n c e N o t e s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 3
2 . 5 . S p e c i f i c a t io n C a l l o u t s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 3
3. DRAFTING PRACTICES ....................................................................................... 25
3.1. General .......................................................................................................... 25
3.2. Lines ............................................................................................................. 25
3.2.1. Ink Lines and Plotted Lines .................................................................... 25
3.2.2. Pencil Lines .......................................................................................... 27
3.2.3. Types of Lines....................................................................................... 27
3.2.3.1. Center Lines .............................................................................. 27
3 . 2 . 3 . 2 . D i me n s i o n L i n e s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 8
3.2.3.3. Leaders ..................................................................................... 28
3.2.3.4. Break Lines ............................................................................... 28
3.2.3.5. Phantom Lines ........................................................................... 29
3.2.3.6. Sectioning Lines ........................................................................ 29
3.2.3.7. Extension Lines ......................................................................... 30
3.2.3.8. Hidden Lines ............................................................................. 30
3.2.3.9. Stitch Lines ............................................................................... 30
3.2.3.10. Outlines or Visible Lines........................................................... 30
3.2.3.11. Datum Lines ............................................................................ 30
3 . 2 . 3 . 1 2 . C u t t i n g - P l a n e / V ie w i n g - P l a n e L i n e s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 0
3 . 3 . L e t t e r i n g a n d N u me r a l s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 1
3.3.1. Style .................................................................................................... 31
3.3.2. Heights ................................................................................................. 32
3.4. Scale ............................................................................................................. 32
3.5. Positioning the Part on the Drawing .................................................................. 33

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viii ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL

3.5.1. Picturization ......................................................................................... 33


3.5.2. Sections ................................................................................................ 34
3.5.3. Views ................................................................................................... 36
3.5.4. Details.................................................................................................. 37
3 . 5 . 5 . I d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f S e ct i o n s , V i e w s , a n d D e t a i l s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 7
3 . 5 . 6 . L o c a t i n g S e c t i o n s, V i e w s , a n d D e t a i l s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 8
4. TYPES OF DRAWINGS ......................................................................................... 39
4.1. Altered or Selected Vendor Part Drawing .......................................................... 39
4 . 2 . A s s e mb l y D r a w i n g . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 0
4.3. Detail Drawing ............................................................................................... 41
4.4. Drawing Tree ................................................................................................. 42
4 . 5 . E l e c t r i c a l / E l e c tr o n i c D r a w i n g s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 3
4 . 5 . 1 . E l e c t r i c a l a n d E l e c t r o n i c S y mb o l s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 3
4 . 5 . 2 . E l e c t r i c a l a n d E l e c t r o n i c D i a g r a ms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 3
4 . 6 . I n s e p a r a b l e A s s e mb l y D r a w i n g . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 4
4 . 7 . I n s t a l l a t i o n A s s e mb l y D r a w i n g . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 5
4.8. Interface Control Drawing ............................................................................... 46
4.9. Matched-Set Drawing ...................................................................................... 48
4 . 1 0 . M e c h a n i c a l S c h e ma t i c . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 9
4.11. Modification Drawing .................................................................................... 51
4.12. Outline Drawing ........................................................................................... 51
4.13. Source Control Drawing ................................................................................. 53
4 . 1 4 . S p e c i f i c a t i o n Co n t r o l D r a w i n g . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 4
4.15. Standard Part Drawing ................................................................................... 56
4.16. Tabulated Drawing ........................................................................................ 56
4.17. Tooling Drawing ........................................................................................... 57
4 . 1 8 . C o mp o s i t e M a t e r i a l D r a w i n g . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 8
5. NUMBERING SYSTEM FOR DRAWINGS AND SUPPORTING DOCUMENTATION . 60
5 . 1 . P a r t N u mb e r i n g . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 1
5 . 2 . F i n d o r I t e m N u mb e r i n g . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 2
5.3. Order of Precedence of Specifications and Standards .......................................... 62
5.3.1. Group I ................................................................................................. 62
5.3.2. Group II ............................................................................................... 62
5.3.3. Group III .............................................................................................. 63
5.3.4. Group IV .............................................................................................. 63
5.3.5. Group V................................................................................................ 63
6. ENGINEERING ORDER ........................................................................................ 64
6 . 1 . G e n e r a l R e q u i r e me n t s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 4
6 . 2 . F o r ma t S a mp l e . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 4
7. DRAWING REVISIONS ......................................................................................... 68
7 . 1 . R e v i s i o n Me t h o d s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 8
7.2. Revision Identification .................................................................................... 68
7.3. Revision of Multisheet Drawings ...................................................................... 68
7.4. Revision Recording ......................................................................................... 68
7.5. Redrawn or Replaced Drawings ........................................................................ 70
8. PARTS LIST AND INDEX LIST ............................................................................. 71
8.1. Definitions ..................................................................................................... 71
8 . 2 . R e q u i r e me n t s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 1
8.2.1. List Preparation ..................................................................................... 71
8 . 2 . 2 . L i s t F o r ma t s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 2
8.2.3. Revision Identification ........................................................................... 72
8 . 2 . 4 . D e l e t i n g I t e ms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 2
8 . 2 . 5 . A d d i n g I t e ms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 2
8.3. Cover Sheet.................................................................................................... 72
8 . 3 . 1 . F o r ma t . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 2

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ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL ix

8.3.2. Entries.................................................................................................. 72
8 . 4 . P a r t s L i s t Co n t i n u a t i o n S h e e t . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 5
8 . 4 . 1 . F o r ma t . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 5
8.4.2. Entries.................................................................................................. 75
8 . 5 . I n d e x L i s t Co n t i n u a t i o n S h e e t . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 7
8 . 5 . 1 . F o r ma t . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 7
8.5.2. Entries.................................................................................................. 77
8 . 6 . F i n d o r I t e m N u mb e r S ys t e m o f I d e n t i f i c a t i o n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 9
8.6.1. Definition ............................................................................................. 79
8 . 6 . 2 . A p p l i c a t i o n a n d L i mi t a t i o n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 9
8 . 6 . 3 . D r a w i n g R e q u i r e me n t s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 0
8.7. List of Material .............................................................................................. 81
8 . 7 . 1 . F o r ma t . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 1
8.7.2. Entries.................................................................................................. 81
9. DOCUMENTATION MANAGEMENT ..................................................................... 82
9.1. Typical Drawing Flow for Flight Projects .......................................................... 82
9.2. Archiving....................................................................................................... 83
9 . 3 . C o mp u t e r - A i d e d D e s i g n D r a w i n g s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 3
9 . 3 . 1 . P r e s e n t a t i o n o f C o mp u t e r - G e n e r a t e d D a t a . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 3
9 . 3 . 2 . D e v e l o p i n g a n d U s i n g C o mp u t e r - G e n e r a t e d D r a w i n g s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 4
9.3.3. Specification Data ................................................................................. 84
1 0 . D E S I G N R E F E R E N C E S , S TA N D A R D S , A N D S P E C I F I C A T I O N S . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 5
1 0 . 1 . D i me n s i o n i n g a n d T o l e r a n c i n g . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 5
1 0 . 1 . 1 . D i me n s i o n i n g a n d T o l e r a n c i n g P r a c t i c e s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 5
1 0 . 1 . 2 . S t a t e me n t s o n D i me n s i o n i n g . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 5
1 0 . 2 . M e t r i c D i me n s i o n i n g . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 6
1 0 . 2 . 1 . S I U n i t s a n d S y mb o l s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 6
10.2.2. Unit Conversions ................................................................................. 89
1 0 . 2 . 2 . 1 . C o n v e r s i o n o f D i me n s i o n s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 9
10.2.2.2. Unit Rounding.......................................................................... 89
10.3. Design References ......................................................................................... 92
10.4. Control of Surface Roughness......................................................................... 93
10.4.1. Surface Texture ................................................................................... 93
1 0 . 4 . 2 . S u r f a c e T e x t u r e S y mb o l s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 3
10.4.3. Surface Texture Standards..................................................................... 93
10.5. Thread Specifications .................................................................................... 93
10.6. Welding—Fusion and Resistance ..................................................................... 95
10.6.1. General ............................................................................................... 95
1 0 . 6 . 2 . B a s i c W e l d S y mb o l s a n d T h e i r L o c a t i o n S i g n i f i c a n c e . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 5
10.7. Outgassing of Spacecraft Materials ................................................................. 95
10.8. Standards and Specifications Index ................................................................. 96
10.8.1. National Bureau of Standards ................................................................ 96
10.8.2. Federal ............................................................................................... 96
10.8.3. Industrial ............................................................................................ 97
10.8.4. Military .............................................................................................. 98
10.8.5. NASA ............................................................................................... 100
1 0 . 9 . S t a n d a r d s a n d S p e c i f i c at i o n s N u me r i c a l I n d e x . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 0 1
A P P E N D I X A . D E S I G N R EV I E W D O s A N D D O N ' T s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 0 7
INDEX.................................................................................................................... 110

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ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL 1

INTRODUCTION
T h is d r a w in g s ta n d a r d s ma n u a l e s ta b lis h e s th e c o n v e n tio n s to b e a d h e r e d to b y
e n g in e e r in g a n d d r a f tin g p e r s o n n e l in th e p r e p a r a tio n , r e v is io n , a n d c o mp le tio n o f
e n g i n e e r i n g d r a w i n g s . T h i s ma n u a l s e t s f o r t h t h e min i mu m r e q u i r e me n t s a c c e p t a b l e a t
G S F C f o r th e p r e p a r a tio n o f e n g in e e r in g d r a w in g s f o r f lig h t h a r d w a r e a n d g r o u n d
s u p p o r t s ys te ms . T h e r e q u ir e me n ts s p e c if ie d h e r e in a r e e s s e n tia l to th e s ta n d a r d iz a tio n
o f p r a c tic e s a n d to a u n if o r m in te r p r e ta tio n o f d r a w in g s .

A s ys te m, p a ylo a d , o r c o mp o n e n t a s s e mb ly s h a ll b e c o mp le te ly d e f in e d b y me a n s o f
d r a w in g s , in c lu d in g lis ts , s c h e ma tic s , w ir in g d ia g r a ms , a n d s p e c if ic a tio n s , to e n s u r e th a t
c o mp o n e n t s f a b r i c a t e d a r e i n a c c o r d a n c e w i t h t h e d e s i g n . T h e d o c u me n t a t i o n
i n f o r ma t i o n s h a l l s e r v e a s a p e r ma n e n t r e c o r d .

F l i g h t h a r d w a r e s h a l l b e f a b r i c a t e d i n a c c o r d a n c e w i t h t h e a p p r o v e d d e s i g n d o c u me n t s .
T h e s e d o c u me n t s s h a l l r e f l e c t t h e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s a n d a c c e p t a n c e c r i t e r i a f o r a l l
ma t e r i a l s , c o mp o n e n t / p a r t s , s u b s y s t e ms , a n d t h e c o mp l e t e s y s t e m. T h e a c c e p t a n c e
c r i t e r i a f o r p a r t s a n d ma t e r i a l s s h a l l b e s pe c i f i e d b y s t a n d a r d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s w h e n
applicable.

E n g in e e r in g d r a w in g s a r e d e f in e d a s th o s e d r a w in g s th a t c o mmu n ic a te th e r e q u ir e me n ts
f o r th e ma n u f a c tu r e o f th e e n d - p r o d u c t ite ms , th e ir a s s e mb ly, a n d th e ir in s ta lla tio n in th e
e n d p r o d u c t.

T h e e n g in e e r in g d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y G S F C d e s ig n p e r s o n n e l o r c o n tr a c to r s o n G S F C
d r a w in g f o r ma t u s in g G S F C d r a w in g n u mb e r s s h a ll b e k n o w n a s “ G o v e r n me n t D e s ig n
A c tiv ity D r a w in g s . ” P a r ts ma d e to th e s e d r a w in g s typ ic a lly w o u ld b e ma n u f a c tu r e d
th r o u g h th e F a b r ic a tio n E n g in e e r in g Br a n c h , E n g in e e r in g S e r v ic e s D iv is io n , G S F C.
“ C o n t r a c t o r D e s i g n A c t i v i t y D ra w i n g s ” ” ” ” ( w h i c h a r e a c o mp a n y 's d r a w i n g s b e a r i n g t h e
c o mp a n y n a me , a d d r e s s , f e d e r a l c o d e id e n tif ic a tio n , a n d d r a w in g n u mb e r ) s h o u ld b e u s e d
w h e n t h e c o mp a n y i s d e s i g n i n g a n d d e l i v e r in g t h e f i n i s h e d p r o d u ct i n a c c o r d a n c e w i t h
t h e t e r ms o f a N A S A c o n t r a c t .

The Design Activity shall be defined as an activity having responsibility for the design
o f a n i t e m o r s y s t e m. T h e a c t i v i t y ma y b e a g o v e r n me n t e n t i t y , a c o n t r a c t o r , a v e n d o r , o r
a n o th e r o r g a n iz a tio n s u c h a s a u n iv e r s ity.

A l t h o u g h g e n e r a l l y i n a c c o r d a n c e w i t h t h e D e p ar t me n t o f D e f e n s e a n d i n d u s t r y p r a c t i c e s
a n d p r o c e d u r e s , th is d r a w in g s ta n d a r d s man u a l d o e s c o n ta in s p e c if ic d if f e r e n c e s a n d
e x c e p t i o n s t o E n g in e e r in g D r a win g P r a c tic e s, MI L - S T D - 1 0 0 E . T h is ma n u a l, w h ile n o t
in te n d e d a s a ma n u a l o f in s tr u c tio n in th e b a s ic p r in c ip le s o f d r a f tin g , d o e s s e t f o r th th e
min i mu m r e q u i r e me n t s a c c e p t a b l e a t t h e G S F C. O n e o f t h o s e r e q u i r e me n t s i s t h a t
p e r s o n s e n g a g e d in th e p r e p a r a tio n o f d r a w in g s s h a ll h a v e a th o r o u g h u n d e r s ta n d in g o f
th e f u n d a me n ta ls o f d r a f tin g a n d g e o me tr ic a l d ime n s io n in g a n d to le r a n c in g ( in
a c c o r d a n c e w i t h A N S I Y 1 4 . 5 M - 1 9 8 2 , D im e n s io n in g a n d T o le r a n c in g ) in o r d e r to
p r o d u c e in te r p r e ta b le d r a w in g s .

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ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL 3

1. DRAWING ELEMENTS

1.1. Drawing Sizes


T h e f o llo w in g ta b le d e f in e s th e s ta n d a r d d r a w in g s iz e s , a n d th e ir le tte r
d e s ig n a tio n s to b e u s e d a t G S F C:

Letter Sheet Width Sheet Length Margin


Designation (inches) (inches) (inches)
B 11 17 3/8
C 17 22 1/2
D 22 34 1/2
E 34 44 1/2
F 28 40 1/2
J 34 48 to 144(a) 1/2(b)

Notes:
( a ) L e n g th s f o r “ J ” r o l l s i z e t o b e i n l l - i n c h i n c r e me n t s .
( b ) N o t in c lu s iv e o f a d d e d p r o te c tiv e ma r g in s o f a t le a s t 2 in c h e s o n b o th e n d s o f
roll size drawings.

1.2. Multisheet Drawings


M u l t i s h e e t d r a w i n g s a r e p e r mi t t e d i n a l l s i z e s .

a . T h e f i r s t s h e e t o f a mu l t i s h e e t d r a w i n g s h a l l a l w a y s c o n ta i n t h e c o mp l e t e T i t l e
b lo c k , L is t o f Ma te r ia l, Re v is io n Blo c k , a n d g e n e r a l n o te s .

b . A l l s h e e t s o f mu l t i s h e e t d r a w i n g s s h a l l b e o f t h e s a me l e t t e r s i z e . U s e o f
mu l t i s h e e t d r a w i n g s s h a l l b e f o u n d t o b e a d v a n t a g e o u s f o r c e r t a i n t y p e s o f
s c h e ma tic s a n d d ia g r a ms .

c. T h e s h e e ts o f “ J ” s iz e d r a w in g s ma y b e a n y o f th e a b o v e - n o te d le n g th s a n d
ma y b e in te r mix e d in d if f e r e n t le n g th s .

d . S h e e t n u mb e r in g f o r a ll f ir s t s h e e ts s h a ll in c lu d e th e to ta l n u mb e r o f s h e e ts ,
a s “ S H E E T 1 O F 1 , ” “ S H E E T 1 O F 2 , ” e tc . N u mb e r i n g o f c o n t i n u a t i o n s h e e t s
s h a l l b e l i mi t e d t o s t a t i n g t h e s p e c i f i c s h e e t n u mb e r ( e . g . , “ S H E E T 2 , ”
“ S H E E T 3 ” ) w i t h o u t s p e c i f y i n g t h e t o t a l n u mb e r o f s h e e t s .

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4 ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL

1.3. Zoning
V e r tic a l a n d h o r iz o n ta l z o n in g ma y b e u s e d if n e c e s s a r y to p r o v id e o r ie n ta tio n to
t h e f i e l d o f d r a w i n g s . Z o n in g i s ma n d a t o r y f o r mu l t i s h e e t d r a w i n g s “ D ” s i z e a n d
l a r g e r a n d s i n g l e - s h e e t d r a w i n g s “ E ” s i z e an d l a r g e r . Z o n e s s h a l l b e i d e n t i f i e d b y
a l p h a b e t i c a l ( u p p e r c a s e ) a n d n u me r i c a l e n t r i e s i n t h e mar g i n s p a c e s a s i n d i c a t e d
in F ig u r e 1 . Z o n e s iz e s s h a ll b e 8 ½ in c h e s ( w id th ) b y 1 1 in c h e s ( le n g th ) f o r “ E ”
and “J” size, 7 inches (width) by 10 inches (length) for “F” size, and 5½ inches
(width) by 8½ inches (length) for “D” size.

SECURITY CLASSIFICATION

5 4 3 2 1
REVISION NOTES

HORIZONTAL ZONE
IDENTIFICATION NUMBERED
FROM RIGHT-HAND EDGE
DRAWING NUMBER ON REVERSE

FOR PROTECTION OF ROLL-SIZE DRAWINGS


SIDE FOR ROLL-SIZE DRAWINGS

PREFERRED

APPROX. 2-INCH ADDITIONAL MARGIN


LOCATION OF
FOR PROTECTION OF ROLL-SIZE DRAWINGS

GENERAL NOTES

DRAWING NUMBER ON REVERSE


SIDE FOR ROLL-SIZE DRAWINGS
D D
APPROX. 2-INCH ADDITIONAL MARGIN

ALTERNATE
VERTICAL ZONE IDENTIFICATION LOCATION OF
C ALPHABETICALLY LETTERED GENERAL NOTES C
FROM BOTTOM EDGE

B B

SECURITY NOTATION (IF REQUIRED)

A A
TITLE BLOCK

5 4 3 2 1

SECURITY CLASSIFICATION

Figure 1: Format for B, C, D, E, F, and J Size Drawings

1.4. Title Block and Revision Block


T i t l e b lo c k s a n d r e v is i o n b lo c k s s h a l l b e p r e p a r e d a n d c o mp l e t e d a s f o l l o w s :
T h e T i t l e b lo c k o f s i n g le - s h e e t d r a w i n g s , f i r s t s h e e t s o f mu l t i s h e e t d r a w i n g s , a n d
r e v is io n b lo c k s s h a ll a p p e a r a s s h o w n in e ith e r F ig u r e 2 a o n p a g e 5 ( d ime n s io n a l
s y s t e m/ i n c h e s ) o r F i g u r e 2 b o n p a g e 6 ( d i me n s i o n a l s y s t e m/ mi l l i me t e r s ) . T h e
i n f o r ma t i o n r e q u ir e d i n t h e T i t l e b lo c k s h a l l b e a s s p e c i f i e d o r r e f e r e n c e d b y
i t e ms 1 t h r o u g h 2 8 , b e l o w . T h e T i t l e b lo c k o f c o n t i n u a t i o n s h e e t s f o r mu l t i s h e e t
d r a w in g s s h a ll c o n ta in in f o r ma tio n lis te d in ite ms 1 , 2 , a n d 4 th r o u g h 1 1 .

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ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL 5

REVISION

SYM ZONE DESCRIPTION DATE APPROVAL

24 25 26 27 28

FOLD
LINE
24

REV
1

13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2

14 15 18 19 20 21 22 23

GD
ITEM REQD REQD PART NO. DESCRIPTION MATERIAL MATERIAL SPEC & NO.

NO
LIST OF MATERIAL
UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED - DIMENSIONS ARE IN INCHES
NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND
TOLERANCES: SPACE ADMINISTRATION
Goddard Space Flight Center GREENBELT, MARYLAND

.XX .XXX FRACTIONS


125
±.02 ±.005 ±1° ±1/16 NAME INIT DATE
DRAWING INTERPRETED PER GSFC-X673-64-1
DESIGNER
REMOVE ALL BURRS AND SHARP EDGES R .010 OR CHAMFER MAX.

FLIGHT HARDWARE/POST FAB HARDNESS TEST REQ'D DRAWN TITLE

HARDNESS TEST NOT REQUIRED NON FLIGHT


16
TEST HARDNESS PER ASTM E-18, LOCATION OPTIONAL CHECKED

TEST HARDNESS PER ASTM E-18 WHERE INDICATED


ON FIELD OF DRAWING THUS APPROVED

NO NON-DESTRUCTIVE EXAMINATION (NDE) REQ'D


APPROVED
NDE REQUIRED PER S-313-009 CODE

APPROVED-STRESS REV
THIS DRAWING WAS PRODUCED USING

SOFTWARE: VERSION:
APPROVED-ENGINEER
GD
FILE NAME: NEXT ASSY USED ON CODE SCALE WT.
SH

FOLD
LINE

Figure 2a: Sample “Title and Revision Block” (Enlarged View)


for Dimensional System/Inches

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6 ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL

REVISION

SYM ZONE DESCRIPTION DATE APPROVAL

24 25 26 27 28

FOLD

LINE
24

REV
1

13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2

14 15 18 19 16 20 21 22 23 24

GD
17
REQD REQD PART NO DESCRIPTION MATERIAL MATERIAL SPEC & NO
ITEM

NO
LIST OF MATERIAL

FLIGHT HARDWARE/POST FAB HARDNESS TEST REQ'D NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND


METRIC SPACE ADMINISTRATION Goddard Space Flight Center GREENBELT, MARYLAND
HARDNESS TEST NOT REQUIRED NON FLIGHT

TEST HARDNESS PER ASTM E-18, LOCATION OPTIONAL NAME INIT DATE
HYBRID DRAWING INTERPRETED PER GSFC-X673-64-1
TEST HARDNESS PER ASTM E-18 WHERE INDICATED
METRIC/INCH DESIGNER
ON FIELD OF DRAWING THUS
THIRD ANGLE PROJECTION
DRAWN TITLE
NON-DESTRUCTIVE EXAMINATION (NDE) NOT REQD
NDE REQUIRED PER S-313-009 CODE
CHECKED
UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED
DIMENSION ARE IN MM THIS DRAWING WAS PRODUCED USING
SOFTWARE: VERSION: MECHANICAL ENGINEER
DIMENSION TOLERANCES
3.2 FILE NAME:
2 DECIMAL ±0.25
SYSTEMS ENGINEER
1 DECIMAL ±0.5 FINISH
DECIMAL ±1 IN
ANGLE ±1° ELECTRICAL ENGINEER REV
MICRO-
RAD/CHAM ±0.5 METERS

STRESS ENGINEER
GD
REMOVE ALL BURRS AND SHARP
NEXT ASSY USED ON CODE SCALE WT SH
EDGES R 0.25 OR CHAMFER MAX
FOLD

LINE

Figure 2b: Sample “Title and Revision Block” (Enlarged View)


for Dimensional System/Millimeters

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ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL 7

1 DRAWING NO.: See page 60.

2 “SH OF ” : E n t e r s h e e t n u mb e r a s a p p l ic a b l e . I n d i c a t e t o t a l s h e e t s o n l y
on sheet 1.

3 W T : E n te r u n it w e ig h t c a lc u la te d a t time o f d e s ig n if r e q u ir e d .

4 T I T L E : S e e p a r a g r a p h 2 . 1 o n p a g e 1 1 f o r s e le c tio n a n d a r r a n g e me n t o f
drawing title. See paragraph 3.3.2 on page 32 for drawing title size.

5 S C A L E : E n te r s c a le . S e e p a r a g r a p h 3 . 4 o n p a g e 3 2 f o r s e le c tio n o f s c a le .

6 CODE: For drawings prepared by the Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC)
w ith a n o f f ic ia l G S F C d r a w in g n u mb e r , e n te r th e th r e e - d ig it G S F C c o d e
id e n tif yin g th e g r o u p r e s p o n s ib le f o r th e d r a w in g .

F o r d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y a c o n tr a c to r w ith a c o n tr a c to r d r a w in g n u mb e r a n d
f o r ma t, th e c o n tr a c to r 's c o d e n u mb e r f r o m th e Co mme r c ia l a n d G o v e r n me n t
E n t i t y ( C A G E ) P u b l i c a t i o n H 4 / H 8 ( f o r me r l y F e d e r a l S u p p ly Co d e fo r
M a n u fa c tu r e r s ( F S C M ) H 4 a n d F e d e r a l S u p p ly Co d e s fo r No n - M a n u fa c tu r e r s
( F S C N M) H 8 ) s h a l l a p p e a r .

7 DATE: Enter date of initials.

8 D E S I G N E R : E n t e r d e s i g n e r ' s p r i n t e d n a me a n d i n i t i a l s .

9 D R A W N : E n te r d r a f ts ma n 's p r in te d n a me o r if d r a w n b y th e d e s ig n e r , th e
d e s ig n e r ’ s p r in te d n a me ma y b e r e p e a te d .

1 0 C H E C K E D : E n t e r d e s i g n a n a l y s t ' s p r i n t e d n a me . T h i s n a me s h a l l b e a n
in d e p e n d e n t n a me f r o m a ll o th e r n a me s o n th e d r a w in g . I t r e p r e s e n ts th a t th e
d r a w in g h a s b e e n c h e c k e d a g a in s t th e p a r a me te r s o f th is d r a w in g ma n u a l a n d ,
w h e r e p o s s i b le , t o f o r m, f i t , f u n c t i o n , a n d f e a s i b i l i t y . T h e c h e c k e r mu s t h a v e
a th o r o u g h u n d e r s ta n d in g o f th e me th o d s a n d p r a c tic e s o f g e o me tr ic
tolerancing and be able to specify such practices in accordance with ANSI
S ta n d a r d Y 1 4 . 5 M- 1 9 8 2 , D im e n s io n in g a n d T o le r a n c in g .

1 1 A P P R O V E D : E n te r th e p r in te d n a me s o f G S F C p e r s o n n e l a s s ig n e d to a p p r o v e
th e d r a w in g . P r o j e c t r e q u ir e me n ts f o r d r a w in g n a me s s h a ll v a r y f r o m p r o g r a m
t o p r o g r a m, b u t e a c h n a me s h a l l b e i d e n t i f i e d . F o r e x a mp l e , a f t e r e a c h
a p p r o v a l n a me , n o te th e f o llo w in g : “ E N G ” f o r e n g in e e r , “ S T RE S S ” f o r s tr e s s
e n g in e e r , “ Q A ” f o r q u a l i t y a s s u r a n c e e n g in e e r , “ M A T L ” f o r ma t e r i a l s
e n g i n e e r , “ E L E C ” f o r e l e c t r ic a l e n g i n e e r , e t c . A l l n a me s i n l i n e i t e ms 8
t h r o u g h 1 1 mu s t b e l e g i b l e . T h e h a n d -w r i t t e n i n i t i a l s o n t h e p a p e r o r i g i n a l
a r e t h e o f f i c i a l a p p r o v a l o f t h a t d o c u me n t .

1 2 U S E D O N : E n te r a c r o n ym n a me o f p r o g r a m a n d a c r o n ym n a me o f s u b s ys te m
o r e x p e r ime n t w h e r e a p p lic a b le .

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8 ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL

1 3 N E X T A S S Y : E n t e r d r a w i n g n u mb e r o n w h i c h t h e p a r t i s n e x t u t i l i z e d ,
mo d if ie d , o r a s s e mb le d . I n th e c a s e o f to o lin g d r a w in g s , in th e N e x t
A s s e mb ly b lo c k r e f e r to a g e n e r a l n o te th a t s ta te s “ T h is d r a w in g is u s e d to
f a b r ic a te ( d r a w in g n u mb e r ) . ” I n s ta lla tio n d r a w in g s s h o u ld r e f le c t a to p
c o n f ig u r a tio n d r a w in g n u mb e r a s th e n e x t a s s e mb ly. W h e n a c o n f ig u r a tio n
d r a w in g is n o t b e in g p r o d u c e d , th e in s ta lla tio n d r a w in g s h a ll in d ic a te b y n o te
“ T h e in s ta lla tio n f o r ms a p a r t o f th e c o n f ig u r a tio n f o r p r o g r a m ( p r o j e c t
n a me ) . ”

1 4 E X A MI N A T I O N : T h e a p p r o p r i a t e “ N o n - D e s t r u c t i v e E x a mi n a t i o n ( N D E )
Re q u ir e d ” b lo c k s h a ll b e c h e c k e d o f f , an d th e a d d itio n o f th e a p p lic a b le c o d e
o r “ s e e n o te X X ” s h a ll b e a d d e d w h e r e r e q u ir e d . Re f e r to T e s tin g a n d
I n s p e c tio n N o te s o f th e g e n e r a l n o te s s e c tio n p a r a g r a p h 2 . 4 . 4 . 6 o n p a g e 2 0 .

1 5 F L I G H T H A R D W A R E a n d H A R D N E S S T E S T I N G : T h e F lig h t H a r d w a r e b lo c k
mu s t b e c h e c k e d o f f w h e n th e p a r t is u s e d in a c tu a l f lig h t c o n f ig u r a tio n s . T h e
a p p r o p r ia te H a r d n e s s T e s tin g b lo c k s h a ll b e c h e c k e d o f f r e g a r d l e s s o f w h e t h e r
th e p a r t is f lig h t h a r d w a r e o r n o t.

1 6 O n CA D - p r o d u c e d d r a w in g s , a d d a 3 . 5 - in c h - lo n g b y 0 . 8 8 - in c h - h ig h b lo c k a s
follows:

THIS DRAWING WAS PRODUCED USING:

SO F T W A R E: (a) VER SIO N : (b)

F IL EN A M E: (c)

Notes:
( a ) S o f t w a r e u s e d ( e x a mp l e : “ A U T O C A D ” )
( b ) V e r s i o n o f s o f t w ar e ( e x a mp le : “ 1 0 c 7 ” )
( c ) F ile n a me ( e x a mp le : “ G S F C1 2 3 4 ” )

1 7 ME T R I C / H Y B R I D ME T R I C - I N C H : A d d “ X ” t o t yp e o f d r a w i n g b l o c k . A A A A

1 8 I T E M N O . : E n te r ite m n u mb e r s w h e n mo r e th a n o n e typ e o f ma te r ia l o r p a r t is
r e q u ir e d , a n d c o o r d in a te d r a w in g c a llo u ts o n th e d r a w in g f ie ld . P a r ts ma d e o f
th e s a me ma te r ia l, c o n d itio n , a n d s p e c if ic a tio n s h a ll b e a s s ig n e d o n ly o n e ite m
n u mb e r , e v e n th o u g h th e p a r t ma y b e r e q u ir e d in v a r io u s s iz e s a n d
t h i c k n e s s e s . T h e q u a n t i t y f o r s u c h i t e ms i n t h e L i s t o f M a t e r i a l ( L / M ) s h a l l b e
s t a t e d a s “ A / R ” w i t h t h e s p e c i f i c s i z e s s pe lle d o u t in th e f ie ld o f th e d r a w in g .
Re f e r to F ig u r e 3 o n p a g e 1 0 , F ig u r e 3 4 o n p a g e 8 0 , a n d S e c tio n 8 . 6 , F in d o r
I te m N u mb e r S ys te m o f I d e n tif ic a tio n , o n p a g e 7 9 . D o n o t s k ip ite m n u mb e r s
o n n e w d r a w in g s .

1 9 R E Q D : E n t e r q u a n t i t y o f p a r t s r e q u ir e d o n ly f o r t h e p a r t s o f a n i n s e p a r a b le
a s s e mb ly o r a s s e mb ly d r a w in g .

20 P A R T N O . : E n te r id e n tif yin g p a r t n u mb e r s w h e n r e q u ir e d ( G o v e r n me n t,
c o n tr a c to r , v e n d o r , o r o th e r ) . O n n e w d r a w in g s , g r o u p lik e ite ms to g e th e r .

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ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL 9

21 D E S C R I P T I O N : E n t e r ma t e r i a l d e s c r i p t i o n ( p l a t e , e t c . ) o r a p a r t n a me t i t l e i f
it is a n o th e r d r a w in g . E n c lo s e r e f e r e n c e i n f o r ma t i o n s u c h a s f a s t e n e r s i z e s i n
brackets.

22 M A T E R I A L : E n t e r t h e ma t e r i a l f r o m w h i c h t h e p a r t i s f a b r i c a t e d . E x a mp le s :
“AL ALY”; “CRES”; “BE CU.”

2 3 M A T E R I A L S P E C . : E n t e r t h e a p p l i c a b l e ma t e r i a l s p e c i f i c a t i o n s , n u mb e r , a n d
f in a l c o n d itio n . E x a mp le s : “ Q Q - A - 2 5 0 /1 1 6 0 6 1 - T 6 ” f o r A L A L Y p la te ;
“ASTM A582 303 COND A” for CRES bar.

T h e in f o r ma tio n r e q u ir e d in th e r e v is io n b lo c k s h a ll b e a s s p e c if ie d o r
r e f e r e n c e d b y i t e ms 2 4 t h r o u g h 2 8 , b el o w , a n d i n a c c o r d a n c e w i t h “ D r a w i n g
Re v is io n s , ” p a r a g r a p h 7 , p a g e 6 8 .

2 4 R E V I S I O N S - S Y M: E n te r r e v is io n s ymb o l.

25 REVISIONS - ZONE: Enter zone (where used).

2 6 R E V I S I O N S - D E S C R I P T I O N : E n te r d e s c r ip tio n o f th e r e v is io n ( r e f e r to
S e c tio n 7 , “ D r a w in g Re v is io n s ” ) .

2 7 R E V I S I O N S - D A T E : E n te r d a te a p p r o v e d b y a u th o r iz e d s ig n e r ( s ) in b lo c k .

2 8 R E V I S I O N S - A P P R O V A L : E n te r s ig n a tu r e o f G S F C p e r s o n a s s ig n e d to
a p p r o v e . I f c h a n g e w a s b y a p p r o v e d E O , d r a w in g o n ly n e e d s a p p r o v a l o f th e
d r a f ts ma n o r p e r s o n in c o r p o r a tin g th e c h a n g e , a n d th e c h e c k e r . I f c h a n g e s
ma d e a r e n o t c o v e r e d b y a n E O , th e n a p p r o v a l mu s t in c lu d e th e e n g in e e r .

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10 ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL

DETAIL DRAWING
WIRE BE CU QQ-C-530, COND 1/2 HT
ITEM
REQD PART NO. DESCRIPTION MATERIAL MATERIAL SPEC & NO.
NO.

DETAIL SHOWN & OPPOSITE DRAWING


-2 BAR OPPOSITE AL ALY QQ-A-225/8 6061-T6

-1 BAR SHOWN AL ALY QQ-A-225/8 6061-T6


ITEM
REQD PART NO. DESCRIPTION MATERIAL MATERIAL SPEC & NO.
NO.

INSEPARABLE ASSEMBLY DRAWING


2 2 MS21209C0415 INSERT (4-40 UNC x .168 LG) SEE NOTE 1
1 1 PLATE AL ALY QQ-A-250/11 6061-T6
ITEM
REQD PART NO. DESCRIPTION MATERIAL MATERIAL SPEC & NO.
NO.

INSEPARABLE ASSEMBLY DRAWING


2 3 MS21209C0415 INSERT (4-40 UNC x .168 LG) SEE NOTE 1

1 A/R PLATE AL ALY QQ-A-250/11 6061-T6


GD1000001 PLATE ASSY
ITEM
REQD PART NO. DESCRIPTION MATERIAL MATERIAL SPEC & NO.
NO.

ASSEMBLY DRAWING
4 3 3 MS51957-12 SCREW (4-40 UNC 2A x .187 LENGTH) CRES
3 2 2 GD1003451 BLOCK

2 1 GC1003467-2 PLATE
1 1 GC1003467-1 PLATE
GE1002500-2 PADDLE ASSEMBLY OPPOSITE

GE1002500-1 PADDLE ASSEMBLY SHOWN


ITEM
REQD REQD PART NO. DESCRIPTION MATERIAL MATERIAL SPEC & NO.
NO.

Notes:
(a) Paint, adhesives, and protective coatings shall appear in note form.
(b) Hardware shall appear in List of Material with required quantity.
(c) “A/R” shall be used in REQD column when same material (same material
specification and condition) appears more than once in different sizes in
the field of the drawing.
(d) “A/R” may be used to indicate large quantities of rivets.
(e) A material specification shall only appear once in the List of Material
unless material conditions vary or a Shown and Opposite part is
required. Sheet and plate shall not be listed as separate items.

Figure 3: Examples of “List of Material”

1.5. Drawing Format


T h e d r a w in g f o r ma t f o r th e d r a w in g s iz e s lis te d o n p a g e 3 , in c lu d in g z o n in g ,
d r a w in g n u mb e r s , s e c u r ity c la s s if ic a tio n , e tc . , is s h o w n in F ig u r e 1 , p a g e 4 .

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ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL 11

2. NOMENCLATURE

2.1. Drawing Title


G e n e r a l i n f o r ma t i o n f o r t h e s e l e c t i o n o r d e v e l o p me n t o f a d r a w i n g t i t l e i s a s
follows:

a. The title should be as brief as possible but should contain sufficient


in f o r ma tio n to c a te g o r iz e th e p a r t p r o p e r ly a n d to d is tin g u is h it f r o m o th e r
s i mi l a r p a r t s .

b. The drawing title shall consist of the following:

1 . I d e n tif yin g n o u n o r n o u n p h r a s e .

2 . T h e mo s t s ig n if ic a n t mo d if ie r o r mo d if yin g p h r a s e .

3 . T h e n e x t mo s t s ig n if ic a n t mo d if ie r o r mo d if yin g p h r a s e .

T h e n o u n o r n o u n p h r a s e e s ta b lis h e s a b a s ic c o n c e p t o f a n ite m. T h e
mo d i f i e r s s e r v e t o n a r r o w t h e a r e a o f c o n c e p t e s ta b lis h e d b y th e b a s ic n a me .
A mo d if ie r is s e p a r a te d f r o m th e n o u n o r n o u n p h r a s e b y a c o mma a n d f r o m
a n y p r e c e d i n g mo d i f i e r b y a c o mma . T h e t y p e d e s i g n a t o r a n d / o r a n y
a d d itio n a l mo d if ie r s r e q u ir e d to f u r th e r id e n tif y a n ite m a r e s e p a r a te d f r o m
the first part of the title by a dash. Where applicable, the word “ASSEMBLY”
s h a ll b e u s e d a s th e la s t w o r d o f th e n o u n p h r a s e .

EXAMPLES:

“ B e a m, H o i s t i n g , G u i d e d M i s s i l e ”

“ C o v e r , P r o t e c t i v e , R o c k e t M o t o r—Fo r w a r d S e c t i o n ”

“ Ca b in e t, E le c tr ic a l E q u ip me n t—CY - 1 4 7 ”

“ T r a n s p o r t a t i o n—Do l l y A s s e mb l y , E a r t h S a t e l l i t e ”

c. T h e n o u n , o r n o u n p h r a s e , is n e v e r a b b r e v ia te d . A b b r e v ia tio n s a r e u s e d in th e
mo d i f i e r s o n l y w h e n s p a c e i s l i mi t e d . W h e n u s e d , a b b r e v i a t i o n s s h a l l c o n f o r m
to A b b r e v ia tio n s , p a r a g r a p h 2 . 2 o n p a g e 1 2 .

d . W h e n o n e d r a w in g s u p e r s e d e s a n o th e r , th e n e w d r a w in g , w h e n p r a c tic a l, h a s
t h e s a me t i t l e .

e . P a r e n th e s e s a r e n o t u s e d t o e n c l o s e a n y p o r t i o n o f t h e d r a w i n g t i t l e .

f. P r o g r a m n a me s ( o r a b b r e v ia tio n s ) s h o u ld b e a d d e d to th e “ U s e d O n ” b lo c k a n d
n o t t h e T i t l e b lo c k ; e x c e p t i o n s a r e o n t h e f i n a l o r t o p a s s e mb l y d r a w i n g .

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12 ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL

2.2. Abbreviations
T h e p u r p o s e o f th is s e c tio n is to p r o v id e a lis t o f a u th o r iz e d a b b r e v ia tio n s f o r u s e
o n d r a w in g s a n d a s s o c ia te d d o c u me n ts . W h e n u s e d , a b b r e v ia tio n s a n d a c r o n yms
shall be in accordance with GSFC STD-256-WE-1 and MIL-STD-12 (in that order
of precedence).

a. Uppercase Gothic letters shall be used.

b . A b b r e v ia tio n s f o r w o r d c o mb in a tio n s ( e . g . , MMC—Ma x imu m Ma te r ia l


Co n d itio n ) s h a ll b e u s e d a s s u c h a n d s h a ll n o t b e s e p a r a te d f o r u s e s in g ly.
S i n g l e a b b r e v i a t i o n s ma y b e c o mb i n e d w h e n n e c e s s a r y .

c. T h e s a me a b b r e v ia tio n s h a ll b e u s e d f o r a l l t e n s e s , t h e p o s s e s s i v e c a s e a n d t h e
s in g u la r a n d p lu r a l f o r ms o f a g iv e n w o r d .

d . A b b r e v i a t i o n s s h o u l d b e u s e d o n l y t o s a v e s p a c e o r t i me , b u t n e v e r a t t h e
e x p e n s e o f c la r ity.

e . P e r i o d s s h a l l b e u s e d w i t h a b b r e v i a t i o n s t h a t s p e l l e n t i r e w o r d s t o p r o v id e
c la r ity a n d to a v o id mis in te r p r e ta tio n .

T h e f o l l o w i n g a b b r e v i a t i o n s a r e a c c e p t a b le t o u s e a n d a r e “ i n d u s t r y - r e l a t e d ”
a s s o c ia tio n s n o t f o u n d in G S F C S T D - 2 5 6 - W E - 1 o r MI L - S T D - 1 2 .

A F BMA A n ti- F r ic tio n Be a r in g Ma n u f a c tu r e r s A s s o c ia tio n , I n c .


1 1 0 1 Co n n e c tic u t A v e n u e , N W
S u ite 7 0 0
W a s h in g to n , D C 2 0 0 3 6

AGMA A me r i c a n G e a r M a n u f a c t u r e r s A s s o c i a t i o n , I n c .
1 5 0 0 K in g S tr e e t
S u ite 2 0 1
A r lin g to n , V A 2 2 3 1 4

ANSI A me r i c a n N a t i o n a l S t a n d a r d I n s t i t u t e
1 4 3 0 Br o a d w a y
New York, NY 10018

ASME A me r i c a n S o c i e t y o f M e c h a n i c a l E n g i n e e r s
3 4 5 E . 4 7 th S tr e e t
New York, NY 10017

ASTM A me r i c a n S o c i e t y f o r T e s tin g a n d Ma te r ia ls
1916 Race Street
P h ila d e lp h ia , P A 1 9 1 0 3

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ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL 13

AWS A me r i c a n W e l d i n g S o c i e t y , I n c .
5 5 0 N . W . L e d e u n e Ro a d
P . O . Bo x 3 5 1 0 4 0
Mia mi, F L 3 3 1 3 5

IEEE I n s t i t u t e o f E l e c t r i c a l an d E l e c t r o n i c E n g i n e e r s , I n c .
445 Hose Lane
P . O . Bo x 1 3 3 1
P is c a ta w a y, N J 0 8 8 5 5 - 1 3 3 1

ISO I n te r n a tio n a l O r g a n iz a tio n f o r S ta n d a r d iz a tio n /


( O r g a n i s a t i o n I n t e r n a t i o n a l e d e N o r ma l i s a t i o n )
1 , r u e d e V a r e mb é
1211 Geneve 20
S w i t z e r l a n d /S u i s s e

NEMA National Electrical Manufacturers Association


2 1 0 1 L S tr e e t, N W
W a s h in g to n , D C 2 0 0 3 7

NSA N a tio n a l S ta n d a r d s A s s o c ia tio n , I n c .


1 2 0 0 Q u in c e O r c h a r d Blv d
G a ith e r s b u r g , MD 2 0 8 7 8

NAS A e r o s p a c e I n d u s t r i e s A s s o c i a t i o n o f A me r i c a , I n c .
1 2 5 0 I S tr e e t, N W
W a s h in g to n , D C 2 0 0 0 5

SAE S o c i e t y o f A u t o mo t i v e E n g i n e e r s , I n c .
4 0 0 Co mmo n w e a lth D r iv e
W a r r e n d a le , P A 1 5 0 9 6

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14 ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL

2.3. List of Material


2.3.1. Requirements on the Body of the Drawing

E a c h p a r t l i s t e d i n t h e L i s t o f M a t e r i a l ( P a r t s L i s t ) mu s t b e
id e n tif ie d a t le a s t o n c e b y a n I te m ( F in d ) N u mb e r o n th e b o d y o f
th e d r a w in g ( e x c e p t s in g le ite m d r a w in g s a n d s h o w n a n d o p p o s ite
ite m d r a w in g s ) .

Note:
P a r t s s h a l l b e b r a c k e t e d , i n d i c at i n g r e f e r e n c e , w h e n t h e y a r e
id e n tif ie d b y n u mb e r a n d a r e n o t n o te d in th e L is t o f Ma te r ia l.
S u c h p a r ts a r e s h o w n in p h a n to m. Re p e a te d ite m n u mb e r s s h a ll b e
indicated as reference either within brackets or by the word “REF.”

2.3.2. Requirements in the List of Material

a . T h e L i s t o f M a t e r i a l i s a l i s t o f a l l p a r t s a n d ma t e r i a l s c a l l e d
o u t o n th e d r a w in g . S e e F ig u r e 3 o n p a g e 1 0 .

b . T h e q u a n t i t y o f p a r t s n o te d i n t h e L i s t o f M a t e r i a l i s t h e n u mb e r
r e q u ir e d t o c o mp l e t e t h e n o te d a s s e mb l y .

c. W h e n a n e w d r a w in g is ma d e , a ll p a r ts in th e L is t o f Ma te r ia l
s h o u ld b e g r o u p e d a s to typ e , s u c h a s d a s h n u mb e r ( f o r s h o w n
a n d o p p o s ite a s s e mb lie s ) , G S F C d r a w in g s ( f o r d e ta ile d p a r ts ) ,
MS p a r ts , N A S p a r ts , e tc . , a n d lis te d in th is s e q u e n c e .

d . Q u a n t i t i e s o f B u l k I t e ms a n d p l a c e me n t : r e f e r t o n o t e s ( a )
th r o u g h ( e ) o n F ig u r e 3 o n p a g e 1 0 .

e. P r e f e r r e d p a r ts lis ts f o r p a r ts , ma te r ia ls , a n d p r o c e s s e s c a n b e
f o u n d in a n u n o f f ic ia l p u b lic a tio n a v a ila b le f o r v ie w in g in th e
Mechanical Engineering Branch. The “Design Selection Guide”
c o n ta in s a w id e r a n g e o f h a r d w a r e , ma te r ia ls , d e s ig n s ta n d a r d s ,
a n d p r o c e s s e s . I t s h a l l b e n o te d t h a t n o t a l l o f t h e i t e ms i n t h i s
reference guide are rated for space flight use.

Note:
A ll f a s te n e r s u s e d in f lig h t h a r d w a r e a n d c r itic a l n u ts a n d b o lts
u s e d o n g r o u n d s u p p o r t e q u ip me n t, in c lu d in g a ll f lig h t/G S E
i n t e r f a c e s , mu s t me e t t h e s p e c i f i c a t i o n G S F C F a s t e n e r I n t e g r i t y
R e q u ir e m e n ts, G S F C S - 3 1 3 - 1 0 0 , Ma te r ia ls Br a n c h , O f f ic e o f
F lig h t A s s u r a n c e .

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ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL 15

2.4. Notes on Drawings


I n f o r ma tio n o th e r th a n p ic to r ia l v ie w s a n d d ime n s io n s n e c e s s a r y f o r c o mp le tin g a
d r a w i n g i s c l a s s i f i e d a s “ n o t e s . ” T h e tw o typ e s o f n o te f o r ms a r e G e n e r a l N o te s
a n d L o c a l C h a r a c t e r N o t e s . N o t es o n a d r a w i n g t a k e p r e c e d e n c e o v e r
s p e c if ic a tio n r e q u ir e me n ts ; h e n c e , n o te s c o n f lic tin g w ith r e f e r e n c e d
specifications shall not be placed on a drawing unless they are necessary for
d e v ia tio n s f r o m c e r ta in p r o v is io n s o f th e s p e c if ic a tio n .

2.4.1. Security Classification

The security classification “Top Secret,” “Secret,” or


“ Co n f id e n tia l” s h a ll b e lo c a te d o n th e d r a w in g a s n o te d in F ig u r e 1
on page 4.

E a c h s h e e t o f a mu l t i s h e e t d r a w i n g s h a l l b e i n d iv id u a l l y c l a s s i f i e d
a s t o i t s c o n t e n t s . T h e s e c u r i t y s t a mp o n e a c h s h e e t s h a l l b e t h a t o f
th e h ig h e s t c la s s if ic a tio n f o r a n y ite m s h o w n o n th a t in d iv id u a l
s h e e t, n o t th e g e n e r a l o v e r a ll c la s s if ic a tio n o f th e e n tir e s e t o f
d r a w in g s o r th e e n d ite m. O n r o ll- s iz e d r a w in g s , th e s e c u r ity
c la s s if ic a tio n s h a ll b e s h o w n o n th e r e v e r s e s id e a t b o th e n d s o f th e
d r a w in g s n e x t to th e d r a w in g n u mb e r to e n a b le th e c la s s if ic a tio n to
be seen without unrolling the drawing.

A w a r n i n g n o t e s h a l l b e i n c l u d ed a d j a c e n t t o t h e s e c u r i t y
classification located above the Title block and shall read as
follows:
THIS MATERIAL CONTAINS INFORMATION
AFFECTING THE NATIONAL DEFENSE OF THE
UNITED STATES WITHIN THE MEANING OF THE
ESPIONAGE LAWS, TITLE 18 U.S.C., SECTIONS 793
AND 794. THE TRANSMISSION OR REVELATION OF
WHICH IN ANY MANNER TO AN UNAUTHORIZED
PERSON IS PROHIBITED BY LAW.

2.4.2. Note Location

N o t e s o f g e n e r a l c h a r a c t e r t h a t d o n o t r e q u ir e le a d e r s to in d ic a te
w h e r e th e y a p p ly, a n d f o r w h ic h p r o v is io n h a s n o t b e e n ma d e in th e
s u p p le me n ta r y b lo c k s o f th e d r a w in g f o r ma t, s h a ll b e lo c a te d in th e
f o llo w in g o r d e r o f p r e f e r e n c e :

a. Adjacent to the upper left border and to the left of all views.

b . I mme d ia te ly to th e le f t o f th e r e v is io n b lo c k .

c. A d j a c e n t t o t h e l o w e r l e f t b o rd e r o r b e l o w t h e r e v i s i o n b l o c k ,
space being left for extending the revision block downward.
This location should be avoided whenever practical because the
space required for revisions cannot be anticipated.

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16 ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL

2.4.3. Numbering of Notes

G e n e r a l n o te s a r e n u mb e r e d c o n s e c u tiv e ly d o w n w a r d . N o te
n u mb e r s ma y b e id e n tif ie d o n th e f ie ld o f th e d r a w in g b y p la c in g
th e n o te n u mb e r in a p e n n a n t- s h a p e d f la g a t th e g e n e r a l n o te
lo c a tio n a n d in th e f ie ld o f th e d r a w in g , o r in th e L is t o f Ma te r ia l
( M a t e r i a l S p e c i f i c a t i o n c o l u mn ) , w h i c h e v e r l o c a t i o n i s mo r e
a p p r o p r ia te .

2.4.4. Note Examples

T h e f o l l o w i n g n o t e s a r e l i s t e d a s r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e x a mp l e s a n d
s h o u ld b e u s e d o n E n g in e e r in g D r a w in g s w h e n a p p lic a b le .

S i g n if i c a n t i n f o r ma t i o n i s t o b e i n s e r t e d w h e r e b l a n k ( s ) a r e
in d ic a te d a n d , f o r mo s t c a s e s , th e n o ta tio n s in p a r e n th e s e s a r e f o r
in f o r ma tio n o n ly. ( W h e n n o t a p p lic a b le , d o n o t u s e in n o te ) .

B e f o r e u s i n g t h e r e f e r e n c e d s p e c i f ic a t i o n s , c h e c k t h e D e p a r t me n t o f
Defense Index of Specifications and Standards Publications to
ensure that the specification has not been cancelled or superseded.

U s e e i t h e r o f t h e f o l l o w i n g s t a t e me n t s a s ma i n h e a d i n g f o r n o t e s :
“Except as noted” or “Unless otherwise specified.”

2.4.4.1. Dimension Notes


ALL DIMENSIONS APPLY AFTER SURFACE
TREATMENT.

DIMENSIONAL LIMITS AND SURFACE ROUGHNESS


DESIGNATIONS APPLY (state “BEFORE” or
“AFTER”) PLATING.
(For other coatings, substitute the
appropriate expression for “plating.”)

DIMENSIONS TO APPLY AFTER STRESS RELIEF.

DIMENSIONING AND TOLERANCING TO BE


INTERPRETED IN ACCORDANCE WITH ANSI
Y14.5M-1982.
(Note need be added only when drawings
are not in compliance with
GSFC X-673-64-1F.)
GEAR TOLERANCES TO BE IN ACCORDANCE WITH
AGMA STANDARD QUALITY (insert number).

DIMENSIONS ARE IN MILLIMETERS.

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ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL 17

TOOLING-CONTROLLED DIMENSION PER


TEMPLATE (or “TOOL”) NUMBER GX XXXXXXX. THE
ACTUAL TOLERANCES ON THE FEATURE'S
LOCATIONS ARE CONTROLLED BY THE TEMPLATE.
(Note to be flagged to tooling-
affected dimensions and tolerances,
which are then enclosed in parentheses
to indicate a reference; template
drawings shall carry a note stating
the drawing number of the part they
are used to fabricate.)

TORQUE LIMITS FOR THREADED FASTENERS


SHALL BE IN ACCORDANCE WITH PROJECT
APPROVED SPECIFICATION NUMBER (OR
ENGINEERING ANALYSIS).

2.4.4.2. Heat Treating Notes

Note for beryllium copper:


HEAT TREAT IN ACCORDANCE WITH MIL-H-7199 TO
( Br i n e l l ) .

Note for steel:


HEAT TREAT IN ACCORDANCE WITH MIL-H-6875 TO
XXX.
(XXX = “Rockwell,” “Brinell,” or
Vickers”).

N o te s f o r a lu min u m:
HEAT TREAT IN ACCORDANCE WITH MIL-H-6088 TO
( Br i n e l l ) .

H EAT T R EAT T O CONDITION AFTER


(insert “BRAZING” or “WELDING”) IN
ACCORDANCE WITH MIL-H-6088.

AFTER WELDING, SOLUTION HEAT TREAT AND


ARTIFICIALLY AGE TO T-6 CONDITION PER
MIL-H-6088.

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18 ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL

2.4.4.3. Joining Method Notes (welding, brazing, etc.)

T h e f o llo w in g s p e c if ic a tio n s u p e r s e d e s MI L - W - 8 6 0 4 f o r A lu m. ;
MI L - W - 8 6 1 1 A f o r S te e l, CRE S , a n d H T RE S A L Y ; a n d
MI L - W - 1 8 3 2 6 f o r Ma g n e s iu m:
FUSION WELD IN ACCORDANCE WITH
MIL-STD-2219, PROCESS CLASS
U SIN G F IL L ER M ET AL AND APPROPRIATE
FLUX.
(Joint dimension and design should be
specified on the drawing.)

ELECTRON BEAM WELDING IN ACCORDANCE WITH


MIL-W-46132.

SOLDER IN ACCORDANCE WITH NHB 5300.4(3A–1),


USING SOLDER MATERIAL, QQ-S-571, TYPE .

SOLDER IN ACCORDANCE WITH DOD-STD-1866


(GENERAL SOLDERING PROCESS FOR ALL TYPES
AND MATERIALS FOR NONELECTRICAL
APPLICATIONS).

N o te f o r a lu min u m:
DIP BRAZE IN ACCORDANCE WITH MIL-STD-645;
H EAT T R EAT T O CONDITION PER
MIL-H-6088.

SILVER SOLDER IN ACCORDANCE WITH


MIL-B-7883, TYPE G R AD E USING
SOLDER MATERIAL QQ-B-654, CLASS .

RIVET IN ACCORDANCE WITH MIL-STD-403.

2.4.4.4. Plating and Coating Notes


P l a t i n g n o t e s a r e g e n er a l l y n o t f o r s p a c e f l i g h t h a r d w a r e u s e i n
r e s t r i c t e d a r e a s s u c h a s o p t i c s , e l e c t r o n i c s , e t c . , d u e to f la k in g .
CADMIUM PLATE IN ACCORDANCE WITH QQ-P-416,
TYPE CLASS .

H A R D C H R O M E P L A T E ( s i z e ) —( s i z e ) T H I C K P E R
QQ-C-320, TYPE , CLASS ; DIMENSIONS
SHOWN APPLY AFTER PLATING.

NICKEL PLATE IN ACCORDANCE WITH MIL-STD-171,


F I N I S H ( p a r a . n u m b e r ) , TYPE .

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ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL 19

SILVER PLATE IN ACCORDANCE WITH QQ-S-365,


TYPE , G R AD E .

PAINT IN ACCORDANCE WITH MIL-STD-171, TABLE


; F IN ISH N O . COLOR IN
ACCORDANCE WITH FED-STD-595 (color
number).

N o te s f o r a lu min u m:

ANODIZE IN ACCORDANCE WITH MIL-A-8625, TYPE


, CLASS COLOR
(name of color only).

IRIDITE IN ACCORDANCE WITH MIL-C-5541,


CLASS .

Note for CRES:

PASSIVATE PER QQ-P-35, TYPE .

F IN ISH OF MIL-STD-171.
Use paragraph that applies to material
being used.

Note for iron and steel:

APPLY PROTECTIVE PHOSPHATE COATING IN


ACCORDANCE WITH MIL-C-12968, TYPE .
(Add “CLASS ”if applicable.)

N o t e f o r t i t a n iu m:

SURFACE FINISH TO BE IN ACCORDANCE WITH


AMS 2488, TYPE .

2.4.4.5. Surface Preparation Notes


SURFACE TO BE CLEANED AND POLISHED FOR
VACUUM USE. DO NOT USE ROUGE COMPOUNDS
OR CHEMICALS DURING BUFFING OR POLISHING
ON ITEMS REQUIRING TANK-TYPE LEAK TESTS.

EXTERNAL SURFACE TO BE BUFFED TO .

BEFORE ELECTROPOLISHING, MASK ALL


SURFACES MARKED .

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20 ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL

VAPOR DEGREASING PER ASTM D4126, GENERAL


SOLVENT GRADE 1,1,1 TRICHLOROETHANE.

2.4.4.6. Testing and Inspection Notes


THIS PART SHALL HAVE A LEAK RATE OF NOT
MORE THAN (1 x 10-7 CC/SEC OF HELIUM) WHEN
MEASURED BY A CALIBRATED MASS
SPECTROMETER HAVING A SENSITIVITY OF
(1 x 10-9 CC/SEC WITH GREATER THAN 90%
HELIUM) AT A DIFFERENTIAL OF (ONE)
ATMOSPHERE OR EQUIVALENT TEST.

RADIOGRAPHIC INSPECTION OF ALL WELDS IN


ACCORDANCE WITH MIL-STD-00453.

ULTRASONIC INSPECTION PER MIL-STD-2154,


TYPE (Insert “I” or “II”), CLASS .
(I = Immersion Method, II = Contact
Method.)

F o r G e n e r a l F r a c tu r e Co n tr o l P la n fo r P a y lo a d s U s in g th e S p a c e
T r a n s p o r ta tio n S y s te m ( S T S ) , r e f e r to G S F C 7 3 1 - 0 0 0 5 - 8 3 . O n e o f
th e f o llo w in g n o te s s h o u ld b e u s e d f o r p a r ts r e q u ir in g e tc h in g
a n d /o r liq u id p e n e tr a n t in s p e c tio n :
FRACTURE CRITICAL PART - ETCH AND
PENETRANT INSPECT PER GSFC S-313-009,
CODE XXXXX.
(Usually used for machined parts.)
FRACTURE CRITICAL PART - DO NOT ETCH PART.
PENETRANT INSPECT PER GSFC S-313-009,
CODE XXXXX.
(Usually used for rolled parts.)

I f a r e a s o f a p a r t a r e t o b e e t c he d a n d i n s p e c t e d p r i o r t o f i n i s h
ma c h in in g , a s e p a r a te d r a w in g n o te s h o u ld c a ll o u t th is r e q u ir e me n t
t o a v o i d c o s t l y mis t a k e s .

2.4.4.7. Threaded Inserts — Cleaning and Installation


Notes

N o t e f o r a l u mi n u m a n d ma g n e t i c s u r f a c e s :
CLEAN THREADED INSERTS WITH
TRICHLOROETHANE AND BAKE OUT AT 100
DEGREES CELSIUS FOR 3 TO 4 HOURS PRIOR TO
INSTALLATION. APPLY DRY FILM LUBRICANT
GOVT. DESIGNATION M-6003, TYPE (insert
“I” or “II”) PER MIL-L-46010 QPL (LIST).
(Type I cure temp. = 150 degrees C.)
(Type II cure temp. = 240 degrees C.)

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ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL 21

INSTALL THREADED INSERTS PER XXX.


(XXX = “MS33537” for coil type,
“MS51835” for Keen type, or
“ M I L -I -4 5 9 3 2 / 1 ” f o r t h i n w a l l t y p e . )
INSTALL CLINCH NUTS PER MIL-N-45938/1.

AFTER THE BONDING EPOXY IS CURED PER NOTE


, AL L IT EM (insert number)
THREADED INSERTS SHALL BE CAPABLE OF
WITHSTANDING A CORRESPONDING TORQUE
LOAD, AS LISTED IN TORQUE TABLE, WITHOUT
BECOMING LOOSE. ALL THREADS ON THREADED
FASTENERS SHALL BE FREE OF ADHESIVE AND
FOREIGN MATERIAL.

TORQUE TABLE
THREAD SIZE TORQUE, IN-LBS
6-32 UNC x.x
... ...
... ...

TAP ALL HOLES PRIOR TO COATING; INSTALL


THREADED INSERT AFTER COATING.

2.4.4.8. Miscellaneous Notes


PLACE IN BAG AFTER FINAL ELECTROPOLISHING.
BAG SHALL CONFORM TO MIL-P-116, METHOD (see
spec.).

ALTERED PART SOURCE INFORMATION:


PAR T N O .:
VEN D O R :
ADDRESS:

MAINTAIN AS MATCHED SET AFTER MACHINING.

Note for NON-flight parts ONLY:

STEEL STAMP, ETCH, OR ENGRAVE (size) HIGH


+.005
CHARACTER AS SHOWN, X .010 -.000 DEEP.

THIS DRAWING TO BE INTERPRETED IN


ACCORDANCE WITH GSFC X-673-64-1F.

RUBBER STAMP (size) HIGH CHARACTER AS


SH O W N , U SIN G (insert “INK” or “PAINT”) IN
ACCORDANCE WITH (specification *).
(* Include manufacturer's part number
and address.)

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22 ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL

BAG PART PER MIL-P-116, METHOD , AND


TAG WITH PART NUMBER.”

ALTERED SURFACES TO HAVE .


(Refer to paragraph 10.4.1, page 93, for
symbol notation.)

FINISH ALL OVER.


(Refer to paragraph 10.4.1, page 93, for
symbol notation.)

SURFACE ROUGHNESS AS XXX:


MACHINED SURFACES .
(where XXX is “ROLLED,” “EXTRUDED,” or
“DRAWN”).
(Refer to paragraph 10.4.1, page 93, for
symbol notation.)

IN SID E C O R N ER S R MAXIMUM.

UNIT TO BE STRAIGHTENED AND STRESS-


RELIEVED AFTER WELDING.

WELDED OR BRAZED FILLETS TO BE CONFINED TO


INSIDE SURFACE.

TWINE SHALL CONFORM TO THE REQUIREMENTS


OF MIL-T-713, TYPE , CLASS .

A MANUFACTURER'S CERTIFICATION OF MATERIAL


SPECIFICATION COMPLIANCE MUST BE SUPPLIED
W IT H PAR T (insert number).

MAGNETIC SPECIFICATION--PERMEABILITY OF
LESS THAN (specify units) .

COMPONENTS MUST BE PACKAGED AND MARKED


IN ACCORDANCE WITH APPLICABLE INTERSTATE
COMMERCE COMMISSION (ICC) REGULATION
49-CFR71-78; SHIPMENT SHALL BE MADE
DIRECTLY TO THE USING AGENCY. EXPLOSIVE
(or other applicable wording) COMPONENTS
ARE HAZARDOUS AND MUST BE HANDLED IN
ACCORDANCE WITH APPLICABLE SAFETY
REGULATION 49-CFR71-78.

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ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL 23

2.4.4.9. Informational Notes

I n f o r ma tio n a l n o te s , s u c h a s th e f o llo w in g g o v e r n me n t r ig h ts to
ma n u f a c t u r e n o t e , s h a l l a p p e a r a d j a c e n t t o t h e r i g h t b o r d e r a n d
T i t l e b lo c k o f t h e d r a w i n g :
THE XXXX COMPANY, CHICAGO, IL., PART
NUMBER XXXX CORRESPONDS TO THE ITEM
DEPICTED ON THIS DRAWING, WHICH IS
FURNISHED FOR UNRESTRICTED USE IN
CONNECTION WITH ANY U.S. GOVERNMENT
MANUFACTURE OR PROCUREMENT. SUCH USE IS
AUTHORIZED BY THE XXX COMPANY LETTER NO.
XXX SIGNED AND DATED
. NO OTHER USE IS AUTHORIZED.

2.4.5. Local Character Notes

N o t e s o f l o c a l c h a r a c t e r , s u c h a s d r i l l n o te s , t h r e a d n o te s , e t c . , t h a t
r e q u i r e l e a d e r s t o i n d i c a t e t h e f e a tu r e s t o w h i c h t h e y a p p ly , s h a l l
b e l o c a t e d i n t h e f i e l d o f t h e d ra w i n g i n p o s i t i o n s a d j a c e n t t o s u c h
f e a t u r e s . E a c h n o t e s h a l l s t a t e t h e n u mb e r o f f e a tu r e s to w h ic h it
applies unless a leader is drawn to each feature.

2.4.6. General Dimensional Tolerance Notes

T h e g e n e r a l to le r a n c e s e n te r e d in th e s u p p le me n ta r y p o r tio n o f th e
T i t l e b lo c k s h a l l c o n tr o l a l l d ime n s i o n s a p p l i e d t o t h e d r a w i n g ,
e x c e p t t h o s e s p e c i f i c a l l y l a b e l e d “ M a x , ” “ M i n , ” “ R e f , ” “ D a t u m, ” o r
“ Ba s ic , ” o r d ime n s io n s h a v in g to le r a n c e s a p p lie d d ir e c tly th e r e to ,
o r d ime n s io n s c o n tr o lle d b y n o te s o r d o c u me n ts in v o k e d o n th e
d r a w in g . G e n e r a l to le r a n c e s ma y b e c h a n g e d to th e p r e v a le n t
to le r a n c e s th a t a r e r e q u ir e d b y th e d r a w in g typ e . T h is is d o n e b y
s tr ik in g th r o u g h th e to le r a n c e a n d in s e r tin g th e n e w to le r a n c e
b e n e a th th e o ld . I n th e c a s e w h e r e me tr ic to le r a n c in g is r e q u ir e d ,
s e e S e c tio n 1 0 . 2 , s u b p a r a g r a p h i, f o r g e n e r a l to le r a n c e s .

2.5. Specification Callouts


N o r ma lly, o n ly th e b a s ic d o c u me n t n u mb e r o f a s p e c if ic a tio n s h o u ld b e s h o w n o n
t h e d r a w i n g , i n w h i c h c a s e , t h e l a t e s t i s s u e i n e f f e c t a t t h e t i me o f i n v i t a t i o n t o
b id s h a ll b e imp o s e d in a ll p r o c u r e me n t a c tio n s . Ch a n g e s to th e s p e c if ic a tio n
o c c u r r in g s u b s e q u e n t to th e time o f in v ita tio n to b id s h a ll n o t b e imp o s e d in
c u r r e n t p r o c u r e me n t a c tio n s u n le s s th e d r a w in g is r e v is e d to s h o w th e n e w is s u e
b y b a s ic d o c u me n t n u mb e r , r e v is io n s , a me n d me n t, a n d /o r d a te a n d c u r r e n t p r o -
c u r e me n t a c tio n s a me n d e d to s p e c if y th e n e w d r a w in g r e v is io n o r E n g in e e r in g
Order (EO).

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24 ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL

I f th e b a s ic d o c u me n t n u mb e r , r e v is io n , a me n d me n t, a n d /o r d a te o f a s p e c if ic a tio n
a r e s h o w n o n a d r a w in g , o n ly th a t p a r tic u la r is s u e s h a ll b e imp o s e d in a ll
p r o c u r e me n t a c tio n s . Ch a n g e s to th e s p e c if ic a tio n o c c u r r in g s u b s e q u e n t to th e
time o f in v ita tio n to b id s h a ll n o t b e imp o s e d in e ith e r c u r r e n t o r f u tu r e
p r o c u r e me n t a c tio n s u n le s s th e d r a w in g is r e v is e d to s h o w th e n e w is s u e b y b a s ic
d o c u me n t n u mb e r , r e v is io n , a me n d me n t, a n d /o r d a te a n d c u r r e n t p r o c u r e me n t
a c tio n s a me n d e d to s p e c if y th e n e w d r a w in g r e v is io n o r E O .

Re g a r d le s s o f w h e th e r a s p e c if ic a tio n is s h o w n o n th e d r a w in g b y b a s ic d o c u me n t
n u mb e r o n ly o r b y a p a r tic u la r is s u e , s u p e r s e d in g s p e c if ic a tio n s ( n e w n u mb e r )
s h a ll n o t b e imp o s e d in e ith e r c u r r e n t o r f u tu r e p r o c u r e me n t a c tio n s u n le s s th e
d r a w in g is r e v is e d to s h o w th e n e w b a s ic d o c u me n t n u mb e r a n d , if a p p lic a b le ,
is s u e a n d c u r r e n t p r o c u r e me n t a c tio n s a me n d e d to s p e c if y th e n e w d r a w in g
r e v is io n o r E O .

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ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL 25

3. DRAFTING PRACTICES

3.1. General
T h e s e d r a f t i n g p r a c t i c e s a r e t o b e e mp l o ye d in th e p r e p a r a tio n o f d r a w in g s b y
G S F C p e r s o n n e l t o a c h i e v e c o mmo n a l i t y t h r o u g h o u t a n d r e s u l t i n l e g i b l e
r e p r o d u c tio n s a t th e le a s t c o s t f r o m o r ig in a l d r a w in g s .

D r a w in g s mu s t b e c o mp le te a n d u n a mb ig u o u s in in te r p r e ta tio n . Co mp le te
d r a w in g s c o n ta in o r ma k e r e f e r e n c e to a ll d a ta n e c e s s a r y f o r f a b r ic a tin g a n d
in s ta llin g th e p a r t a n d , w h e n a p p lic a b le , th e n e c e s s a r y te s t r e q u ir e me n ts ,
p r o c u r e me n t r e q u ir e me n ts , a n d s o u r c e .

T h ir d - a n g le o r th o g r a p h ic p r o j e c tio n s h a ll b e u s e d f o r me c h a n ic a l e n g in e e r in g
d r a w in g s . ( Ce r ta in d ia g r a ms , s c h e ma tic s , e tc . , a r e e x c e p te d . ) A lth o u g h o th e r
typ e s o f p r o j e c tio n , s u c h a s is o me tr ic , p e r s p e c tiv e , e tc . , a r e n o t p r o h ib ite d , th e ir
u s e mu s t b e c o n f i n e d t o a n a u x i l i a r y v ie w o n a d r a w i n g o f a c o mp l e x p a r t w h e n
such a view shall aid in visualizing the part.

D r a w in g s n e e d n o t h a v e th r e e v ie w s , ( i. e . , o n e o r tw o v ie w s a r e p e r mis s ib le f o r
o b j e c ts th a t c a n b e c o mp le te ly d e f in e d ) . Co mp le me n ta r y n o te s o r d ime n s io n s a r e
acceptable in place of the additional views. The rule shall be that only those
v ie w s s h a ll b e d r a w n th a t a r e n e c e s s a r y to c o n v e y th e r e q u ir e d c h a r a c te r is tic s o f
t h e p a r t . V i e w s , d ime n s i o n s , e t c . , s h a l l n o t e x t e n d i n t o t h e ma r g i n s o f t h e
d r a w in g .

3.2. Lines
A c c e p t a b l e q u a l i t y o f r e p r o d u c t i o n s i s d e p en d e n t o n t h e d e n s i t y a n d u n i f o r mi t y o f
lin e w o r k ( a n d le tte r in g ) . T yp e s o f lin e s d e s c r ib e d h e r e in a r e me r e ly lin e c o n v e n -
t i o n s , b u t i n e v e r y c a s e , e a c h t y p e o f l i ne s h a l l b e o p a q u e a n d o f u n i f o r m w i d t h
a n d s h a ll b e u s e d o n a ll d r a w in g s o th e r tha n d i a g r a ms , s u c h a s s c h e ma t i c s , e t c .

3.2.1. Ink Lines and Plotted Lines

L in e s , w h e th e r h a n d - d r a w n o r p lo tte d , s h a ll b e o p a q u e a n d o f
uniform width for each type of line. Two widths of lines, i.e., thin
a n d th ic k , w ith th e ir w id th s in th e p r o p o r tio n s o f 1 :2 , s h a ll b e u s e d .
The actual width of each type of line shall be governed by the size
a n d s t y l e o f t h e d r a w i n g ; t h e r e l a t i v e w i d th s o f t h e l i n e s s h a l l
a p p r o x ima te th o s e s h o w n in F ig u r e 4 o n p a g e 2 6 .

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26 ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL

Figure 4: Line Types and Conventions

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3.2.2. Pencil Lines

P e n c il lin e s s h a ll b e o p a q u e a n d o f u n if o r m w id th th r o u g h o u t th e ir
le n g th .

T h e lin e w id th s w h ic h a r e s p e c if ie d f o r in k lin e s d o n o t a p p ly to
p e n c i l l i n e s . C u t t i n g a n d v ie w i n g p la n e l i n e s a r e t h e t h i c k e s t l i n e s
on the drawing. However, the thick lines used for outlines and
o th e r v is i b le l i n e s s h a l l b e s u f f i c i e n t l y p r o mi n e n t t o i mme d ia t e l y
d if f e r e n tia te th e m f r o m lin e s u s e d f o r o th e r p u r p o s e s . H id d e n ,
s e c tio n in g , c e n te r , p h a n to m, e x te n s io n , d ime n s io n , a n d le a d e r lin e s
s h a l l b e t h i n n e r t h a n o u t l i n e s . I n s e l e c t i n g t h e w i d th s o f p e n c i l
lin e s , c o n s id e r a tio n s h a ll b e g iv e n to th e me d iu m o f r e p r o d u c tio n
in v o lv e d to e n s u r e p r o p e r r e p r o d u ctio n a n d r e d u c tio n o f th e th in n e r
lines.

3.2.3. Types of Lines

3.2.3.1. Center Lines

Ce n te r lin e s s h a ll b e c o mp o s e d o f lo n g a n d s h o r t d a s h e s , a lte r n a te ly
and evenly spaced, with a long dash at each end. Center lines shall
c r o s s w ith o u t v o id s . S e e F ig u r e 5 , b e lo w , a n d F ig u r e 6 , p a g e 2 8 .

Figure 5: Line Conventions

V e r y s h o r t c e n te r lin e s ma y b e u n b r o k e n if th e r e is n o c o n f u s io n
w i t h o th e r l i n e s . C e n te r l i n e s s ha l l a l s o b e u s e d t o i n d i c a t e t h e
tr a v e l o f a c e n te r . S e e F ig u r e 6 o n p a g e 2 8 .

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28 ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL

Figure 6: Alternate Position

3.2.3.2. Dimension Lines

D i me n s i o n l i n e s s h a l l t e r mi n a t e i n a r r o w h e a d s a t e a c h e n d . T h e y
s h a l l b e u n b r o k e n e x c e p t w h e r e s p a c e i s r e q u i r e d f o r t h e d i me n s i o n .
T h e p r o p e r me th o d o f s h o w in g d ime n s io n s a n d to le r a n c e s is
e x p la in e d in S e c tio n 1 . 7 o f A N S I Y 1 4 . 5 M- 1 9 8 2 .

3.2.3.3. Leaders
L e a d e r s s h a ll b e u s e d to in d ic a te a p a r t o r p o r tio n to w h ic h a
n u mb e r , n o te , o r o th e r r e f e r e n c e a p p lie s a n d s h a ll b e a n u n b r o k e n
l i n e t e r mi n a t i n g i n a n a r r o w h e a d , d o t, o r w a v y l i n e . A r r o w h e a d s
s h o u l d a l w a y s t e r mi n a t e a t a l i n e ; d o t s s h o u l d b e w i t h i n t h e o u t l i n e
o f a n o b j e c t.

3.2.3.4. Break Lines


S h o r t b r e a k s s h a ll b e in d ic a te d b y s o lid f r e e h a n d lin e s . F o r lo n g
b r e a k s , f u l l r u l e d l i n e s w i t h f r e e h an d z i g z a g s s h a l l b e u s e d . S h a f t s ,
r o d s , tu b e s , e tc . , w h ic h h a v e a p o r tio n o f th e ir le n g th b r o k e n o u t,
s h a ll h a v e th e e n d s o f th e b r e a k d r a w n a s in d ic a te d in F ig u r e 7 o n
page 29.

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ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL 29

Figure 7: Break Lines

3.2.3.5. Phantom Lines

Phantom lines shall be used to indicate the alternate position of


parts of the item delineated, repeated detail, or the relative position
o f a n a b s e n t p a r t a n d s h a ll b e c omp o s e d o f a lte r n a tin g o n e lo n g a n d
two short dashes, evenly spaced, with a long dash at each end. See
F ig u r e 5 o n p a g e 2 7 , F ig u r e 6 o n p a g e 2 8 , a n d F ig u r e 8 , b e lo w .

Figure 8: Repeated Detail

3.2.3.6. Sectioning Lines

Sectioning lines shall be used to indicate the exposed surfaces of


a n o b j e c t i n a s e c t i o n a l v ie w . T h e y a r e g e n e r a l l y t h i n f u l l l i n e s ,
b u t ma y v a r y w ith th e k in d o f ma te r ia l s h o w n in s e c tio n .

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30 ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL

3.2.3.7. Extension Lines

E x t e n s i o n l i n e s a r e u s e d t o i n d i c a te t h e e x t e n s i o n o f a s u r f a c e o r t o
p o in t t o a l o c a t i o n o u ts i d e t h e p a r t o u t l i n e . T h e y s t a r t w i t h a s h o r t ,
v is i b le g a p f r o m t h e o u t l i n e o f t h e p a r t a n d a r e u s u a l l y
p e r p e n d ic u l a r t o t h e i r as s o c i a t e d d i me n s i o n l i n e s .

3.2.3.8. Hidden Lines

Hidden lines shall consist of short dashes, evenly spaced. These


lin e s a r e u s e d to s h o w th e h id d e n f e a t u r e s o f a p a r t . T h e y s h a l l
a l w a y s b e g in w i t h a d a s h i n c o n ta c t w i t h t h e l i n e f r o m w h i c h t h e y
b e g in , e x c e p t w h e n s u c h a d a s h w o u ld f o r m a c o n tin u a tio n o f a f u ll
l i n e . D a s h e s s h a l l t o u c h a t c o r ne r s , a n d a r c s s h a ll b e g in w ith
d a s h e s o n th e ta n g e n t p o in ts . S e e F ig u r e 5 o n p a g e 2 7 a n d F ig u r e 8
on page 29.

3.2.3.9. Stitch Lines

S t i t c h l i n e s s h a l l b e u s e d t o i n d ic a t e t h e s t i t c h in g o r s e w i n g l i n e s
o n a n a r tic le a n d s h a ll c o n s is t o f a s e r ie s o f v e r y s h o r t d a s h e s ,
a p p r o x ima te ly h a lf th e le n g th o f d a s h o r h id d e n lin e s , e v e n ly
s p a c e d . L o n g l i n e s o f s t i t c h i n g ma y b e i n d i c a t e d b y a s e r i e s o f
stitch lines connected by phantom lines.

3.2.3.10. Outlines or Visible Lines

T h e o u t l i n e o r v is i b le l i n e s h a l l b e u s e d f o r a l l l i n e s o n t h e d r a w i n g
r e p r e s e n tin g v is ib le lin e s o n th e o b j e c t; s e e F ig u r e 5 o n p a g e 2 7 .

3.2.3.11. Datum Lines

D a tu m lin e s s h a ll b e u s e d to in d ic a te th e p o s itio n o f a d a tu m p la n e
a n d s h a ll c o n s is t o f o n e lo n g d a s h a n d tw o s h o r t d a s h e s , e v e n ly
spaced.

3.2.3.12. Cutting-Plane/Viewing-Plane Lines

The cutting-plane lines shall be used to indicate a plane or planes


in w h ic h a s e c tio n is ta k e n . T h e v ie w in g - p la n e lin e s s h a ll b e u s e d
to indicate the plane or planes from which a surface or surfaces are
v i e w e d . O n s i mp l e v i e w s , t h e c u t t i n g p l a n e s s h a l l b e i n d i c a t e d a s
s h o w n in F ig u r e 9 o n p a g e 3 1 . V ie w s h a ll b e s h o w n in b a c k o f th e
cutting plane (3rd angle).

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ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL 31

Figure 9: Full Sectional View

O n c o mp l e x v i e w s , o r w h e n t h e c u ttin g p la n e s a r e b e n t o r o f f s e t,
th e c u ttin g p la n e s s h a ll b e in d ic a te d a s s h o w n in F ig u r e 1 0 .

Figure 10: Offset Sections

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32 ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL

3.3. Lettering and Numerals


A ll le tte r in g s h a ll b e u p p e r c a s e ( c a p ita l le tte r s ) . N u mb e r s s h a ll b e A r a b ic
n u me r a l s . T h e l e t t e r i n g a n d n u me r a l s s ha l l a l w y a s b e p l a c e d i n a h o r i z o n t a l
reading position as far as practicable. Other than this, lettering shall be in a
h o r iz o n ta l r e a d in g p o s itio n w h e n th e d r a w in g is r o ta te d 9 0 ° c lo c k w is e . L e g ib le
le tte r in g is e s s e n tia l f o r r e p r o d u c tio n s . L e tte r s a n d /o r n u me r a ls s h a ll n o t r u n
to g e th e r .

W h e n t y p e w r i t t e n l e t t e r s o r d ig i t s a r e u s e d o n d r a w i n g s o r r e l a t e d d a t a , n o th in g
s ma l l e r t h a n p ic a t y p e i s p e r mi t t e d .

3.3.1. Style
O t h e r t h a n b e i n g u p p e r c a s e R o man a n d p l a c e d i n a h o r i z o n t a l
r e a d in g p o s itio n , th e le tte r in g is th a t o f th e in d iv id u a l's s tyle .

3.3.2. Heights

L e t t e r i n g h e i g h ts s h a l l b e a s f o l l o w s :

Lettering
Drawing Feature: h e ig h t in
inches
D r a w in g n u mb e r in id e n tif ic a tio n b lo c k s .25
Drawing title and description of drawing type above L/M .25
D r a w i n g s u b t i t l e , b o r d e r , l e t t e r s , a n d n u me r a l s .19
S e c tio n , d e ta il, v ie w , a n d ta b u la tio n le tte r s .25
D e s c r i p t i o n t i t l e s o f s e c t i o n , d e t a i l , v ie w , n o te s , a n d
ta b u la tio n s .19
D i me n s i o n s , t o l e r a n c e s , l i mi t s , n o te s , s u b t i t l e s , t a b le s ,
r e v is io n , a n d z o n e le tte r s o n th e f ie ld o f th e d r a w in g .16
L is t o f ma te r ia ls in f o r ma tio n , n a me b lo c k s , u s e d o n , a n d .14
next assy

Note: Use of fit text is not allowed.

3.4. Scale
D r a w in g s s h a ll b e ma d e to f u ll s c a le u n le s s t h e p a r t s ( o r a s s e mb l y) a r e t o o l a r g e
t o p e r mi t i t o r s o s ma l l a n d c o mp l e x t h a t d r a w i n g t o a n e n l a r g e d s c a l e i s e s s e n t i a l
f o r c l a r i t y . W h e n t h e ma i n v i e w s o f l a r ge p a r t s a r e d r a w n t o a r e d u c e d s c a l e , t h e
d e ta il v ie w s “ ta k e n ” to c la r if y d e ta il s h o u ld b e ma d e to f u ll s c a le w h e n e v e r
p o s s ib le . W h e n th e p a r t h a s b e e n d r a w n to a n e n l a r g e d s c a l e f o r c l a r i t y , i t i s n o t
n e c e s s a r y t o ma k e a n a c t u a l - s i z e v i e w .

a. T h e s c a l e s p r e f e r r e d f o r e n g i n e e r i n g d r a w in g s a r e f u ll s iz e 1 /1 , r e d u c e d 1 /2 ,
1 /4 , 1 /1 0 , 1 /2 0 , a n d e n la r g e d 2 /1 , 4 /1 , 1 0 /1 , 2 0 /1 . T h e c o mp u te r d a ta b a s e f o r
t h e f o r ma t s i z e s h a l l b e 1 / 1 a t a l l t i me s .

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ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL 33

EXCEPTION:

Ce r ta in d r a w in g s o r f ig u r e s , b y th e ir v e r y n a tu r e , c a n n o t b e d r a w n to a
s p e c i f i c s c a l e ( f o r e x a mp l e , w i r i n g an d s c h e ma tic d ia g r a m d r a w in g s . ) T h e
scale designation for these cases is “NONE.” See “b,” below.

b . T h e s c a l e , a s n o t e d a b o v e , o r t h e w o r d “ N O N E ” mu s t b e e n t e r e d i n t h e T i t l e
b lo c k . D o n o t u s e th e w o r d “ S I Z E ” f o llo w in g th e r a tio . T h e n o ta tio n s “ 1 /4 &
N O T E D ” o r “ 1 /2 & N O T E D , ” e tc . , a p p ly to th o s e d r a w in g s o n w h ic h th e ma in
v ie w s a r e t o a r e d u c e d s c a l e a n d a u x i l i a r y v ie w s a r e t o s o me o th e r s c a l e .

c . T o ma i n t a i n c o n s i s t e n c y w i t h t i t l e b lo c k c a l l o u t f o r s c a l e , d e t a i l v ie w s s h a l l
b e n o te d th u s :

DETAIL -A
SCALE 1/1

Note:
The scale of the view shall be stated only when it differs from that noted in
t h e T i t l e b lo c k , w h i c h r e p r e s e n t s t h e ma j o r i t y o f v ie w s a n d s e c t i o n s .

d . O r ig in a l p e n c il d r a w in g s s h o u ld b e to s c a le w ith in 0 . 0 3 in c h . W h e n c h a n g e s
to an existing drawing take place, it is required to indicate that a particular
f e a tu r e is n o t to s c a le b y u n d e r lin in g th e d ime n s io n s w ith a s tr a ig h t lin e .

e. T h e g e o me tr y o f CA D - p r o d u c e d d r a w in g s s h a ll b e e n te r e d in to th e e le c tr o n ic
d a ta b a s e a t o n e - to - o n e ( f u ll) s c a le .

3.5. Positioning the Part on the Drawing


I n s ta lla tio n s s h a ll u s u a lly b e p o s itio n e d o n th e d r a w in g a s th e y w o u ld b e s e e n
w h e n v ie w e d f r o m th e le f t s id e o r to p s id e o f th e e q u ip me n t w ith its f o r w a r d e n d
p o in t i n g t o t h e l e f t .

I f c la r ity c a n b e g r e a tly imp r o v e d b y a p o s itio n th a t r e s u lts in f e w e r h id d e n lin e s


a n d f o r e s h o r te n e d p r o j e c tio n s , th e n th a t p o s itio n s h o u ld b e u s e d , a n d th e a b o v e
r u le s h o u ld b e d is r e g a r d e d . S u c h in s ta n c e s w o u ld b e a d o o r o r d o o r j a mb w h ic h
in s ta lls o n th e r ig h t s id e b e in g d r a w n w ith th e f o r w a r d p o r tio n to th e r ig h t, o r a
n u mb e r o f ite ms in s ta lle d o n th e f o r w a r d s id e o f a p a n e l b e in g d r a w n lo o k in g a t
the forward side.

P a r ts a n d min o r a s s e mb lie s a r e n o t n e c e s s a r ily d r a w n in th e p o s itio n th e y a s s u me


i n t h e e q u i p me n t . T h e y ma y b e d r a w n wi t h s o me s u r f a c e , s i d e , o r r e f e r e n c e l i n e
p a r a lle l o r p e r p e n d ic u la r to th e lo w e r b o r d e r o f th e d r a w in g . L a th e - tu r n e d p a r ts
a r e u s u a l l y d r a w n w i t h t h e l ar g e r d i a me t e r s t o t h e l e f t .

3.5.1. Picturization

U n n e c e s s a r y d e t a i l s h a l l b e o mi t t e d f r o m a l l v ie w s a n d s e c t i o n s i f
c l a r i t y i s n o t s a c r i f i c e d a n d i f d r a f t i n g t i me i s r e d u c e d . S e e F i g u r e
11 on page 34.

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34 ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL

Figure 11: Details of Auxiliary

3.5.2. Sections

a. A s e c tio n a l v ie w s h a ll b e ma d e th r o u g h a n o u ts id e v ie w a n d n o t
th r o u g h a n o th e r s e c tio n a l v ie w . S e e F ig u r e 1 2 o n p a g e 3 5 .

b . T h e lo c a tio n o f a s e c tio n is i n d i c a t e d b y a c u t t i n g p l a n e w i t h
r e f e r e n c e le tte r s a n d a r r o w h e a d s s h o w in g th e d ir e c tio n in w h ic h
the section is viewed.

c. S e c tio n a l v ie w s s h a ll n o t p r o j e c t d i r e c t l y a h e a d o f t h e c u t t i n g -
p la n e a r r o w h e a d s a n d s h o u ld b e a s n e a r a s p r a c tic a b le to th e
p o r tio n s o f th e d r a w in g th a t th e y c la r if y.

d . T h e a x e s o f s e c tio n a l v ie w s s h o u ld n o t b e r o ta te d ; h o w e v e r , th e
c u ttin g p la n e ma y v a r y in d ir e c tio n ( s e e F ig u r e 1 2 ) . I f v ie w s
h a v e to b e r o ta te d , th e a n g le a n d d ir e c tio n o f r o ta tio n mu s t b e
g iv e n .

e. Visible and invisible outlines beyond the cutting plane should


n o t b e s h o w n u n le s s n e c e s s a r y f o r c la r if ic a tio n .

f. S h a f ts , b o lts , n u ts , e tc . , w h ic h a r e in a c u ttin g p la n e s h o u ld n o t
b e c r o s s - h a tc h e d .

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ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL 35

NOT RECOMMENDED
SECTION ROTATED
XX° CW
INCORRECT PROJECTION A
WRONG SIDE OF CUTTING
PLANE
NOT ACCEPTABLE

CORRECT BUT NOT IN


LINE OF PROJECTION

SECTION A-A

CORRECT BUT NOT IN


LINE OF PROJECTION

Figure 12: Designation and Positioning of Sectional Views

g . T h e c r o s s - h a tc h in g s ymb o l f o r c a s t ir o n s h o u ld b e u s e d
r e g a r d le s s o f ma te r ia l a s s h o w n in F ig u r e 1 3 . I f e s s e n tia l f o r
c la r ity, ma te r ia l f r o m w h ic h th e p a r ts a r e ma d e s h o u ld b e
in d ic a te d b y th e c o n v e n tio n s g iv e n in A N S I Y 1 4 . 2 M- 1 9 7 9 .

CAST OR MALLEABLE

IRON AND GENERAL USE

FOR ALL MATERIALS

Figure 13: Conventions for Material

h . W h e n s e c t i o n s a r e r e mo t e l y l oc a t e d , z o n e i n f o r ma t i o n s h a l l b e
a d d e d to b o th lo c a tio n s ( i. e . , f r o m w h e r e th e s e c tio n is ta k e n
and to the location where the section is shown).

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36 ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL

3.5.3. Views

A v i e w i s u s e d t o e n l a r g e o r c l a rif y a p o r tio n o f th e d r a w in g . S e e
F ig u r e 1 4 .

A
D

5A

SH3
A

1D
A SEE VIEW A-A
SH1
SCALE 2/1

(TITLE BLOCK

NOT SHOWN)

1 5

Figure 14: Clarification of a Portion of a Drawing

a. P r o j e c te d v ie w s w h ic h a r e s h o w n a lo n g c o mmo n c e n te r lin e s to
t h e i r o r i g i n n e e d n o t b e i d e n t i f i e d . V i e w s l o c a t e d d ir e c t l y
a h e a d o f v i e w i n g p l a n e a r r o w h e a d s a r e a b s o l u t e l y p r o h ib i t e d .

b . “ T r a n s p o r te d ” v ie w s o r s e c tio n s a r e th o s e w h ic h a r e n o t d ir e c t
p r o j e c tio n s . T h e y mu s t b e id e n tif ie d w h e r e s h o w n , b y le tte r s ,
a n d a t t h e i r o r i g i n b y t h e c u t t i n g p la n e l i n e s a n d l e t t e r s .

c. V ie w s s h o u ld n o t b e r o ta te d ; h o w e v e r , if v ie w s h a v e to b e
r o t a t e d f o r a l e g i t i ma t e r e a s o n , t h e a n g le a n d d ir e c t i o n o f
r o ta tio n mu s t b e g iv e n .

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ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL 37

3.5.4. Details

A d e ta il is a p a r tia l v ie w w h ic h s h o w s a p o r tio n o f a n o th e r v ie w in
t h e s a me p la n e a n d w i l l u s u a l l y d e p ic t g r e a t e r d e t a i l . D e t a i l s
s h o u ld n o t b e r o ta te d . S e e F ig u r e 1 5 .

DETAIL A
SCALE 4/1

SEE DETAIL A
Figure 15: Identification of Details

3.5.5. Identification of Sections, Views, and Details

a. I d e n tif yin g le tte r s f o r s e c tio n s , v ie w s , a n d d e ta ils a r e a s s ig n e d


in a lp h a b e tic a l s e q u e n c e a s f o llo w s : F o r s e c tio n s a n d s u c h
v ie w s a s “ A - A ” in F ig u r e 1 4 o n p a g e 3 6 , u s e h yp h e n a te d le tte r s .
A f te r “ Z - Z , ” b e g in : “A A - A A , ” “ A B - A B , ” e t c .

b . F o r e n c ir c le d d e ta ils s u c h a s d e ta il “ A ” in F ig u r e 1 5 , u s e s in g le
letters. After “Z,” begin: “AA,” “AB,” etc.

c. The letters “I,” “O,” “Q,” and “X,” either as a single letter or as
d o u b le - le tte r e n tr ie s , s h a ll n o t b e u s e d . A d e s ig n a te d le tte r o r
c o mb in a tio n o f le tte r s o n a r e le a s e d d r a w in g s h a ll n o t b e u s e d
f o r a n o th e r s e c tio n , v ie w , o r d e ta il o n th e s a me d r a w in g .

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38 ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL

3.5.6. Locating Sections, Views, and Details

O n z o n e d a n d /o r mu l t i s h e e t d r a w i n g s , a v ie w , s e c t i o n , o r d e t a i l a n d
t h e p o r t i o n o f t h e d r a w i n g i t c l a r i f i es s h a l l b e c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e d a s
follows:

Reference on Original Drawing to Reference at View on Clarifying


View on Clarifying Sheet Sheet to Original Drawing

5A VIEW A-A 1D
SEE VIEW A-A SH3 SH1
SCALE 4/1

N o te : Z o n e b lo c k s iz e is 1 /2 - in c h s q u a r e .

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ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL 39

4. TYPES OF DRAWINGS

4.1. Altered or Selected Vendor Part Drawing


A lte r e d v e n d o r p a r t o r s e le c te d v e n d o r p a r t d r a w in g s s h a ll b e p r e p a r e d o n G S F C
f o r ma t w h e n a n e x is tin g v e n d o r p a r t c a n n o t b e u s e d a s is a n d it is d e s ir e d to
d o c u me n t a n d c o n tr o l th e a lte r a tio n o r s e le ctio n o f th e p a r t. P r e p a r a tio n s h a ll n o t
b e i n i t i a t e d u n t i l t h e v e n d o r h a s b e e n r eq u e s t e d t o ma k e t h e a l t e r a t i o n o r
s e le c tio n , s u p p ly h is n u mb e r , a n d s u p p ly d o c u me n ta tio n . W h e n th e d r a w in g is
p r e p a r e d b y G S F C, it s h a ll s p e c if y th e p a r t to b e a lte r e d o r s e le c te d b y v e n d o r
n u mb e r , n a me , a n d a d d r e s s a n d s h a ll c o mp le te ly d e lin e a te th e a lte r a tio n o r
selection. In addition, the drawing shall specify reidentification of the part by
th e G S F C p a r t n u mb e r . A n a lte r e d o r s e le c te d v e n d o r p a r t d r a w in g s h a ll b e
id e n tif ie d b y th e w o r d s “ A lte r e d V e n d o r P a r t D r a w in g ” imme d ia te ly a b o v e th e
T i t l e b lo c k . S e e F i g u r e 1 6 .

REVISION

DESCRIPTION
SYM DATE APPROVAL
NOTES: UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED

1. ALTERED PART SOURCE INFORMATION;


PART NO: 118-R-0715 RELAY
VENDOR; LEACH CORP.
ADDRESS; LOS ANGELES, CALIF.

2. INK STAMP PART NUMBER


PER ..........
SUGESTED SOURCE OF SUPPLY (INK)
...............
...............
...............

+ .006
ø .218
- .000
-1 HOLE

ENLARGE EXISTING ø .166 HOLE


AT THIS LOCATION ONLY

FOLD
LINE
REV

ALTERED VENDOR PART DRAWING


GC
SEE NOTE 2
(REIDENTIFY THE
PART TO GSFC PART ITEM REQ'D REQ'D PART NO. DESCRIPTION MATERIAL MATERIAL SPEC & NO.

NO.
NUMBER GCXXXXXXX.) LIST OF MATERIAL
UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED-DIMENSIONS ARE IN INCHES
NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND
TOLERANCES: SPACE ADMINISTRATION Goddard Space Flight Center GREENBELT, MARYLAND

.XX .XXX FRACTIONS


125
NAME INIT DATE
±.02 ±.005 ±1° ±1/16
DRAWINGINTERPRETED PER GSFC-X673-64-1
DESIGNER
REMOVE ALL BURRS AND SHARP EDGES R .010 OR CHAMFER MAX.

DRAWN TITLE
FLIGHT HARDWARE/POST FAB HARDNESS TEST REQ'D
HARDNESS TEST NOT REQUIRED NON FLIGHT
TEST HARDNESS PER ASTM E-18, LOCATION OPTIONAL CHECKED

TEST HARDNESS PER ASTM E-18 WHERE INDICATED


APPROVED
ON FIELD OF DRAWING THUS

NO NON-DESTRUCTIVE EXAMINATION (NDE) REQ'D


APPROVED
NDE REQUIRED PER S-313-009 CODE
THIS DRAWING WAS PRODUCED USING
REV
APPROVED-STRESS
SOFTWARE: VERSION:
GC
APPROVED-ENGINEER
FILE NAME: NEXT ASSY USED ON CODE SCALE WT SH
FOLD
LINE

Figure 16: Sample Altered or Selected Vendor Part Drawing

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40 ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL

4.2. Assembly Drawing


A n a s s e mb ly d r a w in g s h o w s tw o o r mo r e s e p a r a b le p a r ts j o in e d to f o r m a
s to c k a b le ite m, o r a g r o u p o f a s s e mb lie s r e q u ir e d to f o r m a n a s s e mb ly o f h ig h e r
o r d e r . F ig u r e 1 7 s h o w s a n e x a mp le o f a n a s s e mb ly d r a w in g w h e n a s e p a r a te p a r ts
lis t is r e q u ir e d . F ig u r e 3 4 , “ A s s e mb ly D r a w in g W ith L is t o f Ma te r ia l, ” o n
p a g e 8 0 , s h o w s a n a s s e mb ly d r a w in g w ith th e L is t o f Ma te r ia l o n th e d r a w in g .
Re f e r a ls o to S e c tio n 5 . 1 , “ P a r t N u mb e r in g , ” o n p a g e 6 1 .

REVISION

DESCRIPTION
SYM DATE APPROVAL

1 GXXXXXX1

7 MS15795-305

8 MS35649-63 2X

GXXXXXX5 2 9 MS35234-17

2X
10 MS15795-305

11 MS35649-44

2X
3 GXXXXXX6

FOLD
LINE
4X
4 GXXXXXX3

REV
2X
5 GXXXXXX4

6 GXXXXXX2

GC
ITEM REQ'D REQ'D PART NO. DESCRIPTION MATERIAL MATERIAL SPEC & NO.

NO.
LIST OF MATERIAL
UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED-DIMENSIONS ARE IN INCHES
NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND
TOLERANCES: SPACE ADMINISTRATION Goddard Space Flight Center GREENBELT, MARYLAND

.XX .XXX FRACTIONS


125
NAME INIT DATE
±.02 ±.005 ±1° ±1/16
DRAWING INTERPRETED PER GSFC-X673-64-1
DESIGNER
REMOVE ALL BURRS AND SHARP EDGES R .010 OR CHAMFER MAX.

DRAWN TITLE
FLIGHT HARDWARE/POST FAB HARDNESS TEST REQ'D
HARDNESS TEST NOT REQUIRED NON FLIGHT
TEST HARDNESS PER ASTM E-18, LOCATION OPTIONAL CHECKED

TEST HARDNESS PER ASTM E-18 WHERE INDICATED


APPROVED
ON FIELD OF DRAWING THUS

NO NON-DESTRUCTIVE EXAMINATION (NDE) REQ'D


APPROVED
NDE REQUIRED PER S-313-009 CODE
THIS DRAWING WAS PRODUCED USING
REV
APPROVED-STRESS
SOFTWARE: VERSION:
GC
APPROVED-ENGINEER
FILE NAME: NEXT ASSY USED ON CODE SCALE WT SH
FOLD
LINE

Figure 17: Sample Assembly Drawing

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ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL 41

4.3. Detail Drawing


A d e t a i l d r a w i n g s h o w s a l l t h e i n f o r ma t i o n n e c e s s a r y f o r f a b r i c a t i n g a n i t e m,
in c lu d in g th e ma te r ia l f r o m w h ic h it is ma d e a n d th o s e f in is h e s , p r o te c tiv e
c o a tin g s , a n d p r o c e s s e s r e q u ir e d to f a b ric a te th e e n d p r o d u c t. O n ly o n e ite m
( d e ta il p a r t) s h a ll b e p r e s e n te d p e r d r a w in g . S e e F ig u r e 1 8 .

REVISION

DESCRIPTION
SYM DATE APPROVAL

NOTES: UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED

1. IRIDITE IN ACCORDANCE WITH


MIL-C-5541. CLASS1A.

2 RUBBER STAMP .125 HIGH CHARACTERS


AS SHOWN USING ____________.
ORIGINAL SOURCE OF SUPPLY:
_________
INSERT COMPLETE
ADDRESS
_________

O .500

1.500

.750

FOLD
LINE
REV
1.000 1.120

2.250

GC
BAR AL ALY QQ-A-225/8 6061-T6

ITEM REQ'D REQ'D PART NO. DESCRIPTION MATERIAL MATERIAL SPEC & NO.

NO.
LIST OF MATERIAL
UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED-DIMENSIONS ARE IN INCHES
NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND
TOLERANCES: SPACE ADMINISTRATION Goddard Space Flight Center GREENBELT, MARYLAND

.XX .XXX FRACTIONS


125
NAME INIT DATE
±.02 ±.005 ±1° ±1/16
DRAWING INTERPRETED PER GSFC-X673-64-1
DESIGNER
REMOVE ALL BURRS AND SHARP EDGES R .010 OR CHAMFER MAX.

DRAWN TITLE
FLIGHT HARDWARE/POST FAB HARDNESS TEST REQ'D
HARDNESS TEST NOT REQUIRED NON FLIGHT
TEST HARDNESS PER ASTME-18, LOCATION OPTIONAL CHECKED

TEST HARDNESS PER ASTME-18 WHERE INDICATED


ON FIELD OF DRAWING THUS APPROVED

NO NON-DESTRUCTIVE EXAMINATION (NDE) REQ'D


APPROVED
NDE REQUIRED PER S-313-009 CODE
THIS DRAWINGWAS PRODUCED USING
REV
APPROVED-STRESS
SOFTWARE: VERSION:
GC
APPROVED-ENGINEER
FILE NAME: NEXT ASSY USED ON CODE SCALE WT SH
FOLD
LINE

Figure 18: Sample Detail Drawing

I n th e c a s e o f in s e p a r a b le p a r ts ( s u c h a s th o s e th a t a r e w e ld e d , r iv e te d , b o n d e d , o r
b r a z e d , e t c . ) w h i c h f o r m a n i n t e g r a l u n i t ( p a r t ) n o t c a p a b l e o f b e i n g d i s a s s e mb l e d
f o r r e p l a c e me n t , r e f e r t o p a r a g r a p h 4 . 6 e n t i t l e d “ I n s e p a r a b l e A s s e mb l y D r a w i n g ”
on page 44.

M u l t i d e t a i l d r a w i n g s a r e n o t a l l o w e d . T h e G S F C r e q u ir e s a u n iq u e d r a w i n g
n u mb e r p e r p a r t s o t h a t e a c h p a r t c a n b e i n d i v i d u a l l y e s t i ma t e d b y f a b r i c a t o r s a n d
id e n tif ie d f o r in s p e c tio n a n d c o n f ig u r a tio n tr a c k in g .

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42 ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL

4.4. Drawing Tree


A d r a w i n g t r e e i s u s e d t o c o n t r o l t h e d ev e l o p me n t o f d r a w i n g s a n d t h e i r p l a c e i n
th e o v e r a ll s c h e me o f th e p r o j e c t. A lth o u g h th is typ e d r a w in g is n o t a
r e q u i r e me n t f o r e a c h p r o j e c t , w h e n u s e d p ro p e r l y a n d k e p t u p t o d a t e , i t c a n b e a
v a lu a b le ma n a g e me n t a id a n d c a n b e co n ta in e d in a c o n f ig u r a tio n ma n a g e me n t
d a ta b a s e . S e e F ig u r e 1 9 .

TOP ASSY
CONFIGURATION DWG

GE XXXXXXX -

PAYLOAD INTERFACE INSTALLATION GROUND HANDLING


MODULE-A ELECTRICAL DRAWINGS EQUIPMENT
4,5 CONTROL DWGS

GJ 2456000 C GJ 2450200 - * - GJ 2452100 A GE 2450300 -

SOLAR ARRAY BATTERY


AVIONI CS ASSY INSTALLATION DOLLY ASSY
2
GF 2456050 A TBD GE 2452200 - GJ 2450330 -

ENCODER BOX UV SENSOR INSTL FRAME, WELDING


7
GE 2456042 - GD 2452250 D GE 2450350 -

BRACKET, CONNECTOR STAND, MOUNTI NG

GD 2456070 - GE 2450351 C

DUAL BRACKET ASSY TYPICAL SYMBOL LIST LIFTING FIXTURE


1
GE 2456010 - GE 2450360 A
AUTOCAD DRAWING
* DRAWING SIZE

BRACKET, DUAL
** DRAWING NUMBER PRE-ASSIGNED CABLE, HOIST
** DRAWING NUMBER
GD 2456789 - GD 2450365 -
MULTI-USE DRAWING
- DRAWING REVISION LETTER
LIST OUTSTANDING EO NOS.
DUAL HINGE SLI NG
3 TBD TO BE DETERMINED
GE 2456290 GF 24550362 -

SPRING, EXTERNAL WASHER

GC 2456273 GC 2450424 B

SPRING, DETENT

GC 2456272

Figure 19: Sample Drawing Tree

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ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL 43

4.5. Electrical/Electronic Drawings


E l e c t r i c a l / e l e c t r o n i c d r a w i n g s a r e p r e p a r e d to d e p ic t s c h e ma tic s , w ir in g d ia g r a ms ,
c a b l e i n t e r c o n n e c t i o n s , a n d d e t a i l e d c a b l e a s s e mb l y d r a w i n g s .

4.5.1. Electrical and Electronic Symbols

A p p l i c a t i o n : S y mb o l s s h a l l b e i n a c c o r d a n c e w i t h A N S I Y 3 2 . 2 -
1 9 7 5 , G r a p h ic S y m b o ls fo r E le c tr ic a l a n d E le c tr o n ic D ia g r a m s ( o r
la te r r e v is io n s ) , u n le s s o th e r w is e n o te d .

G r a p h i c e l e c t r i c a l w i r in g s y mb o l s f o r a r c h i t e c tu r a l a n d e l e c t r i c a l
la yo u t d r a w in g s s h a ll c o n f o r m to A N S I Y 3 2 . 9 - 1 9 7 2 , G r a p h ic
S y m b o ls fo r E le c tr ic a l W ir in g a n d L a y o u t D ia g r a m s U s e d in
A r c h ite c tu r e a n d B u ild in g Co n s tr u c tio n ( o r l a t e r r e v i s i o n s ) .

4.5.2. Electrical and Electronic Diagrams

A p p l i c a t i o n : D i a g r a ms s h a l l b e i n a c c o r d a n c e w i t h A N S I Y 1 4 . 1 5 -
1 9 6 6 ( R- 7 3 ) E le c tr ic a l a n d E le c tr o n ic D ia g r a m s ( o r l a t e r
r e v is io n s ) ; A N S I Y 1 4 . 1 5 a - 1 9 7 1 , I n te r c o n n e c tio n D ia g r a m s,
s u b s e c tio n 1 5 - 1 1 ; A N S I Y 1 4 . 1 5 b - 1 9 7 3 , E le c tr ic a l a n d E le c tr o n ic s
D ia g r a m s , s u b s e c tio n s 1 5 - 1 th r o u g h 1 5 - 1 0 , a n d 1 5 - 1 2 .

X-673-64-1F REV 001 DEC. ‘94 G O D D AR D S P AC E F L I G H T C E N T E R , G r e e n b e l t , M a r y l a n d


44 ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL

4.6. Inseparable Assembly Drawing


A n i n s e p a r a b l e a s s e mb l y d r a w i n g d e l i n e a te s i t e ms ( p i e c e s ) w h i c h a r e s e p a r a t e l y
f a b r i c a t e d a n d a r e p e r ma n e n t l y j o i n e d t o g e t h e r ( e . g . , w e l d e d , b r a z e d , r i v e t e d ,
n a ile d , b o n d e d , e tc . ) to f o r m a n in te g r a l u n it ( p a r t) n o t c a p a b le o f b e in g r e a d ily
d is a s s e mb le d . A n in s e p a r a b le a s s e mb ly d r a w in g ma y b e p r e p a r e d in lie u o f
in d iv id u a l mo n o d e ta il d r a w in g s f o r in s ep a r a b le a s s e mb lie s in te n d e d to b e
procured and replaced as a unit, where (except for standard hardware) the
s e p a r a t e p a r t s a r e o f s i mi l a r o r c o mp a t i b l e ma t e r i a l s . S e e F i g u r e 2 0 ( a l l d a t a ,
s u c h a s n o te s a n d lis t o f ma te r ia l, a r e n o t s h o w n ) .

REVISION

DESCRIPTION
SYM DATE APPROVAL

.006
2X ø .125+
- .000
.063

4.000

.063 3.500 .250

R .125

1.000
1.250
.875
.250 TYP

.750 1.960 .063

1.000

2 MS33588-X

FOLD
GXXXXXX2 1

LINE
3 MS20426-X

REV

GC
ITEM REQ'D REQ'D PART NO. DESCRIPTION MATERIAL MATERIAL SPEC & NO.

NO.
LIST OF MATERIAL
UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED-DIMENSIONS ARE IN INCHES
NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND
TOLERANCES: SPACE ADMINISTRATION Goddard Space Flight Center GREENBELT, MARYLAND

.XX .XXX FRACTIONS


125
NAME INIT DATE
±.02 ±.005 ±1° ±1/16
DRAWINGINTERPRETED PER GSFC-X673-64-1
DESIGNER
REMOVE ALL BURRS AND SHARP EDGES R .010 OR CHAMFER MAX.

DRAWN TITLE
FLIGHT HARDWARE/POST FAB HARDNESS TEST REQ'D
HARDNESS TEST NOT REQUIRED NON FLIGHT
TEST HARDNESS PER ASTM E-18, LOCATION OPTIONAL CHECKED

TEST HARDNESS PER ASTM E-18 WHERE INDICATED


APPROVED
ON FIELD OF DRAWING THUS

NO NON-DESTRUCTIVE EXAMINATION (NDE) REQ'D


APPROVED
NDE REQUIRED PER S-313-009 CODE
THIS DRAWINGWAS PRODUCED USING
REV
APPROVED-STRESS
SOFTWARE: VERSION:
GC
APPROVED-ENGINEER
FILE NAME: NEXT ASSY USED ON CODE SCALE WT SH
FOLD
LINE

Figure 20: Sample Inseparable Assembly Drawing

A n in s e p a r a b le a s s e mb ly d r a w in g s h a ll f u lly d e f in e th e e n d p r o d u c t o r d e ta il
a s s e mb l y a s a s s e mb l e d . P i e c e s o f t h e i ns e p a r a b l e a s s e mb l y ma y b e d e t a i l e d e i t h e r
o n s e p a r a te d e ta il d r a w in g s o r o n th e in s e p a r a b le a s s e mb ly d r a w in g its e lf . I n th e
c a s e o f w e ld me n ts , th e p a r ts s h a ll n o t b e in d iv id u a lly d e ta ile d o n s e p a r a te
d r a w in g s ( d u e to th e c o n s u ma b le ma te r ia l a llo w a n c e s th a t w o u ld h a v e to b e s h o w n
o n d e t a i l d r a w i n g s ) , e x c e p t i n c a s e s w h e r e e x t e n s i v e ma c h i n i n g mig h t b e
necessary.

X-673-64-1F REV 001 DEC. ‘94 G O D D AR D S P AC E F L I G H T C E N T E R , G r e e n b e l t , M a r y l a n d


ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL 45

4.7. Installation Assembly Drawing


A n in s ta lla tio n a s s e mb ly d r a w in g s h o w s w h e r e a n d h o w p a r ts a n d /o r a s s e mb lie s
a r e in s ta lle d r e la tiv e to s u p p o r tin g s tr u c tu r e o r a s s o c ia te d ite ms . I t s h o w s
lo c a tin g d ime n s io n s , to le r a n c in g , s p e c if ie s a tta c h in g p a r ts ( s u c h a s r iv e ts , b o lts ,
o r s c r e w s ) a n d s p e c i f i c a d j u s t me n t s , a s s e mb l y i n s t r u c t i o n s , a n d p r o c e s s e s
r e q u ir e d f o r c o mp le tin g a n d in s p e c tin g th e in s ta lla tio n . F ig u r e 2 1 s h o w s a n
e x a mp le w h e n a s e p a r a te p a r ts lis t is r e q u ir e d .

REVISION

DESCRIPTION
SYM DATE APPROVAL

(GXXXXXX9)

.250 + .004
ø - .000

4 GXXXXXX2
1 GXXXXXX1
5 GXXXXXX3
(PEEN ENDS)

ø 4.300
1.812

6 GXXXXXX4

2.500
ø 6.000 7 GXXXXXX5

2X ø .500 8 GXXXXXX6
2 GXXXXXX8
1.380

FOLD
LINE
3 GXXXXX12

9 GXXXXX13 11 GXXXXX11

REV
10 GXXXXX10 1.000
.625

1.150

GC
ITEM REQ'D REQ'D PART NO. DESCRIPTION MATERIAL MATERIAL SPEC & NO.

NO.
LIST OF MATERIAL
UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED-DIMENSIONS ARE IN INCHES NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND
TOLERANCES: SPACE ADMINISTRATION Goddard Space Flight Center GREENBELT, MARYLAND

.XX .XXX FRACTIONS


125
NAME INIT DATE
±.02 ±.005 ±1° ±1/16
DRAWING INTERPRETED PER GSFC-X673-64-1
DESIGNER
REMOVE ALL BURRS AND SHARP EDGES R .010 OR CHAMFER MAX.

DRAWN TITLE
FLIGHT HARDWARE/POST FAB HARDNESS TEST REQ'D
HARDNESS TEST NOT REQUIRED NON FLIGHT
TEST HARDNESS PER ASTM E-18, LOCATION OPTIONAL CHECKED

TEST HARDNESS PER ASTM E-18 WHERE INDICATED


APPROVED
ON FIELD OF DRAWING THUS

NO NON-DESTRUCTIVE EXAMINATION (NDE) REQ'D


APPROVED
NDE REQUIRED PER S-313-009 CODE
THIS DRAWING WAS PRODUCED USING
REV
APPROVED-STRESS
SOFTWARE: VERSION:
GC
APPROVED-ENGINEER
FILE NAME: NEXT ASSY USED ON CODE SCALE WT SH
FOLD
LINE

Figure 21: Sample Installation Assembly Drawing

a. That portion of the structure into which the installation is being installed shall
b e s h o w n in p h a n to m a n d id e n tif ie d b y its p a r t n u mb e r . S u c h id e n tif ic a tio n s
s h a ll b e in d ic a te d a s r e f e r e n c e in f o r ma tio n b y e n c lo s u r e o f th e p a r t n u mb e r in
p a r e n th e s e s o r b y u s e o f th e s ymb o l “ RE F . ”

b . A p p lic a b le d a tu m p o in ts o r p la n e s , s u c h a s c e n t e r l i n e s o f s t r u c t u r e , p l a n e o f
s ymme tr y, s ta tio n p la n e s , e tc . , s h a ll b e s h o w n a n d id e n tif ie d .

c. P a r t s ma y b e d e t a i l e d i n p l a c e o n i ns t a l l a t i o n d r a w i n g s w h e n c o n v e n i e n t .

X-673-64-1F REV 001 DEC. ‘94 G O D D AR D S P AC E F L I G H T C E N T E R , G r e e n b e l t , M a r y l a n d


46 ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL

4.8. Interface Control Drawing


A n i n t e r f a c e c o n t r o l d r a w i n g s h a l l b e u s e d t o ma i n t a i n c o mp a t i b i l i t y o f a l l
p h ys i c a l a n d f u n c t i o n a l d e s i g n s b e t w e e n d if f e r e n t e n g in e e r i n g d e s i g n a c t i v i t i e s .
T h e d r a w in g s h a ll c o mmu n ic a te d e s ig n c r ite r ia s u c h a s d ime n s io n s , h o le a n d /o r
b o l t s i z e s , h a r d w a r e , a n d u l t i ma t e c h a n g e s r e l a t i v e t o c o f u n c t i o n in g s y s t e ms .
“Interface Control Drawing” shall be added directly above the Title block. No
l i s t o f ma t e r i a l s i s p e r mi t t e d o n t h i s t y p e o f d r a w i n g ; i t i s n o t t o b e u s e d t o
ma n u f a c tu r e p a r ts . S e e F ig u r e s 2 2 a , b e lo w , a n d 2 2 b o n p a g e 4 8 .

REVISION

DESCRIPTION
SYM DATE APPROVAL

NOTES: UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED

1 SUPPLIED BY XZ CORP.
12 WATERLANE .004
12 x ø.281±
BOSS, CT 06132 .000
23.250
ø.007 M A B C
2 THIS DRAWING IS NOT TO
BE USED FOR FABRICATION
OR INSPECTION.

15.500

7.750

+Y
.375
3.000
1.500
-B-
6.000

12.000
9.000

FOLD
LINE
SECTION A-A

REV
24.000

-C-

+Y
23°-30'
CONTROL BOX #5

+Z

INTERFACE CONTROL DRAWING

GC
7.000
ITEM REQ'D REQ'D PART NO. DESCRIPTION MATERIAL MATERIAL SPEC & NO.

NO.
LIST OF MATERIAL
-A- UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED-DIMENSIONS ARE IN INCHES
NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND
TOLERANCES: SPACE ADMINISTRATION Goddard Space Flight Center GREENBELT, MARYLAND

.XX .XXX FRACTIONS

A A ±.02 ±.005 ±1° ±1/16


125

DESIGNER
NAME INIT DATE
DRAWINGINTERPRETED PER GSFC-X673-64-1

PLATFORM #5 REMOVE ALL BURRS AND SHARP EDGES R .010 OR CHAMFER MAX.

DRAWN TITLE
REF 1 FLIGHT HARDWARE/POST FAB HARDNESS TEST REQ'D
HARDNESS TEST NOT REQUIRED NON FLIGHT
TEST HARDNESS PER ASTM E-18, LOCATION OPTIONAL CHECKED
VIEWLOOKING OUTBOARD
TEST HARDNESS PER ASTM E-18 WHERE INDICATED
APPROVED
ON FIELD OF DRAWING THUS

NO NON-DESTRUCTIVE EXAMINATION (NDE) REQ'D


APPROVED
NDE REQUIRED PER S-313-009 CODE
THIS DRAWINGWAS PRODUCED USING
REV
APPROVED-STRESS
SOFTWARE: VERSION:
GC
APPROVED-ENGINEER
FILE NAME: NEXT ASSY USED ON CODE SCALE WT SH
FOLD
LINE

Figure 22a: Sample Interface Control Drawing

X-673-64-1F REV 001 DEC. ‘94 G O D D AR D S P AC E F L I G H T C E N T E R , G r e e n b e l t , M a r y l a n d


REVISION
1.
NOTES: UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED SYM DESCRIPTION DATE APPROVAL

SUPPORT POSTS FOLD AWAY FOR TURNOVER


AND REMOVE FOR SHIPPING.

R 101.431
WL 302.00 C5A

Ø190.00
4.00

68.524 55.162
REMOVABLE
INCLUDING
SUPPORT
COVERS
TURNOVER STRUT
TRUNNION
AXIS
COVER
Z414 Z 414

Z 400

31.839
SIDE VIEW

X-673-64-1F REV 001 DEC. ‘94


1.00
43.526
65.239 SLOTTED

52.914 SPACER
75.914 9.388 ADAPTER MMS 104.314 FOR TURNOVER MOTION (SHOWN)
105.314 FOR TURNOVER EQUIPMENT INSTALLATION
102.314 FOR STATIC SUPPORT ON POSTS
5.00
JACK
FOLD
LINE

LOAD
11.17 MPF
6.93 SPACER
CELL 46.83
REV

WL 140.00 C5A NOTE 1


36.361
4.39
9.562
4.00 FOR PALLET
ATTEN. FR.
AND ROLLERS
Z 300.76 REF 16.17

7.00 48.00

49.013 2.072 69.75


INTERFACE CONTROL DRAWING
GC

C5A SHIPPING UAR IN


CONFIGURATION TURNOVER ITEM REQD REQD PART NO. DESCRIPTION MATERIAL MATERIAL SPEC & NO.

NO.
LIST OF MATERIAL
POSITION UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED-DIMENSIONS ARE IN INCHES
NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND
47.902 Goddard Space Flight Center GREENBELT, MARYLAND
46.83 TOLERANCES: SPACE ADMINISTRATION
.XX .XXX FRACTIONS
125
NAME INIT DATE
±.02 ±.005 ±1° ±1/16
DRAWING INTERPRETED PER GSFC-X673-64-1
DESIGNER
HINGE REMOVE ALL BURRS AND SHARP EDGES R .010 OR CHAMFER MAX.
ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL

FLIGHT HARDWARE /POST FAB HARDNESS TEST REQ'D DRAWN TITLE


POINT
HARDNESS TEST NOT REQUIRED NON FLIGHT

TEST HARDNESS PER ASTM E-18, LOCATION OPTIONAL CHECKED

TEST HARDNESS PER ASTM E-18 WHERE INDICATED

ON FIELD OF DRAWING THUS APPROVED


1.5
1.0
NO NON-DESTRUCTIVE EXAMINATION (NDE) REQ'D
APPROVED
17.375 NDE REQUIRED PER S-313-009 CODE
THIS DRAWING WAS PRODUCED USING
REV
APPROVED-STRESS
SOFTWARE: VERSION:
GC
APPROVED-ENGINEER
FILE NAME: NEXT ASSY USED ON CODE SCALE WT SH
47

G O D D AR D S P AC E F L I G H T C E N T E R , G r e e n b e l t , M a r y l a n d
FOLD
LINE
48 ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL

Figure 22b: Sample Interface Control Drawing


Note: Format is too small. No information should appear beneath revision block
or above list of material. Choose a larger format in this case.

4.9. Matched-Set Drawing


A ma tc h e d - s e t d r a w in g d e p ic ts p a r ts th a t a r e ma c h in e - ma tc h e d o r o th e r w is e ma te d
a n d f o r w h i c h r e p l a c e me n t a s a ma t c h e d s e t o r p a i r i s e s s e n t i a l . T h e o p e r a t i n g o r
ma t i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s o f t h e ma t c h e d p a r ts ( s e t ) s h a l l b e i n d i c a t e d . T h e p a r t s
s h a ll b e u n iq u e ly ma r k e d w ith a s e r ia l n u mb e r id e n tif ic a tio n to in d ic a te a ma tc h e d
s e t. S e e F ig u r e 2 3 ( a ll d a ta r e q u ir e d f o r th e f in is h e d d r a w in g a r e n o t s h o w n ) .

T h e d r a w i n g t i t l e b e c o me s a n a s s e mb l y, a l t h o u g h t h e p a r t s a r e n o t a c t u a l l y
a t t a c h e d . “ M a i n t a i n a n d F u r nis h O n ly A s A Ma tc h e d S e t” s h a ll b e a d d e d d ir e c tly
above the Title block or List of Material.

REVISION

DESCRIPTION
SYM DATE APPROVAL

1 GXXXXXX1

2 GXXXXXX2

3 GXXXXXX3

FOLD
LINE
REV
LAP .00008 TO .00015

DIAMETRAL CLEARANCE

MAINTAIN AND FURNISH ONLY AS A MATCHED SET GC

ITEM REQD REQD PART NO. DESCRIPTION MATERIAL MATERIAL SPEC & NO.

NO.
LIST OF MATERIAL
UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED-DIMENSIONS ARE IN INCHES
NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND
TOLERANCES: SPACE ADMINISTRATION Goddard Space Flight Center GREENBELT, MARYLAND

.XX .XXX FRACTIONS


125
NAME INIT DATE
±.02 ±.005 ±1° ±1/16
DRAWING INTERPRETED PER GSFC-X673-64-1
DESIGNER
REMOVE ALL BURRS AND SHARP EDGES R .010 OR CHAMFER MAX.

DRAWN TITLE
FLIGHT HARDWARE/POST FAB HARDNESS TEST REQ'D
HARDNESS TEST NOT REQUIRED NON FLIGHT
TEST HARDNESS PER ASTM E-18, LOCATION OPTIONAL CHECKED

TEST HARDNESS PER ASTM E-18 WHERE INDICATED


APPROVED
ON FIELD OF DRAWING THUS

NO NON-DESTRUCTIVE EXAMINATION (NDE) REQ'D


APPROVED
NDE REQUIRED PER S-313-009 CODE
THIS DRAWING WAS PRODUCED USING
REV
APPROVED-STRESS
SOFTWARE: VERSION:
GC
APPROVED-ENGINEER
FILE NAME: NEXT ASSY USED ON CODE SCALE WT SH
FOLD
LINE

Figure 23: Sample Matched-Set Drawing

X-673-64-1F REV 001 DEC. ‘94 G O D D AR D S P AC E F L I G H T C E N T E R , G r e e n b e l t , M a r y l a n d


ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL 49

4.10. Mechanical Schematic


A me c h a n i c a l s c h e ma t i c d ia g r a m d r a w i n g i l l u s t r a t e s t h e o p e r a t i o n a l s e q u e n c e o r
a r r a n g e me n t o f a me c h a n ic a l d e v ic e . D ime n s io n s a n d r e la tiv e s iz e s o f ite ms ma y
b e s h o w n to in d ic a te me c h a n ic a l r e la tio n s h ip . S e e F ig u r e 2 4 .

X-673-64-1F REV 001 DEC. ‘94 G O D D AR D S P AC E F L I G H T C E N T E R , G r e e n b e l t , M a r y l a n d


50

REVISION

SYM DESCRIPTION DATE APPROVAL

NOTES: UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED


1. ALL DIRECTIONAL ARROWS INDICATE
INCREASE IN SUPERELEVATION.
2. ALL GEARS 46P.
COMPENSATOR

24TRI
72T DOUBLE
THD RH
27T

27T
24T
24TPI RH 36T
135T
DOUBLE 64T
ENTRY

24TPI LH 24T
QUADRUPLE 72T
VERTICAL
DEFLECTION L08 R 20T
MIRROR GEARS
90T 72T
102T
RANGE SCALE (SPIDER)
53T
32P 20T
21T STOP

X-673-64-1F REV 001 DEC. ‘94


GUN LAYING RETICLE 32P
32P

45T 72T
24T
LINE
MST 44T
60T LOCK
66P 105T
64P RANGE KNOB
32P
25 L0G8R (2065 REVS .005)
21T 5
BALLISTIC
62T 72T BAL CORR KNOB
CORRECTION
(80REVS-.005)
FOLD
LINE

24T DIFFERRENTIAL
34T 53T
64P 36T
64P AZIMUTH BOMBSIGHT KNOB
90T
51T 32P (6MLS/REV) 150REV
SUPER- 32P COUPLING
ELEVATION
REV

DIFFERENTIAL 66T
ELEVATION BOMBSIGHT KNOB
COUPLING
88T (6ML/REV)

LINE
REVERSE LOCK
44T 66T CAM
25 L08 8R
180T 6
AMMUNITION SELECTION KNOB
(91 REVS .005)
26T
32P 20T
44T
32P

72T
GC

32P
TRANSMITTER ITEM REQ'D REQ'D PART NO. DESCRIPTION MATERIAL MATERIAL SPEC & NO.

BALLISTIC CAM NO. LIST OF MATERIAL

Figure 24: Sample Mechanical Schematic


GEAR SEGMENT 66T
UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED-DIMENSIONS ARE IN INCHES
65L0G 8R NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND
Goddard Space Flight Center GREENBELT, MARYLAND
TOLERANCES: SPACE ADMINISTRATION
46
.XX .XXX FRACTIONS
125
NAME INIT DATE
.02 .005 .1 .1/16
DRAWING INTERPRETED PER GSFC-X673-64-1
DESIGNER
REMOVE ALL BURRS AND SHARP EDGES R .010 OR CHAMFER MAX.
ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL

DRAWN TITLE
FLIGHT HARDWARE /POST FAB HARDNESS TEST REQ'D
HARDNESS TEST NOT REQUIRED NON FLIGHT

TEST HARDNESS PER ASTM E-18, LOCATION OPTIONAL CHECKED

TEST HARDNESS PER ASTM E-18 WHERE INDICATED


APPROVED
ON FIELD OF DRAWING THUS

NO NON-DESTRUCTIVE EXAMINATION (NDE) REQ'D


APPROVED
NDE REQUIRED PER S-313-009 CODE
THIS DRAWING WAS PRODUCED USING
REV
APPROVED-STRESS
SOFTWARE: VERSION:
GC
APPROVED-ENGINEER
FILE NAME: NEXT ASSY USED ON CODE SCALE WT SH

G O D D AR D S P AC E F L I G H T C E N T E R , G r e e n b e l t , M a r y l a n d
FOLD
LINE
ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL 51

4.11. Modification Drawing


Mo d if ic a tio n d r a w in g s d e lin e a te c h a n g e s to d e liv e r e d ite ms , s to c k a b le ite ms ( e . g . ,
S ta n d a r d P a r t D r a w in g o f h o n e yc o mb p a n e l b la n k s ) , a s s e mb lie s , in s ta lla tio n s , o r
s ys te ms . D r a w in g s a r e p r e p a r e d to a d d , r e mo v e , o r r e w o r k ite ms , e q u ip me n t
i n s t a l l a t i o n s , o r s y s t e ms t o s a t i s f y t h e u s i n g a c t i v i t y ' s r e q u ir e me n ts . T h e y a l s o
i n c o r p o r a t e ma n d a t o r y c h a n g e s ( e . g . , s a f e t y , r e l i a b i l i t y , o r a p p l i c a t i o n e x t e n s i o n )
in d e liv e r e d e q u ip me n t. A mo d if ic a tio n d r a w in g s h a ll b e id e n tif ie d b y th e w o r d s
“ M o d i f i c a t i o n D r a w i n g ” i mme d i a t e l y a b o v e t h e T i t l e b l o ck . T h i s t y p e o f d r a w i n g
h a s a ls o b e e n k n o w n o r r e f e r r e d to a s a “ Ma k e F r o m D r a w in g . ”

4.12. Outline Drawing


A n o u t l i n e d r a w i n g i s a d r a w i n g t h a t d e f i n e s t h e e x t e r n a l c o n to u r o f a n i t e m,
u s u a lly b y s h o w in g th e p r o j e c te d v ie w s in tw o o r th r e e p e r p e n d ic u la r p la n e s .
T w o t y p e s o f o u t l i n e d r a w i n g s a r e d e p ic t e d i n F i g u r e s 2 5 a , b e l o w , a n d 2 5 b o n
page 52.

15MMAXIMUM
APPROX 3M SPACECRAFT AND TELESCOPE PAM-A
SECTION 3M

SOLAR ARRAY STOWED ATTITUDE CONTROL


THRUSTERS

STAR TRACKER

DATA ANTENNA
DATA ANTENNA

APOGEE ROCKET
MOTORS

SUN SHADE SHOWN STOWED


APPROX 1M DIA
TELESCOPE

OUTLINE OF SHUTTLE
STOWED IN SHUTTLE BAY FOR PAM-A LAUNCH
PAYLOAD ENVELOPE

Figure 25a: First Sample Outline Drawing

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52 ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL

SHUTTLE TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM

COBE PAYLOAD
SATELLITE INSTALLATION

+Z Looking out of
the plane of paper

576.00
584.00

207.06

186.00

SOLAR ARRAY PANELS

760.50

-Y +Y
943.50

96.68

217.22 1069.00
SPACECRAFT LENGTH
1108.33
1123.50

1305.50 1307.00

+X Looking aft

Figure 25b: Second Sample Outline Drawing

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ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL 53

4.13. Source Control Drawing


A s o u r c e c o n tr o l d r a w in g s h a ll b e u s e d to limit p r o c u r e me n t o f a v e n d o r - d e s ig n e d
a n d ma n u f a c tu r e d p a r t ( o r a s s e mb ly) to th a t s o u r c e o r s o u r c e s t h a t e x c l u s i v e l y
p r o v id e th e p e r f o r ma n c e , in s ta lla tio n , a n d i n t e r c h a n g e a b l e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s o f t h e
p a r t s e le c te d a n d te s te d f o r a s p e c if ic a p p lic a tio n . I n th e e v e n t th e v e n d o r s h a ll
n o t p r o v id e d r a w in g s a s d e s c r ib e d in p a r a g r a p h 4 . 1 4 . d o n p a g e 5 6 , th e s o u r c e
c o n tr o l d r a w in g s h a ll in c lu d e th e s a me d e s c r ip tio n o f th e p a r t a s r e q u ir e d o n
s p e c if ic a tio n c o n tr o l d r a w in g s . I f v e n d o r d r a w in g s a r e ma d e a v a ila b le , th e
c o n te n t o f th e s o u r c e c o n tr o l d r a w in g s h a ll b e limite d to v e n d o r 's p a r t n u mb e r ,
n a me , a n d a d d r e s s . I n e i t h e r c a s e , t he f o llo w in g n o te s h a ll a p p e a r o n th e s o u r c e
c o n tr o l d r a w in g : “ O n ly th e p a r t( s ) s p e c if ie d o n th is d r a w in g a n d id e n tif ie d b y
v e n d o r 's n a me ( s ) , a d d r e s s ( e s ) , a n d p a r t n u mb e r ( s ) h a s ( h a v e ) b e e n te s te d a n d
a p p r o v e d b y G S F C f o r u s e i n n a me o f i t e m. A s u b s t i t u t e p a r t s h a l l n o t b e u s e d
w ith o u t p r io r te s tin g a n d a p p r o v a l b y G S F C. ” S e e F ig u r e 2 6 .

REVISION

DESCRIPTION
SYM DATE APPROVAL

NOTES: UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED

1. ONLY THE PART SPECIFIED ON THIS DRAWING AND


IDENTIFIED BY VENDOR'S NAME, ADDRESS AND PART
NUMBER HAS BEEN TESTED AND APPROVED BY GSFC
FOR USE IN MODEL XYZ. A SUBSTITUTE PART SHALL
NOT BE USED WITHOUT PRIOR TESTING AND APPROVAL
BY GSFC.

2. APPROVED SOURCE:

JONES MFG. CO.,


STREET ADDRESS, CHICAGO, IL
PART NUMBER XX3-X4XX

FOLD
LINE
REV
SOURCE CONTROL DRAWING

GC
ITEM REQD REQD PART NO. DESCRIPTION MATERIAL MATERIAL SPEC & NO.

NO.
LIST OF MATERIAL
UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED-DIMENSIONS ARE IN INCHES
NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND
TOLERANCES: SPACE ADMINISTRATION Goddard Space Flight Center GREENBELT, MARYLAND

.XX .XXX FRACTIONS


125
NAME INIT DATE
±.02 ±.005 ±1° ±1/16
DRAWING INTERPRETED PER GSFC-X673-64-1
DESIGNER
REMOVE ALL BURRS AND SHARP EDGES R .010 OR CHAMFER MAX.

DRAWN TITLE
FLIGHT HARDWARE/POST FAB HARDNESS TEST REQ'D
HARDNESS TEST NOT REQUIRED NON FLIGHT
TEST HARDNESS PER ASTM E-18, LOCATION OPTIONAL CHECKED

TEST HARDNESS PER ASTM E-18 WHERE INDICATED


APPROVED
ON FIELD OF DRAWING THUS

NO NON-DESTRUCTIVE EXAMINATION (NDE) REQ'D


APPROVED
NDE REQUIRED PER S-313-009 CODE
THIS DRAWING WAS PRODUCED USING
REV
APPROVED-STRESS
SOFTWARE: VERSION:
GC
APPROVED-ENGINEER
FILE NAME: NEXT ASSY USED ON CODE SCALE WT SH
FOLD
LINE

Figure 26: Sample Source Control Drawing

a. T h e s o u r c e c o n tr o l d r a w in g n u mb e r is n o t a p a r t n u mb e r . T h e v e n d o r p a r t
its e lf s h a ll b e id e n tif ie d b y th e v e n d o r 's id e n tif yin g n u mb e r .

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54 ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL

b . T h e a s s e mb ly ( o r in s ta lla tio n ) d r a w in g s h a ll c a ll o u t th e p a r t b y s o u r c e c o n tr o l
d r a w in g n u mb e r . I n th e L is t o f Ma te r ia l ( p a r ts lis t) o f th e d r a w in g , th e s o u r c e
c o n t r o l d r a w i n g n u mb e r s h a l l b e a c c o mp a n i e d b y t h e f o l l o w i n g n o t e : “ V e n d o r
P a r t— s e e s o u r c e c o n tr o l d r a w in g . ” A s o u r c e c o n tr o l d r a w in g s h a ll b e
i d e n t i f i e d b y t h e w o r d s “ S o u r c e C o n t r o l D r a w i n g ” i mme d i a t e l y a b o v e t h e T i t l e
b lo c k .

c. A s o u r c e c o n tr o l d r a w in g s h a ll n o t u p g r a d e a v e n d o r 's p a r t b e yo n d th e
v e n d o r 's s tip u la tio n s .

4.14. Specification Control Drawing


Specification control drawings are prepared to record the characteristics of a
v e n d o r - d e s ig n e d a n d ma n u f a c tu r e d p a r t ( o r a s s e mb ly) . T h is typ e o f d r a w in g ma y
a ls o b e u s e d to d o c u me n t G S F C p a r ts th a t a r e s e n t to a u n iq u e v e n d o r to p e r f o r m
a s p e c i f i c o p e r a t i o n b e c a u s e o f s p e c i a l eq u i p me n t a n d / o r h a r d w a r e o n l y a v a i l a b l e
t h e r e . S u c h c h a r a c t e r i s tic s a r e s iz e , s h a p e , mo u n tin g d ime n s io n s , a n d o th e r
d e s ig n r e q u ir e me n ts , in c lu d in g te s ts , w h e n a p p lic a b le , th a t c o u ld b e o b ta in e d
f r o m th e v e n d o r 's ma n u f a c tu r in g d r a w in g s if th e y w e r e ma d e a v a ila b le . T h e
v e n d o r 's p a r t n u mb e r , n a me , a n d a d d r e s s s h a ll b e in c lu d e d , e ith e r in n o te o r ta b le
f o r m. S e e F ig u r e 2 7 .

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ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL 55

REVISION

DESCRIPTION
SYM DATE APPROVAL

VENDOR NAME & ADDRESS VENDOR PART NO.

SMITH ENGINEERING COMPANY


XA3-X29XX
BUFFALO. N.Y.

PRODUCTION TEST PROCEDURE

WITH PORT 3 PERMISSIBLE LEAKAGE


PLUGGED APPLY AT RATE OF
COMMENTS
PRESSURE AS
FOLLOWS INTERNAL EXTERNAL

5 PSI AT 1 DROP PER HR PORT 1


NONE
PORT 2 AT PORT 1 SHOULD BE HELD BE SURE THAT
DOWN DURING SEALINGPOPPET
2250 PSI NONE
NONE THESE TESTS IS LOOSE IN
AT PORT 2 AT PORT 1
VALVE WHEN
5 PSI AT 1 DROP PER HR PORT 2 EACH TEST
NONE
PORT 1 AT PORT 1 SHOULD BE HELD PRESSURE
DOWN DURING IS APPLIED
2250 PSI NONE
NONE THESE TESTS
AT PORT 1 AT POR 2

3X .438-20 UNF-3B
FOR .25 OD TUBING

FOLD
LINE
PER AND 10050
3 PLACES

REV
PORT 2

1.250
PORT 1

SPECIFICATION CONTROL DRAWING

GC
PORT 3

1.190 ø 2X .020
ITEM REQD REQD PART NO. DESCRIPTION MATERIAL MATERIAL SPEC & NO.

NO.
LIST OF MATERIAL

2.380 UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED-DIMENSIONS ARE IN INCHES


NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND
TOLERANCES: SPACE ADMINISTRATION Goddard Space Flight Center GREENBELT, MARYLAND

.XX .XXX FRACTIONS


125
NAME INIT DATE
±.02 ±.005 ±1° ±1/16
DRAWING INTERPRETED PER GSFC-X673-64-1
DESIGNER
REMOVE ALL BURRS AND SHARP EDGES R .010 OR CHAMFER MAX.

DRAWN TITLE
FLIGHT HARDWARE/POST FAB HARDNESS TEST REQ'D
HARDNESS TEST NOT REQUIRED NON FLIGHT
TEST HARDNESS PER ASTM E-18, LOCATION OPTIONAL CHECKED

TEST HARDNESS PER ASTM E-18 WHERE INDICATED


APPROVED
ON FIELD OF DRAWING THUS

NO NON-DESTRUCTIVE EXAMINATION (NDE) REQ'D


APPROVED
NDE REQUIRED PER S-313-009 CODE
THIS DRAWING WAS PRODUCED USING
REV
APPROVED-STRESS
SOFTWARE: VERSION:
GC
APPROVED-ENGINEER
FILE NAME: NEXT ASSY USED ON CODE SCALE WT SH
FOLD
LINE

Figure 27: Sample Specification Control Drawing

a. T h e s p e c if ic a tio n c o n tr o l d r a w in g n u mb e r is n o t a p a r t n u mb e r . T h e v e n d o r
p a r t its e lf s h a ll b e id e n tif ie d b y th e v e n d o r 's id e n tif yin g n u mb e r .

b . T h e a s s e mb l y ( o r i n s t a l l a t i o n ) d r a w i n g s h a l l c a l l o u t t h e p a r t b y t h e
s p e c if ic a tio n c o n tr o l d r a w in g n u mb e r . I n th e L is t o f Ma te r ia l ( p a r ts lis t) o f
t h e d r a w i n g , t h e s p e c i f i c a t i o n c o n t r ol d r a w i n g n u mb e r s h a l l b e a c c o mp a n i e d
b y th e n o te “ V e n d o r P a r t— s e e s p e c if ic a tio n c o n tr o l d r a w in g . ” A s p e c if ic a tio n
c o n tr o l d r a w in g s h a ll b e id e n tif ie d b y th e w o r d s “ S p e c if ic a tio n Co n tr o l
D r a w i n g ” i mme d i a t e l y a b o v e t h e T i t l e b l o c k .

c . A s p e c i f i c a t i o n c o n tr o l d r a w i n g d o e s n o t p r e v e n t p r o c u r e me n t f r o m mu l t i p l e
s o u r c e s w h e n th e v e n d o r p a r t h a s b e e n d e te r min e d to b e e q u iv a le n t to o th e r
v e n d o r p a r t s b y t h e F e d e r a l C a t a l o g in g P r o g r a m, r e s u l t i n g i n F e d e r a l I t e m
I d e n tif ic a tio n N u mb e r ( F I I N ) n u mb e r a s s ig n me n t o r w h e n th e p a r t is
ma n u f a c tu r e d b y a lic e n s e e o f th e v e n d o r .

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56 ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL

d . T h e p r e p a r a tio n o f s p e c if ic a tio n c o n tr o l d r a w in g s c a n b e a v o id e d b y p r o c u r in g
th e v e n d o r 's ma n u f a c tu r in g d r a w in g s . I n th e e v e n t th e v e n d o r c la ims
p r o p r ie ta r y r ig h ts a n d r e f u s e s to p r o v id e h is ma n u f a c tu r in g d r a w in g s , h e s h a ll
b e r e q u e s t e d t o f u r n i s h a n o u t l i n e d r a w i n g o f h is p a r t s u f f i c i e n t t o i n c l u d e t h e
r e q u ir e me n ts s ta te d a b o v e . W h e n th e v e n d o r p r o v id e s e ith e r typ e o f d r a w in g s
( i . e . , ma n u f a c t u r i n g d r a w i n g s o r a n o u t l i n e d r a w i n g ) , t h e p a r t n u mb e r c a l l o u t
o n th e d r a w in g s h a ll b e b y th e v e n d o r 's n u mb e r .

e. A s p e c if ic a tio n c o n tr o l d r a w in g s h a ll n o t u p g r a d e a v e n d o r 's p a r t b e yo n d th e
v e n d o r 's s tip u la tio n s .

4.15. Standard Part Drawing


S ta n d a r d p a r ts s h a ll b e s e le c te d f r o m g o v er n me n t a n d in d u s tr y s ta n d a r d s in th a t
order of precedence. If neither of these contain a part satisfactory for the design
n e e d s , a d r a w i n g s h a l l b e p r e p a r e d . B e f o r e p r e p a r a tio n , it mu s t b e d e te r min e d
th a t th e p a r t s h a ll b e a G S F C s ta n d a r d p a r t, in w h ic h c a s e it s h a ll b e d r a f te d o n
G S F C s ta n d a r d ma n u a l f o r ma t.

4.16. Tabulated Drawing


A ta b u la te d d r a w in g d e p ic ts s imila r ite ms w i t h d i f f e r e n c e s i n c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s s u c h
a s d ime n s io n s , ma te r ia l, f in is h , a n d o th e r r e q u ir e me n ts . T h e s e d if f e r e n c e s a r e
ta b u la te d o n th e d r a w in g , th e f ix e d c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s d e p i c t e d o n c e .

P ic to r ia l d if f e r e n c e s th a t a r e n o t c le a r s h o u ld b e s h o w n in v ie w s o r d e ta ils a n d
s h o u ld b e p r o p e r ly la b e le d . A ta b u la te d d r a w in g p r e c lu d e s th e p r e p a r a tio n o f a n
i n d i v i d u a l d r a w i n g f o r e a c h i t e m. S e e F i g u r e 2 8 .

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ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL 57

REVISION

DESCRIPTION
SYM DATE APPROVAL

NOTES: UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED

1. PASSIVATE PER QQ-P-35, TYPE II

2. BAG PART PER MIL-P-116, METHOD III,


AND TAG WITH PART NUMBER GC1234567.

2X R .31

ø1.360
A

ø3.265

.020 A
ø3.95 ø.953 .020 A

FOLD
LINE
.003 A

REV
2X R .31

GC1234567
BAR CRES ASTM A582 /303 COND A

TABLE I ITEM REQD REQD PART NO. DESCRIPTION MATERIAL MATERIAL SPEC & NO.

NO.
LIST OF MATERIAL
UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED-DIMENSIONS ARE IN INCHES
NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND
PART NO. DIM. A DIM. B TOLERANCES: SPACE ADMINISTRATION Goddard Space Flight Center GREENBELT, MARYLAND

.XX .XXX FRACTIONS


125
NAME INIT DATE
±.02 ±.005 ±1° ±1/16
DRAWING INTERPRETED PER GSFC-X673-64-1
DESIGNER
GCXXXXXX5-1 3.500 1.250 REMOVE ALL BURRS AND SHARP EDGES R .010 OR CHAMFER MAX.

DRAWN TITLE
FLIGHT HARDWARE/POST FAB HARDNESS TEST REQ'D
HARDNESS TEST NOT REQUIRED NON FLIGHT COUPLER
GCXXXXXX5-3 3.625 1.375 TEST HARDNESS PER ASTM E-18, LOCATION OPTIONAL CHECKED

TEST HARDNESS PER ASTM E-18 WHERE INDICATED


APPROVED
ON FIELD OF DRAWING THUS

NO NON-DESTRUCTIVE EXAMINATION (NDE) REQ'D


APPROVED
NDE REQUIRED PER S-313-009 CODE
THIS DRAWING WAS PRODUCED USING
REV
APPROVED-STRESS
SOFTWARE: VERSION:
GC 1234567
APPROVED-ENGINEER
FILE NAME: NEXT ASSY USED ON CODE SCALE WT SH
FOLD
LINE

Figure 28: Sample Tabulated Drawing

4.17. Tooling Drawing


T o o lin g f ix tu r e s a n d te mp la te s a r e p r o d u c tio n a id s . T h e te mp la te s a r e n o t
in te n d e d a s e n g in e e r in g d o c u me n ta tio n o f th e f in a l e n d ite m c o n f ig u r a tio n .

T h e e n g in e e r in g d r a w in g f o r w h ic h a T o o lin g d r a w in g is b e in g p r o d u c e d s h a ll
c a r r y th e f o llo w in g n o te :
THESE FEATURES ARE TO BE INSTALLED USING
TOOLING TEMPLATE GX-XXXXXXX ONLY. THE
ACTUAL TOLERANCES ON THE FEATURES
LOCATIONS ARE CONTROLLED BY THE TEMPLATE.

W h e n a f f e c te d b y to o lin g , d ime n s io n s a n d th e ir to le r a n c e s s h a ll b e f la g g e d o n th e
e n g in e e r in g d r a w in g to th e a b o v e n o te a n d e n c lo s e d in p a r e n th e s e s to in d ic a te
r e f e r e n c e i n f o r ma t i o n o n l y.

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58 ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL

T h e f o llo w in g n o te s h a ll b e a d d e d to th e to o lin g d r a w in g :
THIS TOOLING IS USED TO FABRICATE PIECE PART
GX-XXXXXXX.

T h e to o lin g d r a w in g s h a ll b e d ime n s io n e d th e s a me w a y a s th e e n g in e e r in g
d r a w in g .

4.18. Composite Material Drawing


A c o mp o s ite ma te r ia l d r a w in g is a n e n g in e e r in g r e p r e s e n ta tio n o f tw o o r mo r e
ma t e r i a l s i n c o mb i n a t i o n ( r e i n f o r c i n g f ib e r s a n d r e s in b in d e r ) . T h e f ib e r a n d
r e s in d if f e r in f o r m o r c o mp o s itio n , a n d a r e ta ilo r e d to me e t s p e c if ic e n g in e e r in g
p r o p e r t i e s . T h e d r a w i n g s h a l l s p e c i f y t h e mu l t i - p ly l a min a t e c o n f i g u r a t i o n t h a t
d e f in e s th e n u mb e r o f p lie s , th e s ta c k in g s e q u e n c e , th e p ly a n g le o r ie n ta tio n , th e
p r e p r e g f i b e r - r e s i n ma t e r i a l s , a n d t h e p h ys i c a l d i me n s i o n s .

F o r th e f o llo w in g r e q u ir e me n ts , r e f e r to F ig u r e 2 9 a s a n e x a mp le o f a c o mp o s ite
ma te r ia l d r a w in g .

a. A c o o r d in a te r e f e r e n c e a n d a n g le d ire c tio n s h a ll b e s h o w n f o r b o th th e p a r t
and the stacked detail.

b . E a c h p ly s h a ll b e id e n tif ie d b y I te m N o . , a n g le , a n d th ic k n e s s , a s s h o w n in
T a b le 1 o f F ig u r e 2 9 .

c. D a s h n u mb e r s ma y b e u s e d to s h o w v ar ia tio n s , s u c h a s le n g th a n d ma te r ia l, a s
s h o w n in T a b le 2 o f F ig u r e 2 9 .

d . S ta c k in g s e q u e n c e c o d e ( + 3 0 /0 /- 3 0 /9 0 ) 2 S , a s s h o w n in T a b le 1 in F ig u r e 2 9
d e f in e s th e f o llo w in g f e a tu r e s :
P ly 1 + 3 0 - d e g r e e o r ie n ta tio n
P ly 2 0 - d e g r e e o r ie n ta tio n
P ly 3 - 3 0 - d e g r e e o r ie n ta tio n
P ly 4 + 9 0 - d e g r e e o r ie n ta tio n
Subscript “2” in d ic a te s r e p e a t s e q u e n c e ( p lie s 1 – 4 ) tw o
time s , f o r b u ild u p o f p lie s 5 – 8 .
Subscript “S” in d ic a te s s ymme tr y, i. e . , p lie s 1 – 8 r e p e a te d in
r e v e r s e o r d e r f o r b u ild u p o f p lie s 9 – 1 6 .

T h e c o d e is r e a d ( + 3 0 /0 /- 3 0 /9 0 /+ 3 0 /0 /- 3 0 /9 0 /9 0 /- 3 0 /0 /+ 3 0 /9 0 /- 3 0 /0 /+ 3 0 ) .

E x a mp le s o f o th e r v a r ia tio n s to th e c o d e a r e ( 0 3 /9 0 2 /4 5 /- 4 5 3 ) S . T h i s c o d e i s r e a d
( 0 /0 /0 /9 0 /9 0 /+ 4 5 /- 4 5 /- 4 5 /- 4 5 /- 4 5 /- 4 5 /- 4 5 /+ 4 5 /9 0 /9 0 /0 /0 /0 ) .

I n t h e s a me e x a mp l e , t h e s u b s c r i p t “ T ” c a n b e u s e d in lie u o f “ S ” to d e s ig n a te th e
t o t a l l a min a t e . F o r e x a mp le , ( 0 3 /9 0 2 /4 5 /- 4 5 6 /4 5 /9 0 2 /0 3 ) T . H o w e v e r , i n t h i s
e x a mp le , u s in g th e “ S ” to d e n o te s ymme tr y is th e p r e f e r r e d me th o d . “ T ” is
g e n e r a l l y r e s e r v e d f o r l a min a t e s w h e r e s y mme t r y i s n o t s p e c i f i e d , a s i n
( 0 /3 0 /6 0 /9 0 ) T .

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Figure 29: Composite Material Drawing Example

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60 ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL

5. NUMBERING SYSTEM FOR DRAWINGS AND


SUPPORTING DOCUMENTATION
T h e G S F C n u mb e r in g s ys te m f o r id e n tif yin g e n g in e e r in g d r a w in g s a n d a s s o c ia te d
lis ts is b a s e d o n th e “ u n it n u mb e r ” p r in c ip le , w h e r e b y th e s a me b a s ic n u mb e r
a s s ig n e d to a n a s s e mb ly d r a w in g is a ls o a p p lie d to in d e x , u s a g e , d a ta , a n d p a r ts
lists.

a. D r a w in g n u mb e r s s h a ll c o n s is t o f a s s ig n e d b a s ic s e v e n - d ig it n u mb e r s ,
p r e f ix e d b y th e le tte r “ G ” ( s ig n if yin g G S F C) a n d a s e c o n d le tte r s ig n if yin g th e
drawing size (B, C, D, E, F, or J).

b . A s s o c ia te d lis t n u mb e r s s h a ll b e th e b a s ic s e v e n - d ig it d r a w in g n u mb e r p r e f ix
w i t h P L o r I L a s a p p l i c a b l e . R e f e r to D e f in itio n s p a r a g r a p h 8 . 1 o n p a g e 7 1 .

c. A ll G S F C o r g a n iz a tio n s u s in g d r a w in g n u mb e r s s h a ll ma k e th e ir r e q u e s t to th e
M e c h a n i c a l S y s t e ms D i v i s io n , M e c h a n i c a l E n g i n e e r in g Br a n c h ( d e s ig n a te d
c u s to d ia n ) f o r b lo c k s o f n u mb e r s f o r th e ir f lig h t h a r d w a r e a n d g r o u n d s u p p o r t
e q u ip me n t.

d . T h e ma n a g e me n t o f d r a w i n g n u mb e r s b e c o me s t h e r e s p o n s i b i l i t y o f t h e
e n g in e e r in g d e s ig n g r o u p to w h o m th e y a r e a s s ig n e d . Re a s s ig n me n t o f th e
n u mb e r s to g r o u p s u b s e c tio n s o r in d iv id u a ls , o th e r c o n tr a c to r s o r
s u b c o n tr a c to r s , o r o th e r p r o g r a ms o r p r o j e c ts mu s t b e c o n tr o lle d , r e c o r d e d ,
a n d ma in ta in e d b y th e Co n f ig u r a tio n Ma n a g e me n t O f f ic e r .

e. E n g in e e r in g d o c u me n ta tio n ( d r a w in g s, e n g in e e r in g c h a n g e o r d e r s , a n d
c o n f ig u r a tio n c h a n g e r e q u e s ts ) s h a ll b e r e ta in e d b y th e Co n f ig u r a tio n Ma n a g e r
i n t h e r e s p o n s i b l e e n g i n e e r i n g o r g a n iz a t i o n u n t i l o t h e r w i s e d i r e c t e d b y t h e
Project.

f. W h e n i t i s n e c e s s a r y t o i d e n t i f y a d ra w i n g a s a s k e t c h , t h e n u mb e r s h a l l b e
a s s i g n e d b y t h e o r i g i n a t o r . T h e s k e t c h s h a l l b e ma i n t a i n e d b y t h e o r i g i n a t o r
t o p r e v e n t t h e n e c e s s i t y o f a c e n t r a l c o n t r o l . S k e t c h e s s h a ll n o t b e p r e p a r e d in
p l a c e o f e n g i n e e r i n g d r a w i n g s f o r p r o c u r e me n t o f mo c k u p s , mo d e l s ,
p r e p r o d u c tio n h a r d w a r e o r f lig h t h ar d w a r e , a n d a s s o c ia te d e q u ip me n t.

g . G S F C n u mb e r s f o r s p e c if ic a tio n s , p r o c e s s e s , a n d s t a n d a r d s s h a l l b e i s s u e d b y
th e s p e c if ic o r g a n iz a tio n f o r w h ic h s u c h d o c u me n ts a r e b e in g d e v e lo p e d .
P r o c e d u r e s g o v e r n in g th e p r e p a r a tio n o f G S F C s p e c if ic a tio n s , p r o c e s s e s , a n d
standards shall be in accordance with GSFC-S-250-3, Guide for the
P r e p a r a t i o n o f S p e c i f i c a t i o n s. T h e L i b r a r y S e r v i c e s B r a n c h o f t h e G S F C
I n f o r ma t i o n M a n a g e me n t D iv i s i o n s h a l l r e c e i v e t w o co p i e s o f f i n a l , a p p r o v e d
d o c u me n ts th a t a r e o f g e n e r a l in te r e s t a n d u s e . A lis t o f e x is tin g
s p e c i f i c a t i o n s i s ma i n t a i n e d b y t h e L i b r a r y S e r v i c e s B r a n c h .

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h . I n th e a b s e n c e o f a p r o j e c t- d ir e c te d d o c u me n t n u mb e r in g p la n , th e f o llo w in g
system shall be used:

GSFC - S - 722 - 93 - 002 - A

revision letter
ordinal specification number issued in given year
year of specification issue
Branch, Division or organization
issuing & maintaining specification
"S" for specification, "P" for procedure
Goddard Space Flight Center

5.1. Part Numbering


E a c h d e t a i l p a r t , s u b a s s e mb l y , e t c . , s h all b e id e n tif ie d b y a p a r t n u mb e r a s
follows:

a. A n ite m c o v e r e d b y a n a p p r o v e d s tan d a r d a n d u s e d w ith o u t a lte r a tio n o r


s e l e c t i o n s h a l l b e i d e n t i f i e d b y t h e p r o p e r s ta n d a r d n u mb e r ( s u c h a s MS
n u mb e r f o r mi l i t a r y s t a n d a r d ) , w h i c h s h a l l i n c l u d e a n y d a s h n u mb e r o r c o d e
n e c e s s a r y f o r c o mp l e t e i d e n t i t y .

b . E a c h n o n s ta n d a r d ite m s h a ll b e id e n tif ie d b y a p a r t n u mb e r th a t s h a ll b e , o r
s h a ll in c lu d e , th e d r a w in g n u mb e r .

c. V e n d o r - d e s ig n e d a n d ma n u f a c tu r e d p a r ts o r a s s e mb lie s s h a ll b e id e n tif ie d b y
th e v e n d o r 's p a r t n u mb e r . S e e “ S p e c if ic a tio n Co n tr o l D r a w in g , ” p a r a g r a p h
4 . 1 4 o n p a g e 5 4 , a n d “ S o u r c e Co n tr o l D r a w in g , ” p a r a g r a p h 4 . 1 3 o n p a g e 5 3 .

d . A lte r e d o r s e le c te d p a r ts s h a ll b e id e n tif ie d a s r e q u ir e d . S e e “ A lte r e d o r


S e le c te d V e n d o r P a r t D r a w in g , ” p a r a g r a p h 4 . 1 o n p a g e 3 9 .

e. S ymme tr ic a lly o p p o s ite p a r ts s h a ll b e d e s ig n a te d b y - 1 ( s h o w n ) a n d - 2


( o p p o s i t e ) c a r r y i n g t h e o d d / e v e n r e l a t i o n s h i p t o h i g h e r n u mb e r s a s n e c e s s a r y .
T h e p a r t s h o w n s h a ll a lw a ys b e a n o d d n u mb e r , a n d its o p p o s ite , th e n e x t
h ig h e r n u mb e r .

P a r ts s h a ll b e id e n tif ie d o n th e f ie ld o f d r a w in g b y s h o w in g b o th th e id e n tif yin g


p a r t n u mb e r a n d f in d n u mb e r w h e r e c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e d o n a s e p a r a te E n g in e e r in g
P a r ts L is t. S e e “ S a mp le A s s e mb ly D r a w in g , ” F ig u r e 1 7 o n p a g e 4 0 . W h e n th e
p a r ts a p p e a r in th e L is t o f Ma te r ia l o n th e d r a w in g , o n ly th e ite m n u mb e r is c a lle d
o u t o n th e f ie ld o f th e d r a w in g . S e e F ig u r e 3 4 , “ S a mp le A s s e mb ly D r a w in g W ith
L is t o f Ma te r ia l, ” o n p a g e 8 0 .

A d e ta il d r a w in g d e p ic ts a s in g le d e ta il p a r t, a n d th e p a r t s h a ll b e d e s ig n a te d b y
th e d r a w in g n u mb e r . S e e “ D e ta il D r a w in g , ” p a r a g r a p h 4 . 3 o n p a g e 4 1 .

A n in s e p a r a b le a s s e mb ly d r a w in g d e p ic ts p a r t s p e r ma n e n t l y f a s t e n e d t o g e t h e r , a n d
th e a s s e mb ly s h a ll b e d e s ig n a te d b y th e d r a w in g n u mb e r . T h e in d iv id u a l p a r ts
s h a ll b e d e s ig n a te d b y p a r t n u mb e r a s d e s c r ib e d p e r “ I n s e p a r a b le A s s e mb ly
D r a w in g , ” p a r a g r a p h 4 . 6 o n p a g e 4 4 .

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E a c h o f th e p a r ts s h o w n o n a ta b u la te d d r a w in g s h a ll b e id e n tif ie d b y th e d r a w in g
n u mb e r s u f f ix e d w ith a d a s h n u mb e r . T h e b a s ic d r a w in g n u mb e r a lo n e s h a ll n o t
b e u s e d t o i d e n t i f y a p a r t . S e e “ T a b u la te d D r a w in g , ” p a r a g r a p h 4 . 1 6 o n p a g e 5 6 .

P a r t s t h a t mu s t b e ma t e d , a n d f o r w h i c h r e p l a c e me n t a s a ma t c h e d s e t o r p a i r i s
r e q u i r e d , s h a l l b e a s s i g n e d a s i n g l e n u mb e r t o d e s i g n a t e e a c h ma t c h e d s e t o r p a i r .
Co mp o n e n t p a r ts s h o w n in ma tc h e d - s e t d r a w in g s in s te a d o f s e p a r a te d e ta il
d r a w in g s s h a ll b e id e n tif ie d b y th e id e n tif yin g p a r t n u mb e r a n d f in d n u mb e r . S e e
“ Ma tc h e d - S e t D r a w in g , ” p a r a g r a p h 4 . 9 o n p a g e 4 8 .

5.2. Find or Item Numbering


U n d e r th e f in d o r ite m n u mb e r in g s ys te m, a n u mb e r is a s s ig n e d to a p a r t o r d e ta il
a s s e mb l y f o r t h e p u r p o s e o f l o c a t i n g i t i n t h e f i e l d o f t h e a s s e mb l y d r a w i n g . T h e
f in d o r ite m n u mb e r is a ls o s h o w n in th e E n g in e e r in g P a r ts L is t f o r a n a s s e mb ly
d r a w in g , c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e d to th e p a r t n u mb e r u s e d f o r p r o c u r e me n t p u r p o s e s .

5.3. Order of Precedence of Specifications and Standards


W h e n i d e n t i c a l p a r t s o r a s s e mb l i e s o f e q u a l q u a l i t y a r e i d e n t i f i e d b y mo r e t h a n
o n e d o c u me n t, th e ite m s h a ll b e r e f e r e n c e d o n d r a w in g s in th e f o llo w in g o r d e r :

5.3.1. Group I
G r o u p I c o v e r s g o v e r n me n t s p e c if ic a tio n s a n d s ta n d a r d s lis te d f o r
u s e b y G S F C a n d in d u s tr y d o c u me n ts c o o r d in a te d to th e e x te n t
indicated as follows in (c) and (e).

a. Co o r d in a te d f e d e r a l s p e c if ic a tio n s a n d s ta n d a r d s .

b . C o o r d in a t e d mi l i t a r y s p e c i f i c a t i o n s a n d s t a n d a r d s ( i n c l u d in g
JANs, ANs, and ANDs).

c. I n d u s tr y s p e c if ic a tio n s a n d s ta n d a r d s ( e . g . , th o s e p r o mu lg a te d
b y n a t i o n a l l y r e c o g n i z e d as s o c i a t i o n s , c o mmi t t e e s , a n d
te c h n ic a l s o c ie tie s ) h a v in g c o o r d in a te d s ta tu s e s ta b lis h e d u n d e r
p o lic ie s a n d p r o c e d u r e s o f o th e r g o v e r n me n t a g e n c ie s a n d
approved for GSFC use.

d . L i mi t e d c o o r d in a t i o n mi l i t a r y a n d i n t e r i m f e d e r a l s p e c i f i c a t i o n s
a n d s ta n d a r d s is s u e d b y o th e r g o v e r n me n t a g e n c ie s a n d
approved for GSFC use.

e. I n d u s tr y s p e c if ic a tio n s a n d s ta n d a r d s h a v in g limite d
c o o r d in a tio n s ta tu s e s ta b lis h e d u n d e r p o lic ie s a n d p r o c e d u r e s o f
o th e r g o v e r n me n t a g e n c ie s a n d a p p r o v e d f o r G S F C u s e .

5.3.2. Group II
G r o u p I I c o v e r s in d u s tr y s p e c if ic a tio n s a n d s ta n d a r d s ( e . g . , th o s e
p r o mu l g a t e d b y n a t i o n al l y r e c o g n i z e d a s s o c i a t i o n s , c o mmi t t e e s , a n d
te c h n ic a l s o c ie tie s ) a p p r o v e d f o r u s e b y G S F C, f o r w h ic h s ta tu s
e q u iv a l e n t t o mi l i t a r y d o c u me n t s h a s n o t b e e n e s t a b l i s h e d .

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5.3.3. Group III


G r o u p I I I c o v e r s G o v e r n me n t s p e c if i c a t i o n s a n d s t a n d a r d s n o t
p r e v io u s ly lis te d b y G S F C.

5.3.4. Group IV
G r o u p I V c o v e r s in d u s tr y s p e c if ic a tio n s a n d s ta n d a r d s n o t
p r e v io u s ly lis te d f o r u s e b y G S F C. Co mp a n y s p e c if ic a tio n s a n d
s ta n d a r d s a r e n o t to b e c o n s id e r e d a s a p a r t o f th is g r o u p . Co p ie s
o f in d u s tr y s p e c if ic a tio n s a n d s ta n d a r d s s h o u ld b e o b ta in e d f r o m
the association concerned.

5.3.5. Group V
G r o u p V c o v e r s c o mp a n y s p e c if ic a tio n s a n d s ta n d a r d s . Re f e r e n c e
to a c o mp a n y s p e c if ic a tio n o r s ta n d a r d f o r n e w a p p lic a tio n s o r
d e s ig n s s h a ll b e d is c o n tin u e d u p o n th e is s u a n c e o f a s p e c if ic a tio n
or standard in Group I, II, III, or IV covering an interchangeable
i t e m o f e q u iv a l e n t q u a l i t y .

N o te ( a p p lic a b le to G r o u p s I , I I , I V , a n d V a b o v e ) :
W h e n in d u s tr y s p e c if ic a tio n s a n d s ta n d a r d s a r e s p e c if ie d o n G S F C
d r a w in g s a n d d o c u me n ts , s u c h s p e c if ic a tio n s a n d s ta n d a r d s s h a ll b e
a v a ila b le to G S F C p e r s o n n e l.

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64 ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL

6. ENGINEERING ORDER

6.1. General Requirements


T h e u s e o f E n g in e e r in g O r d e r ( E O ) f o r th e p u r p o s e o f r e v is in g r e le a s e d d r a w in g s
is th e p r e f e r r e d me th o d o f c h a n g in g d r a w in g s , a lth o u g h th e me th o d o f d ir e c t
c h a n g e to th e d r a w in g ma y b e c h o s e n b y th e p r o j e c t e n g in e e r .

After an EO system is elected, it is the responsibility of that project design


a c tiv ity to a s s ig n n u mb e r in g a n d ma in ta in th e d o c u me n ta tio n s ys te m. T h e
a p p r o v e d E O is c o n s id e r e d a n o f f ic ia l p a r t o f th e o r ig in a l d r a w in g a n d s h a ll
a l w a y s b e a v a i l a b le t o o th e r s , e v e n a f t e r i n c o r p o r a t i o n . W i t h t h i s s y s t e m,
r e f e r e n c e t o E O s i n t h e r e v i s i o n b l o c k o f d r a w i n g s i s p e r mi t t e d i n p l a c e o f t h e
u s u a l d e ta ile d lis tin g o f c h a n g e s .

6.2. Format Sample


T h e f o llo w in g min imu m in f o r ma tio n s h o u ld b e in c lu d e d o n a n E O f o r m. S e e
F ig u r e 3 0 a o n p a g e 6 6 .

1 . D R A W I N G & R E V . L E V E L : T h e n u mb e r o f th e d r a w in g to b e c h a n g e d a n d th e
r e v i s i o n l e v e l a f f e c t e d . W h e r e t h e c h an g e i s e x a c t l y t h e s a me o n mo r e t h a n
o n e d r a w in g , a d d a n a s te r is k to th e d r a w in g a n d r e v is io n le v e l b lo c k ; th e n a d d
th e d r a w in g n u mb e r s a lo n g w ith th e n e x t a p p lic a b le E O n u mb e r to th e a s te r is k
ta b le o n th e f ie ld o f c h a n g e o n E O p a g e 1 . I f mo r e th a n o n e E O p a g e is
r e q u ir e d , t h e a d d i t i o n a l E O p a g e s w i l l o n ly n o te t h a t t h o s e p a g e s a f f e c t t h e
list of drawings the EO is written against.

2 . I N C . R E V . : T h e r e v is io n le tte r to b e p r o v id e d b y th e Co n f ig u r a tio n Ma n a g e r
( CM) a t th e time o f d r a w in g c h a n g e in c o r p o r a tio n . O u ts ta n d in g E O n u mb e r s
ma y b e in c o r p o r a te d u n d e r o n e r e v is io n le tte r .

3 . T I T L E : T i t l e o f t h e d r a w i n g t o b e r e v is e d .

4 . N E X T A S S E MBL Y : N e x t a s s e mb ly n u mb e r o f th e d r a w in g s a f f e c te d b y th e
change.

5 . U S E D O N : T h e typ e o f e q u ip me n t s u c h a s G r o u n d - S u p p o r t E q u ip me n t ( G S E )
o r F lig h t ( F L T ) .

6 . P R O G R A M: N a me o f p r o g r a m.

7 . R E A S O N : R e a s o n w h y t h e c h a n g e i s n e c e s s a r y r a th e r th a n d e s c r ip tio n o f th e
c h a n g e . A C o n f i g u r a t i o n C h a n g e R e q u e s t ( C C R ) n u mb e r a n d c l a s s t o b e
p r o v id e d b y th e p r o j e c t e n g in e e r w h e r e a p p lic a b le o r w h e n r e q u ir e d b y th e
CM.

8. TYPE OF EO:

A d v a n c e N o t ic e o f C h a n g e : A c h a n g e t o t h e d r a w i n g t h a t s h a l l t a k e p l a c e a t
s o me f u tu r e d a te . S e v e r a l E O s ma y b e in c o r p o r a te d u n d e r th e s a me r e v is io n
letter.

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ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL 65

D e v ia t io n : A r e c o r d o f a c h a n g e t o a ma n u f a c t u r e d p a r t . T h e c h a n g e i s t o
a c c e p t a d i s c r e p a n c y c o r r e c t i o n i n a p a r t. T h e E O w o u l d b e a s s i g n e d a b a c k
s la s h ( \) in s te a d o f a n E O r e v is io n let t e r a n d i d e n t i f i e d a s a “ D e v i a t i o n f o r
s e r ia l n u mb e r ” in th e r e v is io n b lo c k . N o p h ys ic a l c h a n g e to th e f ie ld o f
the drawing will occur.

O t h e r : A r e c o r d o f s p e c ia l te s ts o r c ir c u ms ta n c e s th a t mig h t n o t b e r e q u ir e d
o f a ll p a r ts .

9 . D E S C R I P T I O N : D e s c r ip tio n o f th e c h a n g e to b e ma d e s h a ll b e s h o w n u s in g
t h e w o r d s “ W a s ” a n d “ N o w ” o r “ R e mo v e ” a n d “ A d d . ” T h e w o r d s “ D e l e t e , ”
“ C a n c e l l e d ” o r “ S u p e r s e d e d ” ma y a l s o b e u s e d . I n th e s itu a tio n o f
s u p e r s e d in g a p r e v io u s E O , a “ W a s ” a n d “ N o w ” c u r r e n t c o n d itio n mu s t a ls o b e
s h o w n , j u s t a s if th e p r e v io u s E O h a d b e e n in c o r p o r a te d .

I f t h e c u r r e n t E O f o r ma t i s i n s u f f i c i e nt i n s i z e , a s h e e t 2 o r mo r e ma y b e
a d d e d ( s e e F ig u r e 3 0 b ) . I f a la r g e r p a g e is r e q u ir e d a s u p p le me n ta l s h e e t s h a ll
b e p r e p a r e d o n a r e g u la r d r a w in g - s iz e s h e e t r e p r o d u c ib le v e llu m a n d s h a ll
s ta te “ T h is s u p p le me n ta l s h e e t is p a g e o f E O n u mb e r o f d r a w in g
n u mb e r . ” E n te r in th e d e s c r ip tio n a r e a o f p a g e 1 o f th e E O to “ s e e
s u p p le me n ta l s h e e t p a g e of this EO.”

T h e E O mu s t b e o n a n a p p r o v e d E O f o r m. N o p a s te o n s o r lin e s tr ik e o u ts a r e
p e r mi t t e d . A l l l e t t e r i n g mu s t b e . 1 2 i n c h o r l a r g e r a n d u n if o r m i n s i z e .

10. “SHEET OF ” : I n d ic a te n u mb e r 1 a n d th e to ta l n u mb e r o f E O s h e e ts .
O n r e ma in in g s h e e ts , e n te r th e n u mb e r o f th a t p a r tic u la r s h e e t o f th e E O o n ly.

1 1 . D i s p o s i t i o n : A c tio n s to b e ta k e n a s a r e s u lt o f th e c h a n g e .

1 2 . E F F E CT I V E : I f th e c h a n g e a f f e c ts o n ly a limite d n u mb e r o f a s e r ie s o f lik e
p a r t s , f i l l i n t h e s e r i a l n u mb e r ( s ) a n d d a t e . i F T H E C H A N G E

1 3 . D R A W N B Y : S ig n a tu r e , d a te , a n d G S F C CO D E .

1 4 . I S S U E D BY : S ig n a tu r e , d a te , a n d G S F C c o d e o f CM o f f ic ia l.

1 5 . CH E CK E D : S ig n a tu r e s , d a te , a n d G S F C c o d e s . W h e n p r a c tic a b le , s ig n a tu r e s
s h o u ld b e th o s e o f p e r s o n s w h o a p p r o v e d th e o r ig in a l d r a w in g .

16. APPROVED: sIGNATURE, DATE, AND Signature, date, and GSFC CODE.

1 7 . E N G I N E E R : S ig n a tu r e , d a te , a n d G S F C CO D E o f p r o j e c t r e s p o n s ib le
e n g in e e r .

1 8 . C C B A P P R O V A L : Co n f ig u r a tio n c o n tr o l b o a r d s ig n a tu r e .

1 9 . J O B O R D E R N O : F a b r ic a tio n n u mb e r to b e a s s ig n e d b y th e c o g n iz a n t
e n g in e e r . c o d e

2 0 . E O N O : T o b e a s s ig n e d b y th e c o n f ig u r a tio n ma n a g e me n t o f f ic e o r th e
designated representative for the program for which the EO is being written.
E O n u mb e r s a r e i s s u e d i n n u me r i c a l s e q u e n c e a g a in s t a p a r tic u la r d r a w in g
n u mb e r w h e n th e E O is s e n t f o r c h e c k in g .

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66 ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL

3 8 9 7 19 18 1 10 20 2

ENGINEERING ORDER
GODDARD SPACE FLIGHT CENTER EO DRAWING & REV LEVEL EO NO. INC REV
GREENBELT,MARYLAND
SHEET OF
14
3a . CCB APPROVAL 4.
1. DRAWING TITLE 2. REASON
ISSUED BY CMO
3b . JOB ORDER NO.
GSFC CODE LOCATION DATE
12
5. TYPE OF EO: 6. PROGRAM 7. EFFECTIVE
ADVANCED NOTICE OF CHANGE DEVIATION OTHER (Explain) USED ON SERIAL
Drawing will be revised Drawing will not
be revised NEXT ASSY DATE

8. DESCRIPTION
6

10. DRAWN BY CHECKED: APPROVED: APPROVED: ENGINEERING:


SCRAP

PARTS

USE
MADE
RWK

NO

DISPOSITION AS
IS

RAWMATERIAL DATE CODE DATE CODE DATE CODE DATE CODE DATE CODE

PART IN PROCESS

11 13 15 16 17

Figure 30a: Engineering Order (sheet 1)

ENGINEERING ORDER
GODDARD SPACE FLIGHT CENTER EO DRAWING & REV LEVEL EO NO. INC REV
GREENBELT,MARYLAND
SHEET OF

Figure 30b: Engineering Order (sheet 2)

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68 ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL

7. DRAWING REVISIONS

7.1. Revision Methods


Re v is io n s in th e f ie ld o f d r a w in g s a r e ma d e b y d e le tio n , e ith e r b y e r a s u r e o r
crossing out (a series of parallel lines placed on the face of drawing over the
d e le te d p o r tio n s o f d r a w in g ) , b y a d d itio n , o r b y r e d r a w in g ( a ll d e lin e a tio n s s h a ll
b e ma d e t o s c a l e ) .

7.2. Revision Identification


Re v is io n s s h a ll b e id e n tif ie d b y s ymb o ls in th e f ie ld o f th e d r a w in g ( s e e
p a r a g r a p h 7 . 4 ) c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e d to th e r e v is io n d e s c r ip tio n . Re v is io n s ymb o ls
s h a ll b e e n te r e d in th e r e v is io n b lo c k ( s e e F ig u r e s 3 1 a , 3 1 b , a n d 3 1 c , p a g e 6 9 ) .
Re v is io n s s h a ll b e b y a lp h a b e tic a l le tte r a n d o r d e r , e x c e p t th a t le tte r s I , O , Q , S ,
X , a n d Z s h a ll n o t b e u s e d a s r e v is io n s ymb o ls . F o llo w in g le tte r Y , u s e A A , A B,
etc.; after AY, use BA, BB, etc.

7.3. Revision of Multisheet Drawings


T h e r e i s o n l y o n e a c c e p t a b l e me t h o d o f r e c o r d i n g c h a n g e s t o mu l t i s h e e t d r a w i n g s .

Re v is io n s to a n y s h e e t( s ) s h a ll b e r e c o r d e d in th e r e v is io n d e s c r ip tio n b lo c k o n
s h e e t 1 , a n d r e f e r e n c e s h a ll b e ma d e to s h e e t ( s ) a f f e c t e d . L e v e l o f r e v i s i o n s h a l l
be changed on each drawing sheet whether or not that particular sheet is affected.
T h e r e v is io n d e s c r ip tio n b lo c k o n a ll s h e e ts o th e r th a n s h e e t 1 s h a ll s ta te “ S e e
s h e e t 1 f o r r e v is io n s . ”

7.4. Revision Recording


A s y mb o l ( e . g . , “ A 3 ” ) e n c l o s e d i n a c i r c l e s h a l l a p p e a r i n t h e f i e l d o f d r a w i n g a t
th e p o in t o f r e v is io n . T h e le tte r “ A ” r e f e r s to a n y r e v is io n s c o mp le te d a t a g iv e n
time . T h e n u mb e r f o llo w in g r e f e r s to th e n u mb e r o f th e r e v is io n ma d e .
F ig u r e 3 1 a s h o w s e x a mp le s o f th is . T h e s a me s ymb o l ma y a p p e a r mo r e th a n o n c e
i f , i n t h e r e v i s i o n d e s c r i p t i o n c o l u mn , mo r e t h a n o n e a c t i o n t o o k p l a c e p e r l i n e
( s e e F ig u r e 3 1 a u n d e r s ymb o l “ A 3 , ” lin e 2 ) .

W h e n c h a n g e s a r e ma d e to a d r a w in g th r o u g h a d ir e c t in c o r p o r a tio n , r e v is io n
s ymb o ls a r e r e q u ir e d o n th e f ie ld o f th e d r a w in g , a n d a b b r e v ia te d d e s c r ip tio n s o f
th e c h a n g e s mu s t b e r e c o r d e d in th e r e v is io n b lo c k .

W h e n c h a n g e s a r e ma d e to a d r a w in g th r o u g h a n E O o r Re v is io n N o tic e s ys te m,
r e v is io n s ymb o ls a r e n o t r e q u ir e d o n th e f ie ld o f th e d r a w in g , b u t th e Re v is io n
Blo c k mu s t s ta te “ S e e E O n u mb e r for changes” or “See Revision Notice
n u mb e r ” in th e r e v is io n d e s c r ip tio n c o lu mn .

F o r e ith e r me th o d o f in c o r p o r a tio n , th e p e r s o n in c o r p o r a tin g th e r e v is io n , th e


p e r s o n a s s ig n e d to c h e c k th e in c o r p o r a tio n , a n d th e c o g n iz a n t e n g in e e r
r e s p o n s i b l e f o r t h e r e v i s i o n a l l s h a l l d at e a n d i n i t i a l t h e r e v i s i o n b l o c k i n t h e
a p p r o v e d c o lu mn .

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REVISION

SYM DESCRIPTION DATE APPROVAL


(1) R.188 WAS R.250
A3 (2) ADDED .500, 1.500 AND 2.000 DIMS 1-2-84 (SIGNATURE)
(3) REM'D .750 AND 7.000 DIMS
(1) WAS 1.500; (2) WAS .635;
B4 (3) WAS 1.000+.005; (4) WAS "NOTE 4" 2-3-84 (SIGNATURE)
-.000

Note:
Z o n e c o lu mn n o t r e q u ir e d o n C- s iz e d r a w in g s a n d s ma lle r .

Figure 31a: Sample Revision Block

REVISION

SYM DESCRIPTION DATE APPROVAL

(1) REPLACES REV-B WITH CHANGE,


C 1-9-84 (SIGNATURE)
SEE EO NUMBER XXX

Note:
I f n o “ E O ” s ys te m is u s e d , th e c h a n g e s w o u ld b e s p e lle d o u t, s imila r to
F ig u r e 3 1 a .

Figure 31b: Sample Revision Block

REVISION

SYM DESCRIPTION DATE APPROVAL

B REPLACES REVISION-B WITHOUT CHANGE 1-9-84 (SIGNATURE)

Note:
T h e o l d d r a w i n g s h a l l h a v e t h e s t a t e me n t “ R E D R A W N W I T H O U T C H A N G E ”
a d d e d to its r e v is io n b lo c k , r e q u ir in g n o c h a n g e le tte r , a n d “ S U P E RS E D E D ”
added above its Title block.

Figure 31c: Sample Revision Block

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70 ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL

7.5. Redrawn or Replaced Drawings


T h e n e x t r e v is io n le tte r in s e q u e n c e s h a ll b e e n te r e d in th e r e v is io n b lo c k o f th e
n e w d r a w i n g . T o t h e r e v i s i o n b l o c k s h a l l b e a d d ed “ R e p l a c e s R e v i s i o n ( o l d
r e v is io n le tte r ) W ith Ch a n g e ” a n d a d e s c r ip tio n o f th e c h a n g e o r r e f e r e n c e to a n
E n g in e e r in g O r d e r ( E O ) d o c u me n t n u mb e r s ha l l b e r e c o r d e d i n t h e d e s c r i p t i o n
c o l u mn . A l l p r e v i o u s r e v is i o n s s h a l l b e o mi t t e d f r o m t h e s u p e r s e d i n g d r a w i n g .
T h e s t a t e me n t “ R e p l a c e d W i t h C h a n g e B y R e v i s i o n ( n e w r e v i s i o n l e t t e r ) ” s h a l l b e
a d d e d to th e s u p e r s e d e d d r a w in g 's r ev is io n b lo c k a n d “ S u p e r s e d e d ” s h a ll b e
p l a c e d i n 1 / 4 - i n c h - h i g h l e t t er i n g d i r e c t l y a b o v e t h e T i t l e b l o c k . W h e n a d r a w i n g
i s r e d r a w n w i t h o u t c h a n g e s , t h e p h r a s e “ R e p l a c e s R e v i s i o n ( ol d r e v i s i o n l e t t e r )
W ith o u t Ch a n g e ” s h a ll b e a d d e d to r e v is io n b lo c k a n d r e v is io n le tte r s h a ll r e ma in
u n c h a n g e d . S e e F i g u r e 3 1 c . O r i g i n a l n a me s a n d d a t e s f r o m t h e o ld t i t l e b lo c k
s h a l l b e t y p e d i n o n t h e r e p l a c e me n t d r a w i n g .

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ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL 71

8. PARTS LIST AND INDEX LIST


T h is s e c tio n e s ta b lis h e s min imu m r e q u ir e me n ts f o r th e p r e p a r a tio n a n d
s u b mis s io n o f P a r ts L is ts ( P L ) a n d I n d e x L is ts ( I L ) u s e d w ith e n g in e e r in g
d r a w in g s .

P a r t s L i s t s ma y b e p r e p a r e d f o r e a c h as s e mb l y d r a w i n g i n a c c o r d a n c e w i t h t h i s
s e c tio n . F o r p a r ts lis ts o n d r a w in g s , s e e F ig u r e 3 4 o n p a g e 8 0 o r F ig u r e 3 o n
page 10.

I n d e x L i s t s ma y b e p r e p a r e d f o r e a c h P a y l o a d , E n g i n e e r i n g M o d e l , M a j o r
A s s e mb ly, Co mp le x A s s e mb ly o f a s s e mb lie s , a s d ir e c te d b y P r o j e c t Ma n a g e r .

8.1. Definitions
Cover Sheet: This refers to the first sheet of each Parts List or Index List and is
a record of the revisions.

P a r t s L i s t ( P L ) : T h i s i s a t a b u la t i o n o f t h e i t e ms n e c e s s a r y f o r f a b r i c a t i n g o r
a s s e mb l i n g t h e e n d i t e m( s ) t o w h i c h t h e l i s t a p p l i e s .

I n d e x L i s t ( I L ) : T h is is a lis t o f th e o n e p r in c ip a l a n d a ll s u b o r d in a te P L s
a p p l i c a b l e t o a ma j o r a s s e mb l y .

B u l k M a t e r i a l s : T h e s e a r e i t e ms t h a t a r e n e c e s s a r y c o n s t i t u e n t s o f a n a s s e mb l y o r
s u b a s s e mb l y , f o r w h i c h t h e q u a n t i t y r e q u ir e d i s n o t r e a d i l y p r e d e t e r min a b le .
E x a mp le s a r e o il, w a x , s o ld e r , c e me n t, in k , d a mp in g f lu id , g r e a s e , p o w d e r e d
graphite, flux, welding rod, thread, twine, and chain. If the quantity is known,
b u t t h e p h ys i c a l n a t u r e o f t h e ma t e r i a l i s s u c h t h a t i t i s n o t a d a p t a b le t o d e p ic t i o n
o n a d r a w in g , o r th e ma te r ia l c a n b e c u t to f in is h e d s iz e b y th e u s e o f s u c h h a n d
o r b e n c h to o ls a s s h e a r s , p lie r s , k n iv e s , e tc . w ith o u t f u r th e r ma c h in in g o p e r a tio n s ,
th e n th e ma te r ia l's c o n f ig u r a tio n s h a ll b e f u lly d e s c r ib e d in w r itin g w ith o u t th e
n e c e s s ity o f p ic to r ia l p r e s e n ta tio n .

S p e c i a l H a n d l i n g E q u i p m e n t a n d P a c k a g i n g : T h i s t e r m a p p l i e s t o i t e ms s u c h a s
b o x e s , s h ip p in g c o n ta in e r s , c r a d le s , c r a n e a tta c h me n ts , a n d o th e r s p e c ia l ite ms
n e e d e d f o r s to r in g a n d tr a n s p o r tin g .

S p e c i a l T e s t E q u i p m e n t : T h i s t e r m a p p l i e s t o i t e ms o f s p e c i a l t e s t e q u ip me n t
th a t a r e r e q u ir e d f o r g o v e r n me n t in s p e c tio n o r s e r v ic e ma in te n a n c e , s u c h a s te s t
s ta n d s , in d ic a to r s , e tc .

A p p l i c a b l e S t a n d a r d s , S p e c i f ic a t i o n s , a n d P u b l i c a t i o n s : T h i s t e r m a p p l i e s t o
d o c u me n ts r e f e r e n c e d o n o r in v o k e d b y th e d r a w in g s .

8.2. Requirements
8.2.1. List Preparation
T h e P L a n d I L ma y b e p r e p a r e d ma n u a lly o r b y typ e w r ite r o r
c o mp u te r w o r d p r o c e s s o r .

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72 ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL

8.2.2. List Formats


L is ts s h a ll u s e p r e p r in te d 8 1 /2 - b y 1 1 - in c h s iz e f o r ma t. T h e
p r e p a r a tio n r e q u ir e me n ts a r e p r o v id e d h e r e in .

W h e n mo r e t h a n a s i n g l e s h e e t i s r e q u ir e d to p r e p a r e o r r e v is e a
l i s t , t h e l i s t t i t l e i s r e q u ir e d o n t h e f i r s t s h e e t o n ly .

The design activity shall use a cover sheet as illustrated in


F ig u r e 3 2 a o n p a g e 7 4 . E n tr ie s o n th e c o v e r s h e e t s h a ll b e
c o mp le te d a s e x p la in e d in “ Co v e r S h e e t, ” s e c tio n 8 . 3 , b e lo w .

8.2.3. Revision Identification


A revision letter and the date of revision shall be applied to each
l i s t w h e n a n y c h a n g e i s ma d e . T h e l e t t e r s I , O , Q , a n d X s h a l l n o t
b e u s e d a s r e v is io n le tte r s . L is t s h a ll b e r e v is e d in d e p e n d e n tly o f
the associated drawings.

8.2.4. Deleting Items


I t e ms t o b e d e l e t e d ma y b e e i t h e r l i n e d o u t, e r a s e d , o r o mi t t e d .

8.2.5. Adding Items


N e w o r s u p e r s e d in g ite ms ma y b e a d d e d a t th e e n d o f a lis t o r
inserted in the list in proper sequence.

8.3. Cover Sheet


The Cover Sheet shall be the first sheet for each PL or IL and shall
be prepared as indicated herein.

8.3.1. Format
T h e Co v e r S h e e t s h a ll b e p r e p a r e d o n F o r m 6 7 0 - 3 6 ( 1 /6 5 ) . Re f e r to
F ig u r e 3 2 a o n p a g e 7 4 .

8.3.2. Entries
E n tr ie s s h a ll b e ma d e in th e b lo c k s a n d c o lu mn s o f th e Co v e r S h e e t
a s d ir e c te d o n th e f o llo w in g p a g e :

1 . C O D E I D E N T : E n te r Co d e I d e n tif ic a tio n n u mb e r a s a s s ig n e d b y
F e d e r a l S u p p ly CA G E P u b lic a tio n H 4 /H 8 f o r u s in g a c tiv ity.
N u mb e r i s l o c a t e d i n t i t l e b lo c k o f d e s i g n a c t i v i t y .

2 . L I S T N O . : E n te r th e n u mb e r o f th e P L o r I L f o r w h ic h th e c o v e r
sheet is being prepared.

3. SHEET OF : E n t e r t h e t o t a l n u mb e r o f s h e e t s u s e d .

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ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL 73

4 . RE V : E n t e r r e v is i o n l e t t e r o f t h e l a t e s t r e v is i o n t o t h e P L .
Ch a n g e s to th is b lo c k s h a ll b e ma d e b y e r a s u r e .

5 . I T E M N O ME N C L A T U R E : E n t e r t h e s a me n o me n c l a t u r e t h a t
a p p e a r s i n t h e T i t l e b lo c k o f t h e a s s e mb l y f o r w h i c h t h e l i s t i s
b e in g p r e p a r e d . T h e ite m n o me n c la tu r e s h a ll a lw a ys b e a n o u n .

6 . V E N D O R: I f p r e p a r e d b y c o n t r a c t o r f o r G S F C , e n t e r c o n t r a c t o r
n a me a n d F e d e r a l S u p p ly CA G E Co d e N u mb e r s .

7 . P R E P A R E D : E n te r n a me o f p e r s o n p r e p a r in g lis t.

8 . A P P R O V E D : E n t e r s i g n a t u r e o f p er s o n a p p r o v i n g f o r a c c u r a c y
a n d c o mp le te n e s s .

9 . E N G A P P R O V A L : E n te r s ig n a tu r e o f A s s is ta n t P r o j e c t E n g in e e r
( o p tio n a l) .

1 0 . E N G A P P R O V A L : E n te r s ig n a tu r e o f P r o j e c t E n g in e e r
( ma n d a to r y f o r a ll p r o c u r e me n t) .

1 1 . A U T H E N T I C A T I O N : E n te r n a me o f p e r s o n d e s ig n a te d to s ig n
f o r d e s ig n a c tiv ity o r d iv is io n .

12. CONTRACT NO: When prepared by contractor for GSFC, enter


th e c o n tr a c t n u mb e r .

1 3 . L T R : E n te r r e v is io n le tte r o f c u r r e n t r e v is io n .

1 4 . D E S CRI P T I O N : E n te r a c o mp le te a n d c o n c is e d e s c r ip tio n o f th e
r e v is i o n t h a t a p p l i e s t o t h e P L .

1 5 . D A T E : E n te r d a te o f r e v is io n .

1 6 . A P P ( A p p r o v a l) : E n t e r i n i t i a l s o f p e r s o n c o mp l e t i n g r e v is i o n
review.

1 7 . R E C O R D O F R E V I S I O N : E n te r r e v is io n s ta tu s o f in d iv id u a l P L
sheets.

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74 ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL

Figure 32a: Parts List (and Index List) Cover Sheet

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ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL 75

8.4. Parts List Continuation Sheet


T h e P L c o n tin u a tio n s h e e t s h a ll b e p r e p a r e d a s in d ic a te d h e r e in . Cir c le d n u mb e r s
h a v e b e e n a s s i g n e d t o e a c h c o l u mn o r b l o ck f o r i d e n t i f i c a t i o n o n l y . T h e P L s h a l l
c o n ta in a c o v e r s h e e t a n d a s ma n y P L c o n tin u a tio n s h e e ts a s n e c e s s a r y to
c o mp l e t e l y l i s t a l l t h e i n f o r ma t i o n .

8.4.1. Format
T h e P L c o n tin u a tio n s h e e t s h a ll b e p r e p a r e d o n F o r m 6 7 0 - 3 7 ( 1 /6 5 ) .
Re f e r to F ig u r e 3 2 b o n p a g e 7 6

8.4.2. Entries
E n tr ie s s h a ll b e ma d e in th e b lo c k s a n d c o lu mn s a s d ir e c te d b e lo w :

1 . P A R T S L I S T N O . : O n e a c h s h e e t o f t h e P L , e n t e r t h e n u mb e r o f
th e c o r r e s p o n d in g d r a w in g .

2 . S H E E T N O . : O n e a c h s h e e t , e n t e r t h e a p p r o p r i a t e s h e e t n u mb e r .

3 . I T E M F I N D N O S . : E n te r n u mb e r ta k e n f r o m a s s e mb ly d r a w in g .

4 . D W G . D O C U ME N T P A R T O R S T O C K N O . : E n t e r t h e p a r t
n u mb e r o r o t h e r i d e n t i f y i n g n u mb e r o f e a c h i t e m i n t h e l i s t .

5. QTY REQD PER ASSY.: Enter the quantity required for each
a s s e mb l y .

6 . CO D E I D E N T N O . ( Co d e id e n tif ic a tio n n u mb e r ) : E n t e r
a p p r o p r ia te n u mb e r a s s ig n e d to th e d e s ig n a c tiv ity p e r CA G E
P u b lic a tio n H 4 /H 8 . W h e n a g o v e r n me n t o r in d u s tr y s ta n d a r d
p a r t o r s p e c if ic a tio n n u mb e r a p p e a r s in Co lu mn 4 , n o e n tr y
s h a l l b e ma d e i n C o l u mn 6 . W h e n t h e C o d e I d e n t i f i c a t i o n
N u mb e r f o r a n i t e m i s i d e n t i c a l t o t h a t e n t e r e d i n B l o c k 1 o f t h e
Co v e r S h e e t, d o n o t r e p e a t th e n u mb e r in Co lu mn 6 o f th e P L
c o n tin u a tio n s h e e t.

7 . D R A W I N G T I T L E O R I T E M D ES C R I P T I O N ( I t e m d e s c r i p t i o n
o r n o me n c l a t u r e ) : E n te r th e n o u n o r n o u n p h r a s e d e s c r ib in g th e
ite m w h o s e p a r t o r id e n tif yin g n u mb e r a p p e a r s o n a s s e mb ly
d r a w in g .

8 . R E M A R K S : E n t e r i n f o r ma t i o n t h a t c o u ld b e u s e f u l f o r r e f e r e n c e
[ i. e . , s p e c if ic a tio n , c o n tr o l d r a w in g s , d e s ig n a tio n s ( e . g . , R1 0 ,
J 1 4 , e tc . ) , v e n d o r 's ite ms , e tc . ].

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76 ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL

Figure 32b: Parts List Continuation Sheet

S u p p le me n ta r y H e a d in g L is t. I n a d d i t i o n t o t h e h e a d i n g s t h a t a r e
u s e d f o r th e ite ms o f th e P L , a s u p p le me n ta r y h e a d in g lis t a s s ta te d
below shall be used if applicable:

- Bulk Material.
- S p e c ia l H a n d lin g E q u ip me n t a n d P a c k a g in g .
- S p e c i a l T e s t E q u i p me n t .

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ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL 77

- A p p lic a b le S ta n d a r d s , S p e c if ic a tio n s , a n d P u b lic a tio n s .

8.5. Index List Continuation Sheet


T h e I L c o n tin u a tio n s h e e t s h a ll b e p r e p a r e d a s in d ic a te d h e r e in . Cir c le d n u mb e r s
h a v e b e e n a s s i g n e d t o e a c h c o l u mn o r b l o ck f o r i d e n t i f i c a t i o n o n l y . T h e I L s h a l l
c o n ta in a c o v e r s h e e t a n d a s ma n y I L c o n tin u a tio n s h e e ts a s n e c e s s a r y to
c o mp l e t e l y l i s t a l l t h e i n f o r ma t i o n .

8.5.1. Format
T h e I L c o n tin u a tio n s h e e t s h a ll b e p r e p a r e d o n F o r m 6 7 0 - 3 9 ( 1 /6 5 ) .
Re f e r to F ig u r e 3 3 o n p a g e 7 8 .

8.5.2. Entries
E n tr ie s s h a ll b e ma d e in th e b lo c k s a n d c o lu mn s a s d ir e c te d b e lo w :

1 . I N D E X L I S T N U MB E R: O n e a c h s h e e t , e n t e r t h e n u mb e r o f
f i r s t a s s e mb l y l e v e l ( t o p o r ma i n a s s e mb l y ) .

2 . S H E E T N O . : O n e a c h s h e e t , e n t e r t h e a p p r o p r i a t e s h e e t n u mb e r .

3. CODE IDENT.: Enter code identification taken from PL.

4 . L I S T N O . : E n te r n u mb e r o f th e P L .

5 . L I S T N O ME N C L A T U R E : E n t e r n o me n c l a t u r e a s i t a p p e a r s o n
the PL.

6 . A S S Y L E V E L : E n t e r t h e n e x t a s s e mb l y l e v e l n u mb e r o f t h e l i s t
n u mb e r .

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78 ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL

Figure 33: Index List Continuation Sheet

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ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL 79

8.6. Find or Item Number System of Identification


8.6.1. Definition
A f in d n u mb e r o r ite m n u mb e r is a n u mb e r a s s ig n e d to a p a r t o r
s u b a s s e mb ly f o r th e p u r p o s e o f lo c a tin g th e p a r t o r s u b a s s e mb ly in
th e f ie ld o f th e a s s e mb ly d r a w in g . T h e f in d o r ite m n u mb e r is a ls o
s h o w n i n t h e P a r t s L i s t f o r a n a s s e mb l y d r a w i n g , w h e t h e r t h e l i s t i s
s e p a r a te o r a n in te g r a l p a r t o f th e d r a w in g . T h e “ f in d n u mb e r ” is
u s u a lly a s s o c ia te d w ith a s e p a r a te P a r ts L is t, a n d th e “ ite m n u mb e r ”
is u s u a lly a s s o c ia te d w ith th e L is t o f Ma te r ia l o n d r a w in g s , b u t
b o th a r e u s e d f o r lo c a tin g p a r ts . P a r ts a n d s u b a s s e mb lie s a r e
id e n tif ie d b y o th e r n u mb e r s f o r p u r p o s e s o f p r o c u r e me n t a n d
ma r k in g . T h e s e id e n tif yin g n u mb e r s a r e c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e d t o t h e
f in d o r ite m n u mb e r s in th e P L o r in a ta b u la tio n o n th e a s s e mb ly
d r a w in g .

8.6.2. Application and Limitation


T h e f in d o r ite m n u mb e r s ys te m p r o v id e s a q u ic k me a n s o f lo c a tin g
p a r ts o n a r e la tiv e ly s ma ll a r e a o f a d r a w in g h a v in g a h ig h d e n s ity
o f p a r ts . I t is p r e f e r r e d th a t th e c o n v e n tio n a l me th o d o f
id e n tif ic a tio n ( ite m n u mb e r s ) b e u s e d o n d r a w in g s o f s imp le
a s s e mb lie s , e v e n th o u g h f in d a n d p a r t n u mb e r s a r e u s e d f o r
c o mp le x a s s e mb lie s th a t a r e c o mp o n e n ts o f th e s a me e q u ip me n t.
S e e F ig u r e 3 4 o n p a g e 8 0 . F o r a s a mp le d r a w in g o f a n a s s e mb ly
u s in g th e f in d a n d p a r t n u mb e r s ys te m, s e e F ig u r e 1 7 o n p a g e 4 0 .
T h e i t e m n u mb e r s y s t e m o f i d e n t i f i c a t i o n s h a l l a l s o b e u s e d t o
l o c a t e p i e c e s o n d r a w i n g s o f i n s e p ar a b l e a s s e mb l i e s w h e n ma t e r i a l
s p e c if ic a tio n s o r ma te r ia l te mp e r s d if f e r f r o m o n e a n o th e r .

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80 ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL

REVISION

SYM DESCRIPTION DATE APPROVAL

12
EXPERIMENT
INTERFACE 8 A
11 14

6
10

FOLD
LINE
3
9
5 14 4 MS20500-428 NUT, 1/4-2B UNF-3B CRES
13 4 NUT, 3/4-16 UNF-3B CRES

REV
MS20500-1214
12 1 MS20500-1018 NUT, 5/8-18 UNF-3B CRES
4 4 11 2 MS35308-314 SCREW, CAP, HEXAGON HD CRES
10 1 GC1416639-1 SHIM
13 9 1 SPACER
GC1416635-1
13 8 1 GC1416636 SLEEVE
7 1 GC1416637 SEAT, UPPER

6 1 GC1416638 SEAT, LOWER


3 3 A 5 1 GD1416679 STEM, MOUNT C

4 2 GC1416681 SHAFT, BEARING

3 3 GC1416640 BEARING
2 2
SEAT, MOUNT C

GC
2 2 GC1416680
1 1 GD1416678 BASE, MOUNT C

1 X GD1416697 MOUNT C, ASSEMBLY


REQD REQD PART NO. DESCRIPTION MATERIAL MATERIAL SPEC& NO.
ITEM
NO.
LIST OF MATERIAL
UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED-DIMENSIONS ARE IN INCHES
NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND

SECTION A-A TOLERANCES:


.XX .XXX FRACTIONS
SPACE ADMINISTRATION Goddard Space Flight Center GREENBELT, MARYLAND

125
NAME INIT DATE
±.02 ±.005 ±1° ±1/16
DRAWINGINTERPRETED PER GSFC-X673-64-1
DESIGNER
REMOVE ALL BURRS AND SHARP EDGES R .010 OR CHAMFERMAX.

FLIGHT HARDWARE/POST FAB HARDNESS TEST REQ'D DRAWN TITLE

HARDNESS TEST NOT REQUIRED NON FLIGHT


TEST HARDNESS PER ASTM E-18, LOCATION OPTIONAL CHECKED

TEST HARDNESS PER ASTM E-18 WHERE INDICATED


ON FIELD OF DRAWING THUS APPROVED

NO NON-DESTRUCTIVE EXAMINATION (NDE) REQ'D APPROVED


NDE REQUIRED PER S-313-009 CODE
THIS DRAWINGWAS PRODUCEDUSING
REV
APPROVED-STRESS
SOFTWARE: VERSION:
GC
APPROVED-ENGINEER
FILE NAME: NEXT ASSY USED ON CODE SCALE WT SH
FOLD
LINE

Figure 34: Sample Assembly Drawing With List of Material

8.6.3. Drawing Requirements


W h e n u s e d in th e f ie ld o f th e d r a w in g , ite m n u mb e r s s h a ll b e
e n c lo s e d in c ir c u la r - s h a p e d 1 /2 - in c h - d ia me te r b a llo o n s . F o r
d r a w i n g s o f e l e c t r o n ic c h a s s i s a s s e mb l i e s , i f t h e o u t l i n e s o f
r e s is to r s o r c a p a c ito r s a r e s h o w n , th e r e f e r e n c e d e s ig n a tio n s s h a ll
be placed within those outlines when practical. The corresponding
f i n d n u mb e r s s h a l l b e o mi t t e d f r o m t h e v ie w s . I n s u c h c a s e s , a
ta b le s h a ll b e p r o v id e d o n th e d r a w in g to s h o w th e f in d n u mb e r
a s s i g n e d t o e a c h i t e m t h a t i s i d e nt i f i e d b y a r e f e r e n c e d e s i g n a t i o n
o n th e v ie w s . T h e s a me f in d n u mb e r s h a ll b e u s e d f o r a n y g r o u p o f
r e f e r e n c e d e s ig n a tio n s a s s ig n e d to ite ms o f id e n tic a l
c h a r a c te r is tic s . T h e ite m o r f in d n u mb e r s o n a n y d r a w in g s h a ll b e
a s s ig n e d in d e p e n d e n tly o f th o s e o n a n y o th e r d r a w in g . F in d
n u mb e r s a s s ig n e d to s u b a s s e mb lie s s h o w n o n a n a s s e mb ly d r a w in g
s h a ll b e d is tin g u is h e d f r o m th o s e a s s ig n e d to p a r ts b y a d d in g a
le tte r s u f f ix to th e s u b a s s e mb ly f in d n u mb e r .

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ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL 81

8.7. List of Material


A L i s t o f M a t e r i a l ( L M ) s h a l l b e p r e pa r e d a n d i n c l u d e d o n e a c h a s s e mb l y d r a w i n g
t o p r o v id e t h e i n d iv id u a l p a r t o r s u b a s s e mb l y i t e m n u mb e r , q u a n t i t y r e q u ir e d , p a r t
n u mb e r , d e s c r ip tio n , ma te r ia l, a n d ma te r ia l s p e c if ic a tio n . S e e F ig u r e 3 4 o n
page 80.

8.7.1. Format
T h e L i s t o f M a t e r i a l s h a l l b e p la c e d a b o v e t h e d r a w i n g T i t l e b l o c k
a s s h o w n in F ig u r e 3 4 o n p a g e 8 0 .

8.7.2. Entries
E n tr ie s s h a ll b e ma d e in th e b lo c k s a n d c o lu mn s a s in d ic a te d in
F ig u r e 3 o n p a g e 1 0 .

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82 ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL

9. DOCUMENTATION MANAGEMENT

9.1. Typical Drawing Flow for Flight Projects

Engineer
(concept)

Designer
(layout)

Engineer (approval
of layout concepts)

Designer Documents
(detail, subassy., assy., instl., etc.)
on CAD or conventional board drawing

Engineer
(review)

Design Analyst
(checking/review)
Engineer
(consideration Designer
of suggestions (modifications)
affecting design)
Design Analyst
(checking approval of
CAD/paper or vellum original)
Designer
Engineer (records change &
(approval) forwards check copy)

Configuration Manager Advance


1. Update Master CAD File with Names & Dates Shop Copy
2. Release Prints to Fabrication (optional)

Parts No Changes to Yes Engineer EOs


Completed Released Drawings (change notice)

Parts Engineer
GSFC QA (acceptance or rejection)

Figure 35: Typical Drawing Flow for Flight Projects

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ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL 83

9.2. Archiving
D r a w in g s , E n g in e e r in g O r d e r s ( E O s ) , Ce r tif ic a tio n L o g s , A s s o c ia te d L is ts , a n d
Engineering Parts Lists (EPLs) shall be archived after signoff. Following are
s o me s a mp le a r c h iv in g me th o d s :

a. F ilin g o f a ll p a p e r o r ig in a ls .

b . S c a n n in g o f th e p a p e r o r ig in a ls to a s ta n d a r d d ig ita l r a s te r ima g e f o r ma t s u c h
a s CCI T T G r o u p 4 ( CA L S , MI L - R- 2 8 0 0 2 ) a n d th e n u s in g a d ig ita l s to r a g e
s y s t e m t o a r c h i v e t h e r e s u l t i n g d a ta b a s e o f r a s te r ima g e s .

c. Mic r o f ilmin g a n d s to r in g o n a p e r tu r e c a r d s w h e n r e q u e s te d b y a G S F C
d iv is i o n t h a t s t i l l h a s e q u ip me n t t o r e t r i e v e t h e i n f o r ma t i o n .

Note:
B e f o r e d e c i d in g t o a r c h i v e u s i n g a p e r t u r e c a r d s , t h e a v a i l a b i l i t y o f r e t r i e v a l
e q u i p me n t a n d t h e q u a l i t y o f r e p r o d u c t io n s h o u l d b e c o n s i d e r e d . T h e q u a l i t y
o f d r a w i n g s , l i s t s , a n d d o c u me n t s s h a l l me e t t h e l e g ib i l i t y a n d c o n tr a s t
r e q u ir e me n ts o f MI L - D - 5 4 8 0 a n d MI L - M- 9 8 6 8 . T h e mic r o f ilm s u p p lie d s h a ll
b e T yp e I , Cla s s 1 .

9.3. Computer-Aided Design Drawings


T h e p u r p o s e o f th is s e c tio n is to s e t p o lic y o n h o w Co mp u te r - A id e d D e s ig n
( CA D ) d r a w in g s a r e to b e h a n d le d w h ile a c tiv e , s u p p lie d , d o c u me n te d , a n d
archived.

9.3.1. Presentation of Computer-Generated Data


A c o mp u te r g r a p h ic s o r CA D p r o g r a m i s u s e d t o c r e a t e e l e c t r o n i c
d a ta f ile d r a w in g s . A p a p e r o r ig in a l is p r o d u c e d o n w h ic h d r a w in g
s i g n a t u r e r e q u i r e me n t s a r e p l a c e d . T h e e l e c t r o n i c d a t a f i l e mu s t b e
u p d a t e d t o i n c l u d e n a me s , i n i t i a l s , a n d d a t e s . T h e p a p e r o r i g i n a l i s
n o w th e a c tiv e o r ig in a l a n d is f ile d w ith th e c o n f ig u r a tio n ma n a g e r
( CM) , a lo n g w ith th e e le c tr o n ic d a ta f ile w h ic h mu s t b e u s e d f o r
future changes.

W h e n a r e v is io n is n e e d e d , a n E n g in e e r in g O r d e r ( E O ) p a p e r
o r i g i n a l i s w r i t t e n a n d s u b mi t t e d t o t h e C M f o r d is t r i b u t i o n a n d
f i l i n g . A f t e r n o mo r e t h a n f i v e o u ts t a n d in g E O s a r e w r i t t e n , a n e w
e le c tr o n ic CA D d r a w in g s h o u ld b e p r o d u c e d b y th e o r ig in a tin g
G S F C g r o u p o r c o n tr a c to r . T h e c h a n g e s s h a ll b e r e c o r d e d in th e
r e v is i o n b lo c k , d a t e d , a n d i n i t i a l e d . A n e w p a p e r o r i g i n a l w i t h t h e
changes incorporated, dated, and initialed, shall replace the
previous original in the CM file. The new original shall be so
s ta mp e d , d a te d , a n d s ig n e d b y th e CM r e p r e s e n ta tiv e .

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84 ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL

C A D d a t a f i l e s a r e t o b e s t o r e d o n me d i a t h a t a r e c o mp a t i b l e w i t h
c u r r e n t l y u s e d G S F C s y s t e ms . T h e s e me d ia i n c l u d e mu l t i t r a c k r e e l s
o f c o mp u te r ta p e o r f le x ib le d is k s ( 3 - 1 /2 ” o r 5 - 1 /4 ” d o u b le s id e ,
h ig h d e n s ity) . E a c h s to r a g e me d iu m ma y c o n ta in o n e o r mo r e f ile s .
T h e f o l l o w i n g s h a l l a c c o mp a n y e a c h s t o r a g e r e q u e s t :

a. A c o mp u t e r - g e n e r a t e d l i s t o f i n f o r ma t i o n c o n t a i n e d o n e a c h
p i e c e o f s t o r a g e me d i u m ( f o r e x a mp l e : n u mb e r , d r a w i n g s i z e ,
etc.).

b . T h e b r a n d n a me o f t h e c o mp u t e r a n d s o f t w a r e u s e d t o c r e a t e t h e
f ile s , a n d th e s o f tw a r e v e r s io n n u mb e r if p r a c tic a l.

G S F C r e q u ir e s th a t CA D d a ta b e c o n v e r te d to a s ta n d a r d f o r ma t,
s u c h a s t h e D r a w i n g I n t e r c h a n g e F i l e ( D X F ) o r I n i t i a l G r a p h ic s
Exchange Specification (IGES). Refer to the National Institute for
S ta n d a r d s a n d T e c h n o lo g y f o r th e la te s t v e r s io n o f I G E S . T h is typ e
o f f o r ma t a llo w s th e CA D d a ta to b e r e a d b y d if f e r e n t typ e s o f CA D
s y s t e ms . F o r a t e c h n i c a l o v e r v i ew o f I G E S , r e f e r t o t h e N a t i o n a l
Bu r e a u o f S ta n d a r d s p u b lic a tio n , N BS I R8 1 - 2 2 9 , A T e c h n i c a l
B r i e f i n g o n t h e I n i t i a l G r a p h i c s E x c h a n g e.

9.3.2. Developing and Using Computer-Generated


Drawings
A ll q u e s tio n s r e g a r d in g th e la te s t in f o r ma tio n s ys te ms a n d
a p p lic a tio n s s h o u ld b e d ir e c te d to th e Co mp u te r - A id e d D e s ig n
S e c t i o n o f t h e M e c h a n i c a l En g in e e r in g Br a n c h . D r a w in g s
g e n e r a te d b y c o mp u te r mu s t b e to s c a le p e r s e c tio n 3 . 4 o n p a g e 3 2
o f t h i s ma n u a l .

9.3.3. Specification Data


T h e A me r i c a n N a t i o n a l S t a n d ar d s I n s t i t u t e p u b l i c a t i o n , D i g i t a l
Representation for Communication of Product Definition Data
( A N S I Y 1 4 . 2 6 M- 1 9 8 7 a n d u p d a te s ) , s h o u ld b e c o n s u lte d to
e s ta b lis h a s ta n d a r d d a ta c o mmu n ic a tio n s f o r ma t.

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ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL 85

10. DESIGN REFERENCES, STANDARDS, AND


SPECIFICATIONS

10.1. Dimensioning and Tolerancing


10.1.1. Dimensioning and Tolerancing Practices
T h e d ime n s io n in g a n d to le r a n c in g f o r a ll typ e s o f d r a w in g s s h a ll b e
in accordance with ANSI Y14.5M-1982 (or later revisions). Copies
are available from

A me r i c a n N a t i o n a l S t a n d a r d s I n s t i t u t e
1 4 3 0 Br o a d w a y
New York, NY 10018

A me r i c a n S o c i e t y o f M e c h a n i c a l E n g i n e e r s
3 4 5 E . 4 7 th S tr e e t
New York, NY 10017

10.1.2. Statements on Dimensioning


a. D i me n s i o n s s h a l l b e c h o s e n a n d p l a c e d o n d r a w i n g s b a s e d o n
th e p a r ts in te r r e la tio n s h ip s w ith ma tin g p a r ts , n o t to
i n s i g n if i c a n t t h e o r e t i c a l c e n t e r l i n e s .

b . P r ima r y, s e c o n d a r y, a n d te r tia r y d a tu m f e a tu r e s s h a ll b e la b e le d
in a lp h a b e tic a l o r d e r w h e n c r e a tin g a n e w d r a w in g .

c. D r a w in g s o f p a r ts r e q u ir in g te mp la te s in th e f a b r ic a tio n p r o c e s s
a n d th e ir te mp la te d r a w in g s mu s t b e d ime n s io n e d a lik e . Re f e r to
to o lin g r e q u ir e d n o te s in “ D ime n s io n N o te s , ” p a r a g r a p h 2 . 4 . 4 . 1
on page 16.

d . U s e a min imu m o f r e f e r e n c e d ime n s io n s o n d r a w in g s .

e. W h e n u s in g tr u e p o s itio n d ime n s io n in g * , th e d ime n s io n f r o m


th e f e a tu r e to o th e r e d g e s a n d its p e r p e n d ic u la r ity r e la tio n s h ip
t o a s u r f a c e mu s t b e i d e n t i f i e d w i t h d a t u m l e t t e r s . I mp l i e d
d a tu ms ( w h e n n o d a tu m le tte r ( s ) a r e s p e c if ie d ) a r e n o lo n g e r
acceptable.

* b a s i c , o r t h e o r e t i c a l l y e xa c t d ime n s io n s ; e x a mp le :

X.XXX

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86 ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL

10.2. Metric Dimensioning


N MI 8 0 1 0 . 2 A , U s e o f th e M e tr ic S y s te m o f M e a s u r e m e n t in NA S A P r o g r a m s,
e s ta b lis h e s p o lic y a n d r e q u ir e me n ts f o r u s e o f th e me tr ic me a s u r e me n t s ys te m
( a ls o k n o w n a s th e I n te r n a tio n a l S ys te m o f U n its , o r S I ) in N A S A p r o g r a ms a n d
th e c o n d itio n s u n d e r w h ic h b o th E n g lis h a n d me tr ic me a s u r e me n ts ma y b e u s e d .
W h e n me tr ic d ime n s io n in g is to b e u s e d , th e d o c u me n ts A S T M E 3 8 0 - 9 1 a ,
S ta n d a r d P r a c tic e fo r U s e o f th e I n te r n a tio n a l S y s te m o f U n its (S I ), a n d
N A S 1 0 0 0 0 , NA D o c u m e n ts P r e p a r a tio n a n d M a in te n a n c e in S I (M e tr ic ) U n its ,
g iv e s p e c if ic in f o r ma tio n a n d c o n v e r s io n f a c to r s .

10.2.1. SI Units and Symbols


a. S I b a s e u n its a r e s e v e n w e ll- d e f in e d u n its th a t a r e r e g a r d e d a s
d ime n s io n a lly in d e p e n d e n t. T h e y a r e a s f o llo w s :

SI Base Units
Quantity Name Symbol
length meter m
mass kilogram kg
time second s
electric current ampere A
thermodynamic temperature* kelvin K
luminous intensity candela cd
amount of substance mole mol
S e le c te d L is t o f D e r iv e d U n its
Quantity Name or Unit Symbol Formula
acceleration meter per second squared m/s2 -
angular acceleration radian per second squared rad/s2 -
angular velocity radian per second rad/s -
area square meter m2 -
density, mass kilogram per cubic meter kg/m3 -
electric charge coulomb C Axs
electric potential volt V W/A
electrical resistance ohm (Omega) V/A
energy joule J Nxm
force newton N kg x m/s2
frequency hertz Hz 1/s
magnetic flux weber Wb Vxs
moment of force newton meter Nxm -
power watt W J/s
pressure or stress pascal Pa N/m2
velocity meter per second m/s -
volume cubic meter -
m3

*The SI temperature scale is the International Thermodynamic Kelvin Scale, symbol K. Degree
Celsius, symbol C, is for general use. The span of one degree Celsius is exactly one Kelvin.

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ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL 87

b . D ime n s io n in g a n d to le r a n c in g s h a ll b e in S I u n its a n d d e c ima l


f r a c t i o n s o f t h e u n i t . A l l l i n e a r d ime n s i o n s s h a l l b e i n
mi l l i me t e r s a n d d e c i ma l f r a c t i o n s o f mi l l i me t e r s . A l t h o u g h t h e
SI unit for the plane angle is the radian, angles stated in
d e g r e e s , min u te s , a n d s e c o n d s , o r in d e g r e e s a n d d e c ima l o f a
d e g r e e ( p r e f e r r e d ) , s h a ll b e u s e d w h e n d ime n s io n in g p a r ts . T h e
n u mb e r o f d e c i ma l p l a c e s i n t h e d i me n s i o n s h a l l b e t h e s a me a s
t h e n u mb e r o f p l a c e s i n t h e r e q u ir e d t o l e r a n c e . T h e r o u n d i n g o f
d i me n s i o n s a n d t o l e r a n c i n g s h al l b e i n a c c o r d a n c e w i t h s e c t i o n
1 0 . 2 . 2 . 2 o n p a g e 8 9 . D r a w in g s s h a ll b e d ime n s io n e d a n d
toleranced in accordance with ANSI Y14.5M-1982.

c. S u r f a c e t e x t u r e v a l u e s s h a l l b e n o t e d i n mic r o me t e r s (µm) . S e e
t h e f o l l o w i n g t a b le :

Surface Texture Conversion Values


Roughness
Grade
Micrometers Microinches Numbers
50 2000 N12
25 1000 N11
12.5 500 N10
6.3 250 N9
3.2 125 N8
1.6 63 N7
0.8 32 N6
0.4 16 N5
0.2 8 N4
0.1 4 N3
0.05 2 N2
0.025 1 N1

d. Forces, such as tensile and shear loads, shall be shown in


n e w to n s ( N ) .

e. S tr e s s e s s h a ll b e s h o w n in me g a p a s c a ls ( MP a = P a x 1 0 6 ) . T h e
f o llo w in g ta b le g iv e s e x a mp le s :

U l t i ma t e S t r e n g th

English (PSI) S I ( MP a )
Tensile Shear Tensile Shear
85,000 50,000 600 340
125,000 75,000 900 540
160,000 95,000 1,100 660
180,000 110,000 1,250 750
220,000 132,000 1,550 930
260,000 156,000 1,800 1,080

f. P r e s s u r e v a lu e s f o r liq u id a n d g a s s h a ll b e s h o w n in k ilo p a s c a ls
(kPa = Pa x 103 ).

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88 ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL

g . Ma s s v a lu e s s h a ll b e s h o w n in k ilo g r a ms ( k g ) .

h . P r e f e r r e d d i a me t e r / p i t c h c o mb i n at i o n s f o r t h r e a d e d f a s t e n e r s a r e
shown in the following table, in accordance with ISO/TC20/SC4
Re s o lu tio n s 1 6 9 a n d 2 2 0 .

Dash Numbers
First Second
Oversize Oversize
Thread Size Nominal Size (0.5 mm) (1 mm)
1.0 x 0.25 -010 - -
1.2 x 0.25 -012 - -
1.6 x 0.35 -016 - -

2.0 x 0.40 -020 - -


2.5 x 0.45 -025 - -
3.0 x 0.50 -030 - -

3.5 x 0.60 -035 - -


4.0 x 0.70 -040 - -
5.0 x 0.80 -050 -055 -

6.0 x 1.0 -060 -065 -


7.0 x 1.0 -070 -075 -
8.0 x 1.0 -080 -085 -090

10.0 x 1.25 -100 -105 -110


12.0 x 1.25 -120 -125 -130
14.0 x 1.50 -140 -145 -150

16.0 x 1.50 -160 -165 -170


18.0 x 1.50 -180 -185 -190
20.0 x 1.50 -200 -205 -210

22.0 x 1.5 -220 -225 -230


24.0 x 2.0 -240 -245 -250
27.0 x 2.0 -270 -275 -280

30.0 x 2.0 -300 -305 -310


33.0 x 2.0 -330 -335 -340
36.0 x 2.0 -360 -365 -370
39.0 x 2.0 -390 -395 -400

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ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL 89

i. T h e to le r a n c e b lo c k o n th e G S F C d r a w in g f o r ma t s h a ll b e in
a c c o r d a n c e w i t h t h e f o r ma t e x a mp l e i n F i g u r e 2 b o n p a g e 6 .
T o le r a n c e s g iv e n in th e f o r ma t ma y b e a d j u s t e d t o r e f l e c t t h e
r e q u ir e me n ts o f th e d e s ig n .

j. P r e f e r r e d M e t r i c L i m i t s & F i t s ( A N S I B4 . 2 - 1 9 7 8 ) e n c o mp a s s e s
to le r a n c e r e q u ir e d d e s ig n a tio n s , p r e f e r r e d limits , b a s ic s iz e s ,
a n d s ymb o ls .

k . G e n e r a l T o le r a n c e s fo r M e tr ic D im e n s io n e d P r o d u c ts ( A N S I
B4 . 3 - 1 9 7 8 ) is u s e d f o r me tr ic d ime n s io n s w ith o u t to le r a n c e
d e s ig n a tio n s .

10.2.2. Unit Conversions

10.2.2.1. Conversion of Dimensions


F o llo w in g is a ta b le o f s e le c te d c o n v e r s io n f a c to r s . I f f u r th e r c o n v e r s io n f a c to r s
a r e n e e d e d , t h e r e f e r e n c e s o u t l i n e d i n p a r a g r a p h 1 0 . 2 o n p a g e 8 6 a r e v e r y u s e f u l.

To Convert From: To: Multiply By:


inch meter 2.540000 E–2*
in2 m2 6.451600 E–4*
foot meter 3.048000 E–1*
ft2 m2 9.290304 E–2*
lb kg 4.5359237 E–1*
lbf/in2 (psi) Pa 6.894757 E3
degrees Fahrenheit degrees Celsius tC = (tF – 32)/1.8*
degrees Fahrenheit kelvin tK = (tF + 459.67)/1.8*
* E x a c t c o n v e r s io n

10.2.2.2. Unit Rounding


a. G e n e r a l Ro u n d in g Ru le s

W h e n a f ig u r e is to b e r o u n d e d to f e w e r d ig its th a n th e to ta l
n u mb e r a v a ila b le a n d th e f ir s t d ig it d is c a r d e d is le s s th a n 5 , th e
la s t d ig it r e ta in e d s h o u ld n o t b e c h a n g e d . F o r e x a mp le ,
3 . 4 6 3 2 5 , i f r o u n d e d t o t h r e e d e c i ma l p l a c e s ( i . e . , 4 s i g n i f i c a n t
d ig its o r s imp ly 4 d ig its ) , w o u ld b e 3 . 4 6 3 ; if r o u n d e d to th r e e
s ig n if ic a n t d ig its , 3 . 4 6 .

W h e n t h e f i r s t d ig i t d is c a r d e d i s g r e a t e r t h a n 5 , o r i f i t i s a 5
f o llo w e d b y a t le a s t o n e d ig it o th e r th a n 0 , th e la s t d ig it
r e ta in e d s h o u ld b e in c r e a s e d b y o n e u n it. F o r e x a mp le 8 . 3 7 6 5 2 ,
if r o u n d e d to f o u r d ig its , w o u ld b e 8 . 3 7 7 ; if r o u n d e d to th r e e
d ig its , 8 . 3 8 .

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W h e n th e f ir s t d ig it d is c a r d e d is e x a c tly 5 , f o llo w e d o n ly b y
zeros, the last digit retained (i.e., the digit preceding the 5,
u n d e r lin e d in th e e x a mp le s b e lo w ) s h o u ld b e r o u n d e d u p w a r d if
it is a n o d d n u mb e r , b u t n o a d j u s tme n t ma d e if it is a n e v e n
n u mb e r . F o r e x a mp le , 4 . 3 6 5 , w h e n r o u n d e d to th r e e s ig n if ic a n t
d ig its , b e c o me s 4 . 3 6 . T h e n u mb e r 4 . 3 5 5 w o u ld a ls o r o u n d to
th e s a me v a lu e , 4 . 3 6 , if r o u n d e d to th r e e s ig n if ic a n t d ig its .
T h is p r o c e d u r e is k n o w n a s “ o d d - e v e n r o u n d in g . ”

E x a mp le : Ro u n d 4 6 . 0 2 5 0 0 t o t w o d e c i ma l p l a c e s .

Answer: 46.02

E x a mp le : Ro u n d 4 1 . 2 7 5 0 0 t o t w o d e c i ma l p l a c e s .

Answer: 41.28

G e n e r a l l y , t h e a c c u r a c y o f t h e n u mb e r o f s i g n i f i c a n t d i g i t s t o
w h ic h a v a lu e is to b e r o u n d e d mu s t b e k n o w n b e f o r e a
c o n v e r s io n f a c to r is u s e d . I f th is is n o t k n o w n , th e n th e b e s t
r u le o f th u mb is to r o u n d th e f in a l v a lu e to th e n u mb e r o f
s ig n if ic a n t d ig its c o r r e s p o n d in g to th e le a s t n u mb e r o f
s ig n if ic a n t d ig its o f th e o r ig in a l, u n c o n v e r te d n u mb e r s . F o r
e x a mp le , to c o n v e r t 1 1 . 4 f e e t ( f t) to me te r s ( m) :
1 1 . 4 x 0 . 3 0 4 8 = 3 . 4 7 4 7 2 , w h ic h r o u n d s to 3 . 4 7 me te r s . N e ith e r
t h e c o n v e r s i o n f a c t o r n o r t h e q u an t i t y s h a l l b e r o u n d e d b e f o r e
p e r f o r mi n g t h e mu l t i p l i c a t i o n , b e c a u s e a c c u r a c y w o u l d b e
r e d u c e d . F o r c o n v e r t i n g i n c h e s ( i n ) t o mi l l i me t e r s ( mm) , w h i c h
w o u ld g e n e r a lly b e th e c a s e in d r a w in g s , th e r u le o f th u mb is to
r o u n d t o o n e l e s s d e c i ma l p l a c e t h a n t h e o r i g i n a l i n c h
d i me n s i o n . W h e n c o n v e r t i n g f r o m mi l l i me t e r s t o i n c h e s , t h e
r u l e i s t o r o u n d t o t w o mo r e de c i ma l p l a c e s t h a n t h e o r i g i n a l
v a lu e .

E x a mp l e : C o n v e r t 3 . 5 7 4 8 i n c h e s t o mi l l i me t e r s .

3.5748 x 25.4 = 90.79992 A n s w e r : 9 0 . 8 0 0 mm

E x a mp l e : C o n v e r t 1 . 6 2 5 i n c h e s t o mi l l i me t e r s .

1.625 x 25.4 = 41.275 A n s w e r : 4 1 . 2 8 mm

E x a mp l e : C o n v e r t 1 0 1 . 8 3 mi l l i me t e r s t o i n c h e s .

1 0 1 . 8 3 /2 5 . 4 = 4 . 0 0 9 0 5 5 1 1 8 A n s w e r : 4 . 0 0 9 1 in c h e s

b . Ro u n d in g Ba s ic D ime n s io n s

T o c o n v e r t b a s ic d ime n s io n s o f d r a w in g s f r o m in c h e s to
mi l l i me t e r s , t h e c o n v e r t e d v a l u e s h a l l b e r o u n d e d t o t h r e e
d e c i ma l p l a c e s s i n c e t h i s s h al l p r o v i d e a ma x i mu m c o n v e r s i o n
e r r o r o f 0 . 0 0 0 0 2 in c h . I n c o n v e r tin g b a s ic d ime n s io n s f r o m
mi l l i me t e r s t o i n c h e s , t h e v a l u e s h a l l b e r o u n d e d t o f i v e d e c i ma l
p l a c e s , g i v i n g a ma x i mu m c o n v er s i o n e r r o r o f 0 . 0 0 0 0 0 5 i n c h .

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c. Ro u n d in g T o le r a n c e d D ime n s io n s

T h e u s e o f t h e e x a c t r e l a t i o n 1 i n c h = 2 5 . 4 mi l l i me t e r s g e n e r a l l y
p r o d u c e s mo r e th a n th e r e q u ir e d n u mb e r o f s ig n if ic a n t d ig its .
T o r o u n d b o th th e d ime n s io n a n d th e to le r a n c e s , f ir s t c o n v e r t
th e v a lu e s to th e n e c e s s a r y u n its . W h e n c o n v e r tin g f r o m in c h e s
t o mi l l i me t e r s , mu l t i p l y b y 2 5 . 4 f o r a p r o d u c t ; w h e n c o n v e r t i n g
f r o m mi l l i me t e r s t o i n c h e s , d i v i d e b y 2 5 . 4 f o r a q u o t i e n t . N e x t ,
take the total tolerance (i.e., the total value between the
ma x imu m a n d min imu m limits ) a n d f r o m th e r e s p e c tiv e ta b le
b e l o w f i n d t h e c o r r e c t n u mb e r o f d e c i ma l p l a c e s . T h e n r o u n d
b o th th e d ime n s io n a n d th e to le r a n c e s to th e n u mb e r o f d e c ima l
p l a c e s i n d i c a t e d . H o w e v e r , c a r e mu s t b e t a k e n s o t h a t t h e
r o u n d e d to le r a n c e s f a ll in s id e th e o r ig in a l to le r a n c e v a lu e s a s
e x p la in e d in p a r a g r a p h 1 0 . 2 . 2 . 2 . d . , “ P r e c is io n Ro u n d in g , ” o n
page 92.

Original Total Tolerance in Inches


At Least: But Less Than: Round Product To:
0.4 & over Whole mm
0.04 0.4 0.X mm
0.004 0.04 0.XX mm
0.0004 0.004 0.XXX mm
0.00004 0.0004 0.XXXX mm

Original Total Tolerance in Millimeters


At Least: But Less Than: Round Quotient To:
2.0 & over 0.XX in
0.2 2.0 0.XXX in
0.02 0.2 0.XXXX in
0.002 0.02 0.XXXXX in

E x a mp l e : C o n v e r t 1 . 3 8 7 ± 0 . 0 0 3 i n c h e s t o mi l l i me t e r s .

1.387 x 25.4 = 35.2298; 0.003 x 25.4 = 0.0762

35.2298 ± 0.0762

T h e to ta l o r ig in a l to le r a n c e is 0 . 0 0 6 , w h ic h lie s b e tw e e n 0 . 0 0 4
a n d 0 . 0 4 , a n d a c c o r d i n g t o t h e f ir s t t a b l e , s h o u l d b e r o u n d e d t o
0 . X X mi l l i me t e r .

A n s w e r : 3 5 . 2 3 ± 0 . 0 8 mm

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d . P r e c is io n Ro u n d in g ( I n s id e )

W h e n c o n v e r t e d , t o l e r a n c e s mu s t n e v e r e x c e e d t h e o r i g i n a l l y
s p e c if ie d limits ( a s in th e c a s e w h e r e th e “ c o n v e r te d ” p a r ts a r e
to b e in s p e c te d b y g a g e s ma d e f o r th e o r ig in a l p a r ts ) . T h e
r o u n d - o f f mu s t b e s u c h th a t th e n e w d ime n s io n s s h a ll lie in s id e
t h e o r i g i n a l t o l e r a n c e l i mi t s . T h i s ma y b e a c c o mp l i s h e d b y
c o n v e r tin g th e ma x imu m a n d min imu m limits e x a c tly, a n d th e n
r o u n d in g th e u p p e r limit to th e n e x t lo w e r v a lu e a n d r o u n d in g
t h e l o w e r l i mi t t o t h e n e x t h ig h e r v a l u e .

E x a mp l e : C o n v e r t 0 . 8 7 7 f r o m i n c h e s t o mi l l i me t e r s w i t h o u t
0.874
v io la t i o n o f t h e o r i g i n a l l i mi t s :

0.877 x 25.4 = 22.2758; 0.874 x 25.4 = 22.1996

T h e to ta l o r ig in a l to le r a n c e is 0 . 0 0 3 , w h ic h lie s b e tw e e n 0 . 0 0 0 4
and 0.004 and, according to the preceding table, should be
r o u n d e d t o 0 . X X X mi l l i me t e r s .

Answer: 2 2 . 2 7 5 mm
2 2 . 2 0 0 mm

N o t e t h a t 2 2 . 2 7 5 8 i s n o t r o u n d e d t o 2 2 . 2 7 6 mm b e c a u s e i t w o u l d
violate the “inside” rule.

10.3. Design References


a. F i n i s h e s o f M e t a l a n d W o o d S u r f a c e s : M I L - S T D - 1 7 1 . R e f e r e n c e d o c u me n t
( f o r a w o r k in g k n o w le d g e ) : MI L - H D BK - 1 3 2 A .

b . G e a r s /G e a r Cla s s if ic a tio n a n d I n s p e c tio n H a n d b o o k T o le r a n c e s a n d Me a s u r in g


Me th o d s f o r U n a s s e mb le d S p u r a n d H e lic a l G e a r s ( in c lu d in g me tr ic
e q u iv a le n ts ) : A G MA 2 0 0 0 - A - 8 8 .

c. G e a r Cla s s if ic a tio n , Ma te r ia ls , a n d Me a s u r in g Me th o d s f o r Be v e l, H yp o id ,
F in e P itc h W o r mg e a r in g , a n d Ra c k s O n ly a s U n a s s e mb le d G e a r s :
A G MA 3 9 0 . 0 3 A - 8 8 .

d . O p tic s /G e n e r a l S p e c if ic a tio n G o v e r n in g th e Ma n u f a c tu r e , A s s e mb ly, a n d


I n s p e c tio n o f O p tic a l Co mp o n e n ts f o r F ir e Co n tr o l I n s tr u me n ts : MI L - O - 1 3 8 3 0
.

e. S o ld e r in g /G e n e r a l S p e c if ic a tio n f o r S o ld e r in g P r o c e s s ( f o r n o n e le c tr ic a l
a p p lic a tio n s ) : MI L - S - 6 8 7 2 .

f. S p r in g s /D r a w in g Re q u ir e me n ts f o r Me c h a n ic a l S p r in g s : MI L - S T D - 2 9 .

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10.4. Control of Surface Roughness


10.4.1. Surface Texture
Surface texture, surface roughness, waviness, and lay shall be in
accordance with ANSI B46.1-1985 (or later revisions). The
s ymb o ls b e lo w a r e e x a mp le s o f mic r o in c h f in is h s ymb o ls a n d th e ir
mic r o me t e r e q u i v a l e n t s t h a t a r e mos t c o mmo n l y u s e d . R e f e r t o t h e
A N S I B4 6 . 1 - 1 9 8 5 f o r f u r th e r d a ta s u c h a s w a v in e s s a n d la y. Me tr ic
e q u iv a le n ts w ith r o u g h n e s s g r a d e n u mb e r s to th e f o llo w in g a r e
f o u n d in p a r a g r a p h 1 0 . 2 . 1 c o n p a g e 8 7 .

Mic r o in c h Mic r o me te r

Ro u g h Ma c h in in g .

Mating Surfaces.

Mo v in g P a r ts .

Precision Parts.

P o lis h e d P a r ts .

L a p p e d P a r ts .

10.4.2. Surface Texture Symbols


S y mb o l s d e p i c t i n g a c c e p t a b l e s u r f a c e c o n d i t i o n s s h a l l b e i n
accordance with ANSI Y14.36-1978 (R 1987) (or later revisions).

10.4.3. Surface Texture Standards


Co p ie s o f b o th A N S I B4 6 . 1 - 1 9 8 5 a n d A N S I Y 1 4 . 3 6 - 1 9 7 8 a r e
available from

A me r i c a n N a t i o n a l S t a n d a r d s I n s t i t u t e
1 4 3 0 Br o a d w a y
New York, NY 10018

10.5. Thread Specifications


S c r e w - th r e a d c o n v e n tio n s , me th o d s o f s p e c if yin g , a n d d e s ig n s h a ll b e in
accordance with the following specifications:

a. Screw-Thread Standards for Federal Services, Federal Standard


F E D - S T D - H 2 8 , d e ta ile d s ta n d a r d s a s f o llo w s :

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F E D - S T D - H 2 8 / 1 N o me n c l a t u r e , D e f i nitio n s , a n d L e tte r S ymb o ls f o r S c r e w


Threads.

F E D - S T D - H 2 8 / 2 U n i f i e d T h r e a d F o r m an d T h r e a d S e r i e s f o r B o l t s , S c r e w s ,
N u ts , T a p p e d H o le s , a n d G e n e r a l A p p lic a tio n s .

F E D - S T D - H 2 8 /3 U n if ie d T h r e a d s o f S p e c ia l D ia me te r , P itc h e s , a n d L e n g th s o f
E n g a g e me n t.

F E D - S T D - H 2 8 /4 Co n tr o lle d Ra d iu s Ro o t S c r e w T h r e a d s , U N J S ymb o l.

F E D - S T D - H 2 8 /5 U n if ie d Min ia tu r e S c r e w T h r e a d s .

F E D - S T D - H 2 8 /6 G a g e s a n d G a g in g f o r U n if ie d S c r e w T h r e a d s .

F E D - S T D - H 2 8 /7 A me r ic a n S ta n d a r d P ip e T h r e a d s ( e x c e p t D r y s e a l a n d H o s e
Co u p lin g T yp e s ) .

F E D - S T D - H 2 8 / 8 D r ys e a l A me r i c a n S ta n d a r d P ip e T h r e a d s .

F E D - S T D - H 2 8 /9 G a s C y l i n d e r V a l v e O u t l e t a n d I n l e t T h r e a d s .

F E D - S T D - H 2 8 /1 0 A me r ic a n N a tio n a l H o s e Co u p lin g a n d F ir e - H o s e Co u p lin g


Threads.

F E D - S T D - H 2 8 /1 1 H o s e Co n n e c tio n s f o r W e ld in g a n d Cu ttin g E q u ip me n t.

F E D - S T D - H 2 8 / 1 2 A c me T h r e a d s .

F E D - S T D - H 2 8 /1 3 S tu b A c me T h r e a d s .

F E D - S T D - H 2 8 /1 4 N a tio n a l Bu ttr e s s T h r e a d s .

F E D - S T D - H 2 8 /1 5 A me r ic a n S ta n d a r d Ro lle d T h r e a d s f o r S c r e w S h e lls o f
E l e c t r i c L a mp H o l d e r s a n d f o r S c r e w S h e l l s o f U n a s s e mb l e d L a mp B a s e s .

FED-STD-H28/16 Microscope Objective and Nosepiece Threads, 0.800—


3 6 A MO .

F E D - S T D - H 2 8 /1 7 S u r v e yin g I n s tr u me n t Mo u n tin g T h r e a d s .

F E D - S T D - H 2 8 /1 8 P h o to g r a p h ic E q u ip me n t T h r e a d s .

F E D - S T D - H 2 8 /1 9 Mis c e lla n e o u s T h r e a d s .

F E D - S T D - H 2 8 / 2 0 I n s p e c t i o n M e t h o d s f or A c c e p t a b i l i t y o f U N , U N R , U N J , M ,
and MJ Screw-Threads.

F E D - S T D - H 2 8 /2 1 A Me tr ic S c r e w - T h r e a d S ta n d a r d s .

F E D - S T D - H 2 8 / 2 2 Me t r i c S c r e w - T h r e a d G a g e s .

b . G e n e r a l S p e c i f i c a t i o n f o r S c r e w T h r e a d s , S t a n d a r d , O p t i mu m S e l e c t e d S e r i e s ,
Military Specification MIL-S-7742.

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c. G e n e r a l Re q u ir e me n ts f o r P ip e T h r e a d s , T a p e r , A e r o n a u tic a l N a tio n a l F o r m,
S y mb o l - A N P T , M i l i t a r y S p e c i f i c a t i o n M I L - P - 7 1 0 5 .

d . G e n e r a l S p e c if ic a tio n f o r S c r e w T h r e a d s , Co n tr o lle d Ra d iu s Ro o t W ith


I n c r e a s e d M i n o r D i a me t e r , Mi l i t a r y S p e c i f i c a t i o n M I L - S - 8 8 7 9 .

e. Me tr ic S c r e w T h r e a d s M P r o f ile A N S I /A S ME B1 . 1 3 M- 1 9 8 3 .

f. Me tr ic S c r e w T h r e a d s MJ P r o f ile A N S I B1 . 2 1 M- 1 9 7 8 .

g . S c r e w T h r e a d Re p r e s e n ta tio n s ( Co n v e n tio n s a n d Me th o d s o f S p e c if yin g ) ,


A me r ic a n N a tio n a l S ta n d a r d A N SI Y 1 4 . 6 - 1 9 7 8 , a n d A N S I Y 1 4 . 6 a M- 1 9 8 1
( Me tr ic S u p p le me n t) .

10.6. Welding—Fusion and Resistance


10.6.1. General
T h e s ta n d a r d d e f in itio n f o r th e t e r m “ w e l d ” i s a l o c a l i z e d
c o a l e s c e n c e o f me t a l s w h e r e c o a l e s c e n c e i s p r o d u c e d b y h e a t i n g t o
s u ita b le te mp e r a tu r e s , w ith o r w ith o u t th e a p p lic a tio n o f p r e s s u r e ,
a n d w i t h o r w i t h o u t t h e u s e o f f i l l e r me t a l . T h e f i l l e r me t a l e i t h e r
h a s a me ltin g p o in t a p p r o x ima te ly th e s a me a s th e b a s e me ta l o r h a s
a me ltin g p o in t b e lo w th a t o f th e b a s e me ta l b u t a b o v e 8 0 0 d e g r e e s
F . F o r s ta n d a r d w e ld in g s p e c if ic a tio n c a llo u ts , r e f e r to “ J o in in g
Me th o d N o te s , ” p a r a g r a p h 2 . 4 . 4 . 3 o n p a g e 1 8 .

10.6.2. Basic Weld Symbols and Their Location


Significance
B a s i c w e l d s y mb o l s a n d t h e i r l o c a t i o n s i g n i f i c a n c e s h a l l b e i n
accordance with ANSI AWS A 2.4-86 (or later revisions).

Copies are available from

A me r i c a n W e l d i n g S o c i e t y
2 5 0 1 N W 7 th S tr e e t
Mia mi, F L 3 3 1 2 5

10.7. Outgassing of Spacecraft Materials


N A S A Re f e r e n c e P u b lic a tio n , RP - 1 1 2 4 , N o v e mb e r 1 9 9 0 , O u tg a s s in g D a ta fo r
S e l e c t i n g S p a c e c r a f t M a t e r i a l s, c o v e r s a w id e r a n g e o f ma te r ia ls , in c lu d in g
a d h e s iv e s , c o mp o u n d s , c o a tin g s , in s u la tio n , a n d v a r io u s o th e r ma te r ia ls . A s
p r e s e n t e d , t h e d a t a r e p r e s e n t t h e “ t o ta l ma s s l o s s ” ( T M L ) a n d t h e “ C o l l e c t e d
Volatile Condensable Materials” (CVCM), as derived from tests at 398 K (125 C)
f o r 2 4 h o u r s in v a c u u m p e r A S T M E 5 9 5 - 8 4 .

T h e p u b lic a tio n c a n b e p u r c h a s e d a s d o c u me n t n u mb e r N - 8 8 - 1 0 1 1 7 f r o m

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N a tio n a l T e c h n ic a l I n f o r ma t i o n S e r v i c e ( N T I S )
5 2 8 5 P o r t Ro ya l Ro a d
S p r in g f ie ld , V A 2 2 1 5 1

10.8. Standards and Specifications Index


10.8.1. National Bureau of Standards
NBS IR81-229, A Technical Briefing on the Initial Graphics
Exchange Specification (IGES).

10.8.2. Federal
Co mme r c e Co mmis s io n Re g u la tio n 4 9 - CF R7 1 - 7 8 Co mme r c e
Co mmis s io n S a f e ty Re g u la tio n s

C o mme r c i a l a n d G o v e r n me n t E n t i t y ( C A G E ) P u b l i c a t i o n H 4 / H 8
S e c tio n A : N a me to CA G E Co d e ; S e c tio n B: CA G E Co d e to
N a me ( f o r me r l y F S C M H 4 a n d F S C N M H 8 ) .

F E D - S T D - H 2 8 /1 , N o me n c la tu r e , D e f in itio n s , a n d L e tte r S ymb o ls


for Screw Threads.

F E D - S T D - H 2 8 /2 , U n if ie d T h r e a d F o r m a n d T h r e a d S e r ie s f o r Bo lts .

F E D - S T D - H 2 8 /3 , U n if ie d T h r e a d s o f S p e c i a l D i a me t e r , P i t c h e s , a n d
L e n g th s o f E n g a g e me n t.

F E D - S T D - H 2 8 /4 , Co n tr o lle d Ra d iu s Ro o t S c r e w T h r e a d s , U N J
S ymb o l.

F E D - S T D - H 2 8 /5 , U n if ie d Min ia tu r e S c r e w T h r e a d s .

F E D - S T D - H 2 8 /6 , G a g e s a n d G a g in g f o r U n if ie d S c r e w T h r e a d s .

F E D - S T D - H 2 8 /7 , A me r ic a n S ta n d a r d P i p e T h r e a d s ( e x c e p t D r y s e a l
a n d H o s e Co u p lin g T yp e s .

F E D - S T D - H 2 8 / 8 , D r ys e a l A me r i c a n S t a n d a r d P i p e T h r e a d s .

F E D - S T D - H 2 8 /9 , G a s C y l i n d e r V a l v e O u t l e t a n d I n l e t T h r e a d s .

F E D - S T D - H 2 8 /1 0 , A me r ic a n N a tio n a l H o s e Co u p lin g a n d F ir e -
Hose.

F E D - S T D - H 2 8 /1 1 , H o s e Co n n e c tio n s f o r W e ld in g a n d Cu ttin g
E q u ip me n t.

F E D - S T D - H 2 8 / 1 2 , A c me T h r e a d s .

F E D - S T D - H 2 8 /1 3 , S tu b A c me T h r e a d s .

F E D - S T D - H 2 8 /1 4 , N a tio n a l Bu ttr e s s T h r e a d s .

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F E D - S T D - H 2 8 /1 5 , A me r ic a n S ta n d a r d Ro lle d T h r e a d s f o r S c r e w
S h e l l s f o r E l e c t r i c L a mp H o l d e r s & U n a s s e mb l e d L a mp B a s e s .

FED-STD-H28/16, Microscope Objective and Nosepiece Threads.

F E D - S T D - H 2 8 /1 7 , S u r v e yin g I n s tr u me n t Mo u n tin g T h r e a d s .

F E D - S T D - H 2 8 /1 8 , P h o to g r a p h ic E q u ip me n t T h r e a d s .

F E D - S T D - H 2 8 /1 9 , Mis c e lla n e o u s T h r e a d s .

FED-STD-H28/20, Inspection Methods for Acceptability of UN,


U N R , U N J , M, a n d MJ S c r e w - T h r e a d s .

F E D -S T D -H 2 8 /2 1 , Me tr ic S c r e w - T h r e a d S ta n d a r d s .

F E D - S T D - H 2 8 / 2 2 , Me t r i c S c r e w - T h r e a d G a g e s .

F E D -S T D -5 9 5 , Co lo r s .

Q Q - B- 6 5 4 , Br a z in g A llo ys , S ilv e r .

Q Q - C- 3 2 0 , Ch r o miu m P la tin g ( E le c tr o d e p o s ite d ) .

Q Q - P - 3 5 , P a s s iv a tio n T r e a tme n ts f o r Co r r o s io n - Re s is ta n t S te e l.

Q Q - P - 4 1 6 , P la tin g , Ca d miu m ( E le c tr o d e p o s ite d ) .

Q Q - S - 3 6 5 , S ilv e r P la tin g ( E le c tr o d e p o s ite d ) , G e n e r a l Re q u ir e me n ts


for.

Q Q - S - 5 7 1 , S o ld e r , T in A llo y, T in - L e a d A llo y, a n d L e a d A llo y.

S a f e ty Re g u la tio n s 4 9 - CF R7 1 - 7 8 , Co mme r c e Co mmis s io n S a f e ty


Re g u la tio n s .

10.8.3. Industrial
A G MA 3 9 0 . 0 3 A - 8 8 , G e a r Cla s s if ic a tio n a n d I n s p e c tio n H a n d b o o k
T o le r a n c e s a n d Me a s u r in g Me th o d s f o r Be v e l, H yp o id , F in e
P itc h W o r mg e a r in g , a n d Ra c k s .

A G MA 2 0 0 0 - A - 8 8 , G e a r Cla s s if ic a tio n a n d I n s p e c tio n H a n d b o o k


T o le r a n c e s a n d Me a s u r in g Me th o d s f o r U n a s s e mb le d S p u r a n d
H e lic a l G e a r s ( I n c lu d in g Me tr ic E q u iv a le n ts ) .

A MS 2 4 8 8 , A n o d ic T r e a tme n t o f T ita n iu m a n d T ita n iu m A llo ys .

A N S I A W S A 2 . 4 - 1 9 8 6 , S ymb o ls f o r W e ld in g a n d N o n d e s tr u c tiv e
T e s tin g .

A N S I /A S ME B1 . 1 3 M- 1 9 8 3 , Me tr ic S c r e w T h r e a d s M P r o f ile .

A N S I B1 . 2 1 M- 1 9 7 8 , Me tr ic S c r e w T h r e a d s MJ P r o f ile .

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98 ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL

A N S I B4 . 2 - 1 9 7 8 , P r e f e r r e d Me tr ic L imits a n d F its .

A N S I B4 . 3 - 1 9 7 8 G e n e r a l T o le r a n c e s f o r Me tr ic D ime n s io n e d
P r o d u c ts .

ANSI B46.1-1985, Surface Texture (Surface Roughness, Waviness,


a n d L a y) .

A N S I Y 1 4 . 1 5 - 1 9 6 6 ( R- 7 3 ) , E le c tr ic a l a n d E le c tr o n ic s D ia g r a ms .

A N S I Y 1 4 . 1 5 a - 1 9 7 1 , I n te r c o n n e c tio n D ia g r a ms .

A N S I Y 1 4 . 1 5 b - 1 9 7 3 , E le c tr ic a l a n d E le c tr o n ic s D ia g r a ms .

A N S I Y 1 4 . 2 M- 1 9 7 9 , L in e Co n v e n tio n s a n d L e tte r in g .

A N S I Y 1 4 . 2 6 M- 1 9 8 7 , D ig ita l Re p r e s e n ta tio n f o r Co mmu n ic a tio n o f


Product Definition Data.

A N S I Y 1 4 . 3 6 - 1 9 7 8 ( R 1 9 8 7 ) , S u r f a c e T e x t u r e S y mb o l s .

A N S I Y 1 4 . 5 M- 1 9 8 2 , D ime n s io n in g a n d T o le r a n c in g .

A N S I Y 1 4 . 6 - 1 9 7 8 , S c r e w T h r e a d Re p r e s e n ta tio n .

A N S I Y 1 4 . 6 A M- 1 9 8 1 , S c r e w T h r e a d Re p r e s e n ta tio n ( Me tr ic
S u p p le me n t) .

ANSI Y32.2-1975, IEEE STD 315-1975, CSA Z99-1975, Graphic


S y mb o l s f o r E l e c t r i c a l an d E l e c t r o n i c s D i a g r a ms .

A N S I Y 3 2 . 9 - 1 9 7 2 , G r a p h ic S ymb o ls f o r E le c tr ic a l W ir in g a n d
L a yo u t D i a g r a ms U s e d i n A r c h i t e c t u r e a n d B u i l d i n g
Co n s tr u c tio n .

A S T M D 4 1 2 6 , V a p o r D e g r e a s in g .

A S T M E 3 8 0 - 9 1 a , S ta n d a r d P r a c tic e f o r U s e o f th e I n te r n a tio n a l
S y s t e m o f U n i t s ( T h e M o d e r n i z e d M e t r i c S y s t e m) .

A S T M E 5 9 5 - 8 4 , S ta n d a r d T e s t Me th o d f o r T o ta l Ma s s L o s s a n d
C o l l e c t e d V o l a t i l e C o n d e n s i b l e M at e r i a l s F r o m O u t g a s s i n g i n a
V a c u u m E n v ir o n me n t.

N - 8 8 - 1 0 1 1 7 , N a tio n a l T e c h n ic a l I n f o r ma tio n S e r v ic e —O u tg a s s in g
Data for Selecting Spacecraft Materials.

N A S 1 0 0 0 0 , N A D o c u me n ts P r e p a r a tio n a n d Ma in te n a n c e in S I
( Me t r i c ) U n i t s .

10.8.4. Military
D O D - S T D - 1 8 6 6 , S o ld e r in g S p e c if ic a tio n .

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ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL 99

MI L - A - 8 6 2 5 , A n o d ic Co a tin g s , f o r A lu min u m a n d A lu min u m


Alloys.

MI L - B- 7 8 8 3 , Br a z in g o f S te e ls , Co p p e r , Co p p e r A llo ys , N ic k e l
A llo ys , A lu min u m, a n d A lu min u m A llo ys .

MI L - C- 5 5 4 1 , Ch e mic a l Co n v e r s io n Co a tin g s o n A lu min u m a n d


A lu min u m A llo ys .

MI L - C- 1 2 9 6 8 , Co a tin g s , P h o s p h a te , P r o te c tiv e .

MI L - C- 1 3 9 2 4 , Co a tin g , O x id e , Bla c k , f o r F e r r o u s Me ta ls .

MI L -D -5 4 8 0 , D a ta , E n g in e e r in g a n d T e c h n ic a l, Re p r o d u c tio n
R e q u i r e me n t s f o r .

MI L - H - 6 0 8 8 , H e a t T r e a tme n t o f A lu min u m A llo ys .

MI L - H - 6 8 7 5 , H e a t T r e a tme n t o f S te e l, P r o c e s s e s f o r .

M I L - H - 7 1 9 9 , H e a t T r e a t me n t o f W r o u g h t C o p p e r - B e r y l l i u m A l l o y s ,
Process for.

MI L - H D BK - 1 3 2 A , P r o te c tiv e F in is h e s f o r Me ta l a n d W o o d
Surfaces.

MI L - I - 4 5 9 3 2 /1 , I n s e r t, S c r e w T h r e a d - T h in W a ll, L o c k e d in .

MI L - L - 4 6 0 1 0 , L u b r ic a n t, S o lid F ilm, H e a t Cu r e d , Co r r o s io n .

MI L -M-9 8 6 8 , Mic r o f ilmin g o f E n g in e e r in g D o c u me n ts , 3 5 MM,


R e q u i r e me n t s f o r .

MI L - N - 4 5 9 3 8 /1 , N u t, P la in , Clin c h ( S e lf - Clin c h in g , Ro u n d ) .

MI L - O - 1 3 8 3 0 , O p tic a l Co mp o n e n ts f o r F ir e Co n tr o l I n s tr u me n ts ;
G e n e r a l S p e c if ic a tio n G o v e r n in g th e Ma n u f a c tu r in g , A s s e mb ly,
a n d I n s p e c tio n o f .

MI L - P - 1 1 6 , P r e s e r v a tio n , Me th o d s o f .

MI L -P -7 1 0 5 , P ip e T h r e a d s , T a p e r , A e r o n a u tic a l N a tio n a l F o r m,
S ymb o l A N P T , G e n e r a l Re q u ir e me n t f o r .

MI L - R- 2 8 0 0 2 , Ra s te r G r a p h ic s Re p r e s e n ta tio n in Bin a r y F o r ma t,
R e q u i r e me n t s f o r .

MI L -S -6 8 7 2 , G e n e r a l S p e c if ic a tio n f o r S o ld e r in g P r o c e s s ( n o n -
electrical).

MI L -S -7 7 4 2 , S c r e w T h r e a d s , S T D , O p timu m S e le c te d S e r ie s ,
General Specification for.

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100 ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL

MI L -S -8 8 7 9 , S c r e w T h r e a d s , Co n tr o lle d Ra d iu s Ro o t W ith
I n c r e a s e d M i n o r D i a me t e r ; G e n e r a l S p e c i f i c a t i o n f o r .

MI L -S T D -1 2 , A b b r e v ia tio n s .

MI L -S T D -2 9 , D r a w in g Re q u ir e me n ts f o r Me c h a n ic a l S p r in g s .

MI L - S T D - 1 0 0 , E n g in e e r in g D r a w in g P r a c tic e s .

M I L -S T D -1 7 1 , F i n i s h e s o f M e t a l a n d W o o d S u r f a c e s .

MI L - S T D - 4 0 3 , P r e p a r a tio n f o r a n d I n s ta lla tio n o f Riv e ts a n d


Screws, Rocket and Missile Structures.

MI L -S T D -0 0 4 5 3 , Ra d io g r a p h ic I n s p e c tio n .

MI L - S T D - 6 4 5 , D ip Br a z in g o f A lu min u m A llo ys .

MI L -S T D -2 1 5 4 , U ltr a s o n ic I n s p e c tio n .

M I L -S T D -2 2 1 9 , F u s i o n W e l d i n g f o r A e r o s p a c e A p p l i c a t i o n s .

MI L - T - 7 1 3 , T w in e , F ib r o u s ; I mp r e g n a te d , L a c in g a n d T yin g .

MI L - W - 4 6 1 3 2 , E le c tr o n ic Be a m W e ld in g .

MS 3 3 5 3 7 , I n s e r t, S c r e w T h r e a d , H e lic a l Co il, Co a r s e a n d F in e
T h r e a d , S ta n d a r d D ime n s io n s f o r .

MS 5 1 8 3 5 , I n s e r ts a n d S tu d s , L o c k e d I n - K e y L o c k e d , H o le
D ime n s io n s f o r a n d A s s e mb ly o f .

10.8.5. NASA
G S F C 7 3 1 - 0 0 0 5 - 8 3 , G e n e r a l F r a c tu r e Co n tr o l P la n f o r P a ylo a d s
Using the Space Transportation System (STS).

G S F C- G H B- 2 2 0 0 . 2 , S c ie n tif ic a n d T e c h n ic a l I n f o r ma tio n
Handbook.

G S F C S - 2 5 0 - 3 , G u id e f o r th e P r e p a r a tio n o f S p e c if ic a tio n s .

G S F C S - 3 1 3 - 0 0 9 , F lu o r e s c e n t P e n e tr a n t T e s t Me th o d Re q u ir e me n ts
and Guidelines.

G S F C S - 3 1 3 - 1 0 0 , G S F C F a s te n e r I n te g r ity Re q u ir e me n ts .

G S F C- S T D - 2 5 6 - W E - 1 , F o r Y o u r I n f o r ma tio n , A Co mp e n d iu m o f
G e n e r a l Re f e r e n c e D a ta f o r T e c h n ic a l W r itin g a n d E d itin g .

G S F C X - 6 7 3 - 6 4 - 1 F , G S F C E n g in e e r in g S ta n d a r d s D e s ig n Ma n u a l.

N A S A Re f e r e n c e P u b lic a tio n RP - 1 1 2 4 , N o v e mb e r 1 9 9 0 , O u tg a s s in g
Data for Selecting Spacecraft Materials.

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ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL 101

N H B 5 3 0 0 . 4 ( 3 A - l) 1 9 7 6 , Re q u ir e me n ts f o r S o ld e r e d E le c tr ic a l
Co n n e c tio n s .

N MI 8 0 1 0 2 A , U s e o f th e Me tr ic S ys te m o f Me a s u r e me n t in N A S A
P r o g r a ms .

N S T S 0 7 7 0 0 , S ys te m D e s c r ip tio n a n d D e s ig n D a ta , I n te r v e h ic u la r
Activities.

10.9. Standards and Specifications Numerical Index


Specification Page

A G MA 2 0 0 0 - A - 8 8 , G e a r Cla s s if ic a tio n a n d I n s p e c tio n


H a n d b o o k T o le r a n c e s a n d Me a s u r in g Me th o d s f o r
U n a s s e mb le d S p u r a n d H e lic a l G e a r s ( I n c lu d in g Me tr ic
E q u iv a le n ts ) . 92

A G MA 3 9 0 . 0 3 A - 8 8 , G e a r Cla s s if ic a tio n Ma te r ia ls a n d
Me a s u r in g Me th o d s f o r Be v e l, H yp o id , F in e P itc h
W o r mg e a r in g , a n d Ra c k s . 92

A MS 2 4 8 8 , A n o d ic T r e a tme n t o f T ita n iu m a n d T ita n iu m


Alloys. 19

A N S I A W S A 2 . 4 - 8 6 , S ymb o ls f o r W e ld in g a n d
N o n d e s tr u c tiv e T e s tin g . 95

A N S I B1 . 2 1 M- 1 9 7 8 , Me tr ic S c r e w T h r e a d s MJ P r o f ile 95

Specification Page

A N S I B4 . 2 - 1 9 7 8 , P r e f e r r e d Me tr ic L imits a n d F its . 89

ANSI B46.1-1985, Surface Texture (Surface Roughness,


W a v in e s s , a n d L a y) . 93

A N S I Y 1 4 . 1 5 - 1 9 6 6 ( R- 7 3 ) , E le c tr ic a l a n d E le c tr o n ic s
D ia g r a ms . 43

A N S I Y 1 4 . 1 5 a - 1 9 7 1 , I n te r c o n n e c tio n D ia g r a ms . 43

A N S I Y 1 4 . 1 5 b - 1 9 7 3 , E le c tr ic a l a n d E le c tr o n ic s D ia g r a ms . 43

A N S I Y 1 4 . 2 M- 1 9 7 9 , L in e Co n v e n tio n s a n d L e tte r in g . 35

A N S I Y 1 4 . 2 6 M- 1 9 8 7 , D ig ita l Re p r e s e n ta tio n f o r
Co mmu n ic a tio n o f P r o d u c t. 84

A N S I Y 1 4 . 3 6 - 1 9 7 8 ( R 1 9 8 7 ) , S u r f a c e T e x t u r e S y mb o l s . 93

A N S I Y 1 4 . 5 M- 1 9 8 2 , D ime n s io n in g a n d T o le r a n c in g .
1, 7, 16, 28, 85, 87, 107, 108

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102 ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL

A N S I Y 1 4 . 6 - 1 9 7 8 , S c r e w T h r e a d Re p r e s e n ta tio n . 95

A N S I Y 1 4 . 6 a M- 1 9 8 1 , S c r e w T h r e a d Re p r e s e n ta tio n ( Me tr ic
S u p p le me n t) . 95

ANSI Y32.2-1975, IEEE STD 315-1975, CSA Z99-1975,


G r a p h i c S y mb o l s f o r E l e c t r i c a l a n d E le c tr o n ic D ia g r a ms . 43

A N S I Y 3 2 . 9 - 1 9 7 2 , G r a p h ic S ymb o ls f o r E le c tr ic a l W ir in g
a n d L a yo u t D ia g r a ms U s e d in A r c h ite c tu r e a n d Bu ild in g
Co n s tr u c tio n . 43

A N S I /A S ME B1 . 1 3 M- 1 9 8 3 , Me tr ic S c r e w T h r e a d s M P r o f ile 95

A S T M D 4 1 2 6 , V a p o r D e g r e a s in g . 20

A S T M E 3 8 0 - 9 1 a , S ta n d a r d P r a c tic e f o r U s e o f th e
International System of Units (The Modernized Metric
S ys te m) . 86

A S T M E 5 9 5 - 8 4 , S ta n d a r d T e s t Me th o d f o r T o ta l Ma s s L o s s
and Collected Volatile Condensible Materials From
O u tg a s s in g in a V a c u u m E n v ir o n me n t. 95

Co mme r c e Co mmis s io n Re g u la tio n 4 9 - CF R7 1 - 7 8 , Co mme r c e


Co mmis s io n S a f e ty Re g u la tio n s . 22

C o mme r c i a l a n d G o v e r n me n t E n t i t y ( C A G E ) P u b l i c a t i o n
H 4 /H 8 . 7, 72, 75

Specification Page

D O D - S T D - 1 8 6 6 , S o ld e r in g S p e c if ic a tio n . 18

F E D - S T D - 5 9 5 , Co lo r s 19

F E D - S T D - H 2 8 /1 , N o me n c la tu r e , D e f in itio n s , a n d L e tte r
S ymb o l s f o r S c r e w T h r e a d s . 93

F E D - S T D - H 2 8 /2 , U n if ie d T h r e a d F o r m a n d T h r e a d S e r ie s
f o r Bo lts , S c r e w s , N u ts , T a p p e d H o le s , a n d G e n e r a l
A p p lic a tio n s . 93

F E D - S T D - H 2 8 / 3 , U n i f i e d T h r e a d s o f S p e c i a l D i a me t e r ,
P itc h e s , a n d L e n g th s o f E n g a g e me n ts . 93

F E D - S T D - H 2 8 /4 , Co n tr o lle d Ra d iu s Ro o t S c r e w T h r e a d s ,
U N J S ymb o l. 93

F E D - S T D - H 2 8 /5 , U n if ie d Min ia tu r e S c r e w T h r e a d s . 93

F E D - S T D - H 2 8 /6 , G a g e s a n d G a g in g f o r U n if ie d S c r e w
Threads. 93

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ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL 103

F E D - S T D - H 2 8 / 7 , A me r i c a n S t a n d a r d P ip e T h r e a d s ( e x c e p t
D r ys e a l a n d H o s e Co u p lin g T yp e s ) . 93

F E D - S T D - H 2 8 /8 , D r ys e a l A me r ic a n S ta n d a r d P ip e T h r e a d s . 93

F E D - S T D - H 2 8 /9 , G a s C y l i n d e r V a l v e O u t l e t a n d I n l e t
Threads. 93

F E D - S T D - H 2 8 /1 0 , A me r ic a n N a tio n a l H o s e Co u p lin g a n d
F ir e - H o s e Co u p lin g T h r e a d s . 93

F E D - S T D - H 2 8 /1 1 , H o s e Co n n e c tio n s f o r W e ld in g a n d
Cu ttin g E q u ip me n t. 93

F E D - S T D - H 2 8 /1 2 , A c me T h r e a d s . 93

F E D - S T D - H 2 8 /1 3 , S tu b A c me T h r e a d s . 93

F E D - S T D - H 2 8 /1 4 , N a tio n a l Bu ttr e s s T h r e a d s . 93

F E D - S T D - H 2 8 /1 5 , A me r ic a n S ta n d a r d Ro lle d T h r e a d s f o r
S c r e w S h e l l s o f E l e c t r i c L amp H o l d e r s a n d f o r S c r e w
S h e l l s o f U n a s s e mb l e d L a mp B a s e s . 93

FED-STD-H28/16, Microscope Objective and Nosepiece


T h r e a d s , 0 . 8 0 0 - 3 6 A MO . 93

F E D - S T D - H 2 8 /1 7 , S u r v e yin g I n s tr u me n t Mo u n tin g T h r e a d s . 93

F E D - S T D - H 2 8 /1 8 , P h o to g r a p h ic E q u ip me n t T h r e a d s . 93

Specification Page

F E D - S T D - H 2 8 /1 9 , Mis c e lla n e o u s T h r e a d s . 93

FED-STD-H28/20, Inspection Methods for Acceptability of


U N , U N R , U N J , M, a n d MJ S c r e w - T h r e a d s . 94

F E D - S T D - H 2 8 /2 1 A , Me tr ic S c r e w - T h r e a d S ta n d a r d s . 94

F E D - S T D - H 2 8 /2 2 , Me tr ic S c r e w - T h r e a d G a g e s . 94

G S F C 7 3 1 - 0 0 0 5 - 8 3 , G e n e r a l F r a c tu r e Co n tr o l P la n f o r
Payloads Using the Space Transportation System (STS). 20

G S F C S - 2 5 0 - 3 , G u id e f o r th e P r e p a r a tio n o f S p e c if ic a tio n s . 60

G S F C S - 3 1 3 - 0 0 9 , F lu o r e s c e n t P e n e tr a n t T e s t Me th o d
Re q u ir e me n ts a n d G u id e lin e s . 20

G S F C S - 3 1 3 - 1 0 0 , G S F C F a s te n e r I n te g r ity Re q u ir e me n ts . 14

G S F C S T D - 2 5 6 - W E - 1 , F o r Y o u r I n f o r ma tio n — A
Co mp e n d iu m O f G e n e r a l Re f e r e n c e D a ta . 12

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104 ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL

G S F C X - 6 7 3 - 6 4 - 1 F , G S F C E n g in e e r in g D r a w in g S ta n d a r d s
Manual. iii, 16, 21

MI L - A - 8 6 2 5 , A n o d ic Co a tin g s , f o r A lu min u m a n d A lu min u m


Alloys. 19

MI L - B- 7 8 8 3 , Br a z in g o f S te e ls , Co p p e r , Co p p e r A llo ys ,
N ic k e l A llo ys , A lu min u m, a n d A lu min u m A llo ys . 18

MI L - C- 5 5 4 1 , Ch e mic a l Co n v e r s io n Co a tin g s o n A lu min u m


a n d A lu min u m A llo ys . 19

MI L - C- 1 2 9 6 8 , Co a tin g s , P h o s p h a te , P r o te c tiv e . 19

MI L - C- 1 3 9 2 4 , Co a tin g , O x id e , Bla c k , f o r F e r r o u s Me ta ls . 109

MI L - D - 5 4 8 0 , D a ta , E n g in e e r in g a n d T e c h n ic a l,
Re p r o d u c tio n Re q u ir e me n ts f o r . 83

MI L - H - 6 0 8 8 , H e a t T r e a tme n t o f A lu min u m A llo ys . 17, 18

MI L - H - 6 8 7 5 , H e a t T r e a tme n t o f S te e l, P r o c e s s e s f o r . 17

M I L - H - 7 1 9 9 , H e a t T r e a t me n t o f W r o u g h t C o p p e r - B e r y l l i u m
A l l o ys , P r o c e s s f o r . 17

MI L - H D BK - 1 3 2 A , P r o te c tiv e F in is h e s f o r Me ta l a n d W o o d
Surfaces. 92

Specification Page

MI L - I - 4 5 9 3 2 /1 , I n s e r t, S c r e w T h r e a d - T h in W a ll, L o c k e d
In. 21

MI L - L - 4 6 0 1 0 , L u b r ic a n t, S o lid F ilm, H e a t Cu r e d , Co r r o s io n . 2 0 , 1 0 9

MI L - M- 9 8 6 8 , Mic r o f ilmin g o f E n g in e e r in g D o c u me n ts ,
3 5 mm, Re q u ir e me n ts f o r . 83

MI L - N - 4 5 9 3 8 /1 , N u t, P la in , Clin c h ( S e lf - Clin c h in g , Ro u n d ) . 21

MI L - O - 1 3 8 3 0 , O p tic a l Co mp o n e n ts f o r F ir e Co n tr o l
I n s tr u me n ts ; G e n e r a l S p e c if ic a tio n G o v e r n in g th e
Ma n u f a c tu r in g , A s s e mb ly, a n d I n s p e c tio n o f . 92

MI L - P - 1 1 6 , P r e s e r v a tio n , Me th o d s o f . 21, 22

MI L - P - 7 1 0 5 , P ip e T h r e a d s , T a p e r , A e r o n a u tic a l N a tio n a l
F o r m, S ymb o l A N P T , G e n e r a l Re q u ir e me n ts f o r . 95

MI L - R- 2 8 0 0 2 , Ra s te r G r a p h ic s Re p r e s e n ta tio n in Bin a r y
F o r ma t , R e q u i r e me n t s f o r . 83

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ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL 105

MI L - S - 6 8 7 2 , G e n e r a l S p e c if ic a tio n f o r S o ld e r in g P r o c e s s
( n o n - e le c tr ic a l) . 92

MI L - S - 7 7 4 2 , S c r e w T h r e a d s , S T D , O p timu m S e le c te d
Series, General Specification for. 94

MI L - S - 8 8 7 9 , S c r e w T h r e a d s , Co n tr o lle d Ra d iu s Ro o t w ith
Increased Minor. 95

MI L - S T D - 0 0 4 5 3 , Ra d io g r a p h ic I n s p e c tio n . 20

MI L - S T D - 1 2 , A b b r e v ia tio n s . 12

MI L - S T D - 1 0 0 E , E n g in e e r in g D r a w in g P r a c tic e s . 1

MIL-STD-171, Finishes of Metal and Wood Surfaces. 18, 92

MI L - S T D - 2 1 5 4 , U ltr a s o n ic I n s p e c tio n . 20

MIL-STD-2219, Fusion Welding for Aerospace


A p p lic a tio n s . 18

MI L - S T D - 2 9 , D r a w in g Re q u ir e me n ts f o r Me c h a n ic a l
S p r in g s . 92

MI L - S T D - 4 0 3 , P r e p a r a tio n f o r a n d I n s ta lla tio n o f Riv e ts a n d


Screws, Rocket and Missile Structures. 18

MI L - S T D - 6 4 5 , D ip Br a z in g o f A lu min u m A llo ys 18

Specification Page

MI L - T - 7 1 3 , T w in e , F ib r o u s ; I mp r e g n a te d , L a c in g a n d T yin g . 22

MI L - W - 4 6 1 3 2 , E le c tr o n ic Be a m W e ld in g . 18

MS 3 3 5 3 7 , I n s e r t, S c r e w T h r e a d , H e lic a l Co il, Co a r s e a n d
F in e T h r e a d , S ta n d a r d D ime n s io n s f o r . 21

MS 5 1 8 3 5 , I n s e r ts a n d S tu d s , L o c k e d I n - K e y L o c k e d , H o le
D ime n s io n s f o r a n d A s s e mb ly o f . 21

N - 8 8 - 1 0 1 1 7 , N a tio n a l T e c h n ic a l I n f o r ma tio n S e r v ic e —
O u t g a s s i n g D a t a C o mp i l a t i o n o f S p a c e c r a f t M a t e r i a l s . 95

N A S 1 0 0 0 0 , N A D o c u me n ts P r e p a r a tio n a n d Ma in te n a n c e in
S I ( Me t r i c ) U n i t s . 86

N A S A Re f e r e n c e P u b lic a tio n , RP - 1 1 2 4 , N o v e mb e r 1 9 9 0 ,
O u t g a s s i n g D a t a f o r S e l e c t in g S p a c e c r a f t M a t e r i a l s . 95, 108

NBS IR81-229, A Technical Briefing on the Initial Graphics


Exchange. 84

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106 ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL

N H B 5 3 0 0 . 4 ( 3 A - 1 ) 1 9 7 6 , Re q u ir e me n ts f o r S o ld e r e d
E le c tr ic a l Co n n e c tio n s . 18

N MI 8 0 1 0 . 2 A , U s e o f th e Me tr ic S ys te m o f Me a s u r e me n t in
N A S A P r o g r a ms . 86

N S T S 0 7 7 0 0 , S ys te m D e s c r ip tio n a n d D e s ig n D a ta ,
Intervehicular Activities. 108

Q Q - B- 6 5 4 , Br a z in g A llo ys , S ilv e r . 18

Q Q - C- 3 2 0 , Ch r o miu m P la tin g ( E le c tr o d e p o s ite d ) . 18

Q Q - P - 3 5 , P a s s iv a tio n T r e a tme n ts f o r Co r r o s io n - Re s is ta n t
Steel. 19

Q Q - P - 4 1 6 , P la tin g , Ca d miu m ( E le c tr o d e p o s ite d ) . 18

Q Q - S - 3 6 5 , S ilv e r P la tin g ( E le c tr o d e p o s ite d ) , G e n e r a l


Re q u ir e me n ts f o r . 19

Q Q - S - 5 7 1 , S o ld e r , T in A llo y, T in - L e a d A llo y, a n d L e a d
Alloy. 18

S a f e ty Re g u la tio n s 4 9 - CF R7 1 - 7 8 , Co mme r c e Co mmis s io n


S a f e ty Re g u la tio n s . 22

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ENGINEERING DRAWING STANDARDS MANUAL 107

APPENDIX A. DESIGN REVIEW DOs AND DON'Ts


A ll d r a w in g s s h o u ld a d h e r e to th e f o llo w in g g u id e lin e s :

a. D i m e n s i o n p a r t s c o r r e c t l y . D ime n s io n in g s h a ll b e to p r ima r y o r ma tin g


s u r f a c e s . U n w a n t e d b u i l d u p o f t o l e r a nc e s b e t w e e n ma t i n g s u r f a c e s s h o u l d b e
a v o id e d . D i me n s i o n s t o i n s i g n if i c a n t t h e o r e t i c a l c e n t e r l i n e s c a n r e s u l t i n
mis t a k e s b y t h e ma c h i n i s t , a s w e l l a s t h e i n s p e c t o r s , b e c a u s e o f t h e mu l t i p l e
a d d itio n s a n d s u b tr a c tio n s r e q u ir e d to lo c a te th e f e a tu r e in r e la tio n to o th e r
f e a tu r e s . W h e n e v e r p o s s ib le , d ime n s io n s s h o u ld b e le f t to r ig h t a n d b o tto m to
t o p ( Q u a d r a n t I , a l l p o s i t i v e n u mb e r s ) o r f r o m d a t u ms e s t a b l i s h e d b y d e s i g n
r e q u ir e me n ts .

b . D o n o t d e t a i l w e l d m e n t p a r t s s e p a r a t e l y . S i n c e e a c h p a r t ma y b e f a b r i c a t e d
b y a d if f e r e n t ma n u f a c tu r e r , th e r e q u ir e d to le r a n c in g typ ic a lly c a n n o t b e me t,
r e s u ltin g in d e la ys a n d a d d itio n a l c o s t. D if f e r e n t p a r ts o f a w e ld me n t s h o u ld
b e d r a w n o n a n I n s e p a r a b le A s s e mb ly D r a w in g ( F ig u r e 2 0 o n p a g e 4 4 ) s o th a t
t h e o v e r a l l a s s e mb l y t o l e r a n c i n g i s t h e r e s p o n s i b i l i t y o f a s i n g l e ma n u f a c t u r e r .

c. I m p l i e d d a t u m s a r e n o l o n g e r a l l o w e d . W h e n e v e r p o s s i b l e , s e l e c t d a t u ms
th a t a r e f u n c tio n a l to th e p a r t. A d a tu m s h o u ld a lw a ys b e a s s ig n e d to a
p h y s i c a l s u r f a c e o r a f e a t u r e o f s i z e . W h e n u s i n g t r u e p o s i t i o n d i me n s i o n i n g
( b a s ic d ime n s io n s ) , th e d ime n s io n s f r o m th e f e a tu r e to o th e r e d g e s a n d its
p e r p e n d i c u l a r i t y r e l a t i o n s h i p t o a s ur f a c e mu s t b e i d e n t i f i e d w i t h d a t u m
le tte r s . T h e c o mb in e d u s a g e o f p o s itio n a l to le r a n c in g w ith p lu s a n d min u s
me t h o d s a s r e l a t e d t o b a s i c d i me n s i o n ed p a t t e r n s i s d i s c o n t i n u e d a n d r e p l a c e d
w ith th e c o mp o s ite to le r a n c in g me th o d . Re f e r to A N S I Y 1 4 . 5 M- 1 9 8 2 ,
“ D ime n s io n in g a n d T o le r a n c in g . ”
Note:
A l t h o u g h t h e r e i s n o r e q u i r e me n t t h a t a l l h o l e s b e t r u e p o s i t i o n e d , i t i s
p r e f e r r e d th a t h o le p a tte r n s b e tr u e p o s itio n e d , r e g a r d le s s o f u s e , s in c e
to le r a n c in g s p e c if ie d in th e tr u e p o s itio n b lo c k is th e c o n tr o llin g f a c to r .

d. Drawings for parts produced using templates must be properly


d i m e n s i o n e d a n d t o l e r a n c e d . L a c k o f d ime n s io n in g ma y r e s u lt in in a d e q u a te
s tr e s s a n a lys is , f it c h e c k in g , a n d /o r in s p e c tio n . E n g in e e r in g a n d to o lin g
d r a w in g s s h o u ld b e d ime n s io n e d a lik e a n d r e la te d to o n e a n o th e r . Re f e r to
to o lin g r e q u ir e d n o te s in “ D ime n s io n N ote s , ” p a r a g r a p h 2 . 4 . 4 . 1 o n p a g e 1 6 .

e. U s e t h e l i s t o f m a t e r i a l f o r m a t c o r r e c t l y . T h e a s s e mb ly n u mb e r d o e s n o t g e t
a n i t e m n u mb e r . W h i l e t h e ma t e r i a l i s p r o p e r l y a n i t e m o n t h e L i s t o f
Ma te r ia l, o n e n d p r o d u c t d r a w in g s , th e r e is n o n e e d to s p e c if y e ith e r th e
d r a w in g n u mb e r o r a n ite m n u mb e r in th e L is t o f Ma te r ia l if th e r e is o n ly o n e
p a r t o r ma t e r i a l . A n i t e m w i t h t h e s a me ma t e r i a l a n d s p e c i f i c a t i o n r e q u ir e s
o n ly o n e i t e m n u mb e r a n d “ A / R ” ( a s r e q u ir e d ) a s a q u a n t i t y . T h e v a r i o u s
ma t e r i a l s i z e s r e q u i r e d a r e i n d i c a t e d o n t h e f i e l d o f t h e d r a w i n g , a s i s t h e c a s e
o f in s e p a r a b le a s s e mb lie s ( w e ld me n ts , r iv e te d p a r ts , e tc . ) . D a s h n u mb e r s a r e
r e q u ir e d o n ly w h e n th e r e is a “ s h o w n ” ( o d d n u mb e r ) a n d “ o p p o s ite ” ( e v e n
n u mb e r ) , w h e n th e r e is mo r e th a n o n e a s s e mb ly v e r s io n , o r w h e n th e d r a w in g
i s o f a t a b u la t e d t y p e ( r e f e r t o t y p e s o f d r a w i n g s ) . M u l t i d e t a i l d r a w i n g s a r e
n o t a l l o w e d ( r e f e r t o “ D e t a i l D r a w in g , ” p a r a g r a p h 4 . 3 o n p a g e 4 1 f o r
e x p la n a tio n ) .

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f. D o n o t u s e “ S K ” ( s h o r t f o r s k e t c h ) o n a n y d r a win g t h a t is u s e d t o
m a n u f a c t u r e a p a r t . U s e o n ly G S F C d r a w in g n u mb e r s w h e n u s in g th e G S F C
d r a w in g f o r ma t; c o n tr a c to r d r a w in g n u mb e r s a r e u s e d o n th e c o n tr a c to r 's
d r a w i n g f o r ma t . T h e M e c h a n ic a l E n g in e e r in g Br a n c h d o e s n o t c h e c k o r g iv e
a p p r o v a l f o r d r a w in g s p r o d u c e d o n c o n tr a c to r f o r ma t. Co n tr a c ts s h o u ld
s p e c if y th a t th e c o n tr a c to r s h a ll s u p p ly c o p ie s o f c o mp a n y s p e c if ic a tio n s w h e n
u s in g c o n tr a c to r f o r ma ts .

g . S p e c i f y l o w - o u t g a s s i n g m a t e r i a l s . U s e lo w - o u tg a s s in g f ilm lu b r ic a n ts f o r
s p a c e f l i g h t h a r d w a r e w h e r e d i s a s s e mb l y i s l i k e l y a n d / o r g a l l i n g o f l i k e
ma te r ia ls is p o s s ib le . Re f e r to N A S A RP - 1 1 2 4 , N o v e mb e r 1 9 9 0 ( o r la te r ) ,
O u t g a s s i n g D a t a f o r S e l e c t i n g S p a c e c r a f t M a t e r i a l s , o r to S e c tio n 1 0 ,
p a r a g r a p h 1 0 . 6 . 1 , p a g e 9 5 o f t h i s ma n u a l , “ O u t g a s s i n g o f S p a c e c r a f t
Materials.”

h . S p e c i f y t h e i d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f p a r t s . T o ma i n t a i n t r a c e a b i l i t y , a l l p a r t s s h o u l d
b e id e n tif ie d b y in k s ta mp in g w ith th e G S F C d r a w in g n u mb e r , r a th e r th a n b y
b a g g in g a n d ta g g in g . U s e o n ly lo w - o u tg a s s in g in k ( s p e c if y o r ig in a l s o u r c e )
a n d d o n o t o v e r c o a t. D o n o t s te e l s ta mp e n g r a v e , o r e tc h o n f lig h t h a r d w a r e
t o p r e v e n t ma t e r i a l s t r e s s c o n c e n t r a t i o n s. I d e n t i c a l p a r t s w i t h d i f f e r e n t u s e s
s h o u ld b e s e r ia liz e d .

i. Specify the original manufacturer source of supply and complete address.


L i s t t h e o r i g i n a l s o u r c e a n d c o mp l e t e a d d r e s s i n t h e G e n e r a l N o t e s , a n d f l a g
them to the List of Material or Parts List.

j. S p e c if y r e g a r d le s s o f f e a t u r e s ize wh e n a p p ly in g t o f ix e d lo c a t io n s .
Positional tolerance should be specified as “Regardless of Feature Size” when
a p p lyin g to th r e a d in s e r ts , ta p p e d h o le lo c a tio n s , a n d s lip f it d e s ig n s .

k . S p e c i f y l o o s e t o l e r a n c e s w h e r e p o s s i b l e . T h e u s e o f th e tr u e p o s itio n me th o d
o f d ime n s io n in g s h o u ld n o t b e mis ta k e n f o r a tig h te r to le r a n c in g c o n tr o l
s ys te m. T r u e p o s itio n to le r a n c in g c a n b e a s lo o s e a s th e a p p lic a tio n s h a ll
a l l o w . L o o s e t o l e r a n c e s ma k e i n s pe c t i o n e a s i e r a n d a l l o w f e w e r r e j e c t e d
p a r ts .

l. S p e c i f y r a d i i a n d c h a m f e r s . E d g e r a d ii, in - p la n e c o r n e r r a d ii, a n d p r o tr u s io n
c h a mf e r s mu s t b e s p e c i f i e d t o s p a c e f l ig h t s t a n d a r d s i z e r eq u i r e me n t s . R e f e r
t o J o h n s o n S p a c e C e n t e r d o c u me n t N S T S 0 7 7 0 0 , V o l u me X I V , A p p e n d i x 9 ,
“ S y s t e m D e s c r i p t i o n a n d D e s i g n D a t a I n t e r v e h i c u la r A c t i v i t i e s , ” S e c t i o n 5 . 5 ,
“ C r e w E q u i p me n t S a f e t y, ” f o r s i z e r e q u i r eme n ts . S p e c i f y r a d i i a t t h e b o t t o m
o f c o u n te r b o r e s to p r e v e n t s h a r p c o r n e r s , w h ic h c o u ld d e v e lo p in to s tr e s s
c r a c k s , p a r tic u la r ly o n f lig h t p a r ts .

m. S p e c i f y i n t e r f e r e n c e r a n g e o n l y f o r p r e s s f i t s . O n ly th e a mo u n t “ . 0 0 0 X to
. 0 0 0 X i n t e r f e r e n c e ” s h o u l d b e s t a te d n e x t t o t h e i t e m c a l l o u t .

n . S p e c i f y a s f e w r e f e r e n c e d i m e n s i o n s a s p o s s i b l e . T o o ma n y r e f e r e n c e
d ime n s io n s ma k e c h e c k in g , in s p e c tio n , a n d c o s t e s tima tin g mo r e d if f ic u lt.

o . S p e c i f y p r o j e c t e d t o l e r a n c e zo n e d i m e n s i o n s w h e r e a p p l i c a b l e . A d d a
p r o j e c te d to le r a n c e z o n e d ime n s io n to th e tr u e p o s itio n to le r a n c e w h e n
s p e c if yin g th r e a d e d in s e r ts , ta p p e d h o le s , o r d o w e l p in s . Re f e r to A N S I
Y 1 4 . 5 M- 1 9 8 2 .

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p . S p e c i f y f a s t e n e r t o r q u e r e q u i r e m e n t s . T h e s e r e q u i r e me n t s ma y r e f e r t o a
p r o j e c t- d e v e lo p e d s p e c if ic a tio n n u mb e r , o r f a s te n e r s iz e a n d to r q u e
r e q u ir e me n ts c a n b e ta b u la te d in th e G e n e r a l N o te s a n d f la g g e d to ite m c a ll-
o u ts in th e f ie ld o f th e d r a w in g .

q . A v o i d d o u b l e f i x a t i o n s . A p a tte r n o f c o u n te r s u n k h o le s in o n e p a r t a n d
ta p p e d h o le s in th e ma tin g p a r t le a v e s n o to le r a n c in g f o r e ith e r p a r t, r e s u ltin g
in b e n d in g s tr e s s e s in th e s c r e w . I f th e s itu a tio n s h a ll a llo w , c o u n te r b o r e o n e
of the parts and use a pan head screw. If not, drill out the second part and use
a n u t i n p l a c e o f t a p p e d h o l e s . M a t c h ed d r i l l i n g s h o u l d b e a v o i d e d b e c a u s e o f
loss of interchangeability.

r. A v o i d s e v e r e g a l l i n g b e t w e e n l i k e m a t e r i a l s . T o a v o id s e v e r e g a llin g in
CRES-to-CRES fastener applications, consider the following possibilities:

U s e o f p h o s p h o r b r o n z e in s e r ts .

U s e o f d r y f ilm lu b r ic a n t p e r MI L - G - 4 6 0 1 0 , L u b r ic a n t, S o lid F ilm, H e a t


Cu r e d , Co r r o s io n I n h ib itin g ( f o r CRE S in s e r ts a n d n u ts ) .

U s e o f b la c k o x id e c o a tin g p e r MI L - C- 1 3 9 2 4 ( f o r b o lts a n d s c r e w s ) .

s. Avoid the use of internal, external, or split-ring lock washers. These types
of washers are not used on aerospace flight projects for several reasons; the
w o r s t is p o s s ib le p a r tic u la te c o n ta min a tio n .

t. Avoid using silver-plated hardware around electronic applications. This


c a n c a u s e c o n t a mi n a t i o n p a r t i c l e s . H o w e v e r , i t i s a c c e p t a b l e f o r a l l o t h e r
a p p lic a tio n s .

u. Design a part so it can be made with the least amount of machine setups
possible.

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INDEX
F o r a n a lp h a b e tic a l ( n u me r ic a l) lis tin g o f th e S ta n d a r d s a n d S p e c if ic a tio n s lis te d
in th is ma n u a l, s e e S e c tio n 1 0 . 9 , p a g e 1 0 1 .

A D
Abbreviations ............................... 11, 12 Datum ..................................... 30, 45, 82
AFBMA ............................................. 12 I mp l i e d . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 0 4
AGMA .............................................. 12 Design references ................................ 82
AGMA standard quality....................... 16 D e s i g n r e v i e w D o s a n d D o n 't s . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 0 4
A l t e r e d p a r t s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . s e e P a r ts — V e n d o r Design Selection Guide ........................ 14
Altered vendor part drawings ................... D e t a i l d r a w i n g s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . s e e D r a w in g s
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . s e e D r a w in g s Details ............................................... 37
ANSI ................................................ 12 Identification ................................... 37
Archiving .......................................... 80 Locating .......................................... 38
ASME ............................................... 12 D i a g r a ms
A s s e mb l y d r a w i n g s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . s e e D r a w in g s Electrical and electronic ................... 43
Associated lists .................................. 80 D i me n s i o n n o t e s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . s e e N o t e s
ASTM ............................................... 13 D i me n s i o n a l t o l e r a n c e n o t e s . . . . . . . s e e N o t e s
AWS ............................................ 13, 92 D ime n s io n in g
M e t r i c . . . . . . . . . . . . . s e e Me tr ic d ime n s io n in g
S t a t e me n t s o n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 2
B
True position .................... 82, 104, 105
B a s i c d i me n s i o n s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D ime n s io n in g a n d to le r a n c in g . . 8 2 , 8 4 , 1 0 4
. . . . . . . . . . s e e D ime n s io n in g — T r u e p o s itio n Metric ............................................. 83
Brazing ............................................. 18 Practices ......................................... 82
D i me n s i o n s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
... 15, 16, 24, 25, 28, 55, 82, 84, 88, 104
C Conversion of .................................. 86
C A D . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . s e e Co mp u te r - a id e d d e s ig n Projected tolerance zone ................. 106
C A D - p r o d u c e d d r a w i n g s . . . . . . s e e D r a w in g s Reference ...................................... 105
Certification logs ............................... 80 D o c u me n t a t i o n ma n a g e me n t . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 9
C h a mf e r s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 0 5 Double fixations ............................... 106
Coating Notes .......................... see Notes Drafting practices ............................... 25
C o mp o s i t e ma t e r i a l d r a w i n g . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 6 D r a w i n g e l e me n t s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
C o mp u t e r - a i d e d d e s i g n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 3 , 8 0 Drawing flow chart............ see Flow chart
. . . . s e e a l s o Drawings—Computer-aided design D r a w i n g f o r ma t . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 0
Data files Drawing Interchange File ..................... 81
Media .......................................... 81 Drawing notes ...........................see Notes
Presentation of data ......................... 80 D r a w i n g n u mb e r . . . . . . . . . . 1 , 7 , 1 0 , 4 1 , 5 8 , 6 0
Specification data ............................ 81 Source control ................................. 53
C o mp u t e r - g e n e r a t e d d a t a Specification control ........................ 54
Presentation of ................................ 80 D r a w i n g r e v i s i o n s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . s e e Re v is io n s
C o n f i g u r a t i o n ma n ag e me n t o f f i c e r . . . . . . . . 5 8 Drawing sizes ...................................... 3
C o n f i g u r a t i o n ma n a g e r . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 8 , 8 0 Drawing title ...................................... 11
C o n t r a c t o r d e s i g n a ct i v i t y d r a w i n g s . . . . . . . . . . Drawing tree ....................................... 42
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . s e e D r a w in g s D r a w in g s
C o n v e r s i o n o f d i me n s i o n s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 6 Archiving ........................................ 80
C r o s s - h a t c h i n g s y mb o l . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 5 A s s e mb l y . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 0 , 5 3 , 5 4
CAD-produced .................................. 8
C o mp u t e r - a i d e d d e s i g n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 0

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Developing and using .................... 81 EFFECTIVE SERIAL ........................ 63


Revisions ..................................... 80 EO NO. ........................................... 63
Contractor design activity .................. 1 F o r ma t s a mp l e . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 2
Detail ............................................. 41 G e n e r a l r e q u i r e me n t s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 2
E l e c t r i c a l / E le c t r o n i c . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 3 INITIATED ..................................... 63
Engineering .................... 1, 16, 58, 104 ISSUED BY ..................................... 63
F o r ma t . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 0 NEXT ASSEMBLY ........................... 62
G o v e r n me n t D e s i g n A c t i v i t y . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 N u mb e r . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 4
I n s e p a r a b l e a s s e mb l y . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 4 PARTS IN PROCESS ...........................
I n s t a l l a t i o n a s s e mb l y . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 5 , 5 3 , 5 4 . . . . s e e E n g in e e r in g o r d e r — D is p o s itio n
Interface control ......................... 46, 47 PROGRAM ...................................... 62
Manufacturing ................................. 54 REASON ......................................... 62
Matched-set .................................... 48 REV ................................................ 62
M e c h a n i c a l s c h e ma t i c . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 9 REVIEWED ..................................... 63
Modification ................................... 50 S H E E T ___O F ___ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 3
Mo n o d e t a i l . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 4 TITLE ............................................. 62
Multidetail ...................................... 41 TYPE OF EO ................................... 63
Multisheet .................... 3, 4, 15, 38, 65 USED ON ........................................ 62
Notes ................................... see Notes Engineering parts list ........... see Parts list
N u mb e r i n g s y s t e m . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 8 E O . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . s e e E n g in e e r in g o r d e r
One view ........................................ 25 E P L . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . s e e P a r ts lis t— E n g in e e r in g
Outline .................................50, 51, 54
Pencil............................................. 33
F
Positioning ..................................... 33
Redrawn or replaced ........................ 67 Fastener torque ................................. 106
Scale .............................................. 32 Federal Cataloging Program ................. 54
Source control ............................ 52, 53 F e d e r a l I t e m I d e n t i f i c a t i o n N u mb e r . . . . . . . 5 4
Specification control ..............52, 53, 54 Federal standards and specifications ...... 93
Standard part .................................. 54 FIIN .....................................................
Tabulated ....................................... 54 . s e e F e d e r a l I t e m I d e n t i f i c a t i o n N u mb e r
Three view ...................................... 25 F i n d n u mb e r . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 4
Tooling ................................8, 55, 104 A p p l i c a t i o n a n d l i mi t a t i o n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 6
Two view ........................................ 25 Definition ........................................ 76
Types of ......................................... 39 D r a w i n g r e q u i r e me n t s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 7
Vendor part System of identification .................... 76
Altered ........................................ 39 F i n d o r I t e m n u mb e r . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Selected ....................................... 39 . . s e e e i t h e r F in d n u mb e r o r I te m n u mb e r
Zoned .......................................... 4, 38 F i n d o r i t e m n u mb e r i n g . . . . . . s e e N u mb e r in g
D X F . . . . . . . . . . . . s e e D r a w in g I n te r c h a n g e F ile Flow chart
For drawings .................................... 79
E
G
E l e c t r i c a l a n d e l e c tr o n i c d i a g r a ms . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . s e e D i a g r a ms Galling ............................................ 106
E l e c t r i c a l a n d e l e c tr o n i c s y mb o l s . . . . . . . . . . . . . G o v e r n me n t D e s i g n A c t i v i t y D r a w i n g s . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . s e e S ymb o ls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . s e e D r a w in g s
E l e c t r i c a l / e l e c t ro n i c d r a w i n g s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . s e e D r a w in g s
E n g i n e e r i n g d r a w i n g s . . . . . . . . . . s e e D r a w in g s H
Engineering order .......................... 62, 64 Heat treating notes ....................see Notes
APPROVED .................................... 63
Archiving ....................................... 80
DESCRIPTION ................................ 63 I
Disposition ..................................... 63 IEEE .................................................. 13
DRAWING...................................... 62 IGES.....................................................

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. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . s e e I n i t i a l G r a p h ic s Style ............................................... 31
........................ Exchange Specification Library Services Branch ....................... 58
I L . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . s e e I n d e x lis t Lines ................................................. 25
Index list ........................................... 68 Conventions ............................... 26, 27
Continuation sheet ........................... 75 Ink ................................................. 25
Entries ........................................ 74 Pencil ............................................. 27
F o r ma t . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 4 Plotted ............................................ 25
Cover sheet ..................................... 69 Types ........................................ 26, 27
Entries ................................... 69, 70 Break ........................................... 28
F o r ma t . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 9 Center .......................................... 27
Definitions ..................................... 68 Cutting-plane ................................ 30
Re q u ir e me n ts Datum .......................................... 30
A d d i n g i t e ms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 9 D i me n s i o n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 8
D e l e t i n g i t e ms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 9 Extension ..................................... 30
L i s t f o r ma t s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 9 Hidden ......................................... 30
List preparation ............................ 68 Leaders ........................................ 28
Revision identification .................. 69 Outlines ....................................... 30
I n d u s tr ia l s ta n d a r d s a n d s p e c if ic a tio n s . . 9 5 Phantom ....................................... 29
I n f o r ma t i o n M a n a g eme n t D i v i s i o n . . . . . . . . 5 8 Sectioning .................................... 29
I n f o r ma t i o n a l n o t e s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . s e e N o t e s Stitch ........................................... 30
I n i t i a l G r a p h ic s E x c h a n g e S p e c i f i c a t i o n 8 1 Viewing-plane ............................... 30
Ink lines ................................... see Lines Visible ......................................... 30
I n s e p a r a b l e a s s e mb l y d r a w i n g s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . List of Material ......................... 8, 10, 14
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . s e e D r a w in g s Entries ............................................ 78
Inseparable parts ....................... see Parts F o r ma t . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 8 , 1 0 4
Inside rounding ...................................... R e q u i r e me n t s i n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 4
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . s e e Me tr ic d ime n s io n in g — LM ........................... see List of Material
........................... Rounding—Precision Local character notes .................see Notes
Inspection notes ....................... see Notes Lock washers .................................... 106
I n s t a l l a t i o n a s s e mb l y d r a w i n g s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L o w - o u t g a s s i n g ma t e r i a l s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 0 5
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . s e e D r a w in g s
I n t e r f a c e c o n t r o l d r a w i n g s . . . . s e e D r a w in g s
M
Interference range ............................. 105
International System of Units .................. M a t c h e d - s e t d r a w i n g s . . . . . . . . . . s e e D r a w in g s
..................................................... 83 M a t e r ia l
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . s e e a l s o 'S I ' a n d 'Me t r i c ' Conventions ..................................... 35
Introduction ......................................... 1 Low-outgassing .............................. 105
ISO ................................................... 13 Outgassing....................................... 93
I t e m n u mb e r . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 4 Mechanical Engineering Branch ............ 58
A p p l i c a t i o n a n d l i mi t a t i o n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 6 M e c h a n i c a l s c h e ma t i c d i a g r a m d r a w i n g s . . .
Definition ....................................... 76 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . s e e D r a w in g s
D r a w i n g r e q u i r e me n t s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 7 Metric .................................... see also SI
System of identification ................... 76 Me tr ic d ime n s io n in g
I t e m n u mb e r i n g . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . s e e N u mb e r in g Ro u n d in g
B a s i c d i me n s i o n s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 7
General rules ................................ 86
J
Precision ................................ 88, 89
J roll size ............................................ 3 T o l e r a n c e d d i me n s i o n s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 8
J o i n i n g me t h o d n o t e s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . s e e N o t e s Unit conversions .............................. 86
Metric system ..................................... 83
M i l i t a r y s t a n d a r d s an d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s . . . . . 9 6
L
M o d i f i c a t i o n d r a w i n g s . . . . . . . . . s e e D r a w in g s
Lay (of a surface) ............................... 90 M u l t i s h e e t d r a w i n g s . . . . . . . . . . . . s e e D r a w in g s
L e t t e r i n g a n d N u me r a l s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 1
Heights........................................... 32

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N N u mb e r i n g . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 9
Separable ........................................ 40
NAS .................................................. 13
Vendor ................................. 52, 53, 59
NASA standards and specifications ...... 98
Altered ................................... 39, 59
National Bureau of Standards index ...... 93
Selected ................................. 39, 59
NEMA ............................................... 13
W e l d me n t . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 0 4
N o me n c l a t u r e . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1
Parts list ...................................... 14, 68
Notes ................................................ 25
Continuation sheet ............................ 73
Coating .......................................... 18
Entries ......................................... 72
D i me n s i o n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 6
F o r ma t . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 2
D i me n s i o n a l t o l e r a n c e . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 4
S u p p l e me n t a r y h e a d i n g l i s t . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 3
E x a mp l e s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 6
Co v e r s h e e t
General .......................................... 15
Entries ................................... 69, 70
Heat treating ................................... 17
F o r ma t . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 9
I n f o r ma t i o n a l . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 3
Definitions ...................................... 68
Inspection ....................................... 20
Engineering .......................... 59, 60, 80
J o i n i n g me t h o d . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 8
Preferred ......................................... 14
Local character .......................... 15, 23
Re q u ir e me n ts
Location ......................................... 15
A d d i n g i t e ms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 9
Miscellaneous ................................. 21
D e l e t i n g i t e ms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 9
N u mb e r i n g o f . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 6
L i s t f o r ma t s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 9
Plating ........................................... 18
List preparation ............................. 68
Surface preparation.......................... 19
Revision identification ................... 69
Testing ........................................... 20
P e n c i l d r a w i n g s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . s e e D r a w in g s
Threaded inserts
Pencil lines .............................. see Lines
Cleaning and installation ............... 21
Picturization ....................................... 33
Warning note .................................. 15
PL ...................................... see Parts list
NSA .................................................. 13
Plating notes.............................see Notes
NTIS ................................................. 93
Plotted lines ............................. see Lines
N u mb e r i n g . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 8
Positioning ................................... 33, 35
Find ............................................... 60
Precision rounding .................................
Item ............................................... 60
. . . . . . s e e Me tr ic d ime n s io n in g — Ro u n d in g
Parts .............................................. 59
Press fits .......................................... 105
N u mb e r i n g o f n o t e s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . s e e N o t e s
Projected tolerance zone .................... 106
Projected views ........................ see Views
O
Order of precedence...... see Specifications R
Orthographic projection ...................... 25
Radii ............................................... 105
Outgassing
Regardless of Feature Size ................. 105
L o w - o u t g a s s i n g ma t e r i a l s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 0 5
Revision block ............................ 4, 9, 65
O f s p a c e c r a f t ma t e r i a l s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 3
APPROVAL ...................................... 9
O u t l i n e d r a w i n g s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . s e e D r a w in g s
DATE .............................................. 9
Outlines
DESCRIPTION.................................. 9
Invisible ......................................... 34
S a mp l e s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 , 6 6
Visible ........................................... 34
SYM ................................................ 9
ZONE .............................................. 9
P Revisions ........................................... 65
Identification ................................... 65
P a r t n u mb e r . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 2 , 5 9
Me t h o d s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 5
P a r t P o s i t i o n i n g . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . s e e P o s itio n in g
Multisheet drawings ......................... 65
Parts
Recording ........................................ 65
D i me n s i o n s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 0 4
Redrawn or replaced drawings ........... 67
Identification of ............................. 105
Rotated views .......................... see Views
Inseparable ..................................... 41
Rounding ........................................... 86

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R o u n d i n g : . . . . s e e a l s o Me tr ic d ime n s io n in g T
T a b u l a t e d d r a w i n g s . . . . . . . . . . . . . s e e D r a w in g s
S T e mp l a t e s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 5 , 8 2 , 1 0 4
Testing notes ............................see Notes
SAE .................................................. 13
Third-angle orthographic projection ...... 25
Scale ................................................. 32
Thread specifications ..................... 91, 92
Sections ............................................ 34
Threaded inserts—Cleaning and
Identification .................................. 37
installation notes ....................see Notes
Locating ......................................... 38
Title block ............................ 4, 9, 32, 33
Security classification ................... 10, 15
APPROVED ...................................... 7
S e l e c t e d p a r t s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . s e e P a r ts — V e n d o r
CHECKED ........................................ 7
S e l e c t e d v e n d o r p ar t d r a w i n g s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CODE .............................................. 7
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . s e e D r a w in g s
DATE .............................................. 7
Separable parts ......................... see Parts
DESCRIPTION.................................. 9
S h e e t n u mb e r i n g . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
DESIGNER ....................................... 7
S I . . . s e e a ls o I n t e r n a t i o n a l S y s t e m o f U n i t s
Drawing No. ..................................... 7
U n i t s a n d s y mb o l s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 3
DRAWN ........................................... 7
Silver-plated hardware ....................... 106
EXAMINATION ................................ 8
Soldering...................................... 18, 89
FLIGHT HARDWARE ........................ 8
S o u r c e c o n t r o l d r a w i n g s . . . . . . . s e e D r a w in g s
HARDNESS TESTING ....................... 8
Space Transportation System ............... 20
ITEM NO. ........................................ 8
Specification callouts ......................... 24
MATERIAL ...................................... 9
S p e c i f i c a t i o n c o n tr o l d r a w i n g s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
MATERIAL SPEC. ............................ 9
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . s e e D r a w in g s
METRIC ........................................... 8
Specifications .................................... 82
NEXT ASSY ..................................... 8
Order of precedence ......................... 60
PART NO. ........................................ 8
Subsequent changes ......................... 24
REQD .............................................. 8
Thread....................................... 91, 92
S a mp l e . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Specifications index ...............................
SCALE ............................................. 7
. . s e e S ta n d a r d s a n d s p e c if ic a tio n s in d e x
S H ___O F ___ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
S t a n d a r d p a r t d r a w i n g . . . . . . . . . . s e e D r a w in g s
Software used ................................... 8
Standards .......................................... 82
TITLE .............................................. 7
Order of precedence ......................... 60
USED ON ......................................... 7
S t a n d a r d s a n d s p e c i f ic a t i o n s i n d e x . . . . . . . 9 3
WT .................................................. 7
Federal ........................................... 93
T o le r a n c e Blo c k
Industrial........................................ 95
Metric ............................................. 86
Military .......................................... 96
Tolerances .................. 24, 82, 84, 88, 104
NASA ............................................ 98
Loose ............................................ 105
National Bureau of Standards ............ 93
Metric ............................................. 86
S ta n d a r d s a n d s p e c if ic a tio n s n u me r ic a l
T o le r a n c in g
index .............................................. 98
True position ................................. 105
STS ....... see Space Transportation System
T o o l i n g d r a w i n g s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . s e e D r a w in g s
S u p p o r tin g d o c u me n ta tio n
Tooling fixtures .................................. 55
N u mb e r i n g . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 8
Transported views .................... see Views
Surface preparation notes .......... see Notes
T r u e p o s i t i o n d i me n s i o n i n g . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Surface roughness
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . s e e D ime n s io n in g
Control of ....................................... 90
Surface texture ................................... 90
Standards........................................ 90 U
S y mb o l s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 0
U n i t n u mb e r p r i n c i p l e . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 8
S ymb o ls
U n i t r o u n d i n g . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . s e e Ro u n d in g
Cross-hatching ................................ 35
E l e c t r i c a l / E le c t r o n i c . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 3
Welding.......................................... 92
W ir i n g . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 3

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V
Vapor degreasing ............................... 20
Vendor part .............................. see Parts
V e n d o r p a r t d r a w i n g s . . . . . . . . . . . s e e D r a w in g s
Views .......................................... 25, 36
Identification .................................. 37
Locating ......................................... 38
Projected ........................................ 36
Rotated........................................... 36
Sectional ........................................ 34
Designation .................................. 35
Positioning .................................. 35
Transported .................................... 36

W
Waviness (of a surface) ....................... 90
Welding ............................................ 18
General .......................................... 92
Notes ............................................. 18
Specification callouts....................... 92
S y mb o l s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . s e e a l s o S ymb o ls
Location significance .................... 92
W e l d me n t s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 4 , 1 0 4
W ir i n g s y mb o l s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . s e e S ymb o ls

Z
Zoning ........................................... 4, 10

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