BS 59501:2000 Changes from 1990 revision
Introduction
The following is a list of changes spotted in the revised code. Only significant changes have been noted. The clause number refers to the numbers in the revised code. Section 1 General
Clause Number 
Change 
Comment 

1.1 
Scope 
Note added that the code now covers cold formed hollow sections to BS EN 10219. Note added that design for seismic resistance is not covered in BS5950 Specifically mentioned that although detailed recommendations are not given for “second order” analysis it’s use is not precluded. 
Section 2 Limit states design
Clause No 
Change 
Comment 

2.1 General principles and design methods 

2.1.2 
Methods of 
Methods now simple, continuous and Semi continuous. Simple rules for Semirigid design removed 
Reference to SCI publications for Semicontinuous design 
design 

2.2 Loading 

2.2.2 
Dead imposed 
Wind load can be from either CP3 or BS6399 
Later clauses 4.12 on purlins and side rails, and 5.1.2.4 on continuous structures refer only to 6399 
and wind loading 

2.2.4 
Earth and Ground 
1.2 load factor to be used with max credible loads from 

water 

BS8002. 

2.4 Ultimate limit states 

Table 2 
Load factor of 1.05 for drifted snow 
As recommended in BS 63993 
2.4.2.3 
Resistance to 
Factored wind load to be not less than 1%of factored dead load. 

horizontal forces 

2.4.2.4 
Notional 
Now just one value i.e. 0.5% factored dead plus live. Noted that NHLs need not be considered with pattern loads. 

horizontal forces 

2.4.2.5 
to 8 Sway 
All frames to be considered for sway. Second order analysis required if l _{c}_{r} is less than 4. Amplification factor slightly different. 

stiffness 
1990 code implied only relevant for moment frames. 

2.4.4 Brittle fracture 
Instead of K either 1 or 2 it can now vary between 0.5 and 4. Slight changes in some of thicknesses for various grades. JR grades (old grade B) not allowed for External conditions. 
Note that baseplates with nominal welds “for purpose of location in use and security in transit” can be considered to be plain steel. 

2.4.5 Structural 
Clarification of difference between “column ties” and general tying. No special precautions required for transfer beams. Limitations on collapse area for alternative method clarified. 

integrity 

2.4.5.3 
Avoidance of 
Tie force requirements deemed to be satisfied by a beam tie force equal to the largest end reaction. Column tie requirement increased from 2/3 to 1 times floor load. 
This is a major relaxation in the tie force for primary beams but it is still best to avoid designing the connections for tie forces. 
disproportionate 

collapse 
Section 3 Properties of materials and section properties
Clause No 
Change 
Comment 

3.1 
Structural Steel 

Table 3.1 Design Strength py (Table 6) 
Grade 43, 50 and 55 replaced by new designations S275, S355 and S460. 
S460: Design strengths greater than for Grade 55. Strengths given for thicker material. 

3.2 
Fasteners and Welds 
3.2.1 
Bolts, Nuts and 
Reference to part 2 for matching nuts and washers. 
See Structures note 1998NST/2 
Washers (3.2.2) 

3.2.2 
Friction Grip 
Fasteners other than those to BS4395 can be used provided they can be reliably tightened to the minimum shank tension in BS4604. 
States friction grip fasteners should generally be preloaded HSFG bolts. 
Fasteners (3.2.3) 

3.2.3 
Welding 
Details on the yield strength, tensile strength and minimum elongation of welds. Table 3.3 is new. 

Consumables (3.2.1) 

3.3 Steel Castings and 
New Clause 
Reference to BS 3100 and BS EN 102502. Reference to SCI guide on steel castings. Design strength corresponding to S275 recommended to be used. 

Forgings (3.1.3) 

3.4 Section Properties 
 

(3.3) 

3.4.3 
Effective Net 
For other steels ke = (Us/1.2)/py £ 1.2 when it was ke = 0 _{,} 75Us/ys £ 1.2 
ke larger 
Area 

3.5 Classification of Cross Sections 

Tables 11 and 12 (Table 
Table 11 (sections other than CHS and RHS) Limits altered 
Table 11 Limits generally equal or higher. Limits for stems of T sections slightly reduced. Web, generally; dependant on r _{1} and r _{2} . i.e. stress in web. Table 12 CHSLimit for compact sections in bending is less. For semi compact is more RHS Web with neutral axis at middepth  values less. Web generally; dependant on r _{1} and r _{2} . Web, whole section axially compressed: hot rolled value is greater. Cold formed value is less. 

7) 

Table 12 Limits for SHS added. Distinction between hot finished and cold formed. Distinction between CHS in compression and bending. 

3.5.6 
and 3.6 Effective 
New clauses 
Effective section properties introduced. 
Plastic Modulus and slender sections 
Section 4
Clause Number 
Change 
Comment 

4.2 Members subject to bending 

4.2.5. Moment 
The previous factor was the ratio of factored to unfactored load. It has now been replaced by a ratio of 1.5 generally or 1.2 for simply supported beams and cantilevers. 

Capacity 

4.2.2 
Full lateral 
When full lateral restraint to the compression flange is provided the requirement for the ends to have torsional restraint has been added. 
Clarification of what was always required. 
restraint 

4.2.3 
Shear capacity 
The slenderness limits for shear buckling for webs are different. 70e for rolled sections and 62e for welded sections 
The old limit was 63e for both types. The new limit means that the two UB sections that were susceptible to shear buckling are no longer effected. 
4.2.5 
Moment 
Limit on moment capacity as a factor of elastic capacity changed. 
The previous factor was the ratio of factored to unfactored load. It has now been replaced by a ratio of 1.5 generally or 1.2 for simply supported beams and cantilevers. 
capacity 

4.2.5.2 High shear 
The calculation for the reduction in M _{c} has been changed and also clarifies what to do with semi compact and slender sections. There are also equations for notched ends of I sections. For these high shear is only when F _{v} 0.75P _{v} 
The equation for sections with two flanges is as part 3.1 EC3 although the limit for high shear in these codes is 0.5P _{v} . At 0.6P _{v} the reduction in Mc is small. The reduction in Mc for Fv>0.6Pv is less than in the current code. 

4.3 Lateraltorsional buckling 

4.3.1 
General 
Guidance as to the position of intermediate lateral restraints is provided i.e. "as close as practicable to the top flange and in any case closer to the level of the shear centre of the top flange than the shear centre of the member" There is no longer mention of Torsional restraint. 
It appears that torsional restraints do not by themselves reduce the effective length. Their only role appears to be to allow the lateral restraint to be located away from the compression flange. 
4.3.2.2.3 
Reduction factor for systems restraining multiple beams rather than worst three. 
4.3.3 Torsional 
As well as the requirement for torsional restraints to take a couple from 1% of the flange force the set of restraints must take 2.5% divided between them in proportion to their spacing. 

restraints 

4.3.5 Effective length for lateral torsional buckling 

4.3.5.3 
Beams with 
Additional guidance given 
Reference to annex G for parts where restraint is to tension flange plus guidance on effect of torsional restraint to tension flange. 

double curvature bending 

4.3.5.4 
Cantilevers 
Increased effective length required if there is a moment applied at the tip of the cantilever. 

without intermediate restraint (4.3.6.2) 

4.3.5.5 
Cantilevers 
Additional requirements for destabilizing loads 
For destabilising loads intermediate restraints only effective if to both flanges 

with intermediate restraint (4.3.6.1) 

Table 13 Efective length for beams without intermediate restraint (Table 9) 
Category added for full and partial restraint of Compression flange 

Table 14 Efective length for cantilevers without intermediate restraint (Table 10) 
Category added for continuous cantilevers with partial torsional restraint at the support 

4.3.6 Resistance to 
The "n" method in the current code has been deleted, there is only a "m" method. Tees are now a special case and reference is made to annex B. Limiting slendersnesses for RHS are now included here rather than in the appendix. 

lateral torsional 

buckling (4.3.6) 

4.3.6.4 
Buckling 
This is no longer p _{b} S _{x} for all sections. For class 3 it is p _{b} Z _{x} and for class 4 it is p b Z eff 

resistance moment M _{b} (4.3.7.3) 

4 3 6 7 E uivalent 
Thi 
i 
l÷ b 
h 
b 
i 
th 
ti 
slenderness l _{L}_{T} 
of the elastic or effective elastic 

(4.3.7.5) 
modulus to the full plastic modulus for class 3 and 4 sections. 

As well as a table for v there are formulae which are similar to those which were in appendix B. 

4.3.8 
Buckling 
There is only a simple equation for 

resistance moment for single angles 
Mb 
for equal angles, unequal angles 

must be designed for biaxial bending. 

4.4 Plate girders 

4.4.2 
Design strength 
The capacity where the web has a lower strength than the flanges is explained. 

(4.4.3) 

4.4.4 Moment capacity 
The limiting thickness for web buckling is changed see 4.2.3 above plus concept of low shear applied to buckling. 
If shear less than 60% of “simple” buckling capacity no effect on moment capacity. 

4.4.5 Shear buckling 
Instead of design with or without tensile field action there is a “simplified” and a “more exact” method. The simplified method gives higher capacities than the old without tensile field method but it relies on tensile field action and end anchorage needs to be checked. There are some changes in the way the anchor forces etc are specified but the overall results do not change. You can now have a single end post which is not rigidly connected to the flange. 

resistance 

4.4.5.3 Tension field 
The equation for the flange dependent shear buckling resistance has been altered. 
Direct calculation rather than via the flange dependent tension shear strength of the web. 

method. (4.4.5.4) 

4.4.6 
Design of intermediate transverse web stiffeners 

4.4.6.6 Buckling 
The 
moment to be used for checking 

resistance 
the transverse stiffener must now include the effects of external lateral forces. 

4 4 6 7 C ti 
t 
F 
i 
t 
di 
t 
t 
tiff 
web of intermediate stiffeners 
not subject to external load which do not connect to the tension flange the distance cut short of the weld is now 

maximum of 4t rather than approximately 4t. a 

It is only intermediate transverse 

stiffeners not subject to external loads which need not be connected to the compression flange. 

4.5 
Web bearing capacity, buckling resistance and stiffener design 

4.5.1.3 Stiff bearing 
Note added that stiff bearing length can only include dispersion through packs if they are firmly fixed in place 

length 

4.5.1.5 Hollow 
Note about hollow sections and reference to the SCI "blue book" 

sections(4.5.12) 

4.5.2 Bearing capacity of web 
Spread through flange at end of member changed 
Now spread is a min of 2T at end rather than 2.5T but method of adding any projection is given. 

(4.5.3) 

4.5.3.1 Buckling 
Direct calculation of buckling resistance rather than via strut curves. 
Typical beam component of buckling is lower (up to 25%). Also the buckling capacity cannot be easily split up into beam, flange plate and stiff bearing components. 

resistance of 

unstiffened web 

(4.5.2.1) 

4.5.3.3 Buckling 
The length of web to be taken as part of a stiffener is reduced from 20 to 15 times the web thickness each side of the centreline. 

resistance of load carrying 

stiffeners(4.5.1.5) 

4.5.10 length of web 
Specific guidance is given on the capacity of the remainder of the web where bearing or tension stiffeners are not full depth. 

stiffeners(4.5.9) 

4.6 
Tension members 

4.6.3.1 Single angle, 
The effective area for use with single angles, channels or tees connected eccentrically is changed. There are different values for bolted and welded connections. 
Ratio of new to old capacity 

channel or Tsection members 
varies between approx 0.94 to 

1.13. 

4 6 3 2 D bl 
l 
Th 
t 
f 
d 
bl 
l 
i 
l 
C 
it 
f 
l 
t 
d 
channel or Tsection members 
changed with different values for welded and bolted connections. The net area must also be used for double 
each side of a gusset plate reduced. 

angles connected to both sides of a gusset plate. 

4.7 
Compression members 

4.7.1.2 
Restraint force for multiple members can be reduced using reduction factor as for beams. 

4.7.2 Effective 
Advice on le for columns supporting internal platform floors of simple construction. 
In annex D. 

lengths 

4.7.4 Compression 
The effective area is used to calculate the capacity of class 4 sections, the slenderness for these sections is reduced by the factor (A _{e}_{f}_{f} /A _{g} ) ^{0}^{.}^{5} relative to that calculated for the gross section. 

resistance 

Table 4.13 Allocation of strut curve (Table 
Cold formed SHS use curve c. 

25) 

4.7.7 Columns in 
Reference to the "semi rigid " (now semi continuous) design method has been removed. How to use with SHS columns made clearer. 
SHS simple columns not consistent with combined bending and axial force clauses. 

simple construction 

4.8 
Members with combined moment and axial force 

4.8.1 General 
Effect of shear clarified. Section to be classified on combined forces. 

4.8.2 Tension 
Reference to annex I2 for the calculation of M _{r} . 

members with 

moments 

4.8.3 Compression members with moments 

4.8.3.1 General 
Reference is made to annex I 1 for an alternative approach for stocky doubly symmetric class 1 and class 2 sections. 
This is a modification to the exact approach in 4.8.3.3.2. 

4 8 3 2 C 
ti 
Th 
i 
t 
ti 
f 
l 
capacity 
4 slender sections which includes the effective area. 

4.8.3.3 Member buckling resistance 

4.8.3.3.2 
Simplified 
Lateral torsional buckling needs only to be considered with flexural buckling about the minor axis. Therefore there are now two checks. Also instead of "m" there is "m _{x} " (major axis bending relative to major axis restraint) "m _{y} " (minor axis bending relative to minor axis restraint) and "m _{L}_{T} ".(major axis bending related to minor axis restraint). 
There are limits on the uniform moment factors m _{x} , m _{y} , and m _{y}_{x} to be used in continuous frames with sway mode effective lengths or where the amplified sway moments are calculated. 
approach 

4.8.3.3.2 
more exact 
More expressions but clearer. “m _{y}_{x} ” factor introduced i.e. minor axis moments relative to major axis restraints. 

approach for I or H sections with equal flanges 

4.8.3.3.3 
More exact 
Similar to 4.8.3.3.2 but additional guidance if no LTB. 

method for CHS, RHS or box sections with equal flanges 

4.8.3.3.4Equivalent 
See 4.8.3.3.1 and 2 

uniform moment factors. 

4.9 Members with biaxial moments 
Reference to annex.I4 for single angles. 

4.10 Members in 
The reference to secondary stresses being insignificant provided the members are sufficiently slender has been deleted. The moment for rafters is redefined as wL ^{2} /6. 
Secondary moments which are due to joint fixity can be neglected in all cases. (consistent with BS5400). 

lattice frames and 

trusses. 

4.11 Gantry Girders 

4.11.3 lateral torsional buckling 
Provided m _{L}_{T} is taken as 1 and no resilient pads used the crane loads need not be taken as destabilizing. 

4.12 Purlins and side rails 
4.12.3 Wind loading 
Wind load can be to BS63992 or CP3. The reference to being able to ignore local pressures is deleted. 

Instead there is "Where justified by sufficient general or particular evidence, the effects of load sharing with adjacent purlins and side rails, end fixity and end anchorage under wind loading, may be taken into account in determining the member capacity.". 

4.12.4 Empirical design of purlins and side rails 

4.12.3.2 Conditions 
Not applicable for spans exceeding 

6.5m. 

4.12.4.3 Purlins 
The reference to a minimum imposed load of 0.75kN/m² is deleted. There are now different equations for the Z required depending on whether the loading is from BS 6399 or from CP3. Downward load also has to be considered with the same formulae as 
They obviously think BS6399 is an overestimate. 

CP3. 

4.12.4.4 Side rails 
There are now different equations for the Z _{1} required depending on whether the loading is from BS 6399 or from 

CP3. 

4.13 
Column Bases 

4.13.1 
General 
The allowable bearing strength for concrete foundations has been increased from 0.4 to 0.6 f _{c}_{u} . The empirical method is replaced by an effective area method. The reference to grade 43A 

baseplates not being limited by brittle fracture has been deleted. See note on 

2.4.4. 

4.13.2.3 Eccentric 
The limit on p _{y}_{p} of 270 N/mm² has been removed. 

forces or applied moments. 

4.14 
Cased Sections 
4.14.1 
General 
The reference to BS5950 Section 3.2 (under preparation) has been removed. The min concrete grade is increased from 20 to 25N/mm² 

4.14.3 
Cased 
The radius of gyration r _{y} is as for cased columns i.e. with a limit of 0.2b _{c} 

members subject to bending (4.14.2) 

4.14.4 
Cased 
Similar changes to 4.8.3.3.2 for buckling resistance. 

members subject to axial load and moment 

4.15 Web openings 

4.15.3 
Members with 
There is some guidance for non circular rectangular openings and reference is made to the SCI publication 068. 

isolated openings 

4.15.4 
Members with 
The previous rules for castellated beams are given more general application. Reference is made to the SCI publication P100 on cellular beams. 
Shear stress on web post limited to 0.7p _{y} when SCI guide says 0.6p _{y}_{.} 

multiple openings 

4.15.5 
Castellated 
It may be assumed that. The web posts of castellated beams of standard 
It should be noted that the other parts of 4.15.4 apply. 

beams (4.15.3) 

proportions are stable provided d/t for 

the 
expanded cross section does not 

exceed 70e . 
Section 5 Continuous structures (previously Continuous construction)
Clause Number 
Change 
Comment 

5.1 General 

5.1.1 Scope 
Definition of the types of analysis covered. NB the classification of frames as sway/nonsway is now in 

2.4.2. 

5.1.2 Pattern Loading 

5.1.2.3 Imposed roof load 
Clause added pointing out that "For load combination 1 (vertical loads only) asymmetrical loads, partial loads and local drifting of snow 

h 
ld b 
li 
d 
d 
d 
in 
BS6399: Part 3.". 

5.1.2.4 
Wind load 
Clause added pointing out that "For load combination 2 (dead load, and 

wind load) , the asymmetric wind loads recommended in 2.1.3.7 of BS6399: Part 2 1997 should be applied.". 

5.1.3 Base stiffness (5.1.2.4) 

5.1.3.2 
Nominally 
Although the stiffness of the base for ULS state is, as before, to be taken as the stiffness of the column, for deflection calcs under SLS loads the base may be considered as fixed. 

fixed bases 

5.1.3.3 
Nominally 
A 
base stiffness of 10% of column 
pinned bases 
may be used for calculating effective lengths and 20% of the column may be used to calculate deflections under SLS loads. 

5.2 Global analysis 

5.2.1 Methods 
Note that second order analysis is not precluded but no detailed recommendations are given for its use. 

5.2.2 Elastic 
The 10% redistribution of moments previously allowed for continuous class 1 or 2 beams is generally acceptable except for minor axis column moments. 

analysis (5.2 and 

5.4.1) 

5.2.3 Plastic analysis 

5.2.3.3 
Grades of 
It 
is made clear that all grades in 
steel (5.3.3) 
BS59502 can be used. For other grades the "plateau" requirement is changed to a demand for the ultimate tensile strain to be 20 times the yield strain. 

5.2.3.5 
Cross section 
Requirements for cross sections that vary along their length are added. 

restrictions (5.3.4) 
5.3 Stability outof–plane for plastic design 

5.3.3 
Adjacent 
An "Approximate method allowing for moment gradient" has been added. 

segments (5.3.5) 

5.3.4 
Segments with 
The simple method has rearranged and made more general. 

one flange 

restrained.(5.5.3.5.2) 

5.5 Portal Frames 

5.5.3 Plastic design (5.5.3) 

5.5.4 In plane 
Either Swaycheck, amplified moments or second order analysis is required. Tied portals are treated separately. 
The sway check appears more complicated and has more limitations than the 1990 revision. 

stability (5.5.3.2) 

5.5.2.4 Eaves 
Restrictions applied to eaves haunches similar to 5.4.2. 

haunch 

5.6 Elastic design of multistorey rigid frames 

5.6.4 
Nonsway 
As before Nonsway effective lengths can be used 
This is incorrect unless there is some other system providing the stability. 
frames 

5.6.4 
Sway sensitive 
If l _{c}_{r} is less than 4 second order analysis should be used. 

frames (5.6.3 b) 
Section 6 Connections
Clause 
Change 
Comment 

Number 

6.1.9 
Column 
New clause. 
Shear in the column web panel in a moment joint to be checked. Can reduce moment capacity of connection. 

web panel 

zone 

6.2.3 
Effect of 
New clause 
If significant bolt holes on shear plane the capacity will be affected. 

bolt holes on shear capacity 

6.2.4 
Block 
New clause 
Block shear failure of groups considered. 

Shear 

6.3 Non 
Figures given for grade 10.9. 

preloaded 

bolts 

6 3 3 3 
R 
d 
ti 
f 
t 
i 
f 
b 
lt 
i 
Bearing 
oversized or slotted holes. 

capacity of 

connected 

parts 

6.3.4 
Bolts 
Either simple approach with capacities 

subject to 
as 
before but limits on connection 

tension 
geometry or more exact approach with increased capacity and prying to be taken into account 

6.4 Preloaded 
Clarification of capacity depending on whether slip can occur between SLS and ULS. 

Bolts 

6.4.3 
Slip 
Table of values for various surface conditions 
Typical value for blast cleaned steel now 0.5 

factor 

6.5 Pin 
Geometrical requirements for pin plates set out more rationally. Distinction between joints where rotation or pin removal is required and where not. 
Capacity with rotation less than before. Bearing and bending capacity with no rotation greater. 

connections 

6.7.5 
Welded 
Capacity of welded connections to unstiffened flanges given and requirement for stiffeners. 

connections to 

unstiffened 

flanges 

6.8.7 
Capacity 
Increased capacity in transverse direction can be used 

of a fillet weld 
Section 7 Loading tests
Clause 
Change 
Comment 

Number 

7.1 
General 

7.1.2 Types of 
The separate check test has been removed. It is now covered by clause 7.1.3 on Quality control for strength or failure tests. 

loading tests 

7.3 
Test procedures 

7.3.3 Coupon 
A 
description of required coupon tests 

tests 
is 
given 
7.4 
Relative 
A 
concept of a relative strength 
strength 
coefficient is introduced for strength 

coefficient 
and failure tests. It includes the effects 

of 
differences in material and 

dimensions between the test specimen and the nominal values. 

7.7 
Failure test (7.3.5) 

7.7.3 
The K _{t} value for single tests is reduced from 0.9 to 0.8 and that for two or three tests is reduced from 1.0 to 0.9. For four test or more statistical methods should be used. 

Determination 

of design 

capacity. 

If 
the design is to be based on the 

results of the tests, at least four tests should be carried out. 
Annex B lateraltorsion al buckling of members subject to bending
Clause 
Change 
Comment 
Number 

B.2 Buckling resistance 

B.2.2 Perry 
The expressions for welded sections have been made more understandable. 

factor and 

Robertson 

factor (B.2.3) 

B.2.4 Uniform I and H sections with unequal flanges 
The theoretical equation for the monosymmetry index y has been included. 

B.2.4.2 
This has been added 

Double – 

curvature 

bending 

B.2.8 T 
This section has been added. 
There may be some inconsistencies here 
sections 

B.2.9 Angle 
This section has been added. 

sections 

B.3 Internal 
This section has been added giving values for the second order moments. 
This is for the design of splices 
moments 
Annex C Compressive strength
Clause 
Change 
Comment 
Number 

C.3 Strut 
Formula for internal second order moment due to strut action is simplified. 

action 
Annex D Effective lengths of columns in simple construction
Clause 
Change 
Comment 
Number 

D.2 Columns 
This section has been added with a table of effective lengths. 

supporting 

internal 

platform 

floors 
Annex E Effective lengths of compression members in continuous structures
Clause 
Change 
Comment 
Number 

E.1 General 
For moment frames which provide stability to simple columns the effective length must be increased (as described in E5) or the effective length calculated from the elastic critical load factor (as described in E6). 

E.2 Columns in multistorey buildings 

E.2.1 Limited 
This is limited to frames with "concrete or composite floor and roof slabs" 

frame method 

E.4 Other compression members 

E.4.1 Other 
More guidance in how to apply the method in E.2 to other frames is given. 

rectilinear 

frames 

E.4.2 Effect of axial loads in restraining members 
Conservative approximations on the effect of compression on the bending stiffness of members is given 

Annex F Frame stability 

Clause 
Change 
Comment 
Number 
Annex G Restrained members with an unrestrained compression flange
Clause 
Change 
Comment 
Number 

G.1 General 

G.1.1 
A note that moments and forces "should be related to the axis of the minimum depth section" is made. 

Application 

G.2 Lateral buckling resistance 

G.2.2 Tapered 
The check for haunched sections has been changed. Both a compression resistance and a moment resistance must be calculated. 

or haunched 

sections (G.2) 

G.2.4.2 
There is a different equation for three flange sections, i.e. where a T has been welded on to an I section. The equation for the taper factor is different. 

Equivalent slenderness l TB . Haunched and tapered members 

G.3 Lateral restraint adjacent to plastic hinges 

Requirements which were in G2 now moved and expanded. 

G.4 Nonuniform moments 

G.4.1 
Either an equivalent uniform moment factor or a slenderness correction factor can be used. 

Methods 

G.4.2 
This is now allowed where loads are applied between effective torsional restraints. 

Equivalent 

uniform 

moment factor 

(G.3.4) 
Annex H Web buckling resistance
Clause 
Change 
Comment 
Number 

H.2 Shear buckling resistance utilising tension field action 

H.1Shear 
This has been added. 
Formula for values given in the tables in section 4. Includes some tensile field action. 
buckling 

strength 

H.2 Critical 
Was H1 

shear buckling 

resistance 

H3 
Completely rewritten. 
No longer an equation for compression, bending shear and edge loads. The previous expression was too conservative so BS5400 should be used instead. 
Resistance of a web to combined effects 

H4 End 
Requirements moved from section 4 to this annex. 

anchorage 
Annex J Combined axial compression and bending This new annex gives additional advice on , the capacity of stocky members, the calculation of the reduced moment capacity, Unsymmetric members, single angles and internal moments. Annex K Bibliography This is an informative annex
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