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Tutorial 5 1. Which one of the following is most likely to be an ionic compound? A) ClF3 B) FeCl3 C) NH3 D) PF3 E) SO3 2.

Which one of the following is most likely to be a covalent compound? A) Rb2O B) BaO C) SrO D) SeO2 E) MnO2 3. The Lewis dot symbol for the S 2 ion is

A)

:S:

B)

: S : 2

C) S2 D) S 2 E)

: S

4. The Lewis dot symbol for the calcium ion is A)

: Ca : 2+

B) Ca C)

: Ca : 2+

D) Ca2+ E) Ca

5. Which of the atoms listed below is the most electronegative? A) Li B) Cs C) P D) As E) Ge 6. What type of chemical bond holds the atoms together within a water molecule? A) B) Ionic bond Nonpolar covalent bond C) D) Polar covalent bond Coordinate covalent bond

7. The number of lone electron pairs in the N2 molecule is ___. A) 1 B) 2 C) 3 D) 4 E) 5 8. The Lewis structure for CS2 is: A) C S S

B)

: S C S :

C) S C S

D) S C S :

9. Which of the following is a useful guideline for the application of formal charges in neutral molecules? A) B) A Lewis structure in which there are no formal charges is preferred. Lewis structures with large formal charges (e.g., +2,+3 and/or -2,-3) are preferred.

C) The preferred Lewis structure is one in which positive formal charges are on the most electronegative atoms. 10. Write the Lewis dot symbol for the chloride ion. 11. Write a Lewis structure for OF2.

12. Write the Lewis structure of ammonia (nitrogen trihydride). 13. Give the number of lone pairs around the central atom and the molecular geometry of CBr4. A) B) C) 0 lone pairs, square planar 0 lone pairs, tetahedral 1 lone pair, square pyramidal D) E) 1 lone pair, trigonal bipyramidal 2 lone pairs, square planar

14. Give the number of lone pairs around the central atom and the molecular geometry of XeF2. A) B) C) 0 lone pairs, linear 1 lone pair, bent 2 lone pairs, bent D) E) 3 lone pairs, bent 3 lone pairs, linear

15. Give the number of lone pairs around the central atom and the molecular geometry of XeF4. A) B) C) D) E) 0 lone pairs, tetrahedral 1 lone pair, distorted tetrahedron (seesaw) 1 lone pair, square pyramidal 1 lone pair, tetrahedral 2 lone pairs, square planar

16. According to VSEPR theory, which one of the following molecules should have a geometry that is trigonal bipyramidal? A) SF4 B) XeF4 C) NF3 D) SF6 E) PF5 17. Which of the following species has the largest dipole moment (i.e., is the most polar)? A) CH4 B) CH3Br C) CH3Cl D) CH3F E) CH3I 18. N,N-diethyl-m-tolumide (DEET) is the active ingredient in many mosquito repellents. What is the hybridization state of carbon indicated by the arrow in the structure of DEET shown below?

A) sp B) sp2 C) sp3 D) sp3d E) sp3d2 19. Ibuprofen is used as an analgesic for the relief of pain, and also to help reduce fever. What is the hybridization state of carbon indicated by the arrow in the structure of ibuprofen shown below?

A) sp B) sp2 C) sp3 D) sp3d E) sp3d2 20. Indicate the type of hybrid orbitals used by the central atom in SF6. A) sp B) sp2 C) sp3 D) sp3d E) sp3d2 21. The number of pi bonds in the molecule below is

A) 2 B) 4 C) 6 D) 10 E) 15